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Subject:- PRODUCTION AND MARKETING MANAGEMENT (PMM

)

Submitted to :- Prof. “RESHMA KUKREJA”

INDEX :-

Introduction

History of Jeans

History of "Khushi Garment"

Raw Material Handling

Raw & Auxiliary Materials

The Process of Production

Hanlding Process

Analysis

Bibliography

Acknowledgement

Name of the Firm We Visited:“KHUSHI GARMENTS” .

Roll No. 107 82 89 95 108 111 Names of Group Members:Avinash Sonawane (G.L) Mithun Jalui Sunny Singh Sandip Guneshwar Kundan kamble Umesh Mehtare .

straight leg. or who'd made it. And somewhere in the middle. In the industry. we will find it. zip fly. they showed us how manufacturing of jeans takes place but before going on that I want to share some basic knowledge of “Jeans”. in a glass showroom and steel mall with double doors and escalators. The product we are talking about is found easily. to give them their proper name. Today we are going to discuss you how the production of jeans takes place. We visited a manufacturing industry named “Khushi Garments”. Jeans are trousers made from a different cloth or fabric know as “Denim”. Denim is a name of the cloth which is used for making of jeans.000" Just a pair of jeans. nestling among dozens of identical others. this word “Denim” came from country France. under a huge sign saying: "Famous Brands for Rs. de Nimes “serge de Nimes” History of Jeans:- .INTRODUCTION:It used to be that we just walked into a shop and bought something without sparing a thought for where it came from. Lee Cooper LC10s.3. Jeans are a world famous and mostly prefer by teenagers and young age people. Blue stonewashed denim five-pocket jeans.

Calvin Rogers. Lee and Wrangler. Jeans are now a very popular form of casual dress around the world. originally designed for cowboys. tapered.Levi Strauss was a German-born American businessman who founded the first company to manufacture blue jeans. boot cut and flare. including Skinny. Historic brands include Levi’s. Jeans come in various fits. Starting in the 1950’s. straight. Some of the earliest blue jeans were made by Jacob Davis. jeans. however. History of Khushi Garments:- . and have been so for decades. and Levi Strauss in 1873. "blue jeans" are particularly identified with all cultures. They come in many style and colors.

Raw Material Handling:- . They started their firm in a place by rent and with only two employees or workers. Now the firm have its own place and better and more flexible then the rent one and almost 40 workers are working in “khushi Garments”. now the firm is on its 10th year. They slowly and gradually expanded their firm as well as process by establishing more machines to it and hiring more workers.“Khushi Garments” was started around in year of 2002.

In “Khushi Garments” the denim rolls are purchased from a Ahemdabad supplier.60 rolls for kept therein for not delay in production process. The firm always order 50 . Description Qty. And the rolls of denim were stored properly and in decent manner. Sr No. .The raw material which is needed in production of jeans are denim rolls. They order rolls from suppliers according to their needs and other factors likes expected future rise in price. They also have a separate room for storage of raw materials.

Lumpsum 2. Major Raw Material 1. 3. Denim Cloths (60-70 Rolls) 375000m B.52. also known as . 4. Auxiliary Materials 1. The cotton fabric used for jeans preparation is usually hard blue cotton twill.000 pcs RAW AND AUXILIARY MATERIALS REQUIREMENT AND COST :- RAW AND AUXILIARY MATERIALS:The major raw material required for the preparation of jeans is cotton fabrics dyed and finished with different colors. 2.A. Fabric for internal lining Thread Buttons Zip Fasteners Lumpsum Reqd.

Back part (2) 3.Front part (1) 2.Waist belt (2) 4.denim cloth. Auxiliary materials consist of thread. This material can either be imported or locally produced and used for this purpose as long as it meets the required quality and specification. The annual requirements of raw and auxiliary materials together with costs at full capacity production of jeans production industry is given in Table above. zip fasteners. button. The Process of Production:- Different Parts are Cut from Denim are as fallows :1.Belt loop (5-6) . labels and packing materials.

22 10 8 20 9 2 1 Sewing Machine electric iron Lapping trolley .Support fabric (2 ) Machinery and Equipment Required by Jeans Manufacturing Industry: Sr.Pocketing fabric (2) 9. 4.5. 1.Small pocket (1) 8. 5. Description Sewing Machine Electric knives fitted with Disc Lapping trolley Electric iron Dyeing Machine Spraying Machine Washing Machine Qty. 3.Large pocket (4) 7. 7. No.Fly piece (2) 6. 2. 6.

The pieces are bundled together by component.Dyeing Machine Spraying Machine Washing Machin 1) Roll of Denim Fabric:- The one roll of denim fabric is lifted or handled horizontally my something and then spread it in a particular length and makes a bunch of it. waistband and accents. The many layers of fabric are cut into pieces for legs. with up to 100 layers of cuts ready to go.. pockets. It is cut as front side and back side. Then the design of different sizes and pockets are kept over it and cut it according to that size. . Their were different machines for cutting (small and big one) according to the bunch and design.

According to Jeans Info.2) Sewing and Finishing:- The jeans head over to the sewing machines. As the fabric of belt of jeans and on belt grips are too thick so for that the special machine with big needle sew belt grips on the belt of jeans. The second last machine sew the top part of jeans i.e. Afterward. belt. an average worker can piece together a whole pair of jeans in about 15 minutes. And at last the button to jeans are stitched by another machine. where they're sewn by workers on incredibly fast industrial machines. . Afterwards when the front side of jeans are sewed with front pockets then it is over locked with the back side. As a normal machine can’t do it. the stitched garments are washed in industrial machines and processed for color. Then a five thed machine is over locking the bottom of jeans. the front side of jeans are sewed with yoke sheet (inside cloth of pockets)Of pockets by Hunda machine. Firstly.

