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DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT

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EASY QUESTIONS

1. If resistance of each wire in the network shown is r,
the equivalent resistance between A & C is equal to
(a) r (b)
2
r

(c)
3
2r
(d)
2
3r



C
A
E D
B


Sol.: For point A & C, loop BCD shorted
Hence R
AC
= r
r
r r
3
2
3
2
=


(c)

E
2. In the circuit shown each capacitor has capacitance C.
The emf of the battery is c and the S
w
is closed. The
total heat generated in the wire once the switch S
w
is
opened is
(a) Cc
2
(b)
6
2
c C

(c)
12
2
c C
(d) No heat will be dissipated

S
w

C
C C


Sol.: As the charge distribution remains same on opening the switch, no charge will flow in the
circuit. So heat dissipated is zero.
(d)
E
3. In the circuit shown in figure, equivalent resistance between
A and B is
(a) 8 O (b) 15 O
(c)
2
3
O (d) 2 O


B
4O
2O
1O
A
2O
2O
4O

Sol.: Equivalent circuit diagram of the circuit is


B
2O
A
2O
4O
1O
2O 4O
A
B
6O
4O
3O
2O

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
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So O =
2
3
eq
R
(c)

E
4. The resistance of hexagon circuit between A and B
represented in figure is
(a) r (b) 0.5 r
(c) 2r (d) 3r

r
r r
r
r
r
r
r
r r
A
B


Sol.: From figure (i) it is evident that the potential difference between points a, b and c is zero.
The equivalent circuit is as shown in figure (ii).
r
r r
r r
r r
de gf
=
+

= =
2 2
2 2


2 2 2
2 2 r
r r
r r
r
AB
=
+

=
(b)

r
r r
r
r
r
r
r
r r
A
B
a
b
c
d
g
f
e

g f
r r
r r
a
b
d e
r r
r r
b
c
b
A
B

E
5. In the given circuit, each resistor has resistance R. The
equivalent resistance between A and B is
(a)
4
R
(b) R 4
(c)
4
3R
(d)
3
4R


A
B

Sol.: (a)
E
6. A heater coil is cut into two equal parts and only one part is now used in the heater. The heat
generated will now be (Assuming potential difference is same in both cases)
(a) one fourth (b) halved (c) doubled (d) four times
Sol.:
R
H
1

R becomes half so heat generate will be doubled.
(c)

E
7. In the circuit shown the potential difference between
points C and B will be
(a) (8/9) volt (b) (4/3) volt
(c) (2/3) volt (d) 4 volt

5O
B
5O
5O 5O
5O 5O
C
A
D
+
2V


DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
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Sol.:
15
2
= =
e
R
V
I A (I is current in each branch)
V
3
4
=
B C
V V
(b)
E
8. The current through 2 O resistor is
(a) zero (b) 1 amp
(c) 2 amp (d) 4 amp

2O
5O 10O
10V 20V

Sol.: (a)

E
9. The equivalent resistance between points A and
B in the circuit shown is
(a) 4 O (b) 6 O
(c) 10 O (d) 8 O


4O
A
B
8O
8O
4O
6O
4O
8O


E
10. There are n similar resistors each of resistance R. The equivalent resistance comes out to be x
when connected in parallel. If they are connected in series, the resistance comes out to be
(a) x /n
2
(b) n
2
x (c) x/n (d) nx
Sol.: In parallel
x
1
=
R
n
and series R
eff
=nR =n
2
x
(b)

E
11. In the balanced wheatstone bridge circuit as shown
in the figure, when the key is pressed, what will be
the change in the reading of the galvanometer?
(a) no change (b) increased
(c) decreased (d) zero

G
R
R
R
R

Sol.: Under balanced condition
S
R
Q
P
=
Here resistances are in same proportion
Hence, there will not be any deflection in galvanometer on pressing the key. It remain same.
(a)
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
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E
12. In the circuit shown in figure, the reading of
voltmeter will be
(a) 0.8 V (b) 1.33 V
(c) 1.6 V (d) 2.00 V


20O
V
80O
80O
2V, r =0

Sol.: (b)
E
13. In the circuit shown in figure
(a) current in wire AF is 1A
(b) current in wire CD is 1A

(c) current in wire BE is 2A
(d) none of the above

4O
4O 4O
2V
A
B C
D F
E
2V 2V

Sol.: By KVL in loop 1 0 2 8 4 2 = i i
i =0
(d)


4O
4O 4O
2V
E
2V 2V
i i
2i
1


E
14. A battery of internal resistance 4O is connected to the
network of resistance as shown. In order to give the
maximum power to the network, the value of R should
be
(a) O
9
4
(b) O
9
8

(c) 2 O (d) 18 O

4O
R R
R 6R R
R
4R
E

Sol.: Given circuit is balance wheat stone bridge hence no current will flow through 6O resistance.
So equivalent resistance will be 2RO.
For maximum power 2R =4 R =2 O
(c)

E
15. A cell of emf E is connected across a resistance R. The potential difference between the
terminals of the cell is found to be V. The internal resistance of the cell must be
(a)
R
V V E ) ( 2
(b)
E
R V E ) ( 2
(c)
V
R V E ) (
(d) (E V) R
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
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Sol.: As V =E I.r & I =
r R
E
+
r =
V
R V E ) (

(c)
E
16. The resistance across AB is
(a)
8
5
R (b)
8
7
R
(c) 1 R (d) 2 R
R
R
R R
R
D C
A B

Sol.: The circuit can be rearranged
Now 2R and R are parallel

R
R
R
R
AB
1
3
2
1 1
+
+
= =
R R
1
5
3
+ R
AB
=
8
5
R

(a)

2 R
R
A B R
R
C



E
17. The equivalent resistance of the network shown in the
figure between the base terminals is
(a) 3 O (b) 3
2
1
O
(c)
3
2
2 O (d) 2 O

1 O 1 O
1 O
1 O
1 O

Sol.: R
eq
=
3
8
1
3
2
1 1
2 1
2 1
1 = + = +
+

+
(c)

E
18. n identical cells, each of emf c and internal
resistance r, are joined in series to form a closed
circuit as shown. The potential difference across
any one cell is
(a) zero (b) c
(c)
n
c
(d) c

n
n 1




r

r

r

Sol.:
r nr
n
I
c
=
c
= , V = c Ir =0
(a)
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
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E
19. In the given circuit it is observed that the current I
is independent of the value of the resistance R
6
.
Then the resistance value must satisfy
(a) R
1
R
2
R
5
=R
3
R
4
R
6

(b)
) (
1
) (
1 1 1
4 3 2 1 6 5
R R R R R R +
+
+
= +
(c) R
1
R
4
=R
2
R
3

(d) R
1
R
3
=R
2
R
4
=R
5
R
6



R
2

R
1

R
5

R
3

R
4

R
6

I

Sol.: This is condition for balance wheatstone bridge

3 2 4 1
4
3
2
1
R R R R
R
R
R
R
= =
(c)

E
20. The resistances 500 O and 1000 O are connected in series
with a battery of 1.5 volt. The voltage across the 1000 O
resistance is measured by a voltmeter having a resistance of
1000 O. The reading in the voltmeter would be
(a) 1.5 volt (b) 1.0 volt
(c) 0.75 volt (d) 0.5 volt
Sol.: (c)


500O
V
1000O
1.5 V
1000 O


E
21. A set of n identical resistors, each of resistance R ohm when connected in series has an
effective resistance of x ohm. When the resistors are connected in parallel, the effective
resistance is y ohm. What is the relation between R, x and y?
(a) R =
) ( y x
xy
+
(b) R =(y x) (c) R = xy (d) R =(x +y)
Sol.: For series connection x =nR.
For parallel connection y =
n
R
.
Therefore xy =nR
n
R
=R
2
.
(c)

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
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E
22. In the circuit shown in figure, the current
through
(a) the 3 O resistor is 0.50 A
(b) the 3 O resistor is 0.25 A
(c) the 4 O resistor is 0.50 A
(d)the 4 O resistor is 0.25 A
3O
A
2O
C
2O
8O 8O 4O
9V
2O B 2O D 2O
Sol.: The equivalent resistance between points A and B to the right of AB is 4 O. Therefore, total
resistance =3 +4 +2 =9 O. Current I =9 V/9 O =1 A. This current is equally divided in the
8 O resistor between A and B and the remainder 8 O resistor. Hence current in AC =0.5 A.
This current is equally divided between the 8 O resistor in CD and the circuit to the right of
CD. Therefore, current in the 4 O resistor =0.25 A.
(d)

