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vol U No. 46
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, NOVEMBER І З , 1983
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Conquest, Mace to testify at Senate collectivization hearing
Senate Foreign Relations Committee passes resolution on 1932-33 famine
women and children in Ukraine. Sen. Hollings, who is seeking the Democratic nomination for the presi– dency. said: "The resolution that you have before you breaks a long silence and recognises the enormity of the famine, it also helps us recall that Soviet policies and behavior have changed little over the last half century." "it tells us that the shooting down of the Korean airliner with its 269 civilian passengers in September was not an isolated event, and reminds us that a government willing to exterminate an average of over 10,000 of its own people a day does not hesitate to kill another 269 for reasons of state or whim, it tells For more information about the Se– nate Foreign Relations Committee action and S.Con. Res. 70, see page 5. us that a sober awareness of themotiva– tions and values informing Soviet behavior is an absolute requirement for an effective U.S. policy toward the USSR, in all facets, including arms control," he said. Sen. Domenici noted: "it has been said that the death of one individual is a tragedy, the death of millions is a statistic. Perhaps that best explains why it has been so difficult for many to even focus on the genocide which took place 50 years ago. The denials and cov„r-up by Soviet authorities, as well as the cover-up by many Western correspon– dents at that time adds to the lack of information ... Facts, however, cannot be covered up forever and sufficient information about what happened and why has become available in the West now." in his statement. Rep. Fish said: "indeed, very little was known in Congress about this unspeakable and indiscriminate extermination of inno– (Continued on page 2)
ture and its future prospects. by Eugene lwanciw WASHINGTON The senate Both Drs. Conquest and Mace have Foreign Relations Committee Oil Fues– WASHINGTON Dr. Robert Con– accepted invitations to testify before the day morning, November X. passed and quest of Stanford University and Dr. Agriculture Committee. The two well- sent to the full Senate for consideration James Mace ot the Harvard Ukrainian known scholars will be addressing the Senate Concurrent Resolution 70 which Research institute will serve as wit– events during the early 1930s which asks the president to set aside May 28, nesses lor the Senate Agriculture Com– culminated in the deaths of over 7 19X4, to commemorate the 1932-33 mittee's November 15 hearing on Soviet million Ukrainians during 1932-33. Ukrainian famine. The resolution also The importance of the hearing is that asks the president to urge the Soviet collectivization, of agriculture and its effects - including the 1932-33 Great a permanent historical record will be government to lift restrictions on food Famine in Ukraine, reported the Ukrai– created in the U.S. Congress detailing parcels and other necessities sent by the events of the early 1930s - includ– private individuals from outside the nian American Caucus. The UAC has been working with the ing the famine - and exposing Soviet USSR. Agriculture Committee staff in the policy in Ukraine at that time. The announcement of the committee Senate Concurrent Resolution 70 action was made by the Ukrainian witness selection process. A list of potential witnesses was compiled by the will, if passed by the Senate, put the American Caucus (UAC) which is UAC and submitted to the committee, U.S. Senate on record as condemning spearheading the move to get the the Soviet-created famine in Ukraine. resolution passed in the Senate before which has made all the selections. The first part of the hearing will focus The two actions by the Senate are Congress adjourns for the year on on the man-made famine in Ukraine. related and will pave the way for more November 18. The second part of the hearing focuses inquiry into past and present Soviet During committee consideration of on the current state of Soviet agricul– policies toward Ukraine. S. Con. Res. 70. Sen. Charles H. Percy (R-lll.),. committee chairman, noted that the State Department favors the purpose of the resolution. To date, 62 senators have agreed to support the resolution. Sens. Ernest F. "Fritz" Hollings (D– S.C.) and Pete v. Domenici (R-N.M.), nations, by the memories of past grie– the prime sponsors of the resolution, by Andrii Krawchuk vances, and by present conflicts of submitted statements in support of the HAMILTON, om. - The fourth in interest." measure, as did Rep. Hamilton Fish Jr. The topic of Jewish-Ukrainian rela– (R-N.Y.), whose father, Hamilton Fish a series of Ukrainian conferences was held at McMaster University here tions is potentially volatile for other Sr., served in Congress at the time of the from October 17-20. its 11 sessions were reasons as well. famine and on May 28, 1934, intro– First, there is a dearth of research in the duced House Resolution 399 condemn– designed to examine the theme "JewishUkrainian Relations in Historical Per– area. As a result, opinions vary on the ing the man-made famine. The current spective." Thirty papers were readbythe admissibility of certain source materials resolution would mark the 50th anni– invited speakers, tracing the historical (for example, Soviet sources), and on versary of the introduction of Rep. development of Jewish-Ukrainian rela– the manner of interpreting such sources. Fish's resolution. tions from the Kievan Rus'period to the Second, cultural biases are bound to Calling the committee's attention to modern era. obstruct any facile attempts at dialogue, the holocaust committed against the As in previous conferences, Ukrai– if for most Ukrainians, the names Ukrainian people 50 years ago, and the nian historians convened with their Khmelnytsky and Petliura are associat– cover-up which followed, both Sens. counterparts from another ethnic group ed with the idea of heroism, to the Jew Hollings and Domenici stated that the in order to discuss common areas of they are a reminder of pogroms in time has come for the United States to concern in academic research. The Ukraine. be on record condemning this atrocity in order to overcome the apparent uniqueness of such an enterprise is that, which claimed over 7 million men. in order to succeed, it requires a degree impasse, much scholarly groundwork is of self-critical openness on both sides. needed in order to establish a set of Participants of the McMaster confe– mutually acceptable terms of reference. rence appeared to be sensitive to this The McMaster conference was an attempt to take the first few steps in that need. in preparation for the conference, a very direction. The first two sessions began in a book titled "Jewish-Ukrainian Rela– tions: Two Solitudes'" was published, its conciliatory tone. Covering the period authors, the co-organizers of the con– up to the end of the 18th century, the ference, Howard Aster and Peter J. speakers included Omeljan Pritsak Potichny, expressed the feeling that (Harvard Ukrainian Research institute) they were "stepping into an intellectual and Shmuel Ettinger (Hebrew Univer– sity). There appeared to be agreement minefield" in writing the book. This apprehension was shared by that until the early 17th century, no many of the conference speakers, ivan significant tension existed in Ukrainian L. Rudnytsky spoke in his paper of the lands between the peasants ancf the two groups now meeting together as Jews. Also,– when tensions did emerge, "...two peoples living for centuries side they were due to socio-economic factors by side on the same soil, both victims of (increased rural-urban friction) and not unfavorable historical circumstances simply to conflicting religious convic– over which they had no control, and yet tions. Four papers addressed the violence of separated by a wall of incomprehension, mutual fears, resentments and recrimi– (Continued on p a f 12) Sen. Ernest F. Hollings
McMaster conference focuses on history of Ukrainian-Jewish relations
Sen. Pete Domenici
1 H E UKRAINIAN WEEKLY 1
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 1 3 J 9 8 3
Ukrainian Catholic Church: subject of increased persecution
documents, many of which also describe an intensification of the government's campaign against the Church and ib– adherents. it appears that this campaign is being waged on two basic fronts, the ideolo– gical, which engenders incessant propa– ganda through official government media organs and atheist institutions, and the punitive, which involves the persecution of Church activists and clergy. in October 1982, two Ukrainian Catholic priests, vasyliy Kavaciv. 49, and Roman Stepanovych Esip. 32, were each sentenced in Lviv to five years' imprisonment and three years' internal exile under Article 209 of the Ukrai– nian Criminal Code, which makes it a crime to engage in actions "under the appearance of preaching religious beliefs." They were also charged with, "drawing minors" into such activities under Article 208. The underground Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania, which reported on the trial, said the two men admitted they were priests but denied corrupting minors. The Chronicle said that the trial judge, P.O. Romaniuk, frequently ridiculed the faithful in the courtroom, ordered their documents checked and had them photographed. A later issue of the Chronicle des– cribed several KGB operations in western Ukraine aimed at intimidating Ukrainian Catholics and breaking up underground churches, in one incident, which the Chronicle said took place in Dobriariych, secret police agents and militiamen disrupted a religious gather– ing and rounded up believers, who were later fined. in another incident, this one in Morshyn, a church was burglarized by students from a nearby vocational school, in the village of Berezhany, some 30 KGB agents reportedly attend– ed a town meeting sometime in !982and threatened to close the local church unless the people converted to Russian Orthodoxy, in leaving, the agents sealed up all the liturgical vessels in the church. The Chronicle also reported that just before Easter 1982, KGB agents sacked a church in the village of Brykunai, destroying icons and liturgical appoint–. ments. The attacked occurred during working hours, but several women who tried to intervene were reportedly badly beaten, with some requiring hospitali– zation. But despite government harassment, Church activists have continued their efforts to have the Church legally registered, in September 1982, an initiative Group for thciDefense of the Rights of Believers and the Church was set up for that purpose. A brief letter announcing the group's formation was signed by Yosyp Terelia. a former political prisoner and Church activist. A memorandum was signed by Mr. Terelia and four other members, includ– ing Stefania Sichko, whose husband and two sons are currently incarcerated for "anti-Soviet activities." in the letter, Mr. Terelia said that the forced and illegal "union" of the Church with the Russian Orthodox in 1946 was done to benefit the "atheist-Commu– nist (system),"adding that despite three decades of Soviet repression, the Church, though underg^ewndi "is alive and flourishing."^.'' The Church^ictivists' attempts to' register the Church have met only with (Continued on page 13) 2Sefe --,
Camp writings of vasyl Stus reveal conditions of prisoners
NEW YORK - The External Repre– sentation of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group recently released excerpts from the camp writings of Ukrainian dissident poet vasyl Stus, in which the imprisoned Ukrainian activist writes about the conditions of the prisoners and also compares the Polish Solidarity move–ment to the Helsinki groups in the Soviet Union. The complete text of his writings is scheduled to be published in the Suchas– nist journal. Mr, Stus, who was born on January 8, 1938, had gained a reputation as a talented poet, literary critic and transla– tor by the early 1960s. However, he used his writing ability to express his concern for the national and human rights of his fellow Ukrainians being persecuted in the mid 1960s, in 1965, risking his reputation as a major poet, he began writing numerous appeals on behalf of persecuted Ukrainian intellectuals and dissidents. Since those years, Mr. Stus has spent most of his time behind bars. He is serving a 15-year sentence he received in 1980. Currently, he is serving the first 10 years in a concentration camp in Perm, where he continues to actively defend political prisoners. Mr. Stus mentions the following prisoners in his camp notes: Semen Skalych, Y. Fedoriv, vasyl Kurylo and Oleksa Tykhy. He writes at length about Mr. Skalych. Reading a piece about Mr. Skalych in a publication titled "Literaturna Gazeta," Mr. Stus says that he is mentioned as a Ukrainian penitent, a martyr. At the age of 16 (in 1936), Mr. Stus writes, Mr. Skalych contracted tubercu– losis, which left him an invalid, in 1945, the Bolsheviks sentenced him because they found a partisan brochure in his possession. in "Literaturna Gazeta," Mr. Stus found descriptions of Mr. Skalych which are, he says, "100 percent lies." He states that Mr. Skalych is a religious man of a very conscientious character. Mr. Stus writes that Mr. Skalych is being persecuted for his religious con– victions. Seven hundred poems - the fruit of his thoughts about the world, faith, Christianity - were confiscated from him. "1 did not see a greater crime against a man in our labor camp than the one against Mr. Skalych," Mr. Stus writes. Mr. Stus also writes: "1 hope that the fate of this Ukrainian martyr will concern all honest people in the world... Here is a man who survives without any letters, without any money (not even enough to buy himself a few products a month), he survives with exceptional dignity. Surrendering to God's will, he is sure that on this cross he will die. But he does not complain of his fate; for him it is beautiful, for he is a martyr for the faith." Commenting on tue situation in Poland, Mr. Stus writes: "Poland sets an example for Ukraine (psychologically, we Ukrainians are close to the Poles, probably the closest, in our disposition) however, we lack that holy patriotism which consolidated the Poles. Oh, what a pity that Ukraine is not ready to take lessons from the Polish, teaqher. "Unfortunately, 1 do not know what impressions the nations of the Soviet -Union got from (hesituation in Poland. The trade union version of liberation would also be extremely effective (or the countries of the Soviet Union.";
JERSEY C1TY, N.J. - For several years, sources in western Ukraine have reported an increase in official persecu– tion of the outlawed Ukrainian Catho– lic Church. But there have also been indications, particularly in samvydav publications, of a concomitant widespread resurgence in the Church's popularity. Although the Church was officially dissolved in 1946 by an illegally con– vened synod orchestrated by Soviet authorities, a move that was accom– panied by the deportation or murder of virtually the entire church hierarchy, it continued to survive underground. Priests and bishops were secretly or– dained to minister to the religious needs of an estimated 5 million believers. The reported increase in Church activity may be directly attributed in part to the election of Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla to the papal throne, in March 1980, Pope John Paul 11 con– vened an Extraordinary Synod of the Bishops of the Ukrainian Catholic Church abroad for the purpose of selecting an eventual successor to Metropolitan Josyf Slipyj, the spiritual head and unofficial patriarch of the Church, who was released from a Soviet prison in 1963. These and other actions prompted a senior official at the Department of Propaganda and Agitation of the U– krainian Central Committee to say of the pope in 1981: "Unlike his pre– decessors, the new head of the vatican is favorably disposed towards the un– fpunded pretensions of the Uniates." Other Soviet officials were more specific, ivan Poluk, a senior official of the Central Committee of the Commu– nist Party of the Ukrainian SSR, wrote in 1979 thauhe pope was "trying to use the still considerable active nucleus of the Catholic Church as a basis for extending religious influence over the population of the republic." Mr. Poluk's article is of interest because it acknowledges that despite an intense ideological campaign against the Church, there still exists a "consi– derable active nucleus" of the Church. This acknowledgement has been corro– borated in a number of samvydav
(Continued from page 1) cent people, it was with very little support that my father, Congressman Hamilton Fish, introduced a resolution to focus public attention on the brutal acts of Stalin. Sadly, my father's resolu– tion did not then attract great interest, nor did it gain much support." He added: "1 believe it is most fitting that your resolution proclaim May 28, 1984, a national day to commemorate the famine in Ukraine. As you know. May 28 will be the 50th anniversary of the introduction of my father's resolu– tion." S. Con. Res. 70 will now be placed on the Senate calendar to await considera– tion by the full Senate. Since the resolution has attracted 62 co-sponsors, a majority of the Senate, and has been approved by the Senate Foreign Rela– tions Committee, favorable action by the full Senate is considered likely. Although the Senate schedule is busy during the last days of the session, the UAC hopes that the overwhelming support for the resolution by members of the Senate will convince the Senate leadership to call up the resolution for consideration. The rapid movement of S. Con. Res. 70, including the favorable reporting by the Foreign Relations Committee less than six weeks after the resolution's introduction, is due in large measure to the number of co-sponsors and the contacts made with individual sena– tors. The UAC said it believes that support from the entire Ukrainian American community was a major factor in this achievement.
