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DESIGN PHILOSOPHY
For proper assessment of load acting on Overhead Water Tank we have followed the appropriate
clauses of DBR , specification no PE-DC-250-600-C001.We have taken the basic wind speed
& factors K1,K2,& K3 as per DBR and IS:875(part -III) for wind load assessment (as shown in detail in
load calculation ). For seismic load calculation we have considered data for zone-II and importance factor
(I=1.5) according to IS:1893 , part-IV.
The whole structure has been modeled and analyzed with the help of STAAD Pro. Each component of the
structure has been designed to withstand forces and moments as obtained from the Staad output.The tank
slabs and beams have been designed as uncracked sections in accodance with IS:3370 and other parts of the
structure have been designed as per IS 456 :2000.

DESIGN OF FOUNDATION
FOOTING SLAB
Total factored load =

283.76 T ==>

( For Node No. 89 & Load Case 104 in STAAD Output )

Unfactored load

189.17 T

( As this reaction is maximum among all load combination so ,


there is no need of checking bearing capacity
for other load cases )
m2
5.60
2
< 30x1.25 = 37.5 T/ m

Total load
Area of raft =
Base Pressure

=
=

189.17 T
1.6x3.5 =
2
33.8 T/m

Hence OK.
2
33.78 T/m

Design base pressure =


Column

A
GROUND LEVEL

4000

DIA = 7650 mm

600

2500

2000

3500
A

2
33.78 T/mm

1000 mm

d =

600 - 50 - 8 =

Moment at section A-A


=
4.22 T-m
2
Mu/bd2 =
0.22 N/mm
Minimum reinforcement required @ 0.2 %
2
Ast =
1168.6 mm

542 mm

Fe415
M25

Provide 16 mm diameter bar @ 150 mm c/c (1340 mm2 ) as main reinforcement.


Calculation of top reinforcement :
2
Soil pressure at top of footing =
3.4x1.8 =
6.12 T/m
Bending moment at section A-A =
0.765 T-m
2
Mu/bd2 =
0.04 N/mm
Minimum reinforcement required @ 0.2 %

2
Astmin =
1084 mm
Provide 16 mm diameter bar @ 150 mm c/c at top as main reinforcement.

Distribution reinforcement: = 0.12 % in two faces


Astmin / face / m = 325 mm2
Provide 12 mm diameter @ 200 mm c/c top & bottom (565 mm2) .

Additional Overturning Moment Check For The Structure :


( For Cross check Through Hand Calculation )
Total overturning moment due to wind about base bottom =
0.77x6x7.25x32.5 + 19.597x30 +
14.37x25 + 9.17x20 + 8.39x15 +12.997x10
=
2475.0 T-m
Back fill Soil load =
237.81 T
Empty Water tank Wt. =
935 T
( From STAAD Output )
Total load
=
1172.808 T
Restoring moment =
5620.7 T-m
Restoring moment
Overturning moment

2.3

> 1.5

Hence OK.

Overturning Check With Staad Output :


( For Wnid load )
Horizontal Vertical HorizontalMoment
Node
L/C
Fx Mton Fy Mton Fz Mton Mx MTon-mMy MTon-mMz MTon-m
89
145
0.285 57.405 30.604
0
-3.7
0
90
145
13.29 173.91 44.048
0
-3.9
0
91
145
-13.576 -60.07 44.532
0
-3.9
0
139
145
0 102.51
0
0
0
0
140
145
0
141.9
0
0
0
0
141
145
0 170.59
0
0
0
0
142
145
0 183.03
0
0
0
0
143
145
0 136.89
0
0
0
0
144
145
0 84.049
0
0
0
0
145
145
0 26.368
0
0
0
0
146
145
0 -24.93
0
0
0
0
147
145
0 -70.689
0
0
0
0
148
145
0 -59.457
0
0
0
0
149
145
0 -30.522
0
0
0
0
150
145
0
10.51
0
0
0
0

Per node dead load =


62.33 T-m
Overturnig moment about A-A Section using Staad output =
1274.3507 T-m
( Algebric sum of all moment )
Restoring moment =
5620.68 T-m
Restoring moment
=
4.4
> 1.5 Hence OK.
Overturning moment

Staad Output for Seismic Load


A
Horizontal Vertical HorizontalMoment Moment Moment
Node
L/C
Fx Mton Fy Mton Fz Mton Mx kNm My kNm Mz kNm
89
149
49.502 -67.986
-0.011
0
-1.5
0

90
91
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150

149
149
149
149
149
149
149
149
149
149
149
149
149
149

31.355
31.479
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

119.81
119.42
-54.762
-21.268
25.013
75.092
148.75
163.1
163
148.49
74.672
24.632
-21.554
-54.915

9.953
-9.942
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-0.7
-2.3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Per node dead load =


62.33 T-m
Overturnig moment about A-A Section using Staad output =
563.74333 T-m
( Algebric sum of all moment )
Restoring moment =
5620.68 T-m
Restoring moment
=
10.0
> 1.5 Hence OK.
Overturning moment

PLAN SHOWING SPRING SUPPORT

DESIGN OF FOUNDATION RING BEAM (SECTION 2000mmx2500mm)


DETAIL OF FORCES & MOMENTS AS OBTAINED FROM STAAD OUTPUT
STAAD OUTPUT FOR FOUNDATION CIRCULAR BEAM
Beam
L/C
Node
Fx Mton Fy Mton Fz Mton

Mx kNm

Mz kNm

Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

174
174
184
178
174
174
184
178
174
174
181
188

101
101
105
125
101
101
105
125
101
101
124
104

139
139
147
142
139
139
147
90
139
139
145
89

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

142.805
142.805
496.683
-498.214
142.805
142.805
496.683
-464.864
142.805
142.805
16.872
-386.57

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

399.7
399.7
4123.9
-4131.2
399.7
399.7
4123.9
-4131.2
399.7
399.7
3.3
-3280.8

-152.5
-152.5
-42.4
-46.9
-152.5
-152.5
-42.4
-7165.1
-152.5
-152.5
6512.4
-7542.7

DESIGN:Bending moment , Muz


Torsion
Tu
Shear
Vu

=
7542.7 kN-m
= 4131.2 kN-m
= 4982.1 kN

b =
2000
b1 =
1875
Cover =
50
Spacer bar dia. =
d = 2412.5

D=
d1 =
Bar dia =
25 mm

mm
mm
mm

Ref. STAAD Output


Mem - 188 & 178 And
L/C - 104 & 125

2500 mm
2375 mm
25 mm

mm

Equivalent bending moment Me1 = Mu + Mt

(Cl. 41.4 of IS : 456 - 2000 )

Mu = 7542.7 kN-m
Mt = Tu (1+D/b)/1.7
= 5467.8 kN-m
Me1 =
Me1/bd2 =
Astreqd =

13010 kN-m
2
1.12 N/mm

ptreqd =
0.322 %
( From Table -3 of SP-16)

2
15536.5 mm

Provide (20+12 ) nos. 25 mm diameter(15707 mm2) bars as reinforcement at bottom & top .

Shear :
Equivalent shear , Ve = Vu + 1.6 Tu/b =
T ve =

2
1.72 N/mm

8287.1 kN
< T cmax = 3.1 N/mm2
Hence OK.
( From Table - 20 of IS: 456 -2000)

Percentage of steel =
0.33
2
Design shear strength T c =
0.4 N/mm
Shear capacity =
1930 kN
For ten legged 12 mm diameter stirrup, spacing

(From Table -19 of IS:456 - 2000)


=

154.97 mm

Provide spacing sv =
150 mm
Minimum Transverse Reinforcement :
2
(T ve -T c)b*Sv / (0.87 fy) =
1094.8 mm
Provided 10 Legged - 12 mm diameter stirrup @ 150 mm c/c (1130 mm2)
For side face reinforcement :
Provided 6 nos. 20 diameter bars at each face @ 300 c/c .

Hence OK.

