B: British Government; L: Colonial Government; C: Canadian Government; M: Métis; F: First Nations

Social Study 10 Time Line Rearranged
Date 1670 1752 1776-83 1783 1791 1810 Founding of the HBC. The country’s first newspaper Halifax Gazette founded. Black Loyalists immigrate to Canada. Founding of the NWC. Constitutional Act Creates Upper & Lower Canada. Lower Canada governor: James Craig (anti-French). Métis community thrives in the Red River Valley. 1812 1814 1815 1816 1817 1821 Founding of the Selkirk Settlement in the Red River Valley. Pemmican Proclamation. Almost 50% of all farmland in western Upper Canada was owned by speculators. Cuthbert Grant raids an HBC pemmican supply. Selkirk’s treaty with Cree and Ojibwa nations. (100 pounds of tobacco a year) HBC and NWC merge. George Simpson became in charge of the HBC. 1821 1829 1825 1826 1827 1830 1832 Simpson criss-crossed Rupert’s Land. left for England (1829). Montreal fur partners sold back their shares to the HBC. Simpson becames the governor of HBC. Fort Lanley was established. Railways and steamship helped to build the infrastructure of Ca. Papineau and other Assembly reformers: “Ninety-two Resolutions” Lord John Russell (Colonial office) replied “Ten Resolutions” deny the rights. 1833 Slavery was abolished in British Empire. 1 B 4 6 6 2 1 L L L L 4 4 4 1 4 4 4 L L 1 1 B L Event Ch. 4 2 1 B C. B

1

B: British Government; L: Colonial Government; C: Canadian Government; M: Métis; F: First Nations

Date 1836 1836

Event Sir Francis Bond Head as Upper Canada governor. Canada’s first railway: Champlain Saint Lawrence Railroad, from LaPrairie, a suburb of Montreal, to Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, 40 km SE of Montreal.

Ch. 1 2

C. L L

1837 1901 1837.11 1837.12

Queen Victoria’s reign.

2

B

Battle of St. Charles. Battle of Montgomery. Most rebel leaders and supporters had been arrested.

1 1

L L

spring 1838

John Lambton (the Earl of Lord Durham) as governor.

1

L

Lord Sydenham. 1839 HBC and Russians agreed that Russians ceased operations south of the 45˚40’ N, HBC supply Alaska posts with food. 1840 1840s 1841 the Act of Union combines Upper and Lower Canada. The Métis started fighting for the right to trade furs. Became United Canada. Simpson closed all the coastal posts exp Fort Simpson and Beaver. 1840s -1843 1843 1844 1844-1885 .11.16 1845 US gets British Territory south of 49˚. John McLoughlin died. The dailies began in Montreal. French-Canadian rep. were denied a voice. James Douglas arrives in Fort Victoria. James Polk: “54˚40’ or fight”. Louis Riel.

1

L

1 4 1 6 2 1 6 6 4

L M L L L L L

L

2

B: British Government; L: Colonial Government; C: Canadian Government; M: Métis; F: First Nations

Date 1846

Event The British government repealed the Corn Law, which had given trading privileges to the British colonies.

Ch. 2

C. B

1847

James Bruce (the eighth earl of Elgin, Lord Durham’s son-in-law) as governor of the Canadas.

2

B

1848

the Crown colony of Vancouver Island is created. Gold discovered along the Sacramento River in central California.

6 6 2

B

1849

The elected and reformist -- government of Canada passed a bill giving financial compensation to anyone. California Gold Rush begins.

L

6 2 4 L M

1850

Regularly scheduled trains moved goods and people at 80 km/h. Anne Pelly accused Sarah Ballenden and Captain Christopher Foss... in the Red River Valley.

1854

Reciprocity Treaty with US. James Douglas negotiated with aboriginal peoples. 210 shillings per family annually.

2 6

L L

1856 1857 1858

First Legislative Assembly on Vancouver Island. Louis Pasteur discovered the bacilli. Colony of British Columbia is created. Miners moved north to the Thompson River.

6 2 2t 6 2 6 2 4

L

L L

1860

George Simpson died. Cariboo Gold Rush begins.

L

1860 -

Science and technology dominate the Western World. Canadians move west into the Red River Valley. Protestants and members of the Orange Order. anti-French, anti Catholic.

L

1860s

Britain’s Marquis of Queensbury issued his famous rules for boxing.

