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UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE DE GUATEMALA

FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS E INGENIERÍA
DEPARTAMENTO DE INGENIERÍA QUÍMICA
CURSO

ECONOMÍA DE PROCESOS

APUNTES DE CLASE
ELABORADOS POR
ING. JOSÉ EDUARDO CALDERÓN GARCÍA

LECCIÓN VIII.
INDICE DE PRECIOS

50 48.00 10 5 20 10 200 15 10 30 10 15 20 10 Total Precio Compuesto 1. lo cual se realiza tomando como base un valor de un año determinado al cual se le asigna.00 1. arbitrariamente.50 2.50 . EJEMPLO DE ESTIMACION DE INDICE DE PRECIOS A B C RUBROS Precio del año 2000 en Q. INDICE DE PRECIOS Es la cuantificación indirecta de la inflación y refleja las variaciones de esta al paso de los anos.50 40. el valor de 100 como cantidad de referencia. Por tal motivo los índices de precios se utilizan para actualizar precios de activos.INFLACION La inflación es el movimiento ascendente del nivel medio de precios. % de participación dentro de la canasta Factor de participación dentro del índice Carne de res Carne de pollo Frijol Pan Maíz Ropa Gasolina 20 5 1.00 1.00 1.

1 1995 = 381.089.056.INDICE DE PRECIOS MARSHALL & SWIFT PARA PLANTAS DE PROCESO 1926 = 100 INDICE ANUAL 1992 = 943.2 1994 = 368.4 1995 = 1.3 VATAVUK AIR POLLUTION CONTROL COST INDEXES INDICE VAPCCI 1st.5 1996 = 1.9 1999 = 1.2 1997 = 1.5 1998 = 389.9 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING PLANT COST INDEX 1957-59 = 100 Annual Index 1991 = 361.039.5 1999 = 390.093.3 1992 = 358.1 2001 = 394.027.0 2001 = 1.6 2000 = 394.3 2000 = 1.1 1993 = 964.8 1998 = 1. Quarter 1994 = 100 .7 1997 = 386.1 1996 = 381.2 1993 = 359.061.2 1994 = 993.068.

8 438.7 1999 = 390.9 106.5 NA 105.8 NA Fabric filters (2) 111.4 104.7 366. For details on this revision.8 Mechanical collectors (2) 119. Jan.1 Regenerative thermal 110. pp.0 * Calculated with revised index.5 123.8 674.2 101.3 110.8 385.6 121.7 109.9 107. Eng.9 431.0 Annual Index Process machinery 437.1 Wet scrubbers 108.1 98.6 Construction labor 301.2 536.8 1997 = 386.3 1.7 106. pp.8 112.1 107.8 98.4 2000 = 394.8 340.8 100.9 108.7 697.3 118.0 108.1 Equipment 429. December 1995.3 Gas absorbers 110.0 Catalytic Incinerators 102.5 Electrical equipment 341.9 114. their PPIs.1 113.1 NA 100. Quarter 1994 = 100) 2nd Q CONTROL 1999 2000 1st Q DEVICE 2001 2001 Avg Avg Carbon Adsorbers 107.5 110. see: CE.4 NA 105.0 106.2 341. As the VAPCCIs for these two control devices were.4 353.4 442.8 113.8 99.8 4th Q 2001 104.6 1995 = 381.2 1998 = 389.3 114.2 NA Refrigeration Systems 105.7 Pumps & compressors 699.4 390.9 341.5 Structural support % misc 409.9 112.6 301.8 108. 3rd Q 2001 105.9 114.0 367.7 109.6 Electrostatic Precipitators 101.9 113. the Bureau of Labor Statistic abolished the Producer Price indexes (PPIs) for fabric filters and mechanical collectors.8 345. the VAPCCIs can no longer be reported Note: For a detailed explanation of the development and use of the VAPCCIs .6 107.4 360.7 2001 = 394.1 116. 2. essentially.0 100.4 438.2 300.1 Buildings 385.8 oxidizers 108.2 412.9 114.3 1996 = 381.CHEMICAL ENGINEERING PLANT COST INDEX Feb. 2002.0 111. see Chem.2 384.9 111.7 105.3 all fourth quarter 2001 indexes are preliminary effective second quarter 2001.3 Engineering & supervision 344.7 113.1 Process instruments 359.0 Flares 101.0 105. 02 Jan 02 Feb 01 (1957-59 = 100) Prelim Final Final CE INDEX 389.8 Heat exchangers & tanks 351.7 Pipe.9 99.9 98.3 414.3 395.0 Thermal incinerators 108.2 110.2 NA 99. 62-70 VATAVUK AIR POLLUTION CONTROL COST INDEXES (VAPCCI) (1st.6 548. 88-96 .5 112. valves & fittings 535.

7 1.113.8 1.091.111.4 1.8 1.089.9 4th Q 2001 1.2 1.063.7 1.5 1.8 1.9 1sr Q 2001 1.0 1.098.3 2000 = 1.309.5 991.3 1.094.096.092.0 1.112.180.9 1.1 1997 = 1.111.3 1.9 1.109.8 1.3 1.062.8 1.9 1.127.095.7 1.1 1.061.099.0 2001 = 1.8 1.056.180.019.5 1.304.9 1.5 1.3 983.099.060.135.0 1st Q 2001 1.309.4 1.056.4 1.5 1.9 1.136.1 1.020.7 1.020.8 1.3 1.165.090.8 1998 = 1.098.106.0 1.089.039.4 1.2 1999 = 1.MARSHALL & SWIFT EQUIPMENT COST INDEX (1926 = 100) M & S INDEX Process Industries.9 982.153.162.061.093. Average Cement Chemicals Clay Products Glass Paint Paper Petroleum products Rubber Related Industries Electrical power Mining. milling Refrigeration Steam power Annual index 1996 = 1.7 1.098.068.9 .061.7 1.179.

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