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Capítulo 3 Metro Ethernet

Ing. Giuseppe Blacio Abad

Let’s look at TDM and other L2 Services
Inflexible Bandwidth Scalability

Increasing non-Ethernet service bandwidth often requires:

OC-48 OC-12 OC-3

TDM hierarchy or L2 Service dictates bandwidth increments and technology

New service (step function)

T1T3, FRATM different protocols / technologies

New service provisioning

Often resulting in:

Oversubscribing to meet growing bandwidth needs

Frame Relay
1.5M 45M 155M 622M 2.4G

Ethernet Service Benefits over TDM/other L2 Services
Flexible Bandwidth Scalability

Increasing Ethernet service bandwidth:

Requires just bandwidth provisioning Provision only amount of BW needed

OC-48 1GbE OC-12 OC-3 10/100MbE T3 T1

Ethernet provides flexible bandwidth increments using same technology

 

Same protocol for LAN and MAN Lower OpEx & CapEx with Ethernet

25-40% lower cost than

TDM, Frame Relay, ATM interfaces1 than high speed SONET interfaces1

10x lower cost



Easier and less costly to meet growing bandwidth needs

Frame Relay
1.5M 45M 155M 622M 2.4G

The principal concept was to bring the simplicity and cost model of Ethernet to the wide area network. .The Beginning: Metro Ethernet  The Metro Ethernet Forum (MEF) was formed in 2001 in order to develop ubiquitous business services for Enterprise users principally accessed over optical metropolitan networks in order to connect their Enterprise LANs.

copper. passive optical network (PON). and wireless All while retaining the cost model and simplicity of Ethernet . cable.Expansion to Carrier Ethernet    The success of Metro Ethernet Services caught the imagination of the world when the concept expanded to include worldwide services traversing national and global networks Access networks to provide availability to a much wider class of user over fiber.

Carrier Ethernet  The MEF has defined Carrier Ethernet as • A ubiquitous. carrier-class Service and Network defined by five attributes that distinguish it from familiar LAN based Ethernet . standardized.

Carrier Ethernet Defined  Carrier Ethernet services are carried over physical Ethernet networks and other legacy transport technologies .

MEN Architectural Components .

MEF Services Definition Framework  Service Type  Construct used to create broad range of services  Service Attributes  Defines characteristics of a service type  Attribute Parameters  Set of parameters with various options .

Service Types  E-Line  Point-to-point Ethernet Virtual Circuit (EVC) EVC1 EVC2  E-LAN  Multipoint-to-multipoint Ethernet Virtual Circuit .

jitter. speed. EIR. CBS. loss  Service Multiplexing  Multiple instances of EVCs on a given physical I/F  Bundling  Multiple VLAN IDs (VID) mapped to single EVC at UNI . MAC layer  Traffic Parameters  CIR.Service Attributes  Physical Interface  Medium. EBS  QoS Parameters  Availability. delay. mode.

Service Types and Ethernet Services Service Types E-Line (p2p connectivity) E-LAN (mp2mp connectivity) Ethernet Private Line (E-line) Ethernet Virtual Private Line (E-VPL) Ethernet Private LAN (E-LAN) Ethernet Virtual Private LAN (E-VPLAN) Ethernet Services .

MEF Carrier Ethernet Terminology .

.The User Network Interface (UNI) The UNI is the physical interface or port that is the demarcation between the customer and the service provider/Cable Operator/Carrier/MSO  The UNI is always provided by the Service Provider   The UNI in a Carrier Ethernet Network is a physical Ethernet Interface at operating speeds 10Mbs. 100Mbps. 1Gbps or 10Gbps Carrier Ethernet Network CE UNI CE: Customer Equipment UNI: User Network Interface.

.Carrier Ethernet Architecture Customer Site UNI Service Provider 1 ENNI I-NNI CE I-NNI CE Service Provider 2 UNI Customer Site ETH UNI-C ETH UNI-N ETH ENNI-N ETH ENNI-N ETH UNI-N ETH UNI-C UNI UNI-C UNI-N User Network Interface UNI-customer side UNI-network side NNI ENNI I-NNI Network to Network Interface External NNI Internal NNI The UNI is the physical demarcation point between the responsibility of the Service Provider and the responsibility of the Subscriber.