E
23. In the arrangement of resistances shown in the figure, the
potential difference between the points B and D will be zero
when the unknown resistance X is
(a) 4O
(b) 2O
(c) 3O
(d) e.m.f. of the cell is needed to find out X

A
C
B
D
3O
1O
12O
4O
X O
1O
1O

Sol.:
2 / 1
4 16
=
X
, X =2
(b)

E

24. The current I drawn from the 5 V source will be
(a) 0.33 A (b) 0.5 A
(c) 0.67 A (d) 0.17 A


5V
I
10O
20O 10O 5O
10O

Sol.:
10
5
20
10
= . So it is a balance wheat stone bridge.
O =

= 10
45
15 30
e
R ,
2
1
10
5
= = I A
(b)

E
25. Five cells, each of e.m.f. E and internal resistance r are connected in series. If due to over
sight, one cell is connected wrongly, then the equivalent e.m.f. and internal resistance of the
combination, is
(a) 5E and 5r (b) 3E and 3r (c) 3E and 5r (d) 5E and 3r
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
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Sol.: EMF = E E 3 ) 1 4 ( = . Internal resistance =5r
(c)
E
26. Five equal resistors, each equal to R are connected as shown in the
following figure; then the equivalent resistance between points A
and B is:

A
B

(a) R (b) 5R (c) R/5 (d) 2R/3
Sol.: It is a case of wheat stone bridge.
(a)
E
27. A wire has resistance 12 O is bent in the form of a circle. The effective resistance between
the two points on any diameter of the circle is
(a) 12O (b) 24O (c) 6O (d) 3O
Sol.: R
total
=12O
R
AB upper
=6O =R
AB lower
Combination
2 1
1 1 1
R R R
eff
+ =

6
1
6
1 1
+ =
eff
R
O = 3
eff
R
(d)

A
B


E
28. When cells are connected in series
(a) the emf increases (b) the potential difference decreases
(c) the current capacity increases (d) the current capacity decreases
Sol.: (a)

E
29. Which of the following has the maximum resistance?
(a) voltmeter (b) milivoltmeter (c) ammeter (d) miliammeter
Sol.: (a)

E
30. A conductor with rectangular cross-section has
dimensions (a 2a 4a) as shown in figure. Resistance
across AB is x, across CD is y and across EF is z. Then
(a) z y x = = (b) z y x > >
(c) x z y > > (d) y z x > >
C
4a
A B
2a
F
E
D
a

Sol.:
A
l
R

= ,
( )
( )( ) a a a
a
x

= =
2
2
4
,
( )
( )( ) a a a
a
y
8 2 4

=

= then y z x > >


DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
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( )
( )( ) a a a
a
z
2 4
2
=

=
(d)

E
31. A wire l =8m long of uniform cross-sectional area A =8 mm
2
, has a conductance of
G =2.45 O
1
. The resistivity of material of the wire will be
(a) 2.1 10
7
Om (b) 3.1 10
7
Om (c) 4.1 10
7
Om (d) 5.1 10
7
Om
Sol.:
Gl
A
l
RA
= = =

=

8 45 . 2
10 8
6
4.1 10
7
O meter
(c)

E
32. A galvanometer of resistance 400 O can measure a current of 1mA. To convert it into a
voltmeter of range 8V the required resistance is
(a) 4600 O (b) 5600 O (c) 6600 O (d) 7600 O
Sol.: ( ) V R G i
g
= + , ( ) 8 400 10
3
= +

R , R =7600O
(d)

E
33. An ammeter reads upto 1A. Its internal resistance is 0.81 O. To increase the range to 10A,
the value of the required shunt is
(a) 0.03 O (b) 0.3 O (c) 0.9 O (d) 0.09 O
Sol.:
( ) 1 10
81 . 0 1

=
g
g
I I
G I
S 0.09 O
(d)

E
34. The resistance of the series combination of two resistances is S. When they are joined in
parallel, the total resistance is P. If S =nP, then the minimum possible value of n is
(a) 4 (b) 3 (c) 2 (d) 1
Sol.: For two resistances R
1
and R
2


2 1
R R S + = (in series),
2 1
1 1
R R
P + = (in parallel)
According to S =nP,
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
= +
2 1
2 1
2 1
R R
R R
n R R
If n is minimum R R R = =
2 1
then n =4
(a)
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
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E
35. A wire of resistance 4 O is stretched to twice its original length. What is the resistance of
the wire now?
(a) 1 O (b) 14 O (c) 8 O (d) 16 O
Sol.: Volume of wire remains constant
2 2 1 1
l A l A = , ( )
1 2 1 1
2l A l A =
So,
2 1
2A A = ,
1
1
1
A
l
R = ,
2
2
2
A
l
R = ,
2
1
R
R
1
2
2
1
A
A
l
l
= , =
2
R 16 O
(d)

E

36. The net resistance between points P and Q in the
circuit shown in the figure is
(a) R/2 (b) 2R/5
(c) 3R/5 (d) R/3
R
R
R
R
Q
P

Sol.: (b)
E

37. The equivalent resistance between points M and N is
(a) 2 O (b) 3 O
(c) 2/3 O (d) none of the above
1O
1O
1O
1O
1O
1O
M N

Sol.: When a battery is connected between points M and N. NO current is found is PQO. Hence
this section may be removed from the circuit.

( )
O =
+

=
3
2
1 2
1 2
eff
R
Q
M N
P
I
I

O

M N
O
s
(c)

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
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E

38. The potentiometer wire AB is 600 cm long. At what
distance from A should the jockey J touch the wire to get
zero deflection in the galvanometer?
(a) 320 cm (b) 120 cm
(c) 20 cm (d) 450 cm

E r
A B
J
r
R=15r
E/2
G

Sol.: In case of zero deflection in galvanometer

2
E
V
AJ
= ,
2
E
iR
AJ
= ,
2 600
15
15
E
AJ
r
r r
E
= |
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

AJ =320 cm
(a)

E
39. The emf of the battery shown in the figure is
(a) 6 V (b) 12 V
(c) 18 V (d) 8 V

6O
2O
1O
1O 2O 2O
I=1.5A

Sol.: According to KVL 0 = ir E (r is effective resistance in circuit)
0 5 . 1 4 = E
E =6 volt
(a)

E
40. In the figure, the steady state current in 2O
resistance is
(a) 1.5 A (b) 0.9 A
(c) 0.6 A (d) zero


2O
3O
A B
6 V
2.8 O
4 O
C =0.2 F

Sol.: In steady state, current through battery I =
2 . 1 8 . 2
6
+
=1.5 A
I
2
= 5 . 1
3 2
3

+
=0.9 A
(b)

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
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E
41. The charge on the capacitor in the figure is
(a) 2 C (b) 2/3 C
(c) 4/3 C (d) zero

1F
4O
1O
2V/0.5O

Sol.: I
net
=
( )
A
r 3
4
2 / 3
2
1
2
= =
+
. V V
T
3
4
5 . 0
2
4
2 = = . C
3
4
3
4
F 1 = = = V CV Q
(c)

E
42. Each of the resistance in the network shown in
the figure below is equal to R. The resistance
between the terminals A and B is
(a) R (b) 5R
(c) 3R (d) 5/3R
M
R
R R
R
R
A
B
O
N

Sol.: Resistance between M and N can be removed (Balanced whetstone bridge)
R
eff
=R
(a)

E
43. Kirchoffs second law is based on the law of conservation of
(a) momentum (b) charge
(c) energy (d) sum of mass and energy
Sol.: A charge if taken around a closed loop work done is zero
(c)
E
44. The current i in the figure below is
(a) 1/5 A (b) 1/10 A
(c) 1/15 A (d) 1/45 A

30O
30O
30O
i
+

2V

Sol.: R
eff
=20 O, A
R
E
i
eff
10
1
= =
(b)

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
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E
45. The time constant of an RC circuit shown in the
figure is
(a) 3RC (b) 2/3 RC
(c) 6RC/5 (d) 2 RC

R
R
3R
C

Sol.: R
R R
R R
R
eff
5
6
3 2
3 2
=
+

= ,
5
6
.
RC
R C
eff
= = t
(c)
E
46. What is the current through the resistor R in the circuit
shown below? The emf of each cell is E
m
and internal
resistance is r
(a)
r R
E
m
+ 2
(b)
R r
E
m
+ 2

(c)
r R
E
m
2
2
+
(d)
r R
E
m
+ 2
2


r
r
R
+
+

Sol.:
2
2
2
r R r
R R
eff
+
= + = ,
m eff
E E = ,
r R
E
R
E
I
m
eff
eff
+
= =
2
2

(d)
E
47. Current I
3
in the given circuit shown in the figure is
(a) A
11
5
(b) A
11
7

(c) A
11
2
(d) none of these

R
3V
3O
I
3

2O
2V
I
2
I
1

1V
1O

Sol.: Applying Kirchoffs law A I
11
5
3
=
(a)
E
48. Six resistors each of resistance R are
connected as shown in figure. What is
the effective resistance between points A
and B?

