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PUBLISHED BY THE UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION INC.. A FRATERNAL, NON-PROFIT ASSOCIATION ` "
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 3, 1982
CHRIST IS BORN
the Savior and will also be with our great martyred Ukrainian people. This vow we also make for our enslaved brethren who are found behind tightly enclosed armed borders and who per Christmas archpastoral letter of the severe in the faith, so that the fullness of Sobor of Bishops of the Ukrainian time might also come for them. Autocephaious Orthodox Church The shepherds whose hearts were jpure, proclaimed even prior to the Dear and beloved brethren in Christ:^ apostles, to all whom they encountered "But when the fullness of time had the wondrous hymns and told of the come, God sent His Son..." (Gal. IV:4) "glory of God revealed in the heavens, With these words the apostle instruct and of peace among people of good will ed the members of one of the original upon earth." Joyfully they returned Christian communities. He told them glorifying and praising God, and all that when the'people "were children" who heard were amazed at the things they were `serving under the elements of told by the shepherds as recorded by the the world, but when the fullness of Evangelist St. Luke. time came, the elements of .the .world The,Apostle St. Raul attested to this could no longer rule over people for the joyous wonder when he wrote that the former children became, through Christ, fullness of time was completed and courageous sons and heirs of God. The Christ "assumed the form of a servant fullness of time was perfected on that for which cause God has exalted Him glorious and exceptional night when and has given Him a name which is not only people, from the Magi to the above all names." (Phil. 11:7-9) shepherds, but the entire world, the May this Name, the Nativity in the stars and the angers were united and cave and the Good News of Christ be proclaimed the saving news. etched in our hearts so that we might Arduous and long was the road share our joy with our brethren who are travelled by man to that turning point in in bondage and bring to them, through time - the coming to earth of the Son the Christ Child, our radiant gifts of God. The result was that the barrier among which let there be our love and between heaven and earth was sundered our unity in Christ and for Christ. by the Nativity, suffering and Resurrec Christ is born! Glorify Him! tion of Christ. The human being who Mstyslav prior to this was separated from his Metropolitan Creator, became an heir of God. Today, we as heirs and as' ones saved from f . Mark sinfulness render praises of gratitude to Archbishop the Redeemer who, for our sake, came to
"Let there be love and unity..."
us. We come to Him, to His radiant manger, from the deep darkness of our sins and wanderings, with our many contradictions and our spiritual errors. And having come to His manger, we sense the star which guides us and the reality of the eternal world made known to us the enlightened by the celestial hymns of the angels. The Magi from the East opened their treasures and presented gifts to Christ. The shepherds also offered their preci ous gifts, filled with wonder and deeply moved in heart. We also present to the Savior gifts which are most precious to Him - our faith, love, unity anfr fraternal love which we manifest within the walls of the Holy Ukrainian Ortho dox Church which, by the will of God, arose beyond the borders of the father land to take the place of the hundreds of churches in pious Ukraine ruined by those who hate human beings. On this year's Christmas night, in hundreds of churches which wfc have built in the free world, we will offer to Christ our vow that today and through out our entire lives we will be with Christ
`` Antatolij Bishop Constantine Archbishop
A sifnvydav Christmas card from Ukraine which was published in the United States by Smoloskyp.
ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE CONVENTION OF THE UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, INC.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN TO THE SUPREME AND BRANCH OFFICERS AND TO ALL MEMBERS OF THE UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION THAT THE
30th REGULAR CONVENTION
UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, INC.
will be held in ROCHESTER, N. Y./at the Genesee Plaza/Holiday Inn Hotel beginning MAY 24, 1982 In accordance with the By-Laws of the UNA regarding election of delegates to the Convention, the qualifications for delegates, the number of delegates from each Branch and the credentials of delegates are as follows: The election of delegates and their alternates must be held within 60 Says of the announcement of the Convention. Since the Convention was announced on January 2, 1982, the 60-day term for election of delegates and their alternates ends on March 3rd, 1982. Delegates and their alternates to which the Branch is entitled shall be elected at a regular meeting of the Branch by the members present. Nominations shall be made from the floor and all candidates presented to the membership for vote. The candidate or candidates receiving the highest number of votes shall be elected delegates. The next immediate candidates, in
(Continued on p2ge 3)
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY. JANUARY 3. 1982
The Ukrainian Helsinki Group and national minorities in Ukraine
by Voiodymyr Malynkovych Ukrainian Helsinki Group member Reprinted by permissionfrom thefall issue of Smoloskyp, a Washingtonbased quarterly dealing with human rights affairs in Ukraine and Eastern Europe. Smoloskyp is published by the Helsinki Guarantees for Ukraine Com mittee and the Smoloskyp Ukrainian Information Service. Ukraine is a state with a population of SO million people. More than 20 percent of its citizens are non-Ukrai nians. It is natural that,the Ukrainian Helsinki Group, having taken upon itself the duty of monitoring the imple mentation of the provisions of the Helsinki Final Act on the republic's territory, also defends the rights of national minorities in Ukraine — the rights of Russians, Jews, Poles, Cri mean Tatars, and so on. The defense of the national rights of Ukrainians is, without a doubt, the most important task of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group, inasmuch as the pre sent level of Russification of Ukraine threatens the very existence of the Ukrainian people as a.nation (Yuriy Badzio even gave his. book on the present situation of the Ukrainian nation the title "The Right to Live"). Although it is the most important, the Ukrainian problem, however, is not the only serious problem in the republic. The Soviet Union is a totalitarian state, and the punitive organs of that state suppress every manifestation of dissent, including dissent among those who do not suffer from national oppression.1 Freedom of speech is being suppressed, as well as freedom of conscience and the freedom to receive and disseminate information. In essence, a human being is deprived even of the right to have personal convictions that in some way might differ from official dogma. Offi cial ideology is killing the individuality in human beings. The policy of Russification that is being implemented in the republics of the USSR brings great harm not only to the peoples of those republics, but also to Russians. It turns a Russian into a slave of an imperialist idea, a slave who does not know how to love and value other cultures and the national life of other peoples. It chokes in himlbelings of justice, tolerance and self-criticism, feelings which are so indispensable for him to take part in the process of' democratic tranformations of his own fatherland - Russia. Thus, the majo rity of Russians (and of Russified Ukrainians) received the occupation of Czechoslovakia by Soviet forces with undisguised approval, while in many Lithuanians, Estonians, Armenians and nationally conscious Ukrainians it brought out feelings of painand alarm.2 The policy of Russification has an especially negative effect on the con sciousness of those Russians who live in privileged positions in the national republics, including Ukraine. half years of concentration camps. Anatoliy Koryagin, a psychiatrist from Kharkiv who is a member of the Working Commission on the Use of Psychiatry for Political Purposes, actively worked with the Helsinki movement. He was sentenced this spring to 12 years'deprivation of liberty (seven years in strict-regimen concentra tion camps, followed by five years in exile). Nikolai Dragosh, Vyacheslav Igrunov and other Russian citizens of the Ukrainian republic have been impri soned for their human-rights activity. Lasting working relations and ties of friendship bind the Ukrainian Helsinki Group and the Moscow group, which openly acknowledges Ukraine's real right to national independence. Espe cially close is the cooperation between human-rights activists of different nationalities who are imprisoned toge ther. The signatures of Russian defenders of human rights Yuriy Orlov, Sergei Kovalev, Sergei Soldatov and Yegor Davydov are on documents that found their way from behind the barbed wires of the concentration camps, including documents on nationality problems, right alongside the signatures of Ukrai nian Helsinki Group members Mykola Rudenko, Oles Berdnyk, Vyacheslav Chornovil, Vasyl Stus, Oleksa Tykhy, Yuriy Shukhevych, Bohdan Rebryk, Mykola Matusevych and Myroslav Marynovych. The majority of Russian defenders of human rights agree that the imperialist policies of the Soviet state and the national oppression of the non-Russian peoples of the USSR must be opposed. "Such actions as forced deportation and genocide, the struggle against national liberation movements, the suppression of national culture, are, in general, the privilege of non-Russians," writes Nobel Peace Prize laureate Dr. Andrei Sakharov, and demands the passing of laws that would guarantee the right of secession/ Relations of solidarity between Ukrainian and Rus sian defenders of rights, which, though small, are the most influential of all the opposition groups, can become the guarantee of future friendship of the peoples of an independent Ukraine and Russia. | Obviously, we should not close our eyes to the fact that imperial attitudes do exist within certain human-rights circles in Russia. From my personal experience, it seems to" me that although the majority of the Russian population of Ukraine has a chauvinistic attitude, within its freethinking segment there is a deeper respect for the nationalright"of (Continued on pate 15)
Jobless dissident fears reprisals
NEW YORK - Valeriy Marchenko, a 34-year-old journalist, translator and publicist who recently completed an eight-year term of imprisonment for "anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda," has been unable to find work since his release in May and is afraid that as a result of his continued unemployment he will be sentenced for what the Soviets call "parasitism," reported the External Representation of the Ukrainian Hel sinki Group. Mr. Marchenko, who is chronically ill, has consistently been denied appro priate employment by the authorities. He has, however, been offered jobs which his extremely poor health pre cludes him from performing. Among the positions for which Mr. Marchenko has applied - and for which he was rejected for no apparent reason other than the fact that his record indicates he is a political dissi dent — are teacher of Ukrainian lan guage and literature, literary staff member of the journal Pravoslavnyi Visnyk, an opening in the automation department of Kievlift, and a position in the Central Research Library of the Academy of the Sciences of the Ukrai nian SSR. Most recently, on July 27, Mr. Mar chenko appeared in a letter to the chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR, asking him to help him get a job as a museum worker in the Kievan Pecherska Lavra historical reservation, and, thus, bring an end to the series of rejections he has received. Soon afterwards, Mr. Marchenko received word that he could obtain a job with the reservation, but only as a manual laborer or janitor —jobs that because of his poor health he cannot accept.
Kalynetses freed, return to Lviv
TORONTO - Ihor and Iryna Каїу– nets, who were sentenced in Lviv, Ukraine, in 1972 to six years in labor camps and three years' internal exile for "anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda," have recently completed their terms and have returned to Lviv, according to the newspaper Homin Ukrainy based here. The couple, both poets, were accused of granting permission for their poetry to be printed abroad, a charge they both denied. They also signed an appeal to the procurator general of the USSR asking permission to attend the trials of Ukrainian patriots and human-rights activists. Mr. Kalynets, who, like his wife, is 40 years old, was a popular poet before his arrest. His works appeared in such journals as Molod. A collection of his verse was also published. The Kalynetses, who have a child and family in Lviv, were also reportedly investigated for their association with a Ukrainian Catholic priest, who refused to join the Russian Orthodox Church. The Ukrainian Catholic Church is outlawed in the Soviet Union.
Milosz: Poland victim of Soviet aggression
BERKELEY, Calif. - Czeslaw Mi losz, the winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1980, said on December 27 that the martial law imposed on his native Poland marked "one more stage in the aggression on the part of the Soviet Union," reported United Press International. Mr. Milosz, a novelist and p'oet whose works were banned in Poland, said that Americans seemed not to have grasped the true meaning of the crisis. "There's a feeling that this is an internal affair of Poland and that these things are not connected to our lives," he said. "They have an effect on our fives because they mark one more stage in the aggression on the part of the Soviet Union." The 70-year-old author has been a professor of Slavic languages at the University of California since 1960. He said he had heard that many Americans believed that "Poland was economically in chaos because of the activities of Solidarity, which is not a true picture," UPI reported.
Jailed psychiatrist issues appeal
WASHINGTON - The London Times reported in its November 13 issue that Dr. Anatoly Koryagin, the Soviet psychiatrist who was given a 12-year sentence in May for opposing the use of psychiatry as a weapon against dissi dents, has issued an appeal calling for an international campaign by psychia tric organizations to resolve "the pro blem of psychiatric oppression of dissenters in various countries,"accord ing to the CSCE Digest. The Times story also indicated that the Royal College of Psychiatrists was to have voted on a resolution in mid(Continued on page 11)
1. It should be noted that the.rightsof Ukrainians are violated to the highest degree. A Ukrainian is, in reality, deprived of hisrightto a national life, to a history; that is, he is, in fact, deprived of hisrightto be a Ukrainian. Besides this, the KGB, fearing the growth of the national move ment, employs the crudest forms of repres Freethinking Russians living in U- sion against Ukrainians. As a result, 40 kraine understand this perfectly. They percent of all political prisoners are Ukrai actively help the Ukrainian Helsinki nians. Group in its work. 2. Times change, and today, 13 years later, On one of the last days of 1978 Viktor many Russians watch again with alarm, for the possibility of intervention ia Poland, Monblanov, a resident of Kiev and a ' Russian by nationality, went out on which is undergoing a democratic transfor mation. It seems to me that these changes, to Khreshchatyk Avenue. In the city's a significant degree, are the result of the central square he openly appealed to all activities of human-rights groups, including who had gathered to support the hu the Helsinki groups. man-rights movement and to aid the 3. A.D. Sakharov, "Ostrane і mire" (My arrested members of the Helsinki Country and-the World); New York, Клго– groups. For this he got four and one- nika Press, 1976, pp. 110-111, 132.