.3) Handling Process:- After all this the jeans are stored in a separate room. The storage facilities are good and the room is separated from the production process. Where jeans are stored for sometime and then it will takes to their another place for dyeing of jeans which make it looks like brand new product.

To list all the washings that we have been asked to do before would probably take a few weeks and several pages to list. . This can mean dyeing in rock stone washing as well as other embellishments. so we'll just talk about the most well know washings first.4) Dyeing And Washing:- When jeans are brought to another place of industry.

so ideal to use for brightening up your old faded jeans by washing them together. This was (again) very popular back in the 80's. Make certain to wash separate from other garments the first few times. Some Jeans brands will even not use sanforized fabric.1) Rinse (water) Wash:- Speaks for itself mostly . so that you can shrink them to fit in a hot bath. Like in the good old days the jeans will be washed at about 50 degrees Celsius. High risk of color bleeding . .

The jeans are washed with oval or round pumice stones which should all have roughly the same format. or both. The result was a finish which through abrasion and chemistry made a new product look old. which are an indication of how long the jeans have been stonewashed. It also creates and effect called brilliance. and then washing the denim in large commercial/industrial machines with either enzymes or stones. Ergo: The longer the wash. Sometimes. For over thirty years. when the final quality inspectors at the jeans factory forget to clean the pockets. stones. the lighter the jeans. . you may even find some residue of these stones in the pockets of your new jeans. and pumice to create a "stonewashed" look. worn. manufacturers of jeans and denim fabrics have used enzymes. and comfortable. During the washing process these stones will scrap off a thin layer of the denim does showing some of the white threads from the part of the cloth where the indigo dyeing stuff was not able to penetrate. For many years the process involved washing-out the sizing. You may also encounter words like deep stone or super stonewash. Essentially the goal has been to "age" the fabric so that it looks worn and feels much softer.2)Stone wash/Stone liquid :- Still the most famous of all washings. The pumice stones are very light with a rough surface.

and basic denim can be abraded too much. In some cases it also has allowed a reduction in the use of enzymes which chemically attact the fibers and ultimately result in fabrics that wear-out very quickly. many are using various grades of pertile. very fine filtration grade similar in size and appearance to DE (ground. . and Coarse). and it reduces substantially the wear on the machines. During the last ten years. And yet more and more stonewashing is being done every day with basic perlite both in this country and many others. large. Perlite has been found to perform many of the same properties as stones. expensive laundry machines are abused by the same process which works on fabric. After years of testing. Perlite also gives a worn. Some manufacturers also use a very. and milled diatomaceous earth). pliable finish. It produces a much softer. finished look throughout the fabric and not just on the upper surfaces. The exact gradations of perlite used and the special enzymes chosen are considered proprietary process information by all the large finishing companies. Currently many grades of perlite are being used ranging in size from the largest horticultural grade to the finest grades (see either Finishing with Perlite) or Standard Gradations of Horticultural Perlite----Fine. alternatives to real stones (volcanic pumice) have been tested by all the major jean manufacturers. and to achieve a softer finish.Unfortunately with traditional "stonewashing". The goal has been to reduce the amount of maintenance required when using stones. Medium.

Another popular way to make jeans appear damaged is to cut the edges at bottom. are usually made by using a grinder. Whiskers. (back-) pockets. which normally appear around the hip to crotch area of the pant. 4)Dirty Wash: After stonewashing the jeans or denim jackets. . 5)Destroyed / Damaged / Used / Whiskers: There are several different techniques to make the jeans or denim jackets look old. This ensures a very deep dark or black color and makes the sewing thread blend in with the jeans color.3)Overdye:.An additional dying after the jeans have been sewn. they will be dyed with special chemicals thus creating a look in which the jeans will appear to be dirty. Most of these techniques involve actual sandblasting or abrading by some kind of power tool. fly and knee area before the (stone)washing. worn and /or used.

In that place there were six dyeing machine and 5 Hp Motor is used in every machines and 3 phase power is used. every dyeing machines takes approximately 6 – 7 hour taken by each machine to dye. due to the relative high cost of these machines they are hard to find in these parts of asia. mostly Indigo blue dye is used. A few of the very cool new inventions are: the jeans laser marker and the Jeans spray robot.6) Spraypainting:- From the high-tech side there has been a renewed interest in the jeans and garment industry in general. After dyeing the last step is washing of jeans. . Their was one big machine used for washing of jeans. They are using rock stones in liquid form and different colors. However. as shown below. According to supervisor. And 60 – 70 pieces of jeans are kept in dye machine at a time.

dyeing of jeans. . pockets. designs and patterns.e. 4) The dyeing process takes 6-7 hours per machine and it dye’s 60-70 piece at a time. 2) Then it moves towards sewing and over locking. 3) Then it keeps for storage in separate room for shifting it to another process i.Analysis:1) Firstly Denim roll is cut in different piece like size. 5) Then it keeps for drying.

uk .co.Bibliography:1)Khushi Garments 2)Internet:a) www.com b) www.guardian.wikipedia.