20 - 25 mm dia
2000

6 - 20 dia
12 - 25 mm dia
6 - 20 dia

2500

12 dia @ 600 c/c


10 Legged 12 dia
stirrup @ 150 c/c

4-12 dia at each row

16 dia @ 150 c/c


12 dia @ 200 c/c

600

12 dia @ 200 c/c

12 mm dia @ 200 c/c


12-25 dia

12 dia @ 200 c/c


16 mm dia @ 150 mm c/c
20-25 dia

3500

DESIGN OF LANDING SLAB


Loading :
DL
Weight of 150 thk landing slab = 0.150x2.5 =
0.375
LL
Effective depth =
125
Live load on landing =
0.25
Total DL+LL =
0.625
Load for ladder =
6x0.03 + 2x0.0304
=
0.241
Reaction on landing due to ladder = 0.241x5.112/2 =
0.616
Case 1 :
Considering simply supported max. span of landing =
1.965
For conservative design reaction due to ladder is considered at mid point of simply supported span
Max. moment due to simply supported =
0.60
Mu/bd2 =
0.58
Ast reqd =
2.3
(Table 2 of sp - 16 )
Provide 10 mm dia @ 300 c/c (2.62 cm2 ) top & bottom along simply supported span direction
Case 2 :
Considering cantilever max. span of landing =
1.181
For conservative design reaction due to ladder is considered at end of cantilever span
Max. moment due to cantilever =
1.163
Mu/bd2 =
1.117
Ast reqd =
4.5
(Table 2 of sp - 16 )
Provide 10 mm dia @ 150 c/c (5.24 cm2 ) top along cantilever span direction
Provide 10 mm dia @ 300 c/c (2.62 cm2 ) bottom along cantilever span direction

DESIGN OF COLUMNS
1000
Group - 1 & 2

20 - 32 mm Dia

600
600 x 1000
Group - 1

T/m2
mm
T/m2
T/m2
T/m
T
m
T-m
cm2

m
T-m
cm2

600 x1150
Group - 2
5 Sets - 12 dia @
300 c/c
600x 1350
Group -3
Group - 3

600
32 - 36 mm
8 sets - 12 mm dia @ 300 c/c
Dia bars
1400
Group -1
STAAD OUTPUT FOR COLUMNS
Beam
L/C
Node
Fx Mton Fy Mton Fz Mton Mx MTon-m My MTon-m
Max Fx
36
116
71 285.746
-0.105
-42.873
-0.1
53.2
Min Fx
222
122
48
1.649
-0.115
0.194
0
-0.2
Max Fy
36
125
71 142.69
21.457
-3.435
-1.6
6.8
Min Fy
36
105
71 143.289
-21.47
-1.925
1.4
3.8
Max Fz
29
125
72 245.292
10.412
49.844
-1.7
-63.2
Min Fz
36
104
71 249.287
0.257
-51.893
-0.1
64.5
Max Mx
29
105
72 40.628
-10.328
-44.511
1.5
52.5
Min Mx
29
125
72 245.292
10.412
49.844
-1.7
-63.2
Max My
29
125
7 233.288
10.412
49.844
-1.7
178.6
Min My
36
104
2 237.284
0.257
-51.893
-0.1
-187.2
Max Mz
36
105
2 131.286
-21.47
-1.925
1.4
-5.6
Min Mz
36
125
2 130.686
21.457
-3.435
-1.6
-9.8
Group -2
Beam
L/C
Node
Fx Mton Fy Mton Fz Mton Mx MTon-m My MTon-m
Max Fx
33
104
80 661.862
-0.454
-77.176
-1
201.3
Min Fx
33
124
77 -219.73
-0.451
73.606
-1
175.7
Max Fy
33
125
80 228.096
28.114
-1.782
-8.2
4.5
Min Fy
33
105
80 228.103
-29.02
-1.787
6.2
4.5
Max Fz
33
124
80 -205.66
-0.451
73.606
-1
-192.4
Min Fz
33
104
80 661.862
-0.454
-77.176
-1
201.3
Max Mx
33
105
80 228.103
-29.02
-1.787
6.2
4.5
Min Mx
33
125
80 228.096
28.114
-1.782
-8.2
4.5
Max My
33
104
80 661.862
-0.454
-77.176
-1
201.3
Min My
33
124
80 -205.66
-0.451
73.606
-1
-192.4
Max Mz
33
125
80 228.096
28.114
-1.782
-8.2
4.5
Min Mz
33
105
80 228.103
-29.02
-1.787
6.2
4.5
Group-3
Beam
L/C
Node Fx Mton Fy Mton Fz Mton Mx MTon-m My MTon-m
Max Fx
30
104
89
1057.43
-0.019
-73.356
-0.2
335.5
Min Fx
30
124
86
-458.74
-0.019
74.3
-0.2
-162.8
Max Fy
30
125
89
303.247 45.904
0.475
-5.6
-5.6
Min Fy
30
105
89
303.243 -45.942
0.469
5.1
-5.6
Max Fz
31
124
86
-402
-0.256
87.26
-0.6
-335.4
Min Fz
31
104
86
971.702
-0.257
-91.02
-0.6
344.7
Max Mx
31
105
86
284.853
-28.941
-1.875
7.7
4.6
Min Mx
32
125
83
256.421
29.572
-1.81
-9.4
4.5
Max My
31
104
86
971.702
-0.257
-91.02
-0.6
344.7
Min My
30
124
89
-450.94
-0.019
74.3
-0.2
-346.7

Mz MTon-m
-0.1
0.1
28.3
-28.4
14.9
0.5
-14.6
14.9
-35.6
-0.7
75.8
-75.7
Mz MTon-m
-1.1
1.2
72.5
-74.7
-1.1
-1.1
-74.7
72.5
-1.1
-1.1
72.5
-74.7
Mz MTon-m
0
0
128.8
-128.8
0.1
0.1
-92.6
82.6
0.1
0

Max Mz
30
125
89
303.247
45.904
0.475
Min Mz
30
105
89
303.243
-45.942
0.469
DESIGN OF COLUMN ( Group - 1 )
Member no 29,39,40,22,37,38,36,41,42
b =
600
mm
D =
1000
mm
Factored axial load Pu =
233.29 T
Member - 29
Factored moment Muy =
178.60 T-m
Load Case - 125
Factored moment Muz =
35.600 T-m
M 25
Clear Cover =
40
mm
Fe 415
Dia of bar
=
25
mm
Assume percentage of steel =2.5

-5.6
5.1

-5.6
-5.6

128.8
-128.8

600
P/fck =

2.5/25 =

0.1
Y

Pu
fckbD

0.156

Uniaxial moment capacity about Z-Z axis


d/D =

1000
Z

0.09

Refer chart no - 44
Mu
fckbD2
Muz1 =

=
139.5

0.155
T-m

Uniaxial moment capacity about Y-Y axis


d/D =
0.05
Refer chart no - 43
Mu
=
0.165
fckbD2
Muy1 = 247.5 T-m
Puz
=
19
(From Table 63 )
Ag
Puz =
1140 T
Pu
=
0.20
= =>
n =1
1
Puz
n
n
Muy
Muz
Muy1
Muz1
1
1
178.60
35.600
=
=
0.98
<
1
Hence O.K
247.5
139.5
2
Provide 20 - 32 Dia bars.
161 Cm
% of reinforcement =
2.68
Design of ties:
According to cl.26.5.3.2 c of IS 456 - 2000
The diameter of the ties should not be less than 1/4 th the diameter of the largest longitudinal bar
subject to a minimum =
8
The c/c spacing of the ties should be least of the following :
i) Least lateral dimension of column =
600 mm
ii) 16 x dia. Of longitudinal bar =
512 mm
iii) 48 x dia.of tie =
384 mm
DESIGN OF COLUMN ( Group - 2 )
Member no 26,27,28,19,20,21,33,34,35
b =
600
mm
Y
D =
1150
mm
600
Factored axial load Pu =
Factored moment Muy =
Factored moment Muz =
Clear Cover =
40

662.000 T
201.200 T-m
1.100 T-m
mm

Member - 33
Load Case - 104
M 25
Fe 415

Dia of bar =
25
mm
Assume percentage of steel =2.2
P/fck =

2.2/25 =

0.088

Pu
=
0.38
fckbD
Uniaxial moment capacity about Z-Z axis
d/D =
0.09
Refer chart no - 44
Mu
=
0.12
fckbD2
Muz1 = 124.2 T-m
Uniaxial moment capacity about Y-Y axis
d/D =
0.046
Refer chart no - 43
Mu
=
0.13
fckbD2
Muy1 =
258
T-m
From Chart - 63
Puz
Ag
Puz =
Pu
Puz
n =

1150
Z

17.5

1207.5 T
=

0.55

1.4
n

Muy
Muy1

Muz
Muz1

1.4
1.4
201.200
1.100
=
=
0.71
<
1
Hence O.K
258
124.2
2
Provide 20 - 32 Dia bars.
161 Cm
% of reinforcement =
2.33
Design of ties:
According to cl.26.5.3.2 c of IS 456 - 2000
The diameter of the ties should not be less than 1/4 th the diameter of the largest longitudinal bar
subject to a minimum =
8
The c/c spacing of the ties should be least of the following :
i) Least lateral dimension of column =
600 mm
ii) 16 x dia. Of longitudinal bar =
512 mm
iii) 48 x dia.of tie =
384 mm
DESIGN OF COLUMN ( Group - 3 )
Member no 23,24,25,16,17,18,30,31,32
b =
600
mm
D =
1350
mm
Factored axial load Pu =
972.000 T
Member - 31
Factored moment Muy =
344.700 T-m
Load Case - 104
Factored moment Muz =
0.100 T-m
M 25
Clear Cover =
40
mm
Fe 415
Dia of bar =
25
mm
Assume percentage of steel =
4
%
Z
600
P/fck = 4/25 =
0.16
Pu
fckbD

