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MANCHESTER METROPOLITAN UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING SCHOOL OF SCIENCE & THE ENVIRONMENT

ACADEMIC YEAR 2011-2012:

SUMMER EXAMINATION SESSION

Examination for the BSc (HONS) FORENSIC CHEMISTRY MChem/BSc (HONS) CHEMISTRY BSc COMBINED HONOURS (FORENSIC SCIENCE) BSc (HONS) BIOMEDICAL SCIENCE WITH FORENSIC BIOLOGY LEVEL FOUR

UNIT 6F4Z2002 : INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC SCIENCE Duration: 2 hours

Instructions to Candidates Answer ALL questions in SECTION A using the answer grid provided. Answer ONE question from SECTION B. Answer ONE question from SECTION C.

DO NOT USE RED INK Students are NOT permitted to provide their own calculators. The only model permitted is the Casio FX83/85, which is supplied by the University. 6F4Z2002S 04/04/12

This section is worth 40 marks (2 marks/question). Superglue fuming is NOT suitable for use on: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Metal Plastic bags Paper Leather All of the above 6F4Z2002S 04/04/12 continued . What component of a fingerprint deposit does it react with? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Fatty acids Oils Amino acids Water Carbohydrates 2.1 SECTION A Answer ALL questions using the answer grid provided. The portion of the hair containing its scales is the: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Cortex Cuticle Medulla Root Follicle 4. 1. Ninhydrin is a general purpose fingerprint reagent for paper and some other porous surfaces. Which one of these is NOT a class characteristic of a fingerprint? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Whorl Bifurcation Loop Tented Arch Core 3.

The distribution of a substance between a mobile and stationary phase describes: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Spectrophotometry Dispersion GRIM Chromatography Mass spectrometry 6F4Z2002S 04/04/12 continued . Polyester is classified as a: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Natural fibre Synthetic fibre Plant fibre Regenerated fibre Animal fibre 6.2 5. What is the name of the feature labelled A in the image of a fragment of glass in oil? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Refractive Index Becke Line Point of Null Refraction Immersion Zone Radial Fracture 7.

ninhydrin. What is the material that makes up the greatest proportion of the suspension prepared for the manufacture of paper? (a) dye (b) bleach (c) wood pulp (d) water (e) cotton fibres 6F4Z2002S 04/04/12 continued . powder. What is the most appropriate sequence for latent print development on smooth. physical developer Fluorescence examination. porous materials in order to develop the maximum number of prints: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Fluorescence examination and photograph only Fluorescence examination. Which of the following is not a ridge characteristic of a fingerprint? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Enclosure Bifurcation Island Ridge ending Core 11. physical developer Fluorescence examination. DFO. superglue. physical developer 10. physical developer Fluorescence examination.3 8. dry. What is the most appropriate sequence for latent print development on dry. ninhydrin. ninhydrin. DFO. physical developer Fluorescence examination. powder. ninhydrin Fluorescence examination. superglue. physical developer 9. DFO. DFO. non-porous materials in order to develop the maximum number of prints: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Fluorescence examination and photograph only Fluorescence examination. ninhydrin. ninhydrin Fluorescence examination.

Which of these procedures cannot assist in identifying the machine that produced a photocopy? (a) pyrolysis mass spectrometry of toner (b) examination for physical marks made during machine operation (c) high magnification microscopy of toner (d) differential scanning calorimetry of paper filler (e) infrared spectroscopy of toner 15.4 12. Which of these procedures cannot assist in comparing the ink used for handwriting on a paper document? (a) visualisation under different lights (for example UV and IR) (b) thin-layer chromatography (TLC) (c) microspectrophotometry (d) potentiometric titration (e) high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) 14. Which feature of typewriting on paper cannot be used to aid in identification of the typewriter used? (a) worn or damaged characters (b) electrostatic detection (c) spacing of the characters and lines (d) impressions on the ink ribbon (e) character font 6F4Z2002S 04/04/12 continued . Which of these types of pen does not usually have a water-based ink? (a) fountain (b) ball-point (c) fibre tip (d) roller ball (e) gel 13.

Which of the following is not a characteristic that would be included in assessment of a footwear impression? (a) wear (b) opacity (c) size (d) pattern (e) random damage 18. in which general direction was the blood travelling when it hit the surface? (a) towards the left of the page and down towards the surface (b) towards the top of the page and down towards the surface (c) towards the right of the page and down towards the surface (d) towards the bottom of the page and down towards the surface (e) vertically down onto the surface 6F4Z2002S 04/04/12 continued . Which of the following descriptors means the same as visible in regard to. If the image was of blood spattering onto this sheet of paper. a footprint? (a) latent (b) plastic (c) clear (d) patent (e) impressed 17. for example.5 16. Which of the following is not a procedure for potential restoration of a mark or impression in plastic? (a) relief polishing (b) viewing through crossed polarised light to see birefringence (c) thixotropic imaging (d) swelling using solvents (e) heating to the glass temperature 19.

6 20. Evidence can be categorised in different ways. What is the best descriptor for DNA evidence? (a) individual (b) destructive (c) class (d) demonstrative (e) non-destructive 6F4Z2002S 04/04/12 continued .

the choice of the best detection techniques. The victim’s body was recovered from a lake. Name the three main phases of the hair growth cycle. [6] 6F4Z2002S 04/04/12 continued . or sequence of techniques. (b) [5] Develop prints on brown packaging tape used to bind a murder victim’s hands. [3] [3] Describe the feature that would allow you to distinguish a human hair from an animal hair. [2] What features would allow you to distinguish between synthetic and animal fibres? [4] Two synthetic blue fibres are compared under an optical microscope and look similar. will depend on several factors that include: Please complete this statement. (a) In a general approach to fingerprint detection and enhancement the following is often stated: For a given set of circumstances. (i) (ii) Describe a method that could be used to confirm that the blue colour was from the same dye stuff. [5] (c) Outline the physical and chemical reactions that are occurring at each step of the sequence required to enhance the fingerprint in (b) part (i). Each question is worth 20 marks. [4] Specify the process selection chart number and describe the most appropriate step by step process you would select to visualise/enhance fingerprints in the situations described below: (i) (ii) Faint bloody fingerprint on a newspaper found in the car of a murder victim.7 SECTION B Answer ONE question from this section. (a) (b) (c) Draw a diagram of a hair and label the important components. [4] (c) (d) 22. [4] Describe a method that could be used to confirm that the two fibres were made from the same synthetic polymer(s). 21.

Documents may be subject to technical scrutiny as part of a forensic investigation. Each question is worth 20 marks.8 SECTION C Answer ONE question from this section. [5] (b) Indicate and label six of the security features on this currency note (using the copy provided on a separate sheet): [5] 6F4Z2002S 04/04/12 continued . [5] (ii) (iii) List five properties of paper that would be those selected for a basic initial assessment to provide information potentially useful in forensic investigation of a questioned document. 23. [5] Describe with the aid of diagrams how paper is manufactured. (a) Documents are printed and/or written on paper. (i) List five typical components of paper noting the functions of each component.

Matching a bite mark in the flesh of a victim (Image A) to the teeth of a potential suspect is more difficult than comparing a bite impression in an inanimate substance.9 24. the sequence of actions to achieve these different comparisons. [20] Image A Image B END 6F4Z2002S 04/04/12 . with the teeth of a suspect. with the aid of diagrams. Describe. for example a wad of chewing gum discarded at a scene (Image B).