СВОБОДА JUSVOBODA ішрвімилтй тшіціШш ЩЩг илш ді н ин О Д Н У


No. MO


S U N D A Y , S E P T E M B E R 2,1979


15 political prisoners support fight against Soviet Russian imperialism"
NEW YORK, N.Y. - Fifteen politi– cal prisoners of various nationalities incarcerated in the Soviet Union signed a document supporting the fight against Soviet Russian imperialism and colo– nialism, reported the press service of the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council (abroad). . Called the Second 10 Days of Soli– darity of nations in the fight against Soviet Russian colonialism and imperi– alism, the action is a follow-op to a similar event,held in the summer of 1978. This year the 10 days were from July 23 to August 1. Apparently the 10day period, called "dekada" in the original Russian text, is supposed to coincide with the anniversary of the signing of the Final Act of the Confer– ence on Security and Cooperation in Europe or Helsinki Accords. The 1979 statement was addressed to the secretariat of the Group 72, the Moscow and Ukrainian Helsinki moni– toring groups, U.N. Secretary General Kurt Waldheim, the 35th session of the ЩШ U.N. General Assembly, governments І' which signed the Helsinki Accords, and all citizens of the free world. The document was written and signed by six inmates of the Chystopol special prison: Razmik Zahrobian (Armenian), Anatoly Shcharansky (Jew), Yladimir Balakhanov and Mikhail Kazacbko (Russians) and vasyl Fedorenko and Yuriy Shukhevych (Ukrainians). it was co-signed by nine prisoners of the concentration camp near Sosnovka in Mordovia: Balys Gajauskas, Alek– sandr Ginzburg, Nikolai Yevhrafov, Sviatoslav Kraravansky, Lev Lukian– enko, Bohdan Rebryk, Oleksa Tykhy, Danylo Shumuk and Edvard Kuzne– tsov. Castigating the Soviet Union for being a "prison of nations" and for its "savage despotism," the political pri– soners called on the governments of the free world, all political parties and the Churches "to firmly raise the question of the liquidation of all forms of national and colonial subjugation the inseperable companion of mankind's final empire, the Soviet Russian - the prison of nations, which today, near the end of the 20th century, is the principal retarding force in the world's development." One of the first points raised in their statement was the "suffocation of the national liberation struggles of the nonRussian nations." in protesting against the deportations to the eastern-most regions of Siberia, the prisoners de– manded to returned to their individual native lands. The political prisoners declared a day of silence on July 26 in protest against national discrimination. They objected to the camp administration's refusal to allow them "to fraternize with the camp's administration, personal and. business correspondence, to speak in languages other than Russian during meetings with family members, to read books, to listen to the radio, to watch movies in the native language, to observe national holidays and dates, to foster their national customs and rhuals, to organize along national lines." August 3 was designated by the political prisoners as day to com– memorate a nation's right to decide its own future. On that day the 15 political inmates marked the signing of the Helsinki Accords by "protesting against the brutal violation by the Soviet government of Article УТІІ of the declaration of principles of the Final Act and demanding the immediate implementation of its most important international principle concerning all prisoners of Soviet Russian colonialism and imperialism on the territory of the USSR and beyond its borders." Their motto was' each of our nations" в r your ana"" our freedom." "However we realize that solidarity among the captive nations is not enough and we are therefore counting on the support and sympathy for our саме of all freedom-loving countries oh Earth, first of all from those which recently attained their independence, and the entire Third World as well as all democratic countries of the West," they wrote. Recognizing the importance of the annual Captive Nations Week obser– vances in the United States, the political prisoners requested the organizers of the CN events "to consider our 'dekada' as a call for continued growth and strengthening." The political prisoners hope that the 10 Days of Solidarity, become "a new - warning against the dangers to peace, and freedom for nations and people.'' Writing that their reality is the! constant threat of becoming a statistic, denationalized and unified into one entity called the "new historical com– munity of people - t h e Soviet nation," the political prisoners warned the countries of the world that "oar today could become your tommorrow" aad that "civilization could be trampled under the boots of the Kremlin's global: hegemony." They said that people "who respect life, peace and freedom of their nations, have not a moment to lose."


KGB steps up persecution of Helsinki monitor Malynkovych
NEW YORK, NY. - in an attempt to fabricate a case of anti-state activity against volodymy Malynkovych, the KGB late last year and early this year stepped up ІЦ persecution of Malynko– vych and his family, reported the press service of the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council (abroad). According to the council's press service, Malynkovych, an cndocri– nologist and a candidate for a medical degree, is a member of the Ukrainian Public Group to Promote the imple– mcntation of the Helsinki Accords, it is not known when he joined the group but his is the latest name to be con– nected with the Ukrainian Helsinki watchers. in a March 8 letter to Yuri Andropov, chief of the KGB in Moscow, Malynko– vych detailed the suffering inflicted on his family as a result of what he said were unjustified KGB searches and interrogations. Malynkovych's apartment was searched by four KGB agents on March 6. He said that the search was ordered by Ukrainian KGB's chief investigator Maj. Slobozheniuk. but it was not authorized by the prosecutor general. The search was conducted while Malynkovych was on assignment with a commission of the Ministry of Health in Chernihiv. The only persons at home were his wife Halyna, his mother-in-law Maria Hayle and two children, one of them a six-month-old "daughter.

The search was led by Maj. Hry– horyevsky, Senior Lt. Nakhratian and two other persons who did not sign the search report, said Malynkovych. As witnesses they used two persons who live some distance away from the. Malynkovyches, he said in the letter. "The reason for the search was to Tind and confiscate items and docu– ments which are related to the case (which one?) cited the search warrant (the warrant did not specify which items P H I L A D E L P H I A , Pa. - Pope or documents were to be confiscated),'" John Paul H will visit the immaculate wrote Malynkovych. Conception Ukrainian Catholic The search lasted from 5:45 p.m. to 2:10 a.m. and the KGB agents left the Cathedral on Thursday, October 4, during his one-week visit to the United apartment about 3 a.m. According to Malynkovych, among States, announced the Metropolitan's the items confiscated from him were Chancery here on the basis of informa– several photographs of Solzhenitsyn, tion received from Rome. The pope is scheduled to visit the his illustration based on one of the photos, photos of Ginzburg, Galanskov cathedral during the morning of that and Dobrovolsky, clipplings from day. Ukrainian Catholic prelates, as well Bulgarian and Czecho-Slovak Com– munist newspapers, two bibles and as prelates of the Byzantine-Ruthenian Church, will participate in a meeting other articels which are available to the with Pope John Paul at the cathedral. general public. The Metropolitan's Chancery reHis wife refused to sign the search record and list of confiscated items on ported that further information about the grounds that her husband was not the pope's visit and the celebrations planned in conjunction with it will be present during the search. Malynkovych wrote that according released in the near future. Spokesmen at the chancery noted to articles 177. 180 and 181 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR. that the pope's willingness to visit the the search was conducted illegally. Ukrainian cathedial indicates great Malynkovych said that the articles recognition of the Ukrainian Catholic Church in the diaspora. (CoatteMdoapaece

Pope John Paul to visit Ukrainian cathedral in Philadelphia

Pope John Paul 11


S I W D A Y , S E P T E M B E R 2,1979

No. 200

'му .

Tykhy criticizes kolkhozes
NEW YORK, N.Y. - An article by Ofeksa Tykhy in which he compares modern-day kolkhozes in the rural areas of Ukraine to the great latifundia of the past, has been circulating in the iav, reported the press service of crainian Supreme Liberation І (abroad). ГЖСВОУ i s a founding member of the "Kiev Public Group to Promote the lmtfj^jjentation of the Helsinki Ac– cenfc tnd is now serving a sentence of 1.0 Saji' imprisonment to be followed by five years' exile. He wrote the article abbuY rural problems in Ukraine in response to an article which had ap– peared in "Literaturna Ukraine." Excerpts of the article appear below, "it is good - although, perhaps, several decades too late - that 'Liter– aturna Ukraine' has raised the question of rural problems. These problems have troubled the peasants themselves for a long time, it is with pain that they look upon the desolation of the villages, the loss of the natural love of working the earth, and the downfall of morality and culture in the countryside. A large segment of the Ukrainian intelligentsia (teachers, agronomists, zootechnicians, directors of kolkhozes and state farms) is not indifferent to these problems, because they are related to perpetual shortages in the work force, a contin– uous decrease in the number of schoolchildren, a decrease and sometimes a halt to cultural activity in clubs, prirai– tivism in the life of kolkhoz members, state farm workers and the rural intel– ligentsia. "Why does the village (1 am speak– ing only of the Ukrainian village, because 1 am not familiar with the villages of other nations) grow old and die out? Why are old and luxurious new buildings alike standing vacant in the villages? Why have many farms and small villages died? Why has the land, the village — which for ages was the good, generous mother —changed into the evil stepmother from whom children escape into servitude to the city? Why do people, especially youths, leave the native farmstead where everything is dear and familiar — often constructed by their very own hands — and go to dormitories to the city where for five years not even a visa is promised? "What would the great-grandfathers of today's 15-17-year-old great-grandchildren think if they saw their lives? (Continued on page 3)

fascism and communism are identical, says Malva Landa
NEW YORK, N.Y. - "Fascism and communism are identical pheno– mena," wrote Malva Landa, a mem– ber of the Moscow Helsinki monitoring group, in a statement she sent to Ludrailla Alekseyeva, the group's offi– cial representative in the West. Landa's statement is also circulating in the s^rnvydav. і Excerpts of the statements, released here by the press service of the Ukraini– an Supreme Liberation . Council (abroad), appear below. :...l wish to repeat my assertions: ordinary fascism and ordinary com– munism (including the actual developed Soviet socialism) are, in principle, identical phenomena. , Both have unrestrained opportunities to destroy people en masse, and this was ably demonstrated in practice, (if, in addition to the mass repressions of 1930-1940, one would count also the many millions of people who died as a result of the artificial famine during the forced collectivization, during the liquidation of the kulaks as a class, during the mass deportations of entire nations, during the occupation and deportation of the populations of the Baltic areas and others, then, obviously, the Soviet Union surpassed even Hit– ler's Germany by a significant margin.) They are similar also in their hatred and coercion (directed against foreign nations, ideologies and classes), intoler– ance of free thought and expression; in principle they do not recognize, do not respect human rights... Communist ideology and the communist regime, especially the Soviet, are marked by much greater hypocrisy (through great art they mask themselves with humanism"), more falsehood and unlimited possibilities for falsification... The actual development of socialism, which claims to be a model for the great future of all mankind - roots out and snatches away from society its best representatives, those who regardless of everything remain themselves, express their capability to think independently, preserving and strengthening within themselves moral values created by mankind... Real socialism, as a social system, promotes atrophy of those most impor– (Coatiaaed oa page 3)

Soviets comment on vins's Church
KESTON, England. - "The mass media of a number of Western countries often mention the name of Georgi vins, a former preacher of a Kiev Evangelical Christian-Baptist congregation who has served a sentence of imprisonment imposed by the Kiev regional court for the crimes he committed." Thus begins an article in the June 15 issue of the Soviet publication "Golas Radzimy" (voice of the Motherland), intended for Byelorussians living abroad. The article attempts to discredit Pastor vins by writing of the freedom enjoyed by the church of which he was a leader and of which his family were members until they were allowed to emigrate to the United States in June, reported the Keston News Service. The paper's correspondent describes a visit in May to a communion service of the Kiev "lnitsiatyvnyky" Church when he spoke to the pastor, Nikolai Ye– !ichko, and the chairman of tfie church council, Stepan Tsyganyuk. velichko, a 42-year-old graduate engineer, reorted that the congregation had 600 members. His wife and three school-age children were present at the service and all attend regularly. Apart from explaining the communion service, velichko seems not to have said anything else to the corres– pondent. Tsyganyuk, however, is quoted more extensively. He has been the chairman of the church council since 1975 (it is not mentioned that the church was unre– gistered, and therefore illegal, prior to 1975). He spoke of the separation of Church and state which, he said, means that there is no interference by the authorities in the internal affairs of the congregations.. Church income is not taxed and is spent as the congregation decides, in 1975, for example, the congregation paid for the construction of a church building. The correspondent asked about Wes– tern comments on the isolation of the "lnitsiatyvnyky" from Soviet society, persecution of their churches and the desire of some members to emigrate. Completely ignoring the question of (Contomed on page 13)

Rumanians Silent on incarcerated priest
KESTON, England. - Rumanian believers designated August 26 as a day of fasting and prayer for those in their country suffering for their faith. This comes at a particularly criticaltimefor Rumanian Christians. in a report reaching Keston College, ah eyewitness states that the Orthodox priest. Father Gheorghe Calciu Dumit– reasa, arrested on March 10, is in poor health in a Bucharest prison: "His bloodshot eyes, pallid face and drastic loss of weight were an indication of the poor treatment he has received during the past four months of his imprison– ment. it appeared that he had not been allowed in the sun during the entire time." A conspiracy of silence on the part of the Rumanian authorities has marked the treatment of Father Calciu. Despite the savagery of his recently announced 10-year prison sentence, the charges have not been disclosed. His wife was finally allowed to see him for the first time on June 12, three months after his disappearance. She is to be allowed one visit every six months and may take only onefive-kilogramparcel per visit. Dimitrie lanculovici,amemberofthe Rumanian Christian Committee for the Defense of Religious Freedom and Freedom of Conscience arrested on June 6 for "parasitism," has been given heavy labor detail in the Timisoara Prison despite ill health which pre– vented him from serving in the army. He has to meet certain quotas each day regardless of the time it takes to do so. When not working, he is subject to interrogations. His wife does not have a job and, thus has no means of support for herself and their three children. She gave birth to their youngest child only two days before her husbnd's arrest. At his trial neither a defense lawyer, friends nor relations were allowed to be pre– sent. Nicoiae Bogdan, age 20, another committee member arrested for "para– sitism," was recently beaten in prison. He suffered a broken arm and lost two front teeth. His mother almost failed to recognize him on a recent visit to the prison. His bruises and gashes were covered with dirty bandages. Gheorghe Budusan, an Orthodox believer recently released after serving a five-month prison sentence for "para– sitism," has experienced constant threats. Two men forcibly picked up Budusan's children on their way to school and told them they were going to kill their father. They warned the children not to tell their father or they would suffer the same fate. The incident terrified the children but they did tell their father. As yet, the men have failed to carry out their threat. Faced with such cases, Father Cal– ciu's appeal to "Free Man" on Novem– ber 14, 1978, takes on new relevance: "Why do good men remain silent?.. We want you to feel with us in our suffering and cry out when we cannot: 'Enough.'"

