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PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2013 FIZIK KERTAS 2 Question 1 a) i) ii) b) i) ii) c) i) ii) iii) 2 a) b) i) ii) Answer Mercury Expansion

/ Increase in volume Thermometer X The smallest division is smaller / able to detect the smaller / smallest change. Voltage 0.8 V Subtract with reading of zero error. Total Depth / Density / Acceleration due to gravity Marks 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

PQ PP

PQ hg 5 1000 10 50000Pa

c) i) ii)

d) i)

Difference in pressure -Water level at P is the same as the water level in the house water tank /Pressure is the same between at P and inside the tank. - No difference in pressure - Place the concrete tank at higher place / On top of hill - Higher difference of pressure OR -Use water pump -Increase the difference of pressure

ii)

Total 3 a) P: Tension of the thread and label P correctly on the diagram Q : Weight and label Q correctly on the diagram

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b) i)

Draw triangle Correct direction

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ii)

F tan 30 0 6 F 6 tan 30 0 3.464 N


Total Interference is the superposition of two waves originating from two coherent sources. Resultant amplitude = 2a

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a) b) i)

ii) iii) c) i)

Constructive interference The cork will move up to the highest level

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ax D 5 3 10 1.5cm

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ii) 5 a) i)

Decreases Total Diagram 6.1 Anode of the diode is connected to positive terminal of dry cell. Diagram 6.2 Anode of diode is connected to the negative terminal of dry cell. Bulb in diagram 6.1 lights up, bulb in Diagram 6.2 does not light up The bulb does not light up when the positive diode is connected to negative battery/ Reversed biased The bulb light up when the positive diode is connected to positive battery/ Forward biased

ii) iii)

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b) i)

-AC power supply -Arrangement of diodes (output and input) ii)

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iii) 6 a) b) i) ii)

Capacitor Total Induced current 1. Number of turns in Diagram 6.1 is greater 2. Angle of deflection for galvanometer in Diagram 6.1 is bigger. 1. As the number of turn increases, the rate of change of magnetic flux increases. 2. Hence, induced more current. Lenz Law 1. The current induced produces north pole on the left side. 2. So as to oppose the oncoming magnet Total Electronic switches with one or more inputs and one output. Detector 1 Detector 2 Air conditioner Pengesan 1 Pengesan 2 Penyaman udara 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 Row 1 and 2 correct 1 mark Row 3 and 4 correct 1 mark AND gate

1 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 1

c) d)

a) b) i)

ii) iii) c)

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Detector 1 : LDR / Light detecting resistor Detector 2 : Thermistor Total Convex mirror It can provide a wider field of view than plane mirror. i)

a) b) c)

ii) d) 9 a) b) i)

Virtual, upright and diminished. Size of image increases Total Heat absorb to change 1 kg of liquid to gas without any change in temperature. Boiling point of water is higher The specific heat capacity of water is higher The time taken to boil water is longer The lower the boiling point of liquid the smaller the specific heat capacity. The smaller the specific heat capacity, the shorter the time for liquid to boil

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ii) iii)

c)

d)

10

a) b)

c)

d)

11

a) b)

c)

1. Alcohol has lower boiling point than water 2. Hence alcohol evaporates easily and readily 3. Alcohol has lower latent heat of vaporization 4. Hence absorb heat from hand at a faster rate Good conductor of Heat can flow easily from plate to fish or from heat surrounding to plate Low specific heat Plate increase of decrease in temperature at capacity a faster rate Black colour plate Good heat absorber Low density plate Light and easy to handle Large surface area of More surface is exposed to heat.// more fish plate can defrost at one time. Total An electromagnet is a conductor which can produce magnetic field when current passes through it. - In Diagram 10.2, the number of turns of the coil is more than Diagram 10.1 - More paper clips are attracted to the iron nail in Diagram 10.2 than 10.1 - Current is the same in Diagram 10.2 and 10.1 - As the number of turns increases, more paper clips are attracted to the iron nail. - As the number of turns increases, the strength of the magnetic field increases. - The two aluminium rods attract - Current flowing through the aluminium rod are in the same direction// diagram shows current in the same direction. - The magnetic field produced by the currents in them will combine to form a resultant/ catapult field/ - A weak magnetic field is produced in a region between the aluminium rod because the magnetic field lines are in opposite directions // diagram shows forces are inwards - Use copper wire, it is very good conductor/ resistance is very low. - Use thicker wire to reduce resistance. - Use a laminated core to avoid eddy current in the core. - Use soft iron core as it can be magnetized and demagnetized easily. - Winding the secondary coil on top of the primary coil to reduce the leakage of magnetic flux. Total When force is applied to an enclosed fluid, the pressure produced is transmitted equally throughout the enclosed fluid. - When a small force is applied to piston A, pressure is produced - The pressure is transmitted equally throughout the whole liquid - When the pressure exerted on surface area of the large piston B, a bigger force is produced to lift up the load. - The force is bigger due to the bigger surface area. Characteristics Reason The ratio of surface area of To produce a bigger output force large piston to small piston is large. Type of liquid used- oil Does not evaporate easily// Does not produce bubbles// High viscocity Material used for the Strong// not easy to break// long lasting transmission pipe - steel Size of liquid reservoir - big To occupy a large amount of hydraulic liquid// able to lift load higher// Avoid spill over R is choosen Large ratio between large and small piston, use oil, has steel pipe and has

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2 2 2 2 2 20 1 1 1 1 1

2 2

big size of liquid reservoir. d) i) ii)

F 10 2500Pa A 0.004 Fy 2500 0.2 P


500N W 50kg 0.004 0.3 dy 0.006m 0.2
Total Work done in moving a unit electric charge between two points. - The two dry cells are connected in parallel. - The effective e.m.f remains the same - The effective internal resistance of the two cells is smaller. - A larger current will flow through the bulb to make it brighter. - Diameter should be large to reduce the resistance of the cables. - Density should be low so that the cables will be lighter and can be supported securely. - The rate of expansion should be low so there is less expansion and less sagging in the cables during hot day. - The melting point should be high so the cables does not melting in high temperature. - Q is suitable because the diameter is large, density is low, the rate of expansion is low and the melting point is high.

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iii)

12

a) b)

c)

d) i)

Current

P V 9500 240 39.58 A


2

ii)

Power loss,P I R 39.582 1 1566.6W


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iii)

Percentageof loss of power

1566.6 100 9500


Total

16.49 %

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