You are on page 1of 18

Power Transmission and Distribution

Gas-Insulated Switchgear up to 145 kV
Type 8DN8

Benefitting from Experience Both plug-in type and conventional cable sealing ends can be used in conjunction with type 8DN8 switchgear 8DN8 switchgear for rated voltages up to 145 kV Our 8D type range of gasinsulated switchgear represents a highly successful product concept. This switchgear design represents one of the most compact solutions available in this voltage range. Since the levels of noise and field emission (EMC) are extremely low. 2 Durch die Feldteilung von nur 0.000 bay-years of operation have since been recorded. Siemens has installed more than 8000 bays worldwide. The operator panel of the processor bus bay control system is integrated into the operating front of the bay All requirements nowadays specified for modern and advanced switchgear in terms of performance and reliability are met by our type 8DN8 switchgear for rated voltages of up to 145 kV. Since its introduction back in 1968. residential quarters and city centers. With these characteristics. Its space-saving design and its low weight contribute to making this switchgear extremely economical.8 m wird der Raumbedarf unserer 8DN8 auf ein Minimum reduziert . Intensive research work and continuous further development of the prototypes has ultimately led to today’s generation of gasinsulated metal-enclosed switchgear. it is possible to integrate this switchgear even in sensitive environments. More than 100. This switchgear is notable in particular for: • Economic efficiency • High reliability • Safe encapsulation • High degree of gas-tightness • Minimal operating costs • No maintenance • Good accessibility • High availability and • Long service life. our type 8DN8 switchgear meets all the requirements for environmentally compatible highvoltage switchgear.

3 .

The low bay weight ensures minimal floor loading and eliminates the need for complex foundations. All the modules are connected to one another by means of flanges. Where necessary. Through the use of modern construction methods and casting techniques. The static filters in the gas compartments absorb moisture and decomposition products. This assures freedom from corrosion and results in low weight of the equipment. Each gas compartment is provided with its own gas monitoring equipment. the components are housed either individually and/or combined in compressed-gastight enclosures. M M x M M x M The rupture diaphragms prevent build-up of an impermissible high pressure in the enclosure.Efficient Due to Modular Design A fundamental feature of our gas-insulated switchgear is the high degree of versatility provided by its modular system. With a remarkably small number of active and passive modules. Temperature-related changes in the length of the enclosure and installation tolerances are compensated by bellowstype expansion joints. The conductors are linked by coupling contacts. the joints are accessible via manway openings. 1 Interrupter unit of the circuit-breaker 2 Spring stored-energy mechanism with circuitbreaker control unit 3 Busbar I with disconnector and earthing switch 4 Busbar II with disconnector and earthing switch 5 Outgoing feeder module with disconnector and earthing switch 6 High-speed earthing switch 7 Current transformer 8 Voltage transformer 9 Cable sealing end 10 Integrated local control cubicle Gas-tight bushing Gas-permeable bushing 2 10 8 7 6 5 4 1 9 3 4 Three-phase enclosure allows compact design . Aluminium is used for the enclosure. all customary circuit variants are possible. A gas diverter nozzle on the rupture diaphragm ensures that the gas is expelled in a defined direction in the event of bursting. Gas-tight bushings allow subdivision of the bay into a number of separate gas compartments. Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) is used as the insulating and arc-quenching medium. thus ensuring that the operating personnel is not endangered. The gastightness of the flange connections is assured by proven O-ring seals. a rupture diaphragm and filter material. it has been possible to optimize the dielectric and mechanical characteristics of the enclosure. Three-phase enclosures are used for type 8DN8 switchgear in order to achieve extremely low component dimensions. Depending on their respective functions. This concept allows a very compact design with reduced space requirement.

5 .