0.48
Y

Uniaxial moment capacity about Z-Z axis


1350

d/D =

0.09

Refer chart no - 44
Mu
=
0.17
fckbD2
Muz1 = 206.55 T-m
Uniaxial moment capacity about Y-Y axis
d/D =
0.04
Refer chart no - 43
Mu
=
0.18
fckbD2
Muy1 = 492.08 T-m
From Chart - 63
Puz
=
23
Ag
Puz =
1863 T
Pu
=
0.522
Puz
n =
1.45
n
n
Muy
Muz
Muy1
Muz1
1.45
1.45
344.700
0.100
=
=
0.6
<1
Hence O.K
492.08
206.55
2
Provide 32 - 36 Dia bars.
325 Cm
% of reinforcement =
4.01
Design of ties:
According to cl.26.5.3.2 c of IS 456 - 2000
The diameter of the ties should not be less than 1/4 th the diameter of the largest longitudinal bar
subject to a minimum =
9
The c/c spacing of the ties should be least of the following :
i) Least lateral dimension of column =
600 mm
ii) 16 x dia. Of longitudinal bar =
576 mm
iii) 48 x dia.of tie =
432 mm

DESIGN OF BEAMS

10

SCHEMATIC ELEVATION SHOWING THE TIE BEAM LAYERS

11

DETAILS OF FORCES AND MOMENTS ACTING ON TIE BEAMS AS OBTAINED FROM


1 st Layer From bottom(TB1)
Beam
L/C
Node
Max Fx
61
104
88
Min Fx
61
124
88
Max Fy
61
105
88
Min Fy
61
125
87
Max Fz
63
105
88
Min Fz
63
125
88
Max Mx
63
125
88
Min Mx
63
105
88
Max My
63
125
88
Min My
63
125
86
Max Mz
61
105
88
Min Mz
61
105
87
2 nd Layer From bottom(TB2)
Beam
L/C
Node
Max Fx
64
124
85
Min Fx
64
104
85
Max Fy
64
105
85
Min Fy
64
125
84
Max Fz
64
105
85
Min Fz
64
139
85
Max Mx
64
125
85
Min Mx
64
105
85
Max My
64
139
85
Min My
64
139
84
Max Mz
64
105
85
Min Mz
64
105
84
3 rd Layer from botom(TB3)
Beam
L/C
Node
Max Fx
67
124
82
Min Fx
67
104
82
Max Fy
67
105
82
Min Fy
67
125
81
Max Fz
69
125
82
Min Fz
69
105
82
Max Mx
67
125
82
Min Mx
67
105
82
Max My
69
105
82
Min My
69
105
80
Max Mz
67
105
82
Min Mz
67
105
81

Fx kN
Fy kN
Fz kN
Mx kNm
My kNm
160.797
52.927
-0.485
0.3
1.2
-186.32
52.929
-0.485
0.3
1.8
-11.903 431.989
2.625
-12.6
-8.3
-13.617 -430.036
-3.595
13.2
-11.3
-172.9 280.207
4.102
-18.9
-13.2
149.196
-176.42
-5.1
19.4
16.3
149.196
-176.42
-5.1
19.4
16.3
-172.9 280.207
4.102
-18.9
-13.2
149.196
-176.42
-5.1
19.4
16.3
149.196 -280.324
-5.1
19.4
-15.7
-11.903 431.989
2.625
-12.6
-8.3
-11.903 328.085
2.625
-12.6
8.2

Mz kNmRemarks
65.6 Max.
43 shear
1244 force &
1238 moment
757.2
for
-655 member
-655 no. 61 &
757.2 L/C 105 ;
-655 Span
778.5 Moment
1244 , Mz =
-1142 160 KN-

Fx kN
Fy kN
Fz kN
Mx kNm
My kNm
67.962
61.145
-0.58
3.9
1.7
-67.244
61.138
-0.58
3.9
2
23.19 752.681
0.218
-29.2
-0.8
-22.473 -734.303
-1.379
37
-4.3
23.19 752.681
0.218
-29.2
-0.8
-18.076 -499.703
-1.391
31.5
4.4
-22.473 -630.398
-1.379
37
4.4
23.19 752.681
0.218
-29.2
-0.8
-18.076 -499.703
-1.391
31.5
4.4
-18.076 -582.826
-1.391
31.5
-4.3
23.19 752.681
0.218
-29.2
-0.8
23.19 648.777
0.218
-29.2
0.6

Mz kNmRemarks
102.8 Max.
57.2 shear
2251 force &
2194 moment
2251
for
-1658 member
-2091 no. 64 &
2251 L/C 105 ;
-1658 Span
1740 Moment
2251 , Mz =
-2149 272 KN-

Fx kN
Fy kN
Fz kN
Mx kNm
My kNm
33.725
62.478
-0.078
4.4
0
-33.401
62.451
-0.077
4.4
0.5
23.96 826.134
-1.842
-25.4
5.7
-23.637
-805.11
1.687
34.2
5.4
-29.426 -386.324
1.902
23.6
-6.1
29.43 479.525
-2.053
-14
6.6
-23.637 -701.206
1.687
34.2
-5.2
23.96 826.134
-1.842
-25.4
5.7
29.43 479.525
-2.053
-14
6.6
29.43 375.621
-2.053
-14
-6.3
23.96 826.134
-1.842
-25.4
5.7
23.96
722.23
-1.842
-25.4
-5.9

Mz kNmRemarks
104 Max.
63.8 shear
2481 force &
2415 moment
-1343
for
1412 member
-2314 no. 67 &
2481 L/C 105 ;
1412 Span
-1272 Moment
2481 , Mz =
-2380 296 KN-

12

4 th Layer from bottom(TB4)


Beam
L/C
Node
Fx kN
Fy kN
Fz kN
Mx kNm
My kNm
Max Fx
70
124
79 39.672
62.716
0.17
4.4
-0.8
Min Fx
70
104
79 -39.936
62.596
0.17
4.4
-0.3
Max Fy
70
105
79 30.706 804.162
-2.371
-20
7.3
Min Fy
70
125
78
-30.97 -782.753
2.712
28.9
8.6
Max Fz
72
125
79 -34.849 -366.733
2.965
20.7
-9.4
Min Fz
72
105
79 35.009
459.8
-2.631
-10.9
8.4
Max Mx
70
125
79
-30.97 -678.849
2.712
28.9
-8.4
Min Mx
70
105
79 30.706 804.162
-2.371
-20
7.3
Max My
72
125
77 -34.849 -470.637
2.965
20.7
9.2
Min My
72
125
79 -34.849 -366.733
2.965
20.7
-9.4
Max Mz
70
105
79 30.706 804.162
-2.371
-20
7.3
Min Mz
70
105
78 30.706 700.258
-2.371
-20
-7.6

Mz kNmRemarks
100 Max.
68.2 shear
2412 force &
2345 moment
-1278
for
1346 member
-2244 no. 70 &
2412 L/C 105 ;
1351 Span
-1278 Moment
2412 , Mz =
-2311 291 KN-

5 th Layer from bottom(TB5)


Beam
L/C
Node
Fx kN
Fy kN
Fz kN
Mx kNm
My kNm
Max Fx
74
104
75 40.027 -499.962
0.512
8
-1.8
Min Fx
75
124
76 -38.483
604.15
0.518
8
-1.8
Max Fy
73
105
76 33.853 735.126
-2.341
-14.1
7.2
Min Fy
73
125
75 -31.288 -715.424
3.61
22.2
11.5
Max Fz
75
125
76
-28.58 -321.962
3.805
16.6
-12.1
Min Fz
75
105
76 28.981 415.356
-2.521
-7.2
8.1
Max Mx
73
125
76 -31.288
-611.52
3.61
22.2
-11.2
Min Mx
73
105
76 33.853 735.126
-2.341
-14.1
7.2
Max My
75
125
74
-28.58 -425.866
3.805
16.6
11.8
Min My
75
125
76
-28.58 -321.962
3.805
16.6
-12.1
Max Mz
73
105
76 33.853 735.126
-2.341
-14.1
7.2
Min Mz
73
105
75 33.853 631.222
-2.341
-14.1
-7.5

Mz kNmRemarks
-1678 Max.
1779 shear
2195 force &
2133 moment
-1134
for
1203 member
-2033 no. 73 &
2195 L/C 105 ;
1214 Span
-1134 Moment
2195 , Mz =
-2095 277 KN-

6 th Layer from bottom(TB6)