Report existence of secret seminary in Lithuania
KESTON, England. - According to the Lithuanian underground journal "Perspektyvos" the existence of an underground Catholic seminary was hinted at during a press conference organized by Lithuanian dissidents for foreign journalists in vilnius on Feb– ruary 10. Two young men who had tried to enter the official seminary in Kaunas told journalists that the KGB interfered in the annual selection of students, forcing the Church authorities to reject the majority of applicants. Those who are regarded as potentially hostile to the Soviet regime are crossed off the list. The authorities try to ensure that those who eventually graduate and become priests will be loyal to the Soviet state. Every applicant and student is at some time summoned by the KGB and asked to "cooperate" by supplying informa– tioa on the other students and staff. Тік work of the seminary is almost para– ryzed in this manner, according to the news service of Keston College. However, one of the speakers stated that there were about 15 underground priests, who have been secretly trained and ordained, and that there had been an increase in the numbers being sec– retly trained for the priesthood. "You are no doubt aware," he remarked, "that the present pope also studied at a secret seminary in Cracow during the German occupation. Why should Lithuanians not follow his example?" The believers hoped that the underground theological courses would force the government to increase the number of students at Kaunas seminary, but fear was also expressed that the KGB would prefer to infiltrate or discredit the "unofficial" courses and secretly or– dained priests, if priests like Jaugelis can now publicly appear at services, KGB power over seminarists is threa– tened and state apparatus could be avoided. The 'HThrooicle of the Lithuanian' Catholic Church," (No. 37) sees the
(CoaUaaed oa page U )

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No. 200



Report new Russification campaign
NEW YORK, NY. - A new massive Russification campaign is directed at the very existence of the non-Russian nations in the USSR, a message from the Lithuanian underground asserts. The message accompanies official So– viet documents and appeals to the world to focus its attention on the "crude violation by the Soviet Union of the human right to communicate and to learn in one's native language," report– ed the ELTA information Bulletin of the Supreme Committee for Liberation of Lithuania. One document, taken from the 10th issue of the Lithuanian samvydav journal "Perspektyvos" contains ex– cerpts from the draft recommendations to the conference on "Russian — The Language of Friendship and , Colla– boration of the Peoples of the USSR." The conference, devoted to the teaching of Russian to non-Russians, was held in Tashkent, Uzbek SSR, on May 22-24. Also enclosed are the texts of two directives from v.P. Elyutin, USSR minister of higher and secondary spe– cialized education, requiring more intensive study of Russian at the ex– pense of other parts of the curricula, as well as similar measures. The message of the Lithuanian underground informs that the texts of the recommendations were received from Moscow in March and have been locked up in the safes of several offices in Lithuania. The employees are not allowed to see the actual photocopies of the recommendations, on which the names of the senders and signers are covered. "There is talk that the recom– mendations saw the day-light with L. Brezhnev's consent." in recent years, the message con– tinues, the Russification campaign has been "particularly intensified": all schools, from kindergartens to uni verst– ties, are to be transformed into "chief centers of Russification." The directives requires that "all forms of teaching be increasingly performed in Russian." Analogous directives are issued also by the ministries of the national republics. According to,the message, the purpose of the Tashkent conference has been to "show that the citizens of the national republics allegedly support the Russification policy conducted by the Communist Party and government. The government of the tsar used to do this openly and directly, but the present rulers wish to give the appearance that it would be accomplished with the citi– zens' own hands." The recommendations consist of an introduction and seven parts, which cover prc-school education, non-Rus– sian-language schools, trade and tech– nical schools, methods for the improve– ment of the qualification of Russianlanguage teachers, and the use of mass media for the teaching of the Russian language. in his message of greetings to the participants of the Tashkent confer– ence, Brezhnev spoke of the emergence of a "new historic community - the Soviet people (among whom) the Rus– sian language objectively plays an ever increasing role in the creation of com– munism and in the edcuation of a new man." The first secretary of the Uzbek Communist Party. Sh. Rashidov, a notorious champion of Russification, extolled the Russian tongue in his report as the "language of a giant na– tion that possesses very rich democratic and revolutionary traditions and an unusually advanced culture." He said that the "role of the Russian language was expanding under mature socialism" and that this process was conditioned by the "florishing and drawing closer of nations." Rashidov exulted about the first data of the 1979 all-union census, which indicated that the number of "individuals of non-Russian nationali– ties who were considering Russian as their native tongue or as a second language was on the increase." M. Prokofiev, USSR minister of education, emphasized that a "har– monious system of studying a second language...must start in the prc-school age."

Ukrainian rights advocates intimidated by KGB
NEW YORK, N.Y. - The KGB has resorted to muggings and beatings in its campaign of intimidation against Ukrainian human rights activists, reported the press service of the Ukraini– an Supreme Liberation . Council (abroad). On June 16 Marko Bilorusets, 36, was threatened with arest if he did not cease his human rights activity. Later that evening Bilorusets was attacked and beaten near his home on the Khreshchatyk Boulevard in Kiev. Bilorusets is a construction engineer. A bachelor^ Bilorusets.is also known for his translations of German prose and poetry into Ukrainian and for translat– ing the works of the Austrian poet Paul Celan. At one time his works were published in the journal "vsesvit." On August 1 Bilorusets was ob– scrving his birthday and one of his guests, volodymyr Malynkovych, a member of the Ukrainian Helsinki group, was beaten en route to Biloru– sets's home. The KGB apparently waited for Malynkovych in the courtyard of Bilorusets's home. Malynko– vych was then arrested and detained for 15 days. Malynkovych and Bilorusets are close friends of Petro vim, the youngest member of the Ukrainian Helsinki group who is now residing in the West. Malynkovych, 39, is married and the father of two children. A resident of Kiev, Malynkovych is a radiologist. He is employed at the institute of Endo– crinology and has written over 40 research papers.

UCC officers meet Schreyer
W1NN1PEG, Man. - Rcpresenta– tives of the Ukrainian Canadian Com– mittee headquarters met. here with Edward Schreyer, governor general of Canada, on Thursday, August 9. The representatives were Dr. Serge Radchuk, UCC president; А.І. Yare– movych, general secretary; and Dr. S. Kalba, executive director. The UCC representatives brought two books for the Schreyer children: the English-language "Fox Mykyta" with illustrations by William Kurelek and a book of Ukrainian tales. T h e Flying Ship" ("Letiuchyi КогаЬеГ) with illustrations of Winnipeg resident Peter Kuc.

Tykhy criticizes...
(Continued from page 2)

Could they have wished such a fate upon them when they first joined the kolkhoz? They thought that the land was ours, that the products of our work were also ours; that we lived poorly, but our children and even more so our grandchildren and great-grandchildren would live better lives, perfectly good lives. That is, they would work less, would consume more and better products of their labor, for their work on the blessed land covered with the blood and sweat of many generations of our ancestors they would have the oppor– tunity to buy more and better consumer goods, would gain knowledge, would live not only by daily bread, but would multiply and would rejoice over their good fortune. What would they (the great-grandfathers) see?" asked Tykhy.

Fascism and communism...
(Continued from page 2)

tanf human attributes; that is, it dehu– manizes man and society. Liberalization is incompatible with the structure of real socialism; it is contrary to its essence, (it may be easier to retrain a wolf to be a good dog, than it would be to liberalize socialism.) But, each attempt at forced change may lead only to the modification of the system in the direction of even greater cruelty, or to the emergence of another, less cruel totalitarian regime. We are our system. The only hope for change for the better (that is, the replacement of real socialism by a liberal democratic system suitable for further improvement) — is change within ourselves. To think independently, to have one's own beliefs and to freely express these beliefs - such behavior (ideological non-conformity) is accepted in the Land of the Soviets — not only by the authorities, but also by the ordinary Soviet citizen (a considerable segment of the citizenry, regardless of social status, education and the like ) — as a serious crime, worse than murder, violence, robbery... Moral opposition truly undermines and shakes the foundations, the struc– ture of real Soviet socialism. No liberal-thinking persons even thought of condemning those who

They would see, he wrote, "that their children and grandchildren live out their lives in loneliness on pensions of morally oppose fascism. However, these persons, or at least a considerable 12-18 'karbovantsi' per month without number of them, fall into a panic about their children and grandchildren who ideas of moral opposition and, there- have moved to various parts of the fore, the undermining of real Soviet USSR, with the one hope that perhaps a son or daughter would take them in, socialism. after they are no longer able to walk, to ...To find within oneself courage and their two-room apartment on the fifth the strength to independently see, hear, or ninth floor where you cannot see know, understand (to remember what either the clear, blue sky or a tree or the deceased were, to remember what woods, you cannot hear the singing of they are today...) think. To find within boys and girls as it once was, cannot oneself courage and the strength to be hear the customary barking of dogs or a honest with oneself and one's close concert of frogs. Only the walls and a friends. To renew within oneself aware– blue screen which it is not uncommon to ness, within the soul - a system of high see in the village." moral values...To have the courage, at Tykhy also noted that the greatleast partially, not to live through lies. grandfathers would see that their de– Obviously, true adherents of socialistic scendants are working not less, but or other various totalitarianisms would more than they used to work, that there then wind up– in the minority. By the is work for everyone from dawn until way, the system — the system, and not dusk and even during the night. specific candidates — would then lose "And for what? What is the outlook the elections... for them? And will there be an end to Obviously, this is impossible. And we such work, if not for them, then, will remain in the wolfs pit of socialism- perhaps for their children or grandchil– communism. dren? There is no end in sight. There are But, as long as a human being iives - no indications that in the future it will he cannot not try to remain a human be different..." Tykhy wrote. being. Perhaps it is precisely because of "Until the revolution, during this that there are dissidents in this poverty-stricken life, there were large country, obviously their number - families, the villagers believed in a regardless of continuous and even better fate and in their own capabilities increased persecutions, repressions and to improve the economy and to live as banditry inspired by the authorities - is other people do. Today there is no more always growing. hope, the villagers do not consider

themselves masters of the land and of the products of their labors, they do not believe in the better fate of their chil– dren. That is why they are fleeing frAn the villages, sending their offspring to the cities for suffering and distress. With great pain they send off girls, because in the city mockery, rape, temporary marriage, (that is the idea the villager has of the city,) hard work and a foreign language await them. But they send her off anyway, because what awaits her at home in the village? Some boys marry somewhere far away where they are serving in the army, others flee to the city. What fate awaits the girl? Heroic work on the farm or in the field and eternal girlhood...And who is captiv– ated by such a fate? "Often people speak and write about the village catching up with the city. І do not understand what there is to catch up to. if the guarantee of products and goods is what is meant, then it is not a matter of catching up, but a matter of ending discrimination against the vil– lage. in my opinion, it is the city, in many cases, that should catch up to the village (morality, preservation of tradi– tions and culture of the nation, as well as the most valuable treasure - lan– guage)" instead of catching up, wrote Tykhy, the peasant should not be forced to give everything that is better and more valuable to the city, but should make use of it himself; village stores should receive all the goods that are necessary, not only those that are not needed in the city; the peasant should not have to travel to the distant (cultured) city to buy bread, meat, watermelon or cu– these goods in his own village, and not at the city price but at the net cost, for this is the product of his labor, his sweat, his blisters; the peasant should be paid for his work whatever is really appropriate according to his physical and mental work, and not whatever is left over after paying taxes, wages of superiors and government fees; the peasant should not be attached to the land or kolkhoz for eternity, but should be able to become independent if this is what he thinks is best, to organize or join a smaller kolkhoz and the like. "Today's kolkhozes remind one very much of the great latifundia, and the peasants — common workers on-– theffl...." Tykhy wrote.: ,, . v --vvy -Л'Л'. ' OCfiX "tr) ?y,n-Q. гичп



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Madaj's drawings brought out in Manor Journal Manor to offer JERSEY C1TY, N.J. - Manor Ju– course in nior. College, the pastoraily located school in Jenkintown, conversational Ukrainian something for everybody. Pa., means
JENK1NTOWN, Pa. A basic conversational Ukrainian course will be offered at Manor Junior College Tues– day evenings from 6:30 to 9:15 p.m. beginning September 11 and ending December 18. The course is designed to lay a firm foundation for subsequent Ukrainian courses, it will emphasise basic cle– ments of grammar, pronunciation and conversation, with some reading and writing, individual participation will be encouraged. Dr. Zirka Derlycia will conduct the course. She holds a Ph.D. from New York University, in the past few years she taught Ukrainian at St. George Academy in New York City and also held a faculty appointment at New York University. Dr. Derlycia has been appointed to the Manor Junior College faculty for the 1979-80 academic year. She will teach conversational Ukrainian and a course in Ukrainian culture. Persons interested in either course should call or write to: Manor Junior College, Fox Chase Manor, Jenkin– town. Pa. 19046; tel.: (215) 885-2360 Ext. 16. For Andrij Madaj, a young Ukraini– an artist from Philadelphia, Pa., it meant a bit of serenity conducive to peaceful meditation and creative work. The upshot of the artist's two-month stay at the college in the fall of 1978 was a compilation of 32 subtle drawings which he subsequently published in cooperation with the school under the' title "Manor Journal." The neatly arranged album contains, in addition to Mr. Madaj's drawings, his biography and a foreward by Sister Miriam Claire, OSBM, president of the college. „ Sister Claire and Mr. Madaj visited the UNA and Svoboda offices Friday, August 24, and presented the freshly printed copies of the album. in recalling his stay at Manor, Mr. Madaj said it was "the beautiful setting, the Ukrainian environment, the reli– Sister Miriam Claire and Andrij Madaj show The Weekly's managing editor Zenon Snylyk a copy of the "Manor Journal." gious atmosphere" that helped him in this latest creative venture. The album, . Copies of this hand-numbered, limit– East Marwood Rd., Philadelphia, Pa. he said was "my way of saying thank ed edition can be obtained by writing to: 19120. The cost of the book is S2.50 plus you to Manor." Andriy Madaj, Manor Journal, 517 Si for postage and handling.

Manor to stage cultural exposition day

JENK1NTOWN, Pa. - There are many who remember the Ukrainian festival presented last September on the Manor Junior College campus. This year on Sunday, September 23, Manor will hold a Ukrainian Cultural Exposition Day. The program will begin at 3 p.m. with the opening of the fine arts show in the seminar room of the Basileiad Library. There will be a display of paintings and sculptures by well-known Ukrainian artists: Yuri Hura, Petro Kapshuchen– ko, Nina Klymowska, Sophia Lada, Andrij Maday, Yuri Sirko, Christine Zelinsky, Marko Zubar. The folk art exhibit will be open for visitors between 3-5 p.m. Last year many people visited the exhibit and were fascinated by its varied collections. Dr. Zirka Derlycia The benefit concert for the Ukrainian JENK1NTOWN, Pa. Sister Miri– Heritage Studies Center will take place am Claire. OSBM. president of Manor in the college auditorium at 5p.m. For Junior College, announced that in the first time. Manor will welcome the September Zirka Derlycia. Ph.D.. will Poltava Ukrainian Dance Ensemble join Manor's faculty to conduct Ukrai– from Pittsburgh, Pa. nian language and Ukrainian culture The ensemble was established in courses. 1964 and presently consists of 24 spirit– Dr. Derlycia has a Ph.D. in Slavic ed young dancers, ranging in ages from philology and nine years of teaching 16 to 30. The group specializes in dances experience. Dr. Derlycia is a member of the Shevchcnko Scientific Society and of the American Scientific Society. Phi Manitoba il. .Beta Kappa.