R
A B
R R
R R
R

(a)
3
R
(b) R (c) 3R (d) 6R
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
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Sol.: (a)
E
49. The current at which a fuse wire melts does not depend on
(a) cross-sectional area (b) length
(c) resistivity (d) density
Sol.: (b)
E
50. In the circuit shown in figure the heat
produced in the 5O resistor due to a
current flowing in it is 10 calories per
second. The heat produced in the 4O
resistor is

4O 6O
5O

(a) 1 cal s
1
(b) 2 cal s
1
(c) 3 cal s
1
(d) 4 cal s
1

Sol.: Let I be current through 5O
10 5
2
= I (i)
current through 4O will be
2
I

Heat produced in 4O resistance = = 4
4
2
I
2
(b)
E
51. In the circuit shown in the figure, the
current through
(a) the 3 O resistor is 0.50 A
(b) the 3 O resistor is 0.25 A
(c) the 4 O resistor is 0.50 A
(d) the 4 O resistor is 0.25 A

3O 2O
2O
2O 2O 2O
8O
8O 4O
A C
B
D
9V

Sol.: (a)
E
52. Figure shows currents in a part of an electrical
circuit. The current i is
(a) 1 A (b) 1.3 A
(c) 1.7 A (d) 3.7 A

2A
2A
P
Q
R
1A
1.3A
i

Sol.: (c)

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
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E
53. The meter bridge circuit shown in figure is
balanced when jockey J divides wire AB in two
parts AJ and BJ in the ratio of 1: 2. The
unknown resistance Q has value
(a) 1 O (b) 3 O
(c) 4 O (d) 7 O

A
B
J
P Q
G
1.5O

Sol.:
JB
Q
AJ
R
R
R
=
5 . 1
,
1
2
= =
AJ
JB
Q
R
R
R 1.5, O = 3
Q
R
(b)

E
54. n identical cells, each of emf c and internal resistance r, are joined in series to form a closed
circuit. The potential difference across any one cell is
(a) zero (b) c (c)
n
c
(d) c

n
n 1

Sol.: Current in circuit i =
r nr
n c
=
c

The equivalent circuit of one cell is shown in the
figure p.d. across the cell
=V
A
- V
B
= c +ir = c + 0 . =
c
r
r

(a)



r
B A
+


E
55. In the circuit shown, P = R, the reading of the
galvanometer is same with switch S open or closed. Then
(a)
G R
I I = (b)
G P
I I =
(c)
G Q
I I = (d)
R Q
I I =

P
Q
S
R
G
V

Sol.: As P = R and reading of galvanometer is same so wheat bridge must be balanced and in that
case I
R
=I
G

(a)

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
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E

56. The current I drawn from the 5 V source will be
(a) 0.33 A (b) 0.5 A
(c) 0.67 A (d) 0.17 A


5V
I
10O
20O 10O 5O
10O

Sol.:
10
5
20
10
= .
So it is a balance wheat stone bridge. O =

= 10
45
15 30
e
R ,
2
1
10
5
= = I A
(b)

E
57. In the steady state in the circuit shown
(a) potential difference across C
1
is 4 V
(b) potential difference across 10 O is 2V
(c) potential difference across C
2
is 4 V
(d) charge on C
1
or C
2
is 0 C
10F 10O 4F
14V
C
1
C
2


Sol.: 14
4 10
= +
q q
q =40 C.
Potential difference across
10
40
1
= C =4 V
(a)

E
58. Find the current supplied by the battery as shown in the
figure.
(a) 1.5 amp (b) 5 amp
(c) 1.2 amp (d) 2.4 amp
4O
6O
4O
6O
24V


Sol.: Circuit become simple, then
i 20 =24 = i 1.2 amp

4.8O
24V


(c)

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


E

59. What is the equivalent resistance between A and B?
(Each resistor has resistance R)
(a)
3
4R
(b)
3
5R

(c)
5
4R
(d)
4
3R


B A


Sol.: In the figure
5
4
eff
R
R =
(c)

B A
2R/3 2R/3
R
R


E
60. The ammeter will read the value of current
(a) 3A (b) A
3
10

(c) 30 A (d)
3
100
A
5
5
5
5
5
5
B
A
5
A
10V

Sol.:
3
10
=
AB
R (use wheat stone bridge)

3 / 10
10
= I = 3A
(a)
E

61. Each cell has emf c and internal resistance r in the
figure. Find the current through resistance R
(a)
r
c 4
(b)
r
c 3

(c)
r
c
(d) zero

R
A
B

Sol.: Potential difference between A and B is zero the current through R is zero.
(d)

E
62. If emf in a thermocouple is
2
T T | + o = c then the neutral temperature of the thermocouple
is
(a) ( ) o | 2 / (b) o | / 2 (c) ( ) | o 2 / (d) | o / 2
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


Sol.: For neutral temperature 0 =
c
dT
d
0 2 = | + o T
Then ,
|
o
=
2
T
(c)
E
63. The charge flowing through a resistance R varies with time t as
2
bt at Q = . The total heat
produced in R from t =0 to the time when value of Q becomes again zero is
(a)
b
R a
6
3
(b)
b
R a
3
3
(c)
b
R a
2
3
(d)
b
R a
3

Sol.: ( )dt bt a dH H
b a
2
2 /
0
+ = =
}

(a)
E
64. In the steady state in the circuit shown
(a) potential difference across C
1
is 4 V
(b) potential difference across 10 O is 2V
(c) potential difference across C
2
is 4 V
(d) charge on C
1
or C
2
is 0 C
10F 10O 4F
14V
C
1
C
2


Sol.: 14
4 10
= +
q q
q =40 C
Potential difference across
10
40
1
= C =4 V
(a)
E
65. The charge flowing through a resistance R varies with time t as
2
bt at Q = . The total heat
produced in R from t = 0 to the time when value of Q becomes again zero is
60O
10O
15O
5O
1A
1A
i

(a)
b
R a
6
3
(b)
b
R a
3
3
(c)
b
R a
2
3
(d)
b
R a
3

Sol.: ( )
b
R a
dt R bt a dt R I H
b a b a
3
2
3
2
/
0
2
/
0
= = =
} }

(b)
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


E
66. The currentvoltage (I-V) graphs for a given metallic
wire at two different temperatures T
1
and T
2
are shown in
the figure. It follows from the graphs that
(a) T
1
>T
2

(b) T
1
<T
2

(c) T
1
=T
2

V
T
1

T
2

I

(d) T
1
is greater or less than T
2
depending on whether the resistance R of the wire is greater
or less than the ratio V/I.
Sol.: (a)
E
67. The potential difference between points A and B
in the following circuit diagram will be
(a) 8V (b) 6V
(c) 4V (d) 2V

5O 5O
5O
5O 5O
5O
2V
A
B


Sol.: (c)
E
68. The current in the arm CD in the circuit shown in
the figure will be
(a)
2 1
i i + (b)
3 2
i i +
(c)
3 1
i i + (d)
3 2 1
i i i +

i
1

i
2

A
i
3

B
C
D


Sol.: (b)
E
69. In the given circuit resistance of voltmeter is O 400
and its reading is 20V. Find the value of emf of battery
(a) 130/3 volt (b) 65 volt
(c) 40 volt (d) 33.6 volt