Beam
L/C
Node
Fx kN
Fy kN
Fz kN
Mx kNm
My kNm
Max Fx
76
124
73 88.005
54.37
0.584
0.6
-2.2
Min Fx
76
104
73 -100.57
51.883
0.567
0.1
-1.5
Max Fy
76
105
73 55.125 579.504
-2.141
-5.5
6.6
Min Fy
76
125
72 -67.692 -577.155
3.292
6.2
10.5
Max Fz
78
125
73 -97.805 -228.926
4.079
8.4
-13
Min Fz
78
105
73 83.177 332.878
-2.921
-8
9.4
Max Mx
78
125
73 -97.805 -228.926
4.079
8.4
-13
Min Mx
78
105
73 83.177 332.878
-2.921
-8
9.4
Max My
78
125
71 -97.805
-332.83
4.079
8.4
12.6
Min My
78
125
73 -97.805 -228.926
4.079
8.4
-13
Max Mz
76
105
73 55.125 579.504
-2.141
-5.5
6.6
Min Mz
76
105
72 55.125
475.6
-2.141
-5.5
-6.9

Mz kNmRemarks
55.1 Max.
54.1 shear
1705 force &
1702 moment
-827
for
928.1 member
-827 no. 76 &
928.1 L/C 105 ;
937 Span
-827 Moment
1705 , Mz =
-1607 232 KN-

13

DETAILS OF FORCES AND MOMENTS ACTING ON BEAMS SUPPORTING THE


Beam
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz

44
173
44
44
173
45
44
44
45
45
44

Min Mz

44

TANK BOTTOM SLAB( B1)


L/C
Node
Fx kN
Fy kN
Fz kN
Mx kNm
My kNm
124
7 98.253
49.094
0.083
-1.4
-0.5
117
2 -203.73
97.91
-0.349
4.7
1.1
125
7 -46.479 194.633
-0.391
14.8
1.2
105
12 16.785 -195.842
0.642
-14.5
2
124
2 -131.29
-39.341
0.815
-9
-2.5
140
12
-102.3 135.594
-0.959
7.4
3.1
125
7 -46.479 194.633
-0.391
14.8
1.2
105
7 16.785
-80.393
0.642
-14.5
-2
124
12
-97.62 163.806
-0.958
10.2
3.2
121
2 36.885
20.784
-0.931
5.3
-3
105
12 16.785 -195.842
0.642
-14.5
2
125

12

-46.479

79.184

-0.391

Mz kNm Load
61.1
165.1 Shear
460.8 1.5wL/2
492.6 430.35
kN
-277
303.1 Bending
460.8 Moment
-375 1.5wL2/1
368.4 540.51
kN
-140
492.6 Span
kN98
-1.2 -399
m

14.8

Influence area of slab supported on the beam, A=


9.33
Thickness of slab, t =
0.3
Therefore self-weight of slab, Sw = 25 x t =
7.5
Water pressure acting on slab, Pw =
54
Therefore total weight acting on beam is W = A x (Pw + Sw )=
574
Span of beam, L=
6.28
Therefore u.d.l acting on beam is w = W / L = 91.368631

m2
m
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN
m
kN/m

Maximum Shear Force obtained from STAAD Output =


Shear Force obtained from Slab =
Total Shear Force acting on beam =

195.842
430.35
626.19

kN
kN
kN

Maximum Bending Moment obtained from STAAD Output =


Maximum Bending Moment obtained from Slab =
Maximum bending moment acting on beam near support =

492.6
540.51
1033.11

kN-m
kN-m
kN-m

Again maximum bending moment acting on beam at span =

638.51

kN-m

Maximum axial tension acting on the beam =

203.729

kN

DESIGN OF THE HORIZONTAL TIE BEAMS


FOR M25 GRADE CONCRETE AND Fe415 GRADE STEEL
DESIGN OF BEAMS IN 1ST AND 6TH LAYER FROM BOTTOM (TB1 & TB6)
At face of column:Maximum factored shear force Vu =

580

kN

Maximum factored bending moment Mu =

1705

kn-m

[Refer "6th layer from bottom" in Details of


Forces & Moments Acting on Tie Beams]

Assume section of beam ==> 500mm x 900mm


Here,
Assuming,

Therefore,

width of the section, b=


500
overall depth of the section, D=
900
clear cover, c =
40
Diameter of reinforcement, =
32
Separator bar dia. ' =
32
effective depth, d = D - c - - ('/2) =
Mu/bd2 =

From Table 51 of SP16 ==> For d'/d = 0.1,


required pt =
% => Astreqd =
1.733
required pc =
0.57
Provide
9
no.
Therefore, provided pt =

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
812
5.172

mm
N/mm2

7036
8.745
nos.
32 mm bars
mm2 =>
% => Ascreqd =
2314
nos.
25 mm bars
mm2 => 4.7125527
mm diameter bars as tension reinforcement at support.
32
% for which, T c =
1.78
0.77
N/mm2 [Ref. Table 61 of SP16]

14

Shear capacity of the section = T cbd =


Vus =Vu T cbd =
Providing 4L

Vus /d = 3.2929
mm diameter bars, required spacing =

At span:- Factored Bending Moment Mu =


Therefore, Mu/bd =

232
0.7037

% => Astreqd =

816

From Table 3 of SP16 ==>


required pt =
0.201

312620 N
267.38

no.
no.
no.
8

kN

220
mm
[Ref. Table 62 of SP16]

kN-m
N/mm2
mm2 =>

1.6617949

For side face reinforcement required percentage of steel per face =


Therefore number of 16
mm diameter bars required per face =
Provide
2
Provide
9
Provide
5
Provide 4L

312.62

kN
kN/cm

nos.
0.05
1.0092

25

mm bars

mm diameter bars at each face for side face reinforcement.


16
mm diameter bars as top & bottom reinforcement at support.
32
mm diameter bars as top & bottom reinforcement at span.
32
mm diameter bars @ 200 c/c as stirrup.
5-32 mm Diameter Bars

9-32 mm Diameter Bars

900

2-16 mm Diameter Bars


4L-8 mm Dia.Bar @ 200 c/c

500
At Supports

500
At Span

DESIGN OF BEAMS IN 2ND, 4TH AND 5TH LAYER FROM BOTTOM (TB2 ,TB4 & TB5)
At face of column:Maximum factored shear force Vu =

804.2

kN

Maximum factored bending moment Mu = 2412.09 kN-m

[Refer "4th layer from bottom" in


Details of Forces & Moments Acting
on Tie Beams]

Assume section of beam ==> 500mm x 900mm


Here,

width of the section, b=


500
overall depth of the section, D=
900
clear cover, c =
40
Diameter of reinforcement, =
32
Separator bar dia. ' =
32
effective depth, d = D - c - - ('/2) =

Assuming,

Therefore,

Mu/bd2 =
From Table 51 of SP16 ==> For d'/d = 0.1,
required pt =
% => Astreqd =
2.35

9541

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
812
7.317

mm
N/mm2

mm2 =>

11.86
nos.
32 mm bars
% => Ascreqd =
4953
nos.
32 mm bars
mm2 => 6.156321
mm diameter bars as tension reinforcement at support.
32
% for which, T c =
2.38
0.86
N/mm2 [Ref. Table 61 of SP16]
Shear capacity of the section = T cbd =
349160 N =
349.16
kN
Vus =Vu T cbd = 455.04 kN

required pc =
1.22
Provide
12
no.
Therefore, provided pt =

Providing4L

12

Vus /d = 5.6039
mm diameter bars, required spacing =

At span:- Factored Bending Moment Mu =


Therefore, Mu/bd2 =
From Table 3 of SP16 ==>

291
0.8827

kN-m
N/mm2

kN/cm
250
mm
[Ref. Table 62 of SP16]

15

required pt =

0.261

% => Astreqd =

mm2 =>

1060

1.317049

nos.

32

mm bars

For side face reinforcement required percentage of steel per face =


0.05
%
Therefore number of
16
mm diameter bars required per face =
1.00923295
mm diameter bars at each face for side face reinforcement.
Provide
2
no.
16
mm diameter bars as top & bottom reinforcement at support.
Provide
12
no.
32
mm diameter bars as top & bottom reinforcement at span.
Provide
6
no.
32
mm diameter bars @ 250 c/c as stirrup.
Provide 4L
12
12 32mm Diameter Bars

6 32mm Diameter Bars

900

2 16mm Diameter Bars

4L 12 mm bars @ 250c/c
500

500

At Supports

At Span

DESIGN OF BEAMS IN 3RD LAYER FROM BOTTOM (TB3)


At face of column:Maximum factored shear force Vu =

826.2 kN
Maximum factored bending moment Mu = 2481.36 kn-m

[Refer "3rd layer from bottom" in


Details of Forces & Moments Acting
on Tie Beams]

Assume section of beam ==> 500mm x 900mm


Here,

width of the section, b=


500
overall depth of the section, D=
900
clear cover, c =
30
Diameter of reinforcement, =
32
Separator bar dia. =
32
effective depth, d = D - c - -('/2) =

Assuming,

Therefore,

Mu/bd2 =
From Table 51 of SP16 ==> For d'/d = 0.1,
required pt =
% => Astreqd =
2.38

9782

mm2 =>

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
822
7.345
11.79
1.46
6.4058203

mm
N/mm2
nos.
nos.
nos.

