The ARMED FORCES COMMUNICATIONS & ELECTRONICS ASSOCIATION

ROME CHAPTER

THE BORDER OF SYSTEM ENGINEERING FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF NETWORK CENTRIC CAPABILITIES
Pomezia (Rome), ITALY 28th May 2009

Contents
 Military (?) operations in a new world scenario  System engineering in the NEC transformation process  NEC technological building blocks

 The NEC implementation
 Conclusions

28th May 2009

2

Contents
 Military operations in a new world scenario  System engineering in the NEC transformation process  NEC technological building blocks

 The NEC implementation
 Conclusions

28th May 2009

3

Military operations in a new world scenario (1/6)

Cold War 1989

Post Year 2001

2001 Post economic and financial crisis 2008 2009 Post Copenaghen

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Military operations in a new world scenario (2/6)

CORE

GAP

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Military operations in a new world scenario (3/6)

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Military operations in a new world scenario (4/6)
New world scenario requires new capabilities for the armed forces

Expeditionary Flexibility Survivability and protection Homeland Security CIMIC Cooperation C4ISTAR
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Military operations in a new world scenario (5/6)
New world scenario requires modern military operations with following main characteristics

     

Dynamic Lives At risk on a daily basis Increased operational tempo Time as critical factor Effect Based

Network Centric Operations
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Military operations in a new world scenario (6/6)
Modern Operations can be implemented thanks to the net-centric doctrine

Network Enabled Capability, linking together sensors, decision makers, and effectors in a seamless, collaborative, environment is the key enabler element of the net-centric doctrine
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Contents
 Military operations in a new world scenario  System engineering in the NEC transformation process  NEC technological building blocks

 The NEC implementation
 Conclusions

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System engineering in the NEC transformation process (1/7)
Net-enabled systems available on Network Information Infrastructure
System Engineering

Future

Architectural Framework

Today Work in progress

Building Blocks
System Engineering

Standards

Stovepipe Systems Point to Point Connections
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Yesterday
11

System engineering in the NEC transformation process (2/7)
INTERNATIONAL

• STANAGs (Standardization Agreements) • ADatP (Allied Data Procedure) • NAF (NATO Architectural Framework)
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System engineering in the NEC transformation process (3/7)
INDUSTRIAL
Canada Australia Denmark Finland France

Ireland

Italy Israel Netherlands

NCOIC (Network Centric Operations Industrial Consortium) mission is to facilitate global realization of the benefit inherent in Network Centric Operations. To that end, NCOIC seeks to enable continuously increasing levels of interoperability across the spectrum of joint, interagency, intergovernmental, and multinational industrial and commercial operations.
28th May 2009

Germany

Romania Poland Spain

South Korea Sweden

Turkey Switzerland United Kingdom

United States

13

System engineering in the NEC transformation process (4/7)
Tools already defined by NCOIC

• NIFTM (NCOIC Interoperability Framework)
NIF provides a repository for organizing the enabling guidance developed by NCOIC. NIF affords interoperability implementation guidance to allow firms to develop system elements/nodes interoperable with systems/nodes being developed by others

• NCATTM (Network Centric Assessment Tool)
The purpose of NCAT is to measure Network Centric interoperability of reference models, architectures, systems, programs, organizations or capabilities

• SCOPE (Systems, Capabilities, Operations, Programs and Enterprises)
The SCOPE model is designed to characterize interoperability-relevant aspects or capabilities of a system or set of systems over a network

• NCOIC Patterns
A pattern is a canonical solution to a problem. NCOIC Patterns typically show relationships among entities involved in Network-Centric Operations
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System engineering in the NEC transformation process (5/7)
NATIONAL

• MDAF (Ministry of Defence Architectural Framework) compliant to NAF (NATO Architectural Framework) • NATO Standards • NCOIC tools under evaluation and waiting for a general consensus on their adoption
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System engineering in the NEC transformation process (6/7)

The traditional approach
Requirements 5 – 15 years cycle

Design

System Operational Exp.
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System engineering in the NEC transformation process (7/7) Complex systems require a new approach System of Systems
Modeling & Simulation Design
Performances
System Engineering

Operational Scenarios

Services

Capabilities
Stovepipe systems

System
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System

System
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Contents
 Military operations in a new world scenario  System engineering in the NEC transformation process  NEC technological building blocks

 The NEC implementation
 Conclusions

28th May 2009

18

NEC technological building blocks (1/7)

