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Ukrainian Weekl

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PUBLISHED BY THE UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION INC ,

A FRATERNAL NON- PROHT ASSOCIATION

No. 12

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 21,1982

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Reagan proclaims Afghanistan Day, Bush recalls Ukraine's plight

by Dr. Walter Dushnyck

WASHINGTON - President Ronald Reagan issued a Presidential Proclamation on March 10 designating March 21 as "Afghanistan Day" and appealing to the American people and the world at large "not to forget the struggle of Afghan patriots" fighting Soviet troops who have occupied Afghanistan for more than two years.

It was the second time in three days that the administration had raised the issue of Afghanistan, which in recent

months has taken .a back seat

to the

imposition of martial law in Poland and the guerrilla war in El Salvador. Deputy Secretary of State Walter Stoessel, former U.S. ambassador to Poland and the Soviet Union, testifying before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, charged that, according to "very reliable information," Soviet chemical warfare killed at least 3,042 persons in Afghanistan up to the sum­ mer of 1981.

In an official ceremony in the White House, attended by some ISO represen­ tatives from American and ethnic human-rights organizations as well as by foreign delegations, President Rea­ gan called the fight of the Afghans against the Soviet army "one of the epics of our time." He said: "We cannot and will not turn our backs on their struggle."

He said that March 21 was selected as "Afghanistan Day" because it is the first day of spring and the start of the new year for Afghans. Mr. Reagan also dedicated the third launching of the space shuttle "Columbia" on March 27 to the Afghan people.

Enslavement of Ukraine

The official character of the cere­ mony was underscored by the fact that the program was conducted by former Secretary of State William P. Rogers and that Vice President George Bush spoke before President Reagan read his proclamation. There were a number of other U.S. government officials and legislators present. Vice President Bush denounced So­ viet terror in Afghanistan and empha­ sized that the United States is not forgetting the plight of the captive nations in Eastern Europe, from the Baltic States, to Ukraine to Uzbekistan.

Foreign delegation

Addressing the gathering briefly and stressing the solidarity of Western Europe with America on the subject of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan was Egon Klepsch of West Germany, who headed a three-man delegation of the European Parliament. Also in atten­

dance were delegations from Europe, England, Germany, Austria, Panama, Thailand, Taiwan, Kenya and Japan. Hugged by President Reagan at the dais was an Afghan teen-age student, Nahid Mojadidi (a pseudonym), who related how the Soviet troops beat her schoolmates and teachers and told of other barbarities. She presented Presi­ dent Reagan with the national flag of Afghanistan.

In part, the presidential proclamation read:

"The Soviet Union must understand

the world will not forget what it did to

Afghanistan

The

Afghan people de­

fied the Soviet Union with a vigor that

has few parallels in modern

history and ..

have paid a terrible price in their fight

for freedom

Their

villages and homes

have been destroyed; they have been

murdered by bullets, bombs and chemi­

cal weapons

One-fifth

of the Afghan

their fight goes on."

 

" 'Afghanistan Day' will serve to

recall

the

principles involved when a

people struggles for the freedom to determine its own future, the fight to be free of foreign interference and the right to practice religion according to the dictates of conscience ..."

State Department briefing

At 2:30 p.m. that day a foreign policy conference at the State Department was attended by some 200 persons. They were welcomed by Ambassador Gerald Helman, who conducted the conference.

Deputy Secretary of State Stoessel gave an overview of relations between the United States and the Soviet Union, stating that these relations are marred by Soviet policies in Poland and Afgha­ nistan, as well as Moscow's meddling in Central American affairs, particularly in Cuba, Nicaragua and now in El Salvador.

John D. Scanlan, deputy assistant secretary, Bureau of European Affairs, discussed U.S. policy with respect to Poland and other satellite countries, and the USSR. Peter Constable, acting assistant secretary for Near Eastern and South Asian affairs, spoke on relations with Pakistan and its apprehension of further Soviet moves in that part of Asia. Finally, John H. Holdridge, assistant secretary for East Asia and Pacific affairs, reported on the Soviet- backed Vietnamese invasion of Kam­ puchea (Cambodia) and the large-scale murder of the civilian population.

After the conference a reception was held at the State Department. It was hosted by Deputy Secretary Stoessel. Attending the White House cere­ mony were Prof. Lev E. Dobriansky, Dr. John Basarab, Iwanna Rozankow- sky, Martha Fedoriw, Volodymyr Demchuk and Stephen Postupack.

Soviets frame Plakhotniuk

NEW YORK - Ukrainian human- rights activist Mykola Plakhotniuk, who was arrested in Kiev on September 6 on then-unknown charges, was subse­ quently charged with "homosexuality" according to new information received by the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council (abroad).

Details about the case of the 46-year- old physician, who was released from a psychiatric hospital in 1980 after being incarcerated eight years for "anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda," strongly indicate that he was framed by the KGB.

The council's press service reported that Soviet authorities continued to persecute Dr. Plakhotniuk after his release. He was not allowed to live in Kiev and was ordered by authorities to move to the Cherkaske oblast.

In early September 1981, Dr. Plakhot­ niuk, who was taking courses de­ signed to upgrade medical skills and was living in я dormitory on the,out­ skirts of Cherkask, had a chance meet­ ing in the city library with a Mr. V. I. Sokolov, whom he knew while impri­ soned in a psychiatric hospital in Smila.

Mr. Sokolov told Dr. Plakhotniuk that he was in Cherkaske doing forced labor as punishment for a criminal offense. It was Mr. Sokolov who was to play a key role in the entrapment scheme which ultimately led to Dr. Plakhot- niuk's arrest. Soon after his meeting with Mr. Sokolov - who suggested they meet again to continue their conversation — Dr. Plakhotniuk noticed some rather peculiar goings-on in his dormitory. On September 4, several unknown persons, who called themselves builders, moved into a room directly across the hall from Dr. Plakhotniuk. The next day, Dr. Plakhotniuk went to see his fiancee, a Ms. V. Chornovil. Returning home late on September 6, he was surprised to find Mr. Sokolov in his room. Because it was late, Mr. Sokolov asked if he could spend the night rather than travel home. At 11 p.m., one of the builders across the hall called the militia, while two others broke down the door and burst into Dr. Plakhotniuk`s quarters. By this time, Mr. Sokolov was lying

(Continued oo page 2)

Filmmaker Sergei Paradjanov arrested

NEW YORK - Sergei Paradjanov, whose film of Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky's book "Shadows of Forgotten Ances­ tors" is considered a modern cinema classic, was arrested on February 11 in the Georgian capital of Tbilisi, where he had been living with a sister, according to the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council (abroad). He was reportedly charged with associating with "undesirable persons," probably foreigners. The filmmaker, now in his mid-50s, was hailed as the heir apparent to the great Soviet director Sergei Eisenstein when his haunting and lyrical film about the mystical aspects of Hutsul

Sergei Paradjanov

culture described in Mr. Kotsiubynsky's story was released in the west in the mid- 1960s. "Shadows" won no fewer than 16 international film awards. However, after the ouster of Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev, Mr. Parad­ janov fell out of favor with authorities, partly because all six of his films were in Ukrainian rather than Russian. When he balked, on artistic grounds, at dubbing a film into Russian, he was accused of Ukrainian nationalism. Mr. Paradjanov is a native Georgian of Armenian descent, although he lived in Ukraine and sent his son to a Ukrainian school. However, no formal charges were brought against him until December 17, 1973, when he was arrested and charged with currency speculation and homo­ sexuality. He was sentenced to five years' imprisonment and, shortly there­ after, another 10-year sentence was tacked on. Thanks largely to an international campaign on his behalf, Mr. Paradjanov was released in 1977. A petition to free him was signed by Europe's greatest directors - Truffaut, Godard, Malle, Fellini, Visconti, Rosselini and An- tonioni. His last screeplay to be officially approved was "The Color of Pome­ granates," in 1969. The film dealt, with the great massacre of Armenians by the Turks and was instantly banned. Nevertheless, Mr. Paradjanov, desti­ tute and unable to find work, continued to churn out screenplays while living in Tbilisi. AH of them have been rejected by the authorities.

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY. MARCH 21.1982

No. 12

Solidarity members establish office to represent union in West

PARIS - Members of the Polish independent trade union Solidarity, who were outside the country when martial law was imposed last Decem­ ber, met here on February 22 and 24 and formed the Group of Delegates-Abroad of the National Congress of Solidarity, which will act as the only official representative of the union leadership outside of Poland.

The eight members at the core of the new group were all delegates to Soli­ darity's first national congress held last October. The three others are well- known union activists.

The eight former delegates are Marek Janas from the Mazowsze region; Jerzy Milewski from the Lodz region and a member of the presidium of the Re­ gional Executive Council; Jerzy Mohl from the Malopolska region and mem­ ber of the Regional Executive Council Board and the Regional Executive Council; Danuta Nowakowska from the Gdansk region and chairman of the Electoral and Mandating Committee of the National Congress; Andrzej Opiela, from the Gdansk region and a member of the presidium of the Regional Exe­ cutive Council; Krystyna Ruchniewicz, from the Gdansk region and a member of the National Executive Review Board and chairman of the Regional Review Board; and Danuta Zurkowska from the Gdansk region and.a member of the Regional Executive Council.

The three members who were not delegates at the congress are Marek Mikolajczuk and Henryk Jagielski, members of the presidium of the Fac­ tory Committee of the Gdansk Ship­ yard, and Jozef Chwala, chairman of the Regional Executive Council in Oisztyn.

According to the group's first com­ munique, which was translated and disseminated by the New York-based Solidarity International, it plans to support activities on behalf of the

restitution of trade-union freedoms and civil rights in Poland, the release of persons seized by Polish authorities during the crackdown, and to foster contacts with Western unions and organizations sympathetic to Soli­ darity's cause.

The new group has already received the backing of the clandestine Nation­ wide Resistance Committee, known by the Polish acronym ОКО, which was formed on January 13 by Solidarity members still at large in Poland. Ac­ cording to a declaration, the group is an extension of the National Strike Com­ mittee established in the Gdansk Ship­ yard on December 13 — the day martial law was declared.

In a message to the Paris meeting, the underground group said that it had divided the country into four regions, with bases of operations in such major cities as Cracow, Warsaw, Wroclaw and Gdansk, and each with autonomous authority. A fifth region, with central authority based in Katowice, is current­ ly being organized. There will be no one central authority, the message said.

The communique, signed by "Mies- zko," the code name of the Solidarity members still free in Poland, went on to stress the need for coordinated action and Ideological discipline," noting that the newly formed delegation in the West "must represent the position of ОКО by publicity and in official discussions."

ОКО also charged those meeting in Paris with the responsibility of serving as an "information bureau for Poland," and providing Polish society with uncensored news via Western radio broadcasts.

Although ОКО stressed that the 1 і delegates abroad are entitled to their own opinions about tactics and or­ ganizational matters, they cannot speak for ОКО without first consulting with sources in Poland, the message said.

Communists smear deceased cleric

TORONTO - Lithuanian Commu­ nist Party officials are continuing a vicious smear campaign against a Catholic priest who died of cancer two years ago, according to a National Catholic News Service story published in the March 13 issue of The Catholic Register based here.

According to reports in the clandes­ tine Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania and distributed by the Li­ thuanian Information Center in Brook­ lyn, N.Y., the Rev. Virgilijus Jaugclis continues to be the subject of attacks by authorities, who repeatedly refer to him as a criminal and a reactionary because of his human-rights activities.

The Rev. Jaugclis, who lost a lengthy battle with cancer on February 17,1980, at age 31, was ordained in 1971. He was the first priest ordained from the Lithuanian underground seminary after his application was rejected by the seminary in Kaunas, the only one allowed open by the government

His conflicts with Lithuanian autho­ rities began shortly after his ordination. In 1972 he helped collect signatures for a memorandum to then U.N. Secretary General Kurt Waldheim appealing for religious freedom in the predominantly Catholic Soviet republic. The petition was signed by 17,000 people and re­ ceived worldwide attention.

After repeated harassment, the Rev. Jaugclis was arrested on April 9, 1974, for "anti-Soviet agitation and propa­ ganda." In December he and four other

defendants were tried in the Lithuanian SSR Supreme Court for dissemination of prayer books, religious literature and the banned Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania. He was sentenced to two years in an ordinary-regimen camp near Kaunas. Soon after being imprisoned, the Rev. Jaugclis was badly beaten and his jaw was broken. However, he did not receive any medical attention at the time. In 1975 he went on a hunger strike. He was released in May of that year after Soviet authorities — aware that he was terminally ill - decided to let him go rather than have him die a martyr's death in prison.

After his release he continued to be active in human-rights causes. In 1979 he was one of 45 signers of a petition asking for self-determination for the Baltic republics, and he signed other petitions seeking observance of the Helsinki Accords on human rights and religious freedoms in Lithuania. After he died, the Chronicle reported that thousands of people, including 100 priests, attended his funeral despite government disapproval. He was buried in the church in Kybartai, where a simple carved stone in the wall marks his grave.

Despite official attempts to sully the Rev. Jaugelis's reputation. Catholics regularly Visit his grave to pay tribute to his work and dedication.

Raisa Symchych appeals for release of imprisoned husband

HELSINKI, Finland - Raisa Sym­ chych, the wife of Ukrainian political prisoner Myroslav Symchych, has tried ю gain the release of her husband by writing appeals and protest letters to both the director of the corrective labor institutions of the Zaporizhzhia oblast and the attorney general of the USSR, reported Smoloskyp, the Ukrainian Information Service.

Mrs. Symchych wrote letters dated

February 27, 1981, pleading on behalf

of her

husband, who has been imprison­

ed on and off since 1949. Born in 1923 in

Verckniy Berezi, in the Kosivsky region in Ivano-Frankivske oblast, he was convicted of participating in, the Or­ ganization of Ukrainian Nationalists and the Ukrainian Insurgent Army and sentenced on April 13, 1949, to 25 years hi prison.

On December 7, 1953, an extra 10 years were added onto his sentence for taking part in a camp protest group. However, in 1956 his sentence was reduced and he was released December 7, 1963. In 1967 Symchych was again perse­ cuted for his war and post-war activities and was sentenced to another 14-year sentence in 1968.

In her letters to Soviet officials, Mrs. Symchych describes her husband's declining health: "He suffers from hypertonia, an ulcer in the duodenum and an ulcer of the stomach, as well as radiculitis attacks."

She

writes

that

he

often

has

to

work beyond his physical capabilities in menial labor jobs. He has also spent

over a month in the hospital. It was at this time, die letter states, that the prison officials went through his personal belongings and found three postcards with religious themes, for which he was put into solitary confine­ ment for 15 days.

This was not the end. of the torture suffered by Mr. Symchych. When his wife wrote to complain about her husbandb-conditions and his persecution, she was answered by Hryhorenko, a director at the prison: "I will run him even deeper into the ground."

"And I don't know what he has done to my husband," she writes. "I don't get letters from him. The last letter I

received was dated January 10, 1981.1 went to the camp to find out why I did not receive any letters in the month of

February

...

The

guard at the prison said

that there was no record of my husband writing me any in February. Laughingly, he added, I don`t know Why he does not want to write ..."

"I wanted the director of the prison to ask my husband in my presence why he no longer writes to me. But I was rudely answered, 'This is not a zoo; I will not show you anyone,' " writes Mrs. Sym­ chych. "For'13 years I have visited my husband in prison. Always I have obeyed the laws of the visits to the prison, did not cause any,friction, and the prison officials have always treated me with courtesy and tact. Now, I protest the high-handedness of the prison camp administration. Please tell me why I do not receive letters from my husband," the letter concludes.

Plakhotniuk ...

(Continued from page 1)

in bed in a suggestive manner. A half hour later the militia arrived and arrested Dr. Plakhotniuk on homo­ sexuality charges. He was later indicted on an additional charge of corrupting the character of minors by serving them liquor. The charge was based on testimony pro­ vided by a Mr. E.V. Zekynov, who also met Dr. Plakhotniuk in a psychiatric hospital. Mr. Plakhotniuk's arrest on trumped- up criminal charges rather than overtly political ones is indicative of a relatively recent pattern in the Soviet government^ persecution of dissidents.

