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Thought to be a symbol of early Christianity, the SATOR/ROTAS Square appears all over the Roman Empire with no clear meaning.


The Rotas square, as it is also known, is identified with early Christian blessing or invocation. It is often referred to as a type of Christian magic, such as invocations are identified in other religions, but will be described as a prayer or blessing in this discussion. Magic is identified as an invocation, whether in writing or spoken, that is used to have control over future events. In this respect it cannot be such, as it would interfere with God’s Divine Plan and thus be blasphemous, as He is the only one with the power to control the future. Ferguson’s Five Interpretations of the ROTAS Square The power of the blessing is thought to be quite significant due to the mathematical repetition and placement of the sequence of words and letters in the form of the square.Ancient historian, J. Ferguson believes that the Rotas square involves five different purposes in the way it is written; a direct allusion to Ezekiel, a palindrome, a word-square, a form with four Ts (the cross) at key points flanked by A and O, and an anagram. First Interpretation As it stands the translation of the square is, ‘Arepo the sower guides the wheels carefully.” The passage in Ezekiel claims that the spirits of beings are in the wheels with four parts to their being. From Ferguson’s argument, Arepo, assuming that is meant to be a person, must be God, which is odd as He is never elsewhere referred to as a sower. Often Christ is described as a shepherd, but God is always Father. God has had several names; Allah, Elohim, Eloh, Yahweh, Abba, Pater, but they are all names meaning ‘God’ or ‘Father.’ This is where fault can be seen in the argument of allusion to Ezekiel, as the spirit-wheels can be like that described in the Rotas but ‘Arepo’ and ‘sower’ cannot be identified with the Chrisitan God.

Second Interpretation Ferguson’s second point is that there is a palindrome, which is undoubtably true. ‘Rotas opera tenet arepo sator’ reversed is ‘rotas opera tenet arepo sator.’ However, whether or not they were meant to be read in a sentence is a different argument. Third Interpretation Just as there is no debate about the inscription is a palindrome, there is also no doubt that the inscription is indeed a word-square. The repetition of the word ‘rotasator’ around the square gives it a sense of containment and thus having everything inside the square belongs to it. The circle of ‘rotasator’ is also a palindrome. This linking of words and repetition create strength in the meaning and power of the prayer, or so it was thought, this is why the palindrome and word-square combination is so noted. ROTAS OPERA TENET AREPO SATOR Fourth Interpretation Ferguson’s fourth observation is of the four crosses, flanked by the O and A. Standing for Alpha and Omega. This can be seen in the crossing of the words opera and arepo, ending in either an A or an O. The four crosses Ferguson refers to can be seen as the T representing a cross, as it was used, surrounded by the O and A. The four Ts would also be connected to form a Greek cross.

ROTAS ROTAS ROTAS OPERA OPERA OPERA TENET TENET TENET AREPO AREPO AREPO SATOR SATOR SATOR Fifth Interpretation The most debated and the interpretation of the word-square is that it is an anagram or cryptogram for the words Pater Noster. Collingwood and Richmond believe that the Christian significance of this Pater Noster cross needs no stress. They state that the existence of the A and O on each side of a cross formed out of the words Pater Noster is enough to determine that the inscription is evidence of Christianity. The Greek words Alpha and Omega are used in other mythology and writings in the Mediterranean during and before the time that the inscription is thought to have been made. It is debatable as to whether or not the A and O are meant for the Christian God. Coupled with the words ‘Pater Noster’ the A and the O appear to be used as supplements to the Lord’s Prayer. The repetition makes the prayer more powerful. The assumption that ‘pater noster’ refers to the Christian God is debatable, though not disproven and highly likely with the present evidence. There are other beings that are ‘the father.’ Zeus or Jupiter is the father of the gods, just as the Earth is the mother, just as Yehweh is the Jewish God and the Christian God. There are many different interpretations that the existence of the cross can be attributed to. It was largely ornamental and often drawn by those not of the Christian faith.

A P A T E R APATERNOSTERO O S T E R O While the cross is commonly attributed to Christianity, it has been used for centuries, often associating with life. There for the beginning and the end and ‘our father’ makes a good argument to be placed in a cross. There is no doubt that the letters of the Rotas square were chosen intentionally. As a result, the Rotas square appears to be meant as an anagram or cryptogram, but for whose god is uncertain. See Also: The ROTAS Square of Cirencester Sources:

Ferguson, J. The Religions of the Roman Empire. (London, 1970) Ezekiel 1:15-21 (King James Version) Collingwood, R. G. and Richmond, I. The Archaeology of Roman Britain. Fishwick, D. “An Early Christian Cryptogram?” CCHA, Report 26. 1959, Toronto

