Please cite this paper as

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Kimura, S. and C. Le Thi (2013), “Cross Country Analysis of
Farm Economic Performance”, OECD Food, Agriculture and
Fisheries Papers, No. 60, OECD Publishing.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k46ds9ljxkj-en

OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries
Papers No. 60

Cross Country Analysis of
Farm Economic
Performance
Shingo Kimura, Christine Le Thi

JEL Classification: D31, Q12, Q18

OECD FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPERS

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Abstract

CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
Shingo Kimura and Christine Le Thi
This report analyses the farm performance data contributed through the OECD
Network for Farm-level Analysis. It first compares the distribution of four economic
performance indicators across nine participating countries or regions for selected farm
types (output and input ratio, and net operating income per unit of labour, land and net
worth). The comparative analysis shows significant differences in farm economic
performances within countries as well as across countries. It implies that promoting the
adoption of existing best practice and improving the resource allocation can lead to a
significant improvement in the sector’s performance. The factor analysis found that large
farm size is a factor of high economic performance for most types of farms across
countries, but it also identified other relevant factors of high performance independent of
the farm size factor, such as younger age, higher education, and use of financial leverage.
See also OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers No. 46 “Distribution of
support and income in agriculture” (http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kgch21wkmbx-en).
Key words: Farm performance, farm size, output and input ratio, producer support,
off-farm income, factor analysis and resource allocation.
JEL classification: D31, Q12, Q18

Acknowledgements
This report has been prepared as part of a project undertaken by the OECD Network
for Farm Level Analysis. The network discussed the scope of the project and established
Terms of Reference. Network members who chose to join the project provided
standardized tables based on a template. Shingo Kimura of the OECD Secretariat
prepared a report analysing the information received. Christine Le Thi prepared statistical
tables and figures. The report benefitted from comments by network members and other
members of the OECD Secretariat.

OECD FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013

............................................................................................. Table 7......................................... non-ruminants farms ......................................................................................... Table 6............................ 7 2............................. Table 8.. Summary of findings and policy implications ......... Figure 3...... Figure 2........ 46 Common factors of high performers........................... field crop farms .............................................. 19 Distribution of farm performance........... 21 Cross-country factor analysis of high performance........................................ 48 Summary of findings by country ................ 38 4...... 8 Common factors of high performers.................... 61 Tables Table 1.................................................... Participants to the distribution of farm performance project ............................................................................................. 43 Common factors of high performers....... Figure 4..........................................................CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 3 Table of contents Executive summary ....... 47 Common factors of high performers........................................................................... Table 5............................................................................................................................................................ Data Sources .................... all farm types .......... Table 2... dairy farms.................... 54 Annex B. 12 Analytical steps ................................ Background Tables.......................................................................... 9 Four farm performance indicators ........................................... 18 Distribution of farm performance............................................................................................. 5 1................................................. non-ruminants farms ................................................................... Methodology ...................................................... Background ......... 11 Farm types .......................................................................... fruit and vegetable farms...................................... 17 Distribution of farm performance....................................................................................................... Table 3......... 16 Distribution of farm performance.......................................................................................................................................................... AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 ..... 13 3............... dairy farms .......................................................................................................... beef and sheep farms ............................................................................................ 51 Figures Figure 1.. 53 Annex A.................................................... Figure 5..................................................................... Figure 6........ 14 Characteristics of high and low performers ............................................................................. 21 OECD FOOD.... 12 Farm characteristics........................ field crop farms ................................................................... beef and sheep farms ....................... 44 Common factors of high performers................ all farm types........................................................................................... Analytical results ........... 41 Common factors of high performers...................... 49 References .................................................................. Distribution of farm performance.............................................................. 12 Year ................................................................ Table 4............. fruit and vegetable farms .. 9 Definitions of population and aggregates ................................................ 20 Distribution of farm performance.......... 14 Cross-country comparison of farm performance....................

Figure 12................. Economic size of farm and performance .................................. 40 OECD FOOD................ Figure 9........................................................ Figure 15.......................................................................... 34 Age of the main operator and farm performance.... Figure 11............. 7 List and definition of variables ................. 30 Off-farm income and farm performance .............. 25 Share of high and low performers in output and input use in selected types of farms ............................... 37 Geographically less favourable condition and farm performance .................................4 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Figure 7.................................................................. 23 Labour use and farm performance ...................................... Figure 8............................. 28 Share of high and low performers in support .. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 ................... 33 Adoption of organic production practice and farm performance ............................................... 38 Boxes OECD network for farm level analysis ............ Figure 18........................ 36 Educational attainment of the main operator and farm performance ...................................................... 31 Gross investment and farm performance ..................... Figure 14............. 10 What is a factor analysis? ................................................................... 27 Support and farm performance ... Figure 17........................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 13.......................... Figure 10........................................................................................................................... 24 Land use and farm performance ............. Figure 16.....

the farm size factor dominates other factors in dairy and field crop farms. low performers rely much more on support as a source of farm income because of lower margin obtained from agricultural production. and the use of financial leverage. the payments to support low performers may be a factor that retards structural adjustment which could have occurred in the absence of such payments. The cross-country analysis identified other relevant factors of high performance independent from farm size factor such as younger age. land and net worth). The members of the network and the Secretariat elaborated the Terms of Reference to establish a cross-country database with a harmonized definition of population and variables. indicating a potential gain from economies of scale in these sectors. Secondly. The report first compares the distribution of four economic performance indicators across nine participating countries or regions for selected farm types (output and input ratio. Even in case low performers receive an equivalent or smaller amount of payments than other farmers. The analysis underscores the importance OECD FOOD. measured by the indicators used in this report. and net operating income per unit of labour. which is compensating the low performance in agricultural activities. The analysis in this report implies that farm size expansion is not the only option to improve farm performance. the report compares the characteristics of high and low performing groups across countries. The comparative analysis shows significant differences in farm economic performances within countries as well as across countries in all the indicators. The factor analysis found that large farm size is a factor of high economic performers for most types of farms across countries. The comparative analysis of characteristics between high and low performing farms reveals distinctive characteristics of high and low performers. In particular. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 5 .CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Executive Summary This report analyses the farm performance data contributed through the OECD Network for Farm-level Analysis. The analysis identifies the adoption of organic practice in less favoured area is one of the principal factors of high performance. The last section applies a factor analysis to statistically identify principal factors of high farm performance shared across countries and to assess the relative importance of principal factors across countries. The data also show that low performers depend more on off-farm activities consistently across countries and farm types. The factors of high performance indicate the potential areas that resource reallocation can improve overall performance of the sector. It implies that promoting the adoption of existing best practice and improving the resource allocation can lead to a significant improvement in the sector performance. higher educational attainment of the main operator. Although the objective of some payments is to support economically low performing farms for environmental or social reasons. The comparison of payments received by different farm performance groups indicates that payments are often distributed more to the farms with low economic performance.

Well-functioning input and output markets and financial market are fundamental for innovative farmers to evolve in the sector. The significance of the operator’s age and educational attainment factor indicates the importance of promoting exit and entry to the sector as well as developing education and training systems. some limitations of the analysis should be recognized in interpreting the results. Fourth. the analysis of the characteristics of high and low performers helps to find common factors associated with farm performance. the indicators of farm performance do not take into account non-economic aspects of farm performance. However. OECD FOOD. The quality differences of production factors are unaccounted.6 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE of removing impediments to structural adjustment and implementing measures that facilitate adjustment. the farm performance indicators are not fully comparable across countries due to differences in the definition of farm type and the variables used to construct farm performance indicators. These factors may bias the distribution of the performance indicators. but it does not identify the causality. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . Third. the cost data used to construct performance indicators does not take into account the imputed cost of own land. First. Second. labour and capital nor exclude farm expense for rented land and hired labour.

CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 1. It may also indicate the extent to which existing technology is diffused among a specific type of farms. The project includes the development of a framework to analyse the role of government in fostering agricultural innovation systems. Characterizing high performing farms OECD FOOD. The comparative analysis of the characteristics of high performing farmers helps to identify the common factors of high performance and relative importance of those factors by the type of farm in each country. with a view to contributing to reflections on the programme of work in the longer term. recognising the increasing need for good micro data and related analytical tools to support improved policy decision making. Moreover. which could be applied to selected countries. In particular. As part of this objective. the distribution of farm performance indicators of different farm types illustrates the extent to which performance of farms is dispersed within a specific farm type. the network is expected to identify issues that would benefit from a micro-level approach. It is expected to reveal the characteristics of farms which are more willing to adopt new technology. Membership is voluntary and a representative coverage of OECD countries is sought. initially for the dairy farms. This will be done through communication of relevant analysis and discussion of data and analytical issues. It includes experts from government-related institutions and other agricultural economics research institutes involved in the collection or analysis of micro-level data. It is well established that the high economic performance of the sector is led not only by productivity improvements by “frontier” farmers. OECD network for farm level analysis The network was created in 2008 under the auspices of the OECD. Box 1. Cross-country comparison through a harmonized database allows benchmarking farm performance across countries. the network is expected to draw the attention of delegates to emerging policy issues where micro-level approaches could be particularly rewarding. Network members and the OECD share the common goal of improving the quality and relevance of policy analysis applied to the agricultural sector through the use of micro-level data. From the projects adopted in the programme of work of the OECD Committee for agriculture. but also by the catching up process of less productive farms through technological diffusion and resource reallocations. Further efforts include the development of farm-level TFP indicators. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 7 . The main objective of the network is therefore to support OECD policy analysis through the use of micro-data and sub-national information. The OECD Secretariat acts as convenor and contact between network members and delegates to OECD meetings. a number of indicators of innovation were proposed in the scoping paper. As part of efforts to measure innovation and the impact of policies. Background This report is a part of the project on agricultural innovation mandated by the 2011-12 Programme of Work and Budget of the Committee for Agriculture. indicators of farm performance are being developed through the OECD Network for Farm Level Analysis. identify data sources and suggest innovative and adapted approaches. This report compares farm performance across countries and identifies characteristics of high and low performers. It reveals the structural characteristics of the sector. The network is expected to contribute to OECD projects by providing micro-level analysis on a consistent basis across a number of countries. Another objective of the network is to share experiences and to demonstrate how micro-level analysis can be used for policy analysis.

INEA Netherlands Jakob Jager Agricultural Economics Research Institute (LEI) England (United Kingdom) Andrew Woodend and Katherine Merrett. England level data. Department for Agriculture and Fisheries Craig Galbraith Agriculture Agri-Food Canada and Martin Beaulie. Rural Economy Research Centre Germany Werner Kleinhanss. Table 1. Economic Research Service. DEFRA United States James MacDonald. Statistics Canada Comments Fruit and vegetable. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . The terms of reference were agreed at the Farm-Level Analysis Network meeting. USDA Only output and input ratio is available.8 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE also helps policy makers to identify potential areas of resource misallocation for further improvement of farm performance. Data on Belgian Flanders Net operating income per unit of labour is not available The data is limited to all farm types. Dairy farms are not available. Heinrich von Thünen-Institute (vTI) Italy Concetta Cardillo. Participants to the distribution of farm performance project Country Australia Flanders (Belgium) Canada Provider/contact Yu Sheng and Katarina Nossal. This report draws on data received from nine countries or regions listed in Table 1. and nonruminants farms are not available. including standard tables for collecting data. and field crop and dairy farms Estonia Marju Aamisepp. Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics Joeri Deuninck. OECD FOOD.

4) net operating income per net worth. 3) net operating income per hectare of land and. Farms are ranked using quartiles defined on the basis of the four indicators of farm performance by farm type. In addition. However. and net operating income measure net cash flow of the farm. OECD FOOD. The farm cash expense used in this report includes both variable and fixed costs (e. Output and input ratio.. This report. and land and machinery rental cost). See Annex A for the definitions of the variables used to construct farm performance indicators in each country. The indicator of output and input ratio is constructed as a ratio between gross agricultural output and farm cash expense. 3 The four indicators measure different aspects of economic performance. which is the difference between gross agricultural output and farm cash expense. therefore. hired labour cost. 2 Three performance indicators are based on the net operating income with respect to three single factors (labour. own land and capital.g. 2. All four indicators are evaluated relative to a single production factor. utilized agricultural area and farm net worth were adopted as units of labour. Box 2 presents the definition of all the variables in the terms of reference and Annex A contains the definition of variables used to construct farm performance indicators by country.g.g. It measures an efficiency of cash input use relative to the production value excluding the payments. The database includes: 1) quartile information for each farm 1.1 The definitions of variables and data sources follow the study on distribution of support and income (Moreddu. 2) net operating income per fulltime equivalent labour. respectively.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 2. namely: 1) output and input ratio. but does not include imputed costs of family labour. The definition of farm performance could include “non-economic” performance such as its environmental performance (e. The potential bias of performance indicators should be recognized in interpreting the indicators such that the performance of owner farmers could be overestimated relative to tenant farmers. Net operating income is expected to represent how much margin the farmer obtains from the market. On the other hand. High performance in one indicator does not necessarily imply high performance in another. its social performance (e. making it difficult to apply harmonized methods. which may be another potential bias of the indicators. therefore. better working condition. the payments from the government is not counted as output. 3.g. However. the quality differences of labour and land indicators are unaccounted in the indicators. three other farm performance indicators are based on net operating income. 2011). The Canadian data adopted net operating income per farm asset instead of net operating income per net worth to rank farm performance. such “non-economic” farm performance indicators were not adopted because such data is limited in standard farm surveys and establishing a comparable valuation method across countries is beyond the scope of this study. Methodology Four farm performance indicators The terms of reference first define four indicators of farm economic performance. better animal welfare) or its multi-functional performance (e. the differentiation of variable and fixed costs and the evaluation methods of imputed cost items are largely different across countries. land and own capital inputs. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 9 . It indicates how much value a farmer receives from the market per dollar of cash inputs and. adopted cash flow based indicators for its advantage in cross-country comparison of farm performance. better landscape). less use of chemical fertilizer). excluding payments. Annual fulltime equivalent labour input (including both family and hired labour). land and own capital).

it includes sales and on-farm use of products (crop and livestock) and livestock. machinery expenses and general expenses such as net interest expenses. freight and trucking. net property tax. livestock. Included are total crop. labour and capital. measured at the farm gate level. Second pillar payments. first and second pillar payments of the Common Agricultural Policy in the European Union. phone. insurance. it should be recognized that the ownership structure of the farm may bias the ranking of farms towards farmers owing those factors of production. Number of hectares of utilized agricultural area (UAA). Box 2. selling costs. OECD FOOD. Gross receipts include gross agricultural output and total payments. which include direct income payments. rent. marketing board fees. salaries. the expense for rented land and hired labour is not excluded from farm cash expense. Therefore. change in stocks of products (crop and livestock). Alternatively. List and definition of variables Number of farms in farm population (representing 90% of total agricultural sales). calculated using MPS ratios and individual farm receipts. MPS by farm is the sum of MPS for each commodity produced on the farm. for commodity i MPS by commodity can be expressed as a proportion of the value of production of that commodity (VP). etc. In the EU FADN. building. Market price support (MPS) includes transfers from consumers and taxpayers to agricultural producers from policy measures that create a gap between domestic market prices and border prices of a specific agricultural commodity. top 25% high performing group and bottom 25% low performing group for all farm types as well as by each farm type. It is calculated in the OECD database of Producer Support Estimates (PSE) for main commodities covering ideally at least 70% of the total value of agricultural production. fuel. MPS is equal to the difference between the domestic producer price (PP) and a border price expressed at farm gate level (BP). Farm cash expenses exclude depreciation. which include payments made under the rural development policy of the Common Agricultural Policy. income rental of land. etc. Three categories are distinguished: First pillar payments. quotas. An average MPS ratio for all PSE commodities is used for remaining commodity receipts. multiplied by quantity produced (QP) MPSi = (PPi . Total payments include budgetary transfers to farmers from agricultural policy and insurance payments. change in valuation of livestock (minus purchases of livestock) and various non-exceptional products. and 2) the average per farm characteristics of the population.BPi) * QPi. building and fence repairs. For each commodity.10 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE performance indicator for all farm types and by farm type. and Other payments. Total support (often referred to as "support" in the text) includes total payments and market price support. accounting. machinery rental. MPS ratio for commodity i = MPSi / VPi MPS for each individual farm is calculated by applying the MPS ratio of each commodity to corresponding farm receipts. machinery. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . The farm cash expense data used to construct performance indicators do not take into account the imputed cost of farm owned land. mainly from national expenditures. custom work. Net operating income is the difference between gross agricultural output and farm cash expense. conservation payment in the United States. and hence incurring no cash expenses to pay for them. electricity. Gross agricultural output (GAO) includes market receipts for sales of agricultural products and services such as custom work. Number of working units (full time equivalent).

accounts payable at the end of calendar year. Their definition has an important influence on distribution so it is crucial to reduce differences in population in order to be able to make comparisons. credit unions. partnership. farmland and buildings owned (including farmhouse). Total farm liabilities includes short and long term money owned to banks. government agencies. Non-farm income includes off-farm income of farm operators and their other household members.4 A farm could be defined as an operation engaged in agricultural activities. no maximum limit was imposed and corporate farms were included (except for some variables like off-farm income). private individual. production quota. Estonia and Germany reported additional data. crops for sale. A major problem when comparing EU farm statistics with North American or Australian statistics is that in the former. Net investment includes the difference between purchases and sales of fixed assets. machinery and equipment owned. input inventory.e. or family corporation. prepaid input expenses. It was therefore decided to exclude smaller farms as long as the total farm population represented by the sample accounts for 90% of total agricultural sales for all farms or each farm type. For example. Annex A includes information on the definition of farm population in each country. It excludes off-farm income of households operating incorporated farms. Support rate is total support per gross agricultural output Definitions of population and aggregates The network made it possible to improve the consistency of variable definitions across countries. where the operator or operator's household owns or controls the use of farm resources (capital. Farm net worth is the difference between total farm assets and total farm liabilities. trust companies. money borrowed under advance payments. farms are narrowly defined with a significant number of smaller farms being excluded from the survey. separating individual and corporate farms in the sample farms. 4. i. organised as a sole proprietorship. accounts receivable. which is about 17% of the population in the survey. standard tables were revised to include additional variables: Total farm assets includes market value at the end of calendar year of breeding and replacement livestock. while other countries usually impose very low farm size limits and include part-time and hobby farms in their survey. farm investments. OECD FOOD. breeding livestock change of valuation less depreciation. labour). Farm income is the difference between the sum of net operating income and total payments. and depreciation. the sample in the United States includes any farm with gross agricultural output of at least USD 100 408 in 2009. Farm household income includes farm income and non-farm income.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Depreciation includes national estimate of economic depreciation or capital cost allowance for tax purpose. an amount deducted from taxable income to account for annual depreciation costs at a rate specific to the depreciable capital item. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 11 . shareholders. At the other end of the spectrum. The relationships between income components are also shown in the diagram below: Components of farm household income Following the fourth meeting of the network. machinery and supply companies.

74. 2011). Annex A presents the definitions of farm characteristics variables in each country. 2007. 1. it was decided to keep national definitions and group them as follows. Year The database covers a period of five years (2004. 2006. Beef and sheep farms 4.90.83. Non-ruminants farms 6.67. beef cattle. 0. Annual Work Unit in FADN database) and Utilized Agricultural Area are used to represent labour and land size. Fruit and vegetable farms 5. Field crop farms 2. other unpaid). The data for 2005 is not included sources to be consistent with the year coverage of the study on distribution of support and income (Moreddu. Annual full-time equivalent work unit (e. However. high correlation is found between the number of workers and total hours. in particular non-financial farm characteristics. respectively. Dairy farms 3. However. considering the downward bias of net operating income per unit of labour in the United States.6 5. Farms are generally assigned to the type that accounts for the greatest share of farm receipts (Canada and United States) or gross margin (standard gross margin in the EU FADN). availability of data. Annex A presents the definition of each farm type in each country. number of workers (operators. Care must be taken in comparing the net operating income per unit of labour between the United States and other countries.74. other paid. Farm size Farm size should include economic size. Mixed farms Many farms have diversified production. In the United States. the top 25% high performing group and the bottom 25% low performing group by performance indicator as well as by farm type. including part-time workers was chosen as an indicator of the size of labour input. non-ruminant animals. Alternatively. dairy. OECD FOOD. fruits and vegetables. 0. 0. field crops.91. Gross agricultural output is chosen as an indicator of economic size.12 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Farm types Using national definitions of farm types. all sectors. 0. Participants reported the average per farm of each farm characteristic for the population. is limited in some countries. 5 Farm characteristics The following six categories of farm characteristics are defined to analyze the relationship between farm performance and farm characteristics. 6. the full-time equivalent labour input cannot be estimated due to the lack of total hours of labour input in most of the years. 0. and land area and labour input. 0. and mixed farms. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .63. 2008 and 2009). 0. The database in Belgian Flanders and the Netherlands includes nursery/greenhouse/floriculture farms due to their significance in agriculture.g. The coefficients of correlations in 2009 are.

See Box 2 for the method applied to calculate support at the farm level. The first step carries out cross-country comparisons of the distribution of four farm performance indicators across farm types in terms of the average performance of quartile groups. the Netherlands. The comparison of average performance of high and low performers allows benchmarking the performance of “frontier” farms and “catching up” farms within the country as well as across countries. respectively. Gross investment is available in Australia. 7. Geographical conditions Geographical conditions of the farm may also be an important factor of farm performance. High and low performers are defined as a quartile group of farms in the top 25% high and the bottom 25% low performing group. For example. Germany. The distribution reflects the structural characteristics in each farm type and helps identify primary areas of performance gap. Belgian Flanders. as well as an estimate of Market Price Support (MPS) by farm.7 Representative indicators are both the amount of total support and the share of total support in gross receipts (support rate). Investment and adoption of specific technology Gross investment is used as a proxy of farmers’ willingness to adopt new technology. Off-farm activity Some farm surveys used in the database include information on off-farm activity (Australia. The statistics in the database represent the share of farms which adopt organic production technology. it may bring additional sources of income or enhance innovation through interaction with other sectors. This data exists for Estonia. The database includes main operators’ characteristics such as age and educational attainment. Both the total amount of non-farm income and the share of non-farm income in farm household income indicate the significance of off-farm activity. Diversification to off-farm activity could be a factor of high or low farm performance. The share of utilized area of land in Less Favoured Area is chosen as an indicator to represent to which extent the location of the farm is unfavourable to farming. Germany and England. OECD FOOD. A farm survey carried out in EU countries and regions has information on the application of organic farming technology (Estonia. the United States.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Support Support includes all payments to producers reported in farm survey data. the rest of this report conducts a cross-country analysis of farm performance in three steps. the Netherlands. Analytical steps Based on the cross-country database. the Netherlands and England). England and the United States). Operators’ characteristics Operators’ characteristics are taken as indicators of unobserved managerial input. Adoption of specific production practice or technology could be a direct estimate of technological adoption. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 13 . Estonia. England and Germany. The educational attainment is defined as a dummy variable if the main operator achieved higher than tertiary education.

9. offfarm activity. while the mixed farm in the European Union includes many forms of diversified operations between different sectors. main operator’s characteristics and geographical condition). Analytical results Cross-country comparison of farm performance This section presents the cross-country comparison of four farm performance indicators (output-input ratio. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . the cost data used to construct performance indicators does not take into account the imputed cost of own land. This analysis helps to identify the profiles of frontier and catching up farmers and the potential areas of resource constraints to further improvement of farm performance. The cross-country comparison of mixed farm and greenhouse/nursery/floriculture farms are not presented in the report for different reasons.14 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE The second step describes the average characteristics of high and low performers relative to the population by each category of farm characteristics (farm size. Therefore. and young age and high education). land and net worth) by farm type. Annex B contains the distributional information of four performance indicators including these two sectors. input use and payment. The quality differences of production factors are unaccounted. These factors may bias the distribution of the performance indicators. The dataset in some countries are limited to specific performance indicators and some years. Only output-input ratio is available for Italy. The average net operating incomes per unit of labour and land and labour are converted to US dollars using average exchange rate of the year in OECD Statistical Databases. 2006 and 2007 for net operating income per unit of labour. large policy change or market development). and 2004 and 2006 for net operating income per unit of land). Each factor consists of a vector of farm characteristics variables (e. respectively. Canadian data does not contain net operating income per unit of labour. The farm performance indicators are not fully comparable across countries due to differences in the definition of farm type and the variables used to construct farm performance indicators. The data was available only in Belgian Flanders and the Netherlands for greenhouse/nursery/floriculture sector. 3.e. Annex Figure B. Not all farm types are available in some countries For some years. In Australia. The last step analyses the common factors of high performance for each farm type across countries and compares the relative importance of each factor. The performance indicators are averaged across the available years to mitigate a year-specific effect on farm performance. For the mixed farm sector. The effect of year specific shocks cannot be fully removed by averaging performance indicators across years (i. and net operating income per unit of labour. adoption of specific technology. The population includes both individual and corporate farms. the US data is missing due to the limitations of the data availability (2004. the 8.8 High and low performers presented in Figures 1-6 are the average performance of top and bottom quartile groups. farm size. the form of diversification depends on the agricultural structure of the country. mixed farms tend to be diversified operations between field crop and grazing livestock. Belgium and UK data cover only Flanders and England region. This statistical method has an advantage in reducing a number of farm characteristics to a few principal factors and in assessing the relative importance of the factor of high performance across countries. The factor analysis is applied to statistically identify principal factors of high performers shared across countries.1 compares the distribution of performance when corporate farms are excluded from the population for selected farm types in Estonia and Germany. The data also describes the structural characteristic of each farm type such as the share of high performers in production.g. labour and capital nor exclude farm expense for rented land and hired labour. OECD FOOD.9 The population average indicates the performance of the defined farm type. support.

11 Average net operating income per net worth is the highest in Belgian Flanders.1-B. The average output-input ratios of low performers are less than unity except for Germany and the United States. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 15 . Average net operating income per unit of labour of the population is comparable among the United States.12 10. To make indicators comparable across countries.10 The Figure indicates that wide dispersions of farm performance exist within countries as well as across countries. The debt ratio is on average the highest in the Netherlands (36%).CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – average performance indicators in this section represent the average performance of the group as a whole. It is the lowest in Australia (11%). available sectors in the dataset are particularly limited to specific sectors. average net operating income per unit of labour input of high performing US farms far exceeds those in other countries. Annex B presents the distributional statistics of four performance indicators for each farm type by year (Annex B Tables B. Australia. The average performance indicators are measured in the absence of support. meaning that revenue from agricultural production at the international price is on average not enough to cover the cash expenditure. However. and on contract labour teams for others. Some large US farms rely on custom service providers for some tasks. for both high performing groups and the population. The cost of such contract work is recorded as cash expenses. Figure 1 does not present net operating income per unit of land because cross-country difference reflects more the diversity of agricultural sectors and geographical conditions across countries. market price support is subtracted from gross agricultural output in calculating the net operating income so that the output is evaluated by the world price. The high performance of Belgian Flanders farms in this indicator is most likely due to a relatively lower asset level and a higher debt ratio compared to other countries in the dataset. The line in the Figures connects the average performance of high and low performing groups. net operating income per unit of labour could be ranked higher compared to farms that performed such tasks with their own labour. High performers in Italy. 11. not an average of the individual farm performance. followed by Flanders (28%) and Estonia (27%). All farm types Figure 1 compares the distribution of three farm performance indicators when pooling all the available farm types. Germany and Belgian Flanders. The US farms generate on average the largest value of output per dollar of cash input and achieves the highest average net operating income per labour input. England (12%) and the United States (13%). and the population of the farm type. In Australia. Moreover. OECD FOOD. As a result. The average performance of high performers is more variable across countries than the average performance of the population. followed by the United States.4). the performance in all types of farms is strongly influenced by the structural characteristics of agriculture of the country. 12. Estonia and Italy. A longer line implies that the dispersion of farm performance is larger between low and high performers within the same farm type. Belgian Flanders. The labour involved in custom services or in contract labour teams are not recorded as labour input in this database. Available farm types do not necessarily cover all the agricultural sectors in the country. and Germany achieve higher average output and input ratios than high performing US farms.

Distribution of farm performance. OECD FOOD. respectively. In the United States. Average net operating income per unit of land tends to be low in countries with large land endowment (Australia. average net operating income per net worth of the high performing group and the population is exceeding 20% and 5%. Germany. Germany and Belgian Flanders. The average performance of field crop farms in the United States. 2006-09. Germany and Belgian Flanders. all farm types Average performance of 2004. output is evaluated by world prices Top 25% high performers Output-input ratio Bottom 25% low performers Population Net operating income per full-time equivalent labour USD thousand Net operating income per net worth Percentage 40 30 20 10 0 -10 -20 Field crop farms The distribution of output-input ratios among field crop farms is more similar across countries than those in other farm types. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . Average net operating income per unit of land is the highest in the Netherlands. Australia and the Netherlands are the highest in both outputinput ratio and net operating income per labour input.16 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Figure 1. the United States and Canada). reflecting more intensive crop farming in these countries.

2 150 2 1.4 2. output is evaluated by world prices Top 25% high performers Bottom 25% low performers Output-input ratio Population Net operating income per fulltime equivalent labour USD thousand 200 2. field crop farms Average performance of 2004.15 Dairy farms Dairy farms in Germany and Belgian Flanders achieve the highest average outputinput ratio. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 17 . followed by Australia and the United States.6 -50 0.8 100 1. OECD FOOD.5 20 1 15 10 0.5 -5 .5 5 0 0 -0.4 50 1. The high performing dairy farms in the United States achieve by far the highest net operating income per labour input.4 Net operating income per hectare of land USD thousand Net operating income per net worth Percentage 30 2 25 1.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Figure 2. 2006-09. the high performing dairy farms in the United States and Germany achieve the highest average net operating income per labour input as well as per net worth.6 1. While the top 25% high performing dairy farms in Australia have the highest performance in output-input ratio.2 1 0 0.8 0.10 -1 . Distribution of farm performance. The performance of the Canadian dairy farms is one of the lowest after market price support is subtracted from farm revenue.

18 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Figure 3.8 120 1.13 The Australian beef and sheep farms outperform in two indicators (average output-input ratio and net operating income per unit of labour). 2006-09.2 60 1 40 0. 13 . Distribution of farm performance.6 0 0.5 0 0 -5 .10 -0. followed by the United States and Germany. output is evaluated by world prices Top 25% high performers Bottom 25% low performers Output-input ratio 2. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . dairy farms Average performance of 2004.4 -20 Net operating income per hectare of land USD thousand Net operating income per net worth Percentage 25 2.4 80 1.5 20 2 15 1.5 10 1 5 0. high performers in the United States obtain by far the highest average net operating income per unit of labour and per net worth. However.6 100 1. Beef and sheep farms in the population include both breeding and feedlot operations.5 Beef and sheep farms Figure 4 compares the distributions of three farm performance indicators of beef and sheep farms across countries.2 Population Net operating income per full-time equivalent labour USD thousand 160 2 140 1. It is hard to compare performance in net operating income per unit of land due to different land use pattern between two operations.5 . OECD FOOD.8 20 0.20 -1.15 -1 .

14 The average performance of fruit and vegetable farms is the highest in Belgian Flanders and the Netherlands in output-input ratio as well as in net operating income per unit of labour.2 2 150 1. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 19 . Comparison of net operating income per unit of land indicator is not presented because land input varies depending on the types of fruit and vegetable farm operations such as field or greenhouse operations.2 50 1 0. output is evaluated by world prices Top 25% high performers Bottom 25% low performers Output-input ratio Population Net operating income per full-time equivalent labour USD thousand 200 2.10 .CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Figure4.4 -50 0.20 Fruit and vegetable farms Figure 5 presents the cross-country comparison of farm performance of fruit and vegetable farms across countries.8 0 0. beef and sheep farms Average performance of 2004.2 Net operating income per net worth Percentage 50 40 30 20 10 0 . Distribution of farm performance.6 0. 14 . The calculations for Flanders and the Netherlands exclude greenhouse/nursery operations.6 100 1.4 1. OECD FOOD. Average net operating income per net worth of fruit and vegetable farms tends to be higher than other types of farms in many countries due to smaller farm equity in this type of farms.8 1. 2006-09.

followed by Belgian Flanders and Germany. Distribution of farm performance. but the top 25% high performing US non-ruminants farms outperform high performing non-ruminants farms in other countries. indicating the higher share of purchased inputs in production (Figure 6). output is evaluated by world prices Top 25% high performers Bottom 25% low performers Output-input ratio Population Net operating income per full-time equivalent labour USD thousand 3 180 160 2. fruit and vegetable farms Average performance of 2004.5 -20 0 Net operating income per net worth Percentage 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 -10 -20 Non-ruminants farms The average output-input ratio of the non-ruminants farms tends to be lower than that of other types of farms. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .5 140 120 2 100 80 1. while the average outputinput ratios of high performers in Italy and the United States are far exceeding other countries. OECD FOOD. 2006-09.5 60 40 1 20 0.20 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Figure 5. Non-ruminants farms in Belgian Flanders and Germany have the highest average net operating income per unit of labour of the population than that in the United States. The highest average output-input ratio of non-ruminants farms is found in the United States.

2006-09.5 for the OECD FOOD. The index of 1.4 60 1. output is evaluated by world prices Top 25% high performers Bottom 25% low performers Output-input ratio Population Net operating income per full-time equivalent labour USD thousand 2. As in the previous section.4 140 2. land and net worth).6 80 1. Distribution of farm performance. high and low performing groups are defined as the top 25% and the bottom 25% group of farms ranked by farm performance indicator (output and input ratio. a standardized index is calculated first as the average characteristic of high and low performers relative to the average of the population for each observation. An index is unity if the average characteristic of the high or low performing group is identical to that of the population.4 -40 Net operating income per net worth Percentage 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 -10 -20 -30 -40 3. Each characteristic variable has at most twenty observations (on four performance indicators for 5 years) for each performance group if all years and performance indicators are available. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 21 .6 -20 0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Figure 6. non-ruminants farms Average performance of 2004.2 120 2 100 1.2 40 1 20 0. and net operating income per unit of labour.8 1. The database contains average characteristics of the high and low performing groups as well as the population by farm type.8 0 0.2. Characteristics of high and low performers This section compares the characteristics of high and low performers and identifies the profiles of “frontier” and “catching up” farmers. To make them comparable across countries.

In some countries. higher level of cash expenditure is most probably lowering their performance relative to economically small farms which are more efficient in input use. the Netherlands and the United States. In this case. Farm size Value of production The size of gross agricultural output measures the value of production.13). OECD FOOD. A farm in a high performing group in one indicator may be in a low performing group in other indicators. Alternatively. the indices of high and low performers are averaged across available performance indicators and years. the Netherlands. The assessment of economic performance based on multiple factors requires appropriate weighting of different input factors. High performing beef and sheep farms generate on average more than twice the production value than the population average in Australia. 15 . AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . Annex B presents the average characteristics of high and low performers ranked by four different farm performance indicators. the analysis in this section presents the index of a deviation of high and low performers from the population average equally weighted across different performance indicators to partially address the issue of using single factor profitability indicators.15 Four indicators represent the economic performance of farms evaluated with respect to a single factor (cash inputs. In contrast.5-B. High performers on average generate a higher production value in most of the countries (Figure 7). but this is not possible based on available information in the data set. land and own capital). presented by year (Annex B Tables B. The average economic sizes of high performers are relatively larger in the United States. The difference in average economic size between high performing dairy farms and the population is less than 50% in countries and regions in European Union. low performing dairy farms have higher production values in Australia and Estonia. the average characteristics of high and low performing groups are available only for a limited set of performance indicators or years. The spread in average economic size between high and low performers tends to be the largest for beef and sheep farms. labour. England and Australia for most types of farms. The quota system in the dairy sector may be impeding high performers to expand their production. which can be interpreted as an economic size of farm.22 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE high performing group means that the average of high performers is 50% larger than the population average. This means that production is more concentrated on high performing farms in these countries. Despite their larger economic size. The indices are then averaged across farm performance indicators and years with an equal weight.

0 0.0 0.5 2.0 Netherlands Italy Flanders 1. It is more likely the case that even economically large farms tend to rely on family workers for most types of farms.5 Canada 1. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 23 .5 0.5 USA 1 1. England.5 1.0 USA 1.0 Flanders 2.0 1. Economic size and farm performance Average index across four performance indicators in 2004. Low performing dairy farms have greater average labour input in Australia and Estonia.0 1.0 0.5 Germany Italy England Netherlands Germany Italy Labour use Although high performers tend to apply more labour input in the United States.0 High performers Low performers All farm types Field crop farm Australia 2 USA Australia 2.0 Flanders Australia 2.5 England Canada 0. 2006-09 Average in farm type = 1.0 England Netherlands Flanders Germany Germany USA Germany Beef and sheep farm Australia 2. the difference in average size of labour input between high performers and the population tends to be much smaller compared to the difference in the average value of production (Figure 8). and Belgian Flanders.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Figure 7.0 Netherlands Estonia England Netherlands Canada Italy Non-ruminants farm Fruit and vegetable farm Flanders 2.0 Flanders 1. the Netherlands.5 0. OECD FOOD.5 0.5 USA Canada 0.5 Canada USA 1.5 England 0 Estonia Netherlands Estonia Germany Italy Dairy farm 2.5 England Canada 0.0 1.0 0.5 1.0 0.

5 Flanders 1.0 Netherlands Germany England Netherlands Germany Italy Dairy farm Beef and sheep farm Australia 2. Figure 8. Labour use and farm performance Average index across four performance indicators in 2004.0 0.5 Flanders 1.0 England Estonia Germany England Germany Netherlands Fruit and vegetable farm Italy Non-ruminants farm Flanders 1. beef and sheep.0 USA Germany 1.0 0. and fruit and vegetable farms.5 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .0 0.5 0. high performers on average have larger labour input particularly among field crop.0 Australia 2.0 England Italy Netherlands Flanders 1.0 USA 0.0 1.5 0.5 Estonia 0.24 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE In the Netherlands.5 Netherlands Estonia 0.5 USA 0.5 England 0.5 1.0 Italy USA Flanders 1.0 1.5 USA Australia 1. 2006-09 Average in farm type = 1.0 USA Germany 0.0 High performers Low performers All farm types Field crop farm Australia 1.5 Flanders 1.0 England Italy Netherlands OECD FOOD.

low performers have a larger average land size than high performers.5 Flanders 1. The difference in land quality could also be a factor explaining the difference in farm performances.5 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 Italy 25 .5 Canada 0.6 1.0 USA Canada 0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Land use High performers do not necessarily operate a larger land area (Figure 9).0 Germany Fruit and vegetable farm Australia 2. Figure 9. Land use and farm performance Average index across four performance indicators in 2004.0 High performers Low performers Field crop farm All farm types Australia 1.0 Netherlands Italy Flanders 1. In many types of farms. efficient use of cash input.0 0.0 Canada 0.0 Flanders USA 1.5 England 0.g. leaving less room to reduce the unit cost of production through land size expansion. One potential reason of insignificant difference in the average land size by performance groups is that economies of scale have been exploited.0 0.1 England Canada 0.0 England Netherlands Germany Estonia Netherlands Germany OECD FOOD. Canada and Estonia operate significantly larger areas of land.4 Estonia Netherlands Estonia Germany Italy Dairy farm 1. marketing skills and so on) rather than large input use. This implies that high performers generate higher output value with similar sizes of land and labour input because of their higher management capacity (e. Low performing dairy farms in Australia. 2006-09 Average in farm type = 1.1 Australia 2.5 England -0.5 Flanders USA 1.6 USA 1.

If the output. The shares of middle performers are calculated as a residual of shares accounted by the top and bottom 25 percentile performers. In Australia 38% of dairy production value is accounted for the bottom 25% low performers which use approximately 45% of labour and land input in the dairy farms. This is particularly the case in the United States. Overall. The top 25% high performing field crop farms generate 42% of production value. the top 25% of high performing farms account for more than half of the production value for all farm types. respectively. labour input and land use in all farm types. The value of production tends to concentrate more on high performing groups except for Estonia. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . using 38% and 23% of labour and land. The share of high performers in the value of production is relatively smaller in Estonia. On the other hand. field crop farms and dairy farms. High and low performing groups each represent 25% of the population and the remaining 50% are classified as middle performers. OECD FOOD. low and middle performers in total value of output. high performers account for 35% of production. 30% of labour use and 26% of land use. High performers in Estonia tend to have smaller market shares both in production value and input use compared to low performers. while the land and labour use tend to be more equally shared across different groups of farm performance. the share of high and low performer would be 25%. Figure 10 shows the share of high. In the Netherlands output and input use is concentrated on high performers. In the United States. Figure 10 shows that output can be highly concentrated on high performers. England and Australia. averaged across years. the bottom 25% low performers in the United States produce only 15% of production value. High performing US dairy farms account for 47% of output value and 19% and 25% of labour and land input. but the low performing group accounts for 25% of labour input and 31% of land use. The market share also depends on the farm type.26 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE The information on the share of high and low performers in output and input use for a specific farm type can be inferred from the average characteristics of high and low performers and the population. respectively. labour use or land use is equally distributed.

2006-09 All farm types High performer Middle performer Low performer 100% 16 17 21 90% 80% 33 19 15 18 14 15 23 22 32 25 22 23 20 25 25 24 27 39 23 29 23 24 31 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 39 33 30 10% 52 18 39 30 33 35 27 28 17 25 25 30 31 38 26 21 25 20 26 24 23 17 14 Australia Flanders Canada Estonia Germany Italy Netherlands England USA Australia Flanders Estonia Germany Italy Netherlands England USA Australia Flanders Canada Estonia Germany Italy Netherlands England USA 0% Output value Labor Land Field crop farms High performer Middle performer Low performer 100% 90% 80% 14 17 18 16 17 19 17 20 25 25 27 23 26 38 20 23 23 27 21 24 29 21 19 23 28 41 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 29 37 32 42 36 22 21 34 37 21 28 24 27 33 28 14 21 18 28 23 24 28 27 26 25 9 Australia Flanders Canada Germany Estonia Italy Netherlands England USA Australia Flanders Estonia Germany Italy Netherlands England USA Australia Flanders Canada Estonia Germany Italy Netherlands England USA 0% Output value Labor Land Dairy farms High performer Middle performer 18 24 19 21 21 27 22 24 43 Low performer 22 26 18 32 26 23 45 23 29 27 31 32 26 47 Output value OECD FOOD.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Figure 10. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 Labor Land USA England Netherlands Estonia Germany Canada Flanders USA Australia England Netherlands Estonia Germany Flanders USA 21 26 18 25 28 24 19 22 27 20 20 26 28 23 25 Australia England Netherlands Estonia Germany 32 28 31 31 29 22 Canada 25 Australia 38 Flanders 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 27 . Share of high and low performers in output and input use in selected types of farms Average share across four performance indicators in 2004.

5 USA Flanders Flanders 1.5 Canada Netherlands Estonia England Canada 0.5 Germany Italy England Netherlands Germany Italy OECD FOOD.0 USA 1.0 1.0 Flanders USA 1.5 Canada USA Canada 1.0 1.0 1.0 0. the share of payments in farm income is significantly higher for low performers.0 Netherlands Germany Germany Italy Non-ruminants farm Fruit and vegetable farm Flanders 2. The data shows that the differences in the absolute level of payments between high and low performers tend to be much smaller than those in economic size for many types of farms.5 England Canada 0.0 High performers Low performers All farm types Field crop farm Australia 2.0 England Netherlands 1.5 0.0 0.0 Australia 2.5 England Netherlands Estonia Netherlands England Canada Italy Germany Germany Beef and sheep farm Dairy farm USA Estonia 0.0 0.0 Italy Flanders 1. Figure 11. Payments and farm performance Average index across four performance indicators in 2004. Given the lower level of net operating income obtained by low performing farms.0 USA 1.5 Australia 2.0 0. 2006-09 Average in farm type = 1.0 1.5 1.0 Flanders 2.5 0.5 2. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .0 0.0 0.5 Australia 2.28 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Payments Figure 11 presents the average size of payments (which does not include market price support) that high and low performers received relative to the population average.5 0.

low performers also receive equivalent or even larger amounts of payments even though their economic sizes are much smaller than the US averages. In the Netherlands. 2006-09. the relative size of payment received by high and low performers tends to follow the distribution of land size for field crop. despite much smaller economic size and land area. Kimura and Martini. In Canada. Overall. respectively. The low performing dairy farms in Australia and Estonia account for 52% and 33% of the total payment for dairy farms. It may be a result of the policy design that farms receive more support in low performing years. Germany and England. the bottom 25% low performing field crop and dairy farms account for 41% and 34% of the total payments. For non-ruminants. This program may provide incentives for low performing farms to take more risks and to trigger more payments (Antón. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 29 .CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Low performers receive more than 20% larger payment relative to the population average in Canada. This is probably due to the Exceptional Circumstance programme being activated when farmers experience income loss due to exceptional climatic events such as drought. while the top 25% high performers receive 17% and 19% of total payment. and fruit and vegetable farms. beef and sheep. The payments in Australia also tend to be directed to low performers in some farm types. In the United States. respectively. In Canada. 16 . Italy and Estonia. This is also the case for non-ruminants farms in the Netherlands and the US where low performers receives approximately 50% larger amount of payment. payment can be concentrated to low performers in some countries. Figure 12 presents additional information on the average share of high. For example.16 This is most likely because a large proportion of support in Canada is directed to individual farmers experiencing margin loss except for dairy farms where support is largely composed of market price support. In EU countries and regions. low performing fruit and vegetable farms receive a 20% larger amount of payment relative to the population average. 2011). OECD FOOD. low and middle performers in total payments in 2004. payment is more equally distributed among different performance groups than the value of production and input use. However. This does not necessarily mean that chronically low performing farms receive more support. payment can be concentrated on low performers for some types of farms. low performing beef and sheep farms receive equivalent amounts of payments as the population average. and dairy farms. low performers on average receive more support than high performers in all farm types in the dataset.

low performers on average obtain a higher level of off-farm income for most types of farms in these four countries (Figure 13). 2006-09 All farm types High performer 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 21 26 48 22 21 14 Middle performer Low performer 30 22 31 25 24 21 22 26 19 25 24 33 Field crop farms High performer 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 24 22 15 25 41 17 Middle performer 29 20 24 28 Low performer 20 25 28 22 25 29 42 9 Dairy farms High performer 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 21 Middle performer Low performer 34 33 24 23 27 27 19 20 27 27 24 30 52 16 28 Off-farm activity The information on off-farm income in the database is limited to Australia. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . the average off-farm income of high performers is lower for most OECD FOOD. Overall. Share of high and low performers in support Average share across four performance indicators in 2004. the Netherlands.30 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Figure 12. England and the United States. In contrast.

6 0.0 England OECD FOOD.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 Netherlan ds England England Non-ruminants farm Fruit and vegetable farm Netherlands 1.5 0.8 1.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – types of farms.2 Netherlands 1.0 Australia 1. 2006-09 Average in farm type = 1.0 0.0 USA 0.0 0.0 Netherlands 0.4 USA 0.0 0.5 1.0 2.5 1.5 1. Figure 13.5 Australia 2.0 High performers Low performers Field crop farm All farm types Australia 1. It may also be the case that low performing farms try to obtain extra sources of income in off-farm activities. Off-farm income and farm performance Average index across four performance indicators in 2004. The consistent observations of higher level of off-farm income of low performers could reflect the complementary relationship between farm performance and off-farm income.5 USA 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 USA England 31 .0 1.5 Netherlands USA Netherlands 0.0 England England Beef and sheep farm Dairy farm Australia 3.5 1.

the database contains information on the rate of adopting organic production practice in Estonia. and non-ruminants farms. which is higher than in three other EU regions (Germany. In 2009. The recent increase in organic farm in Estonia is driven by support policy to organic farming. beef and sheep. Depreciation is not accounted in this report due to large differences in calculation methods across countries. high performers tend to invest more. respectively. In contrast. and non-ruminants farms are more than double the average. OECD FOOD. average off-farm income of low performers is more than 20% higher than the averages in the dairy. This is most evident for the fruit and vegetable. implying that high performers invest more after controlling the difference in farm size. Investment and adoption of specific technology Investment Investment is defined as the difference between purchases and sales of fixed assets. and change of value in breeding livestock (Figure 14). low performers have higher average adoption rates of organic practice in Estonia. the average off-farm income of low performers is 10% to 30% higher than the population average in the majority of farm types. the Netherlands and England. high performers tend to invest less than the average in Australia. and dairy farms are more than 2. The adoption of organic production practice may be one reason for the large value added by high performers. In the United States. High performers in England and the Netherlands tend to invest much more than the average. and non-ruminants farms. The adoption rates of organic production practice by low performers are on average 50% higher than the average adoption rate. Overall. In the Netherlands. In contrast. the Netherlands and England). Investment may be one of the key factors of high performance in these countries. It is likely the case in Estonia that subsidies to organic farming induce low performing farms to apply to this program and continue low intensity farming practices. average off-farm incomes of low performing beef and sheep. Adoption of organic production practice As an indicator of specific technological adoption. In Germany and the Netherlands. where adoption rate ranges between 3 to 10%. the average adoption rates of organic production practice by high performing fruit and vegetable. The difference of average investment size between high performers and the population tends to be larger than that of land and labour size. In England and the Netherlands. the high performers have higher adoption rates of organic production practice consistently across farm types (Figure 15). a quarter of all Estonian farms adopted organic production practice.5 times higher than the populations.32 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE In Australia. High performing field crop farms in Germany and the Netherlands have on average 26% and 47% higher adoption rate of organic production practices. The size of investment tends to be correlated with economic size of farms. The difference in off-farm income is the smallest in the fruit and vegetable farms which require intensive labour input and limits the opportunity of engaging in off-farm employment. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . Germany.17 17 .

0 Estonia 0.0 0.5 Flanders 1.5 0.0 USA 1.5 1.5 0.0 1.5 0.0 England Flanders England Fruit and vegetable farm USA Australia 3.0 2.0 0.5 England 1. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 England Italy Netherland s 33 .0 Germany USA Germany 0.0 Australia 2. 2006-09 Average in farm type = 1.5 0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Figure 14.0 1.5 0.5 USA Flanders Flanders 1.0 High performers Low performers All farm types Field crop farm Australia 2. Gross investment and farm performance Average index across four performance indicators in 2004.5 1.5 Italy Netherlands OECD FOOD.5 2.5 England Estonia 0.0 Netherlands Netherlands Germany Germany Italy Italy Beef and sheep farm Dairy farm USA Australia 2.0 1.0 -0.0 USA Flanders England Estonia Netherlands Germany Germany Netherlands Italy Non-ruminants farm Flanders 1.5 2.0 0.5 1.0 0.0 1.

0 0.0 Germany 2.0 Germany 2. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .0 England Netherlands England Netherlands OECD FOOD.0 1.0 0.0 High performers Low performers Field crop farm All farm types England Estonia 1.0 3.34 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Figure 15.5 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.0 2.5 England Germany 0.0 England Netherlands Netherlands Beef and sheep farm Dairy farm Estonia 2.0 0.0 1.5 Estonia 1. Adoption of organic production practice and farm performance Average index across four performance indicators in 2004.5 1.0 0.0 1. 2006-09 Average in farm type = 1.0 4.5 0.0 Germany England Netherlands Netherlands Fruit and vegetable farm Non-ruminants farm Germany 5.5 1.5 1.5 0.0 0.5 Germany 0.0 1.5 2.

In England.0 years). the difference in average age between performance groups tends to be larger for fruit and vegetable. The average age of the main operator across all farm types ranges from 46. Among the fruit and vegetable farms. Overall. high performers are more likely to have a higher educational attainment than low performers in all countries except for the United States. high performers are on average more than 4 years younger than the low performers in Belgian Flanders. where no difference in educational attainment was found between high and low performers (Figure 17).3 years in Belgian Flanders to 55. OECD FOOD. and non-ruminants farms.7 years). and fruit and vegetable farms. Overall. and the fruit and vegetable farms (4. Among different types of farms. but the differences are particularly large among field crop farms (3.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Main operators’ characteristics Age Figure 16 presents the average age difference of the main operator of high and low performers relative to the average in each farm type.6 years in Australia. and non-ruminants farms. beef and sheep farms (4. high performers are on average 2 years younger than the population. In Belgian Flanders. The high performers in Germany tend to have higher educational attainment consistently across different farm types.4 years overall.8 years). The age factor seems to be important in the Netherlands for field crop. The difference in average age between low and high performers in England is 3. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 35 . but the trend is the opposite for the beef and sheep. high performers tend to be younger than low performers for majority of farm types. nonruminants. Educational attainment Educational attainment is measured where a main operator has an educational attainment higher than tertiary education. England and the Netherlands. high performers overall tend to have a higher educational attainment.

2006-09 Average in farm type = 0 High performers All farm types Field crop farm Australia 2 Flanders 2 1 USA Low performers 1 Flanders 0 USA 0 Canada -1 -1 -2 -2 -3 England Canada England Netherlands Germany Germany Netherlands Dairy farm Beef and sheep farm Flanders 2 Flanders 4 1 USA 0 2 Canada USA -1 -2 -2 -4 England Germany England Fruit and vegetable farm 2 Canada USA -2 -4 England Germany Netherlands Germany Non-ruminants farm Flanders 4 0 Canada Netherlands Netherlands USA 0 Flanders 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 England Canada Germany Netherlands OECD FOOD. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .36 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Figure 16. Age of the main operator and farm performance Average years of difference across four performance indicators in 2004.

8 1.0 1.1 USA Flanders 1.4 1.4 Australia 1.2 Flanders 1.0 0.5 1.0 USA 0. 2006-09 Average in farm type = 1.9 Germany 1.8 0.6 England England Non-ruminants farm Flanders 1.4 Flanders 2.0 1.9 Germany 0.3 1.0 0.8 Germany 0.5 0.2 1.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Figure 17. Educational attainment of the main operator and farm performance Average index across four performance indicators in 2004.6 Netherlands OECD FOOD.0 High performers Low performers Field crop farm All farm types Flanders 1.1 1.0 USA 0.8 0.6 England Germany England Netherlands Netherlands Dairy farm Beef and sheep farm Flanders 1.2 1. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 England Netherla nds 37 .0 USA Germany 0.0 USA 0.2 1.8 England Netherlands Netherlands Fruit and vgetable farm USA Germany 0.2 1.

Geographically less favourable condition and farm performance Average index across four performance indicators in 2004. Nonetheless. 2006-09 Average in farm type = 1.0 Germany England Germany 3. economically large farms tend to operate a large area of land. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .5 2. the factor analysis is used to identify correlations between characteristics of high performing farms and does not indicate any causality between specific farm characteristics and high farm performance.0 1. Figure 18. this data is available only for some farm types in Estonia. Germany and England. the differences in farm performance due to the geographical condition tend to be marginal.0 England Germany Field crop farm Dairy farm Estonia 2.0 0.5 0. but it could be an important factor of high performing farms.0 England 0.5 1. Cross-country factor analysis of high performance Many of the characteristics discussed in the previous section are highly correlated. The largest difference in geographical condition between high and low performers was observed in England (Figure 18).0 All farm types Estonia 2.38 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Geographical condition An indicator of geographical condition is constructed as the proportion of land within the category of a less favoured area. OECD FOOD.0 1.5 Estonia 1. In Estonia and Germany.5 0.3. Low performing field crop and dairy farms have on average larger shares of land in geographically less favoured areas than high performers. For example. higher educational attainment and the younger age of the main operator may not be correlated with large farm size. However.0 0. invest more and receive more payment. use more labour. The factor analysis in this section aims to reduce the set of various farm characteristics to a few common factors of high performance and to assess relative importance of each factor across countries (Box 3). On the other hand.5 1.0 1.5 0.

each factor is named according to its composition of farm characteristics (e. Each factor is composed of a vector of ten farm characteristic variables.21 The average score between -0. education attainment of the main operator. the data on geographical condition is missing in Australia. Following the compositions of principal factors. operators’ characteristics and geographical condition). For example. Estonia and Italy are not included in cross-country factor analysis due to the lack of three out of four performance indicators in the database (net operating income per unit of labour. land and net worth). Flanders. the deviation of high performers from the population average is assumed to be zero. Canada.20 A positive factor score of country indicates that the factor is more relevant in explaining high performance relative to the cross country trend. technological adoption.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – The factor analysis uses indices of farm characteristics of the top 25% highest performing groups described in the previous section. Each country has at most 20 observations for each index per farm type if all performance indicators and years are available in the dataset. ten variables are selected from all six dimensions of farm characteristics in the previous section (farm size. the Netherlands and United States. The distribution of factor scores is standardized with mean zero and standard deviation one for each factor. support. Tables 2 to 7 present the four different degrees of importance of each factor for the country based on the average factor score. High factor loading of the variable indicates the importance of this characteristic in the factor. off-farm activity. In addition. Canada.5 is expressed as “0” 18. In this case. a negative factor score of the country means less relevance of the factor in explaining high performance compared to the cross country trend.14 for the average factor scores by country OECD FOOD.5 and +0. The factor score of the country is not comparable across different factors. For simplicity. high factor score for the third principal factor which has smaller share in the total variance does not necessarily mean that this factor is a more important factor of high performance than the first principal factor which explain larger share of total variance. A factor score is calculated for each observation and then averaged by country. High uniqueness of the characteristic variable means that the variable is less explained by the extracted principal factors. Based on factor loadings. The indices compare all the characteristics of high performers relative to the average within a specific farm type of the country. debt ratio and gross investment. 21. On the other hand. The information on the adoption of organic production practice is missing in Australia.g. Factor loading represents the composition of a vector of characteristics in each factor. The factor analysis first extracts several principal factors which are composed of linear combination of ten representative farm characteristic variables. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 39 . The database in some countries does not have information on some of the farm characteristics variables. Uniqueness indicates the proportion of variance of farm characteristics variable not explained by the extracted principal factors. 20. 19. See Annex Table B. Canada does not have information on annual labour input.18 Among the available farm characteristics. More specifically. Highly negative factor scores could indicate that the country has an opposite factor of high performance to the shared factor across most of the countries. relative importance of the factor is assessed based on the average factor scores by country. A negative factor loading indicates a negative impact of the variable on the factor. Flanders and United States. The Eigen value and the proportion of each factor in total variance indicate relative importance of each factor in explaining high farm performance.19 Tables 2 to 7 present the results of factor analysis in selected farm types. large farm size factor).

Extracted factors explain between 57% (beef and sheep sector) and 77% (fruits and vegetable sector) of the observed variance in the dataset. Factor loadings are the weights and correlations between each variables and the factor. investment and high value of production). The highlighted factor loadings indicate major components of each factor. The principal component factor method simply reduces the number of variables by creating linear combinations that retain as much of the original measures’ variance as possible. Factor analysis finds a few common factors that linearly reconstruct the original variables where is the value of the i th observation on the j th variable. This is to say that the factor is dropped unless a factor extracts at least as much as the equivalent of one original variable. A negative value indicates an inverse impact of the variable on the factor. less importance of the factor is indicated by “--“ and “-“ if the average factor score is lower than 1 and between -0. the greater value of uniqueness lowers the relevance of the variable in the factor model. factor scores are computed for each observation using a regression method. and non-ruminants farms. “Eigenvalue” is the variances extracted by the factors. which indicates the importance of the common high performance factor in each country relative to the cross country trend. Box 3. whose sum is equal to the number of variables. which explain 71% of the total variance of farm characteristic variables of high performers.5 and 1 are indicated as “++” and “+”. and is similar to a residual but is known as the j th variable’s unique factor. Conway and Huffcutt (2003) reviews exploratory factor analysis applied in recent literature.g. As a factor extraction model. is the i th observation on the k th common factor. The analysis identified four principal cross-country factors of high performance. beef and sheep. All farm types Table 2 shows the results of factor analysis of high performance across all farm types. Factor 1 is composed of characteristics representing large farm size (large land area. farm size factor).40 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE meaning that the importance of the factor for the selected country is in line with the cross country trend. The factor analysis in this section first extracts principal factors of high performance in each farm 1 type across countries. At the last step. meaning that high degree of importance of the factor for the country relative to the cross-country trend. The average factor scores of more than 1 and between 0. is the set of linear coefficients called the factor loadings. respectively. While three factors are extracted in field crop and dairy farms. whose eigenvalue exceeds unity. 2003). AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . most of which are correlated with each other. Therefore. This criterion was proposed by Kaiser (1960) and it is conventionally used in the existing studies (Conway and Huffcutt. respectively. the common factors and the associated factor loadings are rotated to identify uncorrelated factors by the Orthogonal method. The results (see Tables 2-6) show the eigenvalue. On the contrary. It describes linear combinations of the variables that contain most of the information in the dataset and could help identify a few common factors in the dataset. four factors exceeded the selection criteria for all farm types. proportion of variance explained by each factor as well as the rotated factor loadings of farm characteristic variables and uniqueness. fruit 2 and vegetable. ______________________ 1. which is normalized with mean zero and variance one for a given factor.5 and 1. The factor scores are averaged by country. The higher the load the more relevant in defining the factor’s dimensionality. Each common factor is characterized by its composition (e. Large farm size is associated with high level of payment. Uniqueness is the variance of the variable not shared with other variables. the principal component factor model was chosen. This OECD FOOD. 2. Following the factor extraction. What is a factor analysis? Factor analysis is a statistical technique widely used to get a small set of variables from a larger set. Factor scores are the coordinates of the original variables in the space of the factors.

23 -0.03 0.09 -0.79 -0.57 0. The components of Factor 3 are characterized by higher adoption rate of organic production practice and higher share of land in less favoured area.53 0. all farm types Eigen value Proportion in total variance Factor loadings Gross agricultural output Annual labor input Utilized area of land Debt ratio Gross investment Total payment Non-farm income Age of the main operator Education of the main operator Share of less favored land Adoption of organic practice Factor characteristics Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 4 Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 3.10 0.23 0. Factor 2 is defined by high debt ratio.80 1.18 0.02 -0.02 0. young age of the operator and large size of labour input.04 0.13 -0.44 0.: less important than cross-country trend Australia Belgian Flanders Canada Estonia Germany The Netherlands England USA Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 0 0 -0 0 0 0 ++ 0 0 0 + 0 + 0 0 0 -+ 0 0 Factor 4 -+ 0 0 ++ 0 0 The importance of each factor for the countries in the dataset is assessed relative to the cross-country trends based on the average factor scores.15 0.13 0. Average factor scores show OECD FOOD. financially leveraged operation by young managers which applies labour input intensively is an important characteristics shared by high performers.22 Large farm size Young age and financial leverage Organic practice High education and non-farm income Importance of each factor relative to cross-country trend 0 : In line with cross-country trend ++/+ : more important than cross country trend --/.14 0.05 0.11 0.09 0.20 0.59 0.88 0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – farm size factor is the most relevant factor of high performance across countries and farm types. It implies that farms located in geographically less favourable areas are achieving high economic performance by adopting organic production practice. Table 2.87 -0.02 0.33 0.86 -0.00 -0.26 0.16 0.83 0.43 -0.66 0. which explain approximately one-third of the total variance. The fourth factor of high performance is characterized by a high level of non-farm income and educational attainment of the main operator.09 -0.33 0.72 -0.52 -0.21 0.58 1.13 0.85 0.05 0.03 0.08 -0.36 -0.11 Factor 4 Uniqueness 1.15 0.00 0.41 0.44 0. Common factors of high performers.15 -0.27 0.30 0.54 0.11 0.19 0. aside from large farm size.19 0.07 -0.21 0. This factor indicates that. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 41 .70 -0.04 0.

Farm size is a more important factor of high performing crop farms in the Netherlands and the United States. The second most important factor of high performance is a higher share of land in less favoured area and a higher adoption rate of organic production practice (Factor 2). In the United States.42 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE that the large farm size factor (Factor 1) is particularly important in the United States and less important in Canada. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . High performing field crop farms in these countries tend to have a lower level of non-farm income and slightly less educational attainment. but they are less important in Australia and Estonia. As observed in the factor analysis across all farm types. However. younger age of the operator and higher debt ratio. The average factor score indicates that large farm size (Factor 1) is less relevant for high performing field crop farms in Australia compared to other countries. which is correlated with a low level of investment. this factor is the least relevant in Australia. this factor is the most important in the Netherlands due to a higher adoption rate of organic production practice by high performing field crop farms. it may be the case that high performing farmers located in less favoured area of land are differentiating the products with organic production in geographically less favoured location. The adoption rate of organic production practice and higher share of less favoured land (Factor 3) are the most important in Germany and the least important in Estonia and England. High educational attainment (Factor 4) is the most relevant factor in Germany. The larger share of farm size factor implies that the scope of exploiting the economy of scale could be larger for field crop farms. The average factor score of this factor is high in these countries because of the higher educational attainment of high performers. high performers on average apply more than 50% more labour input and depend more on debt compared to the US average. Field crop farms The largest share of the variance is explained by the factor composed of large farm size characteristics (large production value. The geographical condition and adoption of organic production practice (Factor 2) is less important in England where high performing crop farms have a much lower share of less favoured area of land and in Estonia where high performing farms are much less likely to adopt organic practice. while the average adoption rate of high performers in Estonia is less than half of the population. The factor loadings indicate that large farm size is correlated with high levels of payment. whereas the least relevant in England. High education factor (Factor 3) accounts for a relatively smaller share of the total variance (13%). OECD FOOD. Labour intensive production with a young operator who relies on debt financing (Factor 2) is a particularly important factor of high performance in the United States and the Netherlands. followed by Belgian Flanders. Higher education (Factor 3) matters the most in Belgian Flanders. The average adoption rate of organic practice of high performers in Germany is 17% higher than the population. and investment). where high performers have on average 25% less non-farm income compared to the average farm. land and labour input. However.

Common factors of high performers.55 0.18 Debt ratio 0.71 0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Table 3.25 0.94 1.04 0.03 0.: less important than cross-country trend Factor 1 Australia Belgian Flanders Canada Estonia Germany The Netherlands England USA -0 0 0 0 + 0 0 OECD FOOD.74 0.33 Utilized area of land 0.24 Annual labor input 0.14 Non-farm income 0.43 0.89 -0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 Factor 2 0 0 0 0 ++ 0 Factor 3 0 ++ 0 0 0 0 0 43 .26 -0.86 0.88 -0.12 0.36 0.36 Share of less favored land -0.56 0.03 -0.20 -0.72 0.70 -0.01 0.53 -0.03 0.30 Gross investment 0.15 0.41 0.13 Eigen value Proportion in total variance Factor loadings Gross agricultural output 0.01 0.33 -0.26 Total payment 0.87 0.05 0.36 0.30 0.07 0.04 0.51 Factor characteristics Factor 1 Large farm size and young age Factor 2 Organic practice and less geographical favorabliness Factor 3 High education and low investment Importance of each factor relative to cross-country trend 0 : In line with cross-country trend ++/+ : more important than cross country trend --/.06 -0.17 0. field crop farms Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Uniqueness 3.57 Age of the main operator -0.49 Adoption of organic practice 0.61 1.34 -0.12 0.64 Education of the main operator 0.27 0.

18 0.18 0.33 0.12 0.44 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Beef and sheep farms The most significant cross-country factor of high performance among beef and sheep farms is composed of large farm size characteristics such as high production value and large size of labour input.02 -0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .79 0.82 -0.: less important than cross-country trend Factor 1 Australia Belgian Flanders Canada Germany The Netherlands England USA 22 .35 Large farm size Old age and less indebtness Organic practice and less geographical favorabliness High education Importance of each factor relative to cross-country trend 0 : In line with cross-country trend ++/+ : more important than cross country trend --/.85 0.13 0.28 0.84 0.26 -0.28 0. a performance indicator of the net operating income per unit of land and utilized area of land are excluded from the observations and farm characteristics variables in the analysis of this sector.20 0.61 0.28 -0.30 -0. beef and sheep farms Eigen value Proportion in total variance Factior loadings Gross agricultural output Annual labor input Debt ratio Gross investment Total payment Non-farm income Age of the main operator Education of the main operator Share of less favored land Adoption of organic practice Factor characteristics Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 4 Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 2.35 0.12 -0.91 -0.01 -0.23 0.87 0.04 -0.18 0.18 0.22 -0.06 -0.21 0.31 0.24 0.92 1.20 0.23 0.08 -0. OECD FOOD. Thus. Common factors of high performers.08 -0.51 -0.09 0.10 0. High educational attainment of the operator is the main component of the fourth factor extracted in the analysis.09 0.14 0.04 0.75 -0. + 0 0 + 0 - Factor 2 Factor 3 + + 0 0 -0 -- 0 0 0 + -+ Factor 4 0 -0 ++ + 0 The beef and sheep farms in the database include both breeding and feedlot beef cattle operations whose intensity of land use is distinctively different.33 0. The third factor is mainly composed of the high share of geographically less favoured land and the adoption of organic practice.22 The farm size factor also includes high level of payments.74 0.16 0.15 -0.13 0.16 0. The second important factor is characterized by higher age and lower debt ratio.19 0.39 0.47 0.02 0.46 Factor 4 Uniqueness 1.80 1.14 -0. Table 4.21 -0.

while this is less important in Estonia. Finally. The third factor is characterized by high share of land in less favoured area and higher rate of adopting organic production practice (Factor 3). higher educational attainment of the main operator (Factor 4) is more important in Germany and England in comparison with other countries. The debt ratio of high performers in the United States is on average 30% higher than the population and the average age of the main operator of high performers is 1. whereas it has the least importance in Canada and the United States. whereas. OECD FOOD. the economy of scale in beef and sheep production may be unachieved in Australia. high performing beef and sheep farms in the United States and the Netherlands are younger farms which have higher debt to asset ratio. High factor score for the old age and less indebtedness factor in Australia means old farmers who repaid the debt achieve high performance. whereas high performing dairy farms in Estonia are on average smaller than the average dairy farms.5 times more relative to the average United States dairy farm. explaining 41% of the total variance.4 years younger. The second factor of higher education and younger age of main operators (Factor 2) is the least important in Australia. In contrast. Unlike the field crop farms.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – The factor score shows that large farm size (Factor 1) is a more relevant factor of high performing beef and sheep farms in Australia and the Netherlands relative to the crosscountry trends. Dairy farms The large farm size factor (large land and labour input. It is likely that young and highly educated dairy farm operators who are financially leveraged perform better across countries. high investment and large output value) is more important for dairy farms than for other farm types. In Australia. whereas this factor is more important in Germany. matured farms perform financially better presumably due to less new entrance to the sector. High performing dairy farms in the US produce 90% more output value and invest 2. in other countries. In England and the Netherlands. This farm size factor is associated with a larger amount of payment. and a higher debt ratio (Factor 2). the farm size factor (Factor 1) is more important in the United States and the Netherlands. Adoption of organic practice and less geographical favourableness (Factor 3) is a more important factor of high performing dairy farms in Germany and the Netherlands. high performing beef and sheep farms on average have more than 1. This may be an indication of the structural change in the US dairy sector which is driven by young operators who rely on debt. The second largest factor is composed of higher educational attainment and younger age of the main operator. According to the average factor score by country. whereas it is the most important in the United States. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 45 .5 times larger size of labour input and generate twice production value relative to the population average. Factor 3 (higher share of less favoured land and adoption of organic production practice) is less relevant factor of high performance compared to cross-country trends.

The composition of the farm size factor indicates that the characteristics of high performing fruit and vegetable farms which are financially leveraged labour intensive operation. The farm size factor (Factor 1) explains one third of the total variance and is composed of large labour input.47 0.61 0. which is independent from the first farm size OECD FOOD. indicating a potential dynamics of the sector.45 -0.48 0.76 0.03 0.57 -0. including organic production practice. Common factors of high performers. Factor 2 is associated with younger age of the main operator.12 0.40 0.30 Education of the main operator 0.38 -0.42 Age of the main operator -0.46 Total payment 0.: less important than cross-country trend Factor 1 Australia Belgian Flanders Canada Estonia Germany The Netherlands England USA 0 0 0 0 + 0 + Factor 2 -+ 0 0 0 0 0 ++ Factor 3 0 0 0 + + -0 Fruit and vegetable farms The factor analysis identified four principal factors of high performance for the fruit and vegetable farms.13 0.41 0.15 Utilized area of land 0.77 0.05 0.31 Proportion in total variance 0.04 0. The third factor is defined by large land size.12 Factior loadings Gross agricultural output 0.78 0.70 -0.50 1.19 -0.06 0.07 0.22 Annual labor input 0.09 -0. higher rate of adopting organic production practice and lower level of non-farm income.92 0.10 0. dairy farms Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Uniqueness Eigen value 4.48 1. The performance of the fruit and vegetable farms is driven by full-time younger operators.24 0. high value of production and higher debt ratio.49 Factor characteristics Factor 1 Large farm size Factor 2 Young age and high education Factor 3 Organic practice and less geographical favorabliness Importance of each factor relative to cross-country trend 0 : In line with cross-country trend ++/+ : more important than cross country trend --/.71 0.54 0.21 Non-farm income 0.39 Adoption of organic practice 0.13 -0.44 Share of less favored land -0.46 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Table 5.07 0.20 0.81 -0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .03 0.14 Debt ratio 0.11 -0. It could be the case that young operators are more innovative and adopt new technology.03 0.48 Gross investment 0.14 0.92 0.

18 0.10 0.21 0.44 0.12 0.18 0.32 0. The last principal factor is associated with a lower share of less favoured land and larger amount of investment. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 Factor 2 Factor 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 + 0 + Factor 4 0 0 ++ 0 0 47 .20 0.02 0. respectively.10 0.53 0.45 -0. For example. the main operator of high performing fruit and vegetable farms in the Netherlands is 2.8 years younger than the population average.80 -0.16 0.17 0. Table 6. The average factor score by country indicates that the large farm size factor (Factor 1) is more important in the Netherlands and the United States.01 0.22 Large farm size and finanial leverage Young age and organic practice Large land size Investment and geographical favorabliness Importance of each factor relative to cross-country trend 0 : In line with cross-country trend ++/+ : more important than cross country trend --/.01 0.37 0.67 -0. The average sizes of labour input of high performing fruit and vegetable farms in the Netherlands and the United States are 25% and 15% larger than the average.77 -0.02 -0.30 0.90 0.55 0.12 0. The factor of young age of the main operator and the adoption of organic production practice (Factor 2) is shared across six countries.08 0.17 -0.09 0.30 0.10 0.10 -0.12 0.47 0. fruit and vegetable farms Eigen value Proportion in total variance Factior loadings Gross agricultural output Annual labor input Utilized area of land Debt ratio Gross investment Total payment Non-farm income Age of the main operator Education of the main operator Share of less favored land Adoption of organic practice Factor characteristics Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 4 Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 3.05 0.26 0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – factor.89 -0.60 0.21 0.14 0.79 1.05 0.07 0.12 0.40 0.02 0.33 0.25 -0.66 1.08 0. Common factors of high performers.85 Factor 4 Uniqueness 1.03 -0. The large investment and geographical favourableness (Factor 4) is the most relevant in Germany.03 0.92 0.08 0.53 -0.01 -0.12 0.02 0.: less important than cross-country trend Factor 1 Belgian Flanders Canada Germany The Netherlands England USA 0 0 0 + 0 + OECD FOOD.02 0.16 0.93 0.61 -0.

but less relevant in England and Canada.82 -0.13 0.02 -0.14 0.25 0.14 0.35 -0. geographical favourableness and large investment are found to be correlated characters of high performance. This factor is particularly important in the US and the Netherlands.19 -0.01 0.11 -0.31 0.66 -0.78 0.03 0.12 0.01 Factor 4 Uniqueness 1.48 1.16 1.11 0. large labour input and large economic size explains 22% of the total variance.04 -0.01 0.81 0.15 -0.38 0.27 0. Table 7.02 0.45 -0.13 0. This factor is less relevant in Canada and the Netherlands. Higher educational attainment of the main operator is found to be a main component of the fourth factor.18 0. Common factors of high performers.19 -0. The second factor represents larger payment size and older age of the main operator. Similar to fruit and vegetable farms.60 0.27 0.13 0.48 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Non-ruminants farms The factor analysis extracted four principal factors of high performing non-ruminants farms. Adoption of organic production practice is not correlated any of four principal factors.09 0.: less important than cross-country trend Belgian Flanders Canada Germany The Netherlands England USA Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 4 0 0 + ++ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 - OECD FOOD.78 -0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . non-ruminants farms Eigen value Proportion in total variance Factior loadings Gross agricultural output Annual labor input Debt ratio Gross investment Total payment Non-farm income Age of the main operator Education of the main operator Share of less favored land Adoption of organic practice Factor characteristics Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 4 Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 2.08 0.15 0.01 0.77 0. indicated by high uniqueness value.01 0.18 0.16 -0.22 0. The average economic size of high performing US non-ruminants farms is 80% larger than the population (Figure 7).18 -0.26 0.96 Large farm size and financial leverage Old age and large payment Investment and geographical favorabliness Education and non-farm income Importance of each factor relative to cross-country trend 0 : In line with cross-country trend ++/+ : more important than cross country trend --/.17 0.39 -0.03 0.76 -0.33 0.09 0.17 0.04 -0.08 -0.07 0. The first factor of high debt ratio.68 -0.07 0.

The analysis in the report follows three steps. Support and off-farm income are complementing the low performance in agricultural production. Finally. The cross country comparison also allows benchmarking farm performance with other countries. The deviation indices of farm characteristics of high and low performers were computed relative to the average characteristics of the population. It implies that the improvement of sector performance is not only led by productivity improvement of the top performers who are on the productivity frontier (i. The first section compares the distribution of four farm performance indicators across nine participating countries or regions for selected types of farms. The second section compares the characteristics of high and low performing groups for selected type of farms. The comparison of total payments received by high and low performing groups shows that payments are often concentrated to low performing farms in some countries. labour and cash input. indicating their high management capacity in production and marketing. Low performers depend more on support and on off-farm activities consistently across countries and farm types.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 4. a statistical factor analysis helps to identify cross-country factors of high farm performance for selected types of farms. Disseminating the existing technologies or resource reallocation can also lead to a significant improvement in the performance of the sector. Summary of findings and policy implications This report analyses the distribution of farm performance data contributed through the OECD Network for Farm-level Analysis. The cross-country comparison of farm performance distribution revealed that significant differences exist in farm economic performance within countries as well as across countries in all the indicators. low performers rely much more on support as a source of farm income. Main operators’ characteristics such as age and educational attainment are also of more importance for high performance for most types of farms in most countries. It also shows that many characteristics of high and low performance are shared across countries.e. the payments to support low performers may be a factor that retards structural adjustment which could have occurred in the absence of such payments. Even in case low performers receive equivalent or smaller amount of payments as other farmers. The members of the network and the Secretariat elaborated the Terms of Reference to establish a cross-country database with a harmonised definition of population and variables. The analysis reduces ten representative farm characteristic variables to a smaller set of factors. Even though two countries share comparable average farm performance. low performing group receive more payments relative to their economic size. The last section applies a factor analysis to find a few sets of principal factors that explain high farm performance in selected types of farms across countries and assess the importance of each principal factor for high performance in each country relative to the cross-country trends. Although the objective of some payments is to support economically low performing farms for environmental or social reasons. The analysis also shows higher level of non-farm income obtained by low performers in all types of farms in countries where a data is available. High performers generate more economic value relative to the size of land. The comparative analysis of farm characteristics between high and low performing groups revealed distinctive characteristics of high and low performers. the distribution can be quite different. A farm size factor is identified as the OECD FOOD. In some countries. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 49 . The factor analysis found that large farm size is a factor of high performers for most of the farm types across countries. though adoption of new technology).

the cost data used to construct performance indicators does not take into account the imputed cost of own land. the extracted factors show that a variety of drivers of high performance exists independent from large farm size. who make use of financial leverage. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . high performance in one indicator does not necessarily means high performance if multiple production factors are taken into account. and the need to improve general and agricultural education and training in the farm population. indicating potential gains from the economies of scale. The age difference of the high performing farm operators relative to the rest indicates the importance of promoting exit and entry to the sector. valuation method of farm assets). the farm performance indicators are not considering non-market input and output such as the use of environmentally harmful input or outputs with positive externality. labour and capital nor exclude farm expense for rented land and hired labour. by country.50 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE most relevant factor of high farm performance for most types of farms. Higher educational attainment is also found an important factor of high farm performance particularly for some farm types in Belgian Flanders and Germany.g. The analysis indicates that farm size expansion is not the only option to improve high performance. but other aspects need to be considered in policy formation. Fourth. young age of the main operator and the use of financial leverage are also found as a common factor of high performance for several types of farms across countries. However. but it does not identify the causality of high farm performance. Similarly. For example. the findings from the comparative analysis of the distribution of farm performance and the factors behind high and low performance. limitations of the data and the analytical methods should also be recognized. Young innovative farmers. but each country has specific characteristics of high and low performers. Well-functioning input and output markets and financial market are fundamental for innovative farmers to evolve in the sector. Table 8 summarises. the comparison of farm performance indicators needs a careful interpretation. are driving high performance of some types of farms particularly in the United States and the Netherlands. The analysis points to the importance of removing impediments to structural adjustment and implement positive measures that facilitate adjustment. The analytical results illustrate the importance of education for the adoption of innovation. The identified factors of high performance indicate the potential areas that resource reallocation can improve the sector’s performance. Second. The farm size factor dominates other factors in explaining high performing dairy and field crop farms. the analysis of the characteristics of high and low performers helps to find the factors of farm performance. For example. Moreover. OECD FOOD. However. although the database was constructed based on harmonized definitions. Third. The quality differences of production factors are unaccounted. Farm size is a relevant factor for the majority of countries. These factors may bias the distribution of the performance indicators. The large differences in the size of land or labour inputs of high performers relative to the rests in some countries imply that resource reallocation would improve the sector’s performance. including regulations to facilitate asset transmission. First. the definition of farm type and the variables used to construct farm performance indicators are not necessarily fully comparable across countries due to different survey designs in each country (e. higher educational attainment is a relevant factor of high performance for some types of farms as well as geographical condition and adoption of organic production practice in other farm types.