Joins Manor staff

Poltava Ukrainian Dance Ensemble from Pittsburgh, Pa. from the Hutzul and Poltava regions of Ukraine. The dances are choreographed by the group's artistic director. Luba Hlutkowsky. The company has traveled throughout Pennsylvania and most of the United States. The Dancing "Sopilka" Ukrainian Folk Ensemble, under the direction of Orysia Hewka, will also take part in the benefit concert.

Kolasky writes history of pro-Communist Ukrainian groups
TORONTO, Ont. - John Kolasky. a Ukrainian Canadian writer and lecturer, has written a history of proCommunist Ukrainian organizations in Canada. Titled "The Shattered illusion," Mr. Kolasky's book tells the story of the up and down role of pro-Communist Ukrainian organizations in the Canadian society during the past 40 years. Much of the book is written on the basis of personal experiences because the author was a member of the Communist Party of Canada and of Ukrainian pro-Communist organiza– tions for over 30 years. in 1963 Mr. Kolasky was selected to attend a higher party school in Kiev. There he saw that Communist theory and practice are different. Upon his return from the Soviet Union, Mr. Kolasky wrote "Education in Soviet Ukraine" (Toronto, 1968), a book which indicted the Russification of Ukraine. He was subsequently"expclled from the Communist Party of Canada. Mr. Kolasky also wrote "Two Years in Soviet Ukraine" (Toronto, 1970) and "Look Comrade, the People are Laughing" (Toronto. 1972). He is the editor and translator of "Report from the Beria Reserve" (Toronto, 1974), a compilation of the works of valentyn Moroz. "The Shattered illusion" consists of 200 pages and is priced at S15 for the Ha?odever edition and S7.95 for softCover. ' ' T o 'Ordervetopies Lweije: tor. PMA 'Books,' 280'Bloor SteAMastrSuite 306, Toronto, Ont. M5S 1W1.

WiNNlPEG. Man. - Manitoba University's Board of Governors has PHILADELPHIA. Pa: - The uni– officially approved the affiliation of St. versity of Pennsylvania will offer, two Andrew's Collegiate the university as Ukrainian literature courses during the recommended by the Steering commit– tee.'TrrCdecision -was reached at a 1979-80 academic year. During the fall semester, Ukrainian meeting of the board Thursday, July 26. The University's senate-had approved literature of the 11th to 18th centuries NYU to offer (course No. 593) will be taught. The the recommendation at its session July course will include readings and expla– 4. Ukrainian course nations of the works of authors of this The approved recommendation calls NEW YORK, NY. - New York for the establishment of a Center of ( period. During the spring semester the uni– Ukrainian Studies at St. Andrew's, University's School of Continuing versity will offer Ukrainian literature of which will offer Ukrainian courses to Education will once again offer a the 19th and 20th centuries (course No. supplement the existing program of Ukrainian language course during the Ukrainian studies at the University of 1979-80. academic year. The course is 594). Registration for the fall semester will Manitoba. The College has been offer– one of over 30 foreign languages offered ing Ukrainian courses since 1972. A by the School of Continuing Education. be held Tuesday and Wednesday, Sep– For further information write to New tember 4-5. Classes begin during the total of 17 courses were offered during the last academic year. The courses will York University School of Continuing ,Tus,t, week, of-September. , For fiutlfer v ijup^aj ( ion call .the . ''cb^fmtfc'tb'rie offerfcer urftfl tfft'fo'tfnaP '^Edcuariotr,vFor^gn ' tariguage' ^Pro–" 3 university's Slavic department' ailJ243-' ' tfs^blisll^"en^'6frhc'Uk9airiiih^tuaies gram, 331 Shimkw'SaHf'NiWi'Y^rk,; Center. NY. 10003; or call (212) 598-2296. 8704 or 329-3634.

Penn U. to offer two Ukrainian courses l

approves affiliation with St Andrew's

No. 200


S U N D A Y , S E P T E M B E R 2,1979

Soviet Union is faced with increasing drug problem
MOSCOW, USSR. - While the Soviet Union is not yet faced with a major drug problem, the USSR is located in the crossroads of the world's major drug traffic which could drasti– cally escalate the abuse of drugs in the USSR, reported David K. Willis, staff correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor in the August 23 edition of the newspaper. Located between Asia and Europe, much of world's supply of hard drugs, such as opium, seeps across the borders of the Soviet Union from Afghahani– stan and Pakistan. Most of opium is headed across the Soviet Union to Europe, but its affects are felt in the USSR. Because of the Soviet Union's in– volvement as a victim in the worldwide trafficking of drugs, several U.S. con– gressmen, including several who have specialized in global drug abuse, recent– ly urged Soviet officials here to crackdown harder on the flow of drugs from Asia to Europe, which now has more hard drug addicts than the United States, reported Mr. Willis. Right now the Soviet Union does not have a serious opium problem, most experts believe. Laws against abuse and trafficking are strict. But the Soviet Achilles' heel is Cen– tral Asia — Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the so-called golden triangle of Burma, Laos and Thailand. The congressmen said they had heard concern in Tashkent, capital of the Soviet republic of Uzbekistan, which lies close to Afghanistan, that opium might flow across the border from Kabul. Rep. Lester Wolff (D-N.Y.), chairman of the House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control, said the group of 14 congressmen which he headed had appealed to the Soviets to use their influence in Kabul to reduce opium poppy growing. Moscow observers, however, doubt the Soviets could be of much help even if they wanted to be. Poppies are grown in remote valleys guarded by gun-toting Afghan tribes 'men who obey neither Kabul nor Moscow. Rep. Benjamin Gilman (R-N.Y.), said that for the first time, the Soviets had admitted to the group that they had the beginnings4of a serious cannabis (marijuana) problem. The Soviets had said that between 2,000 and 3,000 Soviet addicts were under treatment. Addiction was most serious in cities. Rep. Tennyson Guyer (R-Ohio), said some Soviet addicts had been treated for three to five years, and that Soviets had claimed success. Methadone, a "blocking" drug that can itself be addictive, was not used. Rep. Gilman said some of those being treated here had. been addicted to morphine, some to cqdeine, and some to other drugs besideS cannabis. What should the USSR do? The congressmen answered this way: '. Crack down hard on drugs being ferried by air and by boat. (Soviet officials say they have been doing this for years. Dogs are used at Shere– metyevo international airport in Mos– cow to sniff out drugs in the baggage of transit passengers from Asia.) 0 Become more deeply involved in, and contribute to, the budget of the United Nations Fund for Drug Abuse Control. Today the Soviets contribute nothing to the fund's budget, which largely depends on the United States. 'Recognize that the Soviet Union itself faces a potential drug problem. "You can't easily stop the flow of drugs through airports today," said Rep. Wolff in a Monitor interview. "Socalled hash-oil, for instance, is a liquid containing concentrated and strong marijuana, it can impregnate the clo– thing of a passenger and then be repro– cessed later at the other end." The problem. Rep. Wolff said, was both air and boat travel from Asia to Europe — from Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the golden triangle. Marseilles was no longer a major transshipment point, but the sources who used the so-called French connec– tion years ago now were looking at Turkey and other places as means of reviving the drug trade to Europe, he said. . veteran Moscow observers say mari– juana has long been used widely in central Asian republics of the USSR, visitors from the European zone of the USSR have sometimes become ad– dicted and have taken their addiction home with them later. The congressmen made it clear they thought the Soviets should beware not just of drugs coming from Asia to Amsterdam and London, but to Soviet cities as well. On a recent trip to London, Rep. Wolff said, he had found British offl– cials asking the United States for help in confronting a growing drug problem in the United Kingdom. He believed there were more hard-drug addicts in Europe today than in the United States. This was a marked contrast to the 1960s, when the picture was the other way around. With the Olympic Games in Moscow next year, with people heading for Moscow from all over the world, Rep. Wolff thought the Soviets certainly faced a potential problem. He appealed to Soviet authorities to exchange information on trafficking and said the United States would cooperate with information of its own. Among officials the congressmen talked to was Dr. Edvard Babayan, chairman of the standing committee on narcotics at the Soviet Ministry of Health. Reportedly Dr. Babayan listened carefully but made no definite replies. For years the Soviets have insisted in public the drug abuse exists only in the West.

Gilman seeks to protect rights of U.S. citizens in Soviet Union
WASHINGTON, D C . - Before thousands of naturalized Americans
leaving Washington for the August recess. Rep. Ben Gilman (R-N.Y.) cosponsored a measure which hopefully will go Tar to protect therightsof certain U.S. citizens who will be visiting the Soviet Union in the near future. T h e bill addresses a curious mixture of Olympic sports and Soviet politics," Rep. Gilman said. The congressman explained that on July 1 "a new and arrogant Soviet citizenship law" went into effect which states that anyone born in the USSR retains Soviet citizenship regardless of citizenship held in another country, and regardless of attempted renunciation of Soviet citizenship. That individual is thus subject to the full range of Soviet law. "For Ukrainian-born Americans, Russian-bom Americans, ArmenianAmericans, Baltic state-Americans and others, there is a vastly increased fear of Soviet harassment, even imprisonment as they travel and visit their families in the Soviet Union. The new Soviet law in effect poses a direct threat to the value of American citizenship for hundreds of who haye earned the protection of citizenship by coming to this country," Rep. Gilman said. Rep. Gilman has co-sponsored a resolution which asks the president to seek assurance from the Soviet govern– ment that American citizens born in the USSR will not be discriminated against by any aspect of Soviet law by virtue of their birthplace. The resolution continues by noting that if such basic reassurance is not forthcoming from the Soviets, "the resolution calls upon the president to suspend our participation in the 1980 Moscow Olympics." "This new Soviet law is virtually a club held over the heads of increasing numbers of ethnic Americans visiting the USSR and sharing the truth of American life with their Soviet hosts. This club becomes far bigger if we consider the number of Americans who will be visiting the USSR during the Olympics. What better way to constrain them with fear?" Rep. Gilman asked. The resolution was introduced by Rep. Don Ritter (R-Pa.).

Czech dissidents to go on trial
KESTON, England. - Eleven mem– bers of the Czech human rights group, the Committee for the Defense of the Unjustly Prosecuted, have been charged with "attempted subversion of the republic" and are presently awaiting trial, according to the Keston News Service. The committee, which since April 1978 has published over 100 statements containing information about the cases of persons who are prosecuted or imprisoned for the expression of their convictions, or who fall victim to arbitrary police or judicial action, is accused of circulating "documents aimed at undermining the confidence of the citizens of the Czecho-Slovak Republic in organs of state and at creating a hostile attitude to the socialist system." This "crime" carries a penalty of up to 10 years imprisonment. Among the defendants are four Christians: Father vaclav Maly; Charter 77 spokesman Dr. vaclav Benda a psychologist, Jiri Nemec, and his wife Dana — all Catho– lics. they have been held in Prague's Ruzyne prison since their arrest before dawn on May 29. The case has raised a storm of protest both inside and outside Czechc-Slo– vakia. in July, 231 Czecho-Slovak citizens signed a letter of protest to President Husak -– an act which must have required a great deal of courage. Meanwhile thousands of letters and telegrams have been sent to the CzechoSlovak government by individuals, groups and organizations in the West, such as the British Council of Churches and the international Catholic associa– tion Pax Christi. Lawyers representing the French Communist Party and the British Labor Party have offered to defend the dissidents, but have been unable to obtain visas to enter Czechc– Slovakia. However, another French lawyer, Mme. Merrier, went toCzecho–

Glenn will join Cleveland's One World Day festivities
WASHINGTON, D.C - u s . sen. John Glenn (D-Ohio) will speak at Cleveland's annual One World Day festivities at the city's Cultural Gardens, Sunday afternoon, September 9. "1 am very pleased to accept this invitation," Sen. Glenn said. These gardens are known throughout the country, and they reflect the tremen– dous pride of heritage Clevelanders have in their homelands." "1 am looking forward to meeting my friends in Cleveland's nationality com– munity to discuss with them recent national events affecting areas of mutu– al interest," he said. Sen. Gleen, a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, is a key figure in the SALT H Treaty debates before the Senate. The various nationalities represented in the Cultural Gardens, located be– tween St. Clair and Superior avenues, include American, British, Czech, Estonian, Finnish, German, Grecian, Hebrew, Hungarian, lrish, kalian, Lithuanian, Polish, Rumanian, Ruth– enian, Slovak, Ukrainian and Yugoslav groups, in addition, ground has been dedicated for Afro-American, Ameri– -can indian, Chinese and Lebanese gardens. There is no'admission charge to the One World Day festivities, which will be located in the Lithuanian Garden. The afternoon's activities will include spee– ches, as well as singing and dancing by various nationality groups.

To show samvydav works in Chicago
CHICAGO, HI. - An exhibit of
samvydav materials will be held here at the Ukrainian institute of Modern Art, 2318 W. Chicago A ve., on September 79. The exhibit is organized by a commit– tee of Ukrainian women's organizations of Chicago. The exhibit opening will take place Friday, September 7, at 8 p.m. Nadia Svitlychna will speak about samvydav works and their importance. Ms. Svitlychna will also deliver an address the following day at 8 p.m. about the status of women in Ukraine. The address and a reception for Ms. Svitlychna will be held in the hall of the Ss. volodymyr and Olha Church on Superior and Oakley streets.

independence is not right for Kurds, Ukraine, Confederacy, says WSJ
NEW YORK, N.Y. - in an August 27 editorial about the Kurdish rebellion in iran, the Wall Street Journal said that independence for the Kurds, the Ukrainians and the Confederate States of America "is not exactly a human right." "An independent Kurdistan is not exactly a human right, of course, any more than an independent Ukraine or an independent Confederacy," said the Wall Street Journal, У ,Ілкіл v-v. -x--– i^ti t Oo ло ,0jt)!i Y Y.



No. 200

Ш roinjonWeekly
сміШІШи ІІ

A salute on their day
For most of us, the Labor Day holiday traditionally observed on the first Monday of September provides a special three-day weekend which marks the unofficial end of summer, it is perhaps the last summer weekend to get away from the city and enjoy the beaches, mountains and the like. And then, it's back to business as usual, be it study or work. . Contrary to popular belief, however. Labor Day is more than just a day off. it is a holiday with a meaning, a holiday with a purpose, i.e. to honor the United States labor force. For, as Peter J.McGuire put it, labor is "the great vital force of the nation." For the record, Mr. McGuire was the man who began the Labor Day tradition. As, president of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America and a leader of the Knights of Labor, he campaigned for the welfare of the working man by fighting for measures such as the institution of the eight-hour work day. Mr. McGuire first proposed a holiday to honor labor in 1882. The Knights of Labor marched in the fust Labor Day parade in New York City that very year and then pushed for official recognition of the day. in 1887 the holiday was first approved by the state of Oregon; in 1894 the U.S. Congress established it as a legal holiday throughout the country. Mr. McGuire's words about the labor force are indeed true. For who was it, if not the worker, who worked the coal mines, manned the factories, plowed the fields and laid the railroad tracks? it was the worker who industrialized the United States quickly and efficiently and provided for the high standard of living we enjoy today.(lt is well to remember that Ukrainians, too, were a part of this force.J^ So, while we enjoy our long weekend, let us not forget to salute members of the labor force on their day.

