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COURSE TITLE THEORY English I Mathematics I Physics I Chemistry I Engineering Graphics Fundamentals of Computing

HS171 MA171 PH171 CY171 GE171 GE172 PRACTICAL PH172 CY172 CS171

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Physics Lab Chemistry Lab Engineering Practice Computer Practice I Total

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COURSE TITLE THEORY English II Mathematics II Physics II Environmental Science and Engineering Engineering Mechanics Electronic Devices Circuit Analysis

HS181 MA181 PH181 GE183 EE181 EE182 PRACTICAL EC181 EE183

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Computer Practice II Electric Circuit Lab Total

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COURSE TITLE THEORY Mathematics III Electrical Machines Electromagnetic Fields and Waves Electronic Circuits- I Programming and Data Structures Signals and Systems

MA271 EE271 EC271 EC272 EC273 EC274

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PRACTICAL EE272 EC275 EC276 Electrical Machines Lab Electronic Devices and Circuits Lab Programming and Data Structures Lab Total SEMESTER IV CODE NO (6+2) L T P C 0 0 0 18 0 0 0 3 3 3 3 9 2 2 2 27

COURSE TITLE THEORY Random Processes Digital Electronics and System Design Electronic Circuits II Linear Integrated Circuits Transmission Lines and Wave Guides Control Systems

MA281 EC281 EC282 EC283 EC284 EC285 PRACTICAL EC286 EC287

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Analog Circuits Lab Digital System Lab Total

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COURSE TITLE THEORY Professional Ethics in Engineering Communication Theory and Systems Microprocessor and its Applications Digital Signal Processing Computer Architecture and organization Measurements and Instrumentation

GE381 EC371 EC372 EC373 EC374 EC375 PRACTICAL EC376 EC377 EC378

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Microprocessor and Control System Lab Digital Signal Processing Lab Electronic System Design Lab Communication Skill (no exam) Total SEMESTER VI (6+4) CODE NO COURSE TITLE THEORY Digital Switching and transmission Digital Communication Computer Networks Medical Electronics RF and Microwave Engineering Elective I

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EC381 EC382 EC383 EC384 EC385

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PRACTICAL EC386 EC387 Communication System and Network Lab Telematics and Medical Electronics Lab Professional Skill (no exam) Comprehension Total 0 0 0 0 18 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 3 12 2 2 0 1 23


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COURSE TITLE THEORY Wireless and Mobile Communication VLSI Design Optical Communication and Networking Antennas and Wave Propagation Elective II Elective III

EC471 EC472 EC473 EC474

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PRACTICAL EC475 EC476 VLSI Design Lab Microwave and Optical communication Lab Mini Project Total 0 0 0 18 0 0 0 0 3 3 6 12 2 2 3 25


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COURSE TITLE THEORY Total Quality Management Elective IV Elective V Elective VI


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Total Credit: 201

LIST OF ELECTIVES COURSE Operating systems Object Oriented Programming Artificial Intelligence Neural networks and fuzzy systems Neural networks and its applications Cryptography and network security Parallel and distributed Processing Web Technology Natural language processing Advanced Microprocessors Power Electronics Opto Electronic Devices Advanced Electronic System Design CAD for VLSI Real time Embedded Systems Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) Avionic systems Satellite Communication Radar and Navigational Aids Electromagnetic Interface and Compatibility Telecommunication System Modeling and Simulation Digital Image Processing Advanced Digital Signal Processing Television and Video Engineering RF system design Introduction to Speech technologies Wireless Network Space time wireless communication system Numerical Methods Radiological Engineering Hospital Management Anatomy and Physiology Robotics Medical Informatics Bio Informatics Acoustics and sound Engineering Entrepreneurship Development Intellectual Property Right Indian Constitution and Society Creativity, Innovation and New Product Development L T P C 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 1 0 4 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3

EC501 EC502 EC503 EC504 EC505 EC506 EC507 EC508 EC509 EC510 EC511 EC512 EC513 EC514 EC515 EC516 EC517 EC518 EC519 EC520 EC521 EC522 EC523 EC524 EC525 EC526 EC527 EC528 EC529 EC530 EC531 EC532 EC533 EC534 EC535 EC536 MG MG MG MG

MA271 Mathematics III


1. PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9 Formation - Solutions of first order equations - standard types and Equations reducible to standard types- Lagrange's Linear equation - Integral surface passing through a given curve – Solution of linear equations of higher order with constant coefficients. 2. FOURIER SERIES 9 Dirichlet's conditions - General Fourier series – Odd and even functions-Half-range Sine and Cosine series –Complex form of Fourier Series- Parseval's identity - Harmonic Analysis. 3. BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS 9 Method of separation of Variables - Solutions of one dimensional wave equation,-onedimensional heat equation - Steady state solution of two-dimensional heat equation - Fourier series solutions in Cartesian coordinates 4. LAPLACE TRANSFORMS 9 Fourier integral theorem-Fourier transform pair-sine and cosine transforms - propertiestransform of simple function-convolution theorem-parseval’s identity 5. FOURIER TRANSFORMS 9 Z-transform-elementary properties-inverse z transform-convolution theorem-formation of difference equation-solution of difference equation using z transform L:45+T:15=60 TEXTBOOK: 1. Grewal, B.S., " Higher Engineering Mathematics " (35th Edition), Khanna Publishers, Delhi 2000.

REFERENCE: 1. Andrews, L.A. and Shivamoggi B.K.,”Integral Transforms for engineers and applied mathematicians,”Macmillan, Newyork,1988.

2. Narayanan, S., Manicavachagom Pillay, T.K., Ramanaiah, G., " Advanced Mathematics for Engineering Students ", Volumes II & III (2ndEdition), S.Viswanathan (Printers & Publishers, Pvt, Ltd.) 1992. 3. Churchill,R.V and Brown J.W.,Fourier Series and Boundary Value Problem”, Fourth Edition, Mcgraw HillBook Co., Singapore,1987. 4. Wylie c. Ray and Barett Louis, C., “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, Sixth Edition, Mcgraw-Hill, Inc., Newyork, 1995.



1. POLYPHASE CIRCUITS 6 Three phase circuits with Balanced and Unbalanced Loads - Power measurement in 3 Phase circuit- Two watt meter method. 2. DC MACHINES 9 Construction of DC Machines-Theory of operation of DC Generators -Characteristics of DC Generators. Operating principle of DC motors-Types of DC motors and their CharacteristicsSpeed control of DC motors. 3.TRANSFORMERS 9 Principle of operation of Transformers - Types - Equivalent circuit - Voltage regulation – Efficiency - Testing - All Day Efficiency - Principle of operation of Three phase transformers Transformer connections 4. INDUCTION MACHINES 12 Construction of single Phase motors - Types of single Phase motors - Double revolving field theory - Starting methods - Capacitor start Capacitor run motors - Shaded pole-Repulsion type Universal motors. Principle of operation of 3 phase induction motors - Construction – Types Equivalent circuit - Starting and Speed control. 5. SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES 9 Principle of alternator - Construction details - Types - Equation of Induced EMF- Voltage regulation. Methods of starting of synchronous motors-Torque equation - V curves synchronous condensers. L=45 TEXTBOOK: 1. I.J. Nagarath and Kothari. D.P. ‘Electric Machines’ Tata McGraw Hill, 1997. 2. Hughes ‘Electrical Technologies’, John Hiley and Keith Brown Publishers, 2003 REFERENCE: 1. Bhattacharya S.K, ‘Electrical Machines’ Tata McGraw Hill, 2000. 2. Cotton H,’Electrical Technology’, 7th Edition, CBS Publishers, 2000. 3. Del Toro V,”Electrical Engineering Fundamentals”, Prentice Hall of India , New Delhi 2000.


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1. STATIC ELECTRIC FIELD 9 Introduction to co-ordinate systems , Gradient , Divergence , Curl , Divergence theorem, Stokes theorem , Coulombs law , Electric field intensity , Principle of superposition , Electric scalar potential , Electric flux density. Gauss’s law and its application, Introduction to field computation methods. 2. STATIC MAGNETIC FIELD 9 Magnetic field of a current carrying element ,Amperes law , The Biot – Savart law , Magnetic flux Density and Field intensity , Gauss law for magnetic fields , Torque on a loop , Magnetic moment ,Magneto motive force , Permeability , Vector potential , Field computation. 3. FIELDS IN DIELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS 9 Permittivity, Polarization, Boundary relation, Capacitance, Dielectric strength ,Energy and Energy density, Poisson and Laplace equation and their application. Inductance, Energy in an Inductor and Energy density, Boundary relation, Hysterisis, Reluctance and Permeance. 4.TIME VARYING ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS 9 Faradays law , Transformer and Mutual induction ,Maxwell’s equation , Self and Mutual inductance ,Displacement current , Amperes law and its inconsistency for time varying fields , Boundary relation , Poynting vector , Comparison of field and circuit theory . 5. PLANE EM WAVES IN ISOTROPIC MEDIA 9 Wave equation from Maxwell’s Equation, Uniform plane waves in perfect dielectric and conductors, Polarization, Reflection and Refraction of plane waves at different boundaries, Surface impedance. L=45 TEXT BOOK: 1. Hayt, W.H, Engineering Electromagnetics McGraw Hill, 1995 2. David .K.Cheng Field and wave electromagnetics , 2nd edition, Pearson, 2004. REFERENCE: 1. Edward C.Jordon and Keith G.Balmain, Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating systems, Prentice Hall of India, 2nd Edition, 2004. 2. Kraus, Fleisch, Electromagnetics with Applications, McGraw-Hill, 1999. 3. Guru & hiziroglu,- “Electromagnetic Field Theory Fundamentals`` Brooks/Cole Thomson learning. 4. David . J . Griffiths, “ Introduction to Electrodynamics``Third Edition , Pearson, 2003.



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1. AMPLIFIERS BJT & FET 9 Small signal equivalent circuits of Amplifiers – Small signal Analysis – CMOS Inverters –DC Analysis of CMOS Inverters – Voltage transfer curve – Noise margin – Cascode – Darlington – Bootstrap -- Differential Amplifiers -- Improvement of CMRR 2. MOSFET & CMOS CIRCUITS 9 MOSFET as an amplifier – Small signal model analysis – Biasing in integrated circuits MOS amplifiers – Current steering circuit using MOSFET – Single stage IC MOS amplifiers – CMOS common source amplifier – Common drain follower configuration using CMOS – Design of NMOS inverter using resistive load - – load live – Noise margin analysis 3. HIGH FREQUENCY ANALYSIS OF BJT AND FET 9 Frequency response of BJT and FET – High frequency equivalent circuit – short circuit current gain – cut off frequency – unity gain and bandwidth – Miller effect – Limitations of high frequency CE/CC amplifiers. 4. LARGE SIGNAL AMPLIFIERS 9 Power BJT & MOSFET – Heat sinks – Analysis of Class A,B, AB,C, D,S Class AB with darlington .O/P stage – Characteristics of Power MOSFET – Temperature effects – Comparisons with BJT power amplifiers – Class AB O/P stage utilizing MOSFET. 5. POWER SUPPLIES 9 HWR & FWR – Performance measures -- Analysis of different filters C,L,L-C, ∏ -- SMPS – Design of SMPS – Linear voltage regulators – AC/DC power control using SCR. L:45+T:15=60 TEXT BOOK: 1. Adel .S. Sedra, Kenneth C. Smith, Micro Electronic circuits, 4th Edition,Oxford University Press, 1998. 2. Richard .C. Jaeger.Travis, N.Blalock, Micro Electronic Circuit Design –2nd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003. REFERENCE: 1 Denal .A. Neamen, Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design –2nd edition,Tata McGraw Hill, 2002. 2. Millman .J. and Halkias C.C, Integrated Electronics McGraw Hill, 2001. 3. Millman.J and Grabel,A., Michrodectromics, McGraw Hill, 1995. 4. D.Sehilling and C.Belove, Electronic Circuits 3rd edition, McGraw Hill, 1989.






Problem solving techniques and examples – Abstract Data Type (ADT) – The List ADT – The Stack ADT – The Queue ADT 2. TREES 9

Preliminaries – Binary Trees – The Search Tree ADT – Binary Search Trees – AVL Trees – Tree Traversals – Btrees 3. HASHING AND PRIORITY QUEUES 9

Hashing – General Idea – Hash Function – Separate Chaining – Open Addressing – Rehashing – Extendible Hashing - Priority Queues (Heaps) – Model – Simple implementations – Binary Heap – Application of Priority Queues 4. SORTING Preliminaries – Insertion Sort – Shellsort – Heapsort – Mergesort – Quicksort – External Sorting 5. GRAPHS 9 9

Definitions – Topological Sort – Shortest-Path Algorithms –Minimum Spanning Tree –Applications of Depth-First Search

Total: 45

TEXT BOOKS: 1) M. A. Weiss, “Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C”, 2nd ed, Pearson Education Asia, 2002. 2) R. G. Dromey, “How to Solve it by Computer”, Prentice-Hall of India, 2002.

REFERENCES: 1. Brian W. Kernighan and Rob Pike, “The Practice of Programming”, Pearson Education Asia, 1999. 2. Aho, J. E. Hopcroft and J. D. Ullman, “Data Structures and Algorithms”, Pearson Education Asia, 1983. 3. Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson and Ronald L. Rivest, “Introduction to Algorithms”, 2nd ed., Prentice-Hall of India, 2002. 4. Y. Langsam, M. J. Augenstein and A. M. Tenenbaum, “Data Structures using C++”, Pearson Education Asia / Prentice-Hall of India, 2004.



1. CLASSIFICATION OF SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS 9 Continuous time signals (CT signals)- Discrete time signals (DT signals) – Step, Ramp, Pulse, Impulse, Exponential, classification of CT and DT signals –periodic and aperiodic signals, random signals, Energy & Power signals - CT systems and DT systems, Classification of systems. 2. ANALYSIS OF CONTINUOUS TIME SIGNALS 9 Fourier series analysis- spectrum of Continuous Time (CT) signals- Fourier and Laplace Transforms in Signal Analysis. 3. LINEAR TIME INVARIANT –CONTINUOUS TIME SYSTEMS 9 Differential Equation-Block diagram representation-impulse response, convolution integralsFourier and Laplace transforms in Analysis- State variable equations and matrix representation of systems. 4. ANALYSIS OF DISCRETE TIME SIGNALS 9 DTFT & Properties-Z Transform & properties- Baseband Sampling of CT signals- Aliasing. 5. LINEAR TIME INVARIANT –DISCRETE TIME SYSTEMS 9 Difference Equations-Block diagram representation-Impulse response-Convolution sumFourier and Z Transform Analysis of Recursive & Non-Recursive systems- State variable equations and matrix representation of systems. L:45+T:15=60 TEXTBOOK: 1. Allan V.Oppenheim, S.Wilsky and S.H.Nawab, Signals & Systems, Pearson Education, 2000. 2. Simon Haykins and Barry Van Veen, Signals & Systems John Wiley & sons , Inc, 1999 REFERENCE: 1. M.J.Roberts, Signals & Systems, Analysis using Transform methods & MATLAB, Tata McGraw Hill (India), 2003. 2. Robert A. Gabel and Richard A.Roberts, Signals & Linear Systems, John Wiley, III edition, 1987. 3. Douglas K. Linder, Signals & Systems, Mc.Graw Hill International , 1999 4. R.E.Zeimer, W.H. Tranter and R.D. Fannin, Signals & Systems- Continuous and Discrete, Pearson, 2001.



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1) Power Measurements in 3-phase circuits. 2) Swinburne's Test. 3) Speed control of DC motors 4) Load Test on DC shunt generator 5) OCC and Load Test on DC shunt generator 6) OC and SC tests on Transformers. 7) Load Test on Transformer. 8) Regulation of alternator by EMF and MMF methods. 9) Equivalent circuit on 3-phase induction motor. 10) Load Test on 3-phase induction motor. 11) Equivalent circuit of single-phase induction motor. 12) Study of DC motor starters. 13) Study of AC motor starters.