UkwtiSnweekty newspaper published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc., a maternal nonprofit association, at 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City NJ 07302 (The Ukrainian Weekly - USPS 570-870) The Weekly and Svoboda: UNA:
(201) 434-0237, 434-0807 (212) 227-4125
Yearly subscription rate: J8, UNA members Postmaster, send address changes to: THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
(201)451-2200 (212) 227-5250
P.O. Box 346
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Editor: Roma Sochan Hadzewycz Assistant editor: George Bohdan Zarycky
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 3. 1982
Reactions to events in Poland
UNA executives hold year-end meeting
JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Announce ment of the Regular 30th Convention of the Ukrainian National Association, as decreed by the UNA By-Laws, approval of a convention membership campaign, payment of 1982 dividends to members and a series of resolutions for the welfare of the UNA and its members, were the subjects of the year-end meet ing of the Supreme Executive Com mittee, held at the UNA Home Office on December 28-29. The meeting, chaired by Supreme President John O. Flis, was attended by Supreme Vice President Dr. Myron Kuropas, Supreme Director for Canada Sen. Paul Yuzyk, Supreme Vice Presi dent Mary Dushnyck, Supreme Secre tary Walter Sochan, Supreme Trea surer Ulana Diachuk and Supreme Organizer Wasyl Orichowsky. Also present were Supreme Auditing Com mittee Chairman John Hewryk, and for part of the meeting, Zenon Snylyk, editor-in-chief of Svoboda. The report-of the supreme treasurer informed of recent purchases of bonds and bank certificates of deposit for a total of 52,485,000; on the sale of bonds for 5940,000, on maturity of bonds totalling 5235,000, an approval of 5166,000 as dividends for 1982 to mem bers was approved. The report of the supreme secretary resulted in approval of a January 2 announcement in Svoboda and of a January 3 announcement in The Ukrai nian Weekly of the 30th Regular Con vention of the UNA. The announce ment will also inform of the March 3 deadline for electing delegates; that credentials in duplicate for the proper number of eligible delegates and alter nates will be mailed together with the January 1982 branch assessment lists, with instructions to return both copies of the credentials to the home office. Following the mailing of assessment lists and bills to branches, the home office will publish in Svoboda the addresses of secretaries of those branch es which will have less than the 75 members required to elect one delegate, in order to enable these branches to unite with others and elect a joint delegate and alternate. Details of preparations for the 30th Convention were reported by the su preme president, who is in constant contact and cooperation with the Con vention C,oramittee! in Rochester, N.Y., headed by the chalripan of the UNA District Committee, Walter Hawrylak. The Convention Committee's duties include publication of a souvenir con vention journal, presentation of а рге– convention concert program and of the convention banquet. The supreme organizer's presenta tion of a convention membership cam paign was accepted; its details will be published in both Svoboda and in The Weekly. The Supreme Executive Committee discussed and decided on the following resolutions: ^ to continue the services of fraternal insurance expert James Ballew on revision of old and introduction of new classes of insurance, preparation of promotional material, recruiting and training of new organizers; " to accept the proposal of film producer Slavko Nowytski that the documentary film on the Ukrainian settlement in America, be composed of two separate half-hour films, each constituting a complete phase; " to continue plans for building UNA senior citizens housing as condomi niums and to order plans for such from architect George Vojnovich; о to approve participation of the UNA in the Committee for Law and Order in the UCCA; о to publish in Svoboda and The Weekly the Resolution and Statement of the Supreme Executive Committee of the UNA regarding the declaration of 11 members of the Supreme Assem bly - members of the so-called "Com mittee for Law and Order in the UNA"; e to send a letter addressed to the president of the Polish Congress, Аіоу– sius Mazewski, expressing full support to Solidarity and to the whole Polish nation, in their quest for freedom; " to reaffirm, on the basis of recent correspondence, that there is only one legal UNA District Committee in Chi cago, i.e.. the committee under the chairmanship of Michael Olshansky; о to conclude an agreement with the University of Minnesota regarding preparation of an index of Svoboda and to investigate the possibilities of micro filming UNA archives by the same university; " to continue cooperation with Har vard University on a project to publish a documentary book regarding the 1930s famine-holocaust in Ukraine; о to update and publish as a separate book the section on "Churches in Ukraine" contained in Ukraine: A Concise Encyclopaedia, as a UNA contribution to the 1,000th anniversary celebration of Christianity in Ukraine.
LONDON - Amnesty International appealed to Poland's new military authorities on December 22, 1981, to release thousands of people who have been interned without being charged or even suspected of having committed any crime. In a letter to Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski, head of the Polish Military Council, the human-rights organization said mass round-ups and summary trials carried out under, martial law violated international standards. It called for the release of everyone interned, arrested or imprisoned for the non-violent exercise of basic rights. Amnesty International would consider everyone in this category a prisoner, of conscience, the worldwide movement said. The letter expressed fears for the health and safety of the thousands interned without charge, pointing out that many were reported to be held in cold, overcrowded conditions. It called attention to foreign press reports that several people had already died in internment. Calling for the revocation of intern ment, the letter said: "Amnesty Inter national believes that the provisions of internment have led to large-scale arbitrary detention." It said Amnesty International did not
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NEW YORK - The World Congress of Free Ukrainians has expressed its "unreserved moral support" for the "gallant struggle of the Polish people under The leadership of Solidarity." The statement of support`came in a mailgram the WCFU's president, Ivan Bazarko, sent on behalf of the WCFU Presidium to President John Kashuba of the Free World Polonia based in Toron to. The full text of the message follows. WCFU statement On behalf of the Presidium of the World Congress of Free Ukrainians,
(Continued on page 15)
ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE CONVENTION
(Continued from page 1)
NEW YORK - In a statement issued on December 16, 1981, by Maynard I. Wishner, president of the American Je wish Committee, the AJC said it "views with concern the imposition of martial law in Poland and the detention of Soli darity movement members and others there." The statement went on to note: "We earnestly hope that negotiation between the Polish authorities, Solida rity and Church leaders can bring a reversal of these acts, a renewal of recent trends toward'greater freedom and reform and peaceful resolution of the present crisis by the Polish people themselves, without outside interfe rence. "Aware of the plight of the Polish people at a time of food shortages and economic difficulty, we urge reinforce ment of private humanitarian efforts to relieve their suffering. Moreover, we urge that our government permit and facilitate the forwarding of such aid, and consider what else may be done to relieve this situation. "We further ask our government to show appropriate receptivity to the thousands of Poles now in Vienna seeking refuge in other lands."
order of vote, failing to qualify as delegates, shall be alternates to a number equaling the number of delegates elected. All tie votes involving alternates shall be immediately resolved by another ballot for the candidates involved. Each member shall be entitled to one vote for each delegate authorized to the Branch. Delegates and their alternates must be elected at the same regular Branch meeting. In the event that a delegate fails or is unable to attend a Convention, an alternate shall be seated in his place. and remain seated for the balance of the Convention. If a Branch has more than one delegate the seats of the absent delegates shall be occupied by alternates in the order of the highest number of votes received in the election. Only UNA members in good standing may be present at the meeting and vote for delegates and their alternates. A member in good standing is one who has a certificate of insurance in the UNA on which dues are being paid. A member who has transferred to extended insurance, or paid-up insurance, or is suspended, may not be present at the meeting nor can he (or she) vote. Members in good standing may vote for delegates and their alternates only in that Branch where they pay dues to the fraternal fund. No vote by proxy shall be allowed. Only those members may be elected as delegates or alternates who are in good standing and have all the qualifications for an officer of the Branch, i.e., have been members of the UN A not less than one year and of their Branch not less than six months and in which they pay dues to the fraternal fund, are over 18 years of age, are of Ukrainian nationality or descent and are not supreme officers or assembly officers, agents or salesmen of any other similar fraternal organization or life insurance company, and are fulfilling all obligations toward the UNA, in particular, have shown active participation in organizational and promotional work for the UNA. No person shall be eligible for delegate or alternate who at any time unjustifiably or maliciously instituted or caused to be instituted any suit, action, or proceeding against the UNA either on his own behalf or on behalf of any other member. . Every duly established Branch in good standing in the Association, having 75 or more members who pay in such Branch dues to the fraternal fund ,of,the- UNA, shall be entitled to representation and vote on all matters to be acted upon at the Convention as follows: Branches having 75 to 149 members inclusive, one delegate; those having 150 to 299 members inclusive, two delegates; those having 300 to 999 members inclusive, three delegates; those having 1.000 or more members, four delegates. Each delegate shall be entitled to one vote. No Branch shall be entitled to more than four votes. A Branch having less than 75 members, for the purpose of representation at the Convention, may unite with another Branch also having less than 75 members and if, when combined, the aggregate of the two Branches shall be no less than 75 members who pay dues in these Branches to the fraternal fund, they shall have therightto elect one delegate. Unless otherwise agreed by the mutual consent of both Branches, the Branch having the greater number of members shall be entitled to elect the і delegate, and the Branch having the lesser number of members, the alternate. A Branch which has not paid all dues and arrears to the UNA shall not be entitled to elect a delegate or delegates. Credentials of delegates and their alternates must be sent to the Home Office of the UNA within ten days of the election, but no later than sixty days prior to the Convention. Jersey СИу, NJ., January 2, 1982.
. !'. .. ,.'` v .'. ч і . -
SUPREME EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION: JOHN O. FLIS MYRON B. KUROPAS .Senator PAUL YUZYK MARY DUSHNYCK WALTER Y. SOCHAN ULANA M. DIACHUK WASYL ORICHOWSKY ' Supreme President Supreme Vice-President - Supreme Director for Canada Supreme Vice-PresfaJentess Supreme Secretary Supreme Treasurer Supreme Organizer
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 3, 1982
Abrams outlines human-rights policy
WASHINGTON - Elliot Abrams, who was sworn in on December 11 as the new assistant secretary of state for human rights and humanitarian affairs, told reporters several weeks ago that he plans to deviate from the high-profile human-rights policy of the previous administration and work through "pri vate diplomatic channels," particularly when friendly governments are in volved, reported the Associated Press. In alluding to the policy of the Carter Administration, the 33-year-old former Senate aide,said: "If your human-rights policy consists mostly of public speech es, then everyone will see what you're doing and you will get a great deal of credit for your efforts." He added: "In a sense, whether or not they work, you get an 'A` for effort." That, he said "is not a human-rights policy. It's public relations policy." Mr. Abrams did admit, however, that quiet diplomacy does have its problems. One "insoluble problem," he said, is that such an approach raises credibility questions. Commenting on the contention by former Argentine political prisoner Jacobo Timmerman that quiet diplo macy is a "policy of surrender," and former President Jimmy Carter's claim that because of his highly visible efforts, thousands of political prisoners around the world were set free, Mr. Abrams said that "it's very hard to say what precipitated" those releases. The key to the new policy will be flexible tactics, Mr. Abrams said. "I don4 have any predilection for any particular tactic - public condemna tion, diplomatic efforts', security and economic sanctions. The question is: What is likely to have the desired effectr
PetFO Andrusiw, artist/illustrator
Yuzyk criticizes Canadian Constitution
OTTAWA - In a speech before the Canadian Senate on December 8, 1981, Sen. Paul Yuzyk said that the new Canadian Constitution provides inade quate protection for the country's nonEnglish and non-French minorities, which comprise one-third of the Cana dian population. Referring to them as "the other Canadians," Sen. Yuzyk indicated that, although section 27 mentions the "pre servation and enhancement of the multicultural heritage of Canadians," the document contains "no provision for the ways and means of preserving and enhancing this multicultural heri tage and no provision preventing go vernments from opting out of this section." Noting that the charter guarantees full protection of French and English culture in section 16, which spells out Parliament's right to "advance the equality of status or use of English and French," Sen. Yuzyk added that there is nothing in the proposed constitution that goes beyond simply acknowledg ing, in a very broad way, the rights of Canada's ethnic minorities. "Therefore, this protection of the rights of these minorities is, in reality, meaningless," the senator said. In addition. Sen. Yuzyk said that he viewed the proposed constitution as an incomplete document, and he called for a constitutional convention sometime in the future to modernize and improve it. According to the senator, the pro posed constitution "is not a complete modern constitution which will meet present-day needs and be flexible enough to provide the means for the solution of future problems." Citing the U.S. Constitutional Con vention of 1787 as an example, Sen. Yuzyk called for a similar convention in his country. "This body should consist of experts drawn from all walks of life, as well as representatives of classes, women, minorities, regions and so forth," he said. "The delegates would have at their disposal a considerable amount of material and recommendations made by a joint parliamentary committee in 1972, the Pepin-Robarts Task Force, several federal-provincial conferences, a special Senate committee and numer ous briefs and testimony by authorities and experts in the .past 10 years." Despite his criticism, there are things in the proposed document that Sen. Yuzyk found acceptable. "I am particularly happy that the new constitutional document includes equal rights for women, for which I intro duced an amendment in the Senate; aboriginal and treaty rights of native peoples; and the recognition of multiculturalism," he said. Yet, Sen. Yuzyk stated that these rights remain "not,adequately defined" in the Constitution, particularly when compared to the iron-clad legal safe guards afforded the English and French cultures. Petro Andrusiw (right) is seen above with journalist Oleh Lysiak. In the background is a portion of the artist's monumental work titled "Baptism of Ukraine-Rus`," about which Mr. Lysiak recently wrote an article for the Svoboda daily. RIVERHEAD, N.Y. - Artist Petro demy in 1936. He was a teacher in Andrusiw, perhaps best known for his various high schools and professional huge murals of Ukrainian historical and institutions in Ukraine, and taught at religious scenes, died here of a heart the Higher Industrial School in Warsaw attack on December 29. He was 75. for 10 years in 1934-44. Born in Karaenobrid, Ukraine, near After World War II, Mr. Andrusiw Lviy on July 2, 1906, Mr. Andrusiw emigrated to the United States and graduated from the Warsaw Art Aca (Continued on page 11)
Wasyl Werhun, journalist/publicist
NEW YORK - Wasyl Werhun, noted Ukrainian journalist and publi cist, died here on Christmas day of a heart attack. He was 72. Dr. Werhun, a former editor of Narodna Volia, the official organ of the Ukrainian Fraternal Association, was a community activist, member of Plast and the Shevchenko Scientific Society, and a lecturer at the Ukrainian Free University. He was bom in Podillia, Ukraine. While still a youth in Ukraine he became interested in journalism. He worked in banks, was an organizer of the Kameniari youth society and served as editor of a magazine of the same name. In West Germany he devoted his work to pedagogical activity, helping to organize Ukrainian schools in the DP camps. At this time also he was editor of the biweekly Na Chuzhyni.