Moscow. This was a precedent-setting move on the part of the heretofore softpedalling America officialdom and it's a welcome one. To be sure, the American officials could have been more adamant in insisting that they be allowed to speak to the ballerina immediately and not three days later, that her husband be allowed to meet with her privately as he wanted to, and that the Soviets be barred from thefinalmeeting with her. All this was within the framework of legality that the American officials oviated possibly for the sake of diplomacy. in the final analysis, however, the ballerina had a choice thanks to the insistence and the persistence of the American officials, in this sense this precedent is most meaningful and reassuring for the future.

Apples, hammers and cats
The writer of the August 27 editorial in the Wall Street Journal about the Kurdish rebellion must have fared poorly on the group association part of the 1.Q. test and on history exams to have placed in the same category the independence of the Kurds, Ukrainians and the Confederate States of America, The editorial said that "an independent Kurdistan is not exactly a human right, of course, any more than an independent Ukraine or an independent Confederacy." To lump together three such unrelated things as the independence of Kurdistan, Ukraine and the Confederacy is an example of a colossal lack of knowledge. The Kurds are a separate nation of several million people residing in iran, Turkey and lraq, who do not share a common heritage with the other ethnic groups in their countries of settlement. Their desire for autonomy, not even independence, is a desire to foster and preserve their many-thousand-year-old heritage. The southern states' secession from the United States and the formation of the Confederacy cannot be compared to either the Kurdish cause or the Ukrainian cause. Nation building was not the Confederacy's primary goal. The establishment of the Confederacy was basically the result of a disagreement about slavery between the southern states, whose leaders had adopted the Declaration of independence and had ratified the Constitution, and the northern states. The inclusion of Ukraine in this comparison is most confusing. The writer must have forgotten or overlooked that Ukraine has a history of its own which stretches over a millenium, its own culture, language and customs, which differ from those of its neighbors. The writer also must have forgotten that Ukraine has its own tradition of independence - its people freely re-established an independent state in 1918, and despite being forcibly included in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the Ukrainian people have several times since then manifested the desire to regain independence. For Ukraine, independence is arightto which it is entitled, arightwhich was savagely stolen from its people, and arightthat must and will be returned to it. By allowing such a statement to be included in its editorial, the editors of the Wall Street Journal have committed a grave injustice against the Ukrainian people. They would be remiss in their responsibilities if, after researching the history of Ukraine and studying the pertinent information that they will receive from our people, they did not correct their error.

A welcome precedent
Now that the dust has settled over the Godunov-viasova affair, which for four days had kept media reporters and television crews hopping and millions of Americans following the developments with breathtaking fascination, some conclusions can be drawn from what was in fact a confrontation between the American and the Soviet governments. This was hardly the context in which the American media handled the affair, which chose to treat it as a made-for-television drama. Those of us who remember the forced repatriation of our people from the Displaced Persons camps as part of the infamous "Operation Keelhaul" or the more recent caseof Lithuanian sailor Simas Kudirka saw this incident in a rather different light and looked on with trepidation as the American officials allowed a bunch of Soviet goons to "escort" Miss viasova to the Aeroflot plane at the Kennedy Airport in New York. But that's where the turnabout occurred, much to the relief of those with poignant memories. The plane was not allowed to leave until the American officials ascertained that the Russian ballerina did indeed want to return to

KGB steps up persecution...
(Continued from pate 1)

Social security notes
JERSEY C1TY, N.J. - This is the time of year when the earnings of many working people who receive social security benefits are approaching the point where their benefits may be affected, Francis J. McDonough, social security district manager here, said recently. Once a person's earnings exceed the annual limit, S1 in benefits is generally withheld for each 52 of earnings. The 1979 annual limits are 53,480 for people under 65 and 54,500 for people 65 or over. Many people getting benefits plan to earn no more than the limit but for one reason or another, their earnings exceed it and they have to repay benefits that were incorrectly paid. That is the reason, Mr. McDonough said, people should take a little time to review their earnings for the first part of 1979 and make sure of where they stand. One thing people should keep in mind is that gross earnings, not just takehome pay, count towards the annual limit. Remembering this point will keep many people from going over the limit, Mr. McDonough said. Another important point is that it is when wages are earned, not paid, that decides whether they should be counted; More information about how earn– ings affect social security benefits can be found in the leaflet, "if you work after you retire." Copies can be obtained at the Jersey City social security office, located at 2844 Kennedy Blvd. The telephone number is 345-1500. For the convenience of people living in the North Hudson Area, social security representatives are at Kennedy .Towers at 430 62nd St., West New York each Thursday from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. People living in the West Hudson Area may visit the Kearny Health Station at 645 Kearny Ave., each Friday between 9 a.m. and 1 p.m.

stipulate that such a search could be conducted under only emergency condi– tions. "Who could explain what emergency conditions were in effect, especially when there were infants in the house," he said. Malynkovych further argued that Article 177 of the Criminal Code says that a search of a home could be conducted only if there is reason to believe that the suspect is in possession of criminal material. Malynkovych said that since no criminal material was found in his home and the items con– fiscated were not of a criminal nature, "then on what grounds was the search conducted." He also questioned the presence in his apartment of two men who did not sign the search report. Malynkovych demanded that in addition to replying to his questions, that the confiscated articles be returned to him. Malynkovych said that he and his family faced KGB harassment since early December 1978. For eight hours on December 9, 1978. and for six hours on December 10,1978, Malynkovych was interrogated by the KGB.

The KGB told him to sign its warning which states that if he does not cease his criminal activity he will be arrested. Malynkovych refused to sign the docu– ment on the grounds that he does not believe he broke any laws. Malynkovych said that the KGB admitted to him that he did not yet break any laws and that the reason for the interrogations was to prevent an arrest. in January and February of this year ' Malynkovych's in-laws were interro– gated by the KGB and warned that if he does not cease his activity their daughter and grandchildren will suffer, in February Malynkovych's wife heard the same warning. Malynkovych feels that the reason for the search of his apartment and the questioning of his family membrs is to force him to emigrate or to violate the law. "1 demand that the persecution campaign against me and my family be stopped," he wrote. "1 never concealed my critical views about certain tenden– cies in our society, specifically about the remants of Stalin's personality cult. І have always abided by the results of the decisions of my people. All of my thoughts are directed to serve the Fatherland."

Czech dissidents...
(Continued from page 5)

Slovakia with a tourist visa and has been able to interview some of the relatives of the defendants. The enormous publicity which the Western press and various human rights organizations have given to this case is probably the reason the trial, which was to have taken place in early August, has been postponed by 30 days. Whether such outside pressures will be reflected in the sentences passed on the 11 remains to be seen, the news service reported.

No. 200



UN1S: A promising new venture in D.C.
(UN1S) it's shortly after 11 p.m. on a recent warm, Washington, D.C, night, in a to wnhouse a stone's throw from the Capitol, Don Bohdan Wynnyczok is chatting on the phone with a friend, the last call of a busy day. Suddenly the operator breaks into the conversation. "Sir, someone's trying to reach you with an emergency message." Mr. Wynnyczok blanches. He thinks of his father who has been ill. And then, through that familiar crackle of longdistance; comes a woman's unfamiliar voice: "Mr. Wynnyczok, 1 was just wondering whether you might know where Mr. Moroz is staying." in retrospect, Mr. Wynnyczok mused during a recent interview, that call was just the right capping to what had been another hectic day in the life of the fledgling Ukrainian National informa– tion Service, which the 38-year-old former Defense Department planner has been heading since May of this year -a National Press Club luncheon in honor of Mr. Moroz, meetings with; State Department officials and Dr. Zbigniew Brzezinski, President Carter's Assistant for National Security Affairs, testimony before the Congressional Helsinki watchdog group and a number of interviews with U.S. and foreign news media. in addition, UN1S has been involved in preparations for the 1980 census to make sure all Ukrainian Americans are reached; preparations for the 1980 Madrid follow-up conference on the Helsinki Accords; efforts to get Con– gress to pass a resolution condemning religious persecution and destruction of Churches of all denominations in Ukraine; and feeding Congressional offices, at their request, information about Ukrainian constituents and dissidents. And if the Soviets complain about open meetings, as they have in the past, U.S. officials should take a stand that Moscow is then "meddling in the internal affairs of the U.S.," he adds. Meanwhile, other activities planned by UN1S include increased contact with Capitol Hill, establishing better links between UCCA national headquarters, UCCA branches and their respective representatives in Congress, and trying to crack some of the ice that has kept issues of interest to Ukrainians out of the U.S. media. Despite these and other headaches, not the least of which is, at least by Washington standards, a still limited budget, UN1S is emerging as perhaps one of the more promising Ukrainian ventures in recent years, judging by the outside interest shown in the office so far. approached UNlS,for information about their ethnic "roots." Scholars and researchers dealing with Eastern European issues have contacted UNiS for help. And, perhaps most significantly, say Messrs. Wynnyczok and Nesterczuk, contacts with other ethnic groups have shown that Ukrainians can bridge the gaps that often divides such groups. "Offices of other groups are mostly staffed with olderv,persons," they explain. "We have been able to bridge the generation gap...Our prospects for the future seem to be far brighter than those of other ethnic groupj." With the help of two full-time staffers - Mr. Wynnyczok and administrative assistant Martha Kichorowsky, a 25year-old vassar alumna and graduate of a University of Toronto Master's program - and a core of volunteers, all young, successful professionals from the Washington area, UN1S hopes to make a difference.

UN1S has also been working with Already a number of third and fourth Congressional sponsors of a measure generation Ukrainian Americans have dealing with Soviet mail obstructions, The late-night caller — Mr. Wyn– has protested U.S. media interchangenyczok politely identifies her only as able use of the terms "Russian" and "someone from New York" — received "Ukrainian," and is now planning to short shrift, in Mr. Wynnyczok's voca– contact each declared presidential bulary, that means a stern lecture about candidate with information about proper manners. Ukrainian American interests. by Roman J. Lysniak For Mr. Wynnyczok, it was yet Mr. Wynnyczok's presence has also another of numerous lessons about unpredictable Ukrainian traits. Still, he not gone unnoticed in several private 1 "...And this is all for our 11 o'clock news. Good night," couldn't deny it: it was also an indtca– organizations: he has already spoken tion of the growing role UN1S has about the Soviet nationalities question comes from the loudspeaker of our television set. before a convention of the Sons of the і Sitting in the living room in my reclining chair, 1 resume begun playing in the life of organized Ukrainian American life in the United American Revolution and has similar reading a book. invitations from other groups. ' My wife gets up from the sofa, turns off the television set and States. says: As for the future, both Messrs. і "is there anything 1 can get you before 1 go to bed?" in many ways, UN1S is still something of an anomaly in that life. The Wynnyczok and Nesterczuk, who re"Be a dear," 1 respond, "and get me a bottle of beer from the brainchild of George Nesterczuk, a 34- mains with the office as its unsalaried refrigerator. deputy director, say they would like to year-old space and astro-physics con– І really don't want any beer, but to refuse her kind offer to do sultant, UN1S first opened in October see UN1S "gain credibility to the extent something for me would be tantamount to neglecting my 1977 in a two-room office at the Nation– that we can have open, publicized marital duty as a husband - to get spoiled. al Press Building, two blocks from the contacts at all levels of government." Now it's an alluring fact, which l've confirmed by long and close observation, White House. that the cause of practically all marital difficulties is because men do not allow So far, Mr. Nesterczuk says, al– women to spoil them, if you can get either one or a number of women to spoil you, An integral part of the Ukrainian though the White House has requested that always means close harmony in marriage. Congress Committee of America, UN1S several backgrounders on such topics as The real difficulty, of course, lies in the beginning. Some women spoil men in its short existence has helped to Ukrainian community affairs and garner considerable success in putting Ukrainian dissidents, and has invited instinctively. They are innately wise enough to know their happiness lies there. the Ukrainian American community on Ukrainian representatives to back- They do not have to be taught. Others are slower to learn. When they don't learn, ground briefings on issues ranging from the results are always tragic. the map of American political life. SALT 11 to the national budget, a What і must insist upon is that this is the natural way. in a modern matrimonial . Consider: number of government officials have union somebody has got to be spoiled by somebody. Women, the declarations of ' Congressional offices, made aware asked for off-the-record meetings with the feminist leaders notwithstanding, are born to do this better than men. The more of UNlS's presence through various Ukrainian Americans. they do it the better they love men. When a woman refuses to spoil a man, or to Capitol Hill activities, have increasingly learn how, there's something quite wrong with her. She is then good only for local "it reflects on the perception of been seeking information from UN1S gossip and politics. Ukrainians in official government on Ukrainian constituents, Ukrainian circles." Mr. Nesterczuk says, "it's 1 venturing with due humility 1 trust, to draw upon a personal experience, 1 may American history, Ukrainian pubiica– almost a schizophrenic relationship. On say that, in the beginning, being young and innocent, and due to my old-fashioned tions, Ukrainian churches. the one hand, politically we're a well- family upbringing, and the same old-fashioned training in the Ukrainian youth ^ Working, and ongoing, relation- organized, fairly substantial voting organizations, 1 fought against this tendency. І thought it more noble, more manly ships have been established with both block and we're worthwhile cultiva– and - as they used to say, and perhaps still do, in my dear Hutsul region of Ukraine і -p more red-blooded, not to allow myself to be spoiled by women. When, however, the State Department and the White ting." і after repeated maladjustments, 1 realized how unhappy this made them, 1 yielded to House. On the other hand, he contends, since ! the inevitable, l'm now firmly convinced that it's the only honorable and decent With a budget that now stands at a large share of Ukrainian Americans' thing for a red-blooded man to do. 532,000 a year, UN1S under Mr. Wyn– interest in U.S. government policy : Most great men (in common with myself) have been attended by women, either in nyczok has organized two visits to centers around U.S.-USSR relations, groups or in relays. - І . Washington earlier this year by former "we are perceived as a potential embar– dissident Yalentyn Moroz. Activities rassment in some East-West negotia– 1 it may seem curious but it's nevertheless a fact that men atfirstare reluctant to submit to this sort 6f thing. Their profound ignorance of the real nature of women included two Congressional receptions, tions." and their "artificial dependence," as a friend of mine - a psychologist - calls it. make them resent these initial services, if, for example, a man falls sick, he growls his resentment at the mere suggestion that anything should be done for him. it may take several fits of illness, or a chronic one, to break him in. in my own case it's the We greatly appreciate the materials - articles, news stories, press clippings other way around. І find it wise to get occasionally a mild case of flu or a virus at– and the like - which we receive from our readers. tack in order to keep the women who spoil me in training. To any woman, any sick in order to facilitate the preparation of The Weekly, however, we ask that man is a fair prey. There have been times in my own life when 1 deliberately display– news stories be sent not later than 10 days after the occurrence of the given '. ed more violent symptoms than 1 actually had merely to give my own little circle a event, information about upcoming events must be received before noon of ' chance of doing something really noble. the Monday before the date of the next Weekly edition. All news stories and in these crises, the attitude of my wife's best friend Tamara is extremely feature articles must be typed and double-spaced. Newspaper and magazine interesting. She will usually say: clippings must be accompanied by the name of the publication and the date of "Don't spoil him too much, valia." the edition. Photographs will be returned only when requested and And my wife will usually reply: accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed envelope. "l'm afraid it's too late. He's so dreadfully spoiled already." All materials submitted are published at the discretion of the editors and My wife's best friend Tamara has dropped in, of course, not so much out of are subject jo,editing where necessary. , . . . , ,, ,, ,..,. crincernfor niy condition as from'motives of self-ihferttt and rivalry.' She really Thank you for your'interest^ ' . v1 J , . , . , , j , .. - - ," . t ,–, r wants to know if l'm bemg spoiled any more than she'sciipableofspoiling her own , ,–... ли ,--–. -v The editor? husband. ' і '"'"''У''' 1'-:' ..' -. .– іш^^тятатишттштштшштЬшшттттюнтяяттиттттшвіШт