This has a positive effect on the stressing of both the circuit-breaker and the enclosure. This leads to a pressure rise in the contact cylinder. The compressed arc-quenching gas flows through the contact cylinder (5) into the contact gap and extinguishes the arc. erosion of the main contact is avoided. the current path is formed by the contact support (1). the main contact (3) opens first and the current commutates on the arcing contact (4). Interruption of fault current If the short-circuit current is high. The contact cylinder (5) moves simultaneously in the base (6) 6 . In the closed condition. the arc-quenching gas at the arcing contact is heated up considerably by the energy of the arc. Circuit-breaker module Interruption of operating current During the breaking operation. the mechanical forces involved are minimal. Owing to the low amount of drive energy required. Interrupter unit The interrupter unit used in the circuit-breaker for arcquenching operates on the self-compression principle. Consequently. the operating current flows through the main contact (3). an arc develops between the contacts (4).Circuit-breaker module The central element of the gas-insulated switchgear is the three-pole circuit-breaker module enclosure comprising the following two main components: • Interrupter unit • Operating mechanism The design of the interrupter unit and of the operating mechanism is based on proven and in most cases identical designs. As the switching operation progresses. which have often been applied for outdoor switchgear installations. the fixed arcing contact releases the outflow from the nozzle (2). By this means. Breaking: Main contact open and compresses the remaining arc-quenching gas. thus extinguishing the arc. the energy required for production of the arc-quenching pressure does not have to be supplied by the operating mechanism. the base (6) and the moving contact cylinder (5). Arc-quenching principle 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 Contact support 2 Nozzle 3 Main contact 4 Arcing contact 5 Contact cylinder 6 Base Breaker in “On” position The current path In the case of a self-compression circuit-breaker. As the breaking operation progresses. The gas now flows out of the contact cylinder and through the nozzle. An arcing contact (4) is connected in parallel to the main contact. which is still closed.

The entire operating mechanism unit is completely isolated from the SF6 gas compartments. The operating mechanism offers the following advantages: • Defined switching position which is securely maintained even when the auxiliary power supply fails • Tripping is possible irrespective of the status of the closing spring • High number of mechanical operations • Low number of mechanical parts • Compact design. vibration-proof latches and load-free decoupling of the charging mechanism. Anti-friction bearings and a maintenance-free charging mechanism ensure many years of reliable operation. It is installed in a compact corrosion-free aluminium housing. The closing spring and the opening spring are arranged so as to ensure good visibility in the operating mechanism block. such as. Use is made of proven design principles of Siemens circuitbreakers. Breaking: Arcing contact open Breaker in “Off” position 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 “On” release Cam disc Corner gears Drive linkage Connecting rod of the closing spring Connecting rod of the opening spring Closing spring Manual charging crank Charging mechanism Charging shaft Roller lever “On” damper Breaker actuating shaft “Off” damper “Off” release Operating mechanism housing Opening spring 1 2 8 9 10 3 11 12 4 5 13 14 15 6 16 7 7 17 .Operating mechanism The spring stored-energy operating mechanism provides the force for opening and closing the circuitbreaker. for example.

The busbars of each bay are enclosed. in the case of which the “On” and “Off” position of all three phases is visible. overhead line termination and transformer termination).Three-position switching device The functions of a disconnector and of an earthing switch are combined in a threeposition switching device. Integral mutual interlocking of the two functions is achieved as a result of this design. An insulated connection to the fixed contact of the earthing switch is provided outside the enclosure for test purposes. where required. The three poles of a bay are mutually coupled and all the three poles are operated in common by a motor. Busbar module Connections between the bays are effected by means of busbars. Outgoing feeder module The outgoing feeder module connects the basic bay with various termination modules (for cable termination. Emergency operation by hand is possible. Outgoing feeder module: Voltage transformer downstream of the disconnector Earthing switch closed Outgoing feeder module: Voltage transformer upstream of the disconnector Busbar module 8 . Installation of a high-speed earthing switch and of a voltage transformer is also possible. Schematic diagram Neutral position Disconnector closed The moving contact either closes the isolating gap or connects the high-voltage conductor to the fixed contact of the earthing switch. In the third neutral position neither the disconnector contact nor the earthing switch contact is closed. The high-voltage site testing equipment is generally connected to this module. The enclosure can be provided with inspection windows. which combines the functions of a busbar disconnector and of a bay-side earthing switch (work-in-progress type). which combines the functions of an outgoing feeder disconnector and of a bay-side earthing switch (work-inprogress type). Adjacent busbar modules are coupled by means of expansion joints. Force is transmitted into the enclosure via gas-tight rotating shaft glands. The module contains a threeposition switching device. The checkback contacts and the on-off indicators are mechanically robust and are connected directly to the operating shaft. It contains a three-position switching device. thus obviating the need for provision of corresponding electrical interlocking within the switchgear bay.