Low performing field crop farms have large farm size. Canada Factors of high and low farm performance Farm size Large farm size is less important factor particularly for field crop and dairy farms Other factors Low performers tend to have higher debt ratio and depend more on non-farm income and support The performance of field crop. Large farm size is not important. Large farm size is less important factor particularly for dairy and non-ruminants farms Low performers tend to receive more support due to program design United States The average performance of high performing group and population outperforms other countries for most types of farms. but wide dispersion exists between the performances of high and low performing groups. The return to labour is particularly high for the high performers. and beef and sheep farms are comparable with other countries. labour. Large farm size matters less than in other countries. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . The performance of the Top 25% group is one of the highest in field crop and dairy farms. Large farm size is important in field crop and dairy farms. Low performers tend to have larger farm size Low performers tend to adopt organic production practice Germany The distribution of farm performance is one of the highest in many types of farms. Low performers rely on nonfarm income and support. but return on equity is particularly higher Large farm size is a relevant factor Higher educational attainment of operator matters more than in other countries Estonia Distribution of output-input ratio is comparable with other EU countries and regions. Flanders (Belgium) Farm performance is comparable with other EU countries and regions. Large farm size is not important. land and own capital. Summary of findings by country Countries Distribution of farm performance Australia Output-input ratio is comparable with EU countries and regions. Younger age and use of financial leverage is important. The concentration of production to high performers is the highest. High performers tend to have higher educational attainment and adopt organic practice. Italy High performers in some farm types achieve the highest output-input ratios. OECD FOOD. The performance of dairy farms is particularly low once MPS is taken into account.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 51 Table 8. but small margin size is lowering return to.

52 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Countries Distribution of farm performance Factors of high and low farm performance Farm size Other factors Netherlands Distributions of farm performance are comparable with other EU countries and regions. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . Large farm size is particularly important for many types of farms. High performers tend to adopt organic production practice. but dispersion of performance tends to be smaller within the same type of farms. OECD FOOD. Large farm size is particularly important for many types of farms. Size of investment is particularly large for high performers. but the performance of beef and sheep farms is relatively low. Low performers have older age. Young age and use of financial leverage is an important factor. England(UK) Distributions of farm performance are comparable with other EU countries and regions. Geographical favourableness is an important factor.

OECD.M. H. Latruffe. J. “Distribution of Support and Income in Agriculture”.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – References Antón. OECD (2011). 2. OECD. and A.F. Vol. (2011). AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 53 . OECD. p141-151. Fostering Productivity and Competitiveness in Agriculture. Agriculture and Fisheries Working Papers. Educational and Psychological Measurement. L. No. Agriculture and Fisheries Working Papers. OECD Food. Agriculture and Fisheries Working Papers. Paris. p147168 Kaiser. Vol. 30. 6 No. “Risk Management in Agriculture in Canada”. J. No. C. Kimura and R. Moreddu. Huffcutt.. Organizational Research Methods. “Competitiveness. OECD FOOD. 46. Conway. Martini (2011). 20. OECD. “The application of electronic computers to factor analysis”. (2010). (2003) “A Review and Evaluation of Exploratory Factor Analysis Practices in Organizational Research”. No. OECD Food. 40. OECD Food. (1960). Productivity and Efficiency in the Agricultural and AgriFood Sectors”. S.

gov. Sample weights are calculated so that population estimates from the sample for numbers of farms.0).e. The sample size for AAGIS is usually around 1 600 and for ADIS around 300. no. cat. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . EVAO is a standardised dollar measure of the level of agricultural output.54 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Annex A. A definition of EVAO is given in Agricultural Industries: Financial Statistics Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) 2001. coarse grains. ABARES surveys target farming establishments that make a significant contribution to the total value of agricultural output (i. Data Sources Australia: Australian Agricultural and Grazing Industries Survey (AAGIS) and Australian Dairy Industry Survey (ADIS) The survey documentation is available at: www. areas of crops and numbers of livestock correspond as closely as possible to the most recently available ABS estimates from data collected from Agricultural Census and Surveys. ABARES survey estimates are calculated by appropriately weighting the data collected from each sample farm and then using the weighted data to calculate population estimates. 7506. Field crop farms Farms engaged mainly in growing wheat. Since 2004-05. other cereal grains.daff. oilseeds and/or pulses (ANZSIC06 Class 0146 and 0149) Dairy cattle farms Farms that milk more than 30 cows for more than 3 months Beef and sheep farms Farms engaged mainly in running beef. and in aggregate will contribute less than 2% to the total value of agricultural production for the industries covered by the surveys. Farms excluded from ABARES surveys will be the smallest units. rice.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0017/2003921/survey-definitions-methods. the ABARES farm survey includes establishments classified as having an estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) more than AUD 40 000. Definitions of farm types in the database are as follows.pdf The target population represents 70% of national gross agricultural output. commercial farms). sheep or both (ANZSIC06 Class 0141. 0142 and 0144) Mixed farms Mixed livestock-crops industry (ANZSIC06 Class 0145) OECD FOOD.

contracts. For incorporated farms. partner and other family labour). Agriculture Division. rent. Sample size: Approximately 180 000 unincorporated farm operations.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Definitions of variables used to construct farm performance indicators are as follows. Scope for the OECD Network project: Farms retained for the project represent 90% of national gross agricultural output and have more than CAD 100 000 in gross sales. It includes the value of livestock transfers onto the property as well as any lease payments on capital. livestock purchases and payments to sharefarmers. sharefarming. refunds. OECD FOOD. The sampling frame for unincorporated farms contains all individuals who report either positive gross farm income or non-zero net farm income from self-employment on their Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) T1 General – Income Tax and Benefit Return. It includes revenue received from agistment. plus the value of livestock transfers off a property. Converted to full-time equivalent assuming 48 weeks per full-time worker Value of all assets used on a farm. interest. All land operated by the farm business. and insurance claims and compensation. hired labour. The frame also includes all communal farming organizations that report either positive gross farm income or non-zero net farm income on their CRA T3 Trust – Income Tax and Information Return. excluding machinery and equipment used by contractors. excluding work by contractors. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 55 . including revenues from the sale of livestock. share farmers. Gross agricultural output Cash expenses Land Labour Total farm asset Total farm liabilities Total of revenues received by the farm business during the financial year. The sampling frame does not include tax filers in multiple jurisdictions (more than one province). Payments made by the farm business for materials and services and for permanent and casual hired labour (excluding owner manager. non-Canadian residents or non-resident corporations. excluding personal debt. lease financed debt and underwritten loans. Canada: Agricultural Taxation Data Program file for farms and family indicators Organization: Statistics Canada (StatCan). All debt attributed to farm business. the sampling frame is made up of all corporations within the ten provinces and the territories that are classified as farms (50% or more of the sales has to come from agricultural activities) according to the North American Industry Classification System and that have sales of CAD 25 000 or more. 20 000 incorporated farms and 300 communal farming organizations. Capital and household expenditures are excluded from total cash costs. produce purchased for resale. excluding land share farmed Measured as work-weeks including owner manager. Scope: The target population consists of all unincorporated. plant hire. ABARES uses the owner manager’s valuation of the farm property. rebates. Description: The Agricultural Taxation Data Program samples unincorporated and incorporated tax filer records to estimate a range of financial variables (detailed revenues and expenses and off-farm income of farm operators). incorporated farms communal farming organizations in Canada. livestock products and crops. royalties.

21-207-X Statistics Canada. assets. Statistics on Income of Farm Operators . Statistics on Income of Farm Families . Sample size: 14 000 farm operations depending of year. Statistics Canada. Specific farms are excluded from the target population to obtain the survey population such as farms with less than CAD 10 000 in sales from agricultural activities. the operator’s spouse and never married children residing in the same household. institutional farms. Agriculture Division Description: This survey collects data on farm operations including land use. Statistics on Revenues and Expenses of Farms .Farm types based on North American Industry Classification b. farms on Indian Reserves and farms that are part of multi-holding companies. borrowings. Publication: 1. liabilities and net worth indicators.Size based on gross farm income d. capital investments.21F0005G Canada: Farm Financial Survey for farm assets.Farm types based on North American Industry Classification (NAICS) b. income and expenses. The target population consists of agriculture operations and not households or families.Geography: finest level available is Census of Agriculture Region e. Farm Financial Survey (21F0008X) A family is defined as the operator. OECD FOOD. Questionnaire: Not applicable Metadata: Please refer to Statistics Canada web site information related to the publications mentioned above.56 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Domains: a. Some questions are asked on income from sources other than this operation. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . incorporated and communal farms Publications: Statistics Canada. Domains: a.21-206-X Statistics Canada. Partnership. Scope: The target population for the survey consists of all Canadian agriculture operations that are active at the end of the reference year. Accessible to Statistics Canada employees and deemed employees under research contract. community pastures.21208-X Accessibility: Data collected by the Canada Revenue Agency and cannot be shared according to Statistics Canada-Canada Revenue Agency Memorandum of Understanding agreement. Whole Farm Database Reference Manual .Farm family1 c.Operation arrangement: unincorporated. capital sales. Statistics Canada. liabilities. Cooperative and communal operations Incorporated sector: Corporation. Organization: Statistics Canada.Operation arrangement: Unincorporated sector: Sole proprietorship.

Definitions of variables used to construct farm performance indicators are as follows.) Land All cropland (harvested or not). and goats. (NAICS 2007 Class 1111) Fruit and vegetable farms Establishments primarily engaged in growing root and tuber crops (except sugar beets and peanuts) or edible plants and/or producing root and tuber or edible plant seeds or fruit and/or tree nut crops. Chief Whole Farm Data Project Section e-mail: martin.(Inter-farm purchases are included in these costs but capital cost allowance is excluded.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Accessibility: Data collected under the authority of the Statistics Act. Contact: Martin S. Beaulieu. (NAICS 2007 Class 1112 and 1113) Dairy farms Establishments primarily engaged in milking dairy cattle (NAICS 2007 Class 112120) Beef and sheep farms Establishments primarily engaged in raising cattle (including cattle for dairy herd replacements). lambs.ca Definitions of farm types in the database are as follows. A micro data file (excluding identifiers) of respondents that consent to share their survey data information is provided to Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada for statistical and research purposes. or feeding lambs for fattening (NAICS 2007 Class 11211 and 1124) Non-ruminants farms Establishments primarily engaged in raising hogs and pigs or poultry (NAICS 2007 Class 1122 and 1123) Mixed farms Establishments that do not have one commodity or one related group of commodities that makes up 50 percent of the total value of production. all pasture. excluding government payments and crop insurance indemnities. range.beaulieu@statcan. These crops have an annual life cycle and are typically grown in open fields. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 57 . A farm's commodity specialization is determined by the one commodity or related group of commodities that makes up at least 50% of the farm's total value of production. and forest land on the farm. or feeding cattle for fattening or raising sheep. Questionnaire and Metadata: Please refer to Statistics Canada web site information related to the publications mentioned above. Accessible to Statistics Canada employees and deemed employees under research contract. Gross agricultural output Gross agricultural output is defined as agricultural sales. and all other land owned or rented by the farm Labour Not available in the database Total farm asset Value of asset owned by the operation Total farm liabilities All debt excluding personal debt OECD FOOD. Field crop farms Establishments primarily engaged in (1) growing oilseed and/or grain crops and/or (2) producing oilseed and grain seeds. Cash expenses Business costs incurred by a farm operation in the production of agricultural commodities.

0% of the utilised agricultural area. OECD FOOD.cfm Information on methodology can be found at http://ec. Farms retained for the OECD Network project represent 90% of national gross agricultural output. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . Minimum size is expressed in European Size Unit (ESU). and forwards standard information to the EU Commission. The sample size is 500 farms. national FADN can contain more information than the European FADN. The farms in the FBS represent over half of the total number of farm businesses in England. The FADN population of agricultural holdings covers 92.3% of the total number of agricultural holdings and 87. 31. All individual data are weighted according to farm type and economic size class.58 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE European Union Member States: Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) The European FADN is presented at http://ec.cfm Farms below a minimum economic size are excluded from the FADN. which is a measure of (standard) gross margin.eu/agriculture/rica/index_en. Economic size thresholds applied by the Commission (in ESU) from Year 2007 Belgium 16 Germany 16 Estonia 2 Italy 4 Netherlands 16 United Kingdom 16 Each member country designs its own FADN survey and collects its data.europa. Estonia Year Farms in population Unit 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 Number 6 809 6 724 7 301 7260 7260 Agricultural working units (full time eq.) AWU 164 923 165 074 158 172 Utilized Agricultural Area 1 000 hectares 8 095 8 078 7 964 2008 2009 Data are for England only.europa. The data source is the Farm Business Survey in England.eu/agriculture/rica/methodology2_en. Thresholds applied in EU members states are presented below. These farms account for 91% of land area farmed and 96% of agricultural production in England. As a result.6% of the standard gross margin of Estonian agricultural production.) AWU 22 838 20 481 20 405 19 456 17 835 Utilized Agricultural Area 1 000 hectares 811 795 905 In Estonia 7 301 agricultural holdings exceed the threshold of the economic size (2 ESUs) defined for the purpose of the FADN. England Year Farms in population Unit 2004 2006 2007 Number 60 825 59 534 57 089 Agricultural working units (full time eq.

Italy Year Farms in population Agricultural working units (full time eq. rearing and sheep farms fattening combined. Germany Year Farms in population Agricultural working units (full time eq.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Flanders (Belgium) Year Unit 2004 2006 2007 Farms in population Number 22 574 21 675 20 690 Agricultural working units (full time eq.) Utilized Agricultural Area Unit Number AWU 1 000 hectares 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 260639 261459 226859 225682 225630 492537 501241 446157 448695 442145 16815 17673 15582 15608 15464 Samples are of about 11 500 farms each year. and Sheep. mixed livestock and mixed crop-livestock (TF 6. oilseed and protein crops. goats and other grazing livestock (TF 42. 43 and 44) Non-ruminants Specialist granivores (TF 50) farms Mixed farms Mixed cropping. Cattle-dairying. Field crop farms Specialist cereals.) Utilized Agricultural Area Unit 1 000 hectares Definitions of farm types in the database are as follows. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 59 .) Utilized Agricultural Area AWU 45 374 44 217 43 242 1 000 hectares 650 651 661 2008 2009 All individual farms data are weighted according to farm type and farm size (economic size units). A farm's commodity specialization is determined by the groups of commodities consists of more than 2/3 of the Standard Gross margin (SGM). 7 and 8) OECD FOOD. All individual farms data are weighted by the weighting factors of the referring year. and general field cropping (TF 13 and 14) Fruit and Specialist horticulture and specialist fruit and citrus fruit (TF 20 and 32) vegetable farms Dairy farms Specialist dairying (TF 41) Beef cattle and Specialist cattle-rearing and fattening.) Utilized Agricultural Area Unit 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 Number 663 908 682 469 749 355 730 200 737 160 AWU 919 807 953 737 1 021 349 1 000 hectares 10 942 11 817 11 475 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 Number 64 489 60 440 58 779 59 449 59 280 AWU 157 818 136 603 140 660 1 959 1 942 1 944 Netherlands Year Farms in population Agricultural working units (full time eq.

. (NAICS 2007 Class 1112 and 1113) Dairy farms Establishments primarily engaged in milking dairy cattle (NAICS 2007 Class 112120) Beef and sheep Establishments primarily engaged in raising cattle (including cattle for dairy herd farms replacements). Does not include areas used for mushrooms. woodland and other farm areas.aspx. inventories (in years in which reduced). property taxes and fees. Definitions of farm types in the database are as follows. Farms retained for the OECD Network project represent 90% of national gross agricultural output. including part-time workers Value of asset owned by the operation All debt excluding personal debt OECD FOOD. receipts from contract fees and revenues. Total specific costs (including inputs produced on the holding) and overheads arising from production in the accounting year. Field crop farms Establishments primarily engaged in (1) growing oilseed and/or grain crops and/or (2) producing oilseed and grain seeds. in 2009 (for example). Gross agricultural output Cash expenses Land Labour Total farm asset Total farm liabilities Gross agricultural output is defined as gross receipts. revenue from land rents. about 17% of the population in the survey in 2009. that amounts to 363 540 farms. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . or feeding cattle for fattening or raising sheep. All cropland (harvested or not). As a result.ers. range.gov/data-products/arms-farmfinancial-and-crop-production-practices/documentation. Total labour input expressed in full-time person equivalent Only assets in ownership are taken into account. the sample includes any farm with Gross Agricultural Output (GAO) of at least USD 100 408. lambs. A farm's commodity specialization is determined by the one commodity or related group of commodities that makes up at least 50% of the farm's total value of production.or short-term) loans still to be repaid United States: Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) ARM documentation is available at: www. all pasture. and cash payments to stakeholders from the sales of farm production and the conversion of assets. and goats. medium. Definitions of variables used to construct farm performance indicators are as follows. These crops have an annual life cycle and are typically grown in open fields. minus government payments and Federal crop insurance indemnities. or feeding lambs for fattening (NAICS 2007 Class 11211 and 1124) Non-ruminants Establishments primarily engaged in raising hogs and pigs or poultry (NAICS farms 2007 Class 1122 and 1123) Mixed farms Establishments that do not have one commodity or one related group of commodities that makes up 50% of the total value of production. Value at closing valuation of total of (long. Total utilised agricultural area. which includes receipts from sales of farm products.purchases of livestock + various non-exceptional products. and farm-related income Cash expenditures includes purchased inputs. other unpaid).usda. livestock and livestock products and of other output.60 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Definitions of variables used to construct farm performance indicators are as follows. other paid. land rented for less than one year on an occasional basis. Gross agricultural output Cash expenses Land Labour Total farm asset Total farm liabilities Total of output of crops and crop products. and forest land on the farm. Gross receipts are defined as gross cash farm income (in ERS ARMS nomenclature). (NAICS 2007 Class 1111) Fruit and Establishments primarily engaged in growing root and tuber crops (except sugar vegetable farms beets and peanuts) or edible plants and/or producing root and tuber or edible plant seeds or fruit and/or tree nut crops. and capital consumption into cash. and all other land owned or rented by the farm Number of workers (operators. Sales and use of (crop and livestock) products and livestock + change in stocks of products (crop and livestock) + change in valuation of livestock .

2004-09 Annex Table B8 Average characteristics of high and low performers. for selected farm types. for selected farm types. for selected farm types. for selected farm types. 2004-09 Annex Figure B. Italy. for selected farm types. 2004-09 Annex Table B. by performance indicator. United States. for selected farm types. 2004-09 Annex Table B7 Average characteristics of high and low performers. the Netherlands.4. Belgium (Flanders). for selected farm types. by performance indicator. by performance indicator.14 Average factor scores by country for selected farm types OECD FOOD.2. by performance indicator. by performance indicator.1.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – Annex B. by performance indicator. for selected farm types. by performance indicator. 2004-09 Annex Table B6 Average characteristics of high and low performers.3. for selected farm types in Estonia and Germany Annex Table B5 Average characteristics of high and low performers. Distribution of net operating income per net worth in selected OECD countries. Distribution of net operating income per full-time equivalent labour in selected OECD countries. for selected farm types.1 Comparison of the distributions of farm performance indicators between all farms and individual farms. 2004-09 Annex Table B13 Average characteristics of high and low performers. for selected farm types. Estonia. Australia. 2004-09 Annex Table B. Distribution of net operating income per hectare of land in selected OECD countries. 2004-09 Annex Table B11 Average characteristics of high and low performers. 2004-09 Annex Table B12 Average characteristics of high and low performers. for selected farm types. 2004-09 Annex Table B. 2004-09 Annex Table B9 Average characteristics of high and low performers. England (England). by performance indicator. by performance indicator. 2004-09 Annex Table B. for selected farm types. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 61 . for selected farm types. 2004-09 Annex Table B10 Average characteristics of high and low performers. Germany. Canada. Background Tables Annex Table B. Distribution of output-input ratio in selected OECD countries.

76 2009 1.97 2006 1.40 1.98 0.97 1.15 1.26 1.31 1.00 0.65 2.08 2008 1.94 2.56 Italy 2007 1.68 0.75 2004 2006 2008 1.29 1. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .27 2.23 0.93 1.50 Canada 2006 2007 0.29 2.60 2008 1.17 1.68 2009 1.34 2.44 0.17 1.56 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 1.89 1.62 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Annex Table B.77 2004 1.95 0.77 0.97 1.81 Estonia 2006 2007 1.03 0.46 0.68 1.82 2009 1.60 0.31 1.63 2008 1.85 2.91 2004 1.00 1.36 1.15 1.23 0.53 1.72 0.09 1.1.08 1.41 0.61 2.70 2009 0.64 1.77 0.44 0.15 2.38 0.07 2.10 0.48 0.76 0.77 2009 1.10 1.84 1.72 0.15 1.10 0. for selected farm types.73 1.34 1.95 2.26 1.72 0.84 2.19 1.73 Canada 2006 2007 1.30 2.06 Germany 2007 1.62 1.55 0.03 2009 1.27 2008 1.29 2.67 2008 1.10 1.56 2004 1.50 0.84 Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 2008 1.12 0.38 2.74 0.32 1.04 0.08 2008 1.08 1.40 1.12 Netherlands 2006 2007 2008 1.05 0.05 1.00 2006 1.81 Netherlands 2006 2007 2008 1.46 Italy 2007 0.45 0.09 1.70 0.41 0.80 2004 1.25 1.64 0.02 2008 0.74 2004 0.18 1.13 1.22 1.25 0.47 1.72 0.23 0.95 2004 1.80 1.47 1.05 2006 1.02 0.56 2006 1.18 1.37 1.18 2.85 0.58 Italy 2007 1.14 1.38 2.64 1.76 2009 1.06 0.76 1.03 2004 1.55 Australia 2007 1.36 1.18 2.22 2009 1.06 1.89 2009 1.05 1.09 1. 2004-09 Ratio of gross agricultural output and cash expenditure.36 2009 1.30 0.97 1.95 2004 1.27 1.53 0.09 2008 1.20 2.66 0.07 0.65 2009 0.26 2.01 1.49 2006 0.15 1.12 1.29 1.85 United States 2006 2007 1.01 1.10 1.72 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 Australia 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 1.04 2009 1.35 1.68 0.06 0.47 1.77 2004 1.72 1.62 0.41 2.29 1.77 2008 1.55 2004 0.16 2.31 2.04 0.59 1.01 0.80 2009 1.02 1.14 1.80 2009 1.27 2009 1.23 1.15 1.42 0.43 1.34 2.29 0.97 Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 2008 1.78 0.74 2009 1.07 1.12 2009 1.45 1.37 1.30 1.77 1.18 1.80 2006 1.79 1.93 0.88 0.55 1. Distribution of output-input ratio in selected OECD countries.89 1.32 0.99 0.79 England (UK) 2006 2007 1.27 1.13 1.77 1.01 1.65 1.36 1.73 1.18 2.95 1.27 1.81 1.43 1.00 1.26 1.93 2009 1.98 0.12 1.88 2008 0.96 1.04 Field crop farm Australia 2007 1.51 2008 0.24 1.29 2.26 1.94 0.97 1.27 0.30 0.17 2.09 0.79 Fruit and vegetable farm Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 2008 1.13 1.31 1.19 1.92 Netherlands 2006 2007 2008 1.82 2.56 0.16 1.24 2009 0.81 England (UK) 2006 2007 1.77 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 0.35 2.36 0.30 1.14 1.93 1.23 1.90 2004 0.06 1.30 2008 1.55 2.86 United States 2006 2007 1.05 Germany 2007 1.82 1.73 2009 1.51 0.55 1.99 1.82 England (UK) 2006 2007 1.74 1.73 0.99 0.37 0.82 2008 1.77 0.73 0.39 2.09 2.00 1.56 0.37 2008 1.17 1.80 1.51 0.71 0.26 0.97 2.45 1.04 2.91 2.55 0.20 1.86 0.24 0.03 1.42 0.89 Canada 2006 2007 1.73 2004 1.12 1.48 1.07 2004 1.84 1.88 0.06 2.49 1.36 0.74 2008 1.29 1.75 United States 2006 2007 1.85 0.10 2004 1.54 2006 1.98 0.94 2.36 0.32 2.72 Estonia 2006 2007 0.64 2008 1.76 2006 1.24 2.77 1.00 1.06 1.81 2004 1.42 1.55 0.83 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 1.21 2.14 2008 1.90 Estonia 2007 OECD FOOD.04 0.58 0.20 1.83 2009 1.05 1.78 2009 1.20 1.11 1.05 2004 1.93 1.85 0.03 2009 1.78 0.85 2004 1.66 0.52 1.74 0.14 1.57 0.91 2004 1. output is evaluated by world price All farms year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 1.78 2009 1.10 1.07 0.16 1.28 1.75 1.19 2008 2009 2008 1.31 1.78 0.75 0.25 1.02 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 1.56 0.96 1.09 1.64 2009 0.95 0.56 2004 1.09 1.04 Germany 2007 1.12 0.48 0.

78 2008 2009 2004 0.40 0.24 0.65 1.01 0.77 0.09 1.67 0.84 0.51 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 1.20 0.84 2009 1.50 2004 0.95 1.26 1.73 2009 0.26 1.87 1.66 0.10 1.83 0.94 1.98 1.80 0.55 1.24 2009 1.32 1.75 0.27 1.17 2.09 1.22 0.28 2.57 1.49 0.85 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 2006 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 1.13 0.61 2009 0.53 0.18 0.56 0.10 1.04 0.14 1.12 1.99 2009 1.16 0.41 1.60 0.58 0.52 0.17 0.86 1.08 0.00 United States 2006 2007 1.83 United States 2006 2007 1.61 1.25 1.98 2004 0.65 2008 2009 2004 1.16 2.81 2.32 0.61 Italy 2007 1.61 1.63 2004 2006 2008 0.22 0.26 2009 1.42 0.16 1.47 0.78 1.14 1.90 0.15 1.34 1.62 0.94 0.86 1.30 1.55 2008 1.88 1.98 0.31 1.45 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 1.04 1.88 Beef and sheep farm Canada 2009 2004 2006 2007 1.65 0.48 0.46 0.63 0.07 1.57 2008 0.16 1.93 1.05 1.07 1.96 Netherlands 2006 2007 2008 1.03 Netherlands 2006 2007 2008 1.33 1.74 2004 1.66 0.40 2.49 0.02 0.02 1.25 1.03 Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 2008 0.97 1.14 1.28 2.76 2008 1.18 1.99 0.52 0.92 0.63 0.71 1.13 2004 1.98 1.59 0.01 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 2008 1.24 1.38 1.96 2009 1.61 0.21 1.87 0.24 1.01 0.46 1.07 Germany 2007 1.33 1.95 1.17 1.08 Estonia 2007 Estonia 2007 2008 0.32 1.38 0.18 1.59 Australia 2007 1.35 0.02 Mixed farm year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 1.27 1.68 0.10 1.44 0.11 0.92 Netherlands 2006 2007 2008 1.82 2004 0.75 1.92 1.19 0.34 0.99 2004 0.40 1.99 0.09 1.76 2009 1.27 0.91 2006 1.43 2009 1.95 1.26 0.87 0.92 2008 1.90 2.36 2.81 0.87 1.57 2004 0.24 0.42 0.65 2008 1.15 2.05 1.03 2008 1.73 Netherlands 2006 2007 2008 0.04 1.18 1.43 2004 1.08 0.42 1.05 1.28 1.73 0.22 1.05 1.18 1.65 1.69 Canada 2006 2007 0.52 0.83 2009 1.64 1.29 0.30 1.27 0.97 2009 1.95 2004 1.01 1.69 2009 0.19 1.27 0.59 Germany 2007 1.93 1.73 0.04 2.14 1.11 0.24 2009 1.96 0.05 0.21 1.65 0.67 2004 1.94 1.72 0.00 1.86 2009 1.97 2008 1.88 0.39 0.87 1.23 2008 1.66 1.41 1.34 0.26 2008 0.85 0.24 0.23 1.56 1.13 1.38 1.93 Non-ruminants farm Canada 2004 2006 2007 1.09 2.00 1.03 1.73 0.13 1.21 1.69 England (UK) 2006 2007 0.87 1.21 1.33 1.02 1.24 1.63 2008 0.53 1.01 0.14 1.13 1.02 Germany 2007 1.01 1.90 1.94 1.77 OECD FOOD.21 1.92 2006 1.91 2009 0.84 2004 1.14 1.08 1.71 2004 1.93 0.56 2004 0.21 0.63 2.17 1.66 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 Australia 2006 2007 year Mean Top 25 percentile Bottom 25 percentile 2004 0.84 United States 2006 2007 1.92 1.19 1.71 2.17 1.37 0.87 0.35 1.83 1.60 0.95 2.80 2009 0.69 0.43 0.18 1.40 1.37 1.09 1.20 0.05 0.65 2004 2006 2008 0.16 2004 1.02 0.85 1.54 0.01 1.85 1.84 Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 2008 1.61 0.04 0.15 1.94 Italy 2007 1.18 2.06 1.06 2.17 1.99 2.45 0.44 2009 0.13 0.59 1.41 2.53 2.81 0.89 1.86 0.58 1.44 1.41 3.38 0.12 2009 1.22 1.24 1.82 2006 1.65 2008 0.77 Canada 2006 2007 1.62 2004 1.26 2006 1.32 0.84 2009 1.85 1.09 1.77 0.66 2009 1.09 0.02 2009 1.57 2006 1.41 0.32 1.01 1.36 2.08 1.40 1.98 1.23 0.76 2008 1.25 2.43 1.94 2004 0.89 0.20 0.56 .44 0.26 1.56 2006 1.95 2008 2009 2008 1.31 1.10 1.10 0.63 0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 63 Dairy farm year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 1.75 0.66 0.77 0.09 1.62 0.56 2008 1.33 2004 1.96 0.36 0.98 2006 1.87 0.16 0.19 2.23 0.99 1.40 0.17 0.17 1.85 2008 0.27 2008 1.05 0.16 1.82 2009 1.66 0.64 0.10 0.65 England (UK) 2009 2004 2006 2007 1.39 1.67 Italy 2007 1.86 1.69 2009 1.74 0.98 2009 1.94 1.05 1.97 2004 1.94 1.71 England (UK) 2004 2006 2007 0.10 0.08 1.27 0.32 0.54 0.06 2.15 1.56 0.31 2.04 2.07 1.31 2.06 1.71 2.69 2006 1.01 2009 1.96 1.56 Australia 2007 1.22 1.96 2004 1.78 2009 0.90 2004 1.90 0.12 2008 1.72 0.29 2.12 1.81 2008 0.59 0.94 0.96 0.97 2008 1.74 1.75 1.69 2009 1.88 0.76 1.19 0.22 2.58 2006 0.61 2009 1.35 0.26 1.32 0.74 United States 2006 2007 1.67 2008 2009 2008 1.67 0.11 1.37 2009 0.05 1.91 1.28 0.82 1.08 1.22 1.54 0.18 1.50 2.99 1.94 Germany 2007 1.79 -0.50 0.92 Estonia 2006 2007 1.28 1.88 2009 1.03 1.57 2006 1.32 0.70 0.93 1.18 0.95 1.69 Estonia 2006 2007 0.74 2008 1.71 England (UK) 2006 2007 0.01 Italy 2007 Australia 2007 1.66 Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 2008 1.74 0.83 0.65 1.45 1.24 0.04 1.

0 2006 35.5 22.6 -2.9 2008 26. output is evaluated by world price All farms year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 27.4 2008 24.0 70.4 54.0 2009 2.3 -2.4 49.5 4.2 82.3 -7.3 -33.2 Germany 2007 22.5 10.5 32.6 Estonia 2007 2004 17.0 -31.7 44.3 152.6 Field crop farm Australia 2007 21.4 -1.8 -34.8 65.2 33.8 -7.6 -3.3 -13.7 -11.7 38.4 65.5 -5.8 -26.8 2009 59.3 76.4 52.7 10.7 28.9 2008 11.0 -1.0 2.6 7.9 2009 10.6 84.1 2.5 10.0 5.6 46.3 2006 24.7 71.1 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 Australia 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 26.9 38.3 2009 36.5 Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 2008 26.1 England (UK) 2006 2007 0.1 44.9 44.5 United States 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2008 4.9 2004 22.6 76.5 -22.0 -27.4 2006 34.7 2004 15.0 -7.0 89.8 10.7 2009 28.0 -27.1 32.9 100.4 1.4 28.4 105.9 -7.9 60.3 43.7 6.3 158.7 38.8 30.2 -28.3 153.1 -20.8 8.3 46.2 31.7 -40.9 93.8 2.5 -6.5 20.8 -18.2 -17.6 -5.9 12.6 181.3 11.0 62.6 2009 30.9 -11.1 95.5 -71.0 England (UK) 2006 2007 9.6 63.3 2004 United States 2006 2007 2008 -0.9 2008 44.6 -49.64 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Annex Table B.5 9.8 4.5 25.0 16.0 2009 -0.0 99.6 Fruit and vegetables farm Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 2008 29.7 59.8 -9.6 -27.5 2006 18.8 -3.5 24.2 82.5 -14.1 -38.4 2008 30.3 OECD FOOD.3 -24.1 -34.2 61.7 Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 2008 30.2.8 -13.9 -19.5 2008 2009 2008 18. Distribution of net operating income per full-time equivalent labour in selected OECD countries.5 26.2 10.7 38.2 40. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .2 39.3 43.5 47.5 22.4 -4.2 104.0 155.7 Canada 2007 2009 25.2 Italy 2007 2008 19.2 -14.6 1.6 Netherlands 2006 2007 2008 56. for selected farm types.5 -14.3 109.3 70.0 Netherlands 2006 2007 2008 24.1 60.0 2004 14.2 2009 3.1 -1.1 -8.5 -1.1 28.8 Germany 2007 32.6 Germany 2007 45.6 51.1 73.1 88.0 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 2006 2008 2009 2004 -6.5 2.7 England (UK) 2006 2007 -6.8 52.2 164.7 2004 Estonia 2006 2007 1.4 12.8 92.9 47.7 66.4 15.1 2004 2006 2009 17.9 11.7 44.8 152.3 25.7 2004 2008 2009 2004 2.6 Italy 2007 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 35.6 Canada 2007 2009 18.1 -11.3 -15.8 12.2 2008 47.1 47.4 2006 35.1 -6.6 22.4 6.5 -60.0 43.6 2009 26.7 -8.8 -7.5 -44.8 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 2006 Australia 2007 11.1 3.7 9. 2004-09 USD thousand per full-time equivalent labour input.7 2008 2009 2004 8.0 41.5 -15.2 2008 47.2 2009 19.3 55.2 63.8 0.6 -1.3 43.3 1.1 -12.3 -5.5 -43.0 108.8 3.5 7.9 68.0 1.1 Canada 2007 2009 24.6 -49.3 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 2006 Italy 2007 2008 2009 2004 19.9 4.5 2004 2006 2009 16.6 -7.6 56.9 2.6 -20.6 2004 27.1 63.0 2009 49.0 173.3 71.6 86.4 22.6 2004 8.4 2004 1.9 -0.6 2008 0.5 2009 -2.9 United States 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 -2.8 -16.9 30.5 -0.2 0.3 Netherlands 2006 2007 2008 33.5 Estonia 2006 2007 4.1 2004 2006 2009 45.6 26.4 -11.7 2009 21.6 2008 20.1 -53.0 2004 5.9 -3.

1 -5.3 58.3 69.4 -8.3 -7.2 -16.8 2004 United States 2006 2007 2008 2009 2008 15.9 -21.8 England (UK) 2006 2007 -30.6 26.1 -52.3 2009 15.9 2004 2006 2009 4.1 2004 2.1 6.2 79.4 -10.5 43.6 -2.8 Australia 2007 5.1 -19.8 -14.3 2004 2006 2009 24.8 -7.9 -37.6 72.1 England (UK) 2006 2007 -20.8 32.1 48.9 55.5 -30.8 -37.0 75.9 Canada 2007 2009 27.0 2009 32.9 44.2 -7.3 -25.1 9.8 -23.2 Germany 2007 36.8 74.7 -4.1 2009 17.5 2004 United States 2006 2007 2008 2009 2008 16.4 -31.7 2009 27.8 -8.1 2004 United States 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2008 -14.9 -7.7 154.4 -8.9 -4.3 -19.6 2006 25.3 -3.1 2009 6.1 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 2006 2008 2009 2004 -7.0 2009 -2.5 year Mean Top 25 percentile Bottom 25 percentile 2004 2006 Italy 2007 2008 2009 2004 3.3 60.5 53.4 8.4 -8.2 -10.6 -52.2 2006 25.4 65.9 0.4 0.9 106.0 -6.2 2008 36.8 43.5 40.0 2004 -14.8 2009 14.9 116.7 -3.3 -3.1 Germany 2007 51.7 2006 24.7 105.7 -52.8 2009 25.2 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 2006 2007 2009 29.5 -28.0 33.1 2009 37.9 -5.5 11.6 -2.0 76.7 -0.2 17.7 -5.5 36.5 -37.1 88.8 2009 -14.2 91.7 -22.2 -22.2 59.8 61.4 -42.7 2008 29.0 2004 2006 2009 7.7 Italy 2007 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 13.1 67.4 Estonia 2007 Mixed farms year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 25.9 28.6 Canada 2007 2009 65.9 16.1 90.3 -33.6 7.0 2008 29.0 2004 -4.3 1.7 77.9 6.9 -9.9 -14.9 -31.7 162.0 16.3 177.3 -16.0 34.3 172.4 2004 -5.0 33.6 2004 2006 2009 36.8 62.1 64.7 2009 18.1 -24.7 2008 19.2 2009 26.5 26.6 59.6 -8.8 73.5 89.1 -1.0 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 2006 Australia 2007 9.2 England (UK) 2006 2007 -14.2 2.1 0.3 55.6 2004 35.1 43.8 Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 2008 28.5 -1.6 -38.1 -26.5 71.0 15.9 37.6 5.6 -11.3 13.0 2008 Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 2008 -2.7 -41.5 16.8 .9 47.6 41.6 84.7 -1.8 2004 Estonia 2006 2007 -3.1 9.2 120.6 4.6 United States 2006 2007 2008 -0.0 -40.2 -38.0 2004 12.2 2008 2009 2004 -4.3 Estonia 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2008 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 2004 9.3 -2.7 -26.2 27.3 63.4 54.0 -8.0 63.7 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 Australia 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 35.1 -0.0 32.4 8.9 9.5 -28.1 -8.0 -2.6 Italy 2007 2008 43.7 -31.2 38.4 1.1 -12.4 -25.0 2004 -14.8 77.9 75.9 51.3 10.6 -4.9 2008 2009 30.3 114.4 59.0 2004 10.4 0.3 126.9 Netherlands 2006 2007 2008 17.2 2009 51.9 -2.4 -28.5 36.9 83.6 21.6 -16.9 74.6 2008 2009 2004 -2.4 -55.2 60.4 -9.3 -22.7 2008 24.2 20.0 -39.5 -62.0 -17.8 2006 20.5 2004 -10.5 2008 27.4 -5.8 7.2 Canada 2007 2009 25.7 21.3 -60.5 -33.2 55.6 -59.2 -28.8 Germany 2007 19.3 -41.6 0.5 13.0 2.1 -6.4 Netherlands 2006 2007 2008 11.8 -3.6 -36.2 136.8 2006 21.7 Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 2008 17.5 Estonia 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2008 -13.5 -50.8 2008 26.3 -43.7 6.0 -16.8 51.8 15.0 2004 -1.3 -29.8 -27.3 -67.5 88.6 50.6 28.3 -4.1 17.5 -8.1 Netherlands 2006 2007 2008 27.1 28.7 2008 38.2 -7.1 -26.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 65 Dairy farm year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 15.7 76.7 England (UK) 2006 2007 4.8 1.4 71.6 48.8 15.0 2006 12.1 Netherlands 2006 2007 2008 -10.3 -33.6 2009 -7.9 30.9 69.5 Germany 2007 31.6 97.1 2006 22.4 48.2 -7.5 2009 -4.0 149.3 -5.2 32.8 -37.3 Italy 2009 OECD FOOD.4 -40.1 0.0 4.7 10.8 9.3 2008 59.8 49.3 205.5 23.5 3.6 2004 12.4 74.3 Beef and sheep farm Australia 2007 16.8 93.2 -32.9 Canada 2007 2009 7.4 -23.6 108.0 25.9 118.0 18.9 1.0 Non-ruminants farm Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 2008 62.0 -9.

69 2.01 0.07 2004 1.58 0.22 Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 0.02 2006 0.93 2009 1.37 -0.08 0.58 1.37 -0.03 -0.84 2.80 -1.49 2008 0.03 0.09 1.64 -0.11 0.17 -0.73 -0.49 -0.88 87.40 3.40 -0.61 2009 0.24 -0.62 3.04 16.56 1.98 England (UK) 2006 2007 1.21 6.30 8.64 -3.89 -2.66 -0.13 Germany 2007 9.74 31.49 1.36 1.05 0.00 0.01 0.14 0.37 0.64 -1.63 -3.22 0.92 2.03 2004 0.87 2004 0. Distribution of net operating income per hectare of land in selected OECD countries.73 -0.43 -0.16 2.85 2.86 2.50 -3.16 2009 -0.16 2004 0.50 -0.85 2009 7.15 2008 2009 2008 1.74 -0. for selected farm types.05 0.50 -0.26 3.01 0.24 1.10 1.09 -0.58 12.27 -0.59 2008 8.71 17.90 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 Australia 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 6.16 31.46 2009 0.90 2009 4.30 0.06 United States 2006 2007 0.06 0.15 9.18 England (UK) 2006 2007 0.96 10.31 -0.35 2006 Estonia 2007 United States 2006 2007 1.84 1.86 -0.00 0.44 2009 1.62 1.28 0.15 -0.50 2004 2008 1.26 0.12 3.20 2008 0.27 2009 0.29 2009 7.08 2009 0.78 -0.77 -0.31 2004 0.20 1.31 1.38 Canada 2007 1.90 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 2006 Italy 2007 2008 2009 2004 3.06 0.08 Germany 2007 0.29 1.20 2009 -0.73 2.27 -0.73 -0.15 93.15 Field crop farm Australia 2007 0.10 -0.62 10.04 2004 0.04 Netherlands 2006 2007 1.12 0.01 0.69 17.56 0.81 3.00 11.20 -0.77 -0.11 Germany 2007 1.10 Italy 2007 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 0.04 2009 0.58 2004 0.19 2008 0.60 2004 -0.13 0.50 2008 2009 2004 0.59 1.45 -0.17 2008 0.27 2009 0.3.18 2008 0.72 2009 1.11 Italy 2007 2008 0.21 -0.05 0.40 14.20 -0.36 2006 0.18 Canada 2007 0.33 2008 1.86 3.80 -0.14 2009 0.08 2008 -0.48 -0.66 1.42 3.07 0.24 1.03 0.17 0.46 -2.55 -0.18 -0.02 2006 0.24 1.76 0.29 -0.17 -0.01 0.06 2004 7.11 -0.80 6.85 83.67 0.81 -1.37 2008 0.49 2006 1.47 England (UK) 2006 2007 -0.93 -0.06 0.54 0.27 -0.07 1.87 10.33 -0.15 0.02 0.06 2009 0.25 -0.44 6.12 2008 0.66 2008 8.35 2004 0.53 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 2006 2008 2009 2004 -0.12 United States 2006 2007 0.20 -0.75 2.62 4.04 0. output is evaluated by world price All farms year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 0.05 2004 0.79 2.79 -0.88 2.06 2009 0.94 0.01 2006 7.35 Canada 2007 0.92 12.83 6.58 2009 0.75 OECD FOOD.05 0.67 -0.14 -0.96 2.99 2004 Estonia 2006 2007 0.12 2004 0.66 0.14 0.11 30.01 0.35 1.27 0.54 1.67 -0.16 0.31 2008 6.28 -0.44 2004 Estonia 2006 2007 -0.10 -0.01 0.40 81.15 2009 0.68 2.18 2008 0.04 0.71 2.05 0.26 -0.10 2009 0.80 -3.68 8.01 2006 0.46 1.73 0.15 1.02 1.25 2.67 -0.69 2009 2.83 -0.74 2006 -0.28 -0.03 0.19 -0.16 0.30 0.66 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Annex Table B.11 91.03 2006 0.84 -0.91 -0.03 11.12 -2.91 -1.02 0.01 0.42 -0.25 2008 0.42 0.46 -1.85 2004 0.31 -0.99 -0.24 -0.19 2.18 Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 1.09 2009 0.63 -0.51 30.07 2008 0.59 0.75 18.55 2008 1.01 0.86 Netherlands 2006 2007 7.58 -0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 . 2004-09 USD thousand per hectare.47 1.71 1.35 2008 0.13 17.39 -0.69 1.58 Fruit and vegetables farm Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 7.25 1.09 2008 0.71 -0.93 0.15 -0.17 6.23 2.00 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 2006 Australia 2007 0.19 0.02 2.15 -0.67 0.06 0.38 2004 2008 1.04 -0.04 Netherlands 2006 2007 1.15 9.

13 2006 0.91 -23.56 3.97 2009 0.01 0.75 2009 5.35 2009 1.63 0.33 2004 2008 0.03 0.10 0.48 2008 1.32 -0.88 .20 6.53 3.69 -2.39 2.49 3.62 2004 -3.05 2.08 Germany 2007 0.02 2.53 -3.14 2004 0.01 -1.38 -0.67 0.73 6.18 -0.20 -23.37 1.88 2008 -0.69 2.06 -3.00 England (UK) 2006 2007 -0.04 3.76 -0.95 0.29 3.27 1.80 1.23 -0.38 3.88 2006 0.02 0.16 -0.46 -2.08 0.38 2009 1.73 2008 2009 2004 -0.36 Canada 2007 -0.17 England (UK) 2006 2007 -0.5 -4.49 -3.98 -1.87 0.39 1.06 -0.87 2009 -0.65 2008 1.45 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 2006 2008 2009 2004 -0.76 2.15 0.26 1.06 0.43 1.95 Netherlands 2006 2007 0.14 3.71 6.60 -0.21 -8.14 Canada 2007 -0.19 -1.04 Beef and sheep farm Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 -0.65 0.99 -0.43 -0.09 Italy 2007 2008 0.1 -0.62 2004 Estonia 2006 2007 -0.33 -1.27 1.09 2006 0.07 Germany 2007 0.65 -0.01 2006 0.54 -0.65 1.10 0.69 2.06 Germany 2007 0.24 1.47 Canada 2007 0.05 0.67 2009 1.09 1.23 7.19 -0.55 2008 -0.77 -0.79 -1.26 -4.00 -0.30 2.72 1.94 -5.14 -0.16 -0.37 2006 -1.86 2009 0.46 9.61 3.97 2006 0.03 2009 0.38 2008 2009 2008 0.01 2009 1.12 United States 2006 2007 0.13 -0.43 4.67 0.56 0.87 -0.67 2008 1.62 2004 -0.15 2.03 -0.32 -0.64 -0.07 0.29 3.88 2004 -0.79 -0.69 2004 2008 -0.00 -1.83 -1.18 2004 -0.22 -0.10 2009 -0.23 -0.12 2008 2009 2008 0.93 2008 2009 2004 -0.68 -0.13 2004 0.41 1.75 -1.02 0.61 3.64 3.87 -0.16 38.90 -1.54 -0.37 2009 1.80 2004 -0.03 -0.48 -0.38 -2.51 -0.98 2.16 5.13 Mixed farm year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 0.06 2008 0.10 0.04 14.91 2006 Estonia 2007 United States 2006 2007 0.36 0.03 2.75 9.09 -0.14 -0.10 -1.30 0.68 2004 1.36 1.74 2.34 -0.48 -0.24 1.33 2004 0.30 0.62 4.58 2004 2008 -1.62 2008 0.03 -0.54 3.05 2009 0.50 2.97 -3.18 2.64 0.10 -1.39 1.60 -0.31 -0.50 1.84 0.31 1.27 0.11 -0.39 year Mean Top 25 percentile Bottom 25 percentile 2004 2006 Italy 2007 2008 2009 2004 0.07 2009 0.17 2008 2009 2008 0.0 9.32 -0.41 10.45 -1.03 0.44 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 Australia 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 3.03 2006 0.00 0.06 2006 1.08 -0.86 2008 1.68 1.15 2004 2008 0.72 0.64 -0.16 2.08 2009 0.14 -0.73 2.77 2008 -1.03 2009 0.90 2006 0.04 3.11 -1.65 -0.04 3.55 -0.28 2.66 -1.45 1.30 -0.52 -0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 1.46 Netherlands 2006 2007 3.09 -0.21 Germany 2007 1.88 -2.95 -2.36 3.28 3.36 2009 1.21 2.01 0.35 -0.62 -0.03 2004 0.38 2004 -0.51 -8.14 -0.55 2009 -0.67 2008 1.00 0.04 -0.65 -0.42 -0.13 -0.40 0.30 0.55 -0.87 -1.68 2009 4.01 0.71 -1.04 0.54 15.05 2004 -0.89 -0.09 Italy 2006 2007 2008 0.10 0.75 6.94 1.05 3.87 2009 0.07 0.17 0.52 -0.84 -0.30 -0.34 2.93 -0.71 4.84 1.32 1.48 Italy 2007 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 0.82 -0.94 -0.39 2009 0.27 2004 0.51 1.07 2.01 -1.06 2006 0.26 0.17 -0.34 England (UK) 2006 2007 -0.95 -0.18 1.74 2.83 -1.55 -0.33 2008 1.40 1.15 Netherlands 2006 2007 -0.69 -1.10 0.40 2.83 OECD FOOD.18 0.35 4.0 -44.51 5.02 2004 -0.13 2008 0.26 1.11 0.06 2008 0.09 2009 0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 67 Dairy farm Australia 2007 0.03 2006 0.18 0.32 2009 0.09 0.02 Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 0.15 -0.46 -0.00 0.06 2008 0.30 2008 -0.03 2004 0.48 -0.83 2004 2008 -1.20 2009 -0.13 0.8 1.76 -0.14 -0.20 England (UK) 2006 2007 -1.12 0.00 -1.26 0.01 0.08 2008 1.16 -0.18 -0.01 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 2006 Australia 2007 0.13 2004 0.19 0.00 0.31 -0.17 2009 0.05 0.03 0.38 -1.02 Non-ruminants farm Flanders (Belgium) 2006 2007 6.18 2008 1.32 0.32 2.48 -0.35 -4.01 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 Australia 2007 0.00 0.42 1.03 0.29 -1.84 -0.45 -0.80 -0.75 -0.70 0.68 7.19 2009 -1.61 2009 -0.26 -1.01 Netherlands 2006 2007 0.26 -1.22 3.02 2009 -1.39 0.83 1.01 0.94 0.93 year Population Top 25% high peformers Bottom 25% low performers 2004 0.31 9.73 -0.01 0.23 -0.52 14.04 2009 0.42 Canada 2007 -0.00 -1.52 2006 Estonia 2007 United States 2006 2007 0.05 2004 2008 0.12 3.40 -0.11 2006 Estonia 2007 United States 2006 2007 2.

68 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
Annex Table B.4. Distribution of net operating income per net worth in selected OECD countries, for selected farm types, 2004-09
Percentage, output is evaluated by world price
All farms
year
Population
Top 25% high peformers
Bottom 25% low performers

2004
2.9
10.0
-3.5

2006
2.4
8.1
-2.0

year
Population
Top 25% high peformers
Bottom 25% low performers

2004

2006

Australia
2007
0.9
6.0
-5.3
Italy
2007

2008
2.1
8.4
-3.1

2009
2.2
7.3
-2.7

2004
6.9
32.7
-3.9

2008

2009

2004
1.8
7.6
-3.7

Flanders (Belgium)
2006
2007
2008
12.8
13.2
9.6
43.9
40.5
29.8
-0.8
-0.2
-2.7
Netherlands
2006
2007
2008
4.5
5.1
4.0
12.7
13.5
11.3
-1.4
-1.4
-2.2

2009
10.6
30.9
-1.3

2004
0.4
10.2
-9.5

2009
2.6
9.2
-3.3

2004
0.4
4.9
-3.8

Canada
2006
2007
-0.9
1.2
6.5
10.9
-9.0
-7.1
England (UK)
2006
2007
-1.4
1.1
5.8
9.7
-10.8
-6.7

Estonia
2006
2007
-1.6
7.7
13.7
23.8
-21.6
-10.7
United States
2006
2007
4.1
6.6
29.0
40.9
-4.3
-3.7

2008
1.3
10.4
-8.5

2009
0.2
10.7
-8.4

2004
-1.2
19.0
-12.0

2008
1.7
9.8
-3.8

2009
0.5
6.6
-4.3

2004
6.2
34.4
-3.3

2008
3.1
12.3
-6.1

2009
2.7
12.9
-5.9

2004
5.6
24.0
-9.8

2008
2.3
9.2
-1.9

2009
0.3
4.1
-3.9

2004
6.3
32.7
-4.1

Estonia
2006
2007
3.1
16.3
17.7
29.8
-14.1
-5.4
United States
2006
2007
3.4
6.5
24.0
32.3
-6.9
-3.6

2008
3.9
22.6
-7.9

2009
2.8
18.8
-10.3

2004

2006

2008
4.2
35.2
-5.2

2009
8.8
29.4
-2.1

2004
7.7
43.3
-2.6

United States
2006
2007
6.8
9.0
30.4
44.6
-4.8
-2.9

2008
-0.8
14.5
-22.4

2009
-3.4
12.4
-21.3

2008
7.2
31.9
-3.7

2009
5.5
31.1

2008
0.5
15.8
-17.5

2009
-2.8
13.3
-21.2

2008
8.2
31.9
-4.5

2009
7.2
28.8
-5.6

2008

2009

2008
7.0
36.2
-3.7

2009
8.3
40.0
-5.0

2004
4.7
16.1
0.1

2006
7.0
21.0
1.1

Germany
2007
9.6
26.3
1.6

2008
8.1
23.3
0.6

2009
7.8
22.3
0.8

2004
4.8
21.5
-0.1

2006
6.8
26.1
0.4

Germany
2007
8.5
30.0
0.8

2008
7.8
29.4
0.2

2009
6.6
22.5
0.0

2004
16.9
79.7
2.6

2006
17.9
73.9
3.4

Germany
2007
19.8
80.0
4.1

2008
16.8
70.9
1.4

2009
16.9
69.4
0.5

Field crop farm
Australia
2006
2007
3.9
1.9
11.6
8.9
-3.3
-9.3
Italy
2006
2007

year
Population
Top 25% high peformers
Bottom 25% low performers

2004
5.2
15.6
-2.3

year
Population
Top 25% high peformers
Bottom 25% low performers

2004

year
Population
Top 25% high peformers
Bottom 25% low performers

2004

2006

year
Population
Top 25% high peformers
Bottom 25% low performers

2004

2006

2008
3.8
13.2
-5.1

2009
4.9
11.2
-3.3

2004
3.5
9.8
-4.8

2008

2009

2004
-0.7
1.6
-7.2

Australia
2007

2008

2009

2004
23.0
70.8
4.4

Italy
2007

2008

2009

2004
9.0
35.0
-0.7

Flanders (Belgium)
2006
2007
2008
12.2
9.7
4.7
32.0
25.6
26.5
2.3
2.0
0.9
Netherlands
2006
2007
2008
5.0
4.0
1.7
14.5
12.4
6.7
-1.2
-1.4
-4.3

Flanders (Belgium)
2006
2007
2008
25.8
36.2
24.8
64.3
73.6
53.1
4.6
8.6
6.2
Netherlands
2006
2007
2008
14.8
17.3
12.4
47.0
76.8
29.5
3.3
2.0
3.2

2009
5.5
9.6
0.4

2004
1.9
11.3
-8.7

2009
2.4
6.5
-1.8

2004
2.0
6.8
-2.0

Canada
2006
2007
0.1
3.3
7.8
12.2
-10.7
-4.5
England (UK)
2006
2007
0.1
2.2
5.2
9.3
-7.4
-3.2

Fruit and vegetable farm
Canada
2004
2006
2007
4.1
3.2
4.3
21.1
17.9
26.2
-10.6
-8.6
-7.8
England (UK)
2009
2004
2006
2007
7.6
4.7
9.0
7.6
23.4
30.0
27.1
36.2
-3.1
-13.9
-2.0
-3.8
2009
21.2
53.9
3.3

Estonia
2007

OECD FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013

CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE –

69

Dairy farm
year
Population
Top 25% high peformers
Bottom 25% low performers

2004
3.7
8.3
-0.3

2006
4.0
9.1
-0.8

year
Population
Top 25% high peformers
Bottom 25% low performers

2004

2006

Australia
2007
1.2
6.6
-5.4
Italy
2007

Australia
2007
1.2
5.0
-4.4
Italy
2007

2008
5.0
11.2
-0.2

2009
3.3
7.8
-3.4

2004
1.3
5.0
-1.6

2008

2009

2004
-0.4
0.9
-2.0

year
Population
Top 25% high peformers
Bottom 25% low performers

2004
1.8
6.7
-4.3

2006
2.2
6.5
-2.0

2008
1.6
5.0
-2.6

2009
1.9
4.8
-2.5

2004
-5.4
0.7
-10.5

year
Population
Top 25% high peformers
Bottom 25% low performers

2004

2006

2008

2009

2004
-1.5
13.8
-5.5

year
Population
Top 25% high peformers
Bottom 25% low performers

2004

Australia
2006
2007

2008

2009

2004
19.7
52.4
5.9

year
Mean
Top 25 percentile
Bottom 25 percentile

2004

2006

Italy
2007

2008

2009

2004
0.9
16.2
-8.7

Flanders (Belgium)
2006
2007
2008
5.3
13.4
8.9
11.7
24.6
14.9
0.8
6.4
2.9
Netherlands
2006
2007
2008
1.0
4.3
3.8
3.2
8.8
7.3
-1.5
1.1
0.4

Flanders (Belgium)
2006
2007
2008
-1.0
0.2
1.3
7.1
10.0
11.8
-10.5
-11.1
-8.2
Netherlands
2006
2007
2008
-2.5
-3.2
-1.7
12.1
5.5
11.7
-16.2
-24.9
-12.6

Flanders (Belgium)
2006
2007
2008
28.7
14.7
7.2
77.7
47.7
20.9
13.9
-1.7
-5.0
Netherlands
2006
2007
2008
5.1
-0.8
-1.9
24.8
4.2
6.7
-6.2
-15.0
-20.6

2009
7.5
14.9
1.6

2004
-3.6
-0.3
-7.4

2009
0.5
3.4
-3.0

2004
-2.8
-1.6
-5.2

2009
2.0
11.9
-6.9
2009
1.0
19.4
-7.9

2009
19.3
59.8
5.3
2009
4.5
29.8
-7.1

Canada
2006
2007
-5.3
-2.1
-2.4
1.7
-7.4
-5.2
England (UK)
2006
2007
-3.6
2.6
0.6
11.4
-10.5
-3.0

Beef and sheep farm
Canada
2004
2006
2007
-2.0
0.2
-0.4
8.6
10.3
11.6
-18.2
-10.4
-14.5
England (UK)
2004
2006
2007
-0.9
-5.0
-3.8
2.2
-1.6
-1.0
-5.3
-16.6
-14.1
Non-ruminants farm
Canada
2004
2006
2007
3.4
0.3
-2.3
13.4
12.9
11.6
-10.8
-16.2
-29.9
England (UK)
2004
2006
2007
-9.5
2.8
5.5
3.8
38.8
77.3
-12.6
-22.3
-23.3

2008
-1.2
2.7
-5.0

2009
-6.1
-4.2
-8.7

2004
-5.8
10.0
-13.7

2008
5.0
14.8
-0.5

2009
3.0
11.4
-2.6

2004
1.6
16.4
-8.0

Estonia
2006
2007
-8.2
3.1
4.8
13.9
-18.9
-9.9
United States
2006
2007
2.8
2.6
20.6
15.4
-6.1
-10.8

2008
0.0
10.6
-12.5

2009
0.3
13.4
-11.4

2004

2006

2008
-1.7
1.0
-7.5

2009
-2.0
-0.4
-7.3

2004
4.2
42.0
-1.8

United States
2006
2007
2.5
3.6
37.7
51.9
-2.7
-2.6

2008
-8.7
8.3
-69.4

2009
-8.4
7.7
-56.5

2004

2006

2008
-8.3
12.7
-37.4

2009
-3.1
7.9
-7.6

2004
7.1
38.3
-3.9

United States
2006
2007
4.2
7.9
24.9
45.1
-2.6
-3.7

2008
1.7
11.7
-11.1

2009
2.8
16.8
-7.1

2004

2006

2008
0.0
5.2
-3.4

2009
-0.7
5.3
-5.9

2004
17.2
47.0
-3.3

United States
2006
2007
12.6
19.0
37.4
68.7
-4.5
-7.0

Estonia
2007

Estonia
2007

2008
-0.5
13.2
-16.1

2009
-4.7
8.9
-21.9

2008
9.7
35.3
-3.9

2009
-0.8
23.6
-11.6

2008

2009

2008
2.7
44.9
-2.1

2009
1.9
43.3
-2.0

2008

2009

2008
7.5
41.8
-2.7

2009
6.7
30.2
-4.8

2008

2009

2008
10.0
38.9
-12.5

2009
10.5
43.7
-8.4

2004
3.1
8.7
0.2

2006
6.4
14.3
2.0

Germany
2007
11.7
26.1
4.3

2008
8.4
18.4
2.2

2009
8.5
19.8
2.2

2004
2.5
10.1
-0.7

2006
3.5
14.0
-0.9

Germany
2007
4.9
14.9
-1.2

2008
4.6
14.8
-1.4

2009
4.3
12.7
-1.2

2004
8.9
28.5
1.0

2006
9.8
26.6
1.2

Germany
2007
5.2
18.8
-8.0

2008
8.1
26.5
-0.2

2009
9.8
29.3
1.3

2004
3.8
13.5
-0.3

2006
6.1
18.8
0.4

Germany
2007
8.2
21.7
-0.5

2008
7.1
20.3
-0.5

2009
7.0
19.9
0.1

Mixed farm
year
Population
Top 25% high peformers
Bottom 25% low performers

2004
3.7
12.1
-3.4

2006
2.4
6.9
-1.8

year
Population
Top 25% high peformers
Bottom 25% low performers

2004

2006

Australia
2007
0.5
5.4
-5.7
Italy
2007

2008
2.4
9.0
-3.4

2009
2.5
7.8
-2.3

2004
4.2
18.6
-4.1

2008

2009

2004
-0.3
4.2
-4.8

OECD FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013

Flanders (Belgium)
2006
2007
2008
10.6
9.8
8.1
25.1
21.4
21.8
0.0
1.5
-2.1
Netherlands
2006
2007
2008
2.6
3.1
3.6
11.3
11.3
12.3
-4.9
-8.5
-5.4

2009
7.9
18.2
0.0

2004
5.1
25.2
-7.3

2009
3.4
11.0
-1.0

2004
-1.1
2.8
-4.5

Canada
2006
2007
0.5
2.0
15.6
13.2
-10.4
-8.9
England (UK)
2006
2007
-4.0
-1.4
0.7
3.6
-10.8
-7.3

Estonia
2007

70 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM PERFORMANCE
Annex Figure B.1. Comparison of the distributions of farm performance indicators between all farms and individual farms, for selected farm types in Estonia and Germany
Average performance of 2004, 2006-09, output is evaluated by world prices

Top 25% high performers

Bottom 25% low performers

Output-input ratio

Population
Net operating income per full-time equivalent labour
USD thousand

2

100

1.8

80

1.6
60

1.4
1.2

40

1

20

0.8
0

0.6
0.4

-20
All farms Individual All farms Individual All farms Individual All farms Individual All farms Individual All farms Individual
farms
farms
farms
farms
farms
farms
All farm types

Field crop farms

Dairy farms

All farm types

Estonia

Field crop farms

Dairy farms

All farms Individual All farms Individual All farms Individual All farms Individual All farms Individual All farms Individual
farms
farms
farms
farms
farms
farms
All farm types

Germany

Field crop farms

Dairy farms

All farm types

Estonia

Net operating income per net worth
USD thousand

Field crop farms

Dairy farms

Germany

Net operating income per hectare of land
Percentage
30

2.5

25
2

20
15

1.5

10
5

1

0

-5

0.5

-10
-15

0

-20
-0.5

All farms

Individual farms

Field crop farms

All farms

Individual farms

Dairy farms
Estonia

All farms

Individual farms

All farms

Field crop farms

Individual farms

Dairy farms
Germany

All farms Individual All farms Individual All farms Individual All farms Individual All farms Individual All farms Individual
farms
farms
farms
farms
farms
farms
All farm types

Field crop farms
Estonia

Dairy farms

All farm types

Field crop farms

Dairy farms

Germany

OECD FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013

28 0.3 2.68 2.18 1.2 -1.52 -1.01 3.64 0.8 4.2 0.84 1.79 2.3 0.5 -0.7 1.17 1.33 0.4 0.5 0.89 0.17 0.07 1.6 0.08 0.67 1000 AUD 1000 AUD % 13 50 25.9 -2.42 0.92 0.12 1.99 2.39 0.70 1.69 1.35 1.76 1.53 1.3 0.11 1.57 0.05 0.9 -1.36 694 498 197 71 125 0.96 1.0 0.57 1.84 1.57 0.33 0.9 0.83 1.0 2.96 1.53 1.94 0.50 1.69 0.92 3.94 0.77 2.08 1.13 0.65 0.3 -1.54 1.63 -2.89 0.04 0.4 1.7 0.7 0.91 0.95 0.91 0.0 0.31 1.79 1.63 0.96 1.90 0.84 0.73 0.45 0.32 0.88 0.27 0.60 4.39 1.99 0.1 1.8 2.24 0.03 0.8 -0.6 0.69 0.96 54.0 1.9 0.00 0.32 0.68 9.54 1.95 1.90 1.0 1.8 0.64 10.03 0.31 0.8 0.2 0.0 1.01 0.59 0.01 1.11 0.60 1.00 1.93 0.50 1.82 1.0 1.93 9.49 0.25 0.50 0.9 0.81 0.7 0.30 -0.0 -2.27 1.55 0.10 0.56 0.01 1.8 1.1 -0.4 1.9 0.36 0.47 0.02 1.9 0.74 0.9 0.80 1.14 0.33 0.09 1.88 0.94 0.8 2.01 0.08 -1.77 0.5 1.28 -1.75 -1.90 0.01 0.8 0.51 0.82 0.12 3.8 5.7 0.91 1.59 0.0 1.57 1.06 0.27 0.31 1.4 0.50 0.62 0.42 -0.13 1.83 2.90 3.2 -1.5 0.90 0.27 -1.9 0.06 1.11 0.94 1.24 1.16 0.16 -1.81 29.87 0.39 4.88 1.24 0.18 1.3 -0.31 0.37 8.96 3.36 1.31 0.3 2.91 1.4 1.0 0.41 0.3 0.8 0.42 1.3 2.8 1.28 1.25 2.6 1.76 0.59 0.38 0.02 0.8 1.4 0.30 1.30 -0.7 0.7 1.4 1.13 2.8 0.3 1.15 1.33 0.66 0.21 1.12 0.06 1.8 1.2 -0.9 0.85 116.49 1.84 0.96 1.08 1.5 0.99 1.1 1.07 1.8 0.4 0.02 0.01 0.2 1.64 0.2 4.50 -2.6 7 7 0.83 0.92 1.8 0.49 1.93 0.27 27.94 1.29 1.89 0.2 1.9 0.68 0.3 0.01 -60.32 0.8 1.47 0.3 1.7 0.01 1.16 0.22 1.1 -2.06 1.26 3.01 1.0 13.94 1.71 0.22 0.65 1.6 1.93 0.26 1.43 0.10 0.6 0.3 0.95 1.31 1.02 0.84 0.1 0.56 -1.07 0.86 2.41 1.93 0.07 1.81 0.9 0.48 3.23 0.83 0.59 0.48 8.7 1.09 69.53 8.84 -1.75 0.06 1.98 1.62 0.02 0.8 0.64 1.41 0.00 1.58 3.97 -65.65 1.94 1.9 2.88 1.6 0.96 1.65 1.9 0.03 0.18 0.12 1.31 0.93 1.96 1.53 1.1 5.27 0.72 0.1 0.5 -0.9 1.7 0.11 0.36 4.92 1.02 0.1 1.18 0.95 0.85 -1.83 0.9 -9.62 0.3 1.2 1.90 0.90 1.6 30 112 27.9 1.23 1.6 -0.0 55 2.55 1.48 0.8 70.1 -2.76 26.52 1.95 0.78 0.46 1.78 78.73 1.65 1.99 0.8 1.5 0.77 294 229 65 27 38 1.38 0.86 0.04 1.97 -55.82 0.9 0.00 1.7 0.37 1.8 0.67 1.59 1.14 3.7 years 51 52 2.37 0.56 0.8 0.07 0.7 0.3 -1.6 0.75 1.53 0.63 2.95 1.50 0.1 0.65 1.1 0.41 1.6 0.6 -2.5 0.70 1.92 0.24 0.13 1.02 0.59 1.63 0.3 2.81 0.6 11.00 -0.5 0.19 1.51 1.94 -1.47 1.7 0.65 1.59 -1.32 1.19 4.89 1.48 0.85 1.27 0.62 0.23 0.01 0.17 3.95 0.5 1.65 3.93 1.28 0.70 1.4 0.55 1.98 -2.45 1.65 1.69 0.4 2.9 0.26 1.00 1.8 0.0 9 431 9 431 0.00 1.49 0.8 1.27 0.01 1.1 1.07 1.57 76.72 0.99 1.9 31 38 83.91 0.07 1.17 1.62 0.08 0.74 0.5 473 3 953 697 3 256 2.77 1.81 0.03 0.52 1.11 0.90 3.10 -1.43 0.4 % 1000 AUD 81 90 76 105 198 1.64 1.8 0.6 1.85 1.55 0.78 70.1 0.99 0.8 0.4 480 411 69 63 6 2.3 1.2 0.02 0.5 0.33 0.8 2.03 0.3 0.24 1.97 0.05 1.82 1.9 1.0 0.83 1.7 0.8 6.1 1.6 0.03 4.43 1.01 1.93 1.32 1.75 1.2 -1.82 0.09 0.9 3.7 1.68 2.1 -1.87 1.65 0.07 1.06 0.3 0.41 0.57 1.88 0.8 0.70 1.28 1.3 -1.86 4.07 1.05 2.4 -0.5 0.03 0.8 0.49 0.07 1.0 0.49 0.8 0.03 0.27 3.50 7.3 0.09 0.3 1.0 1.74 -2.69 0.99 -0.88 0.29 0. Australia.32 0.9 0.13 1.37 -21.13 1. by performance indicator.49 0.00 0.60 1.82 0.5 13.02 0.4 0.7 0.4 2.36 1.80 1.99 1.9 1.95 1.06 0.93 1.69 0.41 0.88 1.38 1.4 0.04 0.64 0.52 0.96 0.2 70.92 28.07 1.63 0.3 4.93 1.86 1.11 1.7 -0.83 1.2 1.7 1.7 0.8 27.05 3.8 560 437 123 63 60 1.66 112.21 2.9 0.14 1.18 1.21 2.47 1.90 0.14 -3.11 1.95 1.06 1.70 0.58 1.7 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD % 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 2.8 0.0 0.69 0.15 0.92 0.9 -1.44 1.10 1.94 0.11 0.13 371 289 82 34 48 1.72 1.82 0.70 70.03 1.06 2.29 0.38 77.90 0.23 0.61 0.9 2.8 0.4 1.87 1.12 -1.5 1.0 56 2.1 2.88 1.00 1.5 1.46 1.7 1.43 1.33 -0.99 0.73 0.71 0.08 1.11 0.9 1.46 -0.19 0.55 1.29 0.07 0.6 -2.5 30 78 38.07 1.11 3.13 -0.0 59.02 0.15 1.72 0.01 0.5 1.30 1.45 3.90 1.96 -0.7 0.97 1.86 4.01 1.11 1.25 0.95 0.9 0.00 0.5 -1.15 -26.62 1.88 1.00 0.6 2.3 4.03 0.71 0.61 0.8 -0.1 -1.19 0.02 0.6 0.95 0.94 1.48 -2.97 1.75 6.11 1.00 1.99 3.94 -2.6 -0.10 3.19 0.78 59.4 0.81 1.02 1.31 0.6 38.8 1.62 0.03 0.3 0.73 0.05 1.1 -0.4 1.3 0.86 1.92 1.48 0.13 0.43 1.30 2.50 4.5 0.96 0.82 0.7 0.49 1.8 6.54 14.7 0.0 1.70 0.62 1.05 0.02 1.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 71 Annex Table B.84 0.35 1.1 1.35 0.7 0.35 -0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 0.93 0.52 -1.6 0.93 1.6 0.85 1.11 0.9 0.01 1.74 0.8 0.79 1.05 0.79 70.52 0.62 -1.11 0.4 -0.08 1.0 0.77 2.42 1.76 1.91 0.3 0.35 0.45 0.0 1.42 -0.28 0.4 0.3 0.67 1.8 4.89 0.97 1.4 0.7 0.04 0.08 1.74 -0.1 1.16 1.7 0.93 1.0 4.60 -1.27 4.7 1.71 0.85 3.96 1.60 1.2 2.09 0.72 0.61 -1.02 1.67 0.08 0.54 1.93 1.16 2.69 4.05 0.94 0.16 0.78 0.00 0.0 1.52 1.3 2.62 0.87 9.08 1.38 3.77 0.5 0.05 0.01 1.60 % % Field crop farm Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm typeAverage in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm typeAverage in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm typeAverage in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm type Average in farm type Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index Unit 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD hectare FTE 446 2 830 333 2 498 1.21 3.46 0.21 0.4 149.71 0.16 0.6 0.7 1.05 1.27 1.47 1.61 13.37 1.2 0.82 0.63 1.95 1.1 2.90 0.47 1.1 1.1 0.23 2.38 -0.1 354 3 654 417 3 237 5.14 0.11 0.56 0.44 -0.46 1.00 1.7 0.32 0.54 0.5 -0.1 0.28 1.35 1.0 0.6 -1.60 0.73 0.07 1.76 1.8 5.7 1.6 1.8 0.4 0.94 0.07 1.76 0.4 1.5 0.0 2.0 0.48 0.88 0.26 % % OECD FOOD.27 44.0 0.57 0.24 0.02 0.15 70.92 0.88 1.41 342 268 74 33 41 1.59 0.03 0.93 1.25 1.8 1.06 1.61 0.71 1.89 -2.84 1.99 1.02 0.93 0.42 0.99 1.0 30 72 42.9 1.0 1.8 1.1 0.91 1.2 1000 AUD 1000 AUD % 8 94 8.14 0.7 0.69 0.05 0.05 0.41 0.82 3.7 1.65 0.66 -1.36 1.7 0.94 1.64 0.38 149.07 1.36 0.3 1.87 0.95 1.1 0.6 0.6 11.03 1.02 0.15 0.10 1.0 -1.25 0.93 0.1 0.55 1.96 1.7 112.7 0.58 1.61 1.9 0.95 1.58 0.83 0.9 1.0 2.4 1.21 .35 1.03 1.03 1.12 1.1 -0.80 3.5 1.65 1.98 1.25 0.61 1.85 1.5 -0.5 6.9 0.60 0.84 0.55 0.10 1.50 3.4 1.68 3.6 7 0.6 -22.44 0.98 1.65 1.8 0.60 1.68 0.09 1.31 0.4 0.48 -0.1 55 2.5 1.62 1.55 2.38 1.38 1.56 2.68 1.27 -0.30 -1.7 0.8 2.52 1.8 0.3 0.38 -0.98 0.65 2.97 1.0 -1.38 149.59 0.49 0.0 1.45 1.11 0.80 0.10 1.4 0.33 1.9 54 2.24 1.98 1.47 1.57 38.38 1.2 0.88 1.88 1.39 0.5 0.59 1.8 0.17 0.63 1.8 0.89 1.11 0.72 5.75 1.1 1.9 1.60 44.76 1.76 0. for selected farm types.3 1.0 0.06 0.54 0.65 1.9 -2.8 0.33 1.67 0.19 0.08 1.41 0.27 1.3 1.19 0.8 1.0 0.69 0.59 1.03 0.36 0.83 0.7 0.72 2.53 2.32 0.9 1.70 1.00 0.00 1.28 3.5 1.28 0.02 0.98 0.91 1.69 1.4 1.14 0.5 0.02 0.51 13.0 4.0 0.23 -22.7 0.00 0.51 1.42 1.95 0.72 1.6 11.42 1.94 1.03 0.9 1.90 0.98 0.82 0.15 0.9 -1.14 0.0 -1.92 1.2 1.03 0.72 0.1 0.07 1.75 0.45 1.6 78.9 1.92 1.50 4.1 -1.2 359 3 694 409 3 285 5.94 1.4 -0.5 0.9 0.69 0.15 0.59 1.08 1.48 1.38 1.99 1.4 0.13 0.57 1.00 -2.22 0.01 1.32 1.64 0.75 1.27 1.19 0.84 2.45 1.65 0.70 0.61 0.0 1.67 -2.11 0.9 0.97 0.1 -0.00 1.5 1.53 1.1 1. Average characteristics of high and low performers.39 -2.15 0.28 -1.67 0.9 0.31 0.73 1.87 0.4 0.56 1.81 1.48 0.83 3.30 5.6 0.56 1.8 2.73 0.71 0.3 338 3 192 346 2 846 5.93 1.18 0.93 1.93 0.62 1.9 0.6 0.38 0.5 0.73 0.89 1.5 27 87 30.9 0.97 0.60 1.63 1.4 1.4 0.5 1.71 0.56 1.82 0.14 1.17 0.41 1.9 1.8 1.0 0.40 0.89 0.42 0.59 1.97 1.29 0.57 0.98 0.19 1.07 1.6 1.00 0.82 0.9 0.11 -6.66 1.2 -0.4 0.38 0.09 0.38 0.81 0.55 1.64 0.44 0.58 5.48 3.29 0.6 0.7 0.23 -0.71 15.8 2.06 1.15 0.1 0.33 0.60 1.85 0.35 1.63 4.48 0.73 1.96 0.9 1.02 0.4 685 4 676 820 3 857 2.21 -0.0 29 154 18.23 1.5 1.60 78.78 1.7 3.63 1.6 0.46 0.13 0.06 0.27 -1.00 1.61 1.70 1.20 1.55 0.77 5.7 1.43 0.5 1.8 1.32 1.06 0.92 0.9 3.7 0.96 2.93 1.30 0.97 1.66 0.71 2.81 1.34 0.77 0.12 1.13 1.0 3.95 0.1 1.65 2.8 1.1 0.1 0.55 1.2 -1.5 1.02 0.18 0.75 0.64 0.26 0.57 0.15 -0.5 -0.16 -1.03 59.7 1.74 290.7 0.41 1.17 1.61 350 315 35 33 2 3.30 0.36 0.94 1.86 0.31 1.85 -2.6 0.00 1.96 1.7 1.8 76.29 0.10 2.64 1.60 0.8 2.00 1.89 1.88 0.5 0.77 1.36 -3.85 0.59 0.75 0.52 1.8 1.57 0.27 0.08 -2.69 0.67 0.22 0.90 0.3 1.89 -0.9 1.2 1.5.02 0.8 0.7 3.05 1.0 1.33 1.10 1.85 0.00 1.79 27.10 0.84 0.67 0.11 2.99 1.65 16.26 18.9 3.6 -0.5 594 4 256 735 3 522 2.0 0.13 1.0 57 2.34 1.03 0.9 1.03 1.47 0.14 0.07 1.02 3.5 years 55 55 1.4 0.82 -2.86 1.4 0.03 0.0 52 2.77 1.2 0.87 0.78 76.7 0.2 33 79 42.9 1.81 0.69 1.5 0.9 2.0 0.1 -1.05 -0.09 2.09 4.67 0.8 -2.6 0.4 0.78 8.11 1.12 1.67 0.75 1.59 1.5 1.1 -0.5 13.9 0.3 44.76 0.34 1.70 0.1 0.37 0.78 2.5 0.88 1.36 1.9 0.62 1.49 1.9 0.2 -0.08 -1.14 1.8 -0.98 1.12 1.85 1.0 0.8 1.58 1.0 1.14 0.19 0.27 3.19 1.00 1.4 1.70 0.78 0.73 1.84 1.73 0.28 3.78 -1.3 1.9 0.21 -1.75 1.2 344 3 532 427 3 106 5.4 -1.12 7.5 0.89 0.11 34.6 0.62 -1.22 1.20 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD % 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 2.40 0.2 1.3 0.07 0.17 1.15 1.85 0.07 4.73 0.06 1.9 0.95 0.89 1.8 1.7 1.0 0.90 0.85 360 281 79 34 45 0.49 0.95 1.1 607 460 147 65 82 1.55 0.73 1.1 1.93 1.00 1.1 0.61 -2.93 1.9 2.5 1.0 1.75 0.93 1.58 1.96 0.15 0.10 0.0 2.0 1.16 1.98 0.8 1.8 1.1 0.92 1.0 1.76 0.93 1.66 112.96 1.20 -2.1 1.15 38.27 % 1000 AUD 38 32 20 42 57 1.80 2.10 0.7 0.04 1.78 -2.02 0.87 0.49 0.4 2.05 0.42 0.73 1.8 1.94 1.69 1.2 0.74 0.55 -1.91 1.01 0.22 0.38 1.2 1.77 -1.90 2.76 1.00 0.5 0. 2004-09 All farm types Output-input ratio Average in farm type Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm typeAverage in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm typeAverage in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm typeAverage in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm type unit 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD 1000 AUD hectare FTE 292 2 413 237 2 176 5.61 0.05 1.58 1.7 0.21 1.84 1.46 0.4 1.89 0.06 1.5 448 315 133 46 86 0.5 -0.17 -1.77 0.74 0.7 1.6 0.5 0.4 1.15 2.17 1.86 9.88 1.03 0.11 0.15 0.72 1.6 5.96 0.3 2.11 1.04 0.85 1.0 9 0.82 -1.82 1.00 -0.03 0.38 1.74 0.9 0.6 0.76 0.05 0.02 0.13 0.8 1.99 1.5 35 37 94.47 0.1 2.8 1.03 0.01 1.9 0.9 0.20 0.9 0.11 0.73 3.63 0.93 1.63 0.1 -1.55 1.93 1.99 1.90 1.95 0.13 -0.99 0.6 0.47 1.29 -0.0 1.31 1.99 0.5 1.16 0.4 0.81 1.20 1.4 1.00 0.08 1.96 0.36 0.80 1.93 1.93 1.4 0.72 0.5 -1.82 0.99 1.6 0.8 0.00 0.6 -0.0 0.56 1.5 2.8 1.95 0.7 0.66 1.56 1.75 1.92 0.74 0.24 0.1 1.55 1.65 1.8 1.0 2.8 1.00 0.4 1.28 0.72 1.63 1.2 1.02 0.88 0.60 -2.13 0.93 1.08 1.5 0.32 0.7 0.8 -0.67 0.09 1.2 4.81 1.63 0.01 -0.7 556 3 597 588 3 008 2.0 -0.97 3.01 1.66 -2.