Marital duty

To our contributors:


^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^


S U N D A Y , S E P T E M B E R 2,1979

No. 200

Soyuzivka Dance Workshop is success
congratulated the performers on their creative productivity. The dancers, in KERHONKSON, N.Y. - Winding turn, presented a gift to Mr. Marunczak up the third UNA Ukrainian Folk for his patience and perseverance. Dance Workshop with a flourish, the Workshop participants, who ranged August 24-26 weekend at the UNA in age from 7 to 18, attended classes estate here blended a potpourri of dance twice a day for a total of five hours recitals, evenings of social dancing daily. During the last two days of the under the stars, and an exhibit of work course, rehearsals for their recital added by the noted artist Jacques Hnizdovsky. more hours to the students' practice The weekend excitement was schedule. preceded by the regular Thursday night On Saturday evening, there was more "Hutsul Barbecue" with songs and folk dancing, this time from a select dances by Soyuzivka employees. group of workshop students. Members Manager Walter Kwas, in full Hutsul of the "Chaika" Dance Ensemble of regalia, posed with guests for pictures as Hamilton, Ont., augmented by three Hutsul-costumed waitresses and workshop participants from Miami, attendants hurried about, serving Па., and one from Stratford, Conn., broiled beef and sweet corn at tables set gave a near-professional performance out on the lawn beside the "vorokhta" of dances presented the night before pavilion. plus two they had rehearsed together Good weather and a Sunday only that day. afternoon picnic on the grounds of the The concert, held in the "veselka" Holy Trinity Ukrainian . Catholic Pavilion and emceed by Miss Dydyk, Church, just across the road from the included a humorous skit enacted by UNA estate, heightened the weekend's Marta Korduba and Miss Dydyk on the festive atmosphere. theme of signing up new UNA members. Mr. Senchyshyn provided Friday's recital bandura accompaniment for Miss Dydyk as she recited Symonenko's Some 80 young people from the "Swan of Motherhood." Later, became United States and Canada, completing on stage to sing a Ukrainian ballad of a rigorous two-week workshop in his own composition, "Lost Love," Ukrainian folk dance directed by Peter accompanying himself on the guitar. -Marunczak of Montreal, showed off At the start of the show. Miss Dydyk their prowess during the Friday evening introduced several persons in the recital in the "v"eselka" Pavilion. audience who are frequent visitors to Performing on the stage and the Soyuzivka — Joseph Lesawyer, former pavilion floor directly below in a two- UNA president, and his wife Mary; Dr. level presentation necessary to Walter Dushnyck, editor of The accommodate their large number, they Ukrainian Quarterly, and his wife, presented flirtation and harvest dances, Mary, UNA Supreme vice a precision number titled "vesnianka," President. and the always popular "hopak." Dancing to the lively melodies of the Accordionist Alec . Chudolij and Soyuzivka Orchestra and the vocalizing drummer Ted Senchyshyn provided live of lhor Rakowsky took place on the music for the dances. Soyuzivka social terrace overlooking the swimming pool. hostess Anya Dydyk was mistress of On Sunday, painter and woodcut ceremonies. artist Jacques Hnizdovsky, who has Seated in the audience were many been described by art critics as "a master beaming parents, Soyuzivka guests and of visual poetry," was on hand to meet UNA Supreme President Dr. John O. with art lovers who came to the Flis, who, at the end of the show. "veselka" Pavilion to see his oils and woodcuts. He is reported to have sold "a very good number" of the works on Toronto club to hold display. The exhibit, his 16th at Soyuzivka in 46th golf tourney as many years, included some large TORONTO, Ont. -The46thannual Ukrainian Professional and Businessmen's Club of Toronto golf tourna– ment will be held on September 12 at the Huntington Golf and. Country Club, highways 50 and 7 in Woodbridge, Ont., announced Eugene Masney, chairman of the tournament. Tee-off time is 10 a.m. To help the committee defray the costs of this year's tournament, Mr. Masney asked for donations either in the form of prizes or cash. An awards dinner will be held at 7 p.m. The cost of the dinner is S16 and the cost of the tournament is S16. The cost of both the dinner and the tournament is S30. For further information eontaet Mr. Masnev at 534-9286. by Helen Perozak Smindak paintings such as "Woodpile" and one work which attracted much goodhumored attention. The painting depicted a mother pig and 12 piglets.

Mr. Marunczak, who started his dancing career at the age 7, took time out between dances with his wife vera on Saturday night to chat with friends and fans about his theories on Ukrainian folk dance. He said he finds a growing interest in Ukrainian folk dancing among today's young people; for instance, this year's workshop was the largest yet held at Soyuzivka, and 42 of this year's students have registered for the 1980 workshop. However, he believes that Ukrainian dancing in the United States and Canada will remain "strictly a stage form." A slim, youthful-looking man who stands ramrod-straight and moves with the grace of a ballet dancer, Mr. Marunczak lamented the "lack of good taste in the presentation of Ukrainian stage folk dances." in line with this concern, he said he insists that costumes be typical of the region they represent (his ensembles appear in costumes of five regions of Ukraine), and that the girls' skirts be below the knee. The girls must brush and pin their hair back smoothly, with no bands or curls showing out from under their headdresses. Children under 13 do not wear full costumes like the older dancers. Mr. Marunczak also decried the great emphasis placed by many choreo– graphers on male dancers' acrobatics. He believes that "the women are just as important as the men" and tries to give male and female dancers equal prominence. He follows the theory that the total body - head, arms and feet - must be involved in dance, and teaches his dancers to execute dance steps "on an open foot" (the fifth position in ballet), allowing the feet to move freely and easily. Professionally trained in ballet by teachers in Montreal, Mr. Marunczak formed his first Ukrainian dance group at the age of 15 after attending summer

Peter Marunczak courses sponsored by the Ukrainian Cultural and Educational. Center in Winnipeg. He now directs three awardwinning dance groups — the Lviv Ensemble of 25 dancers (age 8 to 13), the Odessa Ensemble of 35 dancers (14 to 18 years) and the 30-member Marunczak Ukrainian Dance Ensemble. All three groups, affiliated with the Montreal branch of the Ukrainian National Federation, have performed in Canada and the United States and have made ' numerous appearances on Canadian television. Since January of this year, Mr. Marunczak is also choreographer of Hamilton's "Chaika" Ensemble. Mr. Marunczak, who often performs dazzling solos with his groups, has produced or staged folk dance festivals and ethnic shows in Toronto and Montreal. He is president of the Ukrainian National Montreal Credit Union, the Quebec Ethnic Folk Arts Council and the Quebec Multicultural Theatre. During the summer he is also curator and producer of the 20 Nations,'20 Cultures Pavilion at the "Man and His World" exhibition in Montreal.

Detroit, Windsor UNA'ers visit Soyuz Home Office

Read j Tha Ukrainian Twenty-eight UNA'ers from Detroit, Mich., andFriday, August 24. Theside tripwas greeted vacation at Soyuzivkaby Supreme і UNA Home Office in Jersey City, N J., on Windsor, Ont., took a group from their at the UNA building and visited the President Dr. John O. Flis. They were also addressed by Supreme Secretary Walter Sochan, Supreme Treasurer Ulana Diachuk, Supreme Auditor John Teluk and Senior Field Representative Stefan Hawrysz. Katberine Kobasa of Detroit, Weekly organized the Detroiters for the trip and Peter Mudry, secretary of UN A branch 341, of Windsor organized the Windsorites.


They were aided by Supreme Advisor Roman Kuropas. Forty-six persons arrived at Soyuzivka on August 18for one week's stay. On behalf of the visiting UNA'ers, Mrs: Kobasa thanked the UNA Executive Committee for its hospitality.

No. 200



A jaunt across southern Ontario, part 2
by Helen Perozak Smindak Canada's multicultural makeup gives Ukrainians great opportunities to recall their roots and show off their cultural treasures. Throughout the warm-weather months, folk festivals, heritage days, ethnic fairs and agricultural exhibitions take place across Canada almost nonstop. Ukrainians, as the nation's fifth largest ethnic group, are right up there in the forefront — and the spotlight. British Columbia's Folkfest (June 15 -July 1), a province-wide party dedi– cated to numerous national heritages, includes Ukrainians. in Alberta, there's an international Folk Festival in Red Deer (June 24-July І). The city of Edmonton, where U krai– nians comprise a high percent of the population, is holding special events this year to mark two anniversaries the city's 75th and the Edmonton Exhibition Association's 100th. Among these events are the Heritage Days held July 28-29 at Edmonton's Hawrelak Park. Manitoba takes pride in the National Ukrainian Festival held in Dauphin in late July-early August and in the Folk– lorama held August 12-18 in Winnipeg, a city with a strong Ukrainian com– munity. Saskatchewan has its "Ba– bushka" Folk Festival (Hafford. late June) and a Folklorama in Estevan in September. The province of Quebec, with a summerlong international festival in Montreal and another international fest in Rawdon in July, also has a Ukrainian Folk Exhibit scheduled for this summer, it will be held in the National Exhibition Centre at Pointe Claire on September 8. Ontario, now the leading Ukrainian province in the nation with about 170,000 citizens of Ukrainian origin, appears to be making a bid for first place in the festival arena. This year, for the first time, a Ukrai– nian Heritage Day was staged at Ontario Place, a leisure and entertain– ment complex on Toronto's waterfront. Another first for the province was the Ukrainian Rainbow Festival held August 4-5 in Oakville, west of Torori– to. Showcasing international stars, a bazaar and a re-enactment of the historic Battle of Konotop. it drew thousands of visitors from the United States and Canada. in Ottawa, the nation's capital. Ukrainian dancers were among the 400 singers, dancers and gymnasts who performed on July 1 in celebration of the country's 112th birthday. Before an estimated 60,000 people, the performers paraded across an enormous maple leaf painted on the stage at the foot of the Peace Tower on Parliament Hill. Brantford's international villages, held in July, included two highly popular Ukrainian centers, the Kiev and Ukraina villages, while Toronto's 50 Caravan pavilions counted from Ukrainian pavilions in their midst. annual miracle, proving in the most agreeable and convincing way what a marvelous 'people city' we have here." The Star praised Caravan for reflect– ing credit on Canada as a country where people of many cultures have laid aside ancestral quarrels to live and work together in harmony. During the last week of June, tens of thousands of visitors passed through the Ukrainian pavilions - Kiev, Lviv, Kolomyia and Poltava — where they were entertained by Ukrainian folk dancers and singers, tasted native dishes, admired exhibits of arts and crafts and purchased souvenirs. Many of them waited in block-long lines before entering the pavilions. , Cafeteria-style restaurants offered borshch, nalysnyky, ho!ubtsi, va– renyky, kovbasa, potato pancakes, cheesecake and other delicacies as well as beverages. At Kiev, in the Ukrainian National Federation's building on College Street, showtime featured Sam Dzugan's award-winning "Kalyna" Dance and Song Ensemble, along with its interme– diate and junior dance and music affiliates. Emcee Zenon Chwaliuk provided bilingual commentary for the program. The orchestra, playing arrangements by Zenoby Lawryshyn and Roman Kohut, was conducted by Yaroslav Hryhorsky. Pearl Harasymchuk directed the "Kalyna" Girls' Choir. Greeting visitors to Kiev was Kathy Harasymchuk, Miss Kiev of 1979, and the pavilion's Mayor Pakula. Art and craft displays were located in the cafeteria, while library displays on another floor offered a look at Canada's Ukrainians. The Lviv Pavilion at 83 Christie St. showcased a program of dances by the "verkhovyntsi" Dance Group and Ukrainian folk and cla: iical songs by the Prometheus Male Choir and the "Dibrova" Women's Choir. Credit for the show went to dance director Jaro– slav Klun of Hamilton, choir director Wasyl Kardash and entertainment chairman Oleh Kachmarsky. Olia Szczuryk was Miss Lviv and Michael Figol served as mayor. Lined up on both sides of the audito– rium under arches to give the effect of shops in St. George's Square in Lviv were boutiques selling handmade gift items, a demonstration booth for Easter egg painting, and exhibits of embroi– deries, "kylyms." ceramics and woodcarved items. The Kolomyia Pavilion, located on La Rose Avenue in west Toronto, offered food and entertainment in the auditorium of St. Demetrius Ukrainian Catholic Church. Arts and crafts exhi– bits were housed in the parish youth center next door. Adding Ukrainian flavor to Kolo– myia's suburban setting were a strawroofed welcome booth, sunflowers and a large sign which read "Kolomyia Land of the Hutsuls" and below that "vitayemo" (in. Cyrillic letters) and "Welcome." Sofia Shchuka, Kolomyia's princess, greeted me at the door. Elsie Yarmol, alternating with Helen Gula as the pavilion's mayor, escorted me through both buildings, pointing out the many crafts exhibits, Hutsul interiors, and a room devoted to paintings, prints and books by the late William Kurelek. The parish plans to replace the youth center next year with a S10 million, 15story complex that will include two floors for the young people and 13 for senior citizens, as well as a large audi– torium and stage. Participation in Caravan has helped raise funds to cover the cost of the new building. Kolomyia, which welcomed approxi– mately 30,000 visitors in 1978, prepared seven tons of food for this year's crowds. Featured on the menu was a Kolomyia dinner for 53.75 - va– renyky, holubtsi and "Kievski kotlety" (breaded chicken breast with savory filling). A lively and imaginative stage show of skits, songs and a saber dance was presented by the Kolomyia Dance Ensemble directed by Bohdan Wojci– chowsky, two youthful bandurists and the "Marichka" Choir. Shown in exhibits in the building next door were collections of wedding breads, pysanky and ceramics. Katia Matkowskyj was the pavilion's princess for 1979, and victor Krisel its mayor. Leon Kossar, president of Metro international Caravan, calls Caravan "quite unlike any other adventure...it is unique in what it does and what it attempts to do in one of North Ameri– ca's largest, most exciting cities." Mr. Kossar, the son of the late Wolodymyr Kossar, longtime UNA Supreme Auditor, told me that Caravan was conceived to encourage the best efforts in. Canada's heritage arts; to make these heritage and community arts so imaginative and inviting that they will not only entertain Caravan visitors but also stimulate young peo– ple's interest in their roots and a desire to engage in music, song, dance, arts, crafts, and cuisine with a professional approach. Operating entirely without govem– ment funds, Caravan has helped com– munities to generate funds for the cultural development of associations in both amateur and professional arts, he noted.