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1. CE Transistor Characteristics 2. UJT Characteristics 3. FET Characteristics 4. SCR Characteristics

5. Power Supplies 6. Frequency Response of CE, CB, and CC Amplifiers 7. Source Follower with gate resistance, Bootstrapped. 8. Class A and Class B power amplifiers. 9. Differential Amplifiers, CMRR measurements. 10. Examples using PSpice


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1. 2. 3. 4.

Array implementation of List Abstract Data Type (ADT) Linked list implementation of List ADT Cursor implementation of List ADT Stack ADT - Array and linked list implementations The next two exercises are to be done by implementing the following source files (a) Program source files for Stack Application 1 (b) Array implementation of Stack ADT (c) Linked list implementation of Stack ADT (d) Program source files for Stack Application 2 An appropriate header file for the Stack ADT should be #included in (a) and (d)



Implement any Stack Application using array implementation of Stack ADT (by implementing files (a) and (b) given above) and then using linked list implementation of Stack ADT (by using files (a) and implementing file (c)) Implement another Stack Application using array and linked list implementations of Stack ADT (by implementing files (d) and using file (b), and then by using files (d) and (c))

7. 8. 9. 10.

Queue ADT – Array and linked list implementations Search Tree ADT - Binary Search Tree Hash Table – separate chaining Implement an interesting application as separate source files and using any of the searchable ADT files developed earlier. Replace the ADT file alone with other appropriate ADT files. Compare the performance. 11. Heap Sort 12. Quick Sort

MA281 RANDOM PROCESSES 1. PROBABILITY AND RANDOM VARIABLES Axioms of propability – Conditionsl propability – Total Probability – Bayes’theorm – axiom variables Discrete and Continuous.

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2. STANDARD DISTRIBUTIONS 9 Binomial, Poisson, Geometric, Uniform, Normal, Exponential and Gamma distributionsExpectations-Variance – Moments – Moment generating function and their properties. 3. TWO DIMENSIONAL RANDOM VARIABLES 9 Joint distributions – Marginal and Conditions distributions – covariance – Correlation and Regression – Sums of independent random variables. 4. RANDOM VARIABLES 9 Random Processes – Definition – Characterization – Discrere Parmeter Markov chain – Poisson processes – Transition probability matrix – Chapman Kolmogorov equations- Limiting distributions. 5. ANALYSIS AND POROCESSING AND RANDOM PROCESSES. 9 Power spectral densities – Auto Correlation functions – Cross-correlation function – Power spectral densities –Cross- power spectral densities- White noise – Response of linear systems to random inputs. L:45+T:15= 60 TEXTBOOK: 1. R.E.Walpole, R.H.Myers,S.L Myers and K.Ye,”Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists”,7th edition, Pearson Education,Delhi,2002. 2. Hwei Hsu,”Schaum’s Outlines Probability, random Variables, and Random Processes”,McGrawHill,1997. REFERENCE: 1. Sheldon Ross,A First Couse in Probability”,6th edition, Pearson Education, Delhi,2002. 2. Henny Stark and John W.Woods. ”Probability and Random Processes with applications to signal processing”,3rd edition Pearson Education,Asia,2002. 3. P.Z.Peebles,Jr.”Probability,Random Variables and Random signal principles,” Tata McGrawHill.4th Edition,2002. 4. Papoulis,A &UnniKrishnan Pillai,S.,”Probability,Random variables and stochastic Process ,4th Edition ,Tata McGrawHill,2002.


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1. BASIC CONCEPTS AND BOOLEAN ALGEBRA 9 Number systems - Binary, Octal, Decimal, Hexadecimal, conversion from one to another, complement arithmatic, Boolean theorems of Boolean algebra, Sum of products and product of sums, Minterms and Maxterms, Karnaugh map, Tabulation and computer aided minimization procedures. 2. LOGIC GATES 8 TTL, HTL, NMOS & CMOS logic gates, Circuit diagram and analysis characteristics and specifications, tri-state gates. Logic Threshold noise margin, fan-in/fan-on. 3. COMBINATIONAL CIRCUITS 10 Problem formulation and design of combinational circuits, Adder / Subtractor, Encoder / decoder, Priority Encoder, Mux /Demux, Code-converters, Comparators, Implementation of combinational logic using standard ICs, ROM, EPROM, EEPROM, PAL, PLA, CPLD and their use in combinational circuit design 4. SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS 10 Flipflops - SR, JK, T, D, Master/Slave FF, Triggering of FF, Analysis of clocked sequential circuits - their design, State minimization, moore/mealy model, state assignment, Circuit implementation, Registers-Shift registers, Ripple counters, Synchronous counters, Timing signal, RAM, Memory decoding, Semiconductor memories. 5. FUNDAMENTAL MODE SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS 8 Stable, Unstable states, Output specifications, Cycles and Races, Race free Assignments, Hazards, Essential hazards, Pulse mode sequential circuits. Design of Hazard free circuit. L:45+T:15=60 TEXTBOOK: 1. Morris Mano, " Digital logic and Computer Design ", Prentice-Hall of India, 1998. REFERENCE: 1. William I. Fletcher, " An Engineering Approach to Digital Design ", Prentice-Hall of India, 1980. 2. Floyd T.L., " Digital Fundamentals ", Charles E. Merrill publishing Company, 1982. 3. Tokheim R.L., " Digital Electronics - Principles and Applications ", Tata McGraw Hill, 1999. 4. Jain R.P., " Modern Digital Electronics ", Tata McGraw Hill, 1999. 5. John .M. Yarbrough, Digital Logic Applications & Design, Vikas Publishing House.



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1. FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS AND STABILITY 9 Basic feedback concepts – Properties of Negative feedback – Four feedback topologies with amplifier circuit. Examples – Analysis of series –shunt feedback amplifiers – stability problem – Frequency compensation. 2. OSCILLATORS 9 Barkhausen criteria for oscillator – Analysis of RC oscillators – Phase shift Wein bridge oscillators – LC oscillators – Colpitt, Hartley, Clapp, Crystal , Ring. Phase noise in oscillators. 3. TUNED AMPLIFIERS 9 Basic principles – Inductor losses – Use of transformers – Amplifier with multiple tuned circuits – Cascade – Synchronous tuning – Stagger tuning – Stability of tuned amplifiers using Neutralization techniques. 4. SIGNAL GENERATOR AND WAVE SHAPING CIRCUITS 9 Switching characteristics of transistors – Bistable multivibrators – Transfer characteristics of Bistable – Application of Bistable – Astable multivibrator – Square and triangular wave generation – Monostable multivibrator – Pulse generation Wave shaping n/w s RC,RL,RL. 5. POWER DEVICES 9 Power transistors- Steady state and switching characteristics power MOSFET. Steady state and switching characteristics IGBT. A.C Voltage control and phase control rectifiers using thyristors and TRIAC. DC / DC converters – Buck, Boost and Buck – Boost. L:45+T:15= 60

TEXTBOOK: 1. Adel .S. Sedra, Kenneth C. Smith, Micro Electronic circuits, 4th Edition,Oxford University Press, 1998. REFERENCE: 1. Richard .C. Jaeger.Travis, N.Blalock, Micro Electronic Circuit Design –2nd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003. 2 Denal .A. Neamen, Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design –2nd edition,Tata McGraw Hill, 2002. 3. David .A. Bell, Solid state pulse circuits, Prentice Hall of India,1992. 4. Muhammed H.Rashid power electronics Pearson Education / PHI , 2004



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1. CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION FOR LINEAR ICS: 9 Current sources, Analysis of difference amplifiers with active loads, supply and temperature independent biasing, Band gap references, Monolithic IC operational amplifiers, specifications, frequency compensation, slew rate and methods of improving slew rate. 2. APPLICATIONS OF OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS: 9 Linear and Nonlinear Circuits using operational amplifiers and their analysis, Inverting and Non inverting Amplifiers, Differentiator, Integrator Voltage to Current converter, Instrumentation amplifier, Sine wave Oscillators, Low pass and band pass filters, comparator, Multivibrator and Schmitt trigger, Triangle wave generator, Precision rectifier, Log and Antilog amplifiers, Non-linear function generator. 3. ANALOG MULTIPLIER AND PLL: 9 Analysis of four quadrant and variable Tran conductance multipliers, Voltage controlled Oscillator, Closed loop analysis of PLL, AM, PM and FSK modulators and demodulators. Frequency synthesizers, Compander ICs 4. ANALOG TO DIGITAL AND DIGITAL TO ANALOG CONVERTORS 9 Analog switches, High speed sample and hold circuits and sample and hold IC's, Types of D/A converter Current driven DAC, Switches for DAC, A/D converter, Flash, Single slope, Dual slope, Successive approximation, DM and ADM, Voltage to Time and Voltage to frequency converters. 5. SPECIAL FUNCTION ICS 9 Timers, Voltage regulators - linear and switched mode types, Switched capacitor filter, Frequency to Voltage converters, Tuned amplifiers, Power amplifiers and Isolation Amplifiers, Video amplifiers, Fiber optics ICs and Opto couplers, Sources for Noises, Op Amp noise analysis and Low noise OP-Amps L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Sergio Franco, " Design with operational amplifiers and analog integrated circuits ",McGraw Hill, 1997. REFERENCE: 1. Gray and Meyer, " Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits ", Wiley International, 1995. 2. Michael Jacob J., " Applications and Design with Analog Integrated Circuits ", Prentice Hall of Inida, 1996. 3. Ramakant A. Gayakwad, " OP - AMP and Linear IC's ", Prentice Hall, 1994. 4. Botkar K.R., " Integrated Circuits ", Khanna Publishers, 1996. 5. Taub and Schilling, " Digital Integrated Electronics ", McGraw Hill, 1977. 6. Caughlier and Driscoll, " Operational amplifiers and Linear Integrated circuits ", Prentice Hall, 1989. 7. Millman J. and Halkias C.C., " Integrated Electronics ", McGraw Hill, 2001.



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1. TRANSMISSION LINE THEORY & PARAMETERS 8 Introduction to different types of transmission lines , Transmission line Equation – Solution – Infinite line concept - Distortion less line – loading – input impedance , Losses in Transmission lines– Reflection loss, Insertion loss, return loss, Transmission line parameters at radio frequencies. 2. IMPEDENCE MATCHING AND TRANSFORMATION 9 Reflection Phenomena – Standing waves – λ/8, λ/4 & λ/2 lines – λ/4 Impedance transformers , Stub Matching – Single and Double Stub – Smith Chart and Applications. 3. NETWORKCOMPONENTS 9 Filter fundamentals, Constant K – LPF and HPF Filter design, Fundamentals of Attenuators and Equalizers – Lattice type , Concept of inverse networks –Transients in transmission lines. 4. RECTANGULAR WAVE GUIDES 10 Waves between Parallel Planes – characteristic of TE , TM and TEM waves , Velocities of propagation ,Solution of wave Equation in Rectangular guides ,TE and TM modes , Dominant Mode,Attenuation,Mode Excitation,Rectangular cavity resonator and Q for dominant mode, Problems . 5. CYLINDRICAL WAVE GUIDES 9 Solution of wave equation in circular guides, TE and TM wave in circular guides, Wave impedance, attenuation, mode excitation, formation of cylindrical cavity, Application , Problems.

TEXTBOOK: 1 David .K.Cheng “Field and wave electromagnetics `` , Addison Wesley , New Delhi , 1999 2 John D Ryder “Networks lines and fields`` Printice Hall of India, 2000 REFERENCE: 1. Guru & Hiziroglu,”Electromagnetic Field Theory Fundamentals`` Brooks/Cole Thomson learning, 2000 2. Annapurna Das Sisir K Das ,”Microwave Engineering`` Tata McGraw Hill, 2004. 3. S.Baskaran & S.Mary Joans, Transmission Lines and Networks, Scitech Publications (India) Pvt.Ltd., 2003. 4. W.L.Everitt & G.Anner, Communication Systems, Mc Graw Hill, 1956 5. James L.Potter & Sylan J.Fich, Theory of Networks and lines, Prentice Hall of Indoa, 1965



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1. CONTROL SYSTEM MODELING 9 Basic Elements of Control System – Open loop and Closed loop systems - Differential equation Transfer function, Modeling of Electric systems, Translational and rotational mechanical systems - Block diagram reduction Techniques - Signal flow graph 2. TIME RESPONSE ANALYSIS 9 Time response analysis - First Order Systems - Impulse and Step Response analysis of second order systems - Steady state errors – P, PI, PD and PID Compensation 3. FREQUENCY RESPONSE ANALYSIS 9 - Frequency Response - Bode Plot, Polar Plot, Nyquist Plot - Frequency Domain specifications from the plots - Constant M and N Circles - Nichol’s Chart - Use of Nichol’s Chart in Control System Analysis. Series, Parallel, series-parallel Compensators - Lead, Lag, and Lead Lag Compensators. 4. STABILITY ANALYSIS 9 Stability, Routh-Hurwitz Criterion, Root Locus Technique, Construction of Root Locus, Stability, Dominant Poles, Application of Root Locus Diagram - Nyquist Stability Criterion Relative Stability 5. STATE VARIABLE ANALYSIS 9 State space representation of Continuous Time systems – State equations – Transfer function from State Variable Representation – Solutions of the state equations - Concepts of Controllability and Observability – State space representation for Discrete time systems. Sampled Data control systems – Sampling Theorem – Sampler & Hold – Open loop & Closed loop sampled data systems. L:45+T:15=60 TEXTBOOK: 1. I.J.Nagrath and M.Gopal,” Control System Engineering”, Wiley Eastern, 1992. REFERENCE: 1. M.Gopal, “Control System – Analysis and Design”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003 2. Benjamin.C.Kuo, Automatic control system, Prentice Hall of India, 1995. 3. Richord C.Dorf, Robert H.Bishop,’Modern Control Systems’ Addison-Wesley 1999. 4. John J.Diazo & Constantine H.Houpis’Linear control system analysis and design’ Tata McGrow-Hill, Inc., 1995. 5. Shaum’s Outline Series,’Feedback and Control Systems’ Tata McGraw-Hill, 1986.


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1. Design and frequency response of Feedback Amplifier. 2. Design and frequency response of Tuned Amplifier. 3. Design of RC Oscillators 4. Design of LC Oscillators 5. Design of Monostable Multivibrator 6. Design of generation of voltage sweep generator. 7. RC wave shaping circuits 8. Frequency response of cascade amplifier. 9. Design and frequency response of Active Filter.


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Electrical I/O Characteristics of TTL, CMOS gates (Incl, Logic levels, thresholds and noise margins, drive levels).

2. 3.

Set up time, hold time, propagation delay, glitch, clock skew measurements. Electrical failure characteristics of logic gates and flip flops (ground noise, power supply noise, o/p short circuit etc.)