Communications
Tactical level • Software Defined Radio • TDL (Tactical Data Link) implementation (Link 16, Link 22, VMF (Variable Message Format)) Infrastructure level

• Fiber Optic Network
• Satellite communication (SICRAL, ATHENA FIDUS)
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NEC technological building blocks (2/7)

Communications - SATCOM
Frequency bands: SHF, EHF, UHF

SICRAL 1
Frequency bands: UHF, SHF, EHF/Ka

16.2 E

SICRAL 1B
Frequency bands: UHF. SHF

11.8 E

SICRAL 2

37.0 E

Frequency bands: Ka/EHF (ITA)

ATHENA-FIDUS

29.0 E

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NEC technological building blocks (3/7)

Command and Control
• NEC Force, SIACCON (Automated Information System for Command & Control ), SICCONA (Command & Control and Navigation System) (Army) • ACCS (Air Command & Control System), SICCAM (Air Force System for Command and Control (Air Force) • MCCIS (Maritime Command & Control Information System) (Navy) • C2I Defence (Joint) • MAJIIC (Automated Information System for Command & Control ) (Joint) • ALTBMD (Active Layered Theatre Ballistic Missile Defence) (Joint)

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NEC technological building blocks (4/7)

Surveillance
• NGIFF (New Generation IFF) / BTID (Battlefield Target Identification Device) • Battlefield Surveillance Radar • Air Defense System • VTS (Vessel Traffic Service) • UAV (Predator, Falco) • Earth Observation Satellite (HELIOS, COSMO Sky-Med)
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NEC technological building blocks (5/7)
SATELLITE ASSETS: IMINT (IMagery INTelligence)

Hélios II COSMO-SkyMed
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NEC technological building blocks (6/7)

Hélios II
– 2 satellites; – visible & InfraRed; – France, Belgium, Spain, Italy, Germany, Greece.

COSMO-SkyMed
– – – –
28th May 2009

dual-use national programme; 4 satellites with SAR sensors; 2 user ground segments (IT-FR); exchange of images with Hélios.
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NEC technological building blocks(7/7)
Applications
Risk Management and damage assessment Strategic Surveillance & Intelligence (Security & Defence) Forestry Geology & Hydrology

Shores & Seas Cartography Agriculture SC~20m ST~3m SP~1m

SP<1m

Zoom of a tank

Detection
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Recognition

Classification and Identification
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Contents
 Military operations in a new world scenario  System engineering in the NEC transformation process  NEC technological building blocks

 The NEC implementation
 Conclusions

28th May 2009

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NEC implementation (1/7)
Strategy for the development of national NEC in Italy

Follow NATO guidelines

Implement them “tailoring” on national ambition within a national road-map
Assure their applicability also to Home Land Security purpose

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NEC implementation (2/7)
NATO MID TERM PLANS

 Mid term plans approach
• NNEC Feasibility Study • Focus on C4I capabilities (Priority) • Management for coherence areas (Step by step)

 Transition from “System oriented solutions” to “Service-providing solutions”  Ensure coherence between short - mid - long term
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NEC implementation (3/7)

Italian Approach
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NEC implementation (4/7)
DEVELOPMENT PLAN

New approach for organization with configuration and set up of National Coordination Centre

Definition and development of national C4ISTAR Reference Architecture Definition and development of national Defense Information Infrastructure
Definition and development of Modeling & Simulation national capability with configuration and set up of national Centre of Excellence
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NEC implementation (5/7)
Information Infrastructures
GLII – Global Information infrastructure (Europe and NATO)

NII – National Information Infrastructure

HLSII – Homeland Security Information Infrastructure

DII – Defense Information Infrastructure

The DII concept is derived from the results of NCW national study
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NEC implementation (6/7)
Modeling & Simulation national capability

Configuration and set up of national Centre of Excellence to support the NEC implementation

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NEC implementation (7/7)
Centre of Excellence support to NEC implementation

NEC Implementation
Concept Development and Experimentation
Doctrine Develop & Standards

Evaluation & Training

Centres of Excellence
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Analysis

Contents
 Military operations in a new world scenario  System engineering in the NEC transformation process  NEC technological building blocks

 The NEC implementation
 Conclusions

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Conclusions
 The modern system engineering approach will guarantee the development and management of complex net-centric systems of systems  The challenge is to put together all the building blocks in a coherent Network Centric environment interoperable with NATO and Allied countries  Italy has already done much to transform its forces and capabilities but much remains to do to delivery efficient and effective systems to the war fighters
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Thank you for your attention

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