In April 1980 Ukrainian Helsinki monitor Vyacheslav Chornovil was arrested on a phony attempted rape

charge and subsequently sentenced to five years' imprisonment. The same year, Yaroslav Lesiv, also a Helsinki monitor, was sentenced to two years in prison from his place in exile on fabri­ cated charges of drug possession. In 1979, Mykola Horbal, also a member of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group, was charged with attempted rape and re­ sisting arrest.

Sources here say that Dr. Plakhot­

niuk `s arrest on charges of homosexua­

lity, which is considered a form of mental deviance in the USSR, indicates that authorities staged the bizarre incident as a pretext to recommit him to a mental institution. Unlike a set prison term, incarceration in a mental hospital can last as long as authorities feel the "patient" needs "treatment."

Dr. Plakhotniuk was first arrested on

January

13, 1972, during the mass

arrests of the Ukrainian intelligentsia.

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Editor: Roma Sochan Hadzewycz Assistant editor: George Bohdan Zarycfcy

No. 12

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 21,1982

3

Party resolution mirrors Soviet nationalities policy

by Dr. Roman Solehanyk

On February 21 the central press in the Soviet Union published the text of a resolution adopted by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union "On the 60th Anniver- sary of the Formation of the USSR," thereby inaugurating the anniversary celebrations to be held throughout the country during the course of this year. 1

Western analysts of Soviet nationali- ties policy may be expected to examine this document closely, with-a view towards discovering indications of current Soviet policy on nationality relations in the USSR. After all, there have in recent years been relatively few high-level official statements setting out the Soviet leadership's views on the national question. With the exception of Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev's remarks at the 26th congress of the CPSU in February 1981, the only really significant formulation of Soviet na- tionalities policy made for some time was that contained in Mr. Brezhnev's speech of October 4, 1977, on the draft Constitution of the USSR.

That being said, it must be pointed out that those seeking radical new departures in the party's approach to the nationalities will be sorely disap- pointed by the Central Committee's resolution. Overall, the document amounts to a restatement of the funda- mental theses that have become part and parcel of the relevant Soviet doc- trine during the past decade.

These include, above all, the convic- tion that a new historical community -

"the Soviet people" ("Sovietskynarod")

  • - has been formed in the USSR and the

conviction that the various nations of the Soviet Union are simultaneously flourishing and drawing together. Both of these tenets also figured prominently in the resolution of the Central Com- mittee of the CPSU that was adopted on February 21, 1972, to mark the 50th anniversary of the USSR. 2

A comparison of the resolutions of

  • 1972 and 1982 does, however, reveal

some interesting changes in tone and emphasis. With regard to the language

question, for example, the document of

  • 1982 clearly and forcefully emphasizes

the important role played by the Rus-

sian language:

"Soviet multinational literature is published in tens of languages of the peoples of the USSR, many of whom did not have a written language before the October Revolution. The Russian language, having been freely accepted by the Soviet peoples as the language of inter-nationality discourse, has become an important factor in the consolidation of the socio-political and ideological unity of the Soviet people, and in the development and mutual enrichment of national cultures. It has given all of our peoples broad access to the spiritual treasures of world civilization. To cite Lenin's words, every Soviet citizen has the possibility, of learning the great Russian language. Today 82 percent of the population of the country is fluent in the language."

Ten years ago the parallel section of the corresponding Central Committee resolution began by stating that "an important result of the successful solution of the national question in our country is the all-around development of the languages of all the Socialist nations and nationalities of the Soviet Union." As for the Russian language, the resolution noted that: "all nations and nationalities of the USSR freely chose the Russian language as the common language of inter-nationality discourse and cooperation. It has become a mighty weapon of inter- communication and cohesion of the Soviet peoples and a means of pro- viding access to the better achievements of domestic ('otechestvennoi`) and world cultures."

It is interesting to note that the authors of the resolution of 1982 felt

compelled to state what percentage of the Soviet population had attained fluency in Russian — a reflection of the current drive to promote the Russian language in the non-Russian republics.

Another significant feature of the recent resolution is the strong empha- sis it places on the principles of union ("soyuznykhnachan of the Soviet state

— i.e., on the centralist aspect at the expense of the identity of its component parts. Indeed, at one point the resolu- tion maintains that "democracy in

socialism is unthinkable without strong and authoritative state power that enjoys the full confidence of the people."

These elements can

be traced

to

the

adoption of the new constitution in

1977,

which

further

embellished the

centralized powers of the state.

The resolution of 1982 also devotes considerably more attention to "the fraternal Socialist countries" than did its counterpart of 1972. Particularly interesting is the reference to "contra- dictions and difficulties" that are said to emerge in the course of their develop- ment:

"The Socialist countries have achiev- ed indisputable successes in the build- ing of a new society. At the same time, the international experience of world socialism has confirmed the Leninist notion that the road to socialism will be complicated. It should be taken into consideration that the development of a new order takes place under conditions of continuous economic, political, military and ideological pressure of imperialism. Where the subversive activity of imperialism is compounded by mistakes and miscalculations in internal policies, there emerges the ground for the activization of alien, anti-Socialist forces. Practice shows how important it is for the ruling Communist Party to concern itself with strengthening its ties with the masses, to conduct a balanced and realistic policy, to educate the toilers in an internationa- list spirit, to give a timely and decisive rebuff to the opponents of socialism, and to strengthen solidarity with fra- ternal states."

Although developments in Poland are not explicitly mentioned, it seems fairly clear that the above passage was

written with them in mind.

Finally, Kremlinologists charting the rise of the Brezhnev cult will note that, unlike the comparable document of 1972, the current resolution frequently refers to the general secretary as, inter alia, having made major contributions to "the theory and practice of scientific communism. "Ten years ago Mr. Brezh-

nev's name was not even mentioned in the Central Committee^ resolution.

1. Pravda, February 21. 2. Spravochnik partiynogo rabomika, No. 12, Moscow, Izdatelstvo politicheskoyi literatury, 1972, pp. 34-50.

Estonians celebrate anniversary of

independence

Rallies for Afghanistan

New York

NEW YORK - A Rally for a Free Afghanistan will be held here near the Soviet Mission to the United Nations, at 67th Street and Lexington Avenue, on Sunday, March 21, beginning at 12:30 p.m.

The rally is jointly sponsored by the Captive Nations Committee and the World Anti-Communist Action Front. National groups are asked to bring their flags.

For

further

information

call (212)

986-6824 or 658-3737.

Washington

WASHINGTON - A "Rally for a Free Afghanistan" will tnke place on Sunday, March 21, at 12:30 p.m. out- doors at the Sylvan Theater near the Washington Monument. Sponsored by the Committee for a Free Afghanistan and the Sakharov International Com- mittee, this rally is designed to show that America believes in the cause of freedom and supports the Afghan freedom fighters.

Immediately after the demonstration before the Washington Monument a musical program honoring the Afghan patriots is scheduled to take place. Featured performers include artists from the actual ranks of the Afghan freedom fighters. Ukrainian musicians also will take a prominent part, among them the noted mezzo-soprano Renata Babak, once a star with the Lviv, Leningrad, and Moscow operas, who will perform serveral patriotic Afghan songs. The Washington-based women's sextette Namysto will sing Ukrainian songs.

In case of inclement weather, the musical part of the March 21 rally will be held in the hall of the Holy Family Ukrainian Catholic Church, 4250 Hare- wood Road, N.W., Washington.

Travel writer cites USSR's "involuntaries"

NEWARK, N.J. - Running down interesting sports happenings around the globe in the March 7 issue of the Newark Star-Ledger, travel writer John Powers of the Field News Service mentions the Spar- takiade, the Soviet Union's quadren- nial sports extravaganza held one year before the Summer Olympic Games.

Estonians celebrated the 64th anniversary of their independence proclamation of February 1918 with a reception held at the Estonian House In New York City on February 26. Seen above during the reception are (from left): Dr. Waller Dushnyck, editor of The Ukrainian Quarterly; Mary Dushnyck, UNA vice-president; Juhan Simonson, president of the Estonian American National

Council; Mrs. A. Simutis; Dr. Anicetas Simutls, consul general of Lithuania; Ernst Jaakson, consul general of

Estonia; Rep. Geraldine Ferraro; Dr. Anatol Dinbergs, charge d'affaires of Latvia; J. Riekstlns, president of the

American Latvian Association; Helga Ozolms, and C. Parker, former U.S. minister to Latvia.

With tongue firmly in cheek, Mr. Powers writes that the spectacle shows how "the Soviet government loves to celebrate the diversity of the `peoples of the USSR.' " Included in this celebration are, in Mr. Power's words, "a few million involuntaries like Lithuanians, Armenians, Ukrai- nians and Latvians."

Continuing in the same vein, Mr. Powers goes on to describe a surefire method of locating Moscow's famed sports stadium: "Get on the Lenin subway at the Lenin library and get off at Sportivnaya, which is across from the Lenin Hills. You'll see Lenin Stadium (103,000 seats) just beyond the Lenin statue. Directions have been so simple since the Revolu- tion."

We say bravo to Mr. Power's trenchant whimsy, particularly as we are descended from or are ourselves "involuntaries" and know tne lay of Lenin's land as well as the author seems to ..

4

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 21, 1982

No. 12

Of volleyball and diplomats

WASHINGTON - Although di­ plomats, by definition, should be tactful and restrained, there was nothing diplomatic about the recent brouhaha of bruised egos when the U.S. State Department beat the Soviet team in an Embassy Volley­ ball League game.

At the center of the flap is George

Sajewych,

36,

who

works for the

Ukrainian Service of the Voice of America and also happens to be a terrific volleyball player. Thanks to his superb play, the U.S. team was able to knock the Soviets out of a tie for first place in the league, reported the Washington Post.

The trouble began when the Soviets discovered, albeit somewhat belatedly, that Mr. Sajewych was a ringer. His name was not on the official team roster. Last year, the tournament was marred by contro­ versy when the Soviet team, league champions since 1976, tried to slip in two ringers who were amateur stars back in the USSR. The two were not allowed to play, but the Soviets won anyway.

At first, the Soviets took Mr. Sajewych's presence in stride even

though he is a Ukrainian who speaks

fluent

Russian and works for the

Voice of America, America's pro- Western radio station which often broadcasts some unflattering things about the USSR.

But

once Mr. Sajewych `s athletic

prowess became evident and the Soviets lost, they cried foul. Things

got a little nasty in the locker room when one Soviet team member called Mr. Sajewych a "traitor to the home­ land." In addition, the Soviets threatened to go to the press and to ask their ambassador to lodge an official protest to the State Department unless the game was disqualified, the Post reported. In the end, the dispute was settled in true diplomatic fashion when the Soviet and American team captains sat down with referees and nego­ tiated around a table. The refs ruled that because Mr. Sajewych was not officially listed on the roster the Soviets were within their rights. They disqualified the game, leaving the Soviets once again песк– in-neck with the Brazilians for the league championship game that will be played at the end of the tourna­ ment. For their part, the Americans said it was all an innocent mistake and that they had announced the roster change verbally before the game.

`'They only complained (about Mr. Sajewych) after they lost," harrumphed one State Department player. "It's easy to play as good as they do when you've got a court right in your chancery,"groused another.

The two teams were scheduled to meet again on March 16 in the second stage of the tournament. This time Mr. Sajewych will officially be on the roster.

Panel discusses Ukrainian-Jewish relations

by Chrysryna Pluta

PHILADELPHIA - On Sunday, February 7, in a private home in the Oak Lane section of Philadelphia, members and guests of the Philadelphia branch of the Zarevo Ukrainian Acade­ mic Society participated in a discussion on "How Does the Past Influence Ukrainian-Jewish Relations and What Are the Lessons for the Future?"

Material upon which the discussion was based was prepared and presented by Dr. Harriet Freidenreich of Temple University and Dr. Taras Hunczak of Rutgers University. The lively question- and-answer period following the con­ clusion of the presentations was a good indication of the interest the topic elicited.

While Drs. Freidenreich and Hun­ czak agreed on the basic reasons for the historical friction between these two groups, they also had some significantly different interpretations of specific incidents and events which have in­ fluenced Jewish and Ukrainian thought to this day.

Drs. Freidenreich and Hunczak agreed that an important factor contri­ buting to the problem of Ukrainian- Jewish relations was the basically divergent paths of both national groups throughout history. Despite the fact that the two ethnic groups lived on the same land, they were never able to share mutual interests/ A major reason the Ukrainians and Jews were unable to meet on common ground was the urban-rural split; Jews lived in cities and most Ukrainians lived in rural areas.

The two differed significantly in their interpretations of the relationships between Jews and Bohdan Khmelnyt- sky, the era of the Haidamaky, Symon Petliura and the Ukrainian indepen­ dence movement. However, they both agreed that the research in these areas

has not been as thorough and accurate as necessary. While both felt that currently there are some areas of mutual concern — mainly the dissidents in the USSR, Dr. Freidenreich expressed pessimistic views about any forces necessarily

contributing to truly improved rela­ tions in the future. She said she feels that the Jewish and Ukrainian commu­ nities lead their own lives and that the groups will continue to have divergent interests. Dr. Hunczak maintained bis

role was one

of a historian, and thus

refrained from speculating on the

uncertainties of the future.

Scholars join board of Harvard journal

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. - Four scho­ lars specializing in Ukrainian studies have accepted invitations to join the editorial board of Harvard Ukrainian Studies, the journal of the Ukrainian Research Institute of Harvard Univer­ sity.

The new members are Edward Kasi- nec, librarian for Slavic collections, University of California at Berkeley; Paul R. Magocsi, associate professor of the Chair of Ukrainian Studies, Univer­ sity of Toronto; Bohdan Rubchak, associate professor of Slavic languages and literatures, University of Illinois at Chicago Circle; and Ivan L. Rudnytsky, professor of history, University of Alberta.

Members of the HUS editorial board serve as referees of contributions sub­ mitted to the journal and as consultants to the editors. The four new members join the 24 scholars already serving on the editorial board, who work in vari­ ous areas of Slavic studies at academic institutions in North America, Europe and the Middle East.

Religious education specialists meet

Ukrainian Catholic representatives attending the Eastern Conference of Diocesan Directors of Religious Education held recently in Morristown, N.J.

' MORRISTOWN, N.J. - The mem­ bers of the Ukrainian Catholic Reli­ gious Education Association (UCREA) attended the Eastern Conference of Diocesan Directors of Religious Educa­ tion, held at tne Good Shepherd House here February 14 to 17. -

On February 16, the members of the Ukrainian association convoked a very important meeting, which was attended by the diocesan directors of the Phila­ delphia Archeparchy — Msgr. Russell Danylchuck, Sister M. Jerome Roman OSBM; of the Stamford Eparchy - Sister Anisia, director, Sister Angela OSBM and Sister Dorothea Mihalko SMI, youth ministry director; of the Chicago Eparchy — the Rev. Andrij Chirovsky; and of the Toronto Eparchy

  • - the Rev. Terry Lozynsky, coordina­

tor of the Ukrainian Catholic Religious Education Association. The members discussed the problem of the development of a joint catecheti­ cal ministry in the light of traveling distance and restricted budgets. The members agreed to meet in full session with the eight eparchal directors of the North American continent at least once annually. Despite the rising costs of travel expenses, the "absolute need of joint action in the field of religious education was strongly emphasized'. Setting as a model the Ruthenian eparchies whose offices of religious education operate on budgets approximating up to 550,000

(Continued on page 15)

Fraternal office plans workshop

JERSEY CITY, N.J. - The UNA Fraternal Activities Office is sponsoring a Sharing and Communicating work­ shop at Soyuzivka during the weekend of April 2-4. The workshop will feature a series of discussions and presentations focusing on means of increasing youth participa­ tion in the Ukrainian community. Representatives of national Ukrainian youth organizations, as well as activity leaders in local communities are invited to take part in the workshop. Presentations will include: "The Survival of the Ukrainian Community:

Present Problems, Future Prospects," by Dr. Ihor V. Zielyk, Seton Hall University; "Public Relations as the Key to Increasing Membership," by George Martynuk, public relations

executive, Turner Construction Com­ pany; "Towards Accuracy in the Me­ dia," by Zenon Onufryk of the Media Action Coalition; "Grass-Roots Re­ cruiting," by Sister Dorothea Mihalko, director of youth apostolate to the Stamford Diocese of the Ukrainian Catholic Church.

Topics of discussion will define common challenges encountered by activity leaders and explore solutions to them.

