You are on page 1of 37


General Information, Karaikal Area 161 Sq. Kms Population 2,27,569 (2009 census) Climate Max: 28 C; Min: 23 C Rainfall 126 cms Heavy Rain Sept. to Dec. Languages spoken: Tamil & English STD code +04368 ISD Code +91


2 On 1st November 1954, Pondicherry [Puducherry] was transferred to India. A treaty of Cessation (together with signed on May 28, 1956.

Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam) was

Pondicherry became a Union Territory to be administered by the President of India in 1962 under the 14th Amendment of the Indian Constitution.

KARAIKAL enclave of Puducherry

separated by 140 kilometers and surrounded by neighboring State of Tamilnadu.

Tirunallar temple


Location in South India, city map

Puducherry UT

Together with the other former French enclaves of Puducherry (formerly known as Pondicherry), Yanam, and Mah, Karaikal forms the Union Territory of Puducherry



French rule

Independence Struggle

The formation of Karaikal national congress on 13.6.1947 and Students Congress on 31.1.1947 symbolised the expression of desire in Karaikal for freedom from French rule. The French ruled this district till 31 October 1954. Thus the de facto transfer of power took place on 1 November 1954 followed by de jure transfer on 16 August 1962. Until 1 November 1954, it was under French rule. Together with the other former French enclaves of Puducherry (formerly known as Pondicherry), Yanam, and Mah, Karaikal forms the Union Territory of Puducherry.



Karaikal is a small coastal enclave of territory which was formerly part of French India. Karaikal is bounded on the North and South by Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu state, on the west by Tiruvarur district (also belonging to Tamil Nadu), and on the East by the Bay of Bengal. The enclave is located 132 km south of the city of Puducherry, 158 km east of Trichy and is known for its rich cultural heritage. Karaikal is known all over the country for its unique and the only temple devoted to the Lord Saneeswara (Lord Saturn) at Thirunallar.


Besides Saneeshwara, Karaikal is the Gateway to various other places of worship in the eastern coast of Tamil Nadu. Two famous shrines, Velankanni for Christians and Nagore for Muslims are nearby Karaikal. The French flavour still persists in the peaceful land of Karaikal. In Tirumalairayanpattinam, there is a famous temple called Ayirankaliamman temple, ayiram means 1000. We can see this god once in 5 years, because whatever offerings are given to this god, it should be 1008. So they will open for 3 days once in 5 years, and many devotees from all over Tamil Nadu and Puducherry will come and worship.



Divisions Karaikal town about 16 km. north of Nagapattinam and 9 km. south of Tarangambadi. Karaikal town is the regional headquarters.
Karaikal region is made up of Karaikal municipality and the Communes of: Kottucherry Nadungadu Neravy Thirunallar Tirumalarajanpattinam



Karaikal Railway Works in final phase

Karaikal Railway station work updates... 1. Track laying inside station, almost completed. 2. Platform works started and progress is good. 3. Information from Employees / Local people: Station works will be completed by this year end




of 2001[update] India census, Karaikal town had a population of 105,333. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Karaikal has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 68%. In Karaikal, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.


Karaikal Port

Karaikal Port is poised to be a multi-cargo handling terminal. The port has handled cargoes: Coal, Pet coke, Raw sugar, Cement, Project Cargo and construction materials. Fertilizer and liquid cargo are soon to follow. On completion, the port will be capable of handling all types of cargo. Karaikal Port is also a hub for oil exploration activities and OSV/PSVs belonging to companies such as Hindustan Oil Exploration Company (HOEC) and Reliance Petroleum regularly call at the port.


Karaikal Port

Karaikal Port is a deep draft, all weather port. The current depth of 14.5 m allows for handling of Panamax size vessels (up to 80000 MT). The final depth of 16.5 m will allow cape size vessels (up to 120000 MT) to call at the port. The lagoon type basin protected by breakwaters allows operations all around the year. Karaikal Port received its first Gearless Panamax vessel in November, 2009 and became the first port in Tamilnadu to do so. The port also has the distinction of being the only private port to export cargo belonging to power equipment major Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL), which is a government agency. The port recently obtained rail connectivity and its 3 railway sidings are now connected to Trichy via Nagore.