Dr. Wasyl Werhun In the United States, Dr. Werhun published a series of works on the literary processes in Ukraine in the
(Continued on page 11)
Plast plans world jamboree
by Roman Juzeniw
F^ftk Mural, immigrants' sponsor
CLEVELAND - Frank Mural, pioneer Ukrainian businessman in this area and sponsor of over 100 Ukrainian families who arrived in the United States after World War II, died here in Parma Community General Hospital on Tuesday, December 15, after a sixweek bout with pneumonia. He was 87. The funeral was held Saturday, December 19, at St. Josaphat Ukrai nian Catholic Church in Parma. Mr. Mural was board chairman of Mural SL Son Inc., a major buildingmoving business based in Cleveland. Mr. Mural was born in Ukraine in 1894 and was trained as a tailor before he came to Cleveland in 1913. He had a tailor shop there until 1923 when he became ill with pneumonia and his doctor recommended an outdoor life. From then on he was a contractor, building and remodeling houses and eventually moving buildings. Among his notable jobs as a building
NEW YORK - An International Plast Jamboree, commemorating Plast's 70th anniversary, will be held at the Vovch Tropa Phut camp at East Chat ham, N.Y.^August 14-22, 1982. This jamboree will be one of a series of three which will mark Plast's jubilee year — the first one near Melbourne, Australia, from December 24 to January 3, 1982; the aforementioned one at East Chatham; and a concluding jamboree to be held in Europe in the summer of 19ЙЗ. Today Plast is active in six countries: Canada, the United States, Argentina, Great Britain, West Germany and Australia. As to the International Plast Jam boree in the United States, the U.S. National Plast Command has called into being an organizing committee,
headed by Andriy tastowecky. The organizing committee held its third meeting on Saturday, December 12. The meeting was devoted to the planning of the program technical aspects and finances of the jamboree. Present at the meeting were: Mr. Lastowecky; Myrolub Lozynsky, Ale xander Chernyk and Christine Nawrocky (vice-chairpersons); Oksana Sydoriak (secretary); Iryna Kurrj`wycky (commander of U.S. "ptotuhky"); Motria Boyko ("novatstvo") Roman Juzeniw ("starshe plastunstvo"); Petro Darmohraj (Plastpryiat); Mychajlo Sawycky (representative of Vovcha Tropa) and Petro Sodol and Maria Motyl (commanders of the two camps of "yunatstvo"). ' The organizing committee has been laying the groundwork for this jam boree, which wilt require a lot of Work
` ` (Continued on page 13)
contractor were: St. Andrew's Church and Rectory in Parma, the pavilion and chapel at Soyuzivka and St. Vladimir's
' ` '`'" (Continued on page 11)
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 3, 1982
Chicago UNA program marks anniversary of local parish
CHICAGO - Over 200 people at tended a special program commemo rating the 75th anniversary of St. Nicholas Ukrainian Catholic Church here in the parish auditorium on De cember 13. The affair was sponsored by the Chicago UNA District Committee. The program was opened by District Chairman Michael Olshansky, who spoke about the long history of co operation between the parish and the UNA. The parish was established in 1906, just 12 years after the founding of the Ukrainian National Association, then known as the Ruthenian National Association. Myron Kuropas, UNA supreme vice president who emceed the program, then introduced Melvin G. Holli, a professor at the University of Illinois and co-editor of the recently published "Ethnic Chicago." The book includes an essay by Dr. Kuropas on the Ukrainian contribution to the Windy City. Prof. Holli spoke on "The Contribu tions of Ukrainians to the Development of Chicago." Dr. Kuropas then addressed "The Beginnings of Ukrainian Chicago," informing listeners of the history and development of the Ukrainian immigra tion beginning with the closing years of the 19th century. He described the struggle of the early immigrants to establish their Ukrainian identity in the face of such obstacles as the pressures of assimilation and outside influences such as the Russian Orthodox clergy. Dr. Kuropas explained that the formation of a national identity was facilitated by the arrival of immigrants from Western Ukraine, including Ukrainian Catholic priests, who arrived during the first decade of the 20th century. This wave of new arrivals was very much aware of its Ukrainian identity and, after much difficulty with the Roman Catholic Church, the Ukrai nian community got its first bishop just prior to World War I. The UNA vice president concluded his remarks by introducing Dr. S. Kochiy, one of the pioneers of the old immigration. The entertainment program featured the dramatic talents of Evelina Beluc, a recent emigrant from Ukraine and former actress with a theater in Спег– nivtsi, Ukraine. Ms. Beluc recited several tales and performed four songs. At the end of her performance, Ms. Beluc asked Lesia Kuropas to join her on stage, and the two women sang"Posylala mene maty." Ms. Beluc's accompanist was Karen Austin from DeKalb University. j\fter the program, refreshments were served and the audience lingered to discuss the program, many buying copies of "Ethnic Chicago" autograph ed by Messrs. Holli and Kuropas. Others bought records featuring Ms. Beluc. Preparations for the program were made by Mr. Kuropas, who invited Prof. Holli and Ms. Beluc to partici pate. Publicity was handled by Mr. Olshansky and Roman Prypchan. The repast was prepared by O. Olek, Mrs. Olshansky, S. Lisovych, I. Gut and R. Yatsenkiw. Baked goods were prepared by Mrs. Kuropas, Mrs. Ol shansky, Mrs. Prypchan and Y. Berestiansky.
7982 UNA Almanac released
JERSEY CITY, N.J. - The 72nd edition of the UNA Almanac has been released and is being mailed to all Svoboda subscribers, announced the UNA Supreme Executive Committee. The first UNA almanac was published in Jersey City in 1897, three years after the founding of the UNA. It was titled The First Ruthenian American Calendar. This year's almanac, which was edited by former Svoboda editor-inchief Anthony Dragan, is dedicated to the 250th anniversary of the birth of George Washington. The lead article on Washington, who was honored by Tares Shevchenko 125 years ago in the poem "Yurodyvyi," when the poet asked "When/ Will we get our Washington/ With his new and righteous law?", was written by Dr. Yuriy Starosolsky. Dr. Roman Вог– kowsky wrote an article titled "The New and Righteous Law of Washington." In addition, the 288-page Ukrainianlanguage almanac features articles on the upcoming millennium of the Christianization of Ukraine by St. Volodymyr the Great, including a joint statement by Ukrainian Catholic and Orthodox hierarchs, a piece on Ukrai nian church architecture by architect Myroslaw Nimciw, and a story on the 1,500th anniversary of Kiev, the Ukrai nian capital, by Dr. Omeljan Pritsak of the Harvard Ukrainian Research Insti tute. There is also a story on the problems of the Ukrainian settlement in the diaspora by Ivan Kedryn, a profile on Ukrainian industrialist William Dzus by Dr. Rostyslaw Sochynsky, Dr. Walter Dushnyck on Ukraine, Ukrai nians and the census, poems by impri soned dissident Vasyl Stus, as well as a poem by Maksym Rylsky. The almanac also features poems by dissi`
Cover of the 1982 UNA Almanac. dent Ivan Svitlychny as well as verse by Mykola Vorony. In addition, there is an article by Anna Vlasenko-Bojcun on Russification and the toponym Ukraina, as well as stories by Lubow Drazhewsky and Natalia Kibets on the Stalinist famine in Ukraine in the 1930s, which killed millions of Ukrainians. There are over 25 other articles in the almanac on such varied subjects as the 30th anniversary of the Ukrainian Music Institute by Taisa Bohdansky and Ukrainian weddings at Soyuzivka by Iwanna Sawycky. The UNA has announced that next year's almanac will be sent only to those Svoboda subscribers who send payment of S8 for this year's edition. plans for condominiums for senior citizens to be built at Soyuzivka, a study on the famine in Ukraine in the 1930s by Prof. Robert Conquest jointly funded by the UNA and the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute, which is scheduled to be released on the 50th anniversary of the tragedy; two. films by Ukrainian filmmaker Slavko Nowytski of Minne sota — one on the Ukrainian immigra tion to the United States, and a second on the UNA; and the proposed merger of the UNA with the Ukrainian Frater nal Association. In concluding her remarks, Ms. Diachuk underscored the fact that the UNA has always attempted to serve the needs of the community, be they finan cial, cultural, educational or social.
JERSEY CITY, N.J. - The Jersey City UNA District Committee held an organizing meeting here at the Ukrai nian National Home on November 22, 1981, with participants vowing to strengthen organizing efforts during the coming year. The meeting was opened and chaired by District Chairman Walter Bilyk. The secretary was District Secretary Osyp Zubrytsky. The UNA Supreme Executive Com mittee was represented by Walter Sochan, supreme secretary. Mr. Bilyk reported that the district had enrolled 75 new members. Branch 25 (Kvitka Steciuk, secretary) brought in 25 new members; Branch 170 (Mr. Bilyk), 12; Branch 70 (Mykola Sheremeta), eight; Branch 287 (Bohdan Yasinsky), eight; Branch 281 (Myron Siryj), seven; Branch 171 (Stella Ryan), seven; Branch 270 (Stephan Ostrowsky), three; and Branch 213 (Wolodymyr Kozak), one member. Brief reports on this year's annual New Jersey UNA Day were given by. Mr. Bilyk and District Treasurer Wolodymyr Butkowsky. After extending greetings on behalf o f the executive committee, Mr. Sochan informed participants of the number of registered members in each branch and the procedure for determining the number of delegates to the upcoming UNA Convention to be held in Roches ter in May. He reminded participants that the number of branch delegates will depend on the number of members officially enrolled in any individual branch as of,December 31, 1981. In addition, Mr. Sochan offered some practical advice on possible
f UNA district committees meet
strategies for enrolling new members, particularly in these difficult economic times. He also reported on the UNA's financial picture, insurance, invest ments, community work, the Svoboda Press, the Ukrainian National Urban Renewal Corporation, and other mat ters. During the discussion period which followed Mr. Sochan's report, partici pants discussed a range of UNA issues^, with primary attention paid to the proposed merger of the UNA wjtb. ЦІЩ Ukrainian Fraternal Association. ` ! Discussion continued after the meet ing was officially closed over refresr ments prepared by Halyna Bilyk and Halyna Hawryluk.
PASSAIC, N.J. - The fall organiz ing meeting of the Passaic UNA Dis trict Committee was held here on November 22, 1981, at the Ukrainian Center. In his opening remarks, District Chairman John Chomko said that, as of October, the district had only organized 14 new members. The district quota, he added, was 40 members, and he asked all branch secretaries to intensify their organizing efforts. UNA Supreme Treasurer Ulana Diachuk also told the meeting that the organizing campaign should be stepped up. She indicated that, as of midOctober, 1,700 new members have been
enrolled, but that figure was offset by a loss of 1,500 active members. From a financial standpoint, the treasurer said the UNA is in good shape. After the first nine months of the year, income was 55,756,218, an increase of 5460,000 from the same period last year. Interest on investments brought in 52,287,708, an increase of 5378,600 over the same time period last year, she said. Ms. Diachuk added that membership dues totalled a little over 52,260,235, a jump of 526,000 jover the same period last year. Overall expenses totalled 54,529,000,- or .5178,060 more than the Following the treasurer's statement, same period last yeir. Mr. Chomko opened the floor to ques The treasurer also indicated that the tions. Participants showed great inte 15-story UNA Building in Jersey City, rest in the proposed UNA-UFA merger. N.J., is completely rented, and that rent After the meeting was adjourned, for the first nine months of 1981 totalled refreshments were served, and partici 51,696,600. Expenses totalled 51,583,600. pants continued to discuss a broad In August 1981, Ms. Diachuk con range of UNA matters. tinued, the UNA began offering mem bers promissory notes at an annual interest of nine percent. Boston The treasurer also reported that UNA JAMAICA PLAIN, Mass. - The Christmas cards have been sent to all Svoboda subscribers. Last year, card organizing meeting of the Boston`UNA District Committee was held in the sales brought in 515,000 for the Scho larship Fund, thereby allowing the Parish Hail of the Ukrainian Catholic UNA to award 545,000 in scholarships | Church here on Saturday, November 28, 1981, with 16 persons present. The to students in 1981. This year's UNA Almanac is also Boston District is composed of four being sent to Svoboda subscribers, said Massachusetts branches, one in New Ms. Diachuk. Next year, copies will be Hampshire and another in Maine. The chairman of the Boston District sent only to those subscribers who pay Committee, Wolodymyr Hetmansky, for this year's edition, she added. The treasurer also reported on the opened the meeting and requested the UNA-sponsored Ukrainian opera con Rev. Petro Ohirko, pastor of Christ the (Continued on pagt 11) cert at Carnegie Hall in New York;
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 3, 1982
Letters to the editor
As the birth of the Christ-Child is a living symbol of God's outpouring of love for mankind, so the holy day that marks His birth should give us pause from the hubbub of our daily lives to reflect on our capacity for love, for tolerance and for compassion toward our fellow man and our Ukrainian community. Sitting down with family or friends to the traditional Christmas Eve supper, we should ask ourselves: have we grasped the true meaning of Christ's birth я nd acted in accordance with His teachings and His examples? For most of us, Christmas is a time of great joy and celebration. Tables are laden with holiday food and drink, and colorful packages sit under shimmering Christmas trees. When we go to church, the smell of incense, the words of the divine liturgy, indeed the icons themselves, all seem to have added meaning as they uplift and reinforce our sense of spirituality and awe. We are renewed with a sense of hope and fulfillment as the holy images and words imbue us with feelings of security and warmth. But what of the less fortunate, the poor, the infirmed, the feeble and the lonely? What of those in our community who are widowed, without family, without hope; those who are depressed or homeless or in despair? Moreover, what of the health of our community, its continuity as a unified entity, its very survival? Here we find ourselves in the realm of the actual rather than the spiritual; in the realm of the true meaning of the Savior's birth. It is simply not enough to celebrate the holy day when God lovingly gave His only Son to redeem man from sin and deprivation. We must live by the example of His life and His principles as well. What are these principles? They are love, tolerance, brotherhood and a selfless devotion to bettering the lot of those less fortunate than ourselves. They are principles based on the central notion that no man is better than the next, and that all are equal in the eyes of God. They are principles founded on love. The 19th century American theologian and clergyman Henry Ward Beecher once wrote: "There's not much practical Christianity in the man who lives on better terms with angels and seraphs, than with his children, servants and neighbors." Put another way, the material symbols and trappings of Christmas mean nothing at all without the humility and nobility of spirit that inspires man to try and incorporate the meaning of Christ's birth, death and resurrection in his daily life. In a sense, then, man must try and transcend his own limitations and foibles to master his innate baser instincts. It is by no means an easy task. But the birth of Christ gives us hope. As Christians, we believe that with hope there is ultimately triumph. Therefore, we, as believers in Christ's teachings, must give of ourselves and extend our love and our efforts to those less fortunate than ourselves, those in need, and to our community as a whole. In one of his last interviews with Western correspondents before the military crackdown in Poland, Solidarity leader Lech Welesa, explaining his perseverance and inspiration, said: "I know that Christ as man was crucified, but as God, He won." Mr. Walesa's simple statement has profound implications. Although man cannot, of course, be God, he can overcome his imperfections by following Christ's principles and, by doing so, triumph over adversity. So during this Christmas holiday, as olive-drab tanks continue to enforce an odious regime in Poland, Ukrainians continue to suffer under the heel of Soviet communism, and our own community is rife with dissension and ill will, let us all remember the meaning of Christ's birth and do our part to follow Christian principles. By helping our neighbors, our community and our nation, we will ultimately be helping ourselves. We should strive to make Christ's teachings an integral and vital part of our lives, not just during the holidays, but every day. Only then can we, as a nation, triumph.
