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[NDU lec] Lt General Agha Muhammad Umer Farooq Sahib, President NDU, Faculty Members, Media Workshop Participants, Ladies & Gentlemen, It is my personal pleasure to thank General Umar for his invitation to me to interact with you today in this important NDU forum. Media workshops refresh the old sagas, rejuvenate the intellects, sharpen the minds and help delve deeper into the future. This is my view of the extent of usefulness of any honorable get-together. NDU is most dynamic from this angle of activity. It generates occasions. It is most praiseworthy. Its management deserves our generous appreciations. I am also thankful to the participants. You have lent your listening ears to me for two hours. Thanks! Kashmir dispute is a dangerously dynamic factor in this region. It does not allow the environment in South Asia to be static. It dominates all other engagements whether peaceful or frictional. Therefore unless solved finally, the dispute over Jammu and Kashmir will remain ever fresh with a volley of threats.

Genesis of Kashmir dispute: This dispute arose because of the non-implementation of the June 3rd 1947 Mountbatten Plan or Partition Plan of South Asian subcontinent and negation of the advisory roadmap given by the British Viceroy Lord Mountbatten to the rulers of 565 princely states in the subcontinent. A simple and clear plan was designed by the departing British government in early June 1947 to decide the complex constitutional problem of the sub-continent. The plan was the consensus outcome of the tripartite negotiations among the British government, the Muslim League and the Congress. As per the agreed tripartite plan, Muslim majority regions formed Pakistan, Hindu majority zones constituted Hindustan. The working principle of the plan was the distinctive religio-civilizational majorities and geographic contiguity. The independence of both Pakistan and Hindustan on August 14 and 15, 1947 is based on this working parameters. Muslims attained Pakistan, Hindus Hindustan. Thus a solution was sought to the two competing civilizations. Point needing careful attention here is that India was divided into two separate, independent and sovereign nation-states. Therefore India as an entity in itself no longer exists after August 15, 1947. India had divided

into Pakistan and Hindustan. The division came via negotiations. Our strategists, future watchers, visitors to the past history, teachers, students and most importantly media manpower need to understand the full implications of nomenclature. Founder of Pakistan Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah preferred to use word Hindustan: I quote from one of his 1948 speeches: .the only solution of Indias constitutional problems was to divide it into Pakistan and Hindustan. In his important interview to The Times on May 22, 1947 he says: I do envisage an alliance, pact or treaty between Pakistan and Hindustan in the mutual interest of both Quaid-e-Azam wrote on August 26, 1947, a letter to Lord Mountbatten protesting use of word India instead of Hindustan: I quote: It is a pity that for some mysterious reason Hindustan have adopted the word India which is certainly misleading and is intended to create confusion. Gentlemen,

According to the distinctive civilizational majority and geographic contiguity the State of Jammu and Kashmir formed and forms a natural part of Pakistan. But Hindustan on the pretext of a so-called accession deed invaded Kashmir on October 27, 1947. Her invasion violates the Standstill Agreement that existed between the Government of Pakistan and the Government of Kashmir then. Maharaja Hari Singh the last ruler of the State on August 12, 1947, had offered a Standstill Agreement to Pakistan. Pakistan accepted. By that acceptance Pakistan Government had acquired the same sovereignty over Jammu and Kashmir which was being exercised by the British Government. Therefore the invasion of Kashmir by Hindustan is violation of (1) Partition Plan, (2) Standstill Agreement, and (3) Sovereign Position of Pakistan over J&K. Hindustan is present in parts of J&K State not by peoples consent. She is there through her military occupation. She is military occupier in Kashmir. Even today her military strength goes beyond 800,000. Hindustan herself took Kashmir to the UN Security Council on January First 1948 just after 60 days of the meeting of Governor General of Hindustan Lord Mountbatten with the Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali

Jinnah and Prime Minister Khan Liaquat Ali Khan in Lahore on November First , 1047. During that meeting Mountbatten had offered plebiscite in Jammu and Kashmir, Hyderabad and Junagarh States. But after two months they got Kashmir registered as dispute in the UN SC. The SC heard Pakistan and Hindustan and handed back its verdict to hold fair, free, international plebiscite in Jammu and Kashmir to decide the future affiliation of the State. Since then Hindustan is adamant, intransigent and illogical in the way of implementation of the UN SC mandate in Kashmir. As to the so-called accession document, the latest researches made by the impartial international scholars like Alastair Lamb prove that claim quite false, fabricated and non-existence. Actually the Maharaja was not in his governing seat when the signing of that so-called document is claimed. He had been dethroned from the seat of his power on October 4, 1947, when the rebels had set up their own rebel government on that date. The Civil and Military Gazette Lahore of October 7, 1947, carries the notification detail of the rebel government. However, that, rebel, revolutionary government was reconstituted under young barrister Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan on October 24, 1947.

The details of the reconstituted government are published in the Daily Pakistan Times of October 26, 1947. The rebellion in the State was initiated by my father Sardar Muhammad Abdul Qayyum Khan. The Daily Statesman of Calcutta of February 28, 1948, Lord Birdwood in his famous book Two Nations and Kashmir, Joseph Korbel in his celebrated book Danger in Kashmir, Alastai Lamb in his book Disputed Legacy make full reference to the initiation of that rebellion by my father from Bagh, our hometown. The details are also available in the official military historical accounts of Pakistan. Freedom Movement: The Kashmir struggle is progressing. The lapse of time has neither deadened the spirit of the freedom movement activators, nor created dents in their determination. The UN Security Council through its various resolutions had legitimized the right of self-determination to the people of Jammu and Kashmir. Its moot resolutions of August 13, 1948 and of January Five, 1949, are an extant record of the world resolve of expressed by the UN Security Council. Both these resolutions are accepted, signed and held sacrosanct by Pakistan and Hindustan at the UN bar, and ratified by the community of UN member States.