BORN: April 20, 1935. OCCUPATlON: Teacher, historian. LATEST ARREST: September 29, 1979. CHARGE: Accused of forming the Ukrainian National Front, publish– ing the Ukrainian samvydav antho– logy "Prozrinnia"and the samvydav journal Ukrainian Herald, and cir– culating nationalist literature under Article 62 ("anti-Soviet agitation and proganda'O, Article 64 ("participa– tion in an anti-Soviet organization") and Article 210 ("inveigling minors into criminal activity"). SENTENCE: Seven years in a labor camp and three years' internal exile. PREviOUS TERMS: None. CAMP ADDRESS:
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THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY „
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Editor Roma Hadzewycz Associate editor George Bondan Zsrycky Assistant editor Marta Kolomayets
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER І З , 1983
UABA establishes working committees, elects officers at annual meeting
CLEVELAND - The formation of
several working committees devoted to Ukrainian community service and the election of executive officers and a board of governors highlighted the seventh annual meeting of the Ukrain– ian American Bar Association (UABA) held here during the weekend of Oct– ober 14-16. Ukrainian attorneys from about a dozen U.S. cities attended the con– vention, which was presided over by outgoing president Bohdan Porytko. An Ad Hoc 1933 Famine Condemna– tion Committee, composed of Cieve– land attorneys Bohdan Futey, volo– dymyr Bazarko and George Orysh– kewych, wasЛ-harged with formulating a resolution on behalf of the UABA that will be sent to the U.S. Congress and the United Nations. initial discussion focused on the fact that many of the famine commemora– tions staged by the Ukrainian com– munity in the past year did not lend themselves to any specific follow-up activity. A resolution passed at the annual meeting addressed this point and specifically demanded that the Soviet government publicly acknowl– edge that it was responsible for the occurrence of the 1933 famine that resulted in 7 million deaths, that the Soviet government pledge to never again use artificial famine as an instru– ment of policy, and that the Soviet government arrange for reparations to be made to famine survivors and vic– tims' families. The attorneys' convention also rati– fied the establishment of the Commu– nity Dispute Resolution Committee in order to examine the possible proce– dures for offering UABA members' services in the arbitration or mediation of Ukrainian community disputes. Appointed to the committee were Mr. Porytko, Petro Stawnychy and Prof. Walter Anastas. The UABA presented the newly formed committee with an immediate task. On September 15. the UABA executive officers had sent letters to !gnatius Billinsky, acting president of the Ukrainian Congress Committee of America, and John O. Flis, president of the Ukrainian American Coordinating Council, offering the organizations the services of UABA members to mediate or arbitrate the conflict between the two groups, it was reported to the UABA annual meeting that the UABA had not received responses from either organi– zation, but that the UABA stands ready to work out a framework within which discussions could be initiated. The Ukrainian American Bar Asso– ciation's continued concern about the use of Soviet-supplied evidence in denaturalization proceedings being
Bohdan Shandor (front, center), newly elected UABA president with (from left) Bohdan Porytko, corresponding secretary; Dior Rakowsky, vice president; Petro Stawnychy, recording secretary; and Myron Gonko, treasurer. brought by the U.S. Department of Justice was reflected in a report deliv– ered by ihor Rakowsky on the recent New Jersey Federal District Court decision (U.S. vs. Kungys) in which the judge ruled against the Justice Depart– ment's Office of Special investigations and scored its use of Soviet-supplied evidence in the trial. The annual meeting also screened the half-hour film "The Demjanjuk Trial: A Moment in History." produced by the Jewish Anti-Defamation League of the B'nai B'rith, about a Cleveland-area Ukrainian American who is the object of denaturalization procedures. The film was purchased for reviewjointly by the UABA and the Ukrainian American Professionals and Businesspersons Association. The discussion after the screening was lively and resulted in a consensus that the Ukrainian commu– nith, as a whole, was presented not (Continued on page 15)
1,500 in Australia protest famine
CANBERRA, Australia - A crowd of more than 1,504) Ukrainian dem– onstrators clashed with police outside the Soviet Embassy here on October 15 during a march to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the man-made famine in Ukraine. The Sunday Telegraph in Sydney reported that a middle-aged man collapsed and died of an apparent heart attack in the melee, it said several people were detained by police after the crowd tried to storm the embassy. At the height of the protest a smoke grenade was thrown, and the police had to call in reinforcements, the paper said. The demonstration was part of a weekend famine commemoration, which attracted busloads of Ukrainians and supporters. The protest started with a church service and then a march to Parliament House where seven coffins - represent– ing the 7 million who died in the famine - were carried to the steps of the building. The demonstrators then pro– ceeded to the embassy, many shouting anti-Soviet slogans. On October 17, The Australian car– ried an editorial commenting on the demonstration and on the famine. Headlined "Sad But Timely Reminder," the editorial stated that the famine anniversary and the demonstration before the Soviet Embassy have reminded the world that it would be "irresponsible to ignore the fate of the. Ukraine as an example of what could happen to us if Soviet power was offered no resistance."
WCFU committee sets agenda for upcoming world conclave
TORONTO - The WCFU Organiz– ing Committee held its business meeting on October 18 and 19 to discuss the upcoming Fourth Congress of the World Congress of Free Ukrainians (WCFU) slated to be held from November 30 to December 4 in Toronto. WCFU Presi– dent lvan Bazarko presided at the sessions. Congress program The WCFU congress will be held at the Hilton Harbour Castle, 1 Harbour Square (Lake Shore and Bay), with the following agenda. a Wednesday, November 30: at 7:30 p.m. — official opening, greetings, election of committees. a Thursday, December 1: 9 a.m. reports of executive organs, discussion and acceptance of reports, luncheon; 7 p.m. - committee sessions. " Friday, December 2: 9 a.m. addresses, discussion, luncheon, (spon– sored by the government of the Pro– vince of Ontario); 7 p.m. — sessions of committees. a Saturday, December 3: 1983, 9 a.m. — reports of committees; election of WCFU executive organs, adoption of resolutions; 6 p.m. — banquet (cocktails at 6 p.m., dinner at 7 p.m.). a Sunday, December 4: 11:30a.m. Mournful Manifestation at Maple Leaf Gardens (tickets: 58 and S10). Speakers Dr. Mykola Kushpeta, vice chairman of the preparatory committee and coordinator of the Fourtfi WCFU Congress, reported that Brian Mul– roney, leader of the Opposition, will be the principal speaker at the Mournful Manifestation. Other guest speakers at the congress will be Stephen Terlecky. newly elected member of the British Parliament, who will speak both in Ukrainian-ahd English about the 1932-33 famine in Ukraine. Three other addresses will deal with the millennium of Christianity in Ukraine, the Russification of Ukraine, and the tasks of the WCFU for forthcoming years. Also planned are meetings of special WCFU delegations with Ontario Pre– mier William Davis and Toronto city authorities. it was also decided to invite to the congress as honored guests representa– tives of the world congresses of the Polish, Byelorussian, Lithuanian, Jewish, Latvian, Estonian, Slovak and Hungarian groups. As well as diplo– matic representatives of the countries from which Ukrainian delegates will arrive for the Congress. Special receptions will be arranged for delegates from South America, Australia and Europe under the spon– sorship of the Toronto branch of the Ukrainian Canadian Committee. Manifestation On Sunday, December 4, there will be held a Mournful Manifestation at Maple Leaf Gardens in memory of the 7 million Ukrainian men, women and children who died during the famine in Ukraine in 1932 and 1933. The program will include an ecumenical requiem service lead by the clergy and hiexarchs of all Ukrainian Churches; the presenta– tion of colors by Ukrainian youth and veterans' organizations. The entertainment part of the Mourn– ful Manifestation will feature the united choruses of Toronto under the direction of Zenovius Lawryshyn and the united youth ensembles of young bandurists under the leadership of Hryhory Ky– tasty. At the meeting it was decided to publish an updated English-langua; (Continued on page 15) ";
300 attend Connecticut famine service
HARTFORD, Conn. - Nearly 300 people, including Gov. William O'Neill, attended a memorial service for the victims of the Great Famine in Ukraine held here at the State Senate Chamber on September 29. The afternoon program, which was hosted by State Sen. Joseph Harper, included opening remarks by Dr. Yaro– slav Turkalo, chairman of the Con– necticut Commemoration Committee, and the lighting of seven candles byarea teenagers. Each candle represented 1 million victims of the famine. After an invocation by Bishop Basil Losten of Stamford, the keynote address was delivered by Dr. James Mace of the Harvard Ukrainian Research institute, who is researching a book on the famine by Robert Conquest. Gov. O'Neill then delivered a brief address, and read his proclamation designating September 29 as Ukrainian Famine Commemoration Day in the state. Other speakers included Secretary of State Julie Tashjian; Orest Dubno. commissioner of the Department of Revenue Services; Prof. Stanislaus Blejwas, president of the Connecticut Polish American Congress; and Prof. Michael voskobiynyk, president of the Ukrainian Democratic Alliance, who survived the famine. The benediction was delivered by the Rev. Jakiw Norton of St. Mary's U– krainian Orthodox Church in New Britain, Conn. The commemoration committee also received a message from U.S. Sen. Christopher Dodd, who praised the commemoration for preventing "raon– strous deeds like the forced starvation of the Ukrainian people from recur– ring." Later that evening. Dr. Mace, Prof, voskobiynyk and Dr. Turkalo were guests on "The Peoples'Caucus,"a onehour call-in show on Connecticut public television. The program is hosted by Bob Douglas, who is of Ukrainian descent. A videotape of the show, which is broadcast on Thursdays from 9 to 10 p.m., will be presented to the Harvard Ukrainian Research institute.
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLV
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER ІЗ. 1983
UACC to plan 20th jubilee of Shevchenko Monument
NEW YORK - The newly re elected presidium of the Ukrainian American Coordinating Council held its first meeting here, at its headquarters in the Ukrainian National Home on Wednes– day. October 19. During its first meeting, chaired by UACC President John O. Flis, the presidium, which was re-elected at its national conference in Washington on Saturday, October 1, decided that among its first assignments is to plan the 20th anniversary celebrations of the unveiling of the Shevchenko Monu– ment in Washington. The anniversary is in May 1984. The proposition was presented in a letter written by the Supreme Execu– tive Committee of the UNA. it was accepted unanimously by the presi– dium. The UACC presidium also decided to ask the Washington branch of the National Committee to Commemorate Genocide victims' in Ukraine for its cooperation in this new effort. Mr Flic expressed the UACC's thanks to that committee for its dedicated work on the October 2 national commemoration of the famine anniversary. The participants of the meeting also underlined the necessity of establishing a New York-based office, with a fulltime office manager. They are presently
Ukrainian lawyer elected Edmonton mayor
by Mykhailo Bociurkiw
EDMONTON - Ukrainian Cana– dian lawyer and businessman Laurence Decore was elected mayor of the city of Edmonton on Monday, October 17. Mr. Decore, 43, is a former national chairman of the Canadian Consultative Council on Multiculturalism and pastpresident of the Ukrainian Professional and Business Club of Edmonton. An Edmonton alderman from 1974 to 1977, Mr. Decore was beaten by incumbent Cec Purves in the 1977 mayoral race by 9,000 votes. He professes a social conscience, but insists he is not anti-business, in fact, Mr. Decore is a successful developer of hotels, shopping malls and apartment buildings. He was at one time a fundraiser for former Liberal Cabinet Min– ister Jack Horner, and is a founder of Edmonton.'s first cable ТУ station. On.election night, he experienced a sweeping victoTy over the incumbent, Mr. Purves. A heavier-than-expected voter turnout gave Mr. Decore a com– manding led. Early results showed Mr. Decore with more than 73 percent of the vote, compared to Mr. Purves' 18 percent. Mr. Decore attributed his landslide victory to voters' inclination for change, tighter fiscal control, and a more accountable and responsive civic gov– ernment "Edmontonians believed it was time for a change." During the election campaign, Mr. Decore's opponent. Mayor Purves, ran a polarizing campaign that turned bitter to its final days. Mr. Purves trumpeted that he was a Conservative and accused Mr. Decore of having sympathies with the federal Liberals. The liberal tag has dogged Mr. Decore, who served as head of the federal multicultural council, and whose father, John, was the Liberal ' Member of Parliament for vegreville from 1949 to 1956. Large advertisements paid for by Edmonton millionaire Peter Pockling– ton which appeared in both of Edmon– ton's daily newspapers on election day suggested that a vote for Mr. Decore was a gift to Prime Minister Trudeau. The ad stated: "Pierre Elliot Trudeau would love to see a fellow Liberal like Laurence Decore as mayor of our capital city. Would you? Help retain free enterprise in Edmonton. Please vote for Cec Purves for mayor on October 17, 1983." The ads had worked against Mr. Purves, Mr. Decore said on election night. The two mayoral candidates locked horns most recently at the Ukrainian Professional and Business Club of Edmonton election forum where they clashed over fiscal policy. Mr. Decore called the past three years of a conten– tious City Hall a circus. During the
Detroit schedules famine commemorations
looking lor somcuiic to nil this position, in order to strengthen and spread the work of the UACC. The presidium also assigned its delegates to the Fourth World Congress TORONTO - Edward R. Schreyer. of Free Ukrainians. Dr. George Soltys was elected to serve as the UACC's the governor general of Canada, will representative at the banquet for the personally award the first Edward R. blessing of the Metropolitan Lypkivksy Schreyer Postdoctoral Fellowship in monument and at the 25th anniversary Ukrainian Studies at the University of of the Philadelphia Metropolia of the Toronto on November 16. At a special dinner inaugurating the Ukrainian Catholic Church. The UACC was established on Satur– newly created postdoctoral fellowship, day. May 14, in South Bound Brook, the governor general will present the N.J. The next UACC presidium meet– award to Dr. Steven velychenko, the ing is scheduled for Wednesday, first recipient of this academic prize. Worth 55,000, the Edward Schreyer November 16. Postdoctoral Fellowship was establish– ed earlier this year by the Chair of Ukrainian Studies Foundation, a nonprofit organization dedicated to serving campaign, he attacked Mr. Purves' Mr. Decore's greatest assets in the the financial needs of Canada's first record as financial manager, citing, for election campaign was his ability to Chair of Ukrainian Studies. The award is named in honor of Mr. example, the escalation of costs for the marshall the support of many different Schreyer, the first governor general of city's new convention center from S32 ethnic groups in the city. Canada of non Anglo-Celtic or French million to 582 million. "There's no doubt that because of his Mr. Purves was especially upset extensive work on behalf of multicul– background. when both daily newspapers. The Jour– turalism, he was well-known and the Dr. velychenko, 33, is a Canadian nal and The Sun, endorsed his oppo– work he has done was interpreted as citizen who received his doctorate in nent. He said it showed that they were support for the various multicultural history from the University of London out of touch. But. in the end, it became groups in the city, and that paid off in 1981. He did his undergraduate work abundantly clear that it isn't easy to handsomely for him at the polls," Mr. at Toronto's York University where he suddenly convince the voters that Koziak said. graduated with a bachelor of arts in having a Liberal as mayor would be a Mr. Decore followed up his victory 1972. dreadful thing. with a major housecleaning in the As the recipient of the first Edward After learning of his defeat. Mr. mayor's office. He advised the entire Schreyer Postdoctoral Fellowship, Dr. Purves laid the blame squarely on the office staff to clean out their desks to velychenko will spend the 1983-84 economy, saying when times are tough, make way for"his people." So far, he academic year in Toronto revising his people take it out on the mayor. Mr. has moved out three of Mr. Purves' Ph.D. dissertation, a study titled: "A Purves also admitted that he was "as long-lime secretaries and a receptionist. Survey of the interpretation of Ukrai– surprised as anybody" when early As an austerity move, he dumped Mr. nian History in Polish, Russian and results showed Mr. Decore with a clear Purve's 528,000 Lincoln limousine and Ukrainian Historiography." majority. dismissed the chauffeur. From now on, it is anticipated that the revised Mr. Decore becomes Edmonton's Mr. Decore says, he will drive his two- manuscript will one day be published in book form. second Ukrainian mayor. Before Mr. year-old Oldsmobile Cutlass. The mayor said that his priorities are Dr. velychenko was recommended Purves, Ukrainian Canadian William Hawrelak held office as mayor of the to streamline City Hall, get control of for the award by a University of Toron– civic finances and keep 1984 taxes to fellowships committee made up of city of Edmonton. As mayor, Mr. Decore will receive an annual salary of down. He also intends to introduce his representatives from the departments of 553,000, one-third of which is tax-free. election proposal of replacing the four history, political science and Slavic city commissioners with an executive languages and literatures. Mr. Decore's election to office has committee of aldermen to oversee civic According to Dr. Paul R. Magocsi, been greeted by many local ethnic affairs. leaders as a big step forward for multi– Mr. Decore and the 12 aldermen took the holder of the Chair of Ukrainian culturalism. in an interview with the office on the afternoon of Friday, Studies at the University of Toronto, Edmonton Journal, Municipal Affairs October 21, after being sworn in at City Dr. velychenko's dissertation is not only unique, but is most beneficial to Minister Julian Koziak said that one of Hall. Ukrainian scholarship. "One of the great problems of Eastern European history, and most particular– DETROlT - A Detroit area com– adjacent structure. For further infor– ly the history of Ukraine," explained Prof. Magocsi, "is the manner in which mittee is planning several events this mationcall (313) 577-3024. month to commemorate the 50th an– On Wednesday, November 16, the the whole area, including the Ukraine, is interpreted in radically different ways niversary of the Great Famine in U– Ukrainian community will sponsor a kraine. commemorative assembly on the steps by Russian historians, by Polish histo– rians, and by Ukrainian historians." On November 14, Prof. Assya Hu– of Michigan's Capitol in Lansing. mesky of the University of Michigan The program will be conducted by "Dr. velychenko is really the first will deliver a lecture on the "Spiritual Curtis Hertel, a member of the state person to have researched just how Search in Ukrainian Literature" as part House of Representatives. Gov. James these three"different approaches to the of the Ukrainian Studies Seminar Series J. Blanchard, House Speaker Gary history of Eastern Europe, in particular sponsored by the Slavic Languages and Owen. Majority and minority of the Ukraine, have evolved from the Literatures Department of Wayne State . leaders William Faust and Michael earliest Polish, the earliest Russian, and University and the Ukrainian Commu– Bush, have been invited to actively the earliest Ukrainian historians." nity Committee.. participate in this meeting. Prof. Magocsi says that Dr. vely– The lecture is scheduled to begin at 5 For further information contact p.m. in Room 225 in Manoogian Hall. Dr. Beck at (313) 866-0982, or chenko has systematically gone through Refreshments will be served at 4:30 Stephen M. Wichar Sr. at (313) 286- hundreds of texts, hundreds of monographs, and has provided a solid underp.m., and parking is available in an 6490. standing of just where the seemingly conflicting points of view originated and how they developed.
