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Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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You are on page 1of 32

DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

For proper assessment of load acting on Overhead Water Tank we have followed the appropriate

clauses of DBR , specification no PE-DC-250-600-C001.We have taken the basic wind speed

& factors K1,K2,& K3 as per DBR and IS:875(part -III) for wind load assessment (as shown in detail in

load calculation ). For seismic load calculation we have considered data for zone-II and importance factor

(I=1.5) according to IS:1893 , part-IV.

The whole structure has been modeled and analyzed with the help of STAAD Pro. Each component of the

structure has been designed to withstand forces and moments as obtained from the Staad output.The tank

slabs and beams have been designed as uncracked sections in accodance with IS:3370 and other parts of the

structure have been designed as per IS 456 :2000.

DESIGN OF FOUNDATION

FOOTING SLAB

Total factored load =

283.76 T ==>

Unfactored load

189.17 T

there is no need of checking bearing capacity

for other load cases )

m2

5.60

2

< 30x1.25 = 37.5 T/ m

Total load

Area of raft =

Base Pressure

=

=

189.17 T

1.6x3.5 =

2

33.8 T/m

Hence OK.

2

33.78 T/m

Column

A

GROUND LEVEL

4000

DIA = 7650 mm

600

2500

2000

3500

A

2

33.78 T/mm

1000 mm

d =

600 - 50 - 8 =

=

4.22 T-m

2

Mu/bd2 =

0.22 N/mm

Minimum reinforcement required @ 0.2 %

2

Ast =

1168.6 mm

542 mm

Fe415

M25

Calculation of top reinforcement :

2

Soil pressure at top of footing =

3.4x1.8 =

6.12 T/m

Bending moment at section A-A =

0.765 T-m

2

Mu/bd2 =

0.04 N/mm

Minimum reinforcement required @ 0.2 %

2

Astmin =

1084 mm

Provide 16 mm diameter bar @ 150 mm c/c at top as main reinforcement.

Astmin / face / m = 325 mm2

Provide 12 mm diameter @ 200 mm c/c top & bottom (565 mm2) .

( For Cross check Through Hand Calculation )

Total overturning moment due to wind about base bottom =

0.77x6x7.25x32.5 + 19.597x30 +

14.37x25 + 9.17x20 + 8.39x15 +12.997x10

=

2475.0 T-m

Back fill Soil load =

237.81 T

Empty Water tank Wt. =

935 T

( From STAAD Output )

Total load

=

1172.808 T

Restoring moment =

5620.7 T-m

Restoring moment

Overturning moment

2.3

> 1.5

Hence OK.

( For Wnid load )

Horizontal Vertical HorizontalMoment

Node

L/C

Fx Mton Fy Mton Fz Mton Mx MTon-mMy MTon-mMz MTon-m

89

145

0.285 57.405 30.604

0

-3.7

0

90

145

13.29 173.91 44.048

0

-3.9

0

91

145

-13.576 -60.07 44.532

0

-3.9

0

139

145

0 102.51

0

0

0

0

140

145

0

141.9

0

0

0

0

141

145

0 170.59

0

0

0

0

142

145

0 183.03

0

0

0

0

143

145

0 136.89

0

0

0

0

144

145

0 84.049

0

0

0

0

145

145

0 26.368

0

0

0

0

146

145

0 -24.93

0

0

0

0

147

145

0 -70.689

0

0

0

0

148

145

0 -59.457

0

0

0

0

149

145

0 -30.522

0

0

0

0

150

145

0

10.51

0

0

0

0

62.33 T-m

Overturnig moment about A-A Section using Staad output =

1274.3507 T-m

( Algebric sum of all moment )

Restoring moment =

5620.68 T-m

Restoring moment

=

4.4

> 1.5 Hence OK.

Overturning moment

A

Horizontal Vertical HorizontalMoment Moment Moment

Node

L/C

Fx Mton Fy Mton Fz Mton Mx kNm My kNm Mz kNm

89

149

49.502 -67.986

-0.011

0

-1.5

0

90

91

139

140

141

142

143

144

145

146

147

148

149

150

149

149

149

149

149

149

149

149

149

149

149

149

149

149

31.355

31.479

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

119.81

119.42

-54.762

-21.268

25.013

75.092

148.75

163.1

163

148.49

74.672

24.632

-21.554

-54.915

9.953

-9.942

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

-0.7

-2.3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

62.33 T-m

Overturnig moment about A-A Section using Staad output =

563.74333 T-m

( Algebric sum of all moment )

Restoring moment =

5620.68 T-m

Restoring moment

=

10.0

> 1.5 Hence OK.

Overturning moment

DETAIL OF FORCES & MOMENTS AS OBTAINED FROM STAAD OUTPUT

STAAD OUTPUT FOR FOUNDATION CIRCULAR BEAM

Beam

L/C

Node

Fx Mton Fy Mton Fz Mton

Mx kNm

Mz kNm

Max Fx

Min Fx

Max Fy

Min Fy

Max Fz

Min Fz

Max Mx

Min Mx

Max My

Min My

Max Mz

Min Mz

174

174

184

178

174

174

184

178

174

174

181

188

101

101

105

125

101

101

105

125

101

101

124

104

139

139

147

142

139

139

147

90

139

139

145

89

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

142.805

142.805

496.683

-498.214

142.805

142.805

496.683

-464.864

142.805

142.805

16.872

-386.57

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

399.7

399.7

4123.9

-4131.2

399.7

399.7

4123.9

-4131.2

399.7

399.7

3.3

-3280.8

-152.5

-152.5

-42.4

-46.9

-152.5

-152.5

-42.4

-7165.1

-152.5

-152.5

6512.4

-7542.7

Torsion

Tu

Shear

Vu

=

7542.7 kN-m

= 4131.2 kN-m

= 4982.1 kN

b =

2000

b1 =

1875

Cover =

50

Spacer bar dia. =

d = 2412.5

D=

d1 =

Bar dia =

25 mm

mm

mm

mm

Mem - 188 & 178 And

L/C - 104 & 125

2500 mm

2375 mm

25 mm

mm

Mu = 7542.7 kN-m

Mt = Tu (1+D/b)/1.7

= 5467.8 kN-m

Me1 =

Me1/bd2 =

Astreqd =

13010 kN-m

2

1.12 N/mm

ptreqd =

0.322 %

( From Table -3 of SP-16)

2

15536.5 mm

Provide (20+12 ) nos. 25 mm diameter(15707 mm2) bars as reinforcement at bottom & top .

Shear :

Equivalent shear , Ve = Vu + 1.6 Tu/b =

T ve =

2

1.72 N/mm

8287.1 kN

< T cmax = 3.1 N/mm2

Hence OK.

( From Table - 20 of IS: 456 -2000)

Percentage of steel =

0.33

2

Design shear strength T c =

0.4 N/mm

Shear capacity =

1930 kN

For ten legged 12 mm diameter stirrup, spacing

=

154.97 mm

Provide spacing sv =

150 mm

Minimum Transverse Reinforcement :

2

(T ve -T c)b*Sv / (0.87 fy) =

1094.8 mm

Provided 10 Legged - 12 mm diameter stirrup @ 150 mm c/c (1130 mm2)

For side face reinforcement :

Provided 6 nos. 20 diameter bars at each face @ 300 c/c .

Hence OK.