72 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
Dairy farm
Output-input ratio
Net operating income per working unit
Net operating income per UAA
Net operating income per net worth
Average in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm typeAverage in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm typeAverage in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm typeAverage in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm type

Average in farm type
Farm size
Gross agricultural output
Total farm assets
Total farm liabilities
Farm net worth
Utilized Agricultural Area
Annual labor input (full-time equivalent)
Support
Total support
Total payments
First pillar payments
Second pillar payments
Other payments
Market price support
Support rate
Gross receipts
Farm cash expenses
Net operating income (including support)
Depreciation
Farm income
Off-farm activity
Non-farm income
Farm household income
Share of non-farm income in farm household income

Adoption of specific technology
Adoption of organic practice
Net investment
Operator's characteristics
Age of main operator
Educational attainment
Geographical condition
Share of land in less favored area
Land quality index

Unit

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
hectare
FTE

322
2 042
314
1 728
0.2
2.9

417
2 802
443
2 359
0.2
2.8

394
3 197
472
2 725
0.2
2.7

625
3 538
558
2 980
0.2
2.8

613
3 705
652
3 053
0.3
3.0

2.09
2.2
0.77
2.5
2.36
2.2

1.08
1.2
0.67
1.3
1.27
1.0

1.73
1.7
1.32
1.8
1.63
1.6

2.98
3.5
1.89
3.8
3.82
3.5

1.02
1.2
0.58
1.3
1.25
1.0

1.57
1.6
2.17
1.5
1.64
1.6

1.30
1.4
1.98
1.3
1.37
1.4

0.95
1.2
1.31
1.2
1.17
1.2

1.74
1.7
2.42
1.6
1.50
1.5

1.50
1.5
2.03
1.3
1.55
1.5

2.01
2.4
3.53
2.2
2.54
2.5

1.20
1.5
1.84
1.4
1.42
1.6

1.05
1.1
1.48
1.0
1.08
1.1

2.03
2.5
2.96
2.4
2.12
2.8

0.84
0.8
1.12
0.7
0.79
0.8

1.98
1.8
1.59
1.9
1.70
1.4

1.18
1.0
0.85
1.0
1.01
0.8

1.49
1.5
1.20
1.6
1.22
1.1

0.98
0.9
0.74
0.9
0.88
0.7

1.03
1.1
0.77
1.1
1.06
0.8

2.16
2.6
3.44
2.4
2.93
2.3

1.27
1.6
1.98
1.6
1.91
1.6

0.68
0.7
0.93
0.7
0.66
0.7

2.30
2.7
3.30
2.6
3.47
2.7

0.73
0.7
0.95
0.6
0.66
0.7

0.35
0.3
0.21
0.3
0.22
0.3

0.37
0.3
0.24
0.3
0.21
0.3

0.61
0.5
0.48
0.5
0.36
0.5

0.34
0.3
0.23
0.3
0.20
0.3

0.46
0.4
0.32
0.5
0.32
0.4

2.29
2.9
3.17
2.9
2.73
2.5

1.33
1.8
1.95
1.8
1.62
1.8

0.98
1.0
1.40
0.9
0.99
1.0

2.09
2.8
3.00
2.7
2.21
2.5

0.85
0.8
1.14
0.7
0.80
0.8

0.87
0.7
0.62
0.7
0.68
0.7

0.94
0.7
0.79
0.6
0.69
0.6

1.06
0.7
0.89
0.6
0.80
0.8

0.59
0.4
0.47
0.4
0.47
0.5

0.69
0.6
0.53
0.6
0.59
0.6

1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
%
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD

4
4

5
5

6
6

26
26

8
8

2.9
2.90

2.0
1.97

0.6
0.57

5.5
5.53

1.7
1.70

0.7
0.74

0.9
0.86

1.0
0.96

0.7
0.73

0.8
0.83

1.8
1.76

1.8
1.77

0.8
0.79

2.9
2.85

1.6
1.64

1.6
1.62

0.8
0.82

1.0
0.98

0.6
0.55

0.3
0.26

2.8
2.83

2.2
2.19

0.5
0.50

3.4
3.45

1.4
1.38

0.3
0.28

0.2
0.18

0.5
0.49

0.2
0.24

0.1
0.09

2.7
2.69

1.8
1.85

0.9
0.86

2.9
2.86

1.7
1.69

0.7
0.74

0.9
0.89

0.8
0.83

0.5
0.52

0.4
0.41

4

5

6

26

8

2.9

2.0

0.6

5.5

1.7

0.7

0.9

1.0

0.7

0.8

1.8

1.8

0.8

2.9

1.6

1.6

0.8

1.0

0.6

0.3

2.8

2.2

0.5

3.4

1.4

0.3

0.2

0.5

0.2

0.1

2.7

1.8

0.9

2.9

1.7

0.7

0.9

0.8

0.5

0.4

1.13
325
257
68
24
44

1.09
421
323
99
30
69

1.40
400
362
38
24
15

3.93
650
477
173
27
146

1.32
621
513
108
32
76

1.38
2.10
3.8
-4.21
3.3
-8.44

1.81
1.09
1.6
-0.74
1.4
-1.67

0.33
1.71
1.9
0.33
1.5
-1.61

1.80
3.08
5.7
-4.05
4.4
-5.62

1.65
1.03
1.3
-0.05
1.0
-0.48

0.48
1.56
0.7
4.64
1.1
6.7

0.67
1.29
0.8
2.98
1.2
3.76

1.01
0.95
0.9
1.32
1.4
1.24

0.43
1.70
0.8
4.23
1.1
4.80

0.55
1.49
1.2
3.08
1.8
3.62

0.88
2.01
2.6
-0.22
2.4
-1.71

1.47 0.76
1.21 1.05
1.7
1.5
-0.34 -3.66
1.6
1.2
-1.15 -11.54

1.38
2.06
2.7
0.32
2.4
-0.06

1.93
0.85
1.1
-0.54
0.9
-1.1

0.82
1.98
1.6
3.26
1.8
4.1

0.69
1.18
1.0
1.86
1.1
2.18

0.66
1.49
1.2
4.56
1.5
9.56

0.57
0.97
0.8
1.35
0.9
1.43

0.25
1.02
0.8
1.92
1.0
2.29

1.31
2.17
2.7
0.00
2.6
-1.47

1.70
1.28
1.8
-0.28
1.7
-1.11

0.74
0.68
1.0
-2.31
0.8
-7.28

1.47
2.35
3.0
0.67
2.7
0.3

1.87
0.74
1.0
-0.46
0.8
-0.97

0.82
0.35
0.3
0.59
0.3
0.74

0.48
0.37
0.3
0.59
0.4
0.69

0.80
0.61
0.5
1.87
0.6
3.94

0.70
0.34
0.3
0.48
0.3
0.51

0.21
0.45
0.4
0.85
0.4
1.02

1.17
2.30
2.9
-0.04
2.9
-1.67

1.39
1.33
1.8
-0.24
1.7
-1.08

0.88
0.98
1.4
-3.34
1.1
-10.5

1.35
2.12
2.8
0.35
2.5
-0.05

1.96
0.86
1.2
-0.55
0.9
-1.15

0.85
0.87
0.7
1.45
0.7
1.88

0.95
0.94
0.8
1.42
0.8
1.67

0.78
1.06
0.8
3.13
1.0
6.56

0.88
0.58
0.5
0.82
0.5
0.88

0.60
0.69
0.6
1.28
0.7
1.53

1000 AUD
1000 AUD
%

16
60
27.1

22
91
23.8

21
35
58.7

19
165
11.7

20
96
21.2

3.31
-5.3
-0.63

3.49
-0.4
-7.89

6.59
3.2
2.06

10.78
-3.7
-2.91

4.43
0.6
7.91

0.7
5.0
0.1

2.36
3.4
0.69

1.68
1.5
1.12

2.92
4.6
0.64

5.95
4.1
1.45

2.10
-0.7
-3.09

1.53
-0.5
-3.01

2.40
0.2
10.50

1.0
-0.7
-1.5

1.2
3.3
0.4

0.76
1.8
0.42

0.85
4.4
0.19

0.67
1.3
0.50

0.66
1.9
0.34

2.00
-0.5
-3.77

1.62
-0.5
-3.54

0.87
-2.5
-0.35

2.8
0.6
4.8

0.86
-0.6
-1.49

0.23
0.6
0.38

0.37
0.6
0.60

0.46
1.9
0.24

0.31
0.5
0.64

0.32
0.9
0.36

2.18
-0.6
-3.49

1.98
-0.4
-5.67

1.2
-3.6
-0.3

2.78
0.3
9.90

1.04
-0.7
-1.50

0.66
1.5
0.43

0.68
1.4
0.48

0.58
3.0
0.19

0.52
0.8
0.62

0.52
1.3
0.40

%
1000 AUD

18

47

52

69

162

0.4

1.7

1.1

5.9

1.3

0.8

0.5

3.4

0.5

1.0

4.4

18.7

1.0

2.8

1.1

3.4

0.8

3.2

1.0

0.9

-0.2

2.2

0.7

2.5

1.0

0.5

0.2

1.3

0.3

0.4

-0.5

2.2

0.9

2.5

1.1

1.4

0.6

0.2

0.4

0.5

years

52

53
3.8

53
3.7

52
3.8

53
3.8

1.06

1.02
0.99

1.04
0.98

1.10
0.98

1.06
0.99

1.1

1.02
0.99

1.04
0.98

1.10
0.98

1.06
0.99

1.06

1.02
0.99

1.04
0.98

1.10
0.98

1.1
0.99

1.1
0.00

1.02
0.99

1.04
0.98

1.10
0.98

1.06
0.99

1.06
0.00

1.02
0.99

1.04
0.98

1.1
0.98

1.06
0.99

1.06
0.00

1.02
0.99

1.04
0.98

1.10
0.98

1.06
0.99

1.06
0.00

1.02
0.99

1.0
0.98

1.10
0.98

1.06
0.99

1.06
0.00

1.02
0.99

1.04
0.98

1.10
0.98

1.06
0.99

1.38
-4.0
-0.35

%
%

Beef and sheep farm
Output-input ratio
Net operating income per working unit
Net operating income per UAA
Net operating income per net worth
Average in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm typeAverage in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm typeAverage in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm typeAverage in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm type

Average in farm type
Farm size
Gross agricultural output
Total farm assets
Total farm liabilities
Farm net worth
Utilized Agricultural Area
Annual labor input (full-time equivalent)
Support
Total support
Total payments
First pillar payments
Second pillar payments
Other payments
Market price support
Support rate
Gross receipts
Farm cash expenses
Net operating income (including support)
Depreciation
Farm income
Off-farm activity
Non-farm income
Farm household income
Share of non-farm income in farm household income

Adoption of specific technology
Adoption of organic practice
Net investment
Operator's characteristics
Age of main operator
Educational attainment
Geographical condition
Share of land in less favored area
Land quality index

Unit

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
hectare
FTE

222
2 391
174
2 217
9.3
2.1

279
3 425
274
3 151
9.7
2.1

323
3 729
339
3 390
9.6
2.0

245
3 872
300
3 573
9.5
1.9

254
3 769
308
3 461
9.4
1.8

0.51
0.9
1.33
0.9
1.11
1.1

0.58
0.8
1.25
0.8
0.94
0.8

0.31
0.8
1.02
0.7
0.62
0.8

0.53
0.8
1.25
0.8
1.11
0.9

0.52
0.8
1.14
0.7
1.11
0.9

0.88
0.7
0.44
0.8
1.07
0.7

0.98
0.9
0.40
0.9
0.81
0.9

0.94
1.0
0.45
1.0
1.38
0.9

1.03
0.9
0.42
0.9
0.64
0.8

1.07
1.0
0.37
1.1
0.91
0.9

0.62
0.7
1.01
0.7
0.88
1.1

0.58
0.9
1.29
0.8
0.83
3.9

1.03
1.2
1.79
1.2
0.97
1.0

0.58
0.8
1.32
0.8
1.08
0.8

0.59
0.8
1.39
0.8
1.14
0.8

3.14
2.46
2.13
2.49
2.67
1.80

2.18
1.67
1.37
1.70
2.12
1.25

1.99
1.56
1.28
1.59
1.85
1.26

2.91
2.23
1.79
0.91
2.24
1.63

2.61
2.07
1.74
2.10
1.81
1.50

0.48
0.6
0.72
0.6
0.11
0.7

0.55
0.8
1.23
0.8
0.49
0.8

0.69
0.8
1.21
0.8
0.08
0.8

0.44
0.7
1.05
0.6
0.11
0.7

0.48
0.7
1.07
0.7
0.16
0.8

2.56
1.9
1.52
1.9
0.15
1.9

1.66
1.3
0.81
1.3
0.09
1.3

1.54
1.0
0.68
1.1
0.08
1.1

2.27
1.7
0.95
1.8
0.15
1.9

1.90
1.4
0.85
1.5
0.12
1.4

0.57
0.7
0.95
0.6
0.88
0.7

0.55
0.8
1.22
0.8
0.84
0.8

0.82
0.7
1.36
0.7
0.72
1.0

0.53
0.7
1.21
0.7
1.03
0.8

0.52
0.7
1.22
0.6
1.03
0.8

3.92
2.4
2.57
2.4
3.50
2.6

2.24
1.3
1.31
1.3
2.15
1.5

2.18
1.3
1.19
1.3
2.17
1.5

3.77
2.2
1.97
2.2
3.42
2.6

3.02
1.8
1.52
1.9
2.32
2.0

1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
%
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD

2
2

5
5

4
4

7
7

5
5

1.4
1.37

0.7
0.67

0.6
0.61

0.8
0.81

0.8
0.84

0.7
0.72

0.7
0.69

0.6
0.64

0.5
0.53

0.8
0.77

1.0
0.97

0.7
0.68

1.6
1.59

0.8
0.84

1.0
0.97

1.30
1.30

1.54
1.54

1.21
1.21

1.71
1.71

1.51
1.51

0.5
0.52

0.6
0.65

1.0
0.97

0.7
0.67

0.9
0.91

0.9
0.94

0.9
0.89

0.3
0.35

1.6
1.59

1.2
1.20

0.9
0.86

0.6
0.65

1.2
1.24

0.7
0.71

1.0
0.97

2.5
2.51

2.0
2.04

1.4
1.43

2.8
2.75

2.3
2.26

2

5

4

7

5

1.4

0.7

0.7

0.7

1.0

1.30

1.54

1.21

0.6

0.9

0.9

0.9

1.0

2.5

2.0

1.4

0.84
0
182
42
19
11

1.75
0
211
73
24
37

1.37
0
283
44
24
7

2.93
0
188
64
23
24

1.99
0
190
69
23
34

2.66
0.51
0.8
-0.53
1.2
-4.3

1000 AUD
1000 AUD
%

13
24
54.9

33
70
47.1

40
46
85.6

33
57
57.9

36
70
51.8

0.6
-1.6
-0.2

%
1000 AUD

30

17

-13

17

-4

-0.3

-1.5

6.0

-1.9

8.8

0.7

4.2

2.4

1.4

1.0

0.8

4.0

0.1

years

57

57
3.8

56
4.1

58
4.0

58
4.0

1.0

1.02
1.05

1.05
1.02

1.03
1.04

1.03
1.07

0.96

1.02
1.05

1.05
1.02

1.03
1.04

1.03
1.07

0.96

1.02
1.05

1.05
1.02

0.6

0.8

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.8

1.0

1.6

0.8

1.14 1.93
0.59 0.32
0.5
0.6
0.80 -1.42
0.8
0.9
0.50 -16.68

1.50
0.54
0.7
0.12
0.9
-1.22

1.61
0.52
0.7
0.04
1.1
-0.98

0.82
0.88
1.0
0.57
0.7
-0.49

0.71 0.68
0.98 0.94
1.1
0.6
0.76 2.80
1.0
0.7
0.54 14.12

0.52
1.02
0.8
1.61
0.8
2.93

0.72
1.07
0.9
1.54
0.8
2.42

1.58
0.62
1.1
-1.40
0.7
-8.26

1.16 1.53
0.59 1.04
1.0
1.6
-0.65 -2.64
1.0
1.3
-2.25 -21.82

1.42
0.59
1.1
-0.95
0.9
-3.97

1.61 0.42
0.60 3.13
1.1 2.36
-0.77 6.42
0.9 2.44
-2.3 21.93

0.66
0.6
1.72

0.66
-0.1
-6.26

0.69
-0.1
-8.83

1.01
0.3
2.71

1.22
0.9
1.52

1.27
2.0
0.63

1.40
1.9
0.64

1.13
-3.1
-0.30

1.16
-0.6
-2.16

1.48
-0.8
-1.46

0.46
-2.0
-0.31

1.58
3.4
0.44

1.74
-1.7
-0.72

1.71

1.51

0.5

1.0

0.7

0.71 0.61 0.60
2.17 1.98 2.87
1.67 1.50 2.29
3.61 5.06 4.60
1.53 1.49 2.11
5.79 23.84 10.13

0.58
2.59
2.11
3.90
1.99
6.16

1.09
0.48
0.9
-1.12
0.6
-7.15

1.17 1.40
0.55 0.69
1.0
1.1
-0.62 -1.71
0.9
0.8
-2.43 -16.17

1.50
0.45
0.9
-0.75
0.8
-3.3

1.6 0.88
-0.3 10.37
-3.8 0.05

0.95
3.51
0.28

0.59
3.94
0.20

1.20
4.96
0.16

1.06
3.52
0.29

1.15
-2.6
-0.35

1.12
-0.8
-2.00

2.5

2.0

2.58

-2.53

-2.77

-1.30

2.90

1.0

3.8

-0.5

2.2

-1.3

0.2

-0.1

7.9

-0.8

8.0

1.03
1.04

1.0
1.07

0.96

1.02
1.05

1.05
1.02

1.03
1.04

1.03
1.07

0.96

1.02
1.05

1.05
1.02

1.0
1.04

1.03
1.07

0.96

1.02
1.05

1.05
1.02

1.03
1.04

1.03
1.07

1.99
-0.6
-2.83

1.84 0.37
0.49 2.55
0.9
2.0
-0.61 4.92
0.8
2.0
-1.99 16.61

1.6 1.61
-0.5
-0.1
-2.4 -10.33

2.11
8.6
0.08

0.3

1.6

1.2

0.9

0.6

1.2

0.7

2.8

2.3

0.54 0.23
1.64 1.52
1.4
1.3
2.31 3.13
1.2
1.0
3.27 11.24

0.71
2.25
1.8
3.68
1.8
7.61

0.64
1.88
1.6
2.78
1.4
4.00

1.50
0.57
1.0
-1.39
0.7
-8.21

1.17
0.55
1.0
-0.62
0.9
-2.28

1.50
0.83
1.3
-2.13
0.9
-18.4

1.32
0.53
1.0
-0.94
0.9
-3.89

1.83 0.64
0.53 3.91
1.0
2.9
-0.70 8.44
0.8
3.1
-2.18 30.64

0.91 0.66 0.74
2.24 2.17 3.74
1.7
1.7
2.8
3.66 5.26 6.39
1.6
1.6
2.8
6.07 27.41 15.48

0.75
3.00
2.4
4.63
2.1
8.03

1.19
2.3
0.72

1.77
4.2
0.25

1.40
2.7
0.39

1.07
-3.1
-0.29

1.10
-0.7
-2.00

1.6
-1.3
-1.0

1.49
-0.8
-1.51

1.42
-0.3
-3.81

1.04
3.7
0.27

1.68
7.5
0.08

1.17
4.5
0.22

0.7

3.8

8.0

1.8

0.9

2.9

-6.0

-1.3

-4.7

10.7

0.96

1.02
1.05

1.0
1.02

1.03
1.04

1.03
1.07

0.96

1.02
1.05

1.05
1.02

1.03
1.04

1.03
1.07

0.77
2.3
0.47

%
%

OECD FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013

1.44
14.6
0.04

0.77
4.6
0.15

CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE –

73

Mixed farm
Output-input ratio
Net operating income per working unit
Net operating income per UAA
Net operating income per net worth
Average in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm typeAverage in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm typeAverage in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm typeAverage in low performers/average in farm typeAverage in high performers/average in farm type

Average in farm type
Farm size
Gross agricultural output
Total farm assets
Total farm liabilities
Farm net worth
Utilized Agricultural Area
Annual labor input (full-time equivalent)
Support
Total support
Total payments
First pillar payments
Second pillar payments
Other payments
Market price support
Support rate
Gross receipts
Farm cash expenses
Net operating income (including support)
Depreciation
Farm income
Off-farm activity
Non-farm income
Farm household income
Share of non-farm income in farm household income

Adoption of specific technology
Adoption of organic practice
Net investment
Operator's characteristics
Age of main operator
Educational attainment
Geographical condition
Share of land in less favored area
Land quality index

Unit

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
hectare
FTE

340
2 527
280
2 247
1.9
2.3

317
2 913
329
2 584
1.7
2.1

304
3 338
454
2 884
1.8
2.2

368
3 612
424
3 188
2.0
2.2

309
3 299
379
2 920
1.6
1.9

0.47
0.8
0.90
0.8
0.84
0.8

0.96
1.2
1.55
1.2
1.32
1.2

0.51
1.0
1.27
1.0
1.08
1.1

0.46
0.8
1.02
0.8
0.98
0.8

0.44
0.8
1.00
0.7
0.72
0.9

1.05
0.9
0.46
0.9
0.86
0.9

1.04
1.0
0.61
1.0
0.83
1.0

1.03
0.9
0.41
0.9
0.80
0.9

1.15
1.0
0.45
1.0
0.72
0.9

1.22
1.2
0.49
1.3
1.00
1.0

0.60
1.0
1.13
0.9
1.08
0.9

0.72
1.0
1.28
1.0
0.97
1.1

0.56
0.8
1.14
0.7
0.72
0.7

0.55
0.9
1.17
0.8
0.98
0.8

0.47
0.8
1.03
0.7
0.70
0.8

1.40
1.1
0.90
1.1
0.90
0.8

1.74
1.4
1.50
1.3
1.34
1.0

2.11
1.5
1.05
1.5
1.50
1.2

1.64
1.2
1.05
1.2
0.94
0.9

2.29
1.8
1.56
1.8
1.66
1.2

0.58
0.9
1.08
0.9
0.92
0.9

0.93
1.3
1.52
1.2
1.97
1.2

0.61
0.9
1.26
0.9
0.61
0.9

0.48
0.8
1.07
0.7
0.67
0.8

0.45
0.7
0.97
0.7
0.66
0.8

1.16
0.8
0.76
0.8
0.49
0.9

1.55
1.3
1.05
1.3
0.60
1.3

2.04
1.6
1.01
1.7
1.07
1.5

1.79
1.3
1.06
1.3
0.67
1.1

2.13
1.7
1.43
1.7
0.96
1.4

0.58
0.9
1.09
0.9
0.99
0.9

0.80
1.1
1.35
1.1
1.14
1.1

0.50
0.7
1.15
0.6
0.75
0.7

0.52
0.8
1.11
0.7
0.95
0.8

0.46
0.7
0.98
0.7
0.70
0.8

1.10
0.6
0.79
0.6
0.68
0.7

1.54
1.1
1.31
1.0
1.03
1.1

1.60
1.0
0.76
1.0
1.17
1.1

1.33
0.8
0.83
0.7
0.78
0.8

1.84
1.0
1.22
1.0
1.18
1.0

1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
%
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD

2
2

5
5

8
8

12
12

8
8

0.7
0.67

1.1
1.09

0.7
0.68

0.3
0.31

0.5
0.46

0.5
0.52

0.9
0.88

0.8
0.78

1.0
1.00

1.0
1.03

0.6
0.59

1.0
0.96

0.8
0.80

1.0
1.04

1.1
1.06

1.1
1.13

1.5
1.51

1.4
1.43

0.7
0.68

1.1
1.11

0.4
0.41

1.1
1.07

0.8
0.80

1.0
0.96

1.1
1.09

0.9
0.86

1.6
1.60

1.3
1.33

0.8
0.83

0.9
0.94

0.5
0.49

1.0
1.03

0.9
0.88

1.0
1.01

1.1
1.07

0.6
0.65

1.6
1.57

1.4
1.37

0.6
0.57

0.9
0.91

2

5

8

12

8

0.67

1.09

0.68

0.31

0.46

0.52

0.88

0.78

1.00

1.03

0.59

0.96

0.80

1.04

1.06

1.13

1.51

1.43

0.68

1.11

0.41

1.07

0.80

0.96

1.09

0.86

1.60

1.33

0.83

0.94

0.49

1.03

0.88

1.01

1.07

0.65

1.57

1.37

0.57

0.91

0.70
343
258
85
32
85

1.44
322
256
66
36
66

2.56
312
290
21
38
21

3.19
380
291
89
40
89

2.37
317
236
80
35
80

1.4
0.47
0.5
0.41
0.8

1.1
0.97
0.8
1.51
1.1

1.3
0.51
0.8
-3.32
1.3

0.7
0.45
0.7
-0.22
0.9

1.0
0.44
0.8
-0.55
1.0

0.5
1.05
1.0
1.07
0.9

0.8
1.04
1.2
0.49
1.0

0.8
1.02
0.8
4.52
0.8

0.9
1.15
0.9
2.04
0.8

0.8
1.21
0.8
2.56
0.7

1.0
0.60
1.1
-0.81
0.9

1.3
0.73
1.1
-0.71
1.0

1.4
0.57
0.9
-4.28
0.8

1.8
0.56
1.0
-0.77
0.9

2.2
0.49
0.8
-0.47
0.7

0.8
1.40
1.1
2.45
1.2

0.9
1.74
1.4
3.11
1.4

0.7
2.09
1.5
9.61
1.7

0.4
1.60
1.2
2.95
1.3

0.5
2.26
1.8
3.56
1.7

0.7
0.58
1.0
-0.82
0.9

1.1
0.93
1.3
-0.63
1.2

1.3
0.61
1.0
-4.99
0.9

1.9
0.50
0.9
-0.72
0.7

2.4
0.46
0.8
-0.48
0.7

0.7
1.16
0.8
2.20
0.9

1.0
1.56
1.2
2.95
1.3

0.7
2.02
1.4
10.38
1.7

0.5
1.76
1.3
3.35
1.3

0.4
2.10
1.6
3.49
1.6

0.9
0.57
1.0
-0.81
0.9

1.3
0.80
1.2
-0.68
1.1

1.7
0.51
0.9
-4.21
0.8

1.9
0.53
0.9
-0.74
0.8

2.2
0.47
0.8
-0.46
0.7

0.6
1.10
0.8
1.98
0.9

1.0
1.54
1.2
2.89
1.2

0.9
1.59
1.1
8.09
1.3

0.4
1.30
0.9
2.45
1.0

0.5
1.81
1.4
2.92
1.4

1000 AUD
1000 AUD
1000 AUD

13
98
13.5

33
99
33.1

36
58
63.1

28
117
24.2

36
117
31.1

0.3

0.99

0.62

0.83

1.03

0.91

1.30

1.48

1.25

1.20

0.92

1.38

1.19

1.19

1.2

0.5

0.99

0.78

0.78

1.02

0.91

1.52

1.77

1.1

1.27

0.70

1.64

1.06

1.07

1.05

0.91

1.37

1.3

1.17

1.20

0.52

0.99

0.67

0.63

0.97

%
1000 AUD

33

17

40

36

51

0.3

-1.6

0.9

1.4

0.9

1.9

2.3

0.8

0.2

0.8

2.1

2.7

1.0

0.5

0.9

0.2

3.9

2.2

2.8

2.2

2.0

1.5

1.6

0.8

0.8

0.3

3.0

1.5

2.8

2.0

1.9

2.4

0.9

-0.2

0.8

-0.3

2.2

0.9

1.8

1.4

years

54

56
3.9

53
4.0

56
3.9

58
4.0

1.1

0.97
0.99

1.03
1.03

1.03
0.97

0.98
0.97

1.08

0.97
0.99

1.03
1.03

1.03
0.97

0.98
0.97

1.08

0.97
0.99

1.03
1.03

1.03
0.97

1.0
0.97

1.1

0.97
0.99

1.03
1.03

1.03
0.97

0.98
0.97

1.08

0.97
0.99

1.03
1.03

1.0
0.97

0.98
0.97

1.08

0.97
0.99

1.03
1.03

1.03
0.97

0.98
0.97

1.08

0.97
0.99

1.0
1.03

1.03
0.97

0.98
0.97

1.08

0.97
0.99

1.03
1.03

1.03
0.97

0.98
0.97

%
%

OECD FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013

74 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
Annex Table B.6. Average characteristics of high and low performers, Flanders (Belgium), for selected farm types, by performance indicator, 2004-09
All farm type
Output-input ratio
Unit
Farm size
Gross agricultural output
Total farm assets
Total farm liabilities
Farm net worth
Utilized Agricultural Area
Annual labor input (full-time equivalent)
Support
Total support
Total payments
First pillar payments
Second pillar payments
Other payments
Market price support
Support rate
Gross receipts
Farm cash expenses
Net operating income (including support)
Depreciation
Farm income
Off-farm activity
Non-farm income
Farm household income
Share of non-farm income in farm household income

Adoption of specific technology
Adoption of organic practice
Net investment
Operator's characteristics
Age of main operator
Educational attainment
Geographical condition
Share of land in less favored area
Land quality index

EUR
EUR
EUR
EUR
hectare
FTE
EUR
EUR
EUR
EUR
EUR
EUR
%
EUR
EUR
EUR
EUR
EUR
EUR
EUR
EUR

2004
190 455
411 858
121 442
290 416
28.8
2.0

Average in farm type
2006
2007
2008
210 179
470 311
129 454
340 857
29.9
2.0

234 100
527 961
140 818
387 143
31.8
2.1

241 561
556 687
145 416
411 271
32.3
2.3

2009

Net operating income per working unit

Net operating income per UAA

Net operating income per net worth

Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009

231 909
585 782
172 941
412 841
33.2
2.3

1.03
0.99
1.32
0.85
0.91
1.05

0.97
0.87
1.18
0.75
0.79
1.00

1.02
0.84
1.09
0.75
0.83
0.86

0.98
0.87
1.09
0.79
0.91
0.90

0.84
0.83
0.98
0.77
0.98
0.93

0.77
0.92
0.62
1.04
0.94
0.98

0.91
1.11
0.85
1.22
1.04
1.05

0.90
0.97
0.69
1.07
0.93
1.13

0.84
1.04
0.78
1.13
0.91
1.08

0.81
0.96
0.63
1.10
0.88
1.08

0.60
0.79
0.87
0.76
0.83
1.06

0.58
0.70
0.90
0.62
0.75
1.01

0.61
0.63
0.75
0.59
0.69
0.89

0.56
0.67
0.67
0.67
0.87
0.98

0.54
0.69
0.68
0.69
0.92
1.00

1.71
1.38
1.32
1.40
1.20
0.88

1.70
1.50
1.43
1.53
1.26
0.92

1.53
1.51
1.43
1.53
1.39
0.96

1.58
1.46
1.42
1.47
1.20
0.92

1.64
1.46
1.53
1.44
1.14
0.85

0.67
1.07
0.87
1.16
1.13
0.96

0.52
0.96
0.76
1.03
1.06
0.82

0.67
0.99
0.74
1.08
1.03
0.77

0.58
0.89
0.71
0.95
1.07
0.78

0.54
0.82
0.75
0.85
1.02
0.79

1.41
0.79
1.29
0.58
0.63
1.03

1.47
0.83
1.35
0.63
0.61
1.22

1.34
0.84
1.31
0.67
0.67
1.43

1.46
0.87
1.38
0.69
0.58
1.35

1.52
0.96
1.45
0.75
0.60
1.37

0.67
1.07
0.86
1.17
1.13
0.96

0.52
0.96
0.75
1.04
1.07
0.82

0.67
0.99
0.74
1.08
1.03
0.77

0.58
0.89
0.71
0.95
1.07
0.78

0.53
0.83
0.74
0.86
1.03
0.78

1.41
0.79
1.28
0.58
0.62
1.03

1.45
0.81
1.34
0.61
0.61
1.20

1.34
0.84
1.31
0.67
0.67
1.43

1.46
0.87
1.38
0.69
0.58
1.35

1.53
0.96
1.46
0.75
0.59
1.37

46 077 38 418 38 075 40 151 34 390
11 032 15 320 17 928 20 670 19 722
8 794 12 275 13 577 13 898 14 035
1802
2649
3815
4992
5304
435
396
536
1780
383
35046 23098 20147 19482 14668
22.9
17.0
15.1
15.3
13.7
201 487 225 499 252 028 262 231 251 631
135 266 143 410 162 814 182 400 173 624
66 221 82 089 89 214 79 831 78 006
23 071 23 123 26 535 28 744 31 370
43 150 58 966 62 679 51 086 46 637

1.10
1.20
1.25
1.07
0.68
1.07
1.05
1.04
1.34
0.44
1.03
0.12

1.02
0.89
0.87
0.84
1.81
1.10
1.05
0.96
1.26
0.45
1.03
0.22

1.00
0.95
0.95
0.98
0.91
1.04
0.98
1.02
1.35
0.41
0.94
0.18

1.17
0.97
1.06
0.69
1.04
1.39
1.19
0.98
1.25
0.37
0.88
0.09

1.12
1.01
1.00
0.98
1.88
1.25
1.31
0.85
1.07
0.37
0.87
0.03

0.74
0.75
0.74
0.94
0.05
0.74
0.97
0.77
0.53
1.26
0.85
1.49

0.92
0.98
0.96
1.12
0.59
0.88
1.00
0.92
0.65
1.38
0.98
1.54

0.71
0.83
0.83
0.82
0.88
0.60
0.79
0.89
0.58
1.46
0.95
1.68

0.65
0.85
0.88
0.84
0.72
0.44
0.78
0.84
0.57
1.45
1.02
1.69

0.72
0.80
0.85
0.69
0.62
0.61
0.89
0.81
0.58
1.33
0.94
1.59

0.64
1.07
1.16
0.82
0.28
0.50
1.03
0.62
0.80
0.26
0.78
-0.01

0.72
0.83
0.84
0.68
1.71
0.64
1.19
0.60
0.77
0.30
0.78
0.11

0.73
0.75
0.77
0.63
0.95
0.71
1.18
0.62
0.83
0.24
0.68
0.06

0.78
0.89
0.97
0.64
0.99
0.66
1.33
0.58
0.71
0.29
0.67
0.07

0.80
0.92
0.95
0.79
1.79
0.63
1.39
0.57
0.70
0.29
0.72
-0.01

1.59
1.02
1.01
1.05
1.15
1.76
0.95
1.67
1.54
1.93
1.39
2.22

1.44
1.29
1.28
1.32
1.18
1.54
0.86
1.67
1.56
1.86
1.33
2.07

1.47
1.35
1.39
1.32
0.49
1.57
0.97
1.51
1.35
1.81
1.35
2.00

1.36
1.20
1.15
1.48
0.83
1.52
0.87
1.55
1.44
1.82
1.36
2.07

1.35
1.20
1.19
1.26
0.91
1.54
0.84
1.61
1.52
1.80
1.36
2.09

0.92
1.39
1.50
1.01
0.70
0.78
1.29
0.71
0.85
0.45
0.83
0.24

0.96
1.10
1.18
0.68
1.57
0.86
1.71
0.56
0.64
0.42
0.78
0.28

0.98
1.05
1.16
0.69
0.78
0.91
1.40
0.70
0.86
0.41
0.78
0.25

1.01
1.13
1.26
0.74
1.18
0.87
1.61
0.63
0.74
0.38
0.72
0.19

0.85
0.99
1.06
0.74
1.67
0.67
1.48
0.58
0.69
0.33
0.67
0.09

0.90
0.54
0.45
0.88
0.86
1.02
0.67
1.36
1.31
1.46
1.08
1.67

0.70
0.59
0.46
1.19
0.76
0.76
0.49
1.41
1.38
1.46
1.20
1.56

0.75
0.63
0.49
1.08
1.08
0.85
0.58
1.29
1.17
1.50
1.28
1.59

0.91
0.63
0.38
1.32
0.63
1.22
0.66
1.39
1.34
1.52
1.27
1.66

0.86
0.69
0.46
1.26
1.26
1.09
0.59
1.45
1.39
1.60
1.37
1.75

0.92
1.39
1.51
1.01
0.70
0.77
1.29
0.71
0.84
0.44
0.83
0.24

0.97
1.11
1.19
0.68
1.58
0.87
1.72
0.56
0.64
0.42
0.78
0.27

0.98
1.05
1.16
0.69
0.78
0.91
1.40
0.70
0.86
0.41
0.78
0.25

1.01
1.13
1.26
0.74
1.18
0.87
1.61
0.63
0.74
0.38
0.72
0.19

0.86
1.00
1.07
0.74
1.66
0.67
1.51
0.57
0.68
0.32
0.67
0.08

0.90
0.53
0.45
0.83
0.86
1.02
0.66
1.36
1.31
1.47
1.08
1.67

0.69
0.59
0.46
1.18
0.77
0.76
0.50
1.40
1.37
1.44
1.18
1.55

0.75
0.63
0.49
1.08
1.08
0.85
0.58
1.29
1.17
1.50
1.28
1.59

0.91
0.63
0.38
1.32
0.63
1.22
0.66
1.39
1.34
1.52
1.27
1.66

0.86
0.69
0.45
1.27
1.27
1.10
0.59
1.47
1.40
1.61
1.37
1.76

66 221

82 089

89 214

79 831

78 006

0.44

0.45

0.41

0.37

0.37

1.26

1.38

1.46

1.45

1.33

0.26

0.30

0.24

0.29

0.29

1.93

1.86

1.81

1.82

1.80

0.45

0.42

0.41

0.38

0.33

1.46

1.46

1.50

1.52

1.60

0.44

0.42

0.41

0.38

0.32

1.47

1.44

1.50

1.52

1.61

EUR

-1 362

13 626

15 685

13 998

25 748

3.98

1.03

0.47

1.09

0.58

-4.59

1.08

0.57

1.33

0.27

2.66

1.18

-0.06

0.37

0.30

-0.67

2.02

2.75

2.04

1.84

0.53

0.82

0.88

0.58

0.36

-0.05

0.43

0.86

0.93

1.32

0.38

0.81

0.88

0.58

0.35

0.15

0.43

0.86

0.93

1.33

years
%

46

46
11.0

46
12.0

46
13.0

47
14.0

0.95

0.97
1.18

0.98
1.08

0.97
1.31

1.00
1.29

1.04

1.03
0.91

1.01
1.17

1.03
1.00

1.03
1.21

1.00

1.00
0.64

1.02
0.58

1.02
1.00

1.02
1.07

0.98

0.97
1.45

0.99
1.25

0.98
1.15

0.97
1.29

1.02

1.00
1.09

1.00
0.92

1.01
1.08

1.01
1.00

0.96

0.98
1.00

0.97
0.92

1.00
1.08

0.97
0.92

1.03

1.05
1.00

1.04
0.92

1.03
1.08

1.02
1.00

0.94

0.94
1.00

0.93
1.17

0.93
1.08

0.95
1.07

%

%

%

Field crop farm
Unit
Farm size
Gross agricultural output
Total farm assets
Total farm liabilities
Farm net worth
Utilized Agricultural Area
Annual labor input (full-time equivalent)
Support
Total support
Total payments
First pillar payments
Second pillar payments
Other payments
Market price support
Support rate
Gross receipts
Farm cash expenses
Net operating income (including support)
Depreciation
Farm income
Off-farm activity
Non-farm income
Farm household income
Share of non-farm income in farm household income

Adoption of specific technology
Adoption of organic practice
Net investment
Operator's characteristics
Age of main operator
Educational attainment
Geographical condition
Share of land in less favored area
Land quality index

2004

Average in farm type
2006
2007
2008

Output-input ratio
Net operating income per working unit
Net operating income per UAA
Net operating income per net worth
Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type
2009
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009
2004
2006
2007
2008
2009

EUR
EUR
EUR
EUR
hectare
FTE

108 846 126 960 139 798 139 249 142 185
356 152 374 399 412 900 437 920 501 024
62 351 81 703 83 672 95 836 126 201
293 801 292 696 329 227 342 085 374 823
47.5
48.1
51.3
50.4
49.8
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.6

0.71
0.67
1.37
0.52
0.74
1.08

0.91
0.75
0.81
0.73
0.92
1.00

1.09
0.83
1.20
0.74
0.94
1.07

1.27
0.87
0.73
0.90
1.00
0.97

1.10
0.84
1.01
0.78
1.07
1.02

0.96
1.26
0.22
1.48
1.02
0.97

0.96
1.22
0.83
1.33
0.87
0.86

1.06
1.28
0.95
1.37
1.01
0.99

0.83
1.14
0.66
1.28
0.85
0.97

0.95
1.11
0.63
1.27
0.84
1.04

0.63
0.90
1.18
0.85
0.53
1.27

0.47
0.52
0.56
0.50
0.74
0.97

0.65
0.73
0.77
0.72
0.74
1.19

0.50
0.71
0.40
0.80
0.93
0.88

0.45
0.55
0.61
0.53
0.76
0.88

1.97
1.76
1.25
1.87
1.56
1.06

2.15
1.86
2.09
1.80
1.41
1.23

2.14
1.94
2.14
1.89
1.64
1.16

1.66
1.70
2.11
1.58
1.58
1.18

1.88
1.50
1.04
1.65
1.32
1.15

0.64
0.73
1.19
0.63
0.81
1.08

0.51
0.58
0.70
0.54
0.83
0.95

0.54
0.60
0.74
0.57
0.90
0.88

0.48
0.69
0.42
0.77
0.95
0.84

0.60
0.66
0.86
0.59
0.90
0.90

1.63
1.50
0.74
1.67
1.15
1.14

1.83
1.58
1.91
1.49
0.91
1.38

1.76
1.48
1.58
1.46
1.09
1.35

1.25
1.23
1.42
1.18
0.87
1.20

1.76
1.35
0.83
1.52
0.89
1.33

0.63
1.08
1.00
1.10
0.65
1.16

0.55
1.05
0.64
1.16
0.91
0.94

0.53
1.04
0.76
1.12
0.77
0.92

0.51
1.09
0.45
1.27
0.87
0.86

0.49
0.75
0.60
0.80
0.86
0.87

1.25
0.57
1.02
0.48
0.92
0.99

1.23
0.87
1.68
0.65
1.05
1.00

1.70
0.96
1.82
0.74
1.12
1.27

1.19
0.71
1.51
0.49
1.02
1.08

1.81
0.97
1.21
0.89
1.09
1.28

EUR
EUR
EUR
EUR
EUR
EUR
%
EUR
EUR
EUR
EUR
EUR

37 545 35 404 42 862 49 365 40 294
11 996 20 439 23 744 30 281 24 037
8 184 14 936 16 280 17 726 17 237
1940
5013
5885
5625
6338
1871
489
1578
6931
462
25550 14965 19119 19083 16256
31.1
24.0
26.2
29.1
24.2
120 841 147 399 163 541 169 530 166 223
73 106 76 188 88 697 104 041 105 139
47 735 71 211 74 845 65 489 61 084
13 905 15 249 18 578 20 296 22 537
33 830 55 962 56 266 45 193 38 547

0.70
0.73
0.93
0.36
0.25
0.69
0.99
0.71
1.05
0.19
1.12
-0.20

1.07
0.89
0.98
0.69
0.00
1.33
1.19
0.90
1.24
0.54
0.97
0.43

1.19
0.85
0.90
0.74
0.70
1.63
1.13
1.05
1.39
0.65
0.92
0.56

1.54
1.13
1.12
1.24
1.06
2.20
1.24
1.24
1.59
0.69
1.05
0.53

1.31
1.08
1.06
1.05
2.61
1.64
1.19
1.10
1.36
0.64
0.97
0.45

0.80
0.49
0.65
0.26
0.00
0.94
0.87
0.91
0.66
1.31
0.53
1.63

0.81
0.67
0.68
0.62
0.95
1.00
0.88
0.92
0.65
1.21
0.79
1.32

0.87
1.10
1.05
1.32
0.82
0.58
0.82
1.06
0.75
1.44
1.03
1.57

0.65
0.77
0.82
0.24
1.06
0.47
0.79
0.82
0.60
1.18
0.76
1.37

0.57
0.64
0.76
0.33
0.37
0.46
0.63
0.91
0.70
1.27
1.02
1.42

0.61
0.58
0.69
0.63
0.07
0.62
0.97
0.63
0.95
0.13
0.96
-0.21

0.61
0.70
0.76
0.58
0.00
0.49
1.22
0.50
0.65
0.33
0.53
0.28

0.56
0.58
0.60
0.53
0.60
0.54
0.88
0.64
0.82
0.41
0.76
0.30

0.85
1.10
1.03
1.30
1.14
0.44
1.40
0.61
0.60
0.62
0.65
0.60

0.55
0.80
0.76
0.85
1.42
0.20
1.12
0.50
0.58
0.35
0.58
0.21

1.73
1.08
1.29
1.23
0.02
2.04
0.92
1.88
1.74
2.10
1.69
2.26

1.87
1.60
1.46
1.81
3.80
2.23
0.90
2.07
1.95
2.20
1.84
2.30

1.89
1.66
1.67
1.78
1.04
2.18
0.91
2.07
2.01
2.14
2.00
2.18

1.23
1.38
1.46
1.32
1.20
1.01
0.77
1.61
1.45
1.86
1.76
1.91

1.74
1.16
1.22
1.02
0.88
2.59
0.98
1.77
1.74
1.84
1.53
2.02

0.68
0.82
1.02
0.50
0.29
0.61
1.03
0.66
0.96
0.19
1.05
-0.16

0.68
0.77
0.88
0.52
0.00
0.55
1.24
0.55
0.72
0.37
0.68
0.28

0.78
0.92
0.95
0.85
0.94
0.62
1.31
0.60
0.71
0.47
0.63
0.41

0.90
1.18
1.06
1.46
1.27
0.44
1.47
0.61
0.59
0.64
0.63
0.65

0.66
0.90
0.91
0.80
1.88
0.30
1.02
0.64
0.78
0.41
0.78
0.19

1.34
0.58
0.71
0.56
0.01
1.70
0.88
1.53
1.39
1.73
1.15
1.96

1.28
0.87
0.93
0.70
1.15
1.83
0.75
1.70
1.64
1.75
1.64
1.79

1.51
1.24
1.18
1.40
1.22
1.86
0.90
1.69
1.62
1.77
1.58
1.84

0.73
0.74
0.69
0.64
0.94
0.73
0.63
1.16
1.04
1.35
1.24
1.39

1.60
0.82
0.84
0.80
0.52
2.75
0.99
1.62
1.60
1.66
1.42
1.80

0.70
0.84
0.96
1.07
0.07
0.64
1.09
0.65
0.92
0.23
0.83
-0.02

0.83
0.94
1.02
0.81
0.00
0.67
1.37
0.61
0.69
0.52
0.68
0.48

0.64
0.73
0.72
0.73
0.90
0.53
1.16
0.56
0.63
0.47
0.64
0.41

0.80
1.05
0.94
1.17
1.22
0.41
1.32
0.61
0.57
0.66
0.59
0.70

0.62
0.90
0.86
0.98
1.42
0.21
1.13
0.55
0.62
0.43
0.59
0.34

1.38
1.32
0.93
0.72
3.68
1.41
1.10
1.26
1.18
1.37
1.29
1.40

1.00
1.12
1.16
1.09
0.02
0.84
0.82
1.22
1.09
1.35
1.15
1.41

1.42
1.19
1.14
1.55
0.39
1.70
0.87
1.63
1.62
1.64
1.55
1.67

0.79
0.79
0.83
0.94
0.57
0.79
0.71
1.12
1.02
1.28
1.07
1.37

1.63
0.91
0.92
0.90
0.52
2.69
0.97
1.68
1.73
1.59
1.47
1.67

EUR
EUR
EUR

47 735

71 211

74 845

65 489

61 084

0.19

0.54

0.65

0.69

0.64

1.31

1.21

1.44

1.18

1.27

0.13

0.33

0.41

0.62

0.35

2.10

2.20

2.14

1.86

1.84

0.19

0.37

0.47

0.64

0.41

1.73

1.75

1.77

1.35

1.66

0.23

0.52

0.47

0.66

0.43

1.37

1.35

1.64

1.28

1.59

EUR

942

16 785

-727

5 902

50 625

27.25

0.22

-21.08

2.14

0.12

6.76

-0.01

-15.04

0.68

0.02

18.51

-0.26

-12.05

1.60

-0.01

-12.65

1.43

-35.11

1.80

0.04

27.83

-0.24

-7.37

1.48

0.03

-5.30

1.06

-22.63

0.88

0.09

19.34

0.83

0.02

2.39

-0.04

-24.62

1.24

-26.76

1.95

0.23

years
%

49

49
15.0

48
16.0

48
19.0

48
24.0

0.93

1.01
1.40

1.00
0.63

1.05
0.53

0.93
0.63

1.11

1.08
0.13

1.02
1.31

1.05
1.16

1.06
1.67

0.93

1.07
0.67

1.00
0.63

1.08
0.00

0.93
0.63

1.07

1.04
1.00

1.01
2.63

0.98
2.37

1.01
2.08

0.97

1.05
0.67

1.02
0.13

1.09
0.00

0.94
0.63

1.00

0.96
0.87

0.97
1.50

0.96
1.37

1.05
1.17

0.97

1.05
0.67

1.10

1.09

0.97
1.00

0.93

0.95
0.33

0.88
1.31

0.79
1.47

0.91
1.63

%

%

%

OECD FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013

70 0.88 1.49 0.83 1.69 1.70 0.02 0.02 1.72 0.39 0.73 0.05 1.21 1.06 0.03 1.97 1.07 0.71 0.05 1.31 1.52 0.26 0.92 1.05 0.80 0.02 1.24 0.41 0.47 1.48 0.29 0.82 0.62 0.92 0.79 1.30 1.14 0.84 1.98 1.79 0.21 0.97 0.20 1.63 0.53 0.13 0.63 0.56 1.78 1.95 1.33 1.96 0.64 0.69 1.49 1.18 0.99 1.11 1.33 0.37 0.56 0.81 1.93 1.07 0.23 1.22 1.07 1.60 1.94 1.82 1.39 0.01 0.12 0.45 0.34 0.0 242 056 141 766 100 289 32 687 67 602 12 066 4 183 1012.18 1.68 2.77 0.29 0.69 0.21 0.64 0.99 0.77 0.60 0.10 3.75 0.12 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .07 1.01 0.96 0.10 2.57 0.87 0.78 1.77 0.72 1.55 0.82 0.7 56 358 11 911 10 086 1746.79 0.59 0.98 0.37 0.42 1.75 0.09 1.04 1.82 0.14 0.49 7.08 1.84 0.64 0.17 0.04 0.02 1.04 1.70 0.63 0.47 1.64 0.30 1.32 0.77 0.75 1.66 1.75 0.24 1.10 0.08 1.24 1.97 0.0 46 12.00 0.33 1.61 0.26 0.10 0.75 0.75 -0.57 0.51 0.08 1.00 0.84 1.03 0.13 0.10 0.88 1.95 1.36 0.31 0.44 0.79 0.73 1.56 0.98 0.40 1.55 0.69 1.66 1.99 1.70 0.93 0.12 2.5 254 247 145 828 108 419 37 623 70 796 12 300 6 920 1717.82 1.33 0.33 1.30 1.30 1.89 0.89 1.96 1.87 0.57 1.78 0.09 1.54 1.23 1.84 0.25 2.43 0.82 0.10 0.72 1.15 1.47 1.08 0.50 0.04 1.20 0.09 0.46 0.01 0.06 0.76 0.47 1.16 1.02 1.84 1.61 0.07 1.75 0.09 0.34 0.16 2.47 1.40 0.03 1.59 0.08 0.28 0.62 0.78 0.72 1.53 0.17 1.91 0.05 1.41 1.71 0.98 1.76 0.63 0.55 0.95 0.24 0.27 1.54 0.57 1.84 0.21 0.84 1.69 2.26 0.07 0.00 1.94 0.5 19.92 1.13 0.03 1.21 -1.30 1.3 3.09 1.97 0.01 0.29 1.80 1.44 1.80 0.56 1.44 0.52 1.39 0.99 0.96 0.23 0.01 0.33 0.89 0.66 0.22 1.77 0.59 1.44 0.01 0.63 1.72 1.31 1.10 0.82 1.56 0.93 1.93 1.28 1.92 0.58 0.00 0.78 0.76 1.94 1.49 1.60 1.59 0.98 1.32 0.63 0.09 1.86 0.97 1.49 1.88 0.71 0.29 1.39 0.74 1.77 0.97 1.61 0.07 0.86 0.00 1.33 1.97 1.15 1.71 0.89 0.57 0.90 0.23 0.75 0.59 1.82 0.99 0.73 0.78 1.74 0.30 0.61 0.08 1.05 0.64 0.41 0.33 0.75 22 837 35 504 19 475 EUR years % 0.02 1.17 1.53 0.09 0.63 0.01 0.22 1.44 1.77 0.51 0.11 1.07 0.07 1.59 0.75 1.36 1.50 1.44 0.43 0.99 0.84 0.89 0.20 1.55 2.92 0.79 1.20 0.19 0.43 1.31 0.97 0.4 238 954 467 918 117 383 350 535 14.75 0.37 1.46 0.26 1.87 0.29 0.91 0.61 0.05 0.68 0.87 0.36 0.08 0.95 0.67 0.04 0.76 0.10 0.79 0.08 0.61 1.69 0.01 1.17 0.21 1.04 0.01 0.85 0.60 1.48 1.05 0.97 0.21 0.74 1.87 0.31 0.92 0.10 1.22 0.60 1.32 1.41 0.76 0.09 1.36 1.88 1.89 0.80 1.93 0.61 1.0 0.02 1.49 0.32 1.83 0.04 0.22 0.34 2.79 0.46 1.55 1.35 0.06 1.17 1.43 1.05 1.94 0.69 0.93 0.27 1.92 1.73 0.11 1.40 1.90 1.11 1.13 0.37 1.35 0.82 1.00 0.63 0.33 0.82 1.47 0.12 0.74 0.91 1.68 0.07 0.66 0.92 1.27 0.08 1.83 0.90 0.36 0.52 -0.68 0.68 0.83 1.78 0.25 0.0 % % Dairy farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 393 916 539 610 606 375 656 700 608 384 103 741 123 096 136 439 148 962 152 637 290 175 416 514 469 936 507 738 455 746 35 37 38 39 40 1.44 -0.33 0.47 0.49 1.94 1.20 0.52 0.8 4.14 1.35 3011 54 8144 5.54 1.63 0.05 1.44 1.95 0.87 0.95 0.31 0.0 1.67 0.90 0.14 1.21 0.18 0.50 0.97 1.83 1.82 0.80 0.66 0.95 1.77 1.12 0.09 1.45 0.24 0.63 0.02 1.44 1.48 1.10 0.55 0.19 1.55 1.19 0.15 1.53 1.24 0.74 1.28 0.79 0.87 0.81 0.91 1.06 0.11 1.30 1.83 1.40 0.22 1.37 1.67 1.95 0.33 0.88 1.76 0.16 0.63 0.04 1.80 1.90 0.13 1.91 1.07 1.10 1.66 2.67 0.96 1.71 1.83 1.66 0.11 1.70 1.59 0.81 0.48 0.79 -0.36 0.37 1.78 0.16 0.08 0.27 0.55 0.83 1.19 0.6 0.79 1.66 0.68 1.85 0.93 0.36 0.84 1.60 0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 75 Fruit and vegetable farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE 196 254 427 302 116 833 310 469 14.54 1.45 1.73 0.81 0.93 0.03 0.22 1.19 1.78 0.51 0.75 3.64 0.61 1.53 0.66 1.90 1.83 1.90 1.91 1.95 1.05 1.40 0.71 0.78 0.12 0.31 1.97 0.84 1.95 0.44 1.16 0.62 0.01 0.04 1.48 1.56 0.77 0.97 1.17 0.95 1.19 1.02 1.89 1.48 0.51 0.34 1.82 1.10 0.66 1.96 1.78 1.8 306 988 511 022 122 493 388 529 15.98 1.80 0.06 0.98 1.95 1.77 0.68 1.27 1.23 -0.15 1.81 0.12 1.29 1.43 0.12 1.49 1.09 2.49 3258.37 1.27 0.60 1.13 0.06 1.80 0.65 0.32 1.51 1.1 80 567 59 902 21 444 38 457 49 786 37 356 34 283 33 335 20 476 22 033 23 545 23 328 17 850 18 654 19 065 19 234 2500.49 0.76 0.99 0.34 0.77 1.10 1.65 0.97 0.71 1.57 0.42 0.80 0.31 1.95 1.61 0.03 0.63 1.69 0.26 0.95 0.22 0.68 4495 646 7625 5.67 0.01 0.23 1.72 0.85 0.85 1.53 0.00 1.16 1.0 47 12.45 1.40 1.07 0.59 1.12 1.66 0.78 1.80 0.09 1.75 0.61 0.89 1.77 -0.69 0.07 1.80 1.50 1.80 0.85 1.09 1.43 0.07 1.17 1.12 1.95 0.96 0.81 1.81 1.84 1.47 0.90 0.63 0.98 0.98 0.55 0.0 46 20.60 1.80 0.65 1.31 1.90 1.09 0.31 0.97 1.05 0.05 0.93 0.23 0.29 0.97 0.91 1.69 1.76 0.75 0.10 1.46 0.73 0.79 0.76 0.95 0.81 0.13 0.74 1.28 1.26 1.89 0.95 0.02 1.84 2.46 1.31 1.03 0.13 0.4 4.22 0.70 0.98 1.25 1.33 1.98 2.50 1.48 0.13 0.96 0.96 1.26 0.24 0.26 1.99 0.59 0.47 0.31 1.15 0.60 0.19 0.20 -0.54 1.07 1.82 1.57 0.48 1.86 1.57 0.37 1.92 1.05 1.38 1.94 0.97 0.89 0.90 -0.03 1.61 1.70 1.93 0.74 1.48 1.75 1.51 2.23 0.87 0.16 0.60 0.90 0.58 1.15 0.97 0.34 2.30 1.37 1.26 0.22 1.99 1.10 1.67 0.47 0.78 0.84 0.78 2.47 1.54 0.07 0.89 1.04 1.00 0.74 0.68 0.22 3.61 0.94 1.06 1.03 1.10 0.65 0.74 0.45 2.83 0.96 0.39 0.98 1.44 1.22 1.05 0.81 0.83 0.55 1.19 0.44 1.62 1.01 1.79 0.79 -0.61 0.94 0.19 0.67 0.72 0.58 0.91 0.86 0.86 1.20 0.21 1.36 1.07 1.07 0.40 40.14 1.01 1.41 0.77 1.92 0.78 1.99 0.82 0.36 1.88 0.29 1.79 0.04 0.85 0.22 0.39 1.72 0.83 1.70 0.71 1.66 0.83 1.94 1.14 0.10 1.31 1.51 0.50 1.29 0.75 0.46 0.80 0.61 0.60 0.73 0.03 1.72 0.33 1.44 78 44447 0.61 0.30 0.72 1.93 1.24 -0.01 0.01 0.96 1.0 47 22.03 0.05 0.27 1.21 1.57 0.04 0.87 0.85 1.68 0.72 -0.85 0.75 0.16 0.89 0.83 0.66 0.04 1.13 0.64 0.89 0.69 1.04 0.53 0.79 0.88 1.47 0.73 0.92 1.69 0.97 0.08 1.68 0.23 0.80 0.03 0.51 2.43 0.23 1.26 1.00 1.7 1.31 1.02 0.67 0.68 0.78 1.03 1.52 1.48 0.44 0.58 0.0 245 992 151 134 94 857 40 340 54 518 1.13 0.68 0.98 1.98 1.34 2.78 0.82 0.54 1.70 1.52 0.95 0.85 1.90 0.13 1.89 1.92 1.98 0.54 0.22 1.48 0.81 0.24 1.10 0.01 0.69 0.96 1.94 0.02 0.06 0.67 1.19 1.24 1.16 4823 380 5379 5.92 0.89 1.11 0.76 0.87 -0.29 0.94 1.04 0.36 3824.70 1.88 2.74 1.88 0.57 0.36 0.97 1.80 0.85 0.32 0.75 0.17 0.00 1.09 0.87 0.06 -0.61 1.60 0.85 0.14 0.07 1.02 0.91 0.79 0.62 0.13 0.67 0.56 0.74 1.66 0.91 0.80 0.71 0.23 0.29 1.33 1.99 -0.97 1.13 0.02 0.60 -0.40 1.60 1.60 0.63 0.88 0.52 1.53 1.49 0.19 1.99 0.06 0.46 0.87 0.17 0.79 0.03 1.41 0.11 0.35 1.19 31.99 0.89 2153 190 6655 4.95 0.64 0.5 3.77 0.10 0.75 0.89 0.07 1.08 0.41 0.13 1.20 1.76 1.96 1.29 1.65 0.88 0.51 0.15 0.60 0.39 0.95 1.96 1.64 0.80 0.35 1.48 0.96 0.75 0.67 0.76 1.54 0.23 1.77 1.71 1.04 0.15 0.45 1.69 0.55 0.45 1.69 1.45 1.86 0.28 1.95 0.65 0.38 0.77 0.73 0.35 0.57 1.83 1.30 0.62 0.91 0.78 0.82 -0.79 0.22 0.39 125 121 656 51 29310 15323 10739 10006 0.89 1.70 0.81 1.32 0.29 0.27 2.35 0.30 0.78 0.17 1.45 1.41 0.82 1.38 0.92 1.93 0.99 0.85 0.57 0.01 1.2 247 840 511 173 130 898 380 275 15.13 0.84 0.68 1.92 1.46 1.71 1.48 0.66 0.55 1.68 0.71 0.16 0.43 1.72 0.6 1.05 0.83 0.60 0.02 1.97 1.02 0.96 1.95 0.93 0.38 1.32 1.87 0.70 0.12 0.89 0.69 0.73 1.70 1.53 1.73 0.68 0.16 0.35 0.70 0.88 0.65 1.99 0.97 1.57 0.9 199 939 116 750 83 188 28 422 54 766 9 757 3 102 758.00 1.92 0.57 0.82 0.19 0.98 1.37 0.05 1.05 0.79 -0.72 1.11 0.64 0.40 1.45 1.97 0.95 1.90 0.47 1.52 1.14 0.62 1.08 0.00 1.76 0.98 0.24 -0.16 0.52 1.57 1.07 0.35 1.78 1.53 1.97 1.12 0.03 2.60 0.58 1.63 0.02 1.45 1.25 0.76 0.70 -0.82 0.69 1.23 1.96 1.81 0.73 1.94 1.45 1.42 0.23 1.82 0.03 0.15 0.85 1.89 2.58 0.00 1.82 0.40 1.35 EUR 11 173 5 125 -0.85 1.6 1.33 1.76 0.95 1.83 1.51 1.04 0.59 1.82 1.79 0.01 1.10 0.92 0.38 1.33 1.90 1.73 0.71 1.86 0.94 1.07 1.34 1.02 1.69 0.16 1.64 0.76 0.72 0.26 0.85 1.80 0.93 1.29 1.97 0.64 0.77 EUR EUR EUR % 2 493 19 033 27 767 46 19.73 0.22 1.04 1.16 0.06 1.81 EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 11 829 3 685 619.37 0.16 1.04 0.34 1.71 1.57 0.42 1.89 0.74 0.60 1.34 1.45 2.97 0.74 0.37 1.68 0.64 0.46 0.04 46 9.36 0.35 1.96 0.15 0.07 0.57 1.50 0.18 1.64 0.16 0.89 1.74 0.68 1.92 0.50 0.87 0.19 0.94 0.86 1.92 0.19 1.77 0.66 0.06 0.90 0.63 1.89 0.06 1.71 1.21 0.85 0.79 0.93 0.5 1.66 0.93 0.1 84 742 98 307 116 362 106 640 71 669 100 231 79 602 67 697 18 055 22 301 24 800 25 776 53 614 77 930 54 802 41 921 EUR EUR EUR % -2 328 22 355 47 46 7.2 239 071 547 724 158 599 389 125 16.96 0.49 years % 43 46 20.28 0.08 0.92 1.23 0.06 1.75 0.89 1.39 0.69 0.02 0.20 0.27 0.17 0.26 1.40 0.11 0.53 0.30 0.71 0.84 1.56 0.56 1.73 1.88 1.25 0.39 0.69 1.58 0.21 1.70 1.52 0.92 0.24 0.79 0.81 0.63 0.65 1.01 1.59 0.95 0.71 0.30 1.03 0.08 0.92 1.11 0.20 1.12 1.64 0.75 0.23 0.20 0.83 0.01 1.75 0.15 0.85 1.83 0.04 0.85 0.70 1.12 1.00 0.80 0.79 0.00 1.67 0.81 1.00 1.58 0.41 1.74 1.62 0.84 0.88 0.70 0.89 1.0 % % OECD FOOD.89 0.97 0.53 0.99 0.17 0.70 0.12 0.24 0.90 0.08 0.01 0.07 1.01 0.56 0.69 0.74 0.83 1.88 1.02 0.86 0.96 0.76 -2.01 0.33 1.74 0.37 1.77 0.44 1.71 0.47 1.07 0.82 1.73 0.13 1.30 0.11 0.87 0.74 0.69 0.07 0.00 1.99 1.04 0.19 0.33 1.04 0.31 0.72 0.96 1.89 1.92 0.54 1.13 1.80 0.71 0.30 1.47 0.17 1.03 2790 380 7883 3.24 1.94 0.98 0.29 1.60 0.50 0.48 0.02 0.43 0.16 1.05 1.01 2.98 0.99 1.78 1.85 0.10 1.06 0.89 1.57 0.04 0.00 2.33 0.52 1.34 1.09 1.21 1.03 0.14 1.44 1.96 0.58 0.33 0.17 0.90 0.10 1.03 1.78 0.78 0.57 0.74 0.17 0.14 1.66 0.80 1.71 1.97 1.19 1.98 0.47 1.87 0.34 1.49 0.82 0.03 0.0 4.30 1.85 0.64 1.89 0.69 0.59 0.60 0.90 1.74 0.61 1.92 0.65 0.02 1.98 0.08 1.94 0.03 1.04 0.24 0.09 1.29 1.15 0.96 1.71 0.22 0.71 1.73 0.55 0.65 1.13 0.64 0.97 1.14 1.33 1.23 0.49 0.22 0.13 1.07 1.13 1.63 1.29 1.65 0.30 1.41 1.86 0.28 1.04 0.67 0.87 0.09 0.22 0.00 0.61 0.77 0.03 0.28 1.96 1.06 1.48 0.87 0.54 1.86 1.59 0.13 0.59 0.01 1.64 1.82 0.06 0.71 0.16 0.67 2.78 0.81 1.72 1.64 0.16 1.92 1.04 0.50 1.83 -0.59 0.43 0.21 0.96 0.77 0.61 1.77 0.75 1.10 0.91 0.95 1.98 0.64 1.99 0.72 0.75 0.61 0.57 0.69 1.52 1.70 1.41 3.36 0.99 1.37 0.21 0.74 0.06 0.87 1.90 0.92 0.13 0.61 0.63 0.94 1.42 1.73 -0.61 1.56 1.36 0.30 0.01 1.07 1.03 0.67 1.18 1.56 1.45 1.81 1.72 0.22 0.82 1.98 1.66 0.9 311 171 158 517 152 654 37 497 115 157 14 033 6 408 1266.57 0.08 1.8 17.64 0.24 1.78 1.57 0.58 0.76 1.80 0.51 0.67 0.99 0.66 0.82 83 188 100 289 152 654 108 419 94 857 0.67 0.87 1.68 -0.57 0.75 1.09 1.72 1.05 1.88 0.21 0.03 0.06 0.51 1.76 0.54 0.87 0.07 1.93 0.78 1.93 1.56 0.58 0.86 0.66 -2.8 18.00 0.34 1.07 0.79 1.41 1.90 0.23 0.09 1.24 0.03 0.43 0.01 0.91 0.86 1.08 1.10 0.62 0.44 -0.98 1.66 1.44 0.91 0.25 4043.34 2.35 0.59 0.14 0.27 1.35 1.80 0.57 1.92 0.88 0.17 0.12 0.76 1.36 1.51 2.37 0.36 1.91 1.67 1.65 0.17 1.78 0.20 0.48 0.25 1.77 0.72 0.62 1.14 0.36 0.93 0.

05 1.45 2.90 0.00 1.82 0.59 1.02 0.04 0.24 0.89 0.05 0.07 0.90 1.32 0.96 1.78 1.35 2.97 0.62 1.99 0.96 1.19 2.23 0.76 0.21 1.94 1.94 0.02 1.30 0.50 1.74 0.15 1.02 0.76 0.54 0.46 1.83 1.42 0.77 0.80 1.86 1.63 2.16 0.74 0.72 1.99 0.49 0.64 0.14 1.99 1.75 0.79 0.16 0.96 1.6 1.68 1.97 1.94 0.45 0.33 1.25 1.63 1.25 0.54 1.01 1.82 1.00 1.83 -2.82 1.75 0.19 0.99 1.77 1.54 0.57 1.93 0.62 1.48 0.39 1.62 1.82 0.39 -1.15 0.0 47.71 0.76 1.93 1.69 0.10 0.71 0.15 1.70 0.83 0.37 1.71 1.6 0.98 1.68 0.27 16.19 0.27 1.23 0.07 0.77 0.90 0.95 1.54 0.90 0.69 0.18 0.07 0.05 0.57 0.24 1.87 2.80 0.43 1.92 1.73 0.46 1.29 0.94 0.57 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 138 422 463 026 104 938 358 088 42.23 1.68 0.61 1.77 1.19 1.60 2.19 1.13 1.05 0.63 1.38 0.52 0.76 0.57 1.59 1.29 0.64 0.15 1.92 0.94 0.80 1.94 0.73 0.30 1.95 0.99 0.01 0.85 1.41 2.36 0.55 0.22 1.99 0.3 1.20 0.01 0.98 0.82 0.15 0.52 0.00 0.55 0.99 0.87 0.07 0.37 1.81 0.96 1.93 0.65 1.22 0.44 0.98 0.98 0.02 0.59 0.03 0.75 0.73 0.67 1.84 1.80 0.15 1.28 1.00 0.85 0.95 1.87 1.09 1.32 0.01 1.89 0.61 0.97 0.75 0.3 10.97 0.84 1.21 0.10 3.39 0.71 0.90 0.14 1.5 452 784 577 684 222 614 355 070 19.17 0.95 0.13 1.00 0.02 0.76 0.82 1.36 0.24 1.08 44.59 0.5 348 670 413 364 149 687 263 677 14.58 -0.19 0.12 1.0 1.10 1.57 1.83 1.15 1.25 0.20 0.98 1.00 1.53 142 235 518 062 109 699 408 363 42.60 0.0 1.16 0.36 0.00 1.00 1.18 0.13 1.68 1.15 1.53 0.00 0.12 1.91 2.94 0.15 0.85 0.87 0.04 0.78 0.76 1.07 1.75 0.81 1.55 0.90 1.25 1.65 2.29 0.34 1.79 2.27 0.17 0.05 0.46 2.43 2.42 1.41 1.36 0.71 0.77 0.10 1.77 0.69 1.66 1.67 0.87 0.91 0.64 0.16 0.82 1.17 0.08 0.84 1.76 1.01 0.25 0.03 0.02 2.19 1.43 1.15 1.50 2.94 1.07 1.57 -0.81 0.06 1.62 0.66 0.07 0.92 years % 43.51 2.91 1.0 0.0 29.79 0.2 1.37 0.04 2.25 1.86 1.05 1.00 0.70 0.82 0.98 0.71 1.92 0.97 0.86 1.31 1.62 1.60 0.00 0.65 0.72 1.27 0.96 0.74 1.91 1.82 0.44 0.26 1.25 0.17 0.23 0.70 0.74 0.81 -0.16 0.88 1.65 0.90 1.73 0.90 1.01 1.56 0.55 0.57 0.72 0.34 1.65 0.85 1.01 14.73 0.36 0.98 0.15 2.69 0.23 0.87 0.62 0.09 1.03 0.76 0.94 0.87 0.8 31.84 1.27 1.68 0.83 1.96 1.96 1.50 0.46 0.92 2.99 0.01 1.27 1.23 1.80 0.78 0.84 0.02 3.92 0.93 2.00 1.27 0.79 0.81 1.99 0.71 1.68 0.37 1.73 0.90 1.81 1.78 0.72 1.02 2.91 1.06 0.95 0.78 0.77 0.87 0.70 0.72 0.96 1.76 0.82 3.03 0.45 0.97 0.28 0.09 0.34 0.77 0.00 0.07 0.02 1.08 0.09 1.27 1.30 1.86 0.87 1.92 0.92 0.74 0.02 0.44 3.90 0.22 1.39 1.60 1.01 0.23 years % 44.33 2.11 1.76 0.76 0.99 0.68 1.82 0.68 0.51 0.91 0.79 1.08 0.82 1.82 0.30 0.72 1.51 2.17 -0.00 0.08 0.39 1.38 0.22 0.63 56 119 59 666 0 0 0.23 1.68 0.75 0.82 0.38 1.11 1.90 EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 56 775 4 901 3 463 953 485 51 874 15.81 1.95 1.33 0.90 0.45 0.73 1.17 1.62 0.08 1.50 0.97 1.53 0.63 1.86 1.00 0.04 1.54 1.18 2.85 0.48 1.36 0.23 1.75 1.00 0.95 1.99 1.36 0.00 1.00 1.57 1.33 1.39 1.05 0.36 1.09 0.7 6.97 0.68 0.50 1.43 1.54 0.88 0.57 1.19 0.38 0.46 1.68 1.86 1.00 0.22 0.05 1.07 1.59 1.17 0.97 0.86 0.25 0.61 1.15 0.05 1.10 0.92 0.62 1.53 1.39 2.01 0.76 1.48 0.76 0.00 0.93 0.88 1.06 0.02 0.85 0.76 0.65 0.95 1.47 0.88 1.06 1.08 0.16 0.30 0.11 0.00 0.20 % % % Non-ruminants farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 371 534 491 778 189 668 302 110 17.00 0.37 0.90 1.40 1.46 0.29 0.77 0.27 2.67 0.98 1.09 0.83 -0.63 0.38 0.90 1.80 0.59 0.66 0.00 1.92 1.01 0.26 0.60 0.04 1.04 2.59 1.33 0.75 0.93 1.87 1.82 0.58 1.85 0.94 1.90 1.11 1.82 1.05 0.02 0.94 0.91 1.33 0.08 1.11 0.20 0.68 0.95 1.88 1.12 0.00 0.30 1.00 0.36 1.63 0.20 1.00 0.63 1.77 0.37 -1.90 2.23 0.90 0.92 0.24 1.28 0.53 1.96 0.79 1.92 1.04 0.75 0.88 1.02 1.72 1.29 2.0 0.53 0.87 0.78 0.44 1.01 1.23 1.86 0.58 1.07 1.74 1.70 0.87 0.48 0.40 1.72 0.97 0.04 1.28 2.79 0.99 1.63 1.76 0.37 1.83 1.90 -1.86 1.48 0.57 0.56 0.60 0.82 0.92 0.58 0.86 0.71 % 44.91 0.9 36.01 0.54 0.58 0.84 0.48 1.30 1.54 1.60 1.18 2.28 0.30 1.34 1.99 1.61 0.78 0.25 2.31 1.84 1.31 1.69 0.68 -0.88 0.59 1.87 2.4 5.61 0.68 0.00 0.24 0.92 0.56 1.77 0.68 0.03 0.46 -0.03 0.38 1.07 0.63 0.38 0.61 0.71 1.35 1.10 0.21 0.35 0.88 1.48 2.93 0.88 0.66 1.40 0.24 1.09 0.26 0.04 1.16 1.59 0.84 0.49 1.75 1.60 0.6 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE 362 992 386 434 164 489 221 945 15.44 0.48 -0.77 1.89 0.39 2.96 0.57 1.13 1.78 0.02 1.04 1.21 0.93 0.38 1.06 0.02 1.01 0.03 0.43 0.17 1.05 1.14 1.22 0.53 0.25 0.61 0.94 1.87 1.02 1.81 1.72 1.38 0.83 0.06 1.28 0.14 1.63 -0.09 1.86 1.89 0.44 2.11 0.12 0.36 1.17 1.20 1.72 0.99 1.85 1.13 0.77 1.20 0.65 0.07 0.88 0.32 0.82 1.39 0.92 1.33 0.85 1.91 0.20 1.43 0.00 0.4 7.68 0.75 0.79 0.06 0.48 1.32 0.79 0.87 0.23 0.13 1.30 1.12 1.88 0.57 1.06 1.90 1.92 1.34 1.8 9.05 0.85 1.0 46.08 0.09 0.12 0.58 0.94 0.63 0.99 1.82 0.71 0.67 0.85 1.02 1.15 1.2 1.30 1.77 0.93 2.87 0.03 0.39 1.68 1.95 0.85 -0.12 1.45 0.11 0.04 1.68 0.08 1.66 2.06 0.05 0.84 0.99 1.06 1.60 0.44 EUR EUR EUR 100 503 102 200 0 0 65 859 80 165 101 481 0 0 0 0.5 445 086 701 061 323 559 377 503 18.71 0.29 0.99 0.95 0.7 8.89 0.48 3.13 0.95 1.57 1.05 0.11 0.28 1.88 1.64 0.48 1.20 1.95 0.62 0.98 0.36 0.21 1.27 1.17 1.46 1.33 1.88 1.53 2.95 1.18 0.19 1.69 0.17 0.00 1.70 1.35 1.87 1.79 1.65 0.17 1.37 0.08 0.37 0.05 0.85 2.00 0.00 0.05 1.86 0.01 1.08 2.92 1.88 0.02 1.98 0.69 1.17 1.62 1.4 367 893 267 390 100 503 24 606 75 897 26 448 21 490 54 521 28 189 6 681 9 661 13 790 12 875 4 003 4 852 5 972 5 324 2 482 4 423 6 489 7 433 195 386 1 329 118 19 767 11 829 40 731 15 314 7.09 0.93 0.43 0.27 0.04 1.99 1.30 1.64 0.49 1.56 1.52 1.66 0.57 1.45 0.25 0.80 1.62 1.44 0.69 0.08 0.00 1.24 0.1 1.95 0.76 1.57 1.29 0.03 1.64 0.48 0.82 1.04 0.05 0.67 0.05 1.17 0.94 0.80 1.24 2.85 0.85 0.38 1.90 0.39 1.24 0.26 1.58 1.98 0.78 0.14 67 202 67 355 66 377 50 929 51 564 23 711 26 371 28 322 28 789 26 914 22 376 23 802 25 123 24 379 23 292 1 248 2 162 2 964 3 610 3 325 87 407 235 800 298 43 491 40 984 38 055 22 141 24 651 45.96 1.54 0.42 0.43 0.46 0.17 0.12 1.00 0.07 1.25 0.76 0.73 0.97 0.85 1.13 1.67 0.36 0.76 0.51 0.25 0.67 0.06 0.45 1.52 2.51 0.04 1.87 0.30 0.76 1.65 2.86 1.74 0.28 0.76 0.15 1.55 1.97 0.55 0.92 2.76 0.85 0.81 0.99 0.27 1.37 0.26 0.86 0.71 0.21 1.58 1.93 1.01 1.05 1.82 1.16 17.2 355 351 381 195 466 574 457 961 253 151 315 337 386 409 356 480 102 200 65 859 80 165 101 481 24 855 29 984 31 086 38 526 77 344 35 874 49 079 62 955 0.04 1.72 0.13 2.65 0.67 0.65 0.41 0.69 1.90 0.5 40.24 0.46 1.20 1.87 1.72 1.18 0.62 1.0 43.45 0.09 1.96 1.69 0.0 % % OECD FOOD.76 0.06 1.96 0.94 0.14 1.58 0.32 1.76 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Beef and sheep farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 2004 124 130 429 431 100 833 328 599 42.77 1.0 44.42 1.82 1.92 1.34 0.25 0.12 0.27 1.27 0.13 0.80 0.18 0.94 0.75 0.00 0.88 0.46 0.33 0.62 0.46 0.65 1.00 1.32 1.83 0.76 0.54 0.16 1.63 0.77 1.13 1.74 0.12 0.51 1.61 1.24 0.55 0.56 1.14 0.86 1.18 0.31 1.23 0.95 0.98 0.17 0.61 -0.90 0.14 1.64 1.71 1.55 0.20 0.00 0.52 3.00 0.34 0.69 -0.02 1.29 0.38 1.16 1.01 0.98 0.07 0.16 1.55 0.07 1.87 0.09 0.84 1.05 1.77 1.77 0.62 1.40 0.83 0.32 1.84 0.51 0.96 0.94 1.19 1.07 0.01 1.28 0.11 0.01 0.17 1.12 0.50 0.02 0.83 1.88 1.13 0.37 0.56 1.13 0.76 1.79 0.86 1.79 -0.41 -0.59 0.14 0.02 0.19 0.62 1.4 147 842 164 792 184 201 171 024 164 332 98 303 100 962 117 204 114 905 104 666 49 538 63 831 66 998 56 119 59 666 15 424 16 397 18 647 19 106 20 754 34 115 47 434 48 351 37 013 38 912 0.86 0.57 1.94 0.67 0.78 0.97 1.89 0.86 1.79 1.85 0.09 1.53 1.49 1.39 1.52 -2.72 1.11 0.45 0.49 1.54 0.09 0.71 0.88 0.55 0.35 0.17 1.91 1.77 0.10 0.93 1.33 0.92 1.96 1.68 0.77 0.05 0.85 1.54 -0.89 1.02 -0.53 1.13 0.76 1.78 1.22 1.78 1.69 1.75 0.33 0.96 2.29 1.00 1.27 2.81 0.38 1.01 2.03 1.82 1.02 1.9 1.96 1.44 0.58 1.27 1.99 1.78 3.80 1.91 0.72 1.40 0.02 0.94 1.88 1.56 2.04 0.79 0.63 0.84 1.07 1.51 0.01 1.68 0.17 0.76 0.27 0.28 0.67 0.75 1.05 1.98 1.86 1.92 0.79 0.21 1.66 1.78 0.15 0.60 1.28 0.19 -0.04 1.63 0.38 0.19 1.83 0.92 2.88 1.77 0.55 0.5 1.90 0.63 0.51 1.30 0.00 1.90 1.38 0.05 1.10 1.95 0.53 0.43 1.91 2.26 1.71 0.00 1.24 1.08 1.96 0.20 0.25 1. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .98 0.97 1.69 1.94 0.13 1.25 1.25 1.28 0.18 0.22 0.09 2.45 0.28 0.20 1.90 0.60 1.05 1.30 0.95 1.99 1.91 0.54 1.06 0.63 0.42 49 538 0 63 831 0 66 998 0 EUR 6 567 21 582 5 616 10 130 20 480 -0.01 0.05 0.78 0.87 0.55 0.68 0.48 0.62 -0.20 0.27 0.87 1.6 11.41 1.82 1.95 0.40 1.37 0.16 0.85 0.00 0.21 1.77 0.84 0.00 1.97 0.92 -2.75 0.26 0.92 1.92 1.94 0.58 0.69 1.55 0.92 0.38 0.68 0.32 0.33 0.08 1.96 1.23 0.96 1.83 1.16 0.77 2.95 1.39 0.96 1.88 0.14 1.09 0.75 0.81 1.98 2.11 2.69 1.16 -0.14 1.10 0.27 2.93 0.11 0.73 1.20 0.81 0.87 1.80 0.80 1.22 1.76 0.71 0.90 0.32 1.96 1.54 0.40 0.04 1.95 0.87 0.82 0.88 2.88 0.44 1.91 0.09 0.93 0.22 0.87 1.77 0.27 0.48 1.52 0.44 1.13 0.98 0.13 0.45 0.87 1.76 1.27 0.73 0.44 0.35 1.46 1.86 0.75 0.56 1.65 0.18 1.00 0.63 0.98 0.15 1.83 1.92 0.37 2.9 46.17 0.58 1.17 0.42 0.22 0.16 1.47 1.42 1.39 0.83 0.43 0.08 2.68 0.38 0.13 0.91 0.45 0.89 0.86 1.84 0.01 1.74 1.05 1.88 1.09 1.69 1.91 2.98 0.37 2.77 1.81 0.13 1.73 0.23 1.49 -0.53 155 879 513 772 116 479 397 293 43.72 0.78 0.21 0.48 1.45 0.89 0.55 0.83 1.57 1.01 1.62 0.93 0.17 0.04 0.67 0.12 0.59 0.51 1.96 1.35 0.6 1.64 0.04 1.60 0.73 0.37 1.71 1.21 0.92 0.72 1.00 0.07 1.83 0.89 0.05 0.33 1.97 1.29 0.96 1.89 0.77 1.77 0.71 0.10 0.75 0.06 0.24 1.72 1.30 0.59 1.45 0.28 1.06 1.92 -2.31 -0.54 0.44 0.41 1.87 0.08 0.62 0.34 0.84 0.03 0.91 0.57 1.25 0.25 1.55 0.90 0.02 1.79 1.25 1.13 1.13 0.69 0.26 0.59 0.20 0.05 0.57 0.01 1.22 1.89 0.76 1.60 2.56 -0.24 1.28 1.41 0.05 1.26 1.12 0.76 3.96 1.17 1.51 0.39 0.24 1.55 0.15 1.05 1.71 1.79 -2.00 1.82 0.80 0.96 0.06 0.53 1.93 1.57 1.53 3.88 0.01 0.06 0.59 1.03 1.78 1.63 1.74 0.50 1.58 1.60 2.62 1.43 1.19 0.23 1.57 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 137 418 536 414 127 642 408 772 42.45 0.29 0.00 0.59 5.52 0.13 1.33 0.99 0.44 0.82 1.20 1.54 0.10 1.46 1.93 1.88 0.00 0.72 1.89 0.00 0.05 0.63 0.82 0.79 0.45 0.77 -0.67 -0.33 0.83 0.67 0.47 0.01 0.10 0.45 0.06 1.96 1.98 0.39 1.93 1.65 1.05 0.28 0.01 1.91 0.25 1.95 0.67 0.13 0.90 1.99 0.38 0.46 0.91 1.68 0.55 0.95 0.04 1.12 0.56 1.32 1.29 0.34 1.53 0.67 0.99 0.82 0.90 1.99 0.41 1.33 1.02 1.79 0.77 0.32 0.98 1.58 1.48 1.90 0.85 0.48 0.82 1.31 1.84 1.00 1.03 0.26 1.05 1.89 0.91 0.83 0.09 0.38 EUR -10 124 9 896 33 911 24 082 76 144 0.63 0.91 0.50 14.94 0.04 1.74 0.09 1.97 1.05 1.75 0.02 1.16 1.18 0.80 0.56 0.95 0.71 1.66 0.38 0.20 0.49 0.75 0.91 1.83 0.25 0.99 0.29 1.98 1.94 0.61 0.78 0.53 0.68 1.88 1.95 1.00 -0.02 1.79 0.93 0.48 2.67 0.63 1.93 2.80 1.94 1.42 1.14 2.16 0.19 1.63 0.98 0.91 1.55 0.42 0.38 0.93 0.07 1.25 1.26 1.0 45.01 0.38 0.03 1.62 0.41 1.23 0.04 1.26 0.91 1.63 0.44 1.15 1.88 1.20 0.89 0.98 1.24 0.76 0.48 0.11 1.90 0.75 1.84 0.50 0.23 0.35 1.

