NavCom Lab SMLF

:
La piattaforma TAS-I per il supporto alla TASverifica del segnale di Galileo.
S. Corvo, V Valle M. Gasbarra S Corvo V. Valle, M

Presented by: SALVATORE CORVO
BU NAV All rights reserved © 2007, Thales Alenia Space

Content

Overview on TAS-I NavCom Laboratory GNSS (SMLF) Signal Monitoring Facility Laboratory
Antenna Visibility Analysis Down Converter Data recording and data storage (Bit-Grabber)

SMFL SISA SW CONCLUSION
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Introduction

The NavCom Lab is a facility developed under responsibility of B.U. Navigation & Integrated Comms of the Thales Alenia Space Italia S.p.A. The idea to develop the NavCom Lab is connected with the system engineering activities in charge of TAS-I The scope of the NavCom Lab is twofold: p
1) to support the growth of the system engineering competences in the Navigation domain 2) to represent an experimental platform for the fine tuning of the Galileo ) f f f f G system verification tests
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Main Objectives and Functions of NavCom Lab

Hardware Prototyping for Application development & exploitation that includes adequate tools to develop navigation hardware prototypes and to test applications at experimental stage. The GNSS Flexible Signal In Space Simulation that is to be able to generate any type of Navigation signal taking into account all the effects impacting on signal propagation from the satellite to the ADC output of the receiver. The UERE Budget Characterization algorithms: it is designed to provide a verification platform where the UERE (User Equivalent Range Error) budget contribution can be isolated and characterized. The Orbit Determination Algorithms. This facility will analyze, define and implement the algorithms for the GNSS Satellites Orbit Determination. Augmentation and Interoperability Scenarios: Analysis, Prototyping and Tests. The activities that will be supported by the NavCom Lab are: Systems Data Fusion, to experiment possible applications of GNSS, inertial sensors or cartographic data fusions; Indoor Seamless Navigation System ( g y (IndoSenS), to develop solutions for in-door applications of navigation systems ), p pp g y Web Portal to exchange products from TAS-I and TAS-F BUNAV Laboratories and to share any available NavCom Lab raw data, measurements and analyses results to enabled users The GNSS Signal Monitoring Laboratory Facility (SMLF) that has been designed to allow tracking of the GNSS satellites for monitoring of the RF and Code & Data characteristics of GNSS SIS implementing both real-time and post-processing analysis of the GNSS signals received on ground.

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Overview on TAS-I NavCom Laboratory

Analysis & Algorithm Development Lab
In the Analysis & Algorithm Development Room will be implemented the following functionalities:

Stanza

6600.00 mm.x 4000.00 mm.

Stati on

Meteo

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Overview on TAS-I NavCom Laboratory

Analysis & Algorithm Development Lab
In the Analysis & Algorithm Development Room will be implemented the following functionalities: System Engineering Data & Configuration Management; UERE b d budget characterization; h i i SynchroNet; Orbit Determination Algorithms; Galileo Signal Acquisition & Tracking algorithms; GNSS Bit-True Signal Simulator; Web Portal;

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6600.00 mm.x 4000.00 mm.

Stati on

Meteo

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Overview on TAS-I NavCom Laboratory

Measurements & Platform Development Lab
In the Measurements & Development Room will be implemented the following functionalities:
At o mi Atomic c Fir e wall Cl o ck Firewall Clock SERV VER SERVE ER
11 12 11 11 12 22 10 10 99 33 88 44 77 66 55

VSG

Network Analyser

Spectrum

Database

Oscilloscopio

Bit Grabber

Spectrum

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GPS/GALILEO

Riceviers

Spectrum

Oscilloscopio

Me eteo Meteo Sta on ation Stati S

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Overview on TAS-I NavCom Laboratory

Measurements & Platform Development Lab
In the Measurements & Development Room will be implemented the following functionalities:
Fir e wall

Signal Monitoring In-Door Seamless Navigation g System (InDoSeNS)

11 12 1 2 10 9 3 8 4 7 6 5

At o mi c Cl o ck

VSG

Network Analyser

Spectrum

SERV VER

Database

Oscilloscopio

System Data Fusion
Meteo Stati on S

Bit Grabber

Spectrum

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GPS/GALILEO

Riceviers

Spectrum

Oscilloscopio

Collection of main weather parameters

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GNSS Signal Monitoring Laboratory Facility