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

A multidigit counter using Sequential logic Parallel to Serial/Serial to Parallel Converter Pseudo Random Generator using Sequential Logic SRAM, Flash memory characteristics Design of RS, JK/T, D flip flop using gates A/D – D/A converter 7 Segment, mux/demux encoder decoder, Schmittrigger Simple VHDL Programming

GE381 Professional Ethics in Engineering



Engineering Ethics

Senses of ‘Engineering Ethics’ – Variety of moral issues – Types of inquiry – Moral dilemmas – Moral Autonomy – Kohlberg’s theory – Gilligan’s theory – Consensus and Controversy – Professions and Professionalism – Professional Ideals and Virtues – Theories about right action – Self-interest – Customs and Religion – Uses of Ethical Theories 2. Engineering as Social Experimentation 9

Engineering as Experimentation – Engineers as responsible Experimenters – Codes of Ethics – A Balanced Outlook on Law – The Challenger Case Study 3. Engineer’s Responsibility for Safety 9

Safety and Risk – Assessment of Safety and Risk – Risk Benefit Analysis – Reducing Risk – The Three Mile Island and Chernobyl Case Studies 4. Responsibilities and Rights 9

Collegiality and Loyalty – Respect for Authority – Collective Bargaining – Confidentiality – Conflicts of Interest – Occupational Crime – Professional Rights – Employee Rights – Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) - Discrimination 5. Global Issues 9

Multinational Corporations – Environmental Ethics – Computer Ethics – Weapons Development – Engineers as Managers – Consulting Engineers – Engineers as Expert Witnesses and Advisors – Moral Leadership – Sample Code of Conduct 45 Text Book : Mike Martin and Roland Schinzinger, “Ethics in Engineering”, McGraw Hill, New York 1996. References : 1. Charles D Fleddermann, “Engineering Ethics”, Prentice Hall, New Mexico, 1999. 2. Laura Schlesinger, "How Could You Do That: The Abdication of Character, Courage, and Conscience", Harper Collins, New York, 1996. 3. Stephen Carter, "Integrity", Basic Books, New York, 1996. 4. Tom Rusk, "The Power of Ethical Persuasion: From Conflict to Partnership at Work and in Private Life", Viking, New York, 1993



1. AMPLITUDE MODULATION 9 Generation and detection of AM wave-spectra- DSBSC, Hilbert Transform, Pre-envelope & complex envelope, SSB and VSB signals-comparison-FDM principles- Superheterodyne Receiver. 2. ANGLE MODULATION 9 Phase and frequency modulation - Narrow Band and Wide band FM – Spectrum- FM modulation and demodulation - PLL as FM Demodulator - Transmission bandwidth. 3. PERFORMANCE OF AM & FM 9 Review of Random process – Noise- White & Narrow Band Noise - Noise figure-Noise temperature and equivalent noise bandwidth - Noise performance of AM & FM-FM threshold effect – Pre-emphasis & De-emphasis in FM. 4. SAMPLING & QUANTIZATION 9 Review of lowpass sampling- Band pass & Quadrature Sampling – Quantization – Uniform & non-uniform quantization – quantization noise – Logarithmic companding of speech signalVector Quantization – Analog Pulse modulation. 5. SOURCE CODING TECHNIQUES 9 PCM-Time Multiplexing - Prediction filtering and DPCM - Delta Modulation - ADPCM & ADM principles- LPC & Subband coding of speech signal –Transform coding. L:45+T:15=60

TEXTBOOK: 1. Lathi,B.P., Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems, Oxford University Press, 1998. 2. Carlson, A.B., Communication System, McGrawHill International edition, New York, 1986. 3. Haykin, S., Communication Systems, John Wiley, 2001. REFERENCE: 1.Couch,L., Modern communication system, Pearson, 2001. 2.Sklar, B., Digital communiction Fundamentals and Applications, Pearson, 2001. 3.Rao,K.R., & Hwang,J.J., Techniques & Standards For Image & Video Coding, Prentice Hall, 1996 4.Jayant,N.S., and Noll,P., Digital Coding of Waveforms: Principles and Applications to Speech and Video, Prentice Hall, 1984.


3 0 03

1. INTRODUCTION TO 8 / 16 BIT MICROPROCESSOR 9 8085 Architecture, Memory and I/O interfacing. Instruction set, Addressing Modes, interrupts, Timing diagram. 8086 Architecture, Instruction set, Addressing modes. 2. PROGRAMMING AND APPLICATIONS OF 8086 PROCESSORS 9 8086 Minimum and Maximum mode configurations, Assembly language Programming Interrupts. Memory and I/O interfacing. Interrupts. Introduction to 80186. 3. MICROCONTROLLER 9 Intel 8031/8051 Architecture, Special Function Registers (SFR), I/O pins, ports and circuits, Instruction set, Addressing Modes, Assembly Language Programming, Timer and Counter Programming, Serial Communication, Connection to RS 232, Interrupts Programming, External Memory interfacing, Introduction to 16 bit Microcontroller 4. PERIPHERALS AND INTERFACING 9 Serial and parallel I/O (8251 and 8255), Programmable DMA Controller (8257), Programmable interrupt controller (8259), keyboard display controller (8279), ADC/DAC interfacing. Inter integrated circuits interfacing (I2C standard). 5. MICROPROCESSOR BASED SYSTEMS DESIGN, DIGITAL INTERFACING: 9 Interfacing to alpha numeric displays, interfacing to liquid crystal display (LCD 16 x 2 line), high power Devices and Optical motor shaft encoders, stepper motor interfacing, Analog interfacing and industrial control, microcomputer based smart scale, industrial process control system. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. 2. 3. Ramesh S. Gaonkar, Microprocessor Architecture Programming and Applications with 8085. Fourth edition, Penram International Publishing 2000. Muhammad Ali Mazidi, Janice Gillispie Mazidi, The 8051 Microcontroller, and Embedded Systems, Prentice Hall 2000. Douglas V.Hall, Microprocessor and Interfacing, Programming and Hardware. Tata McGraw Hill, Second Edition. 1999.

REFERENCE: 1. 2. 3. 4. Kenneth J.Ayala., “The 8051 Microcontroller Architecture Programming and Applications”, Penram International Publishing (India). 1996. Kenneth J.Ayala “The 8086 Microprocessor, Programming and Interfacing the PC”, Penram International Publishing. 1995. Barry.B.Brey. “The Intel Microprocessor 8086/8088. 80186, 80286, 80386 and 80486 Architecture Programming and Interfacing”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt.Ltd.1995. Ray A.K.Bhurchandi.K.M, “Advanced Microprocessor and Peripherals”, Tata McGrawHill, 2002.



3 1 0 4

1.DISCRETE – TIME SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS 9 Review of discrete-time signals & systems-Overlap-add & overlap-save methods, DFT and its properties, FFT algorithms & its application to convolution. 2. DESIGN OF INFINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE FILTERS 9 Calculation of IIR coefficients using pole-zero placement method, Analog filters – Butter worth & Chebyshev Type I. Analog Transformation of prototype LPF to BPF /BSF/ HPF. Transformation of analog filters into equivalent digital filters using Impulse invariant method and Bilinear Z transform method- Realization structures for IIR filters – direct, cascade, parallel & Lattice forms. 3.DESIGN OF FINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE FILTERS 9 Linear phase response of FIR-FIR design using window method-Frequency sampling method-Design of Optimal Linear Phase FIR filters-Realization structures for FIR filters – Transversal and Linear phase lattice structures- Comparison of FIR & IIR. 4.QUANTIZATION EFFECTS AND DSP ARCHITECTURE 9 Representation of numbers-ADC Quantization noise-Coefficient Quantization errorProduct Quantization error-truncation & rounding off-Limit cycle due to product roundoff error-Round- off noise power-limit cycle oscillation due to overflow in digital filtersPrinciple of scaling-Introduction to general and special purpose hardware for DSP – Harvard architecture-Pipelining-Special instruction-Replication. 5.MULTIRATE SIGNAL PROCESSING 9 Introduction to Multirate signal processing-Decimation-Interpolation-Polyphase Decomposition of FIR filter-Multistage implementation of sampling rate conversionApplications of Multirate signal processing. L:45+T:15=60 TEXTBOOK: 1. A.V.Oppenheim, R.W. Schafer and J.R. Buck, Discrete-Time Signal Processing, 8th Indian Reprint, Pearson, 2004. 2. S.K. Mitra, Digital Signal Processing, A Computer Based approach, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1998. 3. P.P.Vaidyanathan, Multirate Systems & Filter Banks, Prentice Hall, Englewood cliffs, NJ, 1993. REFERENCE: 1. J.G.Proakis and D.G.Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing, Algorithms and Applications, Pearson, 2003. 2. I.C.Ifeachor and B.W. Jervis, Digital Signal Processing- A practical approach, Pearson, 2002. 3. D.J. De Fatta, J.G.Lucas and W.S. Hodgkiss, Digital Signal Processing- A system Design Approach, John Wiley & sons, Singapore, 1988.


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1. INTRODUCTION 9 Computing and Computers, evolution of computers, VLSI era, system design- register level, processor level, CPU organization, Data representation, fixed – point numbers, floating point numbers, instruction formats, instruction types. Addressing modes. 2. CONTROL DESIGN 9 Hardwired Control, micro programmed control, Multiplier control unit, CPU control unit, Pipeline control, instruction pipelines, pipeline performance, super scaling processing, Nano programming. 3. DATA PATH DESIGN 9 Fixed point arithmetic, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, combinational and sequential ALUs, carry look ahead adder, Robertson algorithm, booth’s algorithm, non-restoring division algorithm, floating point arithmetic, coprocessor, pipeline processing, pipeline design, modified booth’s algorithm 4. MEMORY ORGANIZATION 9 Random access memories, serial access memories, RAM interfaces, magnetic surface recording, optical memories, multilevel memories, Cache & virtual memory, memory allocation, Associative memory. 5. SYSTEM ORGANIZATION 9 Communication methods, buses, bus control, bus interfacing, bus arbitration, IO and system control, IO interface circuits, Handshaking, DMA and interrupts, vectored interrupts, PCI interrupts, pipeline interrupts, IOP organization, operation systems, multiprocessors, fault tolerance, RISC and CISC processors, Superscalar and vector processor. L:45+T:15=60 TEXTBOOK: 1. John P.Hayes, ‘Computer architecture and organisation’, Tata McGraw-Hill, Third edition, 1998. 2. Morris Mano, “Computer System Architecture”, Prentice-Hall of India, 2000. REFERENCE: 1. V.Carl Hamacher, Zvonko G. Varanesic and Safat G. Zaky, “ Computer Organisation “ IV edition, McGraw-Hill Inc, 1996. 2. G.Kane & J.Heinrich, ‘ MIPS RISC Architecture ‘, Englewood cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice Hall, 1992.



1. SCIENCE OF MEASUREMENT 6 Measurement system - Instrumentation - characteristics of measurement systems- Static & Dynamic - Errors in measurements - Calibration and Standard 2.TRANSDUCERS 12 Classification and characteristics of Transducers- Variable Resistive - Strain Gauges, RTD, Thermistors - Variable Inductive – LVDT, RVDT, EI pickup - Variable capacitive transducers – Capacitor Microphone. Piezoelectric transducers –- Thermocouples – IC sensors – Fibre optic transducers – intrinsic, extrinsic types - force , temperature ,pressure – Smart/Intelligent Transducers 3. DIGITAL INSTRUMENTS & SIGNAL ANALYZERS 12 Digital voltmeters – Multimeters - Automation in Voltmeter - Accuracy of DVM - Guarding Techniques - Frequency counter, Wave analyzers - Spectrum analyzers - Logic analyzer Distortion Analyses. 4. DATA ACQUISTION SYSTEMS 6 Introduction to Digital and analog Data Acquisition system- Data Loggers - Introduction to IEEE 488 / GPIB buses 5. DATA DISPLAY AND RECORDING SYSTEM 9 Dual trace CRO - Digital storage and Analog storage Oscilloscope - Analog & Digital Recorders and Printers - Virtual Instrumentation - Historical perspective – Advantages - Block diagram and architecture of a VI –VI applications in various fields. L=45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Deobelin, ”Measurements Systems and Instrumentation “, McGraw Hill, 2003. REFERENCE: 1.Cooper,” Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques”, Prentice hall of India, 2000. 2.David A. Bell, “Electronic Instrumentation & Measurements”, Prentice hall of India, 2003. 3. Bouwens A.J.., ” Digital Instrumentation “, McGraw Hill, 1986. 4. Oliver and Cage,” Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation”, McGraw Hill 5. Gary Johnson,” Labview Graphical Programming”, New York, 1997


0 0 3 2

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Programming 8086. Programming Micro Controller. PC Based Control Systems. Stepper Motor Control. PC Interfacing. LVDT Position Control. AC and DC Motor speed motor control.

EC377 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LAB MATLAB / Equivalent Software Package(30% of the course) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

0 0 3 2

Generation of sequences (functional & random), correlation and convolution Spectrum Analysis using FFT Filter Design & Analysis Filter Implementation in time-domain & frequency domain Study of Quantization errors in DSP algorithms Multirate Filters Adaptive filter

DSP Processor Implementation (70% of the course) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Waveform Generation FIR Implementation IIR Implementation FFT Finite word Length effect Multirate filters


0 0 3


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Design of switched mode power supply Design of AC/DC voltage regulator using SCR Design of FM transceiver Design of wireless data modem Design of Audio power amplifier with speaker AGC load with AGC circuit. Design of VCO Design of voltage to frequency converter Delta modulator and demodulator 3.5 Digital Voltmeter Design of PRBS generator clocked by CMOS crystal oscillator Numerical controlled oscillator using VHDL. Huffman encoder and decoder using VHDL.


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1.INTRODUCTION 5 Overview of existing Voice, Data and Multimedia Networks and Services; Review of Basic Communication principles; Synchronous and Asynchronous transmission. 2.TRUNK TRANSMISSION 10 Line Codes; Multiplexing & Framing- types and standards; Trunk signaling; Optical Transmission-line codes and Muxing: SONET/SDH; ATM; Microwave and Satellite Systems. 3.LOCAL LOOP TRANSMISSION 12 The Analog Local Loop; ISDN local loop; DSL and ADSL; Wireless Local Loop; Fiber in the loop; Mobile and Satellite Phone local loop. 4.SWITCHING 10 Evolution; Space switching, Time switching and Combination Switching; Blocking and Delay characteristics; Message ,Packet and ATM switching; Numbering and Billing. 5. TELETRAFFIC ENGINEERING 8 Telecom Network Modeling; Arrival Process; Network Blocking performance; Delay Networks-Queing system analysis and delay performance. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. J. Bellamy, “Digital Telephony”, John Wiley, 2003, 3rd Edition. 2. T. Viswanathan,” Telecommunication Switching Systems”, Prentice-Hall, 1992 REFERENCE: 1. R.A.Thomson, “Telephone switching Systems”, Artech House Publishers, 2000. 2. W. Stalling, “ Data and Computer Communications”, Prentice Hall, 1993. 3. T.N.Saadawi, M.H.Ammar, A.E.Hakeem, “Fundamentals of Telecommunication Networks”, Wiley Interscience, 1994. 4. W.D. Reeve, “Subscriber Lop Signalling and Transmission Hand book”,IEEE Press(Telecomm Handbook Series), 1995.



1.BASEBAND SIGNALLING 10 Baseband data formats & their properties– Matched filter– ISI – Nyquist’s criterion for distortionless transmission- Correlative coding–M-ary schemes–Eye pattern-Equalization – Adaptive Equalization – Bit Synchronization. 2.BANDPASS SIGNALLING 10 Geometric Representation of signals– Generation, detection, PSD & BER of Coherent BPSK, BFSK & QPSK - Principles of CPFSK (MSK & GMSK) & QAM - Carrier Synchronization Structure of Non-Coherent Receivers – Principle of DPSK. 3.INFORMATION THEORY 8 Entropy - Discrete memoryless channels - Mutual information - Channel capacity - Channel transition matrices - Channel capacity of continuous channels - Hartley - Shannon law- Source coding theorem - Huffman & Shannon - Fano codes. 4. ERROR CONTROL CODING 11 Channel coding theorem – Linear Block codes - Hamming Codes - Cyclic codes – Convolutional codes – Vitterbi Decoder -Trellis Coded Modulation. 6 5.SPREAD SPECTRUM TECHNIQUES Spread spectrum Codes – PN sequence - Auto correlation and Cross correlation properties – msequences - Direct sequence Spread spectrum- Code synchronization -Processing GainJamming Resistance – CDMA -Frequency Hop spread spectrum. L =45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Haykin, S., Communication Systems, 4th Edition, John Wiley, 2001. REFERENCE: 1. Couch.L., Modern communication system, Pearson, 2001. 2. Lathi,B.P., Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems, Oxford University Press, 1998. 3. Sklar, B., Digital communiction Fundamentals and Applications, Pearson, 2001 4. Ziemer, R.E., & Peterson, R.L., Introduction to Digital Communication, Prentice Hall, Inc. NJ, 2001. 5. S. Lin and D. J. Costello, Jr., Error Control Coding: Fundamentals and Applications, Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1983 6. Proakis, J.G., Digital Communication , McGraw Hill ,2000.