New Yorkers to get new Ukrainian radio show

NEW YORK, N.Y. - Starting on Wednesday, September 5, New Yorkers and residents living in the Greater Metropolitan area will be able to tune in to "Echoes of Ukraine," a new Ukraini– an radio program. "Echoes of Ukraine" will be broadcast weekly (every Wednesday) from 7 to 8 p.m. on WFUv-FM (90.7 on the FM dial). The radio hour's host will be Andrij Metil, a 20-year-old student at Fordvisitors to the Poltava Pavilion on ham University, which operates the Bathurst Street in downtown Toronto radio station. were invited to take a walk through one Mr. Metil hopes to keep the listeners of Toronto's most intricately decorated up to date on all that is happening in the Byzantine churches, St. viadimir's local Ukrainian community. A regular Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral. feature of the program will be a Ukrai– in the performance hall below the nian community events calendar, listing church, the 80-member "vesnianka" upcoming dances, plays, etc. if you or your organization are dance ensemble directed by Mykola Baldeckyj performed fast-stepping planning something of this nature and dances that showed imaginative choreo– would like to have it announced on the graphy. The program, emceed by Elaine air, send all information to: Echoes of Baldeckyj, included a bandurist quar– Ukraine, P.O. Station 37, Bronx. N.Y. 10458. tette.

Ukrainians participate in Connecticut crafts festival

DERBY, Conn. - Over 8,000 persons attended the valley Arts Councils 8th Annual Arts and Crafts Festival August 19, at the Derby High School. Among the 100 exhibitors from across Connecticut and other New England states were 12 Ukrainian artists and craftsmen. Exhibits included paintings, woodcrafts, jewelery, photography, leathercrafts, toys and dolls, pottery, sculpturej sewing and Ukrainian fine arts. Several programs were presented in the school pavilion with appearances by more than 100 performers from the Caravan Lower Naugatuck valley, including Ukrainians. The show Pioneering an idea which has since was directed by Frank F. Stuban and Roman Pawluk was the announcer. Among the educational programs that were held been copied by many other Canadian cities. Caravan opened its doors in 1969 throughout the day were Ukrainian embroidery and egg decas an annual showcase of international orating. The exhibitors were all judged and cash prizes and pavilions throughout Toronto. Л passpott for S6 admits the holder to honorable mentions were awarded to 20 persons in the arts and crafts field Among the winners were seven Ukrainians. all of Caravan's pavilions, providing an The festival was sponsored by the valley Arts Council, excursion into the great cities of the world. Children under 12 years of age which is funded by the New Haven Foundation and the receive a mini-passport and are admit– Connecticut Commission of Arts. The festival committee included Patricia Land, Marie Cecarelli, Mary Crowley, ted free in the company of an adult. This year's nine-day Caravan attrac– Millicent McKee, Daniel Buckley, Harry Kaplan. Executive director Anthony Keller of the Connecticut ted nearly 2 million visits, prompting Halyna Fedoruk, John Spivak. Peter Danielczuk and Mr. Commission on the Arts, right, thanks Frank F. Stuban for -,-!,'.'t:i'r- ;.-.s'.-ч . іч, -,.'.v. - : ^ v , .v his involvement with the valley Arts Council. The Toronto Star fo call it ^Toronto's Stuban.


S U N D A Y , S E P T E M B E R 2,1979

No. 200

Recording praised as new musical milestone
The following article appeared in the August 5 issue of the Gazette Journal of Reno, Nev. it was written by the newspaper's arts critic, Mark Oliva. One of the first myths in the arts is the tale that greatness and recognition have something in common with each other. Like their next-door neighbors, the showbiz stars, artists tend to rise and fall not only on the basis of whom they know but also where they are. in the United States a pianist may be able to play musical circles around viadimir Horowitz, but if he or she isn't wellconnected in the East, regional artist probably is the ultimate ranking available. Nevada's most prominent victim of place discrimination is virko Baley, a 41-year-old music professor at the University of Nevada Las vegas. He is one of the finest keyboard virtuosi making music anywhere, it's not neces– sary to take the work of a solo Reno critic on that. Mr. Baley has a scrapbook of reviews from the top critics at the Lost Angeles Times and the San Francisco. Chronicle which offer the same appraisal. Mr. Baley is no stranger to Reno's musical audience. His visage, once hidden behind a beard that became legend, but now clean-shaven (and mysteriously 10 years younger), has been an important part of the local concert scene, both in solo appearances with the Reno Philharmonic and as composer-conductor-pianist in the annual Spring Arts Festival. Withing the state, Mr. Baley is acknowledged as one of the top leaders in the arts movement. He is the founder and director of the Las vegas Chamber Players, an ensemble that is, by a substantial margin, the highest quality classical music group in the state. He is the founder and director of the annual Las vegas Contemporary Music Festi– val, an event that draws international attention and major composers from around the world to Nevada each year. Mr. Baley is a respected and publish– ed musicologist. He is a composer of substantial stature. His works not only are written; they arc performed. And many of his compositions are done on commission. On this side of the Rocky Mountains. Mr. Baley is in the first echelon of music. East of Denver, he's been a virtual non-entity, until now. But, happily, things have gone right for a change. Mr. Baley, at last, is making it, regardless of geography. One of the leading classical record lables recently added Mr. Baley to its roster of talent. His first album has just been released, as Orion ORS 79331. A second already is in the can, awaiting pressing. And a third is under way. in the music business, being recorded means being widely reviewed and broadcast. Those are elusive but vital ingredients to success. The recording contract, in turn, has made available to Mr. Baley exposure unprecedented in his career. He's just been signed for a "man and the music" intermission feature in next year's national Boston Symphony broadcasts. Mr. Baley's debut album makes such a resounding contribution to music that a dash of awe and congratulations are in order. Even if Mr. Baley were some obscure talent from the lost land of Tannu Tuva, this initial disc would win our rating as the finest chamber music album to date in 1979. Mr. Baley. a native of Ukraine, and fellow Ukrainian expatriate Eugene gratovich. a violinist who also has a instead giving revelation to incredibly consummate and rewarding composers from their homeland. Significantly, none of the four are known in the United States. Ail selections are disc premieres. With the caliber of music in– troduced here, one can only wonder why it's taken so long to get to us. The prime selection is 44-year-old Leonid Hrabovsky's Trio for violin. Contrabass and Piano, a 1964composition revised in 1975. Bassist Bertram Turetsky. the big fiddle's foremost virtuoso, joins Mr. Baley and Gratovich in this work. Seldom do so many influences come together in one work. To do so with such success is indeed rare. Within the trio's 12-tone texture, the careful lis– tener will find not only the more obvious landmarks of the second vien– nesc, but also reminders of the more impressionist-leaning music of the late Beta Bartok and the ingenius Mahler– cum-everything grab bag of the late Dmitri Shostakovich. And inside the piano, with Mr. Baley performing on the strings rather than at the keyboard, there are some interesting reminders of contemporary American composers Curtis O.B. Curtis-Smith and George Crumb. Yet the music is incontestably Slavic in spirit and flavor offering capricious touches of wit throughout, in brilliant, even intense, lyricisms and sonorities. Another choice selection is the late Borys Liatoshynsky's Sonata for violin and Piano Op. 19 from 1926. Liato– shynsky, as the virtual father and pat– riarch of Ukrainian contemporary composition, is a vital inclusion in such an anthology. The fervent, intense and rich sonata seems almost programmatic at times - if one is willing to accept the possibility of an intellecturally theoreti– cal rather than tale-telling program. This work also is haunted by memen– toes of Bartok and Shostakovich, as well as the late Alban Berg, it's the kind of demanding chamber piece that forces a commitment from its listener, and then offers abundant awards in return. The 1972 Triptych, "in the Highlands," from 37-year-old Yevhen Stan– kovych, is more directly programmatic, painting its themes in splendidly correct extended techniques. The least exciting entree, the late victor Kosenko's Two Pieces, Op 4. from 1919, still is a solid, Scriabinesque exercise, rooted in classicism. Mr. Baley brings all four piano parts to life in interpretations which are immediately reverent and thoughtful, but also intense and ultimately reveal– ing. He culminates his illuminations through an amazingly broad dynamic range, which spans from the most shimmering and whispering pianissimo to the ultimately powerful statements of a full forte fortissimo. Mr. Gratovich brings the violin's share of the music to life with a level of sonority that is unusually rich and precise, glowing with color. All told, in his disc debut, Mr. Baley not only has established a new artistic landmark for Nevada and a Nevadan; he also has given the American audience a new musical milestone to savor.

Eugene Gratovich, left, and virko Baley during a recent performance at the Harvard Ukrainian Research institute. The x:ritic also wrote: "This is mostly Stankovych's triptych "in the Highhigh-density, high-tension music and lands." "The three other works — a sonata by Messrs, Gratovich and Baley bring to it Borys Liatoshynsky, 'Two Pieces' by virtuosity, color, density and tension victor Kosenko and the trio by Leonid sometimes, perhaps, too much, consi– Hrabovsky - show that the languages dering the closeness and brilliance of the of the conservative and of the avant- acoustic Orion has bestowed on their garde are international, though it is performances; there are moments when interesting to hear the language of Berg listening to this record is informative and of the aleatory composers spoken and educational but not pleasant. But with a distinct Slavic accent," Mr. Dyer both the enterprise and the achievement deserve applause." wrote.

Hrynkiv is "glue" that holds Newport Music Festival together
The following article was written by William K. Gale, it appeared in the July 21 edition of The Providence JournalBulletin.


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temptation to do the popular standards,

NEWPORT, R.l. - As Damon Runyon might have put it: "if the Newport Music Festival does not have a Hrynkiv, they got to invent one." A Hrynkiv turns out to be Thomas Hrynkiv. a young man of Ukrainian heritage, a native of Wilkes-Barre, Pa., and the musical glue holding this year's music festival together. He is appearing in no fewer than 20 concerts during the two-week run of the festival using his ability on the piano and harpsicord and for directing vocal groups. in addition, Mr. Hrynkiv plays the violin and viola and has conducted full orchestras. But what makes him truly invaluable amid the hectic heat of Newport these days is his ability to read music with great facility and speed. "Without Tom, we'd be nowhere," says Mark Ma!kovich, festival director. "1 have never seen anyone who can read music the way he can. Put it upside down and he can still play it." And virtuoso oboeist Bert Lucarelli has said of Mr. Hrynkiv that he is the "only pianist 1 would walk on stage with even if he hadn't seen the music." The object of this praise is a shaggyhaired man in his 30s whose Zapata– style moustache makes him look more like a candidate for a rock band than a BOSTON. Mass. - Richard Dyer of classically trained musician who began the Boston Globe reviewed the album piano lessons at age 8 and never looked "20th Century Ukrainian violin Music" back. by Eugene Gratovich. violinist, with "1 always knew 1 wanted to do it." he virko Baley. pianist, and Bertram says in a necessarily hurried interview Turetzky. contrabassist. in the August between practice and performance at Seayiew, the Ruggles Avenue mansion 16 issue of" the newspaper, The record album contains fourr owned,, by.,tr^,h^cjt;hcrpj( Newi York's, governor, Hugh Carey,,-w^e^E the mu.sj-. cians are quartered. these, accoTotngfowr.'Byarts-.Ycvnen

Thomas Hrynkiv "My father was not actually a coal miner,"'Mr. Hrynkiv says. "But he was a foreman in a mine near Wilkes-Barre. Both rny parents were greatly suppor– tive of; my studying. Although it wasn't classical, there was always music on in our home, it's part of our heritage." There were six Hrynkiv children and three are in the arts. Brother Bill plays popular piano music in Florida and Robert is an abstract expressionist who lives in Connecticut. "1 convinced him two years ago to go full time with it," Tom says. "You have got to get away from the academic world if you are going to have a per– forming career." Mr. Hrynkiv did that several years ago when, he gave up a position as head of,Jthe–, m,qs,ic department ,at :a, pr-tyate, sc^ooUn,Ma^haUan., , v , . j . , ,–
" v - Л Х(ШііпиМбНріЯеП) " '" '

No. 200




Ukrainians participate in Slavs Day in iron Range

northeastern Minnesota, where the cities of Hibbing, Chisholm, Eveleth and virginia are located, lies the center of the world's largest commercial deposits of iron. Hence the name iron Range came into being, the exploita– tion of this wealth began in the 1890s, thus creating a livelihood for thousands of immigrants, a large number of them being of Slavic origin, and many of them Ukrainians. To preserve and learn the past history of this region and its people, a special institute was established four years ago, near. Chisholm, called the iron Range interpretative Center. The purpose of this government sponsored center is to tell the story of the culture and history of the people of this region, through models, literature, audio-visual presentation, photographic technique and imaginative exhibits. Despite the fact that many inhabitants of this area are of Ukrainian origin, there is no organized community here. The only Ukrainian. Catholic Church, built in 1916, is closed because there is no priest. This lack of a sign of Ukrainian activity is the main reason why the contribution of Ukrainian settlers to the growth and development of the iron Range is very inadequately documented at the interpretative Center. On a plaque which lists the nationalities of the people who first settled in this region, Ukrainians are omitted. Dr. Michael J. Kozak of Minneapolis is presently in contact with the administration of the interpretative Center in order to correct this oversight and to assure proper recognition for the iron Range Ukrainians.

Some progress has already been made. Robert T. Scott, director of the center, who has informed himself of the history and the plight of the Ukrainian people, is very sympathetic toward this venture. Recently, he expressed an assurance that all omissions pertaining to the Ukrainians will soon be corrected. Thanks to his and his associates efforts, each year "ethnic days" are held, which always include a Ukrainian program. This year, on August 19, an All-Slav Day was held, attended by several thousand people. The main feature of this event was the Ukrainian program. For this reason a group of 60 people arrived from Minneapolis, it included older and younger groups of the Dance Ensemble "Zahrava" of St. Constantine's parish under the direction of Myron Pawlyshyn, the singers "Akord," directed by George Lucyk, and a group of ladies who prepared an exhibit of Ukrainian arts and crafts. Early in the morning, Maria Luciw, Lidia Kozak, Evette Pawlyshyn and Maria Stec arranged in the main lobby of the center an impressive display of Ukrainian embroidery, wood carving, ceramics and decorated Easter eggs. On the wall above it, they posted a map of Europe with prominently marked borders of Ukraine, which was prepared by Myron Sted. The beauty of the Ukrainian art immediately captured the attention of many visitors. This interest was enhaced, by the projection, in an adjacent room, of the film "Pysanka" produced by Slavko Nowytsky. Over 2,000 brochures titled "Ukraine - the

Members of the Dance Ensemble "Zahrava" - Nadia Kozak, Jim Nimchuk, Kathy Pawlyshyn, Mike Popadiuk and Adrian Stec performing the Hutsul dance. Land of our Ancestors" were distributed among the public. Also, a special radio interview was held with Dr. and Mrs. Kozak pertaining to the Ukrainian people and their art. The concert part of the program, which also included performances by Serbs, Croats and Slovenians, was held in the afternoon, it was held outside, on a specially erected stage. it was initiated with a presentation of the flags of those nationalities who were among the first settlers on the iron Range. The Ukrainian flag was carried by Markian Stec and Tommy Gallagher. The American national anthem was sung by Robert T. Scott and Slavomyr Luciw. After introduc– tory remarks by Joe Drazenovich, a representative of the center, an hour– and-a-half long Ukrainian program commenced, which was hosted by Sally Pawlyshyn Gallagher. She informed the audience about the Ukrainians in Minnesota and their contribution to the state. When she spoke of the hospitality of the Ukrainian people, members of the dance ensemble, dressed in tradi– tional Ukrainian costumes, entered the stage with two girls holding bread and salt on beatifully embroidered towels. They were greeted by the audience with loud applause, immediately after this ceremony they performed several Ukrainian folk dances to music provid– ed by Otto and Lynn Abramchuk and George Lucyk. This performance was well complimented by a selection of melodious Ukrainian songs, rendered by the members of "Akord" (Rosemarie Kycia, Sally Pawlyshyn Gallagher, Nadia Kozak, Myron Pawlyshyn and George Lucyk). нжп vigorous dances, harmonious music, beautiful songs, youthful performers and a well run program — all combined to make a great impression on the viewers, interesting variety was added to the program by the modeling and explanation of Poltava and Hutsul costumes. For this presentation the audience rewarded the performers with a prolonged ovation. Much of the program was photographed by reporters of a Duluth television station. They also held a interview with members of the dance ensemble, Nadia Kozak, Jim Nimchuk and Roman Kozak. The main question they asked was why the dancers are interested in preserving and promoting the heritage of their Ukrainian ances– tors. in summary, it may be stated that this year's Ukrainian participation in the All-Slav Day was well organized and very successfull. it presented a good opportunity to inform and share with thousands of non-Ukrainians the riches of the cultural heritage of the Ukrainian people.

