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Christianity, Islam and Judaism all recognize Jesus in their writings, the importance of Jesus varies greatly in each religion. In Christianity he is revered as the Holy Savior- the son of God himself born of a virgin mother, Mary. However Islam recognizes Jesus as a true prophet of God, they do not believe he died for our sins. Muslims also believe the Prophecy of Jesus has been severely skewed or corrupted through time. Judaism however do not believe Jesus played a part of any importance- that he was just an ordinary man. Jews do not believe that Jesus was divine, the Son of God, or the Messiah prophesied in Jewish scriptures. He is seen as a "false messiah," meaning someone who claimed (or whose followers claimed for him) the mantle of the Messiah but who ultimately did not meet the requirements laid out in Jewish beliefs. Jesus is viewed as having been the most influential, and consequently the most damaging, of all false messiahs. Judaism has never accepted any of the claimed fulfillments of prophecy that Christianity attributes to Jesus. Judaism also forbids the worship of a person as a form of idolatry, since the central belief of Judaism is the absolute unity and singularity of God. The belief that Jesus is God, any deity, the son of God, or a person of the Trinity, is completely unacceptable according to every tradition of Jewish law, and incompatible with Jewish philosophical tenets. The same applies to belief in Jesus as the Messiah or a prophet of God: those beliefs are also contrary to traditional Jewish views. The idea of the Jewish Messiah is different from the Christian Christ because Jews believe Jesus did not fulfill Jewish Messianic prophecies that establish the criteria for the coming of the Messiah. Authoritative texts of Judaism reject Jesus as God, Divine Being, intermediary between humans and God, Messiah or saint. The belief in the Trinity is also held to be incompatible with Judaism, as are a number of other tenets of Christianity.
including his divinity. Mary. They also believe Christianity. Resurrection and Ascension. and the Christian creeds.. Over the centuries.While Christianity has had and continues to have a major impact on Jews and Judaism. These are usually bracketed by two other episodes: his Nativity at the beginning and the sending of the Holy Spirit at the categories involving his “works and words”. Christian views of Jesus are based on the teachings and beliefs outlined in the Canonical gospels. his ministry. The gospel accounts of the teachings of Jesus are often presented in terms of specific day came back to life and eventually ascended back to God the Father. parables and miracles. and earthly life. end. was buried in a tomb. These exist today both in Eastern and Western Christianity—both Catholic .g. Also Jesus was eventually martyred as a religious heretic. The five major milestones in the gospel narrative of the life of Jesus are his Transfiguration. Christians not only attach theological significance to the works of Jesus. a name that is also used by non-Christians. the question of why Jews did not and do not accept Jesus as divine has forced Jewish theologians to respond to Christian claims about Jesus. Devotions to the name of Jesus go back to the earliest days of and Protestant. New Testament letters. and was the son of only one earthly parent. These outline the key beliefs held by Christians about Jesus. whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God. particularly those that use Jewish belief and the Hebrew bible to justify their claims. Jews do not actively seek to refute Christian teachings as Judaism teaches respect for all peoples and their faiths. never sinned or did anything wrong. Jesus also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth. and then on the third that Jesus will come back to earth a second time. Crucifixion. Nevertheless. e. is the central figure of Christianity. humanity. but also to his name. Jesus is not seen as a major figure in Jewish history. Christians believe Jesus to be the awaited Messiah of the Old Testament and refer to him as Jesus Christ or simply Christ. Christians believe that Jesus was a human being who was also fully God.
died sacrificially by crucifixion to achieve atonement. from which he will return. the miracles of Jesus were as much a vehicle for his message as The Islamic view of Jesus lies between two extremes. and the complementary role of the subsequent mission of God’s messengers. may God praise them. in addition to Noah. while the Christians. A few Christian groups reject Trinitarians. wholly or partly. Jesus is also considered to be the Messiah as well. Jesus is identified fundamentally as a prophet of God sent to the Jews who had over time deviated from the teachings of Moses and other messengers.Christians predominantly profess that through Jesus' life. it highlights the important aspects of his birth. This is in conformity with the Islamic view of the Oneness of God. on the other hand. he restored humanity's communion with God with the blood of the New Covenant. performed miracles. who rejected Jesus as a prophet. The majority of Christians worship Jesus as the incarnation of God the Son. Moses and Muhammad. founded the Church. The Jews. were his words. and resurrection. born of a virgin. His death on a cross is understood as a redemptive sacrifice: the source of through the sin of Adam. who is the Second Person of the Holy Trinity. rose from the dead. Islam considers Jesus to be one of the greatest and most forbearing of prophets. the Oneness of Divine guidance. death. humanity's salvation and the atonement for sin which had entered human history In Christian teachings. Abraham. his mission. Most Christians believe that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit. his ascension to heaven. as non-scriptural. considered him to be the son of God and worship him as such. Throughout the Quran. called him an imposter. and ascended into heaven. Although the Quran does not present a detailed life-story of Jesus. It also passes judgment on the Christian and Jewish beliefs concerning him. .
as before noted. and all people will have believed that he was truly mortal. Jesus Christ.Abraham. etc. who miraculously gave birth to Jesus. for Adam’s existence was more miraculous than that of Jesus. does not necessitate that Jesus is divine in essence or spirit. although his role and reason for his return does differ from what the Christians propose. Rather. however. virgin woman. while Jesus is a key player in Christianity. he is less such in Islam. Islam denies that Jesus came to this earth with the purpose of sacrificing himself for the sin of Adam. the matter will be clear concerning him. and of no importance or relevance in Judaism. was a chaste. The main difference is the importance. Muslims. These miracles were performed by the will and permission of God. This fact. Maria in Spanish. Jesus’ birth in itself was a miracle in that he had no father. All three religions believe that God communicates his word through Prophets. the son of Mary. At that point. marry. Eve. or Maryam as she is called in Arabic. and the rest of humanity. Muhammad. and taught his followers to do likewise.Like Christians. Islam strictly rejects the notion that any person bears the sin of another. Moses. Muslims also believe in the return of Jesus the Messiah to earth. He lived according to the Torah. nor is he worthy of worship. Jesus. If his miraculous birth were a proof that Jesus was God incarnate or His son. then Adam would have more right over this divinity than him. A lot of the Prophets in the religions are shared. and both were servants to Him living according to His commandments. like Christians believe that Jesus performed miracles. He will live a normal life. was the last in the line of Jewish prophets. the Law of Moses. that each prophet plays in the scriptures. both are prophets who were inspired with revelation from God Almighty. . Who has power and control over all things. and also die as any other human. Muslims believe that Mary. freeing them from its burden. As such. He will return to earth first and foremost to prove his mortality and refute the false beliefs people held about him. As Christians do. For instance.
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