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1. NETWORK FUNDAMENTALS 10 Introduction to networks, definition of layers, services, interfaces and protocols. Communication themes – switching techniques, OSI reference model – layers and duties, TCP/IP reference model – layers and duties, layers and sub-layers, ATM reference model-layers and duties, comparison of models. 2. DATA LINK LAYER PROTOCOLS 10 Physical layer – general description, characteristics, signaling limits, media types and comparison, topologies, examples of physical layer (RS232-C, ISDN, ATM, Wireless, SONET) Data link layer, MAC Layer – sliding window protocols, ALOHA protocols, LAN protocols and standards ETHERNET – 802.3, TOKEN BUS TOKEN RING 3. NETWORK INTERCONNECTION 5 Internetworking – Interconnection issues, bridges – Transparent & source routing bridges, Routers – Flow and congestion control algorithms, gateways. 4. MESSAGE ROUTING TECHNOLOGIES 10 Circuit switching, packet switching, Network layer protocols, internet protocol, 1PV4, 1PV6 – ARP, RARP, ICMP, VPN 5. END-TO-END PROTOCOLS 10 UDP, TCP, SNMP, DNS, TELNET, FTP, NFS, RPC, HTTP, WWW, Networking Security. Total = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Stallings, W., Data and Computer communications IV edition, Prentice Hall of India, 1996. REFERENCE: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Forouzan.B., Introduction to Data Communication & Networking, McGraw Hill, 1998. Keshav.S., An Engineering approach to Computer Networking, Addision-Wesley, 1999. Tanenbaum, A.S., Computer Networks, Prentice Hall of India, III edition, 1996. Kelser, Local area Network, Tata McGraw Hill, 1997. Stevens, R.W., TCP/IP Illustrated Volume I The protocols Addison-Wesley 1999 Comer, D.E., Internetworking with TCP/IP Volume I, Hall of India, 1999. Book on Queueing Theory Mischa Schawartz


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1. ELECTRO-PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOPOTENTIAL RECORDING 9 The origin of Biopotentials; biopotential electrodes; biological amplifiers; ECG, EEG, EMG, PCG, EOG – lead systems and recording methods, typical waveforms and signal characteristics. 2. BIO-CHEMICAL AND NON ELECTRICAL PARAMETER MEASUREMENTS 9 pH, pO2, pCO2, pHCO3, Electrophoresis, colorimeter, photometer, Auto analyzer, Blood flow meter, cardiac output, respiratory measurement, Blood pressure, temperature, pulse, Blood cell counters, differential count. 3. ASSIST DEVICES Cardiac pacemakers, DC Debrillators, Dialyser, Heart-Lung machine, Hearing aids. 9

4. PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND BIO-TELEMETRY 9 Diathermies – Short-wave, ultrasonic and microwave type and their applications, medical stimulator, Telemetry principles, frequency selection, Bio-telemetry, radio-pill and telestimulation, electrical safety. 5. RECENT TRENDS IN MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION 9 Thermograph, endoscopy unit, Laser in medicine, Surgical diathermy, cryogenic application, introduction to telemedicine. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. John G.Webster, “Medical Instrumentation Application and Design”, John Wiley and Sons, (Asia) Pvt.Ltd., 1999. 2. Lesile Cromwell, “Biomedical instrumentation and measurement”, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1997. REFERENCE: 1. Khandpur, R.S. “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, Second edition, 2003. 2. Joseph.J, Carr and John M.Brown, “Introduction to Biomedical equipment technology”, Pearson Education Inc.2001.


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1. RF AND MW TRANSMISSION LINES AND CIRCUIT THEORY 8 Characteristics of coaxial, strip and microstrip lines; Lumped elements R,L,C, high frequency equivalent and simulation; S-matrix formulation of multiport network – properties of S-matrix; RF/MW applications – Radar, Communication, Domestic/Industrial and Medical – Numerical examples. 2. PASSIVE DEVICES AND CIRCUITS 10 Open, short and matched terminations; coupling probes and loops; power divider; directional coupler; attenuators; phase shifter; circulator; isolator; Impedance matching – Turning screw, stub and quarter-wave transformers, Filter - Theory and design 3. SOLID STATE DEVICES & CIRCUITS 10 Crystal diodes and Schottkey diode detector and mixers; PIN diode switch, phase shifter and attenuators; Gunn diode oscillator; IMPATT diode oscillator and amplifier; varactor diode and parametric amplification; Transistors amplifier and oscillator - Theory and design. 4.VACUUM TUBES & CIRCUITS 8 RF effects in Tubes, Two cavity klystron amplifier; Reflex klystron oscillator; TWT amplifier; Magnetron oscillator – Theory and applications. 5. MEASUREMENTS 9 Measuring Instruments – VSWR meter, Power meter, Spectrum Analyser, Network Analyser – principles; Measurement of Impedance, frequency, power, VSWR, Q factor, dielectric constant, S-Parameter. L=45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Annapurna Das and Sisir K Das, “Microwave Engineering”, Tata Mc Graw Hill Inc., 2004 2. M.M.Radmanesh, “RF and Microwave Electronics”, Pearson Education, Inc., 2001. REFERENCE: 1. S.Y.Liao, “Microwave Devices and Circuits”, Pearson Education Limited, 2003. 2. Robert E.Colin, “Foundations for Microwave Engineering”, McGraw Hill, 1992. 3. D.M.Pozar, “Microwave Engg.”, John Wiley & sons, Inc., 1999. 4. Reich J.H.etal, “Microwaves”, East West Press, 1978. 5. K.C.Gupta, “Microwaves”, Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1995.


0 0 3 2

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Signal Sampling, reconstruction and Time Division Multiplexing AM/FM Modulator and Demodulator Pulse Code Modulation and Demodulation Delta Modulation and Demodulation FSK, PSK and DPSK schemes (Simulation) Analysis of logical link control layer protocols – Stop & wait, Sliding window Analysis of MAC protocols – ALOHA, SLOTTED ALOHA, CSMA, CSMA/CD, TOKEN BUS, TOKEN RING. Client / Server communication using TCP / UDP Socket programming Data packet scheduling, Congestion control, transmission flow control algorithms

8. 9.



1. Switches / Routers 2. TDM 3. Wi-Fi Physical Layer 4. Wi-Fi MAC Layer 5. Cryptography (Network Security) Experiment I 6. Cryptography (Network Security) Experiment II 7. DTMF generation (using DSP) 8. Speech Compression (using DSP) 9. Equalization (using DSP) 10. Echo Cancellation (using DSP) 11. Recording of ECG signal and analysis. 12. Recording of audiogram. 13. Recording of EMG. 14. Study and analysis of safety aspects of surgical diathermy. 15. Monitoring of electrical safety of hospital equipments. 16. Measurement of PH,PO2 and conductivity. 17. Recording of various physiological parameters using patient monitoring system and telemetry units. 18. Study of spectra of bio signals using spectrum analyzer.



1. CELLULAR CONCEPT AND SYSTEM DESIGN FUNDAMENTALS 7 Evolution of Mobile Communication- trends in Cellular radio and personal communicationsCellular concept-Frequency reuse - channel assignment- hand off- interference & system capacity- trunking & grade of service. 2. MOBILE RADIO PROPAGATION 7 Large scale path loss – Path loss models -Link Budget design – small scale fading- Fading due to Multipath time delay spread – flat fading – frequency selective fading – Fading due to Doppler spread – fast fading – slow fading – Parameters of mobile multipath channels – Time dispersion parameters-coherence bandwidth – Doppler spread & Coherence time. 10 3. OFDM & SPACE-TIME CODING OFDM transmitter – Receiver Architecture – Synchronization issues -Bit LoadingSpace – Time Coding- Diversity gain -SISO – SIMO – MISO – MIMO. 4. MULTIPATH MITIGATION TECHNIQUES 12 Equalization Techniques-Adaptive Equalization algorithms -Diversity Techniques –Space diversity - Frequency Diversity – Polarization diversity -Time Diversity- Channel coding (review)-Interleaving - RAKE Receiver. 5. MULTIPLE ACCESS TECHNIQUES 9 Principles of FDMA, TDMA & CDMA -Capacity Calculations – GSM & GPRS, CDMA in IS95 / CDMA 2000. L= 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Rappaport,T.S., Wireless communications, Pearson Education, 2003.

REFERENCE: 1. Blake,R., Wireless Communication Technology, Thomson Delmar, 2003. 2. Lee,W.C.Y., Mobile Communication Engineering, McGraw Hill, 1998. 3. Paulraj,A., Nabar,R. & Gore,D., Introduction to Space –Time Wireless communication, Cambridge University Press, 2003. 4. Van Nee, R. and Ramji Prasad, OFDM for wireless multimedia communications, Artech House, 2000.



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1. MOS TRANSISTOR PRINCIPLES 9 MOS Technology and VLSI, Process parameters and considerations for, MOS and CMOS, Electrical properties of CMOS circuits and Device modelling. CMOS Inverter Scaling CMOS circuits, Scaling principles and fundamental limits. 2. COMBINATIONAL LOGIC CIRCUITS 9 Propagation Delays, Stick diagram, Layout diagrams, Examples of combinational logic design, Elmore’s constant, Dynamic Logic Gates, Pass Transistor Logic, Power Dissipation, Low Power Design principles. 3. SEQUENTIAL LOGIC CIRCUITS 9 Static and Dynamic Latches and Registers, Timing Issues, Pipelines, Clocking strategies, Memory Architectures, and Memory control circuits, Synchronous and Asynchronous Design. 4. DESIGNING ARITHMETIC BUILDING BLOCKS 9 Datapath circuits, Architectures for Adders, Accumulators, Multipliers, Barrel Shifters, Speed and Area Tradeoffs 5. IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES 9 Full Custom and Semicustom Design, Standard Cell design and cell libraries, FPGA building block architectures, FPGA interconnect routing procedures. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Jan Rabaey, Anantha Chandrakasan, B Nikolic, “ Digital Integrated Circuits: A Design Perspective”. Second Edition, Feb 2003, Prentice Hall of India.. 2. M J Smith, “Application Specific Integrated Circuits”, Addisson Wesley, 1997. REFERENCE: 1. Anantha Chandrakasan, W.J, Bowhill and F.Fox, “ Design of High Performance Microprocessor Circuits”, John Wiley, 2000. 2. N.Weste, K. Eshraghian “ Principles of CMOS VLSI Design”. Second Edition, 1993 Addision Wesley

EC473 OPTICAL COMMUNICATION AND NETWORKING 3 0 0 3 1. OPTICAL FIBERS 9 Introduction and overview, light propagation in optical fibers, ray and mode theory of light, optical fiber structure and characteristics, fiber materials, fiber fabrication techniques, optical signal attenuation mechanisms, merits and demerits of guided and unguided optical signal transmissions. 2. TRANSMISSION CHARACTERISTICS 9 Optical signal distortion – Group delay, material dispersion, waveguide dispersion, polarization mode dispersion, intermodal dispersion, profile dispersion, fiber types, Standard Singlemode Fibers, Dispersion Shifted Fibers, Dispersion Flattened Fibers, Non-zero Dispersion Fibers, Polarization Maintaining Fibers, Dispersion compensation techniques, nonlinear effects in optical fibers. 3. OPTICAL TRANSMITTERS 9 Physics of light emission and amplification in semiconductors , light-emitting diodes, semiconductor laser diodes , longitudinal modes, gain and index-guiding, radiation pattern, lightcurrent characteristic, spectral behaviour, longitudinal mode control and tunability, noise, direct and external modulation, Laser sources and transmitters for free space communication. 4. OPTICAL RECEIVERS 9 Principles of optical detection, spectral responsivity, PIN, APD, preamplifier types, receiver noises, Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) and Bit Error Rate (BER) , direct and coherent detection principles, practical constraints in coherent detection, power and noise budget, jitter and risetime budget. 5. OPTICAL NETWORKING PRINCIPLES AND COMPONENTS 9 WDM optical networks, SONET/SDH/FDDI optical networks, layered optical network architecture, Optical couplers, filters, isolators, switches, optical amplifiers: erbium doped fiber amplifiers, semiconductor optical amplifiers. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Gerd Kaiser , “Optical fiber communications”, third edition, McGrawHill publishers, Newyork, 2000. 2. Govind P. Agrawal, “ Fiber-optic communication systems”, second edition, John Wiley & sons, Newyork, 1997. REFERENCE: 1. John M. Senior, ”Optical fiber communications- principles and practice”, second edition, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, NewDelhi, 2003. 2. Rajiv Ramasamy & Kumar N. Sivarajan, “Optical networks – A practical perspective”, Harcourt Asia Private Limited, Singapore, 1998.


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1. FUNDAMENTALS OF RADIATION. 9 Definition of antenna parameters – Gain , Directivity , Effective aperture , Radiation Resistance, Band width , Beam width , Input Impedance. Matching – Baluns ,Polarization mismatch, Antenna noise temperature, Radiation from oscillating dipole , Half wave dipole . Folded dipole, Yagi array. 2. APERTURE ANTENNAS 9 Radiation from rectangular apertures, Uniform and Tapered aperture, Horn antenna , Reflector antenna , Aperture blockage , Feeding structures , Microstrip antennas – Radiation mechanism – Application . 3. ANTENNA ARRAYS 9 N element linear array, Pattern multiplication, Broadside and End fire array – Concept of Phased arrays, Adaptive array , Basic principle of antenna Synthesis-Binomial array 4. SPECIAL ANTENNAS 9 Principle of frequency independent antennas – Biconical, Helical, Log periodic, Slot antennas , Turnstile and Super turnstile antennas , Reconfigurable antenna, Active antenna , Dielectric antennas ,Antenna measurements- Radiation pattern, polarization , VSWR. 5. PROPAGATION OF RADIO WAVES 9 Modes of propagation , Structure of atmosphere , Ground wave propagation , Sky wave propagation – Virtual height ,critical frequency , Maximum usable frequency – Skip distance , Fading , Multi hop propagation – Tropospheric propagation , Duct propagation , Troposcatter propagation , Flat earth and Curved earth concept . L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. John D Kraus Antennas McGraw Hill, 2002. 2. Jordan E.C. Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating systems, PHI, 1979. REFERENCE: 1. R.E. Collins “Antennas and Radio wave propagation`` McGraw hill 1985 2. Balanis.C.S “Antenna theory analysis and design`` John Wiley, 1982 3. Eliot R.S., “Antenna Theory and Design” Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 1981. 4. Rajeswari Chatterjee, “Antenna Theory and Practice”, New Age International (P) Limited, Second Edition, 1996. 5. S.DRabowitch, A.Papiernik, H.Griffiths, etc., “Modern Antennas”, Chapman & Hall, 1998.


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VLSI based experiments using MAGMA / CADENCE / TANNER / XILINX 1. Design Entry Using VHDL or Verilog, examples for circuit descriptions using HDL languages sequential and concurrent statements. 2. Structural and behavioral descriptions, principles of operation and limitation of HDL simulators. Examples of sequential and combinational logic design and simulation. Test vector generation. 3. Synthesis principles, logical effort, standard cell based design and synthesis, interpretation synthesis scripts, constraint introduction and library preparation and generation. 4. Interpretation of standard cell library descriptions, boolean optimization, optimization for area, power. 5. Static Timing analyses procedures and constraints. Critical path considerations. 6. Scan chain insertion, Floor Planning Routing and Placement procedures and alternatives. Back annotation, layout generation, LVS, Formal verification, 7. FPGA architectures, design entry, simulation, synthesis, P&R, back annotation and timing verification, board level testing of examples designs using logic analyzers.

8. Complete ASIC design example implementation. 9. SPICE simulations for small size standard cells.


0 0 3 2


Characteristics of Glass and Plastic Optical Fibers – Measurement of Numerical aperture and attenuation, OTDR Principle. DC Characteristic of LEDs and Pin Photodiodes - Determination of source Conversion Efficiency and Detector Responsivity PI Characteristic of Laser Diodes – Threshold Current Determination and Temperature Effects Gain Characteristic Of APDs – Determination of break down voltage and average gain of APD. Analog transmission Characteristic of a fiber optical link – Determination of operating range and system bandwidth for Glass and Plastic fiber links. Determination of maximum bit rate of a digital fiber optical link – Glass and Plastic Fiber links Optical link Simulation . Gain and Radiation Pattern Measurement of Horn Antenna . Gain and Radiation Pattern of Dipole antenna, Array antenna, Log Periodic antenna and Loop antenna.






7. 8. 9.

10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Determination of mode characteristic of Reflex Klystron Oscillator VSWR, Impedance Measurement & Impedance Matching. Dielectric Constant Measurement. Characteristic of Directional Couplers and Multiport Junction. Gunn diode characteristics.

