Hydraulic Bench/ Floating Body Stability

CHAPTER ONE

Acknowledgement

BASIC HYDRAULIC BENCH The hydraulic bench as shown in a line diagram of fig. 1.1 and a three dimensional diagram of fig. 1.2, is intended to provide facilities for performing a number of simple experiments in hydraulics. In fig. 1.1 below is the arraignment of a single unit in which a small centrifugal pump P draws water from a sump S resting below the bench, and delivers it to a bench supply valve V. The delivery pressure at this value is recorded on a Bourdon pressure gauge G, which is provided with a connection A for calibrating the gauge with a dead weight tester.
G V

The Authors wish to acknowledge their friends and colleagues in the Polytechnic for the kind assistance and contribution especially the Head of Department, Engr J. N. Beredam for allowing them use the school facilities to perform most of the practical outline in this book.

Zukbee N. A. & Tor Festus L.

A

F B O

D W

P S

Fig. 1.1 Line diagram of a hydraulic bench. Below the bench is a weighing tank W into which the discharge from apparatus being tested on the bench may be directed through a short pipe D terminating at flange F just above the bench level.

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1 65 FLOW OVER A BROAD .2 DISCHARGE OVER WEIR (V.2 OSBORNE REYNOLD’S EXPERIMENT CHAPTER NINETEEN EXPERIMENT 19.CRESTED WEIR 65 CHAPTER FIFTEEN 67 EXPERIMENT 15.1 PRESSURE GAUGE CALIBRATION 52 52 52 CHAPTER ELEVEN EXPERIMENT 11.2 63 FLOW UNDER A SLUICE GATE WITH A HYDRAULIC JUMP 63 CHAPTER FOURTEEN 65 EXPERIMENT 14.1 DISCHARGE OVER WEIR (Rectangular Notch) EXPERIMENT 5.2 72 PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF SIMILAR PUMP IN PARALLEL 72 EXPERIMENT 16. AND POWER OF A RECIPROCATING PUMP 79 79 79 83 83 CHAPTER SIX EXPERIMENT 6. TORQUE.1 61 THE CHANGE IN DEPTH AT A HYDRAULIC JUMP 61 EXPERIMENT 13.1 FLOW CONDITION EXPERIMENT 7. FLOW RATE.1 THE STABILITY OF A FLOATING BODY CHAPTER TWO EXPERIMENT 2.1 70 PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF A SINGLE PUMP AT A SINGLE SPEED 70 EXPERIMENT 16.1 DISCHARGE THROUGH AN ORIFICE EXPERIMENT 3.1 PRESSURE HEAD AND FLOW RATE AT VARIOUS SPEED OF A RECIPROCATING PUMP EXPERIMENT 18.2 VISUALIZATION OF FLOW OVER OR AROUND IMMERSED OBJECT CHAPTER NINE EXPERIMENT 9.1 THE POSITION OF HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE CHAPTER THREE EXPERIMENT 3.3 74 PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO SIMILAR PUMP IN SERIES 74 CHAPTER SEVENTEEN EXPERIMENT 17.1 OPEN CHANNEL FLOW VISUALIZATION EXPERIMENT 8.1 67 FLOW THROUGH A VENTURE FLUME 67 CHAPTER SIXTEEN 70 EXPERIMENT 16.2 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PRESSURE HEAD.1 STEADY UNIFORM FLOW 59 59 59 vi vii .1 IMPACT OF JETS 48 48 48 CHAPTER TEN EXPERIMENT 10.CONTENTS PREFACE ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv v viii viii xii xii 15 15 15 19 19 19 22 22 24 24 24 27 27 27 30 30 33 33 33 37 37 37 40 40 42 42 42 45 45 CHAPTER THIRTEEN 61 CHAPTER ONE BASIC HYDRAULIC BENCH EXPERIMENT 1.1 PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF PELTON IMPULSE TURBINE REFERENCE 86 86 86 90 CHAPTER EIGHT EXPERIMENT 8.2 TO DETERMINE THE COEFFICIENT OF DISCHARGE CHAPTER FOUR EXPERIMENT 4.1 BERNOULLI’S THEOREM DEMONSTRATION EXPERIMENT EXPERIMENT 13.1 FRICTION LOSS ALONG A PIPE CHAPTER SEVEN EXPERIMENT 7.1 PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF A PUMP 76 76 76 CHAPTER FIVE EXPERIMENT 5.1 LOSSES IN PIPE BENDS 55 55 55 CHAPTER TWELVE EXPERIMENT 12.Notch) CHAPTER EIGHTEEN EXPERIMENT 18.

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