Praise for Kuropas, Krafcik
the Lattimer Massacre were Ukrainians?) It is also clear that it is difficult to I read Dr. Myron Kuropas's "The comprehend a number of contemporary American Circle and the making of conditions, say, the gulf which exists the Ukrainian American" (December between the Carpatho-Rusyn and U13, 1981), with the highest interest. I, as krainian communities in America, is probably the case with the over without a familiarity with the history of whelming majority of post-World War Rusyn-Ukrainians in America prior to II immigrants and their descendants, World War II. As relates to the last point, Prof. know virtually nothing about the his tory of the pre-World War II Ukrai Patricia Krafcik's letter (also December nian-American community. Yet it is 13) concerning the need for bridgeclear even from Dr. Kuropas's brief building between the Carpatho-Rusyn historical survey of some of the most and Ukrainian communities in America interesting and important events and is most welcome. And, as Prof. Krafcik personalities during the early part of points out, a good first step would be this history that it is a fascinating one, the attempt to leam more about each whether from the standpoint of religi other. John Hamulak, Prof. Krafcik ous history, the history of the evolution and the others involved are to be of a national consciousness or the .commended for getting the ball rolling. history of Ukrainian involvement in the establishment of a labor movement in Dr. Bohdan Wytwycky А т:ггісг. (Hew гягпу of the victims of Newark, N.J. Dear Editor:
Response to UADL statement
Below is the text of a letter Dr. James Mace wrote to Alexandra Shwedofthe Ukrainian Anti-Defamation League in response to the league's statement in regard to his letter as published in The New York Times Mazazine of Decem ber 8. The UADL's statement was published in the December 13 edition of The Weekly. Dear Mrs. Shwed: Thank you for sending me a copy of your release of November 23 regarding my letter to The New York Times. I do feel that my remarks were taken out of context. The point I attempted to make was that anti-Semitism was a general European phenomenon and that such Ukrainian anti-Semitism as existed should be seen within the general context of the times. In fact, there were many notable examples of UkrainianJewish cooperation which should be taken into consideration in order to gain a balanced perspective, and the one-sidedness of Ms. Dawidowicz's article can only play into the hands of Soviet anti-Semitism by giving it am munition. Her statement that Stalin attacked Jews after the war to placate Ukrainian collaborators shows complete igno rance of the facts, since this was a time of brutal repression of Ukrainian na tional life and also the time when Stalin appointed the sole Jew on the Polit buro, Lazar Kaganovich, to be first secretary of the Communist ftrty of Ukraine. Rather than attack Ukrai nians, I sought to set the record straight. I will write The Times to try to get the full story published. I would also like to emphasize that my letter was in no sense an official statement of the institute and that the views expressed do not necessarily express those of HURI. James Mace Cambridge, Mass.
"Ethnic Chicago" receives good reviews
CHICAGO — Chicago newspaper president of the Institute of Urban Life reviews of "Ethnic Chicago," a recently at Loyola University, the reviewer also published collection of essays on the singles out the Ukrainian chapter for early history of the city's Irish, Jewish, special mention: Italian, Japanese, Greek and Ukrai "Myron B. Kuropas's chapter on nian communities, have been excep Ukrainians relates how they, without tionally favorable. any political identity abroad, began In a review published in the Chicago arriving in Chicago a century ago as Tribune on November 1, 1981, Howard Russians, Hungarians or Austrians. A. Tyner singled out the chapters on Here they were not lost in the melting Greeks and Ukrainians as being "of pot but were transformed into a `politimore interest" because their "relative cally self-conscious nationality' which anonymity belies their numbers here." then campaigned for a free Ukraine as a After describing the Greek chapter as "a nation-state. He poignantly renders the fascinating tale, Mr. Tyner writes: disappointment and disunity that visited "No less interesting is that of Chica Chicago's Ukrainians when, after World go's Ukrainians, especially the rivalry in War I, they failed to achieve an inde the years between the world wars that pendent homeland overseas while Li pitted Ukrainian Communists, monar thuanians, Poles, Hungarians, Czechs chists and nationalists against one and other nationalities succeeded. This another in competing for the loyalty of essay is a gem." the community. This essay ends rather According to the publisher, more abruptly without examining post-war than half of the first edition has already Ukrainian immigration but not before been sold and a second, greatly expand relating some down-to-earth anecdotes ed edition is planned for the summer. about the community - such as the Speaking to a UNA gathering in Chica time in 1915 when a prominent and go on December 13, Dr. Melyin C. controversial Ukrainian priest tried to Holli, one of the editors of "Ethnic silence one of his critics by belting the Chicago," assured his audience that the man with a wooden cross." Ukrainian chapter would be brought up An even more laudatory review to date and enlarged to include the appeared in the Sun-Times, on Decem cultural lift of the ibkralhian cWrauber 20, 1981. Written by Ed Marciniak, nity as well as its political development.
To The Weekly's cataloguers, readers:
Beginning with the new year, The Weekly takes yet another step to ward its roots of independence, this time by reinstituting the tradition of a separate volume1 number for the paper. For the first 21 years of its publica tion - 1933 through 1953 - The Weekly, in fact, had its own volume number independent from that of Svoboda. Then, in 1954, The Weekly began to carry the same volume number as the Svoboda daily. And so it has been through 1981. Since the UNA "Supremes" de cided in 198? to make The Weekly independent editorially and admini stratively from Svoboda, it only follows then, that The Weekly should resume using its own volume num ber. Hence the Vol. L (50) on our front page. We regret any inconvenience this may be for Weekly cataloguers. By the way. The Weekly celebrates the 50th anniversary of its founding у
No. 1 In 1981. Dr. Nina Strokata-Karavan sky, wife of former political prisoner Sviatoslav Karavansky and herself a former political prisoner, testified twice before committees of the U.S. Con gress. Her most recent testimony was de livered on November 16 before the Commission on Security and Coopera tion in Europe, also known as the Helsinki Commission, at a special hearing held on the occasion of thefifth anniversary of the establishment of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group. Previously, Dr. Strokata had testified on July 28 before the Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Or ganizations of the House of Represen tatives Committee on Foreign Affairs. On both occasions, Dr. Strokata provided committee members with additional information on topics touch ed upon in her remarks. For the information of its readers, The Weekly willpublish the texts of Dr. Strokata's testimony. Below is the text of her remarks before the CSCK Next week theformer political prisoner's testimony on "New Soviet techniques of anti-Ukrainian terrorism " will be printed.
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 3, 1982
7 Caloric value - 2,500 calories; 2,100 calories; 1,900 calories; 900 calories (in four different levels of nutrition). I have on previous occasions present ed these figures. Some may think such dietary norms cannot sustain life. Others may see in these caloric levels an opportunity to maintain a slim waist line, j must emphasize that a prisoner must work and fulfill his norm on a prison diet which is not only low in calories, but is also deficient in protein and contains no vitamins. If a prisoner does not fulfill his work norm, he is punished by reduced daily nutritional intake, while still being required to fulfill his original work norm. As a result, the prisoner — debilitated by chronic malnutrition — loses his ability to work by a further reduction of his daily ration. This is a new example of the classic phenomenon of the vicious circle. With my hand on the Bible, I would attest to the following: millions of prisoners in the USSR are slaves kept under the threat of chronic hunger, while the lawmakers of the USSR have become operators who direct the funda mental physiological functions of- the prisoner's organism. The standardization of prisoners' clothing belongs to the oldest traditions of penal systems. In the USSR, this tradition has developed into a method of molding and tormenting the priso ner. The standardization of prisoners' clothing in the USSR has a specific objective: prisoners in the cold climates of the Soviet Union are subjected to torture by cold. Any attempt to put on additional clothing is treated as a violation of theregimenand is punished by isolation in closed, colder cells after almost all clothing isremovedfrom the prisoner. The living conditions of prisoners in the USSR are such that in describing them 1 use the term "anti-existence." It seems that terms such as "Soviet puni tive medicine" and "Soviet punitive psychiatry" have become almost com monplace.. I attest to the fact that the life of prisoners in the USSR is based on the principle of punitive sanitation. (For inclusion in the record, please accept my separate commentary on the Corrective Labor Legislation of the USSR.) Intellectuals confined in Soviet pri sons or camps are subjected to addi tional methods of humiliation. Priso ners' poems are confiscated (almost all the literary works of Vasyl Stus were destroyed during hisfirstimprisonment in 1972-77)- Prisoners' paintings are also confiscated, (i.e., the destruction of the ex libris drawings and working sketches of Stefania Shabatura). Mykola Rudenko`s wife, Raisa, was sub jected to severe repression for her attempts to save her imprisoned hus band's poetry from oblivion; she was sentenced to 10 years to camp and exile. (I submit for the record material which includes authenticated informa tion about the fate of the work pro duced in camp by the Ukrainian artist Stefania Shabatura.) I make the following conclusions from my examination of the various aspects of prison life in the USSR: ь Prolonged confinement of priso ners under conditions created in the USSR leaves physical and spiritual scars. (Continued on page 14) 1. Special-regimen camp — the misleading term for prisons which are designated for those sentenced repeatedly or those who have had a death sentence commuted. If this correction is, considered, the. number of those members in prison becomes4 11.