First Ukrainian church in Canada marks anniversary
by John Panchuk

Back to school and study?
"Astronomy and Geography in the Early Eastern Europe: Knowledge and Folklore". Send 155 USA stamp for a free copy of this 7-page informative brochure. The Rusi had science 1000 years ago. Modern folklore in today's textbooks came only 100 years ago. VLESSIANA Box 4 2 2 , Dublin, Ohio 4 3 0 1 7


St. Michael's Ukrainian Orthodox Church. GARDENTON, Man. - St. Mi– chael's Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Gardenton, Man., was the scene of a gala annual celebration both as the first Ukrainian church in Canada and also as the first Ukrainian Orthodox church in Canada. Participating in this year's historic observance were — Metropolitan Andrew, Bishop Wasyliy, the Rt. Rev. Dr. S.W. Sawchuk, the Rt. Rev. D. Luchak, executive director of the con– sistory, priests and guests from sou– thern Manitoba. Following the traditional Archi– episcopal Divine Liturgy on the historic church grounds in the original rural setting on a hot Sunday morning, August 19, and the consecration of young Roman Bozyk from vita at the conclusion of the liturgical services, the church hierarchy and hundreds of guests attended a banquet at the Ukrai– nian National Home, here. . Commencing with the 1974 dedica– tion of the church as the first Ukrainian historic site in Canada, it has become the scene of increasingly popular annual celebrations and a tourist attraction. The Ukrainian Greek-Orthodox Church of Canada has decreed it to be its most historic shrine in Canada. Built in May 1899 by pioneer immi– grant settlers from Bukovina six miles, north of the Minnesota boundary, it was popularly referred to as "Onutska," Church because many of its builders hailed from the village of Onut on the Dniester river in Bukovina. Onut is one of the oldest villages in Bukovina, its name appearing in the Galician-vol– hynian Chronicle as the village visited in 1219 by King Dany!o during his southern expedition.

Basic Course For Those Who Wish To Learn Or improve Their Ukrainian.

Tuesday evenings, 6:30-9:15 p.m. September 11 - December 18, 1979
instructor: Zirka Derlycia, Ph.D.


MANOR JUN10R COLLEGE Ukrainian Courses Fox Chase Manor ш Jenkintown, Pa. 19046

Tel.: (215) 885-2360, Ext. 16

ran гав




No. 200

Hrynkiv is "glue"...
(Continued from page 10)

Social security notes

chamber orchestra after a year and a Q. When my husband died several months ago, 1 didn 't bother to contact social half. But he does not find 20th century security because we had no children and l'm too young to get widow's benefits. But "1 had my piano and my stereo," he music much to his liking. a friend just told me that 1 could probably get the social security lump-sum death says laughing. "So 1 moved on." "Eighty-five percent of it is not payment, is it too late to apply for it? "But 1 shouldn't say that," he adds. "1 good," he says nervously eyeing his A. An application for the lump-sum death payment must usually be made within enjoyed it there but 1 didn't feel і was watch because yet another Newport two years after the worker's death. The lump-sum payment is 5255. For more reaching my potential." Now, he does anywhere from two to concert is coming up. "There is a information, contact any social security office. Q. My wife and 1 have been taking care of our grandson since his parents died four dozen recitals a year along with striving to do new things when limits two years ago. І will be retiring in a few months. Can my grandson get social chamber music and being the mainstay have already been reached." of music festivals. To keep his energy up he tries to run security benefits when 1 retire? A. Social security benefits can be paid to a worker's grandchild if the natural "This fall Г11 be going to Europe," he or swim each day. After Newport, he says. "1 haven't been there in a number will be off to other festivals and then, of parents are disabled or dead and the grandchild is living with and being supported by the grandparent. You will need proof that you are supporting your grandson. of years and 1 have a few concerts and course, to Europe. For more information, contact and social security office. some business to do about getting some " All of the traveling is made easier Q. My husband and 1 have been receiving SS1 payments for about two years. more." because Mr. Hrynkiv is a bachelor. "1 We're in the process of getting a divorce. Should we notify social security? Mr. Hrynkiv expects that he will be don't feel the need to be married," he A. Yes. You should notify social security promptly if your marriage ends or if getting more European work because his style of playing is appreciated there, says. "You've got to have a very under- you separate for six months or more. A change in your marital status could affect the amount of payments due you and your husband, if you want information in he feels. He describes his style as standing wife. "l'm so terribly involved in music, І advance as to how this could affect your payments, get in touch with any social "romantic, not quite jet set." don't even have time to see my friends." security office. "Too many pianists today are con– cerned with filling 3,000-seat halls and that's not right. We are not playing Скористайте з виїмково доброї нагоди REAL ESTATE 1970s music," he said. Mr. Hrynkiv has played considerable amounts of modern music, in fact, he GLEN SPEY, N.Y. has just left a contemporary music
УВАГА! УВАГА! Особи, які були на роботах о Німеччичі в часі окупації і після війни, мають право дістати емеритуру чи хворобову ренту. За ближчими інформаціями звертатись: P O L O N I A T R A V E L AGENCY 112 Jackson Street Tampa. Florida 33602 Designers own secluded "Four Season" 41 acre mountain estate. Just 2 his NY City in Sullivan County Contemporary large main house, 30' x 30' livingroom with cathedral ceiling, natural stone fireplace, 6 bedrooms. 5 baths, custom kitchen, all latest equipment, heated swim pool, complete Cabana with shower S snack bar, tennis court magnificent landscaping plus an additional 2 bedroom guest house. 2 baths 8, kitchen, breathtaking views, low taxes. Asking S350.000. 173 down. 61BS0N M C K E A N . Realtors

ОГОЛОШЕННЯ в Календарі - УНСоюзу на 1980-ий рік

Tel.: (813) 223-3963

(914) 557-8338

який появиться в повному 20-тисячному тиражі „Свободи". Однасторінка ...„ S90.00 Пів сторінки 50.00 Чверть сторінки 33.00 Одна восьма сторінки 20.00 Замовлення і належність проситься надсилати найдальше до 15-го вересни 1979 р.


Advertising Rates for The Ukrainian Weekly
General advertising: 1 inch, single column Fraternal and community advertising: 1 inch, single column Full page (58 inches) 5406.00 Half page (29 inches) 5203.00 Quarter page (14'7i inches) 5101.50 Eighth page (7 Y, inches) 550.75 Photo reproduction: single column double column triple column 57.00 S5.00

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56.75 58.50 510.00

ALL A D V E R T I S E M E N T S MUST BE RECEivED BY 12 NOOri OF THE MONDAY BEFORE THE DATE OF THE NEXT WEEKLY EDITION. ( All advertisements are subject to approval. Please make checks payable to: Mail to: Svoboda 30 Montgomery St. Jersey City, N J . 07302 .^

Ukrainian Women's Association of Canada. Eastern Executive, have on hand a limited quantity of Ukrainian Bukovinian Crosstitch Embroidery Design Albums. These designs ware originally collected and drawn by Eric Kolbenhier from 1902-1912. The album contains 1405 different designs on 74 separate sheets 9W x 13" in color readily reproduced. The original manuscripts were translated into English, French and Ukrainian, also a book of instructions added. The contents include designs of folk embroideries of both root nationalities in Bukovinian, Rumanian and Ukrainian. This book was written in order to preserve the artistic treasures of Bukovina, to display it to communities at large to protect it from extinction and to preserve it for posterity. PR1CE including handling and shipping charges: in Canada 532.50. in U S.A. S34 00 Other Countries J35.00. ORDER NOW: Send Money Order with your Album order to:

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1979 Tennis Tournaments at Soyuzivka
The tennis committee of the Association of Ukrainian Sports Clubs in North America (USCAK), headed by Roman Rakotchyj. Sr., met at Soyu:ivka Saturday. April 7. and. after consulting with the estate's manager Walter Kwas. set the following dates for the 1979 tour– naments.^^^^^^^^ ' August 31-September 3 - liSCAK Nationals in all age groups. Advance registration by August 22 і ' September 15-16 - UNA invitational, 16 men,'8 senior men jj " October 6-7 - KLK Club tournament Ц ^^^^в^ і 5 вв в^^^^рд^^Дв^!^^а^^і^ДНиИ ,д. ...я. І would like lo subscribe to The Ukrainian Weekly lor. .year(s).

1402 Hall Avenue. Windsor. Ont., Canada N8X 4R4

Sunday, September 9, 1979 at 8 p.m. Ukrainian Fraternal Ass'n, u o Wyoming Av... Scranton, Pa.
PROGRAM: 1 Opening Remarks. 2. Review of the organizational work nf the District durme the last months 3. Orscusion of Fall Organizational Campaign which has its goal the organization of 2,000 new members by the end of the year. 4. General UNA topics. 5. Questions and answers, adjournment. All members of the District Committee, Convention Delegates, Branch Officers of the following Branches are requested to attend without fail:

Subscription rales: 56.00 for non-UNA members; 52.50 for UNA members. І am a member of UNA Branch . ^ – - . П New subscription D Renewal l'. Check or money order for 5 „ ^ ^ L Bill me. My address is: Name Address. City ^^

is enclosed.

123. 143. 144. 280. 311. 406. 409.
Meeting will be attended by S t e f a n H a w r y S Z . Senior Field Organizer Stepan Melesh. vice President Mykola Martyniuk. President JawBt Botawd. Secretory

- ^ –

Щ Щ ^ Ф І ' " ї'. -–:," ;o і—^apCbde;– , ; t ,. -:v:y;vi-:v:v.v;4vXv.v.-:-. y ; А”ПЇУЙЙЦйІаіа.–^ ^^^J„ЧДЛ,ЧХЧУ'.,.,,.,.-ЛП; ^Л .L-.bJ.--. , . 'A''-ІУ: – :fefe^^^-^^v,t^^B^^^ вшвваая на вийашамаа

Kateryna Fedirko. Годяда 1-.


No. 200


S U N D A Y , S E P T E M B E R 2,1979


Anti-drug coalition to meet at J.C. center
JERSEY. C1TY. N.J. - The first public meeting of the Jersey City AntiDrug Coalition will be held at the Ukrainian. Community. Center, 90-97 Fleet St., here Thursday, September 6, at 7:30 p.m. The meeting will feature Costas Kalimigis, co-author of the bestelling paperback, "Dope, inc., Britain's Opium Was Against the United States." Mr. Kalimtgis will give startling evi– dence on who actually runs theinterna– tional narcotics trade. The coalition has also invited, Edward Christian Phila– delphia assistant coroner, to give a slide show on the medical effects of narcotics, including marijuana. Remarks will be given by– the Rev. R.E. Brower, president of the Jersey City Ministerial Alliance, City Councilman Cornelius Parker, and. Chester Grabowski, Post Eagle editor. Admission is free.

A credit union of our own would provide:

Holy Cross to hold parish picnic
ASTOR1A, N.Y. The Holy Cross Ukrainian. Catholic Church here will hold its annual picnic on Sunday, September 9, at 1 p.m.. at the Bohemian Hall and Park, 30th Street and 24th Avenue. Music for dancing will be provided by the Marc Williams Orchestra. Admission is S3 for adults. Si.50 for students, and no charge for children under 12.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Higher interest rates on savings of members. Convenient place for members to save. Systematic savings plan directly from wages of employees. Convenient andfavorable loans to members at lower interest rates. Direct repayment of loans out of wages of employees.

6. Life insurance on savings and on loans. 7. Higher education loans. 8. A S5 deposit would make you a member.

The Ukrainian National Association would provide an office for the credit union without charge and "seed money " to get the credit union started. The credit union would be open to all members ofthe UN'A. to allemployees of the UNA and Svoboda, especially those who do not have a credit union in their locality. The credit union would be operated by qualified persons elected by the members of the credit union at its annual meeting. if you are in favor of the establishment ofsuch a credit union, please register your " YES " vote with Mrs. Genevieve Kufla. by cutting out and returning the slip appearing below. JohnO. Flis. Supreme President

Soviets comment.
(Continued from page 2)

persecution (at least in the answers quoted in the article), Tsyganyuk spoke of the equal rights enjoyed by all citizens, including their own members, and said that he knew nobody who wished to emigrate. in fact, commented Mr. Rowe, head of soviet studies at Keston College, even though the church is registered (and therefore legal) and indeed has 600 members — thus becoming the largest of the eight evangelical churches in Kiev the measure of freedom that it does

enjoy has been won only at the cost of a continuing struggle with the authorities to prevent interference in internal church affairs and continued haras– sment of individual members. visitors to the church have reported that a number of members have been fined for religious activities unaccep– table to the authorities, and it recently became known that 1 van viadimirovich Kiriliuk and three other members of the church have been under arrest since last year. They are expected to be brought to court this month on unknown charges.

date Mrs. Genevieve Kufta Ukrainian National Association, inc. 30 Montgomery Street - 3rd floor Jersey City, New Jersey 07303 1. a member of UNA Branch union would be desirable. think that a UNA central credit


unwittingly in a KGB provocation, which was intended to shock ordinary believers, discredit the jdea of "unof– ficial" ordination and mislead the vatican into supporting only the official seminary, instead the vatican is asked to assist the Catholic Church in Lithu-„ ania in creating better conditions for underground theological education and activity.

