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90 25th Rajab is the martyrdom day of the 7th descendant of Holy Prophet, Hazrat Imam Moosa-e-Kazim (a.

s) bin Imam Jaffar Sadiq (a.s). His kunyas (epithet) were Abul Hassan, Abu Ibrahim and Abu Ali. He is known as Al Abdus Saleh (the pious worshipper of Allah). One of his tittles is 'Babul Hawa'ij' (the door to fulfilling needs). Generosity was synonymous with his name and no beggar ever returned from his door empty handed. Even after his martyrdom, he continues to be obliging and is generous to his devotees who come to his Holy tomb with prayers. The period of his Imamate was thirty-five years. The patience and forbearance of imam Moosa-e-Kazim was such that he was given the title of Al-Kazim (one who suppresses his anger). In other words he was called Al-Kazim because of his restraint of anger and the patience (which he showed) in the face of the acts of the oppressor’s right up until the time he martyred. He was the embodiment of virtue, generosity, gallantry, boldness, forgiveness, and tolerance. It is reported that he used to pray supererogatory prayers throughout the night so that he would make them extend until the morning prayer, then continue them until the sun rose. He would remain prostrating himself before Allah without raising his head from prayer and praising Allah until the sun came near to descending. He used to weep so much out of fear of Allah that his beard would be wet with tears. Imam Moosa-e- Kazim (a.s) martyred in 183 A.H. in prison where he passed 14 years of his life till he was poisoned by Haroon al Rasheed, the most cruel and tyrannical king of Abbasid Emperor. His holy corpse was taken out of the prison and left on the bridge of Baghdad. Then an announcement was made: "This man Moosa bin Jaffar (a.s) has died." His son Hazrat Imam Raza (a.s) undertook the washing and shrouding of his holy body. At that time Imam Moosa Kazim was 55 years of age. TNFJ observes this day as 'Youm-e-0-Babul Hawa'ij' throughout the world with respect and reverence. The night between 26 and 27 Rajab is one of the blessed nights. It's the night of Annunciation and Accession of Holy Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh).

91 Many Amaal of this holy night have been reported following are some of them: 1-take bath (gusal) 2-cease to sleep and spend night in ibadat 3-Hazrat Imam Muhammad Taqi (a.s) told a special Amaal to be performed in this night reward of which is equal to 60 years of ibadat. That Amaal is: Before midnight 12 Rakaat prayers with 6 salaams is to be offered by reciting Surah-e-Hamd and any other Surah in it. After prayer recite all following surahs 7 times each: 1. Surah Al-Hamd 2. Surah-e-Naas 7. Ayat al Kursi. 3. Surah-e-Falaq 4. Surah-e-Ikhlas 5. Surah-e-Kafirun 6. Sura-e-Qadr and Then after reciting the following Dua’a, pray for his wishes

The best Amaal of this night is Ziarat of Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Pbuh) and Ameer ul Momineen Hazrat Ali ibne Abi Talib (a.s). There are three specified Ziarat of Hazrat Ali (a.s) to be recited in this night. One of them is Ziarat-e-Rajabiya:

(Mafatihul Jinnan may be consulted for complete Ziarat). 27th day of Rajab is Eid day as the Apostleship of Holy Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) was annunciating on this day. This is also the day of his accession (Meraj). Some Amaal of this day are: 1. Take bath. 2. Keep fast-this day is one of those four days of the year in which keeping fast is distinctive. This day fast is equal to 70 years fast in reward. 3. to recite Ziarat of Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (s.a.w) and Hazrat 92

Ali ibne Abi Talib (a.s). 4. Da'ud bin Sarhan reported from Hazrat Imam Jaffar-e-Sadiq (a.s) he said that 12 rakaat prayers be performed in this night. After offering prayer recite following Surah-e-Hamd = 4 times, Surah-e-Naas = 4 times, Surah-e-Falaq =4 times Surah-e-Ikhlas = 4 times, Ayat al Kursi = 4 times Then recite: After this recite following for 4 times: On 28th Rajab Imam Hussain (a.s) made his departure from Madina Munawwara to Kerbala.

