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Good Manners
The article that Ive read is all about good manners form an important part of our civilization. We know a man form his manners. Manners are important for our conduct in the society. So, we put too much stress on learning manners. Parents want to teach manners to their children. Teachers want to teach manners to their pupils. Mentors want to teach manners to their disciples, because manners are so essential for us. Minding our manners is not limited to looking proper. It is about being sensitive to other people around us, by giving them due respect because we value them. As we value others, hopefully we will also be valued. There are certain fundamental principles on which all our manners should base. They are as follows. We should not hurt the mind of others. We should not wound the feelings of others. We should avoid pride, vanity, emotion, anger and harshness of voice when we behave with others. Our talk should be always plain and sweet. We should give patient hearing to others. We should speak less of ourselves. Our attitude should be sympathetic. We should learn how to make appreciation of others. We should observe the forms of behavior like 'please', 'kindly', 'thanks', 'sorry', 'no, thanks', etc. when they are due. We should be respectful to our elders, and superiors. We should be loving and kind to our youngsters. We should be sincere in our attitude. We should not make false promises. We should never deceive. We should be neat and clean. These are some of the basic principles upon which all our manners and behaviors should rest. Good manners dont mean that you cant joke and cut-up, and have a sense of humor, dont confuse good manners with being a stuffed shirt and reserved, so to speak. Manners are the stitches that hold the fabric of society together. So lets keep them that way! Being good mannered may seem out

of fashion and even silly to some, but it only shows how mature and bright you are, because the long run, that good you did to others will be returned. Even if it isnt, you still did the right thing. Having bad manners can be associated with having poor character. Good manners are quite essential for us. So, we students should try to observe good manners at every place. Share. Obey rules. Manners are a sensitive awareness of the feelings of others. If you have that awareness, you have good manners, no matter what fork you use.- Anonymous


Hardware is the most obvious part of a computer-based information system. Hardware refers to the computers themselves, along with any and all peripherals, including servers, routers, monitors, printers and storage devices. A CBIS may use a single computer or thousands. Software

Without software, the hardware wouldn't be very useful. Software, the second element of a CBIS, is what tells the hardware how to function. It gathers, organizes and manipulates data and carries out instructions. Everything you do using a computer is done by the software. Data

Data, or information, is the third element of a CBIS. Just as hardware cannot function without software, software cannot function without data. This is the information part of an information system, and whether that is statistical data, sets of instructions, lists of names or even graphics and animations, it is all key to a CBIS. Procedures

It is commonly said that "procedures are to people what software is to hardware." The fourth element of CBIS, procedures are the rules, descriptions and instructions for how things are done. In computer-based information systems, procedures are frequently covered in instruction or user manuals that describe how to use the hardware, software and data. People

People are the most often overlooked and most important part of a computerbased information system. It is people who design and operate the software, input the data, build the hardware and keep it running, write the procedures and it is ultimately people who determine the success or failure of a CBIS. Communication

Communication is left out of some lists of CBIS elements, but for a CBIS that involves more than one piece of hardware to function, communication or connectivity is a necessity. This is, in part, because parts of it are covered under hardware. The components that allow one computer to communicate with another are hardware and are controlled by software. If communication between people is included in this element, though, it is an important element.

Communication is a key component to living a successful life. Possessing effective communication skills can improve your career, your relationships, and increase your people skills. There are seven stages to basic communication. By knowing and understanding these stages you will be able to better communicate in your personal and professional life. Sender - Know the message you want to communicate and make sure that message contain useful and correct information. Encoding Encoding is the process where the information you would like to communicate gets transferred into a form to be sent and decoded by the receiver. The ability to deliver the message clearly as well as be able to discard any confusing or potentially offensive themes such as cultural issues, or missing information is imperative in this stage. Channel Channels are the way you convey your message. These channels include verbal such as telephone, and face-to-face conversations as well as non-verbal such as e-mail and text messaging. Each individual channel has its strengths and weaknesses in terms of communicating. For example, it is better to give instructions non-verbally rather than expecting the person you are communicating with will remember everything you tell them. You would also never critique or criticize anyone through a non-verbal channel at the risk of having a misunderstanding. Decoding Decoding is on the receiving end of communication. This stage is just as important as encoding. Communication can go downhill at this stage if the receiver is not practicing active listening skills or if they do not possess enough information to accurately decode the message. Receiver Know your audience. Each individual person on the receiving end of your message already has their own ideas and thoughts that will absolutely influence the way they translate your message. By getting to know your audience better you will be able to have a better understanding of how they will react to what you are trying to communicate. Feedback As you are communicating your message your audience will provide you with non-verbal and verbal reactions. You will be able to asses while communicating your message if it is being conveyed accurately by paying close attention to non-verbal cues first such as returning eye contact, head nodding etc. Context -Context is the environment in which your message is being delivered. For example, If youre making a work presentation chances are you will be speaking more professionally, than if you were conversing casually with a neighbor or friend.