On Soviet destruction of Ukraine's nationhood
by Dr. Nina Strokata
poets, writers, artists, publicists, re OUN, UNF, Laborers and Far searchers, composers and actors re mers Union, Communist Party 13 sounded in the 1960s as the long- (membership in the Komsomol awaited prophets of the Ukrainian is not considered due to the national idea. The Ukrainian human- massive and formal nature of rights movement had gathered such the organization) strength that in the late 60s the Ukrai nian unofficial journal, Ukrainian former political prisoners: 27 Herald, appeared. (including 10 prisoners of Stalinist ' The massive repressions of 1972 were camps:) the governmental reaction to the new 9 organic processes of Ukrainian life. members joining the group Despite fears that these repressions while imprisoned:. j would cause irreparable harm to the The statistics support the following rebirth of independent Ukrainian ideas, conclusions: such fears proved unfounded. e The Ukrainian Helsinki Group is a After the 1975 Helsinki Accords, that which was unheard of during the mas national, public association of men and sive terror of the preceding years women who grew up during the time of became reality: for the first time in massive destruction of Ukrainians. The modern Ukrainian history, an unsanc- group members, in turn, became the tioned citizen's group (the Ukrainian victims of permanent anti-Ukrainian Public Group to Promote the Imple .repressions. 0 The members of the Ukrainian mentation of the Helsinki Accords) I consider testimony before one of the announced its existence and its aims on Helsinki Group are individuals who have already tested themselves in public most prestigious commissions of the November'9, 1976. U.S. Congress as testimony before the This rebirth of independent ideas, or political activity, mostly in the whole world. Anticipating, therefore, expression, press (samvydav) and inde intellectual sphere. Today, 27 of the 36 living members that my testimony is to be made public, pendent public life expressed in the I wish to take this opportunity to unsanctioned national Helsinki group, are incarcerated in prisons or camps or present certain conclusions. awakened especially harsh repressions are in exile: three in prison, 20 in labor The destruction of Ukraine's inde against all who participated in the camp (including eight in special-regi 1 pendent nationhood was the prelude to independent national life in present-day men camps), and four in exile. 1 am not going to speak about the the contemporary tragedies of nations Ukraine. such as Kampuchea, Afghanistan and This independent Ukrainian public person who committed suicide (M. Poland. life not only threatens to expose Mos Melnyk), or those who were forced to Information about the annihilation cow's myth of the international nature emigrate to the West (Petro Vins, of Ukrainians by means of artificial of Soviet society, but also threatens the Grigorenko, Karavansky, Malynkovych, famine and in death camps evoked ideological and military expansionism Svitlychna and Strokata-Karavansky), neither credibility nor attention on the of the Soviet imperialist regime. This is or those who finished their sentences (Shabatura, the Rev. Romaniuk), or the part of world governments or the why repression against independent League of Nations. thought in Ukraine assumed the form of person who was unexpectedly released The tragedies of many nations were ethnocide. This is also why the Ukrai (Rozumny). As a former prisoner of a strictthe result of national egotism and short nian Helsinki Group was repressed and regimen camp, as the wife of former sightedness in the face of perceived punished by all possible methods of prisoner Sviatoslav Karavansky, who anti-Ukrainian terror. danger from two parallel aspects of facism. (I submit here for your information has spent 30 years in prison and in My people, even today, are suffering materials in which I set forth the history camps of strict- and special-regimen, I from the aftermath of events which of the creation and the subsequent can describe the living conditions of those who were imprisoned for their occurred 40 and 60 years ago: repression of the Ukrainian Helsinki membership in the Ukrainian Helsinki " the artificial famine; Group.) Group. " the forced deportations; I would like now to draw your Any penal system requires the regi " the serfdom of the "kolkhoz" attention to certain statistics which mentation of prisoners' lives. The (collective farm) as a result of which characterize the demographic and principles of the Fundamentals of Ukraine lost vast numbers of people to social make-up of the 37 members of the Corrective Labor Legislation of the whom the concepts of land and freedom Ukrainian Helsinki Group. USSR specify that punishment should were equivalent. The extermination of the Ukrainian intelligentsia and the Birth date: before 1925: 6 members not inflict suffering. Let us examine how the daily needs of liquidation of the national Church 1926 to 1945: 24 prisoners are met. We will begin with resulted in massive damage to the after 1945: ч;7... :...; nutrition. Ukrainian national organism. In the men: 1 30 : -' 'Article 36 of the Fundamentals of brutal time of World War II, the Sex: women: 7 Corrective Labor Legislation of the" population of Ukraine found itself USSR and its commentary states that between two enemies who completed Nationality: Ukrainian: 35 the level of nutrition depends on a the holocaust of Ukraine. Jewish: 1 prisoner's attitude towards his assigned The world witnessed a previously Russian: 1 work and that the prisoner's refusal of unknown event: masses of people aban work, and systematic underfulfilling of doned their homeland, fearing the Occupation: work norms and assignments shall be restoration of Moscow's Bolshevik 3 laborers: treated as malicious avoidance of work. regime. Those who remained became 1 military: "Prisoners of conscience" are usually the victims of Stalin's post-war retribu 1 religious: sentenced to labor camps of strict tions against non-Russian peoples of creative intellec regimen. Depending on fulfillment of the USSR. work norms, strict-fegimen prisoners "The newly born generations lived tuals: (writers, pub may suffer further restrictions on their their childhoods amid mass graves," licists, artists, com 12 dietary norm. First of all, let me say that writes Yaroslav Lesiw, a Ukrainian posers) professionals: (phy only water is available in unlimited Helsinki Group member. This slaughter quantities. The following level of nutri not only deprived the children of their ш sicians, engineers. lawyers and tea tion is specified for such camps; innocence, but also molded people who 18 Amino acids — no provision for their later became the creators and partici chers) rational proportion; pants of the spontaneous Ukrainian students deprived Vitamins — proportion and amount rebirth of the 1960s. The spontaneous of the opportunity not considered; , rebirth of Ukrainian activity in the early to complete educa Protein— daily requirement varies 1 60s was spearheaded by people who tion: for several nutritional levels (65 grams, were born in the 30s and 40s and who 55 grams, 38 grams, 22.5 grams for four former members of public had therefore escaped the period of different levels of nutrition); planned genocide. The names of new and pdlitical organizations -
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 3, 1982
Chicago youths present a Ukrainian Christmas
by Alex Poszewanyk
CHICAGO - The Chicago Museum of Science and Industry is presenting its Christmas Around the World Festival this Christmas season for the 40th consecutive year, from November 28, 1981, to January 10. Some 100 Ukrainian young people took part in the Ukrainian presentation on December 12, presenting Christmas traditions and winter festivities. This year's Ukrainian Christmas tree and the annual Christinas program were prepared by the Ukrainian National Women's League of America, Branch 22, which has sponsored the program for the last 20 years. Director of the stage program was Halyna Hrushetsky, and the performers were the ODUM Junior Bandura Ensemble, the Ukrainian School of Dance of Ss. Volodymyr and Olha Ukrainian Catholic Church and the Moloda Dumka choir. Program announcer Oryna Hrushetsky, a high school junior, described the various traditions of the Christmas season, as it was once celebrated in Ukraine: Christmas Eve, the Christmas Eve supper, the New Year and the Epiphany or "Little Christmas." In this International Year of the Handicapped, she extended the warmest thoughts of the performers to all those deprived, whether by physical handicaps or spiritually, as is presently the case in Ukraine and in many other countries. The first carolers on the program were the members of the ODUM Junior Bandura Ensemble, ranging in age from 10 to 16, directed by Alex Poszewanyk. They performed "Dobryi Vechir Tobi," "Po Vsiomu Svitu" and "Vo Vefleyemi." After the Christmas carolers sang, Ms. Hrushetsky extended best wishes for the year. TfTen came a Carpathian dance, Hutsulka, performed by the Ukrainian School of Dance. This young group numbers about 40, ranging in age from 8 to 14, instructed by Yury Cepynskyj and Rcxana Pylypczak. Later in the program the young dancers also performed the spirited Kozachok. The second group of carolers in the
Chicago's Ukrainian youths are seen in performance at the Christmas Around the World Festival at the Chicago Museum of Science and Industry in this photo montage by Alex Poszewanyk.
program were the members of the "Shchedryk" or "Carol of the Bells" youngest Ukrainian children's choir in by Mykola Leontovych, was performed Chicago, Moloda Dumka, ages 6 as an instrumental trio for flute and through 14., with Maryna Stupnytska, piano by three members of Moloda director, and Marta Stadnyk, piano Dumka, Maryna and Kalyna Hryshetaccompanist. They sang "Nova Radist sky, and Nadia Zajac. Stala," "Oy Letiat, Letiat Snizynky," A bandura duet by members of the "Zozulenka" (soloist Marko Pokornyj), ODUM ensemble, Paul and Motria and later in the program, "Shchedrivka" Poszewanyk, followed. They played (soloists Roksana Wasyliw and Kalyna "Homin Stepiv" by Hryhory Kytasty. Hryshetsky) and "Sleep, Little Jesus" The older members of the ensemble (soloists Nina Wasyliw, Nadia Halkyn, performed "Snowflakes," a folk song. Tania Ostrowskyj, Nadia Zajac). For the finale, all 100 performers
filled the stage and sang "Na Nebi Zirka," with the participation of the audience, which had received sheets of music at the beginning of the program. Thus, children and teenagers, 6to 16, represented the Ukrainian community with its customs, and they did a very good job of it. Many a nonUkrainian who spent the day at the Christmas Around the World Festival praised the Ukrainian program, claiming that it was the best of the day.
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 3. 1982 :
Koliadky and Shchedrivky
by H. 0 . Prydatkevytch
Reprinted from the January 1957 issue ol The Ukrainian Trend, a magazine published by the Ukrainian Youth League ol North America.
Although the Christmas season is associated primarily with the birth of Christ, many of the Ukrainian customs connected with the observance of this holiday trace their roots to the pagan festival Koliada in tribute to the sun god (the bountiful god, giver of life and all good things), There were annual celebrations in his honor, but the first holiday, the late-December. Koliada, occurred when the sun in the sky became-stronger, when the days were beginning to be longer and the nights shorter, signifying the rebirth of the sun's power. This festival also combined in its celebration a thanksgiving for the harvest Each of the principal Ukrainian holidays has its own cycle of songs; the songs of this season are known as koliadky. Pagan priests of the sun-god Lada gathered together the old men and went from house to house with a picture of a wild goat, singing songs in honor of Lada (Ko Lada) while the lord of the manor, his family and servants consumed a sacramental meal of grain, honey and poppy`seed. In ancient times koliadky were ritualistic folk songs based upon folk life and the exploits of heroes of the day. With the introduction of Christianity in Ukraine in 988 by Prince Volodymyr the Great, pagan carols began to be replaced by.Christian carols and festival hymns celebrating the birth of Christ Worship, of nature persisted and as a result pagan holidays and feasts were still observed (though with Christian influences) and Christianized pagan carols were sung. It was inevitable that the two would make concessions and definite contributions to each other, since the Christian winter holiday readily lent itself to assimilation by the pagan, more so than any other holiday. The Christianized pagan carols retained thematic content of nature and many of the carols still contain symbolic fragments of events in Ukrainian history (e.g. the siege of Constantinople). Nevertheless, the Christian element in this type of carol, with its references to the Christ Child, Holy Family, or the Church, is dominant and the pagan characters serve as a purely decorative element. The Ukrainian element pervades throughout and, combined with the naive, simple melodies, makes these songs the most charming of the entire Christmas carol literature. Christian carols which were free of pagan elements but which retained Ukrainian characteristics both in text and in melody took on the form of church hymns. Soon the national element began to disappear, leaving onJy the familiar melodic line with religious text. The Ukrainians retained and eventually adapted these hymns, returning the Ukrainian flavor to them. Koliadky are sung from Christmas Eve until Jordan Day, or the Epiphany. The custom of the country, then and now, is that on Christmas Eve the household partakes of a sacramental meal of 12 courses. Soon the sound of little bells was heard and a group of men corresponding to present-day carolers gathered under the window, having seen there a sign of welcome: a lighted candle. The group of elderly carolers (koliadnyky), organized by the local church, included a fiddler, sometimes a trumpet player, and a special dancer who performed after the final carol to wish prosperity and a good harvest. At each door, the leader of the carolers asked permission to sing, wishing the master of the house good health. These elderly men impersonated angels and were gravely accepted as such. After the carols had been sung, good health was wished , upon all members of the family (in prose or verse) and the koliadnyky were presented with coins or food. There were many variations of these proceedings. In
Ukrainian carolers as depicted by Edward Kozak. some localities, children went caroling; in others, girls were permitted to join tne groups. Closely related to the koliadky are shchedrivky, also pagan in origin. They are actually a continuation of Christmas caroling but should not be confused with koliadky, since the singing of shchedrivky begins only at midnight before the New Year. Groups of young and old people go singing from house to house, wishing good cheer, good luck and bountiful crops. In other regions, shchedrivky are not sung until the evening before Jordan Day and sometimes only the young men are permitted to sing these carols. Traditionally, koliadky are sung by a choir while shchedrivky may be sung as solos. Since the old pagan element is dominant in the latter, they tend to sound archaic. For all the Christian influence on these songs, they still retain pagan endings after each line (o bountiful god, or bountiful evening, good evening).
by Sonya Gural The vertep is a type of puppet show staged in a portable theater with two levels. The first part of the performance, a religious drama, was shown on the upper level. It was followed by a secular drama, either tragedy or comedy based on the everyday life of the common people, which was presented on the lower level. This Ukrainian puppet theatre tradition is medieval in origin, dating at least from the 15th century, and is a vestige of the morality play tradition, for it; is parallel to the morality plays performed throughout Europe during this epoch. Because nativity plays were extremely popular in the developing theatre life of Ukraine at this time, they became the first part of the vertep puppet performance and so, vertep (meam'ng creche) became the name of this theatre form. Within this tradition, there are many variations in the vertep container and the performances. The verier container in its simplest form was essentially an opensided wooden box with two levels. It could easily be transported by one man. There were many variations. For example, carolers carried a very simple box, a singlelevel vertep depicting the nativity story. Itinerant wandermg "vertepnyky" would have more complete versions and would come into a town and give their performance in public places or be invited into private well-to-do homes. The elaborate version of the container was popular in the Kozak Baroque period of the 17th century with the Kiev Academy students. Their theatre was in the shape of a two-story nobleman's house. The puppets were usually simple string puppets that were costumed appropriately for the religious or secular drama in which they placed a part. The vertep performances were very popular and, just as their counterparts in Europe, thev served not only to impart religious, instruction (dramas such as the nativity story, the flight into Egypt Herod's slaughter of the Innocents, and others since lost), but also filled the entertainment needs of the people with secular drama. The secular dramas on the lower stage were influenced by masques which were called interludes or intermedias which were separate entities at this time. The characters in the masques were also the stock characters of the vertep: the noble, Gypsy, Jew, Muscovite soldier! village drunkard, elder, grandmother, shy maiden and her ardent suitor, etc., plus the protagonist-Kozak, the defender of everyman. The vertep had an influence in developing drama alongsatirical lines because of the severe, periodic repression of Ukrainian cultural life (particularly intense during
Veselka's illustration of children carrying a simple vertep. the 18th century); and because the secular drama based on everyday life and featuring easily recognizable stock characters i.e. caricatures, coupled with the broad range of improvisation provided opportunities for satire and broad humor. The nativity story began the vertep puppet tradition hundreds of years ago. In spite of decline and oppression, it has come down through the ages to us and exists today. It is still within the living memory of many older people, even if not practiced. For example, my father, who lived near Kiev, described to me, when I was a child, an itinerant puppeteer and his performance. I was charmed then. I still am today.