E
V
200O 300O

Sol.; Current in voltmeter, . amp
20
1
400
20
= = I
Current in . amp
15
1
300 = O
Current in
60
7
300
35
15
1
20
1
200 = = + = O
V
3
130
20
60
7
200 = + = E
(a)
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


E
D70. In the given circuit, find the equivalent resistance
between point A and B.
(a) 18 O (b) 12 O
(c) 20 O (d) 27 O

3O 6O 9O
4O 5O A B
6O 12O 18O


Sol.: Equivalent circuit is
O =12
eq
R
(b)

3O 6O 9O
A B
6O 12O 18O

E
71. In the given circuit diagram, current through the
battery is
R
V
2
3
, if and only if
(a) R
1
=R
2
=R (b) R
1
>R
2

(c) R
1
<R
2
(d) always.
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
1

R
2

V

Sol.: Current through the battery is independent on R
1
and R
2
.
(d)
E
78. In the given circuit diagram. Find the value of current
in resistance R.
(a) 2 A (b) A
2
3

(c) 1 A (d) 4 A

1O
2O
6O
6V 12V
R =9O

Sol.: Potential difference across R =18 V
So = =
9
18
I 2A
(a)
E
79. In the given circuit, the equivalent resistance
between point A and B is
(a)
3
10
O (b)
3
5
O
(c)
57
24
O (d)
24
57
O

3O 2O
5O
6O
10O
A B
10O
10O


DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


Sol.: Equivalent ciruit is balanced Wheat- stone
bridge as shown
R
AB =

3
10
O
(a)
2O 2O
10/3 O
A
B
10O 10O

E
80. The current in branch CD of given circuit is,
(a) zero (b) 1 A
(c) 2 A (d) 3 A

A
B
C D
E F
8V
4O
3O
4V
2O
12V

Sol.: The equivalent emf of 12V and 8V battery =
3 / 1 2 / 1
3
8
2
12
+

=
2 3
16 36
+

=4 V
O =
+

=
5
6
3 2
3 2
eq
r
The equivalent circuit is
4V
6/5O
4V
4O
C D

I =0
(a)

E
81. Two sources of emf 6V and internal resistance 3O
and 2O are connected to an external resistance R as
shown. If potential difference across source A is zero,
then value of R is
A B
R
6V,3O 6V,2O

(a) 1 O (b) 2 O (c) 3 O (d) 4O

Sol.:
R
I
+
=
5
12
and 0
5
12
3 6 = |
.
|

\
|
+

R


R +
=
5
36
6 R =1O
(a)
E
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank



82. The equivalent resistance between points A and B is
(a) 2R (b) R
4
3

(c) R
3
4
(d) R
5
3

R
R
R
R
A
B


Sol.: Circuit can be rearranged as follows

5
3
2
3
2
3
R
R
R
R
R
R
eq
=
+
|
.
|

\
|
=

A
B
R R
R
R

(d)
E
83. In the circuit shown, current through 3 O resistance is
(a) 1 amp (b) 2 amp
(c) 3 amp (d) 4 amp

6O
6V
3O

Sol.: Current through battery
( )
( )
=
+

=
3 6
3 6
6
i 3 amp
Current through 3O is i ( ) =
+
=
6 3
6
3 2 amp
(b)
E
84. The circuit as shown in figure. The ratio of
current
2 1
/i i is
(a) 2 (b) 8
(c) 0.5 (d) 4


O 8
O 2 O 4 O 3
O 2
O 8 O 8
O 1
V 16
V 8
2
i
1
i

Sol.: The simplified circuit can be drawn as


O 4 O 8
V 16
V 8
A 4
A 2 A 2
A I
A I
2
1
4
2
1
=
=


(b)
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


E
85. In the circuit shown in the figure, reading of voltmeter is
V
1
when only S
1
is closed, reading of voltmeter is V
2

when only S
2
is closed and reading of voltmeter is V
3

when both S
1
and S
2
are closed. Then:
(a)
1 2 3
V V V > > (b)
3 1 2
V V V > >
(c)
2 1 3
V V V > > (d)
3 2 1
V V V > >
S
1

S
2

3R
6R
R
V
E


Sol.: In series P.D. R
When only S
1
is closed, E E V 75 . 0
4
3
1
= =
When only S
2
is closed, E E V 86 . 0
7
6
2
= =
And when S
1
and S
2
are closed, combined resistance of 6R and 3R is 2R.
E E V 67 . 0
3
2
3
= =
3 1 2
V V V > >
(b)
E
86. The resistance of a wire is 10O. Its length is increased by 10% by stretching. The new
resistance will now be nearly
(a) 12 O (b) 1.2 O (c) 13 O (d) 11 O

Sol.: Since R I
2

If length is increased by 10% resistance is increases by almost 20%
Hence new resistance R' =10 +20% of 10 =10 + = 10
100
20
12O
(a)
E

87. The same mass of copper is drawn into two wires 1 mm and 2 mm thick. Two wires are
connected in series and current is passed through them. Heat produced in the wire is in the
ratio
(a) 2 : 1 (b) 1 : 16 (c) 4 : 1 (d) 16 : 1
Sol.:
2
2
2 2
A
Vt i
t
A
l
i RT i H

= |
.
|

\
|
= = (V =volume)

4
1
r
H
4
1
2
2
1
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
r
r
H
H
=
1
16
1
2
4
= |
.
|

\
|

(d)

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


E
88. In the circuit shown, a meter bridge is in its balanced
state. The meter bridge wire has a resistance 0.1 ohm/cm.
The value of unknown resistance X and the current drawn
from the battery of negligible resistance is
X 6O
5V
G
40cm 60cm
A B
C

(a) 6O, 5 amp (b) 4O, 0.1 amp (c) 4O, 1.0 amp (d) 12O, 0.5 amp

Sol.: Resistance of the part AC
R
AC
=0.1 40 =4O and R
CB
=0.1 60 =6O
In balanced condition
6
4
6
=
X
X =4O
Equivalent resistance R
eq
=5O so current drawn from battery
5
5
= i =1A
(c)

E
89. Find the equivalent resistance across AB
(a) 1O (b) 2O
(c) 3O (d) 4O

2O
2O
2O
2O
2O
A
B

Sol.:


2O
2O
2O
2O
2O
A
B
2O 2O
A
B


2 2
2 2
+

=
AB
R = 1O
(a)


E
90. The reading of the ammeter in the figure shown is
(a) A
8
1
(b)
4
3
A
(c) A
2
1
(d) 2A

2V
A
2O
2O
2O
2O

Sol.: (b)

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


E
91. The total current supplied to the circuit by the battery is
(a) 1A (b) 2A
(c) 4A (d) 6A

2O
6O
1.5O
3O
6V

Sol.: Net resistance =
2
3
O
Then by Kirchoff law 6 =
2
3
i, i =4 amp
(c)
E
92. The magnitude of i in ampere unit is
(a) 0.1 (b) 0.3
(c) 0.6 (d) 0.4

Sol.: (a)
E
93. AB is a wire of uniform resistance. The galvanometer G
shows zero current when the length AC=20 cm and
CB =80 cm. The resistance R is equal to
(a) 2 O (b) 8 O
(c) 20 O (d) 40 O
80O
R
A
C
B
G

Sol.: By Balanced wheat stone bridge
80
80
20
=
R
R =20 O
(c)


MODERATE QUESTIONS

M
94. In the shown arrangement of the experiment of the
meter bridge if AC corresponding to null deflection
of galvanometer is x, what would be its value if the
radius of the wire AB is doubled?
B
G
x
C
R
1
R
2
A

(a) x (b) x/4 (c) 4x (d) 2x
Sol.: (a)
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


M
95. Two cells with the same emf E and different internal resistances r
1
and r
2
are connected in
series to an external resistance R. The value of R so that the potential difference across the
first cell be zero is
(a)
2 1
r r (b)
2 1
r r + (c)
2 1
r r (d)
2
2 1
r r +


Sol.: Current in the circuit is
2 1
2
r r R
E
I
+ +
= , 0
1 1
= = Ir E V
0
2
2 1
1
=
+ +

r r R
Er
E
2 1
r r R =
(c)
M
96. A battery of internal resistance 4O is connected to the
network of resistances as shown in the figure. In order
that maximum power can be delivered to the network, the
value of R in ohm should be
(a)
9
4
(b) 2
(c)
3
8
(d) 18

R
R
R
4R
R
R 6R


Sol.: (b)

M

97. In the adjoining circuit, when the key K is pressed at
time t =0, which of the following statements about
current I in the resistor AB is true?
(a) I =2 mA at all t
(b) I oscillates between 1 mA and 2 mA
(c) I =1 mA at all t
(d) At t =0, I =2 mA and with time it goes to 1 mA


A
K 2V
1000O
B
1000O
1F



Sol.: (d)
M
98. A, B and C are voltmeters of resistances R, 1.5R and 3R
respectively. When some potential difference is applied
between X and Y, the voltmeter readings are V
A
, V
B
and
V
C
respectively.