Tirunallar near Karaikal, has the ancient temple of Darbharanyeswara. This temple was visited by the Saint Tirugnana Sambandar in the 7th century A.D. who sang padigams (decadal verses) in praise of the Lord. Likewise, his contemporary Saint Tirnnavukkarasu and later, Saint Sundarar (9th century A.D.) had visited the temple and sung padigams extolling the Lord. Saint Arunagirinathar (15th century A.D.) had also visited it and sung hymns included in his monumental work Tiruppugazh.


The name "TIRUNALLARU" is association of Nala of the Nishadha country who got

his deliverance from effects of Shani

(Saturn) by invoking the Lord's mercy here. (Nala+Aru-Nallaru). The word "Aru" conveys the meaning "to heal" and the

two words taken together _ Nala's

place of redemption or the place where Nala secured his redemption from the hold of Saturn through the Lord's Grace.



EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN KARAIKAL Vinayaka Missions College of Nursing Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru College of Agriculture and Research Institute Karaikal Polytechnic College Indhira College of education S.S. Duraisamy Nadar Mariammal College Pavai Polytechnic College Thanapandian Polytechnic College Sivanthi College of education Shri Sharadha College of education Quaid -e- Milleth College JMS College of education Ganapathi College of education Sakthi Institute for Teacher Education and Research
More Colleges in Karaikal Mor e Colle ges in Tamil Nad uVin ayak a M is s i ons Coll ege of Nurs i ng Pan dit Jaw aharl al Nehr u Coll ege of Agric ult ur e and Res e arch Instit ute Kar aikal Polyt echn ic Coll ege I ndh ira Coll ege of educ at ion S.S. Durai s amy Nad ar M ari am mal Coll ege Pav ai Polyt echn ic Coll ege Tha napa ndia n Polyt echn ic Coll ege Siva nt hi Coll ege of educ at ion Shri Shar adha Coll ege of educ at ion Qua id-eM ille th Coll ege JM S Coll ege of educ at ion Gan apat hi Coll ege of educ at ion Sakt hi Instit ute for Teac her Educ at ion and Res e arch

Nedungadu Post,Karaikal-609 603 18

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru College of Agriculture and Research Institute Alt Name: PAJANCOA

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru College of Agriculture (PAJANCOA) was established on 1987 at Karaikal in the Union Territory of Puducherry, as an autonomous educational institution by the Government of Puducherry. This College has the prime objective of imparting agricultural education and meeting the agricultural research and extension needs of the Union Territory. This college is governed by PAJANCOA (Karaikal) Society with the Chief Secretary, Govt. of Puducherry as the Chairman and affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore for meeting its academic standards. This college has been upgraded as Research Institute in 1997.


National Institute of Technology, Puducherry was newly sanctioned and fully funded by the Government of India. It was founded in 2009. It is established in the temporary campus provided by Arignar Anna Govt. Arts College at Karaikal in the State of Puducherry. It is managed by the NIT Puducherry Society registered under the Societies Act. The Land and the local support are being provided by the Govt of Puducherry. This Institute has been brought under the ambit of the NIT Act 2007 by the Govt of India. The academic session at Karaikal campus commenced with the first batch of students in JULY 2010.

20 Education in Karaikal


has been sanctioned a medical college

and a National Institute of Technology (NIT), in 2010.

Various steps have been taken to make the district

a educational hub. Union Human Resources Minister Kapil Sibal would soon visit Karaikal to lay the foundation for the proposed NIT.

Centre planned 2,500 model schools across

the country, and one such school [Kendriya Vidyalaya] would be established at Karaikal.


Kendriya Vidyalaya

Aug. 25,

2010. The Kendriya Vidyalaya

would commence functioning from this academic year with classes 'I to V, with an intake of 40 students each. The school with

its current total intake of 200 students

would function from a temporary location near the Kovilpatthu Govt. High School.


National Institute of Technology

A Kendriya Vidyalaya will start functioning here from next academic year. About Rs 20 crore has been allotted to set up a branch of the Pondicherry Central University at Karaikal. It is hoped that the ongoing Karaikal- Nagore broad gauge work would be completed before next year. Union Railway Minister is requested to erect a new BG line between Karaikal and Mayiladuthurai via Tirunallar and Peralam. Also, Prime Minister has promised to look into the issue of granting statehood for Puducherry, it was noted.