20 - 25 mm dia

2000

6 - 20 dia

12 - 25 mm dia

6 - 20 dia

2500

10 Legged 12 dia

stirrup @ 150 c/c

12 dia @ 200 c/c

600

12-25 dia

16 mm dia @ 150 mm c/c

20-25 dia

3500

Loading :

DL

Weight of 150 thk landing slab = 0.150x2.5 =

0.375

LL

Effective depth =

125

Live load on landing =

0.25

Total DL+LL =

0.625

Load for ladder =

6x0.03 + 2x0.0304

=

0.241

Reaction on landing due to ladder = 0.241x5.112/2 =

0.616

Case 1 :

Considering simply supported max. span of landing =

1.965

For conservative design reaction due to ladder is considered at mid point of simply supported span

Max. moment due to simply supported =

0.60

Mu/bd2 =

0.58

Ast reqd =

2.3

(Table 2 of sp - 16 )

Provide 10 mm dia @ 300 c/c (2.62 cm2 ) top & bottom along simply supported span direction

Case 2 :

Considering cantilever max. span of landing =

1.181

For conservative design reaction due to ladder is considered at end of cantilever span

Max. moment due to cantilever =

1.163

Mu/bd2 =

1.117

Ast reqd =

4.5

(Table 2 of sp - 16 )

Provide 10 mm dia @ 150 c/c (5.24 cm2 ) top along cantilever span direction

Provide 10 mm dia @ 300 c/c (2.62 cm2 ) bottom along cantilever span direction

DESIGN OF COLUMNS

1000

Group - 1 & 2

20 - 32 mm Dia

600

600 x 1000

Group - 1

T/m2

mm

T/m2

T/m2

T/m

T

m

T-m

cm2

m

T-m

cm2

600 x1150

Group - 2

5 Sets - 12 dia @

300 c/c

600x 1350

Group -3

Group - 3

600

32 - 36 mm

8 sets - 12 mm dia @ 300 c/c

Dia bars

1400

Group -1

STAAD OUTPUT FOR COLUMNS

Beam

L/C

Node

Fx Mton Fy Mton Fz Mton Mx MTon-m My MTon-m

Max Fx

36

116

71 285.746

-0.105

-42.873

-0.1

53.2

Min Fx

222

122

48

1.649

-0.115

0.194

0

-0.2

Max Fy

36

125

71 142.69

21.457

-3.435

-1.6

6.8

Min Fy

36

105

71 143.289

-21.47

-1.925

1.4

3.8

Max Fz

29

125

72 245.292

10.412

49.844

-1.7

-63.2

Min Fz

36

104

71 249.287

0.257

-51.893

-0.1

64.5

Max Mx

29

105

72 40.628

-10.328

-44.511

1.5

52.5

Min Mx

29

125

72 245.292

10.412

49.844

-1.7

-63.2

Max My

29

125

7 233.288

10.412

49.844

-1.7

178.6

Min My

36

104

2 237.284

0.257

-51.893

-0.1

-187.2

Max Mz

36

105

2 131.286

-21.47

-1.925

1.4

-5.6

Min Mz

36

125

2 130.686

21.457

-3.435

-1.6

-9.8

Group -2

Beam

L/C

Node

Fx Mton Fy Mton Fz Mton Mx MTon-m My MTon-m

Max Fx

33

104

80 661.862

-0.454

-77.176

-1

201.3

Min Fx

33

124

77 -219.73

-0.451

73.606

-1

175.7

Max Fy

33

125

80 228.096

28.114

-1.782

-8.2

4.5

Min Fy

33

105

80 228.103

-29.02

-1.787

6.2

4.5

Max Fz

33

124

80 -205.66

-0.451

73.606

-1

-192.4

Min Fz

33

104

80 661.862

-0.454

-77.176

-1

201.3

Max Mx

33

105

80 228.103

-29.02

-1.787

6.2

4.5

Min Mx

33

125

80 228.096

28.114

-1.782

-8.2

4.5

Max My

33

104

80 661.862

-0.454

-77.176

-1

201.3

Min My

33

124

80 -205.66

-0.451

73.606

-1

-192.4

Max Mz

33

125

80 228.096

28.114

-1.782

-8.2

4.5

Min Mz

33

105

80 228.103

-29.02

-1.787

6.2

4.5

Group-3

Beam

L/C

Node Fx Mton Fy Mton Fz Mton Mx MTon-m My MTon-m

Max Fx

30

104

89

1057.43

-0.019

-73.356

-0.2

335.5

Min Fx

30

124

86

-458.74

-0.019

74.3

-0.2

-162.8

Max Fy

30

125

89

303.247 45.904

0.475

-5.6

-5.6

Min Fy

30

105

89

303.243 -45.942

0.469

5.1

-5.6

Max Fz

31

124

86

-402

-0.256

87.26

-0.6

-335.4

Min Fz

31

104

86

971.702

-0.257

-91.02

-0.6

344.7

Max Mx

31

105

86

284.853

-28.941

-1.875

7.7

4.6

Min Mx

32

125

83

256.421

29.572

-1.81

-9.4

4.5

Max My

31

104

86

971.702

-0.257

-91.02

-0.6

344.7

Min My

30

124

89

-450.94

-0.019

74.3

-0.2

-346.7

Mz MTon-m

-0.1

0.1

28.3

-28.4

14.9

0.5

-14.6

14.9

-35.6

-0.7

75.8

-75.7

Mz MTon-m

-1.1

1.2

72.5

-74.7

-1.1

-1.1

-74.7

72.5

-1.1

-1.1

72.5

-74.7

Mz MTon-m

0

0

128.8

-128.8

0.1

0.1

-92.6

82.6

0.1

0

Max Mz

30

125

89

303.247

45.904

0.475

Min Mz

30

105

89

303.243

-45.942

0.469

DESIGN OF COLUMN ( Group - 1 )

Member no 29,39,40,22,37,38,36,41,42

b =

600

mm

D =

1000

mm

Factored axial load Pu =

233.29 T

Member - 29

Factored moment Muy =

178.60 T-m

Load Case - 125

Factored moment Muz =

35.600 T-m

M 25

Clear Cover =

40

mm

Fe 415

Dia of bar

=

25

mm

Assume percentage of steel =2.5

-5.6

5.1

-5.6

-5.6

128.8

-128.8

600

P/fck =

2.5/25 =

0.1

Y

Pu

fckbD

0.156

d/D =

1000

Z

0.09

Refer chart no - 44

Mu

fckbD2

Muz1 =

=

139.5

0.155

T-m

d/D =

0.05

Refer chart no - 43

Mu

=

0.165

fckbD2

Muy1 = 247.5 T-m

Puz

=

19

(From Table 63 )

Ag

Puz =

1140 T

Pu

=

0.20

= =>

n =1

1

Puz

n

n

Muy

Muz

Muy1

Muz1

1

1

178.60

35.600

=

=

0.98

<

1

Hence O.K

247.5

139.5

2

Provide 20 - 32 Dia bars.

161 Cm

% of reinforcement =

2.68

Design of ties:

According to cl.26.5.3.2 c of IS 456 - 2000

The diameter of the ties should not be less than 1/4 th the diameter of the largest longitudinal bar

subject to a minimum =

8

The c/c spacing of the ties should be least of the following :

i) Least lateral dimension of column =

600 mm

ii) 16 x dia. Of longitudinal bar =

512 mm

iii) 48 x dia.of tie =

384 mm

DESIGN OF COLUMN ( Group - 2 )

Member no 26,27,28,19,20,21,33,34,35

b =

600

mm

Y

D =

1150

mm

600

Factored axial load Pu =

Factored moment Muy =

Factored moment Muz =

Clear Cover =

40

662.000 T

201.200 T-m

1.100 T-m

mm

Member - 33

Load Case - 104

M 25

Fe 415

Dia of bar =

25

mm

Assume percentage of steel =2.2

P/fck =

2.2/25 =

0.088

Pu

=

0.38

fckbD

Uniaxial moment capacity about Z-Z axis

d/D =

0.09

Refer chart no - 44

Mu

=

0.12

fckbD2

Muz1 = 124.2 T-m

Uniaxial moment capacity about Y-Y axis

d/D =

0.046

Refer chart no - 43

Mu

=

0.13

fckbD2

Muy1 =

258

T-m

From Chart - 63

Puz

Ag

Puz =

Pu

Puz

n =

1150

Z

17.5

1207.5 T

=

0.55

1.4

n

Muy

Muy1

Muz

Muz1

1.4

1.4

201.200

1.100

=

=

0.71

<

1

Hence O.K

258

124.2

2

Provide 20 - 32 Dia bars.

