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Abandon. To forsake entirely; to forsake or renounce utterly. [Dela Cruz v. Dela Cruz, GR L-19565, Jan. 30, 1968].
Abandoned child. 1. A child who has no proper parental care or guardianship, or whose parent(s) have deserted him / her for a period of at least 3 continuous months, which includes a founding. [Sec. 2, RA 9523]. 2. A child who has no proper parental care or guardianship or whose parent(s) has deserted him / her for a period of at least 6 continuous months and has been judicially declared as such. [Sec. 3, RA 8552; Art. 141, PD 603]. Compare with Dependent child and Neglected child.
Abandoned or idle land. 1. Any agricultural land not cultivated, tilled or developed to produce any crop nor devoted to any specific economic purpose continuously for a period of 3 years immediately prior to the receipt of notice of acquisition by the govt. as provided under the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 (RA 6657), but does not include land that has become permanently or regularly devoted to non-agricultural purposes. [Sec. 3, RA 6657]. 2. Lands devoted to any crop at least one year prior to the notice of expropriation, but which were not utilized by the owner for his benefit for the past 5 years prior to such notice of expropriation. [Sec. 166, RA 3844].
Abandonee. A party to whom a right or property is abandoned or relinquished by another. [Black's Law Dict., Abr. 5th Ed. (1987), p. 1].
Abandoning a minor. Crim. Law. The felony committed by any one who shall abandon a child under 7 years of age, the custody of which is incumbent upon him. [Art. 276, RPC].
Abandonment. Labor. An employer defense against the change of illegal or constructive dismissal. To exist, however, it is essential that (a) the employee must have failed to report for work or must have been absent without justifiable reason; (b) there must have been a clear intention to sever the employer-employee relationship manifested by some over acts. [Philamgen v. Gramaje, 442 SCRA 274].
Abandonment. Labor. Elements: (a) The failure to report for work or absence without valid or justifiable reason, and (b) a clear intention to sever the employer-employee relationship, with the second element as the more determinative factor and being manifested by some overt acts. [De Ysasi III v. NLRC, 231 SCRA 173 (1994)].
Abandonment. Mar. Ins. The act of the insured by which, after a constructive total loss, he declares the relinquishment to the insurer of his interest in the thing insured. [Sec. 138, IC].
Abandonment of domicile and acquisition of a new one called domicile of choice. Requisites: (a) Residence or bodily presence in the
new locality, (b) intention to remain there or animus manendi, and (c) an intention to abandon the old domicile or animus non revertendi. [Romualdez v. RTC Tacloban City, 226 SCRA 408, 415].
Abandonment of land dedicated to public use. Elements: (a) Intention to relinquish the right or property, but without intending to transfer title to any particular person; and (b) the external act which such intention is carried into effect. [Defensor-Santiago v. Ramos, PET 001. Feb. 13, 1996, citing 49 Mich. App. 128, 229 N.W 2d 343, 349].
Abandonment of minor by person entrusted with his custody; indifference of parents. Crim. Law. The felony committed by anyone who, having charge of the rearing or education of a minor, shall deliver said minor to a public institution or other persons, without the consent of the one who entrusted such child to his care or in the absence of the latter, without the consent of the proper authorities, or by the parents who shall neglect their children by not giving them the education which their station in life require and financial conditions permit. [Art. 277, RPC].
Abandonment of office or position. 1. Crim. Law. The felony committed by any public officer who, before the acceptance of his resignation, shall abandon his office to the detriment of the public service. [Art. 238, RPC]. 2. Admin. Law. The voluntary relinquishment of an office by the holder, with the intention of terminating his possession and control thereof. [Sang. Bayan of San Andres, Catanduanes v. CA, GR 118883. Jan. 16, 1998, citing Words & Phrases, Vol. 1, p. 127]. 3. A
species of resignation; while resignation in general is a formal relinquishment, abandonment is a voluntary relinquishment through nonuser. [Sang. Bayan of San Andres, Catanduanes v. CA, GR 118883. Jan. 16, 1998, citing Words & Phrases, Vol. 1, p. 126].
Abandonment of person in danger and abandonment of one's own victim. Crim. Law. The felony committed by any one who shall fail to render assistance to any person whom he shall find in an uninhabited place wounded or in danger of dying, when he can render such assistance without detriment to himself, unless such omission shall constitute a more serious offense; or by anyone who shall fail to help or render assistance to another whom he has accidentally wounded or injured; or by anyone who, having found an abandoned child under 7 years of age, shall fail to deliver said child to the authorities or to his family, or shall fail to take him to a safe place. [Art. 275, RPC].
Abandonment of the thing. It consists of the voluntary renunciation of all the rights which a person may have in a thing, with the intent to lose such thing. By virtue of the abandonment, the thing is left without owner or possessor. To be effective, it is necessary that it be made by a possessor in the concept of owner.
[Tolentino, Civil Code of the Phil., Vol. II, Repr. 2001, p. 304, citing 4 Manresa 315; 3 Sanchez Roman 299].
Abandonment of the wife. To constitute abandonment of the wife by the husband, as the term is used in Art. 178 of the Civil Code, there must be absolute cessation of marital relations and duties and rights, with the intention of perpetual separation. The abandonment must not only be physical estrangement but also amount to financial and moral desertion. [Dela Cruz v. Dela Cruz, GR L-19565. Jan. 30, 1968].
Abandonment of work. Labor. The deliberate, unjustified refusal of the employee to resume his employment. The burden of proof is on the employer to show a clear and deliberate intent on the part of the employee to discontinue employment without any intention of returning. Mere absence is not sufficient. [FRF Enterprise v. NLRC, GR 105998. Apr. 21, 1995].
Abandonment of work. Labor. Essential requirements: (a) Failure to report for work or absence without valid or justifiable reason; and (b) clear intention to sever the employer-employee relationship x x x manifested by some overt acts. [Henlin Panay Co. v. NLRC, GR 180718, Oct. 23, 2009, 604 SCRA 362, 369].
Abatement. 1. A reduction in some amount that is owed, usually granted by the person to whom the debt is owed. [Duhaime's Legal Dict., 2004]. 2. Any act that would remove or neutralize a fire hazard. [Sec. 3, RA 9514].
Abatement of action. A suit which has been quashed and ended. [Jurist s Legal Dict., 2004].
Abatement of a fire hazard. Any act that would remove or neutralize a fire hazard. [Sec. 3, PD 1185].
ABC. See Approved budget for the contract.
Abduction. 1. The taking away of a woman from her house or the place where she may be for the purpose of carrying her to another place with intent to marry or to corrupt her. [People v. Crisostomo (46 Phil. 780)]. 2. Taking someone away from a place without that person's consent or by fraud. [Duhaime's Legal Dict., 2004]. See also Kidnapping.
Aberratio ictus. Crim. Law. Lat. Mistake in the blow, characterized by aiming at one but hitting the other due to imprecision in the blow. [People v. Sabalones, GR 123485, Aug. 31, 1998]. Compare with Error in personae.
Aberratio ictus. Also Error en la persona. Crim. Law. Lat. 1. Mistake in the identity of the victim. [People v. Pinto, GR 39519. Nov. 21, 1991]. 2. Miscarriage of the blow. [People v. Atillano, GR 109131-33. Oct. 3, 1994].
Abet. The act of encouraging or inciting another to do a certain thing, such as a crime. [Duhaime's Legal Dict., 2004].
from what is inconvenient. 2001-2006]. 2004]. etc. p. Abolition of a position. to gather the meaning..cornell. Ab initio.. From the start (or beginning). Lat. 20 SCRA 722 (1967)].atlaw. 31. The term refers to laws governing the succession of property after its previous owner dies without a valid will. It does not involve or mean removal for the reason that removal implies that the post subsists and that one is merely separated therefrom. and upon whom peculiar duties. A. 1964]. empowered to appear. GR L18727. marks. 2000 Ed. Luspo.. Lawyer or attorney.. to discover or understand by characters. Aug. Cui. . Lat.edu July 24..Ability to read intelligently. Compilation of Notes.law. features. prosecute and defend.. Ab intestato. Sp. The knowing destruction of the life of an unborn child or the intentional expulsion or removal of an unborn child from the womb other than for the principal purpose of producing a live birth or removing a dead fetus. That class of persons who are by license officers of the courts. The capacity to know or apprehend. Abortion. From hardship. [Black's Law Dict. [Claridades. [Moreno s Law Dict. Ab inconveniente. [Cui v. [Arao v. 2009]. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. [http://topics. By intestacy. 2]. responsibilities and liabilities are developed by law as a consequence. Abogado. Lat.
or one who follows the business or practices the crime of producing abortion. p. Abr. 258. without the proper prescription from a physician.. (2) any other person. p. and they act with the consent of said woman for the purpose of concealing her dishonor. 259. RPC]. with her consent. 258. Abortion practiced by the woman herself or by her parents. 2]. and (c) that the abortion is caused by (1) the pregnant woman herself.Abr. Law. Crim. The felony committed by any physician or midwife who. 5th Ed. or by any pharmacist who. 2]. A person who criminally produces abortions. or (3) any of her parents. Law. 5th Ed. [Black's Law Dict.. [Art. [Under Art.. with her consent for the purpose of concealing her dishonor. Abortion practiced by a physician or midwife and dispensing of abortives. Crim. . or by the parents of the pregnant woman or either of them.. (b) that the abortion is intended. The felony committed by a woman who shall practice abortion upon herself or shall consent that any other person should do so.. shall dispense any abortive. shall cause an abortion or assist in causing the same. [Art. Abortion. taking advantage of their scientific knowledge or skill. Elements: (a) That there is a pregnant woman who has suffered an abortion. RPC]. RPC]. Abortionist.
Abrasion.. quality or degree. It has 2 components: (a) amortization support whereby funds are made available for low income families to assist them in paying their housing loans. 3]. Near in time. almost.. [Moreno s Law Dict. Nov. [Moreno s Law Dict.. 2006-2011]. The legal status of a person who has absented himself from his domicile and whose whereabouts and fate are unknown.. quantity. it not being known with certainty whether he is still living or not. . 16. or nearly. (1999). 2000 Ed. number. 1990]. 260]. Substantially. A scrapping or rubbing off. Civil Law Reviewer." [Roman Cath. 2000 Ed. approximately. p. [Claridades. Bishop of Malolos v. NGOs and landowners in providing affordable housing packages to lowincome families. p.Abot-Kaya Pabahay Fund (AKPF). [Jurado. Absence. See Provisional absence and Declared absence. Compilation of Notes. 19th Ed. A Fund created by virtue of RA 6846 under the trusteeship of the National Home Mortgage Finance Corporation (NHMFC) which was later amended by RA 7835 to implement a continuing program of social housing and enhance government's efforts to make lowcost housing affordable to low income families. "A proof that an act could have been done is no proof that it was actually done. A. Ab posse ad actu non vale illatio. and (b) development financing where fund are utilized to support private developers. 3].. About. Lat. IAC. p. GR 72110.
576 SCRA 576. Compare with Same evidence test. A spouse who has been missing for at least four years. [Agustin v. Delos Santos. approved and maintained by the Comelec. the prior judgment shall not constitute a bar to subsequent actions. and the present spouse having a well-founded belief that the missing spouse is already dead. Jan. A test [in determining whether or not there is identity of causes of action as to warrant the application of the principle of res judicata] where it is determined whether the judgment sought will be inconsistent with the prior judgment. GR 168139. [Spouses Torres v. Absence of jurisdiction. This is a defense against prosecution for a bigamous marriage. Absentee voters. Mar. GR 166730. 588-589]. FC]. national registry of. 2009. of overseas absentee voters whose applications for . The consolidated list prepared. it being unknown whether or not he or she is still alive. 41. [Bench Book for Trial Court Judges. Medina. Absent spouse.Absence of inconsistency test. 10. See Without jurisdiction. A person whose whereabouts and existence are not known in the sense of the law allowing a subsequent marriage and for purposes of administration of the estate of the absentee and of succession. 3-4]. 20. If no inconsistency is shown. Absentee. 2010]. [Art. p. Evid.
3. Domagtoy. 391 of the Civil Code. See AWOL. 3. Absolute community. no explanation of it is required. The prior spouse who had been absent for 4 consecutive years and whom the spouse present reasonably believed to be already dead. The process by which qualified citizens of the Phils. Lat. 3]. system of.s abroad exercise their right to vote. . In case of disappearance where there is danger of death under the circumstances set forth in the provisions of Arts. have been approved by the Election Registration Board. 88 and 91. [Moreno s Law Dict. FC]. p. 1996]. [Arts. RA 9189]. Absentee voting. Absent Without Leave. July 19. including those registered voters who have applied to be certified as absentee voters. [Sec.registration as absentee voters. When the language of the law is clear. AM MTJ-96-1088.. [Navarro v. Absoluta sententia expositore non indiget. Absent spouse. 2000 Ed. The absolute community of property between spouses shall commence at the precise moment that the marriage is celebrated and shall consist of all the property owned by the spouses at the time of the celebration of the marriage or acquired thereafter. an absence of only 2 years shall be sufficient. [Sec. RA 9189]..
a new man. Inst. 293]. (b) upon due notice to him of such failure. Jan. it is made. A. however hard it may bear upon a person who claims to be injured thereby. Nego. it makes him. pp. and gives him a new credit and capacity.. . and even though. When the pardon is full. Jur. no remedy can be had in a civil action. See Complete defense. Absolute indorsement. by reason of the occasion on which.124]. as it were. [Sison v. [In re: Lontok 43 Phil. David. One in respect of which. it releases the punishment and blots out of existence the guilt. GR L11268. Absolute pardon. Absolutely privileged communication. 28. and restores him to all his civil rights. Compare with Conditionally or qualifiedly privileged communication. it may have been made maliciously. 2001-2006]. [Claridades. If granted after conviction. 1961. One by which the indorser binds himself to pay (a) upon no other condition than the failure of prior parties to do so. 123.Absolute defense. Compare with Conditional pardon. citing 33 Am. or the matter in reference to which. it removes the penalties and disabilities. Compilation of Notes. so that in the eye of the law the offender is an innocent as if he had never committed the offense. A pardon that reaches both the punishment prescribed for the offense and the guilt of the offender.
Commentaries & Jurisp. CC]. CC]. Absorbing or acquiring company.Absolute poverty. 207]. means "to take over. 1999 Ed. Law Dict. It takes place when the parties do not intend to be bound at all. 1346. Code of the Phil.. 1993. The constituent company whose corporate existence is dissolved as a result of the merger or consolidation. Absorption system. in business parlance. Rule that a foreign state is immune from all types of suits. [Intl. [Tiopianco. 1966 Ed. [Tiopianco. [Sec. & Direct. A non-contestable title to a thing. Absolute title. An absolutely simulated or fictitious contract is void. RA 8425]. [Art. [The system of ." [Razon v. Absorb.. 1999 Ed.. on the Ins. [Art. p. on the Ins. A. Absolute simulation of a contract. 2004]. 7]. 2006-2011].. 3. It is synonymous with the words "assimilate" or "incorporate" and which. in case of consolidation. Also known as Title in fee simple.. The surviving company.. [Claridades. May 13. Sec... of Labor. GR 85867. 207]. p. p. The condition of the household below the food threshold level. Absorbed company. 1. Absolute sovereign immunity. or the newly formed company. Compilation of Notes. Dict. Code of the Phil. 1345. in case of merger. 2. citing Webster's 3rd New Intl. Commentaries & Jurisp.
689]. GR 117589-92. Penal Code which can be appreciated only if the following requisites are present: (a) The offended party had trusted the offender. Compare with Material accumulation system and Judicial accumulation system. Compilation of Notes. Fr. 2000 Ed. 49 Phil. 2001-2006]. has a right to do.. RPC). To make excessive or improper use of a thing. A. An aggravating circumstance under Art. and specific crimes like robbery with homicide. 48. 1996.penalty where] the lesser penalties are absorbed by the graver penalties. 5th Ed.. May 22. Abuse. as to abuse one's authority. A discretion by a judge to an end or purpose not justified by and clearly against reason and evidence. citing Black's Law Dict. etc. To make an extravagant or excessive use. 11]. pp.. Abus de droit. Abuse of right. [Salalima v. [This is] observed in the imposition of complex crimes (Art. See also Unfaithfulness. [Moreno s Law Dict. continuing crimes. 3-4]. and (c) such abuse facilitated the commission of the crime. 14 (4) of Rev. (b) the offender abused such trust. Luchico. [People v. nevertheless. Abuse of confidence or obvious ungratefulness. Abuse of right. A person may be liable for harm caused by doing something which one. if the right was: . p. Abuse of judicial discretion.. or to employ it in a manner contrary to the natural or legal rules for its use. Guingona.. [Claridades.
GR 178272. GR L19491. Personal and Family Law. Abuse of right principle. citing Jurado. [Tetley. 30. [People v. 244 SCRA 87]. interest justifying judicial protection. and (c) there was damage or injury to the plaintiff. GR 116100. GR 86305-06. The excess of the aggressor s natural strength over that of the victim. 9. 240 SCRA 314. 14. [People v. 2. considering the position of both and the employment of means to weaken the defense. Daquipil. It contemplates a situation of strength notoriously selected or taken advantage of by an aggressor in the commission of the crime. 41]. Feb. Glossary of Conflict of Laws. good customs or public policy. The taking advantage by the culprits of their collective strength to overpower their relatively weaker victim or victims. 1968]. The aggressor must have taken advantage of his natural strength to insure the commission of the crime. 1996... May 11. 1995. [This] is present whenever there is a notorious inequality of forces between the victim and the aggressor / s that is plainly and obviously advantageous to the aggressor / s and purposely selected or taken advantage of to facilitate the commission of the crime. [People v. Abuse of superior strength.(a) principally intended to cause harm. Jr. 1. 2. although not annulling it. 1984 ed. 2011]. (d) or was contrary to basic rules of morality or fairness. (b) or was used without a legitimate. Mar. Apduhan. Escoto. Salcedo. Jan. (b) the acts should be willful. 1995. . 332-333]. [Custodio v. 2004]. 20. Abuse of superiority. [People v. Requisites: (a) The defendant should have acted in a manner that is contrary to morals. (c) or was used in bad faith. GR 91756. 1. CA. Aug.
. The right of the school or college to decide for itself. Academic non-teaching personnel. The felony committed by: (a) any public officer who shall solicit or make immoral or indecent advances to a woman interested in matters pending before such officer for decision. 245. 221 Phil. [Moreno s Law Dict. 612 (1985)]. An academic subject in which the student has failed. Judge Paño. 1911]. [Tangonan v.the grant being given to institutions of higher learning . and how best to attain them . 4]. Sp. its aims and objectives. p. 11. Academic freedom. [US v.free from outside coercion or interference save possibly when the overriding public welfare calls for some restraint. Mendez.. or (b) any warden or other public officer directly charged with the care and custody of prisoners or persons under arrest who shall solicit or make immoral or indecent advances to a woman under his custody. RPC]. 2000 Ed.Abuses against chastity. Abusos deshonestos. GR L-6483. or with respect to which he is required to submit a report to or consult with a superior officer. 601. Mar. Law. Crim. Academic failure. [Art. Those persons holding . Abuse of chastity.
Accelerated judgment. [Claridades. BP 232]. librarians. Rule 1. citing Excelsa Industries. admissions and affidavits on record. See Summary judgment. Basic skills training of a short-term nature for jobs with a defined level of qualifications. 2001-2006]. such as registrars. 2. research aides. A procedural technique to promptly dispose of cases where the facts appear undisputed and certain from the pleadings. 1. Compilation of Notes. 6. miss one payment and the agreement to pay at regular intervals is voided and the . v. then the contract is fully due immediately.some academic qualifications and performing academic functions directly supportive of teaching. or some other default occurs (such as the debtor becoming insolvent). Inc. 664 (1995)].. condensed vocational training to fill immediate manpower needs. Inc. This usually refers to a rapid paced. CA. GR 144029. Its object is to separate what is formal or pretended in denial or averment from what is genuine and substantial so that only the latter may subject a party in interest to the burden of trial. [Sec. and similar staff. 1. or for weeding out sham claims or defenses at an early stage of the litigation to avoid the expense and loss of time involved in a trial. IRR of LC]. Book 2. depositions. 2002. [Sec. A clause in a contract that states that if a payment is missed. Inter-Urban Developers. A. [Spouses Agbada v. Acceleration clause. This is a typical clause in a loan contract. 317 Phil.. A clause which renders the whole debt due and demandable upon the failure of the obligor to comply with certain conditions. Accelerated training. research assistants. 19 Sept.
An undertaking by a stranger to a bill after protest for the benefit of any party liable thereon or for the honor of the person whose account the bill is drawn which acceptance inures also to the benefit of all parties subsequent to the person for . CC]. NIL]. 2004]. [Art. 1991 Ed. 1. 3. [Diaz. Acceptance. Compare with Repudiation. Law Rev. or which one would have no right to do except in the capacity of an heir. 2. The act by virtue of which an heir.entire amount becomes due and payable immediately.. An acceptance completed by delivery or notification. Acceptance for honor. Law. The manifestation by the offeree of his assent to the terms of the offer which must in other words meet or be identical at all points of the offer.. Acceptance. Nego. 2. Nego. The taking and receiving of anything in good faith with the intention of retaining it. Inst. [Sec. 1. Bus. or a tacit acceptance resulting from acts by which the intention to accept is necessarily implied. 65]. 191. Succ. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Civ.. 2004]. It may be an express acceptance made in a public or private document. 1049. legacy or devise. legatee or devisee manifests his desire in accordance with the formalities prescribed by law to succeed to the inheritance. Inst. p.
plate. or in a separate instrument. 1992]. [Prudential Bank v. Compilation of Notes. or any form of false pretense or misrepresentation. equipment. . Any card.. 3. IAC. Acceptance of a bill.whose honor it is accepted. this may be done in writing by the drawee in the bill itself. The signification by the drawee of his assent to the order of the drawer. 2001-2006]. electronic serial number. and conditioned to pay the bill when it becomes due if the original drawee does not pay it. Inst. [Equatorial Realty v. or other means of account access that can be used to obtain money. or other telecommunications service. Accepted unilateral promise. 8. RA 8484]. Access device. 3. 1479 of the Civil Code. is what may properly be termed a perfected contract of option. services. account number. personal identification number. Mayfair Theater. or instrumental identifier. GR 74886. code. [Sec. or any other thing of value or to initiate a transfer of funds (other than a transfer originated solely by paper instrument). false information. Nego. Access device fraudulently applied for. An offer which specifies the thing to be sold and the price to be paid and. fictitious identities and addresses. Dec. it conforms with the second paragraph of Art. Any access device that was applied for or issued on account of the use of falsified document. Nov. 21. RA 8484]. A. good. 1996]. and in sales. [Claridades. GR 106063. when coupled with a valuable consideration distinct and separate from the price. [Sec. This contract is legally binding.
Prop. either naturally or artificially. Repr. RA 9510]. pp. 98]. p. prohibiting fraudulent acts committed relative thereto. Abr. [Tolentino. Vol. Civil . 5th Ed. enacted on Feb. 1st Ed. Civil Code of the Phil.An Act regulating the issuance and use of access devices. Accessing entity. The right to all which one s own property produces. Accession continua. (1983). providing penalties and for other purposes. [Sec. 1. 2002.. 2001. [Black s Law Dict. Lat. RA 8484 entitled . 2.. Compilation of Notes.. Law Reviewer. Accession. The acquisition of ownership over a thing incorporated to that which belongs to the owner. 6]. 2001-2006]. [Tolentino. and the right to that which is united to it by accession. The process whereby a non-signatory State later becomes a party to a treaty. II. Law. p. Intl. [Claridades.. 1998. Accession discreta. 1061-1062]. The extension of the right of ownership to the products of a thing. to access basic credit data from the Corp.Access Devices Regulation Act of 1998. Accessio cedit principali. 3. Pol. [Suarez. 11. The accessory follows the principal. A. Any submitting entity or any other entity authorized by the Credit Information Corp.
2001. Those deemed included in the imposition of the principal penalty. Accessory. Law Rev. A person who. citing 4 Puig Peña Part 1 p. RPC]. [SSS v. or the right pertaining to the owner of a thing over its products and whatever is incorporated thereto.Code of the Phil... . 1. 1991 Ed. Law Rev. 2. Bus. Vol. Accessory obligation. p. takes part subsequent to its commission by concealing or destroying the body of the crime. Crim. 7. [Art.. Apr. Crim. Prop. p. Fruits of a thing or additions or improvements upon a thing. Accessions. and without having participated therein. II. Things joined to the principal thing for the latter s embellishment or to make the latter more perfect. Accessories. Bus. Law. Accessory penalties.. 2004]. 5]. having knowledge of the commission of the crime. either before or after the fact. 76]. either as a principal or an accomplice. A. 1993.. Compilation of Notes. 2006-2011]. or the effects or instruments thereof in order to prevent its discovery. 1991 Ed. p. Repr. 98]. 5]. Moonwalk. An obligation attached to a principal obligation in order to complete the same or take its place in the case of breach. 19... Law. [Diaz. GR 73345. [Jurist s Legal Dict. A person who assists in the commission of a crime. [Diaz. either naturally or artificially. [Claridades.
loss. any unpleasant or unfortunate occurrence. Elements: (a) performance of a lawful act. [A] fortuitous circumstance. Inc. v. GR 92383. any unexpected personal injury resulting from any unlooked for mishap or occurrence. 2. is unusual to and not expected by the person to whom it happens. or is an unusual effect of a known case. and (d) without any fault or intention of causing it. 1. 427. GR 183054. citing 1 CJS. (b) with due care. [People v. an event which under the circumstances is unusual and unexpected by the person to whom it happens x x x. disaster. CA. [Sun Ins. 29. . consent. Sept. An event that takes place without one's foresight or expectation. if happening through human agency. that causes injury. 431]. an undesirable or unfortunate happening. Manning Agents. July 17. (c) producing an injury by mere accident. event. under the circumstances. Accident. 1992]. Illescas. It has also been defined as an injury which happens by reason of some violence or casualty to the insured without his design. catastrophe. an event which.Accident. an event that proceeds from an unknown cause. or voluntary cooperation. some untoward occurrence aside from the usual course of events. suffering or death. An accident is an event which happens without any human agency or. v. [NFD Intl. or happening. The word may be employed as denoting a calamity. an event happening without any human agency. 2010. or if happening wholly or partly through human agency. and therefore not expected. pp. casualty.
That which happens by chance or fortuitously. 22. 1177 and 1381. (b) there must be a casual relation between the 2. Acción plenaria de posesion. [Sec. 1981. (c) the enrichment must not be justifiable. Requisites: (a) One party must be enriched and the other made poorer. CC]. Accidental spills. unusual and unforeseen. and (e) the indemnity cannot exceed the loss or enrichment. (d) there must be no other way to recover. An ordinary .Utrela. whichever is less. p. Accident insurance. 7. Acción de reivindicacion. CC]. Spills of oil or other hazardous substances in water that result from accidents involving the carriers of such substance such as collisions and grounding. Accidental. See Acción reivindicatoria. Also Acción publiciana. [Under Art. July 15. 12. Acción pauliana. 1972 Ed.. PD 1152]. RPC]. GR L-38172.. Law Dict. Acción interdictal. 62. Phil. without intention and design and which is unexpected. [Arts. citing De La Cruz v. citing Art. 1. Also Rescissory action. See Accion publiciana. See Casualty insurance.. Capital Ins. 17 SCRA 559]. [Moreno. Acción in rem versum.
10. 1994]. Action whereby plaintiff alleges ownership over a parcel of land and seeks recovery of its full possession. An ejectment suit filed after the expiration of one year from the accrual of the cause of action or from the unlawful withholding of possession of the realty. 9 Phil. 426 SCRA 535. . Action where plaintiff merely alleges proof of a better right to possess without claim of title. [Jalbuena De Leon v. 543]. Also Acción interdictal. 30. with damages. Amigo. Acción quanti minoris or estimatoria. Veridiano. Oct. CA. Mangaron. Mar.. 15. June 19. GR 152145. An action to recover ownership. a plenary action may be brought before the RTC. 2. [Bishop of Cebu v. CC]. Lopez v. Ledesma v. 291 (1906). GR 96107. [Encarnacion v. Acción reinvindicatoria. [GR L-48050. [Jalbuena De Leon v. 6 Phil. 286. 179. Also Acción de reinvindicacion. 1. 10. [Javier v. GR 96107. David. Under these circumstances. 2.civil proceeding to determine the better right of possession of realty independently of title. June 19. An action to demand a proportionate reduction of the price. 618. Marcos. 2006. GR L-48050. The plenary action to recover the right of possession when dispossession was effected by means other than those mentioned in Rule 70 of the Rules of Court. Acción publiciana. 1567. including the recovery of possession. 1995]. 2. 1994 ]. 1995]. Oct. GR 169793. 620 (1908)]. 2004. [Art. 1. 502 SCRA 172. CA. Jr. which should be filed in the RTC. Sept.
A person who signs on the back of a note as such and who is therefore only secondarily liable. 2000 Ed. 16. 2001-2006]. 2000 Ed. See also Arts. Inst. 29. A.. [Moreno s Law Dict.. [Maulini v.. 1729 and 1893. Accommodation maker. [Sec. Serrano. NIL]. but is held liable on the instrument to a holder for value although the latter knew him to be only an accommodation party. Accommodation guarantor. Nego. A person one who has signed an instrument as maker. 7]. Nego. to his signature or the fact that he signed for accommodation is known to the holder. 7].. Inst. p. notwithstanding such . drawer. Nego. Nego. even though he adds the word . Compilation of Notes. 1914]. 1177. 1. [Moreno s Law Dict. Inst. [Art. Dec. CC]. Inst. A note to which the accommodating party has put his name without consideration for the purpose of accommodating some other party who is to use it and is expected to pay it. CC. p. Nego. A person liable on the instrument to a holder for value.surety. A person primarily liable on the instrument. A legal arrangement under which a person called the accommodation party lends his name and credit to another without any consideration.. Accommodation. GR 8844. Also Subrogatory action.Acción subrogatoria. 2. acceptor of indorser without receiving value therefor. Accommodation party. Inst. [Claridades. Accommodation note.
[Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). [Crisologo-Jose v. not being principal as defined in Art. 540]. i. Accomplice. 1989].e. drawer. cooperates in the execution of the offense by previous or simultaneous acts [Art. He lends his name to enable the accommodated party to obtain credit or to raise money. 18. a person must (a) be a party to the instrument. he concurs with the latter in his purpose. knowing that criminal design of the principal by direct participation. GR 80599. the accommodation party is in effect a surety for the latter. Aruego. A partner in a crime. and (c) sign for the purpose of lending his name for the credit of some other person. 17 of the Rev. A person who. (b) he cooperates in the execution of the . 539. 15. Sep. at the time of the taking of the instrument knew him to be only an accommodation party.. Accommodation party.holder. Accomplice. He receives no part of the consideration for the instrument but assumes liability to the other parties thereto because he wants to accommodate another. signing as maker. Requisites to be considered as such: (a) Community of design. RPC]. A person who knowingly and voluntarily participates with another in a criminal activity. 2. 102 SCRA 530. 1. Penal Code. In lending his name to the accommodated party. CA. acceptor. [Phil. 2004]. Requisites: To be an accommodation party. Bank of Commerce v. (b) not receive value therefor. or indorser.
Compare with Responsibility. GR No. or those who carry. or who are imputed with knowledge relating to the enforced disappearance and who carry the burden of disclosure. or to be filed with a court or govt. and other financial accounting and related schedules. or reports which are to be used for publication or for credit purposes. the burden of extraordinary diligence in the investigation of the enforced disappearance. agency. but have failed to discharge. science. signing. It shall constitute in a person. Accountancy practice. services such as the audit or verification of financial transactions and accounting records. and. 2009]. Apr. be it in his individual capacity. or offering or rendering. 1994]. exhibits. 3. holding out himself as one skilled in the knowledge. or certification for clients of reports of audit. See Agreement. or as a partner or staff member in an accounting or auditing firm. [Razon v. (c) there must be a relation between the acts done by the principal and those attributed to the person charged as accomplice. Dec. The measure of remedies that should be addressed to those who exhibited involvement in the enforced disappearance without bringing the level of their complicity to the level of responsibility defined above. 22. Accord.offense by previous or simultaneous acts. the installation and . [People v. balance sheets. and practice of accounting. the preparation. Jorge. to more than one client on a fee basis or otherwise. Accountability. or both. Tagitis. statements. GR 99379. 182498. and as qualified to render professional services as a certified public accountant. or to be used for any other purpose.
Accredit.. RA 9904]. [GSIS v. As such. [Moreno s Law Dict. An account rendered to a debtor who receives it without objection and who promises to pay it. 28. 2000 Ed. Agricultural. 3. 1994]. 3. 8]. agencies on tax matters related to accounting or renders professional assistance in matters relating to accounting procedures and the recording and presentation of financial facts or data. To acknowledge. [Sec. p. The fiscal or calendar year adopted by a homeowners association in the recording and reporting of its fiscal transactions. [Sec. GR 98395.revision of accounting system. 3. The procedure by which a government agency having jurisdiction formally recognizes the competence of an inspection and / or certification body to provide inspection and certification services. PD 692]. CSC. the preparation of income tax returns when related to accounting procedures. or when he represents clients before govt.. [Sec. industrial system and Also and . Accredited dual training agricultural. Account stated. industrial business establishments. Accounting period. its correctness can no longer be impeached except for fraud and mistake. Oct. Accreditation. RA 10068].
Any financial institution accredited by the BSP whose portfolios are substantially agri-agra related as defined by the IRR. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). Intl. 1. 2. 3. partnership. corporation or cooperative which is duly recognized and authorized by the appropriate authority to participate in the dual training system educational institution. 457 of the Civil Code. RA 7686]. Accredited employees' organization. 3. to participate in the dual training system. 2004]. [Sec. Law. RA 10000]. Accredited dual training system educational institution / training center.business establishments. [EO 180]. Accretion. [Sandoval. 4. either through natural means or artificially through human labor. as out of a lake or river. Prop. Accredited rural financial institution. The increase in the land area of the state. The increase or accumulation of land by natural causes. The imperceptible and gradual addition to land by the slow . 4. Accretion. A sole proprietorship. [Sec. Law Reviewer 2003]. A mode of acquiring property under Art. in coordination with the business and industry. [Sec. RA 7686]. A registered organization of the rank-and-file employees recognized to negotiate for the employees in an organizational unit headed by an officer with sufficient authority to bind the agency. Pol. A public or private institution duly recognized and authorized by the appropriate authority.
CA. Intl. when 2 or more persons are called to the same inheritance. devise or legacy. Succ. A right by virtue of which. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Accrued Interest. (b) that it be the result of the action of the waters of the river (or sea). as exemplified by the reclamation projects on Manila Bay and the polders of the Netherlands.. Also termed as Observed depreciation. A. Accretion. Law. Natl. 246 SCRA 374 (1995)]. 1015. or by human labor. Law Reviewer. . co-devisees. 2. the part assigned to the one who renounces or cannot receive his share. Interest which has fallen due but remains unpaid. Intl. is added or incorporated to that of his co-heirs. 1996 Ed.action of water. [Meneses v. [RCPI v. 2004]. or who died before the testator. A mode of adding to the territory of a state by natural process. and (c) that the land where accretion takes place is adjacent to the banks or rivers (or the sea coast). Accretion. p. CC]. or co-legatees. See Alluvion.. [Cruz. Requisites: (a) That the deposition of soil or sediment be gradual and imperceptible. 71]. Prop. such as the gradual deposit of soil on the coast through the action of the water. [Claridades. Compilation of Notes. [Art. 2006-2011].. Accumulated depreciation on appraisal. The accumulated depreciation based on the appraised or appraisal value per appraiser's report.
Mar.. A formal declaration before an authorized official by the person who executed an instrument that it is his free act and deed. Flores. Lat. 2004]. 2001-2006]. The name for the defendant in a criminal case. Natural children duly acknowledged or recognized by the father and mother jointly. [People v. [Jurist s Legal Dict. A converso.. 2001-2006]. On the contrary. 2004]. [Claridades. A. 2001-2006]. Compilation of Notes. From the contrary sense. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). 237 SCRA 662]. Acknowledged natural children. Accused. A. Conversely. 2. 26. GR 93044. A contrario sensu. Lat. Compilation of Notes. Allowing too much time to pass since a person had knowledge of an event which may have allowed him to have legal recourse against another. [Claridades. the certificate of the official on such instrument attesting that it was so acknowledged. Acquiescence.Wages Council. Compilation of Notes. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Acknowledgment. implying that he waived his rights to that legal recourse. Lat. A contrario. or by only one of them. 2004]. A.. 1992]. Action or inaction which binds a person legally even though it was not intended as such.. [Claridades. 1. ..
instrumentality or corporation in satisfaction of debts whether by foreclosure of otherwise. agency. Requisites: 1. To gain by any means. by . caused by HIV contracted from another person and which attacks and weakens the body's immune system. RA 8504]. A condition characterized by a combination of signs and symptoms. and 2. win. [Sec. or to a govt. To take on as a part of one s nature or qualifications. A corporation: (a) which is under private ownership. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). 2. A. the claimants. [Moreno s Law Dict. 2000 Ed. 2001-2006].. or (b) which is a subsidiary of a govt. secure or obtain. corp.[Claridades. through final judgment in a sequestration proceeding. and which in any case by law or by enunciated policy is required to be disposed of to private ownership within a specified period of time. The land applied for must be an alienable and disposable public land. Compilation of Notes. making the afflicted individual susceptible to other life-threatening infections.. Acquire. 3. or (ii) duly acquired by the Govt. the voting or outstanding shares of which were: (i) conveyed to the Govt.. or lease. procure. Acquisition through adverse possession of public lands. or operate specific physical assets acquired by a GFI in satisfaction of debts incurred therewith. organized exclusively to own and manage. RA 7656]. Acquired asset corporation. usually by one s own exertions. p. earn. To attain. [Sec. 9].
Compare with Dismissal. Law. 498. A release. 507-508 (2001).themselves or through their predecessors-in-interest. v. July 31. 3 of the Rev." [People v. Crim. It is always based on the merits. 1981]. A. 402 Phil. Law. . Civ. the defendant is acquitted because the evidence does not show that defendant's guilt is beyond reasonable doubt. As used in Art. Requisites: For prescription to set in. 2. exclusive. have been in open. Compilation of Notes. (c) public and (d) to the exclusion of all. Crim. that is. and notorious possession and occupation of the land since June 12. Gonzales.. 2004]. The acquisition of ownership and other real rights through the lapse of time. Acquittal. [Claridades. Law. the possession must be: (a) adverse. [Corpuz v. absolution. Divinaflor. CA. Lising. citing Rep. 2001-2006]. v. Padilla. the term must be understood as "any bodily movement tending to produce some effect in the external world. 2004]. 235 SCRA 567 (1994)]. setting the person free from a charge of guilty by a finding of not guilty. Civ. Penal Code. Act. 1945 or earlier. 1962]. continuous. In criminal law the finding of not guilty. [Malanyaon v. Law. [Jurist s Legal Dict. Acquisitive prescription. July 30. Mar. or discharge of an obligation or liability.. (b) continuous. The legal certification of the innocence of a person who has been charged with a crime. [Rep. but dismissal does not decide the case on the merits or that the defendant is not guilty. 3. Acquisitive prescription. GR L56028. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). GR 80762. 1. GR L-18099 & L18136.
Lat. and determinations. Legislation or Law. It may denote something done as a legislature.. 492]. A. Act. edicts. [Coquia and Santiago. [Moreno s Law Dict. 5th Ed. 24]. This is also termed as a General act. GR 111230. 2000 Ed. p. it is an instrument which records the summary of a diplomatic conference. Pol. . Compilation of Notes. [Claridades. 2. citing Black s Law Dict. A. Intl. It reproduces the treaties. including not merely physical acts. A bill which has passed through the various legislative steps required for it and which has become law. 1. 1994. p. Synonymous to Statute. 1990]. 3rd Ed. laws. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Law. as in an act of Congress. Sometimes termed a Final act or Protocol de cloture. Acta jure imperii.. 2001-2006]. Comelec. 30. Act. Acta jure gestionis. or performing services temporarily. Holding a temporary rank or position. 10]. Lat. [Claridades.19. Intl. conventions or resolutions agreed upon by the participants of the conference.. judgments. but also decrees. awards. (1998). An expression of will or purpose. p. Compilation of Notes. Law. Acts by right of dominion... 20012006]. Law.. 2004]. [Garcia v. Acting. Sep. resolves. Acts by right of management..
[Sec. 3. the means that the law has provided to put the cause of action into effect. 827. 4. Action. 1. Rem.Actio in personam. the means by which men litigate with each other. It includes counterclaim. Act 2137]. A written instrument upon which the . the lawful demand of one's right in a court of justice. RA 9485]. RoC]. 46 Phil. 58. i. 1. Actionable. or the prevention or redress of a wrong. The legal demand of one's right. the legal and formal demand of one's rights from another person or party. a cause of action. Rule 2. made and insisted on in a court of justice. or a suit at law. or rights. 4. [Sec. 20062011]. the lawful demand of one's rights in the form given by law. Law. An ordinary suit in a court of justice. 834-835]. office or agency on the application or request submitted by a client for processing. Anti-Red Tape Law. set-off. the prosecution of some demand in a court of justice. See Action in personam. and suits in equity as provided by law. A. A matter or action that creates a ground. a claim made before a tribunal. [Claridades. [Gutierrez Hermanos v. Actionable document. [Sec.. a demand or legal proceeding in a court of justice to secure one's rights. Actio in rem.. Compilation of Notes. De la Riva. 2. an assertion in a court of justice of a right given by law. Law. The written approval or disapproval made by a govt. Rem. a demand of a right in a court of justice.e. See Action in rem. by which one party prosecutes another for the enforcement or protection of a right.