00 0.63 0.20 1.58 0.37 1.34 2.00 0.49 0.18 1.41 1.27 0.10 0.46 0.99 0.16 1.55 2.38 -0.94 0.20 0.49 0.65 0.02 1.00 1.17 1.20 1.71 0.92 1.75 1.04 1.17 0.59 0.74 0.36 -0.0 0.59 1.67 2.64 0.21 EUR EUR EUR 290 964 391 494 174 478 217 017 1.75 0.83 0.78 0.49 0.86 0.86 1.09 1.61 1.41 0.27 0.99 1.89 0.00 0.91 1.64 -1.29 -1.85 0.84 0.13 1.85 0.29 1.17 1.99 0.92 0.93 0.66 1.71 0.11 1.01 1.11 0.26 1.84 0.93 0.60 1.88 1.17 0.21 -1.00 0.75 1.60 EUR -7 187 -16 796 -8 915 -14 402 11 822 3.82 0.98 0.05 1.25 1.82 1.01 0.40 0.49 0.82 0.37 0.23 0.04 1.81 2.83 0.35 0.75 0.0 % % OECD FOOD.75 0.85 1.83 0.13 1.26 1.55 0.12 0.97 0.77 0.72 1.15 1.46 0.93 1.81 0.53 1.19 1.84 0.74 1.75 0.84 1.96 0.52 0.19 0.86 1.30 5.16 1.14 1.15 0.72 1.08 1.15 0.00 1.47 0.02 0.42 0.56 2.69 1.45 1.56 0.83 1.48 1.97 1.56 0.10 1.92 0.76 0.91 0.91 1.74 0.77 0.77 0.34 2.24 0.82 1.66 -5.08 -0.18 0.52 0.61 1.78 0.34 0.58 1.27 1.61 0.35 1.74 0.80 -0.55 0.07 1.15 0.98 0.52 0.75 0.30 1.54 1.69 0.59 0.46 0.30 0.10 2.95 0.30 1.74 0.86 0.09 1.28 -1.76 1.97 0.83 3.71 0.55 0.02 1.03 0.29 0.28 1.91 1.80 1.85 1.68 0.08 0.70 0.79 1.89 -0.74 0.12 0.18 1.67 1.64 1.74 1.97 0.60 0.04 1.43 1.64 1.73 1.69 1.31 0.68 0.0 47.75 1.58 0.97 1.12 2.81 1.27 0.17 0.17 0.0 17.65 1.52 0.41 1.00 1.99 0.99 2.83 1.99 0.23 0.09 1.50 1.26 1.83 0.16 1.50 1.24 1.73 -0.91 1.27 1.98 1.54 0.13 1.42 0.89 0.41 0.94 0.50 0.99 1.67 0.97 1.02 1.12 0.75 0.99 1.07 1.76 0.35 0.67 0.56 0.35 0.50 0.64 0.80 0.56 0.16 0.39 0.39 1.43 2.49 0.57 0.82 0.46 0.97 1.37 0.60 0.30 1.82 0.20 1.04 1.67 0.61 1.73 0.23 0.26 1.73 1.08 0.78 2.84 0.00 0.86 0.42 1.82 2.20 1.19 0.14 0.04 1.15 4.80 0.15 1.55 1.14 0.48 0.35 0.55 1.89 0.04 0.77 0.97 1.98 1.82 0.54 1.50 0.06 1.91 1.27 2.75 1.49 0.29 0.11 0.41 0.40 0.04 1.15 1.55 0.68 1.73 1.8 236 826 263 353 272 904 265 679 149 658 173 434 189 104 184 865 87 168 89 918 83 801 80 814 23 058 25 529 28 899 31 060 64 111 64 389 54 902 49 755 1.31 0.60 0.64 0.57 0.33 1.57 0.99 0.11 0.89 0.66 1.90 14.38 1.01 0.17 0.1 2.56 1.43 1.72 0.50 1.00 0.90 0.23 1.53 0.99 0.75 1.56 1.70 0.54 1.45 1.98 1.24 0.00 0.95 0.86 0.02 0.27 0.88 0.68 0.28 0.58 0.35 1.82 2.08 0.45 0.79 2.88 0.20 0.93 0.02 0.55 1.97 1.03 0.06 1.83 -1.65 0.63 0.15 1.40 0.05 1.32 0.35 1.75 1.85 4.05 0.25 1.69 2.58 1.98 1.80 2.49 6.06 1.57 1.18 1.51 1.76 1.55 1.58 0.04 1.53 0.03 0.72 1.84 -0.86 0.52 0.75 0.11 0.18 0.57 % 47.80 1.87 0.83 1.81 0.27 0.92 0.96 1.95 0.91 1.04 0.62 1.54 0.54 0.35 1.75 3.89 0.14 0.37 0.85 1.12 1.09 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 69 740 87 168 0 0 89 918 83 801 80 814 0 0 0 0.97 0.82 0.18 1.74 1.08 1.73 0.17 1.22 0.89 1.63 0.88 1.72 0.94 0.98 0.96 1.93 0.69 1.36 0.06 0.36 1.64 0.67 1.01 0.59 1.33 1.62 0.87 15.29 1.42 0.94 1.80 0.86 0.28 0.09 1.88 1.50 0.47 0.58 0.80 0.24 1.79 0.93 1.60 0.58 1.02 0.76 0.88 0.11 0.99 1.39 0.71 -0.95 1.74 0.15 1.21 0.58 1.75 1.59 1.40 0.30 0.02 0.04 0.23 1.59 0.76 0.37 0.48 1.97 0.56 0.18 2.75 1.01 0.93 0.08 0.09 3.74 0.81 1.21 1.74 2.00 0.95 1.89 0.44 0.72 0.75 0.61 1.96 -1.48 1.64 0.66 2.33 0.03 1.77 0.76 0.54 1.86 0.32 -0.26 0.13 0.7 7.0 47.58 0.09 1.01 0.85 1.44 1.57 1.00 0.02 0.68 0.29 0.42 0.96 EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 8 866 2 598 158 2 264 175 6 268 3.18 0.54 1.23 1.84 1.96 0.23 0.52 1.45 0.70 0.09 1.8 1.63 1.24 1.53 0.09 -0.27 0.84 1.82 0.29 0.94 0.83 1.06 0.63 0.20 1.77 1.71 0.73 0.85 1.61 0.14 0.17 1.33 1.53 0.66 1.80 1.05 1.43 0.68 0.00 0.40 1.56 0.96 0.60 1.47 1.42 -1.83 1.04 0.90 1.18 1.20 0.92 3.09 0.66 1.93 -0.92 247 651 613 373 135 953 477 420 41.82 0.88 1.04 0.03 1.80 0.15 1.93 1.50 1.55 0.63 0.09 1.86 1.62 1.91 years % 46.72 0.71 0.91 1.59 0.09 -1.92 0.56 1.80 0.90 0.77 0.00 0.22 0.02 0.50 0.82 0.92 1.92 1.81 0.77 1.87 0.17 1.87 0.71 1.42 0.99 0.01 0.63 0.03 1.15 1.29 1.04 1.43 1.28 0.59 1.01 0.59 1.19 0.63 0.33 0.13 0.11 0.84 0.42 1.06 1.67 1.96 1.49 0.48 1.57 1.78 0.99 0.72 0.74 1.35 1.25 0.86 -0.71 0.56 0.0 % % Nursery/Greenhouses/Floriculture farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE 229 012 338 052 154 144 183 908 1.65 1.86 0.11 1.04 1.95 0.26 0.13 0.14 1.99 -0.36 0.24 0.90 2.99 1.10 2.63 0.33 1.32 0.54 0.79 0.54 0.24 1.99 1.71 0.5 15.64 0.02 0.68 0.33 -0.64 1.97 1.66 0.36 1.88 4.83 1.23 0.61 1.69 1. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .77 1.59 1.25 0.84 1.03 1.97 1.23 1.14 0.54 0.42 0.96 0.46 1.55 0.0 284 983 295 625 336 940 331 088 203 230 209 674 243 848 240 117 81 752 85 951 93 093 90 971 35 675 40 153 45 380 49 261 46 077 45 797 47 713 41 710 0.77 1.66 0.87 1.37 7.82 0.20 0.25 -0.34 1.96 0.28 0.65 0.27 0.71 0.00 2.75 0.29 1.73 1.60 1.40 0.87 0.08 1.05 1.56 0.14 -0.93 -0.06 2.91 0.75 1.66 0.92 0.50 0.76 0.49 1.83 0.84 0.46 0.70 1.84 1.99 0.33 1.34 0.81 1.80 1.94 1.90 1.58 0.63 0.86 1.94 0.52 1.75 0.19 1.17 0.80 1.39 1.92 1.22 0.54 1.60 0.24 1.51 0.56 3.99 0.00 0.45 1.91 0.02 0.93 0.68 0.04 0.51 0.10 1.93 0.80 0.62 1.53 0.12 0.39 1.72 0.30 0.30 1.57 1.03 1.60 1.93 0.72 1.70 0.35 0.55 0.27 1.93 0.04 1.14 1.12 0.85 1.30 1.37 1.75 0.14 1.06 -22.48 0.64 0.27 1.66 0.30 1.45 0.24 1.04 0.42 1.18 1.51 1.78 1.00 0.69 -0.74 0.96 0.85 1.74 0.84 0.43 -0.67 0.86 1.66 0.94 0.68 0.63 0.27 0.85 0.09 0.92 0.77 0.86 1.93 1.76 0.00 1.64 -1.03 0.15 0.03 1.06 1.85 -0.00 1.44 1.43 1.28 -0.97 1.0 1.27 0.99 0.17 0.80 1.02 0.68 1.57 0.74 1.01 1.23 1.31 1.48 1.00 7.48 0.86 0.65 0.98 0.46 1.72 0.34 0.72 1.16 0.64 -0.52 1.69 0.17 0.2 5.81 1.04 0.05 0.96 1.14 1.66 1.99 1.31 0.8 1.12 1.89 0.11 1.77 0.96 0.38 0.39 0.44 1.09 1.93 0.11 2.43 0.00 0.71 1.23 0.00 0.78 0.16 -1.94 1.60 1.71 0.21 0.47 0.76 1.12 0.63 0.14 0.04 0.23 1.95 1.24 0.16 1.67 1.81 2.21 0.23 1.15 0.20 1.60 1.80 -0.31 0.97 0.41 0.00 1.53 1.43 0.45 0.71 0.99 1.73 0.34 0.62 2.33 1.74 0.72 0.04 1.10 1.24 0.77 1.05 1.84 0.80 0.0 0.03 0.53 0.75 2.19 1.04 1.72 0.34 0.98 0.70 1.19 2.04 0.96 1.81 0.32 1.28 1.02 0.62 1.96 1.64 0.00 1.67 1.04 1.10 1.71 0.36 1.90 0.87 3.57 0.05 1.99 0.84 1.01 1.48 2.26 1.50 0.43 0.99 0.11 1.89 0.44 EUR EUR EUR 241 956 608 527 147 508 461 019 40.97 1.73 0.49 0.39 12.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 77 Mixed farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE 202 774 479 707 132 339 347 368 35.59 1.52 0.92 1.97 1.91 0.81 1.04 1.66 1.75 1.31 0.59 1.71 1.87 0.48 0.46 0.29 1.19 1.44 0.63 3.80 0.32 1.78 1.80 0.21 0.29 4.50 0.23 0.33 0.77 1.57 1.43 0.62 0.66 0.11 0.06 1.01 -1.27 0.09 0.45 0.68 0.00 1.77 1.01 1.94 0.77 2.03 1.63 0.82 0.53 0.07 0.60 3.20 0.94 0.76 0.84 1.04 1.35 2.43 % 45.05 0.48 0.79 0.73 1.78 1.02 1.20 1.77 1.85 0.83 1.52 0.00 1.64 0.43 0.71 1.04 0.66 1.48 0.45 1.50 0.28 0.45 0.63 1.46 0.93 0.39 0.39 1.78 0.56 0.11 1.37 1.89 1.85 2.7 2.61 1.73 0.14 0.03 1.42 0.6 215 918 146 178 69 740 24 044 45 696 44 893 44 796 45 003 41 947 17 995 21 396 25 253 23 968 15 061 16 551 17 113 18 392 2 294 4 473 5 752 5 286 640 372 2 388 291 26 898 23 399 19 750 17 979 19.58 1.68 0.36 329 695 434 334 173 926 260 408 1.03 1.79 0.84 0.56 0.89 1.17 1.83 0.13 0.33 0.64 1.72 0.18 1.70 2.23 0.48 1.11 0.16 1.08 0.94 1.26 1.88 0.62 0.80 0.76 0.82 0.08 1.06 1.66 0.67 0.88 1.89 1.97 0.88 0.35 1.69 0.94 0.00 0.61 0.20 1.97 0.20 1.79 0.29 EUR -3 368 21 198 30 704 8 039 2 332 1.09 1.87 0.16 1.12 0.25 1.82 1.62 0.44 years % 47.87 0.97 1.63 0.73 0.99 1.29 0.59 1.12 1.16 0.26 0.66 0.17 0.55 0.21 1.01 0.86 1.08 0.73 1.95 0.86 1.13 0.94 1.16 1.33 1.39 1.20 0.25 1.91 1.14 1.98 0.66 0.36 1.97 0.62 1.06 0.60 0.29 46.45 0.66 1.44 0.98 0.33 0.29 0.13 1.17 1.57 0.93 0.97 0.33 0.90 0.77 0.01 1.63 1.33 1.63 0.60 1.13 0.53 0.50 0.93 1.70 1.40 0.94 0.63 0.70 1.12 1.58 2.75 0.80 0.71 0.63 0.60 0.18 1.90 0.78 1.43 1.59 1.69 1.70 1.49 1.53 0.01 0.07 1.72 1.36 0.15 1.30 0.04 1.32 0.51 0.15 0.21 0.55 1.45 0.20 0.63 0.30 0.10 0.85 1.84 1.22 0.13 0.30 0.58 1.59 0.81 0.63 1.76 1.09 1.87 0.89 1.49 2.73 0.99 1.56 2.84 4.59 1.73 0.23 0.39 0.79 0.13 1.97 2.86 1.40 0.85 1.09 0.94 1.68 0.36 1.03 0.31 0.93 0.05 0.64 1.16 1.12 0.77 0.75 0.26 2.73 0.94 1.84 0.86 0.63 0.00 0.91 1.85 0.60 0.10 1.92 0.73 0.88 1.76 1.22 0.20 1.62 0.36 0.72 0.34 0.97 1.04 0.01 0.55 0.14 0.72 1.68 0.98 1.83 0.17 1.22 1.74 0.06 1.07 1.14 1.12 0.10 0.75 0.71 1.5 6.92 0.05 0.09 1.73 1.97 0.30 1.15 0.63 0.78 1.35 1.02 1.68 -0.85 0.42 1.45 1.67 0.04 1.11 0.77 1.64 1.27 1.92 1.94 0.0 47.06 1.93 1.15 0.01 1.03 0.11 1.39 0.17 0.65 1.93 1.33 0.64 1.67 0.24 0.84 0.58 0.34 1.09 0.22 1.40 0.44 3.35 0.01 0.88 1.64 0.88 1.41 1.74 1.64 0.02 0.64 -0.12 0.74 1.12 0.69 0.45 1.28 0.79 0.96 0.44 1.79 1.44 1.33 1.66 0.02 1.19 281 110 351 779 160 308 191 471 1.92 0.88 0.84 0.60 1.86 0.29 1.21 0.68 0.74 0.25 0.83 0.31 6.14 1.26 1.15 1.40 0.76 0.20 0.86 0.95 0.86 0.50 0.84 1.50 0.01 1.19 7.21 1.06 1.77 1.73 0.44 0.96 1.83 0.40 1.82 1.02 1.67 0.60 1.27 1.89 0.87 0.20 321 887 467 586 196 252 271 334 1.73 1.84 0.96 1.52 1.97 0.94 0.11 0.97 2.83 0.00 0.84 0.19 1.05 0.53 0.39 1.05 0.81 1.46 0.52 0.96 0.44 1.65 0.15 0.8 231 610 177 620 53 990 32 630 21 360 9 869 19 790 24 095 16 684 3 873 4 660 7 245 9 200 91 12 42 27 3 129 3 185 5 753 7 648 652 1 464 1 451 1 525 5 996 15 129 16 850 7 484 3.69 1.65 0.79 0.99 0.07 1.63 0.28 0.93 0.20 0.60 1.60 0.60 0.86 0.92 1.68 1.88 1.44 0.53 0.47 1.39 0.90 0.83 0.00 1.80 0.73 0.0 16.64 1.00 0.05 0.15 0.43 0.29 1.26 1.58 0.10 1.30 0.31 1.89 1.42 1.24 1.59 1.85 0.22 1.21 0.06 0.75 1.21 0.52 0.67 0.38 9.17 0.00 1.48 0.82 0.35 2.63 1.36 1.60 1.51 1.44 0.54 1.85 0.71 0.43 0.01 1.43 1.67 0.06 1.23 2.19 0.69 1.39 46.11 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 53 990 81 752 0 0 85 951 93 093 90 971 0 0 0 0.91 0.09 0.84 1.04 1.77 0.20 0.82 0.92 1.67 1.93 1.84 1.49 0.87 1.66 1.21 1.51 0.00 0.04 2.36 2.36 0.98 1.45 0.44 1.37 0.07 1.92 1.04 1.89 0.86 0.35 0.72 0.17 0.20 0.16 0.96 0.81 0.48 1.57 1.33 1.62 0.41 1.14 0.94 0.99 1.62 0.34 0.96 0.40 1.74 1.90 0.48 0.48 1.97 0.53 0.02 0.84 0.10 0.61 0.84 1.97 0.0 47.07 0.98 1.86 0.67 0.12 0.69 2.70 1.68 4.80 1.02 0.08 2.79 1.68 0.03 0.61 1.54 1.40 1.25 1.84 4.88 0.53 0.60 0.65 1.93 0.75 0.03 0.02 0.96 1.53 1.13 2.80 1.74 0.88 241 711 646 434 152 297 494 137 44.18 0.71 0.91 0.77 0.92 0.71 0.97 13.07 0.39 1.72 1.41 0.38 0.55 0.26 0.06 0.07 1.71 0.83 1.97 0.10 1.26 1.44 1.64 1.00 1.68 0.09 1.22 1.64 1.83 0.72 0.69 0.84 0.08 1.07 1.78 0.99 1.50 0.45 0.01 0.17 1.19 0.02 1.52 2.41 1.94 3.32 0.11 1.73 1.01 0.84 218 831 543 098 143 939 399 159 38.46 0.86 1.38 1.30 0.49 1.72 1.53 1.59 1.51 -0.82 0.28 1.83 0.94 1.12 EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 55 292 13 144 10 612 1 810 722 42 148 25.88 0.05 0.30 2.60 1.02 0.71 0.99 0.49 1.52 1.52 0.83 -0.91 1.20 0.88 0.47 0.46 1.24 0.65 1.95 2.87 0.21 1.75 0.14 1.91 1.28 0.83 1.25 1.32 2.16 0.96 0.15 0.85 -0.53 0.08 0.32 1.82 1.41 1.22 1.05 2.01 2.88 0.03 1.85 0.04 0.73 1.86 1.16 0.88 1.82 1.37 1.00 0.67 1.98 1.90 0.03 0.75 0.66 0.98 1.41 1.34 0.38 1.68 2.69 0.48 2.62 1.16 1.96 1.12 0.11 1.73 1.00 1.

09 0.72 1.32 0.85 0.62 0.75 0.20 1.37 0.86 0.48 0.72 0.97 1.06 1.02 1.14 0.14 1.13 1.69 0.07 1.59 3.07 1.81 1.83 0.95 0.06 1.56 0.25 1.10 -0.90 0.88 0.46 1.25 1.95 1.40 1.06 1.50 0.52 0.17 1 111 10.04 1.64 1.39 1.28 1.09 0.02 0.83 1.08 2.39 1.08 2.76 0.03 1.25 -0.9 455 423 388 726 66 697 35355 13.47 1.38 1.00 1.42 0.09 0.63 1.98 0.12 0.14 1.59 2.27 1.09 -0.83 2.96 1.38 2.98 0.06 0.7 548 163 466 693 81 470 48473 13.90 0.87 1.68 0.84 0.62 1.64 1.09 1.9 0.90 54 54 55 56 56 1.16 1.02 1.23 0.78 1.28 1.69 0.95 1.86 1.54 0.71 -0.36 -0.19 1.16 0.32 0.51 1.20 0.91 0.19 1.72 1.68 1.45 -0.57 1.96 0.51 1.37 0.98 0.00 1.97 1.18 1.86 0.74 0.65 0.06 0.17 1.00 1.00 1.52 2.43 13.72 0.17 0.16 1.92 1.71 0.16 1.39 0.17 1.08 -0.89 1.64 1.43 -0.10 1.10 -0.18 1.89 0.62 1.58 1.29 0.62 0.00 1.07 -0.56 -0.00 1.88 1.47 0.72 0.35 1.03 1.93 0.88 0.94 0.46 1.01 0.56 0.56 1.03 0.92 1.29 -0.71 0.31 -0.88 1.59 1.82 1.28 0.69 0.13 1.89 0.7 Average characteristics of high and low performers.51 0. 2004-09 All farm types Output-input ratio Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index CAD CAD CAD CAD acre FTE CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD % CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 2009 401 199 419 797 461 723 519 014 554781 1 824 308 2 117 830 2 247 849 2 410 860 2 573 233 433 222 455 816 471 213 523 865 568728 1 391 086 1 662 014 1 776 636 1 886 995 2 004 505 565 564 563 572 597 Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per farm asset Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 0.03 0.83 1.71 2.32 1.70 1.15 1.76 0.99 1.18 0.7 1.02 1.70 1.81 0.91 0.39 1.90 0.88 0.84 2.58 2.51 0.77 0.67 1.96 1.24 1.68 0.79 0.13 1.18 1.90 68 286 66 697 80 206 81 470 79 518 -0.99 0.86 0.00 1.49 1.66 0.71 0.82 2.19 0.00 1.62 2.79 1.30 2.76 1.51 0.81 1.41 0.03 1.68 0.56 -0.45 0.91 0.56 -0.20 31833 14.83 1.80 0.66 0.42 -0.00 1.38 1.23 0.58 1.91 1.47 -0.00 1.00 0.44 0.40 1.69 2.45 0.56 -0.15 0.56 2.07 0.15 0.73 1.20 0.09 1.18 0.42 0.9 453 481 370 768 82 713 3 878 5.50 0.56 -0.68 0.21 0.01 1.24 1.00 1.01 0.47 0.26 1.47 0.91 0.01 1.90 0.70 1.85 1.82 0.97 0.62 1.48 -0.17 1.85 0.14 0.86 1.34 1.96 1.90 53 53 54 55 55 1.21 62 820 30 987 30987 81 684 35 626 35626 65 166 29 811 29811 53 303 29 149 29149 76 046 27573 27 573 0.01 1.20 0.50 0.41 1.02 1.02 2.00 1.67 0.73 1.35 2.1 582354 502 836 79518 0.57 2.04 0.44 1.50 1.50 1.53 1.59 0.90 0.85 0.29 -0.79 1.09 0.58 0.20 1.48 0.20 1.01 0.52 2.7 -0.68 0.66 1.85 1.45 -0.48 -0.53 1.11 1.15 0.70 0.00 0.44 1.69 0.21 1.07 -0.19 1.37 0.35 1.45 0.38 2.95 0.65 0.60 0.46 0.28 0.80 1.23 1.50 0.00 1.33 1.18 1.44 2.04 0.22 1.59 0.30 1.80 0.43 1.16 1.78 1.96 1.96 0.00 0.72 0.94 1.29 1.97 0.71 2.18 0.81 1.93 0.64 1.76 3.00 1.37 1.19 -0. Canada.33 1.57 0.21 0.21 0.59 0.89 0.64 -0.80 2.55 1.76 0.02 1.99 0.03 1.42 15.00 1.51 -0.60 0.77 1.74 0.09 0.13 1.25 -0.70 3.00 % % CAD years % % % OECD FOOD.84 0.50 0.91 1.18 0.92 0.65 2.46 -0.70 0.62 0.09 0.83 0.76 0.90 1.94 0.77 0.08 1.17 -0.42 -0.83 2.25 1.09 1.02 1.04 0.87 0.82 1.02 1.35 1.35 1.56 -0.23 1.07 1.70 0.83 1.46 0.07 0.72 2.15 1.98 1.58 -0.71 2.72 0.06 0.16 1.58 2.30 1.05 0.18 0.48 1.48 1.28 1.73 0.76 0.45 0.04 0.06 0.98 0.78 1.69 0.44 0.58 -0.60 0.08 1.39 0.65 0.55 0.65 2.93 0.51 0.35 2.12 0.00 0.35 -0.51 0.16 1.26 0.48 0.72 1.16 0.75 1.26 0.46 1.11 1.05 0.16 1.05 0.76 0.01 1.89 1.32 0.58 1.83 0.22 1.8 0.44 1.13 0.51 1.00 1.50 1.93 0.43 1.67 1.55 0.58 1.42 -0.43 1.29 1.51 2.02 1.99 1.52 0.11 32 304 31 193 31 193 53 805 51 872 51 872 33 611 32 285 32 285 26 971 25 339 25 339 26 104 22 226 22 226 1.71 0.85 0.80 2.48 0.52 1.03 -0.21 0.00 1.42 0.64 0.5 432 186 363 900 68 286 46058 17.43 1.96 1.33 1.02 1.42 -0.14 0.98 0.30 1.9 0.02 0.12 0.60 1.96 1.02 1.66 -0.38 2.64 0.91 1.96 1.84 1.98 0.09 0.76 1.90 1.49 0.84 0.65 1.12 1.11 0.34 -0.15 1.47 1.90 55 309 54 945 85 505 82 713 78 232 -0.39 0.45 0.90 0.20 0.2 317 479 262 170 55 309 1 933 15.06 0.48 1.72 1.54 -0.60 -0.27 -0.98 1.04 -0.49 1.47 1.64 0.29 0.39 0.78 1.55 0.14 0.06 0.02 1.02 1.72 0.33 1.00 0.63 0.98 1.40 -0.81 1.56 1.33 1.00 1.11 1. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .28 -0.00 0.07 0.17 0.15 1.08 0.81 1.51 0.98 0.18 1.09 3.40 0.89 1.80 2.48 0.82 0.40 0.04 0.83 2.95 2.97 1.06 1.20 1.24 0.60 1.35 0.68 0.40 1.40 0.34 0.24 0.52 1.97 1.14 -0.84 1.65 0.12 0.89 1.93 1.00 1.82 0.19 0.51 2.72 1.88 0.66 -0.98 0.62 0.62 0.05 0.00 1.30 -0.02 1.47 0.00 1.32 -0.00 1.52 1.35 0.52 2.77 0.3 491 534 411 328 80 206 24154 9.0 0.87 1.02 1.02 1.89 1.63 -0.96 0.87 0.18 1.98 1.65 1. for selected farm types.40 0.09 1.47 1.38 0.85 0.05 2.70 0.92 1.32 -0.43 0.30 0.57 1.84 1.84 1.05 3.25 1.00 1.12 0.55 0.46 0.90 68 286 66 697 80 206 81 470 79 518 -0.29 0.50 0.59 -0.89 0.79 1.32 1.75 0.53 0.63 0.93 0.96 0.73 1.16 0.17 -0.45 0.00 0.37 1.0 357 730 302 785 54 945 1 326 8.32 -0.96 0.33 1.39 0.32 1.29 1.88 0.41 0.93 1.48 0.84 0.59 -0.26 0.51 0.13 1.6 392 279 306 774 85 505 1 632 5.71 0.23 0.53 0.23 0.37 1.73 0.52 0.02 1.42 0.31 0.08 0.0 1.62 1.50 -0.84 2.86 0.80 2.58 1.71 1.61 1.07 1.90 1.97 0.65 0.54 0.10 0.98 1.28 -0.25 0.70 0.44 0.92 0.02 1.56 -0.69 0.02 1.90 55 309 54 945 85 505 82 713 78 232 -0.52 1.64 0.33 0.17 0.00 1.96 0.41 -0.27 1.58 0.98 1.84 1.62 0.13 0.65 0.72 -0.54 -0.48 0.15 0.11 1.72 0.99 1.24 1.48 0.03 1. by performance indicator.96 0.94 0.72 1.61 0.84 0.12 1.57 1.93 0.61 1.67 0.88 0.76 0.53 1.17 1.86 1.07 1.11 1.98 -0.36 1.38 0.97 0.08 0.29 1.10 2.05 1.62 1.02 1.56 0.05 1.88 0.62 0.43 1.46 0.14 0.07 1.29 1.62 0.94 0.14 0.34 1.57 1.20 -0.61 1.02 1.92 0.17 1.91 0.04 1.85 0.98 0.00 1.90 1.02 2.06 1.65 0.63 1.00 1.83 0.26 1.38 1.35 1.49 1.82 0.13 1.15 1.97 0.48 1.13 1.96 1.33 1.63 -0.25 1.01 0.30 -0.96 0.86 1.37 1.05 1.47 1.78 1.00 1.92 0.94 1.02 1.43 0.94 0.21 1.07 0.73 1.76 0.13 0.05 -0.65 0.19 1.00 1.60 -0.07 -0.43 1.00 1.51 0.15 1.72 -0.19 -0.93 0.97 0.09 1.01 0.28 -0.07 1.95 0.03 0.66 0.38 1.58 1.13 0.10 0.11 0.7 0.35 1.67 1.18 1.85 -0.96 0.90 1.65 0.01 2.99 0.34 0.42 1.48 0.67 -0.99 1.70 0.06 1.63 0.66 0.51 0.38 2.2 500 892 422 660 78 232 0.14 0.95 0.71 0.93 1.45 0.01 0.92 0.43 0.28 0.11 0.20 -0.28 0.78 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Annex Table B.43 -0.90 1.02 1.81 1.66 0.15 1.18 1.95 1.48 0.10 0.67 1.94 0.67 1.58 0.08 0.47 0.62 0.43 1.31 -0.35 1.69 -0.46 0.02 % % CAD years % % % Field crop farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index CAD CAD CAD CAD acre FTE CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD % CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per farm asset Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 286 286 305 858 359 994 428 142 478 666 1 507 687 1 816 499 1 904 415 2 116 996 2 380 963 297 617 341 674 303 876 351 579 415 627 1 210 070 1 474 825 1 600 539 1 765 417 1 965 336 813 833 789 798 836 0.37 1.11 1.72 0.48 0.43 1.11 1.02 1.76 0.52 1.72 1.43 0.47 0.63 0.02 0.51 0.09 1.46 -0.18 1.27 -0.50 -0.17 1.02 -0.33 0.86 0.09 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.19 0.96 1.48 1.13 1.27 1.78 1.43 0.

98 0.31 -0.64 1.57 1.02 0.02 1.80 0.55 0.84 0.02 1.09 1.37 1.12 1.61 0.73 0.64 0.00 0.95 0.69 -0.36 1.47 1.34 0.54 0.86 1.98 1.06 1.84 0.17 0.09 1.73 1.91 0.14 1.21 1.02 % % CAD years % % % OECD FOOD.78 0.40 1.60 0.98 0.28 1.84 0.20 1.10 1.11 1.98 1.00 1.78 0.82 1.62 1.89 1.03 1.26 -0.98 0.28 0.70 0.53 0.89 0.02 1.08 1.44 1.75 0.32 0.75 3.98 1.36 1.73 1.40 1.14 1.80 0.98 1.99 1.18 0.17 0.56 1.40 0.86 0.38 0.21 1.01 0.79 1.31 0.01 0.04 1.95 1.29 1.50 0.25 1.55 0.75 0.18 1.48 1.60 0.98 1.20 1.02 0.95 1.29 1.28 0.44 1.36 0.63 1.87 53 55 54 55 56 1.23 1.60 0.34 1.34 0.76 0.56 1.48 0.09 0.86 0.46 8.33 1.17 -0.32 0.59 0.26 1.10 1.00 0.62 0.71 1.30 1.33 1.00 1.70 0.00 0.75 0.68 2.66 1.60 0.15 1.87 0.63 0.39 1.34 0.66 1.32 1.06 0.33 0.66 1.00 1.29 1.53 2.38 1.06 1.55 1.01 1.51 1.62 0.64 0.98 1.91 0.28 1.36 1.45 0.71 0.81 2.56 0.08 0.05 0.21 1.17 0.97 0.55 1.86 0.00 0.50 -0.34 1.85 1.13 0.58 1.42 1.27 1.62 2.23 0.00 1.14 1.00 0.36 0.53 0.72 0.59 0.91 0.32 0.35 0.03 1.18 1.56 0.75 0.99 1.54 0.01 1.85 1.82 1.17 0.73 1.02 1.53 0.02 0.41 1.63 0.98 1.54 -1.00 0.00 1.07 1.55 1.46 0.28 0.84 1.70 0.42 0.43 0.67 1.52 0.06 0.06 1.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 79 Fruit and vegetable farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index CAD CAD CAD CAD acre FTE CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD % CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per farm asset Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 509 744 548 225 566 260 627 784 639978 1 567 449 2 037 106 1 975 556 2 314 416 2 377 844 422 507 429 514 458 518 502 863 580585 1 144 942 1 607 592 1 517 038 1 811 553 1 797 259 102 113 89 94 112 0.84 0.50 -0.51 51 51 52 52 53 1.69 1.11 0.17 0.00 1.39 1.68 0.95 CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD % CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD 160 056 14 399 14399 222 461 13 049 13049 192 383 10 547 10547 135 623 9 746 9746 263 607 14567 14 567 1.14 1.96 0.89 0.82 0.7 658 825 556 237 102 588 283 5.85 0.00 0.74 1.68 0.44 1.87 65 869 90 069 97 152 102 588 83 925 -0.53 1.60 0.51 0.00 1.95 1.03 1.81 1.02 0.66 0.19 1.52 0.40 1.62 0.69 1.53 0.36 0.25 1.39 1.53 0.78 0.92 0.35 0.38 -0.66 0.05 1.11 -0.94 1.29 1.99 1.43 0.05 1.39 1.53 0.00 1.45 0.01 0.42 1.07 0.26 0.96 1.01 -1.92 0.18 1.27 -0.32 0.09 1.30 1.04 1.44 1.90 0.35 1.06 0.61 2.1 674096 590 171 83925 2.33 0.44 0.70 -0.51 1.93 0.51 1.43 0.59 0.16 1.24 1.02 1.37 1.86 0.59 0.38 1.21 0.29 0.51 1.39 0.03 0.02 0.11 1.18 1.13 1.00 0.69 0.44 0.98 0.65 1.36 0.90 -0.85 1.81 1.97 1.77 0.31 1.59 3.87 65 869 90 069 97 152 102 588 83 925 -0.40 1.00 1.20 0.26 1.42 1.02 1.02 1.70 0.51 CAD 92 331 102 023 102 024 113 821 109 681 0.85 1.61 1.06 -0.86 1.31 -0.74 1.16 1.14 -0.62 1.75 0.80 2.87 0.43 0.75 0.62 1.42 0.13 0.06 0.23 0.75 0.91 0.39 -0.43 0.78 0.26 0.43 1.42 0.95 0.37 0.43 0.10 1.73 0.98 1.96 0.52 0.23 0.04 1.50 0.93 -0.36 1.09 1.17 1.62 1.07 2.57 0.06 1.08 1.46 0.13 1.00 1.65 1.89 0.44 0.95 0.57 1.78 1.01 1.38 0.01 1.30 1.00 1.17 1.47 1.20 1.30 1.65 1.15 1.39 0.97 0.05 1.03 1.50 0.81 2.02 1.65 1.57 1.24 0.18 1.41 1.32 0.75 1.02 0.46 0.03 1.03 -0.81 0.45 0.68 1.94 0.26 1.02 1.42 -0.39 1.59 1.51 0.44 0.52 -0.54 0.01 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .28 1.46 1.02 1.10 0.27 -0.66 1.02 1.92 0.67 1.86 1.74 1.43 0.41 1.94 1.26 -0.12 0.64 -0.20 1.15 0.61 0.78 0.30 1.33 0.87 1.99 1.86 0.72 0.02 0.73 0.33 0.52 2.00 0.00 1.98 0.40 0.57 0.59 1.32 0.75 0.04 0.92 0.65 1.28 0.04 0.41 0.02 2.32 0.99 1.80 0.15 1.11 0.44 0.90 0.70 0.79 1.91 0.33 0.01 1.16 0.98 0.96 1.98 0.41 0.24 1.92 0.61 0.75 0.65 1.11 0.02 0.11 0.93 0.55 0.52 0.60 1.99 0.03 1.89 1.37 1.43 0.40 1.02 1.28 -0.33 0.20 1.88 0.44 1.00 1.01 1.00 0.17 0.00 0.53 0.93 1.61 1.22 0.36 1.58 1.78 0.56 0.45 -0.26 -0.00 1.21 1.98 1.6 414 956 312 933 102 023 181836 42.04 1.78 1.00 0.00 0.65 0.61 1.99 1.18 0.43 0.92 0.44 1.09 -1.81 1.02 1.65 0.02 2.05 0.51 0.14 0.40 0.97 1.87 0.46 0.77 145657 41.69 0.13 1.52 0.26 0.41 1.29 1.04 0.72 1.40 1.26 0.92 0.80 0.37 0.49 0.37 1.84 1.5 586 119 496 050 90 069 790 5.20 1.76 0.86 1.87 0.73 1.01 1.00 1.40 0.94 0.27 0.97 1.92 0.7 529 010 463 141 65 869 251 6.40 0.63 0.53 0.76 0.49 0.92 0.86 0.91 0.26 -0.72 0.46 1.90 1.10 1.79 1.93 0.28 1.06 1.04 1.29 0.35 1.46 0.24 1.77 1.48 0.92 0.00 0.96 1.12 1.33 0.95 0.54 0.90 -1.87 1.53 1.45 -0.54 1.04 0.93 0.45 0.59 1.36 -0.72 0.00 1.94 2.50 0.45 1.97 1.23 0.64 0.44 0.38 0.02 1.57 0.54 1.81 1.08 0.37 1.99 1.65 0.00 1.11 2.53 0.74 0.41 0.06 0.72 0.06 1.30 1.15 1.95 1.11 1.33 1.41 0.05 1.73 1.89 0.06 -0.41 1.59 0.88 1.49 0.98 0.20 0.73 1.72 0.03 0.67 0.22 1.94 1.95 1.45 0.76 0.02 1.94 0.45 0.53 1.02 1.66 1.60 -0.17 0.99 0.70 0.78 0.00 1.00 0.59 0.73 0.94 1.56 0.52 -0.30 1.32 0.66 0.62 1.96 0.39 0.29 1.94 0.94 158 3.31 1.06 1.84 0.68 0.78 1.33 1.5 511 904 398 083 113 821 249040 50.40 0.98 1.98 0.83 1.25 0.70 0.17 1.98 0.59 2.03 1.31 0.54 -1.46 0.06 0.14 0.09 -1.16 1.94 0.93 1.42 0.07 1.75 1.44 1.46 1.46 1.28 1.46 1.02 1.90 0.45 0.17 0.73 0.17 -0.39 0.94 -0.22 2.30 0.20 1.97 1.44 0.96 0.83 1.45 0.16 1.16 1.98 1.24 1.11 -0.48 1.6 384 484 292 153 92 331 209412 53.39 0.29 0.22 2.29 0.98 1.26 0.26 1.09 0.51 92 331 102 023 102 024 113 821 109 681 0.43 0.00 1.75 0.04 0.98 1.76 0.03 0.36 1.05 1.62 0.00 0.38 0.59 2.01 0.96 0.72 1.36 -0.80 0.64 2.39 1.90 0.70 1.94 0.81 0.53 1.62 2.70 0.61 1.0 457 884 355 860 102 024 125877 26.03 1.40 0.37 0.56 0.20 1.09 1.32 0.00 1.23 1.24 1.98 1.32 0.56 0.94 -0.42 -1.26 0.00 1.78 1.55 0.01 0.62 0.90 0.04 1.18 1.04 1.95 1.62 1.41 0.50 -0.35 0.11 0.76 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.24 0.45 2.98 1.00 % % CAD years % % % Dairy farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index CAD CAD CAD CAD acre FTE 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per farm asset Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 370 085 401 907 447 337 502 158 503824 2 601 261 3 007 609 3 214 756 3 539 102 3 513 732 657 564 719 581 832 590 983 169 999290 1 943 697 2 288 028 2 382 166 2 555 933 2 514 442 168 182 177 178 171 1.21 0.63 0.9 518391 408 710 109681 1.06 1.29 0.59 3.42 0.42 1.92 1.91 0.47 0.57 0.76 1.06 0.76 1.00 1.43 1.37 1.75 1.64 1.92 0.04 0.44 0.73 1.00 1.13 0.93 1.02 1.58 2.91 0.37 1.98 0.81 0.31 0.40 0.68 -1.88 0.39 1.40 0.28 0.65 1.98 0.12 0.49 0.94 0.50 0.45 0.93 0.04 1.83 0.00 0.54 0.69 0.22 0.66 1.18 0.91 0.53 0.98 0.04 0.98 1.71 1.01 0.06 0.25 1.07 19 424 19 266 19266 38 145 37 894 37894 31 944 31 154 31154 31 181 31 041 31041 34 401 34118 34 118 1.08 0.43 0.73 0.26 1.00 1.91 0.21 1.73 0.80 2.30 0.84 0.66 0.31 1.77 0.03 1.21 1.06 1.09 0.57 0.96 1.12 0.3 597 414 500 262 97 152 140 4.08 1.87 1.57 0.72 1.60 0.73 0.66 1.09 0.04 0.95 1.69 0.39 1.27 0.20 1.68 -1.70 0.56 0.02 1.44 0.67 0.42 1.80 0.49 0.

53 1.41 1.96 1.92 0.81 0.30 1.29 0.69 -1.80 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Beef and sheep farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index CAD CAD CAD CAD acre FTE CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD % CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per farm asset Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 347 436 383 601 451 193 522 237 539910 1 476 718 1 711 237 1 809 782 1 961 199 2 049 462 339 677 324 046 359 023 395 236 424078 1 137 041 1 387 191 1 450 759 1 565 963 1 625 384 927 827 822 815 897 0.47 1.75 0.93 0.98 -8.67 0.08 0.41 4.29 2.49 0.28 0.55 0.42 4.08 0.13 1.99 -0.72 0.40 -2.61 0.08 0.43 3.16 -13.80 1.44 0.33 1.00 0.59 1.84 1.24 1.27 0.79 -1.23 0.68 0.64 0.96 0.79 0.00 1.02 1.46 0.63 1.42 0.84 0.00 2.18 0.49 4.09 1.92 0.06 1.56 0.87 1.18 0.08 -13.51 0.46 0.08 1.55 3.20 1.91 1.40 1.75 1.98 1.82 1.02 1.71 0.10 0.83 1.31 1.59 0.83 2.44 0.99 -0.52 -0.75 0.58 7.78 1.05 10436 6.78 -8.02 1.66 0.94 0.27 0.51 1.89 0.29 2.06 2.99 -8.24 0.96 0.65 1.93 -3.85 -2.77 1.59 1.93 1.32 1.78 0.07 2.51 3.26 0.81 1.09 1.09 2.24 1.45 0.05 1.00 0.67 5.64 1.56 1.80 0.75 35 553 35 603 28 363 37 784 38 020 -1.07 -1.51 0.15 1.34 0.17 -1.76 1.47 1.14 1.28 0.64 1.55 0.75 0.74 0.27 0.51 1.83 1.06 0.63 0.99 0.51 0.81 1.00 0.70 0.39 -0.37 0.04 1.13 0.88 0.7 559 402 521 618 37 784 1408 5.60 1.00 1.17 0.64 -1.35 1.96 0.91 0.90 0.85 0.04 -4.93 1.61 0.79 0.11 0.02 1.81 0.25 0.98 2.00 1.59 0.00 1.43 0.78 1.63 1.42 1.30 0.44 0.08 0.05 2.05 1.6 767 557 668 803 98 754 11147 8.18 1.76 1.38 1.59 0.96 0.98 -8.95 0.49 0.30 1.08 1.06 0.48 0.78 0.70 0.67 5.81 1.55 0.13 -1.14 1.35 0.78 0.25 0.62 0.57 0.01 1.18 0.60 -6.97 1.69 -2.42 -1.65 0.87 0.28 1.73 0.08 1.98 0.69 -0.44 1.51 2.14 0.07 -0.54 1.98 0.22 1.75 0.65 0.36 1.51 7.29 2.92 1.68 0.19 1.46 2.91 1.61 1.69 -1.07 1.69 1.75 0.59 0.64 0.09 1.49 -0.98 1.05 0.04 1.08 0.78 1.00 0.03 305 14.96 0.53 0.65 1.92 0.69 0.87 1.98 0.45 0.00 1.50 0.61 0.39 0.98 1.43 0.01 1.17 0.63 0.62 0.89 1.92 1.85 0.96 0.61 0.37 0.40 1.02 4.48 1.48 1.49 1.57 4.79 1.70 0.78 0.59 1.50 0.82 0.00 1.86 -1.0 787 423 736 901 50 522 3958 15.50 1.65 1.54 1.15 0.64 -0.84 0.06 1.50 0.28 -2.98 2.02 1.75 0.08 0.63 1.80 0.54 -7.64 0.83 1.07 0.98 0.54 1.04 1.27 1.85 0.69 0.67 0.0 484 494 456 131 28 363 385 6.31 1.98 0.20 1.09 1.69 0.44 0.57 0.03 1.95 0.09 0.09 0.15 0.48 0.46 2.82 0.92 0.13 -1.65 0.26 1.94 0.30 1.46 0.92 0.87 0.86 0.41 -1.86 -2.60 0.00 1.92 0.33 1.34 3.67 0.34 1.06 2.49 1.60 -6.28 0.87 0.76 -2.42 1.45 0.57 1.02 1.75 53 53 54 54 54 0.00 1.29 2.61 0.97 -3.08 -1.42 0.51 0.02 1.72 0.64 0.92 0.42 -1.06 -2.90 0.07 1.32 2.96 3.38 0.77 -1.51 0.20 0.44 1.44 1.91 0.58 0.71 0.56 8.69 -0.94 0.04 -1.72 0.01 1.09 1.73 0.43 0.79 -1.87 0.62 1.99 -0.74 0.49 1.17 1.68 0.56 0.22 0.83 0.14 0.42 0.14 -0.26 1.93 0.67 0.40 -2.8 571897 533 877 38020 0.81 0.62 1.38 0.85 1.56 1.04 1.60 0.20 0.73 0.96 0.18 10.60 0.03 0.66 -1.02 0.82 0.67 0.78 0.70 49 51 50 50 52 1.02 1.41 0.84 0.98 1.22 0.10 0.63 0.25 2.74 3.59 2.83 0.79 0.59 0.00 0.04 -1.77 1.12 1.87 0.96 0.95 1.16 1.72 0.62 0.02 1.34 0.00 1.57 0.88 0.63 1.60 0.39 2.06 -2.24 1.30 1.70 98 754 71 409 50 522 13 092 23 159 -0.31 1.68 0.33 1.47 0.11 1.02 1.72 0.8 414 145 378 542 35 603 693 7.61 1.29 0.78 -8.91 1.99 0.59 0.74 0.08 -1.49 0.70 1.36 0.77 0.14 0.79 0.77 1.00 1.47 1.98 1.94 0.34 3.53 1.01 0.77 1.77 0.39 -0.46 0.50 2.71 -2.41 -1.91 0.08 1.02 % % CAD years % % % OECD FOOD.50 1.91 0.56 0.98 0.64 0.55 0.86 1.27 1.11 1.94 0.99 1.00 0.33 1.26 50 346 39 910 39910 66 294 55 147 55147 86 844 81 185 81185 123 429 119 471 119471 147 003 139447 139 447 1.06 1.42 1.03 1.11 1.68 0.4 405 312 369 759 35 553 1725 7.17 1.60 1.90 0.39 2.62 0.90 1.98 0.13 0.99 1.56 -8.79 0.49 1.08 1.56 0.44 0.91 1.49 0.96 3.49 10.02 1.75 0.52 2.89 0.80 -2.55 2.77 0.72 1.40 0.76 0.11 1.49 0.9 989898 966 739 23159 0.75 0.27 1.74 2.59 0.66 1.87 1.33 1.18 10.72 -0.63 2.63 0.85 1.50 -0.67 0.16 1.48 0.00 1.64 0.73 1.93 0.68 1.65 0.45 0.24 1.72 0.91 0.22 -1.49 4.93 0.99 0.44 0.27 1.71 0.84 0.02 1.61 0.91 0.77 1.88 1.56 1.44 1.83 0.67 0.51 7.62 0.48 1.29 -0.58 0.84 0.55 0.76 1.02 0.55 2.99 0.81 0.69 0.84 -1.36 -2.70 0.32 0.06 0.31 1.17 -1.67 0.02 4.63 1.46 0.39 1.33 0.30 0.56 1.89 -0.50 0.59 0.80 0.85 0.83 0.47 1.44 0.75 0.26 4.60 1.04 1.77 0.62 1.33 1.71 0.80 1.39 0.77 1.03 1.56 0.46 0.98 0.89 0.06 1.39 1.99 0.42 1.51 2.61 1.05 0.73 0.55 3.62 0.02 1.65 0.40 0.75 0.29 -0.00 0.66 0.44 3.39 2.67 0.91 0.85 1.49 1.74 2.48 0.68 0.75 35 553 35 603 28 363 37 784 38 020 -1.50 -0.00 1.85 0.67 1.78 0.68 0.18 0.65 1.22 -1.76 0.83 2.53 0.64 1.74 -2.02 % % CAD years % % % Non-ruminants farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index CAD CAD CAD CAD acre FTE CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD % CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per farm asset Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 727 647 707 046 706 238 691 745 850451 2 069 494 2 466 447 2 384 304 2 217 190 2 502 211 670 653 731 334 865 372 924 083 1021875 1 398 841 1 735 113 1 518 932 1 293 107 1 480 336 311 287 235 191 201 1.67 1.33 -7.98 0.93 1.55 1.46 0.69 0.86 1.64 0.63 0.98 1.04 1.71 0.90 0.51 0.90 0.24 1.83 0.46 1.59 0.48 0.05 1.56 5.63 0.92 0.34 0.83 1.63 0.67 0.38 0.53 1.02 1.72 -1.93 0.94 1.56 1.89 0.34 -4.65 1.98 0.29 2.44 -1.62 1.60 0.73 0.87 0.68 0.83 0.82 0.25 1.86 0.14 0.19 1.70 3.15 0.44 1.74 1.67 0.81 0.76 0.59 0.51 1.17 1.14 1.29 0.75 0.63 1.75 0.52 0.00 1.84 0.77 58 181 57 876 57876 32 269 30 544 30544 33 994 33 301 33301 37 550 37 165 37165 33 395 31987 31 987 1.57 0.08 1.64 1.53 0.41 0.45 0.54 0.06 1.59 0.54 -7.85 0.02 0.08 -13.92 0.74 -2.40 1.26 0.58 0.95 0.83 0.92 0.29 2.03 1.14 -2.74 -1.69 1.06 1.54 1.27 1.99 0.50 1.86 -0.54 1.62 0.67 3.65 0.67 0.52 1.05 0.93 0.85 0.43 1.53 0.55 1.43 1.14 0.02 0.51 3.18 0.67 0.36 -2.14 0.35 1.09 1.00 1.17 1.56 1.46 -6.00 1.15 1.71 0.80 0.26 4.22 0.59 0.44 1.36 1.34 1.56 8.23 0.58 0.96 0.15 0.48 1.18 1.7 762 193 690 784 71 409 5659 11.94 1.93 -3.23 2.58 0.54 8.84 1.00 1.15 0.96 0.00 1.46 0.51 0.85 1.69 0.02 0.42 0.13 0.40 0.48 1.95 1.67 0.38 -1.01 1.88 0.61 0.34 0.60 0.97 0.19 0.36 0.90 0.64 1.50 2.84 1.78 0.72 0.02 1.06 0.69 1.59 1.66 0.76 0.81 0.84 -1.92 1.69 0.74 3.84 1.55 1.28 -2.64 1.98 1.89 1.31 1.98 0.52 2.50 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .45 0.13 0.38 3.99 2.17 0.69 2.79 0.50 0.66 1.49 1.29 1.37 1.77 -1.67 0.63 0.45 0.70 98 754 71 409 50 522 13 092 23 159 -0.49 1.76 1.16 1.05 0.13 1.28 0.46 0.31 1.98 0.07 -0.82 0.48 1.61 1.56 0.95 1.44 -1.82 1.2 811 216 798 124 13 092 7556 14.44 0.34 -4.43 3.00 0.84 0.86 0.62 0.33 1.62 0.99 1.44 1.94 0.73 0.00 0.36 0.17 0.51 1.06 1.91 -1.14 -2.99 -1.61 0.05 0.27 0.62 0.30 -0.49 0.48 0.89 -0.89 1.75 -1.83 0.33 0.77 0.

05 -1.08 0.00 0.848 345990 1.968 23968 29.74 0.33 1.00 0.783 23.93 1.00 1.04 1.55 0.09 1.04 0.00 1.00 2.66 1.09 1.00 1.71 0.52 1.64 0.918 6071 0.00 1.58 0.96 1.36 1.60 2.078 360.94 0.62 2.06 1.13 1.98 1.02 1.89 -0.00 1.1 424.39 -0.89 7.625 20.938 -0.53 1.26 1.51 0.580 413411 1.42 0.04 1.97 0.00 0.44 1.58 2.71 1.62 2.62 1.64 0.918 63.1 337.79 0.13 1.07 0.12 0.52 2.98 1.81 0.65 1.57 0.63 1.00 1.48 0.53 1.37 1.40 0.06 1.33 1.00 1.95 0.00 1.55 1.88 53 53 56 56 54 1.91 0.86 0.45 0.99 1.61 2.33 1.99 -0.68 1.49 0.47 0.12 1.35 1.11 0.51 0.88 74.11 1.01 -2.67 -2.65 -0.42 0.91 2.693 9815 0.18 3.45 1.359.28 1.07 0.00 0.69 1.46 1.05 0.90 -0.53 0.04 0.82 1.39 2.08 1.34 0.04 1.29 0.85 1.85 0.00 1.22 0.702 1.85 2.00 0.00 0.90 1.43 1.14 1.40 1.52 1.20 0.44 0.395 1.61 1.09 -0.379 1.93 0.00 1.773 320.98 1.89 1.938 -0.09 2.27 1.04 0.44 0.90 1.77 0.00 1.06 1.03 0.05 1.42 1.04 1.94 0.856 63.77 0.02 0.63 0.54 1.0 439.27 1.55 1.40 1.89 0.44 0.72 1.41 1.41 0.55 1.48 1.00 1.85 1.57 0.512 1.86 -0.08 1.13 0.96 1.00 1.00 1.487 284.85 1.04 0.79 0.26 1.80 0.98 0.86 0.56 3.00 0.07 2.57 1.1 434.88 -0.49 1.79 1.03 1.00 1.20 0.708 365.91 0.57 0.89 -0.765 366.67 -2.70 0.79 0.610 74.96 0.00 1.76 0.49 1.62 0.40 0.76 1.088.50 0.00 1.32 0.60 1.89 1.39 -0.817.05 -1.81 0.04 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.78 0.70 0.83 1.18 1.09 1.48 0.48 0.62 1.98 1.797 398.69 -2.00 0.24 1.05 1.00 1.19 0.09 3.61 0.02 -1.90 1.87 0.94 0.14 -0.20 0.57 0.36 -2.126 1.96 0.72 1.05 0.00 0.58 1.96 1.01 1.36 -2.1 431537 367.498 25498 24.89 0.54 1.58 1.30 0.24 0.909 67.00 1.42 1.053 410.63 0.27 2.87 3.00 1.19 0.94 0.00 1.26 1.49 0.00 1.49 0.51 1.00 1.66 1.87 1.09 1.95 0.00 1.00 1.03 1.085 300.02 1.00 0.00 1.00 0.44 1.65 -0.01 1.96 1.80 1.54 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .78 1.64 0.67 0.65 2.098 7275 0.00 0.33 1.96 0.10 0.09 % % CAD years % % % OECD FOOD.710 33.18 1.39 0.93 0.99 0.24 1.39 1.62 0.658 25.53 0.44 0.62 1.00 0.04 1.19 1.07 -0.64 0.00 1.95 0.00 1.36 2.63 1.91 0.07 0.05 1.17 0.783 340 300 341 337 292 0.85 2.72 18.854 1.26 0.419 14419 27.340 1.51 0.68 0.98 1.676 14.60 0.00 1.73 0.71 1.11 1.80 0.27 0.88 74.15 1.098 33.00 1.49 0.98 0.07 1.09 -1.918 63.350 20350 33.63 1.95 0.07 -0.58 1.00 1.24 7.02 0.42 1.25 2.93 0.00 1.16 1.03 0.00 1.13 1.38 1.27 2.94 1.094.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 81 Mixed farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index CAD CAD CAD CAD acre FTE CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD % CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD CAD 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per farm asset Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 425.96 1.00 1.73 4257 0.73 0.32 0.97 1.21 1.691.41 0.75 0.82 0.56 1.73 1.04 1.86 0.24 1.00 1.29 0.03 1.055 271.01 1.00 1.13 1.46 0.22 1.67 0.13 1.25 1.61 1.36 1.62 1.76 1.83 1.38 1.71 1.26 1.93 0.23 0.18 1.93 0.90 1.78 0.53 1.856 4160 0.34 0.00 1.58 0.11 1.91 2.78 1.29 0.88 1.17 1.40 0.00 1.41 1.693 67.00 0.31 0.18 3.00 1.71 0.73 1.00 1.289 317.28 1.49 0.487.403 303.38 1.00 1.61 2.31 1.46 0.85 1.71 1.27 2.09 -0.08 0.18 1.72 -0.00 0.25 0.00 1.00 1.89 0.693 67.48 2.58 0.532.05 0.89 0.97 1.82 1.04 1.31 1.04 0.49 1.84 0.00 1.63 1.86 1.73 1.77 1.00 1.414.02 -1.599 63938 0.00 0.70 0.197 18126 18.55 0.597 1.47 0.00 0.25 0.833.35 0.02 1.05 -1.856 63.14 1.73 1.52 0.07 1.160 63.87 0.00 0.991.58 0.73 0.49 0.97 1.02 1.50 1.098 33.76 0.00 1.866 1.47 1.84 1.76 1.34 1.57 0.00 1.99 0.09 1.92 0.34 0.00 1.00 1.53 1.

97 0.0 0.2 1.66 1.1 2.2 0.58 1.6 2.01 0.7 1.6 0.47 0.97 1.31 1.2 1.87 2.03 0.7 0.0 1.37 0.5 0.94 1.90 0.53 1.57 0.11 0.2 0.3 1.7 1.63 1.80 1.39 1.3 0.16 0.76 1.3 0.38 0.29 0.5 1.95 1.53 3.92 1.7 1.68 1.0 1.38 1.5 0.34 0.6 1.5 0.6 0.46 0.4 1.11 1.77 -1.02 years % % % Field crop farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EEK EEK EEK EEK hectare FTE 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 2009 424 816 504 485 887 241 729 273 642 500 1 366 399 1 780 291 2 247 551 2 467 242 2 377 519 259 255 395 553 522 588 658 499 623 399 1 107 145 1 384 737 1 724 963 1 808 743 1 754 120 92 105 116 121 123 1.8 1.9 2.71 5.5 1.73 0.0 1.8 1.08 0.31 0.5 0.7 0.5 1.8 0.6 0.9 0.6 2.21 0.4 2.29 1.31 0.7 0.79 0.24 1.3 2.44 0.46 0.7 1.91 1.50 1.6 1.37 0.29 3.1 1.5 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 0.57 0.3 1.9 0.7 0.50 0.35 0.09 0.10 0.20 0.57 0.0 0.77 0.0 0.7 1.82 0.8 0.59 1.9 1.98 1.5 0.0 0.10 0.6 0.3 3.46 1.20 0.7 2.8 0.57 0.5 1.53 0.6 0.94 0.81 0.8 2.70 1.27 1.28 0.7 1.75 0.3 0.9 1.37 0.17 1.44 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 1.02 1.82 0.31 0.1 0.31 1.06 1.5 1.39 0.8 0.8 1.47 0.15 0.9 1.4 0.3 1.06 1.28 1.3 1.79 0.42 1.9 22 890 1.49 1.7 1.3 0.9 1.15 0.56 1.6 0.0 1.9 1.48 0.89 1.4 0.3 0.8 % EEK 11.7 1.16 2.0 1 232 143 1 339 034 1 580 803 1 652 540 1 547 710 839 598 999 567 1 055 607 1 180 833 1 177 958 392 545 339 467 525 195 471 707 369 752 103 811 110 802 146 073 176 388 188 144 288 734 228 666 379 122 295 319 181 608 0.28 1.3 0.43 1.5 1.1 1.94 0.4 207 586 26.7 0.52 0.7 0.7 0.22 3.6 0.9 0.3 1.6 0.3 0 18.6 1.2 37.4 0.0 0.85 1.37 0.1 2.4 0.82 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Annex Table B.4 2.70 1.24 1.1 1.0 0.0 0.84 1.7 1.5 1.75 2.16 1.9 0.46 1.1 0.3 0.08 1.5 1.71 0.53 0.3 0.41 0.33 0.84 1.3 1.90 0.45 1.53 0.9 1.6 0.01 0.4 0.29 0.1 0.25 0.7 0.82 2.0 1.52 0.2 1.0 2.5 0.7 2.39 0.07 1.7 0.43 1.25 0.40 0.4 0.6 0.6 1.70 0.7 2.65 2.6 2.50 0.6 0.9 0 14.5 0.7 1.35 1.95 1.0 2.97 0.64 0.1 1.57 1.43 0.04 1.7 1.8 0.41 1.6 0.40 1.6 2.3 0.8 0.8 0.3 2.30 1.58 0.8 0.17 1.41 0.11 1.2 0.1 1.75 1.11 2.00 1.63 3.2 2.9 0.9 1.47 0.8 0.4 0.2 183 347 23.1 1.3 1.7 0.0 1.15 0.55 0.1 0.89 2.23 1.8 0.9 2.88 0.41 1.61 0.7 2.63 0.9 1.81 0.8 0.43 0.5 0.57 0.84 1.6 0.86 2.62 0.54 1.4 1.02 0.58 1.8 0.84 0.73 0.93 0.9 0.15 0.1 1.3 1.3 0.47 1.3 1.39 0.50 0.46 0.21 1.15 0.08 2.07 0.12 1.19 1.3 1.5 1.9 1.1 0.78 0.3 0.9 1.89 0.63 0.6 0.36 0.23 1.1 0.59 0.3 0.54 1.0 0.58 0.42 2.4 0.77 1.0 0.8 1.5 0.7 1.4 0.8 1.01 1.47 1.99 2.1 1.1 0.66 0.04 0.68 1.65 2.59 0.86 0.7 0.36 0.7 1.14 1.46 0.9 0.08 0.0 0.5 1.7 0.0 0.98 0.2 1.6 0.9 34% 47% 45% 41% 46% 1.3 0.7 0.8 1.43 0.37 0.90 1.6 0.7 0.1 1.08 1.11 0.3 0.45 0.19 2.8 1.08 0.77 3.7 0.7 1.6 0.45 0.4 0.07 1.9 0.8 0.4 1.97 1.6 1.7 0.0 0.94 0.98 1.3 1.48 0.54 0.6 0.8 1.9 0.28 2.39 2.66 0.95 0.2 1.48 1.36 0.35 0.6 1.8 1.1 -0.34 0.8 1.44 0.56 0.6 0.4 1.6 0.3 38.1 1.87 1.62 0.8 0.7 1.31 1.8 0.4 0.8 0.92 2.1 0.00 0.0 0.3 1.52 0.25 2.6 0.3 1.76 1.20 2.9 0.46 1.68 0.6 0.91 1.55 0.2 1.0 2.99 -2.21 1.3 1.9 2.5 0.55 0.70 0.3 2.8 1.5 0.8 0.5 0.8 1.8 0.97 0.4 1.5 0.9 1.30 1.3 0.9 1.0 1.98 0.6 0.0 1.12 1.66 0.73 1.70 1.03 2.8 0.0 1.1 0.52 1.37 0.33 0.8 1.4 0.5 2. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .1 0.6 1.5 1.81 0.09 0.68 2.6 0.39 0.5 1.54 0.1 1.25 0.96 1.89 0.03 0.13 0.0 0.80 1.7 0.28 2.65 1.0 1.19 0.0 2.2 1.33 0.97 0.7 0.88 1.1 2.7 1.2 0.2 1.2 1.55 0.9 0.1 0.66 0.49 0.03 1.9 1.1 0.6 0.6 1.69 3.2 2.56 0.92 1.80 0.2 0.32 0.3 0.5 0.4 1.73 1.01 1.01 1.39 0.4 1.8 2.59 1.0 0.1 0.62 1.82 2.41 1.7 1.24 1.30 0.8 0.07 2.8 1.6 1.1 0.20 1.1 1.77 0.0 1.56 0.9 0.3 0.45 0.84 2.55 0.99 0.4 1.59 1.44 0.21 0.4 2.70 1.5 1.94 1.9 1.1 0.1 1.4 0.55 0.34 1.44 EEK EEK % 392 545 339 467 525 195 471 707 369 752 0.6 0.2 1.3 1.8 0.8 1.23 2.07 1.27 0.26 0.83 0.4 2.19 1.67 1.4 0.00 2.7 0.1 0.52 0.54 0.69 1.52 0.15 1.62 1.69 0.2 0.7 0.5 0.66 0.5 1.32 0.8 0.2 1.13 1.51 1.16 2.52 0.6 1.50 0.12 1.0 1.5 1.18 2.4 2.0 0.7 1.3 1.9 162 940 27.12 1.4 0.42 0.1 1.9 1.7 1.1 1.8 1.8 0.4 1.2 1.04 0.7 0.6 0.15 0.4 0.00 0.30 0.6 0.4 0.47 2.74 2.59 0.96 1.41 0.28 0.51 1.75 1.12 2.01 0.90 0.38 1.3 1.40 -2.6 0.8 1.2 1.4 0.9 1.4 1.4 0.7 0.08 1.88 1.59 1.68 0.47 0.58 0.59 0.8 2.7 0.0 1.25 0.72 1.14 0.9 1.8 0.53 2.6 0.2 1.0 1.41 0.9 1.9 0.6 0.11 0.94 1.7 1.46 0.46 0.81 1.9 1.3 0.41 2.4 1.1 1.2 1.47 1.7 0.83 1.6 1.2 1.0 1.04 1.7 0.4 1.7 0.8 % EEK 16.3 1.56 0.5 0.51 0.33 0.6 0.1 1.36 0.4 1.5 1.8 0.00 0.1 2.3 1.76 1.36 0.73 0.2 1.04 1.92 2.07 1.9 0.88 0.88 0.95 1.7 0.09 0.7 0.0 0.9 45% 51% 53% 54% 54% 1.9 0.68 4.8 4.57 0.5 0.78 1.70 1.6 0.8 0.0 0.1 2.59 0.3 1.0 2.62 1.62 0.5 1.1 2.6 0.7 1.1 1.76 2.07 2.4 1.72 1.8 0.2 1.7 0.48 1.38 2.2 0.41 2.7 1.65 1.96 2.41 0.95 2.57 0.8 1.04 0.50 1.75 0.8 0.36 0.82 0.8 0.0 1.48 0.9 0.02 2.53 0.1 0.3 0.1 1.82 0.6 0.6 0.9 1.8 1.5 1.8 0.4 0.0 1.3 1.51 0.6 0.6 0.50 0.20 0.49 0.6 0.84 3.23 1.7 0.16 0.55 0.2 1.3 2.2 2.64 0.15 1.5 0.6 1.65 0.4 1.88 0.53 1.46 1.10 1.62 2.5 1.8 0.5 0.8 1.3 0.8 1.2 1.68 0.9 0.7 266 212 24.3 2.53 0.5 0.1 0.85 0.8 0.7 0.25 1.1 0.35 1.8 0.09 1.2 0.4 0.83 0.73 0.1 0.12 0.11 1.72 4.09 1.00 2.1 0.4 0.53 1.1 1.7 1.3 1.6 EEK EEK EEK EEK EEK EEK % EEK EEK EEK EEK EEK 413 895 370 734 353 838 488 734 448 223 247 197 264 849 308 136 458 291 418 982 101 386 143 171 184 320 209 413 201 456 141 028 113 309 123 586 248 450 217 275 4 783 8 369 230 427 251 166 697 105 885 45 702 30 444 29 241 33.55 0.61 1.9 0.73 1.9 0.93 0.2 0.84 0.14 0.6 0.41 1.65 1.84 1.1 611 180 352 850 258 330 74 724 183 606 234 649 250 709 429 092 397 232 223 881 241 014 420 966 389 486 127 088 153 718 187 095 181 695 86 658 87 278 233 760 207 658 10 136 19 111 134 10 768 9 695 8 126 7 746 32.79 0. Estonia.44 1.8 0.10 years % % % OECD FOOD.4 1.8 1.3 0.4 1.8 0.8 0.80 1.41 3.24 1.51 0.7 1. by performance indicator.4 0.7 0.1 1.13 1.4 1.7 0.45 0.7 0.0 1.47 0.30 0.8 0.4 0.86 2.29 0.5 0.9 0.35 0.81 1.91 1.8 0.6 1.14 0.11 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.2 0 9.04 1.7 0.4 1.3 2.1 0.64 0.13 2.7 0.3 1.5 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.80 1.9 0.37 1.4 2.12 1.4 1.52 0.14 1.76 0.35 0.7 1.2 1.06 0.4 0.3 0.3 1.6 29.95 1.83 1.10 2.29 0.8 1.10 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.1 1.2 1.7 0.15 1.81 1.33 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.7 0.61 1.42 0.52 0.4 0.81 0.5 0.0 1.52 0.8 0.0 1.3 0.01 0.9 0.23 1. for selected farm types.52 0.48 0.91 0.1 0.9 0 18.74 1.18 2.94 0.29 0.4 0.2 1.69 0.1 0.8 1.4 0.29 0.3 1.93 0.23 1.23 EEK EEK EEK EEK EEK EEK % EEK EEK EEK EEK EEK 196 314 186 364 74 942 106 147 5 275 9 950 32.7 1.7 1.5 2.5 0.5 0.49 0.6 0.08 1.36 2.6 1.7 1.2 1.62 1.9 1.36 0.35 1.4 0.50 0.0 1.9 1.7 2.40 0.3 0.9 0.6 1.3 1.4 2.26 0.8 0.97 0.9 1.5 0.54 0.1 0.4 0.48 1.07 2.43 1.4 0.96 -7.4 0.89 1.2 1.61 0.3 0.0 1.17 0.17 0.7 1.14 2.7 1.88 0.7 0.70 0.4 0.0 0.8 2.53 0.45 0.0 1.5 0.26 1.24 1.1 1.4 0.13 0.5 1.85 1.0 2.0 1.85 1.0 0.1 1.54 0.43 0.21 0.7 0.8 0.78 0.2 1.76 1.0 0.0 1.14 1.0 1.0 1.7 0.9 0.2 1.2 1.2 1.59 1.7 1.25 2.1 0.0 0.6 27.5 728 367 1 128 255 1 150 239 1 031 987 451 254 596 185 712 982 683 380 277 113 532 070 437 257 348 606 80 581 111 279 159 164 165 161 196 533 420 792 278 093 183 446 EEK EEK % 258 330 277 113 532 070 437 257 348 606 0.60 2.56 0.33 0.46 0.31 1.75 1.6 2.0 1.07 1.7 0.6 1.4 1.45 1.59 0.2 0.9 1.69 1.65 2.0 1.20 1.3 0.30 0.78 1.7 0.4 0.13 1.1 1.0 2.8 2.59 1.8 1.4 0.44 0.08 1.88 0.45 0.0 2.61 1.3 0.73 0.3 0.83 0.1 0.9 1.70 0.7 0.0 1.65 1.8 0.3 0.54 0.6 1.27 0.9 0.0 0.1 0.3 1.46 0.5 0.9 2.19 2.8 0.58 0.7 0.16 1.03 2.6 1.0 0.4 0.1 0.85 2.49 1.64 1.3 1.27 1.2 1.9 0.3 0.5 0.6 1.7 0.3 0.9 0.1 1.37 1.0 1.6 1.22 0.6 1.0 1.74 1.6 0.05 1.93 0.0 0.13 1.4 0.0 1.0 0.48 0.69 0.81 1.52 0.4 2.58 1.78 2.75 2.1 0.0 1.82 2.11 1.2 0.7 0.7 1.51 1.7 0.3 1.1 1.33 0.81 2.5 1.65 0.0 2.8 0.02 1.9 1.1 1.06 0.8 0.64 0.7 1.9 0.69 0.8 1.8 1.26 2.08 1.8 1.83 1.6 1.43 0.48 0.5 0.99 1.31 0.52 1.37 0.91 2.0 0.45 0.75 0.23 0.42 0.20 0.54 0.47 2.9 1.8 1.27 1.7 22.4 29.3 1.6 1.0 1.9 0.25 0.49 1.6 0.08 3.87 1.2 1.4 0.9 1.0 1.6 1.01 1.82 1.31 0.67 0.13 0.6 2.61 0.6 0.42 1.48 0.5 0.41 2.61 1.7 1.6 2.5 0.4 0.43 0.8 0.15 0.7 0.07 0.6 0.40 1.4 0.26 0.1 2.02 0.68 0.9 1.8 0.6 0.5 1.30 1.8 1.4 1.89 1.91 2.09 1.5 0.09 1.42 1.6 0.0 1.5 0.55 1.01 1.4 1.76 1.20 1.9 1.42 0.92 1.5 1.40 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.8 1.0 2.85 2.1 0.6 2.88 1.72 1.65 0.68 3.37 0.4 0.45 1.0 1.7 0.41 0.82 0.2 1.62 0. 2004-09 All farm types Output-input ratio Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 2009 Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 EEK EEK EEK EEK hectare FTE 984 945 1 074 185 1 272 667 1 194 250 1 128 728 2 221 228 2 664 960 3 035 637 3 161 994 3 305 239 484 155 736 843 822 014 950 590 1 009 664 1 737 072 1 928 116 2 213 623 2 211 405 2 295 576 117 116 123 123 127 3.20 1.92 1.09 1.62 0.69 0.49 0.0 0.73 1.36 0.74 0.0 0.69 0.4 1.8 1.8 1.4 -0.6 0.43 1.3 0.1 0.88 1.3 1.00 2.4 2.55 1.4 1.2 0.5 1.3 1.83 0.3 2.09 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.1 1.3 1.9 1.96 1.5 2.9 2.2 1.6 1.6 0 1.76 0.3 0.49 1.18 1.5 1.98 0.0 0.9 1.19 0.4 0.50 0.85 1.41 0.9 0.7 0.46 0.9 1.2 1.2 0.0 0.6 1.43 0.15 0.3 1.0 1.4 0.1 0.61 1.1 1.87 0.97 1.3 2.0 1.06 1.4 0.06 1.71 0.3 0.5 0.09 0.30 0.91 0.37 0.29 2.0 0.2 0.40 0.3 0.4 0.0 2.73 2.6 0.49 0.44 1.93 1.1 1.65 1.57 1.9 1.18 1.9 0.4 0.57 1.3 0.93 1.6 0.0 1.6 0.7 0.87 1.2 0.6 0.3 2.73 0.5 0.50 0.7 0.54 0.33 0.2 0.3 1.1 1.9 1.55 0.3 1.5 0.04 1.0 1.2 22.9 1.2 0.8 2.00 1.62 0.14 0.8 1.68 0.01 1.3 1.14 1.34 1.61 1.56 1.77 1.58 0.99 0.40 0.5 2.0 1.93 0.31 0.2 2.8 1.06 0.0 1.4 0.44 1.73 1.78 1.8 0.18 2.4 1.74 1.58 1.57 2.14 1.45 0.15 1.0 0.4 0.1 0.8 1.6 0.6 0.36 0.84 2.57 0.82 -0.9 0.7 1.57 0.82 0.84 2.48 0.7 1.95 1.50 0.61 0.1 0.4 0.72 0.3 0.6 2.48 0.9 0.0 0.89 1.27 1.3 4.5 0.44 0.3 0.9 0.67 0.74 0.79 1.78 2.2 0.38 0.5 1.33 -0.18 1.40 0.4 1.7 0.15 1.4 0.7 1.92 1.69 0.9 0.18 1.7 1.01 1.4 0.5 1.25 1.5 0.7 0.8 0.08 1.6 0.41 2.29 0.8 0.79 0.96 0.4 1.7 1.1 1.92 1.94 1.62 0.30 0.29 1.65 1.8 Average characteristics of high and low performers.79 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.36 0.9 1.15 2.83 0.01 0.9 1.4 2.49 0.11 2.6 0.82 1.8 0.2 1.2 1.34 1.4 0.83 1.04 0.41 0.87 1.3 0.49 1.31 0.6 2.33 1.3 0.50 0.19 2.79 1.5 2.7 0.4 1.89 1.38 0.0 1.8 0.88 0.42 0.5 0.7 2.4 0.2 0.8 0.10 1.4 0.03 1.8 0.4 1.2 0.9 1.0 2.3 1.85 0.69 1.6 1.55 0.7 0.1 2.33 1.57 0.32 0.45 0.38 1.0 0.56 2.83 1.35 1.6 2.79 1.4 0.5 0.83 1.4 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.8 0.75 1.18 0.2 2.3 0.0 0.4 1.3 0.4 0.86 0.6 0.35 0.4 1.4 1.9 1.2 0.0 0.11 1.1 0.79 0.0 1.3 1.4 0.64 0.31 2.7 1.62 1.17 2.4 0.37 0.4 0.1 1.0 -0.47 1.27 1.32 0.92 3.90 1.66 1.83 1.5 1.0 0.64 1.57 0.70 0.61 4.2 0.5 0.15 0.

