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Epic Theatre A style that was popularised by Bertolt Brecht.

Its main goal is to make sure that the audience is always aware that it is watching a play, "It is most important that one of the main features of the ordinary theatre should be excluded from [epic theatre]: the engendering of illusion." Techniques include: • • • • • • Alienation (Verfremdungseffekt) Comedy Minimal set design Gestus and stereotypes Music Breaking the Fourth Wall Feminist Theatre The techniques are designed to allow the Plays that are written by women, for women usually political or social message of the play and about women. to be as clear as possible. They deal with women’s issues such as birth, women’s rights, motherhood and female friendships. It followed the political feminist movement of 1968, but became more subtle due to a redefining of the word ‘feminism’ as equality became more prevalent in the late 20th and early 21st Century. A style of comedy.


Theatrical Techniques. Sourced from:

Involves improbable and ridiculous situations, disguise, mistaken identity, verbal humour and a fast paced plot which gradually increases; usually culminating in a fast chase scene at the end. People are, in essence, all idiots. Makes a good companion of satire. Examples include The Comedy of Errors by Shakespeare and Fawlty Towers, starring John Cleese. Docudrama A dramatisation based around an actual event. Usually contains or quotes facts and quotes from actual sources and also embellishments. Can include any style of theatre. /16551852/TheatreGenres-and-Styles

Black comedy

A style where taboo subjects are treated with humour and satire, while retaining the seriousness. Makes light of subjects such as rape, murder, suicide, terminal illness and war. Came to prominence in America during the 1950’s and 1960’s. Notable writers of black comedy include William Faulkner, Philip Roth, Mark Twain and George Bernard Shaw, among others.

have sex.e. At its best. or perhaps an unexplained metamorphosis. including “Metamorphosis. a plotting maid. whereby comedy is used as well as tragedy elements.” Can be cyclical (i. an old father. For example. Uses heavy physical theatre. Plots are usually meaningless. Involves deep. Naturalism Popularised by Constantin Stanislavski . Involves physical dangers as part of the play’s main conflict. non exotic settings. Characterised by seriousness and traumatic events to evoke pity and fear from the audience. unknown force. Theatre of the Absurd Involves usually flat character archetypes that are involved in repetitive tasks. but usually in the confines of naturalism (not many created words). Masks. Detailed. with acrobatics. Theatre” characters talk about unmentionable subjects. Plots that are realistic. and often physical. called “Total ff – “the language is usually filthy. Language can be nonsense. a wily servant. spoken in prose etc. Common use refers to any story with a sad ending. Among the most famous tragedies are those written by Shakespeare. Commedia Dell’arte Originated in Italy. Usually about love or tricks to get money. Involves the goal of creating an illusion of real life on stage. three dimensional and realistic characters. experience unpleasant emotions. humiliate each another. stock gestures and catchphrases were prevalent in this genre. Most plays contained roughly the same characters. this kind of theatre is so powerful. such as Macbeth. Usually tragicomedy. Othello and Hamlet. as in Harold Pinter’s “The Birthday Party” or “The Room. take their clothes off. so no magic.Stephen Berkoff Born in Stepney. and want all their friends to see it too.” Actor. so visceral." Wrote adaptations of Franz Kafka books. It is the kind of theatre that inspires us to use superlatives. The comedy was farcical. . East London in 1937. whether in praise or condemnation. usually playsTragedy villains. Refers to improvised comedy. that it forces audiences to react: either they feel like fleeing the building or they are suddenly convinced that it is the best thing they have ever seen. Experimental and surrealistic. Originated in Ancient Greece. Regards human suffering as a form of entertainment for an audience. repetition and clichés and perhaps an oppression from an outside. As realistic as possible. become suddenly violent. the end is the beginning is the end) and can involve absence. Can involve unresolved mysteries.

” families and honest banter between family members a bleak. “Depicts the real and often trashy side of life. Can involve the departure of a character to another country. an old woman. who has eyes on the damsel in distress until fate intervenes at the end to ensure the triumph of good over evil. Includes common Northern accents. a comic man and a comic woman engaged in a sensational plot featuring themes of love and murder. pulling a beer … dysfunctional families a strong tradition of storytelling a ghost scene lively music. the villain. such as a kitchen. rather than physical obstacles.csu. Contains “a limited number of stock characters: the • • • Kitchen Sink Drama Created in England. putting away shopping. For example. the heroine. rather than the characters. different dialects and unusual sentence construction honest. and terrorism. Set in rougher. poorer parts of England. making tea. often sorrowful and nihilistic landscape idiosyncratic rhythms of speech.Irish Drama Usually very bleak and pessimistic. good. even the music of Irish speech patterns an element of magic • • • • • • • • • . particularly civil war and baking soda bread. Involves Irish life and history. often in an impoverished household or a bar a general fondness for alcohol real action e. an old man. The emotions and plot / action are emphasized. Often the good but not very clever hero is duped by a scheming villain.hsc. poetry and/or dance. (From www. Melodrama Apparently so bad that most of the world were trying to make new versions of Theatre (See Naturalism and Epic Theatre). Moral and inner character conflict. Began with Henrik Ibsen and was largely developed by Stanislavski. Involves the heavy use of music to denote usually one dimensional character types. like in a drama. Examples are Coronation Street and Realism Like naturalism. usually the North. entertaining humour naturalistic settings. while the villain would enter to the sound of ominous chords.” Usually have a political or societal message. but most of the conflict comes from human morals and emotional inner thoughts and beliefs. a hero would enter to the sound of trumpets.