Prepared for: Marquette County Road Commission Ishpeming, MI

Prepared by: AECOM Marquette, MI 60240279 December 9, 2011

Hydraulic Report
County Road 595 Bridge over Second River

Prepared By AECOM Brian A. Hintsala, P.E. 906.226.4966

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Contents
1.0  Introduction..........................................................................................................................1  2.0  Method of Analysis .............................................................................................................1  3.0  Variables and Coefficients .................................................................................................1  4.0  Starting Point .......................................................................................................................1  5.0  Discussion ...........................................................................................................................1  6.0  Conclusion ...........................................................................................................................2 

List of Appendices
Appendix A HEC-RAS Computations  Appendix B Profile Sheets  Appendix C Topographic Map ‐ HEC-RAS River Sections  Appendix D Bridge Plans  Appendix E Cross Sections  Appendix F Damage Waivers  Appendix G Flow Rates Appendix H Site Photographs Appendix I USGS Topographical Map and River Gradient Calculations

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1.0

Introduction

This hydraulic report is being prepared for the Marquette County Road Commission concerning the proposed County Road 595 crossing of the Second River. The site is located in Section 25 of T48N, R29W, Quad Map Name - Diorite (Lat. 46.52666610/Long. -87.86756371) in Champion Township, Marquette County. Multiple road alignments were investigated. The chosen alignment crosses the river at the site of an existing crossing composed of multiple culverts. The existing culverts are both structurally and geometrically inadequate for the projected road traffic and require replacement.

2.0

Method of Analysis

The hydraulic analysis was performed using the “HEC-RAS River Analysis System” computer program, Version 3.1.3 developed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Hydraulic Engineering Center. The steady flow data for the flood events were obtained from the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ).

3.0

Variables and Coefficients

The river sections near the bridge use an expansion coefficient of 0.30 and contraction coefficient of 0.50 which are suitable for a typical bridge per Table 3.3 of the HEC-RAS Hydraulic Reference Manual. The Manning’s n-values for friction loss were selected using Table 3.1 of the HEC-RAS Hydraulic Reference Manual. The main channel is fairly uniform with some weeds so a value of 0.035 was chosen. The overbanks are covered with medium brush so a value of 0.070 was chosen. Representative photographs of the site are included in Appendix H.

4.0

Starting Point

The starting point of the analysis was a surveyed river section about 227 feet downstream of the proposed road. This location was chosen because it was far enough downstream to be outside of the influence of the proposed bridge. The starting water surface elevation was calculated by HEC-RAS using the slope-conveyance method. An average channel slope of 0.0012 was estimated from a USGS quadrangle map and used for the normal depth boundary condition. The calculations are included in Appendix I.

5.0

Discussion

The main channel of the Second River is variable in width and not well defined. At the 100-year flood event a large portion of the flow is carried by the overbank floodplain. The river gradient is relatively flat and the flow regime is sub-critical for all flood events. The existing crossing is composed of two 36" circular culverts and one 42" x 66" elliptical culvert. Because of the relatively low hydraulic capacity of the existing culverts, the road is overtopped during flood events. The proposed bridge will be placed directly over the location of the existing culverts. The proposed bridge has a span of 58 feet. The relatively large span is required to replace the culverts because the overtopping of the existing road during flood events. In addition, the proposed

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bridge is highly skewed (to align it to the river channel) which reduces its effective width. The proposed bridge is composed of a prestressed concrete box beam deck supported by concrete foundation walls on steel piles. The restored stream banks are protected with heavy riprap. The proposed bridge has a large enough hydraulic opening to reduce the water elevations upstream of the bridge without overtopping the proposed road. The river cross sections are placed in HEC-RAS at the distances measured along the center line of the channel. In some cases the surveyed sections on each side of the bridge were adjusted up or downstream as required to model the bridge using the standard bridge/culvert input section of HECRAS. This is required because the actual location of the bridge was not known when the survey was performed. The final positions of the sections are shown in the plan view in Appendix C. The existing road approaches cut off a portion of the overbank flow during the higher flow events. Ineffective flow areas were included in the overbank portions of the cross sections upstream and downstream of the bridge as suggested in chapter 5 of the HEC-RAS Hydraulic Reference Manual. The proposed bridge has a larger hydraulic opening than the existing culverts. This reduces the water velocity at the crossing as well as the water elevation upstream. Table 1 on the following page summarizes the key model results for two configurations: 1. The existing 3 culvert crossing. 2. The proposed 58’ span bridge.