Simultaneous operations of three independent measurement systems are implemented:
Real-Time Signal Analysis (Green Block): that allows real-time RF signal Characterization (i.e. Spectrum of modulated signal Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP), Nominal Power Level, Occupied Bandwidth, Frequency Stability (if possible), Carrier-to-Noise Ratio C/N0, intra-band and out of band emission). User Analysis (Blue Block): that allows evaluation on Raw data, Navigation Messages, BER, Doppler, Cycle slips Signal quality, Signal status, SNR,…. Post-Processing Signal Analysis (Orange Block): it allows a SW analysis in a post processing way. Several investigation like signal rate, Code and carrier phase, received phase noise, are carried out.
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SMLF High Gain Steerable Antenna

The antenna system, operating in the L-Band, is an high efficient prime focus feed 5.1m-reflector system operating in the L-Band equipped with a wide band (1100-1600 MHz) RHCP feed The feed. antenna main reflector is a 5.1m axially symmetric parabolic surface made from Fibre Glass.
Antenna type Receive frequency Polarization Overall G/ T at E5 Sidelobes Axial ratio LNA Gain LNA N/ F 5.1 m parabolic antenna, prime focus L-Band 1100 – 1600 MHz RHCP 11.5 dB/K to zenith; 5.7 5 7 dB/K towards horizon -24 dB 1.8 dB max 35 dB 1 dB max

Band Gain B.W. BW

1.1 GHz 32.6 dBi 4 deg

1.35 GHz 34.4 dBi 3.7 3 7 deg

1.6 GHz 35.9 dBi 2.75 2 75 deg

The RF signals is amplified by a set of two cascaded low-noise amplifiers (LNA) with a total gain of 100 dB and a noise figure of 1 dB.
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SMLF satellite visibility analysis

The scope is to guarantee a spectra discrimination of the useful tracked i t k d signal (G lil or GPS) with respect t other satellites (GNSS l (Galileo ith t to th t llit satellites)

The simulations have been carried out considering the minimum e s u at o s a e bee ca ed co s de g t e u angle between the projection of two specific satellite to a fix point in the ground corresponding to SMLF Antenna.

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SMLF satellite visibility analysis

Minimum angular distance between Galileo SV03 and the remaining SVi Galileo and GPS

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SMLF satellite visibility analysis

The processed data point out that every satellite is in view only for a limited time and that the minimum angular distances go down under few degrees. The main two results are:
1. 2.
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the possibility that, in limited time, the satellite, despite in view from the ground station, p y p g couldn’t be discriminate if the antenna beam is not enough narrow the limited duration of the single satellite observations

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SMLF satellite visibility analysis

This analysis has been done to establish how long (in time percentage) the Galileo 5.1m antenna is able to track a selected satellite, considering a prefixed threshold of 3 degree on the antenna beam

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SMLF satellite visibility analysis

It can be noted that, for the maximum threshold (4 degree@1.1GHz worst cases) for the Galileo system the availability of the verification service is approximately of 96% of the visibility time and 92% for the GPS system
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Antenna Control System

The pointing system is driven by a Tracking Controller able to control antenna Controller, motion and the satellite tracking, with 0.001 degree of resolution and an overall accuracy of 0.02 degree The tracking pedestal is an elevation over-azimuth heavy-duty and high dynamic tracking pedestal. It is characterized by dual drive design two brushless servomotor and will carry the 5 1m Antenna in wind up to 80 Km/h 5.1m gust and 180 Km/h Survival The tracking controller software, developed by TAS, TAS uses satellites ephemeris d t extracted t llit h i data, t t d from Galileo/GPS receivers to control the ACU. Data are processed and converted into the ACU format
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Down Converter

The down converter device guarantees system flexibility and modularity in term of band and intermediate output frequency selection.