A
X
B
C
Y

(a) V
A
=V
B
=V
C
(b) V
A
= V
B
=V
C

(c) V
A
=V
B
= V
C
(d) V
B
= V
A
=V
C
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


Sol.: V
A
=iR
iR R
i
V
B
= |
.
|

\
|
= 5 . 1
3
2

( ) iR R
i
V
C
= |
.
|

\
|
= 3
3


A
B
C
i
R
i/3
2i/3
3R
1.5R

(a)
M
99. A nucleus with mass number 220 initially at rest emits an o-particle. If the Q value of the
reaction is 5.5 MeV, calculate the kinetic energy of the o-particle.
(a) 4.4 MeV (b) 5.4 MeV (c) 3.4 MeV (d) 5.6 MeV

Sol.: By conservation of linear momentum
mv MV =

54
v
V = (i)
By energy conservation
J 10 6 . 1 5 . 5
2
1
2
1
13 2 2
= + MV mv (ii)
From (i) and (ii)
K.E. of o-particle = =
2
2
1
mv 5.4 MeV
(b)

M
100. A galvanometer of resistance 19.5 O gives full scale deflection when a current of 0.5
ampere is passed through it. It is desired to convert it into an ammeter of full scale current
20 ampere. Value of shunt is
(a) 0.5 O (b) 1 O (c) 1.5 O (d) 2 O
Sol.: 19.5 0.5 =S (20 0.5)
S =0.5 O
(a)
M
101. A galvanometer of coil resistance 1O is converted
into voltmeter by using a resistance of 5O in series
and same galvanometer is converted into ammeter
by using a shunt of 1O. Now ammeter and voltmeter
connected in circuit as shown, find the reading of
voltmeter and ammeter.


15O
30 V
A
V
12O
15O 6O
4.5O

(a) 3 Volt, 3 amp (b) 2 volt, 2 amp (c) 4 Volt, 3 amp (d) 3 volt, 4 amp
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


Sol.: R
Voltmeter
=6O, R
ammeter
=0.5O
R
eq
=10O
A I 3
10
30
= =
Reading of voltmeter =1 3 =3 volt.
(a)

M
102. In the arrangement shown, the magnitude of each
resistance is . 2O The equivalent resistance between O
and A is given by
(a) O
15
14
(b) O
15
7

(c) O
3
4
(d) O
6
5


A
B
C
D
O

Sol.: From symmetry. B and D are points having same
potential so, redrawing the network as
O =
15
14
OA
R
(a)

B, D O
A
C


M
103. A F 4 capacitor is given C 20 charge and is connected with an uncharged capacitor of
capacitance F 2 as shown in figure. When switch S is closed.
(a) charged flown through the battery is C
3
40

(b) charge flown through the battery is C
3
20

(c) work done by the battery is J
3
200

(d) work done by the battery is J
3
100


10V
2F
20C
C
S
+
+
+
+
+
+






4F


Sol.: Using Kirchhoffs loop law and conservation of charge,
final distribution of charge on the capacitors will be as
shown in the figure.
Charge q flown through the battery =charge on F 2
capacitor and work done by the battery qV =
(b) (c)

10V
C
3
80

+
+
+
+
+
+






2F
C
3
20

+
+
+
+
+
+






4F


DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


M
104. In the circuit shown if point O is earthed, the
potential of point X is equal to
(a) 10 V (b) 15 V
(c) 25 V (d) 12.5 V

2O
2O
15V
5 O
10 V
10 V
O
5 V
5 V
-
X
5O

Sol.: V
0
+10 5 +10 =V
x
V
x
=15 V
(b)
M
105. Figure shows a network of a capacitor and
resistors. The charge on capacitor in steady state
is
(a) 4 C (b) 6 C
(c) 10 C (d) 16 C

6V
2O
4O
4O
1F
10 V
8 V
4 V
8O

Sol.: Let the potential of the junction be
V. Then
0
4
8
4
4
2
6
=

+
V V V


0 8 4 2 12 = + + V V V
V 4 24 =
6 = V volt

6V
2O
4O
4O
1F
10 V
8 V
4 V
8O
i
1

i
3

i
2


Potential drop across capacitor
( ) 10 6 =
V 16 =
Charge on capacitor =16 C
(d)
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


M
106. A parallel plate capacitor is connected with a resistance R and
a cell of emf c as shown in figure. The capacitor is fully
charged. Keeping the right plate fixed, the left plate is moved
slowly towards further left with a variable velocity v such that
the current flowing through the circuit is constant. Then the
variation of v with separation x between the plates is
represented by curve

c
v
R



x
v (a)


x
v (b)


x
v (c)


x
v (d)


Sol.: ( ) ( ) IR
x
A
IR C q c
c
= c =
0
(i)

( )
q
IR A
x
c c
=
0
(ii)
On differentiation of equation (ii) and from (i)

( ) IR A
Ix
v
c c
=
0
2

(b)
x
c
I
R


M

107. The electric potential variation around a single closed
loop containing an ideal battery and one or more resistors
as shown in figure. If current of A 1 flows in the circuit,
the circuit can not have
(a) two resistors and two batteries
(b) one resistor and three batteries
(c) maximum net emf of 6 volt
(d) three resistor and one battery

4
6
8
10
V

Sol.: The possible circuit of close loop corresponding to graph are
(i)

1
R
2
R
V 2 V 4

(ii)

R
V 2
V 4
V 2

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


(iii)

V 4 V 2
1
R
2
R

(iv)

R
V 4
V 2
V 4

(d)

M
108. An ammeter is obtained by shunting a 30 O galvanometer with a 30O resistance. What
additional shunt should be connected across it to double the range?
(a) 15 O (b) 10 O (c) 5 O (d) none of these
Sol.: For ammeter, G
I I
I
S
g
g

=

|
|
.
|

\
|
= 1
g
I
I
S
G

g
I I 2 =
New range is doubled, i.e. 4I
g

Now shunt required, G
I I
I
S
g g
g

=
4
=10O
This can be obtained by shunting the earlier shunt of 30 O with an additional shunt of 15O.
(a)

M
109. An ideal ammeter and an ideal voltmeter are connected
as shown. The ammeter and voltmeter reading for
R
1
=5O, R
2
=15O, R
3
=1.25O and E =20V are given as
(a) 6.25 A, 3.75 V (b) 3.00 A, 5 V
(c) 3.75 A, 3.75 V (d) 3.75 A; 6.25 V

20V
15O
5O
A V
1.25O
R
1

R
2

R
3


Sol.:
eq
R of the circuit =
3
2 1
2 1
R
R R
R R
+
+


= = + = +
+

4
5
20
75
100
125
15 5
15 5
5O

5
20
= =
eq
R
E
I =4 A

20V
15O
5O
A V
1.25O
R
1

R
2

R
3


Current in A
R R
IR
R 3
2 1
2
1
=
+
=
P.D. across V 5
3 3
= = IR R
(b)
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