7. RoC].. Actionable negligence. GR 45961. [Sering v. An action in personam available to a person whose property has been wrongfully registered under the Torrens system in another s name. Plazo. 190]. A violation of the duty to use care. 3 July 1990. [Moreno s Law Dict. Sep. Action for injunction. GR 146262. perpetually or for a particular time. Action for reconveyance. 29. A violation of law. from the commission or continuance of a specific act. 11].. [Vales v. [Heirs of Lopez. [Sec. 1988].action or defense is based. CA. As a remedy. Jan. A suit which has for its purpose the enjoinment of the defendant. 21. . 788]. 35 Phil. Enriquez. GR L49731.[it] is filed as an ordinary action in the ordinary courts of justice and not with the land registration court. 144-145]. p. [Manila Banking Corp. Rule 8. v. Action in ejectment. The term includes a suit of forcible entry (detentacion) or unlawful detainer (desahucio). Reconveyance is always available as long as the property has not passed to an innocent third person for value. or his compulsion to continue performance of a particular act. 449 SCRA 173. 187 SCRA 138. 2000 Ed. X x x. Sr. Actionable wrong. Law. v. Rem. 2005. Villa.
Law. 928 (1918)]. The action quasi in rem differs from the true action in rem in the circumstance that in the former an individual is named as defendant and the purpose of the proceeding is to subject his interest therein to the obligation or lien burdening the property. actio personalis in haeredem non datur. [Hernandez v. Lat. 1. or other form of remedy. An action against the person. 76 SCRA 85]. Usually a proceeding where property is involved. Lat. .. [Jurist s Legal Dict. foreclosure. 2004]. 2. 76 SCRA 85]. In contrast to action in rem. . founded on a personal liability. an action for the recovery of a specific object. An action for the recovery of the very thing. Rem. 2004]. [Banco Español Filipino v. Rem. Action quasi in rem. . instead of against the person. An action against the thing itself. Rural Bank of Lucena. Lat..Action in personam. 2. All proceedings having for their sole object the sale or other disposition of the property of the defendant. Proceeding against the thing as compared to personal actions (in personam). An action against a person on the basis of his personal liability. are in a general way thus designated. usually an item of personal property. A personal right of . whether by attachment. nisi forte ex damno locupletior haeres factus sit. Rural Bank of Lucena. A personal action seeking redress against a particular individual. 921. Law. An action which while not strictly speaking an action in rem partakes of that nature and is substantially such. Action in rem. 37 Phil. 1. The judgment entered in these proceedings is conclusive only between the parties. Actio personalis moritur cum persona. Law. Rem. Palanca. [Jurist s Legal Dict. [Hernandez v.
and / or the pursuit of the target species by towing. 16. Sandiganbayan. 3. unless. . such as. [Sec. A prying into hidden places for that which is concealed. 3. drift gill net and tuna longline. Areas under actual exploration. paaling. Active search. 1991]. Aug. A penal action is not given against an heir. surrounding. Active fishing gear. bag nets. 4. purse seines. dredging. Danish seines. pumping and scaring the target species to impoundments. lifting. but not limited to. GR 81337. RA 6675]. such heir is benefited by the wrong. RA 7076]. RA 8550]. [Petralba v. A fishing device characterized by gear movements. but in no case to exceed the maximum area allowed by law. exploitation or commercial production as determined by the DENR Sec. and pushing the gears. trawl. after the necessary field investigation or verification including contiguous and geologically related areas belonging to the same claim owner and / or under contract with an operator. development. [Sec. covering.action dies with the person. [Sec. The chemical component responsible for the claimed therapeutic effect of the pharmaceutical product. Active ingredient. indeed. Active mining area.
GR 121917. 1990. GR 93010. floods or earthquakes. Law Rev. 12. Compare with Passive subject. Active solidarity. An event which is caused solely by the effect of nature or natural causes and without any interference by humans whatsoever. Oblig.[Padilla v.. & Cont. Civil Code of the Phil. with the resulting obligation of paying every one what belongs to him. [Quiombing v. p. It consists in the authority of each creditor to claim and enforce the rights of all. IV.. Mar. Active subject. [Torres. 1997. Rev.. The person who can demand the performance of the obligation. Act of God. Law Dict. from the list of insurable occurrences as a means to waive their obligations for damage caused by typhoons. CA. . 24]. 2000 Ed. 85 Ed.Acts of God. Insurance contracts often exclude . & Direct. p. 2004].. 4th Ed.. It is a kind of solidarity where there are several creditors and only one debtor. Activist school. 1991 Ed.. citing Tolentino. p. but only mutual representation. 24]. Bus..]. Aug. [Diaz. Vol.. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. 228]. much less a renunciation of rights. citing Black's Law Dict.. [Intl. there is no merger. 30. Compare with Passive solidarity. otherwise known as the creditor or obligee. 2004]. Group of Third World theorists who argue that international law reflects the interests of developed states to the detriment of developing states and who advocate action by the latter to change it. CA.
or failure to act. & Direct. A natural disaster the occurrence of which cannot be foreseen or prevented. May 21. 2004]. the whole occurrence is thereby humanized. etc. 1993. [Intl. tsunamis. Law Dict. and removed from the rules applicable to the acts of God.Act of God. A sovereign act of government which cannot be the subject of a suit or be actionable in law. pp. Doctrine that the act of a govt. whether it be from active intervention or neglect. [Napocor v. typhoons. floods. Act of State. the cause of which is to be considered. Act of God doctrine. GR 10344245. Act of state doctrine. CA.. as it were. citing 1 Corpus Juris. A municipal court will decline to hear a dispute based on such acts if to do so would interfere with the conduct of the forum state's foreign policy. . is found to be in part the result of the participation of man. such as earthquakes. 1174-1175]. When the effect. within the boundaries of its own territory is not subject to judicial scrutiny in a foreign municipal court. Also Fortuitious event or Force majeure. The doctrine embodying the principle that strictly requires that the act must be one occasioned exclusively by the violence of nature and all human agencies are to be excluded from creating or entering into the cause of the mischief.
[per Art. Crim. Jan. Compilation of Notes. GR 88694. CC]. Law. CA. Those which Art. Acts by right of management. 407 of the Civil Code authorizes [to be entered] in the civil registry (such as legitimations. Loss or injury willfully caused by any person to another in a manner that is contrary to morals. [Claridades. Acts wrong in themselves. public order. Acta jure gestionis. Acts by right of dominion. Glossary of Conflict of Laws. 21. acknowledgments of illegitimate children and naturalization). Activities of a commercial nature carried out by a foreign State or one of its subdivisions or agencies. good customs or public policy for which the former shall compensate the latter for the damage. 2004]. Acts mala in se. which qualify for State immunity under the modern doctrine of restrictive foreign sovereign immunity. Acta jure imperii. good custom. v. Glossary of Conflict of Laws. or public policy. Elements: (a) There is an act which is legal. [Albenson Enterprises Corp. Acts contra bonus mores. Acts contra bonus mores. 1993]. (c) and it is done with intent to injure. [Tetley. which acts are not immune from the jurisdiction and process of local courts under the modern doctrine of restrictive foreign sovereign immunity.. (b) but which is contrary to morals. 2004].Acts. 2006-2011]. Activities of a governmental or public nature carried out by a foreign State or one of its subdivisions. A. 11. [Tetley. In acts mala .
Law. 299.. Crim. People. Crim. 134]. (2) that it is done: (a) by using force and intimidation or (b) when the offended party is deprived . Go Chico. citing Sangco. Law.in se. cited in US v. Acts of lasciviousness. Villegas. 1968. 27. p. 14 Phil. GR 111343. Mar. The felony committed by any person who shall commit any act of lasciviousness upon other persons of either sex. Acts of lasciviousness. Elements: (1) That the offender commits any act of lasciviousness or lewdness. Vol. GR L-22984. I.. Those which by reason of neighborliness or familiarity. Penal Code. the owner of property allows his neighbor or another person to do on the property. 227. In cats mala prohibita. Law. 1963. [Sarona v. Acts merely tolerated. they are generally those particular services or benefits which one's property can give to another without material injury or prejudice to the owner who permits them out of friendship or courtesy.Y. Law. 1979. 335 of the Rev. Crim. p. RPC]. 90]. the only inquiry is. under any of the circumstances mentioned in Art. has the law been violated? [Gardner v. the intent governs. ed. in turn citing 1 Ruggiero 843]. Aug. [Art. citing II Tolentino. 22. Acts which would not be wrong but for the fact that positive law forbids them. 1996. [Dunlao v.. 336. CA. Acts mala prohibita. Book 1. Civil Code of the Phil. 62 N. Crim.
See Torture. [Art. Actual. as reinstated by EO 187]. Phil. the said act is performed with a child exploited in prostitution or subjected to other sexual abuse. 7. The felony committed by any person who. Ruiz Castro. as opposed to something merely possible. prevents the meeting of the National Assembly (Congress of the Phils. Crim.. [People v. the child whether male or female. Acts of lasciviousness committed against a child. Essential elements: 1. Larin. 318]. or of any provincial board or city or municipal council or board. Jan. by force or fraud. GR 149199. acts of. Acts of torture. Crim. Law. or to something which is presumptive or constructive..of reason or otherwise unconscious. GR 128777. Oct. Also Actual controversy. Law Dict. Act tending to prevent the meeting of the Assembly and similar bodies. 385 (1956)]. 143. p. or (c) when the offended party is under 12 years of age. RPC. Bon. 3rd Ed. Actual case. 2003]. An existing case or controversy that is appropriate or . or actually existing. [Moreno. Law.s) or of any of its committees or subcommittees. Something real. 26 citing Salaysay v. 1998. constitutional commissions or committees or divisions thereof. 3. is below 18 years of age. 2. and (3) that the offended party is another person of either sex. 297 SCRA 309. 28. [People v. 98 Phil. The accused commits the act of sexual intercourse or lascivious conduct.
204 SCRA 516. not conjectural or anticipatory.. 65 OG 1054]. 1. and the actual apprehension of corporeal possession by the buyer or by some person authorized by him to receive the goods as his representative for the purpose of custody or disposal.. Intentional fraud. it consists in deception. 1.)]. 2. Delivery where physical possession is given to the vendee or his representative. citing Black's Law Dict. CA. Actual delivery. GR 90707. [Art.ripe for determination. 1993]. 515-516 (4th Ed. Actual damages. Sec. Aug. GR 96306. CA. CC]. Actual fraud. Argel. 3. Exec. [Moreno. Adequate compensation to which a person is entitled only for such pecuniary loss suffered by him as he has duly proved. The intentional omission of fact required by law to be stated in the . [Garcia v. 20. 2. Compare with Constructive delivery. intentionally practiced to induce another to part with property or to surrender some legal right. 522 (1991)]. The ceding of corporeal possession by the seller. Law Dict. 1. 1497. Also Compensatory damages. Phil. citing Andrada v. [Berico v. v. Sales. 2199. The placement of the thing sold in the control and possession of the vendee. except as provided by law or by stipulation [Art. [Onapal Phils. Feb. Also Real delivery. CC]. 1993. and which accomplishes the end designed.
Omnibus Rules Implementing Book . p.. Dela Cruz. [Sec. The period of continuous service since the appointment of the official or employee concerned. Rule XVI. Civil Law Reviewer. including the period or periods covered by any previously approved leave with pay. Mar. It may also constitute specific acts intended to deceive or deprive another of his right. IC]. Rev. p. Serv. Ed. [Albano. that in computing the length of service of an employee paid on the daily wage basis. Ins. Law.. 524. A loss may be presumed from the continued absence of a ship without being heard of. citing Alba v. 2000 Ed. Leave of absence without pay for any reason other than illness shall not be counted as part of the actual service rendered: Provided. 1. 132. 28. 1. [It] consists in the manifestation of acts of dominion over [a piece of land] of such a nature as a party would naturally exercise over his own property. 471 Phil. but lack of actual notice of the proceedings does not itself establish fraud. Civ. Actual loss. Compare with Constructive possession. Possession as a fact or physical possession. 607 (2004)]. Saturdays. 17 Phil. The length of time which is sufficient to raise this presumption depends on the circumstances of the case. [Moreno s Law Dict. Actual service. [Sec. Sundays or holidays occurring within a period of service shall be considered as service although he did not receive pay on those days inasmuch as his service was not then required. Actual possession.. Alconaba. 12]. Compare with Constructive fraud and Positive fraud. 2. [Republic v. 49].application or willful statement of a claim against truth.
[Sec.. PD 464]. . GR 115008-09. An act done by me against my will is not my act. 3. Lat. Actus ipsa loquitur. 2000 Ed. 1996]. Salvatierra. GR 111124.. An act is not criminal unless the mind is criminal.V of EO 292]. The purpose for which the property is principally or predominantly utilized by the persons in possession of the property. Ins. Actus me invito factus non est meus actus. at the port of destination. or (d) any other event which effectively deprives the owner of the possession. Quijada. Lat. or by being broken up. Let the act speak for itself. Actus non facit reum. PD 985]. [Sec. [People v. [People v. [Moreno s Law Dict. IC]. nisi mens sit rea. p. (c) any damage to the thing which renders it valueless to the owner for the purpose for which he held it. 1996]. 3. Compare with Constructive total loss. Actual total loss. 130. Actual use. Lat. excluding period covered by terminal leave. June 20. of the thing insured. July 24. 2. (b) the irretrievable loss of the thing by sinking. Loss caused by: (a) a total destruction of the thing insured. [Sec. 12]. The period of time for which pay has been received.
citing I . 3. Ad cautelam. Addendum. GR L1787.s)]. but is filed just in case. The adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects. 2010]. 3. [Lopez v. which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities. Such evidence allowed to be offered (a) when it is newly discovered. Liboro. RA 9729]. or (b) where it has been omitted through inadvertence or mistake. Sore eyes.. As a precaution. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. 12]. 3. The ability of ecological. RA 9729]. Aug. Lat.. [Moreno s Law Dict. [Sec. Sec. 10. 27. [Sec. 7. 2004]. p.. [Art. Customary law. Adaptive capacity. RA 10121. social or economic systems to adjust to climate change including climate variability and extremes. to moderate or offset potential damages and to take advantage of associated opportunities with changes in climate or to cope with the consequences thereof. 1948. [http://latin.net Oct. PD 1083 (Code of Muslim Personal Laws of the Phils. Ada. Adaptation. or (c) where the purpose of the evidence is to correct evidence previously offered. An attachment to a written document. A document that is not necessary. Additional evidence.topword.Acute conjunctivitis. 2000 Ed.
. Adequate remedy. The direction for delivery of a letter. Apr. The act of a citizen of favoring the enemy and harboring sympathies or convictions disloyal to his country s policy or interest. 11 CJ. (p. Adherence to the enemy. Crt... p. 65 Sup. not merely a remedy which at some time in the future will bring about a revival of the judgment of the lower court complained of in the certiorari proceeding.. 529)]. 1997 9th Ed. business.Moran's Comments on the Rules of Court. . of Crim.. [Lim Sih Beng v. 885. 160-163]. [Gregorio. Address. 5. Rep. p. 2d Ed. where a person may be found or communicated with. 57 Phil. 1967. Law Rev. citing Cramer v. but a remedy which will promptly relieve the petitioner from the injurious effects of that judgment and the acts of the inferior court or tribunal.. the name or description of a place of residence. [Sec. 113]. 363. 545. speedy and sufficient. etc. A person who is intended by the originator to receive the electronic data message or electronic document. US. A remedy which is equally beneficial. 918]. Torres. 64 CJ. 24. RA 8792]. [Silvestre v. citing 2 Words and Phrases. GR L-23387. Fund. Addressee. but does not include a person acting as an intermediary with respect to that electronic data message or electronic data document.
[Aytona v. Forever. Civil Code of the Phil.. 2. 2004]. GR 97785. with no opportunity for negotiation as to it's terms. but which the latter cannot modify.. citing Tolentino. [PCIBank v. usually to the advantage of the seller. 1985. 2004]. 2004].. sets out the terms and conditions of the sale. A contract in which one of the parties imposes a ready-made form of contract. 1978]. In the meantime or for the time being. or those made during a period of time from the adjournment of the Congress to the opening session. without limit. of the same Congress. IAC. Nov. 29. typically. A fine-print consumer form contract which is generally given to consumers at point-of-sale. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Thus. GR L-19313. Lat. [Duhaime's Legal Dict.Adhesion contract.. GR L65439. 4th Ed. Vol. Ad-interim appointment. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Mar. or to discharge the duties of the office during the absence or temporary incapacity of its regular incumbent. CA. 1962]. Rev. [PLM v. 1. Lat. 1996. 506]. which the other party may accept or reject.. An appointment made by the President while Congress is not in session. It takes effect immediately but ceases to be valid if disapproved by the Commission on Appointments or upon the next .. Jan. For this purpose. Ad hoc. citing Black's Law Dict. for a specific purpose. 1. 19. and which. Castillo. indefinitely. Ad infinitum. an officer ad interim is one appointed to fill a vacancy. 2. The appointment that the President may make during the recess of the Congress. p. IV (1986). 13. regular or special. Ad interim.
2002. Rem. [Suarez.adjudge. 2. rendition of a judgment order which disposes of the merits. [Cariño v. Law. settle or decree. Adjudication. 2. See Dacion en pago or Dation in payment.adjournment of Congress. Adjudication. [Bench Book 1. 2004]. Law. and the entry of a judgment. [Aytona v. Law Reviewer. Adjournment. mere temporary suspension of business from day to day. Adjective or procedural law. 1962]. GR L-19313. Dec. To pass on judicially. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). 1. to decide. [Cariño v. Pol. 1991]. Castillo. Dec. or for such brief periods of time as are agreed upon by the joint action of the 2 houses. GR 96681.. p. During a session of Congress. Compare with Regular appointment. To determine finally. That body of law which governs the process of protecting the rights under substantive law. Law. Synonymous with . 393]. in its strictest sense. See also Remedial law. CHR. Compare with Recess. GR 96681. To settle in the exercise of judicial authority. or to sentence or condemn. 1st Ed. Adjudicate. The term implies a judicial determination of a fact. Pol. The or final the case on for Trial . Civ. CHR. 19. 1991]. Jan. Adjudge.
3. A judgment which determines the rights and liabilities of the parties based on the disclosed facts. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). 2004]. that there should have been a trial. A person appointed only for the purposes of prosecuting or defending an action on behalf of another such as a child or mentally-challenged person. Also called a Guardian ad litem. Lat. technical or dilatory objections. [Sec. p. Determination in the exercise of judicial power. Any act of introducing any dangerous drug into the body of any person. CA. July 5. Adjudication or judgment on the merits. 3. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Ad litem.. GR 122807. 2. If the judgment is general. giving or pronouncing judgment in a case.)]. ingestion or other means. Also the judgment given. 2004].Court Judges. Administer. A judgment. 1996]. [Bouvier's Law Dict. however. See Conjunction. . 2-40]. RA 9165]. with or without his / her knowledge. Adjunction. [Mendiola v. 3rd Revision (8th Ed. irrespective of formal. and the parties had a full legal opportunity to be heard on their respective claims and contentions. It is not necessary. Giving or pronouncing a judgment or decree. inhalation. For the suit. or of committing any act of indispensable assistance to a person in administering a dangerous drug to himself / herself unless administered by a duly licensed practitioner for purposes of medication. by injection. and not based on any technical defect or objection. it is on the merits although there was no actual hearing or arguments on the facts of the case.
to administration. citing Fluet v. Dorr. The term connotes. The felony committed by any person who. McCabe. citing Bouvier Law Dict.E. RPC]. physical injury. shall inflict upon another any serious. . omissions. 9. Crim. practices. 1974. PD 1487].. 93]. Law. 2d. especially management. Martinez. application. without intent to kill. by knowingly administering to him any injurious substance or beverages or by taking advantage of his weakness of mind or credulity. or pertains. GR L-31152. Administrative adjudicatory power. as by managing or conducting. or procedures of an administrative agency. [Art. the execution. See Quasi-judicial power. directing or superintending. Compare Government. [US v. Administrative. [Sec. Mar.Administering injurious substances or beverages. 1903. May 19. recommendations. Administration. 27. The aggregate of those persons in whose hands the reins of govt. Administrative act. 12 N. Any action including decisions. are for the time being (the chief ministers or heads of departments). [Univ. GR 1051. of Nueva Caceres v. 89l]. 264. or conduct of persons or things.
Administrative due process. 38 SCRA 489. and (d) a finding or decision by that tribunal supported by substantial evidence presented at the hearing. EO 292 signed into law on July 25. introduce witnesses and relevant evidence in his favor. [Air Manila. 1971. any official. 9. Inc. (b) the members. Any department or other governmental unit including any GOCC. Administrative Code of 1987. 2004]. Apr. or appurtenant judicial staff. or at least contained in the records or disclosed to the parties affected. committees. and labor. or any employee acting or purporting to act by reason of connection with the govt. and one of competent jurisdiction. but it does not include (a) any court or judge. to administer laws pertaining to specific areas such as taxes. [Sec. Balatbat. (c) a tribunal so constituted as to give him reasonable assurance of honesty and impartiality. Agencies created by the legislative branch of govt. 1987. Administrative agency. PD 1487]. 29. or (c) the President or his personal staff. 492]. . [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). or staffs of the National Assembly. transportation. of the institution of the proceedings that may affect a person's legal rights. or (4) the members of the Constitutional Commissions and their personal staffs.Administrative agencies. v. (b) reasonable opportunity to appear and defend his rights. [The procedural due process in administrative or quasi-judicial tribunal which] is recognized to include (a) the right to notice. L-29064. be it actual or constructive.
The decision must have something to support itself. The tribunal must consider the evidence presented. which includes the right to present one s case and submit evidence in support thereof. CIR. The tribunal or body or any of its judges must act on its or his own independent consideration of the law and facts of the controversy. 4. The right to a hearing. (2) arising from. Cardinal rules for procedural due process in administrative or quasijudicial tribunal: 1. Feb. 1. the conduct of the proceedings under RA 10142. Administrative expenses.Administrative due process. Compare with Judicial due process. The decision must be based on the evidence presented at the hearing. [Ang Tibay v. 3. 1940]. Substantial evidence is such reasonable evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion. 6. including those incurred for the rehabilitation or liquidation of the . 2. or in connection with. The evidence must be substantial. and not simply accept the views of a subordinate. 5. and 7. or at least contained in the record and disclosed to the parties affected. 27. GR 46496. The tribunal or body should render its decision in such manner that the parties to the proceeding can know the various issues involved and the reason for the decision rendered. Those reasonable and necessary expenses: (1) incurred or arising from the filing of a petition under the provisions of RA 10142.
(b) expenses incurred in the ordinary course of business after the issuance of the stay order. and (6) that are otherwise authorized or mandated under this Act or such other expenses as may be allowed by the Sup. AM 88-71861-RTC. 2. 1. Those which involve the regulation and control over the conduct and affairs of individuals for their own welfare and the promulgation of rules and regulations to better carry out the policy of the legislature or such as are devolved upon the . 2008]. Rule 2. and the performance by that machinery of governmental acts. 2. Administrative functions. Court in its rules. [Claridades. (4) for the payment of new obligations obtained after the commencement date to finance the rehabilitation of the debtor. determinations. Administrative feasibility. [Sec. (3) incurred in the ordinary course of business of the debtor after the commencement date. (a) Reasonable and necessary expenses that are incurred in connection with the filing of the petition. 1988]. 2001-2006]. excluding interest payable to the creditors for loans and credit accommodations existing at the time of the issuance of the stay order. The capability of a tax system of being effectively enforced. Oct.debtor.. effective. 1. 2. 4. of supervision or control. A. and (c) other expenses that are authorized under the Rules of Proc. Taxation. The executive machinery of govt. and orders of executive officials as they administer the laws and try to make govt. It refers to the management actions. RA 10142]. (5) incurred for the fees of the rehabilitation receiver or liquidator and of the professionals engaged by them. Compilation of Notes. There is an element of positive action. Dec. 5. on Corporate Rehab. AM 00-8-10-SC. [In Re: Manzano. [Sec.
Acts of the President which relate to particular aspect of governmental operations in pursuance of his duties as administrative head shall be promulgated in administrative . Requisites to be valid: 1. pp. Comelec. 50-51 (2007)]. It must be reasonable. 1978. Black's Law Dict. Tapucar. SP07599-R. [Lokin v.. Its promulgation must be authorized by the Legislature.]. Admin. 29 Sep. Phil. It must be promulgated in accordance with the prescribed procedure. 2. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Administrative IRRs (or rules). are performed. Administrative law. 2. (1993). 2010. June 22. Con. p. 1. It must be within the scope of the authority given by the Legislature. citing Cruz. That body of law which applies for hearings before quasi-judicial or administrative tribunals. That law which fixes the organization and determines the competence of the administrative authorities and which regulates the methods by which the functions of the govt. Stat. Administrative Orders. [Suarez. 2004]. 3. Law.administrative agency by the organic law of its existence [Nasipit Integrated Arrastre v. GR 179431-32 / GR 180443. and 4.. 38].
2. . [Claridades. 2004].. or require the submission of reports and cause the conduct of management audit.. Administrative tribunals are often referred to as Commission. A. Between routine govt. 1. and the courts. performance evaluation and inspection to determine compliance with policies. 3. 38. 6. Administrative tribunal. [Sec. sometimes called a tribunal or administrative tribunal and not necessarily presided by judges. Admin. efficiently and economically but without interference with day-to-day activities. Authority or Board. Code of 1987]. abuses and other forms of misadministration. EO 292]. policy decision-making bodies and the traditional court forums lies a hybrid. to take such action as may be necessary for the proper performance of official functions. certifying. These operate as a govt.orders. Administrative supervision. and to review and pass upon budget proposals of such agencies but may not increase or add to them. policymaking body at times but also exercise a licensing. standards and guidelines of the department. Chap. approval or other adjudication authority which is quasi-judicial because it directly affects the legal rights of a person. Hybrid adjudicating authorities which straddle the line between govt. including rectification of violations. [Sec. The power or authority of an officer or body to oversee that subordinate officers of bodies perform their assigned duties and functions in accordance with law. Compilation of Notes. The authority of the department or its equivalent to generally oversee the operations of such agencies and to insure that they are managed effectively. 2001-2006]. [Duhaime's Legal Dict.
or to such other person as may be authorized to . 3. credits. An administrator is a Personal representative. 1. chattels. The person entrusted with the care. Female administrators are called Administratrix. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. 3. 2. custody and management of the estate of a deceased person until the estate is partitioned and distributed to the heirs. legatees and devisees. The bond [that] secures the performance of the duties and obligations of an administrator [and is] conditioned on the faithful execution of the administration of the decedent s estate requiring the special administrator to (1) make and return a true inventory of the goods. [Bench Book for Trial Court Judges.. 3-2]. Administrator s bond. and (3) deliver the same to the person appointed as executor or regular administrator. The administrator is appointed by a court and is the person who would then have power to deal with the debts and assets of a person who died intestate. rights. Any person who acts as agent of the owner and manages the use of a building for him. if any. and estate of the deceased which come to his possession or knowledge. A person who administers the estate of a person deceased. p. 2004].Administrator. (2) truly account for such as received by him when required by the court. RA 9514]. [Sec.
See Special administrator. marine commerce and navigation. That body of law relating to ships. Admission against interest. RoC]. Admission. 2.. 2004]. RoC]. 2010. Evidence which is relevant to the issue and is not excluded by law or by the Rules of Court. 2001-2006]. [Ocampo v. Admiralty or maritime law. 2. July 5. etc. 2004]. See Admissions against interest. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). Lat. [Sec. Rule 81.. 1. A statement tending to establish the guilt or liability of the person making the statement. & Direct. Rule 130. Evidence that can be legally and properly introduced in a civil or criminal trial. 2004]. Admission by conspirator. 2. A. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). Evid.. transportation of persons or property by sea.. The act. Administratrix. . Compare with Confession. A. declaration or omission of a party as to a relevant fact which may be given in evidence against him. Evid. The law and court with jurisdiction over maritime affairs in general. 26. Compilation of Notes. 2001-2006]. 2004]. Female administrator. [Claridades. 1. 1. [Intl.receive them. Law Dict. Ocampo. 4. [Claridades. [Jurist s Legal Dict. The act or declaration of a conspirator relating to the conspiracy and during its existence. citing Sec. GR 187879. shipping. Compilation of Notes. Admissible evidence.
or omission of one from whom another derives title to property. while holding the title. 15. 31. An act or declaration made in the presence and within the hearing or observation of a party who does or says nothing when the act or declaration is such as naturally to . joint debtor. The act. and (c) that it has been made while the declarant was engaged in carrying out the conspiracy. [People v. The same rule applies to the act or declaration of a joint owner. 30. (b) that the admission relates to the common objects. declaration. Admission by conspirator. Surigawan. RoC]. Rule 130. RoC]. Rule 130. [Sec. or other person jointly interested with the party. 1993]. Admission by privies. in relation to the property. [Sec. Evid. 1. Dec. Admission by co-partner or agent. Evid. GR 83215. Evid. Requisites: (a) that the conspiracy be first proved by evidence other than the admission itself. [Sec. 29. which may be given in evidence against the latter. which may be given in evidence against such party after the partnership or agency is shown by evidence other than such act or declaration.which may be given in evidence against the co-conspirator after the conspiracy is shown by evidence other than such act of declaration. Rule 130. Evid. RoC]. Admission by silence. The act or declaration of a partner or agent of the party within the scope of his authority and during the existence of the partnership or agency.
call for action or comment if not true. error or oversight. warning or reminder. Admission by silence. Paragsa. p. and when proper and possible for him to do so. on a fault. Requisites: (a) That he heard and understood the statement. [Unchuan v. Evid. . which may be given in evidence against him. Evid. Rules of Court in the Phil. GR L40224. and (e) that the fact admitted or the inference to be drawn from his silence would be material to the issue. Veloso.. 16. GR 172671. July 20. (c) that the statement was in respect to some matter affecting his rights or in which he was then interested. 1980]. counseling. 2009. Admonition. RoC]. 23. and are admissible whether or not the declarant is available as a witness. [Tobias v. Rule 132. citing IV Francisco. Admissions against interest. 1978. Lozada. 435]. (b) that he was at liberty to interpose a denial. a mild rebuke. Sep. GR L-44060. A gentle or friendly reproof. The Rev. an expression of authoritative advice or warning. Apr.. 1973 Ed. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). 30. naturally. They are not considered as penalties. Admonish. [People v. Compare with Declaration/s against interest. Those made by a party to a litigation or by one in privity with or identified in legal interest with such party. and calling. 2004]. for an answer. [Sec. For example the court may caution or admonish counsel for wrong practices. (d) that the facts were within his knowledge. 316]. To advise or caution. 585 SCRA 421.
CA. See Allow Departure Order. providing incentives therefor.. Adoption proceeding. The purpose of an adoption proceeding is to effect this new status of relationship between the child and its adoptive parents. Adoptive admission. [Moreno s Law Dict. 1998. A party s reaction to a statement or action by another person when it is reasonable to treat the party s . The juridical act which creates between 2 persons a relationship similar to that which results from legitimate paternity and filiation. 1. Adopt-a-School Act of 1998..An Act establishing an =Adopt-A-School Program. May 21. [Rep. RA 8525 entitled . enacted on Feb. Adoption of Children 621-622]. and for other purposes. v. 1 Am. Adoption.. 2. p. 2000 Ed. [Prasnick v. 98 Phil 655. Jur. the change of name which frequently accompanies adoption being more an incident that the object of the proceeding. quoting 4 Valverde 473]. 16]. 1992.ADO. GR 97906. An act by which relations of paternity and affiliation are recognized as legally existing between persons not so related by nature. Rep. 14. The taking into one's family of the child of another as son or daughter and heir and conferring on it a title to the rights and privileges of such. citing. The court acquires jurisdiction simply by publication. A proceeding in rem or against the whole world..
conciliator.. [Estrada v. Desierto. 2009].s. Individuals acting as mediator. 1. Rule 1. 1991. ADR providers. Sept. [Special Rules of Court on ADR. ADR. 3. [Sec.11. GR 100710. Comelec. or any person exercising similar functions in any alternative dispute resolution system (ADR). neutral evaluator. Crim. AM 07-1108-SC. conciliator. arbitrator. Lat. ADR practitioners. RA 9285]. 3. The whole body of ADR laws in the Phil. Sep. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Ad proximum antedecens fiat relatio nisi impediatur sentencia. 3. Adultery. Relative words refer to the nearest antecedent. 57]. [Abella v. citing Black's Law Dict. Abbreviation for Alternative dispute resolution. 4th Ed.. [Sec. arbitrator. . RA 9285]. This is without prejudice to the rights of the parties to choose nonaccredited individuals to act as mediator. The felony committed by any married woman who shall have sexual intercourse with a man not her husband and by the man who has carnal knowledge of her knowing her to be married. conciliator. 1. or neutral evaluator of their dispute. unless it be prevented by the context. ADR Laws.reaction as an admission of something stated or implied by the other person. 2004]. arbitrator or neutral evaluator. Institutions or persons accredited as mediator.. Law. 356 SCRA 108].
[Art. [Comm. A promulgated decision of the court which is made available in a temporary form prior to printing or publication. 333. 2006-2011]. PD 464].even if the marriage be subsequently declared void. 170398-403. p. 1. citing 51 Am. Adventitious property. A tax invariably based upon ownership of property. Apr. although of course the value may vary in accordance with such factor. v. [Sison v. 2. [Claridades. GR 170339. GR 104920. Mar. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. A levy on real property determined on the basis of a fixed proportion of the value of the property. 28. 53]. Compare with Specific tax. profit or gain of any kind. 2004]. 1968. 28.. Mobile Phil. benefit. Property earned or acquired by the minor . Dict.. People. 2. Advance sheet. GR L-26521. and is payable regardless of whether the property is used or not. A. [Villanueva v. Ad valorem property tax. A more favorable or improved position or condition. 3rd Intl. RPC]. of Int. Ad valorem tax. Rev. 2010. 9. 3. Dec. [Sec. Compilation of Notes. City of Iloilo. An excise tax based on selling price or other specified value of the article. Inc. citing Webster. (Unabridged). 30]. Advantage.. Voluntary sexual intercourse between a married person and another person who is not their married spouse. Jur. benefit from some course of action. 1994].
5. one of which the party seeking relief has given legal warning to the other party. 2004]. 1986. IAC. 1994. of which the party seeking relief has given legal notice to the other party and afforded the latter an opportunity to contest it. [Sec. Law. Adversary proceeding. arising subsequent to the date of the original registration. An action or proceedings having opposing parties. [Claridades. [GR L32181. 110. Sep. (is) contested. 5th Ed. 1. 2001-2006]. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se).so as to permit crossexamination by the party calling him . GR 64948. citing Black's Law Dict. Individual lawsuit(s) brought within a bankruptcy proceeding. contested. Mar. Compilation of Notes. as distinguished from an ex parte hearing or proceeding. and afforded the latter an opportunity to contest it. Adversarial or contentious action or proceedings.. A proceeding having opposing parties such as a plaintiff and a defendant. Rem. The child is also the usufructuary of the property but his use thereof is secondary only to the collective daily needs of the family. Act 496]. 27. as distinguished from an ex parte application.. 141 SCRA 462]. Rem.child through his work or industry by onerous or gratuitous title. p. It is owned by the child but is administered by the parents. A claim of any part or interest in registered land adverse to the registered owner. Adverse interest. Compare with Profectitious property. Adverse claim. 40]. [Manila Golf v. A. One having opposing parties. Law. 2.. Such interest of a witness .
and must be such as would be promoted by the success of the adversary of the party calling him. [Black s Law Dict. 2004]. 313 Phil. for a period of time sufficient to become recognized as legal owner. [Salvador v. Adverse party. Abr. and (3) that the evidence thereon must be clear and convincing. (1983). without legal title. 2004]. The possession of land. 26]. . (1983).. 26]. 5th Ed. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. 36 (1995)]. CA. 2. Adverse possession [of a coowner]. lost.as would be so involved in the event of the suit that a legal right or liability will be acquired. (2) that such positive acts of repudiation have been made known to the cestui que trust or other co-owners. A party to an action whose interests are opposed to or opposite the interests of another party to an action. or materially affected by the judgment. p. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se).. 5th Ed. p.. 1. [Black s Law Dict. Abr. The method of acquiring real property under certain conditions by possession for a statutory period. Requisites: (1) That [the co-owner] has performed unequivocal acts of repudiation amounting to an ouster of the cestui que trust or other coowners. Adverse possession. The more common word for this is squatters.
2. The Code of Professional Responsibility provides that a lawyer in making known his legal services shall use only true. Bar Matter 553. and all other like self-laudation. images or any other means through broadcasts. 4. Any visual and/or audible message disseminated to the public about or on a particular product that promote and give publicity by words. honest. Advertisement of talent or skill. The prepared and through any form of mass medium. Nor shall he pay or give something of value to representatives of the mass media in anticipation of. 1993]. or procuring his photograph to be published in connection with causes in which the lawyer has been or is engaged or concerning the manner of their conduct. RA 7394]. [Ulep v. RA 9211]. The standards of . undignified. rule on. misleading. deceptive. or in return for. He is not supposed to use or permit the use of any false. fair. the importance of the lawyer's position. Prior to the adoption of the Code of Professional Responsibility. disseminated or circulated advertising matter. electronic. Legal Clinic. fraudulent. the magnitude of the interest involved. [Art.Advertisement. subsequently applied. prohibition on. selflaudatory or unfair statement or claim regarding his qualifications or legal services. Advertisement by lawyer. such as but no limited to signs and billboards. June 17. the Canons of Professional Ethics had also warned that lawyers should not resort to indirect advertisements for professional employment. such as furnishing or inspiring newspaper comments. print or whatever form of mass media. designs. dignified and objective information or statement of facts. [Sec. 1. including outdoor advertisements. 4. publicity to attract legal business.
the legal profession condemn the lawyer's advertisement of his talents. Advertising. RA 9211]. conceptualized. RA 7394]. A person or entity on whose account of for whom an advertisement is prepared and disseminated by the advertising agency. making available and communicating to the public. A lawyer cannot. 1. any fact. 2. [Ulep v. services or credit. The proscription against advertising of legal services or solicitation of legal business rests on the fundamental postulate that the practice of law is a profession. Legal Clinic. June 17. [Art. features. presented or disseminated. . through any form of mass media. Advertiser. data or information about the attributes. 1. Bar Matter 553. [Sec. quality or availability of consumers products. 4. presenting. which is service established and operated for the purpose of counseling or creating and producing and / or implementing advertising program in various forms of media. The business of conceptualizing. [Sec. without violating the ethics of his profession. 4. 4. The client of the advertising agency or the sponsor of the advertisement on whose account the advertising is prepared. advertise his talents or skills as in a manner similar to a merchant advertising his goods. 1993].
RA 7394]. 4. Aequetas nunquam contravenit legis. accountant.. The business of conceptualizing. auditor. It usually refers to a legal counselor. [Art. Advertising agency or agent. presenting or making available to the public. data or information about the attributes. conducting. A person who champions the cause of another in a court of law. producing. through any form of mass media.or attorney-at-law. A service organization or enterprise creating. fact. Equity is not applied against the law. implementing or giving counsel on promotional campaigns or programs through any medium for and in behalf of any advertiser. 160 SCRA 359]. Aequitas non facit jus. [Art. Advocate. [Aguila v. . services or credit. See Alien Employment Permit. Lat. CA. A. 2006-2011]. Equity does not make the law. [Claridades. A lawyer. GR 95667. AEP. Lat.RA 9211]. but supports the law. Compilation of Notes. financial or business consultant. 1991]. CA. quality or availability of consumer products. sed juri auxiliatur. 2. 3. and such other persons rendering professional advisory services to the real estate investment trust. May 8. [Borja v. RA 7394]. RA 9856]. 4. [Sec. Adviser. features.
17]. RA 9497]. writings. surveying.. Lat. 17]. images and sounds of any nature. [Sec. Equity regards not the form but the substance of the act. a defined area on land or water (including any building. Aeronautical telecommunication. [It] includes any telegraph or telephone communication signs.. p. etc. Law Reviewer. aerial advertisement.Aequitas rem ipsam intuetur de forma et circumstantiis minus anxia. radio or other systems or processes of . Lat. An airport. photography. 1996 Ed. Aerial domain. search and rescue. p. p. 2000 Ed. 3. Intl. 2000 Ed. Aequitas sequitur legem. to the limits of the atmosphere but does not include outer space. That which is equitable and right is the law of laws. installation and equipment) intended to be used either wholly or in part for the arrival.. 17]. Aerodrome. [Moreno s Law Dict. 67]. construction. p... Lat.. by wire. RA 9497].. [Moreno s Law Dict. [Sec. an aircraft operation in which an aircraft is used for specialized services such as agriculture. 3. departure and surface movement of aircraft. observation and patrol. [Moreno s Law Dict. 2000 Ed. signals. Aequum et bonum est lex legum. The airspace above the terrestrial domain and the maritime and fluvial domain of the state. Equity follows the law. Aerial work. [Cruz.
Affiant. Aeronautics or Aviation. [Sec. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). 2004].signaling. to the effect that the person signing the affidavit was under oath when doing so. 3. [Sec. Any station operated to provide telecommunications for aeronautical purposes.. AES. 3. A statement which before being signed. [Sec. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). The science and art of flight. A sworn statement executed by the vendee-a-retro to the effect that the period of repurchase has expired and the . or printed declaration of facts. RA 9497]. written. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Affidavit. RA 9497]. Aeronautical telecommunication station. It is also signed by a notary or some other judicial officer that can administer oaths. the person signing takes an oath that the contents are. to the best of their knowledge. A voluntary. 2004]. The person who makes and subscribes an affidavit. Affidavit of consolidation of ownership. 2004]. used in the aeronautical service. true. See Automated Election System. 3. These documents carry great weight in Courts to the extent that judges frequently accept an affidavit instead of the testimony of the witness. 2. RA 9497]. confirmed by oath of the party making it before a person with authority to administer the oath. 1.