32
16
32

% => Ascreqd =
5154
mm2 =>
mm diameter bars and
32
mm diameter bars as tension reinforcement at support.
16
% for which, T c =
2.45
0.85
N/mm2 [Ref. Table 61 of SP16]
Shear capacity of the section = T cbd =
349350 N =
349.35
kN
Vus =Vu T cbd = 476.85 kN

required pc =
1.254
Provide
12
no.
2
no.
Therefore, provided pt =

Providing 4L

12

Vus /d = 5.8011
mm diameter bars, required spacing =

At span:- Factored Bending Moment Mu =


From Table 3 of SP16 ==>
required pt =
0.261

Provide

Therefore, Mu/bd2 =

296
0.8761

% => Astreqd =

1073

kN/cm
250
mm
[Ref. Table 62 of SP16]

kN-m
N/mm2
mm2 =>

nos.

32

For side face reinforcement required percentage of steel per face =


0.05
Therefore number of
16
mm diameter bars required per face =

%
1.0

no.

16

mm bars
mm bars
mm bars

1.3332688

mm diameter bars at each face for side face reinforcement.

mm bars

16

Provide
Provide
Provide

12
2
6
4L

no.
no.
no.
12

mm diameter bars and


32
mm diameter bars as top & bottom reinforcement at support.
16
mm diameter bars as top & bottom reinforcement at span.
32
mm diameter bars @ 250 c/c as stirrup.
6 32mm Diameter Bars

1232mm Diameter Bars

900

2 16mm Diameter Bars

216mm Diameter
Bars

4L 12 mm bars @ 250c/c
500

500

At Supports

At Span

DESIGN OF BEAMS SUPPORTING THE TANK BOTTOM SLAB(B1)


At face of column:Maximum factored shear force Vu =

626.19 kN
Maximum factored bending moment Mu = 1033.11 kN-m

[Refer Details of Forces & Moments


Acting on Beams Supporting the
Tank Bottom Slab]

Assume section of beam ==> 1000mm x 500mm


Here,
Assuming,

Therefore,

width of the section, b=


500
overall depth of the section, D=
1000
clear cover, c =
40
Diameter of reinforcement, =
32
Separator bar dia ' =
32
effective depth, d = D - c - - ('/2) =

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
912

mm

Designing by working stress method with the following parameters:


N/mm2
Allowable Stress for M25 concrete in bending compression, cbc =
8.5
Modular Ratio, m = 280/(3cbc) = 10.980392
[Ref. Table 21 of IS: 456 ]
Allowable Stress in steel tension for HYSD bars, st =
150
N/mm2
Therefore k = m.cbc/(m.cbc + st) = 0.3835616 [Ref. Table 2 of IS:3370II ]
Therefore j = 1 k / 3 = 0.8721461
Therefore R = (1/2).cbc.jk = 1.4217176
Design Moment M = Mu / 1.5 = 688.74 kN-m
Moment of resistance of the section under balanced condition Mbal =
591.3
kN-m
Balance tensile steel Ast1 = Mbalx106/(stx0.87d) = 4967.841 mm2
Remaining Moment Mrem = M Mbal =
97.5 kN-m
Ast2 = Mremx106/(stx0.87d) = 819.11205
Hence total tensile steel Ast = Ast1 + Ast2 = 5786.953 mm2
M
x10
Area of compression steel Asc =

( kd c )
[
x
(1 . 5 m 1)] xjd
1052.38802 mm2
kd
6

rem

cbc

At span:- Factored Bending Moment Mu =

639
kN-m
Design Moment M = Mu / 1.5 = 425.67333 kN-m

Therefore, required area of steel Ast = M / (st.j.d) = 3567.8049 N/mm2

17

Therefore 4.43
Provide 6+2=
Provide

no.

32

mm diameter bars are required as top & bottom reinforcement at span.

no.

no.

32

mm diameter bars as top


& bottom reinforcement at support.
mm diameter bars as top & bottom reinforcement at span.
32

Shear Check:Now actual shear stress T v = V / bjd =

1.05
< 1.9

[where V = Vu / 1.5]
N/mm2
N/mm2 as per Table 1 of IS:3370II

Area of tensile steel provided at support Astprovd = 6436.571 mm2


Percentage of tensile steel provided at support pt =
1.41
%
for which, permissible shear stress T c =
0.45
N/mm2
Excess shear force, Vs = V T cbd = 212260 N =

[Ref. Table 23 of IS:456]


212.26
kN
[where V = Vu / 1.5]

Allowable Tensile Stress in shear reinforcement, sv =


Assuming 4L
Provide
4L

12
12

150
N/mm
mm diameter bars, spacing Sv = sv.Asv.d/Vs =
mm diameter bars @ 200 c/c as stirrup.

[Ref. Table 2 of IS:3370II ]


291.68

mm

Check for direct tension :Maximum axial tension acting on the beam,Tu = 203.729 kN
Design axial tension acting on the beam,T = Tu /1.5 = 135.81933 kN
Therefore, tensile stress, ct = T / [Ac + (m 1)Ast provd ] = 0.2407122
Allowable Stress in direct tension, cc =
[Ref. Table 1 of IS:3370II ]
1.3
N/mm2
> than tensile stress. Hence O.K.

For side face reinforcement required percentage of steel per face =


0.05
Therefore number of
16
mm diameter bars required per face =
Provide

no.

16

%
1.24

mm diameter bars at each face for side face reinforcement.

18

6+2=

8 32mm Diameter Bars

6 32mm Diameter Bars

1000

2 16mm Diameter Bars

4L 12 mm bars @ 200c/c
500

500

At Supports

At Span

DESIGN OF RING BEAM AT BOTTOM OF TANK (SECTION 600mmx1000mm)


DETAIL OF FORCES & MOMENTS AS OBTAINED FROM STAAD OUTPUT
Beam
L/C
Max Fx
10
Min Fx
10
Max Fy
11
Min Fy
10
Max Fz
1
Min Fz
15
Max Mx
10
Min Mx
11
Max My
11
Min My
15
Max Mz
11
Min Mz
10
DESIGN:sv =
cbc =

Node
105
125
140
117
124
124
125
125
105
124
140
125

11
11
12
12
2
16
11
12
12
2
12
12

Fx kN
Fy kN
Fz kN
Mx kNm
My kNm
429.894 -165.307
61.131
-82.5
-28.3
-316.56
82.08
-61.522
101.5
31.8
275.072 217.439
-18.551
22.7
25.8
364.911 -210.218
50.129
-63.9
55.2
-211.71
0.552
80.897
-96.1
-81.5
-223.77
27.051
-82.006
96.9
39.8
-316.56
82.08
-61.522
101.5
31.8
-155
54.44
65.46
-105.1
-67.4
268.991
97.78
-63.931
85.5
68.8
-223.77
-6.209
-82.006
96.9
-83.8
275.072 217.439
-18.551
22.7
25.8
-316.56
48.82
-61.522
101.5
-61

2
150 N/mm
2
N/mm
8.5

2
st =
190 N/mm
m =
10.98
k =
0.329412
j =
0.89
R =
1.248 N/mm2
Bending moment at support , M u234.4=kN-m
Bending moment at span =
75.5 kN-m
Torsional moment ,Tu =
105.1 kN-m
Shear force , Vu
= 217.44 kN
Considering increase in material stress 33.33 %
Design Bending moment , M = 234.44/1.33 =
Design torsion, T = 105.1/1.33
=
Design shear , V = 217.44/1.33
=
b =
1000 mm
D=
Cover =
25 mm
Bar dia =
b1 =
925 mm
d1 =
d=
562.5 mm
Calculation of longitudinal reinforcement :
Equivalent bending moment Me1 = M+ Mt
M = 176.24 kN-m
Mt = T (1+D/b)/1.7
=
74.37 kN-m
Me1 = 250.61 kN-m
Moment of resistance of a balanced section =
Astreqd = Me1/(st*j*d) =

M 25
Fe 415

Load Case : 140 & 125


(From STAAD OUTPUT )

176.24
79.02
163.49
600
25
575

kN-m
kN-m
kN
mm
mm
mm

(Cl. B-6.2 of IS : 456 - 2000 )

394.875 kN-m
2
2634.18 mm

> 248.32 kN-m

Provide 4 nos. 28 mm diameter bars + 3 nos. 25 mm diameter bars (3935mm2) at top .