161 Cm

% of reinforcement =

2.33

Design of ties:

According to cl.26.5.3.2 c of IS 456 - 2000

The diameter of the ties should not be less than 1/4 th the diameter of the largest longitudinal bar

subject to a minimum =

8

The c/c spacing of the ties should be least of the following :

i) Least lateral dimension of column =

600 mm

ii) 16 x dia. Of longitudinal bar =

512 mm

iii) 48 x dia.of tie =

384 mm

DESIGN OF COLUMN ( Group - 3 )

Member no 23,24,25,16,17,18,30,31,32

b =

600

mm

D =

1350

mm

Factored axial load Pu =

972.000 T

Member - 31

Factored moment Muy =

344.700 T-m

Load Case - 104

Factored moment Muz =

0.100 T-m

M 25

Clear Cover =

40

mm

Fe 415

Dia of bar =

25

mm

Assume percentage of steel =

4

%

Z

600

P/fck = 4/25 =

0.16

Pu

fckbD

0.48

Y

1350

d/D =

0.09

Refer chart no - 44

Mu

=

0.17

fckbD2

Muz1 = 206.55 T-m

Uniaxial moment capacity about Y-Y axis

d/D =

0.04

Refer chart no - 43

Mu

=

0.18

fckbD2

Muy1 = 492.08 T-m

From Chart - 63

Puz

=

23

Ag

Puz =

1863 T

Pu

=

0.522

Puz

n =

1.45

n

n

Muy

Muz

Muy1

Muz1

1.45

1.45

344.700

0.100

=

=

0.6

<1

Hence O.K

492.08

206.55

2

Provide 32 - 36 Dia bars.

325 Cm

% of reinforcement =

4.01

Design of ties:

According to cl.26.5.3.2 c of IS 456 - 2000

The diameter of the ties should not be less than 1/4 th the diameter of the largest longitudinal bar

subject to a minimum =

9

The c/c spacing of the ties should be least of the following :

i) Least lateral dimension of column =

600 mm

ii) 16 x dia. Of longitudinal bar =

576 mm

iii) 48 x dia.of tie =

432 mm

DESIGN OF BEAMS

10

11

1 st Layer From bottom(TB1)

Beam

L/C

Node

Max Fx

61

104

88

Min Fx

61

124

88

Max Fy

61

105

88

Min Fy

61

125

87

Max Fz

63

105

88

Min Fz

63

125

88

Max Mx

63

125

88

Min Mx

63

105

88

Max My

63

125

88

Min My

63

125

86

Max Mz

61

105

88

Min Mz

61

105

87

2 nd Layer From bottom(TB2)

Beam

L/C

Node

Max Fx

64

124

85

Min Fx

64

104

85

Max Fy

64

105

85

Min Fy

64

125

84

Max Fz

64

105

85

Min Fz

64

139

85

Max Mx

64

125

85

Min Mx

64

105

85

Max My

64

139

85

Min My

64

139

84

Max Mz

64

105

85

Min Mz

64

105

84

3 rd Layer from botom(TB3)

Beam

L/C

Node

Max Fx

67

124

82

Min Fx

67

104

82

Max Fy

67

105

82

Min Fy

67

125

81

Max Fz

69

125

82

Min Fz

69

105

82

Max Mx

67

125

82

Min Mx

67

105

82

Max My

69

105

82

Min My

69

105

80

Max Mz

67

105

82

Min Mz

67

105

81

Fx kN

Fy kN

Fz kN

Mx kNm

My kNm

160.797

52.927

-0.485

0.3

1.2

-186.32

52.929

-0.485

0.3

1.8

-11.903 431.989

2.625

-12.6

-8.3

-13.617 -430.036

-3.595

13.2

-11.3

-172.9 280.207

4.102

-18.9

-13.2

149.196

-176.42

-5.1

19.4

16.3

149.196

-176.42

-5.1

19.4

16.3

-172.9 280.207

4.102

-18.9

-13.2

149.196

-176.42

-5.1

19.4

16.3

149.196 -280.324

-5.1

19.4

-15.7

-11.903 431.989

2.625

-12.6

-8.3

-11.903 328.085

2.625

-12.6

8.2

Mz kNmRemarks

65.6 Max.

43 shear

1244 force &

1238 moment

757.2

for

-655 member

-655 no. 61 &

757.2 L/C 105 ;

-655 Span

778.5 Moment

1244 , Mz =

-1142 160 KN-

Fx kN

Fy kN

Fz kN

Mx kNm

My kNm

67.962

61.145

-0.58

3.9

1.7

-67.244

61.138

-0.58

3.9

2

23.19 752.681

0.218

-29.2

-0.8

-22.473 -734.303

-1.379

37

-4.3

23.19 752.681

0.218

-29.2

-0.8

-18.076 -499.703

-1.391

31.5

4.4

-22.473 -630.398

-1.379

37

4.4

23.19 752.681

0.218

-29.2

-0.8

-18.076 -499.703

-1.391

31.5

4.4

-18.076 -582.826

-1.391

31.5

-4.3

23.19 752.681

0.218

-29.2

-0.8

23.19 648.777

0.218

-29.2

0.6

Mz kNmRemarks

102.8 Max.

57.2 shear

2251 force &

2194 moment

2251

for

-1658 member

-2091 no. 64 &

2251 L/C 105 ;

-1658 Span

1740 Moment

2251 , Mz =

-2149 272 KN-

Fx kN

Fy kN

Fz kN

Mx kNm

My kNm

33.725

62.478

-0.078

4.4

0

-33.401

62.451

-0.077

4.4

0.5

23.96 826.134

-1.842

-25.4

5.7

-23.637

-805.11

1.687

34.2

5.4

-29.426 -386.324

1.902

23.6

-6.1

29.43 479.525

-2.053

-14

6.6

-23.637 -701.206

1.687

34.2

-5.2

23.96 826.134

-1.842

-25.4

5.7

29.43 479.525

-2.053

-14

6.6

29.43 375.621

-2.053

-14

-6.3

23.96 826.134

-1.842

-25.4

5.7

23.96

722.23

-1.842

-25.4

-5.9

Mz kNmRemarks

104 Max.

63.8 shear

2481 force &

2415 moment

-1343

for

1412 member

-2314 no. 67 &

2481 L/C 105 ;

1412 Span

-1272 Moment

2481 , Mz =

-2380 296 KN-

12

Beam

L/C

Node

Fx kN

Fy kN

Fz kN

Mx kNm

My kNm

Max Fx

70

124

79 39.672

62.716

0.17

4.4

-0.8

Min Fx

70

104

79 -39.936

62.596

0.17

4.4

-0.3

Max Fy

70

105

79 30.706 804.162

-2.371

-20

7.3

Min Fy

70

125

78

-30.97 -782.753

2.712

28.9

8.6

Max Fz

72

125

79 -34.849 -366.733

2.965

20.7

-9.4

Min Fz

72

105

79 35.009

459.8

-2.631

-10.9

8.4

Max Mx

70

125

79

-30.97 -678.849

2.712

28.9

-8.4

Min Mx

70

105

79 30.706 804.162

-2.371

-20

7.3

Max My

72

125

77 -34.849 -470.637

2.965

20.7

9.2

Min My

72

125

79 -34.849 -366.733

2.965

20.7

-9.4

Max Mz

70

105

79 30.706 804.162

-2.371

-20

7.3

Min Mz

70

105

78 30.706 700.258

-2.371

-20

-7.6

Mz kNmRemarks

100 Max.

68.2 shear

2412 force &

2345 moment

-1278

for

1346 member

-2244 no. 70 &

2412 L/C 105 ;

1351 Span

-1278 Moment

2412 , Mz =

-2311 291 KN-

Beam

L/C

Node

Fx kN

Fy kN

Fz kN

Mx kNm

My kNm

Max Fx

74

104

75 40.027 -499.962

0.512

8

-1.8

Min Fx

75

124

76 -38.483

604.15

0.518

8

-1.8

Max Fy

73

105

76 33.853 735.126

-2.341

-14.1

7.2

Min Fy

73

125

75 -31.288 -715.424

3.61

22.2

11.5

Max Fz

75

125

76

-28.58 -321.962

3.805

16.6

-12.1

Min Fz

75

105

76 28.981 415.356

-2.521

-7.2

8.1

Max Mx

73

125

76 -31.288

-611.52

3.61

22.2

-11.2

Min Mx

73

105

76 33.853 735.126

-2.341

-14.1

7.2

Max My

75

125

74

-28.58 -425.866

3.805

16.6

11.8

Min My

75

125

76

-28.58 -321.962

3.805

16.6

-12.1

Max Mz

73

105

76 33.853 735.126

-2.341

-14.1

7.2

Min Mz

73

105

75 33.853 631.222

-2.341

-14.1

-7.5

Mz kNmRemarks

-1678 Max.

