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jraidt

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Cathleen A Berrick [Bem'ckCgT" Friday, August 01, 2003 1:39 PM~ jraidt@9-11commission.gov; johnraidb GAO Congressional Requests/Mandates Re:, .viation SecurityPrior to 9-11

Aviation Security GAOHQ-#926€S5-v Reviews Requ... 2-9-ll_COMMISSI...

Hello John, We do not keep data in our system that

Sorry for the delay in responding to your request, specifically tracks your question, so we had to create a program to collect the data.

We did a detailed search of our databases and did not identify any request or mandate related to aviation security, prior to 9-11, that did not result in an issued product (report or testimony). Having said this, since we don't specifically track this data, something could have slipped through the cracks that we did not detect. However, As information, I've attached a spreadsheet listing all GAO reports related to aviation security that were requested prior to 9-11. You should already have a listing of reports issued post-9-11 (unclassified). In the spreadsheet, all of the unclassified reports were requested or mandated prior to 9-11 and three of these reports were actually issued after 9-11. The reamining unclassified reports listed were all requested and issued prior to 9-11. Of the classified reports (shaded in yellow), one was requested and issued prior to 9-11. Of the remaining classified reports, they were all requested and issued after 9-11. For the classified reports, I've attached a separate unclassified document outling the objectives for each of those reviews. So - the short answer is that as far as we can tell from our records (however, we could be missing something), GAO did not receive a request or mandate prior to 9-11 that did not result in a written product. We did, however, have 3 requests that came prior to 9-11, but the report was not issued until after 9-11. I hope this answers your question. If not, please let me know if you need anything additional. You can reach me at (202) 512-3404. Thanks, Cathy

Aviation Security Related Reports Requested/Mandated Prior to September 11th
Report Number GAO-03-22 Report Title Aviation Safety: Undeclared Air Shipments of Dangerous Goods and DOT's Enforcement Approach Aviation Security: Weaknesses in Airport Security and Options for Assigning Screening Responsibilities Responses of Federal Agencies and Airports We Surveyed about Access Security Improvements FAA Computer Security: Recommendations to Improve Continuing Weaknesses Aviation Security: Additional Controls Needed to Address Weaknesses in Carriage of Weapons Regulations FAA Computer Security: Actions Needed to Address Critical Weaknesses That Jeopardize Aviation Operations FAA Computer Security: Concerns Remain Due to Personnel and Other Continuing Weaknesses Aviation Security: Long-Standing Problems Impair Airport Screeners' Performance Aviation Security: Vulnerabilities Still Exist in the Aviation Security System Aviation Security: Slow Progress in Addressing Long-Standing Screener Performance Problems Aviation Security: FAA's Actions to Study Responsibilities and Funding for Airport Security and to Certify Screening Companies Aviation Security: Implementation of Recommendations Is Under Way, but Completion Will Take Several Years Aviation Security: Progress Being Made, but Long-term Attention Is Needed Aviation Security: FAA's Procurement of Explosives Detection Devices Date Requested March 28, 2001 Date Issued January 10,2002

GAO-01-1165T GAO-01-1069R GAO-01-171

April 27, 2001 May 8, 2001

September 2 1,2001 August 3 1,2001 December 6, 2000

RCED-00-181

September 29, 2000

GAO/T-AIMD-00-330 GAO/AIMD-00-252 GAO/RCED-00-75
GAO/ T-RCED/AMID-00-142

September 27, 2000 August 16, 2000 June 28, 2000 April 6, 2000 March 16, 2000

GAO/T-RCED-00-125

GAO/RCED-99-53

February 25, 1999

GAO/RCED-98-102
GAO/T-RCED-98-190 GAO/RCED-97-111R

April 24, 1998 May 14, 1998 May 1, 1997

GAO/RCED-97-119R Aviation Security: Commercially Available Advanced Explosives Detection Devices GAO/RCED-97-88R Aviation Security: Posting Notices at Domestic Airports Aviation Safety and Security: Challenges to GAO/T-RCED-97-90 Implementing the Recommendations of the White House Commission on Aviation Safety and Security GAO/T-RCED/NSIAD-96-262 Aviation Security: Technology's Role in Addressing Vulnerabilities GAO/T-RCED/NS1AD-96-25 1 Aviation Security: Urgent Issues Need to Be Addressed G AO/T-RCED/NSIAD-96-23 7 Aviation Security: Immediate Action Needed to Improve Security

