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Organizational Climate and School Effectiveness In Public, Private and Private Sectarian Colleges of Nursing

A Thesis Presented to the Graduate School of Nursing Concordia College

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Nursing Major in Nursing Administration

By

Cyruz Polero Tuppal, RN

Manila, Philippines March 2007

ii TABLE OF CONTENTS Preliminaries Title Page Approval Sheet Acknowledgement Dedication Abstract List of Tables List of Figures List of Appendices Chapter I. PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Statement of the Problem Hypothesis Scope and Limitation of the Study Significance of the Study Conceptual Paradigm Theoretical Framework Operational Definition II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 3 3 3 5 6 7 9 Pages i ii vi vii xii

iii Organizational Definition Organizational Climate Bolman and Deal Four – Frame Organizational Theory School Effectiveness and School Characteristics Synthesis III. METHODOLOGY Research Design Samples and Sampling Techniques Instrumentation Data Collection Statistical Analysis IV. 86 87 87 90 90 12 13 27 55 83

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA Organizational Climate among Public, Private and Private Sectarian Colleges of Nursing School Effectiveness among Public, Private and Private sectarian Colleges of Nursing Relationship between Organizational Climate and School Effectiveness 93

112

154

V.

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Findings of the Study Conclusions 162 170

iv Recommendations BIBLIOGRAPHY APPENDICES 171 173 182

v Acknowledgement This living proof of success and fruit of labor is for all the people who provided unending and unconditional support in the conduct of the study

To my learning homage, Concordia College To Daughters of Charity Sisters, Sr. Novella Borjal, Sr. Editha Bagayaua and Sr. Salome Alipio, Sr. Carmen Jimenez To my thesis adviser, Dr. Raquel Pasigpasigan To the panel of examiners, Dr. Linda Buhat, Mr. Rodolfo Borromeo, and Sr. Natividad Asuncion, DC To all my undergraduate and graduate mentors, advisors, professors and clinical instructors To Dean Emelita P. Lao, for her enlightenment and guidance that honed my skills as a future nurse leader To my Concordia College and RTRMS – MMC Batchmates 2003 To my best friends Joan Kim Corpus, Arnold Gutierrez and Yvonne Buhia To my friends in New York, Cristina Navasero, Divina Del Rosario, Anne Jimenez and Jovey Salazar in Indiana who have been my inspirations in the pursuance of global competitiveness To my closest friends, Ada Virgo, Ingrid Caspillo, Cris Adolfo To the graduate student survivors, Jennifer Reyes, Emily Marmol, Amy Sadsad, and Gerilyn Briones To my colleagues in the profession and other disciplines To my students To all the people I met and will meet in the journey of life My sincerest appreciation to all of you…

vi DEDICATION

To my mommy

To my daddy in heaven

To my brothers Rex, Fernando, Jessie & sister Zheena

To my nephews & nieces

To the future of nursing and future nurses

And

Above all, to our Almighty Father

Who have been with me all throughout the learning process…

“There are still more to accomplish. And its success is sweet, but the secret of it is sweat.”

C. P. T.

vii LIST OF TABLES Table Number 1 2 3 4 Item Placement on Organizational Climate Four - Point Likert Scale on Organizational Climate Four – Point Likert Scale on School Effectiveness Indicators of Structural Frame among Public, Private and Private Sectarian Colleges of Nursing 5 Indicators of Human Relations Frame among Public, Private and Private Sectarian Colleges of Nursing 6 Indicators of Political Frame among Public, Private and Private Sectarian Colleges of Nursing 7 Indicators of Symbolic Frame among Public, Private and Private Sectarian Colleges of Nursing 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Perceived Effectiveness on Selection Policies Perceived Effectiveness on Ranking and Promotion Perceived Effectiveness on Teaching Assignment Perceived Effectiveness on Performance Evaluation Perceived Effectiveness on Faculty Development Perceived Effectiveness on Salary and Fringe Benefits Perceived Effectiveness on Faculty Relationships Perceived Effectiveness on Program of Studies Perceived Effectiveness on Instructional Procedure Perceived Effectiveness on Classroom Management Perceived Effectiveness on Related Learning Experience 113 117 119 121 124 128 130 132 135 139 142 102 100 96 Pages
89

89 90 94

Perceived Effectiveness on Academic Performance of the Students 144 Perceived Effectiveness on Supervision for Effective Instruction 146

viii 21 22 Perceived Effectiveness on Physical Plant Verbal Description on Pearson r Moment Coefficient 0f Correlation 23 Coefficient of Correlation of Organizational Climate 156 150 155

ix LIST OF FIGURES Figure Number 1 2 Conceptual Paradigm Structural Frame among Public, Private and Private Sectarian Colleges of Nursing Human Relations Frame among Public, Private and Private Sectarian Colleges of Nursing Political Frame among Public, Private and Private Sectarian Colleges of Nursing Symbolic Frame among Public, Private and Private Sectarian Colleges of Nursing School’s Passing Rate in the Nursing Licensure Examination December 2006 Pages 7 104

3

107

4

109

5

110

6

153

x LIST OF APPENDICES Appendix A B C Letter of Intent to Conduct the Study Letter to the Respondents Questionnaire on Organizational Climate and School Effectiveness Item Placement of Questionnaire on Organizational Climate CHED MEMO No. 30 Series of 2001 CHED MEMORANDUM ORDER (CMO) NO. 02 Series of 2004 Pages 183 184 185

D

189

E F

190 197

xi ABSTRACT ORGANIZATIONAL CLIMATE AND SCHOOL EFECTIVENESS IN PUBLIC, PRIVATE AND PRIVATE SECTARIAN COLLEGES OF NURSING By CYRUZ POLERO TUPPAL
Master of Science in Nursing Major in Administration Graduate School of Nursing, Concordia College

Organizational climate is indeed a substantial tool that determines the area of effectiveness, productivity and efficiency of an organization. School effectiveness is a measure of quality and transcendental changes that govern the improvement process. Organizational climate and school effectiveness are two constructs that should receive equal importance. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the organizational climate and school effectiveness in public, private and private sectarian Colleges of Nursing. Descriptive – comparative and descriptive – correlational research designs were used in the study. A modified questionnaire of Leadership Orientation Instrument for organizational climate and a self – reported survey on school effectiveness served as the principal instruments in data gathering. Expertise of professionals was sought for construct validity. A test - retest reliability method was employed and results revealed of reliability

xii coefficient of 0.99. Thus, the instrument was highly reliable. Respondents include faculty members who have no administrative title and hold a full-time position as an instructor in a baccalaureate nursing program with one year teaching and at least one year clinical experience were purposively selected from public, private and private sectarian Colleges of Nursing. Statistical treatment of data was processed through weighted mean, ranking, one – way analysis of variance and Pearson r moment correlation of coefficient. The findings pointed out a significant difference in organizational climate and school effectiveness among public, private and private sectarian Colleges of Nursing. Findings revealed of positive, high correlation between organizational climate, faculty and physical plant and a negative correlation on instruction and student outcome. Recommendations were provided for further study, organizational climate assessment and review on specific school characteristics on faculty, instruction and physical plant and other indices of school effectiveness.