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Find out moreAbsorption

ChE403

Alawi Al-Awami Meshal Al-Jahani Meshal Al-Saeed

423101724 424105851 423105653

Date: 8/5/1429

Supervised :Dr. Malik Al-Ahmad

1

Table of Contents:

Title

Summary Introduction Expierment objective Theory Schematic diagram Experimental procedure Results & Calculation Discussion & Conclusion Reference

Page

3 4 6 7 8 9 10 16 17

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Pressure differential should be plotted as a function of air flow rate on log-log graph paper for each water flow rate. Differential pressure. From our experimental we read differential height and calculated the differential pressure by using equation. 3 . ΔP=ρ *g *Δh We calculated the results from table (1) to (6) and plotted loglog graph between air flow rate VS. Summary: The objective of this experimental To examine the air pressure differential across the column as a function of air flow rate different water flow rates down the column.

and local accumulations or pools of liquid start to appear in the packing. At the flow rate called the loading point.(2) Common dumped packing. called tower packing. Ceramic Berl saddles and Raschig rings are older types of packing that are not much used now. Introduction: Absorption is a mass transfer process in which a vapor solute A in a gas mixture is absorbed by means of a liquid in which the solute more or less soluble. The shape prevent pieces from nesting closely together. the solute is recovered from the solution by distillation.(2) A common apparatus used in gas absorption and certain other operations is the packed tower.(1) A major application of a absorption technology is the removal of CO2 and H2S from nature gas or synthesis gas by absorption in solution of amines or alkaline salts.(2) In given packed tower with a given type and size of packing and with defined flow of liquid. respectively. The gas mixture consists mainly of an inert gas and the soluble. or tower. The liquid also is primarily in the gas phase. In the reverse process desorption or stripping. that is. there is an upper limit to the rate of gas flow. called the flooding velocity. Subsequently. shown in Fig. The device consists of a cylindrical column. a liquid inlet and distributor at the top. and this increasing the bed porosity. its vaporization into the gas phase is relatively slight. the gas start to hander the liquid downflow. equipped with a gas inlet an distributing space at the bottom. although there were big improvements over ceramic spheres or crushed stone when first introduced.(1) 4 . the same principle and equations hold. A typical example is absorption of the solute ammonia from an airammonia mixture by water. gas and liquid outlet at the top and bottom. and a supported mass of inert solid shapes. (1) . Above this gas velocity the tower cannot operate.

5 .FIG (1): PACKED TOWER FLOW AND CHARACSTERISTICS FOR ABSORPSTION.

6 . objective Expierment To exmine the air pressure differential across the column as a function of air flow rate for different water flow rate down the column by Ploting the pressure differential as a function of air flow rate on log-log graph paper and establish the relationship between these variable.

(g/cm3) g: gravity constant. (g/cm. Theory: ΔP=ρ *g *Δh Where: ΔP: differential pressure. 7 .s2) ρ: density. (cm/s2) Δh: hight (cm H2O) Plot the pressure differential as a function of air flow rate on log-log graph paper and establish the relationship between these variable.

SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM :( 3) 8 .

Experimental Procedure: 9 .FIG (2): Gas absorption device.

and 3(l/min).The first step we dried by passing the maximum air flow until all evidence of moisture in the packing has disappeared.1. 2.5(l/min) and repeat step 3 to 5 after that changed flow water to 2.After that we changed flow of water to 1.60.180(l/min) and read of hight then recorded it for each one.….We increased flow air to 40. 3. 7. 2. 6.5.At zero flow of air we read the hight and recorded it 4. 80. which should be noted.We increased flow air to 20(l/min) and read of hight a cross the column. 5.We run on of the pump of air.The range of possible air flow rates will decrease with increasing water flow rate duo to onset of ‘flooding’ of column. 10 .

2 196 1.60206 2.59328 6 80 0 0.40619 9 160 0 3.5 1 0.22167 5 140 0 2.5 1 log Δp (g/cm. Result & Calculation:.14612 8 3.59328 6 100 0 0.2041 2 3.46834 7 120 0 1.77815 1 2.5 3 log air flow rate l /min 2.8 3724 2.59328 6 60 0 0.6 2548 2. log air flow.5 0 0 0.4 392 1.7 1666 2.5 2 1.3010299 96 2.3 294 2 2.90309 2.2922560 71 40 0 0. 20 0 0.s2) 1.s2) Table (1): data of flow (air + water) and differential pressure at dried column dry colunm 4 3. 11 .4 392 1.5710 1 dry colunm air flow rate l /min water flow rate l/min Δp (cm H2O) Δp (g/cm.5 2 2.5 Figure (3): graph of log ΔP vs.07918 1 3.s2) log air flow rate (l/min) log Δp (g/cm.4 392 1.

5 1 0.s2) 20 0 0.5 2 log air flow rate (l/min) 1.5 2.61447 5 Table (2): data of flow (air + water) and differential pressure at wet column wet colunm 2.3010299 96 2.14612 8 3.7 Figure (4): graph of log ΔP vs.1 98 1.5 0 2.2922560 71 40 0 0.2 4116 2. wet column air flow rate l /min water flow rate l/min Δp (cm H2O) Δp (g/cm.9 3. 12 .76937 7 100 0 1.07918 1 3.60206 1.90309 2.1 log Δp (g/cm.24649 9 140 0 2.77815 1 2..7 2.3 3.37143 7 160 0 4.99122 6 60 0 0.1 1078 2 3.6 588 1.8 1764 2.s2) log air flow rate (l/min) log Δp (g/cm. log air flow.s2) 3.2 196 1.5 3.03261 9 120 0 1.4 2352 2.2 196 1.20412 3.29225 6 80 0 0.