1779 shear

2195 force &

2133 moment

-1134

for

1203 member

-2033 no. 73 &

2195 L/C 105 ;

1214 Span

-1134 Moment

2195 , Mz =

-2095 277 KN-

Beam

L/C

Node

Fx kN

Fy kN

Fz kN

Mx kNm

My kNm

Max Fx

76

124

73 88.005

54.37

0.584

0.6

-2.2

Min Fx

76

104

73 -100.57

51.883

0.567

0.1

-1.5

Max Fy

76

105

73 55.125 579.504

-2.141

-5.5

6.6

Min Fy

76

125

72 -67.692 -577.155

3.292

6.2

10.5

Max Fz

78

125

73 -97.805 -228.926

4.079

8.4

-13

Min Fz

78

105

73 83.177 332.878

-2.921

-8

9.4

Max Mx

78

125

73 -97.805 -228.926

4.079

8.4

-13

Min Mx

78

105

73 83.177 332.878

-2.921

-8

9.4

Max My

78

125

71 -97.805

-332.83

4.079

8.4

12.6

Min My

78

125

73 -97.805 -228.926

4.079

8.4

-13

Max Mz

76

105

73 55.125 579.504

-2.141

-5.5

6.6

Min Mz

76

105

72 55.125

475.6

-2.141

-5.5

-6.9

Mz kNmRemarks

55.1 Max.

54.1 shear

1705 force &

1702 moment

-827

for

928.1 member

-827 no. 76 &

928.1 L/C 105 ;

937 Span

-827 Moment

1705 , Mz =

-1607 232 KN-

13

Beam

Max Fx

Min Fx

Max Fy

Min Fy

Max Fz

Min Fz

Max Mx

Min Mx

Max My

Min My

Max Mz

44

173

44

44

173

45

44

44

45

45

44

Min Mz

44

L/C

Node

Fx kN

Fy kN

Fz kN

Mx kNm

My kNm

124

7 98.253

49.094

0.083

-1.4

-0.5

117

2 -203.73

97.91

-0.349

4.7

1.1

125

7 -46.479 194.633

-0.391

14.8

1.2

105

12 16.785 -195.842

0.642

-14.5

2

124

2 -131.29

-39.341

0.815

-9

-2.5

140

12

-102.3 135.594

-0.959

7.4

3.1

125

7 -46.479 194.633

-0.391

14.8

1.2

105

7 16.785

-80.393

0.642

-14.5

-2

124

12

-97.62 163.806

-0.958

10.2

3.2

121

2 36.885

20.784

-0.931

5.3

-3

105

12 16.785 -195.842

0.642

-14.5

2

125

12

-46.479

79.184

-0.391

Mz kNm Load

61.1

165.1 Shear

460.8 1.5wL/2

492.6 430.35

kN

-277

303.1 Bending

460.8 Moment

-375 1.5wL2/1

368.4 540.51

kN

-140

492.6 Span

kN98

-1.2 -399

m

14.8

9.33

Thickness of slab, t =

0.3

Therefore self-weight of slab, Sw = 25 x t =

7.5

Water pressure acting on slab, Pw =

54

Therefore total weight acting on beam is W = A x (Pw + Sw )=

574

Span of beam, L=

6.28

Therefore u.d.l acting on beam is w = W / L = 91.368631

m2

m

kN/m2

kN/m2

kN

m

kN/m

Shear Force obtained from Slab =

Total Shear Force acting on beam =

195.842

430.35

626.19

kN

kN

kN

Maximum Bending Moment obtained from Slab =

Maximum bending moment acting on beam near support =

492.6

540.51

1033.11

kN-m

kN-m

kN-m

638.51

kN-m

203.729

kN

FOR M25 GRADE CONCRETE AND Fe415 GRADE STEEL

DESIGN OF BEAMS IN 1ST AND 6TH LAYER FROM BOTTOM (TB1 & TB6)

At face of column:Maximum factored shear force Vu =

580

kN

1705

kn-m

Forces & Moments Acting on Tie Beams]

Here,

Assuming,

Therefore,

500

overall depth of the section, D=

900

clear cover, c =

40

Diameter of reinforcement, =

32

Separator bar dia. ' =

32

effective depth, d = D - c - - ('/2) =

Mu/bd2 =

required pt =

% => Astreqd =

1.733

required pc =

0.57

Provide

9

no.

Therefore, provided pt =

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

812

5.172

mm

N/mm2

7036

8.745

nos.

32 mm bars

mm2 =>

% => Ascreqd =

2314

nos.

25 mm bars

mm2 => 4.7125527

mm diameter bars as tension reinforcement at support.

32

% for which, T c =

1.78

0.77

N/mm2 [Ref. Table 61 of SP16]

14

Vus =Vu T cbd =

Providing 4L

Vus /d = 3.2929

mm diameter bars, required spacing =

Therefore, Mu/bd =

232

0.7037

% => Astreqd =

816

required pt =

0.201

312620 N

267.38

no.

no.

no.

8

kN

220

mm

[Ref. Table 62 of SP16]

kN-m

N/mm2

mm2 =>

1.6617949

Therefore number of 16

mm diameter bars required per face =

Provide

2

Provide

9

Provide

5

Provide 4L

312.62

kN

kN/cm

nos.

0.05

1.0092

25

mm bars

16

mm diameter bars as top & bottom reinforcement at support.

32

mm diameter bars as top & bottom reinforcement at span.

32

mm diameter bars @ 200 c/c as stirrup.

5-32 mm Diameter Bars

900

4L-8 mm Dia.Bar @ 200 c/c

500

At Supports

500

At Span

DESIGN OF BEAMS IN 2ND, 4TH AND 5TH LAYER FROM BOTTOM (TB2 ,TB4 & TB5)

At face of column:Maximum factored shear force Vu =

804.2

kN

Details of Forces & Moments Acting

on Tie Beams]

Here,

500

overall depth of the section, D=

900

clear cover, c =

40

Diameter of reinforcement, =

32

Separator bar dia. ' =

32

effective depth, d = D - c - - ('/2) =

Assuming,

Therefore,

Mu/bd2 =

From Table 51 of SP16 ==> For d'/d = 0.1,

required pt =

% => Astreqd =

2.35

9541

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

812

7.317

mm

N/mm2

mm2 =>

11.86

nos.

32 mm bars

% => Ascreqd =

4953

nos.

32 mm bars

mm2 => 6.156321

mm diameter bars as tension reinforcement at support.

32

% for which, T c =

2.38

0.86

N/mm2 [Ref. Table 61 of SP16]

Shear capacity of the section = T cbd =

349160 N =

349.16

kN

Vus =Vu T cbd = 455.04 kN

required pc =

1.22

Provide

12

no.