The Glory of the Month of Ramazan
It was reserved for Islam to prescribe and perfect a formula for spiritual purification for every one of its followers, not with standing the state of society he may belong to, and which can be followed without interfering with his normal avocations and callings in everyday life. Whatever calling or vocation a Muslim may be engaged in, it does not hinder him from obeying this divine commandment which is one of the five fundamental tenets of Islam. The word ‘Ramazan’ is derived from the root ‘ramaz’ which indicates heat and restlessness. It is said that the month signifies the hardships that accompany a fast, like thirst and a comparative sluggishness. The best explanation was given by the Holy Prophet (s.a.w). He said: ‘Ramazan burns the skin and faults as fire burns wood.’ The Muslim fast means a complete abstinence from eating or drinking between daybreak and sunset. The sighting of the new moon of Ramazan heralds for the Muslim the beginning of a month of glory and of spiritual elevation, when, at Allah’s command, he denies himself between daybreak and sunset the blessing of food and drink for a whole month and surrenders himself wholly to Allah, exercising at the same time, complete control over his thoughts, speech and actions. Ramazan has another special significance for Muslim, for it was in this month that the first revelation of the Holy Quran was made to the Holy 93

Prophet (s.a.w). This month, therefore, is dear to the heart of every Muslim. During this month the Muslim applies himself more assiduously to the reading of the Holy Book, which shall remain for all time as the standing miracle of Mohammad (s.a.w), may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. Throughout this month is heard, in every Muslim home, during the day and night, the pleasant and beautiful cadences of Quranic recitation. In this Holy month of Ramazan it should therefore be the duty of every Muslim to read and try to understand the meaning of The Holy Quran and thereby gain an insight into the divine secrets enshrined therein. It brings peace and illumination to the mind, imparts purity to the soul and removes many a curtain hanging between man and God.

The Holy Quran says:
‘O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint.’ (2:183) Ramazan is the (month) in which was sent down the Quran, as a guide to mankind, also clear (signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting, but if any one is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put you to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.’ (2:185).

The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) said:
‘O people, the month (Ramazan) of Allah has come with His mercies and blessing. This is the month, which is the best of all months in the estimation of Allah. Its days are best among the days. Its nights are best among the nights. Its hours are best among the hours.’ This holiest of months also is a month of mourning for the followers and lovers of the Ahlul-Bait (a.s.), as it was during these days of fasting that the prince of believers and the leader of the pious, the brother of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) and his first vicegerent, the fried of Allah and all believing men and women, Ali ibn Abi Talib (a.s.) was martyred. In the Holy Month of Ramazan, Allah (s.w.t.) delivered to us His Words, & took back from this world the flawless personification of those very Words.

Syed Nasir Kazmi {Matwali of Aza Khana Zainub Lahore}
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Masael of Fasting and Ramazan
Fasting means that a person must, in obedience to the commands of Allah, from the time of Azan for Fajr prayers up to Maghrib, avoid nine things which will be mentioned later. It is not necessary for a person to pass the niyyat for fasting through his mind or to say that he would be fasting on the following day. In fact, it is sufficient for him to decide that in obedience to the command of Allah he will not perform from the time of Azan for Fajr prayers up to Maghrib, any act which may invalidate the fast and in order to ensure that he has been fasting throughout this time he should begin abstaining earlier than the Azan for Fajr prayers, and continue to refrain for some time after sunset from acts which invalidate a fast. A person can make niyyat every night of the Holy Month of Ramazan, and it is better to make niyyat on the first night of Ramazan that he/she would fast throughout that month. The last time for making niyyat to observe a fast of Ramazan for a conscious person, is moments before Azan of Fajr prayers. This means he/she must be intent upon fasting at that time, even if he latter became heedless of his/her intention due to sleep, etc. If a person sleep before Azan for Fajr prayers in Ramazan or any other day fixed for an obligatory fast without making a niyyat, and wakes up before Zuhr to make a niyyat of fast, his fast will be in order. But if he wakes up after Zuhr, as a precaution, he/she should continue with the abstinence with the niyyat of Qurbat and then give its Qaza also.