GE481 1.


3 0 0 3 9

Philosophy of TQM, Customer Focus, Organization, Top Management Commitment, Teamwork, Quality philosophies of Deming, Crossby and Muller. 2. TQM Process 9

QC Tools, Problem solving methodologies, New Management Tools, work habits, Quality Circles, Bench Marking, Strategic Quality Planning. 3. TQM Systems 9

Quality policy deployment, quality function deployment, standardization, designing for quality, manufacturing for quality. 4. Quality System 9

Need for ISO 9000 system, advantages, clauses of ISO 9000, Implementation of ISO 9000, Quality Costs, Quality auditing, Case Studies. 5. Implementation Of TQM Steps, KAIZEN, 5S, JIT, POKAYOKE, Taguchi Methods, Case Studies. TOTAL = 45 References: 1.


Rose, J.E., “Total Quality Management”, Kogan Page Ltd., 1993.
John Bank, “The Essence of Total Quality Management”, Prentice Hall of India, 1993.


Greg Bounds, Lyle Yorks et all, “Beyond Total Quality Management”, McGraw-Hill, 1994.


Takashi Osada, “The 5S’s The Asian Productivity Organisation”, 1991.
Masaki Imami, “KAIZEN”, McGraw-Hill, 1986.


3 0 03

1. OPERATING SYSTEM OVERVIEW 5 Multiprogramming – Time sharing – Multi-user Operating systems – System call – Structure of operating systems. 2. PROCESS MANAGEMENT 10 Concept of processes – Interprocess communication – Racing – Synchronisation – Mutual exclusion – scheduling – Implementation issues – IPC in Multiprocessor System 3. MEMORY MANAGEMENT 10 Partition – Paging – Segmentation – Virtual memory concepts – Relocation algorithms – Buddy systems free space management case study. 4. DEVICE MANAGEMENT & FILE SYSTEMS 10

I/O controller – Device handler – Driver – Scheduling – Concurrency – Deadlock and starvation, various I/O devices , Spooling, File system design – Directory Management. 5. MODERN OPERATING SYSTEMS 10 Concepts of distributed operating systems – Real time operating systems – case studies – UNIX and LINUX., Windows 2000 L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Abraham Silbuchatz & Peter Galvin, Operating System Concepts, Sixth Edition, John Wiley, 2002. 2. Andrew Tanenbaum, Modern Operating Systems, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2003.

REFERENCE: 1. Stallings W., Operating Systems, Fifth Edition, Prentice Hall, 2004 2. Ellen Siever, Aaron Weber, Stephen Figgins, LINUX in a Nutshell, Fourth Edition, O’ Reilly, 2004









Object-Oriented Programming concepts – Encapsulation – Constructors and Destructors -Programming Elements – Program Structure – Enumeration Types – Functions and Pointers – Function Invocation – Overloading Functions – Scope and Storage Class – Pointer Types – Arrays and Pointers – Call-by-Reference – Assertions – Standard template library.
2. Implementing ADTs and Encapsulation 9

Aggregate Type struct – Structure Pointer Operators – Unions – Bit Fields – Data Handling and Member Functions – Classes – Static Member – this Pointer – reference semantics – implemetation of simple ADTs.
3. Polymorphism 9

ADT Conversions – Overloading – Overloading Operators – Unary Operator Overloading – Binary Operator Overloading – Function Selection – Pointer Operators – Visitation – Iterators – containers – List – List Iterators. 4. Templates 9

Template Class – Function Templates – Class Templates – Parameterizing – STL – Algorithms – Function Adaptors. 5. Inheritance 9

Derived Class – Typing Conversions and Visibility – Code Reuse – Virtual Functions – Templates and Inheritance – Run-Time Type Identifications – Exceptions – Handlers – Standard Exceptions.

TOTAL = 45

Text Books:
1. Ira Pohl, “Object-Oriented Programming Using C++”, Pearson Education, Second Edition, 2003.

1. 2. 3. 4. Stanley B. Lippman, Josee Lajoie, “C++ Primer”, Pearson Education, Third Edition, 2004. Kamthane, ”Object Oriented Programming with ANSI and Turbo C++”, Person Education, 2002. Bhave, “Object Oriented Programming With C++”, Pearson Education, 2004. Dietel & Dietel, “C++ How to Program”, Second Edition, Prentice Hall.



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1. PROBLEMS - PROBLEM SPACES AND PROBLEM SOLVING 9 State space search – production systems – forward and backward reasoning – hill climbing techniques – Breadth first search – best first search – problem reduction – means – ends analysis – constraint satisfaction. 2. KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION 9 Predicate logic – resolution – conversion to clause form – unification algorithm – question answering – natural deduction – Non – monotonic resening – statistical and probabilistic

reasoning – semantic nets – conceptional dependency – frames – scripts – procedural representation – Forward backward chains. 3. GAME PLAYING 9 Minimax search procedure – alpha – beta cut offs – additional refinement – waiting for quiescence – secondary search – using books moves, limitations of the methods – specific games like chess etc. 4. ADVANCED PROBLEM SOLVING 9 Simple planning – non – linear planning – hierarichal planning – backward approach – delta – min expert systems – structure of an expert system – interacting with an expert system – TMSMYCIN. 5. APPLICATIONS AND LANGUAGES 9 Natural languages understanding – language generation – machine translation – perception – Waltz algorithm learning – rote learning – learning in GPS – concept – learning – discovery as learning – A1 languages – LISP – PROLOG. L=45 TEXTBOK: 1. Elaine Rich & Kevin Knignt,’Artificial Intelligence’, 2nd Edition, TMH, 1991 2. N.J. Nilsson, ‘Principles’ of Artificial Intelligence’, Tioga, 1990 REFERENCE: 1. Charniak.E., Riesbeck.C.K. and McDermott, Artificial intelligence programming, Erlbaum Hillsdale, New Jersey, 1985 2. Barr.A. and Feigenbaum.E.A., The handbook of Artificial Intelligence, Kaufman 1981.


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1. INTRODUCTION TO NEURAL NETWORKS 6 Introduction – Biological neural network – Artificial neural network typical architectures – Types of training – common activation function – Different types of learning – Linear separability – Mc culloach pitts 2. NEURAL NETWORK ARCHITECTURES – I Perceptrons – Adaline – Madaline – Associative nets- Ho[p field nets – BAM 12

3. NEURAL NETWORK ARCHITECTURES – II Maxnet – kohonen self-organizing maps – LVQ – CPN- BPN – ART 1 – ART 2


4. CLASSICAL AND FUZZY SETS 7 Introduction – Classical sets and fuzzy sets – classical relations and fuzzy relations – Membership functions 5. FUZZY BASED APPLICATIONS 8 Fuzzy-to-crisp conversions – classical logic and fuzzy logic – fuzzy rule based systems – fuzzy decision making – fuzzy pattern recognition – fuzzy control systems L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Laurene Fausett “Fundamentals of Neural Networks, Algorithms and applications”, Prentice Hall, 1993 REFERENCE: 1. Timothy J.Ross, “Fuzzy logic with Engineering applications”, McGraw Hill.


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1.INTRODUCTION TO ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS 9 Neuro-physiology - General Processing Element - ADALINE - LMS learning rule MADALINE - MR2 training algorithm. 2.BPN AND BAM 9 Back Propagation Network - updating of output and hidden layer weights -application of BPN – associative memory - Bi-directional Associative Memory - Hopfield memory - traveling sales man problem. 3.SIMULATED ANNEALING AND CPN 9 Annealing, Boltzmann machine - learning - application - Counter Propagation network architecture -training - Applications. 4.SOM AND ART 9 Self organizing map - learning algorithm - feature map classifier - applications - architecture of Adaptive Resonance Theory - pattern matching in ART network. 5.NEOCOGNITRON 9 Architecture of Neocognitron - Data processing and performance of architecture of spacio temporal networks for speech recognition. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. J.A. Freeman and B.M.Skapura , "Neural Networks, Algorithms Applications and Programming Techniques", Addison-Wesely,2003. REFERENCE: 1. Laurene Fausett, "Fundamentals of Neural Networks: Architecture, Algorithms and Applications", Prentice Hall, 1994


30 0 3

1. NUMBER THEORETIC AND ALGEBRAIC ALGORITHMS 9 Structure of Zn and Zn, Fermat’s little theorem, Euler’s theorem. Types of algorithms based on time estimates: polynomial, sub exponential, exponential. Euclidean algorithm for computing the gcd of two integers. Primality testing: pseudo-prime test. Rabin-Miller test, AKS test, Irreducible polynomials, primitive polynomials, construction of finite fields. 2. INFORMATION THEORETIC APPROACH, CLASSICAL BLOCK AND STREAM CIPHERS 9 Shannon’s theory on perfect secrecy, shift, affine, substitution, vigenere, permutation, DES, AES, LFSR, random properties of shift register sequences. 3. PUBLIC KEY CRYPTOGRAPHY, AUTHENTICATION & INTEGRITY 9 RSA, Diffie-Hellman key exchange, E1 Gamal, Elliptic curve cryptosystem, factoring: Pollard’s p-1 method, Discrete logarithm problem: Pohlig-Hellman method. Collision free and strong collision free functions, birthday attacks, SHA-1, MD5, Signature schemes: RSA, DSA, Zero-knowledge techniques. 4. SECURITY TECHNOLOGIES 9 Firewalls, Virtual private Networks, Switch security, Intrusion Detection, E-mail security, SSL and TLS, IP Sec. 5. WIRELESS SECURITY & PUBLIC KEY INFRASTRUCTURE Current wireless technology, wireless security, WEP Issues, Deploy wireless safety. PKI – PKI certificates, key and certificate life cycle management. 9

L = 45 TEXT BOOK: 1. Douglas R. Stinson, Cryptography: Theory and Practice, CRC Press Series on Discrete Mathematics and its applications, 1995. 2. Jan C A Van Der Lubbe, Basic methods of cryptography, Cambridge University Press, 1998. 3. W.Stallings, Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and practice, Prentice Hall engineering/Science/Mathematics, Third Ed. 2003. REFERENCE: 1. N.Koblitz, A course in Number Theory and Cryptography, (Second Ed.) Springer-Verlag, 1994. 2. A.JU. Menezes, P.C. Van Oerschot and S.A. Vanstone, Handbook of Applied Cryptography, CRC Press, 1996. 3. B.Schneier, Applied Cryptography: Protocols, Algorithms, and Source code in C.John Wiley and Sons, Second Edition, 1996. 4. W.Stallings, Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and practice, Prentice Hall engineering/Science/Mathematics, Third Ed. 2003. 5. Eric Mainwald, Network Security A Beginner’s Guide, Tata McGraw Hill, Second Edition, 2003. 6. Paul Campbell, Ben Calvert, Steven Boswell, Security + Indepth, Thomson Delmar Learning, 2004. 7. Charlie Kaufman, Radia Perlman, Mike Speciner, Network Security Private Communication in a public world, Pearson Education, Second Edition, 2003.



1. PARALLEL ARCHITECTURE 9 Parallel Computer Models, Program and Network properties, Principles of scalable performance 2. PROCESSORS AND MEMORY HIERARCHY, BUS 9 Advanced processor Technology, Super scalar and vector processor, Memory hierarchy technology, Virtual Memory Technology, Backplane Bus systems. 3. PIPELINING AND SUPER SCALAR TECHNIQUES 9 Linear Pipeline, Nonlinear pipeline, Instruction pipeline, Arithmetic pipeline, Superscalar and super pipeline design, Parallel and scalable architectures- Multiprocessor and multicomputers. 4. SOFTWARE FOR PARALLEL PROGRAMMING 9 Parallel programming models, languages, compliers- Parallel Program Development and Environments. 5. DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS 9 Models, Hardware concepts, communication, synchronization mechanism, case study: MPI and PVM, Distributed file systems. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Hwang. K, Advanced computer Architecture: Parallelism, scalability, Programmability, Tata McGraw Hill, 1993. 2. Tanenbaum A.S. “Distributed Operating Systems”, Peaeson Education Asia, 2002. REFERENCE: 1. V.Rajaraman and C.Siva Ram Murthy, Parallel Computers Architecture and Programming, PHI, 2000. 2. Hwang. K. Briggs F.A., Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing , Tata McGraw Hill, 1989. 3. Quinn, M.J., Designing efficient algorithms for parallel computers, McGraw -Hill, 1995. 4. Culler, D.E., Parallel Computer Architecture, A Hardware – Software approach, Harcourt Asia Pte. Ltd., 1999.


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1. INTRODUCTION 9 Internet principles- Basic Web concepts- Client Server Model- Retrieving data from Internetprotocols and applications 2. FUNDAMENTALS OF JAVA Statements- expressions- arrays- classes- objects- packages- Inheritance- InterfaceMultithreading- Applets-AWT- JDBC. 9

3. SOCKET PROGRAMMING 9 Streaming – Networking principles –sockets- protocol handlers – content handlers – multicasting – Remote method Invocation – activation – Serialization – Marshal streams. 4. MARKUP LANGUAGES AND SCRIPTING 9 HTML and scripting languages- SGML Dynamic Web contents- cascading style sheets- XMLDTD- Schemas – Document Object model – Introduction to SOAP. 5. SERVER SIDE PROGRAMMING 9 Server side includes- communication – TCP and UDP – CGI concepts- servlet programmingActive Server Pages – Java server pages- firewalls- proxy server, online Applications L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Deitel and Deitel, Nieto, Sadhu, XML How to Program, Pearson Education publishers, 2001. REFERENCE: 1. Eric Ladd, Jim O’ Donnel, “ Using HTML 4, XML and Java”, Prentice Hall of India – QUE, 1999. 2. Jeffy Dwight, Michael Erwin and Robert Niles, “Using CGI”, prentice Hall of India – QUE, 1999. 3. Scot Johnson, Keith Ballinger, Davis Chapman, “Using Active Server Pages”, Prentice Hall of India, 1999. 4. A.Keyton Weissinger, “ASP in a Nutshell”, O’Reilly Publications,1999. 5. Elliotte Rusty Harold,” Java Network Programming”, Second Edition, O’Reilly Publications,2000.

EC509 NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSING 1. INTRODUCTION 5 Introduction to NLP (History, Current applications), Morphology, Syntax and Semantics.


2. SYNTAX 10 Phrase Structure rules, Transformational rules, Principles and Parameters: Complements & Trees, X-bar Theory, Movements & Traces, Subject Raising, The Empty Category Principle. 3. AUTOMATA 10 Transducers and Parsing, Recursive and augmented transition networks, Context free Grammars, Part of Speech Taggers, Morphological Analyzers. 4. SEMANTICS 10 Logical form, Compositionality, Lexical Semantics, Disambiguation, Discourse analysis and References. 5. APPLICATIONS OF NLP Machine Translation, Information Extraction, Information retrieval. 10

L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Daniel Jurafsky and James Martin. 2000. “Speech and Language Processing”. Prentice Hall. REFERENCE: 1. James Allen. 1995. “Natural Language Understanding”. Benjamin Cummings, 2ed. 2. Daniel Jurafsky and James Martin. 2000. “Speech and Language Processing”. Prentice Hall. 3. Geofferey Poole.2002. “Syntactic Theory”, Palgrave. 4. Christopher Manning and H. Schuetze. “Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing”, MIT Press, 1999.


