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Midterm Exam Exam #

AP US History
PART ONE: Multiple Choice (1.5 points each) You will have roughly 45 minutes to answer 60 questions. Answer each of the following questions with the best possible answer provide.
1) King James I opposed the Separatists who wanted to break away entirely from the Church of England because he a. Realized that if his subjects could defy him as their spiritual leader, they could defy him as their political leader b. Strongly believed in the concept of visible saints c. Never understood the political implications of their actions d. Believed that they were turning their backs on the true Calvinist faith 2) King Philips War resulted in a. The lasting defeat of New Englands Indians b. Frances moving into Canada c. The formation of a powerful alliance among the Indians to resist the English d. The last victory for the Indians 3) As a result of Bacons rebellion a. African slavery was reduced b. Planters began to look for less troublesome laborers c. Governor Berkeley was dismissed from office d. Nathaniel Bacon was named to head the Virginia militia 4) The summoning of Virginias House of Burgesses marked an important precedent because it a. Failed b. Was abolished by King James I c. Was the first of many mini parliaments to convene in America d. Forced King James I to revoke the colonys royal charter and grant it selfgovernment 5) Among the Puritans, it was understood that a. They would establish democratic government in America b. Clergymen would hold the most powerful political office c. The purpose of government was to enforce Gods laws d. All adult white landowners could vote for political leaders

6) The result of the Second Anglo-Powhatan War in 1644 can best be described as a. Halting white settlement on the frontier b. Returning the Chesapeake Indians to their ancestral lands c. Making peaceful coexistence possible between the European and native peoples d. Ending any chance of assimilating the native peoples into Virginia society 7) Anne Hutchinson was banished from Massachusetts and excommunicated from the Puritan Church in 1637 because a. She embraced the Quaker ideas of William Penn b. She argued that a covenant of works was superfluous because an individuals efforts to gain salvation through good works was inadequate in comparison to Gods covenant of grace, that is, salvation as a free gift of God c. She defended freedom of religion of all, including Catholics, Quakers, and Jews d. She challenged the political authorities by seeking elected political office, in spite of the fact that women could not vote 8) Prior to the revolution one feature of the American economy that strained the relationship between the colonies and Britain was the a. British demand to halt the importation of slaves b. Growing desire of Americans to trade with other nations in addition to Britain c. Lack of any British regulations regarding trade with foreign nations d. British rejection of the Molasses Act 9) During a generation of peace following Queen Annes War (1713) Britain provided its American colonies with a. A large military presence for protection b. Decades of salutary neglect c. Higher taxes passed by Parliament d. Stronger parliamentary direction 10) The Navigation Acts were part of the British policy know as a. Mercantilism b. Imperialism c. Isolationism d. Monopolism 11) Jacksonian Democracy was distinguished by the belief that a. An aristocracy posed no danger to the Republic b. The National Republicans alone knew what was right for the people c. Political participation by the common man should be increased d. Political rights should be granted to women

12) President Monroe articulated the Monroe Doctrine in his 1823 address to Congress primarily in order to a. Respond positively to the recent Latin American revolutions b. Rule out US involvement in South America c. Provide a rationale for US intervention in the Isthmus of Panama d. Warn European nations against further colonial ventures in the Western Hemisphere 13) Which of the following transportation developments opened the West to settlement and trade between 1790 and 1830? a. Turnpikes and Canals b. Railroads and steamships c. Turnpikes and railroads d. Canals and Railroads 14) Which of the following best describes the situation of freedmen in the decade following the Civil War? a. Each was given 40 acres of land and a mule by the Union government b. All were immediately granted political equality by the Emancipation Proclamation c. The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters d. They were required to pass a literacy test before being granted US citizenship 15) Which of the following was a serious constitutional question after the Civil War? a. The restoration of the power of the federal judiciary b. The legality of the national banking system c. The political and legal status of the former Confederate states d. The relationship between the US and Britain 16) The Dutch settled New Netherland primarily to a. Secure a refuge for the persecuted b. Check the growth of English colonies in North America c. Expand their commercial and mercantile network d. Gain colonies to produce agricultural surpluses 17) France negotiated a treaty of alliance with the new American nation in 1778 following a. The defeat of the British General Burgoyne at Saratoga b. American naval victories on the Great Lakes c. The dispatch of an American peace mission to Britain d. An ultimatum by American diplomats 18) Which of the following is true of the case of Marbury v Madison?