Persons who are interested in attend­ ing the workshop should immediately contact: Marta Korduba, Fraternal Activities Office, Ukrainian National Association, 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, N.J. 07302; (201) 451-2200 or (212) 227-5250.

Obituary

Dmytro Kuzyk, Our Voice editor

TRENTON, N.J. -

Dmytro Kuzyk,

editor of the Ukrainian language month­ ly Our Voice (Nash Holos)for 14 years, died February 13 after suffering a heart attack. He was 75 years old.

Mr. Kuzyk was bom December 20, 1906, in Pechenizhny, Ukraine. He attended elementary and secondary schools in Kolomyia and received his structural engineering diploma from the Lviv Polytechnical Institute in 1937.

In Ukraine he was active in such organizations as Ukrainian National Democratic Union (UNDO) and Front of National Unity (FNY). He also worked on two newspapers, Visti and Batkivshchyna.

In Germany Mr. Kuzyk was the co- editor of the newspaper, Na Chuzhyni. In 1948, he arrived in the United States with his wife.Daria Kassian and two sons, Roman and Volodar. Here he also took an active part in the Ukrainian community, belonging to various or­ ganizations.

He is most known for his work with the Ukrainian American Association, which publishes the monthly Our Voice.

The funeral was held on Saturday, March 20, at St v Josaphat Ukrainian Catholic Church in Trenton, and burial was at St. Mary's Cemetery in that city.

No.

12

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 21,1982

U.S. in Madrid: Helsinki act is "openly defied" in Poland

Below is the text of a statement made by Max Kampelman, chairman of the United States delegation to the Madrid Conference to review compliance with

in many respects by a number of states here. This is most discouraging to our. prospects. The martial law which was declared

the Helsinki Accords. The remarks were

in Poland on

December 13 had as a

made at the plenary session held on

primary purpose the imposition of a

February 19.

regime designed to prevent the people of

Poland

from exercising their rights as

Last week was a historic one in the annals of the Helsinki process. The foreign ministers of many of our. parti­ cipating states appeared at our meeting to express their heightened concern about developments which are underr mining and threatening the very inte­ grity and survival of the Helsinki Final Act. The ministers pointed to a pattern of continued violations of commitments

My own country again asserts today

human beings, basic rights assured them at Helsinki. Today, martial law remains; arrests continue; threats a- gainst the people intensify; tensions increase - all for one reason: the military regime is unwelcome, and its repressive measures are deeply resented by millions of Polish men and women who wish to renew their striving for liberty.

solemnly entered into in 197S. The message which came out of their presen­ tations in Madrid last week and which is continuing to be transmitted this week is of the utmost seriousness in its implications. It must be attended to if the Helsinki promise of peace, coopera­ tion and mutual security is to be realized.

that genuine effort toward compliance with the Helsinki Final Act is required if we are to build upon that act by new agreements designed to advance our aspirations. We doubt the sincerity and the good faith of those who speak peace but engage in war; of those who speak peace and threaten their neighbors with the use of force; of those who speak peace and engage in a form of warfare against their own citizens.

It is difficult to understand what those who imposed martial law might have expected, Did they believe the Polish people would submit to armed control without protest? Here was a people gripped by the prospect of freedom. They became excited, perhaps unrealistically, by the dream of national reconciliation under the banner of democracy. They saw developing in Solidarity a free trade-union movement incorporating the hope of solving their own grievances through participatory dialogue within the broader context of solving their nation's economic crises. Suddenly the troops appeared, with every reason to believe that behind the orders for them to appear was the. massive power of the Soviet Union, with its more than 50,000 troops, and

What did those troops and their

Daily events in Poland constantly remind us with dramatic intensity that the Helsinki Final Act, which guides our deliberations, is being openly defied

their tanks and their planes, on their Polish soil.

generals bring with them? With them

came martial law with provisions for the preventive detention of anyone over the

age of 17 who is suspected of possible

violations of that martial law; with them

came the seizure of factories, mines and universities; the rescinding of university reforms; the arrests of thousands of workers and intellectuals; miners killed by militia bullets; beatings of strikers; the loss of jobs for activists and those suspected of independent thought and action; summary prison sentences by military judges; the imposition of loyalty oaths; the total centralized control over all broadcast and print media; the renewal of anti-Semitism; the destruction of social organization; the appointment of commissars to control other organizations; the loss of freedom of speech and assembly; and the crushing of their own popular Solidarity.

What else but passive resistance, subdued defiance and sullen protest on the part of the Polish people could be expected? Yes, there are leaflets and couriers; there are pastoral letters; there are sermons; there are work slowdowns; there are broadcasts; there are protests of all kinds — of course there are. These are the Polish people who are being victimized, a people with a noble history, strong religious and family ties, deep convictions. Is it any wonder that the scrawled slogans read: "Winter is yours, but spring will be ours"?

Newsmen report that in Warsaw a few days ago a Solidarity member was sentenced to a three-year prison term for distributing leaflets calling for a strike at the Ursus factory. About 200 spectators protested the trial and the

sentence by singing the Polish national anthem. But the regime continues with its repression. The Gdansk prosecutor recently announced that Miroslaw

Krupinski, deputy chairman of Solida­ rity, now ill in a local hospital with a heart condition, will be tried by a military court. A correspondent is

reported

as saying that this is tanta­

mount to trying the whole of Solidarity. Is this the way to proceed toward the goal of reconciliation?

On February 9, Ewa Kubasiewicz was sentenced to 10 years in prison for organizing a strike, the longest sentence reported for a violation of martial law regulations. Is this the lessening of coercion that we have been promised?

Last night's news reports quote official Polish Radio sharply attacking Polish priests and, indirectly, primate Arch­ bishop Josef Glemp for "perfidious activity" sympathetic to Solidarity leaders and for urging the faithful to resist the removal of crucifixes. Is this the way to unify a society? Mr. Chairman, the Helsinki Final Act teaches us that respect for the human dimension is vital to interna­ tional understanding. Our delegation, on occasion, concerns itself in detail with the individual human being, be­ cause we believe it is a vivid and accurate measure of a society's commit­ ment to that human dimension.

Thus we note again that a few days ago, in the city of Gdynia, Wladislaw Jerzy Trycinski, a man with a wife and a daughter, a worker and not a leader, was sentenced to a term of nine years in

(Continued on page 14)

Book review

Kotsiubynsky translation: the best

"Shadows of

Forgotten. Ancestors." Mykhailo

Kotsiubynsky.

Translated by

Marco Carynnyk. Littleton. Colo.: Ukrainian Academic Press for the Canadian

Institute of Ukrainian Studies. 1981. 127 pp.

by George Ludw

The best English-language transla­ tion of Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky's U- krainian literary classic "Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors" was prepared by Marco Carynnyk, a research associate with the Canadian Institute of Ukrai­ nian Studies. This book is the fourth title issued by the Ukrainian Classics in Translation Series of that institute and published in 1981 by the Ukrainian Academic Press of Littleton, Colo., also an established, reputable center. The work itself is divided into two major sections, the novel (proceeded by an editorial note, followed by notes on the text, and an essay on Kotsiubynsky by Bohdan Rubchak, associate pro­ fessor of Ukrainian and Russian litera­ tures, at the University of Illinois) and an extensive bibliography. Kotsiubynsky, (1864-1913), was one of the most famous and most talented of the modern Ukrainian writers, а пеого– manticist of immense ability. A per­ fectionist who valued accuracy in detail and a poetic lyricism in his descriptive prose detailing the life of the Ukrainian people, he greatly influenced both his contemporaries and the writers who followed him, Vasyl Stefanyk, to name one. All of Kotsiubynsky's works, includ­ ing "Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors" were intensively researched and-scrupu­ lously accurate in detail. The author spent a great deal of time and energy gathering information in his own stud­

ies and with the aid of both the works and advice of prominent ethnographers. It must be understood that the Hutsul homeland is one of the most provincial and extraordinary areas in Ukraine —a place unlike any other, where even ancient customs and traditions, dating back to Trypillian times (6,000 B.C.) have been preserved. A frequent visitor to the resort area of Kryvo Rivnia, where he studied Hutsul life, Kot­ siubynsky was able to recreate the ancient life of the people, from the tillers of (he soil Jo the shepherds, obtaining numerous fascinating episodes from the tales or conversations spun by old and wizened Hutsuls.

A typical example of a Hutsul legend found in Kotsiubynsky's work is the conversation between the fire keeper Mykola and his friend Ivan. The latter asks the former to tell him a story. Mykola relates the myth of how God and Aridnyk (Satan) walked the waters of the earth. Weary, God decides to create land to make their journey easier. The devil was to provide clay from the waters to create the land. As usual the devil has his deceptive plans and with­ holds some clay. When God blesses the clay it begins turning to land, including the clay the devil has swallowed. Upon spitting it out this clay becomes what we now call mountains.

"Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors" is a story that depicts the everyday life of a Hutsul named Ivan. It takes the reader from his early childhood through his

(Continued on page 15)

Idio-lexis booklet good beginning

"Ukrainian Exile Idiolect: Selected Entries. "J.B. Rudnyckyj. Ottawa: Ukrainian Language Association. 1981. 23 pp.

by Stephen P. Hallick Jr.

The booklet under review deals with the present-day idio-lexis of Ukrai­ nians. In dictionary form, 68 entries are given, of which 10 are neologisms introduced into Ukrainian by Dr. Rudnyckyj. In assessing the value of this work one must view it in light of its implications for comparative and historical linguis­ tics.' Examination and analysis of the entries in this work show a serious attempt to document the fact that linguistic interference, languages and cultures in contact, and socio-linguistic interplay are factors with which all languages must contend. One may want to extend the arguments of the 19th century neolinguist school of thought to

his effort, or, view it simply as a liberal approach. However, given the language expe­

riences

2

of Ukrainians since the Ems

Ukase of 1876,' Dr. Rudnyckyj is correct in initiating a collection which shows the patterns and susceptibility of the Ukrainian language to acclimatiza­ tion and acculturalization. The degree to which that language is inhibited or allows itself to be acclimatized and acculturated is not Dr. Rudnyckyj's function in this work. Neither is the establishment of parameters for lin­ guistic adaptability, nor the solutions. In our opinion, here he is a chronicler, recording data for future comparative linguistic analysis. In future expanded editions of this work one would like to see the author expound upon the term idiolect; listing sources and dates recorded would be

helpful. A finer distinction between idiolect and neologism could be made, since at times the difference may not be entirely evident. If this booklet is to be the seed for recording linguistic interference upon Ukrainian, a possible alternative to the title could be "Linguistic Acclimatiza­ tion and Acculturalization of Ukrai­ nian." Many of the entries have American or English derivation. It would be interest­ ing to know if Dr. Rudnyckyj con­ sidered, or had entries other than those of English-speaking countries, since Ukrainian emigre communities are found` worldwide. To what degree of linguistic interference and acclimatiza­ tion have these groups progressed? As examples, note that some Ukrai­ nians in Brazil use "potata" for "pota­ to", and, reverse influence has the

(Continued on рче 14)

1. cf., E.H. Sturtevant, "Linguistic Change: An Introduction of the Historical Study of Language," (Chicago: The Univer­ sity of Chicago Press, 1965, 177 pgs.) 2. The linguistic interferences, prejudices and discriminations of Polish, Hungarian and German are less noted today than SO years ago. Today, Russian and Ameri­ can/ English influences are heavily respon­ sible for changing the literary Ukrainian language of Shevchenko, Franko and others.

  • 3. The Ems Ukase of J876 forbade the

printing of Ukrainian and the teaching of Ukrainian. Ukrainian books were also excluded from libraries, and importation of Ukrainian publications from abroad was forbidden. Theatrical and musical perfor­ mances in Ukrainian were forbidden. The. Ems Ukase was in effect for two generations in Ukraine.

  • 6 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 21,1982

No. 12

Ukrainian Weekly

Afghanistan: divide and conquer?

When President Ronald Reagan issued a proclamation on March 10 designating March 21 as Afghanistan Day in this country, he was doing more than taking a measured swipe at Soviet aggression and reiterating American support for the cause of Afghan freedom fighters, who have been waging a valiant guerrilla struggle since the Soviet invasion in 1979. Shrewdly, the Soviets seem to plan their moves to coincide with an ongoing international crisis, or create their own diversions to draw the world's attention away from their global machinations. The Afghan invasion, for example, occurred just under two months after the Iranian terrorists seized the American hostages. To adduce a more recent example, it may be more than mere coincidence that Soviet- armed leftist guerrillas in El Salvador stepped up their offensive shortly after martial law was imposed in Poland. As the war in Afghanistan took a back seat to the Iranian crisis, so both official, public and media attention is now being drawn away from Poland to Central America. Well, the Reagan administration has wisely decided to take Afghanistan off the back burner, hopefully to turn the tables by spotlighting Soviet atrocities in that embattled country. Testifying before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee last week, Deputy Secretary of State Walter Stoessel said that the administration has proof that Soviet forces are using chemical and biological weapons against Afghanistan's civilian population. According to intelligence reports, 3,042 civilians died horribly after being exposed to mycotoxins similar to the "yellow rain" used by Vietnam, a Moscow satrap, against the fiercely independent Montagnard tribesmen. M6st died from massive internal hemorrhaging, choking on their own blood. Using the declaration of Afghanistan Day as a springboard, Vice President George Bush first chastised the Soviets for violating the sovereignty of Afghanistan, then added: "But let's not forget the other nations that have suffered the same fate, both within and without the

Soviet

Union ...

countries from the Baltic States to Ukraine to

Uzbekistan." Although President Reagan's proclamation praises the defiance of the Afghan people and nation, the Soviets appear to have added a new twist to an old tactic that may prove more effective than biological weapons in controlling the Afghans, a strategy that could impede future American efforts to provide material and political support to the Afghan people. Judging by the different and often antagonistic guerrilla factions based in Peshawar, Pakistan, lack of a unified front is perhaps the biggest impediment facing the Afghan freedom fighters. Afghanistan itself is made up of a variety of tribes and ethnic groups, including Hazaras, Tadzhiks, Turkomans, Uzbeks and Pathans, who constitute a little less than half of the population and are the backbone of the resistance.

Playing on ancient tribal and ethnic antagonisms, the Soviets have now set up the Afghan Ministry of Tribes and Nationalities as a replica of the Soviet department of nationalities founded in 1917 and headed by Stalin. Lenin's aim insetting up the department was to play up local differences in the Moslem areas, thereby severing religious and racial links binding the ethnic groups. In Afghanistan, the nationalities department of the ministry deals with the Tadzhiks, Turkomans, Uzbeks and Hazaras. Their languages are being made official, their diverse cultures are being encouraged and official propagandists are making much of their cultural affinities to their brothers in the Soviet Union. The tribal department deals primarily with the Pathans. According to The Economist, the ministry is said to be planning a Pathan republic divided into sub-regions along tribal lines. Such a move would surely undermine the Pathans' sense of unity. The Soviets are also sowing the seeds of discontent in Pakistan, arousing Pakistani Pathans'demand for a homeland. According to reports, this subtle new tactic may be working. In a recent encounter north of Kabul, Afghans led Soviet troops to an insurgent stronghold, and several hundred opponents of the regime were killed. Of course, Afghanistan was a sovereign state, and the struggle to combat foreign domination must and will go on. The president's call for a day of solidarity with the Afghan people should be heeded by all Americans, particularly Ukrainians, whose native or ancestral homeland remains in the grip of Soviet domination. We only hope that the Afghans themselves realize that solidarity is a crucial factor in ousting the Soviets from their land. They cannot let their Afghan identity be supplanted by ethnic, tribal or factional considerations. If they do, we're afraid that no amount of American moral or material support would be able to extricate them from one of the Kremlin's oldest and most sinister traps.

News and views

Thoughts upon reading minutes of Supreme Assembly sessions

The article Mow is a translation of a commentary that appeared in the U- kreinian language in Svoboda in three parts on March 16, 17 and 18.

by Stepan Lewchuk

Past weeks have been marked by much talk and discussion — among readers of Svoboda, members of the U- krainian National Association and the entire Ukrainian community in the United States and Canada - brought on by the publication in the Svoboda daily of the minutes of the annual UNA Supreme Assembly meeting held' at Soyuzivka during the five-day period of June 8-12, 1981.

Such extraordinary attention to these minutes, a document that in the past drew the attention of only a handful of UNA`ers, was not incidental. It was sparked by the fact that one rarely reads minutes of a meeting at which matters so far-removed from the germane issues at hand are discussed and during which a group of Supreme Assembly members speaks out against the Supreme Execu­ tive Committee in such an unbridled fashion.

