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DRR in ASEAN

ASEAN’s Initiatives on Disaster Risk Reduction
By Adelina Kamal, Coordinator, Environment and Disaster Management, ASEAN Secretariat On behalf of the ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM)

• Mutual assistance in disasters: one of the founding principles for 4 decades (since 1967) • Momentum created and sustained for the last 4 years (starting 2003) • Major disasters provided critical momentum • Disasters remain a major challenge to achieve ASEAN vision of a disaster-resilient community by 2015

Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Reduction, 7-8 November 2007, New Delhi, India

ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM)
• Elevation from an expert group to a full-fledged committee
Objective of the ACDM: “To enhance regional cooperation in all aspects of disaster management including prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery through mutual assistance activities in order to minimise the adverse consequences of disasters on the economic and social development of Member

Institutional Framework
• ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Disaster Management (AMMDM) • ASEAN Standing Committee (ASC) • ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM) • ASEAN Secretariat

2nd Meeting of ACDM, Kuala Lumpur, October 2004

AMMDM, Cambodia, Dec 04

Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare. Ministry of Home Affairs. however. Promoting Collaboration and Strengthening Partnerships 5. ARPDM outlines five regional priorities: 1. Relief and Resettlement. also attested that our region has a large potential in terms of capacity.ASEAN COMMITTEE ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT National Disaster Management Centre. REHABILITATION. Chair Thailand Central Committee of Flood and Storm Control. Our experience with the Indian Ocean tsunami. RECONSTRUCTION AND PREVENTION ON THE AFTERMATH OF EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI DISASTER OF 26 DECEMBER 2004 . Capacity Building 3. assets and commitment……” (Secretary(Secretary-General of ASEAN. It demonstrated that regional emergency response could not be deployed rapidly and effectively not so much because of lack of resources but more of a lack of a regional system to identify and mobilise available resources into an effective response system. Prime Minister’s Department. Ong Keng Yong) SPECIAL ASEAN LEADERS’ MEETING ON THE AFTERMATH OF EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI JAKARTA. Ministry of Home Affairs. Ministry of Social Welfare. Lao PDR Department of Disaster Current Prevention and Mitigation.E. Public Education. Awareness and Advocacy National Disaster Coordinating Council. Philippines Singapore Civil Defence Force. Ministry of Interior. Establishment of ASEAN Regional Disaster Management Framework 2. in May 2004. Indonesia. Malaysia “…. H.The Indian Ocean tsunami exposed ASEAN Member Countries’ unpreparedness and weaknesses in responding to such large scale calamities collectively. Sharing of Information and Resources 4. Cambodia Relief and Resettlement Department. Viet Nam National Security Division. Myanmar Programme Framework ASEAN REGIONAL PROGRAMME ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT (ARPDM) Launched in Bali. Indonesia National Disaster Management Office. Brunei Darussalam National Committee for Disaster Management. Singapore National Coordinating Board for Disaster Management (BAKORNAS PB). 6 JANUARY 2005 DECLARATION ON ACTION TO STRENGTHEN EMERGENCY RELIEF.

net Assessments of ICT infrastructure in ASEAN countries Online Southeast Asia Disaster Inventory (OSADI) Front page of OSADI website. Lao PDR. tested and validated in recent regional simulation exercise (ARDEX-07) Plans for operationalisation in 2008 Articles 5 & 7: Risk Identification. in promoting regional collaboration (Article 20. and to jointly respond to disaster emergencies through concerted national efforts and intensified regional and international cooperation (Article 2) Operational Arm – AHA Centre ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre) shall be established to facilitate cooperation and coordination among the Parties. draft negotiated in 05 within 4 months • Signed by Foreign Ministers of ASEAN on 26 July 2005 in Vientiane. economic and environmental assets of the Parties.Legal Framework • ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) • Initiated in mid 04. version 1. mandate given 3 weeks before tsunami.The Objective - To provide effective mechanisms to achieve substantial reduction of disaster losses in lives and in the social. Ratification underway • Embodies ASEAN’s commitment to the HFA and effective disaster risk reduction ASEAN AGREEMENT ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE .1) Establishment of AHA Centre is underway with consultative workshops held in Dec 2006 (Indonesia) and in March 2007 (Lao PDR) Start-up facilities of AHA Centre have been identified. and with relevant UN and international organisations. Monitoring and Early Warning ASEAN Disaster Information Sharing and Communication Network (ASEAN DiscNet) • • ACDM Online: www.0 • .acdm-online.