[Garcia v. 1. RA 10149]. A verified statement on the general financial condition of the debtor required in Sec. or is under the common control .vendor failed to exercise his right to repurchase. 2000 Ed. Dela Cerna. and the facts constituting the petitioner's good and substantial cause of action or defense. An affidavit showing the fraud. [Moreno s Law Dict. is controlled by. on Corporate Rehab. [Sec. mistake. [Sec. that he or she is discontinuing or disavowing his complaint for whatever reason he or she may site. [Sec. or excusable negligence relied upon. 390 SCRA 538]. 2. 3. 3. executed by a complainant in a criminal or administrative case. is controlled by.. RA 10142]. 2008]. 2. Oct. Affiliate. [People v. directly or indirectly. accident. as the case may be. It serves as the jurisdictional basis for the court to entertain a petition for relief. 2. or is under the common control of another corporation. through one or more intermediaries. A sworn statement. Rule 4 of the Rules of Proc. Rule 2. 1991]. 17]. Affidavit of general financial condition. 4. CA. A corporation that directly or indirectly. Dec. GR 96141.. p. Affidavit of desistance. by the GOCC. A corporation fifty percent (50%) or less of the outstanding capital stock of which is owned or controlled. AM 00-8-10SC. A corporation that directly or indirectly. 2. through one or more intermediaries. 1. Affidavit of merit.
A person that directly or indirectly. Affiliated corporation. 3. Exercising control over a legal entity shall mean any one of the following. A Dict. Code of the Phil. 1989 Ed.of another corporation. 2008]. 3. 2. RA 9829]. 1. for Accountants. 4. 4. AM 00-8-10-SC. controls. [De Leon. [Sec. or is under common control with. Affinity. which thereby becomes its parent corporation.. the person specified.. p. 1975 Ed. (1) owning either solely or together with affiliated persons more than 25% of the outstanding capital stock of a legal entity. Sec. citing Kohler. and (2) being an officer or director of such legal entity. The connection existing in consequence of a marriage. [Sec. Dec. RA 9474]. 1. [Sec. RA 9856. RA 9483]. A corporation related to another by owning or being owned by common management or by a long-term lease of its properties or other control device. between each of the married persons and the kindred of the . a specified person. Affiliate of. 2. is owned by a bank or quasi-bank which is related or linked to such institution through common stockholders or such other factors as may be determined by the Monetary Board of the BSP. An affiliation exists between a holding or parent company and its subsidiary. p. Rule 2. 3. 40. or is controlled by. to the extent of 50% or less. Annotated. A corporation. A corporation that is owned or subject to common corporate control by another corporation and operated as part of the latter s business. or between 2 corporations owned or controlled by a third. Corp. 26]. [Sec. the voting stock of which. through one (1) or more intermediaries. or affiliated with.
[Paras. Law. release payment. [Sec. A defense raised in a responsive pleading (answer) relating a new matter as a defense to the complaint. illegality. 8th Ed. discharge in bankruptcy. or self-defense might be used. An allegation of new matter which. Affirmation. This is substituted for an oath in certain cases. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). would nevertheless prevent or bar recovery by the plaintiff. 2004]. Compare with Consanguinity. 5. Conflict of Laws. former recovery. A solemn and formal declaration that an affidavit is true. while admitting the material allegations of the complaint. Compare with Negative defense. duress. Affirmed. estoppel. the word means that the decision of the trial court is correct. affirmative defenses might include contributory negligence or estopped in civil actions. statute of limitations. [Glossary of Legal Terms (ProSe). . In the practice of appellate courts. Phil. and all other matter by way of confession and avoidance. expressly or impliedly.other. 308]. The affirmative defenses include fraud. Affirmative defense. 2. 2004]. 1. (1996). in criminal cases insanity. p. Rule 6. statute of frauds. Rem. RoC].
p. More effective.000 pesos. Affordable cost. I. 15. IAC. The most reasonable price of land and shelter based on the needs and financial capability of Program beneficiaries and appropriate financing schemes. [Market Developers v. CA. 8. [Arts. Affreightment contract. and fine. 3rd Rev. Penal Code: Reclusion perpetua. [Sec. A contract by which the owner of a ship or other vessel lets the whole or a part of her to a merchant or other person for the conveyance of goods. with greater reason. prision mayor. [Planters Products v. which exceeds 6. GR 101503. Lat. [LawInfo Legal Dict. RPC]. Vol. 1989]. 3. reclusion temporal. See Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act of 1997. 470]. AFMA. in consideration of the payment of freight. A contract with the ship owner to hire his ship or part of it. Sep. and generally takes the form either of a charter party or a bill of lading. A fortiori. 1993. . 25-26. for the carriage of goods.[Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). Afflictive penalties. RA 7279]. whether imposed as a single of as an alternative penalty. 2. GR 74978.. perpetual or temporary special disqualification.. on a particular voyage. 1. The following are afflictive penalties under the Rev. citing Bouvier's Law Dict. 2004]. perpetual or temporary absolute disqualification. (2005)]. Sep.
p. [Claridades. 5. ASIAN Free Trade Agreement initiated by the Association of South East Asian Nations. [Art. See Secondary cataract. Comments & Jurisp.. Compilation of Notes. After sight. RA 9367].. A. Compilation of Notes. IRR of RA 9994]. A. 35. included among the properties disposed of.. The provision of interventions. Agabon doctrine. The term refers to the date of presentment for acceptance to the drawee of the negotiable instrument.. After date. Property acquired during the interval between the execution of the will and the death of the testator which are not. 2001-2006]. [Sec. 3. on Succ. In cases involving dismissals for cause but without observance of the twin . and strategies with the end goal of ensuring effective reintegration of older persons discharged from residential facilities. unless it should expressly appear in the will itself that such was the intention of the testator.AFP. See Armed Forces of the Philippines. After-acquired property. The term refers to the date of issuance of the negotiable instrument. 1991 8th Ed. After-cataract. [Jurado. AFTA. citing Art. Labor. as a rule. 2001-2006]. [Claridades. approaches. 794. After care services. CC].
.requirements of notice and hearing.
Title II. 1. board. 23. 1978]. those under the administrative supervision of the Office of the President. . 17. A relationship between 2 parties whereby one party. whether performing governmental or proprietary function. Any bureau.. Code of 1987]. 8. Agama Arbitration Council. corporation. NLRC. GR 158693. 7. Serv. 31. Civ. GR L-24332. Civ. city or municipal government. Law. [Sec. office. commission. called the principal. Jan. those under the supervision and control of the President. A body composed of the Chairman and a representative of each of the parties to constitute a council to take all necessary steps for resolving conflicts between them. [Sec. 2004]. Chap. committee.)]. Those offices placed under the chairmanship of the President. [Art. as well as provincial. called the agent. institute. authorizes another. Agency. Nov. or any other unit of the Natl. administration. Chan. PD 1083 (Code of Muslim Personal Laws of the Phils. 2. and those that are not placed by law or order creating them under any specific department. Agencies under the Office of the President. to act for and in his behalf on transactions with third persons. PD 807].the better rule is to abandon the Serrano doctrine and to follow Wenphil [doctrine] by holding that the dismissal was for just cause but imposing sanctions on the employer. Compare with Serrano doctrine and Wenphil doctrine. [Rallos v.Govt. Admin. [From Agabon v. those attached to it for policy and program coordination. 3.
bureau.. p.. including a department. A reasonable amount assessed and checked off by a labor union from the wage of a non-union member in the collective bargaining unit who accepts the benefits of the labor contract negotiated by the union. office. Agency of the government. Agency-hired workers. 248(e). (a) An agency created not only for the interest of the principal but also for the interest of a third person. [Art. Those hired through agencies / contractors to perform or complete a job. They are excluded from the total employment of the establishment. [laborlaw. or (b) one created for the mutual interest of both the principal and the agent. Note that the amount collected shall be equal to the fee collected from the members even as no check-off authorization is required in such cases. [Diaz. [Art. 1991 Ed. work or service within the premises of the establishment. Agency coupled with an interest. A contract whereby a person binds himself to render some service or to do something in representation or on behalf of another. 2011]. July 26.usclaw. Law Rev. Bus. 1868. LC]. 171]. Agency fee. .org.Agency contract. CC]. Any of the various units of the Government. with the consent or authority of the latter.
Civ. with the consent or authority of the latter. or . An agreement under which employees who do not join the union must pay dues as a condition of employment to help defray the union expenses as a bargaining agent for the group or all the employees. Law. Agent. 2. 2. 1. GR 173631. A person who has received the power to act on behalf of another. binding that other person as if he were himself making the decisions. v. [Poquiz. Rule III. [Pasig Cylinder Manufacturing Corp. 18-19]. [Moreno s Law Dict. 8.instrumentality. 1868. The person who is being represented by the agent is referred to as the principal. Code of 1987]. [I]t does . NLRC Rules]. Labor. clause in the CBA.anti-free rider. pp. p. Agency to sell. or a local govt. Corp.. For purposes of serving court processes on juridical persons. Rollo. 2. 2000 Ed. Sept. 2010. A person who. or GOCC. [Art... x x x. binds himself to render some service or to do something in representation or on behalf of another. citing Sec. 1999 Ed. or a distinct unit therein. Labor Rel. A representative so integrated with the corporation sued as to make it a priori supposable that he will realize his responsibilities and know what he should do with any legal papers served on him. See also Representative. Admin. 157]. CC]. [Sec. 1.hitchhiker. Law. by the contract of agency. Agent. 2004]. Agency shop. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Law. A contract whereby a person who received goods from another is obligated to return them to the latter if ever he is unable to sell them.. This is otherwise know as the .
[Pabon v. Agente de negocios. 15-16 (1998)]. The age when a child. AM 02-1-18SC. by direct provision of law or by election or by appointment by competent authority. However. 15 years and 1 day old or above but below 18 years of age. commits an offense with discernment.. Managing agent. Sp. such as a barrio councilman. [Art. A person who. 2000 Ed. as amended by PD 299 and BP 873]. Agent of a person in authority.not necessarily connote an officer of the corporation. 24. Nov.. 19]. Sp. 152. this does not include employees whose duties are not so integrated to the business that their absence or presence will not toll the entire operation of the business. though this may include employees other than officers of a corporation. See Business agent. The length of time the fetus is inside the mother's . Agente administrador. 357 Phil. NLRC. [Moreno s Law Dict. Age of criminal responsibility. barrio policeman and barangay leader and any person who comes to the aid of persons in authority. Age of gestation. is charged with the maintenance of public order and the protection and security of life and property. RPC. [Rule on Juveniles in Conflict with The Law. p. 7. 2009].
of Crim. Age of majority. Also. RA 10028. 4. engaged in consolidating electric power demand of end-users in the contestable market. See Agricultural Guarantee Fund Pool. FC. [Art. Compare with Mitigating circumstances.. GR 94784. Aggravated illegal possession of firearm. Aggravating circumstances. 52]. 1997 9th Ed..womb. The use of unlicensed firearm in the commission of homicide or murder which aggravates the crime and makes it more heavily punished with the capital punishment. The use of armed force by a state against the . 3. May 8. p. 1992]. 3. Aggregator. 234. the means employed or the personal circumstances of the offender. Law. AGFP. It commences at the age of 18 years. Those circumstances that serve to increase the penalty without exceeding the maximum provided by law because of the greater perversity of the offender as shown by the motivating power of the commission of the crime. Sec. Majority. Law Rev. for the purpose of purchasing and reselling electricity on a group basis. Intl. [People v. Caling. RA 7600]. Compare with Simple illegal possession of firearm. [Sec. [Gregorio. A person or entity. Fund. the time and place of its commission. [Sec. RA 9136]. Aggression. as amended by RA 6809].
including disputes concerning farmworkers' associations or representation of persons in negotiating. RA 6657]. 14. Redistribution of land. or lessor and lessee. 1. territorial integrity or political independence of another state or in any other manner inconsistent with the UN Charter. over lands devoted to agriculture. stewardship or otherwise. 2. Law Reviewer. [Vide Amurao v. June 20. to farmers and regular farmworkers who are landless. Aggrieved party. whether leasehold. 3.Villalobos. to include the totality of factors and support services designed to lift the . Agrarian reform. among others. tenants. tenancy over lands devoted to agriculture. 2006. 491 SCRA 464]. fixing. 1974].sovereignty. 1996 Ed. GR 157491. It includes any controversy relating to compensation of lands acquired and other terms and conditions of transfer of ownership from landowner to farmworkers. regardless of crops or fruits produced. 50. maintaining. Assembly. landowner and tenant. [Sec.. Agrarian dispute. It relates to any controversy relating to. Dec. irrespective of tenurial arrangement. p. Any controversy relating to tenurial arrangements. tenancy. citing Resolution of the UN Gen. and other agrarian reform beneficiaries. See Person aggrieved. Intl. changing. whether the disputants stand in the proximate relation of farm operator and beneficiary. or seeking to arrange terms or conditions of such tenurial arrangements. [Cruz.
labor administration. 4. RA 10000]. 3. A barangay at the minimum or a cluster of contiguous barangays where there is a critical mass of farmers or farm workers and which features the main thrust of agrarian development: land tenure improvement and effective delivery of support services. which will allow beneficiaries to receive a just share of the fruits of the lands they work. [Sec. Farmers who were granted lands under PD 27. poultry and livestock feeds and other similar items. fertilizers. Production or other types of loans used for the acquisition of work animals. farm equipment and machinery. [Sec. 3. labor administration. such as production or profit-sharing. the CARL and RA 9700 or the "Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Extension with Reforms" and regular farm workers who are landless. who benefited from the redistribution of lands. RA 6657]. regardless of crops or fruits produced. irrespective of tenurial arrangement. to include the totality of factors and support services designed to lift the economic status of the beneficiaries and all other alternative arrangements to the physical distribution of lands. RA 8435]. seeds. and the distribution of shares of stock which will allow beneficiaries to receive a just share of the fruits of the lands they work. acquisition of lands authorized . Agrarian reform credit. and the distribution of shares of stock. such as production or profit sharing. [Sec. Agrarian reform community (ARC).economic status of the beneficiaries and all other arrangements alternative to the physical redistribution of lands. Agrarian reform beneficiary (ARB).
RA 7607]. 1979)]. The practice now observed by most states by means of which inquiries are addressed to the receiving state regarding a proposed diplomatic representative of the sending state. For the sake of argument.. GR 111809. [Jurist s Legal Dict. [Cruz. A coming together of minds. 1. The terms are used interchangeably and refer to an instrument of a more limited subject and of lesser importance than a formal treaty or convention. Mutual consent. [Mindanao Terminal & Brokerage Services v... the coming together in accord of 2 minds on a given proposition. Intl. May 5. Lat. 62 (5th Ed.under the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL). 1997. It is only when the receiving state manifests its agrement or consent that the diplomatic representative is appointed and formally accredited. 1996 Ed. 2. p. 2001-2006]. Agreation. 83]. citing Black's Law Dict. arrangement or accord. Agreement. [Sec. Agreement. Compilation of Notes. Law. . A. A gratis argumentis. 4. [Claridades. construction or acquisition of facilities for the production and effective merchandising of agricultural commodities. Law Reviewer. Intl. 2004]. Intl.. Confesor. Law.
Agricultural enterprise. Also Agricultural activity. RA 8559]. Any business activity involving the manufacturing. p. 4. practice of. [Sec. as amended].An Act Providing for an Agriculture and Agrarian Reform Credit And Financing System Through Banking Institutions. [Sec. The. Agricultural Guarantee Fund Pool . Also Agricultural enterprise. RA 8559]. 2010. [Sec. 3. 492]. Law.[Coquia and Santiago. enacted on Feb. Intl. RA 6977. A natural person who has been issued a certificate of registration by the Board of Agricultural Engineering and has taken the oath of profession of agricultural engineers. Agri-business activity. Agricultural activity. RA 10000 entitled . 3rd Ed. (1998). Agricultural engineer. See Agriculture. 3. Agricultural engineering. The profession requiring the application of the fundamental and known principles of engineering to the peculiar condition and requirements of agriculture as an industry and as a field of science. and / or production of agricultural produce. See Agriculture. Agri-Agra Reform Credit Act of 2009. processing. excluding farm level agricultural / crop production. 23.
4. residential. corn. [Sec. Lands which are arable and suitable . 4. 3. planting of crops. residential land.(AGFP). or to pasturing. dairying. including timberlands and forest lands. RA 6657]. PD 464]. including the harvesting of such farm products. and other farm activities and practices performed in conjunction with such farming operations by persons whether natural or juridical and not classified by law as mineral land. fish or aquaculture production.. RA 8435]. 2008. commercial or industrial land. RA 10000]. and other agricultural uses. coconut. forest land. Agricultural land. and the GSIS as mandated by AO 225-A. forest. Land devoted principally to the raising of crops such as rice. [Sec. without an approved order of conversion from the DAR. 2. Agricultural land. sugar cane. The undertaking of any development activity. [Sec. Land devoted to agricultural activity and not classified as mineral. Lands devoted to or suitable for the cultivation of the soil. The 5% of the 2007 surplus of the GOCCs and GFIs including the PAGCOR. the SSS. 3. 3 (c). Agricultural lands. salt making. [Sec. commercial land. inland fishery. s. the PCSO. premature conversion of. the results of which modify or alter the physical characteristics of the agricultural lands to render them suitable for non-agricultural purposes. growing of trees. or industrial land. RA 8435]. 1. 2. raising of livestock. etc. 1. poultry. and the penalties collected from banking institutions for noncompliance and undercompliance as provided under RA 10000. tobacco. [Sec.
CONCOM. by himself and with the aid available from within his immediate farm household. [Sec. or legal possessor. RA 10000]. 2. RA 3844]. animal. Agricultural land use conversion. 1. or in both. Any person who. GR 86889. in produce. manufacture and application of appropriate location-specific. 7 Aug. cultivates the land belonging to. usufructuary. [Luz Farms v. 1986. 166. another with the latter's consent for purposes of production. 4. It is distinguished from civil lessee as understood in the Civil Code of the Phils.agricultural lands and do not include commercial. [Sec. 166. The development. III. 30]. See Share tenancy relationship. 4 Dec. 192 SCRA 51. lets or grants to another the cultivation and use of his land for a price certain. citing Record. or possessed by. either as owner. Agricultural lease relationship. adoption. natural or juridical. [Sec. for a price certain in money or in produce or both. A person. Agricultural lessor. industrial and residential lands. civil law lessee. 3. Agricultural mechanization. cultivates the land owned by another for a certain price in money. [Sec. A person who. The process of changing the use of agricultural land to non-agricultural uses. Sec. RA 3844]. . with or without help from his / her immediate farm household. Vol. RA 8435]. of the DAR. p. Agricultural lessee. 1990. and cost-effective agricultural technology using human. who.
RA 8435]. harvest. processing. coconuts. root crops. hay. distribution. . A specific commodity under Chapter 1 to 24 of the Harmonized System (HS) of the Commodity Classification as used in the Tariff and Customs Code of the Phils. RA 3844]. personally cultivates his own land with the aid of his immediate family and household. electrical and other non-conventional sources of energy for agricultural production and postharvest operations consistent with agronomic conditions and for efficient and economic farm management. RA 8800]. Agricultural production. storage. [Sec. [Sec. rice. fishery or marine products. feed and as raw materials. 4. manufacture. ordinary salt. poultry.mechanical. The yield of the soil. sugarcane. and their by-products. RA 7160]. 2. [Sec. marketing. growing and rearing of crops. whether in their original form or not. providing capital and management. [Sec. wheat. exhibition or disposition of agricultural. 4. Agricultural owner-cultivator. A purpose related to the production. RA 7394]. fruits. 131. such as corn. 166. tobacco. PD 2032]. Any person who. all kinds of fish. livestock and fisheries for food. 4. Raising. [Sec. rye. flowers. [Art. 2. 1. and livestock and animal products. Agricultural purpose. vegetables. transportation. Agricultural product.
RA 3844]. 5 [c]. another for the purpose of production through the labor of the former and of the members of his immediate farm household. threshing of said crops: Provided. 1954. growing of fruit trees. The sector engaged in the cultivation of the soil. Agricultural tenancy. RA 1199]. In both cases. planting and harvesting of crops and. RA 8435].An Act to govern the relations between landholders and tenants of agricultural lands (leaseholds and share tenancy). raising of livestock. planting of crops. 4. The period of time required for raising a particular agricultural product. in consideration of which the former agrees to share the harvest with the latter. Agricultural year.Agricultural sector. 3. [Sec. poultry. [Sec. . however. or legally possessed by. 30. or fish. either in produce or in money. sowing. Agricultural Tenancy Act of the Philippines. 1. the period may be shorter or longer than a calendar year. including the harvesting and marketing of such farm products. RA 1199]. including the preparation of the land. enacted on Aug. The period of time necessary for the raising of seasonal agricultural products. The physical possession by a person of land devoted to agriculture belonging to. 2. That in case of crops yielding more than one harvest from planting. or in both. and the sowing. [Sec. agricultural year shall be the period from the preparation of the land to the first harvest and thereafter from harvest to harvest. [Sec. planting and harvesting the crop. including the preparation of the land. whenever applicable. RA 199 entitled . and other farm activities and practices. or to pay a price certain or ascertainable. 166.
2. including the harvesting of such farm products. but does not include the manufacturing or processing of sugar. husbandry. The process of transforming the agriculture and fisheries sectors into one that is . feeding. [Sec. The cultivation of the soil. Agriculture and fisheries modernization. RA 6657]. 1. planting of crops.. dairying. tobacco. the production. abaca. and other farm activities and practices performed by a farmer in conjunction with such farming operations done by person whether natural or juridical. poultry or fish. the raising of livestock or poultry. growing and harvesting of any agricultural and horticultural commodities.Agriculture. growing of fruit trees. raising of livestock. often. LC]. Agriculture. pineapples or other farm products. [Art. 3. 2nd Ed. breeding and management of livestock. including also. farming. The art or science of cultivating the ground and raising and harvesting crops. Farming in all its branches and among other things includes the cultivation and tillage of soil. cultivation. Also Agricultural enterprise or Agricultural activity. (1954)]. and any practices performed by a farmer or on a farm as an incident to or in conjunction with such farming operations. [Webster's Intl. tillage. coconuts. 97. Dict.
Agro-processing activities. guided by the sound practices of sustainability and the principles of social justice. [Sec. The processing of raw agricultural and fishery products into semi-processed or finished products which include materials for the manufacture of food and / or non-food products. To support.dynamic. 4. NGOs. enacted on Dec. and prepare said sectors for the challenges of globalization through an adequate. focused and rational delivery of necessary support services. 3. RA 8435 entitled . RA 8435]. appropriating funds therefor and for other purposes. technologically advanced and competitive yet centered on human development. AMCFP funds are provided as loans to GFIs called 'credit wholesalers'. which in turn relend them to qualified 'credit retailers' that include rural banks. 22. RA 8435]. to help. [Sec. cooperative banks.An Act prescribing urgent related measures to modernize the agriculture and fisheries sectors of the country in order to enhance their profitability. The umbrella credit / financing program of the government for the agriculture and fisheries sector created under RA 8435. pharmaceuticals and other industrial products. otherwise known as the "Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act of 1997". to assist or . Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act (AFMA) of 1997. 1997. RA 10000]. Agro-Industry Modernization Credit and Financing Program (AMCFP). Aid. NFA and other associations / POs engaged in lending to small farmers and fisherfolk. 4. [Sec. By design. thrift banks.
aid to memory. p. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). 86]. resulting in a general breakdown of the body s immune system. 307. Literally means . 306 of the Rev. citing Black's Law Dict. Aiding and abetting a band of brigands. Oct. or giving them information of the movements of the police or other peace officers of the Government. 1970. 3rd Ed. knowingly. when the latter are acting in aid of the Government. 2. A diplomatic correspondence consisting of a brief summary of oral representations already made. [Coquia and Santiago. Law. 3rd Ed.. Aide-memoire. GR L-32560-61.to strengthen or to act in cooperation with.. [Art. abetting or protecting a band of brigands as described in the Art.. The final and . AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. or acquiring or receiving the property taken by such brigands. (1998). Comelec. [Gatchalian v. A human disease characterized by a marked decrease of helper-induced T-lymphocyte cells. 22. To actively. p. Aid and abet. Law. 492]. Intl. 1. The felony committed by any person who knowingly and in any manner aiding. RPC]. 2004]. Crim. Penal Code. or intentionally assist another person in the commission or attempted commission of a crime.
RA 9497]. Compare with HIV. Equipment for the control of temperature. 3. 1. cargo or mail for remuneration or hire. A person who undertakes. split and unitary package type (air-cooled and water-cooled) airconditioners whose prime mover may be steam. 2. or by a lease or any other arrangements. Airconditioning equipment. p. 2010. whether directly or indirectly. the sun and any other source of power. Air carrier or operator. the navigation of aircraft from one place to another for operation in the conduct of a business. [Sec. [It] includes scheduled or nonscheduled air transport services for pay or hire. or an aircraft operation involving the transport of passengers. 16]. to engage in air transportation services or air commerce. Air commerce or Commercial air transport operation. to engage in air transportation or air commerce. The term may likewise refer to either a "Phil. [Escarcha v. or by a lease or any other arrangements. Leonis Navigation Co. the navigation of aircraft in furtherance of a business. A person who undertakes. 3. July 5. electricity. [Sec. 2. purity. [Sec.. humidity. the navigation of aircraft in furtherance of a business. 1. or the navigation of aircraft from one place to another for operation in the conduct of a business. GR 182740. RA 776]. commercial and industrial airconditioning systems. 3. whether directly or indirectly. 1.most serious stage of HIV infection.. 3. direct expansion or chilled water systems. RA 9497]. air carrier" or a "foreign air carrier" as indicated by the context. and environment such as room. Inc. airconditioners for all types . [Sec. citing Webster s Family Encycl. Vol. Air transportation for pay or hire. RA 776]..
or (2) The aircraft receives substantial damage. airblowers. shall refer to civil aircraft only. 3. receivers. or flight in. the air. 3. 2. or designed for navigation of. used. and evaporator coils. screw. An occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft which takes place between the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight until such time as all such persons have disembarked. . when used in RA 9497 or in regulations issued thereunder. cooling towers. [Sec. The term "aircraft". Any machine that can derive support in the atmosphere from the reactions of the air other than the reactions of the air against the earth's surface. [Sec. 1. and will not include State or public aircraft. Any contrivance now known or hereafter invented. 1. PD 1572].of vehicles. sealed. RA 9497]. condensers. RA 9497]. Aircraft. [Sec. or absorption type. 3. [Sec. in which: (1) Any person suffers death or serious injury as a result of being in or upon the aircraft or by direct contact with the aircraft of anything attached thereto. centrifugal. electric or pneumatic controls. RA 776]. semi-sealed and open type refrigerant compressor of the reciprocating rotary. ventilators air handling units. Aircraft accident.
Any individual who engages. Sec. and accessories thereof other than propellers. RA 776]. or appliances. overhauling. Any engine use. in the navigation of aircraft while under way. Airman. 3. controlling. Aircraft incident. 3. other than an accident. aircraft engine. as the person in command or as pilot. flight radio operator or member of the crew. with wrongful intent. or is a situation which could endanger an aircraft and if it occurred again in other circumstances. 3. Sec. directing. 3. maintaining. dispatching. RA 9497. and any individual who serves in the capacity of aircraft dispatcher or air-traffic control operator. See Hijacking. mechanic. and any individual who is directly in charge of inspection. RA 9497]. appurtenances. 3. 3.Aircraft engine. [Sec. Aircraft piracy. Sec. RA 9497]. 3. 3. A written authorization or permission issued to any person for the exercise of the privileges of flying. Airman license. or repair of aircraft. Aircraft radio station. of an aircraft within the jurisdiction of the Philippines. . [Sec. which is associated with the operation of an aircraft when the safety of the aircraft has been endangered. RA 776]. by force or violence. [Sec. A radio station on board any aircraft. maintenance. or by any other form of intimidation. Any actual or attempted seizure or exercise of control. or intended to be used. propellers. RA 9497. for propulsion of aircraft and includes all parts. [Sec. [Sec. RA 9497. The occurrence. RA 776].
[Sec. search and rescue. or for radio or other electromagnetic communication. regularity and efficiency of civil aviation operations. RA 776]. To ensure safety. landing areas. [Sec. RA 9497]. 3. The practice of controlling. . including airports. Air navigation facility. lights. Any facility used in. navigation aids. RA 9497]. telecommunications. guiding and operating aircraft from airport of departure to predetermined airport of destination. RA 9497. Sec. or designed for use in aid of air navigation. meteorology. including alternate airports. Air navigation. any apparatus or equipment for disseminating weather information. available for use in.instructing or any other civil aviation activity which is regulated and supervised by the CAAP. such as airports. 3. air traffic services. 3. rules and regulations contained in the appropriate Annexes to the Chicago Convention. in accordance with the procedures. for radio directional finding. standardization and common understanding among all parties involved are essential in all matters affecting the operation of aircraft and the numerous facilities and services required in their support. and any other structure or mechanism having a similar purpose for guiding or controlling flight in the air or the landing and take-off of aircraft. for signaling. aeronautical information services and aeronautical charts. [Sec. 3.
[Sec. and the control of movement of vehicles in any part of an airport used for the movement of aircraft. RA 9497]. 3. [Sec. undesirable gases. set apart or commonly used for affording facilities for affording facilities for the landing and departure of aircraft and includes any area or space. directions and other facilities furnished. 2. issued or provided in connection with the navigation or movement of aircraft. A certificate authorizing an operator to carry out specified commercial air transport operations. including smoke. [Sec. RA 9497]. PD 1181]. solid particles of any kind. whether directly or indirectly. Any harmful or undesirable matter emitted in the atmosphere. 3. Air route. Airport. on the roof of a building or elsewhere. equipped. [Sec. The navigable airspace between 2 points and the terrain . which is designed. Any organization which undertakes to engage in domestic commercial air transport or international commercial air transport. 3. or by a lease or any other arrangement. soot. equipped or set apart for affording facilities for the landing and departure of aircraft capable of descending or climbing vertically.Air navigation services. Air pollutant. [It] includes information. 3. [Sec. Air Operator Certificate (AOC). Air operator. RA 9497]. RA 9497]. fumes and obnoxious odors. whether on the ground. Any area of land or water designed.
& Direct. RA 9497]. 3. to the extent necessary.beneath such airspace identified. [Sec. [Sec. property. 3. Facilities provided to permit safe navigation of aircraft within the airspace of air routes and airways. or mail. RA 776]. RA 9497]. Air route and airway facilities. The act of transporting persons. Airspace. Air transportation. A path thru the navigable air space identified by an area of specified width on the surface of the earth designated or approved by the Civil Aeronautics Administrator as suitable for air commerce or air transportation. Service or carriage of persons. 3. 2004]. property. Air transport. by aircraft. [Sec. RA 9497]. The space above a state and coming under its jurisdiction. (5) Air traffic control services and facilities. mail cargo. [Sec.. RA 9497]. RA 776]. 3. . in whole or in part. [Intl. 3. including: (1) Visual and non-visual aids along the air routes and airways. and (6) Flight services and facilities. 3. by aircraft to points within or outside of the Philippines. The transportation of persons. (2) Visual and non-visual aids to approach and landing at airports. (3) Communication services. [Sec. Law Dict. property. Airway. [Sec. mail or cargo by aircraft. for application of flight rules. (4) Meteorological observations. Air transport service. in whole or in part.
such design and construction being consistent with accepted engineering practice and in accordance with aerodynamic laws and aircraft science. 3. Sec. authorizing its conduct of Islamic banking business.Air waybill or Airway bill. Amanah Bank). An aircraft. See Abot-Kaya Pabahay Fund. exploding a firecracker. [Intl. Al-Amanah Islamic Investment Bank of the Philippines. propellers. Crim. and other components and accessories. RA 9497. & Direct. A kind of sky rocket shaped like an airplane with a propeller to rise about 40 or 50 feet and provide various kinds of light while aloft. Law Dict. RA 6848 entitled . are of proper design and construction. 1990. RA 7183]. A light felony created by any person who causes alarm or danger such as firing a gun. 3.. [Sec. and repealing for this purpose PD 264 as amended by PD 542 (creating the Phil.An Act providing for the 1989 charter of the Al-Amanah Islamic Investment Bank of The Phils. The Charter of the.. enacted on Jan. 26. but is not a document of title for the goods. its engines. AKPF. Law. Airworthiness. An instrument issued by an air carrier to a shipper that serves as a receipt for goods and as evidence of the contract of carriage. or otherwise commits any act calculated to disturb public . [Sec. RA 776]. Airwolf. 2. and are safe for air navigation purposes. Alarm. 2004].
23]. (c) any person who. shall disturb the public peace. Abo. The felony committed by: (a) any person who within any town or public place. A contract which. 155. Law. 2. or other explosives calculated to cause alarm or danger. 2. 1. provided that the circumstances of the case shall not make the provisions of Art. Mar. . Penal Code applicable. Crim. 1994]. 153 of the Rev. firecracker. Alarms and scandals. [Art. GR 107235. while intoxicated or otherwise. or (d) any person who. Continued. Civ. Aleatory contract. (Art. RPC). 155. rocket. or which is to occur at an indeterminate time.. Alcoholism. RPC].tranquility. (b) any person who shall instigate or take an active part in any charivari or other disorderly meeting offensive to another or prejudicial to public tranquility. A contract whereby one of the parties or both reciprocally bind themselves to give or to do something in consideration of what the other shall give or do upon the happening of an event which is uncertain. Quack doctor. 2010. shall discharge any firearm. Albularyo. CC].. while wandering about at night or while engaged in any other nocturnal amusements. [Moreno s Law Dict. A diseased condition caused by the excessive use of alcoholic liquors. Law. [People v. excessive or compulsive use of alcoholic drink. 2000 Ed. shall cause any disturbance or scandal in public places. [Art. p. Tag.
GR 112170. RPC]. 1984]. Vol. 1017 (1960)] that to determine due compensation for lands appropriated by the Government. arising from any defense the injured party might make. Pasay [106 Phil. June 22. A man s name is simply the sound or sounds by which he is commonly designated by his fellows and by which they distinguish him but sometimes a man is known by several different names and these are known as aliases. [Ursua v. also . 2. is at once effective upon its perfection although the occurrence of a condition or event may later dictate the demandability of certain obligations thereunder... Treachery. methods. Crim. Permanent Ed. CA. citing Words & Phrases. 10. p. GR L56378. III. Alias. 10. Term used to indicate another name by which a person is known. or forms in the execution thereof which tend to directly and specially insure it without risk to the person of the criminal. the basis should be the price or value at the time it was taken from the owner and appropriated by the Government. May 24. 1996].unlike a conditional agreement whose efficacy is dependent on stated conditions. Short for . CA. A name or names used by a person or intended to be used by him publicly and habitually usually in business transactions in addition to his real name by which he is registered at birth or baptized the first time or substitute name authorized by a competent authority.. [Napocor v. It exists when the culprit commits the crime by employing means. 139]. [Art. GR 119655. CA. 1. 1996. [Tibay v. Law. The doctrine enunciated in the leading case of Alfonso v.alias dictus. Apr. West Publishing Co. Alevosia. Alfonso doctrine.
1996]. One issued after the first has been returned without accomplishing its purpose. A second writ.. p. Law. as the case may require. Abr. Abr. Alias writ. [Claridades. 36]. 1. June 17. (1983). or court order. or if it has been lost. 5th Ed.). 4.a. 5th Ed. (1983). Alias writ of execution. Rem. [Black s Law Dict. Rem. Law. Rem. A second or further writ. [Sec. 5th Ed. (1983). Law. in case the latter is returned without being served on any or all of the defendants.k. [People v... One issued after the first has been returned without having accomplished its purpose. [Black s Law Dict. The plea of having been elsewhere than at the scene of the crime at the time of the commission of the felony. [Black s Law Dict. Other summons issued the clerk. Abr. p. (1983). 5th Ed. 37]. p. Alibi. on demand of the plaintiff. Law. 2. Rem. 37].. 2. Compilation of Notes. Abr. Alias summons.. in the same form as the original summons. 37]. 1. A defense that places the . GR 95939. Rule 14. RoC]. [Black s Law Dict.known as (a. Bracamonte. p. Alias subpoena. issued in the same case after an earlier writ of that kind has been issued but has not been effective. 2006-2011]. A.
20 Phil. p. [Roxas v.. citing Black's Law Dict. Resabal. Alien. in the form prescribed by law. Alienable and disposable lands. People v. 246 SCRA 715. 601. 587. To sell or give completely and without reserve. 780]. The transfer of the property and possession of lands. 2004]. PD 705]. [People v. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. 6th Ed. People v. tenements. Palomos. 50 Phil. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). 49 Phil. to transfer title to somebody else. 2004]. especially real property. The act by which the title to real estate is voluntarily assigned by one person to another and accepted by the latter. the accused must show (a) that he was at some other place for such a period of time (b) that it was impossible for him to have been at the place where the crime was committed at the time of its commission. Requisites: To establish it. or other things from one person to another. . Alienation. Alibi. A voluntary conveyance of property. A foreign-born person who has not qualified as a citizen of the country. [US v.defendant at the relevant time of the crime in a different place than the scene involved and so removed therefrom as to render it impossible for him to be the guilty party. Alienate.. Acob. [Sec. 71]. 3. RA 7900. Oxiles. Lands of the public domain which have been the subject of the present system of classification and declared as not needed for forest purposes. Sec.. 4. 723 (1995).
One who treats the diseases of the mind. Alien Employment Permit (AEP). 2006-2011].. July 26. 2011]. 2010]. [People v. Alienist. 1998. Dict. 2d 406. 19F. Feb.CA. citing Cf. Alienation of affection. A. 1991. RA 7919 entitled . The writing characteristics and habits existing in the questioned and standard signatures [based on] the relationship of the letters in the name with the base line or where the letters rest. 1995. In re Enrhardt. July 7.usclaw. 407].]. GR 113691. Alignment characteristics. of Labor and Employment through the DOLE-Regional Director. [Claridades.An Act granting legal residence status to certain aliens through a social integration program in the Phils. who has jurisdiction over the intended place of work of the foreign national. 6.org. People. Medina. a physician who specializes in psychiatry. Compilation of Notes. authorizing the foreign national to work in the Phils. citing Webster's 3rd New Intl. GR 138696. The. USDC. A document issued by the Sec. June 26. under certain conditions. Compare . [laborlaw. enacted on Feb. Alien Social Integration Act of 1995. GR 92245. 24. [Obando v. Actionable behavior by a third person who causes a split or loss of affection between two spouses by his wrongful conduct such that a spouse voluntarily leaves by being thus enticed away..
Slave. from outside the will. [Claridades. [Claridades. A. Cabangbang. every one of. Lat. [Claridades. Allegans contraria non est audiendus. [Chua v. GR L-23253. All. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. 2004]. [Claridades. the entire number of.... of the Amer. the word referred to monies paid while spouses were legally separated but still wed locked.. Compilation of Notes. 2001-2006]. Lang. 28. Fractional.with Arrangement characteristics and Proportion characteristics.. From some other source. 2001-2006]. Alipin. [Claridades. Compilation of Notes. 2006-2011]. A. Lat.. Aliunde. Alimony pendente lite. A.. p. 2001-2006]. Compilation of Notes. Alimony. 38]. Historically. Compilation of Notes. contradictory . Alimony. 1969. citing Webster's New World Dict. The payment of alimony during the pendency of an action between spouses. The whole extent or quantity of. 1959 Ed. 2006-2011]. Compilation of Notes.. An amount given to one spouse to another while they are separated. An amount given by one spouse to another while they are separated. Tag. Mar. Aliquot. A. A.
Compilation of Notes. Alliance. Allocation. Feb. [Moreno s Law Dict. 2004]. p. [People v. Echegaray. 2004]. A public way intended to serve both pedestrian and emergency vehicles. GR 117472. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). [Duhaime's Legal Dict. both end always connecting to streets. [Sec. Allonge. A statement of the issues in a written document (a pleading) which a person is prepared to prove in court. or for assistance in the case of attack on any member. under which they live or to their sovereign in return for the protection which they receive. 3. Allegiance. PD 985]. 7. and also access to lots.. providing for a mutually-planned offensive. A. a check or any promissory note.. Alley. on which to . 25]. A term in admiralty law which refers to a collision between a moving vessel and a stationary vessel or marine object. 3. [Claridades. A piece of paper which has been attached to a contract. 1997. citing 52 Am Jur 797]. The act of assigning a position to its proper class and salary grade. Allegation.. 20062011]. BP 220]. 2000 Ed. The obligation of fidelity and obedience which individuals owe to the govt. A military treaty between 2 or more states.statements will not be heard or considered. Allision.. [Sec.
2004]. .add signatures because there is not enough room on the main document. [Duhaime's Legal Dict..
GR L-30364... EO 518]. and that the testator had the necessary testamentary capacity at the time of the execution of the will.. Comments and Jurisp. [Moreno s Law Dict.Allotments. 97. Dir. [Art. Authorizations issued by the DBM to an agency which allow the latter to incur obligations within a specified amount. Allowance. that it has been executed in accordance with the formalities prescribed by law. p. A special proceeding for establishing the validity of the will or for the purpose of proving that the instrument offered for probate is the last will and testament of the testator. The deductions from the period of the sentence to which any prisoner in any penal institution shall be entitled for good conduct. A benefit over and above the basic salary of an employee. on Succ.. The term refers to good behavior of a prisoner while he is serving his term as a convict. [Baking v. (c) the will has been admitted to probate in such . July 28. 1991 8th Ed. 133]. 3. Also Probate of wills. Allowance for good conduct. 1969]. [Jurado. 2000 Ed. Evidence necessary: (a) the due execution of the will in accordance with the foreign laws. Allowance of wills probated abroad. of Prisons. Allowance for good conduct (for each month of good behavior). 25].. RPC]. p. [Sec. Allowance of wills. (b) the testator has his domicile in the foreign country and not in the Phils. as duly authorized by a Legislative appropriation.