M
110. A moving coil voltmeter is generally used in the laboratory to measure the potential
difference across a conductor of resistance r, and carrying a current I. The voltameter has a
resistance R and will measure the potential difference more accurately as
(a) R approaches r
(b) R becomes larger than r
(c) R becomes smaller than r
(d) R equals to zero
Sol.: A voltmeter should have high resistance.
(b)
M
111. A potentiometer has a driving cell of negligible internal resistance. The balancing length of
a Daniel cell is 5 m. If the driving cell has internal resistance, the balancing length of the
same Daniel cell would have been
(a) more (b) less
(c) same (d) cannot be said from the data
47. (a)
M
112. A simple potentiometer circuit is shown in the figure. The
internal resistance of the 4V battery is negligible. AB is a
uniform wire of length 100 cm and resistance 2O. What
would be the length AC for zero galvanometer deflection?
(a) 78.5 cm (b) 84.5 cm
(c) 82.5 cm (d) 80.5 cm


G
2.4O
C
B
A
1.5 V
4 V

28.
11
10
1 . 1
1
4 . 4
4
2 4 . 2
4
= = =
+
= I
If AC =x
Then O =
50
x
R
AC

5 . 1
50 11
10
=
x
5 . 82 11 5 5 . 1 = = x cm
(c)

M
113. As the switch S is closed in the circuit shown in figure
current passed through it is
(a) 4.5 A (b) 6.0 A
(c) 3.0 A (d) zero

S
2O
4O 2O
B A
20V 5V

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank



Sol.: Let V be the potential of the junction as
shown in the figure, applying junction
law.
V V V 2 5 2 40 = +
or V =9Volt
= =
2
3
V
i 4.5 Amp

S
2O
4O 2O
B A
20V 5V

(a)
M
114. A potentiometer wire AB is 100cm long and has
total resistance of 10O. Find the value of unknown
resistance R so that null point is obtained at a
distance 40 cm from A.
(a) 1 O (b) 2 O
(c) 3 O (d) 4 O
10V
40cm
A
C
B
R
r =1O
E =5V
G

Sol.: 1
1
5
5 40
100
10

+
=
R
R =4O
(d)
M
115. A miliammeter of range 10mA and resistance 9 O
is joined in a circuit as shown. The meter gives full
scale deflection for current I when A and B are
used as its terminals, i.e. current enters at A and
leaves at B (C is left isolated). The value of I is
(a) 100 mA (b) 900 mA
(c) 1 A (d) 1.1 A
9O ,10mA
0.1O
0.9O
A
B C

Sol.: ( )
3 3
10 10 1 1 . 0 9 . 9 10 10

=
or I =1A
(c)
9O 10mA
0.1O
0.9O
A
B C


DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


M
116. A resistance R carries a current i. The power lost to the surroundings is (u - u
0
). Here is a
constant, u is temperature of the resistance and u
0
is the temperature of the atmosphere. If the
coefficient of linear expansion is o. The strain in the resistance is
(a) R i
2

o
(b) iR o
(c)

o
2
2
R i
(d) proportional to the length of the resistance wire

Sol.: Under steady state condition power developed =power loss
or ( )
0
2
u u = R i

= u u
R i
2
0

Now, strain =o A u =

o R i
2

(a)

M
117. Two identical batteries, each having emf of 1.8V
and of equal internal resistances are connected as
shown in the figure. Potential difference between
A and B will be equal to : (Ignore the resistance of
lead wires)
(a) 3.6 V (b) 1.8 V
(c) zero (d) none of these

A
B

Sol.:
r
I
2
6 . 3
= , 0 8 . 1 = = Ir V
AB

(c)

M
118. A milliammeter of range 10 mA has a coil of resistance 1O. To use it is an ammeter of
range 1A, the required shunt must have a resistance of
(a) O
101
1
(b) O
100
1
(c) O
99
1
(d) O
9
1

Sol.: i
g
= 10 mA =0.01 A r =1O I =1A
V
A
V
B
=i
g
r =(I i
g
)S
S = O =


=
99
1
01 . 0 1
1 01 . 0
) (
g
g
i I
r i

(c)

S
B I A
i
g

(I = i
g
)


DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


M
119. A 100 W bulb B
1
, and two 60 W bulbs B
2
and B
3
, are
connected to a 250 V source, as shown in the figure. Now
W
1
, W
2
and W
3
are the output powers of the bulbs B
1
, B
2

and B
3
, respectively. Then.
(a) W
1
>W
2
=W
3

(b) W
1
>W
2
>W
3

(c) W
1
<W
2
=W
3

(d) W
1
<W
2
<W
3

B
1

B
2

B
3

250 V


Sol.: Resistances of bulbs B
2
and B
3
are equal but that of B
1
is smaller than their resistance, hence
resistance of path of bulb B
3
is less than that of the series combination of bulbs B
2
and B
3
,
therefore power consumed by B
3
will be maximum possible.
Since B
1
and B
2
are in series, therefore current through them will be the same. Since
resistance of B
2
is greater, therefore W
2
>W
1
.
(d)

M
120. In the circuits shown in the figure, the heat produced in
the 5-O resistor due to the current flowing through it, is
10 cal s
1
. The heat generated in the 4-O resistor is
(a) 1 cal s
1
(b) 2 cal s
1

(c) 3 cal s
1
(d) 4 cal s
1

4 O
6 O
5 O

Sol.: Heat produce in 5O resistance is t i
2
1
5
i
1
=2i/3
where i is the total current again heat produce through 4O is t i
2
2
4
i
2
=i/3
given that 10 5
2
1
= t i
therefore 10
9
20
2
=
t i


2
9
2
= t i
Heat produce in 4O is equal to
2
9
9
4
9
4
2
= t i =2
(b)

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


M
121. For what value of R, power developed across 6 O
resistor is equal to the power developed across 24 O
resistor
(a) 12 O (b) 6 O
(c) 24 O (d) 8 O

6 O
R
24 O

Sol.: We have, I
1
=
24 + R
RI

I
2
=
24
24
+ R
I

P
1
= 24
) 24 (
2
2 2

+ R
I R

P
2
= I
2
.6
P
2
=P
1

R =24 O
(c)

I
I
2

R
24
I
1

6



M
122. If a cell produces the same amount of heat in two resistors R
1
and R
2
in the same time
separately, the internal resistance of the cell is
(a) (R
1
+R
2
)/2 (b)
2 1
R R (c) 2 /
2 1
R R (d) (R
1
R
2
)/2
Sol.: Let r is the internal resistance of cell
Case I: current in loop I
1
=
r R +
c
1

H
1
=I
1
2
R
1
=
1
2
1
2
) (
R
r R

+
c

Case II: Current in loop I
2
=
r R +
c
2

H
2
=I
2
2
R
2


2
2
2
2
) (
R
r R

+
c

i.e.,
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
2
) ( ) ( r R
R
r R
R
+
c
=
+
c


r R
r R
R
R
+
+
=
2
1
2
1

r =
2 1
R R
(b)
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


M
123. Eight identical resistances r, each are connected along edges
of a pyramid having square base ABCD as shown in figure.
The equivalent resistance between A and D is
(a)
15
2r
(b)
15
r

(c)
15
4r
(d)
15
8r


A D
C B
O


Sol.: The circuit can be represented as C
1
O C
2

So we can arrange the circuit in following way

r r r
r
q
1
2
1
3
2
2
1
Re
1
+ +
+
=
=
r r r
1
2
1
8
3
+ +
Req =
15
8r

(d)

B C
D
A C
1

C
2

O
r
2r
2r
r
r
r


M

124. What is the potential difference between points
C and D in the circuit shown in figure in steady
state?
(a) 3.6 V (b) 7.2 V
(c) 10.8 V (d)12 V
12 V
3O
1O
6O
C=1 F
1
C=2 F
2

B A
D
C
I

Sol.: A 2 . 1
1 6 3
12
=
O + O + O
=
V
I , V
AB
=12 1.2 1 =10.8 V, V
AD
=6 1.2 =7.2 V
F F
C C
C C
C
eff
6
2 1
2 1
10
3
2
3
2
2 1
2 1

= =
+

=
+
= ,
Q =V
AB
C
eff
=10.8
6
10
3
2

=7.2 10
-6
C
V
C
Q
V
AC
6 . 3
10 2
10 2 . 7
6
6
2
=

= =

, V
CD
=V
AD
V
AC
=7.2 3.6 =3.6 V
(a)

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


M
125. A battery of emf E and internal resistance r is connected to a resistor of resistance r
1
and Q
joules of heat is produced in a certain time t. When the same battery is connected to another
resistor of resistance r
2
, the same quantity of heat is produced in the same time t, the value of
r is
(a)
2
2
1
r
r
(b)
1
2
2
r
r
(c)
2
1
(r
1
+r
2
) (d)
2 1
r r