2

3

B: British Government; L: Colonial Government; C: Canadian Government; M: Métis; F: First Nations

Date

Event Economic problems at Red River. Crop failures bisons disappearing, HBC losing interest.

Ch. 4

C. L

1861 1865 1862 1866 1864

American Civil War.

2t

Construction of Cariboo Road. cost of $750,000.

6

L

James Douglas retires as both governors, Frederick Seymour>BC, Arther Kennedy>VI.

6

L

1864.9

Charlottetown Conference: NS, PEI, NB and Canadas; discussed Atlantic Union, why, promised railway; decided to work towards, to meet at Oct in Quebec.

2

L

1864.10

Quebec Conference: reps from PC, NS, PEI, NB & NFL; 72 Resolutions, rejected by PEI & NFL.

2

L

1865

Hasting Sawmill opened on the south side of the inlet. north: Sewell Moody, Moody’s Mill.

1866

London Conference: 16 delegates from NS, NB & PC sailed to London, NB assured intercolonial Railroad, increased provincial subsides; BNA Act(contains 72..), Queen Victoria declared Canada-Dominion on 1867.7.1, JAM-PM.

2

B

The US planned to end its Reciprocity Treaty which allows goods to pass into the US duty-free. 1866.8.6 Vancouver Island and BC are joined. (debt: VI$300,000; BC1m), (governor: Seymour) (Legislative Council: 9/23>elected). 1867.7.1 1868 Canada became a Dominion. Dominion surveyors had arrived in the Red River area to begin laying out the grids of townships. Victoria becomes the capital of BC. “Gassy Jack” Deighton opend a saloon.

2

6

L

2 4

C C

6 6

L L

4

B: British Government; L: Colonial Government; C: Canadian Government; M: Métis; F: First Nations

Date 1869.11

Event HBC sold the Rupert’s Land to the Canadian government. payment of $750,000, 2.8 million hectares of prairie farmland, right continue fur trade.

Ch. 4

C. C

1869

Red River Rebellion. Métis list of rights and freedoms. Seymour died suddenly, Anthony Musgrave succeeded.

4 4 6 4

M M L M

1869 1884 1870

Louis Riel exiled in the United States.

Execution of Thomas Scott Manitoba enters Confederation.

4 4 5

M C M

early 1870s

Bison were beginning to disappear.

American fur traders are getting trouble. principal trading: Fort Whoop-Up. 1870s Germs were first seen. Louis Riel worked as a school teacher. “Battle of the Routes”. 1871 1871 1877 1872 Macdonald called a general election. “Pacific Scandal” 1873 The North West Mount Police was established. The resignation of Macdonald’s government. 1873 1878 The Liberals came to power under Alexander Mackenzie. BC joins Confederation. 7 treaties with the Native peoples.

5 2 5 6 6 5

F

M C C CF

5

C

5 5 5

CF C C

5

B: British Government; L: Colonial Government; C: Canadian Government; M: Métis; F: First Nations

Date spring 1874 1875 spring 1875 1876

Event The Cypress Hills Massacre: 30 Assiniboin. NWMP: 300 to end lawlessness.

Ch. 5

C. F

Clarke was paying the Métis in trade goods rather than cash. The Hunt of 1875: invalidated the Métis’s Laws of St. Laurent, extended Ottawa’s power to control the Métis. The Canadian gov introduced the Indian Act. on reserve,residential school. Macdonald developed the National Policy.

5 5

M M

5 5 5

F C C

1881 1885.6.10 1883 1884

The building of CPR.

2000 gold miners left inBC, 1500 were Chinese Louis Riel came back. collaborate on a Métis Bill of Rights with a sympathetic European farmer. Vancouver becomes the terminus of the CPR.

6 5

C M

6 6 5 5 5

C C M M M

1885 1885.3.19 1885.4.24 1885.5.9 5.12 1885.6 1890 1890 1893

$50 head tax on Chinese immigrant. Louis Riel addressed the Métis at St.Laurent. peaceful resolution was impossible. The Battle of Fish Creek, 1600:<60(Dumont). The battle of Batoche, 725:175, Riel was captured on May 15, Dumont escaped to the US. Trial of Louis Riel in Regina. $100 head tax. BC’s economy growth. $500 head tax and eventually forbid all the Chinese immigrant.

5 6 6 6

M C C C

6

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