[An outline of Phil. Nov. De Perez v. All risks policy. A directive that allows the traveler to leave the territorial jurisdiction of the Philippines. CA. GR 85141. A. except as otherwise excluded in the policy.. [Filipino Merchants Ins. Compilation of Notes. Inc. All risks. [Filipino Merchants Ins.. June 2. Co. 34]. v. 1989].country. CA. [Vda. GR 76714. Allow Departure Order (ADO). or due to fraud or intentional misconduct on the part of the insured. An insurance the very purpose of which is to give protection to the insured in those cases where difficulties of logical explanation or some mystery surround the loss or damage to property. v. I. p. This is issued upon application to the Commissioner of Immigration and the appropriate government agency.. Nov. and (e) the laws of a foreign country on procedure and allowance of wills. 1994]. All risks insurance. 1989]. Ledesma. The term is given a broad and comprehensive meaning as covering any loss other than a willful and fraudulent act of the insured. Co. Inc. 20012006]. Vol. [Claridades. Compare with Hold Departure Order. Insurance against all causes of conceivable loss or damage. Immigration and Citizenship Laws. 28. GR 85141. Tolete. (d) the fact that the foreign tribunal is a probate court. . 28.
To add. Dec. The accretion which lands adjoining the banks of rivers gradually receive from the effects of the current of the waters and which belongs to the owners of such lands. Nearly. p. v. CIR. or. 1987. 84. 1969]. Also Alluvium. 17. 2. in large part. Amer. citing Webster's Intl. in relation to Art. little short of [Phil.]. 457. Prop. The act by virtue of which a co-owner. 62. Alteration. [Art. 1981 Ed. in opposition to the common agreement. rivers. 18. Also. substitute or omit something from a pleading or instrument. besides. 22. 1.Alluvial deposits along the banks of a creek. and violating their will. GR 79974. [Sarmiento III v.]. change. if there is any. It is owned by the riparian owners. by accessions or sediments from the waters thereof [which] belong to the owners of such lands. Almost. Sp.. Alluvion. [Art. Law of Waters of 1866. Mison. changes the . 1962 citing Webster's Intl. [Cuenco v. CC]. Alter. CC]. 457. and lakes. in the absence thereof. Laya. Drug Co.. 2nd Ed. Soil deposited to the lands adjoining the banks of the rivers and gradually received as an effect of the current of the waters. Unabr. Dict. GR L31252. Apr. wellnigh. GR L-15162. Law.. too. Civ. streams. Dec. See Accretion. Accretions deposited gradually upon lands contiguous to creeks. Dict. as well. In addition. to the tacit agreement of all the co-owners.
changing. GR L-31252. phrase or sentence set forth therein. a pleading or instrument may be amended either by correcting or by omitting any word. 67 Phil. or by adding something to it. substituting or omitting something from a pleading or instrument.thing from the state in which the others believe it should remain. 2. Rem. p. Changing or making different. Vol. [Tolentino. and must be. 192]. An alter ego company is one that is not treated by its owners as a separate entity. & Direct. Sec. Dec. Another self. Laya. II. Alter ego principle. 1969]. Compare with Spoliation. Alteration or amendment. 2004]. [Cuenco v. Law Dict. . Alter ego.. In the last instance we have the case of an amendment by addition. 464 (1939)]. [Villena v. of the Interior. Lat. 22. Law. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). Civil Code of the Phil. 451. [Intl. In plain words. 2001. Each head of a department is. The act of adding.. The rule that members of Cabinet may act for and in behalf of the President in certain matters because the President cannot be expected to exercise his control (and supervisory) powers personally all the time. 2004]. or withdraws it from the use to which they desire to be intended. the President's alter ego in the matters of that department where the President is required by law to exercise authority. Repr.
An arrangement under which each negotiator is allowed to sign first on the copy of the treaty which he will bring home to his country. p. of Crim. [Gregorio. intoxication and the degree of instruction and education of the offender. Alternative causes of action or defenses. either in one cause of action or defense or in separate causes of action or defenses. Crim.. 2. [Art. the purpose being to preserve the formal appearance of equality among the contracting states and to avoid delicate questions of precedence among its signatories. or any other marks intended to designate the boundaries of the same. 1996 Ed. Law. 1997 9th . [Art. Law Rev. [Sec. 96]. [Cruz. RPC]. the pleading is not made insufficient by the insufficiency of one or more of the alternative statements. 313. provinces. They are the relationship. Intl. 15. Alternative circumstances. Law Reviewer. The felony committed by any person who shall alter the boundary marks or monuments of towns..Altering boundaries or landmarks. Those circumstances that are either aggravating or mitigating according to the nature and effects of the crime and other conditions attending its commission. RoC]. When 2 or more statements are made in the alternative and one of them if made independently would be sufficient. Rule 8. Fund. 2 or more statements of a claim or defense which a party may set forth alternatively or hypothetically. RPC]. Law. 2. or estates. Intl. Those circumstances which must be taken into consideration as aggravating or mitigating according to the nature and effects of the crime and the other conditions attending its commission. Alternat. 1.
and settlement. RoC]. conciliation. Any process or procedure used to resolve a dispute or controversy. Alternative defendants. 52. The advantages of ADR are speed and money: it costs less and is quicker than court litigation. other than by . arbitration. 2004]. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Rule 3. Settling a dispute without a full. citing Art. p. although a right to relief against one may be inconsistent with a right of relief against the other. 15. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). ADR forums are also private. Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) system. 2004]. among others. formal trial. Any or all of several persons against whom the plaintiff is entitled to relief and of whom he is uncertain may be joined as defendants in the alternative.. The methods by which legal conflicts and disputes are resolved privately and other than through litigation in the public courts. [Sec. The disadvantage is that it often involves compromise. 1. usually through one of 2 forms: mediation or arbitration. Alternative dispute resolution (ADR). 13. Methods include mediation. RPC]. It typically involves a process much less formal than the traditional court process and includes the appointment of a third-party to preside over a hearing between the parties.. 2.Ed.
4. Alternative health care modalities. 4. 3. hydrogen and automotive LPG instead of gasoline and diesel. acupressure. 3. A parallel learning system to provide a viable alternative to the existing formal education instruction. [Sec. agency. skills and practices on health care. It encompasses both the non-formal and informal sources of knowledge and skills. conciliation. which includes arbitration. or any combination thereof. Alternative learning system. mediation. [Sec. [Sec. early neutral evaluation. as defined in RA 9285. chiropractics. other than those embodied in biomedicince used the prevention. RA 8423]. RA 9285]. though not necessarily practiced for centuries nor handed down from one generation to another. Other forms of nonallopathic. As a rule. bioethanel. Alternative fuel vehicle / engine. Vehicle / engines that use alternative fuels such as biodiesel. it includes the use of traditional healing practices as well as herbal medicine and . electricity. mini-trial. and other similar methods. Alternative medicine. nutritional therapy.adjudication of a presiding judge of a court or an officer of a govt. natural gas. acupuncture. RA 9367]. Some alternative health care modalities include reflexology. [Sec. RA 9155]. A catch-all term embracing the sum total of knowledge. in which a neutral third party participates to assist in the resolution of issues. and elimination of physical or mental disorder. occasionally nonindigenous or imported healing methods. massage. diagnosis.
Apr. Lat. An obligation wherein various prestations are due. Ambient air quality. RA 4095]. but the performance of one of them is sufficient. pipes. CC]. 1199. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. 2004]. A citizen that has been officially asked by his country to live in another country in order to legally represent it. Traditional and Alternative Medicine Act of 1997]. AM 932-037 SC. Not to injure others. [Art. [Sec. Compare with Facultative obligation. rods. section and extrusions. circles. 6. and castings. Alterum non laedere. The average atmospheric purity as distinguished from discharge measurements taken . [RA 8423. 2004]. 2. Alternative obligation. bars. Alumina smelting and refining. The production and manufacture of aluminum from ore or alumina into one or more basic forms such as ingots. 1995].. determined by the choice which as a general rule belongs to the debtor. Amalgamation. The merging of 2 things together to form one such as the amalgamation of different companies to form a single company. strips.natural products. sheets. [In re: Jurado. Ambassador. billets. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. tubes..
Legal and Judicial Ethics. [JuanBautista. 46-47.). Legal Ethics. 62. Ambiguity. (1999 Ed. 46]. Something which is not cast in stone. 1. p. indistinctness or uncertainty of meaning of an expression used in a written instrument.. 2. [Suarez. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. doubleness of meaning. the lawyer s act of chasing an ambulance carrying the victim of an accident for the purpose of talking to the said victim or relatives and offering his legal services for the filing of a case against the person who caused the accident. Legal and Judicial Ethics.at the source of pollution. 1. Ambulance chasing. [Pineda. p. such as a will. PD 1152]. 56-57]. 9]. Legal and Judicial Ethics. Any act of improper solicitation of cases such as fomenting litigation or instigating unnecessary lawsuits. officiously intruding their presence and persistently offering his service on the basis of a contingent fee. [Sec. pp. AMCFP. (1999 Ed. citing Black Law Dict. which can be changed or revoked. Stat. Con. p. See Agro-Industry Modernization Credit and Financing Program. 4.). 4th Ed.. Figuratively. Doubtfulness.. p. Ambulatory. [Pineda. A lawyer who haunts hospitals and visits then homes of the afflicted. Ambulance chaser. citing Warvelle. p.. 105]. It is the general amount of pollution present in a broad area. (1993). 2002 Ed.. 2004]. .
To change or modify for the better. Aug.. [Magdalena Estate. Romana v. Law. or by correcting a mistake in the name of a party or a mistaken or inadequate allegation or description in any other respect. Caluag. to revise. 11]. 25. [Sec. The amended and clarified decision is an entirely new decision which supersedes the original decision. Isolated or piecemeal change of the instrument. Sta. Amended pleadings.. Compare with Revision. to alter by modification. Inc. v.. Constl. without regard to technicalities. 104 SCRA 93 (1981)]. 1. usually to the wording of a written document such as legislation. 2001-2006]. so that the actual merits of the controversy may speedily be determined. Compilation of Notes. 5th Ed. RoC]. GR 115455. Amendment. Lacson. 1998 Ed. To change. and in the most expeditious and inexpensive manner. 2. A judgment rendered by the lower court after having made a thorough study of the original judgment and only after considering all the factual and legal issues. . Lat. citing Black's Law Dict. From bed and board. Amended and clarified judgment. 2004]. A.Amend. deletion. 1979]... or addition. Sec. [Cruz. Rule 10. 1994. A mensa et thoro. 1. of Finance. Pleadings amended by adding or striking out an allegation or the name of any party. 11 SCRA 333 (1964). [Duhaime's Legal Dict. [Claridades. [Tolentino v. p.
Oct... Lat. A lawyer who volunteers or is requested by the court to appear to give information to the judge or the court on some doubtful questions of law. 15. if ever.. Amici par excellence. p. Amicus curiae. who have offended by some breach the law of nations. 1997 9th Ed. exercised in behalf of a certain class of persons. Legal Med. An act of the sovereign power granting oblivion or general pardon for the past offense. and is rarely..Amicable settlement. 2. [Olarte. 2. Friend of the court. 161 US . 147]. 312. Legal Med. Law Rev. or the forgiveness which one sovereign grants to the subjects of another. 9]. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. usually to present their point of view (or that of their organization) in case which has the potential of setting a legal precedent in their area of activity. Persons asking for permission to intervene in a case in which they are neither plaintiff or defendant. Legal and Judicial Ethics. Amnesty. [Gregorio. 1. who are subject to trial but have not yet been convicted. A mutually negotiated and agreed upon resolution of a dispute. 2002 Ed. of Crim. 1991]. p. 2002 Ed. (2004). p.. Bar associations which appear in court as friends to expound on some matters of law for the information of the court. 8].. The loss of memory of either a recent event or of past events as observed in head injuries. Amnesia. Orbos. [Juan-Bautista. [Juan-Bautista. citing Brown v. Walker. 1st Ed. p. Legal and Judicial Ethics. 1. [Llamas v. GR 99031. 2004]. It commonly denotes a general pardon to rebels for their treason or other high political offenses. Fund.
8. Anemia is a condition in which the normal amount of red blood cells is reduced. Landowners who still amortize payment for the land to a private individual or to the State. It may be due to blood loss secondary to the passing out of blood in the stool. 2006-2011]. or in a consumer loan the amount paid to. A. 3.602]. Amortization. The extinguishment of a debt or loan through payment by installment over a stipulated period of time. An infectious disease caused by endamoeba hystolytica. GSIS. Compilation of Notes. Amoebic colitis. Infection is acquired by ingestion of food or drink contaminated by feces containing amoebic cyst. Feb. [Sierra v. frequently producing a painful passage of bloody mucoid stool. . [Art. GR 50954. RA 10000]. it constitutes the cash price plus non-finance charges less the amount of any downpayment whether made in cash or in property traded in.. [Sec. Amortizing owners. [Claridades. Amount financed. Genetic influence is a predisposing factor. RA 7394]. The tumor commences in the mucous membrane and gradually invades the deeper structures. 4. receivable by or paid or payable to the buyer or to another person in his behalf. 1989]. In a consumer credit sale.
[Moreno s Law Dict. 4.Amount in controversy. 1992]. Amphetamines. and placed one metre apart in vacuum. in fact . GR 92850. [Claridades.. Compilation of Notes. Synthetic amines which act with a pronounced stimulant effect on the central nervous system. or of a private individual or entity. Sec. Sp. AM 07-9-12-SC. June 15.and it is for this reason that they cause states of psychic dependence. For purposes of determining jurisdiction. [Rule on the Writ of Amparo. BP 8]. Angeles. See Writ of amparo. Ample opportunity. 1. A. A remedy available to any person whose right to life. 24. liberty and security is violated or threatened with violation by an unlawful act or omission of a public official or employee. The writ shall cover extralegal killings and enforced disappearances or threats thereof.. They are the first and last drugs which cause a subjective feeling of improved mood true euphoria. of negligible circular cross-section. [People v. The base unit of electric current which is that constant current which. Protection. would produce between these conductors a force equal to 2 x 10-7 newton per metre of length. Every kind of . Amparo. the amount of the contract or the value of the property subject of the contract. 27]. 2007]. Oct. Ampere. Amparo. Writ of. if maintained in 2 parallel conductors of infinite length. 2000 Ed.. [Sec. p. 20062011].
or fun. avocation. [Perez v. A pleasurable diversion and entertainment. 15. [Moreno s Law Dict.. GR 152048. Any meaningful opportunity (verbal or written) given to the employee to answer the charges against him and submit evidence in support of his defense. Telegraph and Telephone Co. GR 84193. held . pastime. circuses and other places of amusement where one seeks admission to entertain oneself by seeing or viewing the show or performances. concert halls. Ancestral domains. Theaters. coastal areas. [Sec. 1990]. RA 7160]. [Sec. 28]. Amusement. Anadromous species. Feb. whether in a hearing. RA 7160]. p. inland waters. cinemas. 131. Ample opportunity to be heard. just and reasonable way. Allied or similar. Phil. It is synonymous to relaxation. Analogous.. RA 8550]. 131. 2000 Ed. All areas generally belonging to Indigenous Cultural Communities / Indigenous Peoples (ICCs / IPs) comprising lands. 7. and natural resources therein. 4.. [Ruffy v.assistance that management must accord to the employee to enable him to prepare adequately for his defense. 2009]. Apr. NLRC. Amusement places. conference or some other fair. [Sec. Marine fishes which migrate to freshwater areas to spawn.
occupied or possessed by ICCs / IPs. deceit. stealth. and which are necessary to ensure their economic. [Sec. continuously to the present except when interrupted by war. stealth or as a consequence of govt. and as may be defined and delineated by law. swidden farms and tree lots. 4. force majeure or displacement by force. force majeure or displacement by force. by themselves or through their predecessors-in-interest. families and clans who are members of the Indigenous Cultural Communities / Indigenous Peoples (ICCs / IPs) since time immemorial. 3.under a claim of ownership. occupied. PD 857]. private forests. A place with sufficient depth of water where vessels anchor or may ride at anchor or may ride at anchor within the harbor. 3. social and cultural welfare. [Sec. communally or individually since time immemorial. . projects or any other voluntary dealings entered into by govt. All lands exclusively and actually possessed. Anchorage. rice terraces or paddies. and private individuals / corporations. RA 8371]. RA 8371]. possessed and utilized by individuals. [Sec. 1. including. projects and other voluntary dealings entered into by govt. Land occupied. under claims of individual or traditional group ownership. by themselves or through their ancestors. deceit. 4. residential lots. and private individuals / corporations. 2. or as a consequence of govt. RA 7942]. Ancestral lands. continuously. to the present except when interrupted by war. or utilized by indigenous cultural communities by themselves or through their ancestors in accordance with their customs and traditions since time immemorial. but not limited to. [Sec.
p. citing Francisco. A proceeding which is auxiliary or subordinate to another proceeding. A private document which is more than 30 years old. Quingco. Mar. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). Ancient document rule. and (b) that it is unblemished by any alteration or circumstances of suspicion. GR 77744. Vol. [Lacsa v. produced from a custody in which it would naturally be found if genuine. Part II. 1973 Edition. (a) that it is produced from a custody in which it would naturally be found if genuine. May 20. 2004]. 1992]. Fisheries Law. CA. Ancillary industries. Ancillary. Vicente J. VIII. [Claverias v. a proceeding in a state where a decedent owned property but was not domiciled. In probate. it is not enough that it be more than 30 years old. and is unblemished by alterations or circumstances of suspicion. GR 79597-98. it is also necessary that the following requirements are fulfilled. For a private ancient document to be exempt from proof of due execution and authenticity.. construction and . 6. 432].Ancient document. 1991. Firms or companies related to the supply. The Revised Rules of Court in the Phil..
and other facilities such as hatcheries. And. clause with clause. processing plants and other preharvest and post-harvest facilities. gears. 8. Anemia. Ancillary jurisdiction doctrine. GR 50954. GR L-25554. Feb. [Sierra v. [Black's Law Dict. GSIS. Ancillary jurisdiction. Ancillary services. The rule that in an action before the RTC. v. Oct. fishery machine shops. 4. feed plants. [Phil. nurseries. 7. cold storage and refrigeration.maintenance of fishing vessels. RA 8550]. Assoc. Mathay. 4. nets and other fishing paraphernalia. the counterclaim may be considered compulsory regardless of the amount. RA 9136]. Power of court to adjudicate and determine matters incidental to the exercise of its primary jurisdiction of an action. . 1979)]. RoC]. [Sec. [Sec." used to conjoin word with word. 1989]. A condition in which the normal amount of red blood cells is reduced." "along or together with. A conjunction pertinently defined as meaning "together with. [Sec. 79 (5th Ed. Consti." "added to or linked to. phrase with phrase. Rule 6. 1966]. Those services that are necessary to support the transmission of capacity and energy from resources to loads while maintaining reliable operation of the transmission system in accordance with good utility practice and the grid code to be adopted in accordance with RA 9136." "joined with. 4.
1987 Ed. Intent to gain. Nov. July 24. 415]. Apr. Lat.. [Claridades. 226 SCRA 408. Alfeche. Animus donandi. Heirs of Cabalo Kusop. Vol. or on the high seas.. Lat. 496]. Animus interficendi. 1996 Ed. Lat. Guingona. Lat. in enemy territory. use or destroy. 1992]. [Cruz. GR 11500809. [People v. Law. RTC Tacloban. 157]. Lat. Intent to do an act of liberality. [People v. [People v. 1994]. Animus contrahendi. citing Tolentino. Animus hominis est anima scripti. upon payment of just compensation. . An intention to contract. 20012006]. seize.. May 5. GR 113375. neutral property found in its territory. Compilation of Notes. GR 102070. A right by which a belligerent may. 1996]. Intent to kill. Animus manendi. p. 1996]. [Tayoto v. A. [Romualdez v.. GR 118076. [Kilosbayan v. Gavina. p. Lat. Animus lucrandi. Civil Code of the Phil.Angary. right of. The intention of the party is the soul of the instrument. Intent to gain. Quijada. 17. II. Intl. 1990. Intl. Intention to remain there. Lat. GR 74203. 20. Law Reviewer. in case of urgent necessity for purposes of offense or defense. Animus furandi. July 23.
CA. 879. June 18. Lat. 415]. Repr. Intent to appropriate the thing as one s own. (1983).. An intent to possess. Lat. 2001. GR 76464. Intention to novate. the state must intend to exercise sovereign powers therein. GR L10132]. Animus occupandi. GR 21106. 101 Phil. 465]. 1988]. 1992]. 1. Lat. 45 Phil. [Intl. II. Vol. Layague. Habana. Animus rem sibi habiendi. Lat. Animus novandi. [Veroy v. Abr. specifically. Feb. [Tui Siuco v. to subjoin.. RTC Tacloban. Alto Surety. Law Dict. Legal rule that in order for a state to claim title to a territory. An intention not to return. 5th Ed. to unite. Annexes to the Chicago Convention. [Tolentino. [Black s Law Dict. [Maloto v. Intention to take possession of or seize. Lat. 45]. 2004]. p. 707. To add to. The documents issued by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) containing the standards and recommended practices applicable .Animus non revertendi. Animus revocandi. 29. 2. Annex. To attach. La Tondeña v. Civil Code of the Phil. [Romualdez v. GR 95630. p. Animus possidendi.. & Direct. Intent to revoke. and often. 226 SCRA 408. Lat. An intention to abandon the old domicile.
4. both as amended. [Sec. 2004]. . The itemized list prepared by the head of the department or office showing the kind. and similar others. cities and municipalities from regular sources of the local general and infrastructure funds including the internal revenue and specific tax allotments provided for in PDs 144 and 436. PD 705]. Annotations. A financial plan embodying the estimates of income certified as reasonably collectible by the provincial treasurer in the case of provinces and their respective municipalities and by the city treasurer in the case of cities. Revenues and receipts realized by provinces. July 25. description of supplies or property together with the balance on hand. or commentaries following statutes which describe interpretations of the statute. EO 249. [Sec. [Sec.to civil aviation. that is authorized to be cut regularly from the forest. sales of fixed assets. 3. RA 9497]. but exclusive of non-recurring receipts. such as other national aids. Annual allowable cut. 14. estimated quantity. Remarks. whether of wood or other forest products. [Sec. grants. loan proceeds. if any. Annual income. 3. The volume of materials. 1987]. notes. Annual procurement plan. Annual budget. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). estimated cost. PD 477]. and appropriations covering the proposed expenditures for the ensuing fiscal year. financial assistance. case summaries.
2000 Ed. blot out.g. obliterate. See Voidable contract. Eq. Annuity. Annulment. [Sec. To reduce to nothing. 614. [Sec. 4.. citing Madden v. . to nullify. 40 A. 97]. GR L23445. The term may refer to the right to receive such annuities. Canceling an event or judicial proceeding both retroactively and for the future. estimated cost. June 23. 4. Nuguid. Making void. as in the case of an endowment fund). or to the agreement or contract whereby in return for capital consisting of money or other property given by the annuitant (one entitled to receive the benefits). [Nuguid v. the recipient binds himself to pay the stipulated annuity. 132]. required by the local govt.. [De Leon. Madden. Annullable contract. p. to abolish. quarterly) for a certain or uncertain period (as for years or for life. Rules and Regulations on Supply and Property Management]. An amount payable yearly or at other regular intervals (e.J. estimated quantity. if any. to make void or of no effect. Annul. The annual procurement program shall essentially be based on the annual procurement plan.required by the department or office for the ensuing fiscal year. Rules and Regulations on Supply and Property Management]. description of supplies together with the balance on hand.2d 611. for the ensuing fiscal year. The itemized list prepared by the local chief executive showing the kind. Annual procurement program. 136 N. 1966. to annihilate. Fundamentals of Taxation.
nor can those who exerted intimidation. an extreme fear of obesity. 139]. . A disorder characterized by a distorted body image.. However. violence. persons who are capable cannot allege the incapacity of those with whom they contracted. or caused mistake base their action upon these flaws of the contract. Legal Med. action for the. An action which may be instituted by all who are thereby obliged principally or subsidiarily under the contract. Anonymous testing. or (b) that it has been obtained by fraud. CC]. or employed fraud. Annulment of judgment. July 21. An identifying number or symbol is used to substitute for the name and allows the laboratory conducting the test and the person on whom the test is conducted to match the test results with the identifying number or symbol.. CA. Legal Med. or undue influence. [Olarte. [Art. Annulment of a contract. GR 59771. 3. Grounds: (a) that the judgment is void for want of jurisdiction or lack of due process of law. [Sec. (2004). p. the absence of menstrual periods. 2004].[Duhaime's Legal Dict. 1993]. An HIV testing procedure whereby the individual being tested does not reveal his / her true identity. Anorexia nervosa. Compare with Bulimia nervosa. 1397. and in women. RA 8504]. 1st Ed. [Santos v. refusal to maintain a minimally normal body weight.
To date a document to a time before it was written. The first menstrual period of a girl characterized by the absence of ovulation. A check that is dated earlier than when it was actually drawn or delivered to make it appear that it had been drawn earlier but delayed in delivery. [Sec. 2004]. Note that it is not invalid for that reason unless it is drawn for an illegal or fraudulent purpose. Answers to interrogatories.. [Sec.. A pleading in which a defendant or other adverse party sets forth the negative and affirmative defenses upon which he relies. Law Dict. 3rd Ed. 4. RoC]. Act . [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). Answer. 8. Otherwise known as the Doctrine of last clear chance. p. To date back. written statement by the defendant in a lawsuit which answers each allegation contained in the complaint. A formal written statement by a party to a lawsuit which answers each question or interrogatory propounded by the other party. 2004]. To date a document to a time before it was written. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). These answers must be acknowledged before a notary public or other person authorized to take acknowledgments. Antecedent intelligence. retroactively. 2.Anovulatory. retroactively. To date back. A formal. 2004]. 1.. 29]. [Moreno's Phil. Rule 6. Antedate. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Antedated check.
[Claridades. 2001-2006]. For example. Anti-Alias Law. Any place where studies of specific cultural groups are being or should be undertaken in the field of anthropology. an ante-nuptial agreement is one which is signed before marriage. entitled . [Duhaime's Legal Dict. as amended by RA 6085. Before the controversy. 2004]. Anthropology in this case is descriptive. An event or document which pre-dates a marriage.2031. Ante litem motam. Anthropogenic causes. NIL]. CA 142. RA 9729]. A negotiable instrument where the date appearing thereon is earlier than the true date of its issuance.. 39. Antedated instrument. Ante mortem statement. Rule 130. See Dying declaration. Causes resulting from human activities or produced by human beings. 3. Ante nuptial. [Sec.An Act to . Anthropological area. An ante-nuptial gift is a gift given by one spouse to the other before marriage. Lat. [Sec.. A. Compare with Postdated instrument. Compilation of Notes. 3. RA 4846]. RoC]. [Sec. interpretative and comparative study of all aspects of various cultural linguistic groups including the collection and analysis of their particular material culture.
Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009. if owing. 17. enacted on Aug. [Blossom & Co. Anticipation of duties of a public office. The assumption by any person of the performance of the duties and powers of any public officer or employment without first being sworn in or having given the bond required by law. Antichresis contract. and thereafter to the principal of his credit. GR 32958. 2009. 236. 8. Manila Gas. CC]. enacted on 7 November 1936. Anticipatory breach doctrine.An Act preventing and penalizing carnapping. 1930. [Art. PD 533 signed into law on Aug. [Art. Nov. 1974. A contract whereby the creditor acquires the right to receive the fruits of an immovable of his debtor. p. . RA 9775 entitled . 2132. there can be only action. 26. Prescribing Penalties Therefor and for Other Purposes. and the plaintiff must therein recover all his damages. RA 6539 entitled . RPC]. and the breach total. enacted on Nov. Anti-Carnapping Act of 1972.Regulate the Use of Aliases.An Act Defining the Crime of Child Pornography. v. 8. The rule that where the covenant or contract is entire. citing 34 CJ. 839]. 1972. with the obligation to apply them to the payment of the interest. Anti-Cattle Rustling Law of 1974.
enacted on June 21. franchises or privileges. rationalizing system losses by phasing out pilferage losses as a component thereof. [RA 8752. 8. 1963. AntiDumping Act of 1999]. 1979. Anti-Fencing Law of 1979. 1994. 2. The amount of duty levied on a . Anti-Dummy Law. signed into law on Mar. Anti-graft and corrupt practices. (c) the public officer acted with manifest partiality. as amended by PD 715. RA 7832 entitled . enacted on Oct. entitled .Anti-Fencing Law. commodity or article of commerce to discourage its importation into the Philippines.An Act to prohibit the possession of deadly arrow. enacted on Dec. PD 1612 entitled .An Act penalizing the pilferage of electricity and theft of electric power transmission lines / materials. Elements: (a) The accused is a public officer discharging administrative or official functions or private persons charged in conspiracy with them. . Anti-Electricity and Electric Transmission Lines / Materials Pilferage Act of 1994. and for other purposes.dumped. CA 108. Anti-Dumping Duty.Anti-Deadly Arrow Law. 30. product. RA 3553 entitled . 1936. (b) the public officer committed the prohibited act during the performance of his official duty or in relation to his public position.An Act to punish acts of evasion of the laws on the nationalization of certain rights.
advantage or preference to such parties. enacted on July 12.An Act prohibiting certain acts inimical to civil aviation. Antiques.An Act regulating hazing and other forms of initiation rites in fraternities. Anti-Photo and Video Voyeurism Act of 2009. Cultural properties found . enacted on June 7. and for other purposes. inexcusable negligence. 15. 1995.An Act Defining and Penalizing the Crime of Photo and Video Voyeurism. Prescribing Penalties Therefor. Sandiganbayan. and for Other Purposes. Anti-Hazing Law. GR 109991. sororities. 1995]. 1971. 1991. Anti-Piracy and Anti-Highway Robbery Law of 1974. Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act. RA 8049 entitled . 2010. May 22. RA 7080 entitled . PD 532 signed into law on Aug. Anti-Plunder Act. RA 9995 entitled .An Act defining and penalizing the crime of plunder. 1974. 1960. RA 6235 entitled . RA 3019 enacted on Aug. or any private party. 8. and (d) his action caused undue injury to the Govt. enacted on Feb. and organizations and providing penalties therefor. 17. Anti-Hijacking Law. or gave any party any unwarranted benefit. [Quibal v.evident bad faith or gross. enacted on June 19.
but their production having ceased. Anti-Squatting Law Repeal Act of 1997. enacted on May 25. as amended. otherwise known as the Rev. RA 8368 entitled . 14. 3. Service to the Public by Reducing Bureaucratic Red Tape. 2007.An Act repealing PD 772. education or training environment. Anti-Rabies Act of 2007.An Act Providing for the Control and Elimination of Human and Animal Rabies. therefore. Penal Code and for other purposes.An Act expanding the definition of the crime of rape. RA 9482 entitled . . and Providing Penalties Therefor. Anti-Rape Law of 1997. 2007. 1995. RA 4846]. Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995. enacted on Feb.An Act to Improve Efficiency in the Delivery of Govt. The. 27. entitled 'penalizing squatting and other similar acts . 1997. enacted on Sep. RA 7877 entitled .locally which are 100 years or more in age or even less. 30. Prescribing Penalties for Violation Thereof and Appropriating Funds Therefor. RA 8353 entitled . they have. reclassifying the same as a crime against persons. become or are becoming rare. amending for the purpose Act No. Preventing Graft And Corruption. 1997.An Act declaring sexual harassment unlawful in the employment. 3815. RA 9485 entitled . [Sec. enacted on June 2. enacted on Oct. and for other purposes. Anti-Red Tape Act of 2007.
of Foreign Affairs. of National Defense. . providing for protective measures for victims. The law which criminalizes any act or conspiracy to overthrow the government for the purpose of establishing a totalitarian regime. RA 9745 entitled . of Justice. Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment and Prescribing Penalties Therefor. enacted on Mar. The Council shall implement RA 9372 and assume the responsibility for the proper and effective implementation of the antiterrorism policy of the country [and] shall formulate and adopt comprehensive. efficient. RA 9372]. and counter-measures to suppress and eradicate terrorism in the country and to protect the people from acts of terrorism. prescribing penalties therefore. enacted on Nov. programs.. RA 1700. and to a place the government under the control and domination of an alien power. and (7) the National Security Advisor.An Act defining violence against women and their children. Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004. of the Interior and Local Government. Anti-Subversion Act]. (5) the Sec. (6) the Sec. [Sec. (4) the Sec. who shall be its Chairperson. 2009. and (3) the Sec. 2004. of Finance. 10. and for other purposes. Anti-Terrorism Council. 2. 53. Sec.Anti-Subversion Act. 8. who shall be its Vice Chairperson. [Sec. (2) the Sec. A Council created under RA 9372 the members of which are: (1) the Exec. adequate. and effective anti-terrorism plans.An Act Penalizing Torture and Other Cruel. as its other members. RA 9262 entitled . Anti-Torture Act of 2009.
Castillo. and for other purposes. that he has formerly been tried and acquitted of the same offense. citing Com. Cabinet. 24. 3. enacted on June 19. 3. Repuela. [People v. first used in People v. v. 1981. GR 85178. AOC.An Act to prohibit and penalize wire tapping and other related violations of the privacy of communication. 45]. 1965. French for "previously convicted. 15." A plea made by a defendant. GR L11793. Sep. Antrefois acquit. 1987]. 9. [Sec. Hernando. [People v. 10. ECC. 2009). Aparador. 1961].com. May 19. Sept. See also Autrefois acquit. GR L-55213. Anxiety neurosis. Apr. Goddard 13 Mass. RA 9851]. Nopia. 1982]. 2.Anti-Wire Tapping Act. 1990]. Locker. A progressive disintegration of personal instability arising in the course of the intercurrent illness. RA 4200 entitled . See Air Operator Certificate. GR L-70660. 26. Wardrobe. [People v. GR L36297-99. Sp. [thefreedictionary. indicted for a crime or misdemeanor. 1. Inhumane acts committed in the context of an institutionalized regime of systematic oppression and domination by one racial group or groups and committed with the intention of maintaining that regime. . Apartheid. Mar. Oct. [Galanida v.
GR 97471. 82]. [People v. Dec. Feb. GR 105395. citing 3 Am.. though not actually granted.]. [Sargasso Const. 2. PD 856]. citing Webster's 9th New Collegiate Dict. Jur. Serious disregard of the surroundings. (2004). Puno. although no actual authority to do such acts or to make such contracts has been conferred. Apoderamiento. Unlawful taking. 2010.. p. Apathy. is NOT bound by unauthorized acts of its agents. Law. Apparent authority doctrine. [Moreno s Law Dict. NT & SA v.Apartment house. Pol. 1993. Civ. & Devt. Legal Med. 2d § 79 & Am. Law. [Bank of America. [Olarte. 2000 Ed. CA. Corp. 1. Apparent. 1. Jur. July 5. . Legal Med. 31]. 1993]. p. That which. 10. Appearance to unaided senses that is not or may not be borne out by more rigorous examination or greater knowledge. The power to affect the legal relations of another person by transactions with third persons arising from the other s manifestations to such third person such that the liability of the principal for the acts and contracts of his agent extends to those which are within the apparent scope of the authority conferred on him. v. the principal knowingly permits the agent to exercise. [The doctrine holding that] govt. 63. 150]. A building containing a number of separate residential suites. GR 170530. or which he holds out as possessing. Apparent authority. Sp.. [Sec. 1st Ed. 17. PPA.
1. Nov. 2004]. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). The elevation by an aggrieved party of any decision. CC]. See Ostensible authority doctrine. 1. . 28. Those easements which are made known and are continually kept in view by external signs that reveal the use and enjoyment of the same. Bank v. Rule 1. [Ruiz v. 2004]. Rem. CA. memorandum of arguments in support thereof. 1992]. [First Phil. Appeal. 1995]. GR 101566. Book 5. (That which) a party has only when his property may be diminished. [Aguilar v. his burdens increased or his rights prejudiced by the order sought to be reviewed. 252 SCRA 259. A guaranty by the appealing party insuring that court costs will be paid. Labor. [Sec.295]. and the reliefs prayed for. 17. 2. IRR of LC]. CA. 615. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). by means of a pleading which includes the assignment of errors. Apparent easements. 3. GR 11482. An essential part of judicial system (the purpose of which) is to bring up for review a final judgment of the lower court. 2. order or award of a lower body to a higher body. Intl. [Art.even though within the apparent scope of their authority. Appeal bond. Law. Appealable interest. 1. CA. Aug. A proceeding brought to a higher court to review a lower court decision.
2d 694. Mar. 473. [Haverty Furniture Co. Appeal. the argument in support thereof. perfection of an. Scarpati. 32]. 124 S.N. A mode of appeal upon questions of law from the judgment of the RTC or the CA and is brought before the Sup. Voluntary submission to a court's jurisdiction. GR 53869. [Villegas v. 2004]. The filing within the prescribed period. of the memorandum of appeal containing. Appellate court.Appeal by certiorari. Appearances are most often made by lawyers on their clients behalf and any appearance by a lawyer binds the client. p. [Sec. Book 5. Appearance as counsel. the assignment of error / s. 25. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Appearance. defendant. Fausta.Y. v. Appellant.. The act of showing up in court as either plaintiff. 1. 300 N. A voluntary submission to a court's jurisdiction by a legal advocate or advising lawyer professionally engaged to represent and plead the cause of another. [Moreno s Law Dict.. 1. citing Pacilio v. 2000 Ed.. 478]. 1982. 697]. [Jurist s Legal Dict. Rule 1. The party appealing a decision or judgment (before an appellate court). among others. Legaspi.S.. Court under Rule 45 of the Rules of Court by a Petition for review on certiorari. 2. accused or any other party to a civil or criminal suit. A court having . Compare with Special civil action for certiorari. the reliefs sought and posting of the appeal bond. 2004]. IRR of LC].
Ed. Appellee. The party against whom an appeal is taken. or accessories. and which are not part or parts of aircraft. Law Compendium.jurisdiction to hear appeals and review a trial court's procedure. Appliances. It takes place where a debtor has various debts of the same kind in favor of one and the same creditor and the . citing Rem. Appendix. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). aircraft engines. apparatus. Vol. 1. Appellate jurisdiction. 3. equipment. which are used. GR 88158. 2004]. 2004]. 3].. 2004]. 5th Rev. p. [Garcia v. Compare with Original jurisdiction. Mar. or control of aircraft in flight (including parachutes and including communication equipment and any other mechanism or mechanisms installed in or attached to aircraft during flight). operation. 1992. or are capable of being or intended to be used. or propellers. RA 9497]. appurtenances. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). [Sec. Application of payment. in the navigation. 4. Supplementary materials added to the end of a document. Instruments. of whatever description. Regalado. De Jesus. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). parts. The authority of a Court higher in rank to reexamine the final order or judgment of a lower Court which tried the case now elevated for judicial review.
The person empowered to appoint the members of the board of Directors of a local water district. citing Art. Marciano. [Diaz. Where the parties have agreed to submit their dispute to institutional arbitration rules. set apart. PD 198]. they shall be deemed to have agreed to procedure under such arbitration rules for the selection and . so the debtor has the first choice to indicate which particular debt is to be paid. 1991 Ed. the appointing authority shall be the mayor of that city or municipality. [Sec. 1252. 2. CC]. If portions of more than one province are included within the boundary of the district. depending upon the geographic coverage and population make-up of the particular district. nominate or authoritatively assign as for a use. Law Rev. as the case may be. Appointing authority. Bus.. Appoint. and Encyc. 3. or designate. To allot.]. GR 16808.. otherwise. 1921. The person or institution named in the arbitration agreement as the appointing authority. and the appointing authority is to be the governors then the power to appoint shall rotate between the governors involved with the initial appointments made by the governor in whose province the greatest number of service connections exists. citing Century Dict. p. Jan. [Borromeo v. 42. or to a position or office. the appointing authority shall be the governor of the province within which the district is located.debtor s payment is not sufficient to pay all the debts due. 3. or the regular arbitration institution under whose rule the arbitration is agreed to be conducted. and unless they have agreed to a different procedure. In the event that more than 75% of the total active water service connections of a local water district are within the boundary of any city or municipality.
Appointing officer. 2009]. all members of its Board of Directors/Trustees who are not ex officio members thereof. 3.appointment of arbitrators. and other officers whose appointments are vested in him in this Consti.]. 1. The person or body authorized by law to make appointments in the Phil. Rule 1. ambassadors. whose appointments are not otherwise provided for by law. and those whom he may be authorized by law to appoint. (2) In the case of nonchartered GOCCs. Art. appoint the heads of the executive department. [Sec. (1) In the case of chartered GOCCs. Appointive Director. the default appointment of arbitrators shall be made by the National President of the IBP his duly authorized representative. AM 07-1108-SC. 16.. [Sec. Sept. Appointing power of the President. members of its Board of . 1987 Consti. VII. [Special Rules of Court on ADR. The power of the President to nominate and. Civil Service. In ad hoc arbitration. other public ministers and consuls. with the consent of the Commission on Appointments.11. and also to appoint all other officers of the Govt. PD 807]. or officers of the armed forces from the rank of colonel or naval captain.
463 Phil. The designation of a person. Some appointive officials hold their office in a permanent capacity and are entitled to security of tenure while others serve at the pleasure of the appointing authority. 3. [Fariñas v. 3.. The unequivocal act. to fill an office or public function and discharge the duties of the same. Drilon. Compare with Designation. [Flores v. members of its Board of Directors/Trustees whom the GOCC is entitled to nominate to the extent of its perrcentage shareholdings in such subsidiary or affiliate. RA 10149]. Law. 180]. p.Directors/Trustees whom the State is entitled to nominate. June 22. by the authority vested with the power. GR 104732. to the extent of its percentage shareholdings in such GOCC. 1993. [Sec. Compare with Elective officials. of designating or selecting an individual to discharge and perform the duties and functions of an office or trust. Drilon. [Flores v. Law. 2. 1993. Exec. 205-208 (2003)]. Appointment.. by the person or persons having authority therefor. Admin. The selection.. 4th Ed. of one who has the authority. [Those who] hold their office by virtue of their designation thereto by an appointing authority. citing Black's Law Dict. Law. Ronidel. Appointment to a public office. Pol. GR 104732. 179. and (3) In the case of subsidiaries and affiliates. June 22. of an individual who is to exercise the functions of a given office. p. by the person or persons having authority therefor. Sec. Admin. Appointive officials. Phil. [Chavez v. 1. The selection or designation of a person. citing Cruz. 1987 ed.. to discharge the duties of some office or trust. 128]. GR .
