INTERPRETATIONS NO.

20
Replies to Technical Inquiries July 1, 1991, Through December 31, 1991

It has been agreed to publish interpretations issued by the B3 1 Committee concerning B3 1.1 as part of the update service to the Code. The interpretations have been assigned numbers in chronological order. Each interpretation applies either to the latest Edition or Addenda at the time of issuance of the interpretation or the Edition or Addenda stated in the reply. Subsequent revisions to the Code may have superseded the reply. These interpretations are not a part of the Code or the Addenda. These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters, except for a few typographical and editorial corrections made for the purpose of improved clarity. In some instances, a review of the interpretation revealed a need for corrections of a technical nature. In these cases, a revised reply bearing the original interpretation number with the suffix R is presented. In the case where an interpretation is corrected by Errata, the original interpretation number with the suffix E is used. ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if additional information is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpretation. Further, persons aggrieved by an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME committee or subcommittee. As stated in the Statement of Policy in the Code documents, ASME does not "approve," "certify," "rate," or "endorse" any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity. The interpretations will be issued twice a year up to the publication of the 1995 Edition. Interpretations Nos. 2 through 7 were included with the update service to the 1983 Edition and Interpretations Nos. 8 through 13 were included with the update service to the 1986 Edition. Interpretations Nos. 14 through 19 were included with the update service to the 1989 Edition. Interpretations 20 through 25 will be included with the update service to the 1992 Edition.

20 and Cases No. 15. Copyright 0 1992 THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS 345 East 47th Street.Y. New York. 1992 This update contains Interpretations No. 10017 All Rights Reserved .ASME B31.1 Interpretations No. N. 20 Cases No. 15 Date of Issuance: October 31.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20. . . . . . . . .4. . . . Instrument Connections . . 20-7 Scope of Application . . . . Flareless. .3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8. . . . .3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20-2 File No . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Power Piping Systems . . . . . . . .2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N D E p r i o r t o PWHT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Use of Flared. Repairs to Base Materials . . . . . . . . . . 20. . . . . . . . . . . . 20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20-4 122. . . . . . . . 20. .13 132. . . . . . . . . . . . 20-8 Use of Cast Iron Valves in Fuel Gas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20-5 Valving for Feedwater Piping in Heat Recovery Steam Generators . . . . Caustic and Acid Service . . . . . . Temperature Fatigue Cycles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PWHT of P-No. . .15 102. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2. . .2. . . . . . . . 5 Socket Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 104. . . . . . . . 20-14 122. . . . . . . and Compression Type Tube Fittings . . . . . . .Subject Interpretation 100. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thickness Allowance for Threads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 1(B). . . . . . .1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Weld Joint Efficiency Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sootblower Piping System . . . . . . . . . . . .2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20.12 115. . . . . . . . 20-3 Hot Tapping . 20-6 102. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8. . . . . . . . . . . 20-9 127. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B31-91-036 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3. Stress Due to Sustained Loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4. . . . . . . . . . . . . .1. . . . . . . . . . . .11 104. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nominal Pipe Size .16 Table 132. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2(B). . . . . . . . . 20-10 102. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20. . .

legal requirements. . 20 Interpretation: 20-1 2 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31. it is cautioned that supplementary requirements to the Section chosen may be necessary to provide for a safe piping system for the intended application. but the B31.1 Interpretations No.1 does offer some guidance in the Introduction. 1991 B3 1-90-003 Question: Does the B31.3.4. Para. 104. Technical limitations of the various Sections.2(D) provide rules to evaluate the displacment effects of a support element (a pinned brace. for example) that loads a piping system similar to a one-time anchor settlement? Reply: No. is it to be considered a base metal repair. Reply (2): Yes. Question (2): If the weld metal deposited above in question (1) is to be used for both machining of a controlled counterbore dimension and for minimum wall thickness after machining.1. at his discretion the user may select any Section determined to be generally applicable. 127. 102.1. Repairs to Base Materials November 7." Interpretation: 20-13 Subject: Date Issued: File: B3 1. "When no Section of the ASME Code for Pressure Piping. Reply (1): No.83 1. Stress Due to Sustained Loads November 7. specifically covers a piping system. and possible applicability of other codes or standards are some of the factors to be considered by the user in determining the applicability of any Section of this Code.1.1 l(B). However.8. 1991 B3 1-91-023 Question (1): Is weld metal which is deposited on the inside diameter of a piece of pipe or fitting solely for the purpose of being able to machine a controlled counterbore dimension considered a repair to base material? The weld metal which is deposited does not become part of the minimum wall after machining.