(Continued from page 2)

І would; would not become a member of it. Name Address

ordination of former seminarist and^ KGB informer Ricardas Jakutis as an attempt by the KGB to discredit secret ordinations. Jakutis had been expelled from the seminary in 1977 for blatantly immoral behavior, but is now acting as curate in a church in Nemencine. KGBinspired rumors alleged that one of the exiled Lithuanian bishops Stepo– navicius or Sladkevicius - must be responsible, it turned out, however, that the person responsible forJakutis's ordination was Msgr. Ceslovas Krivaitis, a senior clergyman frequently criticized by the Lithuanian chronicle for his "obedience" to Soviet govern– ment wishes. Msgr. Krivaitis had used his good offices to recommend Jakutis to the late Bishop Matulaitis-Labuktas. who then ordained him. The chronicle feels that all those who took part were either wittingly or


WOODCARVING WORKSHOP September 8-30, 1979
і A four session course in the technique of Ukrainian folk woodcarving is offered to young people over the age of 10 and adults on four consecutive Saturdays (September 8-23) and Sundays KSeptember 9-30) і Time: 1:30-4:30 p.m. Fee:adults: 525.00. Museum members: 120 00. students 8 senior citizens: J15.00. Free for young people from age 10 to 16. і in addition on September 8th. sculptor Mycbailo Czeresniowskyj will demonstrate the art of woodcarving to the general public. і Time: 11:00-12:00 Fee: adults: J2.00. Museum members, students, senior citi– zens: Si.50, course participants and children - free. і Advanced reservations are required for all workshops. For reservations call (212) 228-0110 203 Second Avenue. New То'гГМе^гГГЙООЗ.





No. 200

(Ukrainian Fairy Tale) illustration bv M. Mvchalevvch

A man is never satisfied
(A Ukrainian fairy tale) illustration by M. Dmytrenko poor man who know it. in a few days the town council Once there was earned his living by carrying clay in a looked for a new mayor and someone sack for those who needed clay for said: "There is a man who had no riches pottery or building. One day, walking along the road with but carried clay in his sack. Now he is a his sack' full, he met an old, old man. landowner. He must be a wise man. Let "How do you fare, my son?" asked us make him our mayor." the old man. And so they chose him. The man was "Well." answered the poor man. "1 very happy giving orders. One day he thank God for everything, while 1 am met the old man again. strong and healthy." "Well my son, you must be happy "And don't you wish anything more?" now. You have everything you wished "What can 1 wish for? if God would for." give mc a horse to pull clay in a cart to "it's not a great blessing to be mayor town for mc. І think 1 could earn much of a town," said the man. "But to be a more money." king, that's different." "Well my son, you just pray, maybe "Well, God may grant you that," said God will help you." said the old man the old man and went away. went the other way. So it happened that in the capital of Whether the poor man prayed or not. the country where the man lived the he found so much money when digging king died and all the lords and ministers clay the next day that he bought himself gathered together to elect a new king, it a horse and a cart that could carry twice happened that the man was there and he as much clay as before. He was able to was elected to be the king. The man earn twice as much money. became very proud thinking himself After some time he met the same old really very wise, since he had risen from man again. a poor man carrying clay to the position "Well, my son," said the old man, of a king. He began to treat everybody "are things better now?" with contempt. "Oh yes, thank God," the man One day the old man came again, and answered. "1 have a horse now, but oh woe! І don't have enough money to buy bowing low, as everybody to the king, him food and 1 have no place to keep said: "Now, your majesty, you must be him. І wish 1 had a farm and had no very happy having all you ever wished need to dig and sell clay." "You just pray, my son, and God will for." "Well," said the man, "it's no use help you." Well, the man began to earn so much being just a king. І .wish 1 could be a god." money that he bought a farm and had "if that's the case," said the old man, no more need to dig and sell the clay. While ploughing his field one day, he "for wishing to be a God you shall go back to carrying clay on the road." saw the old man again. "How are you, my son? So you are With that, the now a real landlord. God granted your old man disap– wish. Do you need anything else?" peared and with "Oh, 1 wish 1 could be the mayor of him all the king– the town." dom and riches "You just pray, and God may grant and the poor ^ ( your wish," said the old man. man found him– Sr^W ^–i) That old man was no one else but self carrying clay "" " God Himself. The poor man did not on the road.


Хлопці і заєць
Д а л е к о у полі Хлопці розбіглись. З криком — юрбою З а зайцем гонились. Ш в и д к і ї ноги Його врятували. Ш к о д а малого Перелякали.

Once there were three orphan bro– thers, three homeless and poor lads, who went into the world to seek their fortunes. Soon they met an old, old man with a long white beard who said. "Where are you going, my lads?" "To find work." "Have you no land of your own to work on?" "None, if we find a good man. who would hire us, we could serve him righteously." "Be my sons," said the old man, "and Г1І be your sworn-father. Follow my advice and ГІ1 teach'you how to live righteously in this world." So they went on together with the old man through the dark woods and wide pastures until they came upon a new house with a cherry orchard and a flower garden beside it. A beautiful maiden came out of the house, and the oldest brother said: "if 1 could have that girl for my wife, along with some oxen and cows, І would be happy." "Come!" said the old man. "You'll have the girl and the oxen and the cows. Live happily, my son, but don't forget to live righteously." And so it came to be. The girl con– sented to marry the oldest brother. When the wedding ceremonies were over, the oldest brother remained as the lord of the place. The old man and the two brothers went on. One day they saw a nice house and a mill beside a pond. Near the house a pretty maiden was working and the second brother said: "if she would marry me and that house and the mill with the pond become mine, 1 could be happy." "So it will be," said the old man. The pretty maiden consented to marry the second brother. When the wedding ceremonies were over he re– mained as the lord of the place and the old man said: "Live happily, my son, but don't forget to live righteously."

With this he continued his journey with the youngest brother. One day the two came to a humble cottage. Beside it a beautiful but poorlydressed maiden was working. The youngest brother said: "if she would consent to be my wife, we shall work together and live happily and righteously." "Yes, my son," said the old man, "that's how it will be." So the youngest brother and the girl were married and the old man went on alone. Years passed. The oldest brother became rich but selfish. The second but did nothing except watch his ser– vants work for him. The youngest bro– ther, who only had enough to live on', was always ready to share with anybody who was in need. in the meantime the old man, return– ing from his long journey, decided to visit his adopted sons and see whether they were living righteously. First he visited the oldest brother and, standing before him disguised as a begger, said: "Could you spare me a piece of bread? The oldest brother answered: "You are not too old to work and earn your living. І was also poor not long ago." So the old man went away. When he turned back to look at the riches of the oldest brother, all of it went up in flames. Then he went to see the second brother and, meeting him in the mill, asked him for some flour. "Sorry," said the second brother, "1 haven't got enough." So the old man went away and when he turned back to look at the mill, it went up in flames. Then he went to the youngest bro– ther's dwelling. "Could you spare me a piece of bread, in Christ's name?" said the old man. "Come into the house and we shall - - v - - (CoBtlBeedonpegeW) чгП vi^ri) ci:f Ьіь i l l vt! ntni lrwu,

No. 200

The little Hen arid the rascal Polecat
(An old Ukrainian folk tale) illustration by ft Slcbelsky

Ukrainian folk dances
The jumbled words below represent the names of Ukrainian folk dances. Their names are spelled according to the system employed in Ukraine: A Concise Encyclopaedia. They can be identified by rearranging the letters. Letters underlined with a double line form the mystery word. TL1STEAMEY 1RBKADUHS Once upon a time there live an Old Man and an Old Woman, in their neighborhood lived a Polecat who stole their Chicks. One night he carried away the Mother Hen. So the Old Man said: І think i'll go and punish that Rascal And off he went. He walked and.he walked and,he came upon a Pumpkin-Peel lying on the road. Grandfather, oh Grandfather, where are you going? That rascal Polecat stole our Hen, І want to get it back again. i'll go with you, - said the PumpkinPeel. So the two of them walked and walked till they came upon a Whip lying on the road. Grandfather, oh Grandfather, where are you going? - asked the Whip. That rascal Polecat stole our Hen, І want to get it back again. i'll go with you, - said the Whip. So the three of them walked and walked till they came upon a Stick lying on the road. Grandfather, oh Grandfather, where are you going? - asked the Stick. That rascal Polecat stole our Hen, І want to get it back again. Г11 go with you, - said the Stick and so they went on. So the four of them walked and walked till they came upon an Acorn lying on the road. Grandfather, oh Grandfather, where are you going? That rascal Polecat stole our Hen. І want to get it back again. i'll go with you, — said the Acorn. So the five of them walked and walked till they came upon.a Crab crawling along. Grandfather, oh Grandfather, where are you going? — asked the Crab. That rascal Polecat stole our Hen. 1 want to get it back again. Г11 go with you, — said the Crab. So the six of them went on together and they saw a Rooster running toward them. Grandfather, oh Grandfather, where are you going? — asked the Rooster. That rascal Polecat stole our Hen, І want to get it back again. So the seven of them went on together and they came to the Polecat's hut. They looked in through the window but the Polecat was nowhere to be seen. So they went into the hut and hid there. The Acorn climbed into the oven, the Pumpkin-Peel lay down on the doorstep and the Whip Under it, the Stick got up on the raised) hearth, the Crab jumped into a tub, 'the Rooster flew up on a perch and the Old Man climbed up on the stove. By and by the Polecat ran in and the Acorn, all hot and steaming, sang out from the oven: Polecat, Polecat, be on guard, We will thrash you very hard. So before 1 count to 10, Free the Chickens and the Hen. What is it? - cried the Polecat. But the Acorn went on singing and cracking in the hot oven. The Polecat was very frightened and he rushed to the tub, but the Crab nipped him in the leg. He tried to climb up on the perch, but the Rooster pecked him in the head. He ran to the doorstep, but he slipped on the Pumpkin-Peel. He fell and was tangled up in the Whip. Then the Stick jumped down from the hearth and began to thrash him very hard — whack! whack! And as for theOld Man, hetookthe Mother Hen and the Baby Chicks and went his way in peace. NOILYNKAVA ORPT1AKTONA KHRUZEAVIA CHUDKODA SVIASTENURAST SKOKHYHOC YERTKANA - – -

- - - - - ^ „ -

.- -

He has taught some of them in the United States and Canada:

Puliuy, Bachynsky. Mystery word: Sviate Pysmo.

Answers to previous word jumble: Ohiienko, Khomenko, Kulish, Levytsky,


Story: Roman Zawadowycz

Bohuta The Hero
illustrations: Petro Cholodny

Повінь село залляла на рятунок поспішає.


Десь спалахнула пожежа — Богута могутньо дихнув, вогонь, мов свічку, задув.

Люди ліс рубали — Богута дв-i– три рази мечем махнув, всі дерева. мов траву, постинав.

High water flooded the village Bohuta hastens to aid.,' ,, . . ,,. ,

Somewheres a fire burst out People were hewing down the Bohuta blew strongly, putting out woods — Bohuta swung two, three ^ ? ^ Г ? . M tboujjb^i^ndJsu , „ ^ ,ymcb.wjth^hia ауодгі.^іуа trees, лл. though grass, were mowed down.




No. 200

The sworn father
from pap 14)


look after you," answered the youngest brother. The youngest brother's wife gave the old man food and drink. Noticing that he was clothed in rags, she brought him a shirt to wear. While the old man was putting on the shirt, the youngest brother and his wife saw a terrible bleeding wound on the old man's chest. "You are very sick,"^hey said. "Yes," said the old man, "because of that wound 1 must die tomorrow." "is there no remedy?" There is, but no one would give it, though anyone can." "What is it?" asked the youngest brother. "if a man willingly sets his house afire and then collects the ashes and holds them to my wound, 1 shall be well again," said the old man.

The youngest brother thought for a while and then said to his wife: "What do you think?" "1 think," said the wife, "we can have another house but if a good man dies, he . will not live again." So they carried their children and their meager belongings outside and the youngest brother set his house afire. І disappeared in smoke, in an instant, a new and beautiful house stood in its place. "1 see, my son," said the old nun smiling, "you are the only brother who knows to live righteously. Now you can live happily." Then the youngest brother recog– nized the old man as his father and rushed to embrace him. But the old man disappeared...

Saturday, September 8 . 1 9 7 9 at 4:00 p.m. Ukrainian Catholic Church, 1301 Newport Ave.. Northampton, Pa.
PROGRAM: 1. Opening Remarks. 2. Review of the organizational work of the District during the last months. 3. Discussion of Fill Organizational Campaign which has as its goal the organization of 2.000 new members by the end of the year. 4. General UNA topics. 5. Questions and answers, adjourment. A members of the District Committee, Convention Delegates, Branch Officers D of the following Branches are requested to attend without fail: 44. 47, 48, 1 2 4 . 1 3 7 . 1 4 7 . 1 5 1 , 288, 318, 369, 438. Meeting wiU be attended by

штшштшшшяшяшшвявшшкат Ukrainian National Association, ї м .
P.O. Box 17 А - З в Montgomery Street Jersey City, N J . 07382 GENTLEMEN: Please send information on U N A insurance.



t Stefan Kotodrub, Enft. Secretary aoooooooooooooocoooooo




Address City . . .



for information and Appointment JOHN R.FARLEY CAMPBELL HALL, N.Y. 1 0 9 1 6 (914) 294-5381


Call: (212) 254-2260



otiff. ^w SHOP 2306 A 9mtmm Blvd.. Montreal, P.Q., Canada H2G 1 Т 7 в 2 7 2 - 8 0 5 0

Clevelend, Ohio

Cleveland, Ohio


2. ire tun to be UKRAINIAN
в. Н А Я Т Е Б Е К А Ч К А К О П Н Е

Sunday, September 9 , 1 9 7 9 St. Andrew's Picnic Grove, 7700 Hoertz Road,Parma, Ohio

3. Baba'.BORSCHTSOUP 6. LOWE 1S SHAR1NG А САввАвЕ ROLL Youth S L USD. Adult SMl XL 55.50. Postage JXt per shirt. M PAMPHLET NAlLED M REQUEST.

Rochester, N. Y.

Rochester, N. Y.

wiU be held

Honoring 50th Anniversary of O.U.N.

Sunday, September 1 6 , 1 9 7 9 at 4:00 p.m. Ukrainian Civic Center, взі Joseph Avenue, Rochester, N.Y.
Ml members of the District Committee, Convention Delegates and Branch Officers and Delegates of the folloving Branches are requested to attend:

PROGRAM. 3:00 p.m. - PANACHYDA for those members of U.W.0. and O.U.N. who died. 5:00 p.m. UKRA1N1AN NAT10NAL DANC1NG.

36, 66. 89. 217. 285, 289. 316, 343. 367 and 437
Meeting will be attended by W a s y l O r i c h o w s k y , UNA Supreme Organizer After the meeting REFRESHMENTS W1LL BE SERvED. All members and non-members are welcome. Konstantine Schewchuk. Honorary President Walter Hawrylak Mykola Lylak Treasurer President

All Ukrainians and Friends are invited.

Drnytro Prystaj Secretary

Saturday. S e p t e m b e r

1 5 . 1 9 7 9 at


Saturday night. S e p t e m b e r 1 5 , 1 9 7 9

Following the Program -

Of Astoria, N.Y. E. Oprysko - Director



D A N C E to the tunes of " S O Y U Z i v K A "

under the direction of Alec Chudolij and Dorfco Senchyshyn


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