Therefore, provided pt =

Providing4L

12

Vus /d = 5.6039

mm diameter bars, required spacing =

Therefore, Mu/bd2 =

From Table 3 of SP16 ==>

291

0.8827

kN-m

N/mm2

kN/cm

250

mm

[Ref. Table 62 of SP16]

15

required pt =

0.261

% => Astreqd =

mm2 =>

1060

1.317049

nos.

32

mm bars

0.05

%

Therefore number of

16

mm diameter bars required per face =

1.00923295

mm diameter bars at each face for side face reinforcement.

Provide

2

no.

16

mm diameter bars as top & bottom reinforcement at support.

Provide

12

no.

32

mm diameter bars as top & bottom reinforcement at span.

Provide

6

no.

32

mm diameter bars @ 250 c/c as stirrup.

Provide 4L

12

12 32mm Diameter Bars

900

4L 12 mm bars @ 250c/c

500

500

At Supports

At Span

At face of column:Maximum factored shear force Vu =

826.2 kN

Maximum factored bending moment Mu = 2481.36 kn-m

Details of Forces & Moments Acting

on Tie Beams]

Here,

500

overall depth of the section, D=

900

clear cover, c =

30

Diameter of reinforcement, =

32

Separator bar dia. =

32

effective depth, d = D - c - -('/2) =

Assuming,

Therefore,

Mu/bd2 =

From Table 51 of SP16 ==> For d'/d = 0.1,

required pt =

% => Astreqd =

2.38

9782

mm2 =>

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

822

7.345

11.79

1.46

6.4058203

mm

N/mm2

nos.

nos.

nos.

32

16

32

% => Ascreqd =

5154

mm2 =>

mm diameter bars and

32

mm diameter bars as tension reinforcement at support.

16

% for which, T c =

2.45

0.85

N/mm2 [Ref. Table 61 of SP16]

Shear capacity of the section = T cbd =

349350 N =

349.35

kN

Vus =Vu T cbd = 476.85 kN

required pc =

1.254

Provide

12

no.

2

no.

Therefore, provided pt =

Providing 4L

12

Vus /d = 5.8011

mm diameter bars, required spacing =

From Table 3 of SP16 ==>

required pt =

0.261

Provide

Therefore, Mu/bd2 =

296

0.8761

% => Astreqd =

1073

kN/cm

250

mm

[Ref. Table 62 of SP16]

kN-m

N/mm2

mm2 =>

nos.

32

0.05

Therefore number of

16

mm diameter bars required per face =

%

1.0

no.

16

mm bars

mm bars

mm bars

1.3332688

mm bars

16

Provide

Provide

Provide

12

2

6

4L

no.

no.

no.

12

32

mm diameter bars as top & bottom reinforcement at support.

16

mm diameter bars as top & bottom reinforcement at span.

32

mm diameter bars @ 250 c/c as stirrup.

6 32mm Diameter Bars

900

216mm Diameter

Bars

4L 12 mm bars @ 250c/c

500

500

At Supports

At Span

At face of column:Maximum factored shear force Vu =

626.19 kN

Maximum factored bending moment Mu = 1033.11 kN-m

Acting on Beams Supporting the

Tank Bottom Slab]

Here,

Assuming,

Therefore,

500

overall depth of the section, D=

1000

clear cover, c =

40

Diameter of reinforcement, =

32

Separator bar dia ' =

32

effective depth, d = D - c - - ('/2) =

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

912

mm

N/mm2

Allowable Stress for M25 concrete in bending compression, cbc =

8.5

Modular Ratio, m = 280/(3cbc) = 10.980392

[Ref. Table 21 of IS: 456 ]

Allowable Stress in steel tension for HYSD bars, st =

150

N/mm2

Therefore k = m.cbc/(m.cbc + st) = 0.3835616 [Ref. Table 2 of IS:3370II ]

Therefore j = 1 k / 3 = 0.8721461

Therefore R = (1/2).cbc.jk = 1.4217176

Design Moment M = Mu / 1.5 = 688.74 kN-m

Moment of resistance of the section under balanced condition Mbal =

591.3

kN-m

Balance tensile steel Ast1 = Mbalx106/(stx0.87d) = 4967.841 mm2

Remaining Moment Mrem = M Mbal =

97.5 kN-m

Ast2 = Mremx106/(stx0.87d) = 819.11205

Hence total tensile steel Ast = Ast1 + Ast2 = 5786.953 mm2

M

x10

Area of compression steel Asc =

( kd c )

[

x

(1 . 5 m 1)] xjd

1052.38802 mm2

kd

6

rem

cbc

639

kN-m

Design Moment M = Mu / 1.5 = 425.67333 kN-m

17

Therefore 4.43

Provide 6+2=

Provide

no.

32

no.

no.

32

& bottom reinforcement at support.

mm diameter bars as top & bottom reinforcement at span.

32

1.05

< 1.9

[where V = Vu / 1.5]

N/mm2

N/mm2 as per Table 1 of IS:3370II

Percentage of tensile steel provided at support pt =

1.41

%

for which, permissible shear stress T c =

0.45

N/mm2

Excess shear force, Vs = V T cbd = 212260 N =

212.26

kN

[where V = Vu / 1.5]

Assuming 4L

Provide

4L

12

12

150

N/mm

mm diameter bars, spacing Sv = sv.Asv.d/Vs =

mm diameter bars @ 200 c/c as stirrup.

291.68

mm

Check for direct tension :Maximum axial tension acting on the beam,Tu = 203.729 kN

Design axial tension acting on the beam,T = Tu /1.5 = 135.81933 kN

Therefore, tensile stress, ct = T / [Ac + (m 1)Ast provd ] = 0.2407122

Allowable Stress in direct tension, cc =

[Ref. Table 1 of IS:3370II ]

1.3

N/mm2

> than tensile stress. Hence O.K.

0.05

Therefore number of

16

mm diameter bars required per face =

Provide

no.

16

%

1.24

18

6+2=

1000

4L 12 mm bars @ 200c/c

500

500

At Supports

At Span

DETAIL OF FORCES & MOMENTS AS OBTAINED FROM STAAD OUTPUT

Beam

L/C

Max Fx

10

Min Fx

10

Max Fy

11

Min Fy

10

Max Fz

1

Min Fz

15

Max Mx

10

Min Mx

11

Max My

11

Min My

15

Max Mz

11

Min Mz

10

DESIGN:sv =

cbc =

Node

105

125

140

117

124

124

125

125

105

124

140

125

11

11

12

12

2

16

11

12

12

2

12

12

Fx kN

Fy kN

Fz kN

Mx kNm

My kNm

429.894 -165.307

61.131

-82.5

-28.3

-316.56

82.08

-61.522

101.5

31.8

275.072 217.439

-18.551

22.7

25.8

364.911 -210.218

50.129

-63.9

55.2

-211.71

0.552

80.897

-96.1

-81.5

-223.77

27.051

-82.006

96.9

39.8

-316.56

82.08

-61.522

101.5

31.8

-155

54.44

65.46

-105.1

-67.4

268.991

97.78

-63.931

85.5

68.8

-223.77

-6.209

-82.006

96.9

-83.8

275.072 217.439

-18.551

22.7

25.8

-316.56

48.82

-61.522

101.5

-61

2

150 N/mm

2

N/mm

8.5

2

st =

190 N/mm

m =

10.98

k =

0.329412

j =

0.89

R =

1.248 N/mm2

Bending moment at support , M u234.4=kN-m

Bending moment at span =

75.5 kN-m

Torsional moment ,Tu =

105.1 kN-m

Shear force , Vu

= 217.44 kN

Considering increase in material stress 33.33 %

Design Bending moment , M = 234.44/1.33 =

Design torsion, T = 105.1/1.33

=

Design shear , V = 217.44/1.33

=

b =

1000 mm

D=

Cover =

25 mm

Bar dia =

b1 =

925 mm

d1 =

d=

562.5 mm

Calculation of longitudinal reinforcement :

Equivalent bending moment Me1 = M+ Mt

M = 176.24 kN-m

Mt = T (1+D/b)/1.7

=

74.37 kN-m

Me1 = 250.61 kN-m

Moment of resistance of a balanced section =

Astreqd = Me1/(st*j*d) =

M 25

Fe 415

(From STAAD OUTPUT )

176.24

79.02

163.49

600

25

575

kN-m

kN-m

kN

mm

mm

mm

394.875 kN-m

2

2634.18 mm

Provide 7 nos. 20 mm diameter bars (2198mm2) at bottom.

