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Go Higher Art’s Poster Day 2012

The quartet arrive home after the robbery (2). was driving the Peugeot and Rayner. This is all displayed below. 22. Resolution 9 Evaluation 5. Court Verdict (8). was in the passenger seat. (3) One was also captured putting empty boxes into a wheelie bin outside the property in Armley. Judge’s Evaluation (9). (2) The dozy quartet were seen getting out of a car wearing latex gloves and the carrying the jewellery. (6) The four men were arrested at midday the same day after police stopped their car and found a large pile of gold jewellery in the foot well.400-pounds worth of jewellery along with a Nintendo Wii. Ben Cooper. Leeds. got out of the vehicle. 22. all of Leeds. 26. said the men targeted a home in Long Marston on September 15 last year. West Yorks. binoculars and a camera. He was jailed for four years.” Episode: I have broken the article down into 9 episodes. taking 3. Line Number Burglars caught by the security cameras they installed Four burglars have been jailed after a CCTV system they installed at one of their own homes filmed them carrying loot back from a robbery. Turnbull. Steven Franks and Benjamin Turnbull returning from a jewellery raid on a camera at Rayner's home. (7) It showed the men returning at 11. Abstract 1. I have used Labov’s elements to label. as follows: .40am. and Cooper. 6 Complicating Action 3. 8. 11 Coda 10 Timeline: The Police officers find the footage The quartet arrive home after the robbery The four set off for the raid The stolen goods are tallied up The four men are arrested Police Watch footage of the men Court Case Court Verdict Judge’s Evaluation Storyline: The four set off for the raid The quartet arrive home after the robbery The four men are arrested The stolen goods are tallied up Police officers find the footage Police Watch footage of the men Court case Court Verdict Judges Evaluation . car crime and violence. These are. (11) Judge Geoffrey Marson QC said: "They were no doubt on their way to sell the loot when the police stopped them. (1) Officers found CCTV footage of criminals Craig Rayner. a laptop. (5) Olivia Checa-Dover. wearing black gloves. had a long history of offences between them including house burglary. Tally of Stolen goods (4). Officers then viewed the footage from the camera outside Rayner's home. The four set off for the raid (3). prosecuting at Leeds Crown Court on Wednesday. (8) The court heard that the men. wearing latex gloves. 26. Franks. I have also created a timeline and storyline for the elements and episodes. (9) They all admitted burglary and Franks also admitted possession of cocaine with intent to supply. Police watch footage (6). layout and break down a newspaper article.The Police officers find the footage (1). (4) Footage from earlier the same morning showed the gang setting off to carry out the raid in North Yorkshire. (10) Cooper received a two-and-a-half year sentence. 4.Labov’s Elements – Analysing a newspaper extract Daniel Smith – Go Higher 2011 –200853705 Labov Elements Labov has designed set elements which allow us to classify stories in a set method. 7 Orientation 2. Court Case (7). The four men are arrested (5). an iPod. Turnbull and Rayner were jailed for two years and three months.

A slump in industry coincided with the failure of the potato crop. Peter Gray. This figure was hugely inadequate. poverty was well planted in Irish society.42-44 . Christine. The Poor enter the Workhouses often malnourished. exhausted. Already suffering from the effects of decline in trade. adding ‘…something as simple as dry bedding could have saved lives’. This Great Calamity. which was rife within the workhouses. and did not meet the criterion of being destitute. The workhouses were largely ineffective. (Dublin: Gill & Macmillan. The Poor Law had failed to make provisions for the large number of small-holders who would require only temporary relief.28 By 1847 Mortality reached appalling levels. Those unable to work were paid six pence per day. ill and unable to undertake any strenuous labour. leading to mass destitution. Christine Kinealy. 1999) p.18-22 Inside the Workhouses life was far from improved and overcrowding resulted in a sharp increase in sickness and fever which proved fatal. and had a weekly death rate of around 85. 1994) pp. at a time when food prices spiralled. The Famine in Ulster: the regional impact. the impact of this would be The Skibbereen workhouse – which had been built for 800 – held 1449 people. Kinealy. With approximately one third of the population dependant on the potato for food. 1997) P. The disease was Phytophthora infestans. Go Higher Arts 2012 To what effect did the public Workhouses have on the death toll during the Irish Famine. a grossly inadequate amount to feed their starving families. This Great Calamity. many people were refused entrance and thus relief.66 Ireland was dealing with a mass shortage of food and employment. The Failure of the Potato Crop hit Ireland in September 1845. George Nicholls recommended that the poor should enter public workhouses which would provide food and work. (London: Thames & Hudson. The rate of its destruction was harshly unfair. leaving many out of work and increased their vulnerability to such an unforeseen event. The Irish Famine.At the height of the famine 50 per cent of the population were dependant on poor relief. 1994) p24. (Dublin: Gill & Macmillan. He argued ‘…mortality in the workhouse is much greater than under ordinary circumstance…’ insisting that even things such as damp bedding had increased the spread of f ever . A well-kept crop may have been wiped out overnight. These deaths were attributed to cholera and typhus. (Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation. Dr Bell condemned the role workhouses had played in the death toll. Christine Kinealy.Daniel Lee-Williams (psdleewi@liv. Christine Kinealy argues that By late 1846 famine conditions were spread throughout Ireland. The able bodied were not much better off with the rates of pay kept below ‘normal’. He insisted they should accommodate 1 per cent of the total Irish population.