Schreyer Fellowship in Ukrainian studies to be presented
LA committee releases decal, postcard
LOS ANGELES - The local Geno– cide in Ukraine Commemorative Com– mittee has issued a memorial decal and postcard in observance of the 50th anniversary of the Great Famine. The decal features a trident encircled by barbed wire and an inscription in Ukrainian and English saying Genocide in Ukraine 1932, 1933. At the top of the d-ecal is a cross. Also available are candles bearing the decal.
The committee's commemorative postcard depicts a scene of murder and deportation during the Great Famine, it is a reproduction of a painting by Los Angeles artist Nadia Somko. t For information about the decals, candles and postcards, interested per– sons may write to Genocide in Ukraine Commemorative Committee, 4315 Melrose Ave., Los Angeles, Calif. 90029.
Although there are surveys of Ukrai– nian, Russian and Polish historio– graphy, there has never before been an attempt to compare all three as they relate specifically to Ukraine. The dinner, sponsored by the Chair of Ukrainian Studies Foundation, will be held at the University of Toronto's Faculty Club, it begins with cocktails at 6:30 p.m. and is by invitation and reservation only.
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER І З , 1983
Statements to Senate Foreign Relations Committee on famine resolution
Below are the texts of statements submitted to the Senate Foreign Rela– lions Committee on November 8 by Sens. Ernest F. Hollings and Pete Domenici, and Rep. Hamilton Fish Jr. which over 7 million Ukrainians starved to death. The purpose of this coldblooded extermination was to break the backbone of the peasantry in the drive to collectivize agriculture and to destroy all vestiges of Ukrainian nationalism as expressed in the culture, industrious– ness, productivity and pride of the Ukrainian people. Similar devastation was visited on the independent-minded Don and Kuban Cossacks and the volga Germans. Between 1926and 1937 at least 14 million people died during collectivization, while the Soviet go– vernment confiscated grain for foreign export and prohibited any relief mea– sures. These events, and the scant attention paid to the tragedy by the West, are described in a recent Wall Street Journal article written by Adrian Karatnycky. І wish to submit this article for the record.
Sen. Pete Domenici
Sen. Ernest F. Hollings
Mr. Chairman, 1 thank you for your prompt attention to Senate Concurrent Resolution 70 which 1 introduced just over one month ago with my friend, the senator from New Mexico, Mr. Dome– nici. This resolution now has 60 addi– tional co-sponsors, attesting to the significance of the event it commemo– rates and to the widely shared feelings it inspires among my colleagues. The resolution recalls a terrible example of the Soviet Union's delibe– rate and vast disregard for human life and human rights, in what must be counted as one of the great genocides of history, the Soviet government created an artificial famine in 1932-33 during
Following is a list of the 62 spon– sors and co-sponsors of S. Con. Res. 70. Paul S. Sarbanes (D-Md.) J. James Exon (R-Neb.) Dave Durenberger (R-Minn.) Joseph R Biden (D-Del.) Gary Hart (D-Colo.) Frank R. Lautenberg (D-N.J.) Dale Bumpers (D-Ark.) John Heinz (R-Pa.) Alan J. Dixon (D-lll.) Bill Bradley (D-N.J.) Quentin N. Burdick (D-N.D.) Robert Dole (R-Kan.) Daniel P. Moynihan (D-N.Y.) Richard G. Lugar (R-lnd.) Larry Pressler (R-S.D.) Mark O. Hatfield (R-Ore.) Jake Garn (R-Utah) Charles a. Percy (R-lll.) Dan Quayle (R-lnd.) Rudy Boschwitz (R-Minn.) Rudy Boschwitz (R-Minn.) John Glenn (D-Ohio) John Glenn (D-Ohio) Charles E. Grassley (R-lowa) Charles E. Grassley (R-lowa) Edward Zorinsky (D-Neb.) Edward Zorinsky (D-Neb.) Orrin G. Hatch (R-Utah) Orrin G. Hatch (R-Utah) William S. Cohen (R-Maine) William S. Cohen (R-Maine) Roger W. Jepsen (R-lowa) Roger W. Jepsen (R-lowa) Lloyd Bentsen (D-Tex.) Lloyd Bentsen (D-Tex.) William Proxmire (D-Wis.) William Proxmire (D-Wis.) Donald W. Riegle Jr. (D-Mich.) Donald W. Riegle Jr. (D-Mich.) Daniel K. lnouye (D-Hawaii) Daniel K. lnouye (D-Hawaii) Paul S. Trible Jr. (R-va.) Paul S. Trible Jr. (R-va.) James A. McClure (R-ldaho) James A. McClure (R-ldaho) Steven D Symms (R-ldaho) Steven D Symms (R-ldaho) Walter D. Huddleston iD-Ky.j Walter D. Huddleston iD-Ky.j Gordon J Humphrey (R-N.H.) Gordon J Humphrey (R-N.H.) Patrick J. Leahv (D-"vt ) Patrick J. Leahv (D-"vt ) John W. Warner (R-va.) John W. Warner (R-va.) Barry Goldwatei (R-Anz.i Barry Goldwatei (R-Anz.i William L. Armstrong (R-Colo.) William L. Armstrong (R-Colo.) Christopher j . Dodd (D-Conn . l Christopher j . Dodd (D-Conn . l Strom TTiurmond (R-S.C.) Strom TTiurmond (R-S.C.) Mark Andrews (R-N.D.) Mark Andrews (R-N.D.) Ted Stevens (R-Alaska) Ted Stevens (R-Alaska) Alan K. Simpson (R-Wyo.) Alan K. Simpson (R-Wyo.) Malcoim Wallop (R-Wyo.) Malcoim Wallop (R-Wyo.) Jesse Helms (R-N.C.) Jesse Helms (R-N.C.) Don Nickles (R-Okla.) Don Nickles (R-Okla.) Alan Cranston (D-Calif.) Alan Cranston (D-Calif.) Claiborne Pell (D-R.l.) Claiborne Pell (D-R.l.) Lawton Ch"iles (D-Fla.) Lawton Chiles (D-Fla.) Dennis DeConcini (D-Anz.) Dennis DeConcini (D-Anz.) Paula Hawkins (R-Fla.) Paula Hawkins (R-Fla.) John C. Stennis (D-Miss.) John C. Stennis (D-Miss.) Jennings Randolph (D-W. va.) Jennings Randolph (D-W. va.) John Melcher (D-Mont.) John Melcher (D-Mont.) Carl Levin (D-Mich.) Carl Levin (D-Mich.) Howard M. Metzenbaum (D– Howard M. Metzenbaum (D– Ohio) Ohio) Thomas F. Eagleton (D-Ohio) Thomas F. Eagleton (D-Ohio) Jeff Bingaman (D-N.M.) Jeff Bingaman (D-N.M.) Spark M. Matsunaga (D-Hawaii) Spark M. Matsunaga (D-Hawaii)
Mr. Chairman, tor far too long the world has been silent about a tragedy of such monumental proportions that one is astounded that so little is knownabout this event. 1 am referring to the Soviet man-made famine in Ukraine which took place 50 years ago. it is the only man-made famine in recorded history, in their zeal to create a "new world order"; to collectivize agriculture for ideological, political and economic reasons; and. to eradicate any sem– blance of nationalism or self-determina– tion among the Ukrainian people, Soviet authorities brutally murdered millions of Ukrainian men. women and children and then covered up the event. The number of individuals who perished during that man-made famine in 1932-33 has been estimated at about 7 Mr. Chairman, the resolution that million Ukrainians. Dr. Rov-.rt Conyou have before you breaks a long quest, the noted British historian who is silence and recognizes the enormity of presently researching the famine, has the famine, it also helps us recall that suggested that 7 million people may Soviet policies and behavior have even be a low estimate. But even if it changed little over the last half century, were only 7 million Ukrainians, that it tells us that the shooting down of the comes to an average of 10.000 men. Korean airliner with its 267 civilian women and children dying every day passengers in September was not an during l932and 1933at the handsol the isolated event, and reminds us that a Soviet authorities. government willing to exterminate an it has been said that the death of one average of over 10,000 of its own"people a day does not hesitate to kill another individual is a tragedy, the death of 269 for reasons of state or whim, it tells millions is a statistic. Perhaps that best us that a sober awareness of the moiiva– explains why it has been so difficult for tions and values informing Soviet many to even focus on the genocide behavior is an absolute requirement for which took place 50 years ago. The an effective U.S. policy toward the denials and cover-up by Soviet authori– USSR in all facets, including arms ties as well as the cover-up by many Western correspondents at that time control. adds to the lack of information that has Our resolution asks that the president been available. Facts, however, cannot set aside May 28. 1984, to commemo– be covered up forever, and sufficient rate the Ukrainian famine and call information about what happened and world attention to the tragedy, it also why has become available in the West asks the president to urge the Soviet now. government to lift restrictions on food Mr. Chairman, it is appropriate that parcels and other necessities sent by Senate Concurrent Resolution 70desig(Continued on page 13) nates May 28, 1984, as a day to com–
memorate the victims of thefamine in Ukraine, it was on Ma; 28, 1934, that Rep. Hamilton Fish of New York introduced the only resolution. House Resolution 399, regarding the famine. While the Congress did not act on that resolution because the Department of State for political reasons denied that a famine was taking place, it is still significant that, at least, one voice of protest was raised in the United States. Rather than go into all the details of what happened 50 years ago, 1 am submitting a brief summary of the famine in Ukraine forthe record,as well as a copy of House Resolution 399 of the 73rd Congress, lam also submitting a number of articles which have recently appeared in the Americaji press which acknowledges the existence of the famine, something which has too long been denied. (Continued on page 13)
Rep. Hamilton Fish Jr.
The history of civilization is full of many horrifying acts of man against man. in some ways it may be grotesque to commemorate mankind's darkest acts but 1 believe remembering is very important, memories educate. The resolution before this committee today is legislation that educates. Senate Concurrent Resolution 70. as you know, calls for a day of comme– moration and a day for remembering a holocaust of starvation. Fifty years ago, as a matter of state policy, the leadership of the Soviet Union enforced an artificial famine in Ukraine. Seven million Ukrainians were liquidated by brutal lingering starvation. They died for the convenience of the state. They were starved to help the state's organi– zation of the new order. As incredible as this atrocity was, it was almost lost to the free world. Contemporary news accounts were limited. Access to events within the Soviet Union was difficult. Europe and the United States were living the Great Depression. With fascism on the march, there was unrest in Europe. Distrac– tions of other events and the secretive policies of the Kremlin kept 'he free (Continued on page 13)
Expressing the sense of the Congress regarding actions the president should take to commemorate the anniversary of the Ukrainian famine of 1932-33. Whereas more than 7 million Ukrainians in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, one of the member republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, died of starvation during the years 1932-33; Whereas the famine was the consequence of deliberate policies of the government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics aiming to destroy the political, cultural and human right's of the Ukrainian people, and the economic, social and political consequences of this famine are still manifest among the Ukrainian population: Whereas the government ot the l nion of Soviet Socialist Republics, although fully aware of the famine in (he Ukraine and having complete control of the entire food supplies wnhin ns border, nevertheless failed to take relief measures to check the famine or io alleviate the catastrophic conditions resulting from it. and, furthermore, ignored the appeals of international organizations and other nations: and Whereas intercessions have been made at various times by the United States during the course ol us history on behalf of citizens of other countries who aie oppressed or persecuted by their governments, indicating that it has been the traditional policy ol the United States to lake cognizance of such invasions of human rights and liberties: Now. thcretore.-be it Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives concurring). That the Congress hereb,v condemns the systematic disregard for human life and for human rights and liberties that characterizes the policies of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, expresses sympathy for the millions of victims of such policies, and urges the president (1) to proclaim May 28. 1984. as a day to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the introduction of the original resolution by Congressman Hamilton Fish in the House of Representatives which focused attention on the Ukrainian famine–; (2) to call, through public ahd diplomatic channels, the attention of the world to the policies of the government of the Soviet Union which caused the slow death by famine of 7 million Ukrainians during 1932 through 1933 and to other similar policies of the government of the Soviet Union; and (3) to urge the government of the Soviet Union to remove current restrictions on the shipment of food parcels and other necessities HtSoviet citizens by private individuals and charitable organizations.
Hamilton Fish Jr. (R-N.Y.) is the son of Rep. Hamilton Fish Sr.,who introduced a similar resolution in the House in 1934.
The conclusion of "13th Congress' f aftermath: our struggle for unity and j law and order" by John O. Flis has! been postponed, due to technical reasons, until next week's Weekly.
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THE UvnAiNiAN WEEKLY
-i 13. . 9 8 3 ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ , ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ . N o . 46
in observance of The Weekly's 50th
The U.N. and Ukraine
in a recent letter to U.N. Ambassador Jeane Kirkpatrick, New Jersey Rep. Matthew Rinaldo urged her to introduce a resolution seeking to replace the Soviet-picked delegates from Ukraine with those more representative of the Ukrainian nation. He suggested that members ol the Ukrainian Helsinki Group have a far more legitimate right to represent the Ukrainian people than those selected by Ukraine's oppressor. Rep. Rinaldo is right, of course. But. unfortunately, being right means very little in the United Nations, which has become little more than a self-serving forum for member-countries, most of them decidedly anti-Western. The mechanics of such a resolution also pose a problem. First, the General Assembly must decide whether the issue is an important question warranting consideration, an unlikely eventuality given that the overwhelming majority of members are Third World or Communist countries. Even if such a decision were made. Article 18 of the U.N. Charter requires a two-thirds majority for approval. Given these obstacles, chances for passage of a resolution challenging the existing Ukrainian delegation are nil. So why bother trying? Because the issue is far from trivial, in fact, it would reveal the chimera of the U.N.'s avowed concern with decolonization and selfdetermination. Thus far, the United Nations has maintained a double standard in its interpretation of self-government. While encouraging the accelerated advance of colonies or dependent peoples in the Third World a toward independence, it has ignored the plight of countries subjugated by illegitimate Communist regimes. Even those who would accept the specious argument that Eastern European countries are self-governing because they are ruled by indigenous rather than extrinsic Communist regimes, would be hard pressed to apply it to Ukraine. The Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic was formed in 1919 only after the military defeat of the Ukrainian National Republic, the legitimate government of a free Ukraine. Western Ukraine was also annexed by force of arms after the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939. Ukraine, then, is a nation ruled by an occupying power. Clearly, the Kremlin pushed for the Ukrainian SSR to become a charter member of the U.N. only to bolster the illusion of ^ UJy'a'.O.'?.OAM,vWTO'JMLdJtS ensure, апо,фегpartisan vote. The same holds н true,foMhe Byelorussian SSR. у in i960, the United Nations adopted a declaration that proclaimed the necessity of bringing colonialism to a speedy and unconditional end. it declared that "the subjection of peoples to alien subjugation, domination and exploitation constitutes a denial of fundamental human rights, is contrary to the Charter of the United Nations and is an impediment to the promotion of world peace and cooperation." it also declared that "all peoples have the right to selWeterminatton; by virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development." ironically, the proposal to adopt the declaration was made by Nikita jj Khrushchev in a statement to the General Assembly in September 1960. Certainly, the United Nations is not going to decide thaia plebiscite be held in Ukraine so the people may decide their destiny, it is not going support a challenge to the legitimacy of the Ukrainian delegation. Political realities preclude such a move. But Rep. Rinaldo's suggestion that the United States raise the issue is useful because it would reaffirm the notion that the Soviet Union is a colonial empire, while openly challenging the degree of the U.N.'s commitment to genuine and univeral decolonization.