6.0

Conclusion

Analysis results indicate that the proposed bridge decreases water surface elevations and channel velocities for all of the flow events compared to the existing bridge.

50 5.21 -0.Hydraulic Comparison of Bridge Options County Road 595 over Second River 3/18/2011 Table 1 HEC-RAS Analysis Results Flow Water Surface Velocity in thru Elevation at Upstream Channel at Bridge Bridge Face of Bridge River Station 9 River Station 8.00 1557.5 Opening (feet) (ft/sec) (cfs) Energy Gradient Elev at Upstream Face of Bridge River Station 9 (feet) 100 Year (600 cfs) Change Energy Gradient Elevation at 450' Upstream of Bridge River Station 11 (feet) 100 Year (600 cfs) Change Model Configuration Existing Culverts Proposed Bridge 100 Year (600 cfs) 10 Year (220 cfs) 100 Year (600 cfs) 100 Year (600 cfs) Change 5.83 -0.30 1558.37 -0.48 6.67 1557.37 1557.17 .28 3.12 168 600 1557.58 1557.

AECOM Appendix A HEC-RAS Computations .

zip In order to provide a brief summary of the analysis results.AECOM Computations The HEC-RAS data files are included in a separate electronic folder named: HEC-RAS_CR 595 over Second River. a “Profile Output Table” for both the existing and proposed conditions are included on the following pages. .

47 1557.30 0.33 44.69 283.00 1556.53 124.00 220. Elev (ft) 1556.99 37.83 1556.25 5.79 188.51 1552.73 363.11 0.16 378.HEC-RAS Plan: Ex Culverts River: Second Riv Reach: Main Reach River Sta Profile Q Total (cfs) Main 11 Q10 220.47 1557.40 0.79 1551.66 1.45 83.79 1551.74 1556.93 1557.08 1554. (ft) E.63 1.000144 0.48 1551.00 460.08 304.21 Culv Vel DS (ft/s) Culv Vel US (ft/s) Q Culv Group (cfs) Q Weir (cfs) 1553.85 238.99 5.47 227.22 347.84 6.00 460.17 0.12 475.84 6.25 5. Slope (ft/ft) 0.09 1554.32 2.77 302.05 1555.86 39.001200 0.003728 0.36 2.71 1558.17 6.31 0.54 5.79 1555.50 5.71 290.00 600.48 1551.67 1556.28 6.65 4.25 283.79 1551.70 1551.5 8.51 1552.95 1551.5 8.62 115.46 0.91 5. Elev (ft) 1557.00 600.16 4.G.5 8.51 Froude # Chl 0.000482 Vel Chnl (ft/s) 2.73 E.00 220.00 460.000445 0.000699 0.00 600.51 1557.63 2.20 0.19 41.53 38.000134 0.00 600.00 460.05 326.00 Main 11 Q100 600.21 1556.95 517.5 8 8 8 7 7 7 Culvert #2 Culvert #1 Culvert #3 Culvert #2 Culvert #1 Culvert #3 Culvert #2 Culvert #1 Culvert #3 Q10 Q50 Q100 Q10 Q50 Q100 Q10 Q10 Q10 Q50 Q50 Q50 Q100 Q100 Q100 Q10 Q50 Q100 Q10 Q50 Q100 220.18 0.00 220.00 Min Ch El (ft) 1552.56 1555.85 Flow Area (sq ft) 141.92 1557.36 101.26 94.87 1556.03 283.41 1554.42 2.50 5.89 1557.36 3.85 4.54 1557.5 8.001201 0.99 431.55 81.70 1551.00 600.03 431.26 206.23 0.003103 0.38 1556.G.24 178.00 1556.86 5.84 6.31 5.00 Main 11 Q50 460.S.48 0.00 220.002073 0.S.93 3.12 325.18 0.00 460.000330 0.001200 4.43 1554.68 506.03 283.5 8.62 41.00 600.001538 0.71 Top Width (ft) 76.42 3.80 218.59 292.5 8.95 36.000346 0.87 457.02 1557.54 5.34 0.86 271.58 Crit W.00 220.56 1551.15 1556.11 0.00 460.003475 0.48 0.91 1557.53 176.67 7.23 2.95 1557.00 220.00 460.5 8.17 89.33 188.75 1556.28 6.41 1557.48 1555.83 5.70 W.5 8.69 37.56 1551.00 Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main 10 10 10 9 9 9 8.99 .04 1555.00 600.96 1555.00 0.99 431.48 1551.51 1551.98 578.69 37.34 1554.