• People categorised as unfit were living instead of dying out and allowing only the strongest to survive. Eugenics is the study of or belief in the possibility of improving the qualities of the human species or a human population Reasons for bringing eugenics to Britain • Over population due to higher birth rate amongst the lower classes. This is because they believed that through eugenics and selected breeding only the strongest and greatest specimens of the species would survive. Inspiration Galton took inspiration from his cousin Charles Darwin’s origin of species. • Selective breeding should be enforced so that “unfit” wouldn’t continue to be the downfall of Britain. Solution It is believed that eugenicists wanted to control the birth rate of the lower classes because they believed that it was the upper class public who possessed preferred inheritable traits and that the lower class where violent mobs who did not possess any preferred traits.What was eugenics? Who supported it and why? Craig Fitzsimmons (fitzsimmonsc@hotmail. Reasons for these measures • Eugenicists believed natural selection had stopped working due to medical advancements and charity. • Upper class wanted lower class to die out because they saw themselves as superior. Galton did not take into account the idea that those families success came from privilege and social circumstances. . Galton referred to his theories of eugenics as “Practical Darwinism” and saw his work as a means for man to take control of his evolution. • Upper class feared lower class as sub species. A time in which cities such as London were vastly overpopulated due to immigration from Ireland and Eastern Go Higher Arts 2012 Introduction The object of this poster is to discuss the theories behind eugenics and the effect this had on 19th century Britain. the term comes from the Greek word meaning “good in stock”. Support for movement The Eugenics movement was most popular amongst the people from middle class When Galton conducted his research he believed that families with better reputations where more likely to produce more gifted offspring. Problems The main problem that eugenics faced was that the logic behind all the research suggested that the upper class citizens must have all the desired qualities needed to reproduce the most genetically superior children just because they are of a higher class. Definition The term eugenics was first coined by Sir Francis Galton in 1883.


165) and “He must have reached it” (p.ball@student. In spite of these frameworks. reminiscent in their shape of telegrams or postcards. a new framing emerges where the perspective of Lily sitting on the shore painting her picture and watching the boat sail to the lighthouse is contrasted with the perspectives of James. 26) but at other times interjecting a completely different strain of thought. such as the marriage and death of Prue and the deaths of Andrew and Mrs Ramsey. such as when Mr Ramsey notices “(they were carrying bricks up a little plank as he watched them)” (p. ebb and flow across the scene. . immediately after thinking about the birth of her children. a dish of fruit and a flower in the pattern of the tablecloth on which Lily places a salt cellar (a lighthouse?) are all variously used to punctuate and shape what is perhaps not just a stream of consciousness but a sea of consciousness where the thoughts and impressions of the various characters. T H E W I N D O W TIME PASSES T H E L I G H T H O U S E Chapter & Book Frames Rounded Brackets ( ) Rounded brackets are used in varying ways to break up the flow of consciousness. 51). such as can be seen in the layering of paint on a Van Gogh painting. itself part of a larger train of thought about his wife’s beauty. but so is the novel which we are reading. coffee!” (p. Mr Ramsey’s book and the expedition to the lighthouse nearly complete. and which is. The direct speeches serve to move the reader from the consciousness of one character to another. and Mr Ramsey actually on the boat to the lighthouse by devoting whole chapters to each perspective in turn. 68-90) where candles. surrounded largely by passages about the decay of the house allow us to experience the shock and anger of the Go Higher Arts 2012 The Overall Frame of the Novel The Distorted Window – Repeated Words & Direct Speech The device of repeating words. These brief. This “sea of consciousness” is also framed by short snatches of direct speech at the beginning of paragraphs such as “It is a triumph” (p. interjects “(and the bill for the greenhouse would be fifty pounds)” (p. 6 and 8 are written largely from a mixture of James. This has the effect of driving the narrative forward in a contraction-like motion of creation. 82) and “Oh. 169) recall to the reader that. largely unexplained deaths of people whose consciousness we have shared so fully earlier in the novel. 5 and 7 of ‘The Lighthouse’ are written from Lily’s perspective and Chapters 4. take place within the confines of square brackets and within the further confines of the short ‘Time Passes’ section of the novel. which. together with a shadowy narrator. This can be seen in the dinner scene in the Chapter 17 of the first section ’The Window’ (p.  