Performance of The Solar Seasonal Storage Heating System

Performance – Simulated & Measured
100% 95% 90% 85% Solar Fraction 80% 75% 70% 65% 60% 55% 50% 0 5 10 15 20 25 Year 30 35 40 45 50 70 65 BTES Core Temperature (°C) 60 55 Efficiency 50 45 40 35 30 25 Jul 07 Sep 07 Nov 07 Jan 08 Mar 08 May 08 Jul 08 Sep 08 Nov 08 Jan 09 Mar 09 May 09 Jul 09 Sep 09 Nov 09 Jan 10 Mar 10 May 10 Jul 10 Sep 10 Nov 10 Jan 11 Mar 11 May 11 Jul 11 Sep 11

BTES Core Temperature
100% 90% 80% 70%

Collector Efficiency
Monitored Array Efficiency Single Module Efficiency

Impact of Collector Orientation on Annual Collected Energy (Percent of Maximum)
90 80 70 60 Slope (°) 50 40 30 20 10
100 95 90 85 80

Energy Supplied to District Loop
700 600 500 Energy (GJ) 400 300 200 200 100

Actual Historical Weather Typical Weather (TMY) Measured

Direct Solar Indirect Solar (BTES) Boiler

60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.10

75

0

(Ti-Ta)/G (°C m²/W)

0 -90 East

-60

-30

0 South Orientation (°)

30

60

90 West

Performance – Simulated & Measured
3000

BTES Performance
90%
2810 2610 2500 2260

Collector Efficiency Comparison
80% 70% Collector Efficiency 60% Heat load readings (GJ) 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 (Ti-Ta)/G 0.1 0.12 0.14

Monthly House Energy Consumption
20 Average District Loop Temperature (°C) 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

District Loop Temperatures 2010-2011
45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

A

n08 pr -0 8 Ju l-0 8 O ct -0 8 Ja n0 A 9 pr -0 9 Ju l-0 9 O ct -0 9 Ja n1 A 0 pr -1 0 Ju l-1 O 0 ct -1 0 Ja n11 A pr -1 1

l-0 Ju

ct

O

Ja

7 -0 7

Year of Operation Simulated Collector Efficiency Measured Simulated BTES Efficiency Measured Simulated Measured Simulated Solar Fraction Measured

1 0.32 0.34 0.09 0.06 2530 3040 0.66 0.55

2 0.28 0.33 0.23 0.20 2530 2960 0.76 0.60

3 0.26 0.34 0.35 0.35 2530 2550 0.85 0.80

4 0.25 0.33 0.40 0.54 2530 2860

5
2500

Injected Into BTES Extracted from BTES

Return Supply

0.25
2000 Energy (GJ)

0.41

1500
1219

1000

864 562

Energy to Load (GJ)

2530

500
152

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20

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Ja

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DLSC Collector (SRCC flow rate, post-exposure) (Final design) Danish HT-SA 28/8 collector High flow rate (0.0307 kg/s.m²) Austrian GS collector (~SRCC flow rate) Austrian HT collector (~SRCC flow rate)

Dates of the heat meter readings

Natural Resources Canada

Ressources naturelles Canada

Se

N

D

pt

DLSC Collector (DLSC flow rate, post-exposure, first production run)

nu

ua r

em

A

br

em

A

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0.86

pr il

be r

be

Ju

be

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DLSC Collector (DLSC flow rate, pre-exposure, first production run)

22

28

14

t1

26

r1

r1

y

y

N

D

Fe

br

ct

M

A

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01

00

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0.88

0.89

ch

09

10

08

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11

be

be

be

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pr

ay

er

2007-2008

2008-2009

2009-2010

2010-2011

ry

0

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r

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