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Doctrine Bible Study Why study doctrine?

“But as for you, teach what accords with sound doctrine.” Titus 2:1 It is important to understand God, because if we have a faulty view of God, then we will have a faulty view on how we should live. Week One: The Trinity Who is my God? Why should we study the doctrine of the Trinity? 1. love God with both heart and mind 2. nature- Triune (3 in 1). God thought it important enough to reveal it to us. 3. appreciate salvation 4. Christ's last words in John 13-17 Jesus explained it to the disciples. Helps us understand person and work of Jesus. 5. Cross enables us to share the unity and love that exists eternally between the Father and Son. “It is important for each generation of Christians, particularly Christian leaders, to be able to lovingly and winsomely define and defend the doctrine of the trinity because no less is at stake than the issue of who God is.” “The secret things belong to the Lord our God.” -Deuteronomy 29:29 -We must not try and fully comprehend the Trinity. What is the trinity? -The word “trinity” does not appear in Scripture. However, the “One God who exists in three persons” concept is found throughout Scripture. (p. 12) -The word “trinity” was first used by the Carthaginian theologian, Tertullian nearly 200 years after the resurrection of Christ (p. 12). Tertullian explained the Trinity, “one in divine essence but distinguished in relationship as persons within the inner life of God himself.” -To say that God exists as Trinity does not mean that there are three Gods, or that one God merely manifests himself as either Father, Son or Spirit on various occasions. Each member of the trinity is equally God, which means that each member shares divine attributes, such as eternality, omniscience, omnipotence and omnipresence. (p. 13) -The Trinity is one God, who eternally exists as three distinct persons-Father, Son and Spirit-who are each fully and equally God in eternal relation with each other. (p. 13) 1. There is only one true God. (p. 13) 2. The Father, Son and Spirit are equally declared throughout Scripture to be God. (p. 14) 3. Although they are one God, the Father, Son and Spirit are distinct persons. (p. 15) Father, Son, Spirit Trinity in Salvation (p. 23) (p. 29) Father- predestines (foreknowledge) Ephesians 1:4-13 Son- redeems through blood on cross. I Peter 1:2

Matthew 28:19 (Great Commission) The Trinity in History -The Council of Nicaea (AD 325). Arianism. Worshipful. yet we retain our own emanates from the Trinitarian community. clearest pictures of Trinity) -Each person is doing something distinct. by the power of the Spirit 4.“Your will be done. 16-17 John 1:1 (the Word was with God and was God).officially recognized the deity of Jesus -The Council of Constantinople (AD 381). wants to relate -compassionate to hurting people -helpful -slow to anger -faithful (hesed) -dependable/truthful -forgiving -just (context of the golden calf) Trinity in the New Testament John 14:11. Luke 1:37 (Mary's conception). The three are manifestations of the one true God. man and God) Errors in Understanding the Trinity Modalism.plurality of the Godhead. Son being anointed and empowered by the Holy Spirit to be the Messiah and missionary).God is successively Father. Not simultaneously all three. Son and Holy Spirit. loving. Relational. makes us holy (set apart) Titus 3:4-6 Trinity in the Old Testament Concept of Trinity understood before Jesus in OT. Practical Implications of the Trinity 1.Jesus was the highest created being.worship the Father. Submissive.we are deeply connected as part of the body.” .officially recognized the Holy Spirit -The Council of Chalcedon (AD 451). 3. humble.“face to face” living just as God and Son were “proverbially face to face in eternity past” 5. he cannot be known fully” 2. Jewish rabbis interpretation of Genesis 1:1-2 Exodus 34:16-17 -person with name LORD -person.reminds of the mystery. (This is the belief of Jehovah's Witnesses) Tritheism. through the Son. unified and diverse.sealed by the Holy Spirit. Matthew 3:16-17 (Baptism of Jesus. “God can be known truly.officially recognized the hypostatic union (Jesus is one person with two natures. 6. Many churches mistakenly use these examples to explain the Trinity. (Father speaking.Spirit.

