PANEPISTHMIO JESSALIAS Diaforikèc Exis¸seic 2h Exètash Proìdou

1.

MetasqhmatÐste

to

paraktw

prìblhma

Merik¸n

Diaforik¸n

Exis¸sewn

ètsi

¸ste

autì

na

èqei omogeneÐc sunoriakèc

sunj kec.

∂u ∂ 2u = , 0 < x < 1, t > 0 ∂t ∂x2 u(0, t) = cos πt, u(1, t) = sin πt, t > 0,

u(x, 0) = x 0 ≤ x ≤ 1.
2. Poia apì tic paraktw ekfrseic apoteleÐ mia genikeumènh tou Ðsh lÔsh me enìc sust matoc me

x = Ax

ìtan

o

2×2 1 2 − 3i
(aþ)

pragmatikìc

pÐnakac

A

èqei

idiotim

−1 + 2i

antÐstoiqo

idiodinusma

.

c1 e−t c1 e−t c1 e−t c1 e−2t
thn

cos 2t 3 cos 2t + 2 sin 2t cos 2t 2 cos 2t + c2 e2t

+ c2 e−t 0 −3 sin 2t + c2 e−t + c2 e−2t

sin 2t 3 sin 2t − 2 cos 2t

(bþ)

(gþ)

cos 2t 2 cos 2t + 3 sin 2t cos t 2 cos t + 3 sin t
genikeumènh arqik  lÔsh

sin 2t 2 sin 2t − 3 cos 2t sin t 2 sin t − 3 cos t ux + uy + u = 0
. kaj¸c kai thn monadik  lÔsh pou

(dþ)

3.

D¸ste

thc

exÐswshc

ikanopoieÐ thn

sunj kh

u(0, y) = ey

4.

Qrhsimopoi ste thn mèjodo diaqwrismoÔ twn metablht¸n gia na upologÐsete thn lÔsh tou ex c probl matoc Merik¸n Diaforik¸n Exis¸sewn

1 ∂ 2u ∂ 2 u 1 ∂u + + = 0, 0 < r < 1, θ > 0 ∂r2 r ∂r r2 ∂θ2 u(1, θ) = g(θ) θ > 0
ìpou

g(θ)

eÐnai mia dojeÐsa periodik  suneq c

sunrthsh periìdou

.

5.

Jewr ste diatom  h te (

ènan

swl na

m kouc tou

L

o

opoÐoc eÐnai se

sundèei tìso

dÔo

doqeÐa mac

pou

perièqoun na

alatìnera.

H ìti

yz

kateÔjunsh) tou

swl na h

mikr

pou

epitrèpei thc me

isquristoÔme (  en

sugkèntrwsh h diqish

alatioÔ thc

eÐnai

Ðdia

opoiod pote akariaÐa). shmeÐo

shmeÐo

diatom c

epijumeÐthn

kat

m koc

diatom c

eÐnai

'Estw

ìti

c(x, t)

sumbolÐzoume

sugkèntrwsh tou

alatioÔ

sto

alatìnero sto

x

tou swl na

thn qronik  stigm

t

.

(aþ)

Diatup¸ste thn diaforik  exÐswsh pou dièpei thn sugkèntrwsh tou alatioÔ ston swl na.

(bþ)

KajorÐste

tic

arqikèc kai tic

sunoriakèc sunj kec pou

aforoÔn tic ex c

katastseic.

i ii

.

Arqik to nerì tou swl na den perièqei alti, en¸ oi sugkentr¸seic alatioÔ sta dÔo doqeÐa eÐnai

C1

kai

C2

.

.

H arqik  periektikìthta tou neroÔ tou swl na se alti eÐnai mia grammik  sunrthsh. SfragÐzoume ton swl na sto èna kro ìpou kai h sugkèntrwsh tou alatioÔ sto

alatìnero tou doqeÐou eÐnai

C3

kai frontÐzoume h sugkèntrwsh tou alatioÔ sto doqeÐo mhdèn.

sto llo kro na eÐnai pnta Ðsh me

Mhn xeqnte

ìti

• eait = cos at + i sin at •
H genikeumènh lÔsh thc exÐswshc tou en

Euler r2 R + rR − λ2 R = 0
.

eÐnai

R = arλ + br−λ

λ=0

kai

R = a + b ln r

en

λ=0