Things which make a fast void:
There are nine acts which invalidate fast: 1. Eating and drinking. 2. Sexual intercourse. 3. Masturbation (Istimna) which means self abuse, resulting in ejaculation. 4. Ascribing false things to Almighty Allah, or his Prophet or to the successors of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.). 5. Swallowing thick dust. 6. Immersing one’s complete head in water. 7. Remaining in Janabat or Haiz or Nifas until the Azan for Fajr prayers. 8. Enema with liquids. 9.Vomiting. 95

If a person intentionally and voluntarily commits an act which invalidates fast, his/her fast becomes void, but if he does not commit such an act intentionally, there is no harm in it (i.e. his/her fast is valid). However, if a person in Janabat sleeps and does not do Ghusl till the time of Fajr Azan, his/her fast is void. Similarly, if a person due to utter ignorance of the rule that a certain act will invalidate the fast, or due to reliance upon some authority which he/she thought was genuine, unhesitatingly commits an act which invalidates the fast, his/her fast will not void, except in the cases of eating, drinking and sexual intercourse. Fasting is not obligatory on a person who cannot fast because of old age, or for whom fasting causes extreme hardship. But in latter case, he/she should give one time food to a poor person for every fast. If a person, who did not fast during the month of Ramazan owing to old age, becomes capable of fasting later, he/she should, on the basis of recommended precaution, give the Qaza. Fasting is not obligatory on a person who suffers from a disease which causes excessive thirst, making it unbearable, or full of hardship. But in the latter case, that is, of hardship, he/she should give one time of food to poor, for every fast. At the same time, as a recommended precaution, such a person may not drink water in a quantity more than essential. If he/she recovers later, enabling him/her to fast, then as a recommended precaution, he/she should give Qaza for the fast. Fasting is not obligatory on a woman in advanced stage of pregnancy, for which fasting is harmful or for the child she carries. For every day, however, she should give one time of food to poor. In both the cases, she has to give Qaza for the fasts which are left out. If a woman is suckling a child, whether she is the mother or a nurse, or suckles it free, and the quantity of her milk is small, and if fasting is harmful to her or to the child, it will not be obligatory on her to fast. And she should give one time of food per day to poor. In both the cases, she will later give Qaza for the fasts left out. But this rule is specifically applicable in a circumstance where this is the only way 96

of feeling milk to child (as an obligatory precaution). But if there is an alternative, like, when more than one woman offer to suckle the child, then establishing this rule is a matter of Ishkal. It is haraam to fast on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha. It is also haraam to fast with the Niyyat of first fast of Ramazan on a day about which he/she is not sure whether it is the last of Shabaan or the first of Ramazan. It is haraam for a wife to keep a Mustahab fast if by so doing she would not be able to attend to her duties to her husband. And the obligatory precaution is that even if she can attend to her duties towards her husband, she should not observe a Mustahab fast without his permission. It is haraam for the children to observe Mustahab fast if it causes emotional suffering to their parents. If a son observes Mustahab fast without the permission of his father, and his father prohibits him from it during the day time, the son should break the fast if his disobedience would hurt the feeling of father. If a person knows that fasting is not harmful to him/her, he/she should fast even if his doctor advises that it is harmful. And if a person is certain or has a feeling that fasting is harmful to him/her, he/she should not fast even if the doctor advises for it, and if he/she fasts in these circumstances, his/her fast will not be valid if it turns out that the fast was actually harmful, or if it was not kept with the Niyyat of Qurbat.

Niyyat (Intention) Roza

‫○ َﻳ ِ ﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﻣﺎ ِ ﺭﻣﺿﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻣﺑﺎﺭﮎ‬ ‫ﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺕ‬ ‫○ﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﻣﺎ ِ ﺭﻣﺿﺎﻥ  َﺍ ِﺏ     ُﺭﺑَﺗً    ِﻟَﻰﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﺟ   ﻗ ـ  ﺍـ‬ ‫ﻩ‬
Roza rakhhata/rakhhaty hu Mah-e-Ramazan Wajib Qurbatan illal-lah. It is also recommended that Surah Al-Qadar be recited before opening the fast.