60206 3.63467 9 140 1.7693773 26 40 1.5 1.07918 1 3.s2) 20 1.2 196 1.19534 6 120 1.6 588 1.5(L/min) of flow water 13 .4 4312 2.5 0.90309 2.07040 7 60 1.2 1176 1. wet column air flow rate l /min water flow rate l/min Δp (cm H2O) Δp (g/cm..77815 1 2.76937 7 100 1.3010299 96 2.5 6.5 10.78361 8 160 1.29225 6 80 1.s2) log air flow rate (l/min) log Δp (g/cm.5 0.5 0.5 4.01653 2 Table (3): data of flow (air + water) and differential pressure at 1.14612 8 3.2 6076 2.5 1.20412 4.6 1568 2 3.6 10388 2.6 588 1.

52270 5 120 2 6.29225 6 60 2 0.5 2 log air flow rate (l/min) 1.5932860 67 40 2 0.24649 9 100 2 3.60206 2.14612 8 4.6 10388 2.2 196 1.9 4.30509 3 Table (4): data of flow (air + water) and differential pressure at 2(L/min) of flow water.7 2.5 3.4 6272 2.6 20188 2.01653 2 160 2 20.90309 3.s2) log air flow rate (l/min) log Δp (g/cm.07918 1 3.29225 6 80 2 1. 14 .4 3332 2 3.9 3.1 3. log air flow.water flow rate = 1.s2) 3.2 196 1.20412 4.77815 1 2.79740 6 140 2 10.1 Figure (5): graph of log ΔP vs.3010299 96 2.3 log Δp (g/cm.4 392 1. wet column air flow rate l /min water flow rate l/min Δp (cm H2O) Δp (g/cm.8 1764 1.s2) 20 2 0.5 1 0.5 (l/min) 2.5 2.5 0 2.7 3.

29225 6 Table (5): data of flow (air + water) and differential pressure at 2.90309 3.20412 4.4 2352 1.5 2.water flow rate = 2(l/min) 2.1 3.2 196 1.5 0 2.5 10.7 2.5 0.2 10976 2.5 4.4 392 1.04044 4 160 2.5 3.37143 7 100 2.60206 2. log air flow.1 4.5 1 0.29225 6 60 2.99982 6 140 2.5 0.s2) log air flow rate (l/min) log Δp (g/cm.2 196 1.5(L/min) of flow water 15 .3 3.5 2 air flow rate l /min 1.9 3.77815 1 2.2 9996 2.5 2.5 11.3010299 96 2.8 4704 2 3.5 20 19600 2.7 3. .5 0.s2) Figure (6): graph of log ΔP vs.14612 8 4.5 log Δp (g/cm.2922560 71 40 2.07918 1 3.67246 7 120 2. wet column air flow rate l /min water flow rate l/min Δp (cm H2O) Δp (g/cm.s2) 20 2.3 4.9 4.59328 6 80 2.

77815 1 2.2 4116 2 3.90309 2.99122 6 100 3 4.waterflow rate = 2. .60206 3.5 log Δp (g/cm.6 588 1. wet column air flow rate l /min water flow rate l/min Δp (cm H2O) Δp (g/cm.7 2.5 0 2.3 4.1 4.s2) 3.64443 9 Table (6): data of flow (air + water) and differential pressure at 3(L/min) of flow water 16 .5 2.s2) log air flow rate (l/min) log Δp (g/cm.61447 5 120 3 11 10780 2.5475285 76 40 3 2 1960 1.5 (l/min) 2.20412 4.76937 7 80 3 1 980 1. log air flow.03261 9 140 3 20 19600 2.29225 6 160 3 45 44100 2.9 3.5 Figure (7): graph of log ΔP vs.3010299 96 3.14612 8 4.6 3528 1.3 3.07918 1 4.9 4.1 3.5 2 log air flow rate (l/min) 1.s2) 20 3 3.29225 6 60 3 0.7 3.5 1 0.

s2) 3.5 4 4.water flow rate= 3 (l/min) 2. Discussion & Conclusions: The pressure difference increased when the air flow and water flow increased.5 0 1 1.5 1 0.5 3 log Δp (g/cm.5 5 Figure (8): graph of log ΔP vs.5 2 log air flow rate (l/min) 1. log air flow. The flooding point decreases as the air flow increases (the high water flow the gives less flooding point ) 17 .5 2 2.

The slope of the flooding curve is decreasing with the increasing of the water flow rate 18 .

"Publishing as Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference". 2. ( Transport Process and Unit Operation ). 3. Warren L. Abu-Khalaf.Geankoplis. international edition 2005. pages: 645. Chirstie J. Julian C. 4rd edition. McCabe. 19 . 2003 by person Education.(UNIT OPERATION OF CHAMICAL ENGINEERING).”published by McGraw-Hill”.650. ( Chemical Engineering Education. Avenue of the Americas. CEE 32 (3) ). Smith and Peter Harriott.References: 1. pages: 565-568. University of Minnesota. 7th edition. King Suad University 1998. Aziz M.

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