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Organic Chemistry Practice Test
____ 1. How many covalent bonds can each carbon atom form? Draw these functional groups: a. 1 c. 3 b. 2 d. 4 1. methyl 2. How many double covalent bonds are in an alkane? a. 0 c. 2 b. 1 d. 3 3. Alkanes are hydrocarbons that contain what type of bonds? a. single covalent bonds only c. at least one triple bond 2. ethyl b. at least one double bond d. ionic bonds 4. How many carbons are in a molecule of hexane? a. 3 c. 5 b. 4 d. 6 5. What is the name of the alkane having five carbons? 3. propyl a. propane c. octane b. methane d. pentane 6. The names of the straight-chain alkanes all end with the suffix ____. a. -ene c. -ane b. -ine d. -ino 7. Why are the molecules of hydrocarbons nonpolar? 4. butyl a. The intermolecular attractions are strong. b. All the bonds are single covalent bonds. c. The electron pair is shared almost equally in all the bonds. d. Van der Waals forces overcome polarity. 8. Which of the following compounds is an unsaturated hydrocarbon? a. methane c. nonane b. propyne d. methyl 9. The general name for hydrocarbons with at least one triple covalent bond is ____. a. alkenes c. alkanes b. alkyls d. alkynes 10. Which of these compounds is an alkene? a. methane c. butyne b. nonene d. propanone 11. An organic compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen and at least one carbon-carbon triple bond is classified as an ____. a. alkane c. alkyne b. alkene d. arene 12. Hydrocarbons containing a saturated carbon ring are called ____. a. cyclic hydrocarbons c. aliphatic hydrocarbons b. aromatic hydrocarbons d. alkylated hydrocarbons 13. What do all organic compounds contain? a. hydrogen c. oxygen b. water d. carbon

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Draw a straight chain of pentane and attach an ethyl group to the second carbon, and a methyl group to the third carbon.

Draw a straight chain of butane and attach a propyl group to the third carbon.

What is the prefix attached to an organic compound to indicate that it is cyclic? __________20. Give the symbols of the halogens which are substituted for hydrogen in hydrocarbons and have these prefixes: iodo. __________19. Hydrocarbons that have the maximum number of hydrogens are (saturated/unsaturated). What is the group that attaches to an organic compound that classifies it an alcohol? ___________18.C – C – C – C . C C–C . Name of compound Draw the structure. Write the general formula for an alkane. Write the general formula for an alkyne. __________15. bromo.__________14. __________16. fluoro. ethanol decane hexene cyclobutane iodoheptane octyne . Give the prefix for an organic compound with this number of carbon atoms: ________1 ________3 _________5 ________7 __________9 ________2 ________4 _________6 ________8 _________10 __________17. Write the general formula for an alkene.OH -C–C–C–C–C–C-I -C – C – C – C – C – C – C = C Add hydrogens to these to make a correct structure . chloro. Name the structure.