Dua (pray) Iftar-e-Roza
O! My Allah, for thee, I fast, and with the food thou give me I break the fast, and I rely on thee. 97

Dua’a (prayer) to be recited after five time prayers (Wajib Namaz) in the Holy month of Ramazan:

In The Name of Allah Most Gracious Most Merciful O
The Exalted, O the Immense one, O the Forgiving, O the Merciful you are the great Lord, nothing can be compared with Him He observes all and hears all and this is the month you have bestowed it greatness, dignity, honour and supremacy over all Other months. You have decreed fasting for me and the month of Ramazan is the month in which you have revealed Holy Quran which is guidance for people and proofs of guidance distinguishing right from wrong. You have caused in it the night of glory (Laila–tul-Qadr) and made it better than a thousand months. O who is kind and upon Whom nobody has placed obligation, show kindness to me by liberating me from hell like those to whom you have showed kindness and place me in paradise (Jannah) with your blessing, O the most compassionate.

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Amaal for Laylatul Qadar
The Amaal of Shab-e-Qadr (19th, 21st & 23rd of Ramazan) Shab-e-Qadr is the night, which is the best night among the nights of the whole year. The "Amaal" (religious performances) of this night are better than the Amaal of 1000 months. In this night the divine Annual Decree is passed. The Angels and Roohul Ameen (A highly dignified Angel) descend on this earth, in that night. These call on the Imam of the time, and what is ordained (by Allah) for everybody is presented before the Imam. The common Amaal are: 1. To take a bath. Allama Majlisi says, "It is better to take a bath before sunset so that the night prayers may be performed after bath". 2. To offer two Raqats of Namaz, in every Raqat offer Surah-alHamd, and Surah-al-Tauhid/ Sure Ikhlas (Kulhowallah) seven times, and after finishing the prayer 70 times recite: "Astagferullaah Rabbi Wa atoobo elaihe". "I seek pardon from ALLAH and ask for penitence from Him" 3. The Holy Quran should be opened and placed in front, then one should recite, "Alaahumma inni asaloka be kitaabekal

munzale Wa maa feeh, wa feehismokal akbaro wa asmaakal hosanna, wa maa yokhaafo Wa yurjaa an taj-alani min otaqaaeka minan-Naar", i.e., "O Allah
treat me as one of those who are free from Hell, in the name of this Holy Book sent by Thee, whatever there be in the Book. Including Ism-e-A'azam and Asmaa-e-Husnaa and the things to be dreaded, the things that may be expected and desired, like blessings of Jannat. Do forgive through the grace of this book". (Salawat: After this he may beg from Allah whatever he wants). 4. He should place the Holy Quran on his head and say,

"Alaahumma be haqqe haazal Quran we be haqqe man arsaltahoo beh, Wa be haqqe kulle Momineen madahtahoo feeh, we be haqqeka alaihim falaa ahada a'arafo be haqqeka mink", i.e., "O Allah! I appeal to Thee in the name of this Quran
and the Rooh that was sent along with it, and in the name of the Momin (believer) whose praise is contained in this Book and Tine obligation that is on them. No one else recognizes the right & truth more than Thee". (After this he should repeat 10 times each Salawat): 99

