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Can agriculture reduce our poverty?

How many of us are really bothered about our surrounding were we daily live-in? Have you ever noticed that since last decade our cities have become a bit crowded? A large amount of population has been migrating from rural India to our cities? Yes, many of my friends for pursing their MBA and make a successful career they came to mangalore. The question remains why? Just for having a bright future. Naah….thats a silly answer. The real fact is that for having a better quality of life. But the focus of this article is on why people from villages are migrating to nearby cities. We are proud of our emerging cities, but on the other hand we are forgetting that day by day more number of our rural population is migrating towards urban area. These people are leaving behind everything and coming to cities to make their living. Yes, India is facing its toughest times not because of corruption or politics, but because of poverty or better call it as famine. They are also facing a lack of quality life, sometime a proper meal, health, education, etc. After coming to cites, these people work as labours in construction sites or do odd jobs. These just strive for their basic needs.

Recently there was a huge political debate on whether a common man can get a full one time meal in just 12 rupees. Every media channel in country was focusing on whether they can get a full day meal for Rs.12 or not? But no one has taken the issues that these people are meeting on their basic necessities per day. In 2010, the World Bank reported that 32.7% of the total Indian people fall below the international poverty line of US$ 1.25 per day while 68.7% live on less than US$ 2 per day. According to Planning Commission of India, percentage of people below the Poverty Line in 2011-12 has been estimated as 25.7% in rural areas, 13.7% in urban areas and 21.9% for the country as a whole. During the 11-year period i.e. from 1993-94 to 2004-05, the average decline in the poverty ratio was 0.74 percentage points per year. But in following years i.e. from 2004-05 to 2011-12 it accelerated to 2.18 percentage points per year. Hence, it can be concluded that the rate of decline in the poverty ratio during the most recent period 2004-05 to 2011-12 was about three times of that experienced in the 11-year period 1993-94 to 2004-05

But, have you ever thought about this drastic change? Well, India got independence in 1947 and we were progressing constantly till 1990s. After 1990, the regime of Foreign Direct Investment was introduced by the government of India. Suddenly new jobs were created and there was a huge flow of money in our country. People became more aware of benefits of

Many young talents in that period started migrating to cities for finding a suitable job.65 million.e. World Bank figures show that some 600 million Chinese have been taken out of poverty in the past 30 years. We can do better than over present condition even if most of our agricultural methods are primitive in nature. so that poverty can be eradicated . We can restore the food security and increase job opportunities as well. Agriculture contribution in India in the gross domestic product has declined. the agricultural sector recorded an average growth of 2. The Chinese government and World Food Programme further selected the successful agricultural projects and implemented them throughout the nation. the agriculture was neglected since then. The government has failed to implement necessary reforms on time.47 million tones food production.03 % against targeted 4 % /annum. Hence. which in 2008-09 touched at 15. Thus our precious gift was destroyed by us and eventually it was left for starvation. the sector achieved an impressive growth of 5. In 1991 the total population of agriculture labourers in India was about 74.1 % in 2008-09. It will help in achieving sufficient food supply and jobs for our people. On the other hand. In 2009-10. now. Many of them were successful and still many are still striving to get success.8 %. However. let us focus on our neighbouring country China. it can be concluded that India really needs to focus on improving its agriculture system.7% from about 30% in 1990-91.living in cities and thus our young generation started focusing on becoming rich in shorter time. This have eventually reduced poverty and increased food production in country. Thus most of the people lived in rural area and there was less unemployment. Just imagine if we avail the benefit of the modern technology and help reducing this falling sector. On the other hand. The point which I am trying to focus here is by improving agriculture sector in India. despite of worst south-west monsoon since 1972 and subsequent significant fall in kharif crop. we can eradicate the poverty from our country. this growth felled into the negative zone of -0. In first year(2007-2008). although this was a year of a record 234. the growth recovered due to Rabi crop. During the eleventh five year implementation (2007-12). We are now facing lack of food security issue. Now let us look at some facts and figures of our Indian agriculture sector. But this issue made a tremendous impact after 20 years i.