the earthing pin at earth potential is pushed into the tulip-shaped fixed contact. In this type of switch. The high-speed earthing switch used is of the so-called “pin-type”. Changeover to a different transformation ratio is possible by means of secondaryside connections of the current transformer. Inductiontype voltage transformers can be used as an alternative. The module contains a threeposition switching device. charged by an electric motor. The high-voltage conductor. The earthing switch is equipped with a spring-operated mechanism. The cores with the secondary windings are designed in line with the requirements in terms of class precision and rating. however. which are led out of the enclosure through gas-tight bushings and are made available at terminals in the integrated local-control cubicle. supported by gastight bushings. Bus sectionalizer High-speed earthing switch Example: power-optimized current transformer module Example: power-optimized voltage transformer module 9 . power optimized inductive-type current transformers are used.High-speed earthing switch Instrument transformers Bus sectionalizers Bus sectionalizers are used for isolation of the busbar sections of a substation. The secondary-side connections are led out of the enclosure through a gas-tight bushing plate and are made available at terminals in the integrated local-control cubicle. They are integrated in the busbar in the same manner as a busbar module. forms the primary winding. The current transformer can. Current transformer module As a general rule. Both current and voltage transformers are used for measuring and protection purposes. Voltage transformer module The voltage transformers operate on the principle of a voltage divider. They are supplied in a number of variants – ranging from conventional instrument transformers to advanced current and voltage sensors. The voltage transformers can be installed either upstream or downstream of the outgoing feeder disconnector or at the busbar. be located at any point within the bay or substation. which combines the functions of a bus sectionalizer and of an earthing switch (work-inprogress type).

depending on the circuit and the spatial layout of the bay: The splitting modules are used for connection of three-pole plant components to singlepole components. 45°. transformer termination). 60° and 90°. They are available in various designs.Connection modules Splitting modules. Splitting modules Extension module Single-pole extension module Three-pole extension module T-module T-modules are used as branch-off point or for attachment of a surge arrester. they serve as connections between the outgoing feeder module and various termination modules (for overhead line termination. single-pole/threepole These modules are used to make the required joints within a bay and for pipework penetrations. their basic form is always identical. As a rule. Both single-pole and three-pole enclosed connection modules are available. They are available in designs with angles of 30°. The following connection modules can be used. Design variants of single-pole T-modules Angular module Angular modules are used for splitting of the conductors in outgoing leads. Design variants of single-pole angular modules Three-pole 90° angular module 10 . however.

Length. All customary kinds of high-voltage cables can be connected. The transformer bushing must be oil-tight and resistant to gas pressure. Temperature-related movements and non-uniform settling by the foundations of switchgear and transformer are absorbed by expansion joints. Transformer termination module The single-pole transformer termination module is connected (in a similar manner to the outdoor termination) to the three-pole enclosed basic bay via a combination of connection modules. It effects the transition from the gas insulation directly to the bushing of oil-insulated transformers or reactor coils.Surge arrester module Termination modules If required. The outdoor termination module is suitable for air-insulated connections between GIS and: • Overhead lines • Outdoor bushings of outdoor transformers or reactor coils • Outdoor sealing ends of high-voltage cables. The primary conductor connection between the cable sealing end and the switchgear can be removed in the neighbouring outgoing feeder module in order to allow a high-voltage withstand test to be performed. Cable termination module This three-pole module links the metal-enclosed gasinsulated switchgear with a high-voltage cable. The tank of the arrester module incorporates a manway opening. The splitting of the connection points for the three phases with the necessary clearance in air for conductor insulation is taken into account in the design of the switchgear. They serve to limit the occurrence of overvoltages. Both conventional type cable sealing ends and plug-in types can be used. The termination modules connect the bays of the gasinsulated switchgear to the following items of equipment: • Overhead line • Transformer or reactor coil • Cable. They function as the transition link from the SF6 gas insulation within the enclosure to other insulating media. shielding form and creepage distance of the outdoor/SF6 bushing are determined in line with insulation coordination. Their active part consists of metal-oxide resistors with strongly non-linear current/voltage characteristics. The arrester is generally flange-jointed to the switchgear via a gas-tight bushing. Outdoor termination module The single-pole outdoor termination module forms the transition from the gasinsulated switchgear to airinsulated components or overhead lines. through which the internal conductor can be accessed for inspection purposes. This termination is a combination of a single-pole connection module and an outdoor/SF6 bushing. Surge arrester Example: Cable termination module (plug-in type) Outdoor termination module Transformer termination module 11 . minimum clearance and degree of pollution. enclosed surge arresters can be connected directly. There are connections for gas monitoring and arrester control devices on the underside.