Beka Ya Allahhu (s.w.t). Be Mohammadin (s.a.w). Be Aliyyin (a.s). Be Fatemata (s.a). Bil Hasan-e (a.s). Bil Hussain-e (a.s). Be Aliy Ibnil Hussain (a.s). Be Mohammad Ibn Aliyyin (a.s). Be Jaffar Ibn Mohammadin (a.s). Be Moosa Ibn Jaffar (a.s). Be Ali Ibn Moosa (a.s). Be Mohammad Ibn Aliyyin (a.s). Be Ali Ibn Mohammad (a.s). Bil Hasan Ibn Aliyyin (a.s). Bil Hujjat-il Qaeem (a.s). 5. To recite the Ziarat of Imam Hussain (a.s). According to Hadis, during Shab-e-Qadr an angel proclaims from the Arsh (Throne) on the Seventh sky, "Allah the Benevolent forgives him, whosoever performs the Ziarat of the grave of Imam-e-Hussain (a.s)." 6. One should keep himself awake throughout these three nights. The vigil during these nights carries great Sawab (heavenly reward). 7. To offer 100 Rakaats of Namaz. It has been highly recommended. It is better to recite (after Surah-al-Hamd) 10 times the Surah-al-Tauhid/ Sure Ikhlas (Kulhowallah). 8. Recite: "Astagferullaah Rabbi Wa atoobo elaihe" 100 times (i.e., "I seek pardon from ALLAH and ask for penitence from Him"). 9. Recite: "Allaahummal'an qatalatal Amirul Momineen" 100 times (i.e., "O Allah! Thy malison upon the assassin of Amirul Momineen Ali ibne Abi Talib"). 10. Give Sadaqah / charity 11. Recite Dua Nudba & Remember Imam E Zamana (atfs) much throughout the night. 100

12. Seek forgiveness & Recite Dua Kumayl & Dua Tawba & the 15 whispered prayers from Sahifa Sajjadia 13. Read some Fiqah rules, Dua’a for the 19th night: O One Who was before everything and then brought everything into existence. He will remain while all else will be destroyed. O the One sole and solitary excepting whom there is none else in the high heavens or low earths or above and below them, or in between them who is worth worshipping. Only Thou art the deity and none else deserves to be worshipped. Thou only deserves the praise which cannot be encompassed but by Thee. Therefore bestow Peace and Blessings on Muhammad (s.a.w) and Aal-e-Muhammad (a.s) such as no body else has the power to encompass. On 23rd night, Recite the following Surahs from the Holy Quran: - Ankabut (the Spider) 29th Surah. Room (The Roman Empire) 30th Surah. Dukhan (Smoke or Mist) 44th Surah. This Dua’a is to be recited: - I have passed the evening as a very humble servant of Thee. I have no control over the gains and losses for my person. I cannot remove any evil from myself. I depose against my conscience. I admit my weakness and inability of managing my affairs. Bestow Tine blessings on Mohammad (S.A.W.) and his Aal (a.s). Whatever Thou hast given me or promised, fulfil that. Verily! I am Tine humble, weak and destitute servant. O Allah! Let me not forget the blessings that Thou hast bestowed on me, and let me not be forgetful about Tine kindness. Do not deny me Tine acceptance though it may be delayed, may it pertain to sorrow or happiness, and may it be connected with peace and tranquillity or hardship and vicissitudes or pertaining to blessings. Thou hearse and accepts invocations in every condition. The Prophet (s.a.w) when asked what should one invoke Allah during these nights, said: ‘Ask for your safety (here and in the hereafter)

DUA'A: - O Allah! Whatever is decided and ordained by Thee during
Laylatul Qadar (night of Destiny) is final and full of wisdom. Whatever changes are affected, in the Night in previous decrees that could not be changed by anybody else. Do let me be one of those whose Hajj is acceptable, whose efforts are rewarded, the efforts of those respected Hajjis whose sins have been pardoned and whose errors have been forgiven. Add to my destiny the length of my life, increase my life, increase my livelihood and fulfil my desires. Note: Beg from Allah after this you desire.

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Dua’a for the 21st night: O One who turns day into night and night into day. O One who brings out living from dead and dead from living? O One who gives sustenance to whomsoever and whatsoever he likes. O Allah! O Merciful! O Allah! O Allah! O Allah! The best names are for Thee alone. The best examples are for Thee. The grandeur and choice things are for Thee. I beg of Thee to bless Muhammad (S.a.w) and his Aal (a.s). Write down my name, in this night with the fortunate ones. Let my soul be in the company of the martyrs. Let my good acts be reckoned as "Illyeen" (exalted). Let my sins be condoned. Bestow on me that belief by virtue of which Thou may be nearest to my heart, that "Eemaan" which may remove all doubts from my mind. Let me be satisfied with that whatever Thou hast ordained for me. Let me have the virtues of this world and the other one (Aakherat or Hereafter). Save me from the fire of Hell. Let me be attentive to Tine praise and thanks and let me present myself in Tine court. Do bestow the same "taufique" (ability) to me which Thou hast bestowed upon Muhammad (S.a.w) and his Aal (a.s).

