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SMALL-SCALE CDM PROGRAMME ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM

(CDM-SSC-CPA-DD) - Version 01

NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 1

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM
SMALL-SCALE PROGRAM ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-CPA-DD)
Version 01

CONTENTS

A. General description of CDM programme activity (CPA)

B. Eligibility of CPA and Estimation of Emission Reductions

C. Environmental Analysis

D. Stakeholder comments



Annexes

Annex 1: Contact information on entity/individual responsible for the CPA

Annex 2: Information regarding public funding

Annex 3: Baseline information

Annex 4: Monitoring plan


NOTE:

(i) This form is for submission of CPAs that apply a small scale approved methodology using the
provision of the proposed small scale CDM PoA.

(ii) The coordinating/managing entity shall prepare a CDM Small Scale Programme Activity Design
Document (CDM-SSC-CPA-DD)
1,2
that is specified to the proposed PoA by using the provisions stated
in the SSC PoA DD. At the time of requesting registration the SSC PoA DD must be accompanied by a
CDM-SSC CPA-DD form that has been specified for the proposed SSC PoA, as well as by one
completed CDM-SSC CPA-DD (using a real case). After the first CPA, every CPA that is added over
time to the SSC PoA must submit a completed CDM-SSC CPA-DD.

1
The latest version of the template form CDM-CPA-DD is available on the UNFCCC CDM web site in the
reference/document section.
2
At the time of requesting validation/registration, the coordinating managing entity is required to submit a
completed CDM-POA-DD, the PoA specific CDM-CPA-DD, as well as one of such CDM-CPA-DD completed
(using a real case).
SMALL-SCALE CDM PROGRAMME ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM
(CDM-SSC-CPA-DD) - Version 01

NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 2

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
SECTION A. General description of small scale CDM programme activity (CPA)

A.1. Title of the small-scale CPA:
>>
Socfindo EFB plus POME Co-composting Project (CPA No. 001)
Version: 03
31/05/2012

A.2. Description of the small-scale CPA:
>>
Socfindo EFB plus POME Co-composting Project at Bangun Bandar, hereafter referred as the Project
Activity, is a small-scale CDM programme activity (CPA) involving the installation and operation of a
sophisticated Aerated Bunker Co-composting (ABC) plant at PT.Socfin Indonesias (Socfindo) Bangun
Bandar Crude Palm Oil Mill (Mill Facility). The project activity will be constructed at the Mill Facility
which has capacity to process Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB) of 23 tons/hour. The Project Activity is located
at Bangun Bandar, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia.

In the process of producing CPO, the Mill Facility has four types of waste: Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB),
fibers, palm kernel shells (PKS), and liquid waste known as palm oil mill effluent (POME). While fiber
and a proportion of PKS is used as fuel for the mill boilers to generate heat and electricity for the whole
plant, the EFBs are discharged as waste and left to decay in unmanaged dumpsites. POME is treated in a
series of open air anaerobic and aerobic ponds before being discharged into a local waterway.

The Project Activity utilizes both EFB and POME for the co-composting process, and the output of the
co-composting process is organic compost which will be recycled by Socfindo and reapplied to its
neighbouring plantations. Therefore the Project Activity will reduce the methane emissions from
anaerobic digestion of POME treatment by avoiding the current open air anaerobic wastewater treatment
system. Moreover it will also avoid methane emissions from the EFB solid waste that is currently
disposed of and left to decay in unmanaged solid waste disposal sites situated in the oil palm plantation
area.

The Aerated Bunker Co-composting (ABC) process is an enclosed co-composting system with a
computer controlled environment which continually monitors O
2
and temperature to ensure the optimum
ambient environment for natural aerobic decomposition of the waste streams.

Contribution to Sustainable Development

In response to the urgent and pressing global call for sustainably produced palm oil, the Roundtable on
Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) was formed in 2004 with the objective of promoting the growth and use of
sustainable oil palm products through credible global standards and engagement of stakeholders. The
RSPO is a not-for-profit association that unites stakeholders from seven sectors of the palm oil industry -
oil palm producers, palm oil processors or traders, consumer goods manufacturers, retailers, banks and
investors, environmental or nature conservation NGOs and social or developmental NGOs - to develop
SMALL-SCALE CDM PROGRAMME ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM
(CDM-SSC-CPA-DD) - Version 01

NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 3

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
and implement global standards for sustainable palm oil
3
. Socfindo has been an early joining member of
the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) since the 7
th
December 2004 and has consistently been
moving towards obtaining RSPO certification in its Mills.