4 1.87 1.23 2.7 1.5 0.0 2.6 1.23 0.6 1.8 2.750.6 0.37 0.1 1.8 0.22 0.2 1.2 0.4 2.12 0.5 1.33 1.4 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.1 2.52 0.55 0.7 0.51 0.2 0.3 1.32 0.9 1.0 0.64 2.3 0.00 0.8 1.04 0.85 0.6 0.2 1.256.61 0.24 1.7 1.30 0.7 1.8 1.26 2.2 1.2 2.03 2.1 2.41 0.437 356.5 0.3 2.34 0.939 1.44 0.99 1.6 2.5 2.45 0.01 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.11 1.6 52.0 0.21 1.2 2.75 0.42 0.1 1.6 2.161.388 140.20 2.7 0.5 0.0 0.23 2.1 2.38 1.16 0.7 1.5 0.88 0.44 0.6 0.44 1.6 2.53 2.92 0.00 0.5 2.22 1.9 1.9 2.07 0.69 1.1 1.77 1.09 1.3 0.335 2.86 1.6 1.0 1.4 1.26 0.74 3.43 2.4 0.66 1.8 0.3 0.55 1.95 1.70 1.24 2.10 2.5 0.8 2.86 1.80 2.21 0.74 0.40 1.6 0.60 1.2 1.65 0.5 0.7 2.0 1.67 1.44 0.8 0.56 2.00 1.66 1.0 1.1 0.6 0.3 0.6 3.7 1.92 2.8 1.5 0.73 0.45 2.58 2.67 1.6 0.4 1.7 1.82 1.4 0.9 1.7 0.00 0.54 0.334 252.81 0.3 0.67 5.7 188.8 0.2 0.9 0.20 1.95 0.78 0.4 1.18 3.46 3.56 0.4 1.9 0.6 Average in farm type 2006 2007 1 533 040 3 435 341 1 029 098 2 406 243 152.99 0.193.1 0.7 1.3 1.3 2.77 0.1 2.572 298.2 1.4 1.8 0.94 0.20 3.47 0.2 0.194.25 3.38 -1.6 0.2 1.20 1.3 0.45 0.28 0.51 0.43 0.2 1.19 1.9 0.9 0.37 0.41 1.3 0.3 -0.7 1.3 0.3 1.92 2.6 0.59 0.0 1.12 0.9 2.0 1.4 1.3 0.12 2.3 2.61 0.1 2.6 EEK EEK EEK EEK EEK EEK % EEK EEK EEK EEK EEK 335.83 1.7 0.56 0.36 0.46 0.8 1.853 35.84 2.00 0.4 1.7 0.24 0.7 0.82 2.2 1.52 0.33 2.4 1.92 2.4 1.24 2.96 1.31 0.411 163.00 2.61 0.93 0.3 1.36 0.3 0.94 1.0 0.7 0.21 1.0 0.7 1.0 0.51 0.6 1.2 0.034 2.99 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.60 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.5 3.23 1.70 2.36 3.46 0.01 1.68 0.75 3.2 1.19 0.22 2.9 0.0 1.22 1.2 0.8 0.2 1.1 2.42 0.4 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2 347 745 5 960 318 2 096 702 3 863 616 179.89 0.3 1.1 1.15 1.6 0.02 1.52 0.5 2.1 1.75 1.95 1.9 361 096 19.1 1.421 644.4 0.36 0.30 0.93 2.8 2.180 38.08 1.34 2.561.3 0.265 367.0 2.31 2.7 2.334 36.0 0.8 2.0 1.84 1.01 0.39 2.83 1.4 0.29 0.74 1.3 2.78 0.52 0.41 0.7 0.0 1.32 3.0 1.9 1.64 0.1 1.5 0.1 2.3 4.4 1.72 0.5 1.00 0.15 0.09 0.77 1.20 1.98 1.86 2.99 0.4 0.9 0.52 2.3 0.61 0.0 1.1 1.2 0.029 89.7 1.944 43.58 0.5 0.24 2.86 0.0 0.6 2.994 498.9 2.06 0.8 1.8 0.0 0.51 1.21 0.08 2.13 0.53 0.08 1.0 0.0 0.20 0.2 0.3 1.15 1.77 2.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.2 1.40 0.10 0.99 3.3 0.1 2.1 1.52 2.58 0.91 2.45 0.00 0.770 125.632 184.9 0.5 0.52 1.3 0.64 0.1 1.3 0.1 0.73 1.2 1.18 1.6 0.4 1.1 0.6 0.59 0.81 0.0 0.3 1.8 0.2 0.4 1.4 1.3 1.0 4.8 0.17 0.37 0.3 0.37 1.12 1.6 1.1 2.5 0.02 1.25 0.95 0.90 0.0 1.8 0.586 2.6 0.04 1.8 1.3 1.25 0.1 1.43 0.14 1.6 1.5 0.16 1.6 0.658 523.5 1.9 1.7 2.0 0.91 0.1 1.424 1.5 0.93 0.39 0.99 1.342.8 2.70 0.16 2.107 132.4 1.69 2.85 0.472 378.0 0.48 1.9 1.8 0.98 0.0 2.00 0.413 470 36.77 3.452 24.79 0.20 1.0 1.46 2.4 0.9 1.82 2.29 0.73 0.8 0.3 1.3 5.8 1.2 1.8 0.0 0.3 2.37 1.1 1.03 1.35 0.79 1.8 1.7 1.6 0.0 3.3 0.9 0.4 0.6 0.90 0.5 0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 83 Dairy farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EEK EEK EEK EEK hectare FTE EEK EEK EEK EEK EEK EEK % EEK EEK EEK EEK EEK 2004 1 718 831 3 770 396 794 208 2 976 188 184.1 0.48 1.7 3.5 0.36 0.6 1.1 0.08 1.24 0.2 2.4 1.63 0.35 0.4 0.56 1.64 0.8 1.3 0.7 2.57 1.28 0.77 0.2 0.40 0.7 1.0 2.098.2 0.7 0.3 2.87 0.392 1.05 0.29 0.64 0.5 0.0 0.8 1.03 0.4 0.43 1.48 0.51 1.404.4 2.55 0.30 0.7 1.1 2.8 0.67 2.82 2.9 0.07 0.0 0.8 1.2 2.01 2.5 0.4 1.89 0.07 1.25 2.6 0.8 0.94 1.32 0.3 0.3 0.42 0.6 0.7 2.4 0.0 0.79 0.4 1.78 0.00 0.97 3.7 1.56 0.265 193.70 3.40 0.7 0.44 1.21 years % % % Mixed farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 2009 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 725.41 0.0 2.57 2.4 1.5 0.77 1.0 1.62 2.66 0.69 1.5 0.5 1.23 1.98 0.2 1.14 0.51 0.95 1.47 2.08 1.0 0.49 0.07 0.57 2.41 2.59 0.34 0.3 0.09 2.9 0.4 0.0 2.01 0.0 0.2 1.4 0.26 1.09 2.7 0.71 0.71 1.95 0.467 130.9 0.75 1.51 0.3 311 017 16.6 1.3 24.6 0.62 0.84 1.7 0.28 0.6 1.36 0.31 2.8 1.30 2.70 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.0 0.4 0.6 0.3 2.53 0.901 518.92 0.1 1.1 1.2 1.47 1.48 2.7 0.594 317.36 1.32 2.3 1.5 1.2 1.7 2.9 1.48 0.307.6 1.4 2.0 0.3 0.60 0.7 1.50 0.8 0.16 0.22 0.8 0.90 0.4 0.4 0.8 1.0 2.8 0.9 0.4 1.30 0.87 0.7 1.97 2.5 0.68 0.4 1.6 0.3 0.0 0.54 2.4 0.85 2.12 1.15 0.63 0.901 136.84 1.16 11.47 2.0 1.86 0.08 0.2 2.5 3.191 167.0 1.9 0.52 0.63 0.47 0.92 0.26 0.6 0.2 1.61 0.86 0.86 0.82 0.0 0.381 518.66 1.549.11 2.78 1.13 1.3 0.6 2.17 1.1 1.81 0.67 1.49 0.32 1.9 0.61 0.280 228.54 0.2 0.9 % EEK 16.8 0.2 0.48 1.1 2.8 0.3 0.61 1.19 1.3 1.17 1.5 1.83 0.27 0.347.7 0.4 0.524 511.4 1.4 1.8 0.848 8.40 2.33 0.94 0.8 0.81 3.24 1.5 1.5 0.40 2.8 0.99 1.2 1.32 1.9 1.5 1.3 0.3 0.24 0.2 1.9 % EEK 17.8 1.35 1.02 1.65 2.16 2.2 1.6 1.3 0.7 2.29 1.4 2.08 1.7 0.51 2.95 0.8 0.4 0.70 0.0 -0.48 0.5 2.59 0.8 0.29 0.57 0.13 0.4 1.533 17.46 0.4 0.0 2.7 0.34 1.5 1.76 0.2 1.8 0.85 0.6 0.2 0.324 31.86 1.3 1.79 0.84 1.28 0.21 2.02 1.63 0.6 1.9 2.41 0.5 0.6 1.1 0.162 233.63 1.9 2.62 0.2 1.07 0.58 0.00 0.4 1.37 0.6 0.68 0.29 0.08 1.44 0.2 1.45 0.9 0.2 1.2 2.3 1.56 1.51 1.30 -1.7 0.67 0.450 7.7 1.8 1.6 2.8 0.17 1.9 2.33 -0.9 1.76 0.6 1.1 1.2 2.2 926.9 1.223.9 1.66 0.3 1.64 0.15 0.33 1.11 2.6 0.66 1.9 1.63 2.0 0.7 1.41 0.11 2.4 252 055 15.30 1.34 1.29 0.4 854 257 654 208 694 966 740 070 679 401 385 562 365 867 549 027 683 545 620 738 173 840 198 110 362 932 357 624 333 491 209 930 163 930 185 545 325 453 287 082 1 792 3 828 550 467 165 468 695 288 340 145 939 56 525 58 663 40.43 0.98 2.31 0.4 0.35 0.25 0.3 1.60 0.271 324.4 0.2 1.67 0.3 0.442 905.9 1.8 0.90 2.6 0.1 2.73 1.325.98 3.9 0.32 0.06 1.53 3.87 2.66 0.7 2.4 1.3 0.0 0.73 2.0 257.9 1.0 0.31 1.10 1.1 0.4 0.4 0.56 0.22 0.6 3.923 269.8 0.3 2.8 -97 520 1.58 2.4 0.7 1.07 4.37 0.1 1.0 2.6 1.7 0.66 0.64 0.52 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.6 2.70 2.3 1.41 0.4 0.51 2.09 2.71 0.3 1.307 3.19 1.0 1.05 0.7 0.3 2.97 1.1 0.71 0.5 1.83 1.09 0.4 1.36 0.609.0 0.231 1.089 1.4 0.2 2.79 1.28 1.55 -0.34 2.475 378.20 0.34 0.6 0.25 1.6 0.69 0.9 1.9 0.73 1.0 1.6 0.1 1.67 0.29 0.00 0.71 2.59 0.33 1.3 0.3 0.7 2.68 0.32 0.4 0.8 3.4 0.64 0.15 1.2 0.4 0.28 1.15 0.9 0.08 1.00 0.283 101.5 22.7 0.1 2.5 1.5 0.433 102.3 59% 62% 62% 69% 62% 0.9 1.33 0.61 2.6 0.7 0.0 0.13 0.28 0.9 1.44 2.68 0.5 0.84 0.4 1.3 -1.071 367.8 1.0 2.8 1.88 1.0 1.292.4 0.67 2.8 0.9 1.5 0.467 511.2 1.1 1.511 35.89 1.53 0.3 2.18 1.38 2.68 0.5 3.64 2.02 1.3 1.65 2.6 0.80 1.1 1.8 2.34 1.6 0.52 1.2 3.3 1.3 0.14 2.1 0.8 2.3 0.10 2.39 1. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .36 1.27 1.8 0.8 0.58 1.34 0.0 0.1 2.52 1.4 0.8 0.0 0.04 -1.1 2.45 0.3 2.1 0.8 0.33 0.1 0.80 2.7 1.8 0.4 391 622 19.946 281.80 0.6 0.77 1.324 30.83 0.866 561.27 2.83 1.55 0.05 1.8 0.64 0.0 0.51 0.31 0.10 2.0 1.47 0.8 1.6 1.79 0.43 1.5 0.974 1.9 0.0 0.5 1.88 1.68 0.1 2.28 1.40 1.7 1.950 2.035 375.5 0.4 1.58 3.664.5 0.21 years % % % OECD FOOD.985 207.6 0.33 0.312 3.597.04 0.8 1.67 1.0 2.44 2.9 2.6 0.2 1.5 1.02 0.0 1.12 0.00 1.4 0.88 2.53 0.0 1.4 1.3 1.0 2.9 1.1 1.52 0.65 0.39 1.00 0.6 34.2 0.06 EEK EEK EEK EEK hectare FTE 0.13 0.6 1.09 2.8 0.35 0.60 2.30 0.7 0.3 4.80 0.0 1.7 0.00 0.804 139.4 0.827 1.8 1.6 0.94 1.54 0.9 1.18 3.1 2.4 0.6 0.1 1.50 1.42 0.1 2.4 1.00 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.97 0.7 1.1 1.1 1.68 1.97 0.04 0.31 0.1 2.22 1.5 0.7 0.90 0.2 17.64 1.7 1.79 0.01 1.25 7.2 0.40 0.8 1.55 0.1 1.45 0.8 1.61 2.636 978.16 1.92 0.4 0.1 2.36 0.7 0.6 1.19 0.72 0.5 1.77 1.0 0.6 0.73 1.33 2.0 1.78 4.2 0.5 0.1 1.76 2.747 134.0 2.0 0.3 0.1 1.27 0.42 1.66 1.38 12.44 0.80 2.93 1.01 0.48 0.3 2.25 3.47 0.80 2.70 0.8 3.2 2.7 0.8 0.26 1.4 0.52 1.79 1.66 0.8 1.00 1.36 0.57 1.10 0.02 2.16 0.0 5.06 2.5 2.289 1.16 2.0 0.3 1.01 0.1 0.4 0.34 1.7 1.06 2.7 0.7 0.0 0.1 2.7 1.8 2.0 1.3 1.841 412.32 0.31 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.9 1.88 0.8 1.0 1.48 0.8 2.1 1.34 0.833 364 55.6 0.96 1.1 1.475 72.58 0.8 1.46 1.75 1.4 0.46 1.003.84 0.1 1.8 0.6 0.5 0.25 0.69 0.92 1.79 2.5 1.90 0.8 2.39 1.3 1.9 0.7 0.4 0.0 0.00 0.2 0.61 1.43 0.4 1.3 2.9 2 104 393 1 898 908 3 123 427 3 037 451 2 968 483 1 421 347 1 442 856 2 306 900 2 313 862 2 470 903 683 046 456 052 816 527 723 589 497 580 162 287 155 715 294 119 271 720 310 796 520 759 300 337 522 408 451 869 186 784 1.00 1.4 2.05 1.1 1.4 1.35 1.52 2.3 1.882 208.0 1.12 0.74 0.1 2.65 0.84 1.0 0.58 2.7 0.7 1.8 0.44 0.76 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.0 0.3 2.3 0.6 1.5 0.65 0.17 1.6 0.43 0.363 201.6 1.05 1.8 1.9 0.17 2.80 0.7 1.18 1.7 495.0 2.48 1.0 1.06 0.2 0.25 1.7 0.5 0.46 0.65 1.7 3.32 2.1 1.31 0.9 0.19 1.83 0.5 0.9 0.152.0 0.00 0.15 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.646 1.5 0.7 0.47 2.45 1.31 1.4 1.76 1.5 1.40 2.21 0.9 1.7 0.57 0.1 1.018 0.2 0.4 0.2 1.4 0.1 1.32 0.9 2.6 2 574 400 5 687 599 1 792 942 3 894 657 195.66 0.0 1.46 0.4 0.2 3.74 0.25 3.61 0.54 0.97 1.8 0.6 1.95 0.84 2.03 1.7 0.0 0.9 1.00 0.37 0.4 0.32 0.3 3.00 3.5 1.602 138.6 0.75 2.98 0.47 1.7 2.49 0.77 0.0 1.9 0.94 0.39 0.3 0.1 2.0 0.25 0.16 1.4 0.22 0.3 0.12 1.71 1.74 0.9 2.99 1.0 2.32 0.3 0.6 0.62 1.2 0.2 0.70 0.055 1.6 0.69 1.1 1.3 0.38 0.7 0.80 0.5 1.75 0.1 2.19 0.231.0 0.7 1.4 0.8 0.78 1.80 1.71 0.61 0.0 1.4 1.67 0.98 0.1 1.2 0.26 2.593 481.25 0.47 0.2 0.4 1.626 247.8 0.78 1.09 2.48 0.5 51% 52% 59% 67% 54% 0.487 462.5 0.50 0.4 0.98 0.4 0.83 1.1 2.9 1.6 0.88 0.7 1.02 0.38 1.3 1.48 1.452.3 1.6 0.1 2.33 0.00 0.22 2.33 0.0 2.5 1.00 0.83 1.1 0.9 1.7 1.8 0.11 3.74 1.865.88 0.83 0.5 0.8 1.7 1.8 1.1 1.2 0.49 1.11 1.87 1.8 1.66 0.3 0.44 0.1 2.21 2.4 0.35 1.40 0.72 1.64 0.5 2.3 0.9 2.63 0.9 0.3 1.2 1.75 1.10 1.5 0.75 0.16 2.4 2.4 1.08 EEK EEK % 281.5 2.4 0.41 2.30 0.9 1.0 0.11 0.09 0.06 1.5 0.0 1.7 1.5 2008 2 353 906 5 103 259 1 574 335 3 528 924 170.88 1.927 3.00 0.99 2.9 1.5 0.8 2.52 0.39 0.72 2.00 0.754 1.4 22.8 1.83 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.018 199.06 1.7 2.34 2.439 3.65 0.7 0.70 0.7 0.27 0.3 0.37 0.34 1.0 0.2 1.00 0.5 0.025.05 0.48 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.05 1.788 148.4 0.3 2.72 0.25 3.16 1.65 0.79 1.962 29.7 0.5 0.60 1.8 0.5 0.13 0.6 1.7 0.7 0.2 1.32 0.38 0.3 0.9 2.85 2.0 1.80 1.06 EEK EEK % 683 046 456 052 816 527 723 589 497 580 1.3 0.56 0.2 1.4 0.66 1.37 0.7 0.5 0.62 1.59 0.0 1.5 0.06 0.12 0.7 1.91 2.

15 0.92 0.15 1.25 0.70 0.99 0.44 1.98 1.40 1.49 1.87 0.15 1.43 1.83 0.97 1.06 0.28 0.55 1.50 0.84 0.00 0.34 0.71 1.33 1.49 1.94 0.37 0.98 0.28 0.7 225 050 771 947 121 040 650 907 105.45 1.07 0.00 1.04 1.75 0.99 0.50 0.20 1.22 0.33 1.02 1.09 0.16 1.34 0.34 0.79 0.55 0.48 0.51 1.81 0.26 1.87 0.74 0.40 0.11 1.72 1.2 0.26 1.91 1.94 1.32 1.57 0.94 0.71 0.54 1.9 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 198 727 637 690 109 133 528 557 67.02 0.42 1.43 1.69 0.74 0.95 0.87 1.61 0.90 0.77 1.24 0.28 0.73 0.93 1.50 0.04 1.98 1.76 0.56 0.88 1.45 0.86 1.20 0.01 0.69 0.20 0.18 0.33 0.77 0.88 1.84 2.10 1.24 1.67 0.77 0.20 1.91 1.76 0.73 1.66 0.55 0.33 0.92 1.79 1.44 1.41 0.19 1.02 0.99 1.22 0.57 1.61 0.80 1.54 1.81 1.69 0.07 1.40 1.58 1.35 0.69 0.21 1.66 1.15 1.21 0.03 1.1 -1 972 0.75 1.15 1.05 0.80 1.87 1.66 1.94 0.75 0.85 1.22 0.82 1.85 0.01 0.36 0.80 1.85 0.70 1.20 1.63 0.69 1.35 1.72 1.08 1.62 0.80 1.31 1.11 1.80 0.25 0.98 1.44 0.18 0.88 1.87 1.82 1.70 1.37 0.37 1.00 1.42 1.85 1.36 1.35 0.61 0.52 0.82 1.95 1.86 1.55 0.90 0.48 1.09 0.50 0.83 1.58 0.14 0.56 0.60 0.13 0.73 0.14 1.90 1.89 1.37 1.91 0.58 2.79 0.65 0.31 0.07 1.46 1.28 0.19 1.10 1.69 1.01 1.09 1.56 0.85 1.46 0.16 0.78 1.29 0.01 1.19 1.80 0.96 1.99 0.26 0.55 0.77 0.08 1.32 0.55 0.91 0.18 0.08 0.84 0.33 0.85 1.9 Average characteristics of high and low performers.75 0.49 0.09 0.35 1.5 2.92 0.0 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 211 623 662 222 121 086 541 136 68.2 39.72 1.17 1.71 1.68 0.59 1.24 1.01 1.74 1.00 1.76 0.11 0.31 0.85 0.48 0.70 0.51 1.14 1.00 0.30 1.77 1.55 1.18 0.80 2.68 1.66 0.10 0.62 0.91 1.46 1.20 1.49 0.51 0.24 0.63 0.27 0.50 0.49 0.84 1.01 0.12 0.05 1.59 0.81 1.39 1.01 0.06 0.69 1.11 0.84 1.80 0.97 1.01 1.35 1.77 0.70 1.78 0.8 -3 418 5.72 0.34 0.26 0.81 1.81 1.29 1.98 0.05 1.69 0.79 0.54 1.72 0.13 1.81 0.18 0.72 0.52 0.51 1.37 1.77 0.74 1.41 2.79 1.07 0.67 0.91 1.62 1.52 1.26 0.40 1.16 0.82 0.01 99.55 0.17 0.09 1.28 1.61 209 875 220 936 261 985 264 128 234 708 128 658 133 394 157 702 165 435 147 763 81 218 87 543 104 283 98 692 86 945 17 549 18 022 19 852 20 296 19 968 63 669 69 520 84 431 78 397 66 977 1.70 1.53 1.62 0.25 0.99 0.49 1.76 0.47 0.60 0.55 2.98 1.32 1.0 1.23 0.26 0.47 1.99 1.64 0.00 1.15 0.71 1.28 0.65 0.78 1.63 0.64 1.00 1.6 1.10 1.02 0.10 0.00 0.49 1.67 1.06 1.13 0.59 1.32 1.6 49.75 0.02 1.07 0.34 0.76 1.59 1.20 0.7 -3 435 6.86 1.74 1.24 0.47 0.43 1.62 1.98 1.61 1.8 25.48 0.80 1.38 1.99 0.55 1.77 1.37 1.05 1.93 1.96 1.39 1.42 1.33 0.26 1.43 1.90 1.56 1.33 1.37 15.18 0.90 1.30 1.71 1.61 0.42 1.93 0.49 1.21 1.64 0.45 0.98 1.90 1.97 1.90 0.72 0.17 0.84 0.9 3 196 5.83 1.07 1.24 1.64 0.73 1.15 1.69 0.56 1.00 0.84 0.43 1.10 1.67 0.91 1.22 1.96 1.88 1.82 1.11 0.06 1.36 0.13 0.36 0.04 18.90 0.81 1.60 0.19 0.97 0.63 1.43 0.77 1.56 1.67 2.72 1.25 1.62 0.77 0.02 1.38 0.93 0.32 0.96 1.99 1.64 1.88 0.10 0.94 1.69 0.90 0.56 1.68 1.80 1.13 19.87 1.01 0.01 1.98 1.95 1.01 0.74 0.73 1.35 0.46 0.81 1.46 0.64 1.82 0.17 1.02 0.75 1.45 0.25 0.20 1.80 1.78 1.68 0.86 0.71 0.64 1.19 0.01 1.62 0.68 1.05 1.41 0.22 0.37 1.02 1.58 0.58 1.81 0.83 1.78 1.77 1.59 0.72 0.18 0.01 0.49 0.53 0.25 0.74 0.59 1.69 1.20 0.79 -0.33 0.86 0.27 1.85 0.78 1.38 1.41 0.71 0.21 0.88 0.79 1.39 0.17 1.05 1.77 1.72 0.97 1.24 1.99 0.01 1.52 0.63 0.23 1.10 0.50 0.26 1.69 0.66 0.23 0.27 0.84 0.2 34.38 0.98 0.23 2.54 1.18 1.54 1.12 1.05 0.67 1.00 0.34 1.03 1.48 1.95 0.35 0.81 1.58 0.97 1.33 0.83 0.80 0.95 1.42 0.03 1.18 0.46 1.24 1.73 1.97 208 066 226 698 256 900 255 071 240 661 134 057 145 604 166 622 173 758 162 211 74 008 81 094 90 278 81 313 78 450 18 604 19 543 20 652 20 736 20 763 55 404 61 551 69 626 60 577 57 686 1.29 0.26 1.87 1.67 1.82 0.97 1.02 1.36 0.66 1.27 1.56 1.92 0.29 1.20 1.01 0.37 1.53 0.07 1.26 0.90 1.49 0.17 1.97 1.63 0.21 1.08 1.47 0.08 1.23 0.22 0.17 0.92 1.51 1.63 1.47 0.37 1.19 1.05 0.07 0.69 1.96 1.58 0.8 41.81 0.87 1.12 1.02 0.59 0.15 0.21 3.91 0.62 0.72 0.00 1.78 0.58 0.74 14.97 1.18 1.64 0.76 0.44 0.79 1.70 1.12 1.56 1.19 1.27 1.23 1.43 0.55 1.9 228 777 648 330 115 353 532 977 68.75 0.41 1.31 0.72 2.84 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Annex Table B.38 0.36 1.29 0.89 1.57 1.70 0.08 1.39 1.34 1.35 1.07 0.49 0.66 0.02 0.23 0.01 0.24 0.40 0.63 0.02 1.25 1.78 0.73 1.44 1.85 0.55 0.83 0.66 0.62 0.47 0.20 0.44 0.24 1.92 0.27 1.86 0.14 1.85 1.14 0.32 0.40 0.29 1.50 0.14 0.57 0.24 0.29 1.87 0.77 1.67 0.35 1.07 1.07 0.07 EUR EUR Share of non-farm income in farm household income EUR Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR 4.75 1.47 0.61 1.47 1.78 1.76 0.23 0.69 0.99 0.17 0.78 0.09 0.11 0.97 1.43 1.29 1.45 0.70 1.99 1.25 1.83 0.63 1.44 0.17 1.03 0.48 0.95 0.04 0.49 1.87 1.15 0.9 1.90 1.46 1.55 0.40 1.90 0.50 0.72 0.91 0.70 0.32 0.91 0.19 1.55 1. for selected farm types.78 1.71 0.29 0.83 1.19 1.39 0.55 0.21 1.83 0.47 0.43 1.36 0.47 0.68 0.74 1.01 0.87 1.71 0.06 1.79 0.60 0.52 0.02 0.65 1.55 0.92 0.24 1.27 1.84 0.63 1.53 0.16 1.91 0.64 1.99 0.67 0.00 0.64 2.05 0.19 0.95 0.28 0.16 1.01 0.55 0.23 0.57 0.18 1.95 1.57 0.44 0.51 1.03 1.17 1.38 1.70 1.89 1.32 0.03 1.27 1.42 1.67 0.84 1.52 1.97 1.68 0.62 1.87 1.12 0.62 1.00 1.11 0.98 0.08 0.41 0.77 0.63 0.97 0.64 0.18 0.06 0.81 1.19 1.83 1.89 1.89 1.02 0.99 1.84 1.2 2.52 1.8 48.72 0.90 1.99 0.00 0.46 1.98 0.48 1.28 1.17 0.79 0.40 50 216 43 912 38 972 37 590 36 023 25 226 27 971 28 124 28 445 29 038 18 632 22 244 22 853 23 160 23 061 4 425 4 428 3 973 3 814 3 928 2 168 1 299 1 297 1 471 2 048 24 990 15 941 10 849 9 145 6 985 24.18 1.13 0.54 0.39 1.9 49.29 1.41 1.06 0.76 1.03 0.21 0.08 1.30 0.80 0.46 0.1 41.51 0.93 1.48 1.41 0.84 20.69 1.60 0.21 1.56 0.98 0.57 0.04 1.65 0.98 1.36 1.00 1.34 1.87 0.91 1.00 0.8 6 028 5.94 1.77 0.88 1.02 1.74 0.04 0.98 1.43 0.77 0.23 1.51 1.42 1.78 1.86 1.85 1.23 1.62 0.04 0.06 0.81 0.48 1.63 0.74 0.43 0.99 0.56 1.80 1.78 1.84 1.23 0.88 0.30 0.94 1.53 0.36 0.29 0.87 0.91 1.72 0.83 0.49 0.59 1.35 1.87 0.65 0.60 0.45 0.01 1.93 0.20 0.53 0.55 0.53 1.70 0.55 1.24 1.64 0.04 0.05 0.81 0.24 1.77 0.82 1.08 0.25 % 25.46 0.79 1.31 0.90 0.03 years % 48.55 1.04 0.71 2.64 1.43 0.77 1.33 1.08 0.86 0.47 1.63 -0.78 1.6 0.69 -1.56 1.00 0.52 0.34 0.34 1.00 0.97 1.81 1.48 -0.71 0.97 0.49 1.14 1.56 1.93 0.21 0.64 0.62 1.39 1.28 0.97 0.46 0.7 48.65 0.6 24.76 1.00 0.6 223 655 767 239 116 821 650 419 106.93 0.49 1.79 1.10 1.32 0.02 1.53 1.39 0.69 1.09 1.76 0.18 0.97 1.97 1.76 1.69 1.77 0.49 1.69 0.47 1.77 0.46 0.09 0.40 0.74 0.99 0.20 1.18 1.07 0.26 0.70 -1.62 0.76 18.87 0.70 0.91 1.85 0.82 1.71 0.39 0.95 0.16 0.25 0.25 1.97 0.88 0.99 1.51 0.84 1.33 1.89 1.73 1.68 1.82 0.01 1.41 1.37 0.47 0.57 1.12 1.2 -2 818 0.02 0.08 0.65 0.67 0.02 1.68 1.11 0.16 0.43 0.60 0.38 1.24 1.81 0.33 1.73 1.85 0.97 0.63 52 129 44 248 49 150 47 645 43 670 35 080 35 824 38 330 39 078 38 827 29 131 31 117 33 846 34 415 33 496 3 355 3 482 3 153 3 108 2 880 2 594 1 225 1 331 1 554 2 452 17 049 8 424 10 820 8 568 4 843 24.30 1.97 0.5 49.95 1.88 % % Field crop farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 2004 174 796 713 217 101 012 612 204 99.42 0.64 0.03 1.07 1.54 0.80 0.04 0.22 0.06 1.74 0.76 1.26 0.07 8.81 1.61 1.93 1.5 27.01 0.00 1.43 0.89 2.33 0.10 1.85 0.56 2.83 1.74 2.44 1.08 -2.61 0.49 1.97 1.22 0.04 0.27 1.85 1.28 1.6 1.90 0.86 1.71 1.78 -0.24 1.97 0.77 1.39 1.73 0.38 0.00 0.71 0.20 1.01 0.76 0.10 0.01 0.48 1.20 1.81 0.14 0.29 0.76 0.28 0.15 0.81 0.57 0.69 0.92 0.78 1.15 0.81 1.73 1.44 0.12 0.02 0.47 1.71 1.07 0.23 0.67 0.71 0.70 0.19 0.18 1.98 0.79 0.66 0.45 0.21 1.02 1.16 0.1 1.69 0.91 0.02 0.2 3 307 7.60 1.1 40.84 1.48 0.48 1.65 0.18 0.6 1.71 0.10 0.84 1.80 -2.98 1.96 1.56 0.22 0.81 0.46 0.64 1.69 0.70 0.29 1.75 1.63 0.71 1.57 0.01 0.78 0.03 1.85 1.98 1.97 1.15 0.88 0.95 1.81 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .45 0.82 1.88 0.4 1.57 0.88 1.62 0.28 0.89 0.00 1.5 1 311 5.09 0.04 1.27 0.30 0.45 1.87 1.7 2009 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 195 881 775 985 125 036 650 949 102.0 39.99 1.03 0.99 0.66 0.32 0.03 1.60 0.69 1.14 1.76 1.24 1.0 226 626 654 759 117 224 537 535 69.65 0.13 0.75 1.81 0.21 1.80 0.00 0.73 0.38 0.29 0.25 0.08 0.41 1.07 1.00 1.73 0.99 0.5 1.72 0.99 0.20 0.94 1.8 50.78 0.90 0.17 1.58 1.77 0.98 1.07 0.00 0.00 1.42 0.80 0.04 1.27 0.78 1.60 0.73 0.07 1.68 1.09 1.73 1.76 0.76 0.37 years % 47.39 0.36 0.46 0.45 0.40 0.79 1.08 1.09 1.34 0.79 1.44 1.05 1.51 0.74 0.64 1.49 1.69 0. 2004-09 All farm types Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 2004 182 840 612 565 103 647 508 918 64.98 1.58 0.52 0.44 1.97 0.16 0.95 0.82 0.34 0.54 0.83 1.91 0.95 1.68 0.58 1.49 0.20 0.01 0.42 0.92 1.75 1.67 1.58 0.77 1.61 1.56 0.07 0.19 1.6 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 185 113 746 947 112 156 634 791 100.10 0.78 0.49 0.78 -0.44 0.81 1.69 0.73 0.08 1.41 1.78 0.7 26.81 1. Germany.65 0.24 0.99 1.05 1.01 0.83 0.98 1.52 0.46 1.86 1.35 0.89 0.50 1.35 1.10 1.11 0.84 0.95 0.70 -4.3 0.89 1.84 0.96 0.51 1.86 0.43 0.16 1.8 38.18 0.73 1.88 1.80 1.81 1.6 34.63 1.07 1.20 1.67 0.15 0.65 1.07 0.67 0.41 0.58 1.74 0.65 1.14 0.14 0.98 0.58 0.45 1.81 1.47 1.99 1.00 1.70 0.17 0.63 0.11 0.89 0.07 1.01 1.70 0.63 0.7 2.46 -0.70 1.00 0.76 0.8 1.71 1.75 1.27 1.52 0.81 0.25 1.21 0.31 2.99 0.68 1.02 -1.67 0.83 0.55 1.09 1.69 1.60 0.94 0.04 0.38 1.39 0.12 1.13 1.14 1.84 0.89 0.69 0.68 0.43 0.28 1.86 1.6 1.41 0.53 1.48 1.22 0.65 1.35 0.32 1.02 0.02 1.99 1.17 1.11 0.74 0.39 0.70 1.87 1.73 0.90 1.76 0.31 1.83 1.73 0.25 1.59 0.75 0.46 1.45 0.50 0.81 0.89 0.10 0.02 1.43 0.01 1.72 1.54 0.21 1.07 1.25 0.06 1.18 0.80 1.95 1.70 1.43 1.40 0.98 1.33 0.64 0.35 0.69 0.12 0.17 0.98 1.18 0.72 0.57 1.29 0.91 0.84 1.27 % 41.59 1.96 1.02 0.08 1.44 1.74 0.13 1.77 0.70 0.33 1.68 1.98 0.65 1.96 1.61 0.16 0.67 0.52 1.56 0.68 1.63 0.11 0.73 1.88 0.94 1.45 1.00 0.40 1.70 0.82 1.25 0.61 0.44 0.01 0.56 1.82 0.93 1.77 0.48 1.99 0.17 1.20 1.26 0.33 0.68 0.29 1.19 1.75 0.79 0.83 0.03 0.76 0.24 1.99 0.23 0.36 1.49 0.78 0.06 0.07 1.62 0.56 0.63 1.70 0.59 1.19 1.01 1.94 1.99 1.03 0.10 1.31 0.85 1.99 1.64 1.90 0.77 0.06 0.02 1.83 0.73 1.79 1.15 0.24 1.39 0.03 0.98 1.06 0.07 0.62 0.75 0.80 0.1 35.00 0.03 1.99 0.35 0.03 18.95 0.50 1.21 1.99 1.29 1.76 0.10 1.11 0.85 0.71 1.74 % % OECD FOOD.08 0.62 0.45 1.95 0.71 1.16 1.47 0.43 0.52 1.68 0.29 1.28 1.11 0.22 0.64 0.10 0.22 0.69 0.30 1.12 1.72 1.69 0.20 0.41 0.44 0.70 0.80 1.86 1.19 0.69 0.55 0.85 1.89 0.96 1.39 0.81 1.12 1.29 1.34 1.93 0.59 0.62 0.06 0.46 0.42 1.65 2.24 1.22 0.79 0.08 1.95 1.92 1.01 0.16 1.42 1.76 0.75 0.24 1.17 0.99 1.48 0.34 0.27 0.18 0.85 1.05 2.63 0.56 0.34 0.78 1.09 0.74 1.47 0.59 0.82 0.67 0.65 0.47 0.36 0.82 0.67 0.68 1.02 0.69 1.58 1.63 0.12 1.28 0.77 1.86 1.62 0.10 0.65 0.80 1.38 1.77 1.77 0.23 1.76 0.86 0.59 0.35 1.53 0.4 39.54 1.19 1.93 1.82 1.72 1.72 0.98 1.99 0.52 0. by performance indicator.77 7.17 14.80 2.6 34.85 0.56 1.00 1.69 0.22 1.85 0.16 1.76 0.13 0.21 0.75 1.1 39.16 1.43 1.43 1.56 1.23 0.03 0.41 1.11 1.66 1.90 0.49 0.65 0.66 0.73 1.04 1.81 1.20 0.37 1.77 0.31 0.09 1.46 0.80 1.22 1.04 0.13 0.75 0.81 0.07 0.60 1.64 0.76 0.18 0.75 1.28 0.77 0.65 0.86 1.80 1.01 1.03 0.37 0.80 1.17 1.35 1.44 0.74 0.46 1.42 0.5 49.06 1.86 0.86 0.83 EUR EUR Share of non-farm income in farm household income EUR Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR 5.75 0.47 0.01 0.09 0.37 0.98 1.90 1.43 0.4 910 6.22 0.75 0.67 1.78 1.40 1.34 0.90 1.98 0.00 0.8 33.70 0.62 0.65 0.45 1.9 3 286 7.75 1.83 2.28 1.85 0.60 1.16 1.96 1.51 0.8 49.49 0.17 0.62 0.83 1.62 0.75 1.00 0.12 1.03 1.72 1.79 0.71 1.91 0.46 0.16 1.21 0.86 1.89 0.76 1.21 1.08 0.76 1.52 1.1 41.82 0.99 1.54 0.50 1.79 0.76 1.50 0.99 1.51 0.10 1.43 1.66 0.19 1.50 1.84 0.34 1.25 0.28 1.38 1.70 0.98 0.62 2.

68 1.63 0.74 0.98 1.16 1.74 1.36 0.72 1.30 1.36 1.22 0.96 1.78 0.33 % 3.35 1.35 1.72 1.99 0.21 0.62 0.58 0.33 1.99 0.92 0.27 1.40 0.90 0.21 0.03 0.22 1.24 1.24 0.0 48.97 0.27 0.26 0.34 -0.76 0.74 0.84 0.51 0.60 0.64 0.04 0.78 0.03 1.78 1.39 -0.01 0.97 0.02 2.06 0.77 1.35 1.67 0.93 1.60 0.39 1.21 0.66 0.40 1.25 0.37 0.43 1.85 0.25 0.06 0.41 1.92 1.38 0.50 1.24 1.50 0.07 1.81 0.86 0.2 17.94 1.03 1.66 0.16 1.78 1.73 0.42 0.52 1.0 66.63 0.81 1.12 1.83 0.82 0.91 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .01 0.51 1.78 1.82 1.26 0.68 0.64 0.02 0.80 0.81 0.23 1.99 0.73 1.36 0.76 1.97 0.95 0.57 0.78 0.60 0.97 1.04 1.05 0.69 1.56 1.36 0.75 0.90 0.42 1.72 0.81 1.07 1.33 1.92 0.66 0.78 0.24 0.5 49.86 -3 251 4.02 0.98 1.10 0.74 0.49 2.17 -0.10 0.70 3.00 1.21 1.71 1.99 0.28 1.95 1.97 0.89 0.72 0.86 0.64 1.17 0.58 2.89 1.73 0.40 1.89 1.81 0.6 46.59 1.54 1.43 0.71 1.55 0.97 0.07 0.62 0.51 1.82 1.24 0.52 0.07 0.02 0.62 4.99 0.63 0.64 0.2 50.05 1.65 1.10 -3 365 4.68 1.76 1.02 0.53 0.50 0.62 0.96 1.91 1.78 0.82 1.86 0.31 1.05 1.18 0.52 0.57 1.15 0.48 1.09 0.96 1.91 1.83 0.27 0.01 0.82 0.67 0.06 1.91 0.78 0.02 0.30 1.63 0.96 0.78 1.02 1.55 0.4 0.03 0.76 1.87 1.81 0.01 0.12 0.56 1.64 0.98 1.39 0.11 1.32 0.78 0.90 0.79 1.21 1.57 1.90 0.40 0.53 1.52 1.2 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 202 337 369 931 106 383 263 548 7.45 1.66 0.48 0.06 1.74 0.07 2.91 1.3 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 209 139 376 160 104 851 271 309 8.0 47.75 0.86 1.30 0.28 0.6 1.48 0.26 0.78 1.21 1.96 1.85 0.35 1.77 1.18 0.17 1.49 0.49 1.14 1.65 0.31 1.73 0.77 0.89 0.63 0.81 1.08 0.46 0.36 0.21 0.33 1.89 2.05 0.94 0.59 0.00 0.03 1.20 0.83 1.98 1.59 0.33 0.67 0.75 0.99 1.00 0.65 0.61 0.76 0.93 1.02 0.59 2.77 1.61 1.66 1.79 1.96 0.01 0.04 0.35 1.95 1.91 1.48 1.89 0.94 0.60 1.11 1.61 0.72 4 409 8.42 1.25 1.55 1.85 1.12 0.85 1.63 0.99 0.03 0.57 0.76 0.49 0.2 3.45 0.63 0.55 1.94 0.02 0.35 1.74 0.86 1.05 1.59 0.16 1.99 EUR EUR Share of non-farm income in farm household income EUR Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR 4.38 1.55 1.85 1.64 6 006 5 888 6 387 6 259 6 174 2 601 2 526 2 662 2 817 2 851 499 1 023 1 251 1 334 1 383 804 719 733 739 743 1 298 784 678 745 725 3 405 3 362 3 725 3 442 3 323 3.17 1.42 1.99 0.50 1.03 0.16 0.10 1.59 2.91 1.43 1.05 0.81 1.73 0.55 0.52 0.55 0.86 0.96 1.13 0.04 1.17 1.11 1.57 2.41 1.03 0.80 1.62 0.02 0.80 2.82 1.41 0.85 0.72 2.27 1.39 -3 918 1.87 0.91 0.02 0.91 0.01 0.89 1.68 1.99 1.11 1.58 0.89 1.98 1.72 2.04 0.65 1.57 1.71 0.84 1.36 1.06 0.62 0.18 0.14 1.25 1.28 1.04 0.2 66.86 1.41 1.58 1.34 0.08 1.51 1.08 0.52 1.40 1.72 1.85 0.62 0.55 1.92 0.85 1.90 0.77 1.28 1.80 1.86 1.23 1.96 1.14 1.38 1.02 0.95 0.57 0.96 0.70 0.5 3.83 1.46 1.29 1.50 -5 359 4.32 1.13 0.51 1.58 1.98 1.48 0.59 0.07 1.76 1.3 65.86 1.00 1.86 1.64 1.28 0.96 1.28 1.42 0.34 0.80 0.12 1.82 1.22 1.78 0.79 1.78 0.63 1.37 0.16 1.29 0.15 0.13 0.43 0.63 0.98 0.22 0.95 0.10 0.41 1.31 2.19 1.24 1.01 0.54 1.02 1.09 0.73 0.45 0.89 1.50 0.62 1.29 1.09 0.34 0.98 1.01 1.92 1.98 1.75 0.16 1.72 0.45 1.83 1.03 1.70 0.97 1.16 0.94 1.06 1.45 1.6 53.71 0.57 0.5 3.48 1.24 1.40 1.05 0.07 0.31 1.87 0.04 0.36 1.28 1.58 0.04 0.74 0.70 1.49 1.37 0.82 1.53 years % 48.37 0.70 1.95 1.12 0.65 0.08 0.03 1.58 1.61 0.12 0.72 0.96 0.38 1.64 0.42 0.5 50.25 0.63 0.55 0.79 0.25 0.78 0.69 1.37 2.81 1.40 0.67 0.34 1.63 1.69 1.66 0.18 0.25 1.71 0.8 27.47 0.28 1.25 0.79 1.12 2.47 0.56 0.61 1.49 1.27 1.76 0.69 2.53 1.72 0.71 0.07 0.69 0.75 1.49 0.89 0.84 1.60 0.73 0.89 1.35 1.97 0.90 1.37 1.05 0.79 0.90 1.95 1.48 0.98 0.31 1.93 0.32 1.98 1.62 1.56 1.14 0.57 0.85 1.44 0.03 0.81 0.3 28.34 1.61 0.66 1.00 0.22 1.85 2.23 0.15 1.04 1.32 1.81 0.37 1.19 0.80 0.72 0.96 0.83 0.13 0.01 0.17 1.22 0.69 0.00 0.26 1.91 0.75 0.54 0.99 1.71 0.70 0.20 0.52 0.72 1.64 0.09 0.98 0.97 1.76 0.45 1.10 0.88 0.32 1.47 3.64 1.91 1.76 1.06 0.94 0.76 0.22 1.43 3.25 1.85 1.51 2.72 0.50 1.69 1.35 1.17 0.04 1.66 0.1 0.81 0.69 1.66 0.34 0.52 1.16 1.79 0.59 0.09 0.87 0.09 0.43 1.04 0.23 1.17 1.04 2.13 1.84 0.17 1.02 0.89 1.72 0.28 1.51 0.97 0.85 1.68 0.65 0.32 0.95 1.00 0.62 0.92 0.61 1.58 1.83 1.75 0.56 0.32 1.10 1.49 0.98 1.43 0.02 0.77 0.02 0.39 1.87 1.46 0.82 1.33 0.50 1.83 0.21 1.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 85 Fruit and vegetable farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 2004 193 979 373 360 117 728 255 631 7.68 0.87 0.85 1.95 1.62 1.64 0.84 0.78 0.23 1.17 1.36 0.59 0.00 1.16 0.30 1.88 0.61 1.23 0.57 1.24 1.93 0.74 1.00 1.63 1.69 0.51 1.01 1.15 1.30 0.29 0.13 1.97 1.03 0.25 1.39 1.48 1.69 0.78 1.05 0.78 0.53 1.19 1.02 0.60 0.90 0.02 0.02 1.95 1.68 1.62 1.38 0.92 1.5 52.21 1.55 1.83 0.09 1.50 1.6 1.76 0.94 1.90 1.07 0.71 0.68 1.12 0.6 1.12 1.90 0.57 0.78 1.03 1.92 1.23 1.42 0.35 1.63 0.18 0.45 0.51 1.75 0.27 0.46 0.88 0.49 0.35 0.20 1.06 0.09 1.63 0.66 1.10 1.54 1.98 1.37 1.73 0.32 1.08 0.32 0.50 1.94 0.55 1.69 1.44 2.70 0.87 1.87 0.55 0.64 0.36 1.00 0.81 0.16 0.22 1.12 0.20 1.33 1.35 1.53 0.69 1.87 0.25 1.26 1.25 0.90 0.92 1.97 0.87 1.51 1.58 1.78 0.54 0.03 0.26 0.38 0.70 0.12 1.85 1.61 0.66 1.78 0.11 1.72 0.42 0.90 1.43 1.05 0.92 0.70 0.61 0.81 1.56 1.09 1.70 0.98 1.47 0.20 1.03 1.97 0.72 1.87 2.20 0.67 0.66 0.10 1.82 0.72 -0.13 0.78 1.11 0.50 2.21 1.96 0.04 0.11 0.91 0.84 0.60 0.75 0.54 0.73 0.09 0.72 -3 397 7.66 1.12 0.41 0.16 0.37 0.64 0.48 1.74 1.58 0.42 1.89 2.96 1.28 1.43 0.42 1.62 1.97 0.02 0.69 0.70 1.56 1.75 0.37 0.95 1.98 1.26 0.62 1.96 0.10 0.79 1.46 1.67 1.79 0.08 0.72 1.86 0.86 0.26 0.86 0.65 1.62 0.49 0.09 0.08 1.98 1.18 0.62 1.01 0.72 0.86 2.13 1.36 -0.92 1.5 52.04 1.61 1.50 -3 713 5.83 0.20 EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 55 757 50 731 36 673 30 597 31 789 19 626 26 494 25 220 24 714 26 479 12 119 19 361 19 135 18 862 19 805 5 615 5 740 4 803 4 438 4 858 1 891 1 392 1 282 1 415 1 817 36 131 24 237 11 453 5 883 5 310 33.73 1.05 0.02 0.53 1.99 1.86 1.29 0.77 1.89 0.02 0.28 0.09 0.75 1.68 EUR EUR Share of non-farm income in farm household income EUR Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR 6.92 0.3 1.17 2.83 1.95 1.81 0.56 0.68 1.99 1.92 0.83 0.53 0.35 1.78 0.80 0.53 1.22 1.54 2.34 0.31 1.84 0.35 0.82 0.90 1.45 1.69 1.74 0.57 0.44 1.15 0.68 0.60 0.98 1.08 0.66 0.52 0.83 1.57 0.96 0.53 1.60 1.36 1.77 0.59 0.04 1.10 2.27 0.11 0.20 1.50 0.64 -0.17 1.05 0.05 0.96 1.2 1.98 1.61 0.62 0.35 0.77 0.66 0.93 1.90 1.83 1.66 1.84 1.52 1.66 1.93 1.32 1.02 1.83 0.33 0.86 0.36 1.72 0.72 0.77 0.78 1.00 0.23 1.91 196 580 204 863 220 976 211 129 211 990 147 470 151 718 159 640 157 515 160 018 49 110 53 145 61 335 53 615 51 972 15 942 15 023 15 888 15 734 16 072 33 168 38 122 45 448 37 880 35 900 1.90 1.75 0.02 0.90 0.96 2.41 1.78 2.04 0.03 1.02 0.66 1.49 0.10 1.96 1.20 1.38 0.00 0.44 1.98 1.09 0.43 2.75 1.62 1.82 -1.39 1.4 66.76 1.49 0.49 0.34 1.85 0.1 1.82 0.38 -0.84 0.09 1.82 0.04 0.11 0.16 1.70 0.36 1.45 1.17 1.49 2.05 0.27 0.64 1.85 1.43 1.55 1.77 1.96 1.25 0.56 0.04 0.88 1.75 1.28 1.42 0.09 1.38 1.38 1.28 1.79 0.86 1.63 0.54 1.57 0.13 0.77 0.24 0.25 0.03 0.2 3.69 0.67 1.99 1.07 1.00 1.3 208 312 383 858 102 134 281 724 8.88 1.96 1.45 0.62 0.65 0.78 1.12 0.41 1.13 0.99 1.86 1.45 0.87 1.17 0.04 0.97 1.00 0.43 1.60 1.21 1.77 0.79 -0.44 1.70 1.97 1.68 0.53 1.00 1.19 0.58 0.85 0.57 0.20 1.98 0.64 1.29 0.56 0.99 % % Dairy farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 2009 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE 145 199 160 318 188 497 164 369 158 257 598 086 622 641 618 324 607 891 620 235 94 027 97 172 92 839 95 082 98 087 504 059 525 469 525 486 512 809 522 149 49.93 1.13 0.98 2.83 1.73 0.66 1.72 0.87 0.46 0.87 0.41 0.76 1.65 1.28 1.13 0.60 1.85 1.98 1.66 1.79 1.58 1.78 0.05 0.56 0.50 1.37 0.42 1.33 0.93 1.09 1.59 1.43 0.09 5.12 0.31 0.50 0.11 1.59 0.04 0.67 0.81 1.40 5.37 1.74 0.03 0.63 0.34 1.72 3.85 0.02 1.23 0.86 0.77 1.03 1.45 0.30 -1.00 0.69 1.55 0.73 0.10 0.54 1.22 1.49 1.51 1.84 0.56 0.93 1.99 0.79 1.78 1.67 0.56 1.55 0.02 0.97 2.37 1.84 0.62 0.09 1.17 1.62 0.61 0.32 1.90 1.90 1.51 1.58 1.85 1.43 1.78 0.76 0.50 2.33 1.90 0.11 1.39 1.48 1.07 0.3 49.01 1.19 0.05 1.87 0.24 1.29 0.11 1.99 1.30 0.72 0.06 0.57 1.59 0.42 1.60 1.69 0.88 1.37 1.58 1.59 0.50 0.98 1.01 2.59 0.82 1.18 0.32 1.19 1.55 1.97 1.74 0.85 1.61 0.12 0.63 0.15 1.97 0.11 1.38 1.25 0.85 0.61 0.76 1.53 0.02 0.03 1.24 0.17 1.91 1.96 1.24 0.08 0.88 1.74 0.76 1.07 0.34 0.73 1.06 2.49 0.00 1.82 1.65 0.38 0.92 1.72 1.61 1.06 1.19 4.00 0.85 0.01 1.80 0.18 1.58 0.7 53.74 0.97 1.57 0.08 0.64 0.54 2.52 -0.64 0.62 0.10 1.44 1.69 1.39 1.26 1.93 1.63 0.44 0.31 0.71 0.51 0.2 218 314 382 880 104 817 278 064 8.59 1.46 3.86 1.88 2.45 1.26 2.30 1.30 1.90 1.99 0.58 1.51 1.24 1.79 0.02 1.5 51.83 0.11 0.61 0.83 0.17 1.89 0.42 0.20 0.78 1.2 164 825 186 813 213 718 189 083 184 736 93 510 102 551 115 466 115 219 108 577 71 315 84 262 98 252 73 865 76 159 19 666 21 230 21 359 21 088 21 283 51 649 63 031 76 893 52 777 54 876 1.97 0.09 1.66 0.25 0.33 1.24 5 079 8.99 1.61 1.83 1.59 0.54 0.05 1.16 1.17 0.87 0.69 0.88 0.55 1.89 1.90 1.36 1.55 0.51 0.74 1.78 0.46 1.44 0.81 0.04 0.02 0.07 1.29 0.01 0.21 1.95 1.92 1.59 0.85 0.06 0.67 0.85 0.12 0.00 1.03 0.97 1.52 0.09 1.57 1.65 0.03 0.55 2 252 7.66 1.67 1.85 1.85 1.54 -0.12 1.97 1.74 0.24 1.04 0.97 1.26 0.30 1.13 2.04 0.70 1.83 1.66 0.67 0.17 0.10 0.27 0.25 1.92 1.3 27.90 0.05 0.94 0.01 0.85 0.04 0.96 1.68 1.83 -1.76 0.98 1.72 1.64 1.56 1.83 1.63 1.81 1.45 1.14 1.58 1.94 1.27 1.40 0.88 0.60 0.98 0.96 1.41 2.53 1.76 1.22 1.05 0.99 1.51 1.14 1.12 0.83 1.70 1.95 1.84 % % OECD FOOD.28 0.64 1.73 -0.94 1.5 52.15 1.22 0.83 1.59 1.83 1.18 1.1 3.83 1.29 0.56 1.72 0.2 53.57 1.08 1.66 1.88 1.34 0.04 0.62 1.30 1.27 0.56 0.98 1.12 0.32 0.60 1.10 1.45 1.25 1.63 1.68 1.59 1.59 1.40 1.75 0.94 0.00 0.15 1.84 0.94 1.30 0.62 1.88 -0.81 1.16 0.86 0.23 1.08 0.72 0.59 1.00 0.65 1.74 0.77 2.23 0.69 1.97 1.20 0.24 1.52 0.92 1.47 1.27 1.86 0.75 1.03 1.19 0.88 1.30 0.98 1.95 0.33 1.72 1.44 1.69 0.64 0.15 0.66 0.69 0.99 0.57 0.57 0.93 0.30 0.67 1.99 -2 361 0.95 1.78 0.68 1.54 0.12 0.97 0.13 0.78 0.95 1.32 1.45 1.55 0.74 1.50 1.32 1.05 0.11 0.89 0.01 1.20 1.2 50.04 0.02 0.14 0.32 1.10 1.64 0.35 0.26 1.53 1.15 0.95 1.03 0.17 1.41 0.13 0.71 0.22 1.39 0.04 1.24 0.85 1.2 17.63 0.55 1.90 0.46 1.95 0.51 0.44 1.77 0.80 1.05 0.27 0.5 29.87 1.69 1.78 1.21 0.98 1.93 0.97 0.39 1.99 1.80 0.16 1.38 1.64 0.14 1.48 1.83 0.96 0.76 0.81 0.90 0.68 0.83 1.65 0.19 1.11 0.34 0.6 1.46 0.01 0.6 1.90 1.66 1.01 1.09 1.22 1.46 0.86 0.59 0.10 0.32 1.34 0.18 years % 47.80 0.05 0.86 1.98 1.69 0.59 0.19 0.03 1.81 1.10 0.84 0.65 0.98 1.05 0.02 1.45 0.93 0.97 1.76 0.93 1.46 0.56 2.23 1.44 1.13 0.99 1.20 1.57 0.37 1.17 1.56 1.12 0.85 1.6 30.77 1.75 0.35 0.76 0.39 1.91 2.02 0.18 0.78 1.68 0.13 1.18 1.82 1.16 0.59 0.59 1.55 1.72 0.76 0.88 0.42 0.02 0.43 1.19 0.61 1.70 0.88 1.70 0.66 1.71 0.37 1.58 2.28 1.99 1.53 1.50 0.12 0.80 0.99 1.63 1.17 1.35 1.69 0.69 1.04 0.18 1.02 0.88 1.09 1.5 49.07 0.16 0.48 1.92 0.98 1.63 0.58 0.47 0.84 0.95 0.91 1.93 0.92 0.66 0.7 50.78 0.16 0.19 1.84 0.27 1.30 1.56 0.71 1.2 16.77 0.39 0.06 1.92 0.82 0.92 1.85 1.68 1.34 0.19 1.94 2.26 1.69 0.69 0.79 1.44 0.99 1.63 1.76 1.02 1.16 1.18 0.70 0.22 1.01 0.12 1.52 1.66 0.22 1.35 0.74 0.03 0.66 0.40 1.01 0.30 0.91 1.51 0.95 1.01 1.97 0.11 0.04 0.43 1.08 0.06 0.30 % 66.00 0.17 1.69 0.77 1.66 0.41 1.49 1.69 1.27 0.45 0.28 2.89 0.62 0.0 29.88 0.52 0.23 0.26 1.54 1.58 -0.08 0.71 1.78 0.37 0.13 0.76 1.84 0.14 1.99 0.52 0.33 2.24 2.14 1.43 0.36 0.83 0.96 1.89 1.41 1.

63 1.51 0.91 1.53 1.15 1.34 1.94 0.92 1.16 1.97 1.05 1.86 0.68 1.27 0.37 1.08 0.39 1.01 0.07 1.11 1.64 0.11 3.12 0.46 1.61 0.61 1.70 0.62 0.22 0.24 1.49 1.72 0.38 0.80 0.16 1.16 0.6 48.88 1.10 1.72 1.01 1.41 0.83 0.50 0.79 1.00 1.41 1.88 1.27 0.90 1.51 1.46 1.26 1.88 1.23 1.77 1.87 1.26 0.67 1.89 1.41 1.26 0.72 0.84 1.99 1.91 1.84 1.55 1.81 0.04 1.36 1.99 0.49 1.48 1.01 0.82 1.32 0.75 0.72 0.81 1.27 0.52 0.34 0.99 0.42 1.45 0.75 0.94 0.11 0.70 0.41 1.13 0.96 4.96 0.67 0.89 1.67 0.01 0.14 1.92 1.39 0.77 0.36 14.62 0.00 1.43 0.83 1.86 0.57 0.81 1.00 0.42 1.58 1.71 0.38 1.16 13 594 1.28 0.17 0.22 1.63 0.68 0.1 34.96 1.22 1.86 0.68 1.01 1.79 0.84 0.67 0.37 0.71 0.00 1.23 0.11 -0.33 1.41 1.95 0.85 0.95 1.11 0.04 0.3 23.24 1.51 1.36 1.90 0.02 0.6 40.99 0.21 0.66 2.6 320 13.38 0.24 0.79 0.4 1.37 0.7 45.14 0.94 0.57 0.81 2.05 0.50 0.66 0.46 0.24 0.16 1.54 1.89 1.88 1.72 0.26 1.71 0.03 1.14 0.86 0.17 0.49 -0.89 0.92 0.80 0.97 0.86 1.02 1.17 1.88 1.03 1.89 1.15 1.75 1.49 0.10 1.82 3.41 0.19 0.56 0.85 1.03 1.95 1.26 0.08 -1.47 1.4 1.63 0.91 0.71 0.17 0.29 0.24 0.86 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Beef and sheep farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE 125 218 146 411 162 904 168 685 155 225 562 393 559 259 557 761 581 627 585 498 82 352 87 125 97 929 98 137 109 731 480 042 472 134 459 832 483 490 475 768 59.19 0.88 1.19 0.22 1.92 0.66 1.73 0.07 0.68 0.12 % % OECD FOOD.83 0.60 -12.00 2.22 0.39 1.30 0.97 0.14 1.22 0.26 0.61 0.46 1.8 364 780 759 627 220 408 539 220 50.97 1.95 0.55 0.94 1.93 0.01 0.78 1.03 % % Non-ruminants farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 2004 309 474 606 399 144 957 461 443 44.27 1.59 1.62 1.75 0.47 1.29 1.21 1.49 6.91 0.80 0.90 1.39 0.65 1.39 1.95 0.36 1.00 0.65 0.72 0.04 1.36 1.77 0.80 1.75 0.87 0.95 1.10 1.06 1.17 1.35 0.03 0.00 1.90 1.34 0.25 1.7 48.75 1.23 0.37 0.98 0.62 0.70 1.17 1.01 1.53 1.03 0.62 1.56 1.03 0.02 0.87 0.79 1.75 0.17 1.81 1.38 1.10 0.45 1.05 0.18 0.25 1.98 0.92 1.30 1.07 0.81 1.11 1.71 0.17 0.87 0.2 1.01 1.12 0.64 0.58 0.69 0.01 0.90 0.09 0.74 0.90 0.04 0.10 0.81 1.23 0.61 0.90 0.77 0.78 1.78 0.71 1.99 1.61 1.50 2.41 0.35 0.60 2.74 0.85 0.58 1.94 1.16 1.84 0.12 0.39 0.71 0.99 0.39 0.42 1.03 1.6 70.87 1.52 1.95 1.02 1.03 0.26 -7.15 1.33 0.25 1.01 0.00 0.42 0.04 1.16 0.38 1.50 1.39 1.71 0.16 0.56 0.53 4.14 1.70 1.66 0.11 1.60 2.38 0.64 0.3 1.22 0.04 1.97 1.43 1.37 0.63 0.02 1.72 1.96 0.87 1.93 1.91 0.49 1.04 1.85 0.33 0.06 0.55 0.76 0.47 1.01 0.68 1.71 1.10 1.94 1.57 1.72 1.10 0.12 1.66 0.74 0.38 1.59 0.22 2.8 49.73 1.2 48.14 1.98 0.03 1.15 0.0 43.88 0.10 1.26 1.80 0.92 0.70 1.09 0.26 0.99 1.25 1.46 1.26 1.6 1.70 1.93 1.88 0.69 1.57 0.78 1.94 0.32 1.09 0.40 0.34 1.08 0.7 1.74 0.63 0.85 0.07 1.93 0.79 0.87 1.45 0.20 1.90 0.84 1.52 0.71 0.76 1.69 0.73 1.01 0.59 0.62 0.79 0.18 0.90 1.08 0.34 1.37 0.64 1.92 1.02 0.0 52.87 0.58 1.19 0.93 0.95 0.5 1.95 0.97 0.75 0.79 0.87 0.64 1.49 0.04 0.01 1.03 1.11 1.08 1.99 1.89 1.80 0.0 39.35 1.92 0.66 0.02 1.04 0.70 1.16 0.99 0.42 1.05 1.70 0.33 -5.35 0.12 0.39 0.53 4.90 0.56 1.00 1.00 1.98 1.18 0.48 1.00 0.64 1.85 1.64 1.32 0.42 1.07 0.88 1.12 1.01 0.57 0.46 1.99 0.53 0.77 1.58 0.34 0.18 0.46 0.95 1.00 0.67 0.23 -3.32 1.89 0.52 1.55 1.22 0.19 1.07 1.09 0.93 0.65 0.34 0.56 0.32 1.90 0.47 1.38 0.91 2.91 0.51 1.37 1.96 1.42 1.00 1.20 0.33 0.00 1.01 0.44 0.08 0.17 1.32 0.07 1.36 1.90 1.77 0.70 1.13 1.35 0.87 0.08 0.64 0.37 1.01 0.11 0.96 0.60 8.07 1.28 3.04 1.45 0.6 -883 0.65 1.71 1.12 1.43 1.81 1.78 1.48 1.10 0.79 EUR EUR Share of non-farm income in farm household income EUR Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR 0.71 0.89 1.99 0.39 1.59 1.79 1.53 1.05 1.92 20.99 0.71 0.31 0.24 1.77 0.98 0.23 0.18 0.54 1.08 0.05 1.97 0.91 1.85 0.74 1.79 1.11 0.52 0.11 0.78 0.57 1.48 1.14 1.02 0.00 1.33 1.84 0.72 1.23 1.43 0.88 0.72 0.04 0.37 0.80 1.69 1.71 1.01 0.08 -1.0 47.76 1.86 0.78 1.78 0.01 EUR EUR Share of non-farm income in farm household income EUR Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR 7.86 0.98 1.44 0.74 0.11 1.09 1.03 0.88 0.95 1.08 1.58 1.52 1.74 0.57 0.65 0.83 0.89 0.62 1.94 0.87 1.58 1.36 1.09 1.13 1.06 0.78 1.82 2.34 1.71 0.99 0.93 1.81 4.67 0.77 1.31 4.41 0.28 1.55 1.88 155 599 179 904 197 438 203 435 189 285 92 883 109 795 123 242 135 254 121 872 62 715 70 109 74 195 68 181 67 414 13 118 14 326 15 076 15 974 15 611 49 598 55 783 59 120 52 208 51 802 1.01 1.73 0.93 1.36 1.51 0.22 0.73 3.08 1.09 1.74 0.64 0.99 0.56 0.77 0.93 1.78 1.85 1.55 1.69 0.02 0.67 0.14 0.06 0.88 1.84 1.10 1.01 1.24 1.55 0.06 years % 46.87 1.15 0.2 25.12 0.81 0.60 7.68 0.87 1.33 0.69 0.41 -0.59 0.17 0.18 1.03 1.01 0.35 0.50 1.88 1.92 1.38 1.13 1.38 0.82 1.66 0.27 1.80 1.94 0.94 1.82 1.74 1.1 1 906 11.09 1.75 1.87 1.70 1.28 0.76 0.83 0.73 0.43 1.21 1.37 0.65 0.43 1.88 1.95 0.60 0.40 0.02 0.98 0.03 0.06 1.92 0.56 0.96 0.80 1.74 1.21 1.91 0.63 1.56 1.26 0.14 1.39 0.37 1.38 1.97 1.10 0.68 1.75 1.0 30.86 0.97 0.13 0.38 0.83 0.75 0.25 1.05 0.45 0.27 0.20 22.81 1.29 0.83 1.85 1.38 0.72 1.79 0.81 1.91 1.01 0.13 0.35 1.92 1.87 0.73 0.68 1.55 1.98 0.08 0.27 1.47 0.9 73.78 0.10 0.84 0.40 1.64 1.17 1.65 0.30 1.09 1.04 0.89 0.33 -2.09 0.23 1.4 28.99 1.83 1.62 0.30 0.91 0.25 0.58 1.09 1.87 0.26 1.96 0.99 1.89 1.06 1.39 0.28 1.7 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 348 139 689 701 167 775 521 926 49.27 0.03 1.22 1.65 1.99 1.02 1.06 1.98 1.98 1.84 0.84 0.17 0.53 3.99 1.99 1.16 0.23 1.41 1.87 1.82 0.7 50.74 0.73 0.84 1.67 1.89 0.02 0.32 0.16 0.89 1.98 0.74 1.97 0.53 3.28 0.27 1.91 0.77 1.56 0.07 1.99 0.46 1.10 1.09 1.28 0.48 326 277 364 735 381 541 449 776 410 944 237 490 282 745 330 546 360 056 322 310 88 787 81 990 50 994 89 720 88 634 21 558 23 759 27 223 26 445 25 299 67 229 58 231 23 771 63 276 63 335 1.83 0.77 0.48 0.06 0.93 1.39 1.36 0.74 0.84 0.90 0.96 1.3 22.15 1.13 0.86 1.09 0.87 0.97 1.62 1.41 0.14 1.89 2.63 2.80 0.94 1.7 0.22 0.00 0.35 0.42 0.59 1.64 0.42 0.75 0.76 0.41 1.02 1.85 26.16 0.74 1.45 1.13 1.72 0.29 0.99 1.17 0.83 0.78 1.53 5.56 0.89 0.86 1.08 1.94 0.46 -2.28 0.84 0.69 1.26 0.23 1.39 0.88 0.97 1.52 0.50 0.85 1.52 0.94 1.11 1.71 0.00 1.25 1.20 0.10 0.24 1.89 1.44 0.29 1.34 0.17 1.54 1.67 0.26 0.24 1.67 0.35 0.9 37.63 0.00 0.95 0.01 0.00 0.81 1.16 0.98 1.05 0.12 -0.63 2.74 0.17 1.76 1.69 1.33 1.18 1.75 1.29 1.30 1.88 1.51 0.42 0.31 1.71 0.28 0.38 1.3 24.63 0.74 1.71 0.70 0.12 1.91 1.13 1.18 1.36 0.99 1.97 1.71 0.96 0.13 1.33 1.49 0.26 1.20 1.05 -0.00 0.49 0.21 0.22 1.79 1.52 1.04 1.25 0.65 0.71 0.28 1.17 % 27.76 1.32 0.92 1.60 0.81 0.80 0.84 0.01 1.01 1.12 0.05 0.97 1.94 1.3 1.73 0.72 1.14 1.41 0.09 1.94 0.79 1.71 0.02 0.18 1.73 0.37 EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 50 952 53 693 51 729 45 834 47 093 30 381 33 493 34 533 34 750 34 060 20 432 23 464 25 105 25 578 23 951 8 292 8 998 8 165 7 829 8 214 1 657 1 031 1 263 1 343 1 895 20 571 20 200 17 195 11 083 13 033 32.1 1.62 1.08 0.64 1.79 0.15 0.22 0.25 0.68 0.47 1.89 0.09 0.08 1.05 1.92 0.24 1.78 0.27 0.03 0.56 0.87 0.84 0.78 0.34 0.20 1.45 1.38 0.94 0.41 0.65 20.22 1.47 1.24 1.13 0.54 0.99 0.04 0.58 1.70 1.00 1.95 0.74 0.05 1.04 1.46 1.23 0.97 1.03 1.67 1.75 29.80 1.25 1.74 0.45 0.52 1.89 0.07 1. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .69 0.08 0.85 0.27 0.21 -250 2.92 2.01 1.56 0.84 0.22 0.78 1.69 1.96 1.95 1.08 0.67 0.51 0.98 0.69 1.74 0.92 1.01 0.87 1.28 0.08 1.37 1.88 1.33 -22.08 1.34 0.31 0.36 0.63 0.39 1.49 0.68 1.18 0.12 0.9 48.07 1.96 0.61 1.67 1.97 1.59 0.96 1.58 1.90 0.04 0.08 0.52 1.74 0.85 1.15 0.55 0.61 0.11 0.81 0.57 -5 530 0.72 1.99 1.01 0.89 0.18 1.95 0.46 1.14 1.99 1.85 0.38 0.12 0.13 0.03 0.00 1.0 47.37 1.80 1.14 0.31 1.49 0.92 1.71 1.98 0.59 0.03 1.70 0.15 0.91 0.52 0.71 0.02 0.65 0.71 0.24 1.26 0.11 1.84 1.44 1.97 0.91 1.97 1.04 0.00 9.63 0.58 0.76 0.99 0.74 1.6 1.59 0.63 0.79 0.65 0.39 12.03 0.16 1.73 1.66 0.79 1.84 0.18 1.70 1.61 0.47 3.67 1.07 0.17 1.29 0.86 0.55 2.53 7 746 1.97 1.72 1.81 0.70 1.09 1.07 1.47 1.25 1.93 0.23 2.44 1.32 1.71 0.71 1.87 1.21 1.34 1.79 0.72 0.82 0.83 0.21 1.57 0.02 0.1 0.05 1.25 1.34 0.33 0.5 28.24 0.32 0.83 1.68 1.12 0.50 0.31 0.87 0.72 0.73 0.18 0.68 2.56 0.89 1.14 0.59 0.9 1.94 0.96 0.66 1.94 1.79 1.84 0.36 0.91 0.85 1.08 0.09 1.44 1.77 0.10 1.79 1.3 1.28 0.94 1.41 1.59 1.34 1.32 1.47 1.74 1.93 0.08 1.40 1.43 0.33 2.56 0.08 0.96 0.22 1.65 1.99 1.67 -2.33 1.67 0.24 0.07 0.32 1.05 1.42 1.43 0.00 -2.30 1.84 1.18 0.84 4.87 0.07 -1.85 0.11 1.79 1.66 0.96 1.41 1.71 0.64 0.68 5.92 0.49 0.58 0.23 0.78 1.83 0.8 -3 298 11.66 0.7 -908 12.71 0.47 0.83 1.09 1.67 0.03 1.09 1.76 0.07 0.49 0.09 3.90 0.89 0.93 1.70 0.31 1.08 9.95 1.72 1.06 1.19 1.25 1.75 1.98 0.03 1.56 1.9 2009 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 392 739 795 109 206 130 588 979 52.41 0.57 0.68 1.6 23.77 0.66 0.67 0.72 0.67 1.84 0.93 0.26 1.46 0.43 0.69 1.72 0.01 0.82 0.31 0.00 0.02 0.35 1.14 0.07 1.28 0.01 1.65 0.34 1.47 0.72 0.99 0.16 1.54 0.30 1.84 0.03 0.23 1.04 1.39 1.88 0.90 1.70 1.93 0.02 0.22 0.47 0.34 1.13 0.21 0.41 1.77 1.50 1.60 2.58 0.68 0.99 0.44 0.13 0.17 0.01 1.60 0.94 2.82 1.32 1.53 24.82 1.93 1.98 1.74 1.60 0.26 0.25 1.21 1.07 0.09 1.68 0.84 0.80 0.71 1.78 0.93 0.17 3.30 % 53.07 -0.35 1.88 0.14 0.35 0.67 0.08 1.79 0.13 0.79 1.70 0.71 1.23 0.21 0.41 1.64 0.12 1.91 1.99 0.67 1.57 0.73 0.75 1.66 1.28 0.65 0.70 1.4 29.77 1.1 47.53 1.55 0.1 48.92 0.11 0.74 0.58 0.21 0.88 1.41 0.41 1.47 0.01 1.00 0.08 0.70 1.04 1.86 0.74 0.95 0.70 1.40 1.00 0.22 0.51 1.87 0.04 1.1 1.08 1.06 0.96 1.82 1.99 1.85 0.05 2.93 1.61 1.85 0.33 1.54 1.16 1.76 0.45 1.42 0.31 1.32 0.06 1.49 1.63 years % 47.01 0.96 0.70 0.05 0.35 3.76 0.52 0.32 1.39 0.01 0.03 0.03 1.09 1.98 0.01 0.49 0.25 1.47 0.98 0.08 1.93 0.47 6.90 0.67 0.44 0.42 1.02 0.19 2.79 0.96 1.87 0.11 1.33 0.89 0.36 1.24 1.98 1.81 0.57 13.16 1.75 0.02 0.75 0.6 1.00 1.56 1.63 1.41 0.26 6.44 1.51 0.03 1.88 0.33 1.09 1.50 1.26 0.93 1.91 1.00 0.77 0.50 0.81 0.36 0.80 0.99 0.35 0.00 0.93 0.15 1.23 0.77 0.35 47 649 30 957 23 199 43 184 30 752 16 803 16 596 16 761 18 163 18 205 13 432 13 420 13 767 15 034 14 860 1 342 1 775 1 553 1 370 1 467 2 030 1 401 1 441 1 759 1 879 30 845 14 361 6 438 25 021 12 547 14.37 0.78 1.99 0.38 1.94 0.99 0.84 0.85 1.82 1.93 0.08 1.56 1.32 0.12 1.82 0.42 1.56 0.97 0.94 0.35 0.44 1.48 0.27 1.69 0.20 0.82 2.75 9.89 1.49 1.96 1.41 0.30 7 855 2.96 1.10 0.31 1.13 0.04 0.00 1.2 70.82 1.39 0.32 0.47 1.88 1.9 66.51 0.90 1.81 0.16 1.01 1.18 0.86 1.85 1.62 1.90 0.75 1.06 0.52 1.95 0.84 0.46 0.9 431 614 801 525 225 816 575 710 53.02 1.53 0.92 1.73 0.47 2.85 0.81 0.86 0.54 0.60 0.88 1.76 0.20 0.70 0.40 1.82 1.72 0.50 1.80 1.08 1.25 1.86 0.94 1.72 1.82 0.30 1.22 0.67 0.12 1.06 -0.00 1.59 0.83 0.15 0.93 1.04 0.21 1.07 -1.98 0.13 0.01 1.39 0.21 1.23 0.88 0.33 1.09 0.05 1.86 3.58 0.14 1.09 0.34 1.58 0.72 1.93 0.78 1.20 1.91 0.98 1.27 0.07 0.89 1.80 0.20 0.13 1.81 0.80 1.81 1.86 0.20 0.90 0.56 0.07 1.36 1.59 1.39 0.51 1.28 0.05 1.82 0.49 1.95 1.47 1.44 0.25 0.50 0.91 0.05 1.04 0.88 0.20 0.46 0.29 1.65 -7.33 1.98 0.03 -1.22 1.70 1.03 2.71 0.90 1.91 1.52 0.70 0.25 1.43 1.78 0.18 1.97 1.93 1.74 0.90 1.68 0.50 0.19 2.02 0.77 1.02 0.95 1.64 1.52 0.54 0.88 0.99 0.90 1.40 1.74 1.73 0.11 0.81 0.40 0.02 0.14 1.32 1.94 1.00 0.53 0.87 0.54 0.01 1.90 0.66 1.92 1.23 1.80 0.19 0.27 1.07 1.58 1.77 0.33 1.91 0.76 0.11 0.98 0.06 2.88 0.18 0.58 1.26 2.42 0.63 0.21 1.04 0.29 1.09 1.48 0.07 0.81 1.57 0.51 1.61 0.65 1.89 0.64 1.62 0.43 0.45 -5.75 0.89 1.83 -7.35 0.24 1.09 1.71 0.00 0.60 0.71 1.15 1.83 0.14 1.59 1.83 1.17 0.87 1.