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 3. 1982
Patriarch named to papal academy
ROME - Patriarch Josyf has been named a member of the papal academy of St. Thomas Aquinas which was established over 100 years ago by Pope Leo XIII at the time he released his M historic encyclical"Aeterni Patris." The encyclical declared the philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas to be the official Catholic philosophy. In 1980, on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the encyclical, a special three-month congress devoted to the Thomism in relation to the contempo rary world and theology was held in Rome. The papal academy, in keeping with the structure established by its founder, has 40 members. Membership in the academy is reserved for those persons who, through their studies and works, have advanced the philosophy of St. Thomas. Patriarch Josyf was named a member of the academy in recognition' of his works "De amore mutuo et reflexo in processione Spiritus S a n c t i , " " D e valore S. Thomas Aquinatis pro Unione eiusque influxu in theologiam огіеп– talem," "De principio spirationis in Ss. Trinitate," "Num Spiritus Sanctus a Filio distinguatur, si ab eo non ргосе– deret?" and "De septenario numero Sacramentorum apud Orientales uti vinculo Unionis et conservationis fidei." The patriarch is also the author of, in Ukrainian, "St. Thomas and the Theo logy of the East" and "St. Thomas Aquinas and Scholasticism," among other works. 'The certificate of nomination pre sented to Patriarch Josyf was dated May 19, 1980.
Ukrainian, Lithuanian reps confer
Mace lectures on 1930s famine
TORONTO - More than 150 people gathered on December 13, 1981, in the impressive neo-Gothic halls of Hart House at the University of Toronto to hear a lecture by Dr. James Mace on the Ukrainian famine of 1933. This was the first in a series of joint scholarly ventures undertaken between the Chair of Ukrainian Studies at the University of Toronto and the Ukrai nian Research Institute at Harvard University. In his introductory remarks, Dr. Paul R. Magocsi of the Chair of Ukrainian Studies lamented the experience of the 20th century, which has witnessed "man's inexhaustible ability to inflict hardship on his fellow man." After listing some of the most wellknown victims of mass persecution the Armenians during World War I; the Jews, Gypsies and Slavs during World War II; and the Ibos and Cambodians in more recent years - Dr. Magocsi pointed out how many of these horrible episodes have been recorded and re membered, but knowledge of others, such as the , Ukrainian experience of 1933, has been "actively suppressed or almost conveniently forgotten." "As painful as it may be," he conti nued, "this story should not be for gotten, and now, almost half a century later, some scholars and writers are making a concerted effort to examine one of the greatest Ukrainian tragedies of this century." At Harvard, the Ukrainian Research Institute has launched a three-year project which will result in at least one comprehensive study of the Ukrainian famine of 1933. The guest speaker, Dr. James Mace, a post-doctoral fellow and specialist on Soviet nationality policies, is working with the Harvard project. In his lecture. Dr. Mace traced the back ground for the famine, which heargded must be linked to the Soviet.govern ment's handling of Ukrainian nationa lism. In the words of Stalin, "the nationa lity question is, in essence, a question of the peasantry." Thus, to resolve the problem of the peasants, dekulakization and forced collectivization were necessary, and the success of those programs had to be achieved at what ever cost. Dr. Mace concluded that "the famine, along with the suppression of the Ukrainian intelligentsia, the leader ship of the Communist Party of Ukraine, and the abandonment of the Ukrainianization policy, was Staling an swer to the nationality question." That answer cost a staggering 6 to 9 million lives. The lecture was followed by an extensive discussion period during which Dr. Mace answered questions and provided further information on the Harvard project. The previous day, the Chair of Ukrainian-Studies also hosted a seminar with Dr. Mace, at which he was able to hear the recollec tions of a dozen eyewitnesses to the famine. This meeting was organized by Wasyl Veryha of the University of Toronto Library.
On Wednesday evening, December 2,J981, a meeting took place between members of the Ukrainian Anti-Defamation League and representatives of the Lithuanian-American community. The two groups met to discuss situations and problems that are currently being experienced by both communities. The meeting was beneficial to both groups, who determined that close cooperation and combined efforts would lead to stronger efforts and to greater accomplishments. Specific plans were made to expedite the joint endeavors, and future meetings shall be held to further exchange ideas. Seen in the photo above are: (first row, left to right) Nila Pawluk, Simas Kudirka, Lithuanian dissident, Alexandra Shwed, Lesia Stachniw-Oiachenko, Ihor Mirchuk; (second row) Kara Stefanyshyn, Melanie Sarachman, Halya Kozak, Slava Halaway, Rima Maronas, LithuanianAmerican Community Inc., Stan Gecys, former chairperson Lithuanian American Community Inc., and Jaroslav Tatomyr, Svoboda correspondent.
UIA directors elect executive
NEW YORK - A new executive board was elected at a meeting of the board of directors of the Ukrainian Institute of America, held on Friday, December 11. Elected were: Theodore Dzus, presi dent; Walter Nazarewicz, vice president; Maria Honcharenko, secretary; Zenon Babiuk, treasurer; Walter Baranetsky and Andrew Paschuk, members. Attending this meeting, which was chaired by Mr. Nazarewicz, were 10 directors, John Samilenko, the admi nistrative director, and members of the UIA`s Public Relations Committee. Also elected at this board of directors meeting were five full working commit tees headed by, respectively: finance, .Zenon .Babiuk; membership, Dr. Ste phen Woroch; public relations, Dr. Rostyslaw Sochynsky; building, Joseph Lesawyer; and program, Jaroslaw Kryshtalsky. Those present at this meeting also heard Mr. Babiuk's financial report, which noted, among other things, that the Ukrainian Institute of America is in good financial shape. It was noted that in regard to the proposition accepted during the March 1981 elections, which obliged all insti tute members to pay a S200 voluntary contribution, only 41 mem bers have done so to date. Dr. Woroch then presented four applications for membership in the Ukrainian Institute of America, all of which were unanimously accepted. They were: Joseph Iwaniw, Bohdan Bezkorowajnyj, Irena Nychay and Stephania Ryan. The Ivlembership Committee is also following up on another 15 potential members. The directors also discussed a recent convention, at which members of the city's Tax Commission were present, as were members and lawyers connected with various institutes and organiza tions, which are in the same position as the Ukrainian Institute vis a vis the property-tax situation. The meeting ended with a small buffet reception.
Dr. Koryagin was arrested last Feb ruary after telling Western journalists that Aleksei Nikitin, a dissident mining November calling for the expulsion of the engineer held in a mental hospital in Soviet Union from the World Psychia Dnipropetrovske, Ukraine,`was men tric Association until "it can show that tally competent. Mr. Nikitin was hos Sorry, Ihor... the political use of psychiatry has been pitalized after he openly advocated brought to an end." safety improvements in the mines. In The Weekly's "1981: an overview," In his lengthy appeal, the 42-year-old credit for the exclusive photo of MyAfter word of Dr. Koryagin's sen chajlo Czereszniowskyj with the model psychiatrist writes: "...Dear friends, let there be no doubt about the fact that tencing reached the West hut summer, of the Elmira Heights Shevchenko the Soviet authorities have turned our the American Psychiatric Association monument was there when we put the most humane branch of medicine into elected him a corresponding member of paper to bed. In the process of photo an instrument for achieving a main aim the group, and began efforts on his graphing the pages before printing, alas, of their internal policy — the suppres behalf. the little piece of paper bearing the sion of dissent in our country. Psychia Also last June, his case was repeated photo credit came undone. The credit try in.the totalitarian Soviet state brings ly raised at a world psychiatric congress - had it stayed in. place 7-r would have not only succor to the ill but also harm in Sweden, where a campaign was read Jhor piaboha. Our apologies to , pup former Weekly .colleague, . f ,. ,J^ to the,healthyw." . launched to obtain his release!
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THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 3, 1982
Quarterly editor meets Haig
PREVIEW OF EVENTS
Thursday, January 7 MAPLEWOOD, NJ.: Holy Ascen sion Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Maplewood, N.J., has scheduled its ninth annual Ukrainian Christmas Radio Program for the sick and elderly. This year's program will break from the traditional carols and greetings by having the Christmas divine liturgy broadcast live on Thursday, January 7, at 10 a.m. over radio station WSOU, 89.5 FM. Celebrating the liturgy will be the Rev. John R. Nakonachny, pastor. The parish choir, under the direction of Mr. L. Charchenko, will sing the responses. Saturday, January 16 CARNEGIE, Pa.: The Western Pennsylvania Region of the Ukrai nian Orthodox League will hold its 24th annual New Year's Eve dance on Saturday, January 16, at the Greentree Holiday Inn here, with music by the Corsairs recording artists. " The New Year's dance, or "malanka" will feature the selection of this year's Miss UOL of western Pennsylvania. Each of the nine chapters comprising the region is permitted one candidate, who must be between the ages of .16 and 25. The winner will be crowned by Lisa Burick, last year's winner. The Ss. Peter and Paul Chapter of Carnegie, Pa., will host the dance, with Elizabeth Mitchell serving as chairman. ONGOING UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa.: A Ukrainian cultural exhibit is being held here at Pennsylvania State Univer sity through the end of January. The exhibit at-the Pattee Library pre sents to the viewer some of the folk art and Christmas traditions of Ukraine. ADVANCE NOTICE UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa.: Dr. W.O. Luciw will teach a three-credit course titled "History,of Ukrainian Immigration in North America" at Pennsylvania State University during the spring term. For further informa tion call Dr. Luciw at 865-7213. The course is accepted as a foreign cul ture course. In 1973 he earned a Ph.D. from the Ukrainian Free University. Upon retir ing he devoted his life to scholarly endeavors. Dr. Werhun was a member of many Ukrainian organizations; he was espe cially active in the Ukrainian Journa lists' Association of America. Memorial services were held Decem ber 28 and 29 in New York. Burial was at St. Andrew's Ukrainian Orthodox Cemetery in South Bound Brook, N.J.
Dr. Walter Dushnyck, editor of Тім Ukrainian Quarterly, chats with Secretary of State Alexander Haig at the National Foreign Policy Conference, held on October 29, 1981, at the State Department in Washington. Gen. Haig was the principal speaker at the conference, discussing such topics as the necessity of restoring U.S. military strength, combatting international terrorism, assistance to the third-world countries and tightening up the free world's alliances. private collections and institutions. His mural titled "Kniazha Prystan u Kyievi na Dnipri" hangs in the Self reliance (Continued from page 4) settled in Philadelphia. He became a Credit Union in New York. This past fall, Mr. Andrusiw com U.S. citizen in 1954. In Philadelphia, he helped establish pleted work on a tremendous mural titled "K,hreshchennia Ukrainy-Rusi," the Selfreliance Credit Union, serving as president in 1947-48. He taught at the which was commissioned by the late Ukrainian Art School in Philadelphia Metropolitan Joseph Schmondiuk to in 1952-72, and was a member of the help mark the millennium of the ChrisUkrainian Artists' Association, serving tianization of Ukraine which will be celebrated in 1988. as its president in the mid-1960s. Mr. Andrusiw is survived by his wife In addition, Mr. Andrusiw was a member of the Shevchenko Scientific Natalia (nee Semion), whom he married Society, and the head of the arts com in 1939. I A panakhyda was held on January 1 mittee of the Ukrainian Institute of at 7:30 p.m. at the Danowsky Funeral America. Mr. Andrusiw also frequently wrote Home in Riverhead, Long Island. The on the crts. From 1963 to 1970 he was funeral mass was celebrated on January on the editorial board of the journal 2 at St. John the Baptist Ukrainian Catholic Church in Riverhead. Burial Notatky z Mystetstya. The artist had numerous exhibits in was at St. Andrew's Ukrainian Ortho Lviv, Helsinki, Prague and Berlin dox Cemetery in South Bound Brook, between 1927 and 1938, as well as shows N.J. In lieu of flowers, Mr. Andrusiw's in New York, Philadelphia, Toronto widow requested that funds be donated and Detroit. to Notatky z Mystetsva. His works can be found in several
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second half of the 19th century. Several of his works about the activists of this period were published by the Shev chenko Scientific Society, and many others were published on the pages of Narodna Volia. In 1955 Dr. Werhun began working at Narodna Volia, and later succeeded Dr. Matviy Stachiw as the newspaper's editor-in-chief.
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Ukrainian Church in Cleveland. As a building mover, one of his biggest feats was moving the five-story Pulaski County Jarf in Little Rock, Arki, in 1955. The prisoners stayed in the building for a good part of the move, but finally were sent to prison farms. Mr: Mural became chairman of the building-moving company about 15 years ago when his son William became president and took over the firm's management. But the elder Mural continued to go to the office daily, arriving at 6:30 a.m., until he became ill. "Nothing is impossible," was his motto when confronted'v(ith 4 difficult moving jofr.-He'invented a special
moving dolly which eliminated the need to keep switching rollers. He was a former member of the choir at the Ukrainian National Home and used to act in Ukrainian plays given there. Mr. Mural aided over 100 Ukrainian families who immigrated to this country after World War II by sponsoring them, and finding them housing and job training. Mr. Mural was a lifelong member of Ukrainian National Association Branch 334. His wife Katherine was secretary of Branch 358. Besides his wife and son, he is sur vived by a daughter, Helen Shipka, owner of a travel agency in Parma; seven grandchildren and seven great rV ; grandchildren. ' ' -
can families is 548,300, whereas the average Ukrainian American family has King Catholic Church, to deliver the about 53,000 or 53,500 coverage in the opening prayer. The chairman then UNA. Mrs. Dushnyck then concisely an welcomed the representatives of the four Massachusetts branches as well as alyzed the organizing and financial status of the UNA. In terms of organiz UNA Vice President Mary Dushnyck. He also surveyed the achievements of ing activity, she said, the UNA is lagging the Boston District branches, calling in comparison with previous years, but attention to the economic situation and December should show substantial problems encountered in the organizing gains. However, financially the UNA is campaign as well as problems besetting forging ahead with increased rental the community, problems that are income and an increase in dues despite reflected in the work of the UNA lower membership. The speaker also reported on the secretaries and organizers. Mrs. Dushnyck prefaced her remarks proposed merger of the UNA with the with a review of the 1980 gains of the Ukrainian Fraternal Association, the Boston District which realized its quota planned UNA condominium apart by 60 percent, with Dmytro Galonzka ments for seniors at Soyuzivka, schol (secretary of Branch 307) leading with arships, Ukrainian refugees who had nine members, followed by Mr. Het- left Poland and are in Austria and need mansky (Branch 374 secretary) with five aid, youth activities and so on. In the ensuing discussion many members; Ann Remick (Branch 238 secretary) with four; Mary Bednarczyk searching questions were put forth (New Hampshire Branch 178 secretary) regarding problems facing the UNA with two and Joseph Ercha (Salem and the community; youth, becoming Branch 224 secretary) with one. In 1981, more active in the UNA; exemption the speaker noted, Mr. Ercha was in the from medical examinations for older lead with five members, and Mrs. prospective members; the economic Bednarczyk and Mr. Hetmansky were situation and competition with com tied for second place with three mem mercial insurance firms; the New Eng bers each, and Mrs. Remick and Mr. land Fraternal Congress; UNA Audit Galonzka were tied for third with two ing Committee; local courses for secre members each. The UNA vice president taries with detailed instruction on expressed the hope that the Boston organizing; The Ukrainian Weekly cost; District would exert great efforts in Christmas cards and so forth. The lively meeting concluded with a December and endeavor to reach at least 75 percent of its quota in the рге– prayer by the Rev. Ohirko. The as sembled then gathered for a tasty repast convention year. Mrs. Dushnyck offered several poin prepared by Mesdames Julia Hetman ters on how to enroll new members. She sky, Jaroslava Galonzka and Anna cited statistics showing that average life Ercha, over which the UNA`ers conti insurance coverage per insured Ameri nued discussions.