Ramazan 21st night MATAM Dua’a for the 23rd night: - O Lord of
Laylatul Qadar! (Night of Destiny!) Who has made it better than 1000 months! O the Lord of the day and the night and the mountains and oceans, the Lord of light and darkness! O the Lord of the earth and the skies! O the Creator! O the Designer! O Kind! O One who favours! O Allah who maintains everything! O Allah! O the Kindest! O Allah! O the Creator of new things! O Allah! O Allah! O Allah! The best names are for Thee alone. Thou hast control over all virtues. I ask Thee to send blessings on Muhammad (S.a.w) and his Aal (a.s). Write my name, in this Night of Qadar, among the names of the fortunate. Let my soul keep the company of the martyrs. Let my good deeds be reckoned with "Illyeen" (those exalted). Forgive my sins. Bestow on me such belief that Thou may be nearest to my heart. Give me such understanding that all the doubts may be removed. Let me be contended over that which has been ordained for me: Let me have goodness and virtues in this world and the next. Save me from the glowing fire of Hell. Encourage me towards Tine remembrance with pleasure and to be penitent. Give me all those virtues that Thou hast given to Muhammad (S.a.w) and Aal-e-Muhammad (a.s).

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Zakat of Fitrah

At the time of sunset on last Ramazan (Eid ul Fitr night) (i.e. the night preceding Eid day), whoever is adult and sane and is neither unconscious, nor poor, nor the slave of another, he should give, on his own behalf as well as on behalf of all those who are his dependent, about three kilos per head of wheat or barley or dates or raisins or rice or millet, etc. It is also sufficient if he pays the price of one of these items in cash. As per obligatory precaution, he should not give from that food which is not stapled in his place, even if it were wheat, barley, dates or raisins. If a person appoints his dependent who is in another town, to pay his own Fitrah from his property, and is satisfied that he will pay the Fitrah, it will not be necessary for the person to pay that dependent’s Fitrah. It is obligatory to pay the Fitrah of guest who arrives at his house before sunset on last Ramazan (Eid ul Fitr night), with his consent, and he becomes his temporary dependent. As an obligatory precaution Fitrah should be paid to Shias poor only, who fulfil the conditions mentioned for those who deserve receiving Zakat. But if there is no deserving Shias in one’s hometown, it can be given to other deserving Muslims. But in no circumstances should Fitrah be given to Nasibi (the enemies of Ahlul Bait (a.s)). Fitrah should not be given to a person who spends it sinful acts. One should give Fitrah with the Niyyat of Qurbat that is fulfil the orders of Almighty Allah, and should intend to be giving Fitrah at the time of disposal. If a person offers Eid ul Fitr prayers, he should, on the basis of obligatory precaution, give Fitrah before Eid prayers. But if he does not offer Eid prayers, he can delay giving Fitrah till Zuhr. If a person sets aside Fitrah from his main wealth, and does not give it to a person entitled to receive it till Zuhr of Eid day, he should make Niyyat of Fitrah as and when he gives it.