Home / House OR  Pulses of light from the Lighthouse Square Brackets The major events of the novel. . provide a structural unity when the picture is viewed as a whole. though apparently randomly spread throughout the canvas. only a distorted window into the scene provided by the various viewpoints. Thus the final framing is the end of the novel itself .”) (p. Cam. 27) within a larger parenthesis mainly about a conversation with his wife on the telephone in the past. how to open a window . such as when Mrs Ramsey. Cam and Mr Ramsey’s perspective (pp. 84). . sometimes simply adding extra information relevant to the thought.liverpool. phrases or motifs is continually used to provide a framework to the narrative. 129-154). Towards the end of the Multiple strands of thoughts and observations are woven into the tapestry like different coloured wools. such as “Scolding and demonstrating (how to make a bed. callously worded bulletins. only obliquely related to the subject.l. not only is Lily’s picture.Framing in Virginia Woolf’s To the Lighthouse Miriam Ball (m. This layering of thought upon thought has the effect of creating an almost three dimensional quality to the narrative. Rounded bracketed passages also appear within rounded brackets. soup. The relative calm of the novel’s ending could be illusory – we simply do not know what is outside of this frame. Thus Chapters 3. whilst individual phrases such as “Mr Ramsey had almost done reading” (p. the effect is one of uncertainty – we never see a complete picture of what is happening.

is an important example of the relationship between scientific ideas and the interests and purposes of social groups. they could demonstrate a genetic pattern of inheritance for the trait. •The social changes during the Victorian era where wide ranging and wide spread.which flourished in Britain around the early part of this century. according to them. Oxford dictionaries offer the definition of Eugenics as “. Along with other social happenings this inevitably challenged those who deemed themselves as the desirable kind of people for a successful Britain. and a set of policies which claimed scientific Go Higher Arts 2012 A middle class movement? The ‘residdum’ . the eugenics movement dispersed Where did the ideas of eugenics come from In order to gain an understanding of Eugenics we must examine the social context in which the nature of eugenics arose. The Eugenicists' possessed a social theory. In his article Social Studies of Science. after its strongest period during the early 1900’s and a resurgence between the two world wars. had been acknowledged since mid century. 6 (1976) Donald Mackenzie proclaims “The Eugenics’ movement . . •Leonard Darwin (son of Charles Darwin).. The Eugenics movement What is Eugenics? The term Eugenics was coined by Francis Galton in 1883. However.the science of improving a population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics” Similarly. Eugenics may be understood better as a movement with the belief that selective breeding can improve human society.The persistence of poverty and the tendency of the working classes not to emulate middle-class. alcoholic and criminal class of British society.. Francis Galton. however from the 1870’s onwards concerns about poverty. Represented in two forms. a term conceived as a way to collectively categorise the ‘lowest’ of the society and used to represent a poor. the professional middle class (namely the foremost advocates of eugenics). • Winston Churchill (whom went on to become British prime minister).ac. leaving their mark not only on British society but also extending to much of the world which was under Britain’s influence in the 19th century. again a time of great social and political hardship and reform. spanned across many countries and social and political realms. The Eugenics society Some of British socialism's most celebrated names were among the champions of eugenics – •Sidney and Beatrice Webb (the founders of the Fabian Society). •Sir Alexander bell •Infamously the polymath. a threat towards British society and imperialism was felt.. What was Eugenics? Who supported it and why? Leah Katrice Nolan (pslnolan@liv. With the British colonies breaking up and major social reform and movement in the United Kingdom and Europe. posed a problem of control.” Eugenicists believed that by studying human families in which a notably undesirable trait appeared. with the aim of making a genetically superior race. •The campaign for the abolition of slavery had been successful in 1807 and with this the gradually successful dissemination of colonial plantations and the slave trade. criminality and vice began to escalate. They hoped that a eugenic approach could strengthen British society by building up what they considered the strong section and gradually eradicating the weak. known as positive and negative eugenics. They believed that such findings supported and justified policies aimed at removing the related genes from the population.