From our pages in 1936
This week, in continued observance of The Ukrainian Weekly s 5()lh anniversary, we publish excerpts of editorials from the year 1936. January 11, 1936: A matter deserving of serious consideration by our youth is that of some of our people changing their Ukrainian family names to what they consider is "American." Although this deplorable practice is not confined only to American Ukrainians but includes other foreign-nationality groups as well, still for us it assuTn.s a special significance in the light of the character of the Ukrainian immigration in America. various excuses are advanced by those changing their family names to conform with Anglo-Saxon standards, it is said that the Ukrainian name is hard to write in English and still more difficult to pronounce. Others say that a foreign-sounding family name is a decided hindrance in trade, business and profession. Still others change their names in an effort to shed as rapidly as possible every characteristic that stamps them as being of foreign descent, and thereby become "real" Americans. Glancing over these excuses one cannot help being struck by their flimsiness. There is absolutely no justification for them. Even the longest Ukrainian name is not difficult to manage in either the oral or written English language if it is spelled phonetically, with strict adherence to pronunciation. And as for the excuse that a name having a foreign tinge to it is a hindrance to one's career, one has but to look around and see the number of great business enterprises and persons high in the professional fields bearing foreign-sounding names, it is nothing but foolishness to suppose that a customer or a client who wants good service will go to the one who bears an "American" name in preference to one who will give him satisfaction for his money, if one cannot achieve success in his chosen field of work under his own name, what possible chances can he have masquerading under a different one. But after all, is it only a question of money involved? is there not something more significant attached to retaining one's centuries-old name than mere pecuniary values? is there no such thing as love and respect for one's family, honor, history and traditions? Does one not owe it to his parents to receive the good name of his family, add luster to it, and pass it on untarnished and intact to his progeny? ... We of Ukrainian descent are especially duty-bound to retain our Ukrainian family names. Our parents are among the latest arrivals and naturally they did not have the time nor opportunity to make any outstanding contributions to American development. Such opportunities, however, are confronting us now, young American Ukrainians. And there is no doubt but that we will rise to them. And yet, how will posterity judge our contributions to the development of this country if we lose our national identity by giving our Ukrainian names various Anglo-Saxon, Germanic and Scandinavian forms? Let us, therefore, retain and cherish our Ukrainian family names and show our American spirit not by petty superficialities but by real deeds.
June 20, 1936: Although the press is commonly regarded as the mirror of life, still there are times when the efficacy of its reflective qualities is a matter of grave doubt. We have in mind in this connection the complete absence of reports in the American press of the trial in Lviv of 23 young Ukrainians of both sexes on charges of revolutionary activity against Poland. Although the trial is unusually dramatic and significant, yet American newspaper correspondents pay no heed to it. it is indeed fortunate that we have here in America a Ukrainian press to portray for us such matters, otherwise we might never know what is going on over there. The defendants in this trial consist of young Ukrainians drawn from various walks of life, from the farm, from the city, from the poorer classes as well as from higher society. All of them are upright young men and women, well educated and belonging to the so-called intelligentsia. They now find themselves before the Polish court simply because of their Ukrainian patriotic activities. The specific charge brought against them is membership in the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists — an organization which arose in those dark days immediately after the world war when the newly arisen Western Ukrainian Republic, attacked on all sides by its various enemies, was finally overthrown by Polish forces; but only after the latter were aided by Allied help, especially by French money, ammunition, supplies, equipment and generals. The OUN strives by revolutionary means to regain this lost independence for the Ukrainian people. And that is why Poland makes every effort to stamp it out. ... Poland had fallen down miserably in the matter of a fair trial for these 23 young defendants, it absolutely refuses to permit them to give any such testimony, under the penalty of additional punishment, it refuses to permit the drawing aside of the curtain that would disclose how these young Ukrainians and others of their kind were persecuted from their childhood days for their Ukrainian nationalistic aspirations; how difficult Poland makes it for Ukrainian youth in general to obtain an education, simply because of their nationality; how well nigh impossible Poland makes it for Ukrainian professional men and women to make a living without renouncing their nationality; and how even today it forbids in schools the use of the word "Ukrainian." And yet, not satisfied with denying to these defendants their fundamental rights, Poland also makes every effort to make their trial as secret as possible. Especially do the Polish authorities forbid the reporting by newspapermen of any testimony given at the trial that might innure to the benefit of the Ukrainian cause. it is apparent that what Poland fears most is that the outside world might learn of the heroic attitude of the defendants and their devotion to Ukrainian ideals. This is borne out by the admission of Polish officials themselves, when they expressed their fear that news of this trial might have unpleasant repercussions for Polish reputation abroad. ... .v.y,:'', -. - v'.– w ; : . - . . (Continued on page 12)
President Ronald Reagan's recent decision to lift some economic restrictions against Poland is a mixed bag. While we hedge at supporting the removal of any punitive sanctions that may directly help the Jaruzelski junta, it should be noted that the president made it clear that the more damaging measures will remain in effect .until a national "dialogue" in Poland is restored. Although the United States has agreed to start talks on rescheduling the Si 1-15 billion Poland owes Western governments, this is small comfort to Mr. Jaruzelski. in fact, the talks could add to the economic pressure by obliging the Polish government to start paying back at least some of the interest that was frozen along with the debt talks following the imposition of martial law in 1981. Mr. Reagan's decision to allow Polish fishing in American waters does little to help the Polish economy. Moreover, the president made no mention of restoring Poland's most-favored-nation status, a move that would have helped the economy more. in the past. Gen. Jaruzelski has used the sanctions as an excuse for Poland's muddled economy. The partial lifting of sanctions will make it more difficult for him to use that rationalization, and will force the government to be more accountable for Poland's economic woes. While we are somewhat unsettled by any gestures that suggests business-asusual with Poland, it appears that Mr. Reagan has decided to scrap the more toothless and symbolic sanctions while keeping the ones with bite in place. " ^ ^ ^ ^ – ' t і — щ
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER І З , 1983
Media reports on famine
voice of America
JERSEY C1TY, N.J. - The voice of America on October 21 broadcast an editorial about the Great Famine in Ukraine. The full text of the editorial, as transcribed by a listener from a recording of the broadcast, appears below. As all vOA-editorialsdo,it reflects the views of the U.S. government.
This year marks the 50th anniversary of the Ukrainian famine of 1933. The Soviet government is hardly likely to plan an official commemoration, in fact, to this day, the Soviets have never even told their people the full story. But the outside world owes it to the memory of the victims to recall one of the most monstrous of Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin's crimes. The famine was largely the consequence of Stalin's policies of forced collective farming, which were carried out with a special vengeance in the traditionally LOS ANGELES - Channel 4, the NBC station in independent Ukraine. Though collectivization drasti– cally reduced farm production, it served Stalin's larger Los Angeles, made a brief comment about the Great purpose of social control. And the requistion of Famine (1932-33) during an editorial review of letters Ukraine's grain output for export provided the from its viewers on Tuesday, September 13. NBC's comment was in response to a letter from a government in Moscow with a major source of member of the Los Angeles Genocide in Ukraine revenue. Commemorative Committee. We will probably never know for sure how many Channel 4 said: "Finally, a Los Angeles man says people died during the drought and famine of 1932 and 1933. Certainly there were millions of victims - 7 NBC refuses to report on the Ukrainian genocide of million by some estimates. And the slow suffering was 1933, in which millions of peasants were systematically compounded by the government's refusal to admit the starved to death by Stalin for purely political existence of the famine and to permit international purposes." disaster relief. Even in the context of the brutality of the Stalin era, which caused massive suffering for people of all nationalities in the Soviet Union, this was one of history's larger political crimes. PASADENA, Calif. - The Great Famine in The same sort of disregard for huma,n life is evident among Stalin's successors in the Kremlin, it is Ukraine (1932-33) was cited in an article about drought and hunger in the October issue of The Plain manifested daily in the horrible suffering they are inflicting on the people in Afghanistan and in such Truth, a magazine published by the Worldwide grotesque incidents as the destruction of Korean Church of God. in a boxed story headlined the "Role of Politics in Airlines Flight 007. Today's Soviet leaders like to project an image of gentility and respectability, to give Famine," the magazine said that "few famines in the impression that the age of Stalinism is over. Their recent times can compare to the man-made Great Famine in the Ukraine in 1932-33." actions belie their words. Because most Western newspapers ignored the Stalin's successors are his heirs in another important respect. They continue to follow his policies of tragedy, the famine is not well known, the article said, stamping out any independent sense of nationalism in although it noted that William Henry Chamberlin of the regions they have seized — especially those, such as The Christian Science Monitor, managed to provide Ukraine and the Baltic states, where people continue accurate accounts. Mr. Chamberlin wrote that the famine would to adhere to their traditional religious faiths. Recalling events like the Great Ukrainian Famine of never have happened had not the state "swooped 1933 is not just a matter of respect for the memory of down" on the peasantry "with heavy requsitions" of its victims, it is also an important key to understand– grain. "As punishment for Ukrainian resistance to farm ing the nature of the Soviet empire today. collectivization, the Stalinist regime expropriated much of the Ukraine's grain," the article said. "The resulting man-made food shortage caused between 5 and 7 million deaths, according to the best estimates."
Bee, were two by Ukrainians who noted the Great Famine in Ukraine in commenting on the KAL tragedy. Alex Kachmar said he objected to the description of the pilot who shot down the Korean passenger plane as a "Soviet" pilot, noting that transcripts showed that he spoke Russian. "The Soviet Union is nothing but a Russian empire," wrote Mr. Kachmar, "so let's not con– demn accuse the peoples of the Russian empire for Russian crimes against humanity." He added: "in 1932-33 they created a famine in Ukraine that killedmillions of innocent people. Doesa couple hundred more matter to Czar Andropov?" John Stefanuk of Susanville wrote that "Russian Communists never murder anybody — they liqui– date." "This is what euphemisms mean to them,"he wrote. "They liquidated nearly 6 million Ukrainian farmers because farmers disagreed with Russian Communist occupiers of the Ukraine (1932-33)."
THE GREAT FAM1NE
Los Angeles Channel 4
This year marks the 50th anniversary ofone of history's most horrifying cases of genocide - the Soviet-made Great Famine of 1932-33. in which some 7 million Ukrainians perished. Relying on news from Svoboda and, later, The Ukrainian Weekly (which began publica– tion in October 1933), this column hopes to remind and inform Americans and Canadians of this terrible crime against humanity. By bringing other events worldwide into the picture as well, the column hopes to give a perspective on the state of the world in the years of Ukraine's Great Famine.
May 1-15, 1934
PART ХХХІХ On May l, the headlines in Svoboda read: "A New Famine Catastrophe in Ukraine." Accord– ing to reports from a Swiss newspaper, Ukraine, the richest land in the Soviet Union, once abundant with flour, buckwheat, sugar, fish, butter and fat, now lacked all of these products. The population continued to starve. The Ukrainian Bureau in Geneva commented on the Swiss story, stating that once again the people would go hungry and wondered whether once again the good deeds of the capitalist "bourgeois countries," would have to rescue the Soviets from a famine as they did 12 years earlier. . , On May 2. Svoboda reported that the purges of Ukrainians continued! Pravda wrote that' Stalin had once again instigated a purge in the Kiev city party organization. Svoboda reported on May 4 about news from the newspaper visti in Kharkiv. Pan of the Soviet plan was to make the regions of Dnipro– petrovske and Odessa textile-producing land by planting cotton. However, visti reported, the first harvest of these products was bad. The climatic conditions and the workers' poor organization contributed to this. News reports from Kharkiv were printed in Svoboda on May 5. They stated that at the Council of Commissars, reports on new con– struction said that a lack of needed materials had hampered progress. On May 8 Svoboda printed news reports from the Polish press about a revolutionary-terroist organization existing in eastern Ukraine. The Polish press reported that in the last few months, the organization, headed by an officer of the Ukrainian Army, had performed hundreds of acts of sabotage. Over 20 members of this organization had been arrested and threatened with the death penalty. According to new reports from Kharkiv. a wave of pre-Easter arrests took place in Soviet Ukraine. Among the people arrested were Ukrainian activists and young Ukrainian nationalists. Svoboda reported. Also on May 8, Svoboda printed a news item it had received from Paris. A French corres– pondent from Moscow reported that 150 people had been arrested in Kiev and charged with cannibalism. On May 9 Svoboda published a report from the Ukrainian News Bureau in London. The report stated that lately the English-language press in Britain had been publishing detailed reports about famine in Ukraine. The Soviets. worried about these reports, published denial statements in the London newspapers denying that there was famine. if indeed there were in problems in Ukraine, the Soviets attributed them to bad organization and uneducated workers, the Communist reports said. (Continued on pace 10) тмтмЛШШШшШШМіііваМтшшМШшш
The Plain Truth
W1NN1PEG —The August 7 issue of The Winnipeg Sun ran two letters from Ukrainians concerning the Great Famine in Ukraine, one responding to a letter that was critical of Peter Warren's July 15 article on the famine, and one praising the article. On July 27, the paper published a letter by Charles Biesick of Winnipeg, who said that Mr. Warren's 'charge that the Soviet government was behind the famine was misguided, and that the famine was the result of "incredibly difficult and chaotic times." Responding to Mr. Biesick's letter, Orysia Traczof Winnipeg accused him of "belonging to the same camp that truly believes that the Soviets were.invited into Afghanistan and are still welcome there." Noting that there are many Winnipege'rs who witnessed the ravages of the famine, Ms. Tracz added that scholars such as Dr. Robert Conquest have concluded that, based on solid evidence, the famine was the result of a deliberate policy. in his letter, Peter Manastyrsky, president of the Winnipeg Branch of the Ukrainian Canadian Com– mittee, thanked Mr. Warren for "expressing what truly transpired factually in the Ukraine half a century ago." -^^^^^^^
Harvard Summer Times
CAMBR1DGE, Mass. - The August 4 issue of The Harvard Summer Times included a story on a symbolic fast staged by students at the Harvard Ukrainian Summer institute to commemorate the Great Famine in Ukraine. in addition to the fast, the paper said the students set up a 24-hour information booth in front of Harvard's Holyoke Center. The purpose of the demonstration was to bring public attention to the famine and to gain enough public support to pass a congressional resolution officially condemning the famine.
ELLENviLLE, N. Y. - The September 15 issue of The Ellenville News carried two stories concerning the Great Famine in Ukraine (1932-33), one a historical account provied by the Ukrainian Commemorative Committee and the other a news item about a famine memorial held at the SUM-A grounds. The historical account, which included two grim photographs and was headlined "Ukrainians remember a man-made famine," traced events from Stalin's.destruction of the Ukrainian intellectual elites to the confiscation of grain.arrd foodstuffs, which (Continued on page ltf ' ' - "
SACRAMENTO, Calif. - Among the dozen letters about the Soviet downing of the Koreanjetliner printed in the September 8 issue of the Sacramento
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER ІЗ, 1983
UN ST AS Center in New York: dedicated to serving needs of Slavic population
by Dior Jadlickyj NEW YORK -– The UN1TAS Cen– ter for Human Services, at 57 St. Marks Place in Manhattan, which began operations on September 1, it is the first Slavic clinic offering a wide range of psychological and medical services especially designed to meet the specific needs of the populace speaking Ukrai– nian, Polish and other Slavic languages. . The idea of opening a Slavic clinic serving distressed persons with an East European background has its own long history. The first initiatives were made many years ago by the. local ethnic agencies, which were alarmed by the increasing indications of mental health 0 problems among Slavs. These people, who were in need of psychiatric care, could not easily be referred and helped by existing agencies and hospitals because of the language difficulties. This lack of mental health care has been ignored for many years. Psychia– tric help par excellence demands trust and understanding. The most impor– tant element of the recovery of a patient is his trust in a therapist. This cannot be achieved without proper commumca– tion in the same language, allied with the therapist's knowledge of the cultural background of the patient, in cases involving the East European popula– lhor Jadlickyj. a psychologist, is assistant director of the UN1TAS Center for Human Services. tion, treatment is best made by the doctors fluent in the Slavic languages. Surveys show that 75 percent of this population shows limited abilities in communicating in English. The growing problems raised by the issue of providing proper mental and medical services to the Slavs eventually caused many detailed surveys to be undertaken and completed by the end of 1982. The results of this research expedited to a great extent the opening of the UN1TAS Center. According to the obtained data, by the end of 1982, in the New York City area alone there were approximately 160,000 Ukrainians or people of Ukrai– nian descent, of whom 48,000 resided in Manhattan. The 1982 U.S. World Report indicates that there are nearly 8 million Poles in America, of whom approximately 1 million live in New York City. Also, medical reports fur– nish us with information that in any healthy society 20 percent would suffer because of psychosomatic illnesses including neuroses while 5 percent would show signs of more severe mental pathology. in the light of these statistics, it is rather shocking to realize that during more than 200 years of immigration to the United States, the Slavs, who were the largest group, did not establish a medical and psychological center to provide services and help for its own people. This attitude has caused many unnecessary situations which can no longer be tolerated. For example, in June of 1983 there were around 50 homeless Ukrainians in Manhattan shelters showing signs of mental health problems, and. left without any help because of their communication pro– blems and, thus, a lack of places for referral. A similar situation exists among Poles, whose concern for the prevention of mental health problems was always low. The alarming situation caused by these attitudes finally caused Slavs to call for its rectification. The opening of a medical center dealing with all our problems became a necessity. The UN1TAS Center for Human Services offers specially designed programs to meet the needs of Slavs. The programs include treatment of psychological and physical illnesses, therapy of alcoholism, family therapy, pastoral counseling, rehabilitation and social services. Rehabilitation is offered to those people suffering because of old age, the mentally sick, the handicapped,children with learning disabilities, and those who have brain damage resulting from strokes, personal distress and accidents. Social services include help in obtain– ing medical insurances, medicaid, medi– care, welfare and other assistance. UN1TAS is staffed by highly trained and multilingual professionals, who understand the importance and need for this institution for the good of our greater community. The opening of the clinic is due to the support of the most influential repre– sentatives of the Ukrainian and Polish population here in the greater New York area. Sincere thanks are due to the following who have written letters to the commissioners of mental health of the State of New York: Bishop Basil H. Losten, of Stamford; the Rev. Patrick Paschak OSBM, pastor of St. George Ukrainian Catholic Church; John O. Flis, supreme president of the Ukrai– nian National Association; Rep. Bill Green (R-N.Y.), the Ukrainian Na– tional Women's League of America, Branch 104. We encourage' all interested and in need of services of UN1TAS to visit the center or call (212) 982-6143 or 4739416.