13 0.03 1.54 0.94 1.39 0.87 0.80 0.64 0.42 0.45 0.85 0.19 0.62 1.35 1.24 1.45 1.95 1.43 1.92 0.95 0.43 1.02 0.55 0.39 0.31 0.79 0.75 1.50 1.82 1.33 1.29 1.52 0.39 0.35 1.10 1.42 0.08 0.20 0.81 0.26 1.75 1.57 0.31 1.86 1.8 49.67 1.58 1.71 0.3 48.96 2.56 0.0 2.61 0.86 0.98 1.96 1.20 0.89 0.44 0.26 1.6 34.97 1.25 1.39 1.97 1.26 0.38 0.72 0.02 0.11 0.94 -6.11 0.71 0.26 1.79 1.94 0.07 0.94 0.98 1.06 0.99 0.91 0.01 1.1 2.54 1.83 1.13 1.71 0.78 0.57 0.93 0.00 1.37 1.29 0.69 1.55 1.97 0.57 0.74 1.02 -4.14 1.42 0.44 1.60 1.02 1.08 0.93 0.06 0.62 1.54 0.90 0.91 EUR EUR Share of non-farm income in farm household income EUR Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index % % OECD FOOD.59 1.49 0.91 0.40 0.09 0.85 1.93 0.43 0.86 1.22 0.25 0.77 0.45 1.77 1.31 1.63 0.3 2.00 0.63 0.49 1.28 1.68 0.63 0.77 0.98 -2.87 0.88 0.57 0.77 1.01 0.96 1.24 0.96 0.29 0.54 -0.27 1.53 0.40 0.11 0.90 0.00 1.18 1.97 0.00 1.21 0.02 0.05 0.57 1.96 0.44 0.31 0.78 1.32 1.46 2.75 1.99 0.40 0.80 0.68 0.92 1.64 2.23 0.1 254 640 701 140 121 354 579 786 88.17 0.87 1.55 0.86 1.73 1.37 0.36 0.43 0.61 0.53 0.56 0.30 1.18 0.17 0.73 0.00 0.94 1.98 0.04 0.95 1.45 1.1 298 791 738 481 136 922 601 559 91.64 0.76 1.24 1.50 0.35 1.20 1.61 1.47 -0.06 0.60 0.86 0.07 1.88 1.93 1.58 0.19 1.99 0.39 0.96 1.31 0.32 0.00 1.29 1.01 1.17 0.29 0.00 0.37 1.26 0.40 1.35 0.88 0.01 1.18 0.92 1.18 1.50 1.85 0.85 0.25 1.62 0.89 1.02 1.70 0.73 1.42 0.30 1.63 0.19 1.88 1.21 0.18 1.41 0.58 0.48 0.64 1.75 0.33 1.06 0.82 0.01 0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 87 Mixed farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE 234 603 667 491 112 717 554 775 82.63 0.72 0.58 0.97 1.16 0.4 -3 520 1.34 1.01 1.11 0.08 1.61 0.44 0.74 0.86 0.25 0.60 0.36 1.73 0.72 0.23 1.34 1.59 0.01 0.97 1.54 0.06 0.47 0.18 1.00 0.35 0.96 1.05 0.73 1.98 1.49 1.89 1.60 0.00 1.98 1.26 1.57 0.77 1.50 0.4 38.26 0.67 1.72 0.29 0.25 EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 62 853 33 658 26 036 4 893 2 729 29 195 23.96 0.34 0.05 1.69 0.41 0.85 1.61 1.20 0.98 1.71 1.77 0.30 1.72 0.78 0.31 1.55 0.50 1.43 0.73 0.04 0.98 1.17 0.63 0.46 1.79 1.25 0.75 0.33 0.77 0.65 1.94 0.92 1.86 0.05 1.14 0.61 0.44 1.70 0.99 1.36 0.69 1.63 0.41 1.99 0.33 1.26 0.14 1.21 1.63 1.13 0.88 1.83 0.78 0.41 1.01 1.03 0.28 0.47 0.66 0.24 1.93 0.96 0.35 1.86 1.21 1.46 1.69 1.01 0.89 2.88 0.0 987 6.18 0.75 1.52 0.52 0.45 0.29 1.04 1.62 1.99 0.95 1.54 0.73 1.99 0.69 0.12 1.43 0.98 1.51 0.29 1.18 1.10 1.20 1.76 1.63 1.94 1.70 1.23 1.15 0.83 0.05 0.13 0.72 0.07 1.78 0.10 1.97 0.57 0.0 39.67 0.54 0.40 0.39 0.00 0.96 1.55 0.69 1.10 0.99 1.16 1.18 1.92 0.41 0.07 1.46 1.99 0.33 334 747 237 450 97 297 24 231 73 066 50 390 37 094 31 197 4 016 1 881 13 297 14.71 0.63 0.61 0.66 0.19 1.69 1.79 1.35 1. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .54 0.45 0.78 1.28 1.49 1.08 0.74 0.48 0.78 0.71 0.98 1.38 0.79 0.00 0.44 1.43 0.40 0.67 0.86 1.52 0.71 1.35 0.74 0.04 1.41 0.76 0.88 0.94 1.35 0.01 0.87 1.1 33.23 0.20 1.2 5 297 7.67 0.99 0.72 0.55 0.81 0.41 0.95 1.49 0.94 1.38 1.98 0.26 0.09 0.9 -3 267 6.77 0.02 1.03 1.74 1.54 0.13 0.78 0.50 0.17 1.71 0.84 0.61 1.05 0.76 0.74 1.31 1.52 0.02 1.39 0.64 0.61 0.19 1.55 0.55 0.56 0.53 1.36 1.93 0.06 0.25 331 071 240 143 90 928 24 833 66 094 1.54 0.58 0.34 0.83 0.78 0.01 1.95 1.88 0.34 0.82 0.77 0.69 0.90 1.34 1.35 0.26 0.60 0.99 0.49 0.81 0.5 2.62 0.64 1.70 1.81 1.60 0.62 0.19 0.85 1.38 1.84 0.75 1.75 0.62 -0.85 0.97 1.55 0.53 0.44 0.83 1.65 EUR 5.11 0.65 0.35 0.82 1.94 0.77 0.80 1.79 0.47 0.83 2.11 1.99 0.33 1.66 1.79 0.22 1.48 1.92 0.12 1.72 0.83 0.89 0.67 0.26 1.85 0.22 0.49 0.27 1.27 0.94 1.71 1.78 1.84 1.81 1.40 0.91 1.81 1.87 0.51 1.98 1.2 312 139 760 879 139 160 621 719 93.5 31.26 1.56 0.41 0.61 0.00 0.30 1.18 0.00 0.20 % 40.35 0.36 0.06 0.32 1.32 0.05 0.46 1.53 0.52 0.30 1.75 1.65 0.24 1.00 1.55 1.14 1.32 0.00 0.56 0.82 1.30 1.73 1.16 1.71 1.00 0.28 0.75 0.41 0.68 1.84 1.07 1.92 0.68 0.43 349 232 254 456 94 776 24 521 70 255 47 176 37 621 30 859 3 927 2 834 9 556 14.46 1.36 0.00 0.54 1.91 0.42 1.17 1.18 1.97 0.57 1.79 0.58 0.21 1.83 0.89 2.99 0.76 0.76 0.64 0.35 1.42 0.56 1.33 1.65 0.96 0.64 1.23 1.76 1.28 0.76 1.71 0.26 0.72 7.06 1.37 1.51 0.20 0.08 0.82 0.39 1.98 0.44 1.41 0.07 1.13 1.88 3.50 0.68 0.69 1.08 1.25 1.32 1.56 1.96 1.06 1.86 0.50 0.01 1.83 0.87 0.63 1.94 0.05 1.51 1.0 4 479 6.64 0.99 0.07 1.03 1.34 1.34 1.15 0.90 1.57 -2.04 1.1 0.75 1.93 1.83 1.71 0.08 1.11 0.11 1.21 1.93 0.71 1.63 0.13 0.56 0.17 1.44 0.39 1.80 1.79 -2.08 289 518 201 613 87 905 22 076 65 829 47 973 35 956 30 353 3 986 1 617 12 017 14.64 1.57 0.41 0.46 0.09 0.73 0.74 0.19 0.05 1.62 0.11 0.98 1.57 1.31 1.97 1.34 0.32 1.41 0.13 0.91 1.91 0.70 0.90 1.46 1.73 1.31 1.85 1.49 1.06 1.66 1.07 0.66 0.23 1.76 0.84 1.63 1.6 39.45 0.97 1.13 0.13 0.24 1.2 1.01 0.64 0.83 0.26 0.54 0.57 0.2 293 450 774 858 146 188 628 671 93.30 1.62 1.08 1.74 1.41 0.99 0.16 0.75 0.16 0.11 0.26 0.46 0.18 0.81 0.4 47.83 0.75 0.46 1.10 1.11 0.71 1.23 1.55 1.98 1.52 0.31 1.67 0.23 0.72 1.61 0.49 1.95 0.1 38.67 0.82 0.15 0.11 0.07 0.57 0.03 1.68 years % 47.80 1.10 0.73 0.50 0.86 0.22 0.76 0.30 1.29 1.85 0.16 0.15 1.41 1.7 33.55 1.90 0.22 1.70 0.94 0.63 1.70 0.78 0.72 0.83 -0.06 1.66 0.48 0.15 0.80 0.52 0.16 1.2 33.04 0.41 0.32 1.79 1.34 1.18 0.19 0.43 268 261 184 114 84 147 20 863 63 284 52 350 34 878 28 897 4 408 1 573 17 472 18.24 1.52 0.44 0.77 1.2 49.57 0.80 1.64 0.62 0.13 0.23 0.39 0.97 0.88 1.28 1.72 0.70 0.39 1.51 1.18 1.08 1.91 1.47 0.52 0.63 1.84 1.78 1.17 0.06 1.22 0.14 1.9 0.66 1.43 1.18 0.75 1.46 0.70 1.31 0.13 0.36 1.65 0.09 1.89 0.55 1.90 1.64 0.87 1.85 1.77 0.40 1.70 1.79 1.99 -0.74 0.18 0.90 0.26 0.7 2.30 0.60 1.81 1.01 0.25 1.77 1.53 1.64 0.93 0.35 0.54 1.83 1.19 1.31 1.18 0.37 0.59 0.13 0.13 1.54 0.07 1.15 1.02 1.

85 1.01 0.54 0.08 5.44 0.24 1.76 1.90 0.74 1.24 11.72 1.04 -0.02 0.80 0.82 1.79 0.46 0.65 1. 2004-09 All farm types Output-input ratio Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 2009 Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE 49 027 50 191 49 318 57 595 52 050 0.93 1.13 -2.03 1.19 EUR EUR EUR 11 875 11 792 13 953 382 033 8 585 -0.8 37 721 32 680 5 041 4 789 253 12 006 10 673 8 788 471 81 1 333 29.54 0.86 1.02 1.13 0.63 1.18 6.79 1.53 0.84 1.48 1.49 2.76 0.39 1.05 0.88 0.30 0.88 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Annex Table B.21 0.41 804.80 0.26 19.50 0.15 -1.38 -163.39 17.77 0.73 0.27 1.99 1.61 2.71 1.94 1.83 1.82 1.76 1.43 1.68 1.40 1.90 0.40 1.32 1.28 0.00 0.98 0.86 4.34 1.49 0.7 443 476 61 444 382 033 5 152 376 881 6 618 6 599 5 576 899 105 20 11.48 1.18 1.77 1.64 1.19 1.12 -1.16 0.95 2.07 1.68 EUR EUR EUR 5 041 4 875 10 951 54 7 969 -0.36 1.27 -0.39 0.25 0.89 6.50 1.05 0. for selected farm types.30 1.90 -1.76 1.09 0.95 1.24 0.67 0.03 1.85 -10.64 1.02 0.93 0.08 -0.93 -29.94 -0.13 0.97 0.70 0.65 1.94 1.45 1.79 1.88 0.63 1.78 -0.80 -1.40 0.85 1.51 23.08 0.13 0.1 48 245 37 294 10 951 5 177 5 774 8 539 8 538 8 066 448 23 1 18.09 1.84 1.82 1.43 0.98 1.69 1.56 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .87 0.3 46 657 46 603 54 3 686 -3 632 9 191 9 142 8 537 520 37 49 21.42 1.30 6.57 1.68 0.70 2.65 1.85 1.86 0.26 0.93 -2.93 1.84 0.47 20.73 3.23 0.65 1.99 0.0 57 803 46 012 11 792 6 286 5 505 10 250 7 635 4 452 517 51 2 615 18.16 1.05 0.40 15.18 0.94 1.98 0.67 1.22 1.00 0.97 0.42 0.06 0.2 56 278 44 403 11 875 6 128 5 747 8 697 7 612 5 476 944 106 1 085 15.90 0.93 1.82 1.69 0.01 0.10 Average characteristics of high and low performers.35 0.53 0.91 -15.63 1.91 0.18 0.88 6.11 0.13 0.48 4.00 0.33 0.32 0.89 EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 9 128 7 251 4 760 514 100 1 877 16.76 0.06 0.87 1.12 3.04 0.07 -6.60 -2.0 56 953 43 000 13 953 5 980 7 973 765 697 385 881 5 353 654 58 379 816 172.09 0.37 1.40 2.02 -0.98 0.28 1.63 1.63 1.53 0.85 0.04 0.35 1.09 16.41 0.97 1.94 1.93 0.30 -0.12 1.73 0.52 3.16 1.85 1.24 1.50 4.97 0.27 0.06 0.90 % EUR years % % % OECD FOOD.60 0.56 1.34 0.10 0.45 0.73 3.28 0.64 0.16 0.81 0.91 0.44 0.02 21.62 1.61 0.78 0.07 0.62 1.81 1.10 0.68 0.43 1.16 0.24 17.44 1.00 0.03 1.11 0.48 0.21 1.31 1.09 0.63 1.32 -0.86 1.52 0.65 -0.32 1.72 9.60 -0. by performance indicator.61 0.49 0.17 1.0 43 789 35 820 7 969 3 967 4 002 0.05 EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 13 123 10 726 8 023 268 38 2 397 34.58 1.24 0.62 107.65 0.21 0.04 0.10 0.24 1.85 6.02 1.43 0.12 54.56 1.59 1.84 0.23 1.90 0.3 58 649 50 064 8 585 5 081 3 504 1.49 0.80 1.74 0.33 -2.12 0.90 0.60 0.27 20.36 17.14 1.18 % EUR years % % % Field crop farm 2004 Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE 26 995 30 535 35 657 38 119 34 646 0.64 1.56 0.89 1.06 1.93 -0.20 -0.42 0.66 1.65 0.18 0.81 1.18 6.60 4.00 0.33 0.26 1.65 2.78 0.55 0.08 0.38 0.76 1.76 -0.35 0.30 0.03 1.32 0. Italy.06 -740.84 1.99 -3.30 0.47 0.89 7.72 1.24 21.16 4.75 0.81 0.90 23.32 0.89 3.22 1.94 1.52 0.84 0.41 804.80 0.62 1.13 0.05 0.1 41 207 36 333 4 875 5 062 -187 16 955 12 588 7 944 254 22 4 367 35.50 1.06 -740.12 1.73 1.90 0.82 0.39 1.07 1.60 3.02 0.

36 0.80 3.92 16.1 42 892 33 725 9 167 3 337 5 830 0.14 0.0 13.056.74 1.98 7.93 1.31 0.05 1.20 -1.41 1.95 0.27 1.295.17 0.91 2.22 -1.58 0.85 60.98 0.98 0.46 2.09 0.7 43 543 33 364 10 180 5 630 4 549 5 453 3 688 1 596 301 26 1 765 13.022.01 -15.32 1.96 0.01 10.812 2.00 1.94 0.92 2.29 9.27 2.75 1.59 -1.46 0.279 108.80 -7.50 0.723 135.63 2.17 1.60 0.76 1.69 1.74 1.30 7.79 1.84 0.64 1.18 -3.34 2.71 EUR EUR EUR 11 440 10 180 11 458 8 315 9 167 -1.71 2.97 1.97 0.97 2.28 1.04 2.00 45.02 0.27 6.53 3.02 1.51 1.20 1.05 0.02 0.25 0.91 0.27 12.98 0.00 36.67 233.802 9.030 94.87 1.725.09 0.58 2.28 1.13 0.75 1.96 2.77 1.18 0.14 0.09 0.11 1.54 2.845 16.355 8.21 0.36 0.687 122.89 27.62 1.980 -5.88 0.99 259.12 1.88 0.54 0.67 3.88 1.87 0.490 154.183.02 0.283.30 1.4 140.94 1.007 147.15 1.47 0.97 0.75 2.91 3.59 1.79 0.65 0.48 0.27 2.252.86 1.09 2.90 1.95 0.89 3.42 1.25 -1.70 -8.33 1.181 115.93 0.93 0.54 2.88 0.295.20 0.11 1.22 1.95 0.48 0.38 1.86 0.280.127.02 1.03 0.542.18 0.64 0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 89 Fruit and vegetable farm 2004 Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE 40 807 40 259 38 129 45 722 40 687 0.31 1.746 23.714 -11.11 1.42 0.39 -4.24 0.76 1.15 -1.57 1.77 2.95 0.24 638.17 2.43 3.69 2.85 1.50 2.00 34.97 1.13 0.07 0.58 0.48 2.85 0.87 11.37 0.66 0.01 1.737.16 1.28 0.97 3.56 4.70 1.79 0.71 2.31 1.194 124.58 34.09 6.88 0.74 0.92 4.27 0.24 -2.00 0.80 2.24 0.0 41 817 30 359 11 458 5 218 6 240 1 901 1 900 1 628 263 8 0 4.87 5.07 -1.46 1.46 2.57 8.74 1.95 1.19 0.19 1.61 0.01 1.28 1.67 9.29 0.84 1.83 0.67 21.31 7.18 0.23 0.64 1.00 1.69 % EUR years % % % Beef and sheep farm 2004 Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 117.94 1.56 0.97 -3.999 30.77 405.32 1.07 0.97 0.26 0.38 1.912.15 2.35 2.00 45.76 0.09 1.47 0.92 1.809.35 0.404 1.408.514.98 1.96 1.246 35.44 1.13 27.66 0.246 35.69 3.20 2.73 1.96 1.22 -2.60 0.81 0.55 0.38 1.30 1.08 6.52 2.64 0.76 3.346 10.79 0.900 25.648 -1.86 7.03 0.460 137.43 1.17 1.88 EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 5 571 4 054 2 146 353 37 1 517 12.13 0.33 1.27 14.97 -1.31 0.25 1.17 1.42 1.86 1.58 1.56 0.01 0.95 15.84 1.07 0.00 12.08 0.98 0.83 -1.04 0.648 13.77 1.51 0.89 0.19 1.603 34.00 42.84 1.536.42 1.11 -2.90 60.4 44 861 33 420 11 440 5 641 5 800 4 232 3 285 1 777 519 41 947 9.77 0.135 2.35 0.88 3.426 % EUR years % % % OECD FOOD.77 0.89 0.06 1.60 0.49 1.19 -0.86 1.34 0.92 13.76 0.999 30.4 162.91 2.09 0.56 1.89 0.63 2.07 0.92 11.55 380.74 3.426 10.90 1.93 1.87 -1.47 1.91 1.62 0.37 0.70 1.01 0.06 1.10 2.54 4.41 -7.92 1.81 1.681 15.91 0.60 0.01 1.92 0.19 1.56 1.0 47 622 39 308 8 315 3 558 4 756 2 208 2 206 1 715 459 30 2 5.00 0.01 1.43 -1.135 13.72 2.09 1.06 1.57 0.85 4.07 1.90 3.76 -4.19 6.197 20.55 1.63 0.95 0.69 0.35 3.26 0.69 1.21 -3.12 0.34 20.62 0.02 -36.03 0.12 0.10 0.84 0.21 1.69 1.41 0.64 2.86 -3.90 0.361. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .63 2.69 1.93 1.23 16.86 0.85 1.24 1.65 1.7 16.74 12.07 2.98 0.066 1.00 0.57 14.06 1.46 0.95 0.76 -15.89 1.77 1.75 -13.6 128.71 1.688 91.478 99.97 1.48 0.436.022.689.32 1.14 1.062.72 1.477.37 -0.

88 2.319 9.50 0.20 0.21 2.919 17.50 1.02 1.78 0.84 0.58 0.00 20.96 0.048 173 369 7.10 -0.67 -4.54 0.48 1.12 1.16 -1.99 0.00 1.14 1.79 0.44 0.98 1.25 1.29 0.18 1.07 0.00 0.44 1.00 3.11 0.62 0.00 18.63 0.42 0.51 1.85 0.603 424.04 1.93 1.30 1.97 37.979 11.517 14.87 1.70 7.086 19.656 1.83 1.95 0.9 501.24 43 376.18 -0.28 0.24 0.60 0.96 0.50 1.92 1.64 0.73 0.20 0.23 -1.04 1.00 1.37 0.21 0.37 1.97 0.14 2.74 1.78 0.00 1.33 1.06 1.99 1.13 0.08 1.588 -53.48 2.94 0.25 0.32 1.09 0.46 -1.85 0.55 0.00 1.05 0.98 1.08 0.524 5.02 0.17 -74.37 2.627 86.76 0.72 0.89 EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 11.07 1.07 0.63 0.41 44 601.92 4.68 0.69 2.313 8.78 0.89 1.870 9.89 0.63 1.08 1.40 1.004 -91.95 1.71 1.97 0.53 -4.25 0.99 0.23 41 228.15 4.65 1.749 29.50 0.34 2.20 -1.1 380.21 0.81 0.47 1.05 0.40 -1.00 0.81 28.04 0.938 8.50 2.18 0.08 0.25 -0.78 0.54 0.27 1.03 1.79 3.79 0.03 0.38 1.14 1.799 372.03 0.63 1.28 0.03 Gross margin per working unit Ratio-Low performers/All farms Ratio-High perfomers/All farms 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 Gross margin per UAA Ratio-Low performers/All farms Ratio-High perfomers/All farms 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 Gross margin per net worth Ratio-Low performers/All farms Ratio-High perfomers/All farms 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 % EUR years % % % OECD FOOD.95 0.8 417.086 43.96 0.164 8.03 1.00 20.85 1.187 -35.91 1.00 0.88 7.720 -77.77 5.21 -4.88 0.75 5.70 2.00 27.30 1.38 Output-input ratio Ratio-Low performers/All farms 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 Ratio-High perfomers/All farms 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 0.80 0.02 -3.69 1.63 4.61 0.62 0.77 0.19 1.24 0.68 1.74 4.46 0.25 0.585 14.50 0.615 0.418 12.67 0.495 885 1.331 14.99 0.96 0.75 0.00 17.78 0.60 -14.11 1.96 6.49 1.87 43 192.72 1.631 9.80 0.85 3.240 -5.37 3.78 1.68 0.01 -2.04 1.63 0.60 1.02 1.72 1.470 414.76 1.90 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Non-ruminants farm 2004 Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE 408.46 2.99 1.97 1.25 1.12 1.07 13.16 0.47 4.749 -77.63 1.157 1.08 1.98 -6.332 422.49 1.28 EUR EUR EUR -35.00 21.93 1.24 1.49 0.532 86.168 1.82 EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 8 786 7 064 4 553 489 300 1 722 17 52 367 39 839 12 528 6 356 6 172 7 890 6 945 5 054 858 88 945 16 48 174 38 161 10 014 6 184 3 830 10 269 7 686 4 561 512 30 2 583 20 50 878 37 766 13 112 5 893 7 219 6 349 6 349 5 550 778 20 1 12 50 950 62 743 -11 793 5 242 -17 035 7 479 7 450 6 321 1 059 42 28 15 50 827 41 539 9 288 5 077 4 211 1.251 773 6 0 2.26 0.063 492.36 % EUR years % % % Mixed farm 2004 Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic technology Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Education attainment Geographical condition Favorableness for farming Land quality index EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE Average of all farms 2006 2007 2008 2009 45 303.03 0.77 1.64 0.31 0.27 2.76 0.10 -4.04 1.56 -6.13 -1.82 0.16 1.87 1.96 1.10 1.16 1.09 1.922 15.53 1.63 0.79 0.92 0.73 1.91 3.981 30 2.57 2.82 EUR EUR EUR 12 528 10 014 13 112 -11 793 9 288 -1.030 7.26 0.20 0.85 1.00 22.78 1.943 4.86 -4.49 1.17 0.58 0.63 -1.06 0.856 453.874 413 21 5 1.73 28.245 20.54 0.00 18.51 1.72 2.03 0.04 1.61 1.44 0.70 0.78 1.96 5.216 495.02 1.08 1.07 0.345 2.77 -22.00 23.47 0.2 539.77 0.10 1.16 0.09 0.38 3.00 24.11 1.15 1.11 1.74 0.40 1.467 43.94 1.83 4.14 1.14 4.52 1.323 69.17 -3.81 1.04 1.70 3.81 0.44 1.93 13.35 -1.38 0.74 0.331 18.17 65.63 0.04 1.86 2.67 8.87 0.86 1.95 1.62 1.46 0.85 0.98 0.02 1.20 -3.81 3.87 0.78 -1.85 -0.828 5.01 1.96 0.40 0.00 0.29 1.71 4.81 1.1 438.03 0.98 1.75 0.13 0.25 0.14 0.88 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 2009 .90 0.06 -4.44 5.031 8.624 518.00 1.14 0.53 4.82 0.64 0.38 5.00 0.938 17.06 0.69 1.73 0.85 1.11 1.10 0.92 1.22 2.97 0.627 14.82 1.19 1.80 1.154 28.73 1.64 -22.21 0.40 0.094 457.00 0.90 0.59 1.

89 0.90 0.05 0.74 2.37 0.05 1.63 1.87 0.33 0.70 0.53 1.46 0.02 1.78 1.97 1.49 387 594 308 294 79 300 43 318 35 982 32 686 18 456 15 194 1 741 1 522 14 229 8.98 1.67 0.67 3.08 0.77 0.00 0.63 0.63 1.06 1.12 3.62 0.51 1.84 1.98 1.73 1.94 0.96 1.00 1.77 0.89 1.90 0.68 1.78 -1.60 0.23 1.17 1.75 1.21 1.09 1.79 1.15 5.81 -0.47 0.04 1.87 0.96 0.41 0.42 1.06 0.84 0.86 0.12 8.31 1.01 0.93 1.83 1.49 315 342 227 573 87 769 35 583 52 186 39 384 16 830 14 022 1 572 1 236 22 554 10.87 0.55 1.81 0.16 0.86 1.89 1.23 1.13 1.93 1.37 1.53 2.58 1.74 0.79 -0.31 1.49 2.07 1.81 0.73 0.36 2.09 0.60 0.36 1.38 0.28 1.68 0.58 1.63 0.04 1.72 0.79 1.22 1.21 0.98 0.94 1.98 0.41 0.82 1.16 -0.84 369 823 305 553 64 270 47 626 16 644 0.05 0.34 1.77 0.91 1.63 0.70 1.3 245 172 1 849 753 539 417 1 310 336 61.04 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .95 0.70 0.03 0.91 0.85 17.88 1.10 0. for selected farm types.01 0.75 1.21 2.76 0.00 0.49 2.96 -0.01 0.37 2.76 0.85 0.23 0.80 0.67 2.48 0.95 1.44 0.37 1.31 1.71 0.80 0.75 0.07 1.03 1.82 0.10 0.04 1.24 1.12 0.66 1.72 0.60 1.49 0.41 1.54 1.7 1.82 0.14 6.89 1.36 1.40 1.37 2.32 1.28 1.88 1.02 1.63 0.02 1.52 -0.71 -0.77 0.77 3.91 0.28 1.63 1.81 0.81 1.64 15 132 51 114 29.66 1.13 1.21 0.94 1.53 1.68 0.21 0.65 0.27 1.95 0.26 1.18 0.13 2.00 1.78 1.84 0.21 2.71 0.12 1.90 0.29 0.54 0.91 0.07 1.36 0.44 0.53 16.69 0.74 0.43 1.36 1.55 0.71 0.00 2.01 0.04 0.85 -0.00 7.65 0.71 2.01 0.63 0.43 0.92 1.32 1.51 0.56 0.15 0.62 2.25 0.32 1.65 0.50 0.96 1.64 -0.12 1.35 1.12 1.28 1.33 1.98 1.89 1.89 1.39 1.61 0.84 0.49 0.47 0.06 0.83 1.69 1.65 0.08 0.38 1.61 1.14 0.51 1.45 1.16 0.35 -0.07 1.52 1.96 1.17 0.78 0.61 1.77 1.43 1.00 0.51 0.04 1.35 1.47 1.91 0.76 1.73 0.51 -0.37 -0.71 0.16 1.99 0.88 1.05 0.08 0.94 1.39 0.78 0.36 0.00 1.01 0.36 1.99 1.15 1.32 1.12 1.96 1.98 0.80 0.71 0.95 -0.51 2.98 1.15 1.23 1.95 0.33 0.05 1.90 0.38 1.73 0.32 1.98 1.62 0.77 0.32 0.68 1.54 0.82 0.18 1.75 -1.73 2.98 1.56 0.47 1.90 1.39 1.01 0.66 0.38 1.21 0.48 0.77 1.93 0.80 1.61 0.03 1.26 0.56 0.55 0.01 0.11 1.52 0.92 1.59 0.91 0.20 0.98 0.86 1.43 0.11 0.52 0.29 1.13 1.07 1.08 0.95 1.74 0.87 0.04 1.78 0.44 1.93 0.96 1.65 0.7 2.22 1.94 1.46 -1.50 0.96 1.14 0.20 0.98 1.41 0.04 0.25 1.23 0.20 0.75 1.85 1.55 1.98 0.77 3.23 1.96 -1.05 1.50 1.08 0.79 1.09 0.80 0.78 1.71 0.47 0.91 1.84 0.39 1.87 0.02 1.75 1.52 1.97 0.19 0.4 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 213 218 1 667 280 445 925 1 221 355 61.78 1.72 0.82 1.96 2.98 0.36 33.37 0.6 34.83 0.19 EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 48 888 9 063 7 227 833 1 004 39 825 17.55 2.00 1.29 1.27 1.42 0.93 -0.26 1.94 0.33 1.82 0.18 0.26 0.05 0.92 0.83 2.77 0.88 -0.85 1.23 -4.47 1.99 0.59 1.94 1.83 0.72 1.46 0.78 0.62 0.66 0.11 0.10 16.88 -0.11 0.55 1.24 0.18 0.98 1.01 0.81 0.81 0.56 3.18 1.99 1.76 0.26 44 456 39 682 46 622 44 649 40 750 14 501 22 249 23 611 24 027 26 897 10 234 19 118 20 271 22 146 24 642 1 097 1 321 1 571 1 326 1 808 3 171 1 810 1 769 555 448 29 955 17 434 23 010 20 623 13 853 25.77 -0.38 2.26 0.07 0.23 1.01 0.48 2.40 0.85 0.79 1.20 1.73 0.24 2.71 0.06 0.84 0.86 1.90 2.98 1.93 0.54 0.83 0.36 -4.42 1.86 1.97 0.82 0.63 2.72 1.77 0.70 0.07 0.01 0.5 32.87 0.90 1.76 0.46 1.89 0.55 0.24 0.68 0.78 1.76 0.04 1.13 1.49 0.36 1.32 1.81 1.93 1.98 0.71 0.17 6.99 0.21 0.58 0.60 23 142 39 786 58.65 16 903 68 606 24.59 1.55 0.42 1.84 0.63 0.05 0.04 0.74 1.01 1.16 1.45 0.86 0.60 1.85 0.14 1.66 1.10 0.39 0.74 0.79 0.01 2.94 1.95 0.26 2.08 0.04 0.94 1.70 1.86 0.89 0.85 0.95 0.43 0.77 1.10 1.18 0.11 1.20 2.70 1.12 0.74 0.01 1.18 2.09 0.69 0.61 0.62 0.80 0.69 4.29 0.13 0.36 1.44 0.03 0.18 1.66 1.11 0.40 0.02 0.73 0.05 0.82 1. 2004-09 All farm types Output-input ratio Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 2009 273 364 298 758 347 688 369 595 351 367 1 460 041 1 539 045 1 615 292 1 705 431 1 941 706 497 586 534 956 606 779 650 349 706 891 962 455 1 004 089 1 008 513 1 055 083 1 234 815 31.80 1.93 1.98 1.64 0.74 0.70 2.01 1.33 0.91 0.96 0.13 0.13 1.46 0.38 0.20 -9.12 1.4 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 227 411 2 450 294 553 960 1 896 334 64.39 2.75 2.91 0.97 0.80 0.37 1.86 1.02 0.20 0.00 1.96 1.42 1.87 1.85 0.83 0.18 1 0.22 2.95 1.06 1.90 1.89 1.82 -3.98 0.53 1.39 2.96 1.25 0.27 1.7 1.68 0.76 1.92 -0.67 0.00 -0.03 -46.28 1.35 0.62 -1.85 0.69 1.06 1 0.72 0.97 1.03 0.33 1.48 1.47 1.96 1.92 1.94 1.50 1.84 0.80 1.75 0.10 0.60 0.01 1.32 0.75 1.19 -0.54 1.40 0.67 3.95 1.65 1.69 0.89 1.97 0.84 0.83 0.81 1.04 1.46 1.98 0.06 34.88 0.99 1.00 1.65 0.68 0.47 2.90 0.73 -0.28 1.70 0.55 2.28 0.98 0.93 1.90 0.93 1.66 1.82 0.78 0.03 1.39 1.55 1.09 0.78 -3.36 0.82 1.03 1.00 0.82 2.28 0.20 2.59 0.77 0.87 1.10 1.62 0.87 0.79 1.07 0.94 0.57 2.88 2.22 0.72 0.73 0.99 1.51 1.79 2.02 2.73 0.67 0.34 1.98 0.45 1.74 -0.70 0.90 0.58 0.74 1.85 0.15 1.03 1.06 0.46 1.20 0.34 2.82 0.60 0.98 1.50 1.89 -0.86 0.67 1.00 1.46 3.17 0.55 -2.13 -0.06 0.51 0.86 0.89 0.93 0.29 2.30 0.81 0.80 1.79 -0.89 0.51 0.03 0.08 0.72 0.39 0.48 1.95 0.16 1.12 0.20 1.17 1.26 0.66 0.01 0.64 0.62 0.57 -0.09 0.83 1.44 0.93 2.16 0.76 0.76 0.00 0.87 -0.19 1.52 0.73 1.68 0.06 1.79 2.34 0.17 1.07 0.01 0.85 1.96 1.75 -0.67 0.38 -0.19 18 005 70 190 25.72 0.25 0.25 0.50 0.03 1.10 0.27 1.00 1.20 1.39 1.83 1.81 1.79 0.02 0.79 0.75 1.03 0.42 1.59 0.62 0.09 0.93 0.30 0.20 5.39 2.23 0.17 0.60 0.52 -1.76 0.69 1.03 76.23 5.88 0.81 0.57 0.65 0.12 0.10 1.11 0.60 0.52 0.27 0.80 1.59 0.20 0.99 0.73 0.96 0.16 0.98 1.63 0.03 0.54 1.99 2.71 0.96 -0.67 1.23 4.03 0.98 2.05 1.30 0.6 1.65 0.16 1.65 1.62 0.80 0.41 1.85 0.89 0.66 2.01 1.49 0.43 0.98 0.21 1.11 0.26 1.58 1.87 1.92 1.95 0.96 0.23 0.84 0.06 1.98 1.43 0.05 20 24 25 26 27 1.09 13.17 1.98 0.25 0.75 1.20 1.33 0.72 1.91 1.97 0.04 2.72 0.60 0.38 1.97 1.79 1.59 1.10 1.92 1.95 0.89 0.66 0.13 0.99 0.93 0.73 1.99 0.96 1.85 1.92 1.19 0.41 years % 51 5 51 6 51 6 51 6 51 6 0.74 -3.84 5.36 1.94 1.31 1.05 0.41 0.41 0.73 2.12 0.00 0.77 1.21 4.82 1.47 1.61 0.24 0.58 0.95 0.65 1.74 0.78 1.98 1.21 1.08 0.89 0.58 0.04 1.49 1.20 1.11 1.01 0.36 1.89 0.37 6.01 0.99 0.02 0.67 -0.24 0.84 0.31 1.38 0.27 3.01 0.06 0.4 2.22 1.86 -3.19 -1.50 0.93 0.73 2.84 1.20 0.14 0.17 0.41 1.11 0.93 1.05 1.5 2.19 0.96 0.25 0.38 1.35 18.16 6.08 1.98 2.04 1.03 1.75 21.04 0.97 1.03 0.87 1.3 1.01 0.00 1.75 1.69 0.00 -0.58 0.15 0.00 1.68 1.90 1.14 0.52 1.71 0.87 0.75 0.08 1.01 1.65 1.95 1.19 21.29 1.63 0.95 1.92 0.62 1.00 1.95 -0.51 0.63 0.85 -1.97 0.53 1.69 0.13 0.35 % EUR 2 49 950 4 49 803 3 90 630 2 58 304 3 62 1.63 1.89 0.74 0.07 1.01 0.02 0.61 0.77 0.97 0.23 0.28 0.63 1.39 0.92 1.46 1.55 0.08 9.00 0.09 0.83 0.69 1.98 0.67 0.76 1.75 0.05 0.04 0.85 0.80 0.4 0.69 0.08 0.81 0.63 0.95 1.14 0.14 0.72 0.04 -3.06 1 0.94 -0.06 0.10 1.11 0.30 % EUR 4 59 299 2 24 434 2 69 083 1 36 207 1 38 523 1.69 2.10 0.50 0.51 0.99 -0.07 0.93 0.41 1.99 1.21 0.49 1.46 0.82 1.83 1.69 -0.83 1.16 1.47 1.74 0.09 1.41 0.94 1.17 0.07 0.62 1.21 0.20 0.11 0.78 1.18 5.32 1.25 0.79 0.65 1.94 0.38 1.68 0.45 1.03 0.95 1.04 1.56 0.67 0.12 0.85 0.03 0.62 3.94 0.37 1.16 1.48 0.86 2.76 1.51 -1.88 0.85 1.03 1.05 1.82 0.69 0.1 0.89 0.51 1.81 0.23 1.21 0.83 -0.44 0.42 0.05 1.69 1.98 0.95 0.59 0.28 0.29 0.00 1.09 0.70 1.05 0.53 3.58 0.01 1.02 1.26 1.89 1.01 1.46 1.70 0.26 2.78 0.16 2.97 0.08 0.94 1.51 1.07 0.06 0.21 0.58 0.21 1.53 1.22 1.15 1.16 1.63 0.26 0.06 -26.02 -0.27 1.94 0.30 0.69 -0.68 0.00 EUR EUR % 14 800 24 141 22 869 94 530 18 180 83 585 10 300 48 230 24 625 73 105 61.86 0.80 1.48 0.42 0.38 0.76 0.96 1.95 1.00 1.99 0.20 1.36 3.58 0.79 0.35 0.94 0.57 1.43 0.15 0.77 0.11 1.79 1.62 0.01 1.02 174 149 235 467 268 783 237 588 254 308 136 578 134 851 170 189 168 341 168 719 37 571 100 615 98 594 69 247 85 589 28 230 28 955 33 189 31 317 37 110 9 342 71 661 65 405 37 930 48 479 0.94 0.99 0.08 1.90 1.20 5.01 1.24 -4.89 0.98 1.37 1.01 1.94 -0.56 1.51 2.68 0.95 0.06 0.65 1.45 0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 91 Annex Table B.14 2.06 0.87 1.18 4.48 0.33 1.21 1.04 0.26 1.48 0.05 0.81 0.85 0.73 1.12 0.08 0.96 0.66 0.15 0.22 1.84 1.33 2.02 1408.52 1.89 1.22 0.12 0.32 3.94 1.01 1.75 0.15 1.62 0.25 1.54 1.87 1.05 1.97 1.68 0.91 0.14 0.90 0.72 2.98 0.42 0.74 1.08 0.28 3.31 0.25 0.48 1.12 2.65 0.25 0.04 0.91 1.78 0.02 0. by performance indicator.39 3.01 1.09 1.26 4.86 1.00 1.87 0.76 2.84 1.21 1.17 1.52 1.72 0.95 0.14 1.69 0.35 0.50 0.80 -0.69 0.20 1.95 1.46 2.95 0.16 0.35 1.35 2.96 0.82 1.11 0.88 0.70 1.75 1.66 1.28 2.02 0.17 1.70 1.70 1.77 1.63 1.98 0.00 -3.05 0.01 1.60 0.98 0.00 0.24 0.95 0.16 2.94 0.27 0.06 1.97 1.10 1.54 0.86 1.11 Average characteristics of high and low performers.99 0.76 1.65 0.62 0.96 0.64 1.34 -2.85 -0.67 0.96 0.51 0.67 0.46 1.97 0.41 1.48 0.90 2.55 1.82 1.67 0.76 1.98 0.60 1.15 0.23 1.01 -0.98 1.50 1.24 2.25 1.34 1.27 1.94 0.93 0.23 1.73 0.87 1.95 0.98 1.00 0.95 1.00 -0.32 2.96 1.48 0.5 2.00 0.64 -1.78 0.38 1.35 0.06 0.93 0.19 0.07 2.27 1.66 0.25 1.92 1.89 0.32 1.94 0.79 0.16 0.96 1.34 0.89 0.81 1.79 2.52 0.89 1.60 0.43 1.77 1.34 2.67 0.98 0.78 2.82 0.10 0.95 1.91 1.84 1.33 0.10 10.01 0.53 0.23 1.78 0.74 1.30 0.68 0.85 0.29 1.96 0.96 1.42 1.08 1.41 0.8 0.46 -1.66 0.09 0.96 1.99 0.75 1.50 0.21 0.04 0.91 1.47 1.31 24.26 0.59 0.84 -0.95 0.40 0.79 0.91 0.72 0.28 1.82 1.90 0.24 1.40 0.61 1.89 0.33 0.68 1.24 0.23 0.39 0.30 1.26 0.36 1.33 0.89 1.32 1.92 0.87 0.10 1.82 1.88 0.02 1.09 0.96 1.65 0.72 -3.19 0.11 0.17 0.52 0.25 1.66 -1.76 0.61 0.81 0.40 0.34 1.39 1.19 1.88 0.65 0.16 1.00 1.75 1.53 0.99 -0.93 0.11 0.82 0.42 0.38 0.15 0.11 1.01 0.22 0.48 2.76 1.01 1.05 0.3 34.34 0.26 0.32 0.97 1.91 1.31 0.80 -0.32 0.10 0.19 0.84 0.32 1.63 0.07 % % Field crop farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 2004 159 648 1 396 266 400 632 995 634 60.58 0.02 1.00 0.85 0.72 0.79 1.87 0.68 0.47 2.64 0.27 1.08 1.20 1.37 0.93 1.03 1.76 1.14 1.96 1.01 1.75 -0.65 0.07 -4.11 1.23 4.56 0.73 1.70 0.73 0.23 1.05 46 58 61 63 65 0.58 0.74 1.16 -0.88 2.21 1.96 0.05 0.20 4.68 1.04 1.30 0.16 1.42 1.18 1.02 0.90 0.19 0.54 -2.70 0.62 2.79 16.18 -0.17 1.30 0.29 1.80 1.86 1.27 0.88 0.71 2.03 0.68 1.97 1.97 1.08 0.11 0.55 EUR EUR % 12 532 44 461 28.88 0.06 2.65 0.12 5.14 0.63 0.13 0.36 2.99 1.09 0.94 0.62 1.15 0.99 1.94 0.78 -0.01 0.92 -0.89 1.68 1.31 1.15 0.64 1.03 0.40 0.12 0.07 16.59 0.81 1.83 1.87 0.31 0.6 Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 0.78 1.19 1.86 0.26 0.17 1.14 -12.95 1.61 0.96 1.82 0.27 2.80 -0.43 0.23 0.49 1.11 0.22 0.94 1.93 1.04 0.71 0.99 0.92 1.32 0.12 1.96 1.86 0.71 1.85 1.45 1.51 0.09 0.15 0.53 0.49 1.36 1.78 1.98 1.79 1.91 1.44 2.97 0.97 0.13 1.69 -0.37 1.80 1.40 1.74 1.25 0.79 3.79 1.66 0.97 1.98 0.48 1.54 -2.59 0.18 1.97 0.10 -0.88 0.08 0.57 0.61 0.51 2.96 0.23 0.13 0.12 1.83 0.31 282 427 216 317 66 110 34 182 31 928 42 547 16 583 13 797 1 424 1 362 25 963 13.65 0.24 1.29 0.02 0.96 0.21 0.54 1.83 1.66 1.36 1.60 0.94 1.92 1.69 0.31 1.05 0.5 2.82 0.67 0.68 1.02 -67.08 0.48 1.91 0.35 0.74 0.23 0.77 1.11 1.06 0.97 2.81 0.72 1.08 1.74 0.31 1.54 0.61 1.53 0.29 0.00 0.06 2.20 1.81 1.63 1.66 0.55 1.07 -0.72 1.00 1.95 1.94 1.7 1.87 0.14 0.89 1.02 1.21 1. the Netherlands.01 0.60 1.84 0.07 1.57 1.17 1.67 1.72 0.43 0.04 1.16 0.69 1.73 0.56 0.58 0.89 2.01 0.03 6.05 0.04 1.78 1.88 0.85 0.69 1.12 0.69 1.88 0.88 1.80 0.89 0.54 0.90 0.70 0.65 years % 54 5 54 5 53 6 53 5 53 6 1.13 1.14 1.43 1.94 1.23 0.79 0.80 1.89 0.13 1.57 1.46 2.7 33.92 0.69 0.35 0.00 0.58 1.76 0.76 0.93 0.24 0.17 2.44 3.52 1.42 1.14 2.49 1.85 0.42 0.70 1.28 0.78 0.98 1.10 0.92 0.47 1.69 0.98 2.57 0.97 0.02 0.88 1.26 0.45 0.96 0.81 0.20 0.05 1.24 1.85 0.98 0.92 0.77 0.05 -1.73 0.54 1.47 0.65 0.03 0.72 1.24 0.16 0.95 1.98 0.21 0.70 0.18 1.95 0.87 0.33 0.11 3.07 0.39 0.89 1.22 0.54 1.97 0.65 -0.06 1.80 0.57 0.86 1.8 0.19 -0.90 1.46 1.87 0.12 0.83 0.03 1.72 1.35 2.58 0.95 1.06 0.55 1.66 0.57 1.49 1.55 1.80 1.48 1.02 0.90 1.18 1.94 0.68 0.63 1.90 0.17 0.59 1.96 0.76 0.79 0.73 0.80 0.91 0.01 0.08 0.15 0.95 1.55 -0.91 0.58 0.05 0.53 1.81 0.99 0.69 0.67 0.23 0.80 -0.51 1.18 0.05 0.14 2.44 0.00 0.62 0.52 0.42 2.80 0.77 0.02 1.95 0.20 0.13 1.67 0.64 0.31 1.85 1.83 0.03 0.98 0.00 -0.01 0.88 1.07 0.14 0.11 1.15 1.25 1.73 0.91 0.08 0.22 1.38 1.93 0.61 1.10 0.03 0.99 0.13 2.97 0.36 1.14 0.22 0.84 0.99 1.14 1.96 0.34 0.84 0.50 1.07 1.92 0.91 0.77 1.23 % % OECD FOOD.16 -0.8 0.66 0.99 0.63 0.79 2.65 2.80 364 518 273 202 91 317 39 614 51 703 36 790 17 999 14 720 1 538 1 741 18 791 9.29 0.65 1.26 1.66 -0.89 0.90 0.62 0.83 0.11 0.01 0.68 0.86 1.80 0.91 1.91 0.66 0.24 1.08 0.75 0.84 1.68 2.90 0.93 0.01 1.07 1.89 1.24 -12.00 0.69 1.08 1.82 0.26 1.89 -0.17 3.96 -0.96 1.67 1.62 0.92 0.80 0.86 -0.16 0.85 1.71 1.83 1.12 1.45 1.75 0.00 0.11 3.95 1.05 1.28 1.77 0.72 1.02 0.93 0.77 -0.10 0.24 1.87 -1.66 0.78 0.06 -0.44 1.98 1.89 0.34 1.44 0.75 0.86 0.39 1.97 -0.02 0.33 1.99 0.02 1.22 1.74 1.96 1.45 0.00 0.93 0.95 1.80 1.12 0.72 1.57 0.25 0.57 0.43 1.6 213 562 1 910 853 499 718 1 411 135 63.63 0.76 0.97 1.94 2.99 0.72 0.95 0.02 0.00 0.86 0.87 2.14 1.

80 0.29 0.27 2.49 0.00 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .23 0.35 1.09 2.78 0.14 1.94 1.93 1.94 1.09 1.91 0.2 3.07 2.11 0.14 86.74 1.42 1.95 1.92 1.97 0.99 1.84 0.88 0.09 0.43 1.00 -0.48 1.05 0.07 1.80 0.85 0.19 3.77 1.13 1.35 0.05 0.07 0.90 0.29 0.97 0.10 1.05 1.63 1.41 0.23 0.34 0.62 0.80 0.38 3.96 1.54 0.44 0.74 0.71 0.21 1.27 3.97 0.84 0.82 1.80 1.80 1.86 0.09 0.92 0.86 0.98 0.29 1.56 0.07 0.53 0.72 0.01 0.17 4.00 0.06 1.94 1.42 -0.26 0.85 0.05 0.74 0.44 1.99 0.12 0.92 0.13 2.95 1.87 0.98 1.91 1.77 1.01 199 063 224 162 272 363 288 319 240 482 130 134 143 538 165 807 200 055 199 918 68 929 80 624 106 556 88 263 40 564 23 729 26 318 27 822 32 137 37 308 45 201 54 307 78 734 56 126 3 256 0.99 0.00 0.33 0.17 2.86 0.74 0.37 0.06 0.52 -0.15 0.94 1.45 1.41 1.27 1.00 1.72 0.91 0.27 2.48 0.81 0.55 0.63 1.97 1.99 0.89 1.78 0.03 1.39 1.87 1.01 1.35 0.39 2.70 0.43 0.84 0.12 0.84 1.50 2.17 0.02 1.81 0.19 1.11 1.39 0.70 0.97 0.66 0.49 1.11 0.56 1.82 0.93 0.92 1.09 1.79 1.29 0.16 0.28 2.33 0.96 1.89 0.24 0.89 1.06 0.99 0.71 0.43 1.01 0.43 1.85 1.63 0.95 1.22 0.29 0.84 0.03 1.07 0.25 0.91 0.88 0.81 1.96 1.28 1.87 3.79 0.08 1.97 1.00 1.70 0.19 0.15 0.04 0.45 0.08 -15.10 -0.21 0.32 0.89 1.82 0.22 1.30 1.75 1.41 1.86 1.00 -0.73 0.66 1.14 -15.02 0.10 -0.91 1.01 0.02 1.69 0.26 0.87 1.13 1.64 1.96 1.81 1.49 1.91 1.00 0.12 2.98 0.28 0.47 0.13 1.19 0.98 -0.99 1.07 0.28 1.07 1.01 0.47 0.14 1.43 1.64 1.16 0.21 0.93 1.00 0.72 0.69 0.21 -0.89 0.22 0.19 -0.85 0.19 1.38 1.51 2.38 0.76 1.32 0.02 1.11 0.80 1.33 0.24 2.09 1.52 0.09 1.22 1.72 0.86 1.05 2.93 0.71 0.83 1.06 0.45 0.66 0.26 -0.66 1.19 0.22 1.99 0.82 0.64 4.12 1.66 0.33 1.87 0.70 1.13 0.78 1.99 1.92 0.13 1.70 0.00 1.95 0.91 1.66 0.14 0.82 0.34 1.05 1.38 1.08 0.98 1.72 0.26 0.22 1.98 0.93 1.38 1.78 3.51 1.85 1.08 -0.88 1.32 0.52 0.12 0.96 0.50 -0.84 0.06 1.08 1.73 1.24 1.08 0.99 2.78 0.00 1.87 3.92 1.38 1.10 0.00 0.04 1.05 1.92 1.46 1.37 0.74 1.76 0.64 1.00 0.20 1.00 -34.09 1.52 0.10 1.1 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 289 581 934 037 272 144 661 893 16.47 0.22 1.68 2.98 1.60 2.89 0.10 1.85 0.52 1.07 0.06 0.09 1.97 2.17 0.97 0.17 0.80 2.93 0.27 2.08 0.67 0.27 1.02 1.98 0.92 0.47 3.17 2.81 1.32 0.53 2.66 1.02 1.72 0.74 0.86 1.84 0.92 0.99 1.71 2.36 3.78 0.07 1.94 1.73 2.01 0.47 0.27 1.91 1.32 2.62 0.69 2.93 1.86 1.30 17.81 1.01 1.87 0.40 1.84 1.44 2.77 -2.90 1.24 1.22 1.02 1.97 1.91 0.63 0.05 0.22 1.06 1.21 0.00 -40.94 -3.80 -0.98 1.21 0.36 1.10 -0.43 0.97 1.97 1.84 0.19 1.50 1.50 0.04 0.61 0.32 1.20 1.29 0.44 3.02 1.98 0.11 0.37 0.78 2.02 1.86 0.91 0.43 1.97 1.29 1.98 1.83 1.25 0.31 1.98 1.88 0.98 1.14 0.20 0.40 1.57 1.67 2.13 0.71 1.07 1.46 1.23 1.18 1.32 1.09 1.88 0.16 0.12 0.95 11 13 14 15 16 0.90 0.83 0.40 0.10 1.53 0.33 1.18 0.87 0.27 1.06 -0.90 0.51 0.29 1.00 5.94 1.26 0.73 1.04 0.24 0.62 0.81 0.10 0.78 0.17 0.97 1.67 1.14 1.26 0.21 1.97 1.94 1.21 1.94 0.32 1.68 0.02 0.70 1.09 % % OECD FOOD.14 0.12 1.99 1.87 0.16 1.30 1.21 3.46 0.33 0.34 0.31 0.96 1.84 1.09 2.86 0.91 0.27 3.06 1.76 0.97 1.92 0.19 0.41 1.10 2.99 0.00 0.45 1.13 1.26 1.01 1.24 0.38 0.86 1.82 0.19 0.24 0.03 0.79 0.40 0.70 1.59 3.39 0.17 -0.15 0.19 0.39 0.02 1.97 1.79 0.11 1.55 0.90 0.74 1.43 1.58 0.34 0.98 0.53 0.08 1.85 0.91 1.35 0.86 2.68 1.05 0.85 0.47 1.88 0.24 0.63 1.70 0.68 1.02 0.72 0.06 0.99 2.14 1.30 2.35 0.76 1.83 1.60 0.26 1.92 0.25 1.77 0.91 2.09 0.20 1.50 0.38 1.97 0.16 0.86 1.71 1.95 0.78 1.51 0.43 0.76 0.91 1.69 1.20 0.52 1.36 1.66 1.35 4.54 0.42 3.97 0.78 1.30 2.16 1.65 1.05 0.32 0.01 0.03 3.45 1.56 0.18 1.11 1.14 1.02 1.31 0.07 0.46 -3.28 1.86 1.01 1.83 0.48 2.76 0.88 1.59 0.34 4.57 1.81 1.05 3.04 0.47 3.19 0.73 29.61 1.67 1.96 0.13 1.77 0.55 1.75 1.92 0.84 0.60 1.29 1.33 1.36 2.94 -0.77 1.93 1.20 0.85 1.99 2.93 0.38 1.74 0.00 2.98 0.56 -0.15 1.91 1.85 0.32 2.11 0.52 1.06 1.77 0.41 0.69 1.06 0.71 0.71 1.47 1.28 1.20 1.51 2.18 1.10 1.81 0.42 -0.10 4.71 0.77 -0.99 0.62 0.01 0.98 1.23 0.21 0.79 253.56 1.60 0.33 0.03 1.55 0.91 1.0 321 618 1 110 312 413 955 696 356 17.14 0.36 0.75 19.16 0.13 1.55 0.33 0.93 0.78 2.49 1.75 1.99 1.70 0.27 1.94 1.92 0.26 1.33 1.42 4.92 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Fruit and vegetable farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 2004 202 691 816 670 265 009 551 661 16.82 0.58 0.79 1.82 2.98 0.44 0.98 1.81 0.80 1.08 0.05 0.61 0.25 47.02 0.84 0.07 1.09 1.05 -6.11 2.23 21.98 1.04 0.02 1.92 1.12 1.28 0.85 1.76 0.31 1.07 1.55 0.67 0.24 1.72 2.8 3.63 0.82 0.41 3.64 0.11 1.84 0.94 -0.88 1.89 0.99 0.91 1.46 1.97 0.44 1.49 0.91 1.32 1.71 0.23 1.19 3.58 0.31 0.89 0.05 1.97 1.01 0.21 0.02 0.98 2.46 1.68 0.73 0.80 1.85 1.02 1.13 1.58 1.12 0.99 0.40 2.72 0.89 1.03 0.10 -1.97 0.04 0.03 0.02 1.93 1.94 0.23 1.4 1.51 0.62 1.90 -0.98 1.59 -0.89 0.83 1.50 1.23 0.24 0.54 1.44 0.78 0.84 0.28 0.77 0.92 1.23 1.02 1.16 1.77 0.26 2.77 0.41 1.85 0.02 0.60 1.04 0.19 0.00 69.86 0.36 0.74 1.26 1.90 0.96 1.00 1.35 0.39 0.12 1.88 1.99 1.02 1.44 0.00 1.14 2.86 1.84 1.54 0.02 3.23 0.95 1.64 1.78 0.88 0.94 0.47 0.11 -15.90 0.66 0.62 % % Dairy farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 2004 187 001 2 073 013 547 667 1 525 346 42 2 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 196 802 2 057 714 608 769 1 448 944 45 2 245 808 2 003 431 654 994 1 348 437 46 2 260 366 2 169 568 710 354 1 459 214 47 2 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 211 625 2 488 351 788 715 1 699 635 47 2 0.28 0.44 -0.14 3.69 0.98 0.34 1.88 1.92 0.78 1.96 0.50 15.98 0.68 2.05 -0.81 1.55 0.34 -0.88 0.71 0.05 0.24 0.30 0.07 1.44 2.82 1.19 1.53 0.10 -15.21 1.19 0.40 0.95 0.42 0.75 1.91 0.00 0.02 1.43 2.77 1.01 1.26 0.84 1.92 0.37 1.05 -0.02 1.74 0.73 0.04 0.06 1.78 1.98 1.29 1.64 1.41 0.79 1.72 0.89 0.97 1.72 0.07 3.11 0.52 0.64 0.85 1.33 1.85 0.42 0.26 1.23 1.68 1.20 1.46 0.94 1.6 4.89 0.86 0.17 0.00 0.24 0.32 1.26 1.39 0.29 1.96 0.96 0.79 2.31 2.04 0.77 0.20 -0.14 0.16 0.74 1.00 -92.92 1.88 1.12 0.07 0.07 1.99 1.80 1.50 0.49 0.31 1.65 1.97 0.04 0.97 0.64 0.02 1.01 1.48 0.68 0.93 3.68 0.96 0.20 1.61 1.92 0.82 0.57 2.24 1.11 1.02 0.16 0.46 0.95 0.28 0.26 0.62 0.35 0.55 0.42 1.86 1.88 1.76 0.31 1.63 2.95 1.29 0.78 0.93 1.35 -0.86 0.42 2.73 0.27 1.01 1.47 1.53 0.02 1.39 0.20 0.97 0.07 0.05 0.89 0.76 1.93 1.02 0.01 0.96 1.28 0.60 1.53 1.61 3.28 2.31 0.33 0.40 0.75 1.72 1.03 0.15 0.68 1.67 0.16 75 102 65 687 48 940 32 526 31 282 12 063 27 360 26 555 27 952 28 858 10 697 23 922 24 388 24 510 24 861 972 1 720 1 916 2 105 2 583 394 1 718 252 1 337 1 414 63 039 38 327 22 384 4 573 2 425 37.00 0.09 0.31 1.92 1.09 1.36 0.94 0.67 1.88 1.41 0.08 1.14 0.29 1.13 2.82 1.69 1.38 0.81 1.77 0.85 1.14 -57.02 2.05 3.25 1.36 0.58 1.04 1.78 0.72 1.87 0.89 1.76 1.30 1.01 2.71 0.16 0.42 1.16 1.02 0.58 1.58 1.80 0.77 0.82 1.50 0.92 0.59 1.06 1.05 0.60 0.80 1.37 3.40 1.14 0.03 5.88 0.43 0.14 2.52 0.22 -0.10 0.89 0.56 1.54 1.24 1.03 1.43 1.26 1.57 0.19 1.05 1.11 1.80 1.00 0.53 0.01 1.26 2.71 0.46 0.94 0.03 1.92 1.18 1.24 1.64 0.24 0.36 % EUR 1 54 592 3 58 751 2 94 455 2 85 194 2 74 334 1.80 3.83 3.04 0.75 1.79 0.98 0.10 0.00 1.31 1.14 0.71 1.98 1.93 1.05 0.81 -0.16 2.25 0.07 1.85 1.35 0.26 0.89 1.85 0.31 1.34 0.56 0.18 0.00 1.76 1.09 1.15 1.01 0.88 1.72 0.82 1.21 1.88 1.86 2.49 0.80 0.48 0.72 0.68 1.88 0.96 0.24 1.72 0.99 0.30 1.32 1.90 0.12 1.79 1.97 0.75 1.80 1.12 1.26 0.06 0.31 0.29 1.65 0.44 1.87 0.97 11.60 1.27 -0.97 0.76 1.17 1.01 1.78 3.21 0.11 1.24 2.02 1.19 0.14 0.05 0.70 -0.59 1.13 3.66 1.02 1.03 1.01 0.51 1.03 1.20 0.93 0.33 4.10 1.18 1.27 1.64 0.89 0.45 1.03 0.56 0.21 1.92 1.65 0.81 0.41 1.06 1.00 0.02 0.19 0.44 0.79 0.85 0.93 2.93 0.77 1.72 0.00 0.49 0.63 0.08 0.99 1.17 1.00 -38.05 1.44 0.27 0.30 0.70 0.01 1.84 0.8 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 EUR EUR % 13 354 39 571 46 213 97 636 18 312 34 513 33.10 1.94 1.52 1.93 1.73 0.85 0.25 1.11 0.59 0.35 0.59 0.96 0.25 0.72 1.03 -0.01 0.65 0.09 0.82 -0.25 0.44 0.24 0.31 0.97 0.84 0.78 0.99 0.76 0.84 1.81 1.06 1.84 0.48 1.29 0.96 0.81 0.67 0.48 years % 51 6 52 6 51 6 52 6 51 6 1.22 0.39 1.03 1.91 0.28 1.90 0.88 0.95 1.06 1.99 1.99 2.26 1.98 1.80 4.53 0.02 1.85 0.99 0.29 0.83 0.74 0.97 1.73 1.51 0.82 0.29 1.79 1.52 0.10 2.95 0.21 0.39 1.98 1.00 -15.29 0.06 0.16 0.32 3.88 1.21 0.49 0.98 0.60 0.51 3.29 1.03 1.86 2.83 1.19 0.14 1.42 0.21 204 640 291 374 350 039 317 444 326 209 146 805 188 123 225 340 224 323 262 995 57 835 103 251 124 698 93 121 63 214 31 618 37 178 39 649 41 699 47 013 26 217 66 072 85 049 51 422 16 201 0.99 0.92 1.84 0.26 0.99 -1.63 1.43 0.83 1.08 0.25 1.24 0.84 0.49 1.17 1.00 -0.03 0.36 1.20 1.52 3.96 0.06 0.12 0.04 0.15 1.01 0.97 1.10 1.97 1.83 0.06 0.42 1.07 0.25 0.12 0.87 2.09 0.04 0.97 1.00 1.96 0.40 0.51 0.12 2.06 1.23 1.97 0.27 1.70 1.89 0.44 1.17 1.97 0.96 0.25 0.00 79.97 1.23 0.89 1.30 -0.02 0.06 1.03 0.51 1.99 0.16 0.66 0.06 0.55 0.20 1.16 1.99 1.75 0.25 0.01 1.96 0.99 0.71 4.52 1.07 2.14 0.80 2.28 13.86 3.57 1.92 1.98 0.50 1.07 0.74 -0.38 1.23 8 143 5 422 13 561 10 651 10 468 1 948 1 793 1 918 1 588 4 592 928 664 522 614 643 673 197 238 232 73 347 933 1 157 741 3 876 6 195 3 629 11 644 9 063 5 877 3.96 1.73 0.69 0.89 0.53 0.28 0.62 1.85 1.80 1.02 1.85 0.96 0.17 1.52 0.01 0.07 0.46 1.91 1.74 1.64 1.05 0.21 1.94 1.75 0.39 0.40 2.10 0.18 0.38 0.61 0.18 1.94 3.90 -0.86 1.09 1.62 1.08 1.13 1.00 -21.28 0.42 1.98 1.06 0.98 1.61 1.10 1.06 1.35 1.30 1.81 -3.33 53.6 348 121 1 000 759 358 408 642 351 18.94 0.98 1.58 1.41 0.00 0.46 3.57 1.68 1.92 1.23 2.11 17.11 1.01 0.24 0.46 1.05 0.30 0.23 0.02 0.48 0.73 0.92 0.98 0.87 0.78 0.73 1.91 0.53 0.22 0.04 1.58 0.82 0.00 0.66 1.54 0.89 2.32 -0.93 1.69 0.87 0.77 1.12 2.20 0.02 0.61 1.19 0.93 1.10 1.93 0.08 1.05 59 66 73 74 75 0.88 1.44 0.22 2.11 1.00 0.47 1.27 1.07 0.00 0.17 1.29 1.74 0.26 0.82 1.08 1.39 0.00 1.04 0.41 0.14 0.08 1.96 1.18 2.30 1.05 0.97 1.96 1.09 1.97 0.20 0.64 0.34 1.43 0.56 3.92 0.03 1.88 0.97 1.13 0.60 0.58 3.38 0.27 0.09 1.11 4.99 0.01 1.97 1.13 4.78 0.04 0.80 0.91 1.54 0.98 1.45 0.03 1.11 1.96 1.10 0.03 0.84 1.07 0.17 0.81 0.03 1.92 1.75 0.15 0.37 0.72 1.00 0.52 1.79 0.26 1.67 1.37 -2.08 1.46 1.14 1.14 1.44 1.25 0.16 1.29 1.03 2.65 0.04 1.74 0.46 0.79 0.66 0.93 0.82 0.05 0.46 0.00 0.87 1.11 0.63 1.91 0.42 0.15 0.60 1.99 0.29 1.06 0.09 0.78 0.92 3.92 0.99 0.96 0.48 0.40 0.45 0.83 0.13 0.41 3.22 1.01 1.22 1.95 1.99 1.74 0.76 0.56 2.05 0.91 0.95 1.34 0.08 -1.05 -25.04 1.56 0.13 1.39 1.85 1.55 1.70 0.64 1.50 0.59 0.08 1.22 0.09 1.14 0.28 0.13 0.02 1.78 0.00 0.37 2.70 0.88 0.62 1.65 EUR EUR % 13 669 58 870 18 057 72 364 15 251 93 985 15 042 71 169 20 133 23 389 23.29 1.60 0.79 0.93 0.30 0.06 0.80 0.56 0.00 0.77 1.83 0.09 1.62 2.98 1.26 0.28 1.00 1.58 0.77 1.83 0.95 1.95 16.55 0.94 2.93 0.70 1.94 1.95 1.01 0.22 24.34 1.16 0.01 0.63 2.97 1.56 1.01 0.02 0.25 1.17 0.31 1.84 0.38 0.12 1.44 1.09 0.63 0.84 -0.56 0.89 1.03 1.82 2.06 1.71 0.03 0.99 0.37 0.71 1.08 1.68 4.63 0.11 -5.23 0.22 1.92 1.92 0.43 0.90 0.96 0.99 1.03 0.90 1.45 0.35 0.54 1.41 0.36 1.98 1.63 0.27 0.46 1.46 0.87 1.83 0.10 1.94 0.18 0.95 17.76 3.98 -3.37 0.82 0.67 0.67 0.97 1.27 0.52 0.99 2.74 0.02 0.75 1.05 1.53 1.15 1.92 17.80 4.77 0.70 0.74 0.39 1.63 0.23 1.01 0.69 1.96 1.74 -0.07 1.06 1.72 0.58 % EUR 1 28 978 2 45 445 4 34 698 2 -1 238 2 63 318 0.79 0.31 0.18 0.83 0.01 0.49 0.03 0.21 1.97 1.04 1.12 0.06 1.36 0.07 0.98 1.21 2.02 1.21 -0.51 0.8 3.11 0.13 years % 51 6 51 5 51 6 51 6 50 5 0.35 0.97 1.22 0.48 1.02 1.00 1.22 0.33 0.25 1.93 -0.14 0.63 0.53 0.01 0.12 1.34 0.24 1.14 1.12 2.07 3.75 1.73 0.00 0.38 1.67 0.48 1.30 1.12 1.32 1.03 0.57 1.01 0.04 0.48 0.67 0.86 1.09 1.93 0.81 1.98 0.78 0.89 0.85 0.05 0.48 1.04 1.08 1.69 0.74 0.88 0.05 0.41 2.86 1.82 1.05 0.21 0.90 0.00 0.67 1.82 1.15 2.97 0.21 0.87 0.59 2.29 0.18 0.93 -0.92 1.85 0.10 0.73 0.67 0.51 0.64 1.15 0.91 1.91 0.45 1.34 0.64 0.08 0.08 1.94 0.17 -0.83 0.19 0.00 0.12 0.28 0.07 0.11 1.34 0.34 0.73 1.01 1.10 1.54 1.91 1.00 0.96 0.19 0.41 0.70 2.11 0.62 1.41 1.30 0.68 0.28 1.99 0.31 16 009 15 305 82 082 100 354 315 856 993 726 327 852 665 874 18.17 1.12 1.04 1.28 1.97 0.85 0.55 0.42 4.33 1.83 0.1 4.04 0.14 1.71 0.48 -4.82 1.59 0.82 1.51 3.12 0.95 1.96 0.74 1.76 0.81 1.86 0.38 -0.59 0.28 3.80 0.17 1.06 0.55 1.97 0.60 0.13 1.60 1.68 0.18 -1.68 2.64 0.60 0.58 0.94 1.87 2.56 0.99 16.40 0.57 1.47 1.86 0.87 1.86 1.06 1.92 1.75 1.41 0.89 0.01 0.51 0.93 1.52 1.98 1.46 246.53 0.75 0.00 1.18 1.67 0.23 1.61 1.83 1.01 1.05 1.17 1.12 1.26 1.47 1.00 0.80 1.96 0.38 0.78 -2.08 3.07 0.30 0.71 1.33 0.96 0.78 1.17 1.18 0.07 -60.29 0.70 0.41 0.29 1.43 1.01 0.46 1.04 1.42 0.34 0.11 1.21 1.62 1.30 0.60 0.43 2.97 1.97 1.14 0.95 0.52 2.97 -3.27 0.94 0.19 1.00 1.15 1.41 0.73 1.23 0.27 1.19 0.78 0.34 0.24 -0.12 1.39 2.88 1.33 1.10 1.90 0.52 -0.63 0.

92 1.05 1.84 1.72 0.68 0.43 1.27 1.86 0.82 1.28 -4.68 14.03 1.36 0.17 0.35 4.55 0.11 0.11 0.74 0.01 0.41 1.75 0.53 0.62 -2.89 1.71 0.73 5.91 1.84 0.94 1.16 1.73 0.12 3.95 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .16 0.60 1.66 -0.70 0.45 0.15 1.08 1.10 0.89 0.04 0.20 0.62 1.77 0.95 0.90 1.85 0.66 -1.34 0.77 -10.78 0.75 -6.86 0.00 1.05 1.74 0.94 0.76 0.69 0.48 1.64 1.28 1.48 2.41 0.57 0.01 1.22 0.68 1.46 2.21 1.50 0.36 1.56 0.84 1.89 4.76 1.55 % % OECD FOOD.39 0.17 0.16 0.33 4.67 1.90 1.99 1.95 1.09 0.54 -9.92 0.02 0.82 1.31 0.31 0.04 0.58 1.71 0.09 0.53 -0.64 0.77 1.55 0.60 1.01 1.10 1.12 0.13 87.39 0.11 2.07 -1.69 1.97 1.15 0.76 0.80 2.00 0.91 0.41 0.31 0.69 0.72 1.57 0.19 0.74 2.00 0.98 0.12 0.81 3.36 0.75 -1.52 0.68 1.48 0.82 1.80 0.72 0.38 1.61 -0.25 1.26 -9.19 1.90 0.95 1.92 -0.73 1.69 2.63 -0.97 1.24 2.76 1.34 0.02 0.03 -1.46 0.08 0.18 1.43 1.81 0.83 11.4 1.90 1.84 0.29 0.60 1.07 0.72 0.31 1.92 0.72 1.37 0.78 0.84 1.99 0.47 1.97 0.22 1.79 0.32 -0.18 1.25 0.77 1.63 0.07 2.16 0.02 1.25 0.66 0.74 0.09 -1.05 1.70 1.98 2.16 1.02 1.65 1.77 0.16 1.32 1.69 1.51 1.93 1.15 0.13 2.59 1.31 0.01 1.18 0.28 0.00 1.69 2.00 0.62 14.49 0.16 1.33 1.11 0.65 1.29 0.06 0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 93 Beef and sheep farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 2004 118 317 959 616 354 064 605 551 29 1 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 116 225 793 813 275 958 517 854 29 1 130 025 773 591 291 891 481 700 31 1 142 926 833 634 320 680 512 954 31 2 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 150 552 915 820 323 366 592 454 29 2 1.90 0.54 0.95 1.20 1.12 6.99 0.89 1.26 0.96 0.80 0.69 -0.05 1.65 0.85 0.85 0.69 -1.97 1.96 2.61 0.14 3.47 0.79 0.48 2.5 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 419 301 1 259 430 567 719 691 711 14.70 0.49 1.48 0.10 0.16 0.12 1.84 0.13 2.84 0.46 2.73 1.90 0.90 0.48 3.84 0.70 0.92 0.65 0.09 0.65 0.73 0.13 1.86 0.58 0.43 0.02 1.59 -9.63 2.53 0.07 1.63 1.92 1.98 0.92 0.65 0.65 2.97 0.62 1.43 0.63 -6.00 1.24 0.55 0.76 1.56 2.58 0.90 0.11 0.21 2.96 0.84 1.72 5.59 0.90 0.92 1.06 1.32 0.01 0.52 0.24 -5.15 0.00 0.83 1.73 0.96 1.15 1.74 0.83 0.79 2.86 0.48 1.58 1.44 2.75 -0.77 0.69 1.43 0.12 0.55 0.19 0.13 0.03 0.33 -8.74 1.86 0.47 0.93 0.14 1.78 0.02 0.59 0.18 1.92 1.85 -1.48 2.65 1.27 -6.95 1.19 0.32 0.66 1.18 -0.16 1.89 16.03 0.49 1.53 0.11 0.17 2.98 9.06 1.95 2.63 1.98 1.12 0.63 0.02 0.19 1.95 0.07 1.74 1.52 0.93 1.50 2.56 1.03 0.99 0.04 0.45 1.43 0.39 1.94 0.82 1.98 0.90 1.38 1.09 0.67 1.05 0.30 0.82 1.17 0.06 0.50 0.05 0.52 1.69 -1.61 1.59 1.05 1.18 1.90 3.75 1.14 0.69 0.93 -0.22 0.95 -0.11 1.33 1.66 1.97 2.07 0.97 1.21 1.35 3.83 0.59 2.68 0.12 1.87 0.31 1.46 33.31 0.51 2.74 0.53 1.94 0.47 0.93 0.60 1.66 0.77 0.85 1.64 1.97 0.91 2.14 1.94 1.72 0.78 -0.18 -0.37 2.90 0.58 0.81 0.56 0.65 0.00 1.20 5.87 1.71 3.00 0.86 2.63 0.36 -0.14 0.39 0.99 0.41 1.73 1.44 1.67 0.63 0.63 0.08 1.17 1.18 0.17 0.42 2.08 0.73 3.26 2.88 0.59 -0.07 0.66 1.77 1.30 0.00 0.70 0.79 1.31 0.95 3.75 1.57 2.57 0.55 3.97 0.50 0.88 1.70 0.43 0.26 1.24 0.81 1.73 0.26 0.35 2.52 0.94 0.57 2.12 0.29 2.23 2.92 1.31 -4.87 2.73 2.88 3.41 0.85 -1.88 1.76 2.81 -0.99 1.14 1.44 1.16 1.4 1.4 1.00 0.00 1.38 1.89 1.19 0.62 0.77 1.80 0.61 0.14 0.00 0.68 0.80 1.76 1.56 0.39 -3.76 0.92 1.07 0.73 0.76 0.14 0.08 1.30 1.37 0.57 1.92 1.83 0.94 0.87 0.32 0.16 0.66 1.90 1.73 1.11 0.46 1.22 0.72 0.81 1.18 0.15 6.26 1.18 1.65 1.66 1.03 1.41 2.24 0.83 1.02 0.75 0.69 0.47 1.56 1.83 1.84 1.05 1.92 1.66 0.84 -0.51 0.68 1.31 1.30 1.84 1.41 2.14 1.11 2.16 0.62 2.63 0.93 0.19 0.17 0.69 -1.84 0.54 2.58 0.98 1.65 0.72 0.79 0.90 2.78 0.35 0.35 5.57 1.53 1.42 1.21 1.74 0.96 0.95 2.92 0.45 1.67 0.96 0.95 0.19 0.49 0.16 1.21 1.82 2.90 1.43 1.87 0.80 1.0 1.13 0.98 1.31 0.98 1.71 1.25 0.43 1.86 0.14 0.38 0.65 -1.68 1.70 0.71 -0.83 1.55 1.76 1.34 66.06 0.50 0.20 2.31 -0.19 0.91 1.22 0.99 1.00 0.56 3.69 -12.41 5.12 0.07 1.95 1.43 1.87 1.11 2.03 0.42 3.78 1.59 0.57 3.92 0.37 1.60 2.08 1.05 1.59 -0.02 0.49 0.36 0.72 0.89 0.74 0.04 0.87 0.64 0.12 0.79 0.11 1.96 2.18 1.65 0.70 2.77 1.84 0.47 -0.95 0.59 1.06 0.13 0.01 1.96 0.65 1.14 2.37 0.58 1.01 0.44 4.76 3.67 15.43 0.90 0.72 0.19 0.73 1.22 0.93 1.69 0.96 1.27 11.62 1.50 0.77 -0.24 1.43 0.77 -0.03 0.12 0.70 1.00 0.69 2.38 1.90 1.91 1.62 2.13 1.98 1.76 0.51 3.18 -0.59 1.11 1.52 1.82 0.97 0.12 0.30 -2.71 0.81 -0.07 1.81 2.74 28.85 1.80 1.81 1.43 3.24 4.76 1.88 1.93 1.13 1.11 1.07 0.73 0.57 1.02 1.95 1.82 1.21 -0.05 1.04 0.81 -0.59 0.80 0.72 1.45 0.20 0.64 1.97 0.88 1.80 8.57 0.06 0.71 0.06 1.91 5.04 1.43 2.44 1.07 0.01 1.75 1.01 0.67 0.91 1.05 1.48 -0.80 -0.75 0.14 1.58 0.90 0.04 2.11 3.90 1.60 0.65 0.69 0.53 2.94 1.14 0.45 0.75 1.29 0.45 0.95 1.85 2.47 3.74 1.51 1.73 0.48 1.83 0.65 1.20 0.91 0.87 0.10 2.22 1.26 1.42 0.58 0.62 4.58 1.78 0.05 1.95 0.16 0.95 1.92 0.81 0.96 0.14 0.73 1.14 1.72 0.60 1.32 2.76 1.70 0.36 2.86 0.68 1.87 5.89 0.24 2.95 0.78 1.19 0.63 1.50 2.02 3.23 1.24 0.00 1.77 1.65 0.00 1.50 2.79 0.48 2.63 0.01 72.95 0.00 0.77 1.44 2.84 1.80 -0.52 -0.48 1.35 2.85 0.21 1.67 1.72 0.75 1.41 0.28 0.07 0.66 0.83 0.87 2.93 0.15 1.99 0.96 0.19 0.17 1.93 0.20 0.80 2.19 1.95 1.02 0.73 -0.00 0.41 1.56 1.21 1.83 0.28 % EUR 1 22 466 1 62 656 1 71 294 2 40 519 2 81 689 1.74 1.73 1.95 0.13 0.43 1.37 3.00 0.94 1.48 1.34 1.06 0.01 1.35 1.49 0.57 1.31 0.19 1.59 1.35 0.97 12.98 0.90 2.03 1.73 247.94 0.72 0.08 1.85 0.60 0.79 0.21 0.64 0.95 2.13 0.26 0.89 0.46 2.11 -0.70 -0.76 0.06 1.41 3.51 -8.44 0.22 0.75 0.59 1.75 -1.62 2.32 0.6 451 151 1 276 844 649 623 627 222 12.76 0.07 0.13 1.98 0.24 1.34 0.00 3.87 1.61 0.17 0.89 1.70 0.72 0.63 0.19 6.00 1.52 0.98 2.98 EUR EUR % 13 116 17 430 25 789 36 286 25 804 28 630 36 809 41 883 38 149 52 336 75.85 0.90 0.65 1.20 0.58 1.81 -0.20 0.83 0.20 0.94 1.31 1.30 -11.73 1.83 -1.47 3.15 0.95 0.07 0.91 1.77 1.87 0.09 0.22 0.32 71.11 0.73 1.84 1.94 2.80 1.67 0.26 1.72 0.78 0.43 0.67 1.39 0.26 0.68 -1.45 1.73 0.53 1.78 -3.01 0.94 0.62 3.00 1.08 0.49 1.16 0.69 0.5 7.60 1.97 0.58 -5.98 3.79 -4.90 1.6 570 341 1 341 610 725 548 616 062 11.58 0.95 9.00 1.12 0.52 1.61 0.05 0.85 0.59 1.13 0.92 0.49 0.00 1.89 % % 0.78 2.47 1.49 -0.91 0.73 1.83 0.3 49 4.31 0.55 3.03 1.75 1.01 0.10 1.08 0.65 -0.88 1.61 0.54 1.28 1.14 0.23 0.68 1.97 1.24 2.79 0.85 2.96 0.65 1.90 0.67 0.21 0.23 3.37 0.65 1.99 0.34 1.07 2.91 1.05 0.00 0.19 9.86 4.27 0.36 0.21 2.73 2.69 0.61 0.91 2.98 1.30 -0.53 1.42 1.10 0.54 13 10 12 11 11 3.36 0.77 2.76 1.43 0.64 1.28 2.70 0.95 1.34 0.61 -0.87 0.63 1.67 -80.29 0.65 1.73 0.66 1.30 0.65 1.59 0.43 1.17 0.83 0.43 1.18 1.92 0.06 66 681 40 661 36 127 69 171 55 795 2 919 4 821 4 831 7 035 6 919 2 149 4 369 4 196 3 784 3 961 71 262 164 214 411 699 190 472 3 038 2 547 63 762 35 840 31 296 62 136 48 876 17.35 2.00 0.17 1.02 1.59 1.79 1.02 0.53 0.59 1.54 1.29 0.16 1.70 0.24 1.85 1.67 3.20 2.43 0.92 0.19 2.94 9.80 -4.94 1.76 1.41 0.22 0.31 1.35 1.34 0.56 1.69 1.31 0.39 0.28 0.21 1.24 0.94 2.23 1.46 16.13 years % 51 5.88 0.31 0.93 EUR EUR % 15 920 50 908 16 520 55 577 16 795 6 774 18 961 31 958 19 421 58 172 31.25 0.54 1.41 1.81 1.39 0.98 0.22 0.92 0.96 1.06 1.78 0.80 0.89 1.82 1.07 0.96 -0.99 0.25 2.05 0.74 -0.87 1.74 0.37 1.17 2.06 1.08 0.05 14.09 1.85 1.79 1.71 0.74 1.05 22.44 0.19 0.82 5.73 1.33 0.24 0.07 1.49 2.78 0.96 1.93 1.78 0.06 1.32 0.92 0.83 0.77 1.57 0.61 0.41 -2.82 1.48 0.25 1.69 0.16 1.18 0.00 0.96 0.10 1.98 1.12 1.08 0.21 1.17 0.87 0.80 0.55 0.29 2.07 -0.08 1.43 -1.47 1.32 0.79 0.00 0.57 1.10 1.65 1.9 1.25 0.91 0.48 1.59 0.78 1.93 1.01 0.28 0.97 1.67 0.43 3.91 0.14 0.96 0.71 0.99 0.73 1.00 1.22 1.36 0.28 2.87 1.70 5.55 0.26 0.29 -59.32 2.67 -2.99 0.77 0.62 1.98 0.94 0.68 0.74 1.54 2.58 -0.38 1.08 0.60 0.58 0.12 1.28 0.1 51 5.06 0.17 3.36 1.11 0.59 1.73 0.57 0.80 2.92 0.79 1.8 4.44 3.79 0.64 1.04 1.82 0.9 49 5.99 1.13 1.15 1.20 2.24 -3.03 1.66 0.15 1.50 -1.32 1.04 0.07 1.29 4.02 0.00 0.85 -1.01 -0.96 0.69 0.81 0.06 0.36 -2.97 0.69 years % 52 6 52 6 53 6 52 6 52 6 0.05 -8.10 1.72 0.73 0.82 0.44 -0.10 1.60 1.52 3.90 1.91 0.65 0.12 -11.06 1.63 0.34 0.76 0.99 20.99 -0.23 1.93 0.12 0.18 6.64 1.17 1.62 2.51 0.51 1.84 0.04 0.96 1.65 -0.12 0.58 0.90 0.57 0.90 1.91 1.6 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 570 209 1 455 840 780 790 675 050 10.25 1.19 1.54 12.88 1.82 1.39 0.78 1.48 0.80 0.08 0.18 0.61 0.97 0.92 0.81 0.77 0.73 2.81 1.17 1.87 -0.48 -2.00 0.21 0.22 2.35 0.03 1.08 1.73 1.54 0.83 0.82 0.12 1.66 1.39 1.47 % EUR 3 26 039 8 10 859 7 25 641 1 1 087 4 21 792 3.99 0.78 0.40 6.61 -9.92 0.06 2.67 -0.99 0.53 0.99 3.93 0.94 0.39 0.73 0.78 1.11 0.19 0.89 0.33 0.09 0.16 -0.89 1.19 0.65 0.91 0.54 1.42 1.03 0.92 1.47 0.20 1.97 1.26 0.94 0.19 3.13 1.74 1.55 1.50 0.38 3.34 0.04 1.04 0.85 2.83 1.90 -54.32 -0.07 90.11 1.85 0.85 0.81 2.42 -0.00 1.59 0.45 2.90 1.01 1.30 1.61 0.17 0.45 1.28 1.29 1.35 0.75 0.35 2.96 0.76 0.92 0.54 0.91 1.66 -2.66 1.56 1.52 -0.39 2.95 0.96 0.77 1.65 0.17 0.15 0.50 0.35 0.01 0.65 1.16 1.23 1.29 0.22 1.76 1.65 -1.72 1.67 -3.39 1.66 1.44 1.84 0.45 -2.13 1.40 0.49 0.62 1.19 0.59 7.52 0.13 1.95 0.92 2.00 0.84 1.53 1.4 3.26 -10.90 1.08 1.49 0.24 0.67 -1.99 0.48 0.76 0.00 1.93 0.62 -0.65 1.99 0.55 2.08 1.61 -2.40 -0.71 2.94 59.92 1.11 0.04 0.64 -0.19 1.56 0.90 1.89 0.94 0.00 1.93 1.68 0.56 1.01 -4.13 0.57 0.16 -0.85 0.29 0.71 2.01 1.75 1.38 0.30 1.78 1.78 0.52 1.08 1.74 0.41 0.22 0.01 1.49 0.72 2.84 0.13 0.07 0.84 0.41 2.41 0.72 0.90 -1.52 1.89 0.89 1.49 1.30 -11.89 1.11 0.12 1.26 1.20 4.26 1.12 0.73 1.54 -1.67 9.20 0.70 0.11 0.70 0.83 1.86 0.35 0.14 1.93 0.02 1.13 1.76 0.72 0.95 1.49 0.74 1.00 0.80 1.87 1.97 1.20 0.78 -4.57 1.09 1.7 0.99 0.45 0.49 0.69 1.91 0.56 0.28 2.97 0.29 -2.06 0.17 0.33 -0.94 0.62 2.61 0.9 5.15 2.32 1.17 1.65 7.70 0.79 0.29 0.23 1.60 0.74 1.87 0.87 1.09 0.01 1.36 1.48 0.13 0.71 0.56 0.99 0.27 1.97 1.27 -0.56 0.93 -1.66 0.83 Non-ruminants farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 2004 385 012 958 885 498 451 460 434 11.56 1.21 134 322 135 903 149 185 163 891 168 032 107 786 102 757 122 656 134 899 128 312 26 536 33 146 26 529 28 992 39 720 22 222 22 649 23 702 23 918 25 532 4 314 10 497 2 827 5 074 14 187 1.07 0.53 0.86 -0.64 1.77 -0.13 1.16 1.31 0.91 1.52 0.25 1.63 -0.85 1.43 0.88 1.04 0.49 1.19 0.44 11.45 0.06 1.73 1.56 0.50 4.28 0.20 0.56 0.00 0.55 1.56 1.06 2.45 1.59 0.78 1.65 0.41 1.52 0.81 0.77 1.03 0.81 2.70 1.33 33.08 0.67 1.93 1.76 1.47 0.04 0.55 0.32 1.69 1.02 1.62 -0.60 1.59 2.23 0.27 29.47 0.16 0.04 5.46 1.35 2.68 -3.24 1.02 1.73 1.23 1.75 -0.26 6.80 1.16 0.25 0.62 0.79 0.60 2.1 1.31 0.02 0.42 0.01 1.56 0.77 0.82 1.25 71.40 0.85 0.70 0.88 1.87 0.00 1.84 0.90 1.69 0.81 0.99 0.32 1.32 1.64 0.69 0.50 1.88 0.78 0.27 0.19 1.74 0.82 0.44 1.94 3.61 1.66 0.30 11.09 1.85 -11.24 0.47 4.99 1.71 0.88 0.50 1.79 1.79 1.71 0.24 0.32 0.76 0.90 1.59 3.66 0.85 0.08 0.46 2.80 0.00 0.76 0.33 0.61 0.67 1.36 0.69 0.13 0.82 2.44 0.20 14.51 1.52 0.70 1.27 -6.36 1.67 -1.11 0.84 0.41 0.52 0.08 0.22 1.74 0.88 0.76 0.66 0.79 0.17 0.49 1.64 0.89 -7.72 -2.99 0.93 0.97 1.49 0.20 1.40 0.64 1.79 0.60 1.70 0.78 0.32 0.26 0.85 0.26 1.14 1.5 1.05 0.54 0.00 35 536 45 860 41 840 37 678 33 967 16 005 19 678 19 160 20 964 17 480 12 373 15 257 14 378 16 451 13 719 2 201 4 164 4 752 4 340 3 583 1 431 257 30 173 178 19 531 26 182 22 680 16 714 16 487 26.51 2.66 1.56 1.00 0.89 7.47 0.54 0.84 0.07 0.67 0.28 0.23 0.70 -0.62 0.33 1.90 0.52 0.80 2.38 0.01 1.39 0.65 -0.89 1.04 0.23 1.89 2.86 0.73 -1.72 0.02 1.80 0.92 11.32 1.97 2.07 20.99 0.45 1.74 0.31 0.49 -1.93 1.90 2.11 1.20 0.61 0.39 1.61 1.25 1.71 0.04 0.29 0.91 0.10 1.88 -0.58 -0.65 0.71 1.00 0.41 0.88 72.82 1.54 0.05 4.65 0.19 1.49 0.36 1.57 2.76 0.99 1.37 0.56 0.22 3.99 1.52 0.53 0.62 1.65 1.81 0.27 1.33 1.87 0.04 -65.89 0.74 0.02 0.69 1.96 1.68 1.76 1.92 0.34 0.01 1.59 1.31 3.79 0.74 1.79 2.69 1.09 1.15 0.15 1.58 1.10 1.72 1.90 1.34 1.08 0.79 0.07 0.56 0.79 2.14 0.64 1.51 1.56 1.11 0.33 1.49 0.38 0.29 1.93 3.61 0.37 2.03 0.24 1.98 1.79 0.82 2.31 1.67 0.38 1.79 0.03 1.59 0.06 1.67 -0.99 0.46 0.26 2.26 0.80 2.66 0.29 0.00 0.63 1.14 0.95 1.79 -0.89 0.12 0.41 0.70 1.05 0.14 1.69 0.45 -2.48 3.33 1.25 -0.18 0.78 0.85 0.65 0.53 1.29 0.13 -1.26 0.04 0.21 1.74 1.48 0.83 0.22 1.14 1.48 0.00 0.96 2.73 0.80 -0.44 2.5 51 5.29 1.06 0.05 1.74 0.69 0.84 0.29 0.06 0.94 0.03 1.67 2.34 1.34 0.22 1.67 387 931 424 121 455 983 577 377 577 128 316 985 347 851 424 697 519 990 491 238 70 946 76 271 31 285 57 386 85 890 35 959 37 214 41 306 44 389 47 138 34 988 39 056 -10 021 12 997 38 752 1.68 0.51 0.07 0.24 0.06 0.85 3.38 0.31 0.94 -0.73 0.70 3.04 0.12 0.69 1.90 0.28 0.55 0.11 1.67 1.40 3.03 1.59 1.91 1.73 -2.