it had a great influence on foreign movements that flourished well into the twentieth century. while having a major influence on the negative eugenics ideas that would follow. Eugenics. designed form. These policies would result in the forced sterilisation of 60. (Above – Charles Davenport) . Conceived in the imagination of Victorian polymath Francis Galton as a method for “improving” the human race.000 people in the USA and 400. which in turn would be copied by many other countries. crippled by it’s incompatibility with normal 21stcentury values and a strong association with the eccentric right wing. the work of Charles Davenport and Eugen Fischer had the biggest influences on the official state eugenic policies of the USA and Germany. is possibly one of the most controversial scientific theories throughout history.+ POSITIVE EUGENICS is a method of improving the race by identifying individuals with desirable characteristics and encouraging them to breed. as well as having a huge influence on the thinking behind the Holocaust. (Above – Francis Galton) Although the basic idea of negative eugenics had already existed for • NEGATIVE EUGENICS is a Method of improving the race by identifying individuals with undesirable characteristics and stopping them from breeding. However. and for eugenics to be “introduced into the national conscience. to a justification for the sterilisation and even murder of those deemed to be unfit. Evolved as a more radical branch of Galton’s ideas • Peaked in popularity between 1918-1945 According to Galton. the enforcement of positive eugenics would require vast amounts of data to be collected on the hereditary traits of the entire population. Adam Smith – 200855506 – psasmith@liv. and today it is a taboo subject.000 people in Germany alone. The establishment of the National Health Service in 1946. The British Eugenics movement was relatively short lived and never gained enough support to directly cause any real damage or suffering. a science (and later an ideology) based on re-introducing natural selection to the human race in an artificial. it quickly degenerated from a sincere but misguided attempt to encourage the reproduction of those deemed valuable to society. notably those in the United States and the race-based program in Nazi Germany. • • First proposed by Francis Galton in 1869 Peaked in popularity between 1900-1914 Eugenics is the self-direction of human evolution. These limitations ensured that the aspirations of positive (or Galtonian) eugenics remained mainly academic. like a new religion” through mass education. and the discovery of the crimes committed in the name of eugenics during the war finally removed the idea from mainstream thought altogether.

but found little or no relief on most occasions. Those that were already poor and have little or no money or food. Those living in the west of Ireland l. 2. indeed the famine effected the poorest and the most vulnerable people. Australia. The very young and elderly were least likely to survive.To what extent was class a factor in who died and who survived the Famine? Suzanne Eggleton (psseggle@liv. Most travelled to Liverpool. To flee to the east coast. The population of Ireland was desolated by this devastating blight. The famine effected the most vulnerable and poor people of Ireland. 1. 2. sometimes whilst the families were still in their homes. • POSSIBLE OPTIONS FOR THE IRISH PEOPLE AND CONCLUSION. Often by force. and ports. Lack of relief and resources to deal with this unprecedented famine. 6. • • The options now available to the people of Ireland were as follows: 1. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • In conclusion. Those that lived in the south of Ireland were the furthest from the ports. The harsh winters of 1846 and 1847. and dock lands. The soup kitchens were ill equipped to deal with the shear numbers of staving and the sick. and many died on their journey to new lands. in search of relief. However. 5. Some reasons why people perished were simply due to nature. either to settle in England. 4. Disease and starvation. 3. Canada or New Zealand. Many other factors and circumstances influenced who were able to survive or escape the famine. To head for the towns. But the workhouses were soon full to capacity. This option was only open to those with money for the passage and those healthy enough to travel. highlighting the main problems and challenges faced by the Irish during the potato famine. However other factors also influenced who could or could not survive the Many died of sickness and starvation before reaching any relief. Attempting to gain passage to America. Class was not the only factor that determined who died and who survived the famine in 1846. other factors were due to the actions and influence of others. This poster will demonstrate these points. Those that could travel headed for the towns. or in the hope of later travelling to other countries. 7. The only real option for survival was to flee over sea’s in search of new worlds. – . being isolated and furthest from the ports had little chance of survival. The potato famine of 1845 took the lives of approximately 1 million Irish people. This option was only open to those with the means to pay. to the docks .uk) Go Higher Arts 2012 INTRODUCTION Class was indeed a main factor of who survived the famine. The mass evictions and clearances undertaken by the landowners.