Provide 1 no. 16 diameter bars as side reinforcement on each side.

Shear :

Mz kNm

-46.7

-16.1

234.4

232.2

-41.7

-22.6

-16.1

17.4

97.4

-38.3

234.4

-115

19

2

0.52 N/mm

T ve =

289.9 kN

< T cmax = 1.9 N/mm2

Hence OK.

( From Table - 24 of IS: 456 -2000)

Percentage of steel =

0.79

2

Design shear strength T c =

0.37 N/mm

(From Table -23 of IS:456 - 2000)

Transverse Reinforcement :

2

Two legged 10 mm diameter stirrup Asv =

157.08 mm

((T*Sv)/(b1*d1*sv))+((V*Sv)/(2.5*d1*sv))

Asv =

Sv =

89.83 mm

(T ve - T c)*b*Sv/sv

Asv =

Sv =

162.03 mm

Provide 4 legged 10 diameter stirrup @ 200 c/c .

TANK WALL

DIA = 6250

WATER TANK

4 nos.28 dia. Bars

600

7 nos. 20 dia Bars.

1 no. 16 dia Bar

Tank bottom slab

1000

4 Legged 10 mm diameter stirrup @ 200 mm c/c

DESIGN OF RING BEAM AT TOP OF TANK (SECTION 400mmx400mm)

DETAIL OF FORCES & MOMENTS AS OBTAINED FROM STAAD OUTPUT

Beam

Max Fx

Min Fx

Max Fy

Min Fy

Max Fz

Min Fz

Max Mx

Min Mx

Max My

Min My

Max Mz

Min Mz

L/C

48

56

46

55

60

51

56

50

60

56

55

49

Node

139

136

139

124

116

136

120

118

116

136

140

118

50

58

48

58

62

53

58

52

48

59

58

51

Fx kN

Fy kN

Fz kN

Mx kNm

My kNm

76.957

3.462

-0.072

0.1

-0.4

-66.708

5.096

-2.358

-0.6

1.9

14.464

6.719

-0.717

1.7

0.9

-28.118

-7.374

-0.087

-0.6

-0.5

7.454

3.657

2.921

-0.4

-1.5

22.82

3.568

-2.67

1

2.7

-24.976

6.565

-0.428

2.1

0.1

35.145

0.677

0.468

-2.2

-0.1

7.454

-3.616

2.921

-0.4

2.9

-66.708

-2.177

-2.358

-0.6

-1.7

-42.458

-7.361

0.633

-1

0.2

68.176

2.445

-0.769

-1.6

0.1

Mz kNm

-1.7

3.1

3.4

4

1.1

0.7

3.9

-1.5

1.1

0.9

4.6

-1.8

DESIGN:sv =

cbc =

2

150 N/mm

2

8.5 N/mm

2

st =

190 N/mm

m =

10.98

k =

0.329412

j =

0.89

R =

1.248

Bending moment at support , M u =

Torsional moment ,Tu =

Shear force , Vu

=

Design torsion, T

=

=

4.6 kN-m

2.2 kN-m

7.4 kN

4.60 kN-m

2.20 kN-m

2.243 kN-m

(From STAAD Output ; Load case-140 & 118)

20

Design shear , V

=

7.40

b =

400 mm

D=

400

Cover =

25 mm

Bar dia =

20

b1 =

330 mm

d1 =

370

d=

365 mm

Calculation of longitudinal reinforcement :

Equivalent bending moment Me1 = M+ Mt

M=

4.60 kN-m

Mt = T (1+D/b)/1.7

=

2.59 kN-m

Me1 =

7.19 kN-m

Moment of resistance of a balanced section =

Astreqd = Me1/(st*j*d) =

Minimum % of reinforcement is required

2

Astmin =

292 mm

kN

mm

mm

mm

66.50592 kN-m

2

116.44 mm

>7.19 kN-m

Provide 2 nos. 16 mm diameter bars ( 402 mm2 ) at top & bottom althrough .

Shear :

Equivalent shear , Ve = V + 1.6 T/b =

=

16.2 kN

2

0.11 N/mm

( From Table - 24 of IS: 456 -2000)

Hence OK.

2

Shear stress T v =

0.05 N/mm

Percentage of steel =

0.25

2

Design shear strength T c =

0.23 N/mm

Transverse Reinforcement :

Provide 2 legged 8 diameter stirrup @ 200 mm c/c .

2 - 16 mm dia

400

2 - 16 mm dia

400

DIA = 6250

2 Legged 8 mm diameter stirrup @ 200 mm c/c

TANK WALL

WATER TANK

DESIGN OF SLABS

21

Designed as per working stress method.

Allowable Stress for M25 concrete in bending compression,

N/mm2

cbc =

8.5

Modular Ratio, m = 280/(3cbc) = 10.98039

Allowable Stress in steel tension for Fe 415 bars, st =

150

N/mm2

Therefore k = m.cbc/(m.cbc + st) = 0.383562

Therefore j = 1 k / 3 = 0.872146

Therefore R = (1/2).cbc.jk = 1.421718

[Ref. Table 2 of IS:3370II ]

Y ==> Circumferential direction.

Moment Mxu =

Moment Myu =

Shear Stress SQXu =

Shear Stress SQYu =

Assuming,

1.088

0.83

0.032

0.021

Plate No.107; L/C 139

Plate No.100; L/C 121

Plate No.94; L/C 118

kN-m /m

kN-m /m

N/mm2

N/mm2

1.088

kN-m /m

kN-m /m

Design Shear Stress SQY = SQYu =

0.83

0.032

0.021

Width of slab is b=

Overall depth of slab provided, D =

clear cover, c =

Diameter of reinforcement, =

1000

150

25

10

mm

mm

mm

mm

120

mm

From

STAAD

Output

N/mm2

N/mm2

< than provided overall depth. Hence O.K.

Hence, Astprovd =

Provide

10

mm dia. bars @

250

c/c

314.29

mm2

and pprovd =

0.26

%

Allowable shear stress, for pprvd =

0.26 %, is given by T c=

0.235

N/mm2

[Ref. Table 23 of IS:456]

> than maximum shear stress. Hence O.K. O.K

Reinforcement in radial direction:Required area of steel is Astx = Mx/(jdst) =

Provide

10

mm diameter bars @

250

69.305 mm2

< than provided reinforcement. Hence O.K. O.K

52.87 mm2

< than provided reinforcement. Hence O.K.

at top and bottom .

Tank slab designed as uncracked section as per IS-3370.

22

Allowable Stress for M25 concrete in bending compression,

N/mm2

cbc =

8.5

Modular Ratio, m = 280/(3cbc) = 10.98039

Allowable Stress in steel tension for Fe 415 bars, st =

150

N/mm2

Therefore k = m.cbc/(m.cbc + st) = 0.383562

Therefore j = 1 k / 3 = 0.872146

[Ref. Table 2 of IS:3370II ]

Y ==> Circumferential direction.

Moment Mxu =

Moment Myu =

Shear Stress SQXu =

Shear Stress SQYu =

Plate No.87; L/C 125

Plate No.82; L/C 104

Plate No.87; L/C 105

10.13

kN-m /m

kN-m /m

Design Shear Stress SQY = SQYu / 1.2 =

11.24

0.214

0.151

Width of slab is b=

Overall depth of slab provided, D =

clear cover, c =

Diameter of reinforcement, =

1000

300

30

12

mm

mm

mm

mm

Hence, d/D =

264

0.88

mm

12

kN-m /m

kN-m /m

N/mm2

N/mm2

Assuming,

Provide

10.13

11.24

0.214

0.151

mm diameter bars @

R = 0.3193

150

c/c

From

STAAD

Output

N/mm2

N/mm2

N/mm2

Hence, Astprovd =

and pprovd =

0.29

0.29 %, is given by T c=

754.3 mm2

N/mm2

[Ref. Table 23 of IS:456]

> than maximum shear stress. Hence O.K. O.K

0.255

23

< than provided overall depth. Hence O.K.