Apportionment. PD 464]. Code]. Corp. 26. Mar. 1992]. 1992]. GR 93044. Appraisal.180941. Mar. Wages Council. Law. [Intl. The act or process of determining the value of a property as of a specific date for a specific purpose. 2004]. [RCPI v. Law Dict. to each according to his share. Natl. Also termed as Replacement cost or Reproduction cost. [Sec. The division and distribution of something into proportionate parts. Natl. [RCPI v. The revalued amount of property.. 26. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. [Sec. & Direct.. . 2. The right of a stockholder of a corporation to dissent and demand payment of the fair value of his shares. 1. 11 June 2009. Corp. 2004]. The right of a dissenting shareholder to require the company to purchase his shares at their fair market value. Appraisal increase. plant and equipment determined by recognized specialists. Appraisal right. Appraisal value. Wages Council. 3. GR 93044. 81. This is computed by deducting historical cost from appraised values. 589 SCRA 103].
Appraised value. I. Apprentice. p. 217]. NLRC. [laborlaw. Labor. A worker who is covered by a written apprenticeship agreement with an individual employer. [Wallem Maritime Services v. or business. [Art. Sec. July 26. Labor. 58.usc-law. dated Aug.org. to determine the fair and said value of the property vis-à-vis the general property area in which it is located. [Art. from the Exec. and to serve him during the time of his apprenticeship. 58. Oct. 2011]. one who possesses the necessary qualifications. LC]. LC].. and relative vales thereof.. trade. 20. Rules and Regulations on Supply and Property Management]. 1. 3. A person bound in the form of law to a master. form of employment or occupation which requires more than 3 months of practical training on the job supplemented by related theoretical instruction. license. 15. A person who conducts valuation / appraisal. RA 9646]. ability and experience to execute or direct the valuation / appraisal of real property. 3rd Rev. . 4. Vol. Appraiser. [Sec. [Memo. 1. Any trade. [Sec. Apprentice. 1996. GR 108433. to learn from him his art. specifically. The estimated value of disposable property after inspection taking into account its condition. Labor. 2. The quantification of the present financial values of the property. usability and other factors. 1998]. 2. Also known as Valuer. citing Bouvier s Law Dict. A worker who is covered by a written apprenticeship agreement with an individual employer or any of the entities recognized under the Labor Code. Apprenticeable occupation.
[Bismorte v. [Art. to take something for one's own benefit. 24. An employment contract wherein the employer binds himself to train the apprentice and the apprentice in turn accepts the terms of training. Appropriate adversary proceeding. the rule that a party can not either in the course of litigation or in dealing in pais occupy inconsistent positions. LC]. Labor. Labor. as amended]. [Art. 729]. To qualify as an apprentice. and (c) possess the ability to comprehend and follow oral and written instructions. qualifications of. 1989. (b) possess vocational aptitude and capacity for apprenticeship as established through appropriate tests. 58. Misappropriate.. 59. 1910]. In the language of the Scotch law. contested. Sp. Apr. To own. Labor. Apprenticeship agreement. Approbate and reprobate. Appropriar. One having opposing parties. p. 10. Law. [Art. 12th Ed.Apprentice. LC. Practical training on the job supplemented by related theoretical instruction. Dec. GR 85785. GR L5586. Aldecoa & Co. as distinguished . People. citing II Crim. LC].. [Sy v. 58. Apprenticeship. a person shall: (a) be at least 15 year of age. Reyes.
399.]. The legislative authorization prescribed by the Consti. Sec. citing Martin. of Agrarian Reform. 19. Dec. and afforded the latter an opportunity to contest it. GR 29627. [Suarez. 110 Was. 1987 Ed. 716. New Consti. GR 29627. RA 8550]. of the Phil.. p. CFI of Camarines. A bill (in Congress) the primary and specific purpose of which is to authorize the release of funds from the public treasury.. both in fishing and ancillary industries. 4. Raquiza. 399. 1987 Ed. p. . 39]. [Sec. that money may be paid out of the Treasury. Pol. 1988. One the primary and specific purpose of which is to authorize the release of public funds from the treasury. of Small Landowners v. 1st Ed. 1989. [Gonzales v. Raquiza. 718. Law Reviewer. Appropriate fishing technology. Appropriation bill. of the Phil. GR L-36773. p. Appropriation. 19. 1989. Appropriation law. New Consti.from an ex parte application. Adaptable technology.]. May 31. 352]. [Gonzales v. July 14. Dec. [Assoc. v. Magagnini. It excludes an adoption proceeding. Appropriation made by law. that is ecologically sound. [Rep. 2002. The act of the legislature setting apart or assigning to a particular use a certain sum to be used in the payment of debt or dues from the State to its creditors. 187 p. citing Platt v. citing Martin. locally sourcebased and labor intensive.. 1989]. one of which the party seeking relief has given legal warning to the other party. GR 78742.
funds under specified conditions or for specified purposes. A. Appropriation sub rosa. EO 292].. 1. Appropriations. To hide this to the public. PD 1067]. [Sec.Appropriation of water. A bill filed in Congress proposing to authorize the release of funds from the public treasury. PD 477]. An appropriation the purpose of which is to allot a budget which is intended to benefit legislators. [Claridades. The budget for the contract duly approved by the head of the procuring entity. The estimates of expenditures in a budget when finally approved by the appropriate authorities concerned. See Appropriation law. p. [Art. directing payment out of govt. 1. the legislators agree among themselves that the same shall no longer be scrutinized and subjected to public hearings. 2001-2006]. 1st Ed. 2. 342]. Law Reviewer. Appropriations bill. Approved budget for the contract (ABC). Chap. as provided for in the General Appropriations Act (GAA) and / or continuing . [Suarez. 9. The acquisition of rights over the use of waters or the taking or diverting of waters from a natural source in the manner and for any purpose allowed by law. Pol. Compilation of Notes. 14. [Sec. An authorization made by law or other legislative enactment.. Appropriations law. Book VI. 2002. 2.
RA 9275]. Aquatic pollution. [Sec 4. Aquaculture. 5.. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. 4. brackish and marine environment. pursuant to EO 518. RA 8550]. govt.appropriations. of substances or energy to the aquatic environment which result or is likely to result in such deleterious effects as to harm living and non-living aquatic resources. Compilation of Notes. although detached. RA 9184]. [Sec. A. in the case of GFIs and state universities and colleges. discharge of petroleum or residual products of petroleum or carbonaceous materials / . Aquatic life. 1. Being at once opportune and to the point. series of 1979. hindrance to aquatic activities such as fishing and navigation. All organisms living in freshwater. and the budget for the contract approved by the respective Sanggunian. including dumping / disposal of waste and other marine litters. An attachment or appendage to something else. [Sec.. The introduction by human or machine. Appurtenance. [Claridades. the corporate budget for the contract approved by the governing boards. brackish and marine water areas. 2004]. Fishery operations involving all forms of raising and culturing fish and other fishery species in fresh. pose potential and / or real hazard to human health. in the case of LGUs. With regard to. Apropos. in the natl. concerning. relevant. agencies. stands as part of another thing. directly or indirectly. Something that. 2. 20062011].
[Sec. gaseous or solid substances. Aquatic resources. land or air transport or other human-made structure. RA 8550]. Plower of land. 2001-2006]. RA 8550]. The nearly simultaneous purchase of currencies (or other .. [Sec. with the obligation to indemnify their owners. salt and corals. 35]. radioactive. Lat.. Fr.. Arador. CC]. RA 9275]. The right of any person who may wish to use upon his own estate any water of which he can dispose to make it flow through the intervening estates. all other aquatic flora and fauna and other living resources of the aquatic environment. from any water. Fish. 642. A quo. as well as the owners of the lower estates upon which the waters may filter or descend. A layer of water-bearing rock located underground that transmits water in sufficient quantity to supply pumping wells or natural springs. [Art. ARB. Compilation of Notes. Aquifer. [Claridades. arbitere: to arbitrate or to regulate. [Sec 4. p. 2000 Ed. Arbitrage. noxious or harmful liquid. but not limited to. including. A court a quo is a court from which a cause has been removed. 4.substances. [Moreno s Law Dict. and other. See Agrarian reform beneficiary. From which. Aqueduct easement. 4. A.
Permanent Ed. 2. without legal grounds. without grounds permitted under domestic or international law. detains a person. Vol. Law. The deprivation by a public officer of the liberty of a person without any legal ground. Sep. p. 124. Arbitrary detention. 2004]. One that arises from an unrestrained exercise of the will. 17. The decision reached by arbitrators in an arbitration. An alternative dispute resolution method by which an . 3.commodities) in one market and its resale in another in order to profit from the price differential. or personal preference of the actor... [Webster's 3rd New Intl. & Direct. [Art. Dict. [All definitions cited in Aquino v. Arbitrary act. Fund.. [Tetley. [Words & Phrases. Crim. Forced displacement of the persons concerned by expultion by expulsion or other coercive acts from the area in which they are lawfully present. Glossary of Conflict of Laws. [Sec. Law Rev. 2004]. [Intl. 110]. The felony committed by any public officer or employee who. One which is without adequate determining principle. Arbitral award. RA 9851]. p. RPC]. 1. GR L-35546. Compare with Illegal detention. p.. 3. Arbitrary deportation or forcible transfer of population. Arbitration. One which is not founded on a fair or substantial reason. 2. 562]. 1997 9th Ed. supra. 377]. Ponce-Enrile. and solely dependent on the actor's will. 3-A. caprice. Law Dict. 1. [Gregorio. p.. 573). 1. [Words & Phrases. 1974]. non-rational. of Crim.
The process is similar to the litigation process as it involves adjudication. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. neutral third person (arbitrator) is appointed to hear and consider the merits of the dispute and renders a final and binding decision called an award. usually subject to laws agreed upon in advance and usually under rules which avoid much of the formality and niceties of proof and procedure required by the courts. under a particular law governing the dispute along with rules of procedure governing the appointment of arbitrators and the arbitration process. except that the parties choose their arbitrator and the manner in which the arbitration will proceed. The settling of disputes between parties who agree not to go before the courts. The agreement concluded between parties. usually in a particular place. the laws applicable to the subject of the dispute. providing for the submission of their dispute to arbitration. the law of the arbitral proceedings and the applicable conflict rules may all be different. 3.independent. . in a place of their choice. [Tetley. Arbitration agreement. but rather agree to accept as final the decision of experts of their choice. 2004]. The decision of the arbitrator is known as an .. The law applicable to the arbitration agreement. Glossary of Conflict of Laws. 2. A process for the adjudication of disputes by which the parties agree to be bound by the decision of a third person or body in place of a regularly organized tribunal..award. 2004].
underwater or at sea level which contains fossils. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). enacted on June 19. The person appointed to render an award. Archaeological site. providing that any dispute arising under the contract shall be submitted to arbitration (supra) before one or more arbitrators. 1953.. 3. artifacts and other cultural. and for other purposes. to provide for the appointment of arbitrators and the procedure for arbitration in civil controversies. 2. RA 9285]. Any place which may be underground or on the surface. Arbitration law. Glossary of Conflict of Laws. RA 876 entitled . disinterested person chosen by the parties in arbitration to hear evidence concerning the dispute and to make an award based on the evidence. Compilation of Notes. 2004]. alone or with others. Arbitration clause. a charter party or other contract. ARC. See Agrarian reform community. in the place and according to the laws and rules specified in the clause. 1. geological. botanical. 20012006]. [Claridades. Arbitrator. in a dispute that is the subject of an arbitration agreement.An Act to authorize the making of arbitration and submission agreements. a waybill. A private. [Tetley.each having a proper law of its own. zoological materials which depict and document evidences of palaeontological and pre-historic . [Sec. A clause in a bill of lading. A. 2004].
[See last sentence. 1 of RA 3046 [. The baselines of the Phils. so close to each other that they are historically regarded as an intrinsic whole geographically. Consti.. Archipelago. [Sec. RA 5446. and one state. RA 4846]. 3. 10. Order 95-23]. Archipelagic doctrine. 2009.An Act to Define the Baselines of the Territorial Sea of the Phils. [Intl. DENR Admin. I. [Sec.]. lakes and rivers. archipelago [as] are defined and described in Sec. All waters within the baselines of an archipelago except internal waters such as roadsteads."]. 4. Law Dict. Main purpose is to protect the territorial interests of an archipelago. Archipelagic sea. A group of islands. one country. Archipelagic waters. Art. as amended by Sec. The waters inside the archipelagic baselines of an archipelagic state other than its internal waters. economically and . Archipelagic Baseline of the Philippines. and further amended by RA 9522 on Mar. An integration of a group of islands to the sea and their oneness so that together they can constitute one unit. such as the Philippines.events. 2004]. An imaginary single baseline is drawn around the islands by joining appropriate points of the outermost islands of the archipelago with straight lines and all islands and waters enclosed within the baseline form part of the territory. & Direct.
Architect-of-record. An architect registered and licensed under RA 9266. [Sec. [Sec. [Sandoval. 3. RA 9266]. who is directly and professionally responsible for the total design of the project for the client and who shall assume the civil liability for the plans. Archipelago principle. Law. 2006-2011]. regardless of their breadth or dimension. The architect registered and licensed under RA 9266. 3. RA 9266]. A person professionally and academically qualified. who is directly and professionally responsible and liable for the construction supervision of the project. Architect. and who is responsible for advocating the fair and sustainable development. A. are to be treated as internal waters. RA 9266]. Law Reviewer 2003]. specifications and contract documents he / she has signed and sealed. The waters around. [Claridades. registered and licensed under RA 9266 with a Certificate of Registration and Professional Identification Card issued by the Professional Regulatory Board of Architecture and the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC). Compilation of Notes. between and connecting the island of the archipelago. 3. . Pol. welfare and cultural expression of society's habitat in terms of space. Intl. forms and historical context.. [Sec.politically and this includes the natural features and seas between the islands which are considered as internal archipelagic waters. Architect-in-charge of construction.
evaluations. A sole proprietorship. supervising and giving general administration and responsible direction to the erection. [Sec. specifications. The art. The act of planning and architectural designing. conferences. the scientific. 3. agencies. strength and beauty. contract documents and oral advice and directions regardless of whether the persons engaged in such practice are residents of the Phils. a partnership or a corporation registered with the proper govt. designing and constructing buildings in their totality taking into account their environment. or have their principal office or place of business in this country or another territory. specifying. Architecture. enlargement or alterations of buildings and building environments and architectural design in engineering structures or any part thereof. RA 9266]. or whether such . in accordance with the principles of utility. RA 9266]. 3.Architectural firm. general practice of. aesthetic and orderly coordination of all the processes which enter into the production of a complete building or structure performed through the medium of unbiased preliminary studies of plans. structural conceptualization. science or profession of planning. [Sec. investigations. consultations. and regardless of whether such persons are performing one or all these duties. Architecture.
renovation. (1) Public records. physical and planning and the design. 3. papers. remodeling. Archives. Architecture. 1998]. that have been selected for permanent preservation. Encompasses the provision of professional services in connection with site. scope of the practice of. The size of the land or building in square meters. from the Exec. dated Aug. Area. Areas where the introduction of public facilities may tend to induce development and . conservation. Also Urban land reform zones. [Memo. Sec. Areas for priority development (APDs). audio-visual or print. [Sec. books or other items. and (3) An organization (or part of an organization) whose main function is to select. restoration or alteration of a building or group of buildings. which by their nature and characteristics have enduring value. (2) The place (building / room / storage area) where archival materials are kept and preserved. construction. RA 9470]. RA 7279]. 20. collect and preserve archival records and make such records available for public use. [Sec. periodicals. " [Sec. 4. [Sec. articles or materials.duties are performed in person or as the directing head of an office or organization performing them. Those areas declared as such under existing statutes and pertinent executive issuances. enlargement. Areas impacted by public facilities. 3. RA 9266]. whether in the form of electronic. RA 9266]. 3.
Areas where uncontrolled development could result in irreparable damage to important historic. [Sec. p. cultural. p. 62.. p. (1983). An argument from analogy or from a similar case is good in law. 2000 Ed. [Moreno s Law Dict. Lat. 2000 Ed. 35]. Armalite. PD 1152]. or is necessarily connected with. An effort to establish belief by a course of reasoning. The phrase generally means that the same evidence may be needed in supporting the claim or in refuting the opposite claim. A rifle with a special mechanism that can cause burst of shots with one squeeze of the trigger. [Black s Law Dict. [Sec. An argument from inconvenience is forcible in law.. [Moreno s Law Dict. Argumentum ab inconvenienti plurimum valet in lege. 5th Ed. Argumentum ab simili valet in lege.. [Moreno s Law Dict. An argument from analogy . An argument from analogy or from a similar case is good in law. Areas of critical environmental concern. 2000 Ed. 62. Abr. Arises out of... PD 1152]. the transaction or occurrence. Argument. p.urbanization of more than local significance or impact.. or aesthetic values or natural systems or processes of national significance. 35].. 56]. 35]. Lat.
between 2 or more States. or non-international. 3. [Moreno s Law Dict. [Sec.or from a similar case is good in law. 35]. All organized armed forces. 2000 Ed. of the Phils. Such armed forces shall be subject to an internal disciplinary system which enforces compliance with International Humanitarian Law. RA 9851]. Armed forces. to a situation to which the Geneva Conventions of 12 Aug. Scouts in 1901 [and] was formally organized during the American Commonwealth era through CA 1 or the National Defense Act of Dec. apply. It consists of the Army. [Claridades. or may give rise. Navy and Air Force. 3. RA 9851]. Compilation of Notes. It does not cover internal disturbances or tensions such as riots. Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). It is the principal body for the defense of the nation under the leadership of its Commander-in-Chief. [Sec. 1949.. That such force or armed violence gives rise. 2006-2011]. between governmental authorities and organized armed groups or between such groups within a state. that is. including belligerent occupation. p.. isolated and sporadic acts of violence or other acts of a similar nature. including their common Article 3.. 1935. It originated in the establishment of the Phil. the Pres. Armed conflict. groups and units that belong to a party to an armed conflict which are under a command responsible to that party for the conduct of its subordinates. Any use of force or armed violence between States or a protracted armed violence between governmental authorities and organized armed groups or between such groups within that State: Provided. Armed conflict may be international. . that is.. A. 21.
of the Phils. ovoid argent over all the sun rayonnant with 8 minor and lesser rays.. and surrounding the whole.Armistice. inscribed thereon.. Intl. For the purpose of placing the Great Seal. p. a chief argent studded with 3 mullets equidistant from each other. the color of the arms shall not be deemed essential. but without the scroll and the inscription thereon. EO 292]. Law Reviewer. [Cruz. or its equivalent in the national language. azure and gules. 14. a double marginal circle within which shall appear the words Rep. 1996 Ed. or its equivalent in the national language. of the Phils. [Sec. and. which shall have paleways of 2 pieces. The suspension of all hostilities within a certain area (local) or in the entire region of the war (general) agreed upon by the belligerent governments. in point of honor. [Moreno s Law Dict. . p. Tag. with the arms as described in the preceding paragraph. The Great Seal shall be circular in form. Arms and great seal of the Republic of the Philippines. Arnibal. The Arms of the Phils.. Law.. 2000 Ed. 35]. Beneath shall be a scroll with the words Rep.. Intl. usually for the purpose of arranging the terms of the peace. 144]. A sweet sauce.
Arras. to which he enters a plea of guilty or not guilty. 2010]. 2009. for the first time. Arrangement characteristics. including a list of witnesses. Law. consignee. Compare with Alignment characteristics and Proportion characteristics. in the mode and manner required by the Rules. July 7. of article or baggage has to . [Albert v. Arrangement. [Olarte. The state of sexual excitement during which blood flow to the genital area increases. People. 1. Arrastre charge. Intl..Arousal. 2. Legal Med. (2004). The amount which the owner. or agent of either. The writing characteristics and habits existing in the questioned and standard signatures [based on] the position of the written signature in relation to the typewritten name. [Sec. is granted the opportunity to know the precise charge that confronts him. 26 Feb. pp. an accused. The reading of the complaint or information by the judge or clerk to the defendant and delivering to the latter a copy thereof. 580 SCRA 279]. GR 164015. 1. Sandiganbayan. 111-112]. [Obando v. and asking him whether he pleads guilty or not guilty as charged. See Earnest money. Legal Med. 1st Ed. The accused is formally informed of the charges against him. leading to an erection in men and in enlargement of the clitoris. Arraignment. Rule 116. engorgement of the vaginal walls and increased vaginal secretions in women. See Agreement. GR 138696. That stage where. RoC].
27. 1998. The penalty the duration of which shall be from one day to 30 days (of imprisonment). Law Dict.. [Moreno s Law Dict. 2.pay for the handling. 3rd Ed. 2004]. [Art. RA 1937]. receiving and custody of the imported or exported article or the baggage of the passengers. [Larranaga v. RPC]. 2. [Sec. Arrastre charges. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Arresto menor. Arrest without a probable cause.. A debt that is not paid on the due date which adds up and accumulates as arrears.. An actual restraint of the person to be arrested. 1. Arrest. Fees for the services of the arrastre operator. GR 130644. depriving one of his own will and liberty. or by his submission to the custody of the person making the arrest. Arresto mayor.. binding him to become obedient to the will of the law. The taking of a person into custody in order that he may be bound to answer for the commission of an offense. Mar. citing Moreno. 27. [Sec. p. Arrears. 3. 72]. 35]. to be paid by the consignee before the delivery of the cargo. CA. Phil. [Sec. Restraint on person. The penalty the duration of which shall be from one month and one day to 6 months (of imprisonment). (1988). RoC]. Rule 113. Rule 113. 3101. [Art. 2000 Ed. RoC]. An unreasonable seizure of a . p. RPC]. 1. 13.
and [violative of] the privacy of persons which ought not to be intruded by the State. Law Reviewer 2003]. barn. storehouse. Arson. 17. When a vessel from a foreign port is compelled by stress of weather or other necessity to put into any other port than that of her destination. 203 SCRA 85. or vessel in port. or any other property the value of which does not exceed P25. hut. and (b) that what is intentionally burned is an inhabited house or dwelling. 2. warehouse. 1991. [Yee Sue Koy v. 1016. Mar.person. [Art. [Sec. 1. [People v. Almeda. RPC]. GR 96713. RA 1937]. PD 1613]. knowing it to be occupied at the time by one or more . Law. Elements: (a) That there is intentional burning. Arrival under stress. or other case of force majeure. inclement weather. committed at a time or under circumstances which clearly exclude all danger of the fire spreading. [Sandoval. In voluntary entrance may be due to lack of provisions. Arson of property of small value. 1. Arson. unseaworthiness of the vessel. The act of any person who burns or sets fire to the property of another. 146-147 (1940)]. farmhouse. shelter. Arson consisting in the burning of other property and under the following circumstances: 1. The arson of any uninhabited hut. Also Involuntary entrance. Arbolante. if the offender shall set fire to any building. 97]. 141. 70 Phil. shed. other forms of. 323. Oct. such as pursuit by pirates. [Sec. Arson. Pol.
or forests. forests. [Art. pasture lands. (c) if the building burned is a public building and the purpose is to destroy evidence kept therein to be used in instituting prosecution for the punishment of violators of the law. RPC. or (k) when the property burned consists of grain fields. (f) if an inhabited house or any other building in which people are accustomed to meet is set on fire. or plantings are set on fire. Art dealer. art brokers and agents. Any person or entity who sells or otherwise deals in works of fine art for profit or gain. (b) if the building burned is a public building. (h) if grain fields. mill central.persons. sugar mill. RA 9105]. or plantations when the value of such property does not exceed P200. judicial or administrative proceedings. is set on fire. (i) if a building not used as a dwelling or place of assembly. (j) if a building used as dwelling located in an uninhabited place is set on fire. cane mill. (d) if the building burned is a public building and the purpose is to destroy evidence kept therein to be used in legislative. . bamboo groves or any similar plantation is set on fire. (g) if a farm. pasture lands. and the culprit did not know that such house or building was occupied at the time. or if he shall set fire to a moving freight train or motor vehicle. (e) if the arson shall have been committed with the intention of collecting under an insurance policy against loss or damage by fire. located in a populated place. such as art galleries. [Sec 3. 321. as amended by RA 5467].
2004]. ECC. The articles of cooperation registered under the Cooperative Code and includes a registered amendment thereof. A. heat and redness. (b) counterfeits or imitates any original signature or sign. p. The document prepared by the persons establishing a corporation and containing the matters required by the Corp. The basic instrument creating and defining a particular corporation which is filed with a state agency at the time of the firm's incorporation. [Sec. Apr. and (d) imitates or reproduces any work of fine art with intent to deceive the public or the buyer as to the authenticity of the work. [Meñez v. the result of rheumatism or gout. RA 9105]. 1980. 2. & Direct. 25. for Lawyers. Law Dict. [Intl. [Claridades. RA 9520]. especially in the simple product of primitive arts or industry representing past eras or periods. swelling.Art forgery. GR L-48488. 1. 1. 2001-2006]. Articles which are products of human skills or workmanship.. An act committed by any person or entity who: (a) affixes or causes to appear a usurped or forged signature or sign on any work of fine art. 56]. (c) sells or circulates any work of fine art bearing forged or usurped signatures or signs. with the intent to deceive the public or the buyer as to the authorship of a work of art. Artifacts. citing The Simplified Medical Dict. Articles of incorporation. Arthritis. acute.. Articles of cooperation. Compilation of Notes. Code filed with the SEC. [Sec 3. Inflammation of a joint marked by pain. .
A process in which the male gametes. Annotated. [Sec. 3. The Family Code of the Phils. 1987]. 2000 Rev. 263]. Ed.[Sec. 4. Ascariasis. source of food. Municipal. [Sec. small scale or subsistence fishermen who use fishing gear which do not require boats or which only require boats below 3 tons. . RA 8550]. Artisanal fisher folk. Nov. citing Webster's 3rd New Intl. The making of decorative or artistic objects by hand.]. Portal of entry is through the oral route. See Formula feeding. RA 8425]. Dict. artistic work produced in quantity. Artworks.. Artificial reefs. Any structure of natural or man-made materials placed on a body of water to serve as shelter and habitat. Mar. CA. [Chavez v. [Nolledo. breeding areas for fishery species and shoreline protection. Its vehicles for transmission are the fecally contaminated food and drinks. Artificial feeding. [Ozaeta v. the spermatozoa. 18. 1993. RA 4846]. the decoration of artistic objects so made. 31. ECC. Artificial insemination. GR 95226. 3. Infestation with ascaris lumbricoides. are collected and introduced artificially into the female genital tract for the purpose fertilization. p. GR L-61931.
. to the exclusion of collateral relatives. Compilation of Notes. Suffocation. a party who fails to appear at a pre-trial conference may be non-suited or considered as in default. Lee v. As in default. CC]. 1. 14. Sep. in default of legitimate children and descendants of the deceased. [US v. See Reservista. GR L-48834. Alias. This provision no longer exists under the 1997 Rules of Procedure. [People v. Sp. 2000 Ed. CA. Feb. The phrase refers to the physical condition of the thing subject matter of the agreement. 37]. Ascending direct line. CC. Under Sec. 1987]. The rule in succession that. Marquez. [Moreno s Law Dict.Ascendant-reservista. This contemplates a scenario wherein the defendant in a suit had already filed his answer (therefore had set up both his negative and affirmative defenses) but failed to comply with the mandate of the Rules in not appearing at the scheduled pre-trial hearing. A. As is where is. 27. Asphyxia. 2. GR 177861. 965. 2010]. [Claridades. GR L-6116. p. July 13. 2001-2006]. his parents and ascendants shall inherit from him. Rule 20 of the 1964 Rules of Court. Murder. 985. [Art. Compare with In default. 2. 1911]. [It] binds a person with those from whom he descends [as compared with the descending direct line which] unites the head of the family with those who descend from him... [Art.. Asesinato.
even for an instant. [Peña. Assault. 2. 12 Sept. 26. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). p. Severance of goods from the possession of the owner and absolute control of the property by the taker. Ed. 565 SCRA 192. de Barrera v. 197]. 1993. citing Morrison. Rev. [Vda. . any intentional display of force that would give the victim reason to fear or expect immediate bodily harm. GR 97426. however. Commonly. The taking of a thing out of the possession of the owner without his privity and consent and without the animus revertendi. The worth or value of property established by taxing authorities on the basis of which the tax rate is applied. 111. 1997 Rev. A test by means of chemical analysis to determine the purity of fineness of metals. Apr. 2008. June 3. Mining Rights. 1. Assay. [People v. Phil. 1990. Threat to inflict injury with an apparent ability to do so. [People v. Heirs of Legaspi. 2. Apolinario..Asportation. 491-492]. or (2) the pharmaceutical potency of a drug. 1. An analysis to determine the (1) presence of a substance and the amount of that substance. citing 184 SCRA at 677]. Assessed value. GR 86163. 9. 2. Penal Code]. p. Law on Natural Resources. citing Aquino. particularly the precious metals. it does not represent the true or market value of the property. RA 9711]. [Sec. Also. Salvilla. GR 174346. 2004].
This definition also includes assistant assessors. PD 464]. Anything of value that can be in the form of money. or proportion thereof.. [Sec. the book value of which is shown in the last 3 audited financial statement immediately preceding the filing of the petition. An official in the LGU. PD 464]. The assessed value when multiplied by the tax rate will produce the amount of tax due.The value placed on taxable property by the assessor for ad valorem tax purposes. RA 9646]. fixed assets such as property or equipment. [Moreno s Law Dict. It is actual work done in the area. 2000 Ed. Assessor. [Sec. who performs appraisal and assessment of real properties. subject to tax. including plants. Assessment work. 3. [Sec. 3. Asset. essentially for taxation purposes.. 3. The percentage applied to the market value to determine the taxable or assessed value of the property. PD 464]. listing and appraisal of properties. the proof of annual work obligations which are works or improvements necessary and instrumental in developing the mines and extracting ores therefrom. In case the debtor is . such as cash at the bank or amounts owed. including the discovery. In mining. or intangibles including intellectual property. The act or process of determining the value of a property. equipment. and machineries. It is synonymous to Taxable value. 38]. Assessment. p. Assessment level. 3. [Sec.
RA 9267]. 3. One who is only entitled to receive the share of the profits or . To give. RA 9267]. 3. fees or imposts. mortgage loans and other debt instruments. homogeneous assets underlying the asset-backed securities (ABS). but shall not be limited to. 2. The term shall include. 3. the repayment of which shall be derived from the cash flow of the assets in accordance with the Plan. 2004]. Loans or receivables or other similar financial assets with an expected cash payment stream. RA 9267]. The assignee (sometimes also called assigns) is the person who receives the right or property being given and the assignor is the person giving.. receivables. [Sec. Asset pool.less than 3 years in operation. [Sec. [Sec. Assign. Assets. AM 00-8-10-SC. The group of identified. 1. Dec. as the case may be. it is sufficient that the book value is based on the audited financial statement / s for the years or year immediately preceding the filing of petition. national or local. Rule 2. Asset-backed securities (ABS). 2008]. and shall exclude receivables from future expectation of revenues by government. The certificates issued by a special purpose entity (SPE). [Duhaime's Legal Dict. arising from royalties. Assignee. [Sec. to another. to transfer responsibility.
The transfer by an insolvent debtor of all his property to another for the purpose of arriving at an adjustment with his creditors. [Torres.. But an assignee has no right to require any information or account of the partnership s transactions or to inspect the partnership s books. 347].. A transfer or making over to another of the whole of any property. 75]. p. transfers his credit and its accessory rights to another. 2000 Ed. 1998. Civil Code of the .. p. who acquires the power to enforce it to the same extent as the assignor could have enforced it against the debtor. 2. & Cont. [Casabuena v. Assignment. Assignment of credit. 3rd Ed. real or personal. in possession or in action. CA. 1997. Bus. or the return of the contribution.. A substituted partner has all these rights. Oblig. CA. citing Tolentino.. [PNB v. it is ordinarily employed to describe the transfer of nonnegotiable choses in action and of rights in or connected with property as distinguished from the particular item or property. Law Dict. 27. [Diaz. [Torres. Oblig. The transfer of a right or interest in property by one person to another.. It includes transfers of all kinds of property. to which his assignor (limited partner) would other wise be entitled. Law Rev. 1. citing Moreno's Phil. and is peculiarly applicable to intangible personal property and. known as the assignee. p. known as the assignor. Assignment for the benefit of creditors. GR 118357. by a legal cause.. May 6. 1. p. or of any estate or right therein. 2000 Ed. 347]. GR 115410. An agreement by virtue of which the owner of a credit. Feb.. accordingly. & Cont. 238]. 1991 Ed.other compensation by way of income.
2. (Book V). [Sec. 5.4. 178 A. Assignment of errors.. 2. p. 237. and shall be numbered consecutively.R. V. To contribute effort in the complete accomplishment of an ultimate purpose intended to be effected by those engaged. The assignment may be done either gratuitously or onerously. Thurman. 866]. 13. 16. Sec. 1992. Paras. p. .L. 1991. v. [Sinon v. 62 Cal. 889 107 Vt. Annotated. GR 101251. Nov.Phil. 188]. distinctly and concisely stated without repetition. unless there is a stipulation to the contrary. [Ibid. The process of transferring the right of the assignor to the assignee who would then have the right to proceed against the debtor. 235]. The errors intended to be urged as required by the Rules to be contained in the appellant s brief (which) errors shall be separately. Town of Holland. Assignment of lease.. BA Finance Corp. Vol. Aug. 98 A.. 1982 Ed. GR 71694.The lessee cannot assign the lease without the consent of the lessor. That act contemplated in Art. RA 9161]. Civil Code of the Phil. BP 877.. Assist. citing Peabody v. CSC. Rule 44. 1. [Sec. 1649 of the Civil Code. citing People v. 2. viz: . RoC]. To lend an aid to. in which case. the assignment has an effect similar to that of a sale [Nyco Sales Corp. 888.
or underprivileged and homeless citizens as defined under existing laws in the process of being . nonprofit corporation registered with the HLURB. Compare with Recommend. See Noscitur a Sociis. socialized or economic housing or relocation project and other urban estates. or an agent or a person whose functions are solely clerical or ministerial. and ii. 3. 394 (1923)]. directly or indirectly. The term by which younger or more inexperienced salaried attorneys in most firms are called. 3. Monsod. RA 8799]. organized by owners or purchasers of a lot in a subdivision / village or other residential real property located within the jurisdiction of the association. Sep. legal occupants and / or lessees of a housing unit and / or lot in a govt. Association. [The term] includes: i. RA 9856]. [Sec. Associate (of a person). but does not include a salesman. 3. has an interest of 25% or more. 1. Associated person of a broker or dealer. 1991]. usufructuaries. [Cayetano v. Associated words doctrine. The homeowners association which is a nonstick. or one previously registered with the HIGC (now HGC) or the SEC. Associates. directly exercises control of supervisory authority. Any company in which he/she and his/her relative within the 4th degree of consanguinity or affinity. or awardees.App. Any relative of such person within the 4th degree of consanguinity or affinity. [Sec. GR 100113. 216 P. An employee therefor whom. 147.
Lat. 1. Abr. 3. RA 9904]. 63]. Assumption of jurisdiction.ceaseand-desist. of DOLE which amounts to a . 2. govt. Association member. order prohibiting a union from striking whenever in his opinion there exists a labor dispute causing or like to cause a strike or lockout in an industry that is indispensable to the national . GR 113375. [Kilosbayan v. May 5.. or the LGU. 5th Ed. Assumpsit. he promised. [Black s Law Dict. [Sec. Guingona. A common law form of action which lies for the recovery of damages for the non-performance of a parol or simple contract. 1994]. or a contract that is neither of record nor under seal. Land Tenure Assistance Program (LTAP) and other similar programs in relation to a socialized housing project actually being Implemented by the natl. A promise or engagement by which one person assumes or undertakes to do some act or pay something to another. RA 9904]. A homeowner who is a member of the association where his / her housing unit or lot is situated and those defined in the articles of incorporation and bylaws of the association. He undertook. p. It usually refers to an act of the Sec. The act of a number of persons in uniting together for some special purpose or business. 3.accredited as usufructuaries or awardees of ownership rights under the Community Mortgage Program (CMP). 2. (1983). [Sec.
The person for whose benefit the insurance is granted. [Claridades.. Assurance fund.. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). 23]. [laborlaw. 2006-2011]. Assumption order. 2006-2011]. A doctrine under which a person may not recover for an injury received when he has voluntarily exposed himself to a known danger. . p. A.usclaw. Compilation of Notes. [Claridades. A... on the Ins. An order issued by the Sec. there exists a labor dispute causing or likely to cause a strike or lockout in an industry indispensable to the national interest. Code of the Phil. 2006-2011]. A. Compilation of Notes. in his opinion. Commentaries & Jurisp.org. [Claridades. 2011]. 1999 Ed. Compilation of Notes. Assumption of risk. Assured. July 26. Assumption of risk doctrine. The Secretary may issue the order when.. of Labor and Employment signifying his intention to assume jurisdiction over a labor dispute. A doctrine in tort or contract law relieving an obligor from any injury or liability that may befall the oblige who has knowingly assumed in advance the possibility of its occurrence. A fund created under the Land Registration Act for the purpose of indemnifying an injured party for any damage he may suffer as a result of an improvident or illegal registration of land titles. 2004]. [Tiopianco.interest by resolving the dispute himself or certifying it to the NLRC for compulsory arbitration.
Tag. Pol. GR L-37406. especially that of a dog. 2004]. 5th Ed. A sanctuary. 2.. 31. The time in a lawsuit when the complaining party has stated his claim and the other side has responded with a denial and the matter is ready to be tried. 1. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). and harassing usually in the depth of night women who are about to give birth. Aug. Intl. there is no corresponding right on the part of the alien to claim asylum. Sario. A privilege granted by a state to allow an alien escaping from the persecution of his country for political reasons remain and grant him asylum. or place of refuge and protection. p. Asylum. At least one-year service. See Direct assault. [Black s Law Dict. [People v. June 30. 64]. Cariaso. An injurious and evil character believed to be capable of assuming various and different forms. Service for not less than 12 months. (1983).Aswang. [Tacas v. where criminals and debtors find shelter and from which they could not be take without sacrilege. Sp. whether continuous or broken reckoned from the date the . While a foreign country has the right to offer an asylum to fugitives from other countries. GR L-20754 & L-20759. 1976]. Law. 1966]. Atentado contra la autoridad. Law Reviewer 2003]. Assault upon a person in authority. At issue. Abr. Labor. [Sandoval.
[Herrera. 3.employee started working. either at the commencement of the action or at any time thereafter before final judgment. A provisional remedy in the form of an order issued by a judge before whom the proper action is pending by which the property of the adverse party is taken into legal custody. Vol. . Attack. citing People v. granted it. [Gregorio. or that provided in the employment contract is less than 12 months. Any offensive or antagonistic movement or action of any kind and the drawing of a pistol from the holster at the hip and the aiming of that pistol at a person. 1. Ladena. p. Law Rev. 3. in which case said period shall be considered as one year. A juridical institution which has for its purpose to secure the outcome of the trial that is the satisfaction of the pecuniary obligation really contrasted by a person or believed to have been contracted by him. 415. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). 1. Remedial Law. Mar. LC]. 8. Gruenberg v. Taking a person's property to satisfy a courtordered debt. of Crim. Attachment. 2. Rule 5. either by virtue of a civil obligation emanating from contract or from law. Catolico (65 Phil. 1951]. 257). CA GR 6008-R. 1997 9th Ed. [Sec. 2004]. citing Guzman v. is executed by attaching and safely keeping all the movable property of the defendant. Fund. 2. or by virtue of some crime or misdemeanor that he might have committed. and the writ issued.. p. including authorized absences and paid regular holidays unless the working days in the establishment as a matter of practice or policy.. as security for the satisfaction of a judgment obtained by the prevailing party. or so much thereof as may be sufficient to satisfy the plaintiff's demands. CA (138 SCRA 471)].
Jr. A course of conduct involving the multiple commission of acts referred to in Sec. An action or proceeding [the] objective [of which] is to nullify the title. RPC]. Castillo. thereby challenging the judgment pursuant to which the title was decreed.. citing Malilin. June 16. A felony where the offender commences the commission of a felony directly by overt acts. v. 6. but lacking execution. Attempt. 16. carries beyond preparation. 107-108. [Sarmiento v. 6 of RA 9851 against any civilian population. 333 SCRA 628.Attack directed against any civilian population. 2005. . GR 152627. 2004]. and does not perform all the acts of execution which should produce the felony by reason of some cause or accident other than this own spontaneous desistance. Attempted felony. [Art. An endeavor or effort to do an act or accomplish a crime. 470 SCRA 99. pursuant to or in furtherance of a State or organizational policy to commit such attack. 2000. CA. 640]. GR 136803. Sept. Attack on a title. [Sec. RA 9851]. 3. [Jurist s Legal Dict.
That part of an ordinary will whereby the attesting witnesses certify that the instrument has been executed before them and to the manner of the execution of the same. 81 SCRA 393 (1978)]. [People v. 1. It is made for the purpose of preserving in a permanent form a record of the facts that attended the execution of a particular will. [Vda. People v. 139 (1950)]. 87 Phil. de Ramos. 2. A separate memorandum or record of the facts surrounding the conduct of execution and once signed by the witnesses. Rosal. Compilation of Notes. Tayaba. Nov.Attempted rape. Compare with Consummated rape. It consists in witnessing the testator's execution of the will in order to see and take note mentally that those things are done which the statute requires for the execution of a will and that the signature of the testator exists as a fact. 2006-2011]. 5. Garcia. Succ.. Attestation clause. 62 Phil.. 694. Attestation. thus making the fugitive extraditable to answer for his crimes. 559. A. The offender merely commenced the commission of a felony directly by overt acts. v. Attentat clause. [T]here is no penetration of the female organ because not all acts of execution was performed. 3. so that in case of failure of the memory of . [Testate Estate of Paula Toray. Rabadan. 1982]. GR L-36033. A provision in an extradition treaty stipulating that assassination attempts on the life of a head of a state or members of his family are not to be considered as political offenses for purposes of extradition. US v. 9 Phil. 434]. 53 Phil. Succ. [Claridades. it gives affirmation to the fact that compliance with the essential formalities required by law has been observed. CA. [In Re: Taboada v. et al.