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1. THE INTEL X86 FAMILY 9 The intel x86 Family architecture,32 bit processor evaluation,system connection and tunning,instruction and data formats,instruction wt of x86 processor addresing modes. 2. INTEL X86 ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING 9 Implementation of strings,proceures,macros,BIOS and DOS services using x 86 assembly language programming Memory and I/Ointerfacing,Analog interfacing and Industrial control. 3. SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT Micropricessor Based System Design,TMS 320 processing,Microcontroller 8096,8096 based system design 9 signal



4. THE MOTOROLLA MC 68000 FAMILY 9 The MC 68000 architecture ,CPU registers, data formets , addressing modes, instruction sets and assembler directors,memory management instruction and data ,cache,exception processin. 5. RISC PROCESSORS 9 RISC vs CISC,RISC properties and evaluation Advanced RISC microprocessors, DECALPHA,The power PC family,The SUN SPARC Family,The MIPS RX000Family, The Intel 860 family,The Motorola M88000 family,HP precision architecture. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. B.B.Bery The Intel Microprocessor 8086/8088/80186/80188,80286,80386,80483 PENTIU,PENTIUM Pro PII,PIII & IV Archietecture,Programming &Interfacing Pearson,2004. REFERENCE: 1. Daniel Tabak,”Advanced Microprocessors.McGraw Hill 1999. 2. Doughlas V Hall,Microprocessor and Interfacing,Programming and Hardware.McGraw Hill 1992. 3. Antonakos,The 6800 Microprocessor ,Hardware and Software Principles and Applications,4th Edition,Pearson,2004


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1. POWER SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES: 9 Power transistors, Fast recovery diodes, Thyristors, Power TRIAC, MOSFET, IGBT, GTO characteristics, rating, Protection circuits, Driver Circuits. 2. CONTROLLED RECTIFIERS AND AC VOLTAGE CONTROLLERS 9 Single Phase and Three Phase Controlled rectifiers, Design of Trigger circuits - Dual ConvertersAC Voltage controllers 3. POWER SUPPLIES 9 DC – DC Converters – Gating requirements, Switching mode regulators – Boost, Buck, BuckBoost and Cuk regulators, DC and AC Power supplies – Switched mode, Resonant and Bidirectional Power supplies. 4. INVERTERS Voltage and current source inverters, Resonant, Series inverter, PWM inverter. 9

5. APPLICATIONS 9 DC motor drives, Induction and Synchronous motor drives, Switched reluctance and brushless motor drives – Solid state relays – Microelectronic Relays L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Muhammad H.Rashid, “Power Electronics - Circuits, Devices and Applications”, Third Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 2004. REFERENCE: 1. M.D.Singh, K.B. Khanchandani, “Power Electronics”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1998. 2. Ned Mohan, Tore M.Undeland, William P.Robbins, “Power Electronics, Converters, Applications and Design”, John Wiley & Sons, 1994. 3. B.K.Bose, “Modern Power Electronics”, Jaico Publishing House, 1999. 4. Sen, Power Electronics”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1987.


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1. ELEMENTS OF LIGHT AND SOLID STATE PHYSICS 9 Wave nature of light, Polarization, Interference, Diffraction, Light Source, review of Quantum Mechanical concept, Review of Solid State Physics, Review of Semiconductor Physics, Semiconductor Junction Device, Review. 2. DISPLAY DEVICES AND LASERS 9 Introduction, Photo Luminescence, Cathode Luminescence, Electro Luminescence, Injection Luminescence, LED, Plasma Displays, Liquid Crystal Displays, Numeric Display, Laser Emission, Absorption, Radiation, Population Inversion, Optical feedback, Threshold condition, Semiconductor lasers - types. 3. DETECTION DEVICES 9 Photo detector, Thermal detector,Photo Conductors, Photo diodes, Photo Multiplier Tube, Solar Cell, Detector Performance. 4. OPTOELECTRONIC MODULATOR AND SWITCHING DEVICES 9 Introduction, Analog and Digital Modulation, Electro-optic modulators,Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers, Magneto Optic Devices, Accoustopic devices, Optical, Switching and Logic Devices. 5. OPTOELECTRONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 9 Introduction, hybrid and Monolithic Integration, Active Couplers, Integrated transmitters and Receivers, Guided wave devices. L = 45

TEXTBOOK: 1. Jasprit Singh, “OptoElectronics – An Introduction to materials and Devices”, McGraw-Hill International Edition, 1998.

REFERENCE: 1. Bhattacharya, “Semiconductor Opto Electronic Devices”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt., Ltd., New Delhi, 1995. 2. J.Wilson and J.Haukes, “Opto Electronics – An Introduction”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt., Ltd., New Delhi, 1995. 3. Tamir.T, “Guided wave Optoelectronics” Springer Varlag, Berlin, 1992.



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1. DESIGN OF AMPLIFIERS 11 Noise sourcesconsiderations , noise considerations in bipolar and mos transistors and operational amplifiers, voltage and current noise source representations, high voltage and high power amplifier design considerations, very high input impedance amplifer design considerations, amplifiers design for very low dc voltage and current measurement, lock in amplifier principles, chopper stabilized amplifiers. 2. DESIGN OF POWER SUPPLIES 7 DC power supply design using transistors and SCRs, Current mirrors and references, supply and temperature independent bias circuits ( bandgap references, constant gm bias ), Design of crowbar and foldback protection circuits, Switched mode power supplies, Forward, flyback, buck and boost converters, Design of inductors, transformers and control circuits for SMPS. Low Dropout Regulators (LDO) 3. DESIGN OF DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS 9 Fundamentals of noise in digital and analog systems, Amplification of low level signals, Grounding and Shielding and Guarding techniques, Dual slope, quad slope, sigma delta, pipeline multiplying and flash A/D converters, Microprocessors Compatible A/D converters and Logarithmic A/D converters, Design of two – and one – wire transmitters/receivers. 4. DESIGN OF PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS 7 Introduction to technology of printed circuit boards (PCB), General lay out and Rules and parameters, PCB design rules for Digital, High Frequency, Analog, Power Electronics and Microwave circuits, Computer Aided design of PCBs, PCB’s guidelines for Gigabit logic systems. 5. SYSTEM DESIGN PROJECT USING ICs 11 Design of Auto ranging Digital Multimeter and design issues of 6 ½ digit multimeter, Design of function and Signal Sources, Frequency synthesizers (Phase noise and timing jitter), PLL and DC motor speed control design using PLL, Digital frequency and Time-Interval meter, Design principles of Spectrum , Network and Logic analyzers and Digital Storage Oscilloscopes. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Horowitz and Hill “The Art of Electronics” 2. Henry Ott, “Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems” 3. Sydney Soclof, “Applications of Analog Integrated Circuits”, Prentice Hall of India, 1990. 4. Keith H.Billings, “Handbook of Switched Mode Supplies” McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., 1989. 5. Howard Johnson and Martin Graham, “High Speed digital design”, Prentice Hall 1993 6. Howard Johnson and Martin Graham “ High Speed Signal Propagation” Prentice Hall 2003 REFERENCE: 1. Selected Articles from “Review of Scientific Instruments” journal published by American Institute of Physics. 2. James.K.Hardy, “High Frequency Circuit Design”, Reston Publishing Company, 1979. 3. Michael Jaacob, “Applications and Design with Analog Integrated Circuits” Prentice Hall of India, 1991. 4. Walter C.Bosshart, “Printed Circuit Boards – Design & technology”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1983. 5. Otmar Kigenstein, “Switched Mode Power supplies in Practice”, John Wiley and Sons, 1989. 6. J.D.Greenfield, “Practical Digital Design using IC’s”, Prentice Hall, USA.



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1. VLSI DESIGN METHODOLOGIES 9 Introduction to VLSI Design methodologies - Review of Data structures and algorithms – Review of VLSI Design automation tools - Algorithmic Graph Theory and Computational Complexity - Tractable and Intractable problems - general purpose methods for combinatorial optimization. 2. DESIGN RULES 9 Layout Compaction - Design rules - problem formulation - algorithms for constraint graph compaction - placement and partitioning - Circuit representation - Placement algorithms – partitioning. 3. FLOOR PLANNING 9 Floor planning concepts - shape functions and floorplan sizing - Types of local routing problems - Area routing - channel routing - global routing - algorithms for global routing. 4. SIMULATION 9 Simulation - Gate-level modeling and simulation - Switch-level modeling and simulation Combinational Logic Synthesis - Binary Decision Diagrams - Two Level Logic Synthesis. 5. MODELLING AND SYNTHESIS 9 High level Synthesis - Hardware models - Internal representation - Allocation assignment and scheduling - Simple scheduling algorithm - Assignment problem - High level transformations. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. S.H. Gerez, "Algorithms for VLSI Design Automation", John Wiley & Sons,2002. REFERENCE: 1. N.A. Sherwani, "Algorithms for VLSI Physical Design Automation", Kluwar Academic Publishers, 2002.


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1. INTRODUCTION REVIEW OF EMBEDDED HARDWARE 9 Terminology - Gates – Timing Diagram – Memory – Microprocessors – Buses – Direct Memory Access – interrupts – Built-ins – On – the Microprocessor – Conventions Used On Schematicschematic. Interrupts Microprocessor Architecture-Interrupt Basics – Shared Data problem – Interrupt latency. 2. PIC MICROCONTROLLER AND INTERFACING 9 Introduction, CPU architecture, registers, instruction sets addressing modes. Loop timing, timers, Interrupts, Interrupt timing, I/o Expansion, I2C Bus Operation Serial EEPROM, Analog to digital converter, UART-Baud Rate-Data Handling, Initialization, Special Features – serial Programming – Parallel Slave Port. 3. PROGRAMMABLE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSORS 9 Family Architecture Registers, Addressing modes Programs. Interfacing methods parallel I/o interface, Parallel Port interfaces, Memory Interfacing. Interrupts-interrupt service routinefeatures of interrupts. Interfacing serial converters to a programmable DSP Device. Applications of programmable DSP Device 4. SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT AND TOOLS 9 Embedded system evolution trends. Round-Robin, Round robin with Interrupts, function-One Scheduling Architecture, Algorithms. Introduction to assembler – compiler – cross compilers and Integrated Development Environment (IDE). Object oriented Interfacing, Recursion, debugging strategies, Simulators. Introduction to Embedded Linux – basic concepts , hardware support. Kernel considerations. 5. REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS 9 Task and Task States, tasks and data, semaphores and shared Data Operating system ServicesMessage queues-Timer Function-Events-Memory Management, Interrupt Routines in an RTOS environment, basic design Using RTOS. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. David Simon, An embedded software primer, Pearson education Asia, 2001. 2. John B Peat man Design with Microcontroller, Pearson education Asia, 1998. 3. S.Srinivasan, Avatar Singh, “Digital signal processing” Thomson Brooks / Cole, 2004. REFERENCE: 1. Burns, Alan and Wellings, Andy, Real-Time Systems and Programming Languages, Second Edition. Harlow: Addison-Wesley-Longman, 1997. 2. Raymond J.A. Bhur and Donald L.Bialey”, An Introduction to real time systems: Design to networking with C/C++, Prentice Hall Inc.New Jersey, 1999. 3. Grehan Moore, and Cyliax, Real time Programming: A guide to 32 Bit Embedded Development. Reading: Addison-Wesley-Longman, 1998. 4. Steve Heath, Embedded Systems Design. Newnes 1997. 5. Karim Yahmour, “Building Embedded LINUX Sysrems” , Shroff Publishers , 2003. 6. Tim Wilmshurst, “An introduction to the design of small scale embedded systems” Palgrave2003.



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1. INTRODUCTION TO MEMS 9 MEMS and Microsystems, Miniaturization, Typical products, Micro sensors, Micro actuation, MEMS with micro actuators, Microaccelorometers and Micro fluidics, MEMS materials, Micro fabrication 2. MECHANICS FOR MEMS DESIGN 9 Elasticity, Stress, strain and material properties, Bending of thin plates, Spring configurations, torsional deflection, Mechanical vibration, Resonance, Thermo mechanics – actuators, force and response time, Fracture and thin film mechanics. 3. ELECTRO STATIC DESIGN 9 Electrostatics: basic theory, electro static instability. Surface tension, gap and finger pull up, Electro static actuators, Comb generators, gap closers, rotary motors, inch worms, Electromagnetic actuators. bistable actuators. 4. CIRCUIT AND SYSTEM ISSUES 9 Electronic Interfaces, Feed back systems, Noise , Circuit and system issues, Case studies – Capacitive accelerometer, Peizo electric pressure sensor, Modelling of MEMS systems, CAD for MEMS. 5. INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL AND RF MEMS 9 Optical MEMS, - System design basics – Gaussian optics, matrix operations, resolution. Case studies, MEMS scanners and retinal scanning display, Digital Micro mirror devices. RF Memes – design basics, case study – Capacitive RF MEMS switch, performance issues. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Stephen Santeria,” Microsystems Design”, Kluwer publishers, 2000. REFERENCE: 1. Nadim Maluf,” An introduction to Micro electro mechanical system design”, Artech House, 2000. 2. Mohamed Gad-el-Hak, editor,” The MEMS Handbook”, CRC press Baco Raton,2000. 3. Tai Ran Hsu,” MEMS & Micro systems Design and Manufacture” Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2002.



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1. INTRODUCTION 9 Introduction to aircraft – Axes system – Parts, importance and role of Avionics – systems which interface directly with pilot – Aircraft state sensor systems – Navigation systems – External world sensor systems – task automation systems. Avionics architecture evolution. Avionics Data buses - MIL STD 1553, ARINC 429, ARINC 629. 2. RADIO NAVIGATION Types of Radio Navigation – ADF, DME, VOR, LORAN, DECCA, OMEGA. MLS 9

3. INERTIAL AND SATELLITE NAVIGATION SYSTEMS 9 Inertial sensors – Gyroscopes, Accelerometers, Inertial navigation systems – Block diagram, Platform and strap down INS. Satellite Navigation - GPS 4. AIR DATA SYSTEMS AND AUTOPILOT 9 Air data quantities – Altitude, Airspeed, Mach no., Vertical speed, Total Air temperature, Stall warning, Altitude warning. Autopilot – basic principles – longitudinal and lateral autopilot. 5. AIRCRAFT DISPLAYS 9 Display technologies – LED, LCD, CRT, Flat Panel Display. Primary Flight parameter displays Head Up Display, Helmet Mounted Display, Night vision goggles, Head Down Display, MFD, MFK, Virtual cockpit. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Albert Helfrick. D, ‘Principles of Avionics’, Avionics communications Inc., 2004 2. Collinson, R.P.G, ‘Introduction to Avionics’, Chapman and Hall, 1996. REFERENCE: 1. Middleton, D.H, ‘Avionics Systems’, Longman Scientific and Technical, Longman Group UK Ltd, England, 1989. 2. Spitzer, C.R. ‘Digital Avionics Systems’, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., USA 1993. 3. Spitzer, C.R, ‘The Avionics Handbook’, CRC Press, 2000. 4. Pallet, E.H.J, ‘Aircraft Instruments and Integrated Systems’, Longman Scientific and Technical, Mc Graw – Hill, 1992.







1. SATELLITE ORBITS AND SUBSYTEMS 8 Orbital Mechanics—Orbit Equations, Kepler’s Laws, Orbits and their types, Look angle calculation; Satellite Launch; Satellite Subsystems—AOCS, TTC&M, Power, Transponders, Antennas. 2. SATELLITE LINK DESIGN 10 Basic Equations; System Noise and G/T ratio; Uplink, Downlink and Design for a specified C/N ratio, with GEO and LOE examples; Atmospheric and Rain effects on link performance. 3. MODULATION, MULTIPLEXING AND ERROR CONTROL 8 FM and the Analog FM TV system; Digital Modulation for satellite links- BPSK,QPSK and QAM results; TDM standards for satellite systems; Error control requirements for satellite link— ARQ, Concatenated Codes, Interleaving, Turbo codes. 4. MULTIPLE ACCESS FOR SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS 10 FDMA—the FDM-FM-FDMA case; TDMA-structure and system design; Onboard Processing systems; DAMA and PAMA; CDMA-system design and capacity. 5. SOME APPLICATIONS 9 VSAT—Network architecture, Access Control protocols and techniques, VSAT Earth stations; Satellite Mobile Telephony—Globalstar and Iridium systems; DBS/DTH Television; GPS; Remote Sensing and Weather satellites. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1.T.Pratt, C. Bostian and J.Allnutt; “Satellite Communications”, John Wiley and Sons, 2003, Second Edition. 2.D.Rody, “Satellite Communications”, Regents/Prentice Hall; Englewoods (NJ), 1989. REFERENCE: 1.W.L.Pritchard,H G Suyderhoud and R A Nelson, “Satellite Communication System Engineering”, Prentice Hall, 1993, Second edition 2. Tri. T. Ha, “Digital Satellite Communications”, McGraw Hill, Second Edition, 1990. 3. B.N.Agarwal, Design of Geosynchronous Space craft”, Prentice Hall, 1986.