It was certainly shocking for readers and Soyuz members to read the minutes

of the opening session which revealed that, after John O. Flis had called the meeting to order and the Rt. Rev. Protopresbyter Stephan Bilak had recited the invocation, the chairman of the Supreme Auditing Committee,

Bohdan Futey, posed a question:

" ...

would it not be in order if, before the beginning of our deliberations, the Supreme Assembly members could see a physician's statement on the supreme president's state of health, that is, if he is capable of conducting this meeting and if he is fit to return to the responsibili­ ties he held before his illness?"

Rumors about Dr. Futey's unusual remarks - remarks unprecedented in their brutality -ha d filtered out of Soyuzivka last year, but somehow one did not want to believe that this really happened. After all, the UNA member­ ship, indeed the entire community, was deeply concerned about the sudden illness of the UNA supreme president who is always so cheerful, full of energy and enthusiasm in his Soyuz work; is a popular, prominent and recognized community leader, who by his age and immigrant background has all the characteristics of a person close, to the earlier group of immigrants because he had arrived in America before the war, entered into American commu­ nity and political life, learned the language and customs, and because a professional, and who, at the same time, has much in common with the newer emigres because he remembers the land of his youth and of his parents, its language, traditions and problems.

Therefore, one had an image of how the Supreme Assembly members would greet the supreme president who had not given in to illness, who was among them and, though still weak, greeted them with a smile just as President Ronald Reagan had greeted members of Congress and the entire country upon his rebound from near death. Remem­ ber how they greeted the president; how they gave him standing ovations, pro­ longed applause; and how tears shim­ mered in the eyes of many - Republi­ can and Democrat alike!

A description of how the recently hospitalized UNA president was greet­

ed appears in black on white in the UN A minutes. This record will remain for future generations as a sad testimony of the depths to which the moral and

cultural level of a portion of

our

community in America had sunk in the early 1980s, how party considerations had clouded the minds of people and smothered in them all feelings of human compassion and propriety. It is understandable that, in light of this attitude of certain members of the Supreme Assembly, the annual meeting at Soyuzivka took on the character, not of a business session covering the activity and welfare of the organization, but of a political rally marked by countless long speeches; disregard for and invective aimed at political oppo­ nents; a group of Supreme Assembly members' demonstrative rejection or refusal to accept the reports of the

executive committee and the proposal of Askold Lozy nskyj to give a vote of no confidence to the four executive officers for "scandalous organizing activity" as well as a special vote of no confidence to the supreme president. This motion was, in fact, voted upon, as reported in the February 3 issue of Svoboda: "14

voted

to accept the reports, and 11

voted against, demanding that their names be listed in the minutes. They were: Anna Haras, Tekla Moroz, Eu­ gene Repeta, Myroslaw Kalba, Wasyl Didiuk, Mykola Chomanczuk, Roman Kuropas, Askold Lozynskyj, Mychajlo Soroka, Bohdan Futey and Prof. John Telnk. What horrible blunders did the present UNA Executive Committee commit to deserve such divergent appraisals of its activity? Were there an у abuses, did the executives not fulfill their duties, did they not try their utmost - often long past regular business hours, during their visits to the field and in their search for new meth­ ods of activity in the face of new circumstances — to ensure the growth of the organization? And what happened to cause a portion of the Supreme Assembly to specifically demand that their names be listed in the minutes, as if they did not wish to be held responsible for the decisions made? Since the last convention, the Su­ preme Executive Committee reported on its activity monthly, quarterly and yearly. A summary covering the past year was given at the Supreme Assemb­ ly meeting. Were the reports so nega­ tive? Were there any huge blunders or shortcomings? After all, the main office under the leadership of the experienced Supreme Secretary Walter Sochan had worked effectively in handling all matters and formalities, correspondence, reports, contacts with branch secretaries — for this, praise and recognition should be due.

The financial state of the institution, under the knowledgeable direction of Ulana Diachuk is good, in spite of the fact that the UNA entered into a nationwide period of economic crisis and instability of the financial system bearing a large debt for the construction of its building. Investments are wise, debts decrease, all floors'in the UNA Building are rented, the old building has been sold, there is reason to think the balance will be improved. Wasyl ,Orichowsky has displayed maximal efforts in organizing members. And if there is a decline in membership,

(Continued on pap 13)

No. 12

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 21, 1982

7

Towards a united Ukrainian front in America

The story of our congresses, 1902-82

by Dr. Myron B. Kuropas

  • II term "Ruthenian" in the text of the resolution. This was done and, on January 24, 1917, Congressman Hamill turned the resolutions over to the two relevant congressional committees for their sanction. With the legislation assistance of Sens. Henry Cabot Lodge and William Hughes, the Ukrainian resolution had little difficulty passing the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and, later, the Senate. In the House, however, the bill lost by one vote the first time it was introduced. A second vote was taken late in February and this time the measure passed unani- mously. Signed by President Wilson on March 2, the resolution was proclaimed on March 16 in the following form:

The Ukrainian Alliance of America

The untimely death of Bishop Ortynsky on March 24, 1916, prompted Rome to suggest that two separate administrators for his eparchy, one for the Ukrainians and one for the Rusyns, be selected by the respective clergies until such time as a successor could be nominated. Ukrainian priests in America elected the Rev. Peter Poniatyshyn who assumed his new administrative duties on April 11, 1916. Soon after Father Poniatyshyn took office, relations between the UNA and the Ukrainian Catholic Church improved considerably.

On November 1, 1916, the UNA announced its withdrawal from the federation, accusing it of not having fulfilled the mandates outlined by the all- Ukrainian diet which brought it into existence.

On December 5, 1916, representatives of theUNA, the Providence Association, the Union of Brother- hoods and the Ukrainian Catholic Diocese in America met and gave birth to the Ukrainian Alliance of America. Elected to the executive were Father Volodymyr Dovhovych, chairman, Dmytro Kapitula and Peter Kyryliuk, vice-chairmen, Gregory Zayachiv- sky, secretary, and Constantine Kyrchiv, treasurer.

This executive remained in power until July IS,

1918, when another meeting of the alliance was held

and the Ukrainian National Aid

Association joined its

ranks. A pew executive board, consisting of Semen

Yadlovsky, chairman, Father Volodymyr Spolitake- vych and Peter Kuzmycha, vice-chairmen, Father Evhen Banish, secretary, and Constantine Kyrchiv, treasurer, was elected. Almost from its inception, however, the major spokesperson for the new organization was Father Poniatyshyn.

One of the first projects undertaken by the alliance was the proclamation of a nationwide Ukrainian Day by President Wilson. Upon the advice of William Kerns, the diocesan lawyer, Father Poniatyshyn traveled to Washington and met with Congressman James A. Hamill (D-N.J.), a close friend of Mr. Kerns, for information on how best to proceed. Rep. Hamill suggested a meeting with Joseph Tumulty, President Wilson's secretary, who advised Father Poniatyshyn that the president could not issue such a proclamation without a unanimously approved joint congressional resolution which also had the blessings of the Foreign Affairs Committees of both the House and the Senate.

A resolution was subsequently drafted by the alliance and another meeting was arranged with Congressman Hamill. Traveling to Washington this time were Father Poniatyshyn, Mr. Kerns, Volodymyr Lototsky of the UNA and Father Dovhovych of the Providence Association. Rep. Hamill suggested that since so few American congressmen-were familiar with the term "Ukrainian," it would be wise to include the

Whereas

I approved on March 2, 1917, a Joint

Resolution of the Congress of the United States of America, reading as follows:

"Whereas in the countries situated in the eastern part of Europe, the theater of devastating war, there are at least 1 million Ruthenians (Ukrainians) in dire need of food, clothing and shelter; and "Whereas hundreds of thousands of these people have been forced to abandon their homes and their property, and being deprived of all opportunity to provide even for their most elementary wants, have undergone disease, starvation and indescribable suffering; and

"Whereas the people of the United States of America have learned with sorrow of this terrible plight of great numbers of their follow beings and have most generously responded to the appeal of humanity for assistance whenever such appeal has reached them:

Therefore be it

"Resolved by the Senate and House of Representa- tives of the United States in Congress assembled, that in view of the wretchedness, misery and privation which these people are enduring, the president of the United States be respectfully requested to designate and appoint a day on which the citizens of this country may give expression to their sympathy by contributing to the funds now being raised for the relief of the Ruthenians (Ukrainians) in the belligerent countries.''

And whereas, I feel confident

that the people of the

United States will be moved to aid these people

stricken by war, famine and disease,

Now, therefore I, Woodrow Wilson, president of the United States, in compliance with the request of the Congress of the United States, do appoint and proclaim April 27, 1917, as a day upon which the people of the United States may make such contribu- tions as they feel disposed for the aid of the stricken Ruthenians (Ukrainians) in the belligerent countries. Contributions may be addressed to the American

Red Cross, Washington, D.C., which will care for their proper distribution. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington this sixteenth day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seventeen, and of the independence of the United States, the one hundred and forty-first. (signed) Woodrow Wilson As a result of the proclamation, a total of S53,189.32 was collected on April 21 by Ukrainians associated with the alliance of which 522,000 was subsequently sent to the Ukrainian Rada in Kiev. In addition to the financial benefits which the day brought, the pro- clamation also helped promulgate the name "Ukrai- nian" in the American press. Having found a sympathetic friend in Congress, the alliance established a Ukrainian information bureau in the Washington office of Congressman Hamill — located in the Capitol building itself — and at its second formal meeting on July IS, 1918, elected a new executive headed by Semen Yadlovsky. Resolving to organize local branches of the alliance in various cities of the United States, and calling for the cooperation of all Ukrainian organizations which do not take a "negative stand" towards the Ukrainian national movement, the alliance declared itself in favor of: 1. the Ukrainian National Republic; 2. the eventual unification of all Ukrainian lands; 3. the full sovereignty of the Ukrainian people. In the American political arena, however, efforts of the alliance to gain recognition for the Ukrainian freedom movement accomplished little. In his reflections on the events which transpired during this critical period in Ukrainian American history. Father Poniatyshyn related how, with the assistance of Congressman Hamill, council members met with members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, East European specialists in the State Department, and even with Secretary of State Lansing. The response was always the same - it is in the best interests of the American war effort that Ukraine remain an integral part of Russia.

The Ukrainian National Committee

The war in Europe ended on November II, 1918. Still undismayed by American indifference to the Ukrainian national movement, alliance leaders decided to free themselves of their anti-federation image, to make another effort to unite all Ukrainians under a new banner, and to continue their campaign to convince America's foreign policymakers that it was in the best interests of the United States to support Ukrainian national aspirations.

On November 18, the alliance executive board

(Continued on pact M)

  • 8 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

7 7 Ukrainian contemporary artists to exhibit works at UIA

NEW YORK - The first group show by 11 Ukrainian artists specializing in contemporary work will be held at the Ukrainian Institute of America here from March 28 through April 11. The artists include: Larissa Lawry- nenko (representational landscapes and portraits), Olga Maryschuk (represen- tational painter and printmaker of landscapes and forms from nature, working frequently in monotypes), Anya Reynarowycz-Borysenko (oil paintings in a style described as lyrical, sensitive, interpretive of moods and scenes), Anya Futon (works in stone thematically expressive of the human condition, while formally addressing problems of textural contrasts within a contained mass), Ulana Salewycz (non- objective painting, using color to reflect mood and imagination), Alex Slbiray (TV computer images and works show- ing the influence of the media on life and art), Stella Bodak-Warwkfc (abstract watercolors), Vera Hrywoiak (photo- graphs that capture the intimate mood of the moment), Hilary Zarycky (repre- sentational paintings), Dona Sochynsky (utilization of photographs to create images for her paintings, experimenta- tion in juxtaposing parts of images on

one canvas or in diptych or triptych forms), and Oresta Szeparowycz (multi- media constructions, expressing medi- tative and spiritual forms). All but Miss Hrywniak, who lives in New Jersey, are based in New York. Most are graduates of New York colleges and art schools and hold BFA or MFA degrees. Ms. Szeparowycz, who has done two large canvasses for actress Yvette Mimieux and designs for Bergdorf Goodman's windows in Houston, said the show is intended to help the artists discover their roots and unite with their cultural environment. "This is not an ego trip; we want to share our work and express our spirit." Since attending a lecture by Cana- dian architect Radoslav Zuk some three years ago, the artists have been meeting in each other's studios for critical appraisals of each other's work and have visited the studios of Jacques Hnizdovsky and Petro Cholodny. The artists will be present at the opening reception on March 28, from 3 p.m. to 6 p.m., as well as on weekends and on weekday evenings, to meet with visitors and discuss their work. For information call: (212)288-8660.

SUNDAY, MARCH 21, 1982

No. 12

Oresta Szeparowycz, "The Soul of Compassion,'' mixed media.

Larissa Lawrynenko, "Lanscape near Hunter, N.Y.," oil.

Vera Hrywniak, photograph.

Ukrainian Institute of America begins educational programs

NEW YORK - The educational and cultural programs of the Ukrainian Institute of America were the focus of a meeting of that institution's board of directors held on February 26. Uppermost on the meeting's agenda was discussion of the upcoming mini- series of courses on Ukrainian history, culture and language. George Martynuk, a member of the Ukrainian Institute's Public Relations Committee who prepared the series in conjunction with the institute's execu- tive committee, reported that the series begins on Monday, March 22 with a history course covering Ukraine vis a vis European politics to be taught by Prof. Maria Pryshlak. Tuesday, March 23, is the first day of classes for a Ukrainian culture course to be taught by Dr. Zirka Derlycia. Wednesday, March 24, is the starting date for language courses:

Conversational Ukrainian will be taught by Dr. Alexandra Kysilewskiy-Tkach; English as a Second Language — Zirka Voronka. In addition, Mr. Martynuk reported that an independent studies course in Ukrainian literature and language will be supervised by Dr. William Omelchenko. All courses are offered evenings at 6 - 7:45 p.m. There is a S35 registration fee for adults; no charge for students. Besides this mini-series, plans are already under way for accredited Ukrai- nian studies courses at Hunter College during the fall semester. Included will be a course on Ukrainian language and literature to be presented by Prof. Omelchenko of Hunter. Also, lectures and symposia by the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute

as well as other panel discussions on Slavic and East European studies are planned. Master classes in the performing arts, in affiliation with the Ukrainian Music Institute, will include vocal master classes by Andriy Dobriansky and piano master classes by Thomas Hrynkiw. The Ukrainian Composers Series

continued

with its second

and third

concerts. Mr. Hrynkiw performed "Elegy" by Liudkevych and Barvinsky's "Variations on a Ukrainian Theme" with cellist Nestor Cybriwsky on Ja- nuary 10. On February 7, a most successful concert featuring works by Barvinsky, Kosenko and Nyzankivsky was performed by the chamber group of Halya Strilec, violin; Mr. Cybriwsky and Mr. Hrynkiw. The February 26 meeting of the board of directors, called to order by UIA Vice President Walter Nazarewicz, observed a moment of silence in me- mory of two departed institute members Bohdan Rak and Prof. Peter Andrusiw, whose names are to be inscribed on a special plaque at the institute.

Zenon Babiuk, UIA treasurer, assess- ed the institute's holdings at over 530,000, which, nonetheless, is not sufficient to meet future financial needs. Dr. Stepan Woroch, chairman of the Membership Committee, presented the names of 12 new UIA members: Dr. Dmytro Babelak, Areta Olena Woroch, Edward Daniel Evanko, Katherine Sydor-Carbon, Dr. Oleh Andrej Kachala, Dr. Walter Kornienko, Dr. Roman Jarema Krawczuk, Dr. Theo-

(Continued on page 13)

No. 12

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 21,1982

Ukrainian pro hockey update

by Ihor N. Stelmach

A

9

Easy does it

Ever since Homer recorded for poste- rity some of the intramural track-and- field action in ancient Greece, sports writers have struggled to find the precise definition of a great athlete. One of the most accurate observations is that a great athlete is one who makes the difficult feats look easy.

If that is true, then Morris Lukowich, the 25-year-old Ukrainian left wing for the Winnipeg Jets, is on his way to establishing himself as one of the finest young athletes in the NHL. Consider a goal he scored in a game against the Rangers in New York's Madison Square Garden.