Revelation culminates in mission in the same way that someone who has fallen deeply in love cannot stop talking about the . spiritualities. God still initiates a relationship by making himself known. and philosophies seek to discover who God is apart from God's self-revelation.7. whereby religions. (p. Joyful.” (p.” “Your ultimate joy is to see them in joy. 38) -”Revelation is all about getting to know God.“Enjoy it simply for what it is. 38) -The opposite of revelation is speculation.” Week Two: God Speaks -The doctrine of revelation is that “despite sin.

1:19-20. common grace and conscience. 19:1. 2:14-15. 27 new.person that they enjoy and introducing him or her to everyone they know. etc. by more than 40 authors on 3 different continents. Common Gracecommon grace is grace for all because Jesus reveals His love to all people. C. The Scriptures (Old and New Testaments) portray Jesus as the hero of the Bible. Rom. Common grace allows for people not connected to Jesus to live somewhat decent moral lives. -There are 1.” (p. we see hundreds of prophecies fulfilled throughout Scripture ranging over hundreds of years.T fulfills prophecy about Himself from the O. 104:14).T tells us the story of the life of Jesus in the four Gospels and the results of Jesus' life and ministry are written about in the Epistles. . 38) How does God reveal himself? 1. but not in a saving way. 6:3. (Ps. How is Jesus the hero of the Bible? -The Scriptures begin and end with the hero. Ps. 7. The decision to ignore your conscience or listen to it only fully verifies the truth that God reveals Himself to us through a conscience. 5. 6. We are aware of our original sin. 104. A. -creation of the complex human body 3.T predicts the coming of Jesus and prepares His way. -Jesus in the N. This shows God's sovereignty. etc. Special Revelationa general revelation is not sufficient for salvation. concepts and events to Jesus. The Bible contains 66 separate books. 39 old.4. and the primary way he reveals himself is through the divinely inspired. Conscienceeveryone knows it is wrong to murder. 4. you must connect its verses. lie. See Luke 24:44 -To correctly interpret Scripture.173 verses in the Bible -The original text did not have chapters and verses. The N.Ps. B. -God continues to reveal himself today. they are not necessarily authoritative. Greek and Aramaic over a period of 1500 years. Creation. so God bestows a special revelation to His elect. -The Bible is the best selling book of all time. -The O. Rom. -creation of the universe 2. food. inerrant and authoritative Word of God called the Bible. 8. Acts 14:17 1. The result of common grace is that life as we experience is far better than would otherwise be possible if sinners were left to themselves.G includes water. See John 5:39-40. and while chapters and verses are helpful. -The fulfillment of prophecy is something that is unique to Christianity. rain. -Written in 3 languages: Hebrew. Isa. This is the faith in the saving grace of Jesus Christ. sunshine. C.T.189 chapters in the Bible -There are 31. 2. air. What are the Scriptures? -Scripture is simply God speaking His truth to us in human words. 8:1. 65:9. General Revelationall people know God in a general way because he made himself known through creation. God. Ps.

in Carthage. Inerrant. 13:13) Can we trust that the Bible we have is God's Word? Yes. -Although Bible is inerrant.I Packer The three criteria for a book being accepted as canon were: 1. (Romans 1:18-19.was the writer an apostle or directly related to an apostle? 3. it is perfect unlike every other uninspired writing and utterance.(literally means “the very words of the Bible” “every part of the Bible” are “God-breathed revelation). philosophers. -This collection of books is called the Bible. But they are not authoritative. God gave us gravity.” -J. and similarly He gave us the New Testament canon. See Matt. people argue that we cannot trust the Bible because we do not have the original copies. peasants. statesmen. “The Church no more gave us the New Testament canon than Sir Isaac Newton gave us the force of gravity. fisherman.did the book have widespread acceptance of churches everywhere? Why were some books not accepted as Scripture? -“Lost gospels” like the Gospel of Thomas did not align with the 3 criteria for being accepted as canon. -In AD 397.Scriptures are perfect. II Tim. humans that read the Bible are not. Does Scripture contain errors or contradictions? -It can't. (Psalm 12:6) (2 Timothy 3:16) -John Elder quote. the Holy Spirit inspired not just the thought of Scripture but also the very details and exact words that were perfectly recorded for u as Scripture. 1 Cor. but others are usable for historical content. -Some books were legitimate heresies. 5:18. 3:16-17. were divinely used by God to write and record the divinely-inspired (God-breathed) Word of God. (p. by His work of creation. -Verbal Plenary Inspiration. 48) This means that every word DOES matter. a doctor and scholars. Apostolicity. Conformity to the “rule of faith”. or in simpler terms. They don't say this about Plato. Homer or Caesar.Who wrote the Bible? -Authors include kings.the Bible is reinforced by physical evidence as well. Because is the author of Scripture. we have fewer than ten copies which were made 1000 years after the fact? . but are not heretical so they may be used as historical references. II Peter 1:19-21 What is the canon of Scripture? -The collection of books that the church has recognized as having divine authority in matters of faith and doctrine.T. (p. -Books like Shepherd of Hermas fall short of canonical requirements. the church recognized the canonical status of the N. poets. -People who were providentially prepared by God and motivated by the Holy Spirit. by inspiring the individual books that make it up. without error. Catholicity. 60). Did the book conform to orthodox Christian truths? 2.