Sol.: I
1
=
r r
E
+
1
, Q
1
=I
2
r
1
t =
2
1
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ r r
E
r
1
t
Q
2
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ r r
E
2
r
2
t,
2
2
2
2
1
1
) ( ) ( r r
r
r r
r
+
=
+
, r =
2 1
r r
(d)

M

126. In the network shown in the figure, each resistance is 1 ohm.
The effective resistance between A and B is
(a) (4/3)O (b) (3/2)O
(c) 7O (d) (8/7)O

A B



Sol.:
7
8
2
3
8
2
3
8
=
+

=
e
R O
(d)

A B
1O
1O
1O
1O
1O
1O
1O


M
127. A ammeter is to be constructed which can read current upto 2.0 A. If the coil has a
resistance of 25 O and takes 1 mA for full-scale deflection, what should be the resistance
of the shunt used?
(a) 2.25 10
2
O (b) 1 10
2
O
(c) 1.25 10
2
O (d) 1.25 10
4
O
Sol.: A 2 ~ I
So, 1 10
3
25 =2 R
R=1.25 10
2
O





A
25 O
R O
2A
I
1mA

(c)

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


M
128. Figure shows a network of eight resistors numbered
1 to 8, each equal to 2O, connected to a 3V battery
of negligible internal resistance. The current I in the
circuit is
(a) 0.25 A (b) 0.5 A
(c) 0.75 A (d) 1.0 A
3V
A
1
B C
4 6
D
2
3 5
8
7
E
F


Sol.: No current will flow through 3 and 5.
So, R
eq
= =
+

6 6
6 6
3 O, = = =
3
3
eq
R
V
i 1A

(d)
M
129. Two heater wires of equal length are first connected in series and then in parallel. The ratio
of heat produced in two cases will be
(a) 1 : 2 (b) 1 : 4 (c) 2 : 1 (d) 4 : 1
Sol.: Applied potential difference is same
R
series
=2R , R
parallel
=R/2
Power
R
V
2
= , P
series

R 2
1

P
parallel

( ) 2 /
1
R
,
4
1
2 2
1
= =
R
R P
P
parallel
series

(b)
M
130. The effective wattage of 60 W and 40W lamps connected in series is equal to
(a) 24 W (b) 20 W (c) 100 W (d) 80 W
Sol.:
2 1
2 1
P P
P P
P
eff
+
= 24 =
eff
P W
(a)
M
131. A heater boils a certain quantity of water in time t
1
. Another heater boils the same quantity
of water in time t
2
. If both heaters are connected in series, the combination will boil the
same quantity of water in time
(a) ( )
2 1
2
1
t t + (b) ( )
2 1
t t + (c)
( )
2 1
2 1
t t
t t
+
(d)
2 1
t t
Sol.: Q =quantity of energy required
Q t P =
1 1
, Q t P =
2 2

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


P
series

2 1
2 1
P P
P P
+
=
P
series
t
0
=Q , Q t
P P
P P
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
0
2 1
2 1

Solving t
0
=t
1
+t
2

(b)
M
132. The filament of an electric heater should have
(a) high resistivity and high melting point
(b) low resistivity and high melting point
(c) high resistivity and low melting point
(d) low resistivity and low melting point
Sol.: (a)

M
133. The voltage across a bulb is decreased by 2%. Assuming that the resistance of the filament
remains unchanged, the power of the bulb will
(a) decrease by 2% (b) increase by 2% (c) decrease by 4% (d) increase by 4%
Sol.:
R
V
P
2
=

2
V P [R =constant]
(c)

M
134. A student has connected a voltmeter, an ammeter and
a resistor R as shown. If voltmeter reads 20V and
ammeter reads 4A, then R is
(a) =5 O (b) >5O
(c) <5O
(d) >or <5O depending upon its material.

V
+
A
4A
+

R



Sol.: ( )R i = 4 20
O >

= 5
4
20
i
R

V
A
R
(4-i)
i

(b)

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


M
135. In the figure, the potentiometer wire of length
l =100 cm and resistance 9O is joined to a cell of
emf E
1
= 10V and internal resistance r
1
= 1O.
Another cell of emf E
2
=5V and internal resistance
r
2
=2O is connected as shown. The galvanometer
G will show no deflection when the length AC is
(a) 50 cm (b) 55.55 cm
(c) 52.67 cm (d) 54.33 cm
E
1
=10 V
r
1
=1O
G
A
B
E
2
=5 V
r
1
=2O
C

Sol.: 1 5
100
9
= |
.
|

\
|
x x =55.55 cm
(b)
M
136. An electrical cable of copper has just one wire of radius 9 mm. Its resistance is 5O. This
single copper wire of the cable is replaced by 6 different well insulated copper wires each of
radius 3 mm. The total resistance of the cable will now be equal to
(a) 7.5 O (b) 45 O (c) 90 O (d) 270 O
Sol.: As Ro
2
1
r

9
3
9
5
2
2
= =
R
R =45O
R
eq
. =
6
R
=7.5 O
(a)

M
137. A uniform wire of resistance R is shaped into a regular n-sided polygon (n is even). The
equivalent resistance between any two corners can have
(a) the maximum value
2
R
(b) the maximum value
n
R

(c) the minimum value |
.
|

\
|
2
1
n
n
R (d) the minimum value
n
R

Sol.: Resistance between opposite corner is
2
R
and
2
R
which is parallely connected.
Maximum value
4
R
=
For adjacent corner two resistance
n
R
and R
n
n
|
.
|

\
| 1
are parallel connected
So minimum resistance is
( )
2
1
n
n
R

=
(c)
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


M
138. In the circuit shown, current through 25V cell
is
(a) 7.2 A (b) 10 A
(c) 12 A (d) 14.2 A

10V 5V 20V
30V 25V
5O
10O 5O 11O


Sol.: Applying KVL in loop ABCDA,
ABFEA, ABHGA and ABJIA we get
30 i
1
11 = 25 ..... (i)
20 +i
2
5 =25. .... (ii)
5 i
3
10 = 25 ..... (iii)
10 +i
4
5 =25 ..... (iv)
i
1
=5A, i
2
=1A, i
3
=3A and i
4
=3A.
(c)

I G E C A
10V 5V
20V
30V 25V
5O 10O 5O 11O
J
H F D B
i4
i3 i2
i1
i1+i2+i3+i4

M
139. Seven identical lamps of resistances 2200 ohm
each are connected to 220 volt line as shown in
the figure. What will be the reading in the
ammeter?

~
A

(a) (1/10) ampere (b) (3/10) ampere
(c) (4/10) ampere (d) (7/10) ampere
Sol.: Current through each resistor will be same current passing through ammeter

10
4
2200
220
4 = =
(c)
M
140. In the part of a circuit shown in the figure, the
potential difference between points G and H
(V
G
V
H
) will be
(a) 0 V (b) 15 V
(c) 7 V (d) 3 V
G
2A
1A
3A
5V
2O
4O
3V
H
1O

Sol.:
H G
V V = + + 1 2 2 2 3 4 2
V 7 =
H G
V V
(c)

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


M
141. In the circuit shown in the figure, the ratio of V
B
as to
V
C
is
(a) 2/5 (b) 5/2
(c) 1 (d) 1/3
1O
C
2O
A
B
D
5V
10V
2V

Sol.: 5 V V
C A
= , 2 V V
B A
+ = ,
5
2
=
C
B
V
V

(a)

M
142. A 3O resistor as shown in the figure, is dipped into a
calorimeter containing H
2
O. The thermal capacity of
H
2
O +calorimeter is 2000 J/K. If the circuit is active
for 15 minutes find the rise in temperature of H
2
O is
(a) 2.4
0
C (b) 2.9
0
C
(c) 3.4
0
C (d) 1.9
0
C
1O
6O
6V
3O

Sol.: =
+
=
+
=
1 2
6
1
6
AB
R
I 2A
O =
+

= 2
3 6
3 6
AB
R
Current through 3O resistors ( ) = = 9 / 6 ' I I 4/3 A
(mC) AT = Rt I
2

60 15 3
3
4
2000
2
|
.
|

\
|
= A T
= AT 2.4
0
C
(a)