96 1.45 1.37 0.53 1.96 1.47 1.75 1.93 2.99 1.00 1.35 1.41 2.90 1.17 2.22 0.98 1.06 1.57 1.20 2.52 0.42 0.39 1.50 0.30 1.06 % % OECD FOOD.08 0.00 0.99 1.42 2.67 1.16 0.56 0.22 0.03 0.25 2.62 0.34 1.40 0.00 1.5 1.65 2.53 0.93 0.20 0.84 1.08 2.58 -0.72 1.35 1.19 0.80 2.91 1.31 1.00 0.47 0.21 0.46 1.46 1.23 0.09 1.98 0.40 0.14 0.11 2.97 1.96 15.88 0.74 0.64 -0.74 0.31 0.76 0.09 1.02 0.57 1.62 0.96 0.70 0.87 1.38 1.15 1.77 0.20 2.11 0.83 -0.74 0.21 0.41 2.42 1.21 1.57 1.94 0.24 1.41 1.1 1.76 1.90 1.03 0.44 1.57 0.55 0.11 1.60 -0.15 1.49 0.29 0.80 0.86 1.52 0.02 1.55 0.89 0.59 0.66 0.00 0.92 1.72 0.40 1.76 0.72 0.14 0.14 0.06 0.34 2.01 1.04 0.99 1.48 0.73 0.17 0.45 0.99 1.17 0.31 0.21 1.28 1.93 0.69 1.11 0.69 1.33 1.93 2.89 1.72 1.11 3.86 0.60 0.47 1.18 -12.43 0.57 1.76 0.17 1.26 0.59 0.80 0.51 0.76 0.34 3.75 0.85 1.55 2.23 0.35 0.75 0.39 0.11 1.18 4.06 1.95 0.02 1.54 18.05 1.10 1.81 1.39 1.45 0.24 -1.39 1.72 -1.49 1.00 90.65 1.40 1.96 1.42 1.04 1.83 1.16 1.53 1.37 1.25 0.15 3.09 1.94 1.10 1.08 -0.83 0.29 2.29 0.51 1.72 0.89 1.74 1.11 0.58 0.04 1.98 1.07 1.71 -0.75 1.24 -0.15 0.55 1.34 0.20 1.56 0.60 0.06 0.66 0.39 1.71 0.79 1.83 1.76 0.70 0.87 0.16 1.93 0.05 1.97 0.54 1.29 0.95 2.45 2.09 0.35 1.95 2.99 1.17 0.18 4.06 0.71 0.06 1.36 3.48 -3.33 1.72 1.72 -0.54 0.13 1.99 0.17 1.99 1.52 0.10 1.20 0.35 0.48 0.75 0.26 0.15 -2.31 0.47 1.04 0.54 1.72 1.78 1.94 1.67 0.82 2.81 0.56 1.98 0.05 -10.27 1.71 1.62 0.41 2.68 1.24 0.21 -0.12 2.98 5.06 1.28 0.74 0.67 1.28 -10.23 31.98 1.27 2.94 7.83 1.02 0.00 11 123 12 130 24 878 20 698 17 133 1 000 2 972 5 227 4 009 3 704 155 512 619 737 693 106 170 284 214 393 738 2 289 4 324 3 058 2 618 10 123 9 158 19 650 16 689 13 429 2.48 0.73 0.04 0.04 2.09 0.26 1.58 0.02 1.01 2.80 1.14 1.05 0.01 1.11 1.44 0.00 1.55 0.07 1.16 1.27 1.9 6.49 0.53 0.37 0.65 0.37 0.86 1.52 0.26 1.53 0.22 -1.03 0.29 1.74 0.48 0.58 5.40 1.76 1.53 2.31 0.87 0.86 -1.19 0.07 0.23 1.84 0.96 1.73 1.72 0.18 1.47 0.40 0.07 1.00 3.13 0.56 -0.19 -0.38 0.43 0.47 1.92 0.19 0.56 1.58 0.99 1.10 1.42 -0.07 0.24 1.23 0.32 1.17 -1.04 1.52 -0.75 1.90 1.34 0.65 -0.66 0.42 0.30 1.02 1.96 1.00 1.68 0.23 0.96 -1.82 0.69 1.41 1.33 1.0 49 5.58 1.57 1.04 1.98 1.55 0.39 0.88 0.40 1.43 0.39 1.39 2.53 2.98 0.69 0.02 1.33 1.78 1.55 1.63 0.60 0.98 0.12 0.1 0.23 0.19 2.00 1.21 1.79 1.74 1.29 1.46 2.90 1.46 1.00 1.16 1.32 1.43 0.91 0.50 1.69 1.44 1.03 1.01 1.74 0.40 0.92 0.82 0.59 0.04 1.06 1.39 -0.69 1.59 1.11 0.75 0.16 1.21 1.20 1.07 0.71 0.57 1.88 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .16 1.30 22.80 0.9 729 186 1 726 091 922 115 803 977 8.46 1.20 1.49 1.45 3.88 1.33 0.6 49 5.46 1.80 1.97 1.23 0.76 0.93 0.44 0.95 0.84 0.90 0.44 1.99 0.42 1.39 0.60 0.89 1.40 -24.00 1.60 1.94 -1.53 0.00 0.83 3.23 0.97 1.98 0.44 1.22 1.95 1.20 1.63 0.03 1.56 -0.09 0.27 -5.5 5.48 0.60 0.32 0.52 1.94 0.74 1.04 1.41 0.74 0.64 1.10 0.99 -1.84 3.37 0.18 0.50 -0.01 0.94 1.08 1.44 1.18 0.03 -73.2 713 142 1 704 925 848 968 855 957 8.92 -1.81 0.99 1.75 0.17 36.60 1.60 1.49 1.68 0.31 0.24 2.05 1.46 2.40 3.29 0.93 0.16 1.21 0.83 0.46 1.69 1.48 1.52 5.79 1.60 1.84 0.58 0.13 % EUR 2 82 321 2 3 75 040 172 058 3 82 358 3 73 207 0.61 0.12 -6.54 0.11 0.42 0.48 1.57 0.89 1.76 1.13 1.88 3.18 0.86 0.03 1.66 1.10 1.64 1.38 1.04 -0.77 0.06 1.78 1.86 0.63 0.42 1.77 0.78 0.34 0.50 0.27 0.38 3.47 0.88 1.26 1.50 0.91 -0.89 1.81 0.91 1.7 6.07 0.80 1.07 1.74 0.98 1.57 1.84 1.31 0.94 0.63 1.92 6.98 1.23 0.03 3.80 1.18 1.12 1.18 0.61 0.41 35.27 1.87 0.31 1.05 1.28 1.22 0.17 0.16 0.75 1.67 1.36 0.36 0.75 0.26 0.56 0.11 1.89 0.24 -0.04 0.53 0.55 0.92 1.68 1.89 -0.74 1.80 1.68 1.90 0.06 1.05 32 36 37 35 43 1.52 -0.57 0.40 0.24 0.95 0.67 0.16 -0.84 0.61 1.24 1.10 0.11 0.08 0.82 1.99 -0.36 0.57 1.65 0.00 3.25 0.75 -0.07 1.34 1.69 1.13 0.07 1.99 1.70 0.39 1.78 0.36 2.10 1.07 0.69 0.35 0.83 0.21 1.47 1.12 0.49 -0.29 1.13 11.80 0.00 0.10 years % 49 5.97 0.93 0.74 0.08 0.39 0.76 1.43 -0.54 -17.31 0.80 0.35 1.15 1.14 0.72 1.48 0.22 0.77 0.27 -1.17 1.08 1.70 1.83 0.27 0.40 1.17 1.61 1.50 1.08 0.66 0.96 0.45 0.13 0.44 0.42 2.10 1.98 0.27 1.19 1.67 0.41 2.51 4.22 1.41 0.20 0.16 0.82 1.30 1.75 0.98 1.33 1.93 0.28 1.94 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Mixed farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 2004 220 594 1 415 958 443 714 972 244 43.67 0.79 1.80 0.76 0.56 1.19 0.82 2.33 0.72 0.99 1.73 0.12 1.10 0.89 0.80 1.66 -0.79 1.94 0.25 0.92 1.35 -0.07 1.26 2.84 -1.18 1.03 0.94 0.65 0.76 -0.09 0.35 2.21 1.34 1.59 3.33 -18.11 2.71 1.73 0.15 0.88 0.18 1.90 0.54 0.37 1.00 0.09 0.20 -0.44 1.87 0.08 -1.11 2.09 -3.26 19 25 25 28 29 1.04 0.04 1.21 0.06 0.69 0.85 -0.17 0.96 1.77 -0.38 0.80 1.34 1.18 0.86 1.80 0.40 1.18 0.63 0.03 0.04 0.68 2.56 0.98 1.62 -2.28 0.04 0.93 -1.57 1.07 1.26 0.38 0.52 0.91 2.97 2.24 1.26 0.60 2.91 1.18 1.0 0.94 1.97 0.66 0.02 0.51 1.14 0.59 1.56 1.89 1.22 0.15 0.65 0.60 0.82 2.22 1.94 0.71 1.21 0.02 2.83 0.84 3.72 1.55 0.75 0.45 2.49 0.28 0.50 0.39 0.32 1.03 1.33 1.60 -0.69 0.22 -0.00 0.75 0.05 0.49 1.66 -0.02 0.01 0.19 1.31 1.76 0.68 0.13 0.06 0.22 1.33 0.55 -0.03 1.00 1.99 1.66 0.12 1.29 3.73 -0.33 5.76 1.89 1.40 0.09 1.52 0.33 0.08 1.80 6.31 0.98 0.78 1.53 0.24 1.44 3.22 1.55 0.06 1.77 1.91 2.65 3.00 1.42 0.02 1.76 1.48 1.57 1.40 0.58 0.01 -0.89 0.80 -1.06 0.02 1.25 0.01 1.50 0.39 0.33 2.39 1.33 0.36 0.89 0.01 0.80 0.67 1.33 0.89 1.06 42.46 1.95 1.01 0.00 0.27 0.28 1.80 -2.97 1.68 0.87 1.66 -182.88 1.03 1.00 1.06 1.20 1.49 0.87 0.85 1.79 0.74 1.91 1.80 0.94 0.31 3.61 0.76 2.92 0.57 1.77 2.98 0.59 1.03 1.06 4.89 1.00 1.97 1.29 1.38 1.47 0.04 2.25 1.78 1.48 0.51 0.29 1.82 0.28 0.20 0.67 1.65 1.77 -0.97 1.14 0.94 0.08 0.92 0.55 1.27 2.07 0.01 0.26 1.05 0.18 2.84 1.96 1.70 1.00 1.05 1.34 1.78 1.48 4.02 0.60 1.50 -0.13 0.34 0.14 0.62 1.89 0.00 1.53 0.64 0.58 0.71 -0.17 0.1 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 318 943 2 187 297 604 810 1 582 487 45.04 0.66 -0.20 0.73 0.83 -3.89 0.05 1.09 1.06 0.56 0.29 0.25 0.01 0.15 0.24 1.67 -0.28 1.99 0.89 1.05 0.51 0.50 1.33 0.99 0.98 1.33 0.18 -0.42 1.38 3.07 1.65 -0.10 3.59 0.91 0.99 0.19 0.53 0.68 0.51 -17.90 0.08 1.05 0.07 1.93 0.68 0.83 0.35 0.85 1.49 0.53 -0.70 -0.16 0.3 49 5.95 1.60 0.40 -1.77 -0.84 1.43 1.66 0.12 1.71 1.23 2.64 0.36 0.96 1.11 0.07 1.31 0.49 1.90 1.00 0.08 1.88 0.25 1.68 1.09 0.5 0.67 1.65 1.49 0.00 0.62 0.20 -0.83 0.24 0.83 1.80 0.65 0.71 -0.37 0.35 1.98 1.83 -2.65 2.19 2.10 0.84 0.04 0.01 0.87 1.75 0.44 2.00 1.62 0.86 -0.72 0.01 0.83 0.26 0.23 1.71 1.68 -8.50 1.38 0.59 0.72 0.93 1.70 0.89 1.19 0.49 0.97 0.08 1.22 1.71 0.13 1.60 0.00 0.61 1.34 0.90 0.13 0.41 2.18 0.25 1.00 1.71 -0.23 3.68 0.24 0.02 1.74 1.55 1.68 1.02 1.13 -2.69 0.66 0.92 1.01 1.12 0.44 3.94 0.90 1.73 1.13 0.54 2.06 0.95 0.51 0.59 1.3 49 5.95 1.71 1.83 1.75 1.47 0.78 0.02 1.71 1.82 1.77 1.69 1.27 0.84 0.05 1.65 0.80 1.77 0.56 1.60 1.53 1.01 1.39 2.92 1.13 1.38 0.58 2.29 0.03 0.70 1.74 0.85 0.16 1.78 1.45 0.12 1.95 0.98 1.90 -1.68 0.19 0.21 1.53 0.23 -13.92 156.12 0.21 0.79 0.64 1.57 0.55 0.20 0.70 1.90 1.91 0.21 0.27 0.33 1.67 11.55 0.76 0.98 1.09 2.92 1.46 50 827 41 091 37 081 41 333 34 867 10 853 16 504 16 198 19 758 19 794 8 881 14 271 14 943 15 483 18 530 935 1 585 949 640 775 1 038 649 306 3 635 489 39 974 24 586 20 883 21 575 15 073 21.46 1.69 0.3 6.66 0.91 1.12 0.03 1.39 -0.34 0.77 0.75 0.60 1.26 1.97 0.04 EUR EUR % 5 176 49 219 9 343 82 028 10 658 77 245 2 171 31 379 16 022 10 236 10.22 1.40 -0.24 0.04 0.15 0.04 0.12 0.51 1.89 3.71 1.97 0.45 0.14 1.55 1.36 1.35 0.83 1.18 0.78 0.92 1.74 0.10 -0.83 0.70 2.06 1.55 1.76 1.23 2.24 1.97 0.67 1.01 0.82 2.50 1.16 1.94 1.25 1.54 1.17 0.98 0.55 1.38 1.51 0.98 1.88 0.09 0.96 1.90 0.06 0.64 1.05 1.40 0.30 0.44 1.38 1.66 2.19 2.21 0.12 0.79 1.0 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 242 125 1 573 622 522 365 1 051 257 40.85 0.25 0.88 0.22 % EUR 6 21 958 11 34 648 8 84 091 9 81 930 13 50 729 1.24 1.78 2.41 0.30 0.73 0.55 1.12 0.12 1.68 0.09 0.69 -1.51 1.98 0.10 1.92 1.35 0.85 2.95 0.73 -1.79 0.05 -8.52 1.61 0.10 0.32 2.88 1.65 0.14 0.78 0.41 3.46 1.40 2.47 1.57 7.70 1.24 1.70 0.44 -0.82 1.10 1.93 1.64 1.86 0.90 0.78 0.61 -0.55 0.25 0.02 1.95 2.45 1.33 -0.05 1.69 1.65 0.88 1.33 0.36 0.29 0.59 0.68 1.18 1.62 0.00 1.01 1.46 1.91 1.73 2.77 -0.07 1.98 1.90 1.39 0.0 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 730 814 1 716 414 1 006 133 710 282 9.90 1.48 0.04 1.70 -0.14 0.14 0.58 0.13 0.56 1.39 1.01 0.06 0.43 1.70 1.95 2.01 0.38 0.42 0.60 1.91 0.47 2.21 0.99 1.00 0.66 0.16 0.48 0.02 1.08 1.92 1.66 0.21 1.24 1.99 1.20 3.06 1.36 0.06 0.11 1.12 1.19 0.27 1.20 0.14 1.36 0.98 0.25 1.60 0.04 1.45 3.83 1.87 0.01 0.58 0.91 0.77 0.40 0.50 -1.02 1.06 -0.83 1.97 1.55 0.22 0.68 0.15 -9.02 1.81 1.49 2.05 1.60 1.32 0.90 1.24 0.94 1.27 2.95 0.15 0.83 1.07 0.03 0.67 0.69 1.04 1.82 0.99 0.07 0.35 3.37 0.94 2.00 0.74 0.06 0.37 1.05 0.59 2.03 0.33 1.97 0.09 1.43 0.03 0.20 0.14 1.69 0.88 -1.08 1.70 0.04 1.51 0.61 1.13 0.81 0.47 0.77 0.96 0.23 0.13 0.00 0.78 0.66 -0.27 3.89 1.70 2.85 1.69 1.92 1.54 0.70 0.37 0.09 1.41 3.73 0.21 0.15 1.57 0.26 0.69 0.66 0.16 0.01 0.79 0.50 0.33 2.42 0.41 0.61 0.98 0.54 0.02 1.29 231 448 258 629 271 315 361 364 338 736 183 713 190 602 198 842 278 810 250 708 47 735 68 027 72 473 82 554 88 028 29 265 28 435 31 204 40 681 41 293 18 470 39 592 41 269 41 873 46 735 0.09 1.37 1.52 0.80 2.50 -0.63 1.11 1.17 1.34 -0.22 0.43 1.21 1.77 1.95 1.93 0.02 1.39 0.36 0.08 0.24 1.21 1.64 1.63 0.34 2.45 0.36 2.03 0.25 0.03 0.52 1.17 1.99 1.54 0.85 2.01 8.21 1.08 4.87 1.73 -0.37 0.47 1.86 0.40 1.96 0.50 1.11 0.00 3.11 years % 52 5 54 6 53 6 53 6 53 6 0.98 1.01 0.62 2.69 1.88 1.58 0.67 1.78 0.85 1.45 0.07 0.22 1.83 0.58 4.72 0.75 0.01 0.89 1.80 0.54 0.81 1.06 1.77 1.83 2.96 1.5 2.74 1.56 0.52 0.53 0.39 1.20 -0.68 0.79 1.72 0.98 0.75 0.08 0.70 1.75 0.01 1.04 24.54 2.35 1.68 1.81 1.69 0.12 EUR EUR % 15 840 34 311 22 285 61 878 23 617 64 886 -8 120 33 753 35 129 81 864 46.57 0.89 0.89 1.44 0.00 1.07 1.05 0.06 8.04 1.25 0.65 0.79 0.15 1.01 0.71 -0.00 1.08 1.77 0.89 0.96 0.23 2.74 0.57 0.44 0.14 1.79 0.66 1.77 0.52 11.17 1.07 1.77 0.76 1.82 0.39 0.29 -0.53 1.07 1.12 0.63 0.09 0.00 1.04 0.22 1.11 0.69 0.05 4.02 36.75 0.91 2.74 0.07 0.07 0.03 0.93 -0.33 0.27 0.85 1.22 1.82 1.02 3.77 2.87 0.40 0.18 0.67 0.98 -2.17 1.00 0.80 0.77 0.74 1.23 2.78 -1.85 -23.51 0.71 0.34 0.63 1.60 0.39 0.49 1.93 1.02 0.07 0.00 0.93 1.11 0.12 0.10 1.58 0.11 1.92 0.90 -1.9 255 117 1 654 135 513 690 1 140 444 42.40 1.98 1.95 1.89 0.27 0.22 0.84 0.32 0.44 1.07 0.03 0.0 2.99 1.67 1.27 1.77 0.28 1.97 0.17 0.14 0.58 0.07 0.12 0.72 1.70 0.80 1.48 1.07 0.60 3.00 0.31 1.36 0.12 1.07 0.36 0.64 0.13 1.25 2.45 1.81 1.77 % % Nursery/Greenhouses farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index EUR EUR EUR EUR hectare FTE EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR % EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR 2004 551 886 1 186 695 625 930 560 765 6.99 3.68 1.80 1.70 1.93 1.53 0.52 1.47 3.67 1.05 1.34 0.66 1.89 1.69 1.87 1.62 0.11 1.38 1.80 0.23 3.00 0.35 0.02 1.28 1.88 1.97 1.01 1.37 0.13 2.26 1.70 0.80 0.50 1.98 1.50 0.74 -5.55 1.42 0.70 1.48 1.01 1.17 1.83 1.55 0.88 1.32 -0.44 1.51 -0.75 1.26 1.70 0.03 1.18 1.14 1.62 1.88 1.79 0.09 0.52 -0.13 10.86 1.70 -0.24 1.89 1.21 2.22 0.72 0.85 1.10 0.13 0.00 0.30 1.62 0.80 0.55 0.07 1.04 0.29 1.81 1.44 0.22 0.92 -0.22 1.24 -3.25 0.79 1.58 1.66 0.75 -0.48 0.56 0.83 1.70 1.20 0.73 0.99 0.12 2.23 1.02 0.00 0.56 0.24 0.20 3.17 0.53 0.88 1.57 0.87 0.59 0.17 -4.65 0.02 0.3 2.89 1.97 0.64 1.58 0.11 0.59 -0.04 -4.27 1.78 1.33 552 886 600 833 718 369 733 195 734 518 444 546 462 232 573 918 616 985 645 626 108 339 138 601 144 451 116 210 88 892 64 296 65 916 77 864 87 002 94 678 44 043 72 685 66 587 29 208 -5 786 0.57 0.59 0.99 1.29 1.31 0.55 0.72 0.90 0.85 1.20 0.10 0.06 0.84 0.68 0.48 1.33 0.95 -0.61 1.78 0.84 1.33 0.22 0.39 13.31 -2.96 -1.29 0.80 0.22 0.66 0.83 1.07 0.41 0.89 0.55 0.37 0.87 1.11 1.98 0.71 0.52 1.42 1.45 1.25 0.16 1.89 13.23 1.29 1.05 1.8 341 606 1 752 527 610 131 1 142 397 42.01 2.63 0.09 1.81 0.52 0.09 0.30 1.94 0.33 0.72 1.92 1.20 -6.90 -0.17 0.57 0.36 1.63 0.20 1.13 1.00 1.55 1.10 0.33 0.70 0.25 0.82 0.22 0.40 1.53 0.83 0.77 1.75 0.81 1.09 1.02 1.92 0.23 1.40 0.80 0.90 1.24 1.00 3.33 0.77 1.59 1.92 1.00 0.00 0.86 0.75 -1.54 1.15 36.02 0.72 1.71 1.37 0.47 1.17 0.22 0.08 8.84 0.20 1.99 1.04 0.91 1.20 0.00 1.17 0.30 1.16 0.25 -1.57 0.12 1.04 1.06 0.06 1.95 1.59 0.30 1.97 0.44 10.52 1.90 0.01 1.45 0.31 1.83 0.61 0.19 1.70 1.73 1.08 1.15 0.74 0.95 1.52 0.84 1.98 1.04 0.98 0.92 1.01 0.84 1.05 1.04 1.74 0.09 0.81 0.88 1.05 1.15 0.91 1.11 0.00 -0.60 0.57 1.58 0.43 3.50 1.98 1.05 0.90 0.65 0.71 0.72 1.05 0.49 0.69 0.88 0.97 0.34 0.52 1.19 1.64 1.11 2.91 0.21 3.52 0.16 4.28 0.67 0.97 1.32 1.40 -1.60 0.37 0.2 5.11 0.56 0.38 0.29 1.53 0.41 1.12 -1.91 0.07 0.39 0.13 15.09 0.99 2.65 1.2 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 597 862 1 335 244 676 370 658 874 7.30 0.66 -0.51 1.23 0.

93 0.17 1.33 0.02 1.29 3.86 1.94 2.01 -94.82 0.80 1.30 1.35 0.30 1.30 1.09 0.07 1.34 0.81 0.0 268 101 196 080 72 021 25 915 46 106 0.00 0.10 0.73 1.12 1.03 0.56 0.28 0.97 1.20 0.58 1.1 238 167 173 481 64 687 17 503 47 184 52 255 37 437 30 379 6 752 306 14 818 22.02 1.34 2.03 1.34 0.15 -0.76 1.37 1.9 57 088 0.96 1.92 1.96 1.99 0.83 1.08 1.27 0.09 1.96 1.65 0.54 1.65 0.24 0.85 0.92 0.64 1.94 0.22 1.48 0.91 1.79 0.10 1.94 0.94 0.30 3.89 0.00 3.97 0.23 1.84 0.23 0.47 2.07 1.07 1.94 0.88 1.33 0.78 2.97 1.39 1.99 0.97 1.13 0.68 0.30 0.10 0.02 0.05 1.10 0.59 0.34 2.31 2.32 1.41 0.72 1.04 0.88 1.04 0.03 1.68 1.77 1.63 0.75 0.40 2.25 0.47 0.70 1.94 1.13 1.40 0.58 1.56 1.21 1.81 1.93 0.99 0.29 1.63 0.96 1.64 0.53 4.52 0.16 1.5 1.13 1.62 0.35 1.99 0.76 0.89 1.92 0.45 0.16 0.83 1.99 1.21 2.38 1.92 0.65 0.56 2.76 1.85 0.97 1.65 1.13 2.50 0.55 0.97 1.04 1.42 0.32 0.31 1.66 0.99 0.17 1.01 1.43 0.82 0.37 1.91 1.14 0.2 208 980 137 166 71 814 16 036 55 778 50 118 29 653 24 554 4 959 140 20 465 27.51 0.93 0.71 0.46 1.84 0.75 0.37 0.51 1.64 0.44 1.36 1.14 0.93 0.34 0.24 1.01 0.13 0.66 1.00 1.88 0.68 1.96 0.83 1.63 0.99 1.48 1.86 1.22 1.00 1.76 0.98 1.88 2.28 1.94 1.92 1.87 0.11 2.90 0.84 0.01 1.08 0.19 0.19 0.15 0.92 0.20 1.07 3.12 1.35 0.05 0.09 1.03 0.25 -0.60 1.81 1.30 0.07 0.96 1.96 0.40 0.79 1.64 1.03 0.72 1.81 0.41 100 195 80 322 77 129 3 131 62 19 872 35.10 1.97 0.00 0.9 277 534 180 412 97 122 23 188 73 934 67 145 58 597 48 889 9 598 110 8 548 25.16 0.72 0.16 1.00 0.94 0.43 1.06 0.12 0.78 0.86 0.13 0.71 1.32 0.08 15.00 1.79 0.53 1.33 0.23 0.08 1.5 201 584 1 373 651 134 202 1 239 450 206 2.10 0.00 0.21 0.60 1.40 1.96 0.40 1.00 1.40 0.44 0.29 1.81 1.90 0.11 1.23 0.52 1.81 1.98 119 953 12 766 59 350 21.11 1.94 0.57 1.52 1.15 0.85 1.37 0.81 0.81 1.87 -0.08 0.10 0.70 1.69 1.84 0.48 0.03 0.47 1.21 1.92 0.76 1.14 8.02 0.53 1.57 0.82 1.94 0.58 1.14 1.70 0.00 0.71 1.64 0.95 0.19 0.92 0.24 1.55 0.78 2.92 0.33 1.56 1.62 0.81 1.01 0.22 0.76 0.81 0.86 1.04 0.78 0.82 0.17 0.20 0.04 1.17 0.09 0.82 1.90 0.35 0.98 0.87 0.68 0.03 1.07 1.51 0.03 0.16 1.63 1.01 1.95 1.14 1.63 1.26 1.89 1.08 -15.91 1.68 1.66 0.89 0.41 2.26 1.13 8.83 0.24 2.27 1.71 1.69 0.02 1.49 1.24 1.56 0.84 -0.94 0.83 1.09 0.56 2.87 0.13 1.04 1.91 0.77 0.48 0.28 1.14 0.98 0.02 0.86 0.72 0.28 1.39 1.90 0.96 1.94 0.41 1.63 2.61 1.72 0.13 0.06 1.34 0.71 1.12 Average characteristics of high and low performers.05 1.22 1.29 0.00 0.00 1.62 1.84 1.08 1.96 1.78 1.46 0.97 0.02 1.65 -0.86 0.25 1.00 0.31 0.64 0.11 0.23 0.98 2.86 0.24 0.03 1.01 1.11 0.14 0.69 0.41 1.00 1.88 0.02 1.40 1.09 1.90 0.76 -0.7 197 957 1 212 781 132 582 1 080 199 139 2.39 0.23 1.41 3.94 1.66 1.16 2.74 0.82 1.25 1.00 0.01 0.34 0.5 213 004 158 217 54 787 18 255 36 533 47 845 33 410 26 642 6 315 453 14 435 20.79 2.43 0.87 1.28 1.24 0.71 0.48 0.96 0.60 1.28 0.14 0.00 0.24 1.03 0.29 1.12 1.09 0.24 1.05 GBP GBP % 71 814 12 892 40 090 32.24 0.67 0.57 1.94 1.70 0.94 0.99 1.28 1.4 3% 15 363.83 1.12 1.32 0.11 1.88 1.19 0.59 1.79 1.21 0.97 0.43 1.33 1.71 1.08 0.98 1.97 1.73 1.10 0.49 1.43 0.99 0.20 0.90 0.01 -12.76 3.80 1.51 4.77 1.09 1.30 0.11 1.54 0.82 0.43 1.04 1.68 0.31 2.67 -0.97 1.99 1.91 1.42 1.00 1.83 0.32 1.62 2.81 1.86 0.16 0.47 1.86 0.09 0.68 1.67 0.28 0.84 0.37 0.84 1.92 0.68 0.72 0.14 1.80 2.23 1.47 0.21 0.80 1.99 0.29 0.27 2.58 1.86 -0.39 1.06 0.30 3.60 1.89 1.85 0.05 1.79 0.50 0.31 2.55 1.60 1.11 1.90 -0.97 0.38 1.03 46.51 0.00 0.00 3.17 2.20 0.08 0.28 0.44 0.15 0.96 1.47 0.27 0.92 1.10 0.02 1.25 0.43 0.95 1.4 225 679 1 602 557 150 547 1 452 010 207 2.17 0.92 0.93 1.11 0.80 1.47 1.60 1.83 0.44 1.62 1.46 1.04 1.59 -0.06 0.49 0.60 0.84 1.76 0.02 1.02 1.05 0.27 0.39 0.45 1.94 1.87 0.07 0.97 0.39 0.98 0.71 0.78 1.41 0.98 1.31 2.93 0.53 1.58 1.18 0.00 1.01 0.51 1.28 2.34 0.53 0.04 1.00 0.56 0.08 0.05 1.00 0.64 0.87 0.52 0.86 1.31 0.66 1.62 0.95 1.70 0.70 % Field crop farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output GBP Total farm assets GBP Total farm liabilities GBP Farm net worth GBP Utilized Agricultural Area hectare Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) FTE Support Total support GBP Total payments GBP First pillar payments GBP Second pillar payments GBP Other payments GBP Market price support GBP Support rate % Gross receipts GBP Farm cash expenses GBP Net operating income (including support) (including support) GBP Depreciation GBP Farm income GBP Off-farm activity Non-farm income GBP Farm household income GBP Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 2009 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 199 350 1 085 179 120 920 964 259 212 2.55 0.94 0.84 0.99 0.95 0.38 0.00 1.03 0.82 1.78 0.98 1.01 0.01 0.52 1.22 1.66 0.94 0.43 0.92 1.29 1.21 1.33 2.63 1.14 0.73 1.57 0.22 2.30 1.90 0.79 0.42 0.77 0.82 1.21 1.90 0.14 8.00 0.52 1.28 0.36 3.12 0.59 1.86 0.74 1.26 1.95 1.89 1.15 1.95 1.35 0.98 1.30 1.15 0.04 0.92 0.19 1.60 0.89 1.03 1.76 0.50 1.2 235 394 178 306 57 088 19 256 37 833 0.45 0.06 0.48 0.87 0.00 0.35 1.77 0.47 0.03 1.44 1.46 0.07 1.00 0.99 0.02 1.49 1.94 0.75 2.54 0.57 1.97 1.84 1.64 0.96 1.80 0.23 2.96 1.41 1.87 0.12 0.95 0.21 -0.85 0.27 1.80 0.77 0.05 0.47 1.11 1.70 1.12 1.16 0.68 0.85 0.13 0.30 0.88 0.07 0.10 1.36 1.28 4.34 1.55 0.86 0.86 0.78 0.95 1.94 1.66 1.22 0.61 2.22 0.98 1.21 1.92 0.19 1.59 0.81 1.04 0.52 1.85 0.09 0.18 1.95 0.92 1.19 1.12 0.14 0.18 0.32 0.77 1.11 0.86 0.96 1.30 2.48 1.57 1.04 0.09 0.85 0.94 0.79 0.37 0.96 1.42 0.33 0.99 0.50 1.04 1.7 6% 17 326.48 0.63 2.17 0.30 3.22 0.98 1.45 1.56 0.62 0.98 0.57 1.84 0.74 0.12 -0.3 209 504 1 787 919 158 400 1 629 519 208 2.00 0.37 0.09 3.84 0.78 1.24 0.03 0.58 1.25 0.89 0.71 1.43 1.79 1.80 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.78 0.28 0.95 1.14 1.99 0.08 1.90 0.94 1.26 1.92 0.08 1.04 0.63 1.11 10.43 1.20 1.23 0.40 1.01 0.23 0.45 0.93 1.80 1.02 1.82 0.85 1.69 1.45 0.56 0.00 0.60 0.12 0.33 0.03 1.08 1.02 1.63 1.43 1.59 1.89 1.08 0.90 1.97 2.04 0.13 1.04 0.47 1.25 0.00 1.93 0.87 1.71 0.47 0.15 1.88 0.4 0.82 1.01 0.97 1.39 0.00 0.38 0.89 0.69 1.85 0.02 1.40 0.96 1.00 1.30 1.84 1.02 1.81 0.77 0.10 0.19 1.04 1.05 1.10 0.59 -0.79 1.54 0.07 1.85 1.99 1.10 1.89 0.92 0.98 0.00 0.12 0.63 -0.67 0.77 1.09 0.27 1.68 1.76 1.48 1.24 0.14 0.45 0.31 1.87 1.00 0.67 0.00 1.21 1.82 0.04 33.77 0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 95 Annex Table B.88 1.17 0.43 0.99 1.72 2.42 0.45 0.73 % GBP 2% 4 963.37 0.00 1.02 1.77 0.91 0.87 0.91 1.25 4.52 1.57 1.03 0.12 1.17 1.38 1.40 0.95 0.44 0.13 2.27 0.78 0.02 1.84 0.73 1.20 0.42 0.83 0.76 0.85 1.88 1.10 3.82 0.02 1.01 1.28 0.05 0.47 0.90 0.32 0.53 0.93 1.19 1.05 0.76 1.80 1.53 0.14 0.98 0.73 1.50 0.30 1.86 0.83 1.80 -0.28 0.68 1.27 1.19 1.91 0.61 0.09 0.91 0.73 0.73 0.74 0.68 0.97 0.05 1.19 0.80 0.78 0.62 1.73 1.85 0.00 0.69 1.28 0.51 0.74 1.72 1.93 0.68 0.97 1.55 0.11 1.03 0.19 1.67 1.17 0.78 0.97 0.26 1.12 1.58 0.29 0.69 0.87 1.16 0.33 0.95 0.05 1.24 0.31 0.80 0.04 0.69 1.03 1.04 1.65 1.23 1.68 1.06 0.91 1.46 1.88 1.28 2.11 0.22 0.52 4.32 0.24 0.83 1.9 72 021 0.78 0.58 1.62 0.97 1.00 1. 2004-09 All farm types Output-input ratio Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 2009 Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 GBP GBP GBP GBP hectare FTE 168 438 725 079 94 744 630 335 128 2.23 1.41 2.08 1.34 0.51 1.19 1.29 3.89 0.11 0.55 0.08 0.88 0.79 0.73 0.47 1.82 0.97 1.89 1.35 1.34 2.27 1.42 1.90 1.90 1.04 0.64 0.05 1.11 0.74 0.92 1.07 0.18 0.04 1.12 0.30 1.44 0.90 1.16 1.48 0.46 1.99 0.29 0.68 1.94 1.70 2.60 1.23 0.02 1.81 1.16 1.54 1.84 -0.19 1.20 1.57 0.52 1.91 1.02 1.8 2% 7 324.92 0.82 1.27 1.88 0.07 0.93 0.97 1.99 1.53 0.71 0.84 0.22 2.52 0.70 0.62 0.46 0.88 0.89 0.73 -0.4 214 588 155 238 59 350 23 320 36 030 58 280 47 171 38 408 8 760 4 11 109 23.00 0.00 0.79 0.52 0.94 1.28 0.66 1.48 1.78 0.90 1.08 1.64 1.00 1.87 1.58 1.33 0.21 0.62 0.55 1.45 2.05 0.03 0.55 1.83 1.84 0.88 0.30 1.33 1.34 1.32 1.21 1.98 0.27 0.26 0.27 1.28 1.99 0.37 1.11 0.16 0.90 0.13 0.17 0.31 1.02 0.23 1.73 1.00 0.61 0.62 0.98 1.31 0.91 0.28 1.98 1.13 9.75 1.00 0.97 1.57 0.98 1.97 0.35 1.51 1.10 0.64 0.02 1.19 1.78 0.86 1.64 0.89 1.64 0.79 2.97 1.63 1.60 0.17 0.16 0.92 0.84 0.00 1.40 1.37 0.18 1.84 1.24 0.65 1.03 1.46 2.03 0.90 1.00 1.81 1.77 1.73 1.31 0.13 0.00 0.84 0.06 1.49 2.53 0.8 182 637 965 331 117 806 847 526 134 2.65 0.88 0.10 0.9 5% 6 376.92 1.32 1.23 1.15 1.70 0.5 16 243 85 293 19.36 0.89 -0.92 0.64 -0.89 0.37 0.19 0.85 1.24 1.13 0.00 1.00 0.27 0.90 0.53 1.79 1.40 1.09 0.21 0.13 0.72 0.39 1.80 1.98 1.40 0.15 0.26 1.82 1.68 0.49 0.80 1.24 0.53 0.95 1.01 0.00 0.03 1.62 1.50 1.92 0.99 0.12 0.13 1.68 0.04 1.8 3% 18 325.17 0.00 0.35 1.84 0.00 0.91 1.66 0.42 2.86 0.11 0.53 1.87 0.93 2.69 0.83 1.41 1.83 0.04 1.90 1.06 1.80 0.28 1.7 0.72 0.15 0.33 1.28 0.03 1.03 1.01 0.91 1.77 0.42 0.71 1.70 -0.58 0.28 0.05 1.03 1.02 1.90 1.03 1.27 0.35 1.01 1.04 0.36 0.90 1.18 0.70 1.96 0.25 0.19 1.19 0.88 1.36 0.38 0.70 1. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .97 0.98 -0.57 0.30 1.65 1.01 0.21 1.15 0.60 1.01 0.68 0.94 1.65 1.06 1.53 1.91 1.09 1.17 1.64 0.51 0.98 1.01 1.64 0.0 6% 16 739.57 0.82 1.00 1.82 0.96 0.75 1.10 1.82 0.17 0.60 0.02 0.74 0.50 1.89 1.66 0.70 0.78 1.52 1.01 0.86 1.17 1.83 1.97 1.51 1.8 204 758 1 100 937 126 805 974 132 136 2.84 0.28 0.99 0.99 1.76 years % 54 60% 55 60% 55 65% 56 64% 56 64% 1.94 1.47 0.75 1.82 1.85 1.06 % 12% 10% 10% 9% 10% 1.14 0.30 0.93 0.98 0.73 1.82 0.47 0.16 0.01 1.70 0.90 1.88 0.77 1.38 -0.26 0.00 0.86 1.01 0.02 0.18 0.07 0.73 0.33 1.78 1.48 1.46 1.71 0.98 1.25 2.94 1.11 1.71 0.83 1.58 0.83 0.51 2.81 1.10 1.29 0.85 0.34 0.04 1.48 0.52 1.67 1.14 1.83 0.73 0.65 1.57 2.17 0.76 0.10 1.03 1.94 0.83 -0.00 1.91 0.92 2.50 1.93 0.84 0.23 2.77 0.67 1.83 0.30 0.82 1.01 0.90 0.34 0.85 0.74 1.15 1.6 167 699 1 200 249 123 934 1 076 315 205 2.99 1.55 2.04 0.07 1.99 1.45 0.88 1.31 1.26 2.86 0.28 1.17 1.10 0.02 1.00 1.23 0.14 0.82 1.03 0.63 1.41 0.27 0.37 0.57 0.03 0.69 1.02 1.84 0.09 1.28 2.49 0.59 1.20 -0.84 0.66 1.15 1.17 0.57 1.81 1.93 0.52 0.93 1.36 0.06 1.10 0.36 0.86 0.75 1.94 0.19 2.13 0.57 0.70 0.02 0.00 0.01 1. by performance indicator.77 1.95 0.84 1.82 0.22 1.77 0.15 1.91 0.50 1.88 0.09 0.10 1.55 0.84 0.30 0.02 0.20 1.89 1.03 1.97 0.43 1.57 0.68 1.23 1.04 1.00 0.84 1.09 1.85 1.27 1.42 0.73 1.21 0.81 1.17 0.05 0.84 -0.47 0.68 1.70 0.39 1.03 0.71 0.41 1.90 1.99 1.91 1.03 1.99 0.88 1.10 1.16 0.16 0.65 0.08 0.44 1.05 1.58 1.88 1.12 10.97 0.66 2.38 1.97 0.42 0.26 0.96 1.61 0.08 0.99 0.21 1.92 1.60 0.57 1.18 0.56 0.11 0.00 1.96 1.11 1.80 1.26 0.38 1.88 0.79 2.15 1.82 0.92 0.70 1.28 1.69 0.2 14 372 54 787 26.85 1.73 0.15 0.87 0.02 1.08 1.75 0.28 1.80 0.81 2.44 0.81 0.14 1.77 0.68 0.12 1.82 1.19 1.04 0.96 0.39 0.55 0.74 1.99 1.58 0.93 0.07 0.67 0.14 2.99 0.21 0.46 0.12 0.04 0.98 1.33 0.06 1.01 1.15 0.66 0.93 1.88 0.36 1.03 0.49 2.15 0.99 1.01 1.34 0.20 years % 53 54% 54 54% 54 56% 55 57% 55 57% 1.67 0.04 0.12 0.52 0.01 0.69 1.89 0.67 0.36 0.86 1.43 0.12 1.16 7.59 2.88 0.09 1.68 0.95 1.92 1.81 1.82 0.79 0.03 1.12 0. England.23 1.77 1.85 0.33 1.82 0.30 0.80 1.21 1.78 0.95 0.59 1.06 0.42 1.88 1.60 1.85 0.48 0.09 1.38 0.11 0.08 0.08 1.99 1.87 -0.04 1.48 0.05 0.84 0.52 1.03 1.31 3.13 0.04 1.91 0.43 2.79 0.74 1.28 0.91 0.30 0.06 1.91 0.84 0.00 % % OECD FOOD.01 0.73 1.98 1.78 0.96 0.01 1.88 0.51 4.28 3.01 0.02 1.45 0.89 1.01 0.65 0.14 0.48 0.10 1.27 1.30 0.68 0.29 0.99 0.28 1.75 1.78 0.26 0.28 3.35 0.72 1.15 2.4 248 755 163 462 85 293 24 540 60 753 63 451 51 855 42 659 9 167 29 11 596 22.97 1.95 1.16 1.96 % 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1.01 0.81 1.77 0.77 0.98 1.46 2.97 0.02 0.2 14 831 64 687 22.50 1.13 1.16 1.02 1.17 0.99 0.49 1.59 1.93 0.91 0.21 -0.00 0.14 0.28 0.58 0.72 1.83 1.93 0.93 1.23 1.85 1.75 0.91 1.10 1.94 0.01 1.8 1.34 0.51 0.7 154 245 813 649 105 327 708 322 131 2.04 0.85 0.05 0.47 1.90 1.79 1.45 1.23 0.04 0.20 0.74 1.54 0.91 1.71 0.39 0.89 0.84 0.89 1.88 0.85 1.09 1.76 0.66 0.03 1. for selected farm types.91 1.62 1.77 -0.04 1.12 0.99 1.91 0.76 1.17 0.05 2.12 0.0 17 386 97 122 17.61 1.14 0.87 1.10 0.82 0.35 0.00 0.35 2.54 0.56 2.57 1.66 0.14 0.30 0.72 1.01 1.61 0.29 0.13 1.93 1.72 1.91 1.01 0.86 0.48 0.69 0.98 1.84 1.04 1.18 1.96 -0.06 1.30 0.01 1.75 0.5 6% 10 680.25 0.01 0.64 0.24 1.75 1.34 0.87 0.81 0.13 1.57 GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP % GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP 69 410 40 541 37 289 2 940 312 28 868 33.48 0.65 0.62 0.03 1.88 0.46 0.41 1.31 1.60 1.28 1.06 1.78 -0.09 0.2 2% 18 729.23 1.74 -0.44 1.11 0.3 183 898 143 808 40 090 17 074 23 016 45 812 30 368 24 186 5 976 206 15 444 21.01 0.77 -0.8 279 672 159 719 119 953 23 836 96 116 58 769 46 889 40 373 6 496 20 11 880 27.30 0.95 0.76 0.83 0.63 0.10 1.73 2.35 0.88 1.96 1.77 -0.14 0.86 1.18 1.29 0.85 1.61 1.46 0.15 6.82 1.34 0.01 1.51 1.85 0.89 1.56 0.08 0.58 0.71 0.85 0.55 0.95 1.35 0.56 1.81 0.06 0.09 1.48 1.97 0.58 1.10 2.87 1.84 1.68 0.78 1.22 1.94 1.69 1.65 0.81 1.53 1.88 1.03 0.79 1.90 0.13 1.80 % GBP 4% 4 028.98 0.35 1.30 1.19 0.87 1.95 1.99 1.23 1.82 0.84 -0.10 0.84 0.01 1.67 1.94 0.06 1.06 1.21 0.04 0.82 1.02 1.02 0.12 0.02 1.62 0.81 1.83 1.84 0.28 1.30 1.50 1.86 0.19 0.67 1.

30 1.55 0.752 913.30 1.06 0.32 0.7 227.83 0.23 0.17 1.70 0.089 88.54 1.89 1.00 0.91 0.01 1.87 0.348 13.54 1.08 1.94 1.476 732.13 -0.14 0.72 1.95 0.75 1.86 0.95 0.45 0.00 0.936 794.52 0.09 12.04 28.42 0.71 1.20 0.20 1.96 1.78 -0.11 0.30 1.18 1.17 0.82 1.02 0.93 1.83 1.02 3.13 0.08 0.00 1.11 1.01 1.6198 8.46 0.75 -1.94 1.60 1.06 1.802 7.23 1.37 0.94 0.225 1.7172 166.64 2.03 1.826 5.01 1.81 2.05 1.54 1.47 1.02 1.13 0.02 1.88 1.43 0.05 1.63 0.33 3.047 29.02 1.63 0.52 0.96 1.59 0.17 0.15 0.42 0.62 1.43 1.818 1.89 1.67 1.08 0.63 0.99 1.04 1.21 0.52 6.22 1.01 0.44 2.08 0.37 1.99 1.88 2.67 0.97 1.20 0.69 1.585 0 1.84 1.43 0.05 0.36 0.22 0.20 -0.07 0.39 1.74 1.643 20.32 1.42 0.72 1.63 1.03 1.95 1.05 1.84 1.36 1.78 1.13 1.87 -0.98 1.63 0.33 1.12 3.02 0.63 0.13 2.82 0.17 2.32 years % 56 72% 57 62% 56 59% 57 60% 57 68% 0.13 0.323 122.63 1.87 0.08 -0.81 0.35 -0.96 1.11 0.071 363.99 -0.04 1.74 1.35 0.68 1.31 0.716 28.97 1.85 1.18 0.17 3.94 0.13 0.29 1.55 1.90 1.91 0.40 6.53 0.22 1.90 1.15 0.24 1.96 0.518 453 0 1.76 0.437 656.93 0.65 1.90 0.723 22.18 2.87 -0.42 1.417 473 18.28 1.32 0.16 0.08 1.79 1.18 1.78 1.66 0.492 62.12 1.37 0.72 0.07 1.02 0.824 1.03 1.97 0.01 1.62 0.13 0.49 1.49 0.22 0.41 1.54 1.707 111.26 0.82 0.84 GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP % GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP 3.09 -0.21 4.40 -0.68 0.35 2.02 0.104 170.89 1.02 1.67 2.03 1.99 2.94 1.08 0.31 1.98 0.39 -0.67 0.03 0.88 1.57 0.59 0.13 1.13 1.92 1.35 0.98 1.87 0.03 0.07 1.11 1.05 0.68 4.18 0.88 0.938 24.39 3.91 1.64 0.93 GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP % GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP 72.13 0.16 0.16 -6.27 0.92 3.12 1.43 0.32 0.5729 5.95 0.89 0.15 0.24 0.61 0.53 1.58 0.81 0.16 0.85 1.77 1.56 0.32 0.580 86.55 0.00 1.01 0.13 1.02 1.22 1.46 0.06 1.73 0.29 0.55 0.26 1.78 0.43 2.98 0.297 40.99 0.10 0.92 1.08 1.874 8.10 1.44 1.13 0.14 0.55 1.06 0.68 1.15 0.03 1.77 0.39 1.27 0.139 3.2 327.06 1.2% 6.218 6.81 0.16 0.846 1.97 1.02 1.04 0.1213 296.47 0.278 571.3197 0.46 0.01 1.815 0.20 0.98 0.99 1.54 1.01 0.548 6.55 1.96 1.45 0.83 2.24 0.31 0.643 38.94 2.24 1.07 0.17 1.679 30 1.01 1.25 0.20 1.716 44.453 629.21 1.00 1.52 1.40 0.06 0.724 30.5% 51 55.78 1.08 1.89 1.06 1.84 1.41 6.97 1.65 0.529 297.38 0.21 1.83 0.91 0.95 2.18 0.39 0.96 -1.89 1.34 1.6 19.34 1.25 0.10 0.12 0.06 0.06 1.99 1.92 1.07 0.772 1.123 5.34 1.34 1.993 57.72 1.32 1.74 0.74 1.51 0.08 1.57 0.84 0.00 2.50 % GBP 7.87 0.886 46.51 1.75 0.93 0.10 1.40 -0.98 1.25 0.87 1.49 1.95 -8.11 1.94 2.404 1.10 0.97 1.72 1.80 2.57 1.91 0.31 0.66 1.03 1.1% 52 52.82 1.24 0.44 0.29 0.97 1.39 2.09 0.33 1.32 -0.1 22.208 38.14 1.05 0.96 1.02 0.39 0.09 0.40 1.86 1.08 -16.88 1.632 43.47 0.02 1.33 1.98 1.26 1.25 0.52 1.65 0.71 0.85 1.13 0.94 3.83 1.82 1.09 0.66 0.27 0.16 -5.10 1.55 1.34 0.875 962 11.62 0.09 0.52 0.48 0.87 0.55 1.595 116.72 1.8 344.92 % 10.95 1.09 -1.32 3.40 0.70 0.02 1.805 39.96 0.29 1.76 1.92 0.45 2.35 -0.59 1.91 1.33 -0.80 0.32 -0.00 0.76 1.98 0.68 0.38 0.84 0.09 0.74 0.85 % GBP 6% 2.04 0.82 0.74 0.71 1.99 0.18 -7.15 1.538 751.17 0.07 0.91 0.90 1.72 0.99 1.92 0.28 0.42 0.83 0.04 1.94 1.552 26.09 0.78 0.723 13.44 0.69 0.93 0.96 1.38 0.12 0.87 0.60 0.42 1.83 1.82 0.04 1.81 1.41 0.65 1.47 0.22 0.09 0.19 0.28 0.72 1.28 1.06 1.56 0.61 1.46 0.54 0.03 0.72 0.64 -1.97 0.32 1.41 0.18 0.04 1.09 0.40 1.10 0.36 -0.77 1.34 1.36 1.01 0.15 0.08 0.96 1.96 1.87 1.93 1.17 1.23 0.47 2.55 0.43 1.25 2.59 0.96 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Fruit and vegetable farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 GBP GBP GBP GBP hectare FTE 225.20 0.85 1.98 0.98 1.10 0.22 0.19 1.14 1.90 1.99 1.79 1.12 0.496 965.66 1.93 0.80 0.91 1.80 1.91 1.06 3.38 2.98 0.65 1.369 303.09 0.95 0.75 -0.29 -0.38 1.57 -1.66 0.88 1.89 2.007 13% 1.19 1.05 1.32 0.74 0.15 0.32 0.85 -0.83 0.17 2.90 0.40 0.013 17.34 2.49 0.63 1.04 0.11 1.40 0.98 0.12 0.93 0.24 0.19 0.98 0.26 0.90 0.61 0.87 0.25 0.33 0.34 1.95 -0.54 0.92 1.00 1.22 0.98 1.93 0.57 0.52 1.18 1.76 0.62 1.25 0.55 1.63 1.86 0.86 0.05 0.68 1.22 0.02 0.86 -8.794 206.12 0.07 1.09 2.77 1.11 1.45 0.77 1. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .01 1.63 2.29 0.13 1.99 0.92 0.31 1.65 0.02 0.98 0.46 1.81 0.77 0.24 0.5 270.59 1.07 0.46 1.02 1.93 0.94 0.03 0.27 0.93 1.79 GBP GBP % 57.98 1.32 1.19 1.13 1.68 1.92 1.716 11% 17.97 1.33 1.79 0.05 0.29 0.96 0.908 5.83 1.76 1.66 3.99 0.00 1.99 1.02 1.19 3.54 0.98 1.17 1.049 65.47 0.89 0.24 -5.21 1.13 0.00 2.97 1.24 1.02 1.69 1.4 62.27 -3.82 0.03 1.17 1.68 1.02 0.21 0.08 -0.34 1.49 1.571 340.56 1.88 0.80 0.62 0.23 0.67 0.27 0.63 0.07 0.09 -1.13 0.631 1.69 1.35 0.88 1.85 0.31 1.83 0.23 1.42 0.52 1.04 1.08 0.14 1.83 1.14 0.31 -0.24 0.08 1.36 0.50 0.09 1.11 1.92 1.10 1.49 -0.49 1.96 1.27 1.99 0.10 1.844 0.60 0.96 1.35 1.50 1.36 1.18 1.595 21.98 -1.83 0.27 1.28 1.09 1.41 1.101.53 1.38 0.95 0.34 0.91 0.19 0.02 1.144 188.15 0.94 1.99 0.59 1.27 0.07 1.103 1.88 1.38 0.98 0.79 0.89 1.21 1.69 1.10 0.29 0.09 0.43 0.3 180.92 0.08 2.25 1.12 0.92 0.56 0.02 0.29 1.48 0.49 1.14 -0.21 2.36 1.02 1.62 0.165 13.06 1.00 1.92 1.37 1.65 0.4957 8.02 0.14 0.849 5.27 0.42 1.79 2.47 0.892 204.11 2.00 1.78 1.12 1.22 1.05 1.45 0.46 5.41 0.84 1.17 0.06 1.569 1.22 0.89 0.91 2.05 25.14 1.58 2.72 0.7 394.00 0.78 1.99 0.87 1.66 0.76 1.68 0.41 1.07 1.85 1.22 0.348 11.66 1.36 0.79 1.12 1.94 0.00 -1.45 0.93 0.73 0.92 0.22 -4.64 0.72 1.85 0.37 0.61 2.96 0.92 1.43 1.510 23.01 0.07 1.00 0.39 0.27 2.36 1.55 -0.90 0.74 0.44 0.76 2.32 1.99 0.28 1.43 0.78 0.13 1.24 1.00 1.19 1.96 0.66 0.95 0.99 1.80 0.05 0.99 1.079 -1.68 1.62 0.08 1.090 516 35.17 1.09 0.95 -0.57 0.10 1.71 0.12 0.87 0.52 1.98 0.3021 0.54 1.65 1.10 0.85 1.103 25.03 1.19 1.01 1.11 0.01 1.18 0.24 1.98 1.26 0.06 1.51 -0.87 0.88 0.94 0.970 781.38 1.27 0.14 3.35 0.82 1.6% 1.88 1.28 1.05 1.00 1.41 0.168 113.70 0.86 1.00 -2.053 4.12 0.06 1.60 1.95 -0.09 1.02 0.96 1.6 74.99 1.54 0.23 0.359 2.10 2.35 2.07 0.10 0.68 1.92 1.17 0.80 0.48 0.85 0.74 0.41 0.21 0.19 0.26 0.39 0.65 1.66 0.58 1.80 -0.87 0.09 1.60 1.48 1.06 0.18 3.99 1.32 1.33 1.97 0.67 1.02 -0.62 0.033 40.41 0.93 0.03 1.12 0.4755 388.68 1.72 1.39 2.03 0.75 1.92 1.3% 11.29 0.56 1.95 1.89 -0.49 0.80 1.90 % OECD FOOD.89 1.07 1.84 0.97 1.028 22.78 1.68 1.676 1.65 1.55 1.17 0.077 21.02 0.02 2.73 2.80 0.78 1.01 1.48 0.473 6.76 3.01 0.7% 14.08 -1.76 0.47 0.7180 396.24 1.85 1.72 0.01 1.99 1.96 1.14 0.97 -1.01 1.44 0.96 1.58 -1.91 1.137 717.511 65.17 -10.05 0.80 -0.11 1.91 1.16 0.58 0.24 1.13 1.07 1.06 0.79 0.91 0.51 0.89 2.22 0.42 0.72 3.30 1.774 50.35 1.828 0 1.232 3.88 2.91 0.77 2.33 1.89 1.89 1.59 years % 51 50.90 0.40 0.60 0.97 0.43 1.40 1.10 0.25 0.423 2.847 12% 14.97 -1.62 1.08 1.03 0.476 101.16 0.65 0.32 0.84 1.32 0.26 1.46 1.01 0.79 0.57 0.18 1.01 0.842 40.44 1.27 1.89 1.92 1.88 1.24 1.32 1.54 0.10 1.68 1.13 0.09 2.91 1.34 1.83 0.63 1.91 1.29 0.94 0.01 1.33 1.87 1.29 1.390 601.19 1.32 1.80 0.97 1.23 1.355 16.75 0.20 1.63 4.03 0.75 1.96 0.89 0.12 -0.49 -0.98 0.89 0.08 0.42 0.36 0.12 1.35 0.65 0.24 1.96 0.04 1.33 1.90 0.94 1.37 1.15 1.05 0.55 -1.46 1.16 1.08 0.92 1.02 1.12 1.82 0.10 1.73 1.64 0.34 0.01 1.78 1.94 1.25 -5.65 0.90 0.48 1.94 1.99 0.98 1.23 1.94 2.89 1.92 0.06 1.77 1.66 1.89 0.75 2.54 1.66 0.82 1.4% 53 57.25 5.29 1.08 0.34 0.45 0.63 0.89 0.00 0.4% 10.11 1.14 1.71 0.7968 244.89 0.83 0.20 1.388 26.06 1.22 1.58 2.9% 52 56.714 43.97 0.27 1.04 1.15 1.05 0.45 1.21 0.09 0.05 0.96 0.03 0.43 2.66 0.21 1.39 0.89 1.05 GBP GBP % 21.95 -0.24 0.97 0.79 0.33 0.29 1.22 0.019.22 2.02 2.691 119.28 1.88 1.51 1.09 1.52 1.70 1.01 -0.49 0.51 % Dairy farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 GBP GBP GBP GBP hectare FTE 160.33 1.20 1.55 0.355 29.14 0.81 1.223.32 0.54 0.02 0.98 1.91 1.59 2.77 0.52 0.85 1.717 16.51 0.17 1.370 32.13 0.37 0.52 0.01 1.94 -0.03 1.06 2.12 0.96 1.00 0.94 1.06 0.678 10% 10.48 2.06 1.39 2.30 1.11 0.504 629 52.60 0.02 1.07 1.79 0.99 0.20 1.04 0.89 -1.43 1.12 0.05 1.82 2.60 1.14 0.617 545.26 0.77 -1.34 11.72 0.086 20.28 1.01 1.02 0.68 0.12 0.78 3.80 0.77 1.74 0.05 0.86 1.09 1.22 % 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1.658 380.26 0.77 1.80 1.20 0.02 1.91 1.25 -5.97 1.094 12.59 1.54 1.10 0.97 1.26 1.44 1.85 1.21 1.26 1.32 0.00 0.09 1.59 1.1760 295.368 3.88 1.97 1.38 1.43 1.89 1.03 1.66 1.079 19.10 1.55 2.00 1.02 1.77 2.12 1.92 0.07 1.26 0.38 0.05 0.78 0.36 1.347 187.05 0.80 0.04 1.01 1.90 2.83 1.98 0.12 0.02 0.83 1.08 0.75 0.87 1.93 1.02 1.56 0.35 2.08 1.92 0.96 1.29 0.88 0.76 1.08 0.98 0.47 1.75 1.10 0.80 0.23 1.95 1.93 1.62 1.01 1.11 1.86 0.19 0.72 0.43 1.78 0.09 0.38 0.99 0.00 0.86 0.58 1.77 0.00 0.96 0.33 0.25 2.13 0.54 2.28 0.24 0.94 1.4% 10.56 0.594 6.83 0.69 0.36 0.04 1.503 7.19 0.10 -0.20 1.00 1.95 0.29 2.07 2.40 2.88 1.91 -0.48 0.14 0.09 0.92 0.31 1.315 1.92 1.51 0.63 0.95 1.01 1.21 0.56 1.75 0.10 1.97 1.12 0.97 0.42 1.91 1.25 2.76 1.03 0.54 1.681 452.05 0.14 1.66 0.34 2.09 0.72 0.03 0.09 0.19 1.72 0.39 0.56 0.71 1.81 1.18 2.83 1.11 1.59 0.851 42.29 2.98 0.31 1.24 2.90 1.11 0.91 0.99 0.99 0.54 0.88 0.62 2.51 1.30 2.11 0.98 0.14 1.97 -0.56 0.03 0.98 0.85 0.39 0.9 2.02 1.77 0.88 0.93 1.79 0.74 1.25 1.00 1.38 0.87 0.36 2.09 0.71 1.90 0.57 0.971 1.30 1.66 0.73 1.83 0.14 -0.46 0.09 0.84 0.44 0.88 -1.09 0.04 0.12 0.02 0.55 1.03 0.35 2.72 0.40 1.59 0.04 0.98 1.44 1.41 0.255 6.14 0.69 0.19 0.17 1.52 -0.49 1.68 2.17 0.21 0.92 1.00 0.91 2.06 1.57 1.41 5.98 0.59 1.53 1.90 1.08 1.99 1.97 1.30 1.76 0.01 1.28 0.52 0.63 0.35 2.01 1.61 0.91 0.9353 349.61 0.09 1.41 0.89 0.91 0.04 25.34 1.45 0.79 0.7% 0.03 1.96 0.38 2.59 1.73 -1.21 -1.81 0.77 0.70 1.19 1.08 1.94 1.258 151.48 0.48 1.32 0.00 2.23 -0.75 1.50 0.98 0.37 3.25 1.63 0.904 17.7822 8.31 0.01 0.46 1.89 0.01 1.60 0.46 0.32 0.02 1.50 2.068 50.13 -0.09 2.35 1.98 1.48 0.96 1.61 0.05 1.87 0.45 1.19 1.06 0.2 3.00 0.33 0.02 1.063 0 1.147 1.9% 11.69 -0.05 1.7 402.05 1.16 0.29 3.19 0.717 17.73 0.74 -1.12 2.00 0.94 1.86 1.33 1.94 1.42 0.794 1.88 0.24 0.05 1.56 1.96 1.84 2.95 0.73 0.27 0.02 0.06 1.87 2.43 1.28 1.23 0.32 1.04 1.87 1.48 1.41 0.91 0.35 1.206 12.304 238.96 1.524 16.94 -0.68 0.70 1.15 2.85 1.18 0.96 1.04 1.75 2.87 -0.42 0.33 -0.03 1.18 0.07 1.05 0.32 0.107 571.07 1.38 0.09 1.12 1.16 1.59 0.81 0.33 0.46 0.96 0.79 1.68 0.595 43.287 22.72 0.98 1.347 64.09 1.62 0.17 0.013 20.95 0.76 0.84 0.03 0.14 0.04 1.37 1.63 1.95 3.01 1.00 1.78 0.88 0.42 1.02 0.64 0.49 1.016 1.53 0.341 122.852 31.24 1.88 1.624 1.17 1.40 1.92 2.21 2.10 0.53 1.99 1.87 0.47 0.14 0.97 0.09 0.02 1.70 1.00 1.40 0.05 -9.48 -1.236 42.69 -4.50 2.288 48.14 0.85 -0.05 1.12 0.26 -1.49 0.48 1.85 0.67 1.19 1.83 -1.43 0.793 46.84 1.99 1.634 59.524 205.32 -8.746 19.83 1.205 27.26 2.85 1.51 1.07 0.46 0.09 -0.533 3.83 0.88 0.50 0.86 1.33 3.00 0.91 0.53 0.04 1.12 2.14 0.37 0.04 0.15 0.08 2.02 0.36 -1.89 0.29 -0.3% 10.25 1.23 0.11 1.22 0.29 1.89 0.95 0.30 1.02 1.85 0.63 1.85 0.96 0.71 0.12 0.88 1.10 1.88 1.556 30.84 1.91 1.01 0.95 -0.00 1.16 1.75 0.95 0.15 0.7 11.05 0.98 1.5 325.8963 340.26 1.42 0.87 1.77 0.73 0.04 0.89 1.39 3.10 1.07 1.60 1.19 1.73 1.55 10.23 1.41 0.54 0.27 0.00 0.01 1.14 0.75 0.19 0.13 1.01 0.20 0.919 75.19 0.54 0.19 1.601 4.93 0.01 1.34 3.66 0.82 -5.24 1.34 0.02 1.99 -0.92 1.40 0.96 0.760 86.03 0.01 1.99 1.60 0.98 1.65 1.05 1.068 44.50 0.866 131.23 0.09 1.00 -2.06 1.0 11.93 0.562 152.03 1.99 1.08 0.98 1.28 1.01 3.89 1.00 1.22 1.97 1.00 0.25 -1.26 1.27 1.39 0.829 253.04 1.52 0.21 2.72 0.12 0.53 1.74 -1.0 3.5% 28.822 455.07 1.37 0.96 1.77 1.71 1.05 0.06 0.97 0.010 41.5 190.70 0.14 0.12 1.99 0.6 3.30 0.07 1.81 1.377 38.04 0.43 0.19 1.51 0.96 0.77 0.22 1.31 0.37 0.90 1.24 0.19 1.93 0.85 0.23 0.03 1.02 1.11 1.23 2.75 1.11 1.68 0.90 1.01 1.37 0.25 2.61 0.92 2.347 21.00 0.67 2.66 1.02 1.393 8.07 1.04 0.84 -1.69 1.87 2.18 1.99 1.99 0.31 0.76 0.23 1.55 0.6 2.00 1.112 563.92 1.02 2.88 0.54 0.092 64.27 0.324 1.06 1.635 1.481 3.19 1.99 0.03 0.62 1.37 1.4485 7.25 1.28 2.03 1.87 0.06 1.9 354.10 1.97 1.79 1.88 0.18 1.09 1.70 0.129 145.262 27.33 1.85 0.28 0.42 1.30 1.09 1.60 -1.3% 39.52 0.47 0.02 0.92 0.66 0.59 1.91 0.04 11.10 0.51 1.34 3.98 1.16 0.98 1.96 0.01 2.23 0.18 1.96 0.07 0.33 1.88 0.22 0.98 0.77 0.02 0.33 0.01 1.16 0.781 3.726 74.

