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Manthan Topic: Building Skillsets

Skills Shortage A new vocational educational model to bridge the gap

Team Details
Please note that this a sample presentation to guide the participants to structure their report. Manthan Team takes no responsibility for the data presented in this report.

• Around 75% of technical graduates and 85% of general graduates are unemployable • Around 90% do not have the requisite English proficiency C. Source: National Employability report.50% 9.68% IT Services IT Product Knowledge Hardware Business Process Networking Process Outsourcing Outsourcing B.India churns out 3 million graduates every year however employability of these graduates is a major concern Employability of technical graduates 36.22% 2. National Sample Survey.69% Disconcerting characteristics of Indian employment A. Media reports 2 . Unemployment increases with education: • Illiterates have the lowest unemployment rates while educated graduates have highest rates • Hypothesis: Mainstream education in India is totally out of sync of job market requirements Unemployment peaks in the most productive age group of 19-35 years: • Unemployment level in Kerala one of the most literate states has around 35% unemployment in this age group • Hypothesis: Productive youth are unable to find the employment opportunities they seek Urban unemployment higher than rural unemployment • Rural unemployment at 7% is lower than urban unemployment at 14% • Hypothesis: Lack of specialized skills of urban youth 17. UGC report.57% 40.

retired executives and graduate students • Incorporating requirements of actual employers with government corporate funding • Volunteers to impart skills training on holiday and weekends • Region wise skill mapping of volunteers to skills gap identified facilitated by a central management team backed by technological and organizational enablers • Curriculum design.Building skills through a large network of volunteers managed centrally is an innovative way to address the skill gap Snapshot of solution proposed Volunteer driven skills training • Extremely low cost and fungible skills training institutes • Volunteers drawn from various service professions. placement support. credit support integral part of the model • Utilizes the skills freely available in society as opposed to institutional setups like Industrial training Institutes which have outdated curriculum and no linkages with industry and are facing staff shortages • Large impact (5 mn educated) with very low cost (INR 5 cr per year) 3 Implementation model Advantage over existing system .

retired executives and graduate students Network of volunteers • Professionals Have specific skills needed in the job market Can impart relevant training through work experience Free during weekends More than 50 million IT and other services professionals English proficiency IT and computer training Paramedical skills Retail and hospitality training Manufacturing skills training Cooking.We will build a network of volunteers drawn among professionals. culinary skills Small entrepreneurial ventures • • • • • • • Retired / Defence services Long and distinguished work • experience Opportunity to work in • voluntary engagements Ample spare time More than 20 million retired • executives Industrial operations. • fabrication. apparels • English proficiency Computer training • Graduate students Easy to tap into by contacting major colleges Opportunity to build their resumes and additional training skills Around 1 million graduates English proficiency Computer and IT skills training Web and mobile programming 4 Rationale for choosing the group Number • • • • • • Potential skills • imparted • • • .

5 Million+ volunteers across complexes.Volunteers will be recruited through online and offline channels after assessing the area wise skills gap Building the volunteer army Recruitment Need of skills assessment • We will understand the requirement at block level for both urban and rural areas • Survey of industries/ services per district and per block and potential requirement of skills identified • Direct interaction with service providers/ manufacturers and potential trainees in the area • Complete district wise and block wise skills and volunteer requirement identified Management & Mapping Recruitment of volunteers Implementation Awareness Building • Direct recruitment from central/ state • Large scale media and government offices offline campaign to support • Direct recruitment by reaching out to the volunteer recruitment NGOs/ Voluntary organizations drive • Reaching out to colleges and alumni • Both traditional and social associations media will be utilized to • Online registration spread the message • Mobile based registration • Posters/ Banners to be put up in high footfall urban areas like shopping 0. Railway stations the country to be recruited 5 .

The volunteer network will be managed by a central management team supported by state of the art infrastructure Managing the volunteer army Recruitment Recruitment of volunteers District offices Central management system Central system to map volunteers with districts and areas backed by IT infrastructure Management & Mapping Training at district level School Implementation Salient features • Teaching preferences and location of volunteers to be taken at the time of registration • Volunteers to be assigned to their home zones based on the needs of skills training in the district • Arrangement of training venue viz school. government buildings etc to be mapped by the central management system staffed by few government employees with online database 6 NGOs Govt building Education camps Volunteer homes Online .