Mazepa Foundation seeks membership
ROCKY H1LL, Conn. - The Ma– zepa Foundation inc. has begun a membership drive to enroljl Ukrainians and friends of Ukraine injhe founda– tion which has as its goal1 "opening a window on the world" to Ukrainian history,-culture, information. Dr. Zenon Matkiwsky, chairman of the foundation's board of trustees, reported that membership committees are being formed in New York, To– ronto, Chicago and other cities with significant Ukrainian populations. Additionally, prospective foundation members will be contacted via direct mail and through advertisments in leading Ukrainian publications. The non-profit Mazepa Foundation has already announced that an epic movie "Mazepa" will be its first major undertaking. "This is a project of immense proportions," says Dr. Matkiwsky, "and it can result in the Ukrainian story being presented as never before to a worldwide audience. However, it's going to cost a lot of money, and well need the support of Ukrainians everywhere to make it a reality." "We have no set fee for membership because we want to make it economi– cally possible for all who wish to join to do so." A handsome Founding Member wall plaque will be sent to every individual or group that contributes Si,000 or more. All membership contributions of over S50 will be acknowledged. Revenues realized by the foundation from the film "Mazepa" will be used to finance other films with Ukrainian themes, books, music, art and other cultural activities.
The Mazepa legend: replete with historical errors
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Mazepa J^urrdatron– t n c , which recently announced plans for an epic motion picture "Mazepa,"noted that previous attempts at portraying the legendary Ukrainian — ranging from grand opera to "horse opera" — have frequently been replete with histori– cal inaccuracies. What is more im– portant, by emphasizing one incon– sequential, gossipy (and probably apocryphal) incident, they have obscured Mazepa "s greatness, and in doing so, have delayed general recog– nition of his rightful place in world history. The producers of "Mazepa" said they are dedicated to setting the record straight. They emphasize that the film will be positive in its depic– tion of Mazepa and truly authentic in every way: story, costumes, scenery. To underscore their resolve, they are employing the expertise of Ukrainian authorities at York University, the University of Toronto, and Harvard University. Some of the great names in litera– ture, music and art - Byron, vol– taire, Defoe, Hugo, Delacroix, Liszt and Tchaikovsky among them — have contributed to the Mazepa ' legend. However, as stated by the author, Clarence A. Manning, "the focus too often was not on the great– ness of the Hetman but...a romantic canard that became early associated with his name." The now-familiar story of a young Mazepa being tied naked to a wild horse and sent on a cruel ride into the wilderness by a jealous husband has been disputed by knowledgeable histo– rians. Nevertheless, probably be– causc of the titillating nature of the tale, it has been perpetuated over the centuries. The story, according to historians, was first told by Jan ChryosUom Passek, an enemy of Mazepa in the Polish court. Later, it was used by the Polish king to explain Mazepa's return to Ukraine; and still later, by Czar Peter 1 in his campaign to discredit Mazepa. Whether true, such a spicy story propagated by powerful influences was bound to gain a measure of cre– dibility. And, when voltaire included it in his history of Charles Xll of Sweden, the fire of literary authenti– cation was ignited. , The accelerant was Lord Byron's famous "Mazzepa," published in 1818. The poem, which describes Mazepa's retreat from the disastrous Battle of Poltava, is actually a glow– ing tribute to Mazepa. However, the "incident" is included — as told to Charles by Mazepa —and, thanks to Byron's masterful description, the wild ride, rather than the poet's praise of Mazepa's noble character, has had the most enduring impact. in 1829, victor Hugo added to the momentum with his poem "Mazzepa" which was based, quite obviously, on the Byron version. Shortly after, the famed French painter, Ferdinand Delacroix, unveiled his "Mazeppa Among the Wolves." H. M. Milner's play "Mazzepa," presented at London's Theatre Royal in the 1930s, featured the wild ride, of course. Less understandable was the portrayal of Mazepa as a Tatar who, in the final act, returns to Poland and marries the object of his affection. A version of Milner's play was brought to the American stage by traveling theatrical companies prior to the Civil War. Dr. Orest Subtelny of York University, historical consul– tant for the "Mazepa" film, recently unearthed a reproduction of a poster used to advertise such a performance in Albany, New York, interestingly, the lead role, in this instance, was played by a woman. it is also worth noting that a story, "Mazepa, An Equestrian Burlesque," a vulgar satirization of Milner's drama, was published in 1856 during one of America's worst eras of "yellow journalism." Franz Liszt was only 7 years old when Byron's poem appeared and Peter illich Tchaikovsky would not be born for another 22 years. Yet, both looked to Byron for inspiration, and featured "Mazepa's ride" in their own works. Liszt's dramatic symphonic poem, "Mazzepa," introduced in the 1860s was not totally unflattering to Mazepa. However, Tchaikovsky's opera "Mazzepa," first performed in Moscow in 1884, was a bitter attack on the Ukrainian patriot. Almost 100 years have gone by since the Tchaikovsky opera was last performed. The Mazepa-inspired works of Byron, Hugo and the others have also passed into virtual obscu– rity, except for the most conscien– tious of special-interest scholars. The Mazepa foundation, in spon– soring the multi-million-dollar film production, "Mazepa," feels that the time is right, to present a true picture of the heroic Mazepa to the world. "There was never been any ques– tion about Mazepa's greatness," said Dr. Zenon Matkiwsky, chairman of Mazepa Foundation, "it's unfortu– nate that public knowledge of him is so limited. We plan to change that, and in a highly dramatic and me– morable way, with the film, 'Ma– zepa.' " "interestingly, we've come-full cycle. Now, we can portray Mazepa as a poet described him: venerable.' 'calm and bold,' 'the equal of Alex– ander the Great,' and a man whom 'thousands of Cossacks would follow anywhere.' " "The poet? Lord Byron."4v-v,'–,v
LUC supports seminary
S T A M F O R D , Conn. - At its golden anniversary convention held October 7-9 in Philadelphia, the League of Ukrainian Catholics of the United States passed a resolution supporting the St. Basil's College (Seminary) Endowment Fund. As a token of its support the League voted to donate Si.000 to the fund, in addition many members of the league have made personal contributions. The league has encouraged its chapters and councils to keep the endowment tund in mind as a worthy cause. Taxdeductible donations should be sent to: St. Basil's College Endowment Fund, 195 Glenbrook Road,.Stamford, Conn. 06902.
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER ІЗ, 1983
Panorama of Ukrainian culture in the Big Apple
by Helen Perozak Smindak
Ukrainians at the Mei
Paul Ptishka was the second artist on the bill in the impressive array of opera singers who appeared in the second half of the Metropolitan Opera Centennial Gala on October 22. Singing in Russian before a packed house, Mr. Plishka offered Prince Gremina's aria from Tchaikovsky's "Eugene Onegin," call– ing forth bravos and applause from the audience and the commept from Daily News' critic Bill Zakariasen that "a– mong basses, Paul Plishka was outstanding as usual." The applause lasted so long that Mr. Plishka returned to the stage to take another bow, then walk– ed off, smiling and waving to the crowd. The evening concert was part of an. eight-and-a-half-hour tribute to the. Met by almost 100 world-famous singers, several renowned conductors,' the Met orchestra, the chorus and' ballet. At the final curtain, Mr. Plishka joined Gala participants on stage in a rendition of "Happy Birthday." The" marathon performance was telecast live on Channel 13 with a stereo simul– cast on WQXR-FM, and taped Tv broadcasts of the concerts were shown later in the week. Mr. Plishka was seen - and heard on Channel 13 la"st September in a "Live from the Met" presentation, singing with Joan Sutherland in Donizetti's "Lucia di Lammermoor." The perfor– mance, taped in November 1982, was conducted by Richard Bonynge. This season, Mr. Plishka is appearing at the Met in verdi's "Don Carlo," "Ernani" and "Macbeth," Kurt Weill's "Mahagonny." Mozart's "Don Gio– vanni"and Berlioz's "LesTroyens."Mr. Plishka was in the cast of "LesTroyens" when the Met opened the season with this festive work, and Peter G. Davis of New York magazine wrote on October 10 that he enjoyed "Paul Plishka's velvet-voiced Narbal." As the Met begins its second century, it may be of interest to readers to note the Ukrainian contribution to this illustrious center of operatic music. The Met's current roster includes Mr. Plishka and Andrij Dobriansky, both of whom have been with the Met for over 20 years, in past years, ivanka Myhal of Toronto appeared in "Rigoletto" and "Madame Butterfly," Andrij Solovia– nenko of the Kiev Opera spent a couple of seasons as a guest tenor, and Yuriy Mnzurok of the Bolshoi Opera sang at the Met some years ago. Sometime around 1912, the title role of "Boris Godunov" was sung at the Met by Adam Didur, a native of Lviv whose . voice stuaents included Lydia Krushel–' nytsky, Eugenia Zarycka, ira Malaniuk and Teodor Teren-Yuskiw, now resi– dents of he United States. According to my esteemed colleague, Roman Sawycky, who writes the "Sounds and views" column for The Weekly and who provided much of this historical information, the late Myro– slav Skala-Starycky might have joined the Met were it not for a stroke of bad luck. Mr. Skala-Starycky, the first tenor of the Brussels Royal Lamonnae Theater who also sang with the Paris Opera, was scheduled to audition for Met director Rudolf Bing. When he arrived for "the audition, he found that Mr. Bing had been called out of the country on an urgent matter. Last spring, Serhei Kopchak, a U– krainian bass from Bratislava, sang the role of Boris when the Met's national touring.company presented "Boris
Godunov" in Cleveland. This year's Metropolitan Opera National Council auditions included two Ukrainian singers, soprano Joanne Kolomyec of Toronto and bass Stefan Szkafarowsky of Yonkers, N.Y. Miss Kolomyec, one of the 11 finalists selected by the council from among 2,000 hopefuls, won a 55,000 study grant. Mr. Szkafarowsky, who did not make the final round, received a scholarship to study at the Juilliard School and an offer to spend the summer season with the Cincinnati Opera.
They streamed across the verazzano– Narrows Bridge from Fort Wadsworth in Staten island, all 15,193 male and female competitors in New York City's 1^83 Marathon. Among them were runners whose names -had a decidely Ukrainian'sound - K"ozak, Balaban, Kornienko, Zamora, Kundrat, Cybriw– sky, Zadorozny, Martynick, Soroka, Trofimczufc, Kotelchuk, Brody, Sikor– ski, Duda, Hrinko and Rybak. ParLoktb,eir route tooklhem through Brooklyn's Greenpoint section, des– cribed by a Tv commentator following the marathon as "a friendly neighborhood of Germans, Poles and Ukrai– nians." Panting in the light rain, the .runners continued through a short section of Queens, crossed the Queensborough Bridge into Manhattan, ran up First Avenue, crossed bridges leading into and out of The Bronx, and com– pleted the 26-mile, 385-yard race with a stretch through upper Manhattan and Central Park to the finish line. Along the way, spectators lined the route, cheering and shouting encourage– ment. Bands played stirring music, and marathon assistants held out cups of water at official roadside water stations. Helicopters whirred overhead. For the runners, regardless of their finish time, it was a heady experience. Bill Chomin, participating in his fourth N.Y.C. Marathon, achieved his best time so far - 2:57:48. The 34-yearold Brooklyn resident, who has aq administrative job with the', state and runs eight to nine miles every day, says he felt more in control of himself this year. Two Queens residents required about a minute longer to complete the course than in 1982. John Tymczyn, 29, of Forest Hills, who works for the Con– soiidated Edison Company as an in– structor, chalked up a finish time of 3:07:43. Queens college student Joseph Smindak, 23, of Bayside Hills, com– pleted' the course in 2:48:37. A male runner who crossed the finish line at 2:50:18 wore a white T-shirt with a blue and yellow trident and the word Ukraine imprinted across the front of it. He was James O'Connell, a Ukrainianspeaking New Yorker of irish ancestry who works for the United States Catho– lic Conference. The rain caused pro– blems for the 42-year-old athlete, who wears glasses. He had trouble seeing through rain-streaked lenses, and he couldn't see the road and the puddlee– clearly without the specs. Otherwise, he might have bettered last year's time of 2:31:09. Last year, the weather was cool and sunny, without any precipitation to cloud Mr. O'Connell's view (see photo). Three runners scheduled to join the marathon who were unable-to run are still eligible,to take part in the 1984 race (Continued on page 10)
James O'Connell, a Ukrainian-speaking irishman, is seen above in a photo from last year's New York City Marathon, wearing a Ukraine t-shirt.
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Gerald Pylypchuk, champion archer, in training.
THE UKRAlУі, 1 WEEKLY
S u n . .1, NQVEMBER . J , 1983
No. 46 countries as well as" Eastern Europe. Andrew Lastowecky, presenting a telephone-answering machine to Mr. Shumeyko from the KT1 staff, explain– ed that it was proffered "not only because you are the boss of our boss, but because you are a great fellow to work with and be around."
(C ontinued from page 9) John Wowk, 30, of Staten island, who teaches biology ai John Dewey High School in Brooklyn, was prevented from running because of a minor injury, while Bohdan N. Czartorysky, 27, did not run this year because he has a heavy schedule of medical duties and psychia– tric studies. Dr. Michael J. Fedak, an eye surgeon in Cedarhurst, Long ls– land, missed his first marathon in six years due to another important en– deavor. He took an oral exam for board certification in Chicago during the marathon weekend , and passed it. The 32-year-old Pittsburgh native, who completed the 1982 marathon in 2:55:18, is scheduled to run an ultra-marathon - 50 miles and beyond - in valley Stream, Long island, on December 3.