Reinforcement in radial direction:Required area of steel is Astx = Mx/(jdst) = 293.3087 mm2

< than provided reinforcement. Hence O.K. O.K

Reinforcement in circumferential direction:Required area of steel is Asty = My/(jdst) = 325.4482 mm2

< than provided reinforcement. Hence O.K.

Provide

12

mm diameter bars @

150

mm

directions at top and bottom.

8.5

N/mm2

150

N/mm2

Wall is be designed as uncracked section as per IS : 3370.

Allowable stress for concrete in bending compression cbc =

2

1.8 N/mm

Allowable stress for direct tension = 1.3 N/mm2

Modular Ratio, m = 280/(3cbc) = 10.98039

Allowable Stress in steel tension for Fe 415 bars, st =

Therefore j = 1 k / 3 = 0.872146

X ==> Vertical direction

Y ==> Circumferential direction

Moment Mxu = 3.652 kN-m /m

Plate No.283; L/C 117

Moment Myu = 8.635 kN-m /m

Plate No.299; L/C 121

2

Shear stress SQXu = 0.399 N/mm

Plate No.281; L/C 117

2

Shear stress SQYu = 0.262 N/mm

Plate No.273; L/C 125

Width of wall b=

Overall depth of wall provided, D =

Assuming,

clear cover, c =

Diameter of reinforcement, =

1000

175

40

12

From

STAAD

Output

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

Hence, d/D = 0.737143

For uncracked section,

R=

0.3111

N/mm2

166.6024 mm

< Provided O/A depth . Hence O.K.

Required area of steel in Vertical

direction is Astx = Mx/(jdst) = 216.4016 mm2

Min. percentage of reinforcement =

0.25

2

Astreqd

=

437.5 mm

in two faces

2

Astreqd./face =

219 mm

Required area of steel in

circumferential direction is

< 754 mm2

511.6726 mm2

Asty = My/(jdst) =

Provide 12 mm diameter bars @ 250 mm c/c at inner face as vertical reinforcement

Provide 16 mm diameter bars @ 120 mm c/c up to 2.0 m from tank bottom and

12 mm diameter @ 120 mm c/c from 2 m to 4.450 m at outer face as vertical reinforcement.

Provide 12 mm diameter bars @ 150 mm c/c at both faces as circumferential reinforcement

24

Shear :

% of reinforcement = 1.30

Permissible shear stress T c =

2

> 0.399 N/mm2

0.45 N/mm

( From Table 23 pf IS 456 : 2000 )

Hence OK.

175

TANK

16 mm dia

@ 120 mm c/c

up to 2 m

4.450 m

12 mm dia

@ 120 mm c/c

from 2 m to

4.45

m

2.0 m

Roof

25

Partition wall shall be designed as uncracked section as per IS : 3370.

Allowable stress for concrete in bending compression cbc =

Modular Ratio, m = 280/(3cbc) = 10.98039

Allowable Stress in steel tension for Fe 415 bars, st =

Allowable stress for concrete in bending tension =

Allowable stress for concrete in direct tension =

Therefore k = m.cbc/(m.cbc + st) = 0.383562

Therefore j = 1 k / 3 = 0.872146

8.5

N/mm2

150

1.8

1.3

N/mm2

N/mm2

N/mm2

Y ==>

Horizontal direction

Moment Mxu =

Moment Myu =

Shear SQXu =

Shear SQYu =

1.038

1.469

0.01

0.016

M 25

Fe 415

kN-m /m

kN-m /m

N/mm2

N/mm2

Plate No.316; L/C 140

Plate No.320; L/C 121

Plate No.317; L/C 118

Width of wall b=

Overall depth of wall provided, D =

Assuming,

clear cover, c =

Diameter of reinforcement, =

1000

200

30

12

mm

mm

mm

mm

Hence, d/D =

164

0.82

mm

R=

0.3141

From

STAAD

Output

N/mm2

68.38753 mm

< than provided O/A depth. Hence O.K.

Required area of steel in Vertical

direction is Astx = Mx/(jdst) =

48.4

Min. percentage of reinforcement =

0.22

Astreqd

=

440

Astreqd./face =

220

Required area of steel in horizontal

direction is

Asty =

68.46954

mm2

mm2

in two faces

mm2

mm2

Provide 12 mm diameter bars @ 200 mm c/c ( 565 mm2 ) at both faces as vertical reinforcement

Provide 12 mm diameter bars @ 200 mm c/c (565 mm2) at both faces as horizontal reinforcement

Shear :

% of reinforcement = 0.28

Permissible shear stress T c

2

> 0.016 N/mm2

= 0.25 N/mm

( From Table 23 pf IS 456 : 2000 )

Hence OK.

200

12 mm dia

@ 200 mm c/c

TANK

TANK

26

DESIGN OF OUTER WALL

Tank wall shall be designed as uncracked section as per IS : 3370.

Allowable stress for concrete in bending compression 8.5

cbc = N/mm2

Allowable stress in bending tension =

1.8 N/mm2

Allowable stress for direct tension =

1.3 N/mm2

Modular Ratio, m = 280/(3cbc) = 10.98039

Allowable Stress in steel tension for Fe 415 bars, st =

150

N/mm2

Therefore j = 1 k / 3 = 0.872146

M - 25

Fe - 415

Y ==> Circumferential direction

Moment Mxu =

Moment Myu =

Shear stress SQXu =

Shear stress SQYu =

8.607

4.87

0.099

0.085

kN-m /m

kN-m /m

N/mm2

N/mm2

Plate No.221; L/C 141

Plate No.192; L/C 137

Plate No.220; L/C 141

width of wall b =

Overall depth of wall provided, D =

Overall depth of wall provided,D1 =

Assuming,

clear cover, c =

Diameter of reinforcement, =

1000

250

150

40

12

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

Effective depth, d = D1 - c - (/2) =

Hence, d/D =

204

104

0.816

mm

mm

R=

0.3141

N/mm2

at base

at top

at bottom

at top

Hence O/A depth of wall 250 mm at bottom and 150 mm at top is O.K.

Required area of steel in Vertical

direction is Astx = Mx/(jdst) =

From

STAAD

Output

27

Required area of steel in Vertical

direction is Astx = Mx/(jdst) = 322.5085 mm2

Required area of steel in

circumferential direction is Asty = 182.4813 mm2

0.886

Max. membrane tensile stress in wall sy =

Max. Membrane tensile force in wall /m =

221500 N

2

Astreqd due to direct tension =

1476.7 mm

2

Total Astreqd due to direct tension & bending =

920.8146 mm

Total Astprovided = 2 x754 =

N/mm2

2

1508.0 mm

2

Equivalent area of steel =2x(m-1)xAst = 30100.9 mm

2

Total area of concrete & steel =

280100.9 mm

2

Direct Stress due to membrane force =

0.791 N/mm

mm4

1.1E+08

[ where, d = ( 250 -40x2-12)/2 =79 ]

mm4

1.3E+09

Total moment of inertia = I =

1.4E+09 mm4

2

Stress = M.y/I =

0.43 N/mm

Total Stress =

1.22

N/mm2 < 1.8

, Hence O.K.

Provide 12 mm diameter bars @ 150 mm c/c at inner face as vertical reinforcement

Provide 12 mm diameter bars @ 250 mm c/c at outer face as vertical reinforcement

Provide 12 mm diameter bars @ 150 mm c/c at both faces as circumferential reinforcement

Shear :

% of reinforcement = 0.37

Permissible shear stress T c

2

> 0.099 N/mm2

0.27 N/mm

Table - 23 of IS 456 : 2000

Hence OK.

