CBS NEWS POLL For release: Wednesday, August 28, 2013 7:00 am ET *Embargoed until Wednesday, Aug.

28th at 7:00am ET* Americans’ Views on Racial Discrimination
August 7-11, 2013

Fifty years after the March on Washington, there is a wide divergence between the views of white and black Americans on the issue of racial discrimination. While sizeable majorities of both whites and blacks think there is at least some racial discrimination today, blacks are more apt to say it is widespread. 40% of blacks say there is a lot of discrimination against African Americans today, compared to just 15% of whites who say that. How Much Discrimination is there Against African Americans Today? Total Whites Blacks A lot 19% 15% 40% Some 49 52 40 Only a little 22 23 14 None at all 7 8 1 Differing views may be a result of different personal experiences. Just 29% of whites say they can think of a specific instance where they felt discriminated against because of their race, but this rises to 62% among blacks. Ever Felt Discriminated Against Because of your Race? Total Whites Blacks Yes 36% 29% 62% No 62 69 37 Race Relations Today At the same time, more than half of Americans – 57% - think race relations in the United States are generally good. This is down slightly from early last year, and nine points lower than the high of 66% reached in April 2009, shortly after President Barack Obama took office. A third says race relations are generally bad. Views of race relations may be a bit less positive today compared to recent years, but they are considerably more upbeat than they were in the 1990s. In 1992, amid the riots in Los Angeles, just 25% of Americans described race relations in the country as generally good. Race Relations in the U.S. Now 1/2012 4/2009 7/2008 2/2000 Generally good 57% 62% 66% 53% 52% Generally bad 32 30 22 37 38 6/1997 38% 52 5/1992 25% 68

There is a racial divide on this question as well, with white Americans more optimistic about race relations in the U.S. than blacks. 58% of whites believe race relations are good, but among African Americans, opinion is more divided: 46% think race relations are good, but almost as many – 41%- say they are bad. The percentage of African Americans who say race relations are generally good has dropped nine points since January 2012.

Generally good Generally bad

Race Relations in the U.S. Whites Blacks Now 1/2012 Now 1/2012 58% 64% 46% 55% 31 27 41 37

As has historically been the case, Americans rate race relations in their own community more positively than race relations in the country overall. This is true among both white and black Americans. Race Relations in… The U.S Your community 57% 79% 32 15

Generally good Generally bad Interracial Marriage

Perhaps one of the most striking indications of the changing perception of race relations comes from Americans’ shifting attitudes about interracial marriage. Today more than eight in 10 Americans approve of marriage between blacks and whites, including large majorities of both black and white Americans. Marriage Between Blacks and Whites? Total Whites Blacks Approve 82% 80% 88% Disapprove 10 11 7 Even in the South – where laws against interracial marriage stayed on the books in every state in the region until they were deemed unconstitutional in 1967 – three in four Americans approve of marriage between whites and blacks. Total 82% 10 Marriage Between Blacks and Whites? Northeast Midwest South 91% 81% 74% 4 11 16 West 89% 5

Approve Disapprove

Approval of marriage between blacks and whites has risen dramatically over the years. According to Gallup polling, 73% of Americans approved of marriage between blacks and whites ten years ago, and just 48% approved back in 1994. As late as 1983, more Americans disapproved (50%) than approved (43%). When Gallup first asked Americans whether they approved or disapproved of marriage between “white and colored people” back in 1958, just 4% of Americans approved. CBS Now 82% 10 Marriage Between Blacks and Whites? ********************* Gallup Polls (1958-2003) *********************** 11/2003 9/1994 4/1983 10/1972* 9/1958^ 73% 48% 43% 29% 4% 23 37 50 60 93

Approve Disapprove

*Wording change: “…marriage between whites and non-whites” ^Wording change: “…marriage between white and colored people”

_______________________________________________________________________
This poll was conducted by telephone from August 7-11, 2013 among 1,006 adults nationwide. Data collection was conducted on behalf of CBS News by Social Science Research Solutions of Media, PA. Phone numbers were dialed from samples of both standard land-line and cell phones. The error due to sampling for results based on the entire sample could be plus or minus three percentage points. The error for subgroups may be higher. Interviews were conducted in English and Spanish . This poll release conforms to the Standards of Disclosure of the National Council on Public Polls.

CBS NEWS POLL Americans’ Views on Racial Discrimination August 7-11, 2013 Q1. Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad? TOTAL RESPONDENTS Total White Black % % % 57 58 46 32 31 41 11 10 13 Jan12b % 62 30 8

Good Bad Don’t know/No answer

Q2. Do you think race relations in YOUR COMMUNITY are generally good or generally bad? Good Bad Don’t know/No answer 79 15 80 14 5 78 18 5 Jul08a 77 20 4 3

Q5. How much discrimination do you think there is against African Americans in our society today. -- a lot, some, only a little, or none at all? A lot Some Only a little None at all Don’t know/No answer 19 49 22 7 15 52 23 8 4 40 40 14 1 4

5

Q8. Was there ever a specific instance when you felt discriminated against because of your race? Yes No Don’t know/No answer 36 62 29 69 2 62 37 2 Jan08a 34 66 * 0

Q8a. Do you approve or disapprove of marriage between blacks and whites? Approve Disapprove Don’t know/No answer Total Respondents Total Whites Total Blacks 82 10 80 11 8 88 7 8

5

Unweighted 1,006 762 148 777 118

Weighted Margin of error 3 pts. 4 pts 8 pts.

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