Provide 7 nos. 20 mm diameter bars (2198mm2) at bottom.
Provide 1 no. 16 diameter bars as side reinforcement on each side.
Shear :

Mz kNm
-46.7
-16.1
234.4
232.2
-41.7
-22.6
-16.1
17.4
97.4
-38.3
234.4
-115

19

Equivalent shear , Ve = V + 1.6 T/b =


2
0.52 N/mm

T ve =

289.9 kN
< T cmax = 1.9 N/mm2
Hence OK.
( From Table - 24 of IS: 456 -2000)

Percentage of steel =
0.79
2
Design shear strength T c =
0.37 N/mm
(From Table -23 of IS:456 - 2000)
Transverse Reinforcement :
2
Two legged 10 mm diameter stirrup Asv =
157.08 mm
((T*Sv)/(b1*d1*sv))+((V*Sv)/(2.5*d1*sv))
Asv =
Sv =
89.83 mm
(T ve - T c)*b*Sv/sv
Asv =
Sv =
162.03 mm
Provide 4 legged 10 diameter stirrup @ 200 c/c .
TANK WALL
DIA = 6250
WATER TANK
4 nos.28 dia. Bars

600

3 nos 25 dia Bars.


7 nos. 20 dia Bars.

1 no. 16 dia Bar


1 no. 16 dia Bar
Tank bottom slab
1000
4 Legged 10 mm diameter stirrup @ 200 mm c/c
DESIGN OF RING BEAM AT TOP OF TANK (SECTION 400mmx400mm)
DETAIL OF FORCES & MOMENTS AS OBTAINED FROM STAAD OUTPUT
Beam
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

L/C
48
56
46
55
60
51
56
50
60
56
55
49

Node
139
136
139
124
116
136
120
118
116
136
140
118

50
58
48
58
62
53
58
52
48
59
58
51

Fx kN
Fy kN
Fz kN
Mx kNm
My kNm
76.957
3.462
-0.072
0.1
-0.4
-66.708
5.096
-2.358
-0.6
1.9
14.464
6.719
-0.717
1.7
0.9
-28.118
-7.374
-0.087
-0.6
-0.5
7.454
3.657
2.921
-0.4
-1.5
22.82
3.568
-2.67
1
2.7
-24.976
6.565
-0.428
2.1
0.1
35.145
0.677
0.468
-2.2
-0.1
7.454
-3.616
2.921
-0.4
2.9
-66.708
-2.177
-2.358
-0.6
-1.7
-42.458
-7.361
0.633
-1
0.2
68.176
2.445
-0.769
-1.6
0.1

Mz kNm
-1.7
3.1
3.4
4
1.1
0.7
3.9
-1.5
1.1
0.9
4.6
-1.8

DESIGN:sv =
cbc =

2
150 N/mm
2
8.5 N/mm

2
st =
190 N/mm
m =
10.98
k =
0.329412
j =
0.89
R =
1.248
Bending moment at support , M u =
Torsional moment ,Tu =
Shear force , Vu
=

Design Bending moment , M


Design torsion, T

=
=

4.6 kN-m
2.2 kN-m
7.4 kN

4.60 kN-m
2.20 kN-m

Bending moment at span =


2.243 kN-m
(From STAAD Output ; Load case-140 & 118)

20

Design shear , V
=
7.40
b =
400 mm
D=
400
Cover =
25 mm
Bar dia =
20
b1 =
330 mm
d1 =
370
d=
365 mm
Calculation of longitudinal reinforcement :
Equivalent bending moment Me1 = M+ Mt
M=
4.60 kN-m
Mt = T (1+D/b)/1.7
=
2.59 kN-m
Me1 =
7.19 kN-m
Moment of resistance of a balanced section =
Astreqd = Me1/(st*j*d) =
Minimum % of reinforcement is required
2
Astmin =
292 mm

kN
mm
mm
mm

(Cl. B-6.2 of IS : 456 - 2000 )

66.50592 kN-m
2
116.44 mm

>7.19 kN-m

Provide 2 nos. 16 mm diameter bars ( 402 mm2 ) at top & bottom althrough .

Shear :
Equivalent shear , Ve = V + 1.6 T/b =
=

16.2 kN

2
0.11 N/mm

< T cmax = 1.9 N/mm2


( From Table - 24 of IS: 456 -2000)
Hence OK.

2
Shear stress T v =
0.05 N/mm
Percentage of steel =
0.25
2
Design shear strength T c =
0.23 N/mm

(From Table -23 of IS:456 - 2000)

Transverse Reinforcement :
Provide 2 legged 8 diameter stirrup @ 200 mm c/c .

2 - 16 mm dia

400

TANK ROOF SLAB

2 - 16 mm dia
400

DIA = 6250
2 Legged 8 mm diameter stirrup @ 200 mm c/c

TANK WALL

WATER TANK

DESIGN OF SLABS

21

DESIGN OF TANK TOP SLAB ( 150 mm thk. )


Designed as per working stress method.
Allowable Stress for M25 concrete in bending compression,
N/mm2
cbc =
8.5
Modular Ratio, m = 280/(3cbc) = 10.98039
Allowable Stress in steel tension for Fe 415 bars, st =
150
N/mm2
Therefore k = m.cbc/(m.cbc + st) = 0.383562
Therefore j = 1 k / 3 = 0.872146
Therefore R = (1/2).cbc.jk = 1.421718

[Ref. Table 21 of IS: 456 ]


[Ref. Table 2 of IS:3370II ]

X ==> Radial direction.


Y ==> Circumferential direction.
Moment Mxu =
Moment Myu =
Shear Stress SQXu =
Shear Stress SQYu =

Assuming,

1.088
0.83
0.032
0.021

Plate No.107; L/C 139


Plate No.107; L/C 139
Plate No.100; L/C 121
Plate No.94; L/C 118

kN-m /m
kN-m /m
N/mm2
N/mm2

Design Moment Mx = Mxu =

1.088

kN-m /m

Design Moment My = Myu =

kN-m /m

Design Shear Stress SQX = SQXu =


Design Shear Stress SQY = SQYu =

0.83
0.032
0.021

Width of slab is b=
Overall depth of slab provided, D =
clear cover, c =
Diameter of reinforcement, =

1000
150
25
10

mm
mm
mm
mm

120

mm

Effective depth, d = D - c - (/2) =

From
STAAD
Output

N/mm2
N/mm2

Required overall depth of slab = [Mmax/(R.b)] = 27.66354 mm


< than provided overall depth. Hence O.K.
Hence, Astprovd =
Provide
10
mm dia. bars @
250
c/c
314.29
mm2
and pprovd =
0.26
%
Allowable shear stress, for pprvd =
0.26 %, is given by T c=
0.235
N/mm2
[Ref. Table 23 of IS:456]
> than maximum shear stress. Hence O.K. O.K
Reinforcement in radial direction:Required area of steel is Astx = Mx/(jdst) =

Reinforcement in circumferential direction:Required area of steel is Asty = My/(jdst) =

Provide

10

mm diameter bars @

250

69.305 mm2
< than provided reinforcement. Hence O.K. O.K

52.87 mm2
< than provided reinforcement. Hence O.K.

c/c in radial and circumferential directions


at top and bottom .

DESIGN OF TANK BOTTOM SLAB ( 300 mm thk. )


Tank slab designed as uncracked section as per IS-3370.

22
Allowable Stress for M25 concrete in bending compression,
N/mm2
cbc =
8.5
Modular Ratio, m = 280/(3cbc) = 10.98039
Allowable Stress in steel tension for Fe 415 bars, st =
150
N/mm2
Therefore k = m.cbc/(m.cbc + st) = 0.383562
Therefore j = 1 k / 3 = 0.872146

[Ref. Table 21 of IS: 456 ]


[Ref. Table 2 of IS:3370II ]

X ==> Radial direction.


Y ==> Circumferential direction.
Moment Mxu =
Moment Myu =
Shear Stress SQXu =
Shear Stress SQYu =

Plate No.88; L/C 125


Plate No.87; L/C 125
Plate No.82; L/C 104
Plate No.87; L/C 105
10.13

kN-m /m

Design Moment My = Myu / 1.2 =

kN-m /m

Design Shear Stress SQX = SQXu / 1.2 =


Design Shear Stress SQY = SQYu / 1.2 =

11.24
0.214
0.151

Width of slab is b=
Overall depth of slab provided, D =
clear cover, c =
Diameter of reinforcement, =

1000
300
30
12

mm
mm
mm
mm

Effective depth, d = D - c - (/2) =


Hence, d/D =

264
0.88

mm

12

kN-m /m
kN-m /m
N/mm2
N/mm2

Design Moment Mx = Mxu / 1.2 =

Assuming,

Provide

10.13
11.24
0.214
0.151

For uncracked section ==>


mm diameter bars @

Allowable shear stress, for pprvd =

R = 0.3193
150
c/c

From
STAAD
Output

N/mm2
N/mm2

N/mm2
Hence, Astprovd =

and pprovd =
0.29
0.29 %, is given by T c=

754.3 mm2

N/mm2
[Ref. Table 23 of IS:456]
> than maximum shear stress. Hence O.K. O.K
0.255

23

Required overall depth of slab = [Mmax/(R.b)] = 187.622 mm


< than provided overall depth. Hence O.K.
Reinforcement in radial direction:Required area of steel is Astx = Mx/(jdst) = 293.3087 mm2
< than provided reinforcement. Hence O.K. O.K
Reinforcement in circumferential direction:Required area of steel is Asty = My/(jdst) = 325.4482 mm2
< than provided reinforcement. Hence O.K.