a. It established that Congress had the sole right to formulate national legislation b. It supported Thomas Jefferson in his claim to have executive review c. It backed William Marbury in his request for a bank charter d. It affirmed the principle of judicial review 19) All of the following accurately describe Jeffersons purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France EXCEPT: a. It opened the Mississippi River permanently to western farmers b. It violated Jeffersons own views concerning the strict construction of the Constitution c. It ended the threat of American Indian raids on western settlements d. It was made possible by the failure of Napoleons forces to suppress a slave revolt in Haiti 20) President Jackson resisted the admission of Texas into the Union in 1836 primarily because he a. Acknowledged the legitimacy of the Mexican government claim to Texas b. Feared the debate over the admission of Texas would ignite controversy about slavery c. Was ideologically opposed to territorial expansion d. Could find no support within his own party for admitting Texas 21) The Republican Party originated in the mid-1850s as a sectional party committed to which of the following? a. Opposition to the further extension of slavery into the territories b. Immediate emancipation of the slaves c. Restriction of immigration d. Acknowledgement of popular sovereignty as the basis for organizing federal territories 22) In which of the following British North American colonies was slavery legally established by the early 1700s? a. The southern colonies only b. The middle and southern colonies only c. All the colonies except Pennsylvania and the New England colonies d. All of the colonies 23) In the United States, the Haitian rebellion of the 1790s prompted a. The acquisition of Puerto Rico for colonization by emancipated slaves b. A movement of free African American to Haiti c. The passage of a federal law increasing the severity of punishments for slave rebellions d. An increased fear of slave revolts in the South

24) Which of the following statements about African Americans soldiers during the Civil War is correct? a. They were primarily engaged in military campaign west of the Mississippi b. They were limited to noncombat duty c. They were barred from receiving awards for valor in combat d. For most of the war, they were paid less than White soldiers of equal rank 25) Prior to the Civil War, a transformation occurred in the workforce of the New England textile mills as New England farm girls were replaced by a. French-Canadian immigrants b. Freed African Americans from the South c. Irish immigrants d. German immigrants e. Italian immigrants 26) Which of the following was true of the United States Constitution as adopted at Constitutional Convention? a. It was built on a series of compromises b. It provided exact specifications covering all aspects of government c. It was a revised version of the English Constitution d. It allowed all male citizens over the age of twenty-one to vote 27) The Jefferson administration advocated which of the following changes as a means of restoring republican ideals? a. Abolishing the Bank of the US b. Reducing the scope of activities of the federal government c. Adopting the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions at the national level d. Increasing the size of the US military 28) The Wilmot Proviso specifically provided for a. The prohibition of slavery in Louisiana Purchase territory b. The primacy of federal law over state-legislated Black Codes c. Federal return of fugitive slaves d. The prohibition of slavery in lands acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War 29) The majority of White families in the antebellum South owned a. More than 100 slaves b. 10 to 50 slaves c. 5 to 10 slaves d. No slaves 30) The Missouri Compromise did which of the following? a. Prohibited slavery in all the territory of the Louisiana Purchase

b. Provided for admission to the Union for all future slave states in pairs of one free, and one slave c. Allowed Maine to enter the Union as a free state d. Finally settled the question of congressional power over slavery in the territories 31) Alexander Hamiltons financial program was most favorable to a. Western Farmers b. War Veterans c. Southern Planters d. Eastern Bankers 32) The goal of the American Colonization Society was to a. Return freed slaves to Africa b. Promote western expansion by funding internal improvements c. Extend US influence to overseas colonies d. Assimilate recent immigrants into American society 33) The most unpopular and least successful of President Thomas Jeffersons policies was his a. Advocacy of territorial expansion b. Handling of the Barbary Coast pirates c. Reduction of the size of the military d. Adherence to neutrality in dealing with England and France 34) Which of the following principles was established by the Dred Scott decision? a. Congress could abolish slavery at will b. Slaves residing in a free state automatically become free c. National legislation could not limit the spread of slavery in the territories d. The rights of all people are protected by the Constitution 35) The Compromise of 1850 did which of the following? a. Admitted Texas to the Union as a slave state b. Admitted California to the Union under the principles of popular sovereignty c. Prohibited slavery in the District of Columbia d. Enacted a stringent fugitive slave law 36) Which of the following was true of most Puritans who immigrated to seventeenthcentury New England? a. They had renounced the Church of England b. They rejected the authority of the English king c. They considered themselves non-Separatists d. They approved of the Crowns religious policy