M
143. In the figure AB is 300 cm long wire having
resistance 10 O per meter. Rheostat is set at 20O.
The balance point will be attained at
(a) 1.0 m (b) 1.25 m
(c) 1.5 m (d) cannot be determined

2V
0.5O
1.5O
A
G
K
6V 20O
B

Sol.: =

=
50
30 6
AB
V 3.6 V
Terminal voltage of cell
2
5 . 1 2
= =1.5 V
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


Using kl V = l
300
6 . 3
5 . 1 = or l =125 cm
(b)

M
144. In the circuit shown in the figure, reading of
voltmeter V
1
when only S
1
is closed, reading of
voltmeter is V
2
when only S
2
is closed and reading
of voltmeter is V
3
when both S
1
and S
2
are closed.
Then

3R
S
1

S
2

R
V

6R

(a)
1 2 3
V V V > > (b)
3 1 2
V V V > > (c)
2 1 3
V V V > > (d)
3 2 1
V V V > >
Sol.: When only S
1
is closed . E E V 75 . 0
4
3
1
= =
When only S
2
is closed, E E V 86 . 0
7
6
2
= =
And when both S
1
and S
2
are closed, combined resistance of 6R and 3R is 2R.
E E V 66 . 0
3
2
3
= =

3 1 2
V V V > >
(b)

M
145. In an experiment to measure the internal resistance of a cell by a potentiometer, it is found
that the balance point is at a length of 2 m, when the cell is shunted by a 5O resistance and
at a length of 3 m, when the cell is shunted by a 10 O resistance. The internal resistance of
the cell is
(a) 1.5 O (b) 10 O (c) 15 O (d) 1 O
Sol.:
) (
) (
) /(
) /(
1 2
2 1
2 2
1 1
2
1
2
1
r R R
r R R
r R ER
r R ER
l
l
V
V
+
+
=
+
+
= = ,
) 5 ( 10
) 10 ( 5
3
2
r
r
+
+
= , O =10 r
(b)
M
146. A galvanometer of 10 ohm resistance gives full scale deflection with 0.01 ampere of
current. It is to be converted into an ammeter for measuring 10 ampere current. The value of
shunt resistance required will be
(a)
999
10
ohm (b) 0.1 ohm (c) 0.5 ohm (d) 1.0 ohm
Sol.:
999
10
01 . 0 10
01 . 0 10
=

=
g
g
i i
G i
S ohm
(a)


DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


M
147. In the given circuit the current i
1
is
(a) 0.4 A (b) 0.4 A
(c) 0.8 A (d) 0.8 A

30O
40O
40O
i
1

i
2

80V
40V
i
3



Sol.: Applying KCL at junction A

2 1 3
i i i + = (i)
Applying Kirchoffs voltage law for loop ABCDA
0 40 40 30
3 1
= + i i
0 40 ) ( 40 30
2 1 1
= + + i i i
4 4 7
2 1
= + i i ...(ii)

30O
40O
40O
i
1

i
2

80V
40V
i
3

F
E
D
C
B
A
i
3


Applying Kirchoffs voltage law for the loop ADEFA.
0 40 80 40 40
3 2
= + + i i
3 2
2 1
= + i i (iii)
On solving equation (ii) and (iii) A 4 . 0
1
= i
(b)
M
148. In the diagram shown, the reading of voltmeter is 20 V and that of ammeter is 4A. The
value of R should be (Consider given ammeter and voltmeter are not ideal)
(a) Equal to 5O
(b) Greater from 5O
(c) Less than 5O
(d) Greater or less than 5O depends on the material of R
V
A
4A
20V
R

Sol.: If resistance of ammeter is r then 4 ) ( 20 r R + =
5 = + r R
R <5O
(c)
M
149. For ensuring dissipation of same energy in all three
resistors (R
1
, R
2
, R
3
) connected as shown in figure,
their values must be related as
R
1

R
2
R
3

V
in


(a) R
1
=R
2
=R
3
(b) R
2
=R
3
and R
1
=4R
2

(c)
3 2
R R = and
2 1
4
1
R R = (d) R
1
=R
2
+R
3
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


Sol.: As the voltage in R
2
and R
3
is same
therefore, according to,
t
R
V
H =
2
,
3 2
R R =
Also the energy in all resistance is same.
t R i t R i
2
2
1 1
2
=
R
1

R
2
R
3

i
i
1
i
2

D C
V
in


Using i i
R R
R
i
R R
R
i
2
1
3 3
3
3 2
3
1
=
+
=
+
=
Thus, t R
i
t R i
2
2
1
2
4
= or,
4
2
1
R
R =
(c)
M
150. The measurement of voltmeter (ideal) in the following circuit
is
(a) 2.4 V (b) zero
(c) 4.0 V (d) 6.0 V

6V
V
600O
400O

Sol.: If the voltmeter is ideal then given circuit is an open circuit, so reading of voltmeter is equal
to the e.m.f. of cell i.e., 6V
(d)
M
151. A current I is passing through a wire having two sections P and Q of uniform diameters d
and d/2 respectively. If the mean drift velocity of electrons in section P and Q is denoted by
v
P
and v
Q
respectively, then
(a)
Q P
v v = (b)
Q P
v v
2
1
= (c)
Q P
v v
4
1
= (d)
Q P
v v 2 =
Sol.: Drift velocity
neA
i
v
d
=
A
v
d
1
or
2
1
d
v
d


4
1 2 /
2
2
= |
.
|

\
|
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
d
d
d
d
v
v
P
Q
Q
P

Q P
v v
4
1
=
(c)
M
152. A coil of wire of resistance 50O is embedded in a block of ice. If a potential difference of
210 V is applied across the coil, the amount of ice melted per second will be (Latent heat of
fusion of ice =80 cal/gm)
(a) 4.12 gm (b) 4.12 kg (c) 3.68 kg (d) 2.625 gm


Sol.: L
t
m
R
V
t
Q
.
2 . 4
2
= = ; 625 . 2
80 50 2 . 4
) 210 (
2 . 4
2 2
=

= =
RL
V
t
m
gm
(d)
DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank


M
153. A resistance of 4O and a wire of length 5 metres and
resistance 5O are joined in series and connected to a cell of
e.m.f. 10V and internal resistance 1O. A parallel
combination of two identical cells is balanced across 300 cm
of the wire. The e.m.f. of each cell is

E
E
G
4O
10V,1O
5O, 5m

(a) 1.5 V (b) 3.0 V (c) 0.67 V (d) 1.33 V
Sol.: l
L
iR
L
l V
l E = = t = E = l
L
R
r R R
E
h

+ +

V 3 3
5
5
1 4 5
10
=
+ +
= E
(b)
M
154. A 500 W heating unit is designed to operate from a 115 volt line. If the line voltage drops to
110 volt, the percentage drop in heat output will be
(a) 10.20% (b) 8.1% (c) 8.6% (d) 7.6%
Sol.: 46 . 457 500
115
110
2
2
consumed
= |
.
|

\
|
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
R
R
A
P
V
V
P W
So, percentage drop in power output = % 6 . 8 100
500
) 46 . 457 500 (
=


(c)

M
155. Three equal resistances each of RO are connected as
shown in figure. A battery of emf 2V and internal
resistance 0.1O is connected across the circuit. The
value of R for which the heat generated in the circuit
will be maximum is
(a) 0.3 O (b) 0.03 O
(c) 0.01 O (d) 0.1 O


R R R
2V
0.1O


Sol.: (a)

DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUIT
Questi on Bank



DIFFICULT QUESTIONS

D
156. A galvanometer of coil resistance 1O is converted
into voltmeter by using a resistance of 5O in series
and same galvanometer is converted into ammeter
by using a shunt of 1O. Now ammeter and voltmeter
connected in circuit as shown, find the reading of
voltmeter and ammeter.


15O
30 V
A
V
12O
15O 6O
4.5O

(a) 3 Volt, 3 amp (b) 2 volt, 2 amp (c) 4 Volt, 3 amp (d) 3 volt, 4 amp
Sol.: R
Voltmeter
=6O, R
ammeter
=0.5O
R
eq
=10O
A I 3
10
30
= =
Reading of voltmeter =1 3 =3 volt.
(a)