Brooklynite Gerald Pylypchuk, 33, who took up archery in a Boy Scout program when he was 11, finished seventh in the men's standing in the archery world championships held in California in October. A story in the October 20 New York Times detailed his recent triumphs. Mr. Pylypchuk, a telephone repairman, Jias been competing regularly in major arcfiery tournaments for the past two years, even though he gets no compensation when he takes time off from work to compete. This year he finished third in the indoor national championships in Muncie, lnd., fourth in the Pan Ameri– can games in Caracas, venezuela, and third in the United States team trials for the world championships. His latest and biggest test came in the
During practice sessions in Long Beach, he was interviewed by national and international reporters for the first time in his career. Mr. Pylypchuk told a reporter, "Every time you shoot it's a challenge to make the next one better... it's myself competing against the ele– ments and 1 like the challenge of suppressing the pressures and bringing the body down to a calm'state and concentrating on what 1 should be doing." Reached by phone after he returned from the four-day competition, Mr. Pylypchuk said that American men set and broke records during the championships. His score in the second round was 1,294, just one point behind third-stand– ing Larry Smith; it was the best he has ever made, and he "felt good about it." (A perfect Score for two rounds, which has never been achieved by anyone, is 2.880.) A native of Saskatchewan, Canada, Mr. Pylypchuk moved to Brooklyn with his family in 1958. His father, Zenon Pylypchuk, who was in a con– centration camp in World War П, served as a tailor at the vatican for a few years before emigrating to South Ame– rica and later to Canada. The Brooklyn archer and his wife, Eileen Stensland, have two young daughters. Mr. Pylypchuk taught his wife archery and she has earned a spot on the United States women's team.
hosted the affair with the help of the travel agency staff and greeted the largest number of participants since the reunions for travelers to Ukraine and Eastern Europe were inaugurated in i960. - Highlight of the weekend was the
Sp'UFdav ("vci-iino rlinnpr-Няпге in the
A memorable weekend
it took in two anniversaries (a 35th and a 15th), a new melody discovered in Temopil, bandura music and regional folk dances, a sightseeing tour of Ukrainian communities in Yugoslavia, and some 300 revelers. Can you guess what it was? The event 1 refer to was the annual tour reunion of Kobasniuk Travel inc., of New York, held during the October 15-16 weekend of Soyuzivka. КТІ owner vera Kowbasniuk Shumeyko and her husband Anthony Shumeyko, who runs an insurance business, co-
veselka pavilion, with tour group divi– sion manager Barbara Bachynsky di– As customary for КТІ reunions, recting proceedings, introducing head hundreds of gifts donated by Swissair. table guests, she also presented Bill Lufthansa, Finnair and КІМ airlines Wagner, representing the Maryland went to lucky participants whose Casualtv Company, who wore a blue numbers were drawn in a lottery. arid yellow sash across his chest as selfAfterwards, everyone took to the dance appointed "Ambassador for Ukrainian floor for a round of polkas, waltzes and Affairs." Roma Pryma Bohachevsky's tangos to the music of the Hirniak Syzokryli Dancers whirled through orchestra before adjorning to the Pol– exciting, frolicsome dances in costumes tava villa for a sing-along and refresh– of the Hut'sul, УоГуп, Lemko and ments. Poltava regions of Ukraine. A trio of bandurists led by volodymyr Waskiw The new melody? That was a refrain of Newark, N.J., blended voices and for the song "Byla mene maty,"brought bandura music in a medley of Ukrainian back from Temopil this summer by tour songs. escort Andrew Farmiga and given an The two anniversaries came to light impromptu debut during dinner by the when Mrs. Shumeyko presented a gift КТІ Squares - Haiia Hirniak, Marts to her husband on the 35th anniversary Jacuszko, Dozia Lastowecky and Mr. of his start in the insurance business, Farmiga. commenting that his good will, patience, The weekend program included slide humor and competence had combined showings by Mrs. Lastowecky; Mrs. to build the business "to a very pro– Jacuszko and Myroslaw Kulynych of fessional degree." Later, as she handed a Jackson Heights, N.Y., of trips to bouquet of flowers of Mrs. Bachynsky as Ukraine this year, and by John Luchechko a token of appreciation for 15 years of of Jersey City, whose travelogue show– service with КТІ, she noted that Mrs. ed Ukrainian churches and parishioners Bachynsky had started with КТІ as a in Yugoslavia's Novi Sad, Ruski Krstur, novice and was now a top-flight pro– Sremska Mytrovica, Banja Luka, Zst– fesMonal planning tours to many greb and Kryzevci.
Ukrainian Museum receives federal grant
NEW YORK - The institute of Museum Services, a federal agency that offers operating and program support to the nation's museums, has awarded The Ukrainian Museuma 521,1 Hgrant for the fiscal year October 1983 to Stptember 1984. This is the third consecutive year that the museum has received support from the 1MS. The continued support of І MS to The Ukrainian Museum is based on the high quality and professionalism of the museum's operations, exhibitions and educational programs. Susan E. Phillips, director-designate of І MS, wrote in her letter to Maria Shust. notifying the museum of the award: "You can take great pride in the fact that your museum is one of 335 institutions receiving 1MS awards, and was selected from 1,126 applications from museums in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the virgin islands.
^Ц4ШМШР' she of theЕШ" Ш'Ж 1984 rado ? Шк?хіжТпіе
Olympic competition. Competing with 200 archers, Mr. Pylypchuk shot two rounds of 36 arrows each at a distance of 90, 70, 50 and 30 meters. His score: 2.557.
May 1-15, 1934
(Continued from page 7) On May 14. Svoboda printed news headlined: "in Ukraine There is Great Drought." Reports from Moscow stated that in Ukraine and the Caucasus there has been drought for two months. Jlie Soviets stated that this drought would mean a bad sowing season. They said that the populace was very worried because the drought would also mean famine. Officials in Moscow were also worried, the reports stated, because the drought would mean bad rcpercus– sions for them as well. That same day Svoboda reported on the bloody massacre which took place along the Dniester p-,ivcr on Easter. According to the story, datelined Bucharest, the Soviets shot the people who were praying during Easter on the Soviet Mdc on the river. The people had heard the bells of the churches on the Rumanian side toll, and they had dropped to their knees to pray. They were all shot dead by the Soviet border guards. On May 15. Svoboda printed news reports that vias Chubar was forced to resign as hcadof the government of the Ukrainian SSR by Pavel Postyshev and was transferred to a government post in Moscow. His place was taken by Panas Liubchenko. a Ukrainian.
Around the W r l d :
Engelbert Dollfuss became the dictator of Austria as the new Austrian Constitution took effect. Germany began buying up arms: the plan to arm Germany with fighter planes and guns was scheduled,to be,completed.by 1936, . ,
The ad, which noted that 7 million people starved to death during the man-made famine, quoted from The (Continued from pap? 7) Weekly's March 20 special issue of the famine, saying ultimately lead to mass starvation and the deaths of an that Moscow orchestrated the famine "to break the estimated 7 million people. will of an independent-minded and nationally The article said that the American news media conscious Ukrainian peasantry, secure collectivization suppressed reports of the holocaust in Ukraine and ensure industrialization." "because the aim of American foreign policy then was to recognize the legitimacy of the Soviet government." The story on the SUM-A observances said that several hundred people attended the memorial sponsored by the Committee of the Ukrainian NEW YORK - vermont Royster. in his column Communities in the Catskills. it said that the commemoration started with a "Thinking Things Over" published in the September candlelight liturgy in memory of the famine victims. 28 issue of The Wall Street Journal, mentioned the The program also included a dramatic reading from Great Famine in Ukraine (1932-33) as one of history's vasyl Barka's "The Yellow Prince." which deals with many examples of "man's inhumanity to man." in his column, which was titled "The Prevalence of the. famine, as well as several musical performances. Evil." Mr. Royster dealt with the nature of evil and its influence on the affairs of men. "in the Ukraine, 7 million were deliberately starved in the government-induced"famine of 1931-32," wrote Mr. Royster. "How many have been liquidated in the L1DCOMBE, Australia - The September 10-11 issue of The Weekend Australian.published a letter yea,r.s since World War 11, nobody knows." from Dr. Lev Havry!iv, in which he compared the Great Famine in Ukraine with the Soviet leadership's "indifference to human life" exemplified by the downing .of the Korean airliner. SASKATOON. Sask. - Former Ukrainian dissi– "The mentality of Soviet leaders is most clearly revealed by the (act that even after 50years the heirs ol dent Nadia Svitlychna's appearance at a bread-and– Stalin have not admitted that the famine occured." he water luncheon here commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Great Famine in Ukraine was the wrote. subject of a July 30 article in the Star Phoenix. Speaking at the luncheon, which was held at the University of Saskatchewan as part of the national convention of the Ukrainian Self-Reliance League, the NEW BRUNSW1CK, N.J. - The Rutgers Uni– 46-year-old philologist compared the Soviet occupa– versity Ukrainian Students Club took out a full-page tion of Afghanistan with the Great Famine, which ad in the September 28 Weekend section of the The resulted in the deaths of some 7 million people. Daily Targum, the school paper, to call attention to , "My purpose is te warn the world against the tHeiieth'amiiversary of the Great Famine imUkraine. repetition of such a holocaust."said the English textof (1932-03): - ; . v . -' .'.:-.-v .,.'.S. , ; ' her speech;.which was delivered.in Ukrainian. -'. . ..-'.
Wall Street Journal
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, NOVEMP R -, 1983
graduated law school in 1963 and received his master of laws in 1967 Following his call to the Manitoba Bar in 1963. Judge Glowacki was employed by the Manitoba Attorney General's Department as a crown attorney, doing both civil and criminal litigation. He has practiced with his present law firm since 1966. where he maintains mainly a corporate and commercial practice. He was named queen's counsel in 1977. Judge Glowacki is a member of the Canadian Bar Association and the Manitoba Bar Association where he was a chairman of its Environmental Law Subsection. He was elected a bencher of the Law Society of Mani– toba in 1980 and is a member of several of its subcommittees as well as the Practice Advisory Committee which assists recent graduates with their problems in the practice of law. Judge Glowacki has been active in his community by assisting in legal matters and serving as a voluntary worker for the United Way of Winnipeg. He is a member of the Ukrainian Professional Business Club of Winnipeg and has been on the executive since 1975, presently occupying the position of second vice president.
interviewed by Showbiz
Notes on people
Bandura builder profiled
WlNMPF.Ci Musician ken Bloom spends most of his lime these days concentrating on his favorite instru– ment, the bandura, the Winnipeg Free Press recently reported. However, the 38-year-old New Yorkbased musician and teacher has partici– pated in a variety of projects throughout his musical career, playing such instruments as the guitar, concert zither, clarinet and Northumbrian small pipes. Mr. Bloom, who currently keeps himself busy instructing students affili– atcd with the New York School of Bandura al the Ukrainian institute of America and teaching at the Guitar Study Genter of the New School lor Social Research, used to be one of the musicians who played for the Monkees on their hit Tv series. He told another reporter at the Winnipeg Sun that the Monkees did not know how to play musical instruments when the show began. Later. Mr. Bloom became one of the four members of Linda Ronstadt's band. The three other musicians who backed up Ms. Ronstadt. Glen Frey, Randy Meisner and Don Henley, went on to become The Eagles. Mr. Bloom continued pursuing his interest in the bandura, traveling around the United States and Canada to learn more about the 14th century instrument. He told the Winnipeg Free Press that what peaked his interest in the bandura was family history and tales of "the old country." He now makes custom-ordered ban– duras; he is one of only a handful of bandura bunders on this continent. He sells them fbr S600 and up. Of bandura building he says: "it's a very forgiving instrument to build, it's not as intricate as the guitar... in a very simplistic fashion, it's like making a big sandwich. Of course, there are a lot of refinements," he^adds. Mr. Bloom says that he also enjoys the bandura because it is well-suited to a wide range of (husic from traditional folk to classics. companies, as well as new concepts in space utilization. ' The conference was opened h) Dr. Richard Atkinson, chancellor ol the University ill California at San Diego; Dr. James Arnold, director ol the California Space institute; and Stewart Nozette. chairman of the conference. Dr. Harrison Schmitt. former senator from New Mexico and former astronaut, was the guest speaker at the conference banquet on Monday evening.
Comedian tours Canada
EDMONTON Ukrainian comic Don Ast has been traveling with his comedy act to conventions and festivals across Canada, the Winnipeg Press recently reported. Mr. Ast. known in his acts as Nestor Pistor, does routines in dialect, inter– preting stories and anecdotes as a fellow from the old country. He says that doing this racial humor is sometimes risky, especially in some of western Canada's ethnic cities, yet he has never "taken any bad heat." Mr. Ast's (or Mr. Pistor's) big break came when he subbed for comic Artc Johnson of "Laugh-in" fame in Prince George, B.C. The press reported that he was a smash hit. "1 grew up with broken English; it was my first language, if 1 was slurring anybody, i'd be slurring my parents. We have to learn to laugh at ourselves, then the good things will start to happen," he said.
Joy Brittan LAS vEGAS - Entertainer Joy Brittan was recently featured in an article in Showbiz Magazine, a l-as vegas entertainment world publication. Ms. Brittan, who performed at Soyu– zivka this summer, delighting the au– dience with bothUkrainian– and Englishlanguage songs, as well as her comic rendition of Dolly Parton, told her magazine interviewer about her Ukrai– nian roots. "l'm intensely proud to be Ukrainian and l'm deeply involved in the preserva– tion of the language and culture," she said. Currently in a Las vegas production at the MGM Grand titled "Jubilee," Ms. Brittan is one of the principal singers in the extravagant production. She was raised in Winnipeg, left home early and moved to Toronto where she attended the Conservatory of Music. During that time, she landed a role on a Canadian television show. However, she told her interviewer that television did not fulfill her creative desires and Ms. Brittan decided to go out on her own. She moved to Las vegas where her husband-manager helped her set up a Las vegas act titled "Joy." Ms. Brittan adds: "We were so good that we snagged a three-year contract with the Summa Corporation. We went to the Sands Regency Lounge and stayed there for a long time afterward." Today, Ms. Brittan is a known enter– tainer in the Las vegas area. When she leaves the "Jubilee" show, Ms. Brittan would like to travel around the world promoting Ukrainian culture, she said.
Loves Winnipeg home
Gets honorary doctorate
E D M O N T O N - Prof. George Shevelov of Columbia University rc– cently received an honorary doctor of letters degree from the University of Alberta here. Prof. Shevelov, a graduate of the University of Kharkiv and the Ukrai– nian Free University in Munich, has taught at various European and Ameri– can universities including Harvard, Michigan and. more recently, the Uni– versity of California at Berkeley and Los Angeles.
Completes medical studies
WINNIPEG - As soon as hockey season is over, most of the Winnipeg Jets flee the cold of Winnipeg and A past president of the Ukrainian escape to either their summer cottages, LA JOLLA, Calif. - UNA Supreme Academy of Arts and Sciences in the their parent's home's or 'he big cities. Advisor Eugene lwanciw recently ad- United States, Prof. Shevelov was However, Winnipeg Jet superstar dressed a University of California recognized for his many significant conference on space development. Mr. contributions to the field of Slavic Dale Hawerchuk can be seen walking the streets of Winnipeg in the spring, lwanciw is a professional staff member linguistics and philology. summer, fall and winter, the Winnipeg of the U.S. Senate Select Committee on His numerous publications include Sun recently reported. intelligence and is the committee's two monumental works: "A Prehistory space and technical expert. Unlike most of his teammates, the of Slavic: The Historical Phonology of The conference, held in La Jolla, Common Slavic" (1964) and "A Histo– 20-year-old center makes his home in Calif., on October 2 to 4,'was sponsored rical Phonology of the Ukrainian Lan– the city all year round. "The best part of by the University of California at San guage" (1979), the latter published by staying here year round is that l'm Diego and its California Space institute, Carl Winter Universitatsverlag(Heidel- allowed the time and the opportunity to it was attended by about 80 individuals berg) in association with the Canadian .make friends with people outside of from government, the academic world, institute of Ukrainian Studies, Univer– hockey," he says. ,j,– YONKERS, N:Y. - Larysa Hnatiw financial interests and the aerospace sity of Alberta. He doesn't even go visit his family recently completed her medical studies industry, it consisted of five conference anymore. They come to him. Both his at the Universidat Central del Este in sessions which addressed different parents and his grandparents spent a San Pedro de Macores in the Domini– aspects of the potential for commercially few weeks with the Calder Trophy viable, cost-effective space projects. The can Republic. OTTAWA - Theodore M. Glowacki winner this summer. He says that this A graduate of Maria Regina High five panels were: "Space Transportation: gives them the opportunity to see School, in Hartsdalc, N.Y., she belonged Low Cost Approaches," "Payload; of the Winnipeg law firm of Pitblado Winnipeg and how nice it is during this to the National Honor Society and was Spacecraft Designs," "Mission Oppor– and Hoskin, was appointed a judge of season. listed in Who's Who Among American tunities," "Mission Operations " and the County Court of the Eastern Judi– To keep himself occupied during the cial District (Winnipeg), Mark Mac– High School Students. Dr.,Hnatiw "LegaiyFinancial;'Regulatory issues." Mr. lwanciw, pa'rticipating in the Guigan, minister of justice and at– summer months, Mr. Hawerchuk took attended City College in New York. up golf; he is currently scoring in the She was born in Florence, S.C., but fifth session, discussed "Governmental torney general of Canada, recently the family moved to Yonkers, N.Y. Roles in Space Commercialization." ai...ou..ccd. He fills a newly created 70s. He can also dive into his pool at his home, (which he shares during the where she joined Plast and attended the Other issues raised in the three-day position. Judge Glowacki, a Ukrainian, re– hockey season with Scott Arniel and conference included commercial space local School of Ukrainian Studies. Brian Mutten). The peol has a huge Jet Dr. Hnatiw is a member of UNA boosters and upper stages, space mis– ceived his bachelor of arts degree from sions by small academic groups and the University of. Mamtobfc-in– І959, emblem emblazoned en the bottom. Branch 205 in Yonkers.