That UN legitimacy to the cause of Kashmir issues constant moral and political force to the continuity of the Kashmir struggle. A point needs to be understood. Kashmiri are not against any country. They wish to see peace in the region, friendship between Pakistan and Hindustan. What they pursue is their own cause. Please fulfill the promises made to them, they will be back from streets, they will cease protests, they work peace with the mainstreams. Kashmiris are not intransigent. They are basically peaceful and co-existential. They have a history of full seven centuries of coexistence. But they cannot compromise on their right to self-determination. If the greater constitutional issue of the sub-continent could be settled through tripartite negotiations, why cannot Kashmir, a byproduct can be settled as per principles already agreed among the parties, among the disputants in and outside of the UN. Another point needs our close attention: there is no rift among political or religious parties in Jammu and Kashmir over the fate of Kashmir dispute. All want to settle it. All prefer peace as a mode to settle it. All back efforts for its solution.

When we talk of the latest CBMs vis--vis Kashmir, we should remember that the saga of negotiations had started from the very birth days of this dispute, from November First 1947, as I referred to earlier. Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah himself wanted to visit Srinagar in those intense hours. But Hindustan backed out, rushed to UN SC. Kashmiris back the CBMs. It was under those CBMs that the Muzaffarabad-Srinagar highway was reopened, Kashmiri families were allowed to meet, travel and trade were started. These are good measures, but are not all embracive. What we want is change in the current highly militarized character of the Line of Control in J&K. LoC can be turned into a facilitating line, a line facilitating free commerce, free exchange of goods, people should cross it without hindrance. Its existence itself is a part of the dispute. Kashmiris want joint Pakistan-Hindustan-Kashmir Economic Development Fund, joint tourism and trade, multi-level reinforced dialogue (MRD), exchange of teachers, students and professionals and sportspersons. I would suggest that collective world forums like OIC, EU, SAARC, ASEAN, etc. should step forward, make

investments in the State. Economic initiatives help smoothen harder ways. A full, observable conducive atmosphere is needed to be evolved in the State. Hindustan should take the initiative, because it is in the Hindustan-held Kashmir that massive human rights violations, arrests, cold-blooded murders of Kashmiri youth in the torture cells are practiced by the occupation forces. The current phase of Kashmiri struggle is peaceful, unarmed and indigenous. Even then the Hindustani atrocities are mounting day by day. On this occasion I would like to offer my gratitude to the European Unions Delhi based ambassador His Excellency Mr Danielle Smajda for his visit to Srinagar on May 13, 2011 and exchange of views with the Kashmiri leaders there. Tomorrow the EUs Islamabad based ambassador His Excellency Lars Gunnar Wigemark is going to Muzaffarabad. I will have useful interaction with him during his stay there. Kashmir dispute exists on the annual debating agenda of the EU since 2003. Today efforts at all levels in the international forums are converged on single point: resolve Kashmir via negotiations. The world is with you. But they are not


suggesting solution. They advise, sit together, talk all, carve out forward ways for a final solution. Kashmiris subscribe to this advice. Pakistan favors it. We ourselves want a peaceful, negotiated solution. Kashmiris need to be associated with the negotiation process. No solution can be durable unless that gives space to the aspirations of the Kashmiris. The geo-political air surrounding todays Kashmir has changed. Kashmir dispute has developed today a regional nuclear dimension. That further lends urgency towards an early negotiated solution. Kashmir dispute is now a 5-party dispute: UN, Pakistan, Hindustan, Kashmiris & China. Kashmir is contiguous to all. Whatever progress or regress would build around this dispute that has to be reported to the UN SC. That will be for the UN to finalize the situation. A note of caution: Two factors, the highly strategic location of Kashmir, its immediate contiguity with China, have rendered this landmass of 86,000 square miles a Clash-of-Interests Zone (COIZ). And if it remains unsettled, many more dangerous imbalances would grow up. Kashmiris are fully aware of imminent sensitivities. They make an offer.


The offer is that let Kashmiris become bridge of peace in the region. This is no small time offer. Regionalists, internationalists understand its healthy implications. East Timor, Kosovo, Bosnia-Herzegovia, Ireland stand settled today. Kashmir stands in the line. It is bound for settlement. Jammu and Kashmir state is the mother of cross regional interests. It is no simple region. With the passage of time its unsettlement has generated more lateral disputes of high intensity: Siachen, river waters, military postures, future postures, strategic pulls. I would like to pose a question to the learned participants. Why Hindustan wants Kashmir? There can be series of answers, but one immediate one and that cannot be denied is that Hindustan on the instigations of some outside supporting powers want to be an agent in the ring around the Peoples Republic of China via Laddakh. If you ask me why Pakistan needs Kashmir? I would answer that Pakistan has never made a claim to the State. It is the people of Jammu and Kashmir who voluntarily want to accede their State to Pakistan. And it was my party, the All J&K Muslim Conference that passed a resolution on July 19, 1947, for the accession of the State to Pakistan. Geo-physically Pakistans existence depends on Kashmir. The economic life of Pakistan is strangulated if


Pakistans vast interests in Jammu and Kashmir go unattended. My dear participants, our billion tributes fly to the Kashmiris who continue making their Himalayan sacrifices in this grand cause. I would appeal to the media to project Kashmir. Your interest, the interest of 180 million Pakistanis, the geographic safety of the nation from Karachi to Kashmir, lies in the unbreakable projection of Kashmir, Kashmiris struggle, sacrifices, losses and future too. Thanks very much, Oneness of Pakistan/Kashmir Zindabad!