A Winnipeg foray into Ranger ice had been foiled, New York was rushing the puck up into the attack, and Luko- wich rounded the net and raced back to pick up his check.

Suddenly, Lukowich `t then-tsam- mate, defenseman Craig Norwich, intercepted a Ranger pass at the blue line. In a flash, Lukowich dug his blades into the ice for a stop and headed toward the Ranger net. Sure enough, waiting for him was a pass from Nor- wich.

But his momentum had carried Lukowich too close to the Ranger goalie to make an effective shot, so in one motion he took the pass on his stick, backed up slightly and moved to his left. In an instant the goalie was out of the play and all Lukowich needed to do was put the puck behind him for a goal.

Anyone who so much as glanced at his program may have missed the play, which Morris executed in a split second. He had made the difficult look easy.

"I think IVe proven that I can score," the native of Speers, Sask., said. "I am

not

having

the success

I

had in the

WHA, but I feel that I can score even more under the right conditions." Actually, it would be very difficult for Lukowich to ever repeat some of the feats he accomplished in the WHA, no matter what league he played in, no matter where. In his last WHA year, as a member of the Jets, he scored 65 goals and 34 assists for a total of 99 points, good for sixth place in the league scoring race. He also added eight goals and seven assists in 10 playoff games as the Jets captured the last-ever Avco Cup.

It was difficult for anyone to assess the precise value of these numbers because of the difficulty in comparing different leagues, but 65 goals per season is okay in any league. "I think the WHA was a lot stronger than a lot of people think," Lukowich said. Since the merger, playing in the NHL ranks, this super scorer has tallied 35 and 33 goals, 39 and 34 assists and accumulated 141 total points in the past two seasons. Not too shabby!

If there was any doubt about the validity of Lukowich's scoring totals, then there certainly was none over the value that pro hockey scouts placed on him when he was a junior skating for the Medicine Hat Tigers. He was a third- round selection of the Pittsburgh Pen- guins in the 1976 amateur draft, and the Houston Aeros rated him even higher, picking him in the first round.

Lukowich rewarded their faith in him by playing in 62 games his rookie year, scoring 27 goals and adding 18 assists for 45 points. He also learned a lot of hockey. "Bill Dineen was the coach at Hous- ton and he meant a great deal to the

franchise," Lukowich said. "One more

year and they would have made the

NHL.

He was a player's coach. We

swore by him." In the 1977-78 season, Lukowich's sophomore campaign in the WHA, he upped his goal total to 40 and his assists to 35, He also picked up 131 penalty minutes, compared to 67 in his rookie year. But that was the end of the line for the Houston franchise, and the Jets picked him up in June of 1978. It was then that he really blossomed, trailing only Real Cloutier's amazing total of 75 goals in that department. His goal-scoring acumen comes from a combination of explosive speed, an accurate shot, and the kind of instinct and quickness demonstrated in that sequence against New York. Lukowich likes to spread the credit. He says he enjoys playing on a line with Thomas Steen at center and Willy Lindstrom on the right. He also enjoys recalling some former linemates of his who were absorbed into the old NHL in the expansion/merger process.

"I played for years on a line with Terry Ruskowski (now with Chicago) and sometimes with Rich Preston (also with Chicago)," Lukowich said. "Ros- coe (Ruskowski) is a great team leader. When you were down he could get you up." Lukowich and defender Scott Camp- bell were valuable enough that the Jets made them "priority selections" in the expansion draft, meaning that they could not be reclaimed by the NHL teams that had originally drafted them. Though these may be difficult days, as they usually are for an expansion club, Lukowich feels the Jets have potential. He gets a lot of that feeling from the solid young nucleus of the Winnipeg club, a nucleus headed by fellow Ukrainians Dave Babych and Dale Hawerchuk. Also from new coach Tom Watt.

"The coach

is

a

real

asset to the

team," Lukowich said. "He seems to work about 50 hours a day. Not many people realize that." "Luke" is realistic about some of the problems his team must face. For instance, when he scored that master- piece against New York, it was his 21st goal of the season — a significant portion of the club's total of 119 at that time.

"We're not getting enough shots on

Morris Lukowich

goal," he said. "The team needs a rash of goals to help their confidence. When wc get a few well break out." Recently, the Jets have been flying out! "We definitely do not have enough goal-scorers. I need a lot of ice time and power play chances to score, and I've been getting them. Otherwise, it's pretty tough to score with a long stick from the bench." Lukowich need not worry. He has always thrived on competition and playing with the best. In junior hockey he played on the same line with Don Murdoch and Greg Carroll, both of whom enjoyed some NHL stardom. An excellent baseball player, he also played in the western Canada amateur ranks with outfielder Terry Puhl, now a star with the Houston Astros. To this day, Lukowich enjoys banging a soft- ball around during the summer.

But his first love, and his job, is hockey. He wants to grow with the Winnipeg Jets. "We're about one or two players away from being a good team," he said. "We need that one big star to make the big play."

Ukrainian scoring leaders

(through games of Thu rsday, March 11,

1982)

Chances are, that player could be Morris Lukowich himself. And chances are that he will make it look real easy!!!

UKRAINIAN UTTERINGS: Jim Matheson, Edmonton beat writer:

"Forward Dave Semenko has been suspended for nine games this season, virtually for doing nothing but lurking

on the scene of altercations on the

ice

... bench to enter skirmishes, although there was considerable doubt about an

He was tabbed twice for leaving the

incident in Calgary that resulted in him being slapped with a six-game suspen-

sion ..."

First game back from the A11-

Star break, Dennis Maruk scored his

first game-winning goal in a Caps

victory over Calgary

... Bossy, who had a goal and three assists

Ditto, Mike

in an Isles' romp over Chicago Bossy ... has 18 career hat-tricks ...

Ukrainian player of the week

Mike Bossy

N.Y. Islanders

Move over Wayne Gretzky (cheer up if you read this far, folks — rumor has it this wunderkind is really Ukrainian after all, really!) and make room for Mike Bossy of the New York Islanders.

The high-scoring right-winger has been coming on with a rush in the closing weeks of the NHL schedule to such an extent he's actually outscored the Great Gretzky 49 to 39 in points.

Bossy enjoyed another super produc- tive week as he scored seven times to raise his season count to 55, picked up eight assists and pushed his season totals to 133 points. He also reached the 50-goal plateau for the fifth straight year in his career and scored two game- winning goals, more than enough to earn recognition as Ukrainian and NHL phfyer of the week.

RUNNER-UP: Well, Maury Luko- wick of Winnipeg fame rapped in three goals, assisted on six and totalled nine points in four games. Pretty good, eh?

Yes,

but

Washington's

Denny

for

eight

points

in

only

three

games

Pretty

good, eh?

 

Sorry, runner-up honors go to Mr. Maruk from Washington, cause he got almost as much in less!!!

Player

Team

M.

Bossy

N.Y. Islanders

D.

Maruk

Washington

D.

Hawerchuk

Winnipeg

M.

Lukowich

Winnipeg

B.

Federko

St. Louis

S.

Smyl

Vancouver

T.

Lysiak

Chicago

D.

Babych

Winnipeg

M.

Zuke

St. Louis

J.

Ogrodnick

Detroit

W.

Babych

St. Louis

D.

Bonar

Los Angeles

R.

Saganiuk

Toronto

D.

Semenko

Edmonton

F.

Boimistruck

Toronto

P.

Shmyr

Hartford

E.

Hospodar

N.Y. Rangers

L.

Melynk

Boston

M.

Krushelnyski

Boston

M.

Zaharko

Chicago

GP

G

A

PTS

PIM

69

55

78

133

16

Cast your vote

68

68

54

35

64

50

118

85

106

35

for Ukrainian MVP

67

35

43

78

96

  • 63 The response to our Ukrainian hoc-

21

52

73

66

70

30

37

67

127

key updates has been tremendous. Now,

61

24

41

65

56

you the readers, have an opportunity to

67

67

16

13

38

39

54

52

86

28

voice your opinions by voting for this

year's Ukrainian hockey MVP. Jot

70

26

22

48

24

down your personal choice and any

42

15

21

36

42

opinions you may have about our

67

55

49

58

11

14

9

2

20

15

8

11

31

29

17

13

96

39

125

32

updates and mail them to Hockey

Update, The Ukrainian Weekly, 30

Montgomery St., Jersey City, N.J.

07302.

53

39

42

8

15

1

3

0

1

1

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Let's see how many of you enjoy this

feature in our weekly publication.

Please get your votes in by April 4, the last day of the regular season.

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

Chicago band plans ahead

SUNDAY, MARCH 21,1982

Ho. 12

Parishioners aid seniors' project

Members of Chicago's Mria band.

by Marta Kolomayets

JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Mria, the band from Chicago, was organized over three years ago, and over these years its members have seen some changes in the band's composition and attitude. The most obvious change is the fact that now the group is composed of six members instead of five. Michael Chyterbok, the group's drummer who also shared the lead vocal chores, bowed out after the group finished its first album in August 1981.

His job was taken by Bobdan Bereze- cky, a 20-year-old musician who is quickly learning about the long hours of practice and the traveling required of a "zabava" band. However, he ardently adds, "I feel great playing with the band," and says that he can learn a lot about music from the experience.

The other addition to the group is the man who shares the job of lead vocalist. William Telwak also adds his talents as an experienced saxophonist, guitarist, sopilka and recorder player. He is no stranger to the life of traveling and performing, for he has been a promi­ nent member of such Ukrainian bands as Karavana and Promin, both of Chicago.

Along with the original members of the band - Adam Bihun, the group's brass and synthesizer player; Roman Sikaczowski, the bass guitarist and vo­ calist; Andrij Browar, the keyboard player and vocalist; George Swytnyk, the lead guitarist, who also shares the lead vocals - this is the new Mria.

Back in 1980, when the band mem­ bers were first interviewed, Mr. Sikac­ zowski had remarked: "We understand that it is necessary to grow and mature in our musical development." Today, they feel they are closer to this goal than ever before. "Musically, we feel more mature as we have gotten to know each other's capabilities," says Mr. Swytnyk.

If

success for

a Ukrainian

band is

measured by how often and where a band is asked to play, then Mria has `ndeed been sought after in its native Chicago and the surrounding area, Minneapolis, Toronto. The band, has performed, at all the annual .Chicago

dances and is now ready to travel to other cities, proving what it has already shown in Chicago. Mria has asked John Steciw to help with this endeavor. The name John Steciw probably sounds familiar to anyone who was a fan of the Veseli Chasy band from Chicago. He was the group's leader and organizer. After the members of that group went their separate ways in late 1980, Mr. Steciw became an agent and promoter. Mria began talking to Mr. Steciw, and both sides decided to work together to package the band and make it sell.

With Veseli Chasy off the dance circuit, Mria and Promin became the two leading bands in Chicago. Promin already had an album out and definitely had a following among the young set in the Midwest and Canada.

At that time, Mr. Steciw and Mria saw the need to reach out to a broader audience, although they had already achieved a fair amount of popularity in Chicago.

"To be recognized as a band,"says Mr. Browar, "you have to put out an album." Therefore, the group began working on an album. It took IS months of hard work and long evenings of practice. The result is the band's debut record, simply called Mria. The album, released in August, 1981, fea­ tures the traditional Ukrainian songs, such as `Vorozhka," Zacharovana Desna," "Marichka,""Soloviyu,""Tsvi- te Teren," "U Vyshnevomu Sado- chku," and "Chaban." In addition to these traditional. tunes Mria also re­ corded three original tunes, an instru­ mental, titled, "Troyandy" and two compositions that feature the lyrics of Mr. Sikaczowski and the music of Mr. Swytnyk.

With the release of the new album, the members of Mria feel that their career is taking a positive turn. They follow the philosophy that: "If you want anything badly enough, you spend hours practicing, devoting your time to the project, no matter how strenuous it is on you." They are looking forward to making it as a popular Ukrainian band nationwide as well as in Canada and plan to release another album in the near future.

Anastasia Volkcr (center), president of the Ukrainian Village Corporation, accepts a contribution from the Rev. Wayne Ruchgy. Other members of the delegation are (from left): Bobdan Serediuk, Olga Adamek, Irene Hulyk, Roma Dyhdalo, executive secretary of the corporation; Zenon Wasyikewych, chairman of the board; Stephen Wichar, public relations director; Kathy Nazark, Greg Petrovich and Van Parkinson.

DEARBORN, Mich. - The Parish Council of St. Michael's Ukrainian Byzantine Catholic Church here recent­ ly presented a check for S2.065 to a delegation representing the Ukrainian Village Corporation, a community group established to build a senior citizens' housing complex in Warren, Mich. The parish council is composed of parishioners, and it serves as an advi­ sory body to the Rev. Wayne Ruchgy, pastor of the church.

During

the past

year,

the council

earmarked

the entire proceeds

of

a

summer raffle for the Ukrainian Village project, and it has assured the project's board of directors that the church will continue its support. The Ukrainian Village is a non-profit, tax-exempt corporation which was originally initiated by the Ukrainian National Women's League of America, Detroit Regional Chapter, and incor­ porated in November І970.

The 150-unit senior citizen's resi­ dency complex will be situated on seven acres of land just south of St. Josaphat's Church in Warren.

Palm Beaches Ukrainians visit Miami

PALM BEACHES, Fla. - Fifty- three members of the Ukrainian Ameri­ can Club of the Palm Beaches visited Miami on February 21 and were hosted by the Ukrainian Dancers of Miami, reported Olga Kuzik Byk, publicity director of the club and a member of UNA Branch 364 in Cleveland.

The first stop the tour bus made, however, was at the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Church in Miami, where club members attended a divine

liturgy celebrated by the Rev. Innocent

Rychkun. A special moleben was cele­ brated in honor of Patriarch Josyf Slipyj's 90th birthday, which was

followed

by a short program in the

church hall. Next, club members visited the U- krainian American Club of Miami, where the members of the dance en­ semble served dinner before changing into their costumes and, according to Ms. Byk, putting on a spectacular show.

Bcmdurists entertain yacht club

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Members of the Cbervona Rota Bandura Ensemble (from left): Oba Cebelska, Tank Bojcun, Gerri Hajduk, Orysia Palnch, Laryssa Barabash, Maria Swindska- MiOer, Bonnie Keller and AMna Resbetnlak.

ATLANTA - The Chervona Ruta Bandura Ensemble of Atlanta perform­

ed on

February 27 at the Savannah

Yacht Club at the invitation of the

club's general manager, Yuri Kormendi. Over 300 members and guests attend­ ed the dinner and concert. The guests were greeted with the traditional bread and salt.

The ensemble, under the direction of Laryssa Barabash, performed a two- pan program: the first half consisted of

contemporary Ukrainian songs; the second half was a medley of traditional Ukrainian folk songs. Mana Swinciska- Miller performed the solo parts.

The authentic colorful costumes and uniqueness of the bandura overwhelm­ ed the audience. The program con­ cluded with the ever popular Southern hymn "Dixie" which made the public rise to the occasion and give the en­ semble a standing ovation.

NoJ2.

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 21,1982

11

PREVIEW OF EVENTS

EDUCATIONAL

LOANS

Sunday, March 21

ABINGTON TOWNSHIP, Pa.: The Book Lovers' Club of Philadelphia is hosting an author's night for Ivan

publications, (J. Bilinsky) its library and archives (W. Omelchenko) and its scholarly activity (O. Fedyshyn).

Wednesday, March 31

NEW BRUNSWICK, N.J.: The Ukrainian Students Club of Rutgers University will sponsor a Cultural

A fraternal service to UNA members

Smoliy

at 4 p.m. at the Ukrainian

Educational and Cultural Center,

NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Me­

Day from

10 a.m. to 5 p.m. in the

Student Center on College Avenue.

