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Dengue Eradication Program

August 18

Cotton Research Institute, Rahim Yar Khan
Muhammad Bakhsh Assistant Agronomist M.Sc. (Hons.) Agronomy

Dengue fever is one of the most notorious disease which threatened the whole Pakistan but especially the Punjab province. Hundreds of mortalities were recorded throughout Pakistan for the past few years. This disease is caused by a virus, which is transmitted from one human being to another through mosquito specie naming Aedes aegypti. The most effective technique to control or eradicate this disease is to control the carrier (mosquito) of the disease. Hence, a Dengue Eradication Campaign from the Punjab Government was launched for the last couple of years to cope with the dilemma. Umair Faheem Assistant Research Officer M.Sc. (Hons.) Agri. Entomology Muhammad Yasin Cotton Botanist M.Sc. (Hons.) PB & G


It is also called as “Break bone” fever. standing water 2 . Drainage of standing water: Fig. the other species of transmits this virus in monkeys. For this purpose Dengue Eradication Program has been started in Punjab. The campaign was started at 08:00pm and the following activities were carried out. This virus is transmitted by a mosquito naming Aedes aegypti. Aedes aegypti is the only specie of mosquitoes which transmits this disease in humans. Due to dengue fever hundreds of mortalities have been recorded throughout Pakistan. So. underneath the desks and tables. In severe cases. In 1906. Larvae are bottom feeders and can dive up to 1. Dengue 1. chairs. Eggs are laid singly and they are highly drought resistant. For the above mentioned purpose an Anti-Dengue Campaign was organized at Cotton Research Institute (CRI). disease can cause mortality of the patient. especially in Punjab province for the last few years.D Dengue fever is one of the most notorious diseases found throughout the world. She can lay her eggs both on clean and grubby water. This mosquito. Graham in 1905 was the first person who proved that this disease is transmitted through mosquito.. Eggs are minute and cigar shaped which hatch within two days. in contrast to other mosquitoes only feeds at day time and mostly lives in the cities. Dengue 3 and Dengue 4. It is caused by arbovirus (B Group) existing in four forms viz. Dengue 2. While. Rahim Yar Khan to eradicate the developing population of dengue mosquito which would ultimately leads to the eradication of the dengue fever. There are several preventive measures which can be taken to manage this dengue mosquito.5m. Bancrofti reported that A. Pakistan for the last couple of years to cope with this big issue. cupboards. aegypti is the responsible mosquito of that disease. For the control/eradication of the dengue fever control/eradication of the carrier dengue mosquito is very important. The larval duration remains for 4-9 days. pots and surface of the water. Female mosquito lays her eggs near the edges of the containers. 1: Drainage of standing water Female dengue mosquito lays her eggs on the surface of water. Adult female can last up to 225 days. It hides itself behind the frames. The pupal duration is 1-5 days. Eggs can survive a year without moisture.

This water can also provide a breeding site for the dengue mosquito. Fig. old vehicle tyres were stacked and covered with polythene sheet. So. Rahim Yar Khan was drained to clear off the breeding places of dengue mosquito. all the furniture of Cotton Research Institute was sprayed to wipe out the hiding sites of dengue mosquito.3 around the premises of CRI. water usually stands within the inner side of the tyres. 4: Spraying of insecticide underneath the table Drying of standing water with soil: Standing water. Hence. where possible was dried with soil to remove the egg depositing sites against the dengue mosquito females. 2: Tyres covered with polythene sheet It can easily be seen that after rains. At day time dengue mosquito rests behind the frames. 3 . Covering of vehicles tyres: Fig. 3: Drying of standing water with soil Spraying under the desks and behind the frames: Fig. chairs and other type of furniture at day time.

plant pots were also sprayed with insecticide. This is mainly due to the fact that washrooms and toilets contains standing water which act as a breeding site for the mosquitoes. Consequently. Rahim Yar Khan were thoroughly sprayed. 6: Spraying on pots Usually it has been observed that in washrooms and toilets there is a large population of mosquitoes. 7: Spraying in toilets and washrooms Fig. Hence.4 Spraying on walls: Spraying in washrooms: toilets and Fig. Fig. Spray on marshy places: Female dengue mosquito can also lay her eggs on water standing in the plant pots. toilets and washrooms of CRI. 5: Spraying on walls Walls of Cotton Research Institute. Rahim Yar Khan were sprayed as a preventive measure against the dengue mosquito. 8: Spraying at marshy places 4 . Spraying on pots containing water: Fig.

All the dengue mosquito eradication activities were closed at 01:00 pm Removal of weeds: Fig. 9: Removal of weeds Weeds were removed around the premises of the Cotton Research Institute. 10: Removal of weeds 5 . Fig.5 The biggest breeding site for the dengue mosquito is marshy places. Rahim Yar Khan. Standing water which could be drained was sprayed with insecticide. Dengue mosquito can lay her eggs in both clean and dirty water. All the garbage was disposed off from the Institute.