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1. RANGE EQUATION AND TYPES OF RADAR 8 Basic Radar, Simple form of Radar equation, Radar parameters affecting range & resolution, Radar system block diagram, Radar frequencies. Types of Radar: CW, Doppler, MTI, FMCW, Pulsed, Tracking Radar. DSP in Radar / (MTD1) 2. RADAR SYSTEM CONCEPTS 12 Different type of Noise, Basic concepts of Thermal Noise, Noise figure, LNA. Basic concepts of False alarm & Missed detection, concepts of Radar cross section, TR, ATR, types of Displays, tracking of targets in range and angle. 3. MICROWAVE POWER SOURCES, ANTENNAS & SIGNAL PROCESSING 8 Klystron, Reflex Klystron, Magnetron and TWT. Antenna parameters, Types of antenna: Parabolic, Cassegrain and Electronically steered phased array antennas. Analog & Digital Processing of signals. 4. TERRESTRIAL & SPACE RADIO NAVIGATION SYSTEMS 8 General principles, Radio compass (NDB), VOR, DME, Doppler & Inertial Navigation. 5. SATELLITE NAVIGATION AND LANDING SYSTEMS 9

Basics of Satellite Navigation, NAVSTAR Global Positioning System. Landing systems: Mechanics of Landing, Instrument Landing System, Microwave Landing System, Satellite Landing system and Carrier Landing system.

TEXTBOOK: 1. M.I.Skolnik “Introduction to Radar Systems”, Tata McGraw Hill 2002. 2. Myron Kyton and W.R.Fried “Avionics Navigation Systems” John Wiley & Sons 1997. REFERENCE: 1. Nagaraja “Elements of Electronic Navigation” Tata McGraw Hill. 2. Albert Helfrick “Principles of Avionics” Third edition, ISBN 1-885544-20-0.

EC520 ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE AND COMPATIBILITY 3 0 0 3 1. BASIC CONCEPTS 7 Definition of EMI and EMC; Intra and Inter system EMI; Sources and victims of EMI, Conducted and Radiated EMI emission and susceptibility; Transient & ESD; Case Histories; Radiation Hazards to humans. 2. COUPLING MECHANISM 9 Common made coupling; Differential mode coupling; Common impedance coupling; Ground loop coupling; Field to cable coupling; Cable to cable coupling; Power mains and Power supply coupling. 3. EMI MITIGATION TECHNIQUES 10 Shielding – principle, choice of materials for H, E and free space fields, and thickness; EMI gaskets; Bonding; Grounding – circuits, system and cable grounding; Filtering; Transient EMI control devices and applications; PCB Zoning, Component selection, mounting, trace routing. 4. STANDARDS AND REGULATION 7 Units of EMI; National and International EMI Standardizing Organizations – IEC, ANSI, FCC, CISPR, BIS, CENELEC; FCC standards; EN Emission and Susceptibility standards and specifications; MIL461E Standards. 5. EMI TEST METHODS AND INSTRUMENTATION 12 EMI test sites - Open area site; TEM cell; Shielded chamber; Shielded Anechoic chamber; EMI test receivers; Spectrum Analyzer; Transient EMI Test wave Simulators; EMI coupling Networks - Line impedance Stabilization Networks; Feed through capacitors; Antennas and factors; Current probes and calibration factor; MIL-STD test methods; Civilian STD Test methods. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. V.P. Kodali, “Engineering EMC Principles, Measurements and Technologies”, IEEE Press, Newyork, 1996. 2. Henry W.Ott., “Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems”, A Wiley Inter Science Publications, John Wiley and Sons, Newyork, 1988. 3. C.R.Paul, “Principles of EMC”. REFERENCE: 1. Don R.J.White Consultant Incorporate, “Handbook of EMI/EMC”, Vol I-V, 1988. 2. Bemhard Keiser, “Principles of Electromagnetic Compatibility”, 3rd Ed, Artech hourse, Norwood, 1986.


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1. SIMULATION METHODOLOGY 8 Introduction, Aspects of methodology, Performance Estimation, Simulation sampling frequency, Low pass equivalent simulation models for bandpass signals, Multicarrier signals, Non-linear and time-varying systems, Post processing – Basic graphical techniques and estimations. 2. RANDOM SIGNAL GENERATION & PROCESSING 8 Uniform random number generation, Mapping uniform random variables to an arbitrary pdf, Correlated and Uncorrelated Gaussian random number generation, PN sequence generation, Random signal processing, Testing of random number generators. 3. MONTE CARLO SIMULATION 9 Fundamental concepts, Application to communication systems, Monte Carlo integration, Semianalytic techniques, Case study: Performance estimation of a wireless system. 4. ADVANCED MODELS & SIMULATION TECHNIQUES 10 Modeling and simulation of non-linearities: Types, Memoryless non-linearities, Non-linearities with memory, Modeling and simulation of Time varying systems : Random process models, Tapped delay line model, Modelling aand simulation of waveform channels, Discrete memoryless channel models, Markov model for discrete channels with memory. 5. EFFICIENT SIMULATION TECHNIQUES 10 Tail extrapolation, pdf estimators, Importance sampling methods, Case study: Simulation of a Cellular Radio System. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. William.H.Tranter, K. Sam Shanmugam, Theodore. S. Rappaport, Kurt L. Kosbar, Principles of Communication Systems Simulation, Pearson Education (Singapore) Pvt. Ltd, 2004. REFERENCE: 1. M.C. Jeruchim, P.Balaban and K. Sam Shanmugam, Simulation of Communication Systems: Modeling, Methodology and Techniques, Plenum Press, New York, 2001. 2. Averill.M.Law and W. David Kelton, Simulation Modeling and Analysis, McGeaw Hill Inc., 2000 3. Geoffrey Gorden, System Simulation, Prentice Hall of India, 2nd Edition, 1992. 4. Jerry Banks and John S. Carson, Discrete Event System Simulation, Prentice Hall of India, 1984.



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1. DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS 9 Elements of digital image processing systems, Vidicon and Digital Camera working principles, Elements of visual perception, brightness, contrast, hue, saturation, mach band effect, Color image fundamentals - RGB, HSI models, Image sampling, Quantization, dither, Twodimensional mathematical preliminaries. 2. IMAGE TRANSFORMS 9 ID DFT, 2D transforms - DFT, DCT, Discrete Sine, Walsh, Hadamard, Slant, Haar, KLT, SVD, Wavelettransform. 3. IMAGE ENHANCEMENT 9 Histogram modification and specification techniques, Noise distributions, Spatial averaging, Directional Smoothing, Median, Geometric mean, Harmonic mean, Contraharmonic and Y p mean filters, Homomorphic filtering, Design of 2D FIR filters using McClellan's transformation, Color image enhancement. 4. IMAGE RESTORATION AND RECOGNITION 9 Image Restoration - degradation model, Unconstrained and Constrained restoration, Inverse filtering-removal of blur caused by uniform linear motion, Wiener filtering, Geometric transformations-spatial transformations, GrayLevel interpolation, Edge detection. Image Recognition - Patterns and pattern classes, Matching by minimum distance classifier, Matching by correlation., Neural networksBackpropagation network and training, Neural network to recognize shapes. 5. IMAGE COMPRESSION 9 Need for data compression, Huffman, Run Length Encoding, Shift codes, Arithmetic coding, Vector Quantization, Block Truncation Coding, Transform coding, JPEG standard, MPEG. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods, , Digital Image Processing', Pearson Education, Inc., Second Edition, 2004 2. Anil K. Jain, , Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing', Pearson Education, Inc., 2002. REFERENCE: 1. Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods, Steven Eddins,' Digital Image Processing using MATLAB', Pearson Education, Inc., 2004. 2. D,E. Dudgeon and RM. Mersereau, , Multidimensional Digital Signal Processing', Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference, 1990. 3. William K. Pratt, , Digital Image Processing' , John Wiley, New York, 2002 4. Milan Sonka et aI, 'IMAGE PROCESSING, ANALYSIS AND MACHINE VISION', Brookes/Cole, Vikas Publishing House, 2nd edition, 1999, 5. Sid Ahmed, M.A., , Image Processing Theory, Algorithms and Architectures',cGrawHill,


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1. DISCRETE TIME RANDOM SIGNALS 9 Review of discrete time deterministic signals in time and frequency domains – Discrete time random signals – mean, variance, covariance, PSD- Energy of discrete time signals – Parseval’s theorem – Wiener Klintine relations- Simulation of white noise. 2. PROCESSING OF DISCRETE TIME RANDOM SIGNALS 9 Review of recursive and non-recursive filters- properties of transfer functions of recursive and non-recursive filters- Low pass filtering of White Noise – Discrete random Signal Processing by linear systems- Spectral factorization. 3. SPECTRUM ESTIMATION 9 Non-parametric methods- correlation method- co-variance method- periodogram estimatorperformance analysis of estimators – unbiased and consistent estimators- WELCH psd estimation – Model based approach- AR, MA, ARMA Signal modeling – parameter estimation using Yule-Walker method. 4. LINEAR ESTIMATION, PREDICTION, ADAPTIVE FILTERING 10 Least Mean Squared criterion – Wiener Filter- Discrete Wiener Hopt equation- Concept of Kalman filter- Linear prediction – Levinson Durbin recursion- Adaptive filters based on Newton’s Steepest descent method- Widrow Hoff LMS adaptation algorithm- Application examples. 5. WAVELET TRANSFORM DFT Filter Bank, Short Time Fourier Transform, Wave let transform, Cepstrum and Homomorphic filtering. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Monson H, Hayes, Statistical Digital Signal Processing and Modelling, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, 1996. 2. P.P.Vaidyanabhan, Multirate Systems and Filterbanks, PH, 1992. REFERENCE: 1. Dimitris G. Manolakis Vinay K.Ingle, Stephen M.Kogon, Statistical and Adaptive Signal Processing, McGraw Hill, NewYork, 2000. 2. John G.Proakis, Dimitris G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing, Pearson, 2004. 8


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1. FUNDAMENTALS OF TELEVISION 9 Characteristics of eye and television pictures – Resolution and brightness gradation. Theory of Scanning. Camera tubes – Vidicon and Silicon diode array vidicon. Monochrome picture tube, Composite. 2. MONOCHROME TELEVISION RECEIVER 9

Transmission and Propagation of TV signal, TV antenna, Receiver: VHF Tuners, Vision IF subsystem, Inter carrier sound system. Video amplifiers, Synchronous separation AFC and deflection Oscillators frame and line deflection circuits. 3. COLOUR TELEVISION SYSTEMS 9 Color Characteristics – Color cameras Color picture tubes, Color signal generation and encoding, NTSC, PAL and SECAM Systems. 4. COLOUR TELEVISION RECEIVERS 9 Block diagram of PAL-D receivers, Luminance channel. Chrominance amplifier, Color burst separation and burst phase discriminator. Sub carrier Oscillator AGC circuits. Ident and color killer circuits. U and V demodulators. R, G, B matrix and drivers. 5. SPECIAL TOPICS IN TELEVISION 9 Digital tuning techniques, Remote control. Introduction to cable and Satellite television. Video tape recorders. Videodisc system. Fundamental of digital TV and high definition Television. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Gulati.R.R, “Modern Television Practice, Principle of Technology and Servicing “, New age International Pvt., Ltd., 2002. REFERENCE: 1. Dhake.A.M, “Television and Video Engineering”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1995. Grob.B, Herndon. C.E., “Basic television and video systems”, McGraw-Hill, 1999.



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1. RF CHARACTERISTICS OF PASSIVE COMPONENTS 8 RF characteristics of chip resistor, capacitor and inductors, semiconductor realization of resistors, capacitors, inductors, transformers. Coaxial, stripline, and microstrip line design guidelines and behavior at RF. 2. MOS CHARACTERISTICS AT RF 9 Long and Short channel approximations, bandwidth estimation techniques, open and short circuit time constant procedures, high frequency amplifier design, fT doublers, tuned amplifiers, cascaded amplifiers, AM_PM conversion issues, biasing techniques for RF ICs. 3. RF LNA AND POWER AMPLIFIER DESIGN 12 Noise definitions and noise models, two port noise parameters of MOSFET, LNA topologies, noise match and power match design considerations, linearity and large signal performance of LNAs, feedback and RF stability criteria, gain and phase margins, compensation techniques Class A,B,C,D,E,F power amplifier definitions, PA characteristics, RF PA design examples. 4. RF BUILDING BLOCKS 9 Mixer fundamentals, nonlinear mixers, multiplier based mixers, sub-sampling mixers, Linearized PLL models, noise properties of PLLs, phase detectors, loop filters, chrge pumps, PLL design examples, Oscillators, describing functions, resonators, detailed considerations of phase noise. 5. RF SYSTEM ARCHITECTURES AND CASE STUDIES 7 Dynamic range, Subsampling, transmitter architectures, oscillator stability, chip design examples. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Thomas Lee, “The Design of Radio Frequency CMOS Integrated Circuits” Cambridge University Press, Second Edition 2004 REFERENCE: 1. Reinhold Ludwig, Pavel Bretchko “RF Circuit Design”; Pearson Education, 2001 2. Ulrich Rohde “RF/Microwave Circuit Design for Wireless Applications” John Wiley. 2000.



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1. BASIC CONCEPTS 10 Speech Fundamentals: Articulatory Phonetics – Production and Classification of Speech Sounds; Acoustic Phonetics – acoustics of speech production; Review of Digital Signal Processing concepts; Short-Time Fourier Transform, Filter-Bank and LPC Methods. 2. SPEECH ANALYSIS 12 Features, Feature Extraction and Pattern Comparison Techniques: Speech distortion measures – mathematical and perceptual – Log Spectral Distance, Cepstral Distances, Weighted Ceptral Distances and Liftering, Likelihood Distortions, Spectral Distortion using a Warped Frequency Scale, LPC, PLP and MFCC Coefficients, Time Alignment and Normalization – Dynamic Time Warping, Multiple Time – Alignment Paths. 3. SPEECH MODELING 6 Hidden Markov Models: Markov Processes, HMMs – Evaluation, Optimal State Sequence – Viterbi Search, Baum-Welch Parameter Re-estimation, Implementation issues. 4. SPEECH RECOGNITION 8 Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition: Architecture of a large vocabulary continuous speech recognition system – acoustics and language models – n-grams, context dependent sub-word units; Applications and present status. 5. SPEECH SYNTHESIS 9 Text-to-Speech Synthesis: Concatenative and waveform synthesis methods, sub-word units for TTS, intelligibility and naturalness – role of prosody, Applications and present status. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Lawrence Rabinerand Biing-Hwang Juang, “Fundamentals of Speech Recognition”, Pearson Education, 2003. 2. Daniel Jurafsky and James H Martin, “Speech and Language Processing – An Introduction to Natural Language Processing, Computational Linguistics, and Speech Recognition”, Pearson Education, 2002. REFERENCE: 1. Steven W. Smith, “The Scientist and Engineer’s Guide to Digital Signal Processing”, California Technical Publishing, 1997. 2. Thomas F Quatieri, “Discrete-Time Speech Signal Processing – Principles and Practice”, Pearson Education, 2004. 3. Claudio Becchetti and Lucio Prina Ricotti, “Speech Recognition”, John Wiley and Sons, 1999.



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Medium Access Alternatives: Fixed-Assignment for Voice Oriented Networks Random Access for Data Oriented Networks -Integration of voice and data traffic. 2. WIRELESS NETWORK FUNDAMENTALS 9 Principles of Wireless Network Operation: Wireless Network Topologies - Cellular Topology - Cell fundamentals - Signal to interference ratio calculation - Capacity expansion techniques - Network planning for CDMA systems - Mobility management Radio resources and power management - Security in Wireless networks. 3. WIRELESS WANs 9 Communication in the infrastructures - Reference architecture for North American Systems - GSM, CDMA - IMT 2000 - The Data Oriented CDPD Network - GPRS and High Data rates - Short Messaging Service in GSM - Mobile Application Protocols. 4. WLANs AND HIPERLANS 9 Introduction to wireless LANs - IEEE 802.11 WLANs - Physical Layer- MAC sublayer- MAC Management Sublayer- Wireless ATM - HIPERLAN- HIPERLAN-2 5. ADHOC NETWORKING 9 IEEE 802.15. WP AN - Home RF Bluetooth - Wireless Geolocation System Architecture - Technologies for Wireless Geolocation Standards ~ Performance Measures for Geolocation Systems.. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Kaveth Pahlavan,. K. Prashanth Krishnamuorthy, "Principles of Wireless Networks", Pearson Education Asia, 2002. REFERENCE: 1. Leon Garcia, Widjaja, "Communication Networks", Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi 2000. 2. William Stallings, "Wireless Communications and networks" Prentice Hall, 2002.


