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into bloch has be.4!

-u e•ployed to avoid
repeated 1Dverdon of the full Jacobiao. utrtx:
1n th.e ttub4equent iteration ateplil.
The vtdely used Polar equation for active
reactive power lliliaateh of Nevtou.'• Method
where the diagonal tem.::J of the four •
are as follows :
rl(l,l) • -Q(l)-(V(l) 8(1,1) V(l)J
L(l,l) "Q(l)-(V(l) B(l,l) Y(l)J
H(l,l) • P(l) -(V(l) G(l,l) V(l)J
N(l,l) • P(l) + (V(l) G(l,l) V(l))
the non-diagonal teras are :
lt(l,H) • Y(l) V(H) (G(l,H) S!Na(l,H) -
B(l,H) cos s (l,H) I • L(l,H)
H(l,H) • -Y(l) Y(H) (G(l,H) COS.(l,H) +
B(l,H) SINS(I,H)) • -N(l,H)
But in practical dyateu the d.1tference in phase
alt3le 6'(1,11) in betveeo. tvo busell h negll&J.ble.
So, COS6U,Hl • I aud SIN sCI,H) • 0
d&nce, d(l,H) • -V(l) B(l,H) Y(H) • L(l,H) (6)
H(l,H) • -V(l) G(l,H) Y(H) • -N(l,H) (7)
Also in practiea.l Q(.U t. llUCh aullet
eb&n the other in equation (2) ' (3).
1.&. Q(l) « Y(l) 8(1,1) V(l) (8)
So, the (2) & (3) can be further
•i•pllfied aa follovs :
11(1,1) • -Y( l l B(I,Il V(l) • L(l,l) (9)
But P(l) is not ao &aall &I Q(l) and C(l,I) 1a
llOt ao nt&h u 8(1,1). So the inequality
condtralnt. folW.llated in an identical f.ub.ion
to that of equation (8),
l.e., P(Il << V(l) G(l,l) Y(l)
does not hold aood. So, t ,he equation (5)
can not be cancelled. as done in ease of PDU.
tiovever the effect of phau anale on nactive
power aiautch 11 neatiaible. So, [H) • 0. Nov
•ub•tituting the·valuelil of the four aubaatrteea,
the equation (1) can be revritUD aa belov t
i.e., (.6.PJ • (V(-B)VJIA6J + (10)
i.e., (f!.P/V) • ((-a)VJ(flSJ+(P/V + GJ(AV) (11)
Nov to elillinate the lnflue.n.ce: of Kegavar flow
ont:..f, V .ta aet to unity value
So, (AP/VJ • (-8Ji4il + (G+P/V
SUol.larly, (4Q/V) • (-Bl (AI')
So, in the aatrlz fora ve get
ft.p/V]: [-B G+P/V
] rArJ
LAQ/'!] o -a !.A v
the d!atributlon operate at
lov levels vlth little or no •hunt and vltb one point. So the
subolatrix (-Bl ln equation (10) need not be
.oclified. further to get DC approx.taation type
load flov utrix. as done in ease of fDLF. So
the aa.e •ubaatrix is involved in equation¥ (10)
&ad (11) whose eleaanu can be obtained by
nesattns tbe respective i-actn.ary part of the
Bus Ada!ttanc.e Matrix.
Another aubllatrlx (G+P/V
) is involved in the
equation for active power aa.ltautc:b. tfowever only
the diaaonal ter•s of ttl1s
aubutrix an
conlllid.ered beeau»e the tent P/V contribute• to
the diagonal teras of the ttubllll.trlx only and.
heoee U.e effect of the oon-d.iaaonal 1n
the ealc.lllatfon of active paver lll.lsaatc:n h
Due the pre.a.ence of the cliaaonal sub&atrix
(G+P/V l the Jacobian .. trix of equation (12) li
not fixed., •• the value» of P(I) & V(1) varie&
in each iteration. Also inversion of
tbe tiUbutrix (-B) 1a not poutble noW' and the
complete Jacobian utrix bad to be taverted. To
d.lfficultiea, the Jacobian aatrlx
of equaUou (12) b inverted by the 11tthod of of aatrix into blocks. Suppoae the
four partitioned bloc.ks of tbe Jacobian utrlx
are C, D, S ' F. So, (C) • [-B), (0) • [C+P/V
(EJ • 0 & (tJ • (-B)
Suppoae, .p:. i . "] -
I. s . • : _ TJ
U.:r l.u · v
s • c-
+ c-
o (r- ec-
• ec-
• C-l • 1-BJ-
T • - C-ID (F-EC-I0)-
• c-lor-
• (-8)-l (G + P/V
U • EC-I • 0
V • (F-EC-IO)-I • ,-I • (-B)-I • S
Tbe ele.enta of the suboatris [T} for the Ith.
row ' Jtb. Coluan are aiven by -