03 176.00 600.001602 0.003476 0.35 169.56 W.25 146.51 1551.00 460.91 1555.004963 0.46 0.83 1555.39 1554.63 498.37 1555. Slope (ft/ft) 0.00 460.83 1557.70 1551.30 1557.80 5.000541 0.20 36.93 1557.G.000768 0.12 1557.5 8.18 74.24 139.14 257.36 0.01 1556.71 1557.93 208.21 1555.71 1556.45 0.86 1555.004011 0.00 600.59 0.15 434.53 1555.90 1551.16 214.002935 0.70 1554.78 5.48 1551.00 220.36 4.90 1551.73 31.77 1556.88 260.45 0.001846 0.23 0.001201 Vel Chnl (ft/s) 3.43 1556.90 1551.56 1551. Elev (ft) 1556.16 Froude # Chl 0.79 1551.00 220.04 1555.31 0.98 178.50 0.00 460.54 1556.84 2.61 203.73 1557.002631 0.23 0.004744 0.67 Flow Area (sq ft) 69.99 2.51 1556. Elev (ft) 1555.40 1556.79 1551.000602 0.32 5.57 121.24 1555.26 109.44 0.71 340.06 1555.48 1551.001201 0.71 1556.51 1552.20 3.00 220.17 1556.90 1551.17 Crit W.5 8 8 8 7 7 7 BR U BR U BR U BR D BR D BR D Q10 Q50 Q100 Q10 Q50 Q100 Q10 Q50 Q100 Q10 Q50 Q100 Q10 Q50 Q100 Q10 Q50 Q100 Q10 Q50 Q100 220.44 3.54 90.28 0.94 3.26 0.48 E.5 8.51 259.42 1554.96 4.94 81.01 1557.95 4.30 280.39 1556.85 1557.HEC-RAS Plan: New Bridge River: Second Riv Reach: Main Reach River Sta Profile Q Total Min Ch El (cfs) (ft) Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main 11 11 11 10 10 10 9 9 9 8.00 600.56 1551.5 8.30 0.44 1554.03 188.85 174.36 1553.002829 0.90 1551.002706 0.22 0.07 37.34 0.31 2.S.25 3.65 1556.21 1556.39 125.60 37.39 Top Width (ft) 51.004132 0.00 460.00 460.000629 0.91 1555.5 8.5 8.57 0.44 5.48 35.78 1556. (ft) E.00 220.21 0.86 1556.54 1555.00 1552.S.61 96.95 365.00 460.000606 0.88 1553.00 600.79 144.00 600.002818 0.90 2.00 460.03 2.31 Culv Vel DS (ft/s) Culv Vel US (ft/s) Q Culv Group (cfs) Q Weir (cfs) 1553.40 1555.00 30.00 124.000857 0.70 1551.53 1557.G.87 220.00 600.08 1554.48 4.64 1556.26 .39 105.48 1551.45 0.12 4.58 215.36 1555.89 1557.51 1552.70 1551.001200 0.00 220.90 1551.79 1555.37 70.92 1554.28 1556.88 89.60 76.93 3.00 600.00 220.39 0.92 1554.96 1555.79 1551.62 2.51 0.01 1555.70 187.

AECOM Appendix B Profile Sheets .