I promise. You must trust. or else I die. Love Wordplay Salvation Parenthood MJ Gray 200855503 Go Higher Arts 2011/12 .Margaret Atwood's Ian McEwan's The Handmaid's Tale Love. Common Themes from Enduring Love We were loveless. said Aunt Lydia with distaste. as one composes a speech. and we didn't know how to begin talking about it. or we had lost the trick of love. Don't let me catch you at it. Everything will be alright now. Love is not the point. There's more than one meaning to it. I compose myself. and with her conviction that love that did not find its expression in a letter was not perfect. Somewhere in among your protestations about God is a plea to be rescued from the traps of your own logic. Lately I'd had the idea that Clarissa's interest in these hypothetical letters had something to do with our situation. What he's telling us. his level smile implies. There will be peace. I wait. is for our own good. My self is a thing I must now compose. It was with a touch of sadness that Clarissa sometimes told me that I would have made a wonderful father. Give me children. No mooning and JuneJune-ing around here. girls.

Scientific investigation was no longer a preserve of the elite. phrenology and spiritualism appealed broadly across the social spectrum. The opportunity for women across the social strata to participate in a séance would have held strong appeal. interest in mesmerism grew greatly during the 1830s. with the expectation that a brotherhoo d of man’ spirit. A belief system that could answer questions in a scientific manner and at the same time bring spiritual support. Giving them the chance to oppose restrictive social norms. Plate showing Giovanni Aldini's electrical experiments on executed criminals in Bologna. Others may have used spiritualism in an effort to break the constraints society held them in. Spiritualism is the belief that the dead can communicate with the living or make their presence known by physically moving objects or by possessing the ‘medium’ in order to take control of her faculties. In Britain. The scientists of the society for psychical research may have been striving for an answer to this question in order to retain the relationship between religion and science.The Rise of Occult Interests in the 19th Century Sarah Kelly Anton Mesmer Charles Darwin Spiritualism In the early 19C Victorian audiences would be entertained by ‘scientific showmen’ demonstrating the latest marvels of science such as galvanism. Those left spiritually bereft by Darwin’s work needed answers to the question of life after death. many searched for a “surrogate faith”. Theosophy In 1875 Helena Blavatsky set up the Theosophic al Society. After the publication of Darwin’s The Origins of Species. The belief that contact with the deceased is possible may have offered comfort to some. All three were domesticated pursuits that could readily be practiced in the home. Victorian medium Katie Cooke Helena Blavatsky The average 19c female had few rights. Mesmerism. Public demonstrations paved the way for the acceptance of participating in occult practices. would fill the spiritual void created by scientific discovery. the center of spiritual knowledge and insight’ .(1804). The Society for Psychical Research ‘We should be able to do without doctors as soon as the healing powers of animal magnetism were properly recognised and diffused’ ‘The séance reversed the usual sexual hierarchy of knowledge and power: it shifted attention away from men and focused it on the female medium.

The mason was all smiles when it came about. He no longer had any fear of being bullied. was held in high respect by everybody in his homeland. and he longed to be changed back into a Chuang. however. the mason said. he became very well known. and made him into a gale. and in the twinkling of an eye. and started cutting it. PEAK (CLIMAX) KNOTS IT ALL UP. there came a group of masons to the peak where he lay.L. The fairy heard his desire and made him a sun in the sky. NO . HE STONEMASON’S ACTIONS UPON BEING GRANTED HIS LATEST WISH. and as a great mason. and wanted only to become such a rich man himself. and the sun was as hot as a ball of fire. like the Chuang people. However hard he blew. A CHANGE IN THE TIME (I. Every day he went to the hillside with his people. respected and SATISFIED stonemason. "You'd better be your old self. It was summer. bearing swords. the rock was unmoved. "Officials.html [Accessed 03. He was carried everywhere. THE FOLKTALE WHAT MARKERS SIGNIFY A TRANSITION BETWEEN EPISODES? THE OPENING SENTENCE IS TERMINATED ONCE THE CHARACTER HAS BEEN INITALLY INTRODUCED.03. FOLLOWING ETC). He blew like a typhoon. Some time later. "So. "I've got just as many servants as he! Why should I bow to him?" he said. and hoes. even a gale can do nothing to a rock. So he was a mason again. It scorched his back while he worked. After some time. and the water buffaloes buried themselves up to the neck in muddy water. As time went on. One day he and his henchmen came to a hillside where they saw a group of pretty young girls. To everybody's horror he kept sending forth scorching flames. They looked at the rock and considered it useful material. and he became ever faster and better at his Very envious.A MORAL