Neutral interfaces in the switchgear control allow link-up of • A conventional control system with contactor interlocking and control panel • Digital control and protection comprising user-friendly bay controllers and substation automation with PC operator station (HMI) • An intelligent. This substantially reduces the amount of space required and also the time needed for commissioning. the control and monitoring system is made up of electromechanical components. which is itself integrated in the operating panel of the switchgear bay. a version of the local control cubicle is available for installation separate from the switchgear. which minimize both the effort involved and the risk of errors. The optionally available monitoring system with SICAM HV includes sensors that allow a trend forecast for each gas compartment. Alternatively. The gas compartments are under constant observation by means of density monitors with integrated indicator. Various arrangements of the control and protection components are consequently possible.). Flexible and reliable protection in bay and substation control Control and feeder protection are generally accommodated in the local control cubicle. everything comes from a single source. Gas monitoring Gas-tight insulating partitions divide each bay into functionally destinct gas compartments (circuit-breaker. The cabling between the separately installed local control cubicle and the high-voltage switching devices is connected up via coded plugs. From the wide range of Siemens control and protection equipment. disconnector. the digital intelligent control and protection system SICAM HV including comprehensive diagnostics and monitoring functions is available. any non-conformity is immediately signaled.Control and Monitoring Uniform and Flexible Control and Protection Proven and innovative switchgear control All the elements required for control and monitoring are accommodated in a decentralized arrangement in the high-voltage switching devices. More detailed information on the substation state means that maintenance intervals can be geared to the condition of the switchgear. As standard. we can of course supply high-voltage switchgear featuring any customary bay and substation control equipment. uniformly networked digital control and protection system with supplementary monitoring and telediagnostics functions. The switching device control systems are factorytested and the switchgear is usually supplied with bay-internal cabling all the way to the integrated local control cubicle. Integrated local control cubicle Operating mechanism cubicle of the circuitbreaker 12 . If requested. This minimizes the time required for commissioning and reduces the scope for possible faults. Life-cycle costs can consequently be reduced even further. We provide uniform systems to meet your individual requirements. we can provide you a customized concept. Alternatively. etc. voltage transformer.

Our training facilities are at your disposal. suitable for transport overseas and for a combined duration of transport and storage of up to 12 months. Goods are packed according to means. as a transport unit. High-voltage test on site Factory-assembled panel 13 . the sealed packing can also be designed for a longer period. The results are documented in reports. The jointing points of the transport units are protected against corrosion and are sealed with transport covers. In special cases. only the bay termination needs to be assembled. Commissioning. Shipments within Europe are normally transported by road. Only bay-to-bay cabling has to be installed on the secondary side. The hermetically-sealed enclosures and automatic monitoring ensure minimal switchgear maintenance. It is thus possible to dispatch up to three completely assembled and tested switchgear bays. Uncomplicated work procedures. Our gas-insulated switchgear is designed and manufactured so as to produce an optimal balance between design. All other flange joints are already factory-tested. all switching devices and all electrical circuits for control and monitoring are tested to ensure that they function properly in both mechanical and electrical terms. A mounting frame facilitates movement and rapid alignment of the bays. Maintenance Transport Installation and erection Commissioning Maintenance To optimally facilitate transport and installation on site. our switchgear assemblies are shipped in units as large as possible. materials used and maintenance required. In transport units containing switching devices. When the assembly work has been completed. We recommend that the first major inspection be carried out after 25 years. prefilled with SF6 gas. The transport unit is brought to its place of installation by means of simple equipment and is aligned ready for assembly with the other bays. Installation. Switchgear supplied to countries outside Europe is enclosed in sealed packing. all operating mechanism attachments are preset in the factory prior to shipment. duration and route of transport. The delivery of complete factory-assembled bays significantly reduces the effort required for installation on site. Depending on the bay design. under normal operating conditions the assemblies are practically maintenance-free. Only a limited number of anchorings and additional steel supports is required for securing the switchgear to the foundation. detailed installation instructions and the use of relatively few special tools allow easy and rapid installation of the switchgear by your own personnel under the guidance of an experienced supervisor from Siemens.Transport. yet still easy to handle. and also in line with nature and duration of storage. All tests are performed in conformity with IEC. Flange joints made on site are tested for gas leaks.