The Project Activity will have a positive contribution to the Sustainable Development of Indonesia as
defined by the Designated National Authority. The contribution of the Project Activity to sustainable
development is significant assessed by using the sustainable development criteria of Indonesia
4
.
Indonesias sustainable development criteria and indicators for assessing a proposed CDM project are
categorised into four groups: environmental, economic, social and technological sustainability. Details of
the positive contribution to sustainable development are:

Environmental sustainability: (The scope of evaluation is the area having direct ecological impacts
from the project).
The Project Activity facilitates the use of Mill waste (EFB and POME) to create high-value organic
compost that can be reapplied to the Palm Plantation. This reduces local waste production and
conserves natural resources by turning unwanted waste into a valuable resource (organic compost).
The Project Activity which involves the implementation and operation of Co-composting activity of
Palm Mill waste has a number of positive local environmental effects including:
Reducing or avoiding completely the negative environmental effects associated with baseline
treatment of POME in open air lagoons including:
Avoiding methane emissions thus reducing GHG emissions;
Avoiding negative odour associated with POME lagoons;
Reducing or avoiding altogether the discharge of treated POME into natural waterways,
therefore improving water quality of local streams for biota and community use.
Avoiding negative environmental effects in relation to the dumping or disposal of EFB in the
baseline situation by fully utilizing the Mills waste EFB for the production of organic
fertilizer;
Improving soil health by application of high nutrient organic compost onto plantations
increasing organic matter in soil, improving moisture retention, providing a source of
microorganisms and nutrients and a potential replacement to inorganic fertilizers.
Improving local health by eliminating all of the existing anaerobic POME ponds and some or

3
For more detail on RSPO and its mission please see http://www.rspo.org/?q=page/16.
4
Website of the Indonesian DNA (the Indonesian National Commission for Clean Development Mechanism) setting
out Indonesias Sustainable Development Criteria and Indicators http://dna-cdm.menlh.go.id/en/susdev/ (accessed 18
December, 2010).

SMALL-SCALE CDM PROGRAMME ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM
(CDM-SSC-CPA-DD) - Version 01

NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 4

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
all of the aerobic POME ponds which are a source of odour;
No additional resources (e.g. water) will be used for the composting process, as the humidity
required will be provided by the POME.
Economic sustainability
The Project Activity will make a small contribution to employment by providing opportunity of new
jobs for local community starting from construction to commissioning and later on in operation and
maintenance of the plant;
The Project Activity will turn waste products (EFB and POME) into organic compost which:
Potentially partly replaces the existing use of purchased chemical or organic fertilizer for a
plantation.
Improves palm health and contributes to improved yield through improved soil health, thus
supporting a strong and sustainable Indonesian Palm Oil Industry.

Social sustainability
The Project Activity will act as a clean technology demonstration project and will encourage other
Palm Mill operators as well as other agri-processing industries to come up with similar projects.
Provision of staff training to improve their technical skills in relation to monitoring and data
management for CDM .
The Project Activity facilitates the voluntary adoption and uptake of Palm Mill Waste treatment
processes which are more environmentally friendly and sustainable than that legally required.
Technology sustainability
Supports the uptake and adoption of industry best practice techniques and technology for palm waste
processing via co-composting technology from abroad thereby facilitating early adoption of such
practices to displace current practice and become the baseline industry practice in Indonesia.
The Project Activity will provide an opportunity for local people to acquire know-how for
construction, optimal maintenance and operation of state-of-the-art co-composting plant, equipment
and systems.
The Project Activity will contribute to provide an opportunity for technology transfer.

A.3. Entity/individual responsible for the small-scale CPA:
>>
PT.Socfin Indonesia is the responsible entity for the small-scale CPA.

SMALL-SCALE CDM PROGRAMME ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM
(CDM-SSC-CPA-DD) - Version 01

NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 5

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
A.4. Technical description of the small-scale CPA:

A.4.1. Identification of the small-scale CPA:
>>
The technology used in the project activity is an advanced; automated and enclosed co-composting
technology, called the Aerated Bunker Co-composting System or ABC System. In essence, ABC aerobic
composting system provides the optimum external ambient conditions required by natural micro-
organisms to aerobically decompose the mill waste streams efficiently in a short period to produce fertile
organic compost.