000 participants and observers. Thailand) • Involved both civilian and military assets and personnel • Testing AHA Centre. involving participating teams from Singapore and other 5 ASEAN Member Countries (Brunei D. Mobilisation of personnel and assets via sea. UN system and IFRC . land and water equipment from Cambodia and 6 other ASEAN Member Countries (Brunei D. Thailand). others as referees ARDEX-06 CAMBODIA Flood Disaster Scenario ARDEX-07 SINGAPORE Massive Collapse of Structures • Over 2. Philippines. and enhancement for the SOP for Regional Standby Arrangements and Coordination of Joint Disaster Relief and Emergency Response Ops (SASOP) Article 8.ASEAN Regional Disaster Emergency Response Simulation Exercise (ARDEX) • Annual conduct of ARDEX to enhance Member Countries’ capabilities in joint disaster relief and emergency operations • Lessons learnt serve as inputs for review. Indonesia. Philippines.3. Malaysia and Singapore. Singapore. conduct training and exercises to attain and maintain the relevance and applicability of the Standard Operating Procedures ARDEX-05 MALAYSIA Collapsed Structure Disaster Scenario Testing mobilisation of cross-border assistance and deployment of urban search and rescue capacities. Indonesia. Malaysia. participated by Brunei Darussalam. Malaysia. and air. land and air checkpoints.c ….

it may request or accept an offer of assistance that is appropriate and responsive to its needs • Article 9.ASEAN Regional Standby Arrangements Article 11.o (Article 11. Joint Emergency Response through the Provision of Assistance When a Party needs assistance in the event of a disaster emergency. Yogyakarta Article 6. 2006. and the December 2006 Typhoon Durian in Philippines Informal Gathering of ACDM Chair with ASEAN Commanders and Team Leaders.c) ASEAN Day for Disaster Management (ADDM) • Started in 2005 to increase public awareness on disaster prevention and mitigation • Past events focused on: • national level public relation campaigns conducted by ASEAN Member Countries • Joint regional activities (such as exhibition. Thailand. the July 2006 tsunami in West Java.1: earmarked assets & capacities for joint disaster relief & emergency response ops • Online updates at http://standby.1-6) Member Countries responded swiftly to the May 2006 earthquake in Yogyakarta. seminar.2. ASEAN and UNISDR jointly observed the ASEAN Day for Disaster Management and the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction with a regional event in Bangkok. and awareness-raising and advocacy activities at country level . Prevention and Mitigation Each Party shall undertake measures to reduce losses from disasters which include promoting public awareness and education and strengthening community participation (Article 6.aseansec. May 06. etc) with UN/ISDR October 11.

Technical Cooperation Two-Year ASEAN-HFA Regional Capacity Development Programme • Workshop on ASEAN-HFA Regional Capacity Building in Disaster Response and Preparedness (4-8 Dec 06. Philippines) ü Training on emergency logistics management (Apr/May 2008 2008. regional cooperation and partnership . Philippines) International exchange programme for mid-level managers (2007-2009) • ASEAN has sustained cooperation and collaboration with partners and counterparts. centres of excellence. including relevant UN agencies.Article 18. including technical capacity enhancement. 5-9 April 2005 • • • • Challenges & Opportunities • Spirit to continue to assert leadership and be the driving force in the SEA region • Vision of ASEAN to pursue a region of disaster-resilient nations and a safer community • Necessity to maintain the momentum and work towards institutionalisation and integration Challenges & Opportunities • Affirmation of ASEAN’s priorities to HFA • Principle to mainstream DRR into policies. IFRC. among others.1) Article 18. Dialogue Partners of ASEAN. Technical Cooperation Parties shall undertake activities for technical cooperation. planning and programming • Drive to transcend the sectoral divide and further elevate cooperation • Strategic role of DRR as an avenue for confidence building. Indonesia) Training on damage and needs assessment after disasters (Jun/Jul. Thailand) ü Training on scenario building and conduct for simulation exercise (7-11 May 2007. Ha Noi. training programme development. Basic/ Intermediate ICS Training and Adaptation Workshop. and public awareness and education (Article 18. Singapore ü Training on contingency planning (30 Jul – 3 Aug 2007.

action-oriented strategies for DRR – Working with relevant sectors and key stakeholders – Addressing poverty eradication as a core issue – Reaching out to the local communities – Developing innovative tools such as funding mechanisms for DRR – Continuing building and strengthening the capacity Thank you . mechanisms and platforms for promoting collaboration and partnership • Opportunity for collaboration using AADMER as the platform • Importance of giving more emphasis on implementing innovative. action-oriented strategies for DRR Challenges & Opportunities • Importance of giving more focus and emphasis on implementing innovative.Challenges & Opportunities • Availability of sufficient framework.