Following mechanical routine tests. The quality assurance system comprises all product lifecycle sequences. Regular management reviews. The quality of our switchgear consequently meets even the highest requirements. internal audits and external audits of all processes ensure that the system is effective and up-to-date. the final quality verification takes place in the form of a high-voltage test on the complete bay (or on the transport units) prior to shipment. The system was certified in 1983 in accordance with CSA Z299 and again in 1989 in accordance with DIN EN ISO 9001. state-of-the-art qualitymanagement system. Consistent quality management naturally also extends to the production of our gasinsulated switchgear. 14 . ranging from marketing to after-sales service. Documentation of all qualityrelevant sequences forms the basis. Assembly under clean-room conditions. comprehensive manufacturing inspections and routine tests on individual components and complete modules assure reliable switchgear operation.Quality Assurance The quality of Siemens gas-insulated switchgear is assured by an all-encompassing. Quality assurance for us is primarily a means to increase the customer orientation of our activities.

2850 Coupling bay 3300 Bay weight approx.Typical Bay Arrangement All the standard circuit configurations can be realized using our type 8DN8 switchgear. 2.8 t H-Configuration Duplicate busbar system H-configuration 3500 6400 M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M 3500 M M M M M M M M M M M 15 .

3. 3 t Direct connection to the transformer 3100 6700 3500 Bay weight approx.1 t 3500 Bay weight approx.Overhead line bay H-configuration 3100 2850 3500 Bay weight approx. 3.1 t M M M M M M 16 .

depth 8DN8 up to 145 kV 50/60 Hz up to 275 kV up to 650 kV up to 3150 A up to 3150 A up to up to up to ≤ 40 kA 108 kA 40 kA 0.Technical Data Switchgear type Rated voltage Rated frequency Rated power frequency withstand voltage (1 min) Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage (1.2/50 µs) Rated busbar current Rated feeder current Rated breaking current Rated impulse current Rated short-time current Leakage rate per year and gas compartment Bay width Height.5 % 800 mm see typical bay arrangements EN/ IEC Standards 17 .

de www.For further Information Tel.com/ptd-support Siemens AG Power Transmission and Distribution High Voltage Division Postfach 32 20 91050 Erlangen Germany www.0 or higher Gas-insulated switchgear up to 245 kV Gas-insulated switchgear up to 300 kV Gas-insulated switchgear up to 550 kV Container-type switchgear Digital control and monitoring for high-voltage switching devices Further copies of this brochure For further questions about our Power Transmission and Distribution offers please contact our Customer Support Center 24/7 at: Tel.com/ptd The information in this document contains general descriptions of the technical options available. E50001-U113-A179-V2-7600 Printed in Germany Dispo-Stelle 30000 61D7228 TV/EK100828 PA1003.siemens. which do not always have to be present in individual cases.siemens./Fax E-mail Please send me information on the following subjects: Gas-insulated switchgear product range HIS – Highly-integrated switchgear up to 145 kV HIS – Highly-integrated switchgear up to 550 kV HIS – CD-ROM for Windows 95/NT 4. .hv-substations. +49 91 31/7-3 46 60 Fax +49 91 31/7-3 46 62 E-mail: his@ptd.siemens.com Name/Company Street Postal code/City/Country Tel.: +49 180 / 524 70 00 (Subject to change Fax: +49 180 / 524 24 71 e.de www.siemens. Subject to change without prior notice Order No. The required features should therefore be specified in each individual case at the time of closing the contract.g. 12 ct/min) E-mail: support@ptd.