Addresses space parley
Appointed county judge
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
;UUAY, NOVEMBER І З , 1983
No. 46 examples of historians who were able to overcome their own cultural biases and to write accounts of events in their time that remain unsurpassed today. To this, others responded that an "internationa– lization of the discipline" could have positive effects, providing greater methodological controls and stimulat– ing the quality of historical research. The session on World War 11 opened with a presentation by Dr. Altshuler (Hebrew University) on Jews and U– krainians in the Soviet milieu. Aharon Weiss (Yad vashem) then spoke on relations in western Ukraine, 1941-44. While conceding that a few exceptional Ukrainians - among them the Metro– politan of Lviv Andrey Sheptytsky did take grave risks in order to protect Jews, Dr. Weiss stressed that this was hardly the rule. On the contrary, he charged, some sections of the Ukrai– nian national movement identified ideologically with the Nazis, even to the extent of favoring the extermination of Jews. Jaroslav Bilinsky (University of Delaware) attempted to propose a Ukrainian perspective, but was later challenged for trying excessiyely to smooth out and gloss over tragic oc– currences that demand a frank ap– praisal. The observations of the commenta– tor. Bohdan R. Bociurkiw (Carleton University), were very illuminating. Responding to Dr. Weiss s point about the ideology of Ukrainian nationalists, he noted that it was not fundamentally attracted to the racism of the Nazis. Rather, it was a question of competing perceptions - the Soviet invasion of Galicia in 1939 was seen as a catastrophe by Ukrainians and as a salvation by the Jews. The German invasion of 1941 inverted the perceptions of both groups. Consequently, Ukrainians "failed to see the signals," the real face of Nazism, as quickly as did the Jews. The final sessions of the conference focused on Jewish-Ukrainian relations in the contemporary period, both in the USSR and in North America. Here, as throughout the entire conference, genuine attempts were made by the participants to grapple honestly with difficult problems, in the hope that this would shed new light on these problems and thereby promote greater mutual understanding between Jews and U– krainians. At the close of the conlerence. parti– cipants and observers agreed"that it had been a success, and there was talk of future meetings on the same topic. As with previous McMaster conferences, it is expected that the proceedings of this meeting with be published in book form.
From our pages...
(Continued from page 6) July 18, 1936:
(Continued from page 1)
...Before us lies an old country Ukrainian newspaper open to the page on which there appears an article describing the wonderful time some of our vouna kinsmen abroad are having this summer at the various camps established for them by Ukrainian organizations. Reading it, we perceive that even though conditions there are far worse than here, still the value of such summer camps for the youth, especially those who are poor, is so well realized there that every possible effort is made yearly to bring them into being. And how successful these efforts are can be gleaned from the letters written by these young campers and published in the press. And so, reading all this, we wonder - why can't we have summer camps for our youth here in America? Practically every other nationality that helps to comprise American society has such summer camps for its youth. So why can't we? We realize very well, of course, the difficulties involved in setting up such camps. And yet we believe it can be done. Practically every Ukrainian community here has its church, perhaps a national home, various societies, composed of both young and old. Why can't any one or all of them take such a project under serious consideration? The matter is not as formidable as it may first seem. Plan out a campaign for the raising of funds to finance such a camp, carefully choose a likely site for it. appoint a good director to guide it, determine the numbe"r of young people it could accommodate, and then get down to hard work and make this camp an actuality if not this summer then at least the next. Some of our nationwide institutions could give this matter their serious consideration, too, especially now when they expend so much of their efforts and money in the attempt to attract youth to their ranks, it certainly would be worthwhile for them to consider the advisability of establishing such summer camps for those of this youth who show the greatest active interest in them and their welfare. For example, winners of the various membership drives and contests could have as their prize a stay at such a camp. There is no doubt but that a summer camp would be an ideal place to strengthen among our Ukrainian American youth the bonds of their common origin and mutual aspirations. . .
the Khmelnytskv uprising of io4X All agreed that the paucity of sources and the lack of prior research hampers modern historical study of the question. Frank Sysyn (Harvard), with an ex– cellent grasp of the historical context of the events of 1648-1649, argued that the Kozak pogrom was not directed exclu– sively toward Jews. Andrzej Kaminski (Georgetown) developed the view that the 17th century Polish nobility con– due'rd itself mainly in reaction to conditions and events, pointing out that there is no evidence to suggest that they had a consistent policy toward Ukrai– nian Jews. George Gajecky (Harvard) spoke about the social acceptance of the Jews within the Kozak Hetmanate, and indicated that ukases directed against the Jews were never implemented. Jaroslav Pelensky (University of iowa) challenged Jewish estimates of human losses, referring to them as "inflated." in the'ensuing question-and-answer period. Jewish scholars lost no time in taking Dr. Pelensky to task for this, and voiced their objections to his method of analysis. The main point, as they were to repeat several times in the course of the conference, was not to quibble about mathematics but to come to terms with a tragic moment in history. The next two sessions covered the 19th century up to the outbreak of World War'l. John-Paul Himka (Uni– versity of Alberta) exposed the inaccu– racies in the image of Jews that was fabricated by the anti-Semitic newspaper Batkivshchyna, while lvan L. Rudnytsky (University of Alberta) discussed 19th century Jewish-Ukrai– nian relations in light of the thought of Kostomarov, Drahomanovand Franko. Three sessions were devoted to the period after 1914. After the first series of papers — on World War 11 and its aftermath - Mordechai Altshuler expressed surprise that none of them had dealt specifically with the pogroms, in spite of their obvious impact on Jews in Ukraine. Conference organizer Peter Potichny explained that within the general theme, participants had been given a free hand in selecting topics and that there had been no imposition on the part of the organizers. A remark by the commentator. Paul R. Magocsi (University of Toronto) to the effect that perhaps only "future generations ol non-Ukrainians and non-Jews" will be able to propose objective and definitive assessments of the issues at hand sparked an interesting digression on the floor. Several scholars took issue uith this opinion, citing
Not to be missed in '84:
Ukrainian Canadian Opera Chorus Wolodymyr Kolesnyk, conductor Lydia Artymiw, pianist American Symphony Orchestra
THANKSGIVING DINNER at SOYUZIVKA
T h u r s d a y , N o v e m b e r 2 4 , 1 9 8 3 , at 1 p . m .
І TRADITIONAL І TURKEY DINNER Dinners by advance orders only Saturday. November 26. 1983 DANCE sponsored by UNWLA Br. 89 in Kerhonksen Featuring: ALEX 8. DORKO Orchestra
Woodcut bv 1 Hnudovskv
UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION ESTATE Kerhonkson, N.Y. 12446 or phone (914) 626-5641
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER ІЗ, 1983 at Radio Free Europe, there are 587 commissions in the Lviv oblast for the inculcation of Soviet festivals and rites, whose task it is "to extirpate religious Tnd national rites and traditions lrom the lives of believers." He has estimated that there are more than 3.000 atheist l e c t u r e r s , a n d 7,000 agitators in the oblast. and 450 Yaroslav Galan atheist clubs. in addition, methods of conducting propaganda against Catholicism and the U k r a i n i a n C a t h o l i c C h u r c h a r c developed at the lvan Franko State University in Lviv and at the institute of Social Sciences of the Ukrainian Aca– demy of Sciences. Moreover, the film industry c o n t i n u e s to p r o d u c e a n t i Catholic films, in the last two years, two films have been made in Ukraine por– traying the Ukrainian Catholic Church a n d its a c t i v i t i e s as h o s t i l e to the Ukrainian people. Titled "The False Halo" and "The Secrets of St. George's." they accuse the leadership ol the Church ol aiding the Nazi occupation of western Ukraine. it is easy to see why the apparent revival of the U k r a i n i a n Catholic Church is so nettlesome to authorities On the one hand, the Church in western Ukraine has always been a repository ol Ukrainian nationalist sentiment. On the other, as part of the greater Catholic Church, it has spiritual links to the other Eastern Rite Catholic Churches in the Soviet Union and the R o m a n Catholic Church in the Baltic republics and Byelorussia. Any revival of Catho– licism can be seen as a defeat for the government's attempts to instill atheism as a secular religion. Especially wornsome to authorities is Pope John Paul's goal to unite all Catholics which, given the pontiff's outspoken support of the Solidarity trade union in his native Poland, the Soviets interpret as another step to undermine state socialism in the USSR and Eastern Europe.
Now additional copies of
Rep. Hamilton Fish Jr. Outlawed Ukrainian...
(Continued from page 5) world from locusing on millions ol famished peasants and the devastation of death sweeping across Ukraine. With few exceptions the Western press was largely silent about this entirely new phenomenon - an artificial famine, a policy of slow death to break the will of a nation and to collectivize its agricul– ture. indeed, very little was known in the Congress about this unspeakable and indiscriminate extermination of inno– c e n t p e o p l e , it was with very little support that my father. Congressman Hamilton Fish, introduced a resolution to focus public attention on the brutal acts of Stalin. Sadly, my father's resolu– tion did not then attract great interest, nor did it gain much support, in fact, recently my father recalled that the Department of State said that there was insufficient evidence to s u p p o r t the a l l e g a t i o n s set out in his resolution about the famine. Sadly, the grisly truth has become apparent. At least 7 million dead, a grotesque distortion of a na– tionality, 7 million horrifying tragedies. І believe it is most Titling that your resolution proclaim May 28. 1984, a n a t i o n a l d a y to c o m m e m o r a t e the famine in Ukraine. As you know. May 28 will be the 50th anniversary of the introduction of my father's resolution. І support and endorse the passage of S e n a t e C o n c u r r e n t R e s o l u t i o n 70. it is so very important that the famine be remembered, its posthumous signifi– cance is part of the lesson we must always remember about the inhumanity and the brutality of Soviet communism. The famine was not simply a depraved act of Stalin's madness, it was an act of a system of grotesque, amoral, bar– barisms. A system which has followed enforced starvation with the concen– tration camps about which Solzhenitsyn has written, with aggression in Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, the invasion of Afghanistan and the murder of those aboard Korean Airlines flight 007. it is important that this resolution be reported out of this committee favorably. І urge you to do so. 'Continued from pace 2) continued persecution, in late І9К2 or early 1983. Mr. Terelia was arrested. His present whereabouts are not known. Early in 1983. the Smoloskyp Ukrai– nian information Service reported that a Ukrainian Catholic nun. identified as 29-year-old Maria Shwed. was beaten to death in L.viv by a gang of vigilantes from the Komsomol, the Communist youth league. The incident occurred in September 1982. it is extremely difficult to determine the n u m b e r of U k r a i n i a n C a t h o l i c s jailed specifically for their religious activities. Many are simply charged u n d e r c r i m i n a l or political s t a t u t e s rather than laws that specifically deal with religion. Hence, in his "List of Political Pri– s o n e r s i n t h e USSR."Cronid l.ubarskv. a former political prisoner, includes only four Ukrainians, all of them from Lviv, k n o w n to have been r e c e n t l y arrested for Church-related offenses. They are Mykhailo Hren. who was arrested in 1974, Oleksiy Huza.arrested in 1976. Mykhailo Klishch. who was taken into custody before 1974 and is currently in a special psychiatric hospi– tal. and Bohdan M e d r u n . a music teacher who was arrested in 1974 and charged with disseminating "Uniate p r o p a g a n d a " and nationalist poetry. The other weapon used by authorities a g a i n s t the C h u r c h is p r o p a g a n d a , which includes press attacks and articles d e n o u n c i n g the C h u r c h in l e a d i n g theoretical journals, in November 1981, the late first secretary of the all-union KGB. Semen Tsvigun. referred in the CPSU Central Committee journal Kommunist to the activity of the Ukrai– nian Catholic Church and the support it receives from abroad. The vast resources employed by the Soviets in this ideological counterpro– paganda in western Ukraine are the best e v i d e n c e of the t e n a c i o u s hold the Church continues to maintain on the population. According to lvan Hvat,a researcher
Sen. Ernest F. Hoffings
(Continued from page 5) private individuals from outside the USSR. Mr. Chairman, this resolution is an expression of outrage and sympathy for the 7 million Ukrainians who starved to death and for the millions of other individuals of other nationalities who have died tor Soviet reasons ol stale. The resolution has attracted widespread support from my colleagues on both sides of the aisle. І urge the Foreign Relations Committee to act swiftly in reporting it out. Дентист ОЛЬГА О Л Е Н К О
Профілактика хюріб пеон 1 іубіа. ЛІкумння 1 протезування. Косметична стомп-
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Order by writing or calling The Weekly at (201) 434-0237.
Sen. Pete Domenici
(Continued from page 5) Senate Concurrent Resolution 70, however, is more than a resolution to c o m m e m o r a t e an event of 50 years ago. While it calls upon the president to proclaim May 28. 1984, as a day to c o m m e m o r a t e , it also calls upon him to u r g e t h e g o v e r n m e n t of t h e Soviet Union to remove current restrictions on the shipment of food parcels and other necessities to Soviet citizens by private individuals and charitable organiza– tions. This provision was included in House Resolution 399 and i s a s r e l e v a ; j today as it was in 1934. Many American citizens with families in the Soviet Union ship parcels of necessities to their families. The USSR attempts todissuade them from this generosity by heavily taxing these parcels, often foranamount greater than the cost of the parcel itself. This injustice must come to an end. Mr. Chairman, it is time that the U n i t e d S t a t e s S e n a t e g o on r e c o r d condemning the only man-made famine in history, the famine in Ukraine during 1932-33 which claimed at least 7 million lives. Perhaps, had the United States a c t e d d e c i s i v e l y in 1934, t h e o t h e r , holocausts of this century would not h a v e o c c u r r e d . І s t r o n g l y urge t h e Foreign Relations Committee to favorably report Senate Concurrent Resolu– tion 70, which 1 co-sponsored, to the Senate, l also hope that the Senate will act quickly on this resolution:" - - - - - - -
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THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER І З , 1983
UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION
Monthly reports for September
D1SBURSEMENTS FOR SEPTEMBER 1983
TOTAL AS OF AUGUST 1983 GA1NS 1N SEPTEMBER 19(3 New members Reinstated Transferred in Change class in Transferred from Juv. Oept. TOTALS GA1NS: LOSSES 1N SEPTEMBER 1983 Suspended Transferred out Change of class out Transferred to adults Died Cash surrender Endowment matured Fully paid-up Reduced paid-up Extended insurance Cert, terminated TOTAL LOSSES: INACTIVE MEMBERSHIP GA1NS 1N SEPTEMBER 1983 Paid up
117 89 33 7 3 158 249
Paid To Or For Members: Cash Surrenders Endowments Matured Death Benefits interest On Death Benefits Reinsurance Premiums Paid Does From Members Returned indigent Benefits Disbursed Scholarships
J24.910.04 38,126.83 56,052.00 37.92 632.90 36230 930.00 5.150.00
Operating Expenses Real Estate "Svoboda" Operation Official Pubhcation-Svoboda Organizing Expenses Advertising Reward To Special Organizers Traveling Expenses - Special Organizers Total Payroll, insurance And Taxes Salaries Of Executive Officers Salaries Of Office Employees Employee Hospitalization Plan Premiums Taxes—Federal. State and City On Employee Wages Total General Expenses Bank Charges For Custodian Account Books And Periodicals General Office Maintenance Operating Expense Of Canadian Office Postage Printing And Stationery Rental Of Equipment And Services Telephone, Telegraph Traveling Expenses - General
35 23 5
J108.605.03 83,38738 60,000.00 J681.77 1,692.30 660.11 J3.034.18
- ' 59
67 34 58
511,625.01 39224.33 7,743.18 14,50120 J73.093.72
TOTAL GA1NS LOSSES 1N SEPTEMBER 1983 Died Cash surrender Weinstafed Lapsed TOTAL LOSSES TOTAL UNA MEMBERSHiP AS OF SEPT. 30.1983
3 12 3 5
15 21 11 5
18 33 14 10
3.624.97 2330 2,307.77 125.00 1.35330 71234 95953 10136 329383
Miscellaneous Auditing Committee Expense Expenses Of Annual Session investment Expense–Mortgages Loss On Bonds Youth Sports Activities Accrued interest On Bonds Donations
WALTER SOCHAN Supreme Secretary
J2.981.15 1300.00 275.00 13.03 1246.76 906.17 3,45030
iNCOME FOR SEPTEMBER 1983
DUES FROM MEMBERS income From "Svoboda" Operation investment income Bonds Real Estate Mortgage Loans Certificate Loans Stocks Banks
J213.999.76 92,593.91 S237.942.36 109,95326 23315.31 2,327.08 1,964.02 5,001.95 S381.103.98