. (Continued from page 5)
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 3. 1982
Smorodsky participates in world conference in Japan
NEW YORK - Attorney Myroslav Smorodsky, a former public member of the U.S. delegation to the Madrid Conference to review the 1975 Helsinki Accords, took part in an international conference on "Territorial Problems and Peace" which was held in Sapporo, Japan, on November 27-28, repbrted the Suchasnist press service. Mr. Smorodsky, representing the Ukrainian journal Suchasnist, joined hundreds of scholars and experts repre senting the United States, China, Aus tralia, Afghanistan, Sweden, Cambodia and Lithuania. Among the organizers of the confe rence were Shinsaku Hohgen, former Japanese minister of foreign affairs; Shinichi Nishida, state advisor for the Committee for Return of the Northern Territory; Haruo Okada, vice speaker of the Japanese Diet; Hajime Terasawa, professor at Tokyo University; and several others. In addressing the session, Mr. Smo rodsky said that Ukraine is a classic example of how the Soviets violate territorial integrity of non-Russian nations in the USSR. Far from being a homogeneous society, Mr. Smorodsky indicated that the Soviets have used "Russian chauvi nism known as Russification" to pre serve its hegemony. "In conducting such policy and in subduing the territories of various countries, Moscow hoped to annihilate various peoples and racial groups and thus create an artificial Soviet people, and thus crystallize its empire stretched over half the globe," said Mr. Smorod sky. By thus depriving "the peoples and ethnic groups of their rights to their culture and political self expression," Mr. Smorodsky went on, the Soviet Union poses a threat to the integrity of all nations. Mr. Smorodsky specifically men tioned the invasion of Afghanistan and the Soviet refusal to return the Kurile Islands, once part of Japan, which were seized by the Soviets near the end of World War II. To fully understand the Soviet Union's expansionist policies, Mr. Smorodsky suggested that Western leaders must first understand "the nationality problem of the USSR." "I believe that in the current decade we will witness a growing opposition to the Russification by Moscow of the 14 non-Russian republics in the USSR, especially of Ukraine,"Mr. Smorodsky said. "We must come to a conclusion that the problem of Ukraine is a decisive problem of stability of the Soviet Union. The Ukrainian problem, in my opinion, is a political problem of international significance..."
Notes on people
A graduate of the University of and graduated from Indiana State Delaware with a B.A. in history and Teachers College (now Indiana State political science, Mr. Murowany also University) in Pennsylvania in 1942. He holds an M.A. from Rutgers in public was immediately called into active duty administration and has recently em in World War II by the U.S. Navy, barked upon the study of law at the where he served with distinction for Delaware Law School. four years. He was an officer in the He has had an active interest in Navy Amphibious Corps and received politics for a number of years having five battle stars for participation in the worked in Sen. Biden's office in Wash invasions ef North Africa, Sicily, ington and having been involved in a southern France, Normandy and Oki number of political campaigns. He has nawa. He was discharged with the rank also served on a number of local and of lieutenant commander. statewide civic councils and commit Following the war, he enrolled imme tees. diately in the School of Public Health at Sen. Biden is one of the leaders of the Columbia University, where he received younger generation of Democrats in the an M.S. in hospital administration. He U.S. Senate. He serves on a number of completed the requirements for this major committees, perhaps the most degree in finishing his administrative important of which is the Senate Fo residency at St. Barnabas. lHe has reign Relations Committee, where he is lectured on hospital administration at the second-ranking Democrat and the Columbia, at St. John's University and chairman of the subcommittee on at Baruch College Mt. Sinai School of Europe. He was a strong supporter of Medicine. former President Jimmy Carter's hu Mr. Kolody is a past president of the man-rights campaign and continues to Hospital Administrators' Club of New maintain that human rights must be a York, a fellow of the American Associa central concern in the formulation of tion for the Advancement of Science our foreign policy. and of the American College of Hospital Administrators. He is a member of the American Hospital Association; and is a past member of the board of gover Wirsta exhibits at Harvard nors of the Greater New York Hospital Association. CAMBRIDGE, Mass. - Paintings by Themistocles Wirsta were displayed Mr. Kolody is married to the former at the Harvard Business School here Mildred C. Secky. They have one son, November 13 through 20. Mr. Wirsta, who lives in Paris, has John Jr., who has a mater's degree in been on tour in the United States this music from New York University. year. The artist was born and raised on the banks of the Cheremosh River in the Hutsul region of Ukraine. He studied Featured in Newsweek art in Chernivtsi and at the Ecole JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Taras Popel Nationale Superieure des Beaux-Arts in of Chicago was one of 54 Vietnam War Paris. Since 1957 he has been developing veterans from Charlie Company whose and perfecting an imaginative, non- stories of life in combat and the reajustfigurative style of painting. His works ment to civilian life after the war's end are a panorama of colors, textures and were featured ina lengthy story in the December 16 issue of Newsweek titled shapes. The Ukrainian Studies Fund and the "What Vietnam Did To Us." A color photograph of Mr. Popel, Ukrainian Research Institute of Har vard were pleased to bring the work of whom the magazine called a "tough Mr. Wirsta before the Harvard commu Ukrainian kid from Chicago," showed nity. Associates and students, as well as him standing in front of a painting of St. members of the Boston community, had Volodymyr the great at Ss. Volodymyr the opportunity to meet Mr. Wirsta at and Olha Ukrainian Catholic Church in an opening reception held November 13 Chicago. in Kresge Hall of the Harvard Business The article recorded the veterans' School. The artist also met with the personal accounts of the war, their Ukrainian communities of the area at battle stories and their often-painful the Christ the King Ukrainian Catholic return to a nation that had turned its Church of Boston on November 20. back on an unpopular war. Thirty of the veterans from Charlie Orysia Legoshniak of Parma, Ohio, assisted in arrangements for Mr. Company gathered recently for a re union organized by CBS News with the Wirsta's visit to Cambridge. cooperation of Newsweek. A documen tary of the reunion was broadcast on Hospital administrator reures CBS on December 12.
Women, International Research and Exchange Board and the Ukrainian National Women's League of America. She is the author of two books, co author of one and has edited a volume of memoirs. Upon her most recent return from Eastern Europe, she presented a paper at a conference on the Status of Women in Eastern Europe, held last weekend at George Washington University.
Writes engineering book
CLINTON CORNERS, N.Y. John C. Ropke, a highly regarded authority on concrete engineering, has written a book drawing on concrete problems from his 40 years of expe rience in the field. The book, "Concrete Problems: Causes and Cures," was published by McGraw-Hill in November, and, ac cording to the author, is the only one of its kind in print. It is based on a longrunning series of seminars conducted by the author. The book spans every important area of concrete technology. Currently an independent concrete consultant, Mr. Ropke has been a concrete inspector, -inspector trainer, quality control engineer, and a troubleshooter for the U.S. Navy, the U.S. Testing Co. of New Jersey, the JohnsManville Corp. and other firms. The author is a member of UNA Branch 251 and says that he has dedi cated his work to his wife Elaine (nee Yurchak) Ropke and his sons - the Rev. John, assistant pastor of St. Josaphat Ukrainian Catholic Church in Ro chester, N.Y., and Richard, of Pompano Beach, Fla.
Appointed to CSCE staff
WASHINGTON - Orest S. Deychakiwsky of Brecksville, Ohio, was recently appointed to the staff of the Congressional Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), reported the CSCE Digest. Mr. Deychakiwsky, who formerly worked with the Republican National Committee, will work on emigration cases and relations with non-govern mental organizations. He is a graduate of Notre Dame University, and holds a master's degree in international relations from George town University in Washington.
Program marks anniversary
NEWINGTON, Conn. - The Ame rican Ukrainian Program on WRYM, under the direction of Dick Kerry and his wife Anne, is celebrating its 10th anniversary this month. Since 1971, WRYM Radio has fea tured Ukrainian music and programs direct from Kiev. The program reaches listeners in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Long Island, N.Y., every Saturday morning. It is paid for by local and national sponsors. During its 10 years on the air, over 520 radio shows have been produced, over 5,000 records played along with special interest stories on famous Ukrai nian poets, writers, artists and Ukrai nian holidays. On Easter and Christ mas, special Ukrainian holiday shows have been broadcast. Mr. Kerry has been associated with WRYM for the past 17 years, and is employed full, time with Connecticut Natural Gas Corp. in Hartford.
BRONX, N.Y. - After almost 36 years of service to St. Barnabas Hospi Returns from Eastern Europe JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Mark A. tal here, John T. Kolody, president, will MC LEAN, Va. - Writer and his Murowany, a young political activist retire on December 31, and will assume torian Martha Bohachevsky-Chomiak his new role as a member of the hospi is back in her McLean, Va., home after from Wilmington, Del., has been asked to join a statewide advisory commission tal's board of trustees. three months in Poland and Czechoslo Mr. ` Kolody received a significant vakia, where she completed research for created by Sen. Joseph R. Biden Jr. ' The commission was inaugurated by honor at the St. Barnabas board of her next book, a history of Ukrainian the Democratic senator from Delaware trustees meeting on November 23 when women's movements, according to the to establish a mechanism for increased he was elected a member of the board. "I Providence Journal and Fairfax He constituent input into policy formation am most appreciative of this recogni rald, a local newspaper. and decision-making. With a member tion," he said, "and welcome the oppor Earlier this year she returned from a ship of about 30, the commission tunity to continue my association with similar research trip to Ukraine and consists of a cross-section of people St. Barnabas after my retirement." Russia. Mr. Kolody came to St. Barnabas as active in politics as well as in the affairs Dr. Bohachevsky-Chomiak is cur of their own communities. Mr. Миго– administrative resident in 1946. He rently on leave from Manhattanville wany`s appointment is a reflection upon advanced through the ranks at St. College in Purchase, N.Y., where she is bis involvement in Ukrainian and East Barnabas as associate director, execu a professor of history. Her research is European affairs and activities in his tive director and as president. being supported by grants from the state. Mr. Kolody was born in Arnold, Pa.. American Association of University
Joins senator's commission
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 3. 1982
(Continued from page 4)
"Youth in Search of Ucrainica" contest announced
STERLING HEIGHTS, Mich. This year's rules for the Mary V. Beck in Worldwide Contest for Youth in Search of Ucrainica in English-Language Publi cations, in which Ukrainian young people compile and sort information or news on Ukrainian matters published in English-language publications in 1982, have been announced by philologist Mary Harasevych, chairperson of the contest committee. The contest, which is in its fourth consecutive year, was originally funded by Dr. Beck and subsequently named in her honor. The contest is open to Ukrainians in the West from the ages of 14 to 24. This year, organizers have announced that the contest is also open to Ukrainian youth organizations, clubs and student groups which may submit material as a group project. The committee has also divided participants into two groups - the junior division (age 14 to 17) and the senior division (age 18-24). Each divi sion will be considered separately and get separate awards. Participants must collect their mate rial from English-language publications all material or pertinent bibliographical (excluding Ukrainian English-language information is required. sources) published from January 1 to In the junior division, first prize is December 31 of this year. The material S300; second, S200; and third, S100. In must relate to the subject of Ukraine, the senior division first prize will be Ukrainians or matters Ukrainian. The S500; second, S300; third, S200. source of the material may be books, All collections submitted to the magazines, almanacs, newspapers, committee will become property of the publicity brochures, pamphlets, etc. committee, and will be classified as the The information may be collected and fourth" annual contest archives. presented in various forms — actual Contestants may send their collec clippings, copies of original material, or tions for 1982 from January 1, 1983, to properly identified handwritten or March 31, 1983, to Ucrainica, 3061 typed excerpts. Firestone Drive, Sterling Heights, Proper and complete identification of Mich. 43077.
and effort on Plast's part and both material and moral support from the entire Ukrainian community. While the jamboree's nine-day sche dule has not been worked out in full detail, the basic schedule of events is as follows: Saturday, August 14 — opening ceremonies; Sunday — divine liturgy; Monday through Thursday — pro grams in the individual camps (hiking, sports, orienteering, bonfires); Friday - Friendship Day; Saturday - sports finals, artistic performances, scouting skills demonstrations; Sunday, August 22 — liturgy and closing ceremonies. At the December 12 meeting, the presidium of the organizing committee approved several Plast mem bers to head sub-committees: Andriy Rakowsky, safety and communications; Dr. Alexander Chernyk, medical care; Mychajlo Heretz, transportation; Jurij Ferencewych, ceremony; Roman Juzeniw, press; Lubomyr Jawny, publications; Jurij Ihor Pawliczko, philately; Jurij Denysenko, film and photography; and Oksana Kuzyszyn, special guests. Additionally, Mr. Lastowecky an nounced that a candidate for the post of jamboree commander had been sub mitted to the National Plast Command and that quick approval was expected. Also announced was the fact that Wyacheslaw Wyshnewsky will be the representative of Plast seniors in the organizing committee and that a spot in the committee has been reserved for a representative of Canada's National Plast Command. What will ultimately, decide the success of this jamboree will be its planned program. Plast is divided into four age groups: "novatstvo" (7-11); "yunatstvo" (11-18); "starshe plastunstvo" (18-31); and seniors (31 and over), and each will ha ve its separate camp and programs at the jamboree, as will Plastpryiat (whose members are the parents of Plast children and Plast supporters). As regards "novatstvo," the number of participants will be limited due to a shortage of proper accommodations. The theme of their camps will be based on an exchange of customs and infor mation on the six countries where Plast is active. For "yunatstvo," the main element of the program will be hikes, with small groups of Plast youths hiking in diffe rent locations. Sites currently being studied are: western Massachusetts and the Adirondack Mountains. "Starshi plastuny," seniors and "Plast pryiat" will each have their own pro grams, involving such activities as field trips in the surrounding area, bonfires, meets, etc. International Plast jamborees occur every five years, alternating between Canada and the United States, Realiz ing the fact that there will be many Plast members from thoughout the world present, as well as members of other Ukrainian and non-Ukrainian youth organizations, the organizing committee says it is doing everything possible to ensure that this Interna tional Plast Jamboree will be a truly memorable one.