[Duhaime's Legal Dict. giving of legal advice... [Torres. 6th Ed. Leynez. administrative agencies. 68 Phil. Abrogar. Attorney-in-fact. See Ordinary will. 128]. Attested will. A person who has been appointed by another to act in his behalf and in his name. including drafting legal documents. Attorney-at-law. 1. 2004]. p.the attesting witnesses. 1994]. Feb. 2000 Ed. etc. p. 745 (1939)]. GR 107303. boards. The date of the filing of the complaint. A person admitted to practice law in his respective state and authorized to perform both civil and criminal legal functions for clients. [Black s Law Dict. [Oñate v. An alternate word for lawyers. though he may do things not mentioned in his appointment necessary to the performance of the duties specifically required of him. [Leynez v. Oblig.. or other casualty. & Cont. 21. 347]. An agent whose authority is strictly limited by the instrument appointing him. A person that has been trained in the law and that has been certified to give legal advice or to represent others in litigation. Attorney. and representing such before courts. At the commencement of the action. such facts may still be proved. such . 2..
RoC]. A. 2004]. which he has secured in a litigation of his client. the extent of the services rendered. [Glossary of Legal Terms (ProSe). [Claridades. and the professional standing of the attorney. [Sec. A reasonable compensation to which the attorney is or shall be entitled to have and recover from his client for his services. Rule 138. from and after the time when he shall have caused a statement of his claim of such lien to be entered upon the records of the court rendering such judgment.. 2001-2006]. 66]. Attorney of record. Attorneys' liens.authority being necessarily implied. who signs all formal documents relating to the suit. p. Legal Encyc. and executions issued in pursuance of such judgments. documents and papers of his client which have lawfully come into his possession and which he may retain until his lawful fees and disbursements have been paid. A lien which an attorney shall have upon the funds.. and he shall have the same right and power over such judgments and executions as his client would have to enforce his lien and secure the payment of his just fees and disbursements. and shall have caused written notice thereof to be delivered to his client and to the adverse party. He shall also have a lien to the same extent upon all judgments for the payment of money. 37. and may apply such funds to the satisfaction thereof. . with a view to the importance of the subject matter of the controversy. The principal attorney in a lawsuit. Compilation of Notes. or issuing such execution. [Phil. Attorney s fee.
A general lien for the balance of the account between the attorney and his client. I will support and defend its Constitution and obey the laws as well as the legal orders of the duly constituted authorities therein. false or unlawful suit nor give aid nor consent to the same. GR L-27394. I will not delay any man's cause for money or malice and will conduct myself as a lawyer according to the best of my knowledge and discretion with all good fidelity as well to the courts as to my clients and I impose upon myself this obligation voluntary. without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion..Attorney s or lawyer s oath. appended to the RoC as revised on Oct. SO HELP ME GOD.. [Ampil v." [Form 28. July 31. 1970. Compare with Charging or special lien. I will do no falsehood nor consent to its commission. Agrava. 165]. The oath of office which every lawyer in the Philippines has to take before he is allowed to practice law. The full text reads: "I. _______________________ of _________________________ do solemnly swear that I will maintain allegiance to the Republic of the Philippines. 4th Ed. 25. and applies to the documents and funds of the client which may come into the attorney's possession in the course of his employment. 1979 . Attorney's retaining lien. . citing Black's Law Dict. I will not wittingly or willingly promote or sue any groundless. 91 SCRA xv].
A swimming pool. information. because of their natural curiosity. even if the child is technically a trespasser. death or transfer to another office. retirement. subjecting its owner or maintainer to tort liability. 2001-2006]. is liable to a child who is injured thereby. RA 7430]. The presence or maintenance on one s premises of a potentially dangerous attraction to children who.. and the like are some examples of an . Attractive nuisance.. deep pits. open car trunk. The doctrine that where a person maintains in his premises a dangerous instrumentality of a character which is attractive to children of tender years at play and who fails to exercise due diligence to prevent such children form playing therewith or resorting or resorting thereto. The reduction of personnel as a result of resignation. 2. The signature of a counsel representing a party on every pleading (which signature) constitutes a certificate by him that he has read the pleading. Compilation of Notes. Compilation of Notes. there is good ground to support it. Rule 7. an uncovered well. 2006-2011]. Auction. and that it is not interposed for delay. and belief. [Sec. A public sale of property to the highest bidder by a person called the auctioneer who must be . 3. Attractive nuisance doctrine. dismissal in accordance with existing laws. that to the best of his knowledge. Attrition. [Sec. A. [Claridades. may thereby be exposed to harm or injury. [Claridades.attractive nuisance..Attorney s signature. RoC]. A.
Audit Log. Audiovisual work or fixation. Borja. & Cont. [Torres v. Audit. Sep.. To examine and adjust. A principle of natural justice which prohibits a judicial decision which impacts upon individual rights without giving all parties in the dispute a right to be heard. Lat. v. 1. Oblig. To examine an account. 21. Hear the other party. The right to he heard should not be ruled out. 1. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. 22. The electronic document. Auditing Code of the Philippines. Wright. A work that consists of a series of related images which impart the impression of motion. 2. pp 639-640]. GR 23601. by persons legally authorized for the purpose.. compare it with the vouchers. stored in the PCOS machine s data storage device.authorized by law. Audi alteram partem. RA 8293]. [Torres. 1925. 2000 Ed. citing Words and Phrases. susceptible of being made audible. Vol. p. containing the list of all activities the PCOS machine performs from the time that it is powered on until it is . 1. [Ynchausti & Co. 1st Series. susceptible of being made visible and. GR L-31947. [Sec. 347]. adjust the same. where accompanied by sounds. PD 1445 signed into law on June 11. 1978. 202. with or without accompanying sounds. 1974]. 2004]. Mar. and to state the balance..
2010]. [Ramos v. Rule 2. [The 2010 Rules of the PET. [Arias v. [Claridades. Auscutate. Evid. Apr. May 4. Sandiganbayan.11. the examination being made either by the use of the stethoscope or by direct application of the ear to the body. CA. A. funds. As a representative of the COA. Authenticate. his function comprises 3 aspects: (a) examination. Compilation of Notes. execute or use a symbol. Dec. 43. Rule 1. 3. accept or establish the authenticity of a record or term. [Special Rules of Court on ADR. [Sec. 2006-2011]. May 4. To sign. 2009]. The document that contains the list of all activities performed by the PCOS machine from the time it was switched on until the time it was turned off. 1989. Auditing Code of the Phils..turned off. 11. 2. AM 07-11-08-SC. (b) audit: and (c) settlement of the accounts. or encrypt a record in whole or in part. 19. Australian Ballot System. 1.]. citing Sec. AM 10-41-SC. The electoral system after which our own balloting system is patterned which is characterized by absolute secrecy in voting. 2010]. AM 10-4-29-SC. intended to identify the authenticating party and to adopt. Sept. Rule 1. financial transactions and resources of the agencies under their respective audit jurisdiction. Govt. GR 124354. The proof of a . Auditorial function of an auditor. Authentication. 2002]. GR 81563. To listen to the sounds arising within organs as an aid to diagnosis and treatment.
Labor. Casilan. 749. [Art. Authority. A document issued by the DOLE authorizing a person or association to engage in recruitment and placement activities as a private recruitment entity. A writing which. or proof of its forgery. Author. 278 of the Civil Code. Dec. "The acceptance having been made in the deed of gift itself. a public or official document in accordance with the Rules of Court. The natural person who has created the work. if its purpose is to show that the document is a forgery. Compilation of Notes. Civil Code]. 1960]. Constancia autentica. Authentic writing. [Claridades. A. 1991]. L8178. Oct.. LC]. RA 8293]. Authorization. 31. GR 76245. A permission embodied in a document granted by the FDA to a natural or juridical person who has submitted an application to implement the . and includes a public instrument (one acknowledged before a notary public or other competent official with the formalities required by law) and. for purposes of Art. Bartolome. [Art. 171. [Banaag v. 2001-2006]." [Kapunan v. 13. Authentic notice. 20.document s due execution and genuineness if the purpose is to show that it is genuine. [Art. notification thereof to the donor in a =constancia autentica was evidently not necessary. is the genuine or indubitable writing of the father (or mother).
24. distribution. 1984]. A clause which provides that an authorized driver must not only be permitted to drive by the insured but that he is permitted under the law and regulations to drive the motor vehicle and is not disqualified from so doing under any enactment or regulation. retrenchment to prevent losses. promotion. [Poquiz. 1999 Ed. Authorized driver clause. Annotated. transfer. or sponsorship of health products. Labor. Law.manufacture. offer for sale. [De Leon. Labor Rel. Co. 1. of compliance. 283. Authorized capital stock. and / or. 52]. or the closing or cessation of business operations. 2. It is synonymous with capital stock where the shares of the corporation have par value. A form of terminating employeremployee relationship with a liability on the part of the employer to pay separation pay as mandated by law.. Authorized cause. Corp. p. 349]. 9. sale. of accreditation. a certificate of registration. RA 9711]. a license. 1989 Ed. the use. importation. A term which is associated with the legal termination of an employee s services who is without fault for a cause that cannot be attributed to him. or of exemption. The main purpose of the .. testing. or any similar document. redundancy. Code of the Phil. GR L-34768. exportation. Compare with Just-cause dismissal. LC]. [Stokes v. Labor. Feb. where appropriate. p. The authorization can take the form of a permit. Malayan Ins. [Sec. such as the installation of labor-saving devices. advertising. [Art. Ins. Authorized-cause dismissal.
2010]. [The principle under which] any state may. 27. 100 SCRA 467]. Aut judicare aut dedere. A system using appropriate technology for voting and electronic devices to count votes and canvass / . Election system using appropriate technology in voting. Auto-limitation principle. AM 10-429-SC. Automated election system (AES). such as a friend or member of the family or the employees of a car service or repair shop. counting.clause is that a person other than the insured owner. Intl. transmitting election results. Dec. common to anti-terrorism treaties. and other electoral processes.. There may thus be a curtailment of what otherwise is a plenary power.. that requires a contracting state either to prosecute an alleged offender who is within its territory or to extradite the offender to another contracting state for prosecution there. either adjudicate or extradite. 2. Comm. A rule. [Villacorta v. Law Dict. must be duly licensed drivers and have no disqualification to drive a motor vehicle. 2004]. or with his permission. [Reagan v. May 4. Law. submit to a restriction of its sovereign rights. Ins. such as his regular driver. canvassing. [The 2010 Rules of the PET. & Direct. by its consent. 1969]. [Intl. CIR. Lat. Rule 2. consolidating. who drives the car on the insured's order. 1. GR L-26379. express or implied.
" [Guingona. [RA 9224]. Apr.]. GR 94571. entitled "Revising the Budget Process in Order to Institutionalize the Budgetary Innovations of the New Society. RA 8436]. . Romulo. May 27. Involuntary either wholly or to a major extent so that any activity of the will is largely negligible. In an automatic manner. buses. 1991]. Romulo. entitled "An Act Strengthening the Guarantee and Payment Positions of the Rep. That for purposes of RA 9224. jeepneys or jeepney substitutes. "by PD 1177. 81.consolidate results. like or suggestive of an automation. v." and by PD 1967. Automobile. [Prov. [Sec. Automatic appropriation for debt service. as Amended (Re: Foreign Borrowing Act). on Its Contingent Liabilities Arising out of Relent and Guaranteed Loans by Appropriating Funds For The Purpose. 22. (Appropriation in the General Appropriations Act) authorized by P. electricity or any other motive power: Provided. entitled "Amending Certain Provisions of RA 4860. No. of the Phils. 2004. GR 152774. Automatically.D. Dict. of Batangas v. Dict. which is propelled by gasoline. Jr. May 27. jeeps. citing Webster s 3rd New Intl. mechanical. of a reflex nature without volition. 2004. of Batangas v. trucks. [Prov. and special-purpose vehicles shall not be considered as automobiles. GR 152774. without thought or conscious intention. cargo vans. single cab. Any 4 or more wheeled motor vehicle regardless of seating capacity. chassis. citing Webster s 3rd New Intl. Automatic.]. 2. Carague. diesel.
[lexoterica. [Limbona v. 113]. (2004). and public policy. [Manila Resource Dev.wordpress. 2. 1989]. 1970].Autonomy. p. Autoptic proference. A deviate who would rather have masturbation than make love with his / her partner of the opposite sex.com. GR 80391. NLRC. Mangelin.. See Real evidence. 31. . 1306. such contract is law between the parties and its terms bind them. GR L-31566 & L-31847. 2010]. Corp. The rule in Art. 4. v. Autonomy of parties. morals. public order or public policy. Legal Med. of the Civil Code that the contracting parties may establish such stipulations as they may deem convenient. Aug. 1st Ed. The inspection by the tribunal of the thing itself and its condition. Feb. [A principle that holds that] unless the terms of a contract are against the law. Freedom to contract or Liberty in contracts. 1992]. Nov. Legal Med. GR 75242. good customs. It is either decentralization of administration or decentralization of power. good customs. Sep. [Tiglao v. 28. Autonomy in contracts. Comelec. morals. provided they are not contrary to law. Autosexual. [Olarte.
which supports or helps the national and / or official languages in their assigned functions. 22. Average. and excluding the produce of the lot referred to in Sec. Autrefois convict. 2004]. RA 7277]. spoken in certain places... [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Autrefois attaint. It refers to a person who cannot be tried again for the same offence. See also Antrefois acquit. Auxiliary language. It refers to an accused who cannot be tried for a crime because the record shows he has already been subjected to trial for the same conduct and was acquitted. Ins.Autrefois acquit. [Sec. cargo or . [Sec. 4. RA 2263]. [Duhaime's Legal Dict.. Fr. 2004]. 3 of RA 2263. Mar. It refers to the plea made by the accused if he maintains that the previous trial resulted in conviction. Fr. Fr. The supportive activities in the delivery of social services to the marginalized sectors of society. Auxiliary social services. Auxiliary crop. RA 7104]. Previous acquittal. 2004]. Any extraordinary or accidental expense incurred during the voyage for the preservation of the vessel. A particular language. par. Attainted for a felony. 3. [Sec. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Any product raised other than the crop to which the cultivation of the land is principally devoted in each agricultural year. Previous conviction. 2.
000. [Sec. aircraft. which ever is smaller. certificate authorizing the operation of an aviation school or approved maintenance organization or other document issued by virtue of the provisions of RA 9497 in respect of any person. airport or aviation-related service.. . 3. by the number of months he received said compensation. air operator certificate. Any airworthiness certificate. cities and municipalities. Average annual income. on the Ins. as may be certified to by the COA for purposes of such reclassification of provinces. The quotient after dividing the aggregate compensations received by the member for the last 3 years immediately preceding his death / separation / disability / retirement. Aviation. Code of the Phil. [Sec. p. Commentaries & Jurisp. or P3. Aviation certificate. The sum of the annual income as herein defined actually obtained by a province.. [Sec. July 25. airman certificate. 1999 Ed. PD 1146]. 117].both and all damages to the vessel and cargo form the time it is loaded and the voyage commenced until it ends and the cargo unloaded. 4. RA 9497]. See Aeronautics. [Tiopianco. 1987]. city or municipality during the required number of consecutive calendar years immediately preceding the general reclassification of local governments. EO 249. divided by such number of calendar years. 2. Average monthly compensation.
. . The Civil Code of the Phils. 459. Land accretion that occurs by the erosion or addition of one's land by the sudden and unexpected change in a river stream such as a flash flood. 29. for a legitimate purpose. Avulsion. [Sec. The opposite of evasion of the law (Fraude à la loi). In conflict of laws. provided that he removes the same within 2 years. to further emphasize its restrictive policy on the matter. Avoidance of the law. CC]. and in fact it does not even use that term. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. creek or torrent from an estate on its bank a known portion of land and transferring it to another estate. 3. 1965]. usually by equal bargaining parties. Lat.A vinculo matrimonii. in order to ensure the applicability to the agreement of a particular law or jurisdiction. Glossary of Conflict of Laws.. in contrast to the preceding legislation (Act 2710) that admitted absolute divorce on grounds of adultery of the wife or concubinage of the husband. [Tenchavez v. 2. 2004]. does not admit absolute divorce. 1. quo ad vinculo matrimonii. 2004]. now in force. The owner of the land to which the segregated portion belonged retains the ownership of it. The term is now used to refer to a final and permanent divorce. the intentional arrangement of connecting factors (contacts) in an agreement. Award. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. RA 9285]. (Internet)]. [Tetley. 2. [Art. Any partial or final decision by an arbitrator in resolving the issue in a controversy. Nov. Escaño. Of marriage.. The segregation by the current of a river. 1. GR L-19671.
GR 163683. 524 SCRA 248.Awning. 258]. 1203. A movable shelter supported entirely from the exterior wall of a building and of a type which can be retracted. [Binay v. 8 June 2007. or collapsed against the face of a supporting building. AWOL or Absent Without Leave. Odeña. folded. [Sec. [It] means that the employee has left or abandoned his post for a continuous period of thirty (30) calendar days or more without any justifiable reason and notice to his employer. PD 1096]. .
July 26. [Phil. v. Phil.. Wages granted on the basis of equity for earnings which a worker or employee has lost due to his illegal dismissal. 1990]. The transfer of the burden of the tax from the consumer or purchaser through the factors of distribution to the factors of production. The firecracker is about 1 1 / 2 inches in length by 3 / 8 inch in diameter while the stick is about a foot in length. Back pay. 56]. RA 7183]. BAC. The restitution of earnings unduly withheld from the employee because of illegal termination.org. 2. 2. of Tech. p. [De Leon. Fundamentals of Taxation. 1.usc-law. Backward shifting. A firecracker with a stick so constructed that lighting of the wick will propel the whole thing to lift a few meters before exploding. 2011]. [Cathedral Schl. Oct. V of RA 9184. Veterans Bank. 1992].. GR 101438. 24. GR 67125. The Bids and Awards Committee established in accordance with Art. [laborlaw. Bad faith. NLRC.B - Baby rocket. 1. It partakes the nature of a penalty the employer has to pay for illegally dismissing an employee. 2000 Ed. 13. A state of mind . Aug. Backwages. Pay awarded for work that could have been performed by the employee except that he was prevented from doing so because of his illegal dismissal by the employer. Veterans Bank Employees Union v. [Sec.
Evidence of large indebtedness or complete insolvency. Some of the circumstances attending sales which may be considered as fraudulent: 1. 28. Sep. Bad faith of a possessor in reference to land. 5.. 2. especially when he is insolvent or greatly embarrassed financially. 2. The fact that the consideration of the conveyances is fictitious or is inadequate. GR L-21438.. Carrascoso. The fact that the transfer is made between father and son. 4. There is a presumption of bad faith whenever a possessor is aware that there exists in his title or mode of acquisition any flaw which invalidates it. cited in Black's Dict. 526. Griffin. 331. CC]. [Air France v. where there are present other of the above circumstances. 84 S. A transfer made by a debtor after suit has been begun and while it is pending against him. There is bad faith whenever the act was done with the knowledge of the landowner and without opposition on his part. [Art. but by some interested or sinister motive. not prompted by an honest mistake.E.affirmatively operating with furtive design or with some motive of selfinterest or ill will or for ulterior purpose. [Art. [State v. 100 S. The transfer of all or nearly all of his property by a debtor. 1951. 876. The . 1966]. 3. 176].C. 6. The neglect or refusal to fulfill a duty. A sale upon credit by an insolvent debtor. Badges of fraud. 453. 4th Ed. 7. CC]. Bad faith on the part of the landowner. p.
or a bondsman. AM 02-1-18SC. This obligation means . [Sec. to guarantee the child's appearance before the court. Geronimo. 305]. 2009]. 1. The security given for the release of a person in custody of the law. 1.. Alibo. either with reference to the immediate necessities or ultimate purpose of the journey. 28. 2. Bail may be posted in a form such as corporate security. 3. furnished by the child. citing Bouvier's Law Dict. property bond. guardian. conditioned upon his appearance before any court as required under the conditions hereinafter specified. 28. GR L-31642. [Orsal v. or recognizance. as are in daily use by travelers.. Nov. An obligation signed by the accused to secure his presence at the trial. Bail and bond are often used interchangeably. The security given for the release of the child in custody of the law. 1977. 1. Rule on Juveniles in Conflict with The Law. 2004]. RoC]. p. 4. GR L13310. Oct. furnished by him or a bondsman. cash deposit. [Sec. Bail bond. ornament. 24. etc. Bail may be given in the form of a corporate surety. Money or other security (such as a bail bond) provided to the court to temporarily allow a person's release from jail and assure their appearance in court. Rule 114. Such articles of apparel. [Comm. 1959]. RA 9344. Only such articles of necessity or convenience as are generally carried by passengers for their personal use. the child's parent. Bail. for convenience according to the habits or wants of the particular class to which he belongs. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). Baggage.failure of the vendee to take exclusive possession of all the property. Vol. Nov. property bond or cash deposit. of Customs v.
[Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se).that the accused may lose money by not properly appearing for the trial. 347]. 2004].. 2004].. Oblig. The relationship created when the owner of property. . the bailee. Bailiff. Bailment. Bailor. 2. & Cont. 2004].. under a contract of bailment. The person who temporarily transfers possession of property to another. and who may be committed to certain duties of care towards the property while it remains in his possession. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. 2000 Ed.. [Jurist s Legal Dict. 2004].g. from the bailor. the bailor.. 1. [Duhaime's Legal Dict.. [Torres. The person who receives property through a contract of bailment. An officer of the court responsible for keeping order and maintaining appropriate courtroom decorum. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. storage) after which the property is either returned to the bailor or otherwise disposed of in accordance with the contract of bailment. The transfer of possession of something (by the bailor) to another person (called the bailee) for some temporary purpose (e. 2004]. the bailee. p. Often referred to simply as Bond. for some specific purpose. delivers it to another. Bailee.
Balanced and restorative justice. and the reassurance that the child in conflict with the law can be reintegrated into society. Jan. 25. Balancing of interest rule. the duty of the courts is to determine which of the 2 conflicting interests demands the greater protection under the particular circumstances presented [Amer. 1988]. the child in conflict with the law. 24. 2009]. and the community in prevention strategies. reconciliation to the victim. When particular conduct is regulated in interest of public order. the child in conflict with the law. See Fish corral. Balance of power. GR L-49536. GR 111238. Tag. A principle in juvenile justice that requires a process of resolving conflicts with the participation of the victim. Nov. Tag. Law. and the community. CA. and the community. AM 02-1-18-SC. v. Communications Assoc. It also enhances public safety by involving the victim. partial abridgment of speech. and the regulation results in an indirect. Douds. An arrangement of affairs so that no state shall be in apposition to have absolute mastery and dominion over . [Adelfa Properties. conditional. the child in conflict with the law. v. 1995]. Resayaga. Inc. Wooden shoes.Bakia. Mar. [Rule on Juveniles in Conflict with The Law. 339 US 282]. Balance. A remainder or something remaining from the original total sum already agreed upon. Baklad. Intl. It seeks to obtain reparation for the victim. [People v. 30.
in which the conduct of both the prosecution and the accused is weighed. RA 9174. Law Reviewer. for a period of at least 1 year. Balancing test. 10. CA. 1. Pastoral. partial abridgment of speech. Banco. GR 51686. RA 6768]. Sec. Boltron. the accused's assertion or non-assertion of his right. . Bench. 50. 324 (1956)]. are considered. The local term for (a) particular long chair. reason for the delay. [People v. Sp. 2. 1993]. and prejudice to the accused resulting from the delay. v. and such factors as length of the delay. [Sec 2. Sep. or former Filipino citizen and his or her family who had been naturalized in a foreign country and comes or returns to the Phils. citing Vattel]. Douds. A Filipino citizen who has been continuously out of the Phils. 1994]. Yap v. Compare with Clear and present danger rule and Dangerous tendency doctrine. The test applied by courts in determining whether or not an accused has been denied his right to a speedy trial. Balikbayan. 21. [Cruz. 1996 Ed.others. Feb. 100 Phil. p. a Filipino overseas worker.. Intl. and the regulation results in an indirect. [American Communications Asso. 2. conditional. [Hipolito v. When particular conduct is regulated in the interest of public order. Also known as Four-factor balancing test. GR 108478-79. the duty of the courts is to determine which of the 2 conflicting interests demands the greater protection under the particular circumstances presented.
Tag. 3. A bank may either be a commercial bank. and adopted as the model by the Sup. 1. [Luzon Brokerage Co. Court of the Phils. a thrift . RPC]. Bangalore Draft. otherwise known as the General Banking Act. v. banking and credit. The draft. agreed to by world jurists in a judicial conference held in Bangalore. A natural disease locally called (as such) where the victim dies in his sleep allegedly due to bad dreams or nightmares. Dayao. A group of more than 3 armed malefactors who take part in the commission of a robbery. Every banking institution. [People v. 2 of RA 337. India. Nov. 27. Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP). pathology and cure have not as yet been accurately determined and scientifically established and confirmed.) that shall function and operate as an independent and accountable body corporate in the discharge of its mandated responsibilities concerning money. GR L-10362. Bank. May 28. Also En cuadrilla. Bangungot. 2005]. 1959]. Narciso. A theoretical disease whose remote and immediate cause. of the Phils. [Art. as defined in Sec. 1968]. GR L-24484. 27. 1. Inc. [Sec. Asphyxial cardiorespiratory failure. RA 7653]. in promulgating the New Code of Judicial Conduct for the Philippine Judiciary and the Code of Conduct for Court Personnel. 296. 2004. Apr.. 1 & 2. as amended. 2. [AM 03-05-01-SC.Band. both of which took effect on June 1. The independent central monetary authority (of the Rep.
Bank. bank. Artisans Savings Bank. [Ibid. (a) A banking institution organized under the laws of the Phils. 157 Wash. Harr 142 (1935)]. citing Polotsky v. (b) any other banking institution or trust company. GR L-20583. Apr.. 3. 417 1930)]. [Citytrust Banking Corp. 1991. 791. 289 P 47. and credits. . 22. a development bank. [Sec. The bank may freely use this money as it best sees fit. a rural bank or a specialized govt. Security Credit & Acceptance Corp. 2004]. First Natl. GR 92591. Jan. Bank deposit. Money held by a bank. citing Kohler v. 1. as amended]. 180 A. & Direct. 7 WW. A depositor only has a claim against the bank as a general creditor and not as a bailor of specific property deposited with the bank. [Intl. Bank draft. RA 2629]. [Rep. A moneyed institute founded to facilitate the borrowing. [Sec. An order for payment of money.bank. lending. 49. Law Dict. 2. 2. a substantial portion of the business of which consists of receiving deposits or exercising fiduciary powers similar to those permitted to national banks. and safe-keeping of money and to deal in notes. 1967]. 792. 30. doing business under the laws of the Phils. v. issued at the solicitation of a stranger who purchases and pays therefor. 3.. bills of exchange. 23. v. Del. A bill of exchange drawn by a bank upon its correspondent bank.... CA. NIRC.
savings banks. p. A. the only difference is it is drawn against a bank instead of the buyer. commercial banks. The terms are synonymous and interchangeable and specifically include banks. A chose in action. mortgage banks.. Compilation of Notes.. [Sec. Banker s check. [Moreno s Law Dict. The formal condition of an insolvent person being . Banking institution and Bank. 2. 94. The reserves required of all banks operating in the Phils. 1991 Ed. Bus. banking institutions. companies. A bill of exchange of which the acceptor is a bank or banker engaged generally in the business of granting banker s acceptance credit. 1. p. Banking franchise.. Nego. branches and agencies in the Phils. [Claridades. Bank reserves. 45]. 2000 Ed. Inst. 2001-2006]. trust companies. to maintain against their deposit liabilities in order to control the volume of money created by the credit operations of the banking system. or evidence of the right of the real owner. Bankruptcy. 365]. This is the same as Trade acceptance bill. RA 7653]. of foreign banks.. [Diaz. and all other corporations. [Sec. Law Rev. d thenceforth be called. RA 337]..Banker s acceptance bill. partnerships. building and loan associations. branches. and associations performing banking functions in the Phils.) as provided for under the pertinent laws. An authority granted by the monetary board to conduct banking business (in the Phils. hereinafter called Phil.
declared bankrupt under law. The legal effect is to divert most of the debtor's assets and debts to the administration of a third person, sometimes called a trustee in bankruptcy, from which outstanding debts are paid pro rata. Bankruptcy forces the debtor into a statutory period during which his commercial and financial affairs are administered under the strict supervision of the trustee. [Duhaime's Legal Dict., 2004]. 2. Statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may be released from or discharged from their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. The person with the debts is called the debtor and the people or companies to whom the debtor owes money are called creditors. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se), 2004].
Banks. Collectively, the rural banks, cooperative banks, and private development banks as defined in par. 17, 18 and 19, Sec. 3 of RA 7607. [Sec. 4, RA 7607].
Banks and other financial institutions. Non-bank financial intermediaries, lending investors, finance and investment companies, pawnshops, money shops, insurance companies, stock markets, stock brokers and dealers in securities and foreign exchange, as defined under applicable laws, or rules and regulations thereunder. [Sec. 131, RA 7160].
Bank Secrecy Law. RA 1405, the law which mandates that deposits in banks, including investments in government bonds, are to be considered as absolutely confidential in nature. As such, they may not be inquired into except upon written permission of the depositor, or in cases of impeachment, or upon order of a competent court. The purpose of the law is to encourage the people to deposit their money in the banks and discourage hoarding so that they can be made available as loans to contribute to the economic development of the country. [Claridades, A., Compilation of Notes, 2006-2011].
Banned hazardous substance. (a) Any toy or other articles intended for use by children, which are hazardous per se, or which bear or contain substances harmful to human beings; or (b) any hazardous substance intended or packaged in a form suitable for use in the household, which the implementing agency by regulation, classifies as banned hazardous substance notwithstanding the existence of cautionary labels, to safeguard public health and safety. [Art. 4, RA 7394].
Bantay bayan. Tag. A group of male residents living in [the] area organized for the purpose of keeping peace in their community [,which is] an accredited auxiliary of the x x x PNP. [People v. Buendia, 432 Phil. 471 (2002)].
Baptismal certificate. 1. A private document, which, being hearsay, is not a conclusive proof of filiation (and) does not have the same probative value as a record of birth, an official or public document. [In Re: Pabellar v. CA, GR L-27298. Mar. 4, 1976]. 2. While (it) may be
considered (a) public document, (it) can only serve as evidence of the administration of the sacraments on the dates so specified. (It is) not necessarily competent evidence of the veracity of entries therein with respect to the child's paternity. [Fernandez v. CA, GR 108366. Feb. 16, 1994].
Bar. 1. Historically, the partition separating the general public from the space occupied by the judges, lawyers, and other participants in a trial. 2. More commonly, the term means the whole body of lawyers. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se), 2004]. 3. The whole body of attorneys and counselors. Collectively, the members of the legal profession. [Black s Law Dict., 6th Ed., p. 148].
Bar admission. The act by which one is licensed to practice before the courts of a particular state or jurisdiction after satisfying certain requirements such as bar examinations, period of residency or admission on grounds of reciprocity after a period of years as a member of the bar of another jurisdiction. [Black s Law Dict., 6th Ed., p. 149].
Barako. Tag. Tough guy. [People v. Batas, GR 84277-78. Aug. 2, 1989].
Barangay. The name by which any barrio recognized under RA 3590, otherwise known as the "Barrio Charter Law", as amended, including those that were
subsequently created in accordance with subsequent laws would thenceforth be called. [Claridades, A., Compilation of Notes, 20012006].
Barangay Day Care Center Law of 1978. PD 1567 entitled .Establishing a day care center in every barangay and appropriating funds therefor. signed into law on June 11, 1978.
Barangay Decree. PD 557 entitled .Declaring all barrios in the Phils. as barangays, and for other purposes. signed into law on Sep. 21, 1974.
Barangay health worker. A person who has undergone training programs under any accredited govt. and non-govt. org. and who voluntarily renders primary health care services in the community after having been accredited to function as such by the local health board in accordance with the guidelines promulgated by the DOH. [Sec. 3, RA 7883].
Barangay Health Workers' Benefits and Incentives Act of 1995. RA 7883 entitled .An Act creating benefits and incentives to accredited barangay health workers and for other purposes. enacted on Feb. 20, 1995.
Barangay Justice. See Katarungang Pambarangay.
Barangay Livelihood and Skills Act of 2008. RA 9509 entitled .An Act Establishing Livelihood and Skills Training Centers in Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Class Municipalities and for Other Purposes. enacted on Oct.
Barangay micro business enterprise (BMBE). Any business entity or enterprise engaged in the production, processing or manufacturing of products or commodities, including agroprocessing, trading and services, whose total assets including those arising from loans but exclusive of the land on which the particular business entity's office, plant and equipment are situated, shall not be more than P3,000,000.00. [Sec. 3, RA 9178].
Barangays. Units of municipalities or municipal districts in which they are situated. They are quasi-municipal corporations endowed with such powers as are herein provided for the performance of particular govt. functions, to be exercised by and through their respective barangay governments in conformity with law. [Sec. 2, RA 3590, as amended].
Bar by prior (or former) judgment. Also Res judicata. The rule that the judgment in the first case constitutes an absolute bar to the subsequent action when, between the first case where the judgment was rendered and the second case which sought to be barred, there is identity of parties, subject matter and cause of action. [Comilang v. CA, July 15, 1975].
Bareboat. Mar. Law. Literally, .without a crew.. [Litonjua Shipping Inc. v. NSB, GR 51910. Aug. 10, 1989].
Bareboat charter. See Demise charter.
Bar examination. A state examination (administered by the Sup. Court of the Phils.) taken by prospective lawyers in order to be admitted and licensed to practice law. [Glossary of Legal Terms (ProSe), 2004].
Bargainable employee. Generally, it refers to a rank-and-file employee who belongs to an established collective bargaining unit. [Claridades, A., Compilation of Notes, 2006-2011].
Bargaining. A process where the parties discuss their demands and counter-demands and, after haggling, agree on what is essentially a compromise reflecting the concessions mutually given by the parties to arrive at a common understanding. [Aquino v. NLRC, GR 87653. Feb. 11, 1992].
Bargaining representative. A legitimate labor organization or any officer or agent of such organization whether or not employed by the employer. [Art. 212, LC].
Bargaining unit. A group of employees of a given employer comprised of all or less than all of the entire body of employees, which the collective interest of all the employees, consistent with equity to the employer, indicate to be the best suited to serve the reciprocal rights and duties of the parties under the collective bargaining provisions of the law. [Golden Farms v. Sec. of Labor, GR 102130. July 26, 1994].
GR L-23234.Barkada. 6. Gang. Calling for passengers to ride on waiting jeepneys. 1986]. [People v. 109]. (Sec. Apr. [People v. Resayaga. GR L-33046. 25. A caller of jeepney passengers. Litt. 2. Parba. Ins. 26. 1999 Ed.. Payumo. Com. 1. citing 4 Bla. quoted in Vance.. 134. 1986].) Barratry clause. Code of the Phil. 3. Catindihan. [People v. p. May 30. [People v. Commentaries & Jurisp. 28. and to the prejudice of the owner's interest. 1980]. A clause which provides that there can be no recovery on the policy in case of any . Feb. Close friend. GR L-37162. 1990]. 3. 368]. either at law or otherwise. 1988]. Mar. Jr. Barker. 929. Law. Legal and Judicial Ethics. [Pineda. July 2. Plateros.. Mar. [Tiopianco. Law. 47].. Cuya. Tag. The fraudulent act of the master or mariner against the ship owner s interest. The offense of frequently exciting and stirring up quarrels and suits. Companion. Co.. 4. Mar. GR L63409. Group. Barratry. 1961.. US Ins.). Any willful misconduct on the part of master or crew in pursuance of some unlawful or fraudulent purpose without the consent of the owners. Legal Ethics. 171. on the Ins. 18. [Moreno s Law Dict. Handbook on Law of Ins. GR 81761. Dec. [People v. [People v. 1. 1973]. 46. Barking. Comrade or coconspirator. p. Buddies. May 30. (1999 Ed. GR L75390. GR L-32508 & L-42104. [People v. p. p. 2. 2000 Ed. 1978]. 5. Valdez.
. providing legal advice.An Act granting autonomy to barrios of the Phils. 2004]. 2. Barrio Charter Act. a legal distinction is made between barristers and solicitors. Units of municipalities or municipal districts in which they are situated.willful misconduct on the part of the master or crew in pursuance of some unlawful or fraudulent purpose without the consent of the owners and to the prejudice of the owner s interest. [Sec. and the former with exclusive privileges of appearing in a court on behalf of a client. to be exercised by and through their respective barrio governments in conformity with law. 42 US gallons or 9702 cubic inches at temperature of 60º F. a lawyer that restricts his practice to the court room. Barrio or Barrios. RA 2370]. Now called Barangay. Barrister. Barrier between the legitimate family and the illegitimate family rule. functions. A litigation specialist. 3. RA 2370 entitled . Barrel. [Sec. PD 87]. They are quasi-municipal corporations endowed with such powers provided in the law for the performance of particular govt. In England and some other Commonwealth jurisdictions.. 1959. See Iron curtain rule. [Duhaime's Legal Dict.. enacted on June 20. the latter with exclusive privileges of advising clients.
2004]. but not limited to: security. The line from which territorial seas and other maritime zones are measured. no homeowner may be excluded such as. [Sec. A body corporate created under Sec.Barter or exchange contract. [Art. RA 4095]. Law Dict. 2. CC]. [Art. RA 8479]. [Sec. [Sec. and other similar services and facilities.. Basic community services and facilities. 3. street and vicinity lights. Baseline. CC]. maintenance. A contract whereby one person transfers the ownership of non-fungible things to another with the obligation on the part of the latter to give things of the same kind. Basel Convention. 2. quantity. & Direct. All metallic minerals except noble metals. Base metals. 3 of RA 7227. 1. The international accord which governs the trade or movement of hazardous and toxic waste across borders. RA 9904]. and quality. . by reason of practicality. 1954. Bases Conversion and Development Authority (BCDA). [Intl. garbage collection and disposal. repairs and cleaning of streets. A contract whereby one of the parties binds himself to give one thing in consideration of the other's promise to give another thing. Services and facilities that redound to the benefit of all homeowners and from which. 4. 1638.
cooking oil. [Sec. RA 6426 (The Foreign Currency Deposit Act). fresh eggs. corn. dried and canned fish and other marine products. laundry soap. and drugs classified as essential by the DOH and other commodities as maybe classified by the DTI and the DA according to RA 7581 or the Price Act. 3. 3 (1). root crops. that in the absence of a written waiver duly accomplished by the borrower. basic credit data shall exclude confidential information on bank deposits and / or clients funds under RA 1405 (Law on Secrecy of Bank Deposits). bread. IRR of RA 9994. Basic education. The education intended to meet basic learning needs which lays the foundation on which subsequent learning can be based. beef and poultry. sugar. RA 9510]. [Art. . salt. 4. elementary and high school education as well as alternative learning systems 4 outof-school youth and adult learners and includes education for those with special needs. Positive and negative information provided by a borrower to a submitting entity in connection with the application for and availment of a credit facility and any information on the borrower s creditworthiness in the possession of the submitting entity and other factual and objective information related or relevant thereto in the submitting entity s data files or that of other sources of information: Provided. RA 7581]. It encompasses early childhood. fresh vegetables. RA 9160 (Anti-Money Laundering Law) and their amendatory laws. 5. fresh. [Sec.Basic credit data. meat. fresh and processed milk. RA 9155]. coffee. Basic necessities. fresh pork. Sec. detergents. Rice. RA 8791 (The General Banking Law of 2000).
women. Basic sectors. Basic salary. differently-abled persons. 4. namely: farmer-peasant. promulgated on Dec. 1975]. [BoieTakeda Chemicals. .Basic needs approach to development. artisanal fisher folk. youth and students. v. The disadvantaged sectors of Phil. workers in the informal sector. victims of calamities and disasters. 1993]. 10. GR 92174. workers in the formal sector and migrant workers. De La Serna. Inc. profit-sharing payments. [Sec. and all allowances and monetary benefits which are not considered or integrated as part of the regular or basic salary of the employee at the time of the promulgation of the Decree on Dec. Dec. 1. society. 1975. [This] shall include all remunerations or earnings paid by an employer to an employee for services rendered but may not include cost-of-living allowances granted pursuant to PD 525 or LOI 174. RA 8435]. production and marketing of wage goods and services for consumption of rural communities. senior citizens. [Rules and Regulations Implementing PD 851. 16. The identification. 22. 2. A rate of pay for a standard work period exclusive of such additional payments as bonuses and overtime. indigenous peoples and cultural communities.
knowledge. ROTC fee.children. Basic unit. [Sec. Rule 1. 3. Basic tuition fees. [Sec. [Sec. Basic skills training. graduation fee and similar fees. [IRR. All regular remuneration or earnings paid by an employer for services rendered on normal working days and hours but does not include cost-of-living allowances. Book 2. 13th month pay or other monetary benefits which are not considered as part of or integrated into the regular salary of the workers. job. 4. 1. and urban poor. 2. Basic wage. and other miscellaneous fees as library and athletic fee. RA 8425]. entrance fee. profit sharing payments. occupation or group of occupations. BP 8]. profit-sharing payments. All remuneration or earnings paid by an employer to a worker for services rendered on normal working days and hours but does not include cost-of-living allowances. A well-defined unit which by convention is regarded as dimensionally independent. aimed at developing the fundamental attitude. Book . premium payments. The first stage of the learning process of a vocational character for a given task. [Sec. 1. Premium payments. student council fee. IRR of LC]. 30. EO 178]. laboratory fee. skill or behavior pattern to specified standards. [Sec. PD 69]. Rule 7. 13th month pay. 1. and other monetary benefits which are not considered as part of or integrated into the regular salary of the employee on the date the Order became effective. Amounts paid for the privilege to receive instruction in a high school but does not include matriculation fee.