How will the system ensure the aerobic conditions in the compost?
The ABC system is specifically designed as an aerobic composting system. Firstly the compost is placed
in bunkers, within concrete walls, a concrete aerated floor and under a roof which are designed to enable
the ambient environment to be controlled and to allow passive ventilation for the compost by air (see
photo of bunker below). To further facilitate the addition of the large volumes of POME, the compost is
moved every 3 to 4 days through a series of bunkers. The entire process will take approximately 25 days.
16
Empty Composting Bunker

The compost environment is computer controlled with real time monitoring of oxygen and temperature of
the compost mass through a probe which is strategically placed into the heart of the compost mass. The
computer system will automatically start the fans if the oxygen levels within the compost mass is near
10% (or at any other level if demanded) thus ensuring that the compost is not in anaerobic conditions.
Oxygen is injected into the compost from the fans through a specifically designed concrete floor which
allows air to be injected up into the compost mass (see figure below). In addition, the ABC system also
incorporates a methane meter to monitor presence of methane within the process.
SMALL-SCALE CDM PROGRAMME ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM
(CDM-SSC-CPA-DD) - Version 01

NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 6

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.


Temperature, oxygen and methane levels are recorded at short intervals throughout the process by the
computer, not only for controlling the process but also for recording the compost batches history
throughout the process. Furthermore, all the compost settings and parameters used in this composting
system can be tailored to suit specific and individual requirements.

How does the system ensure that there is no run off or leakage?
Any liquid that percolates through the aerated floor will go through the compost drains and is piped into
a sump where it is re-circulated back to the compost with any excess being stored in an enclosed buffer
tank. The bunkers are covered so ambient rainwater is eliminated from the bulk of the composting area.
All the run-off water from the compost is kept within the system and constantly recycled.
The Aerated Bunker Composting System (ABC) Process:
The Aerobic Bunker composting system (ABC) is made of concrete walls on an aerated floor, under a
roof. The process is controlled by a computer that helps to maintain the mass of the compost in ideal
conditions for the aerobic micro- flora to function optimally in converting the blended waste streams to
an organic fertilizer. The ABC System at the Mill operates as follows:
a. Pressed EFB which is collected in Hoppers at the mill, will be delivered to the composting area via
truck. Although the composting facility is immediately adjacent to the mill, lorries will still be used to
move the EFB storage hoppers. The trucks will directly tip the EFB into the first bunker. The Project
is estimated to have a total of up to 8 bunkers.
b. POME from the Mill Facility will be stored in an enclosed tank which will circulate the POME.
Todays production will be continuously used so methane will not be produced during this time. The
Roof







COMPOST
Aerated floor keeps compost in aerobic
condition and drains excess POME back to
sump

Roof to exclude rain
SMALL-SCALE CDM PROGRAMME ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM
(CDM-SSC-CPA-DD) - Version 01

NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 7

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
POME will also be aerated and agitated to prevent solids from settling, and further restrict the growth
of methane producing organisms.
c. The POME will be pumped from this holding tank and over the composting period, will be blended
with the EFB and any other waste stream that the mill may be producing. The POME is piped from
the holding tank and sprayed in through a sprinkler system in the roof of each bunkers. POME will
also be added to the EFB initially through the specially designed bunker filler machine as it enters the
bunker and again to the surface of the compost when desired through the sprinkler system.
d. To facilitate the addition of the large volumes of POME from the mill, the compost is moved
periodically through the set of bunkers. After 3 to 4 days the compost will be moved and restacked in
the next bunker. Additional POME can again be added to the surface through the sprinkler system as
required during the period in the Bunker. At each move the compost is taken out of the bunker with a
front loading tractor, and transferred to the next bunker where the Bunker Mixer Filling Machine
mixes the EFB with more POME and re stacks the compost to a height of approximately 6m. The
Bunker Mixer Filling machine helps to re-blend the compost and at the same time add an even amount
of fresh POME to the compost. It breaks up any lumps that may be formed allowing air to easily
penetrate the whole mass during the next period.
e. This process is then repeated every 3 to 4 days until the end of the composting period. This process
can accommodate all the EFB and POME generated by the mill as waste and it will take
approximately 25 days. The exact application rate of POME will be determined through both
calculation and analysis. Any free liquid which is not fully absorbed by the compost can be drained
through the specially designed floor system and run back to the recycling sump for re use.
f. Throughout the process, the compost material is continually monitored by a probe inserted within the
compost which is connected to the control computer. Records are kept automatically and real time
performance of temperature and levels of oxygen and methane within the compost mass can be
monitored 24 hours a day. These probes are connected to the computer which controls the activity of
the fans. These fans control the air flow to maintain the compost in an aerobic state ideal for the
micro-flora to be fully active and prevent methane being generated. When required, the fans will be
activated to inject and force air through the specially designed bunker floor into the compost to ensure
optimum aerobic conditions are maintained. The methane monitoring unit has the capability to
override the other controls if the levels of methane rise, thus ensures that no methane is produced
during the process. From these records and by using the computer controls, it is possible to fine tune
future batches of compost and make adjustments to the composting programme to suit any seasonal
variations or changes in materials.
g. This whole process takes around 25 days to complete, after which time the output compost can be
taken to the plantation via truck and spread by tractor as an organic fertilizer.