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Eid Prayers

Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha prayers are obligatory during the time of Imam, (a.s), and it is necessary to offer them in congregation. However during the present times when the Holy Imam is in Occultation, these prayers are Mustahab, and may be offered individually as well as in congregation. The time for Eid prayers is from sunrise till (Zuwal) noon before Zuhr. It is Mustahab that Eid ul Azha prayers is offered after sunrise. As for Eid ul Fitr, it is Mustahab that one should have a breakfast after sunrise, pay Zakat ul Fitr and then offer Eid prayers. Eid prayers have two Rakaats. In the first Rakaat, a person should recite Surah Al Hamd and 2nd Surah Al-Shamsh and then they say five Takbirs, and after every Takbir he should recite Qunoot. After the fifth Qunoot, he should say another Takbir and then perform Ruku and two Sajdah. He should then stand up and should recite Surah Al Hamd and 2nd Surah AlIkhlas or Surah Al-Shamsh or any Surah and then they say four Takbirs in the second Rakaat, and recite Qunoot after every one of these Takbirs. After the fourth Qunoot, he should say another Takbir and then perform Ruku and two Sajdah. After the 2nd Sajdah he should recite Tashahud, and then complete the prayers with Salam. After Salam must listened khutbah. It is recommended that Eid prayers be performed on the open fields. However, in Makkah, it is Mustahab that it should be offered in Masjid-ulHaram. It is Mustahab but not Wajib to walk barefooted to attend Eid prayers, with all the dignity, and to do Ghusl before Namaz. It is Mustahab that the following takbirs be said on Eid ul Fitr night (i.e. night proceeding the Eid day), after Maghrib and Isha prayers, and on Eid day after Fajr prayers, as well as after Eid ul Fitr prayers: Allah o Akbar, Allah o Akbar, Laelaha Illal-Laho Wallahu Akbar. Allah o Akbar, Walillah-el-Hamd, Allah o Akbar, Ala ma Hadana Allah is the Greatest! Allah is the Greatest! There is no God but Allah, and Allah is the Greatest! Allah is the Greatest! And for Allah is all praise! Allah is the Greatest! For what He has guided. 104

Al-Hadis Ahlulbait (a.s) Hazrat Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

Charity
1. A man giving in alms one piece of silver in his lifetime is better for him than giving one hundred when about to die. 2. To meet friends cheerfully and invite them to a feast are charitable acts. 3. To extend consideration towards neighbours and send those presents are charitable acts.

Education
1. To acquire knowledge is binding upon all Muslims, whether male or female. 2. The ink of the scholar is more holy than the blood of the martyr. 3. He who travels in the search of knowledge, to him Allah shows the way of Paradise. 4. Acquire knowledge, because he who acquires it, in the way of the Lord, performs an act of piety; who speaks of it praises the Lord; who seeks it, adores Allah, who dispenses instruction in it, bestows alms; and who imparts it to its fitting objects, performs an act of devotion to Allah. Knowledge enables its possessor to distinguish what is forbidden from what is not; lights the way to Heaven; it is our friend in the desert, our companion in solitude, our companion, when bereft of friends; it guides us to happiness; it sustains us in misery; it is our ornament in the company of friends; it serves as an armour against our enemies. With knowledge the creatures of Allah rises to the heights of goodness and to noble position, associates with the sovereigns in this world and attains the perfection of happiness in the next.

Envy:1. Keep yourselves far from envy, because it eats up and takes away good actions, like the fire that eats up and burns wood.

Suppression of Anger:1. Whoever suppresses his anger, when he has in his power to show it, Allah will give him a great reward? 105 2. He is not strong and powerful, who throws people down, but he is strong who withholds himself from anger.

Behaviour
1. Deal gently with a people, & be not harsh; cheer them & condemn not. 2. Much silence and a good disposition; there are no two works better than these. 3. The best of friends is he who is best in behaviour and character. 4. One who does not practice modesty and does not refrain from shameless deeds is not a Muslim.

Parents and Family
1. Paradise lives at the feet of thy mother. 2. He who wishes to enter Paradise must please his father and mother.

Pride
No one who keeps his mind focussed entirely upon himself can grow large, strong and beautiful in character.

Remembrance of Allah
1. Whoever loves to meet Allah, Allah loves to meet him. 2. The five stated prayers erase the sins which have been committed during the intervals between them if they have not been mortal sins.

Sympathy 1. Allah is not merciful to him who is not so to humankind. He who is not kind to Allah's creatures and to his own children, Allah will not be kind to
him. 2. Whosoever visits a sick person, an angel calls from Heaven: "Be happy in the world and happy be your walking; and take your habitation in Paradise."