PROVIDED AT THE END OF THIS TALE.HE DOES NOT EVEN MAKE A NEW WISH. The girls screamed and called. and fined. EVERY REPETITION OF ‘THE FAIRY + AN ACTION’ (OR A SLIGHT VARIATION ON THIS). RELIEVES THE TENSION OF IT THE TENSION IS LOOSENED AS EACH TIME THE STONEMASON TEMPORARILY FINDS HAPPINESS. Such rough handling from the people put an end to his evil-doing. WHERE THE PREVIOUS EPISODES HAVE LED TO AS THE FAIRY GRANTS A WISH IT PROVIDES THE READER WITH THE PINNACLE OF ACTION FOR THAT PART OF THE STORY. The mason was deliriously happy. A fairy heard his desire and made him a rich man. carried in a sedan-chair by his men. with a sigh. ate all kinds of delicacies from oceans and mountains. The bewildered mason. THE STONEMASON MOVES TO AN IN INCREASE INNER DIALOGUE DESIRES. One day a rich man needed some stonecutting done and sent for him. "No one could ever dare bully me any more if I were a rock. and did not let him go without giving him a sound thrashing. Wherever they went the people bowed and made way for them. was dressed in silk and satin. Ashliman. I pray!" Again the fairy helped. Once again the fairy heard his desire and helped to bring about the change." thought the mason. But as he rushed over the land he was suddenly stopped in his course by a huge rock.. A Chuang Story1 SETTING LAYS OUT THE STORY Long ago there was a certain Chuang stonemason. surrounded by a great concourse of shouting and yelling retainers. The mason came to the conclusion that the sun must be the ruling power in the universe and started to dream of becoming a sun himself. Painfully getting up. the mason now rode roughshod over his district. More and more people wanted to hire his skill. Again the fairy satisfied him by turning him into a cloud freely scudding across the sky.12 @1435hrs]. "Well. He blew like a terror. turned to the fairy for help." said the fairy. Down they pounced like tigers on helpless lambs. Then it so happened a thick black cloud came drifting from the west and hid the sun from the earth. What should happen but that a fierce wind arose and blew the cloud to pieces! "I never knew that the wind was so CAN LONGACRE LEAD US ALONG ‘THE PATH TO SATISFACTION’? LONGACRE ANALYSIS OF THE FOLKTALE EPISODE DESCRIPTION HOW DO LONGACRE’S EPISODES FIT THIS FOLKTALE? WE ARE INTRODUCED TO THE STONEMASON AND HIS SKILLS. Again the fairy heard his desire and made him a great official. POST-PEAK (FINAL SUSPENSE) THE ENDING KEEPS ON UNRAVELLING AS THE STONEMASON FEARS FOR HIS LIFE AS HE REALISES THE POWERS HE HAS CAN NEVER KEEP HIM SAFE OR SATISIFED. beating drums and gongs.GO HIGHER ARTS 2012 MATTHEW SMITH (psmsmith@student@liv. SOMETIME LATER. STONEMASON TRULY NEEDS. PRE-PEAK (DEVELOPING MOMENT) KEEPS THE HEAT ON COVETING A NEW POWER DEVELOPS THAT PART OF THE STORY." sighed the mason. and made all the people hate him. AS HE EVALUATES THE NEW POWER HE I am a well-known. a great crowd of Chuang people rushed up from all sides. and was waited on my maids and servants. It was indeed past human bearing. until his head swam. beaten. a high-ranking official went out on a tour of inspection. "Well. the mason refused to bow himself or kowtow. He was famous for his extraordinary skill at his trade. the official had him bound with ropes. the mason gave up working. ONE DAY. Puffed up with an upstart's pride. http://www. AS A DIRECT CONSEQUENCE OF ANOTHER’S ACTIONS. KNOWING WHAT THE A BREAK FROM THE ESTABLISHED PATTERN AS EVENTS CONTINUE TO TAKE AN ALTERNATE PATH . PRE-PEAK (INCITING MOMENT) GETS SOMETHING GOING EACH TIME THE STONEMASON REALISES HE WANTS MORE POWER IT INCITES A NEW PART OF THE STORY.pitt. The Fisherman and his Wife and other folktales about dissatisfaction and greed. YES A CHANGE IN TIME ‘FROM THEN ON. however powerful.." Immediately the fairy turned him into a great rock on top of a high mountain. EVEN IF HE IS CAUSING CHAOS. PEAK (DENOUEMENT) LOOSENS THE STORY. unyielding. "I can hardly find a place to exist in! Let me become a fierce wind. YES SCHEMA (Longacre leading the Stonemason along the ‘Path of Satisfaction’) Does the wish satisfy me? Does the Fairy grant my wish? Do I now understand that POWER will never SATISFY me? NO YES YES Am I satisfied? YES Do I remain satisfied? Do I covet POWER? NO Do I need and receive help from the Fairy? 1 D. uprooting trees and tearing down houses. high-ranking officials are certainly more powerful than I!" Thereupon he swore he wanted only to be a great official." he said ruefully. "Who would have thought that a black cloud is stronger than the sun?" So a black cloud was what he wanted to be now. are nothing to the Chuang people. When he got there he saw that his employer lived in a great mansion. His path lay by the mason's door. THE FAIRY ACTS WITHOUT BEING ASKED FOR ANYTHING. Only the glistering green rice shoots stood. Following the example of the official he had seen.E. He was beside himself with joy when the change took place. From then on he worked with a devotion he never knew before. axes." the mason exclaimed in dismay. ploughing and sowing from morning to night. In the great waves of heat even the birds and wild beasts hid themselves deep in the mountains.’ CLOSURE WRAPS UP THE STORY HE HAS LEARNED HIS LESSON . Outraged by such impertinence.