investments Bonds Mortgages Stock Certificate Loans
J297.75O.00 125,00030 1,964.02 7,527.08
Disbursements For September 1983
Refunds Taxes-Federal, State S City On Employee Wages Taxes Held in Escrow Employee Hospitalization Plan Premiums Telephone Official Publication "Svoboda" investment Expense Printing And Stationary Advertising Endowment Matured Total Miscellaneous Donations To Fraternal Fund Profit On Bonds Sold Or Matured
Fund: S13.316.32 1,005.00 596.52 ' 9.17 16345.70 325.00 60.00 75.00 50000
S32.832.71 Total S 12,303.19 494.74 J49.014.530.90 Total Cash Jl.098254.35 Life insurance
J48.186.309.93 162,85043 29227736 272,769.44 90,323.14
Stocks Mortgage Loans Certificate Loans Real Estate Printing Plant 4 E.D.P. Equipment Loan To U.N.U.R.C. Copyrights
55451835 Fraternal 2,990,18058 816567.80 Orphans 644,39952 Old Age Home 224,093.06 8,400300.00 Emergency .... 1200.00
ULANA D1ACHUK Supreme Treasurer
Bonds Matured Or Sold Mortgages Repaid Certificate Loans Repaid Total income For September 1983
J490.646.20 82240.66 6,554.63
The UNA: more than an insurance company
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER І З , 1983
about the factors that compelled per– Also appointed were: a Scholarship One of the highlights of the weekend sons to list inaccurate information on Committee, which includes Mr. Stawn– convention was the Saturday evening (Continued from page 3) their papers. Given the widespread ychy, lvan Shandor and Sarah Mac– banquet. Entertainment wascharming– unsympathetically, however, there was nature of such inaccurate or forged Rae, to establish funding and disburse– ly provided by Luba and lrene Zawad– concern over perceived inaccuracies in documents, Mr. Brentar expressed ment systems for U ABA scholarships to iwsky, folk-costumed bandurists and the evidentiary issues raised during the disbelief that a judge would rely heavily worthy Ukrainian law students; a singers. Mr. Porytko made use of the actual trial. in his decision on evidence consisting of Human Rights Committee, chaired by occasion to transform his obligatory Several members of the local Ukrain– Soviet-provided identification card and past li ABA President Myroslaw Smor– presidential after-dinner speech into a ian community joined in the discussion. an immigration form, as occurred in the odsky; and a Ukrainian Legal Dic– humorous slide show that presented his George Samijlenko, head of the Com– Demjanjuk trial. tionary Committee, headed by Prof. own uniquely distorted vision of UABA mittee Against the Use of Soviet Evi– The UABA annual meeting formed a Anastas, to initiate work on a Ukrain– activity. dence (CAUSE) reported on meetings Committee on the Use of Soviet Evi– ian-English legal lexicon. Finally, Dr. Jaroslaw Padoch, a between local Ukrainian and Jewish dence, chaired by Mr. Rakowsky, to member of the UABA and president of community leaders during the course of continue the association's commitment in the elections of officers, the five the Shevchenko Scientific Society, the Demjanjuk trial and npted (hat to monitor denaturalization issues and outgoing officers were re-elected, al– addressed the banquet participants these meetings did succeed in diffusing - proceedings, and to keep association though with some changes in position. about "the 110th anniversary of the some of the tensions that had arisen members apprised of developments. Bohdan Shandor of Edison, N.J., was society. The following day, the UABA between the two groups as a result of The UABA also voiced its support of voted president. Other executive offic– passed a resolution saluting the society demonstrations near the courthouse. efforts by various groups to correct the ers are: Mr. Rakowsky, vice president; on its anniversary and approving a Another speaker was Jerome Bren– misuse of the terms "Ukraine,""Russia" Mr. Porytko, corresponding secretary; donation in support of its fine work. tar, an American of Croatian descent, and "Soviet Union," as well as to seek Mr. Stawnychy, recording secretary; The annual meeting concluded with who served as an American immigra– accurate references to Ukrainian his– І and Myron Gonko. treasurer. the selection of East Hanover, N.J., as tion processing official in Europe after tory and culture in the media and І The newly elected board of governors the site of the next mid-year meeting, World War 11. He spoke at length especially in educational textbooks. A is chaired by Prof. Anastas of Minne– which is scheduled for spring 1984, and about the assembly-line operations that committee, headed by BohdanShandor apolis, who teaches at the William the selection of Washington as the site forged identification documents in and Mr. Bazarko, was formed to ex– Mitchell School of Law. District of the eighth annual meeting slated for Europe after the war. about methods of plore concrete ways that the UABA representatives are: Mr. Futey of fall 1984. discovering obvious forgeries, and could assist in this work. Cleveland; Michael Waris of WashingMr. Waris, a tax partner in the ton; Bohdan Shandor of New Jersey; prestigious international law firm of and Taras Gawryk of Chicago. Two Baker and Mackenzie, offered to orga– Wednesday, November 30, at 10 a.m., nize the next annual meeting. while the opening of the congress will district representatives' positions Finally, UABA members set the take place at 7:30 p.m. on the same day. (Michigan and the West Coast) have yet (Continued from page 3) to be filled. Ms. MacRae of Minne– According to the decision of the 16th apolis was elected the law student groundwork for an intensive memberpamphlet about Ukraine and the World ship drive that will be spearheaded by plenary session of the WCFU Secreta– representative on the board. Congress of Free Ukrainians. Mr. Gonko in the next few months. riat, delegates are apportioned as Other aspects of the congress were follows: national organizations — three discussed by William Kiriliuk, chair- delegates; international — five deleFOR CHRISTMAS, BIRTHDAYS, ETC.. man of the organizing committee; Dr. gates; central representations — 20 GIVE A WORTHWILE AND LASTING GIFT: Bohdan Dolishny, registration; Dr. delegates; Ukrainian Catholic Church Frank Martyniuk, finances; Leonid Fil, - 20 delegates; Ukrainian Orthodox A UKRAINIAN GRAMMAR for BEGINNERS, banquet; Dr. Kushpeta, concert; and Church — 20 delegates; Ukrainian SELF-TEACHING Dr. Walter Dushnyck, press and infor– Baptists and Evangelicals - 10 deleBy Martha Wichorek mation. gates. Only those organizations which A 338 page (8v, x 11) introduction to the Ukrainian language, full of instruction and information, Taking part in the meeting, in addi– have remitted their membership dues glared especially to those who know little or no Ukrainian, in easy-to-understand English. Cost. 110.00. tion to those mentioned above, were: (including the 1983dues)totheWCFU, The only truly beginners Grammar published so far Wasyl Bezchlibnyk, the Rev. lvan will be qualified to take part in the if it is not available in your local Ukrainian store, send Я1.50 (Canadian - Ш.ОЩргі?е Syrotynsky, Alexandra Kowalska, congress. includes postage and packaging envelope) to Stephania Sawchuk, Dr. Yuriy Dany– The registration fee, which covers Martha Wichorek, U814 vassar Dr.. Detroit, Mich. 48235 liw, Maria Pidkowych, lrene Wrzes– three luncheons and the congress ban– newska and Dr. Petro Hlibowych. quet, is S75 (Canadian) or S65 (U.S.). At least 300 delegates have already The 17th plenary session of the WCFU Secretariat will be held on registered. FOR ONLY 2Ф PER DAY
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TUNE 1 TO N
A UKRAINIAN RADIO PROGRAM ON WPOW - 1330 AM FROM NEW YORK ^ EVERY THURSDAY AT 7:00 P.M.
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The low, low premiums for new A D D Certificates, issued after Oct. 1, 1983. are as follows: S6.50 Annually S3.35 Semi-annually S1.75 Quarterly .60 Monthly Premiums are the same for all members, age 16-55
ORGANIZING MEETING OF UNA BRANCHES
will be held Sunday. November 20, 1983 at 3:00 p.m. Ukrainian Civic Center, 831 Joseph Avenue. Rochester, N.Y.
All members of the District Committee. Convention Delegates and Branch Officers of the !oilovmg Branches are requested to attend:
"When was the last time your UNA branch sponsored an activity that was worth your while?
if your branch life is a little anemic, consider the UNA'S new Fraternal Activities Fund program. This year, 3 5 , 0 0 0 was allotted to the FAF. All UNA branches and districts are eligible for grants or matching funds in order to implement local fraternal activities W h a t is a fraternal activity? it can be as simple as helping elderly Ukrainians in your community, or sending needy youtns to Ukrainian camps or summer workshops Fraternal activities can also take place on a larger scale, through cultural or educational programs, re– creational activities, trips, etc The type of fraternal activities programs з UNA branch or District chooses to implement depends stnctiy upon its members. Fraternalism is what the U N A is all about, if you'd like to see more fraternal aciivit,es in your area, contact your local UNA зга.^С". Dffiee.4 м write to Maria Xorduba
36, 66. 89. 217. 285, 289, 316, 343, 367 and 437
PROGRAM: 1. 2. - 3. 4. 5. Opening Remarks Review of the orr-snizational work of the District during the past months Address by UNA Su'prime President DR. JOHN 0 FL!S Adoption of membership campaign plan for balance of 1983 Questions and answers, adjournment Meeting will be attended by D r . J o h n 0 . F l i S , UNA Supreme President W a l t e r H a w r y l a k , UNA Supreme Adviser REFRESHMENTS D. Prystaj, Secretary M. Lylak. Treasurer Walter Hawrylak, President
UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION .
30 Montgomery Street Ш Jersey City N 1 07302
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER І З , Ш З
яЬег 13 The Association of nalists of America, in vith the Ukrainian present a panel dis– 'erception of Ukraine І in America's News mposium will be held institute. 2 E. 79th St.
PREVIEW OF EVENTS
Weekend of November 19-20 EL1ZABETH, N . J . : The Blessed virgin Mary Senior Sodality at St. viadimir's. Ukrainian Catholic Church will hold, its holiday bazaar at St. viadimir school hall, 425 Grier Ave. Bazaar hours are 2 to 8 p.m. on Saturday and 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Sunday. Featured items will include Ukrainian ceramics, embroideries cards, toys, homemade breads,cakes, and handmade holiday wares. The Holy Name men's brotherhood will cater the Kitchen Kiev, where a traditional Ukrainian menu will be offered. AH proceeds will go for church needs. Saturday, November 19 JENK1NTOWN, Pa.: A free court reporting seminar, to acquaint the public with the rple ot the official court reporter and the general re– quirements needed for this unique job will be held at Manor Junior College. The keynote speaker for the half-day seminar, which begins at 9:30 a.m., will be Allen Kaplan, official court reporter for the District Court, Eastern District of Pennsyl– vania. Mr. Kaplan will discuss the role of the official court stenographer within the courtroom. Reservations for the seminar may be made by writing to Manor Junior College, Fox Chase Road and Forrest Ave– nue, Jenkintown, Pa. 19046 or by calling (215) 885-2360. CH1CAGO: The Ukrainian National Association will sponsor an evening dedicated to The Ukrainian Weekly in celebration of the newspaper's 50th anniversary. Geared toward students and young professionals, the event will include a presentation about the newspaper and the show– ing of a documentary film about Ukrainians in America. "Helm of Destiny." it will be held at 5:30 p.m. at Galan's Ukrainian Cafe, 2212 W. Chicago Ave. Sunday, November 20 CH1CAGO: The UNA Chicago Dis– trict Committee will hold a banquet in celebration of the 90th, 50th and 30th anniversaries, respectively, of Svoboda, The Ukrainian Weekly and veselka. The banquet will be held at 1 p.m. at St. Joseph's Ukrai– nian Catholic Church hall. Admission is Si2.50; tickets may be purchased from UNA branch secretaries. NEWARK, N.J.: The Mothers'Club of St. John the Baptist Ukrainian Catholic School will sponsor a play by Natalia Zabila about the founding jf Kiev titled "Troyanov : Dity," performed by Lydia Krushelnycky's theater group. The event will be held at Columbia High School, 17 Parker Ave., Maplewood, N.J., 07040. Admission is S8 for adults, S5 for children. Tickets are available at St. John's rectory (201) 371-1356 or Dnipro (201) 3738783 in Newark. WASH1NGTON: The Ukrainian National Women's League of Ame– rica Branch 78 will celebrate its 20th anniversary with a benefit concert featuring the Namysto vocal En– semble of Washington and the Ly–
man Dance Group from Baltimore. The concert will begin at 3:30 p.m. at the Holy Family Parish center. There will also be an art exhibit featuring the talents of branch members. All proceeds will go toward The Ukrai– nian Museum in New York. HORSHAM, Pa.: The Ukrainian American Sport Center, Tryzub, will hold the dedication and blessing ceremony of its new building in Horsham, on County Line and Lower State roads, it will take place at 2 p.m. NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Aca– demy of Arts and Sciences is spon– soring a lecture by Arcadi Trachuk, -titled "Ukrainian Workers Under the German Occupation, 1941-44." The program will begin at 2 p.m. at the academy's building, 206 W. 100th St. g Week of November 20-27 NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Artists І Association in the U.S.A. will hold І an exhibit of oils by Dionysi Scholdra. ,v The opening is on November 20 at 1 1 p.m. at the association, 136 Second І Ave. Gallery hours are weekdays from 6 to 8 p.m. and weekends from 1 І to 8 p.m. NEW YORK: The works of Ruta І Odrach Huryn will be featured in а І weeklong exhibit at the Ukrainian і Sports Club, 122 Second Ave. The ;J opening will be on Sunday, Novem– ber 20, at 1:30 p.m. Exhibit hours are from 5 to 10 p.m. For more infor– mation please call (212) 439-5019. PREviEW OF EvENTS, a listing of Ukrainian community events open to the public, is a service provided free of charge by The Weekly to the Ukrainian community. To have an event listed in this column, please send information (type of event, date, time, place, admission, spon– sor, etc.), along with the phone number of a person who may be reached during daytime hours for additional information, to: PRE– viEW OF EVENTS, The Ukrainian Weekly, 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, N.J. 07302. PLEASE NOTE: Preview items must be received one week before desired date of publication. No information will be taken over the phone. Preview items will be publish– ed only once (please note desired date of publication). All items are publish– ed at the discretion of the editorial staff and in accordance with available space.
Friday, November 18
NEW YORK: The third program of the Ukrainian Professionals' Friday evening series will be held tonight at 8 p.m. The workshop is titled "SelfMade Paths: learning from Success– ful Entrepreneurs." it will be held at the institute, 2 E. 79th St. Weekend of November 18-20 KERHONKSON, N.Y.: The 50th anniversary reunion of the Ukrai– nian Youth League of North Ame– rica will be held this weekend at ,Soyuzivka. Gene Woloshyn. chairman of the reunion, announced that the initial session on Saturday morn– ing at 10 a.m. will be very informal. Slava Surmach Mills will speak on the "Ukrainian Arts" book, Helen Mural Shipka will discuss "Trend," and Walter Bacad will discuss the foundation established by the UYL– NA. After each of these addresses there will be questions, answers and discussions. The balance of the sessions will be open to any dis– cussion, comments or reminiscing desired by the former,UYL-NA'ers. The entire weekend is being dedi– cated to enjoying old friends and memories of past years of the UYL– NA. 1 Cancellations have opened up a few rooms at Soyuzivka; their availa– bility can be determined by calling Ted Maksymowich at (305) 5342118. People who will be taking advantage of the Saturday atten– dance at the reunion must also make reservations with Mr. Maksymowich so that proper preparations can be made at the resort for lunch, the champagne cocktail party and ban– quet and dance. The cost of this package is S35 per person. Ted Shumeyko. Bob Hussar, Mike and Jennie Bocharand Johy Kuchmy are preparing a presentation of past years of the UYL-NA which will be given after the banquet Saturday night.
AB1NGTON-PH1LADELPH1A: A College Fair and Career Conference will be held today at the Ukrainian Educational and Cultural Center. 700 Cedar Road. Sponsored by the Shevchenko Educational Forum (Ukrainian American Educators) and the U.E.C.C. Student Group, the event will begin at 1 1 a.m. The College Fair will continue until 3 p.m.. and the Career Conference will begin at 1 p.m. Everyone is invited; admission is free. Representatives from various colleges and universities will be present to give information about their respective schools. Among the schools to be represented are Penn State, Temple, Holy Family, Scranton. Drexel, Manor, LaSalle, Phila– delphia Optomctry, Boston College, Hahnemann and the College of Performing Arts. Students and their parents will have the opportunity to talk with the recruiters about the curriculum, tuition, scholarship programs and financial aid available at each school. At the Career Conference, stu– dents will listen to six professionals give information and advice about their careers. Emphasis will be given to career preparation, employment opportunities, and individual choices. The following individuals will speak: Dr. Richard Hanusey (education); Dr. O. Kyzyma (medicine and op– tions for medical students); Daniel Maxymiuk (law); Martha Shypryke– vich (banking); Bohdan Siryj (en– gineering); and Joseph McMaster and Mary Rudakevych (government and civil service). There will be a question-and-answer period follow– ing each speaker's presentation.
YOU ARE CORDIALLY INVITED TO ATTEND
A RECEPTION AND PREVIEW OF PAINTINGS
BY THE ART1ST
ULAND UKRAINIAN B00 5 " CHRISTMAS
TRADtTlONS, FOLK CUSTOMS, AND REC1PES
RUTA ODRACH HURYN
at the Ukrainian Sports Club. 122 Second Ave.. New York, N.Y. on Sunday, November 2 0 , 1983 at 1:30 p.m. Exhibition hours: Sun.. Nov. 20 through Sun.. Nov. 27, 1983 from 5 p.m. to 10 p.m. Saturday and Sunday from 1:30 to 6 p.m.
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