Con. [In Re: Contempt Proceedings v. (1993). EO 175. PD 857]. and permits the production history of the batch including all stages of manufacture and control. Stat.. Basin.3. A fishing boat. 2004]. GR 12. Quite menacing.e. 1901]. 42]. May 22. A quantity of any drug or device produced during a given cycle of manufacture. Tag. EO 175. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. Batas Pambansa (BP). Bastante amenazadora. 6. [Suarez. 8. naturally or artificially or nearly enclosed body of free communication with [Sec. [Sec. May 22. to be traced and reviewed. Aug. 1987]. Bastard. Sp. IRR of LC]. Basnig. A designation printed on the label of a drug or device that identifies the batch. Batch number. An illegitimate child. [Sec. born in a relationship between 2 persons that are not married (i. p. 1987]. A enclosed water in the sea. not in wedlock) or who are not married at the time of the child's birth. GR L-22759. [Jimenez v. Statutes approved by the Batasang Pambansa. 3. Averia. 6. Mar. Batch. . Aguas. 1968].. 29.
RA 9262].. Tag. GR 105378. Baul. GR 89597-98. If it occurs a second time. A nightstick used by barangay tanods. 2006-2011]. 2004]. she is defined as a battered woman. [People v. or wrongful physical violence. Batuta. [People v. 17. 3. in order to be classified as a battered woman. [Sec. Balderama. . The actual threat to use force is an assault. 1994]. Commonly known in local parlance as wooden trunk. A beating. June 27. 1993]. Sadang. the couple must go through the battering cycle at least twice. An act of inflicting physical harm upon the woman or her child resulting to the physical and psychological or emotional distress. Any woman may find herself in an abusive relationship with a man once. 3. The term includes wives or women in any form of intimate relationship with men. Battered woman syndrome. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). A. Battery. A woman who is repeatedly subjected to any forceful physical or psychological behavior by a man in order to coerce her to do something he wants her to do without concern for her rights. 2. A scientifically defined pattern of psychological and behavioral symptoms found in women living in battering relationships as a result of cumulative abuse. the use of it is a battery. Sep. Furthermore. Compilation of Notes. [Claridades. and she remains in the situation. which usually includes an assault. Tag.Battered woman. 1. [Sec. RA 9262].
48]. 2. [People v. p. GR 73070. 11. A check payable to cask. 62].. Dec. The person in possession of a bill or note which is payable to bearer. Law Reviewer. Bearer check. 1984]. GR L-42505. Beauty contest. Brother-in-law. 2000 Ed.. p.. 1989]. Manalo. Bearer instrument. See Bases Conversion and Development Authority. BCDA. 26.. Aug. NIL]. [People v. 191. [Cruz. Nego. Bearer. See Palusong. A well-marked indentation whose penetration is in such proportion to the width of its mouth as to contain land-locked waters and constitute more than a curvature of the coast. Bay. Intl. p. Bayaw. Law. 2. [Sec. A firecracker larger than a triangulo with 1 / 3 teaspoon of powder packed in cardboard tied around with abaca strings and wrapped in shape of garlic. the payee of which does not purport to be the name of any person. 48]. Tag. Tag. Inst. Any competition . Songcuan. RA 7183]. [Moreno s Law Dict. Compare with Bilas and Hipag. 1996 Ed. 2000 Ed.Bawang. Intl.. A check payable to the order of cash. [Moreno s Law Dict. 1. [Sec. Bayanihan. Sometimes loosely used to refer to a (male) cousin-in-law.
which .open to any male or female.
Behest loans. 1987]. Also Veinte nueve. whether with or without international affiliation. 40 and 41. wherein the winner or winners are chosen on the basis of beauty or other physical attributes or a combination of beauty and talent. if the foetus had an intra-uterine life of less than 7 months. The loans extended by GFIs allegedly upon orders of the Marcos regime to its favorites and cronies who obtained amounts unconscionably far in excess of their loan values and knowing fully well that they would never be repaid. [LOI 1376]. Alcantara. CC]. Jan. GR 91283. 17. charm. Beinte nueve. [Arts. the foetus is considered born if it is alive at the time it is completely delivered from the mother's womb. [From the 3rd preambulatory clause of Proc. grace or other similar qualities. intelligence. Personality begins at conception. it is not deemed born if it dies within 24 hours after its complete delivery from the maternal womb. 1995].is national in character or scope. 82. Beginning of personality. (A local) fan knife. 41 of the Civil Code. However. BEI. [People v. See Wenphil doctrine. For civil purposes. such that the conceived child shall be considered born for all purposes that are favorable to it. Board of Election Inspectors. dated Mar. provided it be born later with the conditions specified in Art. Belated due process rule. . 3.
Belligerency. Intl. Law. It exists when a sizeable portion of the territory of a state is under the effective control of an insurgent community which is seeking to establish a separate govt. and the insurgents are in de facto control of a portion of the territory and population, have a political organization, are able to maintain such control, and conduct themselves according to the laws of war. [Sandoval, Pol. Law Reviewer 2003].
Belligerent community. A group of rebels under an organized civil govt. who have taken up arms against the legitimate government. [Cruz, Intl. Law Reviewer, 1996 Ed., p. 17].
Belligerent government. A govt. engaged in a war with insurgents. [Intl. Law Dict. & Direct., 2004].
Belligerent occupation. Intl. Law. An incident of war which occurs when the territory of one belligerent is placed under the authority and control of the invading forces of the other belligerent. [Cruz, Intl. Law Reviewer, 1996 Ed., p. 139]. Compare with Military occupation.
Bells palsy. An acute lower Motor Neuron Palsy of the facial nerve, characterized by pain, weakness or paralysis of the affected side of the face. [Galanida v. ECC, GR L-70660. Sep. 24, 1987].
Bellum justum. Lat. Just war. [Claridades, A., Compilation of Notes, 2001-2006].
Bench. The seat occupied by the judge. More broadly, the court itself. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se), 2004].
Bench warrant. An order issued by a judge for the arrest of a person. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se), 2004].
Benefactor. Any person whether related or not to the senior citizen who provides care or who gives any form of assistance to him / her, and on whom the senior citizen is dependent on for primary care and material support, as certified by the City or Municipal Social Welfare and Devt. Officer (C/MSWDO). [Art. 5, IRR of RA 9994].
Beneficial Owner. Any person who, directly or indirectly, through any contract arrangement, understanding, relationship or otherwise, possesses or shares voting power in regard of any security as to its investment disposition. [Claridades, A., Compilation of Notes, 2006-2011].
Beneficial Ownership. 1. The right to the gains, rewards and advantages generated by the property. [La Bugal-B'laan Tribal Assoc. Inc. v. DENR Secretary, GR 127882, Dec. 1, 2004]. 2. One that is recognized by law and capable of being enforced in the courts at the suit of the beneficial owner. Note that this is to be differentiated from naked ownership, which is the enjoyment of all the benefits and privileges of ownership, as against possession of the bare title of property. [Claridades, A., Compilation of Notes, 2006-2011].
Beneficial use. The use of the
environment or any element or segment thereof conducive to public or private welfare, safety and health; and shall include, but not be limited to, the use of water for domestic, municipal, irrigation, power generation, fisheries, livestock raising, industrial, recreational and other purposes. [Sec 4, RA 9275].
Beneficiaries. The dependent spouse until he / she remarries and dependent children, who are the primary beneficiaries. In their absence, the dependent parents and subject to the restrictions imposed on dependent children and legitimate descendents who are the secondary beneficiaries. Provided, that the dependent acknowledged natural child shall be considered as a primary beneficiary when there are no other dependent children who are qualified and eligible for monthly income benefit. [Art. 167, LC].
Beneficiary. The person designated by the planholder as the recipient of the benefits in the pre-need plan. [Sec. 4, RA 9829].
Beneficiary or cestui que trust. 1. The person for whose benefit the trust has been created. [Art. 1440, CC]. 2. Someone named to receive property or benefits in a will. In a trust, a person who is to receive benefits from the trust. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se), 2004]. 3. Ins. The person which is designated in a contract of life, health or accident insurance as the one who is to receive the benefits which become
payable, according to the terms of the contract, upon the death of the insured. [Tiopianco, Commentaries & Jurisp. on the Ins. Code of the Phil., 1999 Ed., p. 27, citing 44 Am. Jur. 2nd 639].
Beneficio neto. Sp. Net profit. [Moreno s Law Dict., 2000 Ed., p. 49].
Benefits. The payment of monetary considerations and / or performance of future services which the preneed company undertakes to deliver either to the planholder or his beneficiary at the time of actual need or agreed maturity date, as specified in the pre-need plan. [Sec. 4, RA 9829].
Benefits-protection theory. The theory that the govt. is expected to respond in the form of tangible and intangible benefits intended to improve the lives of the people and enhance their moral and material values. This symbiotic relationship is the rationale of taxation and should dispel the erroneous notion that it is an arbitrary method of exaction by those in the seat of power. [Comm. of Int. Rev. v. CA, GR L-28896. Feb. 17, 1988].
Bequeath. To give a gift to someone through a will. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se), 2004].
Bequests. Gifts made in a will. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se), 2004]. See Legacy.
Berry Rule. Criteria that must be observed before a new trial may be granted by the courts on the ground of newly discovered evidence. Thus,
it must be shown (a) that the evidence was discovered after trial; (b) that such evidence could not have been discovered and produced at the trial even with the exercise of reasonable diligence; (c) that it is material, not merely cumulative, corroborative, or impeaching; and (d) the evidence is of such weight that it would probably change the judgment if admitted. [Gen. Custodio v. Sandiganbayan, 453 SCRA 24, citing Berry v. State of Georgia, 10 GA 511 (1851)].
Berthing charge. The amount assessed against a vessel for mooring or berthing at a pier, wharf, bulkhead-wharf, river or channel marginal wharf at any port in the Phils.; or for mooring or making fast to a vessel so berthed; or for berthing or mooring within any slip, channel, basin river or canal under the jurisdiction of any port of the Phils. The owner, agent, operator or master of the vessel is liable for this charge. [Sec. 2901, RA 1937].
Best evidence. The best evidence available. Evidence short of this is secondary, that is, an original letter is Best evidence, and a photocopy is Secondary evidence. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se), 2004]. See Primary evidence
Best evidence rule. 1. A rule of evidence that there can be no evidence of a writing, the contents of which are the subject of inquiry, other than the original writing itself except, among others, when the original has been lost, destroyed, or cannot be produced in court. [Sec. 3, Rule 130, RoC]. 2. A rule
providing that no evidence shall be received which is merely substitutionary in its nature so long as the original evidence can be had. [Arroyo v. HRET, GR 118597. July 14, 1995].
Best interest of the child. The totality of the circumstances and conditions as are most congenial to the survival, protection and feelings of security of the child and most encouraging to his physical, psychological and emotional development. It also means the least detrimental available alternative for safeguarding the growth and development of the child. [Sec. 4, RA 9344; AM 00-407-SC].
Bestosexual. Legal Med. A person whose sexual desire is towards animals. It is attained by having sex with an animal. [Olarte, Legal Med., 1st Ed. (2004), p. 113].
Betrayal of trust or revelation of secrets by an attorney or solicitor. Crim. Law. The felony committed by any attorney-at-law or solicitor (procurador judicial) who, by any malicious breach of professional duty or of inexcusable negligence or ignorance, shall prejudice his client, or reveal any of the secrets of the latter learned by him in his professional capacity, or who, having undertaken the defense of a client or having received confidential information from said client in a case, shall undertake the defense of the opposing party in the same case, without the consent of his first client. [Art. 209, RPC].
Bet taker of promoter. A person who calls and takes care of bets from owners of both gamecocks and those of other bettors before he orders commencement of the
cockfight and thereafter distributes won bets to the winners after deducting a certain commission. [Sec. 4, PD 449].
Betterment. See Mejora.
Betting. Betting money or any object or article of value or representative of value upon the result of any game, races and other sports contest. [Sec. 1, PD 483].
Betting in sports contests. Crim. Law. The felony committed by any person who shall bet money or any object or article of value or representative of value upon the result of any boxing or other sports contests. [Art. 197, RPC].
Bettor. 1. Mananaya, Tayador or variants thereof. Any person who places bets for himself / herself or in behalf of another person, or any person, other than the personnel or staff of any illegal numbers game operation. [Sec. 2, RA 9287].
Bettor. A person who participates in cockfights and with the use of money or other things of value, bets with other bettors or through the bet taker or promoter and wins or loses his bet depending upon the result of the cockfight as announced by the referee or sentenciador. He may be the owner of fighting cock. [Sec. 4, PD 449].
Beverage. A liquor or liquid for drinking. [Cagayan Valley Ent., Inc.
. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). 204]. Bias or Partiality. This standard of proof does not require that the state establish absolute certainty by eliminating all doubt. [Malabed v. CA. 4. citing Burnstein v. 4th Ed. but it does require that the evidence be so conclusive that all reasonable doubts are removed from the mind of the ordinary person. Beyond economical repair. Nov. Cannot be doubted or argued about. Cal. or when the cost to repair an item is over 60% of the acquisition cost. CC. July 24. US. per Sec. 8.v. The condition of the supplies when the cost of repairing becomes prohibitive and disadvantageous to the govt. Asis. AM RTJ-07-2031. LGC]. GR 78413. Black's Law Dict. 2009].. See Conference committee. 1989. 603. Aug.. [IRR on Supply & Prop. Bicameral conference committee. [learnersdictionary. 2009.com. Beyond reasonable doubt. 2004]. Mgt. Abridged 5th Ed. A predisposition to decide a cause or an issue in a certain way. The standard in a criminal case requiring that the court be satisfied to a moral certainty that every element of a crime has been proven by the prosecution. 84].. 383. 55 F2d 599. A. Beyond cavil. p. citing Black s Law Dict. Bid.. Signed offer or proposal . which does not leave the mind perfectly open to conviction.
An indispensable requirement for the validation of a bid proposal. 5. manufacturer. RA 9184]. to guarantee in good faith the submission of their tenders and acceptance of all the terms and conditions thereof. distributor. 12 SCRA 260]. The bond insures good faith of the bidders and binds them to enter into a contract with the Govt. should their proposal be accepted. 1964. RA 9184]. Inc. 24 Sept. certified or cashier's check or surety required of bidders before they can participate in any competitive bidding. 412 SCRA 10. A bond in cash. GR 124293. 383. 31-32].. . Also Proposal bond. [Padilla v. 2003. Bidding. Making an offer or an invitation to prospective contractors whereby the government manifests its intention to invite proposals for the purchase of supplies. L-22789. materials and equipment for official business or public use. 5. or for public works or repair. [J. Bid bond. infrastructure projects. Oct. [IRR on Supply & Prop. furnishing all information necessary for a prospective bidder to prepare a bid for the goods. v. CA. Zaldivar. contractor or consultant in response to the bidding documents. LGC]. [Sec. Summit Holdings. Mgt. per Sec.submitted by a supplier. 30.G. Bidding documents. Documents issued by the procuring entity as the basis for bids. and consulting services to be provided. Bidder's bond. [Sec.
Formal binding . 1994]. 29. or before the absent spouse has been declared presumptively dead by means of a judgment rendered in the proper proceedings. Tag. Bigamy carries with it the imposable penalty of prision mayor. [People v. Bilateral treaty. 2. Santos. 41. 1. Compare with Bayaw and Hipag. 1977]. therefore. The contracting of a second or subsequent marriage before the former marriage has been legally dissolved. null and void. Mar. The husband of (one s) wife's sister. The 15-year prescriptive period commences to run from the day on which the crime is discovered by the offended party. 1. July 29. A marriage contracted by any person during the subsistence of a previous marriage and is. or before the absent spouse has been alleged declared presumptively dead by means of a judgment rendered in the proper proceeding. Ventura. 1. 1961]. [Blas v. Sp. 2.Bienes futuros. See Synallagmatic contract. RPC]. Being punishable by an afflictive penalty. June 14. GR 109454. [Art. [Sermonia v. Bilateral contract. Cobrother-in-law. this crime prescribes in 15 years. GR L-14070. GR L-32716. An illegal marriage committed by contracting a second or subsequent marriage before the first marriage has been legally dissolved. the authorities. 349. Malillos. FC]. Bigamy. [People v. Future property. Bilas. 1968]. Dec. CA. GR L-26568. [Art. or their agents. Bigamous marriage.
[Intl. each part of the set being numbered. A bill composed of several parts. Ferrer. US. [Claridades. Compilation of Notes. 1. Nego. [Claridades. 1. Bill of attainder. 48 SCRA 382.agreement between 2 states. signed by the person giving it. Bus. A legislative act which inflicts punishment without trial. A. 2001-2006].. Inst. 2001-2006]. either by borrowing from external sources or by offering bonds for public subscriptions. A bill filed in Congress proposing to authorize the govt. 1972. Bill of exchange... 27. Law Rev. 277 (1867)]. requiring the person to whom it is addressed to pay on . 4 Wall. A proposed law filed in Congress which becomes law only after it is considered. & Direct. [Diaz. Compilation of Notes.. L-32613-14. Compilation of Notes. Bill in set. citing Cummings v. 2004]. the whole of the parts constitutes one bill. all of which parts constitute one bill. Bill. 2. p. [People v. A. An unconditional order in writing addressed by one person to another. A. 1991 Ed. each part is numbered and contains a reference to the other parts. A bill drawn in a set. Bill increasing public debt. [Claridades.. Dec. and containing a reference to the other parts. 2001-2006]. of the Phils. 377]. passed upon and approved by Congress and by the Pres. Law Dict.. to borrow money.
A. Oblig. CA. & Cont.. If the pleading is a reply. 2000 Ed. 348]. [Torres. 1. [Claridades. ordered by the court on motion of a party. 348]. and the details desired. & Cont. Bill of lading. 2. 2001-2006]. A bill filed in Congress that is local in character like the creation of a new town. (2002). A definite statement which a party may move for before responding to a pleading concerning any matter which is not averred with sufficient definiteness or particularity to enable him properly to prepare his responsive pleading. 23. 2000 Ed. Bill of particulars. 42]. the paragraphs wherein they are contained. UPLC. the office of (which) is limited to making . A more definite statement. Law. 3. p. forwarder's receipt and receipt for transportation.. 1992]. p. Rem. RoC]. Mar. [Saludo v. 1. Such motion shall point out the defects complained of. [Sec. p. A negotiable instrument by which the drawer requires of the drawee to pay a designated sum of money to the payee or subsequent holder. city or province. 2. Rule 12. Oblig.. the motion must be filed within 10 days from service thereof. 2. [Suggested Answer for the 1998 Bar. GR 95536. Such instrument may be called a shipping receipt. Bill of local application. A written acknowledgment of the receipt of the goods and an agreement to transport and deliver them at a specified place to a person named or on his order. 126.. [Torres.demand or at a fixed or determinable future time a sum certain in money to order or to bearer. Compare with Promissory note.. Compilation of Notes. NIL]. A written agreement between the shipper of the goods and a common carrier. [Sec. 1.
Bill of particulars. to the end that the proof at the trial may be limited to the matters specified. clarify. 2. 19. To amplify or limit a pleading. and extent of the cause of action or defense relied on by the pleader. not contained in the pleading. Rem. particularize. To define. 1994]. Purposes: 1. A formal and emphatic legislative assertion . character. Consti. [Virata v. scope. and assist the court. GR 106527.more particular or definite the ultimate facts in a pleading (that were) alleged too generally or not averred with sufficient definiteness or particularly (as) to enable an (adverse party) properly to prepare his responsive pleading or to prepare for trial. Bill of rights. 1993]. the trial may be avoided. GR 108119. and needless preparation for. It is not its office to supply evidentiary matters. v. and in order that surprise at. CA. to the opposite party and the court as to the precise nature. [Fortune Corp. specify more minutely and particularly a claim or defense set up and pleaded in general terms. to expedite the trial. and apprise the opposite party of the case which he has to meet. Apr. Law. Jan. give information. Sandiganbayan. Law. and that the opposite party may be aided in framing his answering pleading and preparing for trial. and limit or circumscribe the issues in the case. 6.
[De Lim v. 1. Such a slip issued by the duly authorized agent of an insurance company constitutes a temporary contract of insurance under which the company is liable for any loss occurring during the period covered by it. Bintol.talangka. 51-52]. 1st Ed. 2000 Ed. [People v. Abr. Binding slip.. 86]. of Canada. GR 105669-70. Binder. A mere acknowledgment on behalf of the company that its branch office had received from the applicant the insurance premium and had accepted the application subject to processing by the head office. p. pp. That portion of the Consti.. 5th Ed. 139]. 18.and declaration of popular rights and liberties. Bamboo-and-net device used to catch . Bingeing. 2. [Olarte. Sun Life Assurance Co. 1994]. The rate and extent . p. Legal Med. [Moreno s Law Dict. Oct. Binding receipt. 41 Phil. guaranteeing the rights and privileges to the individual. 264].. (2004). See Binding slip. Legal Med. Also Binder. Ins. The rapid and quick consumption of large amounts of food while feeling a loss of control. A document given to the insured to bind the company in case a loss occurs pending action upon the application and the actual issuance of a policy. (1983). In life insurance a "binding slip" or "binding receipt" does not insure of itself. Tag.. [Black s Law Dict. Rejano.. Bioavailability.
weeds and twigs). Biodiesel. 9. or animal fats and other biomassderived oils that shall be technically proven and approved by the DOE for use in diesel engines. combustion of firewood to yield heat. PD 1068]. The various processes. soft paper used as food wrap and the like). dead or decayed plants. natural or synthetic. yard or garden (leaves. liquid or gaseous fuel is produced by utilizing bio-mass feedstock. leaves. RA 10068]. farming of food crops and includes discards segregated farm nonbiodegradable wastes coming from the kitchen / household (leftovers. bones. vegetables. e. Biodegradable wastes. market (wilted. bones) and farm wastes (grass clippings. [Sec. decayed or rotten vegetables and fruits. steam or power. grasses. fruits. RA 9711]. Organic matter for compost / organic fertilizer for the organic cultivation. fish / fowl cleanings. fermentation of agricultural crops or by-products to yield substitute fuels such as alcohol. fish / fowl cleanings. branches. 3. vegetables and fruit peelings and trims. seeds. 2. Bio-conversion to fuels. [Sec. anaerobic fermentation of animal manure to yield bio-gas. by which a solid. [Sec.g.to which the active ingredient or therapeutic ingredient is absorbed from a drug and becomes available at the site of drug action. Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) or mono-alkyl ester delivered from vegetable oil. twigs and the like). with .
Appropriating Funds Therefor. RA 9367]. Biofuels Act of 2006. enacted on Jan. 12. RA 9367]. 3. RA 9367 entitled . 3. RA 9367]. The bioethanol and biodiesel and other fuels made from biomass and primary used for motive. RA 9711]. 2007. 3. Ethanol (C2H30H) produce from feedback and other biomass. RA 9367]. [Sec. thermal power generation. Bioequivalence. The rate and extent of absorption to which the drugs do not show a significant difference from the rate and extent of the listed drug when administered at the same molar dose of the therapeutic ingredient under similar experimental conditions in either a single dose or multiple doses. [Sec. The hydrous and anhydrous bioethanol suitably denatured for use as motor fuel with quality specifications in accordance with the PNS. Bioequivalence shall also refer to the absence of a signiticant difference on the rate and extentto-which the active ingredient(s) of the sample and reference drug becomes available at the site of drug action when administered under the same molar dose and under similar conditions.An Act to Direct the Use of Biofuels. Bioethanol fuel. Biofuel. and for Other Purposes. [Sec. Establishing for this Purpose the Biofuel Program. [Sec. 9. National Standards (PNS). with quality specifications in accordance with PNS. Bioethanol fuels. [Sec. .quality specifications in accordance with the Phil. 3.
mechanical power or electricity through either thermochemical. Biomass energy systems. sera. steam. PD 1068]. plant fiber. RA 9367]. 2. Biomass resources. biodegradable organic material originating from naturally occurring or cultured plants. Any organic matter. 2. Energy systems which use biomass resources to produce heat. PD 1068]. particularly cellulosic or ligno-cellulosic matter. including . A fuel gas consisting of 5070% methane and the rest noncombustible gases produced by the anaerobic fermentation of organic waste. RA 9513]. poultry litter and other animal wastes. including trees. biochemical or physico-chemical processes. This would include. or through such other technologies which shall comply with prescribed environmental standards pursuant to RA 9513. RA 5921].Bio-gas. industrial wastes and biodegradable component of solid waste. Viruses. 4. toxins and analogous products used for the prevention or cure of human diseases. animals and micro-organisms. trees. animal and agricultural wastes and decaying plants in swamps. Non-fossilized. Biologic products. which is available on a renewable or recurring basis. whether living or not. [Sec. [Sec. 2. [Sec. [Sec. [Sec. 42. Biomass or Bio-mass. algae. 3. crops and associated residues. among others. Organic matter.
' [Sec. Act 3753 (Civil Register Law)]. 22. That discipline of medical care advocating therapy with remedies that produce effects differing from those of the diseases treated. but not limited to. rice hulls. rice straws. [Sec. collection and utilization of biological and genetic resources for purposes of applying the knowledge derived there from solely for commercial purposes.' 'regular medicine. [Sec. by-products and residues such as.' 'orthodox medicine. corn cobs. BIR. . 2007. 5. biofuels except corn. The research. See Bureau of Internal Revenue. Bird sanctuary. It is also called 'allopathy. soya beans and rice but including sugarcane and coconut.' 'conventional medicine. corn stovers. coconut husks and shells. Bioprospecting. 4. GR 174689. citing Sec. Rep.. 4.agricultural products. RA 9513]. [Silverio v.' 'western medicine. 5. RA 8423]. See Game refuge. A historical record of the facts as they existed at the time of birth. as well as gases and liquids recovered from the decomposition and / or extraction of non-fossilized and biodegradable organic materials. Biomedicine. Birth certificate. RA 9147].' or 'cosmopolitan medicine. biodegradable organic fractions of industrial and municipal wastes that can be used in bioconversion process and other processes.' 'mainstream medicine. bagasse. Oct.
PD 1883]. 2nd Ed. citing Webster.. (Art. The crime committed by any person who shall engage in the trading or purchase and sale of foreign currency in violation of existing laws or rules and regulations of the Central Bank. 280]. [People v. See Salting of foreign exchange. New Intl. Dict. RA 9482]. and other crimes. A person belonging to or associated with Black Hand. or who offers to prevent the publication of such libel for a monetary consideration. and other crimes. the statute of limitations runs only upon . spouse. p.. New Intl. Blameless ignorance doctrine. 29. 280].. Oct. 29. RPC). A lawless secret society whose members engage in extortion. 3326 under which. Aquino. [Sec. 1966. cuts or grips with its teeth so that the skin of a person has been wounded. a lawless secret society whose members engage in extortion. Dict. Aquino. 3. Blackmail. The doctrine incorporated in Sec. 356. citing Webster. Oct. terrorism. Black Hand. terrorism. GR L-23908. 1. A crime of extortion committed by any person who threatens another to publish a libel concerning him or his parents. p. [Sec. child. Blackmarketing of foreign exchange. GR L23908. [People v. Blackhander. or other members of his family. pierced or scratched. 2nd Ed. 1966..Bitten. An act by which a dog seizes. 2 of Act No.
Ad Hoc Fact. 806 (1964)]. thus avoiding the expenses and inconvenience of executing a new security on each new transaction. [A clause in a mortgage contract] which makes available future loans without need of executing another set of security documents. such a clause will not be extended to cover future advances if the lender gives and the borrower accepts other securities for the subsequent loans. at the same time making the business of lending more profitable to banks. PNB. A clause in a mortgage contract which is specifically phrased to include all debts of past or future origins. 464 SCRA 353]. Blank indorsement. Lutero. Blanket clause or Dragnet clause. Alviar. See Indorsement in blank. Such a clause enables the parties to provide continuous dealings. additional legal services. [It] is designed to lower the cost of loans to borrowers. [Prudential Bank v. In other words.discovery of the fact of the invasion of a right which will support a cause of action. Desierto. has long been recognized in our jurisprudence. 49 Phil. 13. GR 135715. [Pres l. It is meant to save time.Finding Committee on Behest Loans v. However. loan closing charges. Tad-Y v. Apr. [Lim Julian v. the courts would decline to apply the statute of limitations where the plaintiff does not know or has no reasonable means of knowing the existence of a cause of action. 703 (1926). and other costs. the nature or extent of which may not be known or anticipated at the time. 2011]. . recording fees. 120 Phil. Blanket mortgage clause.
[Sec. The areas where the structures are dilapidated. 155]. [People v.. Sec. 3. 1996 Ed. Intl. RA 7279]. including those of neutral states. Law. Blockade. An area bounded by 1 / 2 minute of latitude and 1 / 2 minute of longitude. p. 3. Blighted lands. the purpose being to shut off the place from international commerce and communication with other states. A hostile operation by which the vessels and aircraft of one belligerent prevent all other vessels. Block. tending to depreciate the value of the land and prevent normal development and use of the area. Aquino. from entering or leaving the ports or coasts of the other belligerent. containing approximately 81 hectares. RA 7942]. . PD 1185]. obsolete and unsanitary. BP 220]. [Cruz. RA 9514. 3. [Sec. Block. Intl. [Sec. 3. and occupied by or intended for buildings. 3. A parcel of land bounded on the sides by streets or alleys or pathways or other natural or manmade features. Any material or mixture consisting of a fuel and oxidizer used to set off explosives. Law Reviewer. Also Meridional block.Blasting agent. Blockhead. A person deficient in understanding. [Sec.
Dict. . untaxed cigarettes. Oct. including AIDS. Malaria and Syphilis. CA.. store. 1987]. But (such test) cannot show that a man is the father of a particular child. transport and issue blood for transfusion and provide information and / or education on blood transfusion transmissible diseases. [Jao v. RA 7719].GR L-23908.. RA 7719]. collect. RA 7719]. An institution or facility duly authorized by the DOH to recruit and screen donors and collect blood. (by which) it can be established conclusively that the man is not the father of the child. Blood bank or center. 3. Diseases which may be transmitted as a result of blood transfusion. Blood or blood product. process. citing Webster Intl. Blood grouping test. A laboratory or institution with the capability to recruit and screen blood donors. Blood transfusion transmissible diseases. 53]. but at least can show only a possibility that he is. 290]. processed or unprocessed and includes blood components. Human blood. The analysis of blood samples of the mother. and the alleged father. p. Hepatitis-B. GR L-49162. 3. A blue band used to seal a package of foreign-made. July 28. its products and derivative. 29. 2000 Ed. 3. [Sec. p. [Sec. [Sec. 3. the child. RA 7719].. Blood collection unit. [Moreno s Law Dict. [Sec. 1966. Blue seal.
conducts all business. 63. 3. PD 426]. [Sec. 2. [Sec.Blue Sunday Law. Holy Thursday and Good Friday. Rule 2. and controls and holds all property of such corporations. 2008]. [It] shall include the executive committee or the management of partnership or association. 1. Code. [Expressly repealed by the Labor Code]. and where meals are served to boarders only. RA 946 entitled . Boarding house. Board of directors or trustees. or where there is no stock. That body entrusted with the management of the affairs of the cooperative under its articles of cooperation and bylaws. Christmas day. 2. and charged for sleeping accommodations and meals. New Year's day. [Sec. RA 9904]. The board of directors or trustees of the [homeowners ] association which has primary authority to manage the affairs of the association. The body politic and corporate which exercises the corporate powers of all corporations formed under the Corp. 1. PD 856]. from . Dec. 1. the directors or trustees of which are elected from among the holders of stocks. Any house where boarders are accepted for compensation by the week or by the month.An Act to prohibit labor on Sunday. Compare with Lodging house. 1. [Sec. 1953. 1. enacted on June 20. AM 00-8-10-SC. [Sec. Board. 2. A building where selected persons for fixed periods of time are supplied with. RA 9520]. Board of Directors.
RA 6539]. Body of the decision or order. known as the Investment Incentives Act. 20012006]. Compilation of Notes. RA 6135]. and are to hold office for 1 year until their successors are elected and qualified. RA 10149]. the relief prayed for. Stat. [Sec.among the members of the corporation. as amended. [Sec. A Board in every precinct composed of 3 regular members who shall conduct the voting. RA 8436]. [Sec. 2. the allegations of the party's claims or defenses. [Suarez. [Sec. [That part of the decision or order . The governing body that exercises the corporate powers of a GOCC. Stat.. 46]. 2. [Claridades. A job undertaken on a motor vehicle in order to replace its entire body with a new body. Board of election inspectors. 2. The agency created by RA 5186. p. Rem. 1. and the date of the pleading. 2. [Sec. RoC]. counting and recording of votes in the polling place. Body. Board of Directors/Trustees or Board. Board of Investments (BOI). 3. Con. See Bureau of Customs. An attached agency of the DTI created under RA 5186. It contains the subject matter of the statute. 3. (1993). BOC.. The part of a pleading that sets forth its designation. 1. Body-building. 2. Rule 7. A. Con. Law.
821 (2001). 383. 50 (a) of RA 1199.. Glossary of Conflict of Laws.. v. A registered merchant licensed as manufacturer. [De . Mgt. producer. 421 Phil. A long. 638 (2001)]. [IRR on Supply & Prop.. without fraud or deceit. Bona fide. In good faith or with good faith. per Sec. heavy Phil. Bolo. BOI. (the term) has reference not only to the liability and firm decision of the landowner to mechanize but also to the motive behind his action in seeking the dispossession of his tenants. single-edged knife. [Moreno s Law Dict. 2000 Ed. In Sec. 53]. Rosales v.. Bona fide intention to cultivate. 2006-2011]. CA. 2004]. Compilation of Notes. A. p. See Board of Investments. A price manipulation scheme in securities trading by the use of high-pressure sales tactics to promote purchases as sales of certain stocks. The "bona fide" requirement necessarily authorizes judicial inquiry into the landowner's motives in deciding to mechanize his operations. Boiler room sales. as amended.which] merely contains the reasons or conclusions of the court ordering nothing. [PH Credit Corp. regular dealer or service establishment with reputable establishment for at least 3 months prior to the public bidding he intends to participate in. Bona fide bidder. LGC]. genuine. [Claridades. CA. Lat. 405 Phil. [Tetley. Compare with Fallo.
2. GR L-17564. Certificates of debt issued by a company (or government) guaranteeing payment of an original investment plus interest at a specified future date. [Intl. 2004]. Oblig.. & Direct.. 29. & Cont. any person who acquires property or negotiable instruments in good faith and for valuable consideration. 2004]. 1954]. [Bernardo v.Santos v. GR L-5872. A facility at a port of entry where shippers can store goods until they clear customs. A surety offered in virtue of a provision of law or of a judicial . Jan. 2004]. Bondsman. Bonded warehouse. Bona fide purchaser for value. Law Dict. 2000 Ed. Nov. one who not only honestly supposes himself to be vested with true title but is ignorant that the title is contested by any other person claiming a superior right to it. One who supposes he has a good title and knows of no adverse claim. A written obligation or undertaking that is sufficiently secured. Acosta. Bonds. GR 41229... 348]. 1. 13. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). Bernardo. CA. 1992]. A written agreement by which a person insures he will pay a certain sum of money if he does not perform certain duties property. & Direct. Bona fide occupant. 1962]. Jan. [Evangelista v. Bond. [Intl. [Torres. p. 31. Law Dict. As used in sales or ordinary contracts.
2009]. CIR. Oct. Lat. NLRC. p. A. Lat. Bonus. [Pangan v. Lat. 54]. 189 SCRA 274 (1990) and Luzon Stevedoring v. An amount granted and paid to an employee for his industry and loyalty which contributed to the success of the employer's business and made possible the realization of profits. A good decides according to justice ands right and prefers equity to strict law.. 15 SCRA 660 (1965)]. It is something given in addition to what is ordinarily received by or strictly due the recipient..order who shall have the qualifications prescribed in Art. [Moreno s Law Dict. Deciding according to justice rather than rigid law. [Claridades. Bonus pater familias. 1988]. 2. A gratuity or act of liberality of the giver. . Good father of the family. [Protacio v. 2082. GR 168654. CC]. 25 Mar.. Compilation of Notes. [It] is granted and paid to an employee for his industry and loyalty which contributed to the success of the employer s business and made possible the realization of profits. CA. [Art. 2000 Ed. Bonus judex secundum sequum. 2056 of the Civil Code and in special laws. 18. Bonus judex secundum aequum at bonum judicat stricto juri praefert. [Traders Royal Bank v. 2001-2006].. It is something given in addition to what is ordinarily received by or strictly due to the recipient. GR L-39299. 1. Laya Mananghaya and Co.
and recording identifying data of a suspect. Nov. 20010. GR 181422. Law. 1993]. [thefreedictionary. 27. so as to show their relations to each other. p. A record of arrest and a statement on how the arrest is made. and the state of the business in which they occur. The process of photographing. They pay dividends to winners minus a commission. 9. who without any license therefor. [Lim v. 2004]. Booking. Booking sheet. 15. and it has no probative value as an extrajudicial statement of the person being detained. Manzano.com. Sept. Pacquing. It is simply a police report.Bonus shares. 250]. Commentaries . Corp. [Martin. They are Watered shares. Bookkeeping. GR 115044. 16. Law Rev. The signing by the accused of the booking sheet and arrest report is not a part of the custodial investigation which would otherwise require the presence of counsel to ensure the protection of the accused's constitutional rights. which is usually 10%. money accepted as a bribe. 1995]. Bus. GR 86555. A person. Those issued gratuitously.. Nov. This process follows the arrest. The art or practice of keeping a systematic record of business transactions. 2010]. operates outside the compounds of racing clubs and accepts bets from the public. [People v. Boodle money. especially counterfeit money. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). Bookie. 1991 Ed. fingerprinting. Jan. Money. Used in People v. [Diaz. Babanggol..
with the prior concurrence of the Monetary Board. 2004]. natural gas and methane gas.. RA 8047 entitled ..and Jurisp. 32]. natural gas and methane gas and includes any hole in the ground which taps geothermal energy. Laws. natural gas and methane gas. 1995. and subject to such limitations as . its subsidiaries and affiliates. Any well. 3. enacted on June 7. The power of the President to contract or guarantee foreign loans on behalf of the Republic of the Phils. 1. RA 5092]. on Comml. [Sec. or excavation of any kind which is bored. or which taps or is likely to tap geothermal energy. Vol. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. prospecting. [Sec. obtaining. Bore. that applies for and / or avails of a credit facility. Ed. Born out of wedlock. sunk or made in the ground for the purpose of investigating. pipe. Borrowing power of the President. p. drilled. 1988 Rev. hole. A natural or juridical person. RA 9510]. Book Publishing Industry Development Act. 2.An Act providing for the development of the book publishing industry through the formulation and implementation of a national book policy and a national book development plan. or producing geothermal energy. Born of parents who were not married at the time of birth. including any LGU. Borrower..
v. Conflict of Laws 152-153 (1938)].may be provided by law. [Sec. riggings. Inc. Siegel. Conflict of Laws. the most common of which is simply a buildand-transfer arrangement. 2. 20. 6. VII. p. cargo. 1.. He assists in ships emergency drills and in any event of emergency and performs other duties and responsibilities as instructed or as necessary. GR 186289. An acronym which stands for build-operate-andtransfer scheme. it refers to a contractual arrangement with the government whereby the contractor undertakes the construction . of a given infrastructure facility.. Art. A (statute which) directs the state of the forum to apply the foreign statute of limitations to the pending claims based on a foreign law. [Ibid. and the operation and maintenance thereof. BOT Scheme. [Sec. [Agpalo. He attends to maintenance and upkeep of all deck equipment. Bosun. RA 6957]. 1987 Consti. safety equipment and helps in maintaining discipline of the deck hands. including financing. It admits of variations. Bastol. Borrowing statute. [Oriental Shipmanagement Co. [One who] manages actual deck work schedules and assignments directed by the Chief Officer and emergency duties as indicated in the Station Bill. See Build-Operate-andTransfer. 2010]. Conf. BOT. of Laws. .]. June 29. citing Goodrich. 2. A statute (which) has the practical effect of treating the foreign statute of limitation as one of substance. Conflicts 183 (1975)].
Bouncing check. A check that is dishonored for encashment by a drawee bank upon presentment for the reason that the drawer does not have sufficient funds to cover the amount of the check. bargaining attitude of the management introduced by L. the contents of which can be any type of fluid. by which the owner of a ship borrows money for the use. RA 7600]. Bottomry loan. Code of the Phil. This type of bargaining is expressly prohibited under the law for the parties are required to bargain collectively and in good faith. R. 179]. A . 1999 Ed. The method of feeding an infant using a bottle with artificial nipples. or during the limited time by any of the perils enumerated in the contract. 103. Labor Rel. it being stipulated that if the ship be lost in the course of the specific voyage. 3. on the Ins. [Sec.. p.]. p. 3. with maritime or extraordinary interest on account of the maritime risks to be borne by the lender. and for a definite term and pledges the ship as a security of its repayment. Law. [Tiopianco. 1. Electric Co. equipment or repair of the vessel. 1999 Ed. [Poquiz. [Sec. A contract in the nature of a mortgage. Boulware of Gen. BP .Bottle-feeding. RA 10028.take-it-orleave-it. citing Black s Law Dict. (US). Commentaries and Jurisp. the lender shall also lose his money. Labor. Sec.. Boulwareism.
. The prevalent. persistent and accepted mode or contractual relationship between operators and drivers of public utilities providing land transportation services. without any valid cause. 1996 Ed. LOI 853]. Bouncing Check Law. jeepneys and taxis. 2. clause. 171 SCRA 305]. 2006-2011]. Rivers which divide the territories of states. A. Lawrence River between the US and Canada. drawing and issuance of any check of apply to account or for value. Compilation of Notes. Boundary rivers. [. Law. Boundary system. ordered the bank to stop payment. An employeremployee relationship existing between a jeepney-owner and a driver (under which) the driver does not receive a fixed wage but gets only the excess of the amount of fares collected by him over the amount he pays to the jeep-owner. Bouncing Check Law violation Elements: (a) The making. enacted on Apr. and (c) subsequent dishonor of the check by the drawee bank for insufficiency of funds or credit or dishonor for the same reason had not the drawer. particularly mini-buses. like the St. [Claridades. drawer or issuer that at the time of issue he does not have sufficient funds in or credit with the drawee bank for the payment of such check in full upon its presentment. Law Reviewer. p. 1979. Intl. Intl. (b) the knowledge of the maker. BP 22 entitled .Whereas. [Cruz. 3.22)..An Act penalizing the making or drawing and issuance of a check without sufficient funds or credit and for other purposes. 1. Laggui. [People v. 61]. and the gasoline consumed by the jeeps is for the account of the .