The ROTAS Square of Cirencester

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The word square that suggests a presence of the Christian faith stretching as far as Britian during the time of Roman Empire.
The word-square at Cirencester is one of the seven known word-squares in existence. Believed to be evidence of Christianity in Roman Britain the word-square’s meaning has no definite answer. The letters were scratched into the red plaster in a Roman house in the town The word-square, its debated meanings and its relevance to Christianity in Roman Britain will be investigated hereafter. Invocation of the Lord The reason for the inscription was to invoke some power to the place it was written, for the same reason ‘Sanctus’ is written behind an Alter. It is an invocation to the Lord to make the Alter a Holy place. Although arguments can be made against the Christian representation of the inscription it is hard to prove that any other deity was meant to be invoked by this prayer. On account of the archaeological record of Cirencester, the devotion to other deities was not lost to Christianity in the 4th century after Britain was split into two provinces. Christianity in Roman Britain In the later 4th century a column was erected in honour of the old religion in Cirencester. This could mean one of two things; that non-Christian beliefs were still being practiced or that as a result of the dwindling belief in preChristian religions a column was erected in their honour. Richmond argues that this shows the governor of Britannia Prima’s opposition to the rise of


Christianity in the state, which allows the interpretation that Christianity was expanding from what it was in the 2nd and 3rd centuries. The arguments for the Rotas square at Cirencester as a Christian artefact are overwhelming and often in little doubt that it could have served any other religion. Until any significant archaeological discovery is made there is no great opposition to the Christian claim to the Cirencester word-square. Evidence for Christianity in Roman Britain is sparse compared to many of the other Roman provinces, such as Gaul and Spain, though there is evidence for it none the less. It was brought to Britain first through merchants and then through the army stationed in the province. The late 2nd and early 3rd centuries are thought to be when Christianity was first introduced in Britain, though it is possible that previous interactions with merchants from Gaul could have introduced the teachings of Christ. The merchants and the armies brought Eastern “salvation cults” with them as they travelled to Britain, most notably Mithraism as well as Christianity. The followings of Mithraism and Christianity are often linked as it seems that the followers of Mithraism were the first or one of the first groups noted to adopt Christianity into their own religion. Acceptance of Christianity in the Roman Empire Christianity was not, at first, accepted in the Roman Empire, as it required the worship of only one God. The first Commandment that, “Thou shall have no other gods besides Me,” was a complete rejection of the Imperial cult. The Roman government then saw this as a threat as the Christians would not honour the emperor as they would their God. It was only in 313 A.D., under Constantine, that it became an acceptable practice. Christianity spread at first through towns, among the lower class; which is why the Rotas square’s existence on the wall of a home inside the town of Cirencester linked to early Christian followers in Roman Britain is believable.

It wasn’t until the 4th century that the wealthier Roman villas began to see evidence of the adoption of the Christian religion. With that evidence it can be said that the Rotas square could have been inscribed some time in the late 2nd or 3rd centuries as it is not located in a rich area of the town, nor is it inscribed in marble or any other fine surface, assuming that the lower class were indeed the ones who inscribed the Rotas square on the red plaster wall.

Invention of the Word Square The Roman Britain’s did not invent the word square, as there is evidence of two in Pompeii before the eruption of Vensuvius in 79 A.D. and in Dura Europos antedate 256 as the city fell to the Persians. With the death of Christ in circa 30 A.D. the teachings of the apostles could have reached Pompeii in 49 years with all the trading between countries in the Mediterranean. Placing the commonly believed Medieval charm well before it was seen in Britain. The voyage of the same pattern of letters from Pompeii to Britain, no matter the span of years, gives the Cirencester square a claim to its right to be of the Romano British period. See Also: The SATOR/ROTAS Square Sources: Green, M. Religions of Civilian Roman Britain, BAR 24. (Oxford, 1976) Richmond, I. Roman Archaeology and Art. (Oxford, 1969) Frend, W.H.C. “Romano-British Christianity and the West: Comparison and Contrast”, The Early Church in Western Britain and Ireland, BAR 102. (Oxford, 1982) Webster, G. The British Celts and their Gods Under Rome (London, 1986)

Dodd, B.E. & Heritage, T.C. The Early Christians in Britain (London, 1966) Corinium Dobunnorum. British Tribal City Fishwick, D. “An Early Christian Cryptogram?” CCHA, Report 26. 1959, Toronto

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Talismans, Sigils & Squares
by Janine Donnellan The Talisman is an object marked with magic signs or symbols which by the nature of its vibration, energy and intent brings about a change in circumstances. Talismans are usually objects or inscriptions of great power and positive energy which is duly passed to its possessor. The Talisman contains symbols & sigils that represent beliefs, perceptions, and concepts formed in the human mind but engineered by universal & cosmic laws. A mystical symbol is therefore a thought form of the cosmic law itself. Mystical symbols have been used for hundreds if not thousands of years and have energy, they have a specific vibration, and they remain forever intact because they are based on incorruptible laws of the universe. A sigil is a symbol created for a specific magical purpose. A sigil is usually made up of a complex combination of specific symbols or geometric figures each with a specific meaning or intent. The sigil can be as a simple process of combining key letters of the alphabet or can be a combination of ancient symbols and sacred geometry. The sigil can be a stand alone power icon or can be incorporated in a Talisman or amulet to add power and intent. The term sigil derives from the Latin sigilum meaning "seal," though it may also be related to the Hebrew segulah (meaning "word, action or item of spiritual effect"). A sigil may have an abstract, pictorial or semi-abstract form. It may appear in any medium --