BRIDGEPORT, Conn.: The Ukrai­

NORTHAMPTON, Pa.: The Ukrai­

Friday, April 2

EDMONTON: The Canadian Insti­

a.m. to 7 p.m. at the parish hall, 1301

JERSEY CITY, N J.: The

Jersey

City branch of the Ukrainian

Wednesday, March 24

JAMAICA, N.Y.: The Ukrainian

Day from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. in the

person, including

1

three meals. For

information write to: Lenten Fellow­

Saturday, April 3

ton, Pa. 18067, or call (215) 262-

NEW YORK: A symposium on

Taras Shevchenko will be presented

  • 1613. at the Ukrainian Institute of Ame­

Sunday, March 28

NEW YORK: Opening reception of

Sunday, April 4

NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Insti­

g

400 Cedar Road. Admission is S3.

dical Association of North America will hold a wine-tasting fund raiser

Exhibits, pysanka-making, varenyky

nian youth of this area will honor Taras Shevchenko with an evening of poetry readings, film and song in Ukrainian and English at the Protec­ tion of the Blessed Virgin Mary Ukrainian Catholic Church hall, 457 Noble Ave., at 4:30 p.m. Admission is S2. Proceeds will go to needy Ukrainians in Europe.

for the benefit of the Ukrainian Institute of America at the institute, 2 E. 79th St., at 7 p.m.

and borshch-tasting, and bandura- playing are some of the attractions promised.

nian Orthodox League chapter of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary Ukrainian Orthodox Church, will sponsor a Lenten Fellowship from 10

Newport Ave. Featured speakers will be the Rev. T. Chubenko of St.

tute of Ukrainian Studies is sponsor­ ing a seminar by Frank Sysyn of Harvard University on "The Role of the Kozaks in the Development of the Ukrainian Nation." It will be held

Patriarchal Society is sponsoring a concert in honor of Patriarch Josyf on his 90th birthday and the 6Sth-

Demetrius Cathedral, Carteret, N.J.; the Rev. F. Estocin, dean of St. Sophia Seminary, South Bound Brook, N.J.; and Archbishop Con- stantine. Registration is S10 per

at the University of Alberta, Atha­ basca Hall, Heritage Lounge, at 7:30 p.m.

year of his priesthood. It will be held

at the Ukrainian National Home, 92 Fleet St., at 3 p.m.

ship, 1301 Newport Ave., Northamp­

rica, 2 E. 79th St., at'7 p.m. Spon­

The loan will bear a modest interest rate of 39b a year only on loans made. Interest will accumulat e

Students Club at St. John's Univer­ sity here is sponsoring a Free Food

student center. Among the sche­ duled features are a demonstration of

Exhibition of Contemporary Ukrai­ nian Artists of New York at 3 p.m. at the Ukrainian Institute of America, 2

sors of the event are: the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute, Shev­ chenko Scientific Society, Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Ukrainian Institute of America.

during the period of schooling and be paid during repayment period.

the art of pysanka decorating, as well

As of November 1, children up

as ample samples of Ukrainian cui­ sine, according to organizers. In addition, the Rev. Taras Galonzka of Stamford, Conn., will deliver an address from noon to 1 p.m. on th'e millennium of Christianity in U-

E. 79th St. Works by the following artists will be displayed: Anya Rejna- rowycz-Borysenko, Anya Farion, Vera Hrywniak, Larissa Lawry- nenko, Olga Maryschuk, Ulana Salewycz, Ilona Sochynsky-Shy- prykevich, Alex Sibirny, Oresta

tute of America in cooperation with the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute presents an important lec­ ture by Dr. James E. Mace on the

to 4W years of age who enroll for 515,000 of insurance will be guaranteed a 55,000 educa­ tional loan. Should they enroll for S25.000 of insurance, they , will be guaranteed a loan of

kraine, which will be celebrated in

Sheparowycz, Stella Bodak-War-

Ukrainian famine of 1933. Lecture

57,500.

  • 1988. wick and Hilary Zarycky. The exhi­ bit continues through April 10. For information call the Ukrainian Insti­ tute of America at (212) 288-Я660.

Friday, March 26

begins at 3 p.m. at the institute, 2 E. 79th St.

Sunday, April 4

Juvenile members ages 5 to 10 enrolled for 515,000 of NEW insurance will be guaranteed a 54,000 Educational Loan. If enrolled for 125,00 of protec­

1980.

JAMAICA, N.Y.: The Ukrainian Students Club at St John's Univer­ sity will take part in the university's International Night to be held in the student center from 8 p.m. to 2 a.m. Featured will be the Skomorokhy Dancers of Hempstead, N.Y., a bandurist ensemble compromised of club members and others — all

RICHMOND, Va.: Ukrainian Or­ thodox liturgy will be celebrated by the Rev. Anatole Bulawka, pastor of St Michael's Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Baltimore, at noon in the Sisters of Verona Chapel, 1307 Lakeside Ave., just off Route 1. A reception and mini-"akademia" in tribute to Taras Shevchenko will

CAMBRIDGE, Mais.: Bohdan Nahaylo will discuss "Ukrainian Dissidents and the Work of Amnesty International" as part of a series of informal talks by fellows and asso­ ciates of the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute sponsored by the Friends of HURL The talk will take place in the parlor of the Phillips

ONGOING

tion, they will be guaranteed a loan of 56,000. The protection herein referred to must be under UNA P-20 Certificate. A formal notice that loan is guaranteed will be sent with Certificate of Protection when it is issued after November 1,

members of the New York School of Bandura — as well as Ukrainian foods. Tickets are S4 in advance and SS at the door. For additional infor­ mation and directions contact Mike Chudyk at (212) 777-4443.

follow in the adjacent school audi­ torium. The event, a first for Ukrai­ nians of Virginia, is sponsored by UNA Branch 34, the Brotherhood of St. John the Baptist. For informa­ tion call (804) 232-3381.

Brooks House, Harvard University at 3:30 p.m. For additional informa­ tion call (617)495-4053.

Certificate must remain in good standing with all assessments and dues paid until Educational Loan is granted and throughout repayment period. Certificate must be assigned to UNA during the period of the loan and its repayment. Either

Saturday, March 27

NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Aca­

Sunday, March 28

WINNIPEG: The Ukrainian Cul­

RIVERHEAD, N.Y.: The art of

strated by Carol Mitchell at 2 p.m. in

A photography exhibit of Ukrai­

Bohdan Wytwycky, Roman Когс–

from April 1 through April

18. For

any further details, call (516) 298-

4857

3325

during the day or (516) 727-

after 7 p.m. Refreshments will

be served.

9, 11,

16 and

18.

For further

information

call

Sophia

Lada at (204) 942-0218.

parents or guardian must gua­

demy of Arts and Sciences (UVAN) is holding an informal meeting and evening of discussion on the topic "The Future of Ukrainian Scholar­ ship in America" beginning at 3 p.m. at its building on 206 W. 100th St. The program will feature a panel discussion on "Ethnicity in the Pro­ fessions and Academe: Advantages and Disadvantages" (panelists:

decorating pysanky will be demon­

the church hall of St. John the Baptist Ukrainian Catholic Church on Franklin Street. The demonstra­ tion is sponsored by Ukrainian National Association Branch 256. The branch is also sponsoring, a Ukrainian Easter egg exhibit at the library of the eastern campus of Suffolk County Community College

tural and Educational Centre, 184 Alexander Ave. E., is sponsoring a pysanka exhibit from the Oseredok collection. It will run from March 16 to May 2.

nian religious architecture and church architecture in Ukraine is on display from March 6 to April25. The works are by Orest Semchishen and from the collection of Oseredok. The exhibits are open Tuesdays- Saturdays, 10 a.m. - 4 p.m. and

rantee repayment of loan if juvenile is under age 21 when loan is granted. Educational Loans will be made over a four-year period only for tuition to the college or institu­ tion of higher learning. Repayment of loan begins three months following graduation of applicant and must be fully repaid over a maximum of 20 equal quarterly install­ ments.

peckyj and Andrew Fedynsky), a

Sundays, 2- 5 p.m. They will be

Should period of education for

lecture on "American Scholarship, Ukrainian Scholarship and the Goals

closed for the Easter holidays: April

which loan was secured be reduced or terminated the

of the UVAN" (G.V. Shevelov); and

repayment period will begin

brief presentations on the academy's

immediately.

тмят

  • 12 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 21,1982

No. 12

Chicken breeder cited

CAMBRIDGE, England - Walter Berezowskyj of Guilford, Conn., was recently named Man of Achievement by the International Biographical Center of Cambridge for his breeding of stan- dard-bred poultry, particularly the Barret Rock Bantam. A bantam is a miniature counterpart of a standard breed raised chiefly for its ornamental appearance.

According to Poultry Press, publish- ed in York, Pa., Mr. Berezowskyj, who raises chickens as a hobby, was selected to represent the United States at the Agricultural Congress in Cambridge, which will be held July 17-23. Born in western Ukraine on Christ- mas eve 1924, Mr. Berezowskyj was to attend agricultural school but the outbreak of World War II forced him to change his plans. During the war, he fought with the 1st Division of the Ukrainian National Army. As a displaced person following the war, Mr. Berezowskyj finished Agricul- tural school in Bavaria and began work with the U.S. government. In 1949 he came to the United States, settling first in Jackson, Miss., before moving to Guilford, where he works in an iron wire factory. After buying a small farm, Mr. Berezowskyj began his hobby in earnest with the help of area chicken farmers Anthony Romano and Walter Bishop. Today he is an acknowledged breeder, judge and an ardent student of bantams, and has won several trophies and ribbons for his birds. Although breeding prize-winning bantams is a rather specialized hobby, Mr. Berezowskyj has some tips about successful breeding for those who may share his fancy. "The successful poultry breeder spends many hours watching and study- ing his birds," he says. "Every fowl

should

be picked

up and

carefully

examined at least once a week."

And what to look for? "You must be sure that every bird can see by examin- ing the eyes as wild feathers have a way of growing into and around the eyes," Mr. Berezowskyj advises. "These fea- thers must be carefully plucked because they obscure the bird's vision. Many birds lose weight and gradually starve to death, with plenty of food in front of them, because the breeder is unaware that the bird cant see."

What not to do? "Never expose them to the sun's rays as their feathers will lose their shiny color, but most of all because the brightness of the sun makes them dizzy and unbalanced so they gasp for air and sometimes die."

Named to U.N. model court

AUBURN, N. Y. - Dr. John Hvozda of the social science faculty at Cayuga Community College, has been named a justice on the simulated International Court of Justice for the National Model United Nations conference to be held in New York City April 6-9.

The NMUN is sponsored annually by the National College Conference Asso- ciation and will meet this year at the New York City Hyatt Hotel.

The International Court simulation will be staged solely for faculty advisors and university professors. Dr. Hvozda will represent Syria. Each of the 15 international justices will also serve on the NMUN's World Court. The court will adjudicate a hypotheti- cal advisory opinion concerning the legality of the suspension of South Africa's voting rights in the General Assembly. Purpose of the faculty simu- lations is to provide a vehicle to analyze a point of international law not yet examined by the court.

Notes on people

Dr. Hvozda initiated the Model United Nations program now in its 17th year at Cayuga. He has long been active in the MUN program at the state and national level.

Ireneus Zuk performs

relations at Vassar Brothers Hospital, announced Edwin B. Bolz, executive vice president and administrator. Miss Michaels replaces Mildred Plumb who recently retired.

A native

of

New York City, Miss

Michaels attended school in Kingston, N.Y., and the City College of the City University of New York.

She worked in the publicity depart- ments of several major motion picture companies in New York before be- coming assistant director of public relations at St. Vincent's Hospital and Medical Center.

Relocating upstate, Miss Michaels became director of public relations of St. Francis Hospital in Poughkeepsie. After leaving St. Francis, she owned and operated an inn in Maine before returning to the Mid-Hudson Valley to become sales representative and account executive for Hefferan, Hastie and teibman, a graphic design studio lo- cated in Lake Katrine.

Ireneus Zuk KINGSTON, Ont. - Ukrainian Canadian pianist Ireneus Zuk per- formed with the Xingston Symphony Orchestra on Sunday, January 24. His work was acclaimed by Ennis Crawley, a music reviewer for the Kingston Whig-Standard as: "perva- sively sweet and dramatic by turns, the pianowork sang through with assertive entries and well-attuned responses Ire- ... neus Zuk played with an unassuming grace. Mozart devoid of affectation is a rare thing indeed. The audience showed its appreciation by several calls of applause."

Mr. Zuk is an assistant professor at Queen's University in Kingston while completing his doctoral studies at the Peabody Conservatory of John Hop- kins University in Baltimore, Md. He is a graduate of the Conservatoire de Musique de Quebec, McGill University in Montreal, the Royal College of Music in London and of the Juilliard School of New York, from which he obtained a master of science degree.

He has won many prizes and scholar- ships, including an arts scholarship and four doctoral fellowships from the Canada Council as well as four Quebec post-graduate scholarships. He has also held teaching fellowships at the "Juil- liard School and the Peabody Con- servatory.

Named PR director

Marilyn M. Michaels

POUGHKEEPSIE, N.Y. - Marilyn M. Michaels, a Bearsville, N.Y., Ukrai- nian, has been named director of public

UNA'er authors book

MUNSTER, Ind. - "Ukrainian Easter Traditions, Folk Customs and- Recipes," a book compiled by Mary Ann Woloch Vaughn, was scheduled to be released on March 20. Ms. Vaughn demonstrated pysanka- decorating on March 16 to 60 members of the Women's Club of Iowa City. She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A.J. Woloch of Munster. They are members of UNA Branch 452.

Artists works displayed

NEW YORK - Tares Shumylo- wych's oil painting, "U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Hamilton 1967,"from the collec- tion of Lt. and Mrs. Robert N. Petersen, appeared in the winter-spring 1981 magazine issue of Composers, Authors and Artists of America in the Gallery Scene section.

The artist is also taking part in a group show of the American Artists Professional League Inc. at Lever House at 390 Park Ave. (at 53rd Street) from March 12 thru 30. This exhibition will include works by members from New York and Connecticut.

Mr. Shumylowych will exhibit a graphic,"His Holiness Patriarch Cardi- nal Joseph Slipyj."in honor of the patriarch's 90th birthday.

Passes CPA exams

NEW YORK - Joseph Jerome Sydor, son of Joseph Sydor and Mary nee Barnych, and brother of Mary T. Sydor, has successfully completed the CPA examinations and joins the ranks of Certified Public Accountants. Mr. Sydor, 28, grew up in Westbury, Long Island, and was a parishioner of St. Vladimir's Ukrainian Catholic Church in Hempstead.

He attended Holy Trinity High School

and Hofstra University. While at Hof-

stra

he made the dean's list and gra-

duated cum laude, receiving a B.B.A. in accounting. He was voted into the National Business Honor Society, Beta Gamma Sigma, and the National Accounting Honor Society, Beta Alpha Psi, and the TKE, a national fraternity. He was active in sports, throughout his entire school career, playing varsity baseball at Hofstra. He is a partner of Sydor A Sydor, his father's public accounting firm, located at 100 Second Ave., New York. Mr. Sydor is married to the former

Margarette Ann Lyle and they reside in Glen Cove, N.Y. Coming from a family of UNA'ers, Mr. Sydor is a member of Branch 5, in Astoria, N.Y., where his maternal grandfather, Paul Barnych, was a secretary of St. Nicholas Brotherhood for many years. He is also the nephew of the late Rev. Jerome J. Barnych OSBM. Both parents were and are active in the Ukrainian community.

Joins diocese staff

STAMFORD, Conn. - Sister An- gela Stur OSBM has joined the staff of the Religious Education Office of the Diocese of Stamford. Previously Sister Angela, a veteran teacher, has taught in Ukrainian paro- chial schools staffed by her Order of St. Basil the Great in Hamtramck, Mich., Chicago, Parma, Ohio, and Philadel- phia. Sister Angela, who will be assisting Sister Anisia Symionow SMI in cate- chetical ministry, brings to her new mission a wealth of experience in the education of children.

UN A youth s win contes t

BAYONNE, N.J. - Thomas and Walter Schneider both won prizes in the Science Day Contest sponsored by the Kiwanis Club of Bayonne and held at Marist High School here on March 3. Public and parochial school students from fifth to eighth grades participated in the contest, which tested their general scientific knowledge. Tom, an eighth grader who will be entering St. Peter's Preparatory School, won the first-place award, while brother Walt, a sixth grader at St Vincent DePaul School, got the third-place award. The brothers are altar boys at the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Ukrainian Catholic Church in Bayonne, and both are members of UNA Branch 213. For the past three summers they hive attended summer camp at Soyu- zivka. They are sons of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Schneider and the grandsons of Mrs. Thomas Draganchuk.

The newest member of UNA Branch 364 in Cleveland, 7-mohth-old Myra

Burkhardt, seems nappy to be perched on the lap of her big brother, Matthew, 6. She was enrolled by her grandfather, Stanley Makaryk, who is the auditor of the branch.