37) The Federalist papers challenged the conventional political wisdom of the eighteenth century when they asserted that a. A republican form of government could succeed only in small countries b. Limitations on the popular will led to tyranny c. A weak central government was the only guarantee of individual rights d. A large republic offered the best protection of minority rights 38) Which of the following statements about African brought as slaves to the British North American colonies is true? a. They were the primary labor source for plantations in the Chesapeake by 1630 b. They had a much lower life expectancy in the Chesapeake than in South Carolina c. They greatly outnumbered Europeans in every colony south of the Mason-Dixon Line by 1776 d. They maintained cultural practices brought from Africa 39) Pinckneys Treaty with Spain is considered a diplomatic highlight of Washingtons administration because it a. Allowed the US to use the port of New Orleans b. Ceded Florida to the US c. Invited Americans to settle in Texas d. Opened Spanish Caribbean port to American trade 40) The immediate effect of Andrew Jacksons attack on the Second Bank of the United States in 1834 was a. The creation of the independent treasury b. The expansion of credit and speculation c. The failure of state banks d. The establishment of modern banking regulations 41) The primary purpose of the Proclamation of 1763 was to a. Encourage westward colonial migration b. Avoid conflict with trans-Appalachian Indians c. Gain much needed revenue d. Drive out French colonists 42) By the 1750s, the British colonies on the North American mainland were characterized by all of the following EXCEPT a. Disdain for British constitutional monarchy b. Many religious denominations c. A society without a heredity aristocracy d. A growing number of non-English settlers

43) Let Southern oppressors tremble.I shall strenuously contend for immediate enfranchisementI will be as harsh as truth and as uncompromising as justice> The author of the statement above was a. John C Calhoun b. Stephen A Douglas c. Abraham Lincoln d. William L Garrison 44) The greatest achievements of the Freemens Bureau were in a. It distribution of land b. Education c. The provision of food and clothing d. Helping people find employment 45) For congressional Republicans, one of the most troubling aspects of the Southern states quick restoration to the Union was that a. With the black population fully counted, the South would be stronger than ever in national politics b. Pro-Union southern politicians would be weak and inexperienced c. A high tariff may be reinstituted d. The majority of white South might be represented by black Congressmen 46) A primary motive for the formation of the Ku Klux Klan was a. Anger at the corruption in Reconstruction legislatures b. The southern desire to instigate guerrilla warfare against the occupying US Army c. The sense of brotherhood that a secret society could develop d. White resentment of the ability and success of black legislators 47) The root cause of the battle between Congress and President Andrew Johnson was a. Johnsons personal vulgarity and crude style of campaigning b. The presidents former ownership of slaves c. Johnsons soft treatment of the white south d. Johnsons underlying loyalty to the Democratic Party 48) The Battle of Antietam was particularly critical in the Civil War because it a. Inflated an already dangerous overconfidence among Southerners b. Ended Lees plan of invading the North c. Delayed Lincolns plan to announce the Emancipation Proclamation d. Probably prevented intervention by Britain and France on behalf of the Confederacy 49) Robert E Lee decided to invade the North Through Pennsylvania in order to a. Deliver a decisive blow that would strengthen the Northern peace movement

b. Force the Union to ease its blockade of the South c. Cut Northern supply lines d. Stir Northern draft resisters to rise in revolt 50) The Civil War resulted in which of the following? a. Expanded federal powers of taxation b. The end of nullification and secession c. The creation of the first federal social welfare agency d. All of the above 51) Lincolns declaration that the North sought to preserve the Union with or without slavery a. Came as a disappointment to most Northerners and demoralized the Union b. Revealed the influence of the Border States on his policies c. Caused some Confederate states to rejoin the Union d. Contradicted the campaign promises of the Republican party 52) A supposed asset for the South at the beginning of the Civil War that never materialized to its real advantage was a. Effective military leadership b. Intervention from Britain and France c. Its ability to fight on its own soil d. Its belief that it was defending its way of life 53) The Southern cause was weakened by a. The concept of states rights that the Confederacy professed b. A president, Jefferson Davis, who catered to public opinion and did not work hard at his job c. A lack of sound military leadership d. The constant threat of slave rebellion 54) Native-born Americans feared that Catholic immigrants to the US would a. Want to attend school with Protestants b. Overwhelm the native-born Catholics and control the church c. Establish the Catholic Church at the expense of Protestantism e. Assume control of the Know-Nothing party 55) In 1846 the US went to war with Mexican for all of the following reasons except a. The ideology of Manifest Destiny b. The deaths of American soldiers at the hands of Mexicans c. Polks desire to acquire California d. The impulse to satisfy those asking for spot resolutions 56) Opposition by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison to the financial plan of Alexander Hamilton resulted in a. The formation of permanent political parties

b. Hamiltons dismissal from the cabinet by George Washington c. Politics drifting too far out of kilter with the wishes of the people d. The rejection of Hamiltons plan by Washington