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This is a transcribed copy of an original. Frank Blazich, Jr.

– Ohio Wing Historian, 2012

RESTRICTED
BOMBING NOTES 1. Types of Bombing (a) Attack bombing; flying low using machine guns, also dropping bombs. (b) Precision bombing; bombing from level flight, if possible using bomb sight. (c) Aerial Torpedo bombing; flying low at level flight, nearing target, torpedo is released, it ricochets on top of water until it strikes target. (d) Dive bombing; plane dives at 75 degree angle until bomb is released. (e) Pattern bombing; each plane bombs certain section of objective, so that all planes do not bomb in same section. A bomb when released follows a parabolic path, the range of bomb is determined by altitude and speed of plane. A bomb when released drops 16.08 feet the first second. The rate of speed increases thereafter 32.16 feet per second until terminal velocity is reached. When released from 1000 feet a bomb required 7.9 seconds to hit the ground and at 80 miles per hour has a range of approximately 929 feet. A bomb when released from a plane at a given ground speed will continue to go forward as it falls at approximately the same speed unless the bomb is dropped from several thousand feet altitude. The trail of the bomb behind the plane at 500 feet is only 2½ feet, meaning that for the 5.61 seconds it requires for bomb to fall 500 feet the plane will only go 2½ feet further forward than the bomb. By converting speed of plane into feet per second, the range of bomb can be determined by multiplying the feet per second the plane is traveling by the number of seconds it requires bomb to strike the surface. To convert the speed of plane into feet per seconds multiply ground speed of plane by 1.47. Using this formula, a depth charge dropped from a plane going 80 M.P.H. at 100 feet will require 2½ sec. to reach the surface. 80 x 1.47 = 117.6 feet per sec. bomb is travelling forward. 117.6 x 2½ = number of feet the bomb travels forward or the range of bomb. By using altitude and the range of bomb a triangle can be drawn to determine the dropping angle. If carrying depth charge and submarine is sighted, proceed at once to area, being careful to count the seconds it requires you to reach the swirl after conning tower has disappeared. If not using watch a good method is to say, one thousand and one, two thousand and two, and so on until you reach the bombing range of swirl. If the conning tower has been under for 15 seconds the sub will have traveled forward 150 feet making the range 150 feet beyond the leading edge of swirl. To measure this distance, you fly beyond bombing range of swirl for approximately 1-1/3 seconds. As mentioned in paragraph 5, 80 M.P.H. equals 117.6 feet per second. The depth charge detonates at 25 feet below surface of water. If submarine submerging at 2 feet per second has been submerged 30 seconds it will be 60 feet below surface of water and the depth charge will not be effective. Lt. M.P. Arnette CAPCP Instructor

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This is a transcribed copy of an original. Frank Blazich, Jr. – Ohio Wing Historian, 2012

RESTRICTED
8. As 2½ seconds for time depth charge requires to reach surface of water and 3½ seconds for time it requires to reach 25 feet depth, the submarine will travel forward 60 feet. Do not increase your range for this as the depth charge when dropped 100 feet from plane flying 80 M.P.H. will go forward in water for 50 to 60 feet before reaching 25’ depth. (a) Don’t wait for ideal site, may be too late. (b) Be sure of speed, know the correct altitude and wind. (c) Do not dive plane. (d) Do not drop depth charge from altitude lower than 50 feet or higher than 500 feet. (e) Do not drop demolition bomb from altitude lower than 800 feet. (f) Do not follow close behind plane dropping bomb or depth charge. Direction of attack (a) shortest route (b) Attacks from down sun, up moon path, and up to a dawn or dusk horizon line are most favorable for surprise. Speed conversion Bomb Velocity M.P.H. Feet Per Sec. Alt. Time of Fall 60 70 80 90 100 88.2 102.9 117.6 132.3 147.0 50’ 100’ 200’ 300’ 400’ 500’ 1000’ 1.83 Seconds 2.48 “ 3.48 “ 4.29 “ 4.98 “ 5.58 “ 7.9 “

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TABLE OF BASIC DATA, RANGE AND DROP ANGLE, (No Trail Correction) Ground Speed MPH

Alt. 50 100 200 300 500

60 72°39’ 161.1 65°32’ 219.8 57°03’ 308.5 50°27’ 380.3 44°42’ 494.7

70

80

90

100

110

120 81°11’ 322.3 77°11’ 439.6 72°02’ 617.0 68°28’ 760.7 63°12’ 989.5

130 81°51’ 349.1 78°08’ 476.2 73°21’ 668.4 70°06’ 824.1 64°59’ 1071.2

140

150

74°29’ 76°54’ 78°19’ 79°27’ 80°36’ 180.0 214.9 241.7 268.6 295.4 68°42’ 71°10’ 73°08’ 74°44’ 76°41’ 256.4 293.1 329.8 366.3 412.9 60°56’ 64°04’ 66°38’ 68°45’ 70°32’ 359.9 411.4 462.8 514.2 565.6 55°20’ 59°23’ 62°16’ 64°41’ 66°43’ 443.7 507.1 570.5 633.9 697.3 49°06’ 52°50’ 56°02’ 58°46’ 61°08’ 577.2 659.5 742.1 824.5 907.0 40° 813’ 43° 929’ 46°30’ 49°30’ 51°45’ 1045 1161 1277

82°26’ 84°1’ 376.0 402.0 78°58’ 79°4’ 512.8 549.0 74°28’ 75°2’ 719.8 771.0 71°19’ 72°2’ 887.4 950.0 66°35’ 67°5’ 1154.4 1236

1000 37° 742’

Lt. Milton P. Arnette CAPCP Instructor

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