A.4.1.1. Host Party:
>>
Republic of Indonesia

SMALL-SCALE CDM PROGRAMME ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM
(CDM-SSC-CPA-DD) - Version 01

NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 8

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
A.4.1.2. Geographic reference or other means of identification allowing the
unique identification of the small-scale CPA (maximum one page):
>>
The project activity is located at Socfin Indonesias Bangun Bandar crude palm oil mill, Martebing
village, Dolok Masihul district, Serdang Bedagai regency, and North Sumatra province, Indonesia. The
project location is about 3 hours from Medan city and has geographical location of 985758.70-
99436.33 E and 31624.46 - 32032.54 N.

The map of the project location is shown in following figure
5
:







5
Source from http://maps.google.co.id/
SMALL-SCALE CDM PROGRAMME ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM
(CDM-SSC-CPA-DD) - Version 01

NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 9

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
A.4.2. Duration of the small-scale CPA:

A.4.2.1. Starting date of the small-scale CPA:
>>
04/07/2011

A.4.2.2. Expected operational lifetime of the small-scale CPA:
>>
20 years

A.4.3. Choice of the crediting period and related information:

Renewable crediting period

A.4.3.1. Starting date of the crediting period:
>>
01/01/2013 or registration date, whichever is later

A.4.3.2. Length of the crediting period, first crediting period if the choice is
renewable CP:
>>
This CPA is the first CPA under the PoA named Co-composting Programme of Activities in Indonesia;
therefore the length of crediting period (renewable/3x7 years/21 years) is below the length of the PoA
(28 years).

A.4.4. Estimated amount of emission reductions over the chosen crediting period:
>>
Compost product generated by the project activity is expected to be 28,098 ton/year. This will be
achieved through the utilization of 18,732 ton EFB and 47,612 m
3
POME per year. Therefore the Project
Activity would have emission reductions of approximately 10,130 ton CO
2
per year by avoiding the
emissions of methane to the atmosphere from organic matter that would have otherwise been left to
decay anaerobically in a solid waste (EFB) disposal site including the wastewater (POME) treatment.
The total GHG emission reductions over the first crediting period are estimated of 70,910 tons CO
2
.

Annual emission reduction is listed in table below:

Year
Estimation of annual emissions reductions in
tons of CO
2

2013
10,130
2014
10,130
2015
10,130
2016
10,130
SMALL-SCALE CDM PROGRAMME ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM
(CDM-SSC-CPA-DD) - Version 01

NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 10

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
2017
10,130
2018
10,130
2019
10,130
Total reductions over the crediting
period (tons CO
2
)
70,910
Annual average of the estimated
reductions over the crediting period
(tons CO
2
)
10,130


A.4.5. Public funding of the CPA:
>>
No public funding is involved in the project activity.

A.4.6. Information to confirm that the proposed small-scale CPA is not a de-bundled
component
>>
As per EB 54 annex 13, following information demonstrate that the proposed project activity is not a
debundled component of a large scale activity as there are no Activities:

1. that have the same activity implementer as the proposed small scale CPA or has a coordinating or
managing entity, which also manages a large scale PoA of the same technology/measure, and;
2. which are within 1 km of the boundary of the proposed small-scale CPA, at the closest point.

Moreover, as per PoA section A.4.4.1, PT.Socfin Indonesia has certified in writing that the proposed
CPA is not a debundled part of a bigger project.