28

150

TANK

12 mm dia. bars @

250 mm c/c

12 mm dia. bars @

150 mm c/c

250

TANK WALL

LOAD CALCULATION

DEAD LOAD:

Weight of 150 thk landing slab = 0.150x2.5x1.796x1.25 =

0.421 T

Load for ladder =

6x0.03 + 2x0.0304

=

0.241 T/m

Reaction at column due to ladder = 0.241x5.112/2 =

0.616 T

Total load at column due to ladder & landing =

1.037 T

Resultant load at column =

2.07 T

Moment at column due to ladder & landing =

3.28 T-m

Load at column due to circular slab at RL (+) 436.5 m = 3.14/4*6.25^2*0.150*2.5/3 =

4.42T

2

2

Live load for ladder & landing =

0.25 T/m

Reaction at column due to LL =

0.639 T

Resultant load at column =

1.278 T

Moment at column due to LL on landing & ladder =

2.02 T-m

Load at column due to circular slab at RL (+) 436.5 m = 3.14/4*6.25^2*0.250/3 =

2.56 T

Along wind load on a structure on a strip area (Ae) at any height (z) is given by :

Fz = Cf.Ae.pz.G

Where ,

Fz = along wind load on the structure at any height z corresponding to strip area Ae,

Cf = force coefficient for the building , (Ref.Table - 28 of IS 875 part -3)

Ae = effective frontal area considered for the structure at height z,

Vz = Vb.k1.k2.k3

pz = design pressure at height z due to hourly mean wind obtained as 0.6Vz2 (N/m2)

Vb =

k1 =

k2 =

k3 =

Vh =

Pz =

47.3

1.07

0.67

1.0

33.9

689.9072

m/sec

( As per Cl. 5.3.1 Of 875 ,Part-3 )

(From Table -33 of IS 875 , Part - 3 )

( As per Cl. 5.3.3 Of 875 ,Part-3 )

m/sec

N/m2

k1 =

k2 =

k3 =

Vh =

Pz =

1.07

0.72

1.0

36.4

796.7207

(From Table -33 of IS 875 , Part - 3 )

( As per Cl. 5.3.3 Of 875 ,Part-3 )

m/sec

N/m2

k1 =

k2 =

k3 =

Vh =

pz =

1.07

0.75

1.0

38.0

864.4972

(From Table -33 of IS 875 , Part - 3 )

( As per Cl. 5.3.3 Of 875 ,Part-3 )

m/sec

N/m2

k1 =

k2 =

k3 =

Vh =

pz =

1.07

0.79

1.0

40.0

959.1693

(From Table -33 of IS 875 , Part - 3 )

( As per Cl. 5.3.3 Of 875 ,Part-3 )

m/sec

N/m2

(For 10 m height )

(For 15 m height )

(For 20 m height )

(For 30 m height )

k1 =

1.07 ( As per Cl. 5.3.1 Of 875 ,Part-3 )

k2 =

0.85 (From Table -33 of IS 875 , Part - 3 )

k3 =

1.0 ( As per Cl. 5.3.3 Of 875 ,Part-3 )

Vh=

43.0 m/sec

pz =

1110.399 N/m2

G = gust factor and is given by :

2

G = 1 + gfr ( B ( 1 + ) + SE/ ))

L (h) =

1250 From fig.8

gfr =

1.25 From fig.9

Cy =

10 From code

b =

6.9 m

Cz =

12 From code

h =

35.5 m

=Cy.b/Cz.h =

0.16

Cz.h/L (h) =

0.3408

B=

fo =

Fo=Cz.fo.h/ Vh =

Fo=Cz.fo.h/ Vh =

Fo=Cz.fo.h/ Vh =

Fo=Cz.fo.h/ Vh =

Fo=Cz.fo.h/ Vh =

fo.L (h)./Vh

fo.L (h)./Vh

fo.L (h)./Vh

fo.L (h)./Vh

fo.L (h)./Vh

=

=

=

=

=

0.8

0.501

5.416106

4.424241

4.269907

4.125978

3.898217

(From Fig.9)

( From STAAD output )

for 10 m ht.

( where Vz=Vh)

for 15 m ht.

for 20 m ht.

for 30 m ht.

for 37 m ht.

18.46835

17.18582

13.47458

13.47458

12.52343

for 10 m ht.

for 15 m ht.

for 20 m ht.

for 30 m ht.

for 37 m ht.

0.35

0.38

0.39

0.40

0.41

for 10 m ht.

for 15 m ht.

for 20 m ht.

for 30 m ht.

for 37 m ht.

From Fig.10

0.08

0.10

0.101

0.102

0.103

0.016

for 10 m ht.

for 15 m ht.

for 20 m ht.

for 30 m ht.

for 37 m ht.

From Fig.11

S =

E=

gfr

B

4

Gust Factor , G =

Cf =

Cf =

(For 37 m height )

1.6

2

0.279508

3.186505

3.399451

3.427572

3.455769

3.484039

for 10 m ht.

for 15 m ht.

for 20 m ht.

for 30 m ht.

for 37 m ht.

From Table - 28

Ae =

Fz

36.9516

19.3508

19.3508

36.9516

43.2

12.99746

8.385593

9.17422

14.37

19.59716

33.42533

m2

m2

m2

m2

m2

for 10 m ht.

for 15 m ht.

for 20 m ht.

for 30 m ht.

for 37 m ht.

T

T

T

T

T

T

for 10 m ht.

for 15 m ht.

for 20 m ht.

for 25 m ht.

for 30 m ht.

for 37 m ht.

Wind load per node for 10 m height

Wind load per node for 15 m height

Wind load per node for 20 m height

Wind load per node for 25 m height

Wind load per node for 30 m height

Wind load at tank for 37 m height

=

=

=

=

=

=

3.2

4.2

4.6

7.2

9.8

0.77

T

T

T

T

T

T/m2

Basic wind speed Vb = 47.3 m/sec ( As per DBR )

Terrain category - 2

Class - B

Design wind speed Vz = Vb x k1 x k2 x k3

m/sec

k1 = 1.07

k2 = 1.15

k3 = 1.0

For 37 m height

k1 = 1.07

k2 = 1.1

k3 = 1.0

For 30 m height

k1 = 1.07

k2 = 1.05

k3 = 1.0

For 20 m height

k1 = 1.07

k2 = 1.02

k3 = 1.0

For 15 m height

k1 = 1.07

k2 = 0.98

k3 = 1.0

For 10 m height

Wind Pressure at 15 m height = 160 kg/m2

2

Wind load for staad input on tie beam at 10 m height from GL = 0.148x0.9 = 0.133 T/m

Wind load for staad input on tie beam at 15 m height from GL = 0.160x0.9 = 0.144 T/m

Wind load for staad input on tie beam at 20 m height from GL = 0.183x0.9 = 0.165 T/m

Wind load for staad input on tie beam at 25 m height from GL = 0.185x0.9 = 0.167 T/m

Wind load for staad input on tie beam at 30 m height from GL = 0.186x0.9 = 0.1674 T/m

Average wind force on columns between ht 10 m to 20 m = ( 0.148 + 0.183 ) / 2 x 1.3 = 0.215 T/m

Average wind force on columns between ht 20 m to 30 m = ( 0.183 + .186 ) / 2 x 1.3 = 0.24 T/m

Wind pressure on tank = 0.200 T/m2

The value of wind load in gust factor method is higher than the normal wind load

calculation, so the value of wind load in gust factor method is applied in STAAD input.

Here Zone factor Z = 0.1

Importance factor = 1.5

Response reduction factor = 3

Soil type = 2

Response sectrum method of analysis carried out using STAAD , considering

X=

0.025

Y=

0.005

Z=

0.0075

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