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This tutorial on Discrete Uniform Distribution is prepared by the Applied Statistics and Computing lab at the Indian School of Business, Hyderabad. It is a part of the module on Probability and distributions, prepared by us.

- (7) Measures of Central Tendency
- (6) Random Variables and PMF
- (8) Binomial Distribution
- (9) Geometric and Negative Binomial Distribution
- (1) Set Theory
- (4) Conditional Probability
- (3) Probability
- (13) Normal Distribution
- (15) Chi-square, Student’s t and Snedecor’s F distributions
- (9) Basic Box-Plot
- (10) Hypergeometric Distribution
- (5) Bayes' Rule
- (8) Measures of Dispersion
- (4) Condensation of Data
- (10) Box-Plot With Fences
- (6) Graphical Presentation 2
- (12) Bivariate Data
- (2) Permutations and Combinations
- (14) Joint Distribution
- (11) Notched and Variable Width Box-Plots

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Learning goals

To understand the discrete uniform distribution To study examples of discrete uniform distributions

Examples

The gender of a baby-to-be-born has an equal probability of being male or 1 female. For these two possibilities, we can say that each has a probability of 2 A badminton player would be playing exactly 2 matches in the next tournament. The player has an equal chance of winning 0 matches, 1 match or both the 1 matches. Each of these possibilities has a probability of 3 On a similar note, each face of a die has equal probability of appearance, when 1 thrown once. Therefore there is chance of any of these faces showing up

6

Suppose that an ice-cream parlour sells one special flavour every day and every flavour is repeated every 10 days. For a customer who does not know the sequence in which the flavours are sold, there is equal chance of getting to eat one of these ten flavours on a random day

3

Definition

Any experiment for which we can establish that each of its outcome is equally likely, a uniformly distributed variable could emerge If a random variable takes values (1,2,... ) and each of these distinct values has an equal or uniform probability of occurrence, such a variable is said to follow Uniform distribution with probability mass function, 1 = = where k = 1,2,3, , n Denote this variable as ~(1,2, , )

Applied Statistics and Computing Lab

4

Uniform distribution

Outcome number

1 2 3 k n 1 1

Value of variable X

1 2 3

Probability 1 1 1

Due to the shape of the graph, Uniform distribution is also called the Rectangular distribution

Applied Statistics and Computing Lab

5

We must be careful about the range of value taken up by Suppose takes values 0,1,2,,, then there are (+1) equally likely outcomes and hence 1 = = + 1 Essentially, a uniformly distributed variable can take each of the discrete values in an interval [, ] where ( ) = ( 1)

The values do not have to be sequential or starting from 0 or 1

Applied Statistics and Computing Lab

6

It is the simplest probability distribution

For ~ 1,2, , ,

=

=

(+1) 2

(2 1) 12

Thank you

- (7) Measures of Central TendencyUploaded byASClabISB
- (6) Random Variables and PMFUploaded byASClabISB
- (8) Binomial DistributionUploaded byASClabISB
- (9) Geometric and Negative Binomial DistributionUploaded byASClabISB
- (1) Set TheoryUploaded byASClabISB
- (4) Conditional ProbabilityUploaded byASClabISB
- (3) ProbabilityUploaded byASClabISB
- (13) Normal DistributionUploaded byASClabISB
- (15) Chi-square, Student’s t and Snedecor’s F distributionsUploaded byASClabISB
- (9) Basic Box-PlotUploaded byASClabISB
- (10) Hypergeometric DistributionUploaded byASClabISB
- (5) Bayes' RuleUploaded byASClabISB
- (8) Measures of DispersionUploaded byASClabISB
- (4) Condensation of DataUploaded byASClabISB
- (10) Box-Plot With FencesUploaded byASClabISB
- (6) Graphical Presentation 2Uploaded byASClabISB
- (12) Bivariate DataUploaded byASClabISB
- (2) Permutations and CombinationsUploaded byASClabISB
- (14) Joint DistributionUploaded byASClabISB
- (11) Notched and Variable Width Box-PlotsUploaded byASClabISB
- (1) IntroductionUploaded byASClabISB
- R TutorialUploaded byASClabISB
- (11) Poisson DistributionUploaded byASClabISB
- (8b) Grouped Data_central Tendency and DispersionUploaded byASClabISB
- (3) Methods of Data CollectionUploaded byASClabISB
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- (15) Chi-square, Student’s t and Snedecor’s F distributionsUploaded byASClabISB
- (14) Joint DistributionUploaded byASClabISB
- (13) Normal DistributionUploaded byASClabISB
- (12)Continuous DistributionsUploaded byASClabISB
- (11) Poisson DistributionUploaded byASClabISB
- (4) Conditional ProbabilityUploaded byASClabISB
- (9) Basic Box-PlotUploaded byASClabISB
- (10) Hypergeometric DistributionUploaded byASClabISB
- (8) Measures of DispersionUploaded byASClabISB
- (4) Condensation of DataUploaded byASClabISB
- (5) Bayes' RuleUploaded byASClabISB
- (12) Bivariate DataUploaded byASClabISB
- (2) Permutations and CombinationsUploaded byASClabISB
- R TutorialUploaded byASClabISB
- (3) ProbabilityUploaded byASClabISB
- (1) IntroductionUploaded byASClabISB
- (3) Methods of Data CollectionUploaded byASClabISB
- (11) Notched and Variable Width Box-PlotsUploaded byASClabISB
- (10) Box-Plot With FencesUploaded byASClabISB
- (2) Types of DataUploaded byASClabISB
- (8b) Grouped Data_central Tendency and DispersionUploaded byASClabISB
- (6) Graphical Presentation 2Uploaded byASClabISB
- (5) Graphical Presentation 1Uploaded byASClabISB

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