Ethernet Virtual Connection (EVC)   An EVC is “an instance of an association of 2 or more UNIs” EVCs help visualize the Ethernet connections  Like Frame Relay and ATM PVCs Point-to-Point Multipoint-to-Multipoint  MEF has defined 2 EVC types    Can be bundled or multiplexed on the same UNI Point-to-Point EVC UNI MEN UNI MEN Multipoint-to-Multipoint EVC .

100Mbps. MPLS . WDM. 1Gbps or 10Gbps CE UNI Metro Ethernet Network (MEN) CE  UNI (User Network Interface)   CE UNI  Metro Ethernet Network (MEN)  May use different transport and service delivery technologies  SONET/SDH.1Q bridge (switch) Standard IEEE 802.3 Ethernet PHY and MAC 10Mbps.Ethernet Service – Basic Model   Customer Equipment (CE) attaches to UNI CE can be   router IEEE 802.

Service Types .

MEN UNI CE CE UNI E-LAN Service type .Service Types  E-Line Service used to create     Point-to-Point EVC Ethernet Private Lines Virtual Private Lines Ethernet Internet Access Point-to-Point VPNs UNI CE CE MEN UNI E-Line Service type Multipoint-to-Multipoint EVC  E-LAN Service used to create    UNI CE UNI CE Multipoint L2 VPNs Transparent LAN Service Foundation for IPTV and Multicast networks etc.

data is transported across Point-to-Point and Multipoint-to-Multipoint EVCs according to the attributes and definitions of the E-Line and E-LAN services Point-to-Point EVC UNI UNI Carrier Ethernet Network .EVCs and Services In a Carrier Ethernet network.

Services Using E-Line Service Type  Ethernet Private Line (EPL)  Replaces a TDM Private line  Dedicated UNIs for Point-to-Point connections  Single Ethernet Virtual Connection (EVC) per UNI  The most popular Ethernet service due to its simplicity Storage Service Provider UNI UNI CE UNI CE Carrier Ethernet Network ISP POP UNI Internet Point-to-Point EVC CE .

Service using E-Line Service Type  Ethernet Private Line  Dedicated UNIs for Point-to-Point connections Storage SP Dedicated TDM circuits OC-3 CE Point-to-Point EVCs (dedicated BW) Ethernet UNI Ethernet UNI CE Ethernet UNI Storage SP DS1 CE CE MEN MEN DS3 OC-3 ISP POP ISP POP CE Ethernet UNI CE Internet Internet Ethernet Private Line using E-Line Service type Private Line Analogy to E-Line Service .

Services Using E-Line Service Type  Ethernet Virtual Private Line (EVPL)  Replaces Frame Relay or ATM services  Supports Service Multiplexed UNI (i.e. multiple EVCs per UNI)  Allows single physical connection (UNI) to customer premise equipment for multiple virtual connections .

Service using E-Line Service Type  Ethernet Virtual Private Line  Supports Service Multiplexed UNI  Point-to-Point VPN for site interconnectivity Point-to-Point EVCs Ethernet Service UNI Multiplexed Ethernet UNI CE Point-to-Point FR PVCs FR UNI FR UNI FR CPE FR CPE MEN CE CE MEN FR UNI FR CPE Ethernet UNI Ethernet Virtual Private Line using E-Line Service type Frame Relay Analogy to E-Line Service .

Service using E-LAN Service Type  Transparent LAN Service (TLS) provides   Transparent LAN Service VLANs Sales Customer Service Engineering UNI 1 Multipoint-to-Multipoint EVC Intra-company Connectivity Full transparency of control protocols UNI 2  New VLANs added  without coordination with provider MEN VLANs Sales Customer Service UNI 3 VLANs Engineering TLS makes the MEN look like a LAN UNI 4 VLANs Sales .