Ш1

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 21, 1982

13

Thoughts upon ...

(Continued from page 6)

this is due to the general decline seen in all fraternal insurance organizations; and this cannot easily be countered in such a period of economic chaos and unemployment. The UNA'S esteem and influence in the community have not decreased, because at the head of the organization stands a person who is generally res­ pected and has influence on the life of our community as the leader of the largest organization that, as everyone can well see, is the foundation on which our organized community life in Ame­ rica is built. What happened, then, that this Exe­ cutive Committee should have been given a vote of no confidence and that its reports should not have been accept­ ed? What terrible abuses were un­ covered that led two members of the Auditing Committee, for the first time in the history of the Ukrainian National Association, to withhold their signatures from the joint communique of the Auditing Committee and to instead release their own version of this com­ munique? And what motivated these 11 members of the Supreme Assembly who voted against acceptance of the execu­ tives' reports to create some kind of committee for law and order in the UNA?

The reason for all of the above is one and the same, that is, that these 11 members of the Supreme Assembly did not agree with the decision of the UNA Executive Committee which — having seen that at the 13th Congress of the UCCA, following preparations of this congress in accordance with the particu­ lar goals of one political grouping, while abusing the basic principles of demo­ cracy and the American electoral pro­ cess, the traditional structure of the UCCA Presidium was destroyed, the fraternal associations were relegated to positions of secondary importance, and the by-laws were violated when the number df members of the UCCA executive was increased to 26 — made the following statement at the congress:

"In view of all this, members of the Supreme Assembly of the UNA — delegates — who are ever-mindful of responsibility to their members and to the Ukrainian American community at large, have decided to withdraw from further deliberations of this congress, the very preparation and resolutions of which are of a dubious nature."

As it is well known, along with the UNA, 26 other large national organiza­ tions - who together with the UNA represent a large majority of the Ukrai­ nian community in America — walked out of the congress. The UNA Execu­ tive Committee approved a resolution on November I, 1980, in regard to the walk-out of the UNA delegation from the UCCA congress and approved the participation of the UNA in the Com­ mittee for Law and Order in the UCCA.

When one examines the 13th Con­ gress from the position of the UNA, then it becomes clear that the members of the Executive Committee acted properly, having protested the subjuga­ tion of this central organization to one political grouping and, especially, having defended the position of the UNA within the UCCA, a position to which the UNA is entitled as one of the founders of the UCCA and as the largest organization in the country. After all, from the very beginnings of the UCCA until the 12th UCCA Con­ gress, the supreme president of the UNA had always served as the UCCA's executive vice president. It was only at the 12th Congress that the UNA yielded this privilege, favoring the establish­ ment of a rotational executive vice

presidency to be held in turn by the leaders of three other fraternal associa­ tions as well as the UNA. But, for these 11 members of the Supreme Assembly, the fact that at the 13th Congress the principles of demo­ cracy, law and order, and the by-laws were violated, does not exist. Every­ thing was in order. Furthermore, it is completely acceptable that their organi­ zation was degraded to a subordinate position. This does not rouse their indignation. On the contrary, all that they wish is that UNA representatives be dispatched to fill these subordinate positions on the UCCA executive.

Such strange and disloyal behavior on the part of 11 members of the very leadership of the UNA vis-a-vis their own organization, whose interests and good name they vowed to defend, is not new.

It was before the 13th Congress that several members of the Supreme As­ sembly had voiced a contemptuous attitude toward their organization, the echo of which was seen in unfortunate remarks made by the recently arrived former political prisoner Valentyn Moroz at the SUM-A rally in Ellenvilk,

N.Y.

-

a rally directed by certain of

these persons. Reference was made at the rally to "maslosoyuzy,"and the title of "supreme president" of the UNA was the subject of ridicule.

This same hostility to the UNA was, unfortunately, expressed during the 50th anniversary celebrations of the Ukrainian National Aid Association, in which certain of these persons played a leading role. During the jubilee it was even suggested that members of the Liberation Front quit the UNAand join the ranks of another fraternal associa­ tion which is controlled by this group. And now.that this group has,taken control of the UCCA, certain members of the Supreme Assembly demand that the UNA subjugate itself to this central organization.

Another tendency on the part of certain members of the Supreme As­ sembly was manifested even more consistently and clearly: the attempt to redefine the value and influence of the UNA, transforming the UNA from a generally respected Ukrainian "fortress beyond the seas," as noted in the statement of the Supreme Assembly 11, into merely a "financial-insurance institution whose рифове is to safe­ guard the insurance interests of its membership and its own financial growth." This tendency was seen in remarks and several articles by Prof. John Teluk, who during the last year seems to have become the theoretician of this movement to strip the UNA of its essence as an all-Ukrainian fraternal organization with a national character and turn it into some kind of financial institution of the American variety.

A.reply to this suggestion and ten­ dency was provided by the UNA Execu­ tive Committee in its statement of December 29, 1981, in which it was noted that besides insurance activity, the UNA was founded, as stated in its charter, to promote benevolence and charity among its members; to secure the moral and mental development of members and their descendants; to educate and instruct them in the prin­ ciples of free government, American institutions and laws; to maintain schools, libraries, educational facilities; to publish and circulate literary and educational publications. In a word, to do exactly what the Ukrainian National Association has done since its establish­ ment - something that the UNA would suddenly have to stop doing as demand­ ed by certain members of the Supreme Assembly under the pretext that this is "politics." Here, as nowhere else, it is evident what exactly are the concerns of

certain Supreme Assembly members, who in disloyalty to their organization pressure it to purge itself of community and cultural-educational activity and leave all these matters to a grouping close to their hearts. And the UNA? Well, it is to concern itself with in­ surance and nothing else!

These advisors should be reminded of the words of Soyuzivka manager Walter Kwas, words which apply not only to the UNA estate, but to the entire UNA:

"We have to run Soyuzivka like a hotel, but like a Ukrainian hotel, because there are many hotels in America and the public does not have to travel over a thousand miles to find one." -

ч

In conclusion, one must add a few words about the strange unanimity of the Supreme Assembly 11 who signed a separate statement and demonstratively voted against acceptance of the Execu­ tive Committee's reports. During the deliberations and between the sessions one would expect that some difference in (heir opinions would emerge because, after all, when so many matters are discussed it is normal that someone would not agree with something, while someone else would; it is normal that discussions ensue, a solution is sought, persons criticize each other, something is praised. That's the way it is: there are no perfect people, there are no ideal results, because to err is human as it is human to forgive mistakes. Nonethe­ less, at the Supreme Assembly meeting there were no such deviations in the remarks of 11 members. Not one of

them expressed a word of praise or recognition. All of them, on the other hand, were strangely unanimous in speaking out against the Executive Committee. Such unanimity can arise only when a person rids himself of all personal opinions and beliefs, becomes deaf to any argumentation, deaf even to his own internal voice. It can arise only when a person is subject to the direc­ tives or instructions of a group to which he owes blind allegiance.

It was because of this strange unani­ mity of a bloc of 11 that the Supreme Assembly meeting held June 8-12 , 1981, was what it was. Supreme As­ sembly, members saw before them not Executive Committee members, not UNA'ers, but political opponents to whom one owes no sympathy at a time of tragedy, no gratitude for effort, not a single good word — only condemna­ tions, criticisms, accusations and undis­ guised evil intentions. This was the sad picture of how far the children of one mother, Ukraine, and the citizens of a freedom-loving, democratic America could stray from the spirit of fraterna- lism on which the UNA is built, from the spirit of national solidarity that should unite and accommodate us all.

All those who wish to call themselves true UNA'ers, who want to remain and work for our great Soyuz community must immediately return to those values, to this spirit of fraternalism, coexistence and cooperation, and cast off all foreign manifestations of intole­ rance and party exclusivity.

Ukrainian Institute ...

(Continued from page I) dozy Krupa, Dr. Michael T. Modny, Jaroslaw G. Panchuk, Paul Peter Plish- ka, Dr. Michael R. Cehelsky, and one new associate member: Lubow Terlecka Burrows. Most of the new members paid their SI,000 dues in full. Elected and confirmed to the auditing committee were: Myron Hnateyko, chairman; Ostap Balaban, Walter Ba- ranetsky, Joseph Lesawyer, Jaroslav Kryshtalsky and Victor Rud.

Dr. Rostyslaw Sochynsky, chairman of the Public Relations Committee, discussed the meeting which took place at his home on January 29, where future

activities of the group were discussed, including the formation of a subcom­ mittee to deal directly with the Ameri­ can press. Four new members, ap­ proved by the board of directors, were also present: Alex Haiko, Lada Sochyn­ sky and Roman Czajkowsky and Mr. Martynuk.

The board of directors also approved Walter Hnatkiwsky as chairman of the Program Committee.

For any further information regard­ ing the mini-series of courses or future events at the Ukrainian Institute, please call or write to: Ukrainian Institute of America, 2E. 79th St., New York, N.Y. 10021; (212) 288-8668.

Looking for a second income?`

Become AN ORGANIZER for Ukrainian National Association

FULL or PART TIME

You Could start this career by organizing your family and friends

hor information write to

UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION

 

30 Montgomery Street

m Jersey City, N.J

07302

Men: Organizing Uepi

`'-

Or telephone: (201) 451-2200 (Collect) or (212) 227-5250

\

^IllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllinilllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllilllllillllllUlllinillllinilllilllllllllllll

1

UKRAINIAN INSTITUTE of AMERICA

 

|

presents the

I

|

CONTEMPORARY YOUNG UKRAINIAN j

1

ARTISTS of NEW YORK

 

\

s

 

We. a group of Contemporary artists of New York, would like to share

 

our creative ideas with you.

1

You are invited to the opening of our first show

 

March 28, 1982, at 3-6

p.m.

5

at the Ukrainian Institute of America, 2 E. 79th St New York, N.Y

..

 

RECEPTION FREE

aillillllllltlllllllllllillllllllillliniiillllllllllllltinilllllllinilllllllllllllltmilllllllllllllllllllllimilllllllllll!

  • 14 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY,, MARCH 21,1982

No: 12

U.S. in Madrid ...

(Continued from page 5)

a trial which lasted just a few hours. The sentence was by a presiding military judge; the charge was that Mr. Тгусіп– ski attended a meeting at a student hostel. There was no evidence presented

that day

to

the effect

that

he did

anything else at that hostel other than play cards with friends. Only his wife, in addition to his attorney, was permitted to be present during the trial, and she was surrounded by military policemen. His daughter was turned away from the courthouse steps after being strip- searched and her shoes cut open by military police looking, they said, for illegal publications. It had been ex­ pected that there would be prosecution witnesses against Mr. Trycinski, but several prosecution witnesses recanted. They said their earlier statements had been extracted by force, with police officials holding guns to their heads to force them to testify.

In one prison in Gdynia, on Kurkowa Street, 180 members of Solidarity await trial in a dingy jail built by the Nazis during the occupation. They have no medical care, no exercise facilities.

In the Bialoleka Prison in northern Warsaw, where, according to recent reports, more than 260 detainees are being held, at least 80 of these men and

women went on a hunger strike to protest the cruelty of their conditions. Riot police entered the grounds on January 1 wearing gas masks and carrying clubs, threatening the internees with beatings unless they stopped singing Christmas carols. There are 50 such internment camps.

Mr. Chairman, what we have been recently witnessing in Poland is work­ ing peoples, peoples of all walks of life, searching for dignity and an opportu­ nity to breathe the fresh air of freedom. The significance of this move is not yet clear to us. The process is still evolving. What is clear is that there has been a melting away of the Communist Party of Poland like snow in the spring. There has been a revolt of the Polish working class against the Polish United Workers' Party which governed that society, a revolt against a "dictatorship of the proletariat." What is also clear to us is that the Communist Party was helpless to resist that workers' revolution; and it had to call on the army to help save its place and position. The rule of a repudiated Communist Party has been replaced by the rule of the Army. Those who concern themselves with Commu­ nist ideology may well wonder whether Lenin's fear of "Bonapartisra" may not now be of topical'concern to all who embrace that ideology.

We also note with interest that the

THE UKRAINIAN INSTITUTE OF AMERICA

IS PROUNO TO CONTINUE IN 1982 AN EXPANDED EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM OF ACADEMIC

COURSES. LECTURES AND SYMPOSIA, MASTER CLASSES AND WORKSHOPS

SPRING CALENDAR OF CONTINUING EDUCATION

Soviet Union, whose ideological obliga­ tion it is; to express "fraternal duty in support of Socialism," is interpreting that requirement by proclaiming its comradeship with a cadre of police, a military elite, a massive bureaucracy, at the expense of a legitimate workers' movement in Poland, which it is at­ tempting to destroy. Here we have yet additional reason to conclude that the Soviet society has repudiated any claim it may have to call itself a "workers' state." |

Mr. Chairman, our delegation has used this forum on many occasions over the past 17 months. During much of that time we have expressed our dis­ appointment and even our anguish at the repeated and continued attacks against the Helsinki Final Act by some of the states here. We do not at all relish that role. To be silent, however, in the face of those violations would have been to condone them and thus make a sham of the Helsinki standards.

We stay here, we work here, we will return here out of a conviction that the Helsinki process is vital to peace and thus vital to our national interests and to the interests of our people. The spirit and the letter of the act show us the path to cooperation and to our mutual security. Within that framework we say to all of the participating states here:

"Listen to your people; listen to your workers; listen to your artists, poets and writers who plead for dignity and emancipation from the depth of their souls. Do not put them away in prisons, in mental hospitals, in exile. Their voices will not thereby be stilled. Their voices will rather be heightened and sharpened with the contrast you create. The people have much to teach you and to teach us all. They know that the true

worth of a nation is not in its massive military forces. It is in the welfare and liberties of its people." I conclude, Mr. Chairman, by quot­ ing from the words of the famous German playwright, Bertolt Brecht, a particularly apt source in this forum. On another occasion similar to today's, when force was used to crush the aspirations of his country's people, referred to by some as the "proletariat," Herr Brecht made this wry observation:

"The people have lost confidence in their government. The government has,

therefore, decided to elect a new

people."

-7

-

Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

Idio-lexis ...

(Continued from page 5) Ukrainian surname "Puta" causing embarrassment due to its confusion with an Argentinian vulgarism. In Australia, lyubra" means "loved one" in some' Ukrainian idiolect.

Linguistic theory of recent decades has rarely touched oa the rubrics of association and analogy. 4 Dr. Rudnyckyj 's "Ukrainian Exile Idiolect" serves as a basic listing for analytical discussions in comparative linguistics, and should be used in conjunction with his earlier "Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrai­ nian Language." These works will be required in any serious future discussion of historical and linguistic changes in the Ukrainian language.

4. S.P. Halutiak-Hallick Jr., "Ortho­ graphic Variations of Ukrainian Surnames in Western Pennsylvania," Names: Journal of the American Name Society, Vol. 20, No. 3, September 1972, p. 199.

  • 1982 REAL ESTATE

HELP WANTED

Course Begin March 22 And End First Week June

ALL COURSES -

Registratrion Fee S35, Students with ID Tuition Free

REGISTRATION -

By Mail Up To March 17, Late Registraton by Tel.: (212) 298-8660

All Courses Held From 6:00 to 7:45 P.M.

 

COURSE DESCRIPTION

Mondays

Ukrainian History I

-

6:00-7:45 p.n. Begins tlarch 22

Ukraine in European Politics. Exploring the position of Ukraine in Eastern Europe - past and present.

Tuesday

Ukrainian Culture I

6:00-7:45 p n Safins Uarch 23

Wednesdays 6:00-7:45 p.m. Begins March 24

- Overview: Survey of Ukrainian heritage and culture.

From orrgins to the present. Ukrainian Language I - Conversational Ukrainian. Elements of Ukrainian speech in everyday conversation.

Wednesdays

English - Second Language Basic count for n'on-nativas

I

- interested in obtaining

6 00-7:45 pro Begins Uarch 24

citizenship. Listening and comprehension, speaking, reading and writing given equal emphasis.

Accreditation by and in affiliation with Hunter College. CUNY 1 to 3 credits Class meets twice monthly. Registration through Hunter College

Independent Studies - Research in Ukrainian language and literature. Research topic to be determined and approved.