• Computerized vocational training basic computer skills through internet and Video • Formal education curriculum to conference be incorporated to enable • Online content: Video recordings of students to acquire diplomas. Scalability and Sustainability Training delivery model Curriculum • Medium of instruction: English • Curriculum design: Inputs to be • Training Period: 3 months to 1 year taken from main clients of the only on weekends based on the program viz corporates and training module SMEs • Venue : Local government schools • Generic modules like numeracy. courses to be uploaded on internet certificates • Corporate support for the program will be forthcoming with quality of graduates being produced • Eg. communication skills. or offices literacy.Key elements of the implementation plan are designed to make it scalable and sustainable Implementing the plan Recruitment Management & Mapping Implementation Corporate support. Reliance trained 20000 workers out of 70000 needed to build Jamnagar refinery who could have been directly recruited • Recruitment of volunteering teachers from among the newly passed out graduates will help the model be self driven 7 .

FTE: 2 IT Team Front end and backend support FTE: 4 Regional organization City Controller City Controller Regional Controller Regional Controller One Regional controller for each of 100 regional and district centres identified for imparting of vocational training. FTE: 6 Co-ordination Team Mapping of trainees & volunteers. FTE: 3 Finance Team Funds management. He will be supported by a venue volunteer.We will have a organization team at central and regional level consisting of around 80 FTEs Organizational setup for the initiative Central Management Team Chief Controller Outreach/ Media team Corporate support. co-ordination volunteer. Media strategy . FTE: 3 Reports to Director of Vocational training Manages and responsible for the initiative Curriculum team Curriculum design and co-ordination FTE: 12 Recruitment Team Recruitment of volunteers through all channels. Trainee groups and local NGOs. FTE: 50 8 .

We propose to raise additional 20% from philanthropists and through nominal training cost charged from individuals 9 .The vocational training model will require around INR 5 cr of funding from government and corporate bodies annually Chief Controller (1FTE x 8 lakh pa) Organization cost Total Funding Central Teams: (30 FTEs x 4.6 lakh avg pa) INR 3 cr per annum Regional: (50 FTEs @ 5 lakh pa) Required Transportation cost Logistics cost Establishment cost IT Hardware cost INR 50 lakh per annum Technology cost IT Software cost Communication expense INR 1 cr per annum The volunteer driven training is envisaged as a 50:50 funding partnership between the Government and private bodies who are the main beneficiaries.

CNCs. half-year and annual Additional help Placement Support • Placement support to graduating students by inviting firms who can utilize their skillsets • Industry internships and traineeships for students Volunteer Network • 0.1 Mn Students Skills imparted • Computer literacy • English proficiency • Basic manufacturing skills training: machine tools. Apparel manufacturing and fabrication • Web and mobile programming • Retail and Hospitality • Basic accounting skills Integration with mainstream • Diplomas/ Certificates to be awarded • Formal education modules to help gain admission into colleges or diploma courses 10 .The program will be able to impact 5 million people every year through a network of 0. quarter.5 million volunteers Impact and Reach Trainees • 5 Mn to be trained yearly across 100 districts / cities • Programs will be for a month.1 Mn Retired Executives • 0.5 Mn volunteers to be recruited through the outreach drive • 0.3 Mn Professionals • 0.

The volunteer driven model of vocational training faces key concept and implementation risks Challenges and Risks Concept Risks • Government or corporates do not see the viability of funding this model • Unemployed youth do not see the value of vocational education and prefer formal programs • Volunteer enrollment minimal and key profession groups show no interest Mitigation factors • Funding from other sources or self funded model via training fees • Tighter integration with formal education • Advertising/ Awareness Campaign Implementation challenges • Difficulty in integrating with government infrastructure and institutions • Placement of students will be a big challenge • Curriculum design and fit to industry needs a massive effort • Tie-ups with other vendors for providing venues and offline registration/ interaction channels • Tie-ups with placement agencies • Tie-ups with industries for internships/ articleships • Bringing in industry leaders/ NGOs for curriculum and training inputs 11 .

2008 Report of the Special group on targeting 10 million opportunities per year. Vocational Education and Training System . Human Development Unit. Planning Commission India 2002 Report of the Task Force on employment opportunities.Appendix References • • • • • • • • • • Unsettled Settlers: Migrant Workers and Industrial Capitalism in Calcutta Wilfred Malenbaum. Planning Commission India 2001 Skill Development in India. University of British Columbia 17 Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Micro and small enterprises Towards a Knowledge Society. World Bank 2006 Entrepreneurship in India. Urban Unemployment in India Published by: Pacific Affairs. National Knowledge Commission India. National Knowledge Commission 2008 12 .