92 MHz

42 MHz

42 MHz

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10 MHz external reference provided by an Active Hydrogen Maser Maser.
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Data Recorder and Data Storage

The SMLF BitGrabber is a digitizer, combined with data recorder and storage system steered by a high-performance Dual Core processor controller designed for GNSS applications and developer controller, with National Instruments COTS:
• The system is composed of an high-speed digitizer, features two 100 MS/s simultaneously sampled input channels with 14-bit resolution up to 14 bit 100 MHz bandwidth. It is based on the PXI Express technology and the operative frequency (IF) is related to the down converter setting • The PXI Express system provides x4 PCI Express links (1 GB/s single direction per link) and a x1 PCI Express link to a PCI Express-to-PCI translation bridge on the backplane. • The system accepts a system timing controller for advanced timing and synchronization (10 MHz of y p y g g y ( external reference NavLab active H Maser) . • Since a sampling phase, the signal data flow passes, in real time, to external storage through the data recorder, that provides recording and playback capability up to 600MB/s • Quad eSATA 4X connectors allows connection to external storage drive chassis or up to 8 individual SATA disk drives with the a memory size 3TB
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SMLF SISA SW

The SMLF facility implements the capability to collect, process and archive high quality data and measurements from the tracked satellites. Data types are three:
Samples of the satellites signal, gathered with several devices:
I & Q samples from the Bit-Grabber, after the down converter (IF); I & Q samples from the IF sampler (receivers) p p ( ) I & Q samples from the dedicated instruments, like vector signal analyzer SW with such option

Raw Data: the observables (pseudo-ranges, carrier phase, C/N0, etc) from the (p g , p , , ) Galileo/GPS receivers, connected both to the L band Steerable antenna dish and to the user antenna; Measurements of basic parameters like power level, frequency stability, occupied bandwidth, Spectra shaping and PSD, taken from the instruments, such as spectrum analyzer and vector analyzer, including also a frequency meter and a power meter.
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SMLF SISA SW

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Tra cking of B cha nne l

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Time [e a ch point corre sponds to 2ms]

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Tracking of C cha nne l I Q

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Ti m e [ e a c h p o i n t c o r r e s p o n d s to 2 m s ]

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Laboratory Equipment

Galileo/GPS RECEIVERS
Septentrio PolaRx2 supports reception of L1 and L2 signals Javad LEXON GGD 50 channels of single frequency GPS and GLONASS with raw data and position solution output rate up to 100 times per second in a small attractive, sturdy, and watertight box. Septentrio GeNeRx1 is a 54-channel dual-constellation multifrequency receiver that is capable of tracking GPS L1 L2 and L5 and L1, Galileo L1, E5a, E5b, E5 (AltBOC) and E6 signals, and provides detailed measurements and data for all tracked signals. GeNeRx1 can operate in dual constellation GPS/Galileo mode as well as in Galileo only mode. The Septentrio PolaNt: a dual-frequency antenna for precise positioning and surveying applications. The antenna incorporates low-noise amplifiers. The Novatel GPS-704X antenna offers access to multiple Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) including GPS Galileo and GLONASS frequencies GPS, frequencies.
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Laboratory Equipment

The Symmetricon MHM 2010 Allan deviation (measured in 1Hz bandwidth}: •1s 2.0E-13 •10s 5.0E-14 •100s 1.3E-14 •1000s 3.2E-15 •Floor* 3.0E-15 • Long term: <2.0E-16 per day* g p y • Auto tuning: no external reference required * Achieved after extended period of unperturbed, continuous operation. Portable Frequency Rubidium Standard (PFRS)

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Conclusions

The design of NavCom Lab SMLF is based on the acquired knowhow in the frame of GIOVE-A/B experimentation campaign, Galileo IOV test campaign and Galileo System Evaluation Equipments The Th SMLF is able to guarantees a continuous signal monitoring of i bl t t ti i l it i f one GNSS satellite per time The NavCom Lab SMLF represent a good candidate to support signal characterization activities in the RNSS scenario The final target is to create an asset to be made available for the current and future Galileo activities concerning the performance verification of the system and the evaluation of possible scenarios about its evolution.

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Thank You for Your Attention! f Y Att ti !
SALVATORE CORVO
Thales Alenia Space Italia S p A S.p.A.
Via Saccomuro 24, I-00131 – Roma (Italy) Ph. Nr.: +39 – 06 – 4151.2282 FAX Nr.: +39 – 06 – 4191.287 E-mail: Salvatore.Corvo@thalesaleniaspace.com

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