Wolf Lake Road over Second River 1562 Plan: Existing culverts 3/18/2011 Legend EG Q100 WS Q100 Second Riv Main 1561 EG Q50 WS Q50 Crit Q100 1560 EG Q10 WS Q10 Crit Q50 1559 Crit Q10 Ground 1558 1557 Elevation (ft) 1556 1555 1554 1553 1552 1551 1550 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Main Channel Distance (ft) .

Wolf Lake Road over Second River Second Riv Main 1562 Plan: New Bridge 3/18/2011 Legend EG Q100 WS Q100 EG Q50 WS Q50 Crit Q100 1560 EG Q10 WS Q10 Crit Q50 Crit Q10 Ground 1558 Elevation (ft) 1556 1554 1552 1550 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Main Channel Distance (ft) .

AECOM Appendix C Topographic Map HEC-RAS River Sections .

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AECOM Appendix D Bridge Plans .

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AECOM Appendix E Cross Sections .

.AECOM Cross Section Cross sections are included for the existing condition and the proposed bridge condition.

AECOM Existing Channel Condition .

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AECOM Proposed Bridge Condition .

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AECOM Appendix F Damage Waivers .

AECOM No Damage Waivers Required .

AECOM Appendix G Flow Rates .

52 mi2 Contributing Area: 6.DEQ .state.86750978 Received Date: 11/23/2011 Issued Date: 12/5/2011 Reference Number: 20100380 Volume Frequencies: 220 cfs 460 cfs 600 cfs 800 cfs 1100 cfs 1%: 750 acre-ft 0. Michigan.Escanaba County: Marquette Township: Champion Quad Name: Champion Quad ID: D11SW Requested By: Sheila Meier (DEQ-LWMIshpeming) Request Type: Trans.County File Number: 20110446-5 Discharge Frequencies: 10%: 2%: 1%: 0.52673257 Longitude: -87.Flood Frequency Discharges Page 1 of 1 Joint Permit Application DEQ Home | CIWPIS | Online Services | Permits | Programs | Site Map | Contact DEQ Flood Discharge Request Record 20110446-5 | Home | Water Management | Lowflows | Discharge Requests | Watersheds Map | 12/6/2011 Discharge Information Watercourse: SECOND RIVER Location: Wolf Lake Road Basin Name: 46 .deq. .5%: 900 acre-ft Access to the Flood Flow Database is provided as a service to allow you to check the status of your flood flow requests or to view discharges from previous requests for preliminary design purposes.gov Home | DEQ_Home | Online Services | Permits | Programs | Site Map | Contact_DEQ State Web Sites | Privacy Policy | Link Policy | Accessibility Policy | Security Policy Copyright © 2011 State of Michigan http://www.2%: Drainage Area: 6.52 mi2 Tn/Rng/Sec: 48N29W/25 Latitude: 46.5%: 0. To obtain discharge information from the Hydrologic Studies Program.asp?FileNumber=20110446-5 12/6/2011 .mi. The discharges values are only valid for the original requestor and for one year after the original request date.us/flow/hflow. a flood flow discharge request form may be submitted electronically to the DEQ. A written or email response to your request will be returned to you and must accompany your permit application.

AECOM Appendix H Photos .

County Road 595 over Second River Existing Crossing Looking North Downstream End of Culverts .

County Road 595 over Second River Looking Downstream from Existing Crossing Upstream End of Culverts .

County Road 595 over Second River Looking Upstream from Existing Crossing .

AECOM Appendix I USGS Topographical Map and River Gradient Calculations Map includes portions of Quadrangle maps: Champion Republic Diorite Greenwood .

116 mi 20' diff = 20'/16.00" N 046° 32' 0. Inc.00" W 046° 30' 0.087° 54' 0.00" W Copyright (C) 1999.00" N .00" N 046° 32' 0.00" N 046° 34' 0.00" W 087° 50' 0.00" N  4° W 087° 54' 0.00" W 087° 52' 0. 087° 50' 0.00" W 046° 34' 0. Maptech.00" W 087° 52' 0.452'=0.0012 or 0.12% 1560 1540 046° 30' 0.00" N CR 595/Second Riv 20' Intv 3.

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