1 provided the requirements of Para. See also Para.2.1.8. 1991 B3 1-91-025 Question: Is it acceptable to use flared. 20 Interpretation: 20-14 Subject: Date Issued: File: B3 1. and compression type tubing fittings not listed in Table 126.20-14.2 Interpretation: 20-16 Subject: Date Issued: File: B3 1. 123.4.1 Interpretations No. flareless. 102. Paragraph 102. . November 7. 104. Sootblower Piping System November 7.2. 115 are met? Reply: Yes. also see Para. 1991 B3 1-91-029 Question: Are the calculated stresses in a sootblower piping system due to occasional transient operating conditions (such as conditions during operation of a safety valve) permitted to exceed the maximum allowable stress from Appendix A by the amounts permitted in Paras.1 apply to piping systems within fuel cell electric generating plants? Reply: Yes. Flareless. Use of Flared.1. 20-16 831. Scope of Application November 7.2.1 Interpretation: 20-15 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31. 20-15. and Compression Type Tube Fittings.4(A) and (B)? Reply: Yes. 115. 1991 B31-91-035 Question: Does ASME B31.1.

P-No." as used in Table 132. Hot Tapping October 2. 5 Socket Welds October 2.2 apply to determining allowable stresses for a dynamic variation (vibration) superimposed on a sustained stress not exceeding the allowable? Reply: No.7. welding on material containing fluid) shall also be considered with regard to how they affect the welding process and the resulting material properties. examination. materials.2. 104. PWHT of P-No.e. Interpretation: 20-7 Subject: Date Issued: File: B3 1. 1991 B3 1-90-023 Question: What rules apply to hot tapping of piping constructed to the rules of B31. Table 132. l? Reply: The hot tapping operation is not specifically addressed by the Code.1. 20 Interpretation: 20-6 Subject: Date Issued: File: B3 1..3. fabrication. Note (l)(a)(2) apply to the thicker of the materials being joined at the weld? Reply: Yes. 102.3.1 Interpretations No. all requirements that are applicable to branch connections (design.5.2 also applies.4 addresses this subject. and construction) and the resulting system loads also apply.1. 5. The conditions under which the hot tap is made (i.1. 102. Temperature Fatigue Cycles July 18. However. Para. 1991 B31-91-001 Question: Does the f factor in Para. Interpretation: 20-8 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31. If specially designed components are used. Paragraph 101. 1991 B3 1-90-63R Question: Does the term "maximum material thickness of Y2 in.83 1. .

sizes 2% in.1.1 jurisdiction begins at the outlet of the gas company's metering station. .1.3.11 Reply: No.20-9. 1991 B31-91-037 tubular products produced under SA. B31. 1991 B31-91-011 Question: Paragraph 122.4. Interpretation: 20-10 Subject: Date Issued: File: B3 1. 122.4. and smaller. ASTM. 20-11 B3 1. .2(B). Power Piping Systems October 2. 1991 B31-91-036 Question: Within a plant property line. Interpretation: 20-1 1 Subject: Date Issued: File: B3 1.1 jurisdiction begin at a second plant-installed meter downstream of the gas company's meter? Reply: No.3 of B31. 102. or Question: May electric resistance welded (ERW) API specifications be used with a joint efficiency factor of 100% if additional requirements are met per Table 102.1.8.1 Interpretations No. and larger and extra strong in sizes 2 in. .2(B) states: ". Nominal Pipe Size October 2. 100. may B31. 20 Interpretation: 20-9 Subject: Date Issued: File: B3 1.8. 20-10. Weld Joint Efficiency Factors October 2.1.2." Are these sizes NPS 2% and NPS 2. respectively? Reply: Yes.