asked in vain for Parliament to do something about the “Irish problem and in June 1847. with the influx of this amount of people into an already unsanitary and overpopulated city it is difficult to contrive the exact amount and the consequences of their arrival. turning Liverpool (financially struggling to cope with the demand of relief) to the brink of collapse. typhus and dysentery were all 200767177 Go Higher Arts 2012 The Question Although Liverpool had an impressive reputation and waterfront. and other crooks. the dying lay with dead. Adding to the problem It is estimated that in the years 1845 to 1852 over one million Irish migrants either passed through or settled in Liverpool. and ripe for plucking at the hands of an assortment of unscrupulous ‘‘runners. under the new Poor Law Removal Act. Chicago and many of the other grand city’s impressive skylines all covered an underlying degree of distress and anguish. ticket brokers. and the Liverpool docks were the perfect gateway for any disease to spread. the poor houses and ashpits were already over flowing. although many settled in Liverpool. Europe was in the grip of a Cholera outbreak. Quebec. Boston. which left only cellars and condemned buildings.Victorian Liverpool’s great buildings hid a hinterland of distress’ John Duffy (psjduffy@liv. about 15. due to the failing of the potato crop caused a mass exodus of poor. Conclusion Of course Victorian Liverpool’s great buildings hid a hinterland of distress. The migrants arrived in Liverpool seasick. and soon found that only more distress awaited them. sick and unaware many of the landing Irish left with no where to go. it hid a backdrop of unsanitary living conditions. Liverpool’s Public Health System Was virtually non-existent with the majority of poor. The Cause The starvation in Ireland. as the As the 1832 “Cholera Riots” prove. dirty conditions without any real sewage system sickness and disease were rife. The Solution Liverpool suffering under the weight of it all. . Scared. The Discussion Looking at the state of the public health system of Liverpool and the fate of the Irish families who stayed in Liverpool and what it had to offer them. The sanitary state of Liverpool in early Victorian times was undoubtedly deplorable.000 Irish were deported back to Ireland. sick and the dying to Liverpool’s docks.’’ lodging house keepers. allowing disease to spread rapidly cholera. These places then also became overcrowded. Some with the intention of heading further afield. as they do today. unsanitary and unliveable squalor became their only option. New York. like London. working class families living in cramped. Glasgow. exhausted. disease and despair and with the extent of the Irish immigration it only added to the problem. due to it’s steadily growing commercial success. becoming England’s second city. especially one as contagious as Cholera (entering the body by either contaminated water or food).ac. and probably worse than most other cities.