COURSE INSTRUCTOR

Ukrainian History I HARM 0. PRTSMLAK

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Ukrainian Culture I ZIRKA U. DERLYCIA

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Ukrainian Language I ALEXANDRA KYSILEY/SKYJ-TKACZ

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English -

Second Language I

ZIRXA V0R0HKA

Independent Studies

-

WILLIAM 0MELCHENK0

5 FAM. HOUSE in Ridgtwood, Queens. 2 aptras con­ trolled, 3 aptms decontrolled. 6as heat. Price 555,000.00 negotiable, to settle Estates. Call Broker between

10 a.m. -

10 p.m. (212) 359-5170

FOREMAN-ASSISTANT

Food

processing -

Production Ex­

perience. Fall time - days. Must speak

English. Central Bronx location. Call

(212) 828-9600

SUMMER JOB WORKING MANAGER OF SUMMER RESORT

Candidate must have experience in managing of work and people, be a self-starter and have

the Initiative to organize social and entertainment programs, must be familiar with general

business practices and speak Ukrainian and English.

Send your resume to:

SELFRELIANCE COOR.

ATT. TREASURER

2206 West Chicago Avenue "

Chicago, III. 60622

from CHICAGO:

UKRAINIAN INSTITUTE of AMERICA, Inc.

2 East 79th Street

"

New York, NY. 10021

"

(212) 288-8660

SOYUZIVKA TAKES A VACATION!

DUE TO EMPLOYEES HOLIDAYS,

THE UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION ESTATE

WILL BE CLOSED

DURING MARCH FROM FEBRUARY 27 -

APRIL 3. 1982.

SEE YOU IN APRIL

 

THE

MANAGEMENT

now available.

at your local Ukrainian gift and music shop.

-or-

23?1.VYest | owa Street

Chicago; Illinois 60622

HSLJl THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, MARCH 21,1982 15 Kotsiubynsky ... holy supper with him. He called
HSLJl
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
SUNDAY, MARCH 21,1982
15
Kotsiubynsky ...
holy supper with him.
He called the
tempest to accept his invitation to
(Continued bom papS)
adulthood, bis love affairs and mar­
riages to Marichka and Palohma and
finally to his tragic death.
Throughout this exquisitely pictur­
esque story the richness and unique flavor
of Hutsul life in the Carpathian Moun­
tains of Ukraine is shown. An example
of the author's scenic description fol­
lows:
sumptuous dishes and brandips, but it
did not accept, and no one came,
although Ivan asked three times. Then
MAKAR'S JEWELRY
he adjured them never
sighed lightly." (p. 30)
to come and
THE UKRAINIAN JEWELRY STORE
Kotsiubynsky's prose style is both
lyrical and concise. In describing the
waning evening hours, he wrote:
has moved to a new location:
"The sun hid behind the mountains,
and in the quiet evening shadows azure
smoke wound through the cracks in the
roofs of the Hutsul cottages that blos­
somed on the green mountains like
great blue flowers." (p. 36) '
In describing the coming darkness,
Kotsiubynsky went on:
MAKAR'S JEWELRY STORE
"He tlvanj would roll through the
green hayfields, small and white, like a
dandelion puff, and fearlessly make his
way into the forest, where firs nodded
their boughs overhead like bears waving
their paws. From there he would gaze at
the mountains, the nearer and farther
peaks outlined against the azure sky,.at
the black fir forests that cast off a blue
breath, and at the emerald-green hay-
fields that twinkled like mirrors in a
frame of trees. The cold Cheremosh
seethed in the valley below." (p. 9)
2022 Morris Ave., Union. N.J. 07083. Tel.: (201) 686-1931
"When night fell and the black
mountains flashed with the lights of
scattered cottages, like evil creatures
blinking their eyes, Ivan sensed that
hostile forces were stronger than he was,
that he had fallen in Battle." (p. 36)
In another passage, the author wrote:
EASTER PYSANKY
The Hutsul highlanders coexisted in
an intense spiritual way with the
mysterious and charming nature that
surrounded them. In one episode in his
novel, Kotsiubynsky wrote about a
Christmas eve ritual, in which Ivan
prepares a sampling of various dishes
for the nature spirits. He writes:
mossy
benediction, and an utter silence reigned
over everything, broken only by the
foaming wantonness of the streams in
the valley." (p. 36)
"They were moving deeper into the
forest. The black firs extented their
branches over them as if in
flvanj "Taking a bowl of food in one
All
preparation s
for
th e
makin g
of
our
lovely
traditiona l
hand and an ax in the other, he would
PYSANKY ,
the
decorated
Easter
Egg.
...
this winter-clad loneliness and invited
all the necromancers, sorcerers, astro­
logers, wolves and bears to share the
go outside
Ivan extended his arm into
To close, it must be said that Mr.
Carynnyk's translation of Kotsiubyn­
sky's classic "Shadows of Forgotten
Ancestors" would be a valuable addi­
tion to any person's library or collec­
tion. This reviewer was impressed with
the quality of this particular edition.
Dye s
in
15
different
shades,
5
different
styluses
including
one
electric,
beeswax ,
design
sheets,
instruction
books,
cards
In xolor - sold separatel y
an d
in KITS
a t
Hanusey'i .
Religious education ...
nian language by the Rev. Michael
ICuzma. Copies of the Ukrainian edition
of the Coloring Books 1-2-3 were
distributed to the members. The books
were prepared by the UCREA and
published recently.
Also availabl e -
read y mad e pysanky , woode n Easter eggs,
(Continued from page 4)
e g g
holders, Easter
cards in different
languages , Scarfs for
annually, the members of UCREA
voiced confidence that the Ukrainian hie-
rarchs can also provide needed funds to
make possible the developments of an
adequate catechetical ministry in their
eparchies.
The second point under considera­
tion was the media of communication.
During the past year, the UCREA
published the Teacher's Newsletter,
which, for financial reasons will be
discontinued as a separate publication
and instead will assume the format of a
catechetical page in the diocesan news­
papers — The Way, America, Progress,
Our Aim and the New Star.
Easter
foo d
baskets .
The UCREA sent a lelegram to
Patriarch Josyf Slipyj, on the occasion of
his 90th birthday. In gratitude for the
vital efforts expended by Patriarch
Josyf in uniting the activities of all
Ukrainian Catholic eparchies, the
UCREA said it is working to its full
capacities to unite the catechetical
ministry.
WRITE
ГОЯ
informatio n an d price list alon g wit h our NE W SPECIAL GIFT
OU R
SPECIAL
PYSANK Y
ORDER
FOR M
for
LIST.
ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED
Wnte to:
HANUSEY MUSIC u
GIFTS
2 4 4 W. Girard Avenue
Philadelphia, Pa.
19123
In accordance with the communica­
tion received and presented to the
members, the Rev. Peter Galadza will
conduct a one-week program "Sources
of Ukrainian Christianity" at Glen
Spey, N.Y., during the coming
summer, for all persons who
wish to participate in the
program. The members were informed
hat Book IV of the God With Us series
is now being translated into the Цкгаі–
The participation of the center and
individual directors in the meetings,
and, in general, in the work of the
religious education conference points to
an optimistic future of a closer coopera­
tion and mutual due respect with and
for the principle of the diversity of
Churches. In addition to the Ukrainian
members and the directors of religious
education in the Ruthenian eparchies,
the Melchites, the Maronites, it is
envisioned that representatives of the
newly created exarchates of the Arme­
nian and Chaldean Churches will also
join the Eastern Conference of Dio­
cesan Directors of Religious Education.
Phone: (215 ) 627-309 3
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IN THE SVOBODA UKRAINIAN-LANGUAGE DAILY
AND THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
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Ukrainian Weekly have increased by over 100 percent as well as due to the
increasing costs of newsprint and other printing supplies, the Svoboda Press
administrative offices are forced to raise the rates for advertising in both news­
papers.
Effective April 1, 1982, the following will be the new advertising rates for

r ""PElsONS WHO ARE INTERESTED IN ADVERTISING THEIR BUSINESS IN THE

SOUVENIR JOURNAL OF THE 30th UNA CONVENTION

should submit copy for the ads with a check or money order

no later than April 1, 1982.

Approximately 430 delegates will attend the Convention scheduled to take place

in Rochester, N.Y. during trie week of May 24, 1982.

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  • 16 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 21,1982

No. 12

Towards a united ...

(Continued from pep 7)

changed the name of its organization to the Ukrainian National Committee, realigned its leadership, and initiated a new program of international lobbying on behalf of a free Ukraine. Heading the newly organized committee were Father Peter Poniatyshyn, chairman, Volodymyr Lototsky, secretary, and Father Mykola Pidhoretsky, treasurer. It was about this time that Dr. Simenovych and Dr. Bilyk, both former leaders within the federation, decided to join forces with the commit- tee.

Still maintaining a Ukrainian Information Bureau in the Capitol office suite of Rep. Hamill, the committee issued a memorandum to President Wilson on November 29. Declaring that the Ukrainians of the United States, "organized through the medium of their national institutions and associations in this country are desirous of having introduced and established in their motherland, Ukraine, American ideals of government and the American system of education in order to perpetuate sound democratic principles among their people," the memorandum requested that:

1. Ukrainian ethnographic territory be recognized as one and indivisible.

2.

The ethnographic contents of Ukraine include the

larger part of the former Austrian province of

Galicia

the northern half of the former province of

Bukovina, the Hungarian Ruthenia, and the province

 

of K,holm

,

3.

The inhabitants of this ethnographic Ukraine, as

above outlined, be accorded their natural right and

opportunity to self-determination through their constituent assembly to be elected by free popular vote.

4.

If the eventuates of the peace conference, soon

to be held in Paris, should result in the recommenda- tion of a free federation of the peoples comprising the territory of former Russia, then that Ukraine be accorded its right and opportunity, as a separate entity, to enter into a free union with the peoples of former Russia on a federalists basis similar to that which obtains in the United States under the American federal complex.

Rep. Hamill attempted to gain an audience for the committee leadership with President Wilson prior to his departure for the Paris Peace Conference.

When he failed in this, the

New Jersey lawmaker

endeavored to influence the Wilson administration through direct congressional action. On December 13, 1918, he introduced the following joint resolution (H.J. Res. 369):

"Resolved by the Senate and House of Representa- tives of the United States of America in Congress Assembled "That the commissioners plenipotentiary of the United States of America representing the United States at the international peace conference, soon to assemble at Versailles, be, and are hereby requested to present to and to urge upon the said international peace conference the right to freedom, independence, and self-determination of all Ukrainian territories, both in Austro-Hungary and in Russia, predicated upon the principle laid down by the president in his plea for an international league that 'governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed.' " To the consternation — but not the surprise - of the committee, the measure was defeated. On January 16 and 17, 1919, 570 delegates repre- senting organizations associated with the committee met in New York City and proceeded to approve both the name change and the new executive board. The two-day session ended with a political manifestation at The Cooper Union and addresses by Dr. Cyril Bilyk, Father Mykola Strutynsky of Chicago, Rep. Hamill and William Kerns.

With the arrival of the Western Ukrainian (ZOUNR) mission from Lviv, the committee, now convinced that all hope for a united Ukrainian republic was lost, threw its political support behind efforts to force the Poles out of Eastern Galicia and to establish a republic of Western Ukraine. A special convention of the committee was called and a Ukrainian Defense Fund was created. It was at about this time that Dr. Luke Myshuha arrived to become head of the ZOUNR mission.

Between 1921 and 1923, the committee concen-

trated its attention on Galicia. On April 20,

1921, a

huge rally was held in Philadelphia to kick off the

National Defense Fund. Similar manifestations were held in other American cities while Svoboda regularly reminded its readers that "only those people who are

Volodymyr Lototsky

willing to give more than they receive will ever attain nationhood." Appeals for financial aid from Western Ukrainian President Eugene Petrusevich appeared in the UNA gazette along with a daily financial progress report in bold, two-inch type on the front page. By 1923, more than SI38,000 had been raised by the committee in its efforts to save Western Ukraine. Political demonstrations were also part of the committee agenda during this period. As Poland's grip on eastern Galicia became more manifest, protest marches were regularly mounted in front of Poland's embassy in Washington and its consulate office in New York City. The world's peacemakers, however, chose to totally ignore Ukraine's legitimate national aspirations and, early in 1923, the Council of Ambassadors announced its decision to award eastern Galicia to Poland. In describing the impact of all of these events on the Ukrainian community, Father Poniatyshyn was later to write:

"The Ukrainian defeat at the peace conference at Versailles, that is, the negation by that conference of Ukrainian requests, left the Ukrainian American community thoroughly disillusioned and in a deep state of depression. In the main, this depression was utilized by 'our' Bolsheviks and the Ukrainian National Committee began to lose ground." Thus, the Ukrainian American community's first sustained effort to help realize a free, independent and sovereign Ukrainian homeland ended in ignominious

defeat. The Ukrainian National Committee, its leadership exhausted, was quietly dissolved to be later replaced by still another Ukrainian umbrella organiza- tion.

Unable to gain support for Ukrainian national aspirations in the United States, the committee

leadership decided to appeal directly to the peace-

makers in

Paris. In March, 1919, Rep. Hamill and

Dr. Bilyk left for Europe as official delegates of the Ukrainian National Committee. Rep. Hamill returned after a few months but Dr. Bilyk remained for over a year.

Upon arriving

in Paris. Dr. Bilyk joined the 15-

person Ukrainian delegation already functioning there and was assigned liaison responsibilities with the American and other English-language delegations. Working with him were Ivan Petrusevich from Canada and Dr. Zarkhi, a Ukrainian Jew from the Ukrainian office in London.

Despite a year of tireless efforts to gain recognition for the Ukrainian cause, Dr. Bilyk never succeeded in his mission. Frustrated by the lack of unity between delegates from Western Ukraine and the Ukrainian National Republic, and disillusioned with the intransigence of American representatives — "we cannot recognize the independence of Ukraine," Secretary Lansing told Dr. Bilyk, "if we did, then anybody who wanted to, could go there and do as they pleased" - Dr. Bilyk sadly concluded that the situation was hopeless and, on May 27,1920, returned to the United States.

The committee, meanwhile, had continued its lobbying efforts in America. Protests over Polish actions in Galicia were sent to the White House, another information bureau was established in New York City, two English-language books - "Ukraine on the Road to Freedom" and "Polish Atrocities in East Galicia" - were published and subsequently distributed and, on July 297 30 and 31, 1919, a delegation consisting of Messrs. Poniatyshyn, Lotot- sky, Kerns, Hamill and Alexander Granovsky met with Secretary Lansing in Washington.

When news of the Polish invasion of Western Ukraine reached America, the committee, with the help of local committee branches, organized two nationwide protest days — June 15 and 22 — which resulted in over 400 telegrams to President Wilson. Other protest rallies organized by the Committee which, by 1920, included some 150 local branches, also led to intensive telegram-writing campaigns. At the same time, the committee joined forces with the Lithuanians, the Latvians and the Estonians and helped create the so-called League of Four Nations.

The league sent a delegation to meet with the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, convinced Rep. Fiorello LaGuardia (R-N. Y.) to introduce a resolution calling for the establishment of American counsels in the four nations represented by the league, and published a book titled "The Case of the New Republics."

With the demise of the federation, the committee also became involved with the revitalization of the Central European Union which, now minus the Poles, was still under the nominal leadership of Thomas Masaryk, future president of the Republic of Czecho- slovakia.

The election of President Warren G. Harding and the postponement of a definitive settlement of the Galician question, left some hope among members of the Ukrainian American community that perhaps, after all the smoke in Europe had cleared, a degree of Ukrainian autonomy could be salvaged. The Ukrai- nian committee made another effort to interest American political circles in the Ukrainian plight early in 1921.

Soon after President Harding's inauguration, members of the committee met with Secretary of State Charles Hughes to discuss the future of the Ukrainian question. They pointed out that Gen. Haller's Allied- equipped Polish army had not been employed against Bolsheviks but against the Ukrainians of Galicia and that the Galician problem would never be resolved unless Ukrainians were permitted to exercise the same right of self-determination as the Poles.

Writing many years after the meeting took place, Father Poniatyshyn still remembered the exact words used by Secretary Hughes in response to these statements. "Everybody wants independence now," replied Secretary Hughes, "even the town of Rume. But what will happen to Europe when it is divided into small pieces? What will become of law and order?" The meeting with Secretary Hughes was the last time members of the committee met with highly placed U.S. officials to discuss the Ukrainian question.

To be continued.