59 -0.89 1.49 0.42 1.019 4 52.22 -1.46 1.08 0.46 1.30 0.370 104.65 0.49 1.83 1.113 325.92 0.96 1.88 1.48 1.18 0.75 1.78 0.70 1.64 0.99 1.84 2.55 1.95 0.95 0.80 0.90 0.70 0.66 0.20 0.98 1.84 1.28 1.40 1.69 1.98 1.09 3.10 1.15 0.00 0.64 1.07 0.35 3.07 1.82 1.00 1.45 0.17 0.37 0.99 0.01 1.53 2.60 0.09 1.33 1.47 0.6 10.16 37.83 1.78 -0.91 1.04 0.21 3.76 1.29 0.34 2.68 1.93 1.25 1.47 1.00 0.13 1.05 1.54 1.90 1.32 1.05 0.06 0.19 1.62 0.24 1.56 1.25 0.27 4.61 1.48 1.04 1.89 0.01 0.91 0.78 1.95 0.22 0.54 1.16 1.20 0.561 48.7 36.890 16.11 -0.70 0.34 1.01 0.95 1.25 -0.05 1.26 1.61 1.79 0.00 0.24 1.16 1.110 11.72 0.84 1.833 94.07 0.97 1.13 1.80 0.84 0.84 1.88 0.35 1.04 1.13 0.97 0.00 4.14 0.16 0.27 1.31 0.86 0.64 0.937 0 0.85 0.51 1.83 0.20 4.43 -0.665 24.32 0.93 1.06 0.20 0.902 6.26 0.10 0.19 1.17 1.25 0.48 1.18 3.79 0.19 0.866 523.18 0.41 0.548 31.09 1.82 -1.12 0.37 0.48 0.04 1.51 1.89 1.93 3.15 0.69 1.81 1.64 0.53 9.18 1.84 1.30 0.96 % 2% 2% 0% 1% 3% 0.14 8.65 0.17 1.89 1.18 1.85 1.67 0.93 0.27 0.84 1.38 1.50 1.18 0.43 1.97 -7.72 0.77 0.27 0.04 0.40 0.393 369.54 0.63 0.32 1.23 0.98 2.08 0.84 1.84 1.424 46.75 1.98 0.66 0.21 1.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 97 Beef and sheep farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index GBP GBP GBP GBP hectare FTE GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP % GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 53.85 0.64 1.97 0.42 0.07 1.02 1.25 0.02 1.82 0.24 1.23 0.39 9.094 8.43 3.70 0.60 0.20 1.89 1.96 0.95 0.49 1.57 0.89 0.97 -0.82 0.568 6.92 1.778 559 0 53.64 0.58 1.81 0.4 61.40 -0.39 9.02 1.00 0.33 1.09 -0.28 0.79 1.82 0.02 0.00 1.11 0.79 0.92 2.56 0.09 1.24 2.43 1.05 0.630 1.98 1.66 0.90 1.90 0.44 1.94 1.16 0.46 0.13 3.110 18.90 0.70 0.02 1.02 0.443 782.30 0.55 1.64 1.2 36.00 -0.14 -0.27 1.73 1.11 1.17 0.24 GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP % GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP 104.90 1.13 0.53 0.44 -0.2077 4.20 0.52 0.47 0.07 0.72 0.42 1.58 0.57 -17.55 1.16 1.32 1.32 0.95 1.79 1.00 1.55 0.41 1.60 1.70 0.22 0.21 0.48 0.00 0.35 1.07 0.56 0.94 1.98 1.97 0.78 1.80 -0.51 0.09 0.64 0.502 104.54 0.09 0.84 1.97 0.47 1.61 1.85 1.35 0.95 0.76 1.46 0.26 1.65 0.85 1.843 0.977 656.63 0.06 0.78 1.14 1.94 1.03 1.85 1.82 0.446 56.28 0.00 0.12 1.62 1.21 1.24 2.81 0.32 -18.40 0.79 0.85 1.92 1.0 76.35 0.88 0.74 0.32 -0.99 1.77 0.136 473.44 1.48 0.17 0.21 1.98 1.01 1.52 0.67 -1.94 0.25 4.00 -0.13 1.97 4.95 1.189 52.02 0.75 -0.06 0.11 -0.26 1.97 0.20 -1.83 % 36% 28% 26% 26% 26% 1.73 1.08 0.91 0.09 0.93 1.38 1.00 1.04 1.533 517.13 0.75 0.34 -0.83 2.33 1.21 0.09 0.00 1.93 1.65 0.60 2.136 6.64 0.99 2.06 -0.584 399.56 1.25 0.39 0.84 -0.19 0.264 16.89 0.44 0.07 1.00 0.03 1.26 1.89 1.97 -1.47 1.79 1.10 5.63 0.32 1.65 1.6548 3.88 0.16 2.46 1.4 565.934 53.08 2.37 0.79 0.39 1.24 1.79 0.51 0.42 -0.56 0.04 0.48 1.53 -3.568 440.58 1.26 -0.692 92.17 0.99 0.72 0.62 0.99 1.906 21.68 0.31 0.08 0.31 0.27 0.69 1.37 1.489 26.00 0.366 158.51 1.04 0.23 0.00 0.85 1.16 2.76 1.55 1.84 -0.55 0.47 1.44 1.65 -5.83 0.00 0.58 0.02 0.96 1.59 1.37 0.08 0.606 16.19 1.01 0.50 0.34 0.12 0.22 0.36 0.06 1.12 -0.92 1.57 1.49 0.00 1.36 0.089 46.71 0.61 0.66 1.12 0.21 0.76 -0.610 56.06 0.02 1.57 1.07 0.46 1.20 1.81 0.06 2.782 275.63 0.30 0.39 0.97 0.86 0.71 2.40 1.65 0.38 1.64 0.82 0.99 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 % 100 Non-ruminants farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 GBP GBP GBP GBP hectare FTE 436.28 1.93 0.55 2.97 0.336 0.08 1.05 1.16 1.29 0.53 3.07 1.21 1.66 0.87 0.83 0.08 1.44 0.65 2.55 0.07 1.86 0.36 0.11 1.22 1.39 -3.97 0.96 1.07 0.47 1.76 0.53 1.95 1.98 0.97 0.19 0.522 % GBP 5% 1.52 0.10 1.00 1.07 1.95 1.81 0.14 0.61 0.06 1.24 1.14 -9.13 1.96 0.67 1.34 0.60 0.05 0.93 1.66 1.96 1.35 0.11 2.47 1.20 0.25 0.64 0.183 52.95 0.08 0.44 0.99 1.36 2.03 0.39 1.79 1.17 1.58 1.75 0.85 0.88 1.57 0.04 1.35 1.681 33.00 1.32 1.56 -8.57 1.05 1.00 0.95 0.17 0.01 1.00 1.04 1.93 0.28 -5.18 4.250 466 13.29 0.01 0.69 0.23 1.83 0.31 1.00 2.83 1.88 1.69 0.14 1.31 1.99 0.87 1.46 3.11 0.14 2.4129 49.85 0.77 0.98 1.83 1.75 0.70 0.97 0.09 0.376 17.92 0.43 1.67 -1.117 428.97 0.89 0.18 1.38 0.37 1.58 0.36 -1.58 1.51 0.30 -0.28 0.89 1.85 0.10 1.57 0.47 0.87 0.62 1.843 7.626 13.97 0.91 1.62 1.87 0.72 0.10 1.12 1.3650 55.06 1.02 2.83 0.325 178.78 1.507 44.11 1.203 43.24 0.66 0.702 102.69 1.94 0.09 2.77 0.96 1.28 0.75 0.36 0.71 0.94 1.29 0.96 1.13 0.31 1.99 1.22 1.11 0.17 4.58 1.68 1.45 1.22 -0.52 1.108 55.95 0.501 24.20 1.20 0.11 -10.96 -0.36 1.33 0.31 0.23 1.47 1.80 1.01 0.76 1.81 0.41 1.54 1.45 1.63 0.31 1.56 1.49 0.62 0.273 229 15.86 1.59 0.13 1.22 1.00 4.02 1.82 0.98 2.94 0.71 1.13 1.36 0.08 0.54 1.55 1.70 1.16 1.02 1.20 0.27 0.78 1.56 2.96 1.83 1.13 1.146 4% 58.45 0.92 0.00 0.93 0.73 0.68 0.47 0.00 0.24 0.59 0.59 0.92 0.00 0.04 0.82 2.60 0.69 0.47 0.62 0.31 0.97 0.59 0.08 0.45 1.18 1.24 1.88 0.00 1.04 1.50 1.74 -0.82 0.02 0.11 0.22 0.06 0.9 13.510 711.52 0.71 0.75 -1.95 0.2394 4.99 0.03 0.86 1.24 0.49 0.01 0.97 0.91 0.5482 559.36 0.85 1.00 2.12 1.06 1.198 0.40 1.018 22.8851 500.13 0.96 0.51 0.23 1.19 1.68 1.46 1.02 1.967 6% 13.47 0.47 1.37 0.636 17.09 1.117 93.48 0.522 7.77 0.69 1.5 506.07 1.79 1.236 342.20 0.95 1.31 0.56 0.48 0.41 0.00 0.11 0.496 48.58 -1.14 1.89 2.06 1.05 1.99 0.93 2.83 0.08 1.24 0.00 0.55 years % 53 42% 54 45% 55 44% 56 47% 55 46% 1.09 0.77 0.82 1.88 0.11 0.03 1.22 0.25 0.00 1.00 4.39 1.40 -1.66 1.8502 1.92 1.11 -0.811 19.82 2.31 1.84 1.14 0.92 0.17 0.6 442.66 1.86 0.25 1.38 1.92 1.32 1.26 1.26 1.09 2.08 1.935 11.73 1.98 0.013 49.40 1.71 0.189 0 87.61 1.04 1.752 14.05 1.82 1.22 0.79 0.59 0.07 1.97 0.76 0.20 0.26 0.00 2.99 0.337 3.45 1.09 2.33 0.16 1.83 1.31 0.00 0.08 1.19 1.61 0.30 1.14 1.74 1.00 % OECD FOOD.51 0.71 0.91 1.95 1.70 1.99 3.90 0.89 0.488 884 11.83 2.25 0.92 0.665 25.16 1.15 0.96 0.90 0.43 0.96 0.27 0.7443 1.07 1.06 0.19 1.03 1.40 2.93 0.22 0.16 0.22 0.28 2.06 years % 52 58% 53 62% 52 66% 52 66% 52 67% 1.111 508.15 0.19 0.03 -0.73 1.81 0.80 0.45 0.38 1.67 0.28 0.98 2.51 1.90 1.11 1.87 0.18 1.38 1.20 1.31 0.20 1.76 0.11 0.91 0.72 0.91 1.85 1.77 0.96 1.31 1.78 1.19 0.033 0 38.59 0.3481 3.21 1.92 0.76 0.9258 405.55 3.29 0.31 1.52 0.67 0.84 0.86 2.14 0.95 1.27 0.01 0.46 0.43 0.79 -4.62 0.38 0.05 1.081 0 14.00 1.39 1.17 0.21 1.16 0.39 1.68 1.78 -0.54 0.95 1.17 1.38 0.26 0.15 1.64 1.24 0.94 2.45 0.75 0.05 1.14 0.02 1.83 1.10 0.17 0.98 -0.30 0.15 1.06 1.06 -1.07 0.88 1.48 1.05 -0.51 0.06 0.07 0.14 2.94 1.03 1.10 0.19 1.25 0.07 1.34 1.62 0.77 0.74 0.93 1.03 0.16 3.12 -11.96 0.041 14.45 0.41 1.06 1.18 0.22 -0.172 54.81 0.17 1.14 -0.681 8% 8.77 -2.04 1.17 7.22 1.24 -1.88 1.868 26.94 1.914 46.18 0.00 0.95 0.893 99 15.87 2.84 1.93 -2.20 1.86 0.67 0.39 1.41 1.03 2.35 1.94 1.26 -2.71 0.094 101.19 0.19 2.28 0.26 1.84 -1.77 1.37 0.22 0.00 0.36 1.04 1.09 1.212 109.36 1.45 0.17 1.20 1.80 0.66 1.06 1.93 1.76 1.20 0.27 1.48 0.23 0.8 42.27 0.882 48.67 2.06 0.81 2.25 1.77 0.89 0.23 0.43 1.86 1.740 -0.14 0.257 14.07 0.95 1.88 0.03 0.70 0.18 1.42 -0.91 0.80 0.79 0.2 410.32 0.24 0.58 1.85 -1.50 1.72 1.70 0.22 1.77 1.13 0.76 0.945 618.38 1.22 1.20 2.65 0.90 1.26 1.72 0.77 1.97 0.12 1.34 3.02 0.69 0.09 0.67 0.05 3.57 1.06 1.91 2.76 1.96 1.96 1.93 0.283 73.548 23.75 0.31 0.71 1.79 -2.340 29.37 2.27 0.56 1.314 40.83 -0.33 0.69 1.93 2.46 1.03 1.80 1.11 0.776 29.71 0.11 0.20 0.24 2.24 0.74 1.32 0.07 0.73 0.730 106.05 1.24 0.910 52.27 1.27 0.65 0.32 1.91 1.03 1.10 1.60 1.551 49.222 248 13.20 1.97 2.209 58.61 0.04 1.942 659.97 1.01 1.17 0.40 1.82 0.809 27.04 0.18 1.42 1.40 0.51 0.64 0.34 0.18 0.23 1.1753 1.35 0.00 0.514 5.43 0.04 1.28 0.99 0.12 1.846 333.78 0.55 -2.93 1.19 1.3 539.02 0.75 0.95 1.38 1.30 -0.973 435.00 -14.85 0.90 0.64 GBP GBP % 73.16 0.40 1.67 0.80 2.80 1.87 2.75 1.35 0.91 1.25 0.83 0.99 1.774 26.99 0.30 -0.50 1.00 1.70 0.27 1.09 1.11 0.12 1.47 1.86 1.08 0.07 0.97 0.446 1.31 0.591 14.44 1.14 0.30 0.92 0.98 1.38 1.85 1.21 0.09 1.15 0.36 0.04 % GBP 2% -880 5% 3.06 1.69 1.46 1.82 1.15 0.98 0.58 0.91 1.89 1.31 1.51 3.08 1.28 -0.57 1.67 0.79 0.75 0.91 0.7 74.45 1.32 0.59 0.34 0.212 572.75 0.41 0.089 4.34 1.00 1.70 1.23 0.65 0.08 0.02 1.04 1.41 2.24 0.16 1.370 348.79 0.81 1.455 7.298 16.49 2.41 -3.08 0.86 1.98 0.45 0.26 1.18 1.000 28.05 1.91 1.77 1.00 0.00 30.648 591.938 58.79 1.54 1.49 0.86 1.22 0.50 0.89 0.84 0.07 1.85 1.70 0.33 0.82 1.03 1.253 24.81 0.04 0.10 0.84 2.83 1.06 2.98 1.26 0.00 0.27 0.411 56.37 3.17 1.77 1.35 -3.10 1.74 0.98 2.601 4.03 1.69 0.33 0.03 1.97 0.91 1.5740 0.07 1.24 0.83 1.06 1.13 0.00 2.97 0.22 0.33 1.05 0.99 1.28 0.35 0.26 0.00 1.00 1.73 0.75 1.29 1.16 0.31 1.59 0.58 0.06 0.75 0.22 0.80 0.02 1.94 -0.00 4.51 1.39 0.79 1.57 0.479 26.61 0.35 -3.93 0.22 0.88 1.28 1.51 0.47 -0.98 -0.92 1.08 0.43 0.00 0.09 0.79 0.19 1.28 1.298 21.60 1.27 0.30 0.02 0.16 0.99 0.01 1.44 1.12 0.16 1.99 0.10 1.47 1.69 0.97 -0.084 6.10 -0.87 1.16 1.89 0.10 0.85 0.11 0.00 0.07 0.31 0.97 2.22 0.91 1.90 1.14 1.9812 1.65 0.71 0.86 0.39 1.29 0.92 -0.09 1.06 1.95 0.28 1.83 1.07 0.10 1.899 5.492 77.67 0.45 1.35 0.82 2.72 2.15 1.47 1.67 0.83 -0.21 0.03 0.86 0.06 1.37 1.16 -1.73 1.86 1.79 -0.740 27.14 0.20 3.71 1.63 1.82 1.01 0.942 44.108 6.61 0.04 1.67 1.54 -0.67 0.62 1.28 1.49 1.59 1.22 0.25 0.06 4.30 0.12 -1.85 0.45 0.02 0.28 1.06 0.59 1.13 2.07 1.99 1.71 0.20 1.17 1.59 1.54 3.34 -1.08 1.08 0.15 1.61 -0.27 1.6212 3.17 2.34 0.15 1.99 1.10 0.82 0.00 0.38 -0.469 4.12 0.97 0.97 1.67 1.72 0.17 0.62 1.96 1.51 0.753 206 6 98.14 -0.69 0.62 0.14 1.18 1.82 0.59 1.91 1.88 1.82 1.76 0.93 0.16 0.07 1.20 0.98 2.91 29.78 1.21 1.95 1.42 0.97 1.7 63.47 1.83 1.01 1.15 0.41 0.92 1.412 76.77 1.146 242.12 3.353 22.35 1.44 1.28 1.00 0.10 1.68 1.07 6.01 0.67 1.71 0.73 0.63 1.84 0.14 2.42 1.25 0.30 0.49 1.01 1.94 0.91 1.06 1.12 0.52 1.24 1.13 1.86 0.18 1.61 0.61 1.10 0.867 259.02 1.36 0.90 1.13 1.00 1.05 0.61 0.04 1.3988 0.00 13.04 1.99 3.00 0.32 0.09 0.02 1.24 3.63 1.87 0.25 1.63 1.93 1.72 0.04 0.24 3.15 1.21 9.15 0.21 -1.02 1.74 1.86 0.47 1.08 1.33 1.35 1.94 2.26 1.40 0.35 1.36 1.46 0.34 1.17 -6.62 1.97 0.98 0.56 2.36 1.56 0.18 1.42 0.93 0.63 2.99 2.56 2.24 0.10 1.91 0.69 1.95 1.01 1.58 0.15 1.69 1.18 0.47 1.21 0.19 0.03 1.73 1.07 1.67 0.05 0.92 1.64 1.80 1.21 3.07 0.70 -1.99 0.62 0.254 7% 306 9% 981 9% 7.11 0.61 0.07 0.00 1.07 3.60 1.20 -0.427 483.38 1.25 1.45 2.27 -0.12 1.32 1.13 3.76 0.61 1.97 1.05 0.00 9.74 1.09 1.73 1.74 1.35 0.27 0.89 1.11 2.19 0.43 0.95 0.31 1.88 1.73 GBP GBP % 33.17 0.58 0.93 0.97 0.75 -1.42 0.49 0.88 0.62 1.83 1.36 0.28 1.16 0.33 0.11 -0.27 0.95 1.20 0.18 0.14 0.91 1.23 1.96 0.27 1.74 0.4077 40.36 0.51 0.89 0.37 1.21 1.33 0.83 1.89 -0.97 1.29 0.26 0.05 0.45 0.93 0.88 0.98 1.328 5% 43.51 1.03 0.95 1.833 7.35 0.440 615.73 1.57 0.940 17.08 0.26 1.95 0.93 0.06 -19.14 1.78 2.75 0.22 1.62 0.87 0.46 1.04 0.00 1.931 0 14.81 0.11 1.404 5.08 1.99 0.21 0.26 3.92 1.76 1.225 709.34 2.89 1.08 1.99 0.47 0.57 0.85 1.59 1.18 1.23 1.567 26.47 1.938 67.31 1.00 1.57 0.11 1.68 -0.10 0.04 3.10 0.01 0.29 2.14 1.54 0.06 1.4571 38.84 1.32 0.19 1.70 1.00 1.71 0.35 0.25 0.79 0.41 1.98 0.17 1.05 0.01 1.76 1.56 0.58 0.44 0.22 1.93 -0.80 1.97 0.18 0.17 0.29 0.32 1.07 2.85 0.28 0.40 0.73 0.11 6.02 -0.07 0.24 1.78 0.51 0.73 0.03 1.08 1.20 0.84 0.99 1.20 9.81 1.865 5.3823 1.079 0 86.63 2.55 1.81 0.30 -0.00 0.97 0.31 0.17 0.49 1.05 0.12 -0.81 0.10 0.32 1.73 0.34 0.99 1.64 0.95 6.36 0.08 0.48 1.14 0.36 3.72 1.85 0.96 1.25 0.74 1.77 0.70 1.11 2.48 1.48 0.626 23.04 3.11 1.32 0.36 1.411 1.04 0.33 3.69 1.00 1.98 1.59 0.131 23.97 0.727 0.98 1.95 1.07 1.93 1.20 1.14 1.35 1.12 1.04 1.86 0.59 0.77 0.84 0.41 0.16 0.92 1.23 1.40 1.72 0.32 -3.32 1.04 1.08 1.69 0.64 0.16 0.99 0.50 1.20 3.00 0.84 -0.44 0.12 3.88 1.04 1.40 1.82 0.97 0.40 1.18 1.13 1.20 0.90 1.07 1.52 1.89 1.70 0.48 1.27 0.10 0.61 1.37 0.04 0.03 1.70 0.10 1.163 67.26 -0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .39 0.42 0.457 14.709 5.462 62.72 2.012 6.29 -0.11 1.62 0.37 1.59 1.75 0.91 1.02 1.96 1.60 1.13 1.28 1.13 0.4689 532.899 512.958 19.24 1.04 1.70 0.966 5.07 0.63 0.53 1.60 0.94 2.73 1.80 1.90 1.74 0.2 82.08 1.25 0.09 1.57 1.13 0.85 1.93 1.06 1.27 0.10 1.1 77.77 1.99 4.79 0.97 1.55 0.02 0.67 -1.64 0.88 1.99 0.28 2.23 0.11 2.68 1.919 5.89 1.297 0 14.32 -0.71 -2.02 0.47 1.86 -1.152 462.04 -2.70 0.25 1.05 1.41 0.48 0.55 0.36 1.92 1.38 0.92 1.06 0.38 0.08 1.88 1.15 -6.763 77.38 0.06 0.30 1.42 0.56 1.11 0.37 1.94 2.54 0.03 1.33 0.10 -0.95 1.

79 1.86 0.23 1.95 1.09 14.881 0.04 1.55 0.10 1.980 0.87 -0.76 -0.31 1.82 0.06 0.67 1.81 0.52 1.79 0.93 1.84 1.00 1.02 1.72 1.789 0.95 1.95 0.06 1.43 0.00 0.49 0.98 1.84 0.876 206 19.17 0.4266 2.51 1.456 0.03 1.62 1.91 0.5923 0.82 1.333 0.10 0.21 0.95 0.17 -1.78 1.79 1.90 1.33 1.01 0.85 0.26 1.17 1.37 0.88 0.06 21.951 0.791 0.11 1.48 0.35 1.26 1.267 2.177 0.81 -0.10 1.17 -1.45 1.16 1.93 1.235 125.15 0.562 1.72 1.39 1.26 1.42 0.416 0.674 1.41 0.710 869.81 1.662 133.32 0.89 1.91 0.00 0.75 1.92 0.83 0.61 2.81 1.13 0.19 0.79 0.883 0.17 1.12 1.89 1.98 1.75 0.45 1.89 1.88 0.96 -1.152 29.27 0.02 0.75 1.715 0.84 1.36 1.153 168.19 1.84 0.35 0.44 1.96 1.026 0.000 1.03 1.902 1.074 0.30 0.75 0.00 0.26 2.072 0.85 1.16 1.25 1.97 1.33 1.19 0.053 1.05 1.476 0.17 0.93 1.23 1.353 0.40 0.60 1.52 1.599 1.01 0.73 0.50 2.76 0.66 0.63 2.66 0.967 0.29 1.85 1.06 1.36 0.23 0.49 0.474 12. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 0.07 1.789 0.88 1.01 1.08 0.10 1.32 1.67 0.19 1.65 1.820 0.05 0.94 1.96 0.725 1.75 0.02 1.94 0.35 1.939 1.095 0.10 1.796 0.39 0.6 228.895 1.90 1.06 1.97 1.726 1.59 0.07 1.80 0.5 216.07 0.722 47.44 1.18 1.52 1.52 0.02 0.00 0.26 1.866 1.19 0.94 1.79 -0.05 1.08 0.641 43.85 0.42 1.52 1.6571 189.63 0.68 -0.21 0.86 0.82 1.58 0.297 0.89 0.19 0.12 1.46 0.07 1.74 1.38 1.691 0.21 1.40 0.58 0.29 1.26 0.99 1.62 1.04 1.00 9.888 0.26 0.22 0.90 0.327 1.97 1.43 0.02 0.27 0.32 2.034 53.20 0.47 0.62 1.35 1.87 1.65 0.05 1.50 1.94 1.30 1.60 1.75 -0.38 0.01 0.19 0.97 1.32 2.751 0.665 714.881 27.5909 2.05 0.76 0.26 0.69 2.02 0.243 523 22.65 1.18 0.89 1.99 1.13 -716.27 0.27 1.67 0.246 0.17 0.90 1.37 0.00 1.05 0.75 1.66 1.163 0.943 0.12 1.43 % OECD FOOD.14 1.86 1.98 1.45 1.84 2.35 0.22 0.07 0.94 0.71 0.61 0.21 1.876 0.94 0.455 0.94 0.06 0.78 1.05 0.390 66.27 0.41 1.923 2.76 0.568 0.06 1.60 2.19 1.40 1.34 0.94 1.80 0.80 0.62 1.01 1.29 0.20 2.219.90 0.952 122.06 1.018 9% 11.89 1.95 0.05 1.10 1.21 0.51 0.03 1.78 1.99 0.28 -5.232 20.65 0.444 1.90 1.70 0.94 1.087 1.27 3.76 0.92 0.06 1.54 1.528 19.49 1.933 0.32 0.96 1.21 1.63 1.85 0.80 -0.39 0.07 0.42 1.72 -0.21 1.06 0.365 120.14 0.315 22.13 1.94 1.843 52.00 1.073 991.9459 2.94 0.19 1.84 0.855 18.999 0.54 0.61 1.911 6.92 0.93 0.85 0.0615 2.19 0.02 -102.665 2.57 0.06 0.170 1.87 0.81 0.14 0.34 0.90 1.85 0.18 7.27 0.02 1.555 1.87 0.18 1.656 0.23 0.327 33.78 0.43 1.19 1.95 0.24 0.371 175.82 0.09 2.93 0.91 0.90 1.71 1.23 1.01 0.81 0.41 1.93 1.65 0.95 1.242 144.887 0.803 757.856 1.91 1.54 0.95 0.43 1.57 0.10 0.70 0.14 0.03 0.56 0.19 3.19 1.35 0.94 0.20 1.9 12.676 0.91 1.88 1.058 0.02 0.79 -0.42 1.76 1.85 0.97 1.86 1.17 0.08 -21.01 1.33 0.646 148.54 0.070 3.41 1.33 1.78 0.04 0.807 0.99 2.02 1.20 1.076 0.84 1.13 1.216 1.5 212.31 1.163 0.45 .44 1.96 0.12 0.11 0.05 0.46 1.05 33.06 0.85 1.04 0.100 0.73 -0.87 0.07 1.17 3.02 1.87 1.50 1.18 1.32 0.855 33.768 0.05 0.985 141.14 1.696 0.656 0.00 1.16 0.40 0.06 21.27 0.785 0.96 0.798 0.15 1.16 0.82 0.17 1.04 1.79 1.146 35.48 1.01 1.26 0.34 1.61 0.03 1.07 1.23 1.20 1.10 1.42 1.92 0.89 0.63 0.94 1.051 0.73 1.17 1.17 0.82 0.7581 188.14 1.03 1.609 0.88 2.195 0.81 1.196 1.608 1.78 -0.18 0.16 1.07 0.06 1.34 1.57 0.26 1.812 0.38 1.14 1.31 0.83 1.96 0.48 0.95 0.72 0.03 1.826 0.35 1.83 0.95 0.625 0.17 1.65 -0.04 0.08 1.06 1.45 1.64 0.06 1.12 1.54 1.95 1.18 1.84 0.23 1.94 0.764 0.55 2.86 -0.75 0.26 1.608 33.97 1.683 27.75 1.21 0.98 0.00 0.717 1.18 0.831 0.954 169.040 0.03 0.173 988.53 0.53 0.77 0.35 0.53 3.81 1.40 1.81 0.252 1.464 47.20 1.05 0.00 1.96 1.31 1.89 2.09 0.852 0.067 26.903 2.33 1.03 1.29 1.21 0.52 0.759 35.224 0.52 1.475 1.9 184.409 0.13 0.25 0.09 0.25 1.86 1.58 0.53 0.95 1.96 0.838 53.04 0.18 0.09 1.94 0.640 31.470 1.06 0.15 0.91 0.71 1.10 1.41 1.91 1.20 1.39 1.35 0.06 1.645 1.36 0.88 0.99 GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP % GBP GBP GBP GBP GBP 81.936 439 35.01 1.54 1.72 0.21 1.731 46.727 27.69 -0.19 1.94 1.37 0.47 0.16 0.0 222.691 0.34 0.757 0.77 1.901 1.95 0.09 0.528 0.09 0.56 0.23 1.61 1.36 1.409 0.848 0.94 1.35 0.00 0.837 87.92 1.52 1.84 1.89 0.868 476 25.293 35.73 0.96 1.251 1.74 0.51 0.12 -1.095 1.315 17.18 0.205 53.80 1.91 1.35 1.731 1.36 -6.16 1.07 0.98 1.05 1.92 1.62 0.935 1.38 1.07 1.208 1.23 0.86 0.601 5.02 0.768 0.00 0.73 1.12 1.97 0.85 1.77 1.73 0.85 1.7512 183.02 0.829 0.27 1.58 0.27 1.86 0.01 1.29 1.01 1.86 0.81 1.192 36.57 2.41 1.89 1.09 -18.94 0.00 1.08 1.66 -0.040 35.534 0.92 0.74 0.73 0.43 0.30 0.05 0.75 1.58 1.655 6% 20.083 57.78 1.86 0.11 1.027 27.876 0.89 % GBP 6% 583 7% 8.96 0.78 -0.06 0.08 1.45 1.33 1.88 0.245 0.40 1.94 0.36 1.06 0.36 0.108.89 0.91 0.23 % 2% 2% 1% 1% 3% 0.38 0.76 1.49 0.33 0.03 1.12 0.00 1.18 0.74 2.26 GBP GBP % 74.08 1.556 60.99 1.11 1.072 0.29 0.10 2.29 1.14 0.71 1.35 0.62 0.03 1.91 1.42 0.093.17 0.742 0.96 0.01 1.97 0.98 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Mixed farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 GBP GBP GBP GBP hectare FTE 165.78 1.34 0.85 0.806 1.79 0.46 1.78 0.15 0.29 1.76 1.85 0.916 1.08 0.86 1.63 1.07 0.61 0.29 1.74 -0.17 1.66 1.15 1.80 1.6221 147.04 0.14 0.05 0.17 1.35 0.18 2.73 2.76 0.18 1.92 0.82 4.08 0.82 1.8625 2.766 0.81 1.12 0.37 0.864 1.99 1.938 0.10 1.24 0.10 1.94 0.40 1.86 1.00 1.93 0.12 0.53 0.580 1.98 0.844 1.09 0.85 0.90 0.07 1.38 0.11 1.98 1.86 1.94 1.19 1.13 1.52 0.28 1.6 52.71 -0.97 0.801 0.15 0.97 1.05 1.74 0.00 1.58 0.02 0.98 0.29 2.56 0.43 0.545 0.08 0.29 0.747 1.25 0.07 0.09 1.06 0.58 1.05 1.66 14.85 0.81 1.49 0.61 0.08 1.06 1.65 0.149 148.65 0.21 0.08 1.40 0.28 0.890 0.84 0.41 1.192 134.64 1.12 1.95 0.81 0.14 0.81 0.15 -0.707 38.02 0.135 0.09 -19.52 -0.74 1.080 0.04 1.41 1.34 2.30 1.231 7% 15.232 26.474 17.95 0.35 0.35 0.88 1.33 1.44 1.05 0.48 0.58 0.71 1.832 74.953 0.18 0.960 16.80 1.60 0.820 0.92 0.306 137.70 1.93 0.05 0.16 1.163 78 30.81 0.090 38.175 627.22 1.92 0.06 0.356 12.67 1.562 1.72 0.744 0.10 0.745 0.39 2.10 1.37 0.98 1.13 1.89 0.716 0.64 1.20 1.77 0.98 1.644 24.84 0.39 0.27 1.895 59.32 1.73 1.92 0.31 years % 54 57% 54 55% 54 55% 54 57% 56 54% 1.55 1.590 32.15 1.73 0.91 1.10 0.18 1.77 0.29 0.15 0.36 -4.49 0.89 1.03 0.33 0.698 2.449 107.57 0.91 1.60 1.18 0.78 1.00 1.02 0.537 5.13 -11.75 1.09 0.67 1.61 1.87 1.45 1.04 0.74 -0.456 0.996 865.65 -0.794 0.001 0.94 1.874 6.93 0.42 1.89 1.94 1.18 0.81 1.255 0.67 0.98 0.69 0.92 1.741 1.50 6.25 0.66 1.005 0.21 0.03 0.08 0.10 2.29 1.18 0.04 1.16 -8.92 1.96 1.81 1.48 1.4 12.97 0.23 1.00 0.56 1.40 1.99 1.37 1.

4 53 23.20 0.10 1.97 1.30 6000 12 096 -10 995 -13 105 -0.30 1.72 1.95 2.17 1.00 0.62 0.46 0.25 1.52 -2.46 -0.81 0.04 1.06 1.37 -0.07 1.17 0.16 0.66 1.15 2.00 1.98 0.14 1.45 1.78 0.98 0.23 1.3 0.10 2.74 2.99 0.90 1.10 1.65 0.79 1.83 0.22 0.04 1.66 1.89 0.92 1.01 -0.27 0.0 48 790 154 177 31.09 1.09 0.93 1.33 1.81 1.53 1.03 1.99 1.92 1.06 1.83 2.48 1.18 4.14 1.28 0.14 1.08 1.15 1.04 USD USD USD USD USD USD % USD USD USD USD USD 3 882 10.64 1.36 2.09 2.93 1.00 -1.32 1.00 0.43 1.53 USD USD % 59 187 112 381 52.02 1.73 1.13 1.74 1.00 1.54 1.99 1.20 2.69 1.65 0.33 1.4 53 28.20 0.26 -4.78 1.10 0.00 1.10 3.83 0.34 -3.56 0.19 1.16 3.87 2.15 1.14 1.51 1.00 1.15 1.5 0.98 -1.50 0.80 2.00 1.68 1.11 0.21 0.42 0.11 2.66 0.92 1.42 3.46 1.02 0.36 0.42 0.19 0.03 2.92 1.17 1.92 2.15 0.60 1.02 3.26 1.35 -3.75 1.23 0.02 1.18 1.07 1.65 1.75 0.03 1.91 0.38 0.12 0.00 -0.58 2.01 -1. by performance indicator.97 1.89 2.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 99 Annex Table B.92 1.48 1.23 1.98 1.54 2.36 1.31 1.18 1.02 1.17 1.88 1.78 1.27 0.70 -1.17 2.11 1.33 0.34 0.15 3.96 1.21 -0.25 0.01 2.22 0.55 0.26 2.46 0.83 2.35 0.89 2.04 1.86 1.91 3.17 1.21 0.87 1.14 0.20 0.29 0.19 1.83 1.54 0.36 0.35 0.37 0.77 0.40 1.57 0.04 0.87 2.00 1.20 % % Field crop farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index USD USD USD USD hectare FTE 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 314 068 1 392 581 199 455 1 193 126 529 334 533 1 761 360 224 241 1 537 119 545 2.60 0.93 2.58 0.63 1.13 1.00 0.41 0.28 0.52 1.34 0.56 0.74 1.99 0.65 1.50 0.07 -0.29 0.85 1.00 0.84 1.52 1.28 0.20 0.25 1.28 3.62 1.13 -0.82 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .05 -1.32 -0.91 2.17 1.28 1.69 1.47 0.83 1.08 -0.23 1.7 528 9.98 1.02 0.56 0.13 0.89 4.09 -0.51 2.00 0.72 1.43 1.87 2.07 -0.93 1.29 489 855 2 081 062 262 595 1 818 467 541 2.82 1.96 1.84 1.20 1.98 1.42 0.84 2.39 1.93 1.06 1.80 1.65 1.27 1.25 0.86 0.00 0.87 2.98 1.62 1.95 2.78 0.95 1.78 1.56 1.18 1.80 1.97 -1.12 0.57 0.70 0.10 0.09 4.36 1.18 0.41 0.09 3.07 2.37 0.11 0.05 -0.84 2.21 1.86 1. 2004-09 All farm types Output-input ratio Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educationalal attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index 2006 Average in farm type 2007 2008 Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 Unit 2004 2009 USD USD USD USD hectare FTE 452 498 2 237 087 255 460 1 981 627 595 604 786 2 526 089 333 385 2 192 704 640 4.49 1.14 1.31 1.51 0.17 2.32 0.08 3.22 1.32 1.44 1.47 1.78 1.69 USD USD % 44 733 112 632 39.98 0.27 1.54 0.27 1.55 0.75 1.12 1.98 2.18 1.00 1.96 0. United States.82 1.11 2.36 1.66 1.18 1.02 0.83 0.43 3.35 0.33 1.68 2.02 1.65 -1.55 1.16 2.34 1.54 0.34 0.22 1.14 3.06 0.55 0.92 0.04 % USD years % % % OECD FOOD.65 0.64 1.42 1.06 1.64 1.00 1.30 -0.16 0.16 0.48 2.51 1.21 0.39 1.51 -2.06 1.22 1.98 2.24 0.42 0.10 1.4 623 830 473 333 150 497 49 552 100 945 25 895 6.38 0.21 1.94 1.26 -0.32 0.37 0.86 1.40 3.15 1.66 1.75 1.00 1.63 0.16 1.07 1.04 2.57 0.12 2.25 2.00 1.00 1.16 0.35 1.97 1.27 0.91 2.40 1.1 47 814 177 355 27.00 1.13 1.25 -0.77 0.02 0.93 1.28 1.54 0.40 1.54 1.82 1.36 0.26 -0.90 4.00 % USD years % 54 27 1.42 1.02 1.36 0.86 2.30 -0.18 1.41 1.37 1.96 1.67 0.63 1.70 1.03 1.50 1.79 1.61 0.09 1.37 -3.55 1.32 0.00 1.77 1.16 1.04 8 308 6.74 1.88 53 26.35 1.66 0.86 0.13 0.05 1.10 0.34 1.36 0.25 2.15 1.51 0.68 1.86 0.04 1.75 1.06 -1.19 0.61 0.22 1.71 1.46 1.34 1.81 0.90 0.95 1.00 2.98 1.57 1.57 -2.83 1.07 0.61 0.87 1.98 2.18 1.8 1 759 5.25 -0.51 0.39 0.00 2.38 1.06 1.97 -1.99 0.82 1.23 0.07 0.51 0.58 2.59 0.01 0.11 0.98 -1.65 0.42 0.15 1.11 0.08 0.12 0.67 1.29 1.83 0.20 0.11 2.35 1.90 1.05 1.03 0.45 1.37 3.27 0.96 1.31 0.73 1.35 1.48 1.65 1.97 -1.83 2.38 0.88 1.73 1.33 1.35 3.98 1.11 2.69 -1.66 1.67 1.03 1.86 2.16 1.01 1.07 0.30 1.80 0.28 1.68 1.25 1.15 1.91 2.12 0.87 1.03 2.59 0.26 0.35 1.26 1.82 2.17 1.33 0.27 1.44 1.03 1.78 1.37 1.12 -9.00 USD USD USD USD USD USD % USD USD USD USD USD 29 353 21 045 21 045 27 386 19 044 19 044 42 927 17 032 17 032 21 017 19 095 19 095 28 849 19 043 19 043 0.83 2.22 0.96 0.49 1.87 0.29 3.05 -1.26 1.52 2.15 1.13 0.23 0.87 0.15 -0.06 0.13 0.76 0.12 0.13 1.76 2.96 1.18 0.96 1.97 -0.99 -1.28 0.42 0.99 2.84 1.27 1.04 2.80 1.88 1.45 0.62 0.14 0.04 0.11 -0.93 1.73 0.24 1.83 0.33 0.93 0.04 0.30 1.00 0.38 0.00 1.02 1.36 0.21 5.66 0.33 1.74 0.87 0.99 1.2 473 543 361 162 112 381 33 012 79 369 8 342 4.47 0.16 1.51 2.52 0.23 0.8 347 202 234 570 112 632 29 687 82 945 370 379 282 934 87 445 29 811 57 634 491 941 345 203 146 738 36 389 110 349 567 790 390 435 177 355 49 998 127 357 513 805 359 628 154 177 46 522 107 655 1.29 0.09 0.02 1.21 1.73 0.49 0.02 -0.20 0.02 1.95 0.51 0.06 1.28 0.20 4.89 0.4 52 678 181 990 28.07 0.86 1.59 1.12 1.68 0.29 1.71 1.19 1.15 2.53 2.05 0.10 1.19 1.39 -0.53 1.41 2.04 1.24 3.27 0.32 0.30 0.18 0.47 -2.92 1.07 -1.06 1.29 0.20 0.52 1.14 0.73 1.36 -0.61 1.02 0.99 2.35 1.45 465 114 2 021 039 240 704 1 780 335 587 2.91 2.83 1.92 3.61 0.23 1.38 1.61 1.95 -0.00 0.72 1.12 0.50 0.15 1.12 0.51 0.00 0.72 1.11 2.02 1.59 1.32 1.58 1.05 0.00 1.83 1.57 0.90 1.79 0.07 1.13 2.73 1.58 0.48 -2.29 1.91 1.81 1.12 1.31 0.08 1.95 1.29 -0.52 0.79 1.77 1.42 1.27 1.55 1.23 3.15 0.23 0.81 1.04 -0.68 1.57 1.27 1.18 1.96 1.78 0.63 0.77 1.19 1.33 0.27 1.10 1.71 1.47 0.46 0.46 1.00 0.13 1.16 7.22 1.06 0.61 0.78 1.7 53 474 87 445 61.31 0.13 1.58 1.72 1.42 1.59 1.75 1.16 0.42 0.77 1.35 0.75 0.04 0.36 3.46 0.67 0. for selected farm types.75 1.17 3.81 0.13 1.29 3.11 2.98 1.47 0.77 2.64 1.93 1.42 0.08 1.96 0.21 0.62 1.41 0.66 1.00 0.87 0.00 1.12 1.68 2.34 1.32 -0.43 0.88 1.78 1.27 -0.10 1.83 0.30 1.15 -0.07 -2.17 1.21 0.34 0.43 0.15 0.00 0.01 0.04 0.47 1.22 0.64 0.04 1.22 1.35 0.79 1.6 1.23 0.44 0.88 3.38 0.21 1.44 0.84 1.15 1.38 0.80 1.25 0.93 2.90 1.10 1.38 -0.00 0.10 1.9 53 255 180 117 29.0 637 941 2 346 971 289 499 2 057 472 614 4.00 1.32 1.91 0.46 1.4 0.80 539 400 2 082 181 269 806 1 812 375 573 2.2 935 4.35 1.48 0.07 1.53 -2.17 0.31 0.16 54 28 54 26 54 26 54 25 1.12 2.07 0.79 1.79 1.07 0.02 1.20 1.77 1.39 1.67 0.26 1.03 -0.25 1.04 1.42 1.94 1.18 1.10 0.50 1.50 1.31 0.13 3.46 1.83 1.28 1.15 -0.48 0.44 1.26 0.73 1.62 1.11 1.01 0.55 0.29 3.7 53 233 150 497 35.50 -2.04 0.59 0.78 1.55 1.45 2.93 1.56 1.53 1.87 1.28 1.84 2.16 2.17 0.46 -0.00 1.15 0.18 1.26 -0.16 2.05 1.06 3.92 2.16 7.67 0.12 1.72 1.18 0.00 1.10 0.32 0.17 0.32 0.46 1.83 -1.66 1.00 1.12 0.20 1.35 1.14 7.35 1.02 0.41 0.29 1.86 1.52 0.53 0.08 1.5 688 510 2 515 614 324 379 2 191 235 612 4.00 1.58 0.71 1.20 1.99 1.86 0.35 1.27 1.92 0.35 1.11 -0.00 1.98 2.76 0.34 0.98 1.01 1.77 2.54 0.98 0.97 0.32 -0.32 -0.38 1.42 2.03 2.89 3.07 1.58 0.21 0.17 0.44 2.31 0.87 1.02 1.19 0.42 -0.08 1.90 1.07 0.27 0.54 0.06 0.53 0.68 1.73 1.08 1.81 1.00 0.76 0.83 0.37 0.09 1.53 1.15 1.61 0.10 1.25 1.25 -4.14 1.72 1.08 0.87 0.02 0.00 1.75 2.59 1.56 1.09 -0.56 0.82 1.40 0.52 0.83 2.77 0.98 1.14 1.89 0.24 0.22 0.06 2.50 1.47 0.05 -1.88 0.29 -0.43 1.50 0.23 1.94 1.35 0.04 37 016 33 134 33 134 36 374 35 846 35 846 28 586 26 827 26 827 29 583 28 390 28 390 24 885 23 950 23 950 1.12 1.00 1.66 -2.83 0.00 1.13 0.59 1.92 1.07 1.37 -0.76 0.31 2.00 1.51 0.57 0.46 0.44 1.76 2.00 1.58 1.00 0.09 -1.91 0.14 2.27 0.18 -0.22 1.60 0.51 -2.02 1.21 1.8 1 193 5.09 2.93 1.02 1.70 1.13 2.18 1.96 0.17 3.50 0.24 0.34 1.26 1.21 0.31 0.57 0.98 1.51 0.21 0.26 1.82 1.6 654 973 472 983 181 990 40 704 141 286 1 922 3.72 2.21 1.98 1.17 4.13 -0.16 1.96 0.00 1.09 1.18 1.33 2.17 1.81 1.69 0.72 2.30 1.86 1.71 0.81 1.48 1.23 -0.19 0.23 0.78 2.99 0.31 0.66 1.75 0.24 3.67 1.32 -0.33 1.08 0.98 1.09 -0.84 2.80 0.30 -0.98 1.57 0.00 1.54 0.37 1.40 0.75 0.02 1.24 0.05 1.77 1.85 0.00 0.00 1.29 -0.6 53 233 150 496 35.79 1.31 -0.67 0.85 0.14 1.21 1.79 0.00 1.60 1.73 3.24 1.21 1.42 3.53 0.02 1.79 1.80 0.43 1.2 47 085 146 738 32.04 0.89 1.78 1.32 1.09 0.54 2.92 1.67 1.08 0.91 1.84 0.81 1.14 1.22 0.66 0.27 1.96 1.15 0.91 1.06 2.93 2.54 1.51 1.49 0.18 1.41 1.17 2.42 0.98 0.24 0.37 1.80 1.64 1.0 707 605 527 488 180 117 54 192 125 925 9 806 4.90 1.53 1.99 -1.33 0.12 1.33 2.24 1.73 -1.12 1.33 0.48 2.49 1.93 0.01 0.06 1.10 1.90 1.16 1.31 -3.34 0.00 0.79 1.15 1.98 1.10 0.04 2.15 1.21 1.18 1.87 2.76 0.36 1.67 0.00 1.13 -8.14 0.29 0.48 1.51 0.34 1.8 54 25.00 0.02 1.35 -0.75 1.25 1.2 604 786 2 526 089 333 385 2 192 704 640 4.11 1.59 0.00 0.75 1.98 0.33 0.13 Average characteristics of high and low performers.79 1.3 54 23.00 1.27 2.53 1.36 2.43 0.13 1.46 2.98 1.76 1.00 1.83 1.43 1.27 0.90 1.29 -0.40 1.61 0.41 1.18 0.04 1.31 1.6 623 829 473 333 150 496 49 552 100 944 0.06 2.42 -0.16 0.32 -0.91 1.71 0.

12 0.19 0.69 1.05 1.61 1.95 2.24 1.33 0.14 -0.00 2.18 -1.52 0.70 2.00 1.25 -10.31 1.98 0.28 1.29 -6.17 1.99 0.19 0.26 1.92 2.28 1.21 2.17 1.06 0.30 0.2 89 856 238 268 37.25 1.22 0.07 1.98 1.55 1.00 1.06 1.16 0.39 0.30 1.14 1.05 1.00 1.24 1.81 4.01 1.44 -2.00 -0.94 0.92 0.75 0.80 0.87 1.14 1.11 1.21 0.39 0.50 0.65 0.10 0.73 -1.00 0.62 1.84 0.25 0.93 1.73 2.97 0.65 0.69 0.75 0.68 1.62 1.90 0.59 1.06 0.73 0.02 0.19 1.70 0.77 1.00 1.84 2.78 1.18 1.30 1.30 0.23 0.09 3.33 0.17 0.88 -0.59 1.57 0.90 1.28 0.99 1.97 2.48 1.29 1.57 0.58 1.97 1.71 1.18 0.10 1.09 -0.30 1.14 1.91 1.25 1.00 0.81 1.5 57 44.12 0.97 2.13 1.37 1.12 1.10 1.13 0.55 0.18 0.98 0.44 1.69 2.79 0.64 5.16 0.62 1.14 1.09 1.42 1.43 1.23 0.0 1.79 -0.18 1.21 0.83 0.66 1.11 0.93 1.00 0.09 1.54 2.39 2.00 1.21 1.92 1.78 0.80 3.91 -0.86 0.44 2.33 0.45 1.77 -0.0 21 797 238 707 9.43 0.53 1.15 1.47 3.39 2.36 -0.05 1.84 0.19 0.07 1.09 0.84 1.85 0.32 2.90 0.96 0.49 0.41 0.80 2.64 1.58 0.42 1.65 1.21 1.11 1.04 -0.03 1.98 1.13 1.0 29 041 116 126 25.01 0.18 0.92 0.90 0.30 1.57 1.13 1.79 0.68 1.13 -0.15 1.23 0.10 0.98 1.95 1.19 0.04 1.56 0.00 1.17 1.74 0.01 0.48 -2.78 1.85 1.04 1.96 1.85 1.97 -0.64 1.73 2.04 1.25 0.78 1.28 1.00 0.93 2.44 2.86 0.07 1.36 1.41 -0.06 0.43 3.11 2.16 1.98 1.00 1.83 2.42 2.100 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Fruit and vegetable farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index USD USD USD USD hectare FTE 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 735 309 2 745 522 302 172 2 443 350 154 1 001 072 3 776 074 366 965 3 409 109 191 11.25 -0.20 1.44 1.89 856 711 2 333 796 429 926 1 903 870 181 5.70 1.34 0.01 -1.94 1.60 1.71 1.14 0.06 2.00 0.88 1.23 -0.94 0.94 1.07 0.16 0.03 1.52 0.87 0.49 -2.67 1.54 1.73 0.26 1.16 1.40 1.80 0.70 0.04 1.63 0.14 1.92 1.25 0.94 1.74 2.74 1.36 0.01 1.58 1.36 -1.52 1.76 0.00 0.14 0.86 0.07 1.16 0.37 -1.56 0.00 0.02 0.90 2.17 1.23 0.19 1.7 820 693 581 986 238 707 63 415 175 292 86 1.40 1.08 2.13 1.95 0.06 -0.83 % USD years % % % OECD FOOD.21 1.63 -0.73 3.48 1.57 1.14 0.92 % USD years % % % Dairy farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 USD USD USD USD hectare FTE 527 701 1 695 461 316 679 1 378 782 172 547 961 2 056 126 351 984 1 704 142 178 5.47 -0.61 0.25 2.64 -0.55 0.11 0.71 -1.72 1.74 1.62 0.32 0.51 3.42 1.1 51 13.00 1.95 0.36 3.96 1.27 USD USD USD USD USD USD % USD USD USD USD USD 709 0.92 1.85 0.14 5.25 1.07 1.70 2.29 1.00 0.66 0.33 1.07 1.97 1.96 0.31 1.22 1.31 1.01 0.69 1.99 0.04 0.03 1.14 1.82 1.79 1.37 1.00 0.3 55 43.65 1.59 1.38 3.31 1.09 0.00 1.31 1.77 0.99 1.06 -0.72 0.14 1.65 1.02 2.50 3.00 1.35 1.53 0.27 2.59 0.83 1.54 3.76 2.83 0.51 -0.09 1.41 0.07 1.86 0.99 1.74 7.01 -0.20 1.63 0.26 0.44 3.37 2.12 1.32 2.74 1.72 0.99 1.42 1.00 0.42 1.31 1.22 0.00 1.19 0.19 1.58 1.61 3.88 -0.72 1.00 1.10 0.96 0.77 1.17 0.98 1.47 0.95 2.04 -0.90 0.02 1.36 1.51 1.73 3.0 57 37.19 0.10 0.23 1.23 1.75 2.25 2.00 0.40 0.00 1.45 -1.66 1.65 2.69 1.73 0.86 0.72 1.19 1.48 1.58 0.17 1.94 0.24 0.84 0.19 1.19 -0.91 1.94 0.32 1.77 0.86 0.02 1.04 0.18 -0.02 1.18 0.94 1.00 1.27 0.60 1.74 USD USD USD USD USD USD % USD USD USD USD USD 134 575 10 197 10 197 69 927 15 782 15 782 186 686 8 017 8 017 8 470 8 384 8 384 98 209 29 649 29 649 0.10 1.99 0.81 0.89 3.27 -1.92 1.66 0.33 0.2 51 12.34 0.76 2.85 2.08 1.96 0.06 1.13 0.19 1.49 4.62 1.77 1.79 0.43 1.01 1.65 1.19 0.16 0.17 0.98 1.25 1.17 1.19 2.00 -1.5 0.28 0.58 2.75 1.45 0.99 0.14 1.73 1.79 2.83 0.85 2.62 53.00 1.71 1.00 1.79 1.75 0.01 1.52 0.46 2.03 0.71 1.98 0.78 0.81 1.17 0.00 1.15 1.10 0.95 124 378 25.69 1.75 1.06 1.49 1.56 -2.70 9.02 0.37 2.00 0.89 1.00 0.00 1.14 0.00 1.67 2.89 2.17 1.76 8.47 0.61 1.90 2.41 0.47 0.27 0.98 0.08 1.31 -0.98 0.51 1.81 0.83 2.57 0.95 0.25 0.14 0.92 0.57 1.34 1.27 1.70 0.30 1.68 0.95 -0.69 -1.00 0.03 1.48 1.33 0.83 3.0 51 12.37 0.31 1.98 1.72 -3.38 1.30 1.44 0.89 1.11 1.03 1.52 1.89 0.16 1.10 1.30 -6.64 0.00 1.62 0.07 1.20 0.11 1.71 USD USD % 83 319 197 649 42.11 0.12 -0.27 1.96 0.65 1.51 1.43 -0.11 1.99 1.96 0.84 0.01 0.95 1.83 0.02 1.18 0.88 1 099 182 3 904 879 380 517 3 524 362 218 11.66 0.21 1.45 1.70 2.00 1.54 0.00 1.35 1.06 1.84 0.60 1.82 0.83 0.81 1.55 0.99 1.74 1.92 3.29 1.80 1.16 -0.70 1.06 1.2 78 390 321 640 24.92 1.10 1.22 1.44 -0.26 0.09 1.83 0.90 2.10 -1.75 1.86 2.50 812 676 2 321 642 401 327 1 920 315 191 5.58 0.96 0.51 1.27 -0.11 -0.21 1.00 1.17 1.17 0.73 1.80 1.00 0.33 0.37 1.03 0.08 1.83 1.73 1.86 1.09 -0.57 50 12.67 0.82 3.21 1.96 0.01 -0.58 0.47 2.29 1.40 0.41 0.84 0.10 -0.17 1.33 0.30 0.16 1.54 1.31 1.62 0.07 0.71 2.23 0.29 0.79 1.51 -3.49 2.74 2.04 0.9 58 48.01 0.8 842 0.16 1.00 0.27 2.23 0.86 0.00 0.97 0.86 0.52 1.15 0.48 -2.60 1.14 -1.76 2.17 1.39 0.84 2.62 0.34 2.27 2.88 0.51 1.00 2.87 1.99 -0.66 3.31 0.88 673 482 2 298 415 537 129 1 761 286 187 5.74 5.77 0.13 1.13 1.14 1.21 0.37 1.63 1.9 1 084 0.68 1.89 0.98 0.36 2.92 1.96 0.02 1.31 3.48 5 559 4 850 4 850 6 875 6 033 6 033 9 992 6 303 6 303 8 617 7 533 7 533 7 970 7 430 7 430 1.46 2.66 0.62 2.81 1.11 0.03 0.25 0.40 -0.94 1.56 0.26 2.12 1.32 0.07 1.02 1.73 2.63 2.68 1.92 1.19 0.14 1.05 1.77 0.61 1.79 0.45 0.39 1.33 20.00 0.18 -0.98 0.27 -0.62 0.13 -0.92 1.21 1.00 1.48 0.03 0.58 0.56 2.87 1.75 0.10 -1.80 1.32 0.69 1.79 4.88 0.32 0.37 0.12 1.56 0.08 0.35 1.72 2.95 1.93 2.03 2.35 -3.29 -0.23 3.64 0.14 2.67 1.58 1.01 0.87 -1.05 1.84 0.85 1.43 0.86 1.29 0.7 3 689 0.44 0.46 0.39 0.48 1.97 -0.70 0.66 3.13 1.98 -0.29 0.15 1.50 0.74 3.54 -21.00 0.58 USD USD % 26 486 155 695 17.28 1.85 1.39 0.18 5.61 1.04 1.07 -0.63 1.71 1.79 0.23 1.77 0.93 0.73 1.18 0.07 1.33 1.38 0.20 0.39 -5.46 2.64 1.98 1.17 1.03 0.17 0.48 0.39 1.72 0.76 3.12 0.40 1.14 -0.11 0.83 1.01 0.00 1.22 -6.36 0.88 1.43 0.00 0.55 1.90 1.4 88 894 317 521 28.78 2.35 1.03 27.73 1.09 0.15 1.20 1.7 77 157 318 454 24.14 -1.13 0.70 3.52 0.04 2.93 1.7 540 0.93 1.79 -2.31 0.64 0.79 1.43 1.50 1.94 0.92 1.43 1.52 1.21 2.13 1.61 0.87 2.12 2.11 0.11 55 45.13 0.77 1.23 -0.39 1.0 865 095 667 890 197 205 76 335 120 870 68 560 14.85 -0.75 1.40 0.95 0.91 4.76 0.01 1.97 1.54 1.01 2.12 0.00 0.92 0.06 1.10 0.08 1.56 2.08 1.98 0.00 1.95 0.21 1 164 648 3 984 246 467 558 3 516 688 213 12.03 23.07 1.95 0.47 0.07 -0.12 0.13 1.07 1.54 1.53 -0.05 0.75 1.04 0.59 0.25 3.12 1.00 1.10 1.7 740 159 542 510 197 649 38 502 159 147 1 007 105 768 837 238 268 41 317 196 951 1 105 485 787 031 318 454 44 207 274 247 1 253 167 931 527 321 640 62 610 259 030 1 172 078 854 557 317 521 63 580 253 941 1.00 1.15 1.55 -0.27 1.41 2.00 0.93 1.18 0.00 1.63 1.27 0.23 0.14 1.11 0.11 0.99 1.95 1.00 0.36 -2.12 1.29 3.22 0.69 2.66 1.00 0.00 0.00 1.74 0.73 4.4 563 743 447 617 116 126 48 434 67 692 178 669 22.66 0.42 0.15 1.15 1.39 -2.17 0.81 1.12 1.41 1.65 -0.43 0.87 1. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .01 1.88 2.35 6.63 -1.05 1.84 1.89 3.32 1.03 0.11 1.0 703 131 618 653 84 478 67 939 16 539 0.62 1.39 3.87 1.92 0.47 1.10 1.01 1.73 1.91 0.00 0.83 0.0 537 898 382 203 155 695 49 917 105 778 54 145 12.3 0.27 -0.66 0.25 1.04 1.95 0.37 1.98 1.54 1.06 -1.91 2.41 1.25 1.16 0.05 1.90 2.63 -0.26 1.1 26 102 197 205 13.40 0.29 0.04 0.86 1.61 1.19 -1.92 0.05 1.41 1.66 0.05 0.34 0.02 0.83 1.35 0.33 1.88 1.07 0.89 0.00 0.05 0.18 1.92 1.09 1.06 1.89 0.97 0.30 18.16 0.02 1.16 0.63 2.2 21 353 84 478 25.49 1.00 1.50 1.91 0.28 1.83 3.54 0.00 1.20 0.01 1.35 0.55 0.36 1.86 -0.0 1.06 2.02 0.97 2.77 0.97 2.67 0.39 0.70 0.74 1.44 1.79 1.21 0.03 0.75 0.46 1.36 1.59 0.06 1.05 1.51 1.50 0.82 1.88 0.41 1.95 1.50 1.70 0.73 0.90 0.74 2.07 0.21 1.80 1.80 0.71 0.02 0.96 1.75 0.98 0.45 0.54 -2.44 1.47 -0.04 1.97 1.47 2.17 1.32 0.24 1.34 7.24 1.14 1.83 0.32 0.43 2.47 1.10 0.28 0.52 -0.95 0.56 1.18 1.92 0.79 1.27 0.52 0.08 -1.72 1.02 2.98 0.00 1.24 1.68 9.25 0.69 0.25 0.08 1.98 0.00 0.31 0.26 1.52 3.04 1.05 0.42 1.80 1.73 0.98 1.97 0.17 0.41 0.47 2.92 0.87 1.00 1.20 0.8 51 10.20 1.62 -2.75 0.63 0.22 0.00 0.00 1.00 -0.14 2.42 1.00 -0.09 1.22 0.74 1.38 0.85 0.86 1.64 1.16 0.00 0.43 1.89 0.91 5.15 0.87 0.45 0.19 1.22 1.98 1.78 1.20 1.89 0.84 0.46 0.57 1.19 0.47 -2.43 0.02 0.96 1.33 3.23 -4.03 0.25 0.98 1.09 1.65 1.69 1.79 3.09 2.73 1.00 1.22 0.23 0.93 0.45 1 245 634 4 304 390 424 244 3 880 146 235 11.31 2.25 1.00 1.98 1.65 0.40 -2.39 1.40 0.42 0.02 2.52 0.

39 1.23 -0.32 0.78 1.00 2.19 4.38 4.71 0.49 1.54 -0.36 0.60 0.28 0.13 1.25 1.598 30.41 1.39 1.75 0.91 0.79 1.23 2.38 1.22 0.71 1.57 1.76 2.41 0.1 74.48 3.16 0.17 -3.06 1.51 -1.31 0.24 0.95 1.63 1.57 0.66 1.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 101 Beef and sheep farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index USD USD USD USD hectare FTE 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 411 638 2 314 820 204 868 2 109 952 1 705 376 660 2 937 289 240 066 2 697 223 1 420 2.73 1.27 -1.09 2.77 % USD years % % % OECD FOOD.65 1.39 0.44 -2.75 1.28 2.38 1.97 1.02 1.91 1.25 0.34 1.10 1.44 1.76 0.60 0.97 -0.29 1.00 1.76 1.813 1.27 2.26 -0.71 5.72 2.67 0.85 55 30.30 1.87 1.49 0.25 0.37 0.48 2.24 1.64 2.00 1.978.920 238 333.88 1.66 1.08 1.39 1.11 2.98 0.11 1.53 -1.90 6.01 1.337 294.89 1.98 0.86 4.94 1.015 210.32 0.19 590 946 3 545 710 357 708 3 188 002 1 881 3.91 5.00 0.36 0.94 0.96 2.28 1.2 367.097 129.52 0.02 1.02 0.24 1.43 0.98 1.37 3.37 0.80 0.67 0.20 1.03 3.19 -0.02 3.01 1.48 9.23 0.15 1.22 2.68 1.28 1.43 1.46 0.18 1.00 2.65 2.473 15.97 0.04 1.01 1.52 0.97 1.61 1.34 0.43 1.04 -2.91 0.57 2.70 1.69 1.96 0.18 1.17 1.59 -0.70 0.02 -1.18 1.17 0.43 0.96 1.33 0.13 22.50 0.56 5.55 -0.36 0.51 -0.98 0.59 4.91 1.20 1.09 592.67 1.16 1.09 1.21 -1.27 13.46 1.63 0.86 0.00 1.15 1.54 0.43 -1.79 0.353 10.16 1.45 -1.34 -1.095 1.5 57 31.00 3.51 5.010 4.084 176.52 0.30 1.61 0.39 0.33 1.38 1.46 -0.51 1.02 0.64 1.55 3.98 0.71 0.5 54 22.67 1.31 1.661 326.37 0.55 1.66 0.264 8.69 2.89 0.29 0.21 1.84 1.84 5.031.96 0.91 0.37 0.53 0.216 113.70 474.64 1.79 1.55 6.451 494.88 1.04 0.49 1.25 0.32 1.26 0.51 0.01 1.76 1.51 0.49 1.70 1.00 0.05 0.48 7.42 1.373 42.803 1.92 1.61 0.00 1.05 0.399 113.81 0.33 3.07 7.33 2.24 1.98 2.18 0.28 1.76 1.20 0.103 1.173 95.28 -1.03 2.19 0.73 1.90 0.15 0.44 1.12 0.77 1.54 1.69 2.87 -0.373 48.41 1.41 0.77 0.92 0.62 0.95 2.71 2.79 11.33 1.65 2.86 1.35 0.898 7.88 0.04 1.91 1.15 0.97 0.23 0.02 3.85 0.35 1.50 -1.30 -0.26 2.00 0.00 1.71 1.79 -1.44 1.36 1.00 3.96 1.14 0.35 1.43 0.09 0.78 0.10 1.01 0.3 54 27.81 1.75 0.23 -1.66 1.20 1.00 2.39 1.17 0.92 0.21 1.43 1.45 0.91 2.96 1.98 1.04 1.91 1.87 1.66 0.120.79 0.05 1.51 1.57 0.37 1.59 1.69 3.49 0.17 0.53 0.61 1.3 69 391 105 821 65.39 0.11 1.5 0.70 1.72 1.18 1.85 0.57 6.598 77.13 1.04 1.07 1.41 0.895 2.72 0.20 1.17 3.64 1.36 1.08 0.635 20.77 2.82 1.0 56 30.62 1.32 1.26 1.208 36.58 0.34 0.21 0.79 -1.83 1.91 1.66 0.68 0.411 50.93 0.35 -5.46 2.81 1.82 1.30 1.21 0.01 1.05 2.19 0.98 1.94 2.97 1.19 2.02 -0.46 0.68 1.00 1.16 1.54 0.99 1.43 1.90 1.94 1.98 0.50 3.34 2.96 1.71 -1.79 1.52 1.09 1.93 0.42 -1.00 1.00 0.81 1.3 64.81 1.61 0.34 0.02 1.04 1.51 0.39 1.34 1.91 9.34 -1.91 0.9 1.26 1.02 0.40 0.00 0.35 0.136 2.56 0.28 1.91 0.73 4.73 3.84 0.25 -0.23 1.43 1.68 0.343 190 3.27 0.34 0.20 1.38 1.48 -0.47 1.42 0.64 0.52 1.04 1.96 0.82 0.11 1.86 USD USD % 54 201 102 871 52.12 1.54 0.73 0.75 1.146 277.17 1.94 0.81 6.94 1.6 82 029 88 297 92.14 1.14 1.00 0.53 1.44 5.11 0.65 2.60 0.38 0.12 5.14 4.44 1.36 1.40 1.80 1.30 1.04 -4.83 1.93 1.31 486.94 5.02 0.31 3.80 1.40 2.61 1.42 0.59 1.72 0.55 1.74 1.269.00 0.86 1.65 1.01 -0.06 5.95 1.4 13.15 1.82 USD USD USD USD USD USD % USD USD USD USD USD 13.80 0.07 2.62 1.04 1.35 0.77 0.46 -0.24 0.91 3.18 1.85 1.00 1.40 0.58 1.01 4.40 1.38 6.19 0.75 -1.85 1.91 1.10 0.44 2.27 3.22 2.86 1.32 1.00 0.48 0.03 0.03 -0.00 0.57 1.93 8.98 1.89 1.44 1.415.473 10.98 0.11 0.54 1.22 0.39 0.11 0.41 0.45 1.15 1.36 1.30 0.14 -3.33 1.77 0.65 0.04 0.27 0.02 1.43 1.813.64 1.76 0.09 0.558 21.53 -3.91 1.54 -0.62 0.32 0.99 1.03 0.757 120.37 2.40 0.61 -3.558 7.98 0.61 -1.1 7.91 2.27 1.51 0.41 3.09 1.63 1.61 1.174 290 2.63 0.08 0.62 -2.03 2.78 1.21 1.95 1.99 0.00 0.88 2.13 2.14 0.36 1.5 7.07 0.291 8.31 0.13 0.06 0.56 0.41 0.40 1.59 5.50 2.24 0.72 2.25 0.85 1.63 1.34 -1.94 0.61 0.24 4.88 1.68 0.53 0.98 0.27 0.01 1.54 1.46 1.30 -1.43 -1.93 2.21 2.79 1.2 2 727 2.291 14.89 1.13 0.70 0.80 0.62 0.26 0.52 0.66 1.75 -1.47 -0.141 129.78 0.14 1.03 1.75 1.54 -4.59 0.12 0.39 0.93 1.00 1.25 2.98 1.67 1.95 2.771 245.98 0.16 -0.70 2.539 340.67 0.26 1.76 0.51 0.36 1.68 0.03 0.01 2.54 1.121 87.37 -1.305 65.635 7.75 -1.25 1.71 0.49 0.13 1.23 0.00 1.56 7.98 1.00 1.78 1.33 3.38 2.89 -1.21 0.30 1.57 1.73 0.78 0.95 3.94 0.26 0.12 1.80 1.25 1.63 1.06 1.19 0.58 2.32 1.50 0.10 2.93 0.38 1.62 -2.792 218.20 1.42 1.94 0.45 0.40 0.56 1.02 0.02 0.28 0.20 1.97 -0.22 0.59 0.53 0.63 0.62 2.35 1.62 1.67 4.69 1.99 0.42 1.02 1.68 0.32 0.95 1.93 0.03 36.72 0.79 1.14 1.94 0.01 13 084 11 163 11 163 12 611 12 006 12 006 13 151 10 424 10 424 9 058 8 384 8 384 14 677 11 476 11 476 1.10 1.08 3.86 0.91 1.56 1.20 0.43 1.135 95.17 0.37 0.07 2.68 1.104 253.3 10.84 0.01 0.45 0.37 1.60 1.59 0.70 2.67 0.11 -1.84 1.20 1.92 1.91 1.05 1.90 2.57 0.250 155.04 1.5 78.23 0.91 1.97 0.86 -0.82 0.00 1.27 0.96 0.69 0.88 -1.95 -0.44 1.10 1.21 -0.26 1.46 -1.92 0.16 1.94 2.88 2.75 0.58 1.470 365.92 1.03 0.26 1.81 0.716 287 3.09 -2.97 1.89 1.37 1.76 1.30 0.15 0.43 0.26 0.92 0.19 0.23 3.09 1.97 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .47 0.77 4.12 0.01 5.19 1.45 1.84 2.07 0.41 1.96 1.60 1.36 1.08 2.11 2.70 1.28 1.21 0.05 0.80 0.10 1.91 0.68 2.38 1.575 1.41 0.40 -4.22 1.80 1.49 -0.00 1.12 6.44 0.53 0.81 0.92 2.68 0.9 73 877 79 554 92.00 1.424 1.35 -1.00 0.91 1.31 1.31 0.22 0.57 2.06 1.30 0.13 1.47 0.15 1.31 1.40 0.42 1.13 1.91 1.81 1.59 2.43 1.64 -1.68 0.973 6.15 -1.10 0.121 603.480.40 1.09 1.63 -1.92 1.69 0.92 1.45 0.86 1.32 0.51 1.70 0.31 0.15 1.21 0.93 0.15 1.90 3.87 0.41 0.06 0.43 0.93 2.77 USD USD USD USD USD USD % USD USD USD USD USD 1 921 3.32 0.76 1.494 274 4.48 1.45 1.75 0.88 1.73 1.568 7.42 2.51 -2.05 -1.29 0.4 0.48 -0.21 1.76 0.0 55 32.19 -0.57 -1.162 155.57 0.73 1.64 1.62 0.880 3.98 1.66 1.81 1.140 306.06 0.25 1.34 0.84 -0.89 3.30 1.14 1.96 0.14 0.45 2.53 0.01 1.09 9.04 1.59 3.74 0.60 0.70 0.01 0.90 3.95 1.28 1.28 1.74 3.68 2.30 0.68 1.80 0.700.78 0.2 54 27.82 0.23 0.97 1.51 0.02 1.705 30.89 1.71 0.55 0.17 -0.72 1.79 0.04 3.80 2.57 4.85 0.44 1.91 1.30 1.85 0.38 1.29 0.94 0.90 1.39 1.22 2.61 2.09 -1.87 0.97 0.76 0.71 1.90 3.58 0.39 0.66 0.57 1.50 0.13 1.23 1.02 0.15 -1.66 0.88 1.69 1.4 56 28.35 20.19 0.1 605 3.63 4.60 2.87 2.14 1.83 0.02 1.252 2.92 -0.35 3.56 1.00 0.27 1.80 0.91 0.89 3.76 3.49 1.57 -0.79 0.84 1.27 0.13 1.32 1.71 0.20 1.19 -2.04 1.50 1.35 0.895 7.51 1.49 0.05 0.45 1.07 -0.8 1.87 1.21 2.58 0.26 1.98 1.27 0.208 55.07 0.39 -0.30 1.49 1.85 0.07 1.98 1.40 1.618 1.66 0.293 481.73 1.46 0.59 1.705 52.94 0.75 0.23 1.58 0.08 -1.56 2.34 1.26 0.14 -1.42 3.642.15 1.91 0.15 7.84 1.96 0.60 0.95 -1.37 -2.16 0.33 1.26 532 344 3 932 863 328 888 3 603 975 2 028 3.19 1.11 0.48 0.70 0.06 % USD years % % % Non-rumints farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index USD USD USD USD hectare FTE 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 358.9 63.39 0.93 0.92 3.23 0.73 12.17 0.10 1.39 -0.84 -0.20 0.39 -3.71 0.78 1.32 4.81 0.07 1.99 0.58 1.46 0.96 0.53 1.82 0.21 3.96 0.61 0.69 4.92 1.08 1.02 1.89 1.65 1.73 1.27 -1.27 -1.00 0.04 -0.38 1.75 1.59 0.00 3.56 0.04 1.40 -1.59 1.29 0.45 -0.05 1.949.90 2.22 0.7 52 25.97 0.89 1.53 1.98 1.00 0.79 1.90 1.00 0.27 -4.02 1.79 0.68 1.08 1.00 1.63 0.65 0.68 5.73 1.22 4.50 2.14 0.80 0.01 2.5 3 201 2.91 2.75 4.03 -3.98 1.78 0.85 -0.38 -0.08 -0.819 2.41 -0.71 1.75 1.49 0.07 1.03 0.62 2.76 -1.48 1.48 1.21 0.70 0.35 0.91 0.67 0.70 0.32 1.93 7.33 1.61 0.19 1.14 8.14 1.24 1.27 0.54 1.07 1.43 1.45 1.24 -0.980 176.01 0.20 -2.00 1.76 1.48 1.24 0.70 3.411 32.843 2.83 1.42 1.79 -2.06 1.98 1.827 7.18 -1.55 5.03 0.04 0.75 0.10 3.54 0.03 0.56 -0.292 427.00 4.17 0.86 1.42 1.02 1.91 0.02 0.35 0.44 0.54 4.7 422 801 319 930 102 871 26 934 75 937 388 666 307 858 80 808 25 833 54 975 639 766 533 945 105 821 35 722 70 099 599 330 511 033 88 297 38 869 49 428 543 820 464 266 79 554 37 465 42 089 1.02 1.66 0.18 3.47 0.20 1.98 1.20 1.26 1.932 3.11 -5.67 0.263 4.26 0.71 0.82 0.54 0.34 3.35 2.79 0.31 1.59 629 342 2 902 999 287 485 2 615 514 1 742 3.166 83.53 0.77 0.25 0.39 0.34 1.20 0.09 1.7 76 220 80 808 94.03 USD USD % 59.76 1.02 1.64 1.77 0.42 -0.83 1.39 0.30 4.33 0.87 1.49 0.17 0.80 0.83 1.15 0.88 0.16 53 27.10 -0.47 0.78 0.01 -0.41 1.00 1.80 4.68 0.77 0.18 1.10 0.77 1.92 2.51 0.43 3.11 1.290 123.73 -0.06 1.40 0.19 0.1 674 1.

91 0.76 0.44 0.04 0.94 2.94 0.73 -0.1 48 333 240 611 20.12 0.72 1.68 1.48 0.11 1.75 -0.01 0.04 0.18 2.98 1.84 0.39 1.22 2.24 1.05 1.81 1.95 0.98 1.48 0.57 0.50 2.40 0.00 2.30 4.91 -1.12 0.11 % USD years % 51 29.78 0.29 0.95 0.96 0.34 4.77 -1.5 1 448 103 1 019 693 428 410 51 334 377 076 88 0.12 -0.36 2.99 -0.00 0.43 2.04 1.07 0.07 3.96 0.04 -1.36 0.15 0.40 2.90 0.88 0.84 1.17 -7.31 0.41 0.95 0.48 1.18 0.10 0.08 1.7 48 919 194 601 25.05 0.56 0.94 -0.16 -0.99 0.08 0.57 0.36 0.16 -0.10 311 1.24 0.05 0.43 2.21 0.69 0.16 1.52 0.11 -10.80 1.30 0.73 0.94 0.19 0.50 1.44 1.03 0.85 2.79 1.81 1.16 -0.30 0.92 1.76 0.33 1.00 1.83 1.29 0.26 1.54 1.57 0.02 1.16 0.69 -1.96 1.96 0.57 1.67 1.45 1.1 54 35.04 0.25 1.94 1.96 1.94 0.47 1.80 5.99 0.49 0.97 0.46 1.37 0.39 0.68 1.79 -0.71 1.51 0.14 0.93 1.00 0.78 0.56 2.01 1.81 1. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .82 1.00 1.20 0.78 0.06 1.92 -0.62 0.57 0.00 1.88 1.41 1.02 2.25 1.90 -0.83 0.00 0.68 0.79 0.49 0.07 1.28 4.39 -0.9 826 797 584 412 242 385 39 695 202 690 1 033 0.55 2.59 1.42 -0.07 0.95 0.12 1.05 2.91 1.18 0.36 0.03 0.51 1.20 0.48 1.02 0.97 -0.10 3.70 0.29 -0.44 1.18 0.39 3.74 1.17 1.22 0.24 0.11 0.84 2.00 0.40 1.22 2.40 1.77 0.04 1.52 1.18 1.77 0.70 1.34 0.88 1.21 3.56 1.73 2.21 0.73 -0.45 0.68 2.49 1.93 0.09 0.00 1.12 1.08 0.68 2.08 -10.71 0.55 1.33 0.00 1.81 0.11 0.46 -0.40 1.72 0.08 1.53 1.56 1.78 1.29 0.24 0.68 0.43 0.31 1.10 2.06 1.35 -0.5 1.88 0.86 0.19 1.85 -1.98 0.55 0.86 1.05 1.97 2.96 -0.18 0.10 1.58 0.77 1.13 -1.33 0.08 0.54 1.19 0.36 1.91 0.14 1.08 12.85 0.96 1.24 0.30 0.10 1.04 1.07 0.81 -19.98 1.77 0.93 1.98 1.86 -0.12 0.70 0.88 0.69 -0.05 1.3 47 866 242 385 19.98 0.78 0.57 1.78 -0.02 1.53 1.94 0.55 1.95 1.11 0.19 0.09 -1.18 1.05 0.48 0.00 0.05 1.60 0.72 4.90 -0.94 0.89 0.02 0.09 1.68 1.00 1.93 1.41 0.00 0.66 1.00 0.56 0.18 -0.72 1.67 0.02 1.04 0.25 0.45 2.63 0.19 2.20 0.39 0.03 2.16 0.09 0.61 0.24 1.50 1.08 1.98 0.60 0.89 0.00 1.05 0.60 11.99 0.03 1.32 1.62 0.12 0.02 0.99 0.72 0.36 0.50 2.13 1.20 0.98 0.74 1.11 -1.72 2.11 1.5 54 38.41 2.25 -2.89 1.79 -1.58 0.85 1.09 1.55 0.0 52 31.92 -0.78 0.08 0.38 2.42 5.85 -2.33 1.67 0.86 0.65 -0.00 1.97 0.82 4.95 1.86 1.33 0.24 2.10 1 442 218 2 406 676 358 442 2 048 234 145 12.21 0.63 0.74 4.07 1.99 2.41 -3.31 1 136 425 2 439 430 431 059 2 008 371 114 7.09 1.05 0.37 1.62 1.96 1.36 1.08 2.09 0.65 1.88 0.36 0.45 0.24 1.00 1.14 0.89 0.00 1.58 0.66 1.90 0.59 0.68 1 313 650 2 377 997 425 600 1 952 397 144 11.82 0.23 -0.70 0.73 1.98 1.90 2.83 1.04 0.92 1.48 1.21 -0.03 0.79 0.58 0.40 0.24 0.39 1.57 0.42 0.48 1.53 0.06 0.24 0.73 0.07 1.87 0.59 1.09 0.4 1 140 463 899 852 240 611 62 475 178 136 1.51 0.24 0.33 0.87 0.00 0.04 0.16 0.76 1.86 -1.58 0.22 5.75 0.96 1.42 0.05 2.88 1.59 1.78 0.52 0.96 1.82 0.16 -1.68 -0.05 1.88 1.02 1.46 1.72 1.28 USD USD % 36 021 291 769 12.16 1.66 1.86 2.52 -0.76 0.71 0.98 1.00 0.30 2.14 0.20 1.59 1.00 -0.21 0.80 1.94 USD USD USD USD USD USD % USD USD USD USD USD 8 910 8 599 8 599 7 188 7 061 7 061 6 918 5 885 5 885 6 597 6 509 6 509 4 643 4 038 4 038 0.7 53 36.20 1.90 1.28 1.05 0.27 2.90 0.25 0.19 2.94 0.05 0.1 1.40 0.90 1.03 2.34 -3.00 0.87 1.79 2.95 0.48 1.52 0.06 0.78 1.17 0.81 0.14 1.33 -0.45 -0.21 -0.91 0.90 1.05 21.80 0.08 0.55 2.07 0.81 0.00 1.86 1.18 1.92 2.23 0.50 1.26 0.04 1.24 0.91 0.94 1.98 0.01 0.84 0.43 1.44 2.78 0.24 -2.92 3.79 0.93 1.71 0.87 0.02 1.45 0.35 1.84 0.86 2.65 1.99 1.19 1.7 46 021 428 410 10.39 1.36 0.92 0.06 2.25 1.08 1.87 1.96 0.50 1.01 2.00 1.43 2.11 1.32 0.84 -0.89 0.00 0.74 0.05 1.89 1.35 2.12 0.05 1.52 0.91 1.5 1 320 159 1 125 558 194 601 63 453 131 148 605 0.14 3.88 1.13 1.98 1.09 0.81 4.03 0.43 1.86 1.79 1.16 11.00 1.55 0.86 1.31 0.87 0.91 0.71 1.98 1.00 0.98 1.00 2.82 0.08 1.13 0.03 1.00 0.97 1.0 859 329 567 560 291 769 43 592 248 177 127 0.77 1.07 % % OECD FOOD.98 1.58 1.45 0.102 – CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE Mixed farm Unit Farm size Gross agricultural output Total farm assets Total farm liabilities Farm net worth Utilized Agricultural Area Annual labor input (full-time equivalent) Support Total support Total payments First pillar payments Second pillar payments Other payments Market price support Support rate Gross receipts Farm cash expenses Net operating income (including support) Depreciation Farm income Off-farm activity Non-farm income Farm household income Share of non-farm income in farm household income Adoption of specific technology Adoption of organic practice Net investment Operator's characteristics Age of main operator Educational attainment Geographical condition Share of land in less favored area Land quality index USD USD USD USD hectare FTE 2004 Average in farm type 2006 2007 2008 Output-input ratio Net operating income per working unit Net operating income per UAA Net operating income per net worth Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type Average in low performers/average in farm type Average in high performers/average in farm type 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 850 730 1 803 496 316 802 1 486 694 146 819 736 2 098 419 249 223 1 849 196 147 10.42 1.00 1.76 1.68 0.08 0.85 1.19 1.04 1.78 0.95 1.96 2.47 1.67 1.00 1.44 -0.

61 1.20 0.17 0.98 0.14 -0.75 -1.02 0.77 -0.75 -0.21 -1.85 0.21 -0.27 -0.59 -1.69 0.44 0.27 -0.05 1.08 0.48 -0.63 0.20 0.43 -0.29 0.80 0.42 -0.23 0.20 0.09 -0.24 -0.49 -0.11 -0.34 0.07 0.24 -1.42 0.57 0.06 0.02 -0.17 -0.23 1.02 -0.49 0.36 0.37 -1.17 0.12 0.37 -0.37 0.46 0.07 -0.16 0.06 -0.98 0.62 0.12 -1.85 0.26 -0.34 -0.10 -0.23 -0.60 0.64 0.14 Average factor scores by country for selected farm types Australia Belgian Flanders Canada Estonia Germany The Netherlands England USA All farm types Field crop farms Dairy farms Beef and sheep farms Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 4 Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 4 0.12 0. AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES PAPER N°60 © OECD 2013 .74 -0.25 -0.23 0.45 0.55 -0.43 0.27 0.07 -0.30 -0.08 0.03 0.48 -0.12 0.55 -0.86 0.49 0.32 -0.24 0.75 -0.40 0.37 0.00 1.52 -0.92 0.36 -0.CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE – 103 Annex Table B.32 0.05 -0.06 -0.22 -0.64 0.33 -1.46 -1.74 0.56 0.77 -0.51 0.01 0.50 -0.22 0.09 0.70 -0.62 0.70 -0.29 -0.29 0.55 0.90 1.58 1.05 -0.84 -0.47 -0.08 -0.01 0.18 0.58 -1.21 0.42 -0.02 0.44 0.63 0.23 0.16 0.16 -0.34 0.20 0.25 -0.25 -0.19 0.04 -0.15 0.42 -0.30 -0.30 -0.04 0.70 0.78 -0.63 1.48 -0.16 -0.24 0.29 0.31 Belgian Flanders Canada Germany The Netherlands England USA Fruit and vegetable farms Non-ruminants farms Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 4 Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 4 -0.19 -0.67 OECD FOOD.75 0.54 0.99 0.14 0.38 -1.01 -0.16 0.70 0.

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