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THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 3, 1982
No. 1 beyond the borders of Ukraine, in the regions of Siberia, Yakutia, Kazakh stan or the Far Eastern USSR. During the term of internal exile, as during imprisonment, work on government projects is mandatory. During his exile in 1980, Vasyl Lisovy was sentenced to additional imprisonment because he was unable to work due to poor health. Exile is only a slight improvement over imprisonment: one can put on as much clothing as one's tired body demands, and can eat one's fill. In each public testimony, I mention the name of Yuriy Shukhevych who has endured 29 years of imprisonment. In 1979, he participated in the prisoners' (camp) Helsinki group and later joined the Ukrainian Public Helsinki Group. The Ukrainian Helsinki Group has many supporters. Some of them `werc cruelly punished, foremost among them Hanna Mykhailenko and Vasyl Barladianu. (I submit for the record a separate statement with information about them.) Ukrainian political prisoner, Yuriy Badzio, deserves special mention. (I submit an informational summary on his fate.) Thank you for your attention. I am ready to answer any questions you may have to the best of my ability.
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A Ukrainian perspective on the news...
о Lengthy periods of imprisonment of religious or political and ideological convictions coiioiitute a deliberate program of destruction of a person's professional and intellectual skills. о The unsanitary conditions of a prisoner's daily existence - directed against the prisoner's mind, body and spirit — are indisputable proof of the use of torture in the USSR. ' The persistent assault of the Soviet penal system on the physical and mental health of its prisoners should be re viewed according to international defi nitions of torture. " The government of the USSR should bear full moral and legal res ponsibility before the international community for the use of torture. , My analysis of Soviet camps and prisons is primarily in light of the continued imprisonment of members of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group. But I cannot forget that similar conditions are the daily lot of millions of prisoners in the USSR. I would like to briefly describe the conditions of internal exile. Ukrainian political prisoners serve their exiles
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THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 3. 1982
15 of rights. In October 1978, Yosyf Zisels, a Jew, became a member of the Ukrai nian Helsinki Group. He compiled and publicized materials on 76 Ukrainians incarcerated in psychiatric prisons for their convictions. Now Yosyf Zisels finds himself behind barbed wire. Contrary to the will of the Ukrainian people, the Crimea became part of the territory of the Ukrainian republic. The Crimean Tatars, who aspire to return to their homeland after the forcible Stalinist deportation, have found support for the realization of their legal right from Ukrainian defenders of rights. Gen. Grigorenko, a member of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group, continually came to the defense of the rights of the Crimean Tatars, more than once sacrificing his own liberty. The Ukrainian Helsinki Group has been in existence for five years. And for all those five years it has waged a courageous struggle, a struggle within the framework of legality and based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, other U.N. human-rights con ventions and the Helsinki Final Act, a struggle.for a democratic Ukraine, for the rights of all the citizens of the republic, regardless of their nationality.
(Continued from page 3)
representative body of OVCT 3 million Ukrainians in the free world, we express our deep sympathy and unreserved moral support for the gallant struggle of the Polish people under the leadership of Solidarity against the Communist puppet regime of Wojciech Jaruzelski and his masters in Moscow. The Solidarity movement for genuine freedom of men and associations in Poland, was becoming not only an inspiration for nascent democracy and justice for the Polish people and Po land's national minorities, including 500,000 Ukrainians, but it was a beacon of light and hope for the 48 million people of Ukraine and all other peoples now captive in the Soviet Russian empire. We know that the Solidarity movement made deep inroads in the minds and hearts of the captive peoples
not only in the so-called satellite coun tries but in the enslaved non-Russian nations in the USSR, such as Ukraine. Byelorussia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, as well as in the non-Russian countries in the Caucasus and Turke stan. We beg you to convey our assurances to those brave members of the Solida rity movement and any other Polish organizations which are resisting the Warsaw puppet of Moscow in his attempt to stifle the voice and action of freedom. We Ukrainians, who have been fighting to remove the Soviet Russian Communist yoke for too long alone and unaided, therefore wish to let you know that you are not alone in this gigantic struggle. By helping you fight the present oppressors of Poland we also are fighting against the oppressors of Ukraine, because they are the same unscrupulous enemies of freedom of every nation and people in the world. trying to organize strikes. Amnesty International said. The provisions of both internment and summary trial contradict esta blished international principles. Am nesty International's letter said. These principles bar arbitrary arrest or deten tion and recognize the rights of anyone taken into custody to be brought before a judge, to be informed of charges, to be tried within a reasonable time, to have the right to appeal, and to be given humane treatment. The letter, Amnesty International's second to Gen. Jaruzelski since martial law was introduced on December 13,. 1981, called for full legal safeguards and fair, open trials for anyone accused of crimes. It appealed against the use of the death penalty in any case. It reiterated an appeal made in the first letter, sent on December 16, 1981, for the authorities to provide a full list of detainees and the places where they were held. HELP WANTED
The Ukrainian Helsinki.
(Continued from page 2)
(Continued from pate 3)
know how many people nad been interned, but it noted that the authori ties had said some 5,000 people had been detained, and that unofficial estimates were higher. Under the regu lations spelled out by the Polish autho rities, people were interned without being suspected of any offense, but because of alleged suspicion that they might act unlawfully or against state interests. There is no limit to how long people can be held, and no supervision of internment by the courts, said AI. Other people have been arrested under martial law and face trial under summary procedures which give them no right of appeal. Under martial law provisions they could face penalties ranging from three years'imprisonment to death. Some of these people were arrested for such non-violent acts as REAL ESTATE
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Ukrainians than among the dissenters in the Russian Federation. I think that the close acquaintance with the culture and history of Ukraine stirs in the thinking Russian feelings of gratitude toward (and often a deep love for) the land on which he lives. Over a long period of time Ukraine was "the pale for the settlement of Jews." The imperialistic, anti-Semitic policies of the Russian state — policies based on the principle "divide and conquer" — led to the rise of complex relations of mutual distrust between Jews and Ukrainians. The democratic positions of Ukrai nian and Jewish defenders of rights promoted the emergence of cooperation between them. Semen Gluzman, a Jewish doctor, the cellmate and friend of Ukrainian Helsinki Group member Vasyl Stus, received TO years of impri sonment for his honest psychiatric diagnosis in the case of Gen. Petro Grigorenko, a Ukrainian. Oleksander Feldman, Yakiv Suslensky, Volodymyr Kislik and other Jews have been arrested in Ukraine for their activity in defense
HOLIDAY SEASON AT SOYUZIVKA
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CHRISTMAS SPIRIT and CAROLS "This is the ideal way to give the housewives a Christmas treat!
ORGANIZATIONAL MEETING OF UNA BRANCHES
will be held
Sunday, January 10,1982 at 2:00 p.m. Ukrainian Civic Center, 831 Joseph Ave., Rochester, N.Y.
All members of the District Committee, Convention Delegates and Branch Officers and Delegates of the folloving Branches are requested to attend:
36, 66, 8 9 , 2 1 7 , 2 8 5 , 289, 316, 343, 367 and 437
PROGRAM: 1. Opening Remarks. WASYL 0RICH0WSKY, Supreme Organizer. WALTER HAWRYLAK.
СОЮЗІВКА Різдвяне Меню
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. в. 9. 10. 11.
SOYUZIVKA Christmas Dinner
2. Review of the organizational work of the District during the Year 1 9 8 1 . 3. Organizational Program for 1982 4 . Report of Chairman of the Convention Committee 6. XXX UNA Convention -
5. Report of various Committees Chairmen of the Convention Committee. Dr. JOHN 0 . FLIS, UNA Supreme President. 7. Questions and answers, adjournment.
Meeting will be attended by Dr. J O H N 0. F L I S , UNA Supreme President UNA Supreme Organizer
1 Prosphora Просфора 2 Borshch with dumplings Борщ з вушками Кар опляники з грибовим сосом 3. Kartoplyanyky with mushroom sauce 4. Boiled carp in gelatin Варений короп в ґаляреті 5. Holubtsi with mushrooms Голубці з грибами 6. Varenyky with potatoes Вареники з картоплею 7. Varenyky with cabbage Вареники з капустою 8. Prune dumplings Галушки зі сливами Смажена риба з хріновим сосом 9. Filet of sole with horseradish sauce 10. Apple strudel Яблушний пиріг 11. Fruit compote ,ч'. ; Компот з овочів 12. Кутя з медом і маком 12. Kutya (whole wheat with honoy and poppy-seeds) sfsSFfr? Чай - Кава Coffe - Tea - Sa jLj
UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION ESTATE
Korhonkson. N. Y. ш Tel.: (914) 626-5641 `
ALL MEMBERS AND NON-MEMBERS ARE WELCOME.
D. PRYSTAJ . Secretary
M. LYLAK Treasurer
WALTER HAWRYLAK ... President
No Place Like Soyuzivka at Christmas Holidays
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 3, 1982
WHY LOOK ANY FURTHER? THE UNA HAS THE GIFT SOLUTION FOR YOU!
' T h e Ukrainian Weekly Let The Ukrainian Weekly provide you, your friends and your family with 3J Ukrainian perspective on the news - local, national and international. You can't afford not to subscribe if you want to be an informed reader. о Veselka/The Rainbow children's magazine Written for children up to age 12, it will open the doors of Ukrainian folklore, poetry, illustrations and short stories for boys and girls. At only J8 for 10 colorful issues, this magazine remains a bargain and a fun learning tool as well. о Ukraine: A Concise Encyclopaedia Thanks to its large membership and resources the UNA was able to undertake publishing the most complete reference work about Ukraine in the English language. This extensive encyclopedia comes in two volumes. A must for every household, the encyclopedia is particularly useful for students who can rely upon it for various school projects and reports on Ukrainian topics. о Is your Ukrainian library complete? HISTORY'S CARNIVAL by Leonid Plyushch S 14.95 ' SI.00 postage. " The Svoboda Bookstore stocks many other books in the Ukrainian and English languages. Among them are several pictured below. For a complete list of books on Ukrainian cuisine, art, literature, language and history write to the Svoboda Bookstore, 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, N.J. 07302. When selecting the book or books you wish to order, send remittance (check or money order), including postage of SI to S3 (depending on the number of books) and 5"J sales tax tor New Jersey residents to the Svoboda Bookstore. HNIZO0VSKY - Woodcuts, 1944-1975. a catalogue raisonne by Abe И. Tahir. Jr. - 525.00 t 51.00 postage. 111! M І лиш. Ill
GIFT SUBSCRIPTION TO THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY!
I would like to subscribe to The Ukrainian Weekly for year (s). Name: . : UNA Branch: „ ; Street: \ j City: ^ : State: : Zip code: , s In addition, I would like to give a friend a subscription to The Weekly for year (s). Name: ; UNA Branch: Street: City: State: a i i : Zip Code: . ( і ` S u b s c r i p t i o n rate: 55 for U N A m e m b e r s , 5 8 for n o n - m e m b e r s .
TRADITIONAL UKRAINIAN COOKERY by Savella Stechishin (Handling and postage charges i n c l u d e d ) " 514.00
THE OTHER HOLOCAUST Many Circles of Hell by Bohdan Wytwycky - 54.95 ? 51.00 postage.
AN INTRODUCTION TO UKRAINIAN
HISTORY Volume 1: Ancient and Kietun-Gaitcuin Ukraine-Rus'
THE HUMAN RIGHTS MQUEMENT IN UKRAINE
DOCUMENTS OF THE UKRAINIAN HELSINKI CROUP. 1976-1980
Please send me UKRAINE: A CONCISE ENCYCLOPAEDIA copies Vol. I, at S45.00: copies Vol. II; at 560.00; .
Scopies Vol. I 4 II, at S94.50 per set. Remittance enclosed S (Please make checks payable to the Ukrainian National Association. Inc.) AN INTRODUCTION TO UKRAINIAN HISTORY, Vol. 1 : Ancient and KievanGalician Ukraine-Rus', by Nicholas L. Fr.-Chirovsky - 519.95 І 5 1 . 0 0 postage. Name Address -
THE HUMAN RIGHTS MOVEMENT IN UKRAINE, Documents of the Ukrai nian Helsinki Group, 1976-1980 512.95 (hardcover), 58.75 (paper back) t 51.00 postage.
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