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B. Scott 8/23/13
This Torah portion, Ki Tavo/”When You Go In” (Deuteronomy 26:1‐29:8), follows on the heels of a listing of commandments (74 are covered in the previous portion). Yet this week we have only one final commandment covered (addressing a certain area) that finishes up the legal section of this discourse. Immediately after this Yahweh then reminds the Israelites of the ritual of the blessings and curses that are immediately in front of them, depending on how they keep all of these commandments that have just been re‐declared. Their ability to stay in the land (to stay in this favorable Covenant position) depends upon their obedience. But what is the final commandment covered in this list? It’s the commandment concerning the tithes! Yet what’s so significant about this area, does it really relate to whether we’re blessed or cursed, and what is the connection between them entering the land and obeying this? Deuteronomy 26:1 Its interesting to note that this is the 50th Torah portion of the year, and this 1st verse has 50 letters as well (it also has 14 words, and the 14th letter of the Alephbet is the נwhich has a value of 50!). The number 50 connects us to the Jubilee year (50th year), during which every man was to return to his own possessions and inheritance – which is what Israel is being prepared to do, return to their possession/inheritance (the Promised Land) depending upon their willingness to keep these commands. →50 is also the value of Jezebel ( איזבל#348) Ba’al is husband to, unchaste; from #336 איnot & #2073 zebuwl זבולresidence, habitation, dwelling place, conveys the idea of dwelling together as husband and wife *Israel, without their inheritance (prior to their jubilee and restoration, outside of this covenant that’s offered) have become like Jezebel, one that is unchaste, without a dwelling place, denied access to the intimacy only found between the husband and wife! In: Strong’s #935 bow’ בואto go in, to enter, come in, to be brought near; it’s first used to describe how potential candidates for a helpmate for Adam are paraded before him (Gen. 2:19‐20), but a suitable one is not found until Eve is brought/bow’ unto Adam. *This same idea is also being conveyed here as Israel prepares to enter into the land, the land is symbolizing the house of their Groom, by crossing the Jordan River, they’re being carried across the threshold, and the helpmate is being brought to become ‘echad/one with Adam! Inheritance: Strong’s #5159 nachalah נחלהpossession, property, inheritance, heritage; gematria = 93, the same as chuppah חפהchamber, canopy, covering, the bridal chamber; its what the Bride and Groom stand under during the wedding ceremony, but its more than just decoration, it serves a legal purpose.
*By standing under the chuppah it formally permits the couple’s new status of marriage to be actualized, it’s the legal conclusion of the marriage process that began with the betrothal. In ancient times its where the marriage would be consummated. It’s by standing under the chuppah that the couple’s status is actually changed! This connects us back to the name of this portion, “Ki Tavo” which has a value of 439, the same as galuwth (#1546) גלותexiles, captivity, captives; from #1540 galah גלהto uncover, remove, to expose; the one that has had no covering during the time of their exile and captivity in Egypt, now is being offered to have her status changed by coming under the chuppah/covering of her Groom! But what does this change of position and entering into this marriage relationship have to do with the bringing of the tithes? Why is this command saved for the end? *When the tithes were brought an interesting ceremony was commanded to take place, 1st the first fruits were to be “put in a basket” (vs. 2) and then the person was to make a specific proclamation – Deuteronomy 26:5‐10 Put: Strong’s #7760 suwm שוםto put, place, set, appoint, make; to set or make for a sign; what are the bringing of our tithes/offerings a sign of? It obviously has something to do with our coming out of Egypt and now coming into the land (coming under the Chuppah, under the covering of the Covenant). While in Egypt, the Israelites built treasure citites/storehouses (same term is used to describe later where the tithes/offerings were to be brought and stored). Exodus 1:11 – “Therefore they did set/suwm over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.” Treasure: Strong’s #4543 mickenah מסכנותsupply, storage house (later on the place where the tithes were brought also was known and referred to as the storehouse); *Shares the same roots as #4541 maccekah מסכהa pouring, libation, molten metal, cast image, or a drink offering; it can either refer to an idol, which has been formed from molten metal and has been poured into a cast in order to be worshipped or it can refer to the drink offering that was associated with the bringing of sacrifices that would seal a covenant relationship (pouring out a drink offering concluded a treaty or alliance)! →Do you realize the significance now of the bringing of the “tithes”, this becomes a part of what seals the covenant relationship that we’re entering into, which is why it was to be done once they entered into the land (once they stood under the chuppah and had their status changed)! Previously they had allowed themselves to be in covenant with idols, they built the storehouses of Egypt and worshipped there, yet now we find Yahweh allowing them access to this intimate relationship in His house and part of the sealing of this covenant dealt with them bringing their offering to His storehouse, by doing so it was as if they had just sealed this treaty/covenant! 2
Land: #776 ‘erets ארץland, earth; it’s a cognate of #686 ‘astar אצרto store up, to save, to treaure; same term is used to describe one who is put in charge of stored items such as in Nehemiah 13:13 when certain individuals were put in charge of the storehouses → He’s brought them into His storehouse! Malachi 3:10 – “Bring (Bow’) ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith Yahweh of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that [there shall] not [be room] enough [to receive it].” *It’s no accident that the term for tithes: #4643 ma’aser מעשרtithe, tenth part; from #6237 ‘asar עשרto tithe, take the tenth part of; the same letters also form #6210 ‘eres ערשcouch, bed, the place of intimacy between the bride and groom; firmly connecting these ideas of entering into the house of the Groom and the bringing of the tithes! In this formal declaration that is said upon bringing them, it’s interesting to note that it starts with identifying their father as a Syrian ( ארמי#761) exalted, gematria = 251, same as ‘El tsaphan or YHVH hides (tsaphan #6845 צפןto hide, treasure, store up → once again referring to the storehouses!) *In other words they were putting Yahweh in remembrance that their father, Jacob, was one who brought his offering/tithes to the storehouse of Yahweh, and now they’re continuing on the covenant that was cut by bringing theirs as well! Two shadow pictures immerge from this portion, all have the opportunity to experience the Jubilee, to have our status changed, yet this only becomes official when we stand under the chuppah (the covering that’s being offered in the form of this Covenant relationship). Part of the way we ratify and seal this alliance is by bringing our offerings to His storehouse! Our other option is to remain unredeemed, remain in bondage (where we bring our offerings plays a part, as long as we build the storehouses of Egypt, we remain in covenant with Egypt) and we become likened unto Jezebel.
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