physical, virtual, or mental. Visual symbols are the most popular form, but the use of aural and tactile symbols in magic is not unheard of. Sigil magic is a common form of magical work among practitioners; symbols and signs have always been a tool of magicians and alchemists. In modern uses, the concept was mostly popularised by Austin Osman Spare, who published a method by which the words of a statement of intent are reduced into an abstract design; the sigil is then charged with the will of the creator. Sigils have many potential uses. Spiritual protection is a common one; as well it can be used during healing and magical work. It can also be used to accomplish a desired end, such as writing down a result in symbolic form, and then burning it. A sigil can even be created as a personal glyph for an individual magician. In a post-modern context, businesses may use logos as their sigils and invest them with a comparable degree of prestige or power. The idea that these symbols are consciously used as magical tools is a popular idea among some occultists. The pentacle is the most powerful sigil used in Neo-pagan witchcraft and by many occultists. Individuals can adopt their personal sigils by selecting a letter from the rune or Theban alphabets. They have personal, secret meaning and are often inscribed on magical tools used in occult practices and ceremonies. Sigils also serve as amulets, talismans, or meditation tools. Sigils designs are derived from geometric shapes, astrological signs, or symbols used in alchemy. They may be of various signs, such as crosses, associated with different deities. Some of the best sigils are attained through intuition and inspiration. Many come through meditation and the practice of scrying; when a certain pattern seems to appear upon the object which the individual is gazing at. There are several types of sigils. Word sigils are the most common and are made by taking a statement of your intention and reducing it to key letters. Those letters are then combined to make a symbol to be used in magic, charms or ritual. The best way to create sigils is just to play around, like a child in art class. These are specific symbols of power for you; no one else needs to be able to recognize your intentions for these symbols so don't worry about perfection. There is no right or wrong system. As with all magic the most important ingredient is intent. Magic squares can also be incorporated into your Talisman or can be used separately for protection or for healing or creating wealth. During ancient times in China, India and Arabia magic squares were used in practices of occult, magic and astrology. They have been and still are worn as amulets for protection. In present times some mathematicians have discovered mathematical properties in the magical squares, especially those of larger configurations. Magic squares work by utilizing a number or letter, supposedly having magical properties, is assigned to a

square, the squares are divided into parts with each part becoming a square within the larger square and when read horizontally, vertically or diagonally the same sums or words are produced. The Sator Square is an ancient charm of great power and mystery. The earliest example was discovered scratched on a wall in the buried city of Pompeii and dated back to the first century AD. Although used by early Christian Mystics as a magical charm the square has surfaced in cultures and religions all over the world. The square was originally thought to be of Christian design, because of the hidden anagram Pater Noster, but there is now strong evidence that it predates Christianity and refers to the ancient God, Mithras. The Sator Square has numerous magical properties and is a powerful charm to protect the bearer from evil as well as bring strength and power. Versions of the Sator Square also are found in other Roman archaeological sites, notably a third-century inscription at the military barracks of Dura-Europos (in modernday Syria) as well as other examples in Britain and Hungary. Medieval European culture preserved the formula in magical grimoires as a powerful written cipher and all-purpose protective charm. It was employed to keep women safe in childbirth, for protection of buildings against fire, and for the cure of insanity or fever. The most famous artistic reference to the Sator square occurs in an Albrecht Durer etching of "melancholia." In the nineteenth century, the Pennsylvania Dutch used the Sator Square to protect cattle from bewitchment. S A T O R A R E P O T E N E T O P E R A R O

T A S As you can see, the magic square reads the same way in all directions: Sator Arepo Tenet Opera Rotas. The words are Latin, and literally they translate as "The Sower Arepo holds the wheels with care." However, the form of the magic square is far more important than its meaning, and there is no scholarly consensus about the precise significance of the words, if any. The very ambiguity of the words, and the power of the palindrome form, historically has allowed the magic square to be appropriated to many different ends. One must always be aware that when constructing components for magical purposes, the creator of such a magical object whether it be a Talisman, Amulet or a spell carries the burden of responsibility and the intent of the magic should be used with clear motives.

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The Sator square which is a phrase that Nostradamus must have been aware of, exemplifies this notion about god being the Alpha and Omega. SATOR AREPO TENET OPERA ROTAS It means "he who plants the seeds, operates the wheel" notice how the word sator is masculine and you can see the word "pater noster" meaning our father being spelled out twice to form a cross, then you are left with the alpha and omega BUT arepo is not a latin word until now... as I translate it to you in English.  "A repo" exists now... as if by coincidence and design, it means "to repossess" so now you can change the phrase "he who plants the seed, have reclaimed the idea and is now rotating the wheel" you see the word alpha represents a triangle meaning 3 points, the omega represents a circle which is 2 points meeting each other in our language the letter A is the only letter that really forms a triangle while the O forms a perfect circle.;wap2

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