2. [Burke v. [Magboo v. And Sec. or to the provincial or municipal branches or other forms of local government. Branch and subdivision of the government. the corporate entity through which the functions of the govt. GR 10832.. Panaligan. 1916]. The breaking or violating of a law. 54]. 11. 2004]. Apr. 3. or duty. Under Art IX (B) of the 1987 Consti. Law. 1963]. [People v. [Sec.6718 meters. 30. GR L-17603. 2 of the Rev. Brand name. either by commission or omission.. About 2 yards. Mar. It is not separately incorporated. 1. Admin. [Intl. 2000 Ed. Law Dict. to obtain withdrawal of public patronage from one in business. Boycott. The proprietary name given by the manufacturer to distinguish its product from those of competitors. Braza. The failure of one part to carry out any . p. are exercised.. Dec. Sp. Admin. RA 6675]. Ramos. Branch. Equal to 1. Any activity on the part of a labor organization whereby it is sought through concerted action. right. Breach. other than by reason of lawful competition. Bernardo.. GR L16790. 1922]. & Direct. Unit or part of a company. [US v. [Moreno s Law Dict. 352 US 969]. whether pertaining to the central govt. Adams Dairy.driver. Code.
CA. except where the plaintiff has actually incurred expenses for the wedding and the necessary incidents thereof. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). Any act or omission on the part of the trustee which is inconsistent with the terms of the trust agreement or the law of trusts. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. 2009]. Labor. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). 2011].org. 2004]. [Raquel-Santos v. a breach of promise to marry per se is not actionable. The violation by the employee of the trust and confidence reposed in him by his employer or duly authorized representative. Breach of contract. 1992]. 1. Breakthrough Results. July 26. 2004]. in relation to par. Law. Breach of promise to marry. [Buñag v. GR 174986. Breach of faith. 2. 2004]. 21 of said Code.. Breach of trust. July 7. GR 101749. Violation of the reciprocity between the parties to an agreement. 10 of said Art. 2219.usclaw.condition of a contract.. An unjustified failure to perform when performance is due. July 10. The failure to do what one promised to do under a contract. Comm. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. 2004]. 2. Proving a breach of contract is a prerequisite of any suit for damages based on the contract. 1. CA. Generally. [laborlaw. The achievement of corporate goals or other performance indicators as determined by the GOCC or its . The award of moral damages is allowed in cases specified in or analogous to those provided in Art. 2219 of the Civil Code and under Art.
Sec. Brevi manu. Oct. Sec. and an argument of how the law applies to the fact situation. traditio. 3. GR L17334. pertinent laws. A written argument by counsel arguing a case. [Sec. 20. Any food being marketed or otherwise represented as a partial or total replacement for breastmilk. p. 3. Chavez. whether or not suitable for that purpose. Vol. . RA 10149]. 1962. a statement of the questions of law involved. Also called a Memorandum of law. Breastmilk. Feb. citing Comments on the Rules of Court. Brief. the law he should have applied. Rem. EO 51. 711].. 2. 1986].supervising department. 3. 3. Sec. See Traditio brevi manu. 3. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). 28. RA 10028. [Sec. [Sec. 1. It is the vehicle of counsel to convey to the court the essential facts of his client's case. Breastmilk substitute. RA 10028. Law. 1. The human milk from a mother. RA 7600]. 1957 Ed. 3. and the application he desires made of it by the court. which contains a summary of the facts of the case. RA 10028. RA 7600]. [Sec. Breastfeeding. [Casilan v. The word is derived from the Latin word brevis and literally means a short or condensed statement. 2004].4. The method of feeding an infant directly from the human breast.
306. Also Highway robbers. [Art. Inc. (b) that each and everyone of them is armed. More than 3 armed persons who form a band of robbers for the purpose of committing robbery in the highway. Law. 55]. CC]. Coconut Authority v. 860. To make public. by any means.Brief. Brigandage. [Art. [Art. or kidnapping persons for the purpose of extortion or to obtain ransom or for any other purpose to be attained by means of force and violence.. Brigands. Broadcast. 2000 Ed. Brief substitution. Corona Intl. 742. p. Rem. 395 Phil. The substitution of 2 or more persons for one heir. Purpose: To present the court in coherent and concise form the point and questions in controversy. to assist the court in arriving at a just and proper conclusion. [Phil.... or for other purpose to be attained by means of force and violence. A member in a gang of robbers comprising more than three armed persons who conspire to commit robbery in the highway. [Moreno s Law Dict. 306. 750 (2000)]. kidnapping for ransom. and (c) that the purpose for which the offenders have grouped together is to commit robbery in the highway or to kidnap persons for extortion or ransom or for any other purpose to be attained by force or violence. Essential elements: (a) that there are at least 4 persons in the gang. RPC]. See Highway robbery. Brigand. RPC]. a visual image with the . and by fair argument on the facts and law of the case.
1. 1.intent that it be viewed by a person or persons. of Int. The transmission by wireless means for the public reception of sounds or of images or of representations thereof. he is strictly a middleman and for some purposes the agent of both parties. the negotiator between other parties. 3. It is predominantly a disease of the male sex. Broadcasting. One who is engaged. [Jimenez v. 1964]. [Sec. [Sec. Cancer of the lungs. [Sec. ECC. GR L-58176. 2. 23. for others. about 90% of all tumors occurring in men. Broadcasting organization. RA 8293]. In this sex. Rev. Bronchogenic carcinoma. The commonest primary malignant tumor of the lung and it is rapidly fatal if untreated. [Sec. RA 8293]. Broker. on a commission. it is . A natural person or a juridical entity duly authorized to engage in broadcasting. 202. GR L-17648. 202. but in the name of those who employed him. Mar. 2. 3. RA 9995]. RA 8799]. [Kuenzle & Streiff v.. Oct. such transmission by satellite is also Broadcasting where the means for decrypting are provided to the public by the broadcasting organization or with its consent. A person engaged in the business of buying and selling securities for the account of others. Comm. 31. negotiating contracts relative to property with the custody of which he has no concern. never acting in his own name. 1984].
Buangon. Computer software program for accessing and viewing the World Wide Web. [Moreno s Law Dict. A financial plan required to be prepared pursuant to Sec. [People v. ECC. 2000 Ed. [Intl. GR 106579. See Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas. p. [Montecillo v. 2004]. Tag. Gica. Sep. A vernacular word meaning witch.. See Monetary Board. 2. Chap. VIII of the Consti. Havana. Budget accountability. Vis. Art. EO 292]. Aug. obligations incurred. The fourth phase (in the govt. 1992]. Law Dict. 30. 1994]. BSP. reflective of national objectives. Foolish or stupid. 2. 16 (1) . 21.. Insane. [Sec. Vis. strategies and programs. [People v. personnel hired and work accomplished are compared with the targets set at the . 1991].. GR 55741. 11. 1.. BSP Monetary Board. 1974]. Bruha. Canillo. July 31. Book VI. Oct.the commonest cause of death from cancer. 56]. Browser. & Direct. 1. [Latagan v. Buang. Budget. GR L-36800. GR 68033. budgeting process which) refers to the evaluation of actual performance and initially approved work targets. Mentally defective.
[Guingona. Apr. the implementation of cash payment schedules. 1991]. Carague. the evaluation of work and financial plans for individual activities. Budgetary power of the President. and (d) budget accountability. Steps: The govt. 22. Budget preparation. The establishment of obligation authority ceilings. budgeting process consists of 4 major phases: (a) budget preparation. [Guingona. Tasked on the Executive. GR 94571. 1987 Consti. 22. The instruments used by the budget-making authority to present a comprehensive financial program to the appropriating body. Apr. 22. the regulation of funds releases. PD 477]. v. Carague. as the basis of the general appropriations bill. 1991]. Budget document. the third phase of the budget process (which) covers the various operational aspects of budgeting. a budget of expenditures and sources of financing. GR 94571. 1991]. v. including receipts from existing and proposed revenue measures. fiscal position. the continuing review of govt.]. Budget execution. Carague. Jr. GR 94571. Jr. [Sec. (c) budget execution. 22. v. Jr.time the agency budgets were approved. Apr. (b) legislative authorization. [Guingona. Art. VII. The first step . and other related activities comprise this phase of the budget cycle. Budgeting process. 14. [Sec. The power of the President to submit to the Congress within 30 days from the opening of the regular session.
(in the govt. budgeting process .
3. revenues. Build-and-transfer. plus a reasonable rate of return thereon. the determination of budgetary priorities and activities within the constraints imposed by available revenues and by borrowing limits. 4. A contractual arrangement whereby the project proponent undertakes the financing and construction of a given infrastructure or development facility and after its completion turns it over to the govt. RA 7586]. for security or strategic reasons. 22.which) is essentially tasked upon the Executive Branch and covers the estimation of govt. Carague. GR 94571. Each agency is required to submit agency budget estimates in line with the requirements consistent with the general ceilings set by the Development Budget Coordinating Council (DBCC). Apr. which shall pay the proponent on an agreed schedule its total investments expended on the project. must be operated directly by the . Buffer zones. v. RA 7581]. [Guingona. and the translation of desired priorities and activities into expenditure levels. This arrangement may be employed in the construction of any infrastructure or development project. [Sec. 1991]. (It) starts with the budget call issued by the DBM. Identified areas outside the boundaries of and immediately adjacent to designated protected areas pursuant to Sec. A contingent fund in the budget of the implementing agency which shall not be used in its normal or regular operations but only for purposes provided for in RA 7581. [Sec. including critical facilities which. Jr. Buffer fund. agency or LGU concerned. 8 of RA 7586 that need special development control in order to avoid or minimize harm to the protected area.
V. theaters. agency or LGU concerned. agency or LGU concerned on a lease arrangement for a fixed period after which ownership of the facility is automatically transferred to the govt. One who is unaware of any flaw in his title to the land at the time he builds on it. built for the purpose of being used as a man s dwelling. Sec. 48 Phil. citing Phil. 2001. Repr. Civil Code of the Phil. RA 7718]. A builder who builds knowing that the land does not belong to him and he has no right to build thereon. 2. II. Build-lease-and-transfer. [Bishop v. 536]. or for offices. [Sec. etc. clubs. 2. A contractual arrangement whereby a project proponent is authorized to finance and construct an infrastructure or development facility and upon its completion turns it over to the govt. 107. 57]. RA 6957]. A warehouse is not a building. [Tolentino. Build-operate-and-transfer.Government. CA. Building. Builder in good faith. [Sec. A contractual arrangement whereby .. 1992]. 2000 Ed. Poizat. p. A generic term for all architectural work with roof. GR 86787. Sugar Estate Devt. p. [Moreno s Law Dict. May 8. 2. RA 7718. Vol... Builder in bad faith.
operate and maintain an infrastructure or development facility from which the proponent is allowed to recover its total investment. Build-Operate-and-Transfer Law. Sec. [Sec. The project proponent transfers the facility to the govt.the project proponent undertakes the construction. Build-own-and-operate. Build-transfer-and-operate. RA 6957]. agency or LGU concerned at the end of the fixed term which shall not exceed 50 years: Provided. own. must be duly registered with the SEC and owned up to at least 60% by Filipinos. The project proponent operates the facility over the fixed term during which it is allowed to charge facility users appropriate tools. and for the other purposes. That in case of an infrastructure or development facility whose operation requires a public utility franchise. fees.An Act authorizing the financing. 2. of a given infrastructure facility. RA 7718. construction. A . RA 6957 entitled . rentals or other charges from facility users. 2. including financing. and the operation and maintenance thereof. fees. and operating and maintenance expenses in the project. rentals. A contractual arrangement whereby a project proponent is authorized to finance. operation and maintenance of infrastructure projects by the private sector. if a corporation. the proponent must be Filipino or. operating and maintenance costs plus a reasonable return thereon by collecting tolls. and charges not exceeding those proposed in its bid or as negotiated and incorporated in the contract to enable the project proponent to recover its investment. RA 7718]. 2. 1990. enacted on July 9. construct. [Sec.
RA 7621]. assuming cost overrun. HLURB Adm. Legal Med. 09. 3. diuretics. delay. The limiting line beyond which no bulkheads or solid fill may be extended. Bulimia nervosa. Structure serving to divide land and water areas. [Sec. 2. or both). Bulkhead line. In realty law. A disorder characterized by repeated episodes of binge eating followed by purging (self-induced vomiting or taking laxatives.. [Sec. Bulk buying. p. natural or juridical. Compare with Anorexia nervosa. [Sec. 1st Ed. (Sec. it refers to purchase by a person. rigorous dieting or excessive exercising to counteract the effects of bingeing. Series of 1994. RA 7718]. [Olarte. of more than one saleable lot or unit within an HLURBapproved subdivision for the purpose of reselling the same with or without introducing alteration on the approved plan.contractual arrangement whereby the public sector contracts out the building of an infrastructure facility to a private entity such that the contractor builds the facility on a turn-key basis. 4 (g). and specified performance risks. 139]. pursuant to PD 957) Bulkhead. Order No. . (2004). 1. RA 4663].
1. CA GR 83612. 12th Ed. The acquisition of all or a greater part of stock and fixtures of a business in a manner other than in the ordinary course of its business. Act 3952. 12th Ed. Bumubuwis. 348]. 1958.. 58].. 2001-2006]. p. which regulates the sale. [Torres. Logical necessity on a party during a particular time of the trial to create a prima facie case in his favor or to destroy that created against him by presenting evidence. transfer.. Bumping-off.. mortgage or assignment of goods. Tag. Bar Review Materials in Comm. Bulk Sales Law. A. Burden of evidence. [People v. (b) when the sale is of all or substantially all of the business.Bulk sale. (2002). 18].. provisions or materials. transfer or disposition is other than in the ordinary course. Lessee. 2000 Ed. merchandise. [Lufthansa German Airlines v. Also Sale in bulk. 18]. & Cont. 2. cited in Miravite. [Miravite. wares. Refusal to carry or transport a passenger. . Oblig. (2002). Law. Nov. 2000 Ed. 1989]. [Suggested answer to Bar 1947. 24.. Mar. p. and (c) when the sale is of all or substantially all of the fixtures and equipment. [Claridades. in bulk. [Moreno s Law Dict. 16. A worthless check or a check that is dishonored upon its presentment for payment. p. Compilation of Notes. Bar Review Materials in Comm. GR 76262-63. as amended by RA 111. Law. Laggui. Bum check. p. A sale is considered to be in bulk: (a) when the sale. 1994]..
. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). Any principal subdivision or unit of any department. Bureau. 2. It deals with which side must establish a point or points. 4) enforce tariff and customs laws. as in the case of department-wide regional offices. [Sec. Bureau of Customs (BOC).. . 6) control import and export cargoes. the prosecution has the burden of proving the accused guilt because innocence is presumed. 5) control the handling of foreign mails for revenues and prevention purposes. in criminal trials. regardless of actual name or designation. 2. In the law of evidence. Admin. This shall include any principal subdivision or unit of any instrumentality given or assigned the rank of a bureau. The responsibility of proving a point (the burden of proof). A bureau of the DOF specifically mandated to 1) assess and collect lawful revenues.Burden of proof. A. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. 6)it is given jurisdiction over forfeiture and seizure cases. 2) prevent smuggling and other frauds. [Claridades. 2004]. 3) control vessels and aircrafts engaged in foreign trade. A rule of evidence that makes a person prove a certain thing or the contrary will be assumed by the court. 1. Code of 1987]. and lastly. For example. 2006-2011]. 2004]. Compilation of Notes. the necessity or duty of affirmatively proving a fact or facts in dispute on an issue raised between the parties in a lawsuit.
Crim. A. [Art. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se).0 tons or more with any number of wheels and axles. . which is generally accepted and specially designed for mass or public transportation. The felony committed by any person guilty of arson or causing great destruction of the property belonging to another. RPC]. 89. The act of illegal entry with the intent to steal. Trade or commercial activity regularly engaged in as a means of livelihood or with a view to profit. [Sec. Burial grounds. A motor vehicle of any configuration with gross vehicle weight of 4. Cemetery. tomb or the sea. Bus. 89. Burial. PD 856]. Compilation of Notes. An attached agency of the DOF which collects more than 1/2 of the total revenues of the Phil. [Sec. [RA 9224]. 2004]. memorial park of any place duly authorized by law for permanent disposal of the dead. 325. RA 7160]. Interment of remains in a grave. Burglary. government. PD 856]. Business. even though he shall have set fire to or destroyed his own property for the purposes of committing the crime. 2006-2011]..Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR). [Sec. Law. Burning one's own property as means to commit arson. [Claridades. 131.
. RA 6971]. [Moreno s Law Dict. The earnings or profits made by companies. or assembly of goods. p.. Business goodwill. 1931. 2004]. and for other purposes. Business income. The advantage acquired by any product or services because of general encouragement and patronage of the public. & Direct.An Act to regulate the use in business transactions of names other than true names. Industrial. Business tax.Business agent. See also Company goodwill and Goodwill. enacted on Nov. Act 3883 entitled . prescribing the duties of the Director of the Bureau of Commerce and Industry in its enforcement. Business Name Law. PD 426]. or private detective agencies. A tax imposed by the municipality on business. providing penalties for violation thereof. agricultural. duly certified as such by appropriate govt. [Sec. [Sec. including service-oriented enterprises.. Law Dict.. repacking. agencies. This is generated when the client-public regard favorably the product or services turned out by the business concern. Business enterprise. 2000 Ed. All persons who act as agent of others in the transaction of business with any public officer. 14. or agro-industrial establishments engaged in the production manufacturing. 4. Also Agente de negocios. advertising. 59]. 1. as well as those who conduct collecting. 143 of RA 7160 or the Local Govt. employment. under Art. processing. [Intl.
Any contract to buy. citing Panganiban Diksyunaryo Tesauro Pilipino-Ingles. [Sec.Code of 1991. including the building and other improvements. 2. Buy-bust operation. GR 172019. A form of entrapment employed by peace officers to catch a malefactor in flagrante delicto. The employment of such ways and means for the purpose of trapping or capturing a law breaker. Compilation of Notes. 1993]. . 1988. or otherwise acquire for a valuable consideration a subdivision lot. 6. Buy and purchase. PD 1612]. A. Cabugatan. A. [People v. Sec. The transaction whereby one purchases used secondhand articles for the purpose of resale to third persons. 2007. (10). [Sec. Yumang. It has been proven to be an effective way of unveiling the identities of drug dealers and of luring them out of obscurity. A common and accepted mode of apprehending those involved in illegal sale of prohibited or regulated drugs. Tract of land (especially rice land) leased under a cropsharer. Buwisan. 2. if any. [Magno-Adamos v.. RA 7183]. Buy and sell. 515 SCRA 537. [Claridades. May 17. [People v. 2. [IRR. GR L-63671. 2001-2006]. purchase. Butterfly. 3. Bagasao. 12 Feb. 547]. in a subdivision project or a condominium unit in a condominium project. Tag. PD 957]. GR 94977. 207]. Butterfly-shaped pyrotechnic device designed to lift above ground while providing light. 1. p. June 28.
By-laws or bylaws. and for the regulation of conduct which prescribe the rights and duties of its stockholders or members towards itself and among themselves in reference to the management of its affairs. 2001-2006]. See Purchaser in good faith and for value. RA 9147]. GR 152992. 2. 1. who has had prior possession therefrom. 1. [David v. 5. See Puffing. in raw or in processed form. They include every situation or condition under which one person can wrongfully enter upon real property and exclude another. Sep. strategy or stealth. By force. A. Compilation of Notes. By-product or derivatives. Any part taken or substance extracted from wildlife. Law. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se). intimidation. [Sec. By-bidding. The rules of action adopted by a corporation for its internal govt. 464 SCRA 384]. 29. Corp. [Tejada v. Rules or laws adopted by an association or corporation to govern its actions. Any part taken or substance extracted from wildlife. July 28. 1989]. Anyone who purchases anything for money. GR 79622. 2005. threat. 2004].Buyer. in raw or in processed form including .. 2. Cordova. This includes stuffed animals and herbarium specimens. [Claridades. Homestead Property Corp. Buyer in good faith and for value.
The only exception here is where the employer has to file a petition for certification election pursuant to Art. Inc. v. . Bystander rule. [Rules of Procedure for Environmental Cases. July 3. [Phil. AM 09-6-8SC.. Fruits and Vegetable Ind. 1992]. GR 92391. The rule that a certification election is the sole concern of the workers and the employer is regarded as nothing more than a bystander with no right to interfere at all in the election. 2010]. Torres. 258 of the Labor Code because it is requested to bargain collectively. Apr.stuffed animals and herbarium specimens. 29. Labor.
Court of Appeals. A person or group or persons or to a labor group which. created pursuant to the provisions of this RA 9497.. 2000 Ed. Labor contractor. CAAP. a horse shed. [Sec. supplies workers to an employer. A stable.C - C & F. 2000 Ed. [Moreno s Law Dict. [Moreno s Law Dict. or any other fee paid on. Cabaret or dance hall. Civil Aviation Authority of the Phils. 3.. in the guise of a labor organization. IRR of LC]. and where professional hostesses or dancers are employed. Cabo. 1. 2. 61]. Cadastral proceeding.]. 1.. See Cost and freight. A collector of bets from other collectors relative to the game of jueteng. Cabalieriza. 1.. p. [Ibid. p. Any place or establishment where dance is permitted to the public in consideration of any admission. A land registration proceeding instituted by the govt. CA.. 61]. Rule 1. entrance. with or without any monetary or other consideration whether in the capacity of an agent of the employer or as an ostensible independent contractor. before or after the dancing. which does not assert ownership over the land but merely provokes the issue for the . PD 426]. Book 5. [Sec.
Compilation of Notes.. Cadet room.. p. of Laws. [Claridades. Caduciary rights. Sec. (1996).. of Lands v. 8th Ed. furnished with simple facilities. 19. [Moreno s Law Dict.. GR 79684.. 1. [Moreno s Law Dict. Conf. A plain room in a ship to accommodate a cadet or trainee working for a merchant marine license. [Paras. 62]. of ENR. 2006-2011]. a trainee working to gain a merchant marine license (e. Conflict of Laws. In maritime parlance.. [Dir. The claims of the sovereign or other public authority of a country in which the deceased s property is situated to that property on failure of all persons entitled to . 329]. Cadastral survey.. Cadastral system. Compare with Mapping projects. 2000 Ed. The right of the state to claim through escheat proceedings the properties of decedents who are not survived by any heirs. A numerical survey to which the entire area of the municipality is subjected and which results in the preparation of complete survey returns and technical descriptions of individual lots necessary for registration purposes. A. Compilation of Notes.g. 62]. 2000 Ed. p. [Claridades. The system of identifying and adjudicating disputes involving ownership or possession of lands in a given area or municipality for the purpose of quieting titles therein and their incorporation into the Torrens system. 2. Cadet. 1991]. p. Feb.settlement and adjudication of power. for third mate). 2001-2006]. A. Phil.
claim under the appropriate law. [Ibid., citing Graveson, Conflict of Laws, p. 324].
Calendar. A list of cases scheduled for hearing in court. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se), 2004].
Calendar year. It shall cover the period from Jan. 1 to Dec. 31. [Sec. 1, EO 206, June 30, 1987]. Compare with Fiscal year.
Calibrated preemptive response (CPR). A catchphrase pertaining to a court-nullified crowd dispersal enforcement policy which is characterized by a measured response by the military, police and other law enforcement authorities to break up an unlawful public assembly or rally depending on the extent of provocation or disorderly behavior demonstrated by its participants. [KMP v. Ermita, GR 169838, Apr. 25, 2006].
Calvo clause. Intl. Law. A stipulation by virtue of which an alien waives or restricts his right to appeal to his own state in connection with any claim arising from a contract with a foreign state and limits himself to the remedies available under the laws of that state. [Cruz, Intl. Law Reviewer, 1996 Ed., p. 110].
Camino vecinal. Sp. A municipal road (and) also property for public use. [Sps. Pilapil v. CA, GR 97619. Nov. 26, 1992].
Camison. Sp. Underwear. [People v. Gamao, GR L-19347. Feb. 27, 1968].
Camison de baño. Sp. A chemise. [Moreno s Law Dict., 2000 Ed., p. 62].
Campaign. A connected series of operations to bring about some desired result. [Gonzales v. Comelec, GR L-27833. Apr. 18, 1969].
Cancellation. It includes the act of tearing, erasing, obliterating, or burning. It is not limited to writing the word .cancelled., or .paid., or drawing of criss-cross lines across the instrument. It may be made by any other means by which the intention to cancel the instrument may be evident. [Claridades, A., Compilation of Notes, 2001-2006].
Cancellation proceeding. The process leading to the revocation of the registration certificate of a labor organization after due process. [Sec. 1, Rule 1, Book 5, IRR of LC].
Cancelled plan. A plan that can no longer be reinstated by reason of delinquency in the payment of installments for more than 2 years or a longer period as provided in the contract, counted from the expiry of the grace period provided for in the plan or contract. [Sec. 4, RA 9829].
Cancer. Derived from the Latin word Cancer which means Crab; in the medical sense, it refers to a malignant, usually fatal, tumor or growth. [Vda. De Laron v. WCC, GR L-43344. Sep. 29, 1976, citing Schmidt's Atty. s Dict. of Med., 1965 Sup. 143].
Candela. The base unit of luminous intensity which is the luminous
intensity, in the perpendicular direction, of a surface of 1 / 600 000 square metre of a blackbody at the temperature of freezing platinum under a pressure of 101 325 newtons per square metre. [Sec. 4, BP 8].
Candidate. Pol. Law. A person who actually submits himself and is voted for at our election. [Santos v. Miranda, 35 Phil. 643, 648 (1916) citing State v. Hirsch, 125 Ind., 207; 9 L.R.A. 107; Moreno, Phil. Law Dict., 1972 2nd Ed., p. 84)
Cannabis. Commonly known as Marijuana or Indian Hemp or by its any other name. The term embraces every kind, class, genus, or specie of the plant Cannabis sativa L. including, but not limited to, Cannabis americana, hashish, bhang, guaza, churrus and ganjab, and embraces every kind, class and character of marijuana, whether dried or fresh and flowering, flowering or fruiting tops, or any part or portion of the plant and seeds thereof, and all its geographic varieties, whether as a reefer, resin, extract, tincture or in any form whatsoever. [Sec 3, RA 9165].
Canon law. The law of the Christian Church. Has little or no legal effect today. Canon law refers to that body of law which has been set by the Christian Church and which, in virtually all places, is not binding upon citizens and has virtually no recognition in the judicial system. [Duhaime's Legal Dict., 2004]. Also known as Ecclesiastical law.
Canopy or marquee. A permanent roofed structure above a door attached to and supported by the building and projecting over a wall or sidewalk. This includes any object or decoration attached thereto.
[Sec. 1203, PD 1096].
Canvass proceedings. The consolidation of precinct election results for the Offices of the President and Vice President at the municipal, city, or district level; district election results at the municipal or city level; municipal or city election results at the provincial level; and provincial election results at the national level, specifically Congress, including the formal proclamation of the winners in the elections. [The 2010 Rules of the PET, Rule 2, AM 10-4-29-SC, May 4, 2010].
Canvass, sealed. One offer is received by official in a sealed like. [IRR on Supply per Sec. 383, LGC].
wherein an the authorized envelope or the & Prop. Mgt.,
Capability building. The process of enhancing the viability and sustainability of micro finance institutions through activities that include training in micro finance technologies, upgrading of accounting and auditing systems, technical assistance for the installation or improvement of management information systems, monitoring of loans and other related activities. [Sec. 3, RA 8425].
Capable of pecuniary estimation. [Where the claim] is primarily for the recovery of a sum of money. [Raymundo v. CA, 213 SCRA 457 (1992)]. Compare with Incapable of pecuniary estimation.
Capacity. 1. Under the law, the ability of a person to take a recognized legal action. Also, it is the natural power or competency to perform an act, as capacity to contract, etc. [Torres, Oblig. & Cont., 2000 Ed., p. 348]. 2. A legal qualification (e.g., age) that determines if one is capable, under the law, of entering into a legal relationship, for instance, entering into a binding contract. [Tetley, Glossary of Conflict of Laws, 2004]. 3. A combination of all strengths and resources available within a community, society or organization that can reduce the level of risk, or effects of a disaster. Capacity may include infrastructure and physical means, institutions, societal coping abilities, as well as human knowledge, skills and collective attributes such as social relationships, leadership and management. Capacity may also be described as capability. [Sec. 3, RA 10121].
Capacity to act. The power to do acts with legal effect. [Art. 37, CC]. Compare with Juridical capacity.
Capacity to sue. See Legal capacity to sue.
Capataz. Sp. Supervisor of the hacienda. [Moreno s Law Dict., 2000 Ed., p. 62].
Capias ad satisfaciendum. Lat. That you take to satisfy. At common law, the writ through which money judgments arising from actions for the recovery of a debt or for damages from breach of a contract could be enforced against the person or body of the debtor. By means of this writ, a debtor could be seized and imprisoned at the
]. 18. or b) property held by the taxpayer primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of his trade or business. [Lozano v. 414. or c) property used in the trade or business of a character which is subject to the allowance for depreciation provided in subsection (F) of Sec. Capital. Property held by the taxpayer (whether or not connected with his trade or business). the term refers to that portion of the net assets paid by the stockholders as consideration for the shares issued to them which is utilized for the prosecution of the business of the corporation. 34 of the . Compare with Capital stock and Legal capital. Code of the Phil.instance of the creditor until he makes the satisfaction awarded. 1986]. A fund or property existing at one distinct point in time while income denotes a flow of wealth during a definite period of time.. GR L-63419. In the strict sense. Rafferty. 54]. 1989 Ed. but does not include a) stock in trade of the taxpayer or other property of a kind which would properly be included in the inventory of the taxpayer if on hand at the close of the taxable year. Dec. It includes the amount invested by the stockholders plus the undistributed earnings less losses and expenses. 2. Martinez. Annotated. [De Leon. 1. p. Law. 418-419 (1918). Corp. [See Madrigal v. Capital asset. 38 Phil. Corp. It is used broadly to indicate the entire property or assets of the corporation.
bir. as amended]. See Capital outlays. 24. or other disposition of capital assets located in the Phils. Dec. [www.bir. but does not include stock in trade of the taxpayer or other property of a kind which would properly be included in the inventory of the taxpayer if on hand at the close of the taxable year. Property held by the taxpayer (whether or not connected with his trade or business). corporation.ph. 24.. & Direct. NIRC.. or property used in the trade or business. Law Dict. or real property used in trade or business of the taxpayer.NIRC. The capital which a person employs in any undertaking. Capital gains. RA 7160]. Capital gains tax (CGT). Capital investment. Increases in the value of capital or other long-term investments. 131. of a character which is subject to the allowance for depreciation.ph. exchange.gov. [www. . [Intl. or which he contributes to the capital of a partnership. or d) real property used in trade or business of the taxpayer. Dec. [Sec. Capital expenditures. or property held by the taxpayer primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of his trade or business. 39. 2010]. 2004]. A tax imposed on the gains presumed to have been realized by the seller from the sale. or any other juridical entity or association in a particular taxing jurisdiction.gov. 2010]. including pacto de retro sales and other forms of conditional sale. Capital assets. [Sec.
The partner who contributes money or property to the partnership. 1.. An appropriation for the purchase of goods and services. 2. including investments in the capital of GOCCs and their subsidiaries. 1992. under the law existing at the time of its commission. GR L-51009. to Law. in the case of a partnership or single proprietorship. June 10. Rule 7. See Financier. Sec. Book 3. citing Black's Law Dict. [Suarez.. and at the time of the application to be admitted to bail. debentures. Compare with Industrial partner. RA 6727. An offense which. 1995. Capitalization.Capitalist. Capitalist partner. 2. Paid-up capital. Clave. 120]. preferred and common stock and surplus. Chap. 1. Intro. 2. Book VI. Also Capital expenditures. 1. 4. [IRR. may be punished with death. Capital outlays. concerned. The purchase of goods and services of a lifeexpectancy extending beyond the fiscal year and which add to the assets of the local govt. . [Sec. RoC]. and total invested capital. in the case of a corporation. It may include bonds. [Luzon Polymers Corp. 1. 190]. 5th Ed. p. 3rd Ed. [Sec. IRR of LC]. p. Rule 114. v. That which represents the total amount of the various securities issued by a corporation. Capital offense.. EO 292]. the benefits of which extend beyond the fiscal year and which add to the assets of the Government.
forts or . City of Iloilo. 1968. family. Capitation or poll taxes. The most severe of all sentences: that of death. resident within a specified territory. 66-67]. [Sec. 1989 Ed. Annotated.. Corp. 28. 14.except furniture and normal govt. RA 9241]. or other means. [De Leon. The amount fixed in the articles of incorporation to be subscribed and paid in or agreed to be paid in by the shareholders of a corporation in money. operations. Capitulation. property. Capital punishment. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. is negotiated with a health care provider who shall be responsible in delivering or arranging for the delivery of health services required by the covered person under the conditions of a health care provider contract. Capitation. without regard to their property or the occupations in which they may be engaged. A payment mechanism where a fixed rate. Capital stock. 52]. 2004]. Law. Corp. whether per person. such contributions being made either directly through stock subscription or indirectly through the declaration of stock dividends. Code of the Phil. services. Jur. household or group. 1. The surrender of military troops. Intl. p. PD 477]. Dec. or upon all the persons of a certain class. Compare with Capital. citing 51 Am. Law. Taxes of a fixed amount upon all persons. [Sec. GR L-26521.. Also known as the Death penalty. at the organization of the corporation or afterwards and upon which it is to conduct its business. [Villanueva v.
[Sec. [Cruz. RA 9136]. Law Reviewer. 1. GR 124354. Apr. Captive market. CAR. p. Under the 1935 Consti. Electricity endusers who do not have the choice of a supplier of electricity. See Certificate Authorizing Registration. Caption. Captain-of-the-ship doctrine.districts in accordance with the rules of military honor. film. RA 9995]. as may be determined by the Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) in accordance with RA 9136. 3. and the docket number if assigned. The process of producing individuals under controlled conditions or with human interventions. Rule 7. [Sec. 1. 5. the title of the action. 4. 2004]. or broadcast. those born in the Phils. photograph. 11. Intl. culture or propagation. With respect to an image. 2002]. Caram rule. Capture. The part of a pleading that sets forth the name of the court. [Sec. to videotape. RA 9147]. [Glossary of Legal Terms (Pro-Se).. record by any means. Heading or introductory party of a pleading. [Ramos v.. of foreign . [Sec. RoC]. 2. 1996 Ed. CA. 144]. The doctrine under which a surgeon is likened to a captain of the ship in that it is duty to control everything going on in the operating room. Captive-breeding.
Career Executive Service Board (CESB). civil service. Mgt. [www. Care." It is also a public personnel system program but separate from the program for the first 2 levels of positions in the Phil.cesboard.gov. interest and safety to supplies or property. 2010]. 9. The governing body of the CES. Cardiac tamponade. LGC]. The third level or the managerial class in the group of career positions in the Phil. 2006-2011]. It was created by PD 1 to "form a continuing pool of well-selected and development-oriented career administrators who shall provide competent and faithful service. 21. Mechanical compression of the heart by large amounts of fluid or blood within the pericardial space that limits the normal range of motion and function of the heart. . who before the adoption of the Consti. compensation and career development of members of the CES. Career Executive Service (CES). [People v. the act of giving attention.. civil service. [Claridades.gov. GR 100909. It is mandated to promulgate rules standards and procedures on the selection.].. 383.. The proper use and maintenance of supplies or property. 1992. are considered Filipino citizens. 9. Oct.ph Nov. citing Webster's 3rd New Intl.parent.ph Nov. Tena. Dict. [cesboard. had been elected to public office in the Phils. per Sec. A. [IRR on Supply & Prop. 2010]. classification. Compilation of Notes.
1915]. wares. but not limited to cranes. articles. on board the vessel at the port or in the terminal or container yard such as. All goods. passengers or immigrants and their baggage. [US v. replacement parts. except such things as are used or intended for use in connection with the management or direction of the vessel. and merchandise aboard ship which do not form part of the ship's stores. [www. GR 9235. perhaps. 9. Steamship Rubi. supplies and . 17. Cargo. citing Sec. they can be reassigned or transferred from one CES position to another and from one office to another but not oftener than once every 2 years. pallet boards and the like. Cargo handling equipment. As such. appurtenances accessories. 291). effects. tractor heads. wares. gear or equipment used by the ship operator or a duly authorized and licensed port operator to service or handle cargo. The entire lading of the ship which carries it and includes all goods. top lifts. found on board. merchandise. 2. containers. and except also. and are not intended for delivery at any port of call. forklifts.ph Nov.Career Executive Service Officers (CESOs).gov. Steamship Islas Filipinas (28 Phil.cesboard. stackers. 1. [Persons] appointed to ranks and only assigned to CES positions. including all spare parts. [US v. and indeed everything of every kind or description. 77 of Act 355]. Nov. 2010]. Any machinery.
193]. v. GR 81477.. [Sec. 1. or by using force upon things. as principal or agent. PD 426]. such air transportation of cargo. or by means of violence against or intimidation of persons. That the taking is without the consent of the owner thereof. sells or offers for sale any air transportation of cargo.materials thereof. A modest cafeteria. 3. Carinderia.. RA 9295]. That there is an actual taking of the vehicle. May 24. [Sec. That the vehicle belongs to a person other than the offender himself. Any public eating place where foods already cooked are served at a price. or negotiates for. Apr. sexual intercourse. 19. Alib. RA 6539]. 3. [Sec. 1993. [Sec. 4. furnishes. The taking. 5th Ed. who. citing Black's Law Dict. Carnapping. 1. or that the taking was committed by . Elements: 1. NLRC. Cargo sales agent. Corp. [People v. PD 1462]. of a motor vehicle belonging to another without the latter's consent. 2. or holds himself out by solicitation. The act of a man having sexual bodily connections with a woman. [Dentech Mfg. Carnapping. with intent to gain. Any person who does not directly operate an aircraft for the purpose of engaging in air transportation or air commerce and not a bonafide employee of an air carrier. 1989]. That the offender intends to gain from the taking of the vehicle. provides. advertisement. or otherwise as one who sells. GR 100232. 2. 2. 1. contracts or arranges for. Carnal knowledge.
GR 75118. Any sort or craft or other artificial contrivance used. Compilation of Notes. A contract whereby a person. 3. . [Sec. or by using force upon things. See Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law. 2010]. air or water. US Public Act 521 which was made applicable to all contracts for the carriage of goods by sea to and from Phil.means of violence against or intimidation of persons. 2. See Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program. [Claridades. IAC. goods. 31. natural or juridical. CARP. capable of being used as means of transportation in land. RA 7942]. Roxas. [Sea-Land Service v. A. water or air. 22. from one place to another. obligates to transport persons. 1987]. Carriage or transportation contract. Carrier. Aug. 17. Carrying capacity.. It is a relationship which is imbued with public interest. CARL. by land. [People v. Carriage of Goods by Sea Act (COGSA). [Sec. Aug. 1936. GR 172604. ports in foreign trade by CA 65. The capacity of natural and human environments to accommodate and absorb change without experiencing conditions of instability and attendant degradation. PD 1433]. for a price or compensation. 2001-2006]. or both. enacted on Oct.
[Moreno s Law Dict. importers and / or dealers. pricing and marketing of goods by its members. A vessel sailing under a safe conduct for the purpose of carrying prisoners of war. Intl. Intl. or allocate markets. 142].. 1996 Ed. 63]. 1996 Ed. p. Law. 11. Intl. Cartel. [Intl. [Cruz. and the exchange of prisoners. or their representatives. Cartelization. [Cruz.. Law Dict. Unlike a photograph. An agreement to regulate intercourse during war on such matters as postal and telegraphic communication. (Pursuing) the occupation or employment as a livelihood or source of profit and it must be a series of acts rather than the doing of a single act pertaining to the particular business. either by products or by areas... RA 8479]. Law Reviewer. . 2. Law. 459 Phil. Cartel ship.. Cartographic sketch. Law Reviewer. 194 (2003)]. [it] is only intended to give the law enforcers a general idea of the likeness of a suspect and is never expected to exactly resemble his actual facial appearance. restrict outputs or divide markets. 2000 Ed. the reception of flags of truce. 1. p. 142]. Intl. either by products or by areas. to fix prices. 187. p. [Sec. & Direct. Even the description of the suspect given in the cartographic sketch may not be unerringly exact.Carrying on business. Lee Hoi Ming. A combination of independent business firms organized to regulate the production. combination or concerted action by refiners. 2004]. Any agreement. in restraint of trade or free competition. [People v. including any contractual stipulation which prescribes pricing levels and profit margins.
contributes a large part of the legal rules which apply in modern society. . May 4. Case Administration System. AM 10-4-20-SC. [Claridades. 2000 Ed. The case being heard before an appellate court. entry of judgment. 2006-2011]. The system in which pleadings. 2006-2011]. Compilation of Notes. redress or punishment of wrongs. 2010]. [The Internal Rules of the Sup. 1. decisions. The claims of a litigant brought before the court for determination by such regular proceedings as are established by law or custom for the protection or enforcement of rights.. resolutions. Case at bench. because of stare decisis.e. The entire collection of published legal decisions of the courts which. 2.R. the case that is currently the subject of a particular trial or judicial proceeding. 2004].. Compilation of Notes. A. [Moreno s Law Dict.. and all the relevant information regarding any particular case identified by a G. Case at bar. number or a UDK number shall be encoded. The case being tried by the trial court in the exercise of its jurisdiction.. [Duhaime's Legal Dict. i. Court.. p. Case law.Case. The word jurisprudence has become synonymous for case law. [Claridades. letters. 63]. or the prevention.. A.
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