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Rocket City Math League 2011-2012

Discovery Test Solutions Round 3

1.
( )
1
4
3
x p
f x
÷
÷
=
and
( ) ( )
1

( )
÷
f g x
f x
( ) ( ) ( )
1
3 15
4 45
49(3) 147
( )
3 3
÷
+
= = = ÷ = ÷
÷ ÷
f g p f p
p p
p p
f x

-147
2.
2 2
0 0 0
sin 2 2sin cos sin
lim lim * li
sin sin
(2* * ) 2*1* m
co
1
s
2
cot
x x x
x x x x x x
x x x x x x
÷ ÷ ÷
= = = =

2
3.
2
F kA =
;
2
2
361
2
k
| |
=
|
|
\ .
;
2*361 k =
.
; 4 ; 4*361
361
c c
R c
F
= = =
. When
2 A=
,
2
2*361*( 2) 4*361 F = =
and
4*361
1
4*361
R = =
. Therefore power =
( )
( )
2
4*361 2 1 1441 ÷ =

1444
4. To find sum of coefficients plug in 1 for x to get
( )
10
2 1024 =
.
1024
5.
2
2
2
( 4)
sin
5
x
u
÷
=
and
2
2
2
( 5)
cos
2
y
u
+
=
then
2 2
2 2
( 4) ( 5)
1
5 2
x y ÷ +
+ =
. Minor axis is 4. The other
equation is
2 2
2 2
( 3) ( 9)
1
5 7
x y ÷ +
+ =
. Major axis is 14. 4-14 = -10. Positive 10 is accepted.
±10
6. The infinite series, S, is
2 3
1 2 3 4
...
1 4 4 4
+ + +
.
2 3 4
1 1 2 3 4
...
4 4 4 4 4
S = + + +
Subtracting the two
equations yields
2 3
3 1 1 1 1
...
4 1 4 4 4
S = + + +
So S =
16
9
.
16
9

7. Since square MNOP’s area is 72 the side length is
6 2
. And AM has length 6 because of 45-45-90
degree triangles, AE has length 3 because it’s a midpoint, and AB has length 12. The area of
square ABCD is 144. The unshaded region has area
9
72 4*
2
+
. The shaded region has area
9
144 (72 4* )
2
÷ +
The ration of the shaded to unshaded region is
54 3
90 5
= .
3
5

8. There are 2 frustums. You can obtain the volume of a frustum by drawing out a cone and subtracting off the top
cone. Using 30-60-90 degree relations one can obtain the height and radii necessary to find the volume of a cone
2
1
3
r h t
| |
|
\ .
and then find the volume of the frustum which turns out to be
7 3
3
t
So the total
volume which includes two of these frustums is
14 3
3
t
.
14 3
3
t

9.
2
2 2 2 9 9
1 log
log log ( 5) log (4 ) log 24 log 64
2 0.5*log2
x
x x x + + + ÷ ÷ = ÷

2 6 2
2 9 6
( 5) 2 *3
log log
(4 ) 2
x x
x
+
=
÷

2
( 5)
2
(4 )
x x
x
+
=
÷

3 2
5 8 2 x x x + = ÷

1
Roots:
2, 4,1 ÷ ÷
.
1 x =

10. The 2
nd
graph is a line with equation
1
3 3
3
y x = + ÷
. This shares the point (3,3) with the ellipse.
and has a zero which also intersects the ellipse at
(3 3, 0) ÷
. The major and minor axis of the
ellipse are two sides of a right triangle, of which’s hypotenuse is the line segment we’re looking
for, and by 30-60-90 relations the line segment is determined to have length 6. This problem is
best solved graphically.
6
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