under subparagraph (4) of nomenclature for t.1.1. and regulating valve. 1991 B3 1-89-038 Question (1): A 3-pressure heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) has three evaporators (HP. Assuming the economizer and each evaporator has its own Manufacturer's Data Report so that all interconnecting piping is BEP. IP. the inlet to the economizer shall have a regulating valve.83 1.1 Interpretations No. 104. check valve. the inlet to the economizer shall have a regulating valve. and the inlet piping interface with the economizer inlet header. what is the required feedwater valving and where is (are) the BEP terminal(s) if there is only one HRSG per feedwater source? Reply (1): Each evaporator and the economizer are treated as separate boilers with respect to their inlet feedwater valving. does the phrase "forming or machining for jointing" include threading of pipe (and other component) ends as are commonly used to join components together? Reply: No. In the case of multiple HRSG's. Some installations have an LP feedwater supply through the economizer and so the HP and IP evaporators each need a feedwater pump as well.2(a). unless the regulating function is performed by the valves installed at the inlets to each evaporator. The BEP terminals are the inlet to the first valve in the economizer inlet string. 1991 B3 1-89-037 Question: In Para. . each fed by a common supply which has passed through an economizer. The BEP terminals in each case are the inlet to the first valve on the economizer inlet string and the joints where the piping interfaces with the economizer and evaporator headers. Each evaporator has its own feedwater regulating station.1. 104.. there need be no discharge stop valve on the economizer.2. Since all inter-connecting piping is boiler proper. The economizer shall also have an inlet stop valve and check valve. Each evaporator shall have an inlet stop valve. 20 Interpretation: 20-1 Subject: Date Issued: File: B3 1. It may also be equipped with an outlet stop valve. The economizer shall also have an inlet stop valve and check valve. unless the regulating function is performed by the valves installed at the inlets to each evaporator. Interpretation: 20-2 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31. LP).1. Question (2): Assuming the economizer and each evaporator are supplied under the same Manufacturer's Data Report so that all interconnecting piping is boiler proper. In the case of multiple HRSG's. check valve. what is the required feedwater valving and where is (are) the BEP terminals if there is only one HRSG per feedwater source? If there are multiple HRSG's for a common feedwater source? Reply (2): Each evaporator shall have an inlet stop valve. Valving for Feedwater Piping in Heat Recovery Steam Generators July 17. and regulating valve. Thickness Allowance for Threads July 17.

2.1. Question (2): Does Para.8. for acid and caustic service? Reply (2): Yes.2(A. 107 of B31. Use of Cast Iron Valves in Fuel Gas. unless the chemical concentration in the system fluid is so high that it is considered to be toxic. 2 0 Interpretation: 20-3 Subject: Date Issued: File: B3 1.2.3.3.2(A. Instrument Connections July 17.1.l) require instrument piping take-off connections to be not less than NPS 94 for service conditions in excess of either 900 psi or 8WF? Reply (1): Yes.1 allow the use of cast iron bodied valves and fittings. 122. Question (2): Does B31.1-1989 Edition.3. with or without corrosion-resistant linings. See Para. 122. 1) also apply to tapping on the periphery of orifice plate flanges? Reply (2): Yes. 1991 B3 1-91-022 Question (1): Does B31. NDE prior to PWHT July 17. Interpretation: 20-4 Subject: Date Issued: File: B3 1.1. 132.1 require that NDE be performed on welds after they have been subjected to the postweld heat treatment required by Para. is the plug considered a pressure retaining part? Reply (1): No. 132? Reply: No. Para. Caustic and Acid Service July 18.1 Interpretations No. 1991 B31-91-017 Question: Does B3 1. 1991 B3 1-90-005 Question (1): For the purpose of material selection of a plug valve that meets the requirements of Para. Interpretation: 20-5 Subject: Date Issued: File: B3 1. . 122. 122.83 1.1.

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