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Medieval Asia Research - APWH 1.

New Medieval Trading Cities: Hangzhou The Song Empire withdrew the south of the Yellow River and established Hangzhou as the new capital. In Hangzhou the engineers diverted the nearby river to flow through the city and flush away waste and disease. Hangzhou officials sheltered the densely packed population from danger so that they could enjoy the abundant pleasures of the city: restaurants, parks, bookstores, wine shops, tea houses, and theaters. 2. Diasporic Communities: Chinese merchant communities in Southeast Asia http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/oldwrld/m erchants/chinese.html Foreign states that wanted to trade with China had to pay tribute to the emperor at specific ports of call. Canton was the designated locale for envoys from Southeast Asian states. During the 15th century many Southeast Asian rulers sent tribute missions to China. Southeast Asia was culturally impacted by China because they didnt only trade good, but also customs. Champa was sending students to study in China by 1371. The tribute system encouraged Chinese immigration to envoy states during the 14th and 15th century. Other emigrants left China in search of new commercial opportunities. Some sought their fortunes as pirates or smugglers. The Chinese were interested in securing and reinforcing Chinese influence in the countries of Southeast Asia rather than military conquest. 3. Interregional Travelers: Chinese Monk:- Xuanzang http://faculty.washington.edu/dwaugh/waughexpeditionfi nal.pdf (pg. 15) His route to the sources of Buddhist wisdom took him along the fringes of Tarim Basin, through the mountains, and then south through todays Uzbekistan and Afghanistan. When he returned to China after 15 year he brought along with him a trove of scriptures and important images.

4. Diffusion of cultural traditions: The influence of Chinese Culture in East Asia https://bashapedia.pbworks.com/w/page/13960270/Chinese %20Influence%20on%20East%20Asia Chinese influences can often be sourced as the roots of the cultures of Korea and Japan. China served as a model for emulation for both countries. Both countries are notably shaped by the technological, cultural, political, and religious innovations of the great Chinese empire. 5. Diffusion of scientific and technological traditions between Tang China and the Abbasids http://faculty.washington.edu/dwaugh/waughexpeditionfi nal.pdf (pgs. 14 - 18) The Tang Dynasty managed to extend Chinese control into Central Asia once again. Foreign culture was very common among the Chinese elite such as makeup, hairstyles, dances, and music. Women even played a game called polo which was imported from Persia. 6. Diasporic Communities: Sogdian merchant communities in China during the Medieval Period http://www.silkroadfoundation.org/newsletter/december/ new_discoveries.htm During the seventh century the Tang transformed independent communities to controlled submitted counties without Sogdian hierarchy. During this period up to the eighth century was the climax of Iranian influence on Chinese civilizations. Around the main markets of the capitals Sogdian temples, taverns, and shops flourished.