Provide

12

mm diameter bars @

150

mm

c/c in radial and circumferential


directions at top and bottom.

8.5

N/mm2

[Ref. Table 21 of IS: 456 ]

150

N/mm2

[Ref. Table 2 of IS:3370II]

DESIGN OF INNER WALL( 175 mm thk. )


Wall is be designed as uncracked section as per IS : 3370.
Allowable stress for concrete in bending compression cbc =
2

Allowable stress in bending tension =


1.8 N/mm
Allowable stress for direct tension = 1.3 N/mm2
Modular Ratio, m = 280/(3cbc) = 10.98039
Allowable Stress in steel tension for Fe 415 bars, st =

Therefore k = m.cbc/(m.cbc + st) = 0.383562


Therefore j = 1 k / 3 = 0.872146
X ==> Vertical direction
Y ==> Circumferential direction
Moment Mxu = 3.652 kN-m /m
Plate No.283; L/C 117
Moment Myu = 8.635 kN-m /m
Plate No.299; L/C 121
2
Shear stress SQXu = 0.399 N/mm
Plate No.281; L/C 117
2
Shear stress SQYu = 0.262 N/mm
Plate No.273; L/C 125
Width of wall b=
Overall depth of wall provided, D =
Assuming,
clear cover, c =
Diameter of reinforcement, =

1000
175
40
12

From
STAAD
Output

mm
mm
mm
mm

Effective depth, d = D - c - (/2) = 129


mm
Hence, d/D = 0.737143
For uncracked section,

R=

0.3111

N/mm2

Required O/A depth of wall = [M max/(R.b)] =


166.6024 mm
< Provided O/A depth . Hence O.K.
Required area of steel in Vertical
direction is Astx = Mx/(jdst) = 216.4016 mm2
Min. percentage of reinforcement =
0.25
2
Astreqd
=
437.5 mm
in two faces
2
Astreqd./face =
219 mm
Required area of steel in
circumferential direction is
< 754 mm2
511.6726 mm2
Asty = My/(jdst) =
Provide 12 mm diameter bars @ 250 mm c/c at inner face as vertical reinforcement
Provide 16 mm diameter bars @ 120 mm c/c up to 2.0 m from tank bottom and
12 mm diameter @ 120 mm c/c from 2 m to 4.450 m at outer face as vertical reinforcement.
Provide 12 mm diameter bars @ 150 mm c/c at both faces as circumferential reinforcement

24

Shear :
% of reinforcement = 1.30
Permissible shear stress T c =

2
> 0.399 N/mm2
0.45 N/mm
( From Table 23 pf IS 456 : 2000 )
Hence OK.

175

TANK
16 mm dia
@ 120 mm c/c
up to 2 m

12 mm dia @ 150 mm c/c

4.450 m

12 mm dia
@ 120 mm c/c
from 2 m to
4.45
m

2.0 m

12 mm dia @ 250 mm c/c

12 mm dia @ 150 mm c/c

Roof

25

DESIGN OF RCC PARTITION WALL( 200 mm thk. ) INSIDE TANK


Partition wall shall be designed as uncracked section as per IS : 3370.
Allowable stress for concrete in bending compression cbc =
Modular Ratio, m = 280/(3cbc) = 10.98039
Allowable Stress in steel tension for Fe 415 bars, st =
Allowable stress for concrete in bending tension =
Allowable stress for concrete in direct tension =
Therefore k = m.cbc/(m.cbc + st) = 0.383562
Therefore j = 1 k / 3 = 0.872146

8.5

N/mm2

[Ref. Table 21 of IS: 456 ]

150
1.8
1.3

N/mm2

[Ref. Table 2 of IS:3370II ]

N/mm2
N/mm2

X ==> Vertical direction


Y ==>
Horizontal direction
Moment Mxu =
Moment Myu =
Shear SQXu =
Shear SQYu =

1.038
1.469
0.01
0.016

M 25
Fe 415

kN-m /m
kN-m /m
N/mm2
N/mm2

Plate No.319;L/C 139


Plate No.316; L/C 140
Plate No.320; L/C 121
Plate No.317; L/C 118

Width of wall b=
Overall depth of wall provided, D =
Assuming,
clear cover, c =
Diameter of reinforcement, =

1000
200
30
12

mm
mm
mm
mm

Effective depth, d = D - c - (/2) =


Hence, d/D =

164
0.82

mm

For uncracked section,

R=

0.3141

From
STAAD
Output

N/mm2

Required O/A depth of wall = [M max/(R.b)] =


68.38753 mm
< than provided O/A depth. Hence O.K.
Required area of steel in Vertical
direction is Astx = Mx/(jdst) =
48.4
Min. percentage of reinforcement =
0.22
Astreqd
=
440
Astreqd./face =
220
Required area of steel in horizontal
direction is
Asty =
68.46954

mm2
mm2

in two faces

mm2
mm2

Provide 12 mm diameter bars @ 200 mm c/c ( 565 mm2 ) at both faces as vertical reinforcement
Provide 12 mm diameter bars @ 200 mm c/c (565 mm2) at both faces as horizontal reinforcement
Shear :
% of reinforcement = 0.28
Permissible shear stress T c

2
> 0.016 N/mm2
= 0.25 N/mm
( From Table 23 pf IS 456 : 2000 )
Hence OK.

200

12 mm dia @ 200 mm c/c

12 mm dia
@ 200 mm c/c
TANK

12 mm dia @ 200 mm c/c

TANK

12 mm dia @ 200 mm c/c

26

WATER TANK WALL


DESIGN OF OUTER WALL
Tank wall shall be designed as uncracked section as per IS : 3370.
Allowable stress for concrete in bending compression 8.5
cbc = N/mm2
Allowable stress in bending tension =
1.8 N/mm2
Allowable stress for direct tension =
1.3 N/mm2
Modular Ratio, m = 280/(3cbc) = 10.98039
Allowable Stress in steel tension for Fe 415 bars, st =
150

[Ref. Table 21 of IS: 456 ]

N/mm2

Therefore k = m.cbc/(m.cbc + st) = 0.383562


Therefore j = 1 k / 3 = 0.872146

[Ref. Table 2 of IS:3370II ]


M - 25
Fe - 415

X ==> Vertical direction


Y ==> Circumferential direction
Moment Mxu =
Moment Myu =
Shear stress SQXu =
Shear stress SQYu =

8.607
4.87
0.099
0.085

kN-m /m
kN-m /m
N/mm2
N/mm2

Plate No.206; L/C 125


Plate No.221; L/C 141
Plate No.192; L/C 137
Plate No.220; L/C 141

width of wall b =
Overall depth of wall provided, D =
Overall depth of wall provided,D1 =
Assuming,
clear cover, c =
Diameter of reinforcement, =

1000
250
150
40
12

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Effective depth, d = D - c - (/2) =


Effective depth, d = D1 - c - (/2) =
Hence, d/D =

204
104
0.816

mm
mm

R=

0.3141

N/mm2

For uncracked section,

at base
at top

at bottom
at top

Required overall depth of wall = [Mmax/(R.b)] = 165.5358 mm


Hence O/A depth of wall 250 mm at bottom and 150 mm at top is O.K.
Required area of steel in Vertical
direction is Astx = Mx/(jdst) =

From
STAAD
Output

27
Required area of steel in Vertical
direction is Astx = Mx/(jdst) = 322.5085 mm2
Required area of steel in
circumferential direction is Asty = 182.4813 mm2
0.886
Max. membrane tensile stress in wall sy =
Max. Membrane tensile force in wall /m =
221500 N
2
Astreqd due to direct tension =
1476.7 mm
2
Total Astreqd due to direct tension & bending =
920.8146 mm
Total Astprovided = 2 x754 =

N/mm2

Plate no.-220, L/C -117

2
1508.0 mm

2
Equivalent area of steel =2x(m-1)xAst = 30100.9 mm
2
Total area of concrete & steel =
280100.9 mm
2
Direct Stress due to membrane force =
0.791 N/mm

Equivalent moment of inertia of steel I1 = 2x(m-1)xAstxd2 =

mm4
1.1E+08
[ where, d = ( 250 -40x2-12)/2 =79 ]
mm4
1.3E+09

Momen of inertia of the secion I2 =


Total moment of inertia = I =
1.4E+09 mm4
2
Stress = M.y/I =
0.43 N/mm
Total Stress =
1.22
N/mm2 < 1.8
, Hence O.K.
Provide 12 mm diameter bars @ 150 mm c/c at inner face as vertical reinforcement
Provide 12 mm diameter bars @ 250 mm c/c at outer face as vertical reinforcement
Provide 12 mm diameter bars @ 150 mm c/c at both faces as circumferential reinforcement

Shear :
% of reinforcement = 0.37
Permissible shear stress T c

2
> 0.099 N/mm2
0.27 N/mm
Table - 23 of IS 456 : 2000
Hence OK.