KARAIKAL 2010-11

National institute of Technology, Karaikal, (Puducherry Union Territory)

Karaikal is a developing area and has a port & a well connected railway network.

Director in charge: Dr.Srinivasan Sundarrajan, Director, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli-620015 Contact number Office: 0431-2500370 Residence: 0431-2500377 Fax: 0431-2500144, 2500133 Email:




Ceremony - 2010

Union Minister of Human Resource Development Mr. Kapil Sibal (centre), at the foundation stone ceremony for National Institute of TechnologyPuducherry at Karaikal .



Inaugural function of NIT-Karaikal


Minister of State for Planning and Parliamentary Affairs V Narayanaswamy said that formation of NIT at Karaikal was a major milestone in the development of Karaikal. C h i e f M i n i s t e r V Vaithilingam, Speaker Radhakrishnan, Higher Education Minister MOHF Shahjahan, Social Welfare Minister Kandaswamy, Opposition Leader AMH Nazeem were among those who participated in the inaugural function.

27 National Institute of Technology


National Institute of Technology

Baldev Raj to Head NIT-Puducherry

Tiruchirapalli, Jan 16 : Dr Baldev Raj, Director, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, has been appointed as Chairman Board of Governors, National Institute of Technology- Puducherry at Karaikal for five years. Besides authoring 42 books and special volumes and journals, he has to his credit 700 publications in leading national and international journals. The sources said the new Board for the NIT-Puducherry, which started functioning from this academic year, has been constituted as per a memorandum of association registered under Society of Companies in Puducherry in 2010, the sources added.


National Institute of Technology

NIT-Puducherry Board of Governors

The Board has among its members the Director of NIT- Trichy (Mentor Director of NIT-Puducherry); the Education Secretary of Puducherry Government and senior MHRD officials. The sources said the overall strength of NIT stands at 105, including additional quota that was subsequently incorporated. The NIT-P is going to function from a temporary campus at Aringnar Anna Government Arts College, Karaikal till the pucca building is ready. The sources said NIT-P is among 10 NEW NITs sanctioned by the MHRD for focussing on the NorthEastern States and other educationally-backward regions.

Dr.Srinivasan Sundarrajan, Director, NIT-T


Dr.Srinivasan Sundarrajan, 28 Mentor Director, NIT, Puducherry (Karaikal)

Dr.Sundarrajan completed Mechanical Engineering from Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai, and did his post graduation and doctorate degrees at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, in Industrial Metallurgy. He also has a PG certificate from Indian Statistical Institute, and had his initial training at Ashok Leyland. Dr.Sundarrajan networked over 400 industries and 40 academic institutions for R&D leading to quality products and positioned them in National Supply Chain Grid. An INAE (Indian National Academy of Engineering) AICTE Distinguished Professor, Dr.Sundarrajan has made significant contribution for curriculum development integrating emerging areas of technology.


mock exam

IEEE mock examination conducted at NIT- Karaikal

Monday, Apr 25, 2011, TIRUCHI: A total of 120 students appeared for the AIEEE mock examination conducted at the N I T- Puducherry at Karaikal on Sunday by the first year students. The material for the mock exam was provided by the Rotaract Club of the N I T Tiruchi (NIT-T), the mentoring institution. The initiative according to G.Swaminathan, Coordinator for NIT- Puducherry based at NIT-T, was a familiarisation exercise since the awareness level of the student community on AIEEE was poor in the Karaikal region. The mock exam was conducted at short notice through advertisements in local cable television channels, and sensitisation campaign in a couple of schools.


mock exam

While the mock exam was conducted last year in association with the Karaikal Tamil Peravai, the exam on Sunday was organised individually by the NITPuducherry. This time around, the first year students handled classes for the aspirants on the mark scoring techniques, particularly the ways to avoid negative marking, Dr. Swaminathan said, explaining the scope for rural candidates to gain admission to NITs.


N. I. T., Puducherry progresses well

The Building and Works Committee has had

its first sitting, and the Centre has cleared land title on a 35 acre plot for setting up the permanent campus. A meeting of the fullfledged BoG under the Chairmanship of Baldev Raj, Director, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, is expected in the coming

months to accord a thrust to infrastructure

development, official sources added.




37 National Institute of Technology

National Institute of Technology