EPISODE 5 Problem-solution Pattern Situation: Boaz wanted to perform the duty of the kinsman and redeem the family property. Result: Mankind can once again enjoy fellowship with God by choosing to put their faith in Him.Gillian Chantre (id. Problem: Man sinned by choosing to disobey God and became separated from God. Jesus Christ in Matthew 1: 1-17. declaring her desire to be married to Boaz. (Ruth 3: 12) Response: Boaz conducts a meeting with the closer relative at the City Gate. Jesus the Messiah. Ruth desired to marry Boaz. Response: God provided a redeemer. (Ruth 3: 10-11) Object of Desire & Desire Arousal: the famine is over in Bethlehem and Naomi wants to return there. Problem: There was a kinsman who was a closer relative than Boaz to Ruth who had to be consulted first and offered to perform the kinsman duty. thereby. Leaving all three women widows. Naomi consents. the line through which Kind David and ultimately the Messiah would be born.. Ruth elicits the blessing of the Bethlehem community. (Matt 1:1-17) EPISODE 3 EPISODE 1: Problem Solution Pattern Situation: The Hebrew family of Elimelech. . Their two sons married Moabite Ruth and Orpah. (Ruth 1: 1414-17) Means of fulfilling desire: Ruth entreats Naomi not to make her depart from her. (Ruth 1: 7-13) Object of Desire and Desire Arousal: Ruth loved Naomi and wanted to go with her. The close relative declines the proposal by Boaz. Ruth loved Naomi’s God and wanted to put her faith in Him. Evaluation: Obed was born to Boaz who became King David’s Grand Father and was included in the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah through whom all nations have been blessed. Result: Obed is included in the genealogy of the Messiah Redeemer. THE BOOK OF RUTH: Goal Achievement Pattern: Situation: Boaz was a descendant of Judah. marry Ruth and secure the family name. (Ruth 2: 4-23) EPISODE 2 Opportunity Taking Pattern: Situation: Naomi is bereaved living in a foreign land (Ruth 1:6 EPISODE 4 Opportunity Taking Pattern Situation: Ruth had found favour with Boaz Object of Desire and Desire Arousal: Boaz was an eligible bachelor and also their kinsman who was able not only to redeem their family property and secure the family name by marriage to Ruth. Result: they lived there for a while but Elimelech died and then his two sons Mahlon and Chilion. (Ruth 1:18) Positive Result: Naomi and Ruth return to Bethlehem together. Naomi and two sons Mahlon and Chilion were living in Bethlehem. (Ruth 1:6) Means of fulfilling Desire: Depart from Moab and say goodbye to daughters-in-law. Judah is the tribe from which the Messiah would come. God of Israel. Goal: God needed to build the family line of King David and the Messiah. (Ruth 3: 2-9) Positive Result: Boaz is delighted by Ruth’s desire for him to be her husband and vows to do all in his power to perform the duty of the kinsman. God had covenanted with Abraham and his descendants to bless other nations through the Israelites and draw all nations to Himself. (Ruth 4:7-12) Goal Achievement Pattern: Situation: Naomi and Ruth have returned to Bethlehem but are destitute (Ruth 1:22) Goals: Find favour with Naomi’s wealthy relative Boaz that they may have food and survive. (Gen 12: 1-3). Ruth finds favour with Boaz and he provides her and Naomi with plenty of grain. She uncovered his feet and lay down at his feet. ensures the legality by having 10 elders of the city present. according to Hebraic custom. (Ruth 2: 1-2) Means: Ruth went to glean heads of grain in Boaz’s field (Ruth 2: 2-3) Result: Boaz. 200628494) Go Higher Arts 2012 THE BIBLE: Problem-solution Pattern: Situation: God created man and there was a perfect relationship between God and man. (Ruth 4:13) Gap in the Knowledge: Obed became the grandfather of King David (Ruth 4:14-17) Means of filling the gap: Obed is part of a 600 year genealogy dating back to Perez who was the son of Judah and Tamar. Means: God used Ruth a Moabitess to bring a son to Boaz. (Ruth 1: 19-22) EPISODE 6 The Gap in Knowledge Filling Pattern Situation: Ruth gives birth to a son called Obed. recognises that she is the Moabitess that has treated her Hebrew mother-in-law so well. in the days of the Judges (Ruth 1:1. notices Ruth.) Problem: There was a famine in Bethlehem (Ruth 1:1) Response (Positive): They went to dwell in the country of Moab. (Ruth 3:13 – 4:6) Result: The redemption of Ruth and her family and property was confirmed by the surrender of his shoe. Boaz marries Ruth. (Ruth 3: 1) Means of fulfilling Desire: Ruth washed and put on her best garment and went at night to the threshing floor where Boaz would be guarding the grain.


) Metamorphosis 1967 – 1977 Ravi Shanker (1920 . Harmony and Melody. no Harmony I KNEW I HAD TO FIND A WAY OF COMBINING THE HARMONY OF CLASSICAL MUSIC WITH THE RHYTHM OF INDIAN MUSIC I realised that Classical Art Music. is all about.Philip Glass Metamorphosis Debbie Walker Go Higher Arts 2012 Philip Glass (1937.1979) Legendary Pedagogue European Classical Art Music My Musical Mother I realised that Indian Music is all about Rhythm and Melody. no rhythm I KNEW I HAD TO FIND A WAY OF COMBINING THE Within me was born their OF INDIAN RHYTHM OF INDIAN MUSIC WITH THE HARMONY OF CLASSICAL MUSIC Musical Child Rhythm Harmony Melody REPETITION • I .) Legendary Master of Indian Classical Music My Musical Father Pedagogue of Nadia Boulanger (1887 .