1 Ethernet Services Definitions Phase 2 Service Type E-Line (Point-to-Point EVC) E-LAN (multipoint-to-multipoint EVC) E-Tree (rooted multipoint EVC) Port-Based (All-to-One Bundling) Ethernet Private Line (EPL) Ethernet Private LAN (EP-LAN) Ethernet Private Tree (EP-Tree) VLAN-Based (Service Multiplexed) Ethernet Virtual Private Line (EVPL) Ethernet Virtual Private LAN (EVP-LAN) Ethernet Virtual Private Tree (EVP-Tree) .MEF 6.

Services Using E-Tree Service Type  Ethernet Private Tree (EP-Tree) and Ethernet Virtual Private Tree (EVP-Tree) Services Provides traffic separation between users with traffic from one “leaf” being allowed to arrive at one of more “Roots” but never being transmitted to other “leaves”  Targeted at multi-host and where user traffic must be kept invisible to other users  Anticipated to be an enabler for mobile backhaul Leaf and triple-play infrastructure rather UNI UNI than end-user SLAs CE  Root Leaf CE UNI CE UNI CE UNI Leaf Carrier Ethernet Network .

MPLS. etc. IEEE 802.Carrier Ethernet Architecture (1) Data moves from UNI to UNI across "the network" with a layered architecture.g..) Ethernet Services Layer (Ethernet Service PDU) TRAN Layer Transport Services Layer (e. IP. PDH.1.. MPLS) Control Plane Management Plane .g. SONET/SDH. APP Layer ETH Layer Application Services Layer Data Plane (e.

Bandwidth Profiles defined in ETM  MEF has defined three bandwidth profiles  Ingress  Ingress  Ingress Bandwidth Profile Per Ingress UNI Bandwidth Profile Per EVC Bandwidth Profile Per CoS ID  4 parameters <CIR. CBS. EIR. EBS>  CIR/CBS determines frame delivery per service level objectives  EIR/EBS determines amount of excess frame delivery allowed .

Bandwidth Profiles defined in ETM  CIR (Commited Information Rate)    CBS (Commited Burst Size) EIR (Excess Information Rate) EBS (Excess Burst Size) .

size of burst window (ms) for allowed CIR / EIR rates .CIR and EIR Bandwidth Profiles  CIR – Committed Information Rate  Frame delivery obligation per EVC1 SLA  EVC2 EIR – Excess Information Rate  Excess frame delivery allowed – not subject to SLA if available EIR EVC3 Total UNI BW  CBS. EBS .

Three Types of Bandwidth Profiles EVC1 EVC1 Ingress Bandwidth Profile Per Ingress UNI UNI EVC2 EVC3 UNI EVC2 EVC3 Ingress Bandwidth Profile Per EVC1 Ingress Bandwidth Profile Per EVC2 Ingress Bandwidth Profile Per EVC3 CE-VLAN CoS 6 Ingress Bandwidth Profile Per CoS ID 6 Ingress Bandwidth Profile Per CoS ID 4 UNI EVC1 CE-VLAN CoS 4 CE-VLAN CoS 2 Ingress Bandwidth Profile Per CoS ID 2 EVC2 .

Service Performance (QoS)  Service Performance Parameters  Availability  Frame Delay  Frame Jitter  Frame Loss  Service performance level to delivery determined via:  Per CoS ID.. e. i. 802.e.1p user priority per EVC  Per UNI (port).g.. 1 CoS for all EVCs at UNI .

5 3.g. 2 . 7 Service Performance Delay < 5ms Jitter < 1ms Loss < 0.1p CoS ID Common type of SLA used with CoSbased IP VPNs Bandwidth Profile per EVC per CoS ID CIR > 0 EIR = 0 CIR > 0 EIR ≤ UNI Speed CIR > 0 EIR ≤ UNI Speed CIR=0 EIR=UNI speed Service Class Service Characteristics CoS ID 6.01% Delay < 5ms Jitter = N/S Loss < 0.5% IP telephony or IP Premium Real-time video applications Silver Bronze Bursty mission critical data applications requiring low loss and delay (e.1% Delay < 30ms Jitter = N/S Loss < 0.. Storage) Bursty data applications requiring bandwidth assurances 4.01% Delay < 15ms Jitter = N/S Loss < 0. 4 Standard Best effort service 0. 1.Example CoS-based Metro Ethernet SLA     E-Line Service 4 Classes of Service CoS determined via 802.