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1. MULTIPLE ANTENNA PROPAGATION AND ST CHANNEL CHARACTERIZATION 9 Wireless channel, Scattering model in macrocells, Channel as a ST random field, Scattering functions, Polarization and field diverse channels, Antenna array topology, Degenerate channels, reciprocity and its implications, Channel definitions, Physical scattering model, Extended channel models, Channel measurements, sampled signal model, ST multiuser and ST interference channels, ST channel estimation. 2. CAPACITY OF MULTIPLE ANTENNA CHANNELS AND SPATIAL DIVERSITY 9 Capacity of frequency flat deterministic MIMO channel: Channel unknown to the transmitter, Channel known to the transmitter, capacity of random MIMO channels, Influence of ricean fading, fading correlation, XPD and degeneracy on MIMO capacity, Capacity of frequency selective MIMO channels, Diversity gain, Receive antenna diversity, Transmit antenna diversity, Diversity order and channel variability, Diversity performance in extended channels, Combined space and path diversity ,Indirect transmit diversity, Diversity of a space-timefrequency selective fading channel. 3. MULTIPLE ANTENNA CODING AND RECEIVERS 9 Coding and interleaving architecture, ST coding for frequency flat channels, ST coding for frequency selective channels, Receivers(SISO,SIMO,MIMO),Iterative MIMO receivers, Exploiting channel knowledge at the transmitter: linear pre-filtering, optimal pre-filtering for maximum rate, optimal pre-filtering for error rate minimization, selection at the transmitter, Exploiting imperfect channel knowledge. 4. ST OFDM , SPREAD SPECTRUM AND MIMO MULTIUSER DETECTION 9 SISO-OFDM modulation, MIMO-OFDM modulation, Signaling and receivers for MIMOOFDM,SISO-SS modulation, MIMO-SS modulation, Signaling and receivers for MIMOSS.MIMO-MAC,MIMO-BC, Outage performance for MIMO-MU,MIMO-MU with OFDM,CDMA and multiple antennas 5. ST CO-CHANNEL INTERFERENCE MITIGATION AND PERFORMANCE LIMITS IN MIMO CHANNELS 9 CCI characteristics, Signal models, CCI mitigation on receive for SIMO,CCI mitigating receivers for MIMO,CCI mitigation on transmit for MISO, Joint encoding and decoding, SS modulation, OFDM modulation, Interference diversity and multiple antennas, Error performance in fading channels, Signaling rate vs PER vs SNR, Spectral efficiency of ST doing/receiver techniques, System Design, Comments on capacity L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. “Introduction to Space Time Wireless Communication Systems”, A. Paulraj, Rohit Nabar, Dhananjay Gore., Cambridge University Press, 2003 REFERENCE: 1. Sergio Verdu “ Multi User Detection” Cambridge University Press, 1998 2. Andre Viterbi “ Principles of Spread Spectrum Techniques” Addison Wesley 1995


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1. SOLUTION OF EQUATIONS AND EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS 9 Linear interpolation methods (method of false position) – Newton’s method – Statement of Fixed Point Theorem – Fixed point iteration: x = g(x) method – Solution of linear system by Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordon methods- Iterative methods: Gauss Jacobi and Gauss-Seidel methods- Inverse of a matrix by Gauss Jordon method – Eigenvalue of a matrix by power method and Jacobi’s method. 2. INTERPOLATIONS AND APPROXIMATION 9 Lagrangian Polynomials – Divided differences – Interpolating with a cubic spline – Newton’s forward and backward difference formulas. 3. NUMERICAL DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION 9 Derivatives from difference tables – Divided differences and finite differences –Numerical integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s 1/3 and 3/8 rules – Two and Three point Gaussian quadrature formulas – Double integrals using trapezoidal and Simpson’s rules. 4. INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS Single step methods: Taylor series method – Euler and modified Euler methods – Fourth order Runge – Kutta method for solving first and second order equations – Multistep methods: Milne’s and Adam’s predictor and corrector methods. 9

5. BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS IN ORDINARY AND PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9 Finite difference solutions of second order ordinary differential equation – Finite difference solution of one-dimensional heat equation by explicit and implicit methods – Onedimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace and Poisson equations. L:45+T:15=60 TEXTBOOK: 1. Gerald, C.F, and Wheatley, P.O, “Applied Numerical Analysis”, Sixth Edition, Pearson Education Asia, New Delhi, 2002. 2. Balagurusamy, E., “Numerical Methods”, Tata McGraw Hill Pub.Co.Ltd, New Delhi, 1999. 3. Grewal, B.S. and Grewal, J.S., “Numerical methods in Engineering and Science”, 6th Edition, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 2002. REFERENCES: 1. Kandasamy, P., Thilagavathy, K. and Gunavathy, K., “Numerical Methods”, S.Chand Co. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003. 2. Burden, R.L and Faires, T.D., “Numerical Analysis”, Seventh Edition, Thomson Asia Pvt. Ltd., Singapore, 2002.



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1. X-RAY GENERATION 9 Principle of production of soft and hard X-Rays, selection of anodes, cooling system, Heel pattern, Porter Buckey system. 2. RADIO DIAGNOSIS AND RADIOTHERAPY 9 Radiography, angiography, fluoroscopy, image intensifier, multisection radiography, depth dose curves, linear accelerators 3. SPECIAL RADIOLOGICAL EQUIPMENTS 9 Principle of tomography, plane of movement, CAT, Principle of NMR, MRI, tissue characterization, functional MRI. 4. APPLICATION OF ISOTOPES FOR DIAGNOSIS AND THERAPY 9 Alpha, beta and gamma emission, principle of radiation detectors, dot scanners, PET and SPECT, cobalt and cesium therapy. 5. RADIATION THERAPY Safe limits, radiation protection techniques. 9

L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. R.S.Khandpur, “Handbook of biomedical instrumentation”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, Ltd., new Delhi, Second edition 2003. 2. Steve Webb, “The physics of Medical Imaging”, Adam Hilger Philadelphia, Revised Eddition, 1990. REFERENCE: 1. William R.Hendee, E.Russell Ritenour, “Medical Imaging Physics”, Third Edition, Mosby Year Book, St.Louis, 1992. 2. Erich Krestel, “Imaging systems for Medical Diagnostics”, Siemens Aktiengesellschaft, Berline and Munich, Federal Republic of Germany, 1990. 3. Jacob Kline, “Handbook of Bio Medical Engineering”, Academic press, San Diego, 1988. 4. Joachim Alexander, Will Kalendar and Gehard Linke, “Computed Tomography”, John Wiley, Chichester, 1986. 5. Wagner, H.N, “Principles of Nuclear Medicine”, W.B.Saundras Company, Philadelphia, Second Edition, 1995.



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1. NEED AND SCOPES OF CLINICAL ENGINEERING 9 Clinical engineering program, educational responsibilities, role to be performed by them in hospital, staff structure in hospital. 2. NATIONAL HEALTH POLICIES 9 Need for evolving health policy, health organization in state, health financing system, health education, health insurance, health legislation. 3. TRAINING AND MANAGEMENT OF TECHNICAL STAFF IN HOSPITAL 9 Difference between hospital and industrial organization, levels of training, steps of training, developing training program, evaluation of training, wages and salary, employee appraisal method. 4. STANDARDS AND CODES IN HEALTH CARE 9 Necessity for standardization, FDA, Joint Commission of Accreditation of hospitals, ICRP and other standard organization, methods to monitor the standards 5. COMPUTER IN MEDICINE 9 Computer application in ICU, X-Ray department, laboratory administration, patient data, medical records, communication, simulation. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Goyal R.C., “ Human Resources Management in hospitals”,3rd Edition Prentice Hall of India, 2000. 2. Webster J.C. and Albert M.Cook ,” Clinical Engineering Principle and Practice”, Prentice Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey,1979.

EC532 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 1. BASIC HUMAN SYSTEM Embtyology, Osteology and Myology

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2. CARDIAC SYSTEM Structure of heart, Lung, Systematic and pulmonary circulation, nervous control of vascularsystem, regulation of breathing.


3. Nervous system 9 Structure and functions of nervous tissues, Reflex action. Neural control of various feedback system. 4. DIGESTIVE AND EXCRETORY SYSTEM 9 Structure of alimentary canal, Digestive glands and their functions, structure and physiology of exceretory system. 5. SENSORY SYSTEM Sensory organs, tongue, mechanism of sight, hearing and smelling L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. G.J.Tortora, S.R. Grabowski, “principles of Anatomy and Physoilogy”, John Wiley &sons Pvt.Ltd, Singapore, 1999. REFERENCE: 1. Ranganathan.T.S, “Text book of Human natomy”, S.Chand and Company, NewDelhi, 1994 2. Guyton, “Text book of Medical Physiology,” W.B.Saundercopany, Philadelphia, 10th ed, 2000. 3. Syril, A.Keele and Eric Neil” Samson Wright’s applied physiology,” Oxford university press, Newdelhi, 1991. 4. EvelynC.Pearce,”Anatomy and Physiology for nurses including m=notes on their clinical applications “, Faher and Faher , Calcutta , 1992 9


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SCOPE OF ROBOTS 4 The scope of industrial Robots - Definition of an industrial robot - Need for industrial robots - applications. ROBOT COMPONENTS 9 fundamentals opf Robot Technology - Automation and Robotics - Robot anatomy - Work volume - Prescision of movement - End effectors - Sensors. ROBOT PROGRAMMING 9 Robot Programming - Methods - interlocks textual languages. Characteristics of Robot level languages, characteristic of task level languages. ROBOT WORK CELL 9 Robot Cell Design and Control - Remote Cemter compilance - Safety in Robotics. FUTURE TRENDS 14 Advanced robotics, Advanced robotics in Space - Specific features of space robotics systems - long-term technical developments, Advanced robotics in under - water operations. Robotics Technology of the Future - Future Applications.





L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Barry Leatham - Jones, "Elements of industrial Robotics" PITMAN Publishing , 1987. REFERENCE: 1. Mikell P.Groover, Mitchell Weiss, Roger N.Nagel Nicholas G.Odrey, "Industrial Robotics Technology, Programming and Applications ", McGraw Hill Book Company 1986. 2. Fu K.S. Gonzaleaz R.C. and Lee C.S.G., "Robotics Control Sensing, Visioon and Intelligence " McGraw Hill International Editions, 1987. 3. Bernard Hodges and Paul Hallam, " Industrial Robotics", British Library Cataloging in Publication 1990. 4. Deb, S.R. Robotics Technology and flexible automation, Tata Mc GrawHill, 1994.


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1. MEDICAL INFORMATICS 9 Definition and its six levels of interface with Computer technology. Medical Informatics standards, Medical Database, Medical Networks e-health Services- Over view of technical details of PC Motherboard and add on cards. 2. VISUAL BASIC 9 Visual Programming Concepts- Visual Basic environment-Tools and Controls – Dynamic Data exchange – VB based medical Information System. 3. HOSPITAL MANAGEMENT AND INFORMATION SYSTEM ( HMIS) 9 HMIS – Function Areas – Modules forming HMIS – Computerized physician order entry – HMIS and Internet – Integrated HIS – Knowledge Based and expert system – Computer Based Patient Records – Modules: Hospital Management and Information System.

4. COMPUTER-ASSISTED APPLICATIONS 9 Computer-Assisted Medical Education, Computer-Assisted Patient Education, ThreeDimensional Imaging- Vertical Endoscopy- computer-Assisted Surgery- Surgical Simulation- Virtual Environment 5. TELECOMMUNICATION BASED SYSTEM 9 Tele-Medicine, Tele-Surgery- The Internet- Multimedia and its components- Multimedia based HIS. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Mohan Bansal, MS, ”Medical Informatics”, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi-2003. 2. R.D.Lele,”Computers in Medicine”, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi-1997. 3. Noel Jerke, “The Complete Reference Visual Basic 6”, Tata MCGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi-2002.



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1. INTRODUCTION 9 Life in Space and Time, Dogmas, Data Archives, WWW, Computers, Biological Classification, Use of Sequences, Protein Structure, Clinical Implications 2. GENOME ORGANIZATION 9 Genomics and Proteomics, Eavesdropping on transmission of genetic information, Genomes of prokaryotes, Genomes of Eukaryotes, Human Genome, SNPs, Genetic Diversity, Evolution of Genomes 3. ARCHIVES AND INFORMATION RETRIEVAL Introduction, The archives, Gateways to Archives 9

4. ALIGNMENTS AND PHYLOGENETIC TREES 9 Introduction to Sequence Alignment, The dotplot, Dotplots and Sequence Alignments, Measures of Sequence similarity, Computing the Alignment, The dynamic programming algorithm, Significance of alignments, Multiple sequence alignment, Applications, Phylogeny, Phylogenetic trees 5. PROTEIN STRUCTURE AND DRUG DISCOVERY 9 Protein Stability and Folding, Applications of Hydrophobicity, Superposition of structures, DALI, Evolution of Protein Structures, Classification of Protein Structures, Protein Structure prediction and modeling, Assignment of protein structures to genomes, Prediction of protein function, Drug discovery and development L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. Arthur M Lesk, “Introduction to Bioinformatics”, Oxford University Press, India, 2004 REFERENCE: 1. Attwood T K and Parry-Smith D J, “Introduction to Bioinformatics”, Pearson Education Asis, New Delhi, 2001


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1. BASIC CONCEPTS AND ACCOUSTICS 10 Plane waves and spherical waves, parameters intensity, pressure and velocity, Specific Acoustic impedance, Radiation resistance, Strength of Radiators piston impedance functions, Helmoltzs Resonator, Basic concept of sonar. 2. SPEECH, HEARING AND NOISE 8 Introduction Voice mechanism, Acoustic Power output of speech, Mechanism of hearing, Threshold of Audibility, subjective characteristics of sound – loudness, Pitch, Timbre, beads, Aural Harmonics and combination tones, Masking by pure tones and noise, binaural localization, sound level meters, working principle. 3. TRANSDUCERS AND AUDIIO SYSTEMS 12 Introduction, Direct radiator loud speaker, cone speaker, loud speaker cabinets, horn loud speaker, measurement of pressure, Response and acoustic power output, Microphones, Principles of working, Pressure microphones, carbon condenser, piezoelectric and moving coil electro dynamic microphones. Pressure gradient microphones, Acoustical reciprocity theorem, Magnetic disc and tape recording, mono and stereo recordings film recording, analog and Digital system. 4. ARCHITECTURAL ACOUSTICS 8 Introduction, Sabines formula for Reverberation, Measurement of Reverberation time, classical ray theory of absorption co-efficient in live and dead rooms. Types of absorbing materials and absorption co-efficient, sound in enclosures, calculation of normal modes and frequencies, transmission loss through walls between enclosures. 5. UNDERWATER ACOUSTICS 7 Introduction velocity of around and sound transmission losses in sea water, Refraction phenomena, influence of surface reflections on transmission loss and bottom reflection phenomena, Electro Acoustic transducers, Magneto stricture and piezo electric transducer, Hydrophones, Sonar, principles of working. L = 45 TEXTBOOK: 1. L.E. Kinsler and A.R.Frey, “Fundamentals of Acoustics” Wiley Eastern,1988. REFERENCE: 1. Olson, “Acoustical Engineering”, Van Nostrand, 1957. 2. Leo L.Beranack, “Acoustics”, McGraw-Hill, 1954. 3. Leon Can, “Under Water Acoustics”, Wiley Interscience, 1970.