non-canonical revelatation. but test everything against Scripture. prayerfully. and frequently. -We are now in the church period. -Luke 16:29-31. CEV 3. Why are there different translations of Scripture? -The Bible was originally written in Hebrew. NLT. But we do know enough that we can be saved. (Revelation 22:18-19) -As far as further. AMP. which is a period of waiting similar to the intertestament period when folks were waiting for John the Baptist. We will never know everything about God while on earth. we must not be skeptical or gullible.ESV. who would prepare the way for Jesus. Greek and some Aramaic. Is the Bible sufficient or all I need for life with God? -Only the Bible teaches a complete Christian worldview that includes all we need to know about God.” Read it carefully. The Old Testament ended with the prophet Malachi promising that the next major event in redemptive history would be the coming of John the Baptist. (I Thess. and we don't need to.Nothing judges Scripture. Likewise. -The Bible also tells us that Jesus is God's final word to us. This shows us that Jesus was emphatically clear that the Scriptures alone are sufficient. How can we best interpret Scripture? Regular Bible reading is paramount. Wycliffe and Tyndale risked and gave their lives to the cause of translating Scripture into languages more common. telling us that no other books of the Bible are to be written after it and that we will again have silence until Jesus comes for the second time. “The very best way to interpret the bible is to read it. -The English translations fall into 3 categories: 1. Its authority is that in the inspired words we find how to connect with the forgiving and transforming power of the death and resurrection of Jesus. and not too many people were fluent in those languages. (Hebrews 1:1-2) -We have all we need for faith and godliness in the current Scriptures. TLB -While some translations are better than others. the New Testament end with its final book. . Thought-for-thought translations. and we are now waiting for Christ's return.Can Scripture be written today? -No. -The Bible is now available in 438 languages. Word-for-word translations. so reformers like Luther. it is important to note that translations have different strengths and weaknesses. -The Bible is a living book of god authoritatively speaking as a perfect Father to children He dearly loves. NKJV 2. KJV. NASB. Paraphrased translations The Message. Shows us that hearing Moses and the prophets will be more convincing than the rising of the dead. live for Him and have proof to share with others. I John 4:1) Why is Scripture authoritative? -Holy Scripture is God speaking.story of the man in hell speaking with Abraham in heaven.NIV. 5:20-21. and that using multiple translations benefits a student of Scripture. -Sola Scriptura. Revelation.

renew our minds and redeem our lives. faith and practice. Five Questions To Ask When Reading Scripture: 1. What does the Scripture actually say? 2. the best way to interpret Scripture is by interpreting Scripture with Scripture. learn what it teaches and make every effort by the Holy Spirit's empowering grace to repent of our sin. we must listen to what it says. -The Bible is the standard for all doctrine and teaching. What does the Scripture mean? 3. How should I respond to what God has said? 5. -We come to the Bible for transformation. . What is the context of the Scripture that you are reading? all How does our view of Scripture affect our lives? -Since God speaks to us through the Scriptures.-Also. life and holiness. What timeless principle truths is this Scripture teaching that apply to God's people in all times and places? 4. not just information.