28

12 mm dia bars @ 150 c/c

12 mm dia bars @ 150c/c

150

TANK

12 mm dia. bars @
250 mm c/c

12 mm dia. bars @
150 mm c/c

250
TANK WALL

LOAD CALCULATION
DEAD LOAD:
Weight of 150 thk landing slab = 0.150x2.5x1.796x1.25 =
0.421 T
Load for ladder =
6x0.03 + 2x0.0304
=
0.241 T/m
Reaction at column due to ladder = 0.241x5.112/2 =
0.616 T
Total load at column due to ladder & landing =
1.037 T
Resultant load at column =
2.07 T
Moment at column due to ladder & landing =
3.28 T-m
Load at column due to circular slab at RL (+) 436.5 m = 3.14/4*6.25^2*0.150*2.5/3 =

4.42T

CALCULATION OF LIVE LOAD :


2

Live load on tank top slab = 0.150 T/m ;


2
Live load for ladder & landing =
0.25 T/m
Reaction at column due to LL =
0.639 T
Resultant load at column =
1.278 T
Moment at column due to LL on landing & ladder =
2.02 T-m
Load at column due to circular slab at RL (+) 436.5 m = 3.14/4*6.25^2*0.250/3 =

2.56 T

CALCULATION OF WIND LOAD WITH GUST FACTOR METHOD :


Along wind load on a structure on a strip area (Ae) at any height (z) is given by :
Fz = Cf.Ae.pz.G
Where ,
Fz = along wind load on the structure at any height z corresponding to strip area Ae,
Cf = force coefficient for the building , (Ref.Table - 28 of IS 875 part -3)
Ae = effective frontal area considered for the structure at height z,
Vz = Vb.k1.k2.k3
pz = design pressure at height z due to hourly mean wind obtained as 0.6Vz2 (N/m2)
Vb =
k1 =
k2 =
k3 =
Vh =
Pz =

47.3
1.07
0.67
1.0
33.9
689.9072

m/sec
( As per Cl. 5.3.1 Of 875 ,Part-3 )
(From Table -33 of IS 875 , Part - 3 )
( As per Cl. 5.3.3 Of 875 ,Part-3 )
m/sec
N/m2

k1 =
k2 =
k3 =
Vh =
Pz =

1.07
0.72
1.0
36.4
796.7207

( As per Cl. 5.3.1 Of 875 ,Part-3 )


(From Table -33 of IS 875 , Part - 3 )
( As per Cl. 5.3.3 Of 875 ,Part-3 )
m/sec
N/m2

k1 =
k2 =
k3 =
Vh =
pz =

1.07
0.75
1.0
38.0
864.4972

( As per Cl. 5.3.1 Of 875 ,Part-3 )


(From Table -33 of IS 875 , Part - 3 )
( As per Cl. 5.3.3 Of 875 ,Part-3 )
m/sec
N/m2

k1 =
k2 =
k3 =
Vh =
pz =

1.07
0.79
1.0
40.0
959.1693

( As per Cl. 5.3.1 Of 875 ,Part-3 )


(From Table -33 of IS 875 , Part - 3 )
( As per Cl. 5.3.3 Of 875 ,Part-3 )
m/sec
N/m2

(For 10 m height )

(For 15 m height )

(For 20 m height )

(For 30 m height )

k1 =
1.07 ( As per Cl. 5.3.1 Of 875 ,Part-3 )
k2 =
0.85 (From Table -33 of IS 875 , Part - 3 )
k3 =
1.0 ( As per Cl. 5.3.3 Of 875 ,Part-3 )
Vh=
43.0 m/sec
pz =
1110.399 N/m2
G = gust factor and is given by :
2
G = 1 + gfr ( B ( 1 + ) + SE/ ))
L (h) =
1250 From fig.8
gfr =
1.25 From fig.9
Cy =
10 From code
b =
6.9 m
Cz =
12 From code
h =
35.5 m
=Cy.b/Cz.h =
0.16
Cz.h/L (h) =
0.3408
B=
fo =
Fo=Cz.fo.h/ Vh =
Fo=Cz.fo.h/ Vh =
Fo=Cz.fo.h/ Vh =
Fo=Cz.fo.h/ Vh =
Fo=Cz.fo.h/ Vh =
fo.L (h)./Vh
fo.L (h)./Vh
fo.L (h)./Vh
fo.L (h)./Vh
fo.L (h)./Vh

=
=
=
=
=

0.8
0.501
5.416106
4.424241
4.269907
4.125978
3.898217

(From Fig.9)
( From STAAD output )
for 10 m ht.
( where Vz=Vh)
for 15 m ht.
for 20 m ht.
for 30 m ht.
for 37 m ht.

18.46835
17.18582
13.47458
13.47458
12.52343

for 10 m ht.
for 15 m ht.
for 20 m ht.
for 30 m ht.
for 37 m ht.

0.35
0.38
0.39
0.40
0.41

for 10 m ht.
for 15 m ht.
for 20 m ht.
for 30 m ht.
for 37 m ht.

From Fig.10

0.08
0.10
0.101
0.102
0.103
0.016

for 10 m ht.
for 15 m ht.
for 20 m ht.
for 30 m ht.
for 37 m ht.

From Fig.11

S =

E=

gfr

B
4

Gust Factor , G =

Cf =
Cf =

(For 37 m height )

1.6
2

0.279508

3.186505
3.399451
3.427572
3.455769
3.484039

for 10 m ht.
for 15 m ht.
for 20 m ht.
for 30 m ht.
for 37 m ht.

(Solidity ratio =0.52) From Table - 28


From Table - 28

Ae =

Fz

36.9516
19.3508
19.3508
36.9516
43.2

12.99746
8.385593
9.17422
14.37
19.59716
33.42533

m2
m2
m2
m2
m2

for 10 m ht.
for 15 m ht.
for 20 m ht.
for 30 m ht.
for 37 m ht.
T
T
T
T
T
T

for 10 m ht.
for 15 m ht.
for 20 m ht.
for 25 m ht.
for 30 m ht.
for 37 m ht.

FOR STAAD INPUT


Wind load per node for 10 m height
Wind load per node for 15 m height
Wind load per node for 20 m height
Wind load per node for 25 m height
Wind load per node for 30 m height
Wind load at tank for 37 m height

=
=
=
=
=
=

3.2
4.2
4.6
7.2
9.8
0.77

T
T
T
T
T
T/m2

CALCULATION OF THE WIND LOAD AS PER NORMAL METHOD :


Basic wind speed Vb = 47.3 m/sec ( As per DBR )
Terrain category - 2
Class - B
Design wind speed Vz = Vb x k1 x k2 x k3

m/sec

Factors for various heights as per IS 875 Part - III :


k1 = 1.07
k2 = 1.15
k3 = 1.0

For 37 m height

k1 = 1.07
k2 = 1.1
k3 = 1.0

For 30 m height

k1 = 1.07
k2 = 1.05
k3 = 1.0

For 20 m height

k1 = 1.07
k2 = 1.02
k3 = 1.0

For 15 m height

k1 = 1.07
k2 = 0.98
k3 = 1.0

For 10 m height

Wind pressure Pz = 0.6 x Vz2

Wind Pressure at 37 m height = 200 kg/m

Wind Pressure at 30 m height = 186 kg/m

Wind Pressure at 20 m height = 183 kg/m2


Wind Pressure at 15 m height = 160 kg/m2
2

Wind Pressure at 10 m height = 148 kg/m

Wind load for staad input on tie beam at 10 m height from GL = 0.148x0.9 = 0.133 T/m
Wind load for staad input on tie beam at 15 m height from GL = 0.160x0.9 = 0.144 T/m
Wind load for staad input on tie beam at 20 m height from GL = 0.183x0.9 = 0.165 T/m
Wind load for staad input on tie beam at 25 m height from GL = 0.185x0.9 = 0.167 T/m
Wind load for staad input on tie beam at 30 m height from GL = 0.186x0.9 = 0.1674 T/m
Average wind force on columns between ht 10 m to 20 m = ( 0.148 + 0.183 ) / 2 x 1.3 = 0.215 T/m
Average wind force on columns between ht 20 m to 30 m = ( 0.183 + .186 ) / 2 x 1.3 = 0.24 T/m
Wind pressure on tank = 0.200 T/m2
The value of wind load in gust factor method is higher than the normal wind load
calculation, so the value of wind load in gust factor method is applied in STAAD input.

CALCULATION OF THE SEISMIC LOAD :


Here Zone factor Z = 0.1
Importance factor = 1.5
Response reduction factor = 3
Soil type = 2
Response sectrum method of analysis carried out using STAAD , considering
X=
0.025
Y=

0.005

Z=

0.0075