April 24, 1997 March 25, 1997

March 5, 1997 September 19, 1996 September 11, 1996 August 1, 1996

GAO/RCED-95-25

Aviation Security: FAA Can Help Ensure That Airports' Access Control Systems Are CostEffective Aviation Security: Deployment and Capabilities of Explosive Detection Equipment (CLASSIFIED-Confidential) Aviation Security: Information on Vulnerabilities in the Nation's Air Transportation System (NOT FOR PUBLIC DISSEMINATION - 19 1 Protected) Aviation Security: Information on the Nation's Air Transportation SystemVuhierabilities (NOT FOR PUBLIC DISSEMINATION - 191 Protected) Responses of Federal Agencies and Airports We Surveyed about Access Securitylmprovements (RESTRICTED - Law Enforcement Senstive) Aviation Security: Measures Needed to Improve Security of Pilot Certification Process (NEED TO KNOW BASIS - Sensitive Security Information)

March 1, 1995

GAO-02-713C

June 20, 2002 February 7, 2002 After September 11,2001 After September 11,2001 September 26, 2001

GAO-01-1164T

GAO-01-1174T

September 26, 2001

GAO-01-1068R

December 1,2000

August 3 1,2001

GAO-03-248NI

December 1, 2001

February 3, 2003

Objectives

Report number: Report title: Date of Request: Issued: Classification: Objective:

GAO-01-1068R Responses of Federal Agencies and Airports We Surveyed About Access Security Improvements December 2000 August 31,2001 Law Enforcement Sensitive 1. What security improvements were implemented by federal agencies and airports as a result of testimony presented in May 2000?

Report number: Report Title: Date of Request: Issued: Classification: Objectives:

GAO-03-248NI Aviation Security: Measures Needed to Improve Security of Pilot Certification Process December 2001 February 3, 2003 Sensitive Security Information 1. What elements of the existing procedures for issuing pilot certificates, including the practice of mailing certificates to post office boxes, might a terrorist exploit in order to obtain a pilot certificate? 2. What are the potential security risks associated with pilot certificate privileges?

Report number: Report title: Date of Request: Issued: Classification: Objectives:

GAO-01 -1174T

(Statement for the Record)

Aviation Security: Information on the Nation's Air Transportation System Vulnerabilities . After September 11,2001 September 26. 2001 Not for public distribution (191 protected) Testimony that discussed 3 issues: 1. Security practices at air traffic control facilities and on computer systems, 2. Airport access controls, and 3. Screeners' detection of weapons, explosives, and other dangerous objects during the Federal Aviation Administration's tests of screeners.

Report number: Report title: Date of Request: Issued: Classification: Objectives:

GAO-01-1164T

(Statement for the Record)

Aviation Security: Information on Vulnerabilities in the Nation's Air Transportation System After September 11, 2001 September 26, 2001 Not for public distribution (191 protected) Testimony that discussed 3 issues: Security practices at air traffic control facilities and on computer systems, 2. Airport access controls, and 3. Screeners' detection of weapons, explosives, and other dangerous objects during the Federal Aviation Administration's tests of screeners. 1.

Report number: Report title: Date of Request: Issued: Classification:

GAO-02-713C Aviation Security: Deployment and Capabilities of Explosive Detection Equipment February 7, 2002 June 30, 2002 Confidential

1. How many bulk explosive detection systems and trace explosive detection devises have been deployed at US airports and how are they being used? 2. What types of explosives can this equipment detect? 3. What are the major difference, including strengths and weaknesses among these types of equipment?