A.4.7. Confirmation that small-scale CPA is neither registered as an individual CDM
project activity or is part of another Registered PoA:
>>
The proposed Project Activity is not registered as an individual CDM project and is not part of another
registered PoA. In addition as per the PoA-DD section A.4.4.1, PT.Socfin Indonesia have certified in
writing that the Project Activity is not and will not be registered as an individual CDM project, nor be
included within another PoA.

SECTION B. Eligibility of small-scale CPA and Estimation of emissions reductions

B.1. Title and reference of the Registered PoA to which small-scale CPA is added:
>>
Co-composting and Composting Program of Activities for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

B.2. Justification of the why the small-scale CPA is eligible to be included in the Registered
PoA :
>>
SMALL-SCALE CDM PROGRAMME ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM
(CDM-SSC-CPA-DD) - Version 01

NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 11

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.

No
Criteria of technology/measure under approved
methodology AMS-III.F version 10
Project Description
1. This methodology comprises measures to avoid the
emissions of methane to the atmosphere from
biomass or other organic matter that would have
otherwise been left to decay anaerobically in a solid
waste disposal site (SWDS), or in an animal waste
management system (AWMS), or in a wastewater
treatment system (WWTS). In the project activity,
controlled aerobic treatment by composting of
biomass is introduced.
Project Activity will utilize solid waste
(EFB) and wastewater (POME) for co-
composting process.
2. The project activity does not recover or combust
landfill gas from the disposal site (unlike AMS-
III.G Landfill methane recovery), and does not
undertake controlled combustion of the waste that
is not treated biologically in a first step (unlike
AMS-III.E Avoidance of methane production from
decay of biomass through controlled combustion,
gasification or mechanical/thermal treatment).
Project activities that recover biogas from
wastewater treatment shall use methodology AMS-
III.H Methane recovery in wastewater treatment.
Project activities involving co-digestion of organic
matters shall apply methodology AMS-III.AO
Methane recovery through controlled anaerobic
digestion.
Project Activity, which is the co-composting
process, belongs neither to one of the
following types:
a. Recover or combust landfill gas from the
disposal site;
b. Undertake controlled combustion of the
waste that is not treated biologically in
first step;
c. Recover biogas from wastewater
treatment, and without co-digestion of
organic matters.
3. Measures are limited to those that result in
emission reductions of less than or equal to 60 kt
CO
2
equivalent annually.
Project activity will reduce approximately
emissions of 10,130 tons CO
2
per year. This
is well below the maximum of 60,000 tCO2
per annum.
4. This methodology is applicable to the composting
of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste and
biomass waste from agricultural or agro-industrial
activities including manure.
The Project Activity is co-composting
process.
5. This methodology includes construction and
expansion of treatment facilities as well as
activities that increase capacity utilization at an
existing facility. For project activities that increase
capacity utilization at existing facilities, project
participant(s) shall demonstrate that special efforts
are made to increase the capacity utilization, that
the existing facility meets all applicable laws and
regulations and that the existing facility is not
included in a separate CDM project activity. The
Project Activity is newly built co-
composting plant.
SMALL-SCALE CDM PROGRAMME ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM
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NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 12

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
special efforts should be identified and described.
6. This methodology is also applicable for co-
composting wastewater and solid biomass waste,
where wastewater would otherwise have been
treated in an anaerobic wastewater treatment
system without biogas recovery. The wastewater in
the project scenario is used as a source of moisture
and/or nutrients to the biological treatment process
e.g. composting of empty fruit bunches (EFB), a
residue from palm oil production, with the addition
of palm oil mill effluent (POME) which is the
wastewater co-produced from palm oil production.
The Project Activity is co-composting which
would utilize solid waste (EFB) and
wastewater (POME) for co-composting
process.
7. In case of co-composting, if it can not be
demonstrated that the organic matter would
otherwise been left to decay anaerobically, baseline
emissions related to such organic matter shall be
accounted for as zero, whereas project emissions
shall be calculated according to the procedures
presented in this methodology for all co-composted
substrates.
In the baseline condition, the shredded solid
waste (EFB) is directly dumped in the
plantation. This demonstrates that the
organic matter would otherwise been left to
decay anaerobically.
9. The location and characteristics of the disposal site
of the biomass, animal manure and co-composting
wastewater in the baseline condition shall be
known, in such a way as to allow the estimation of
its methane emissions, using the provisions of
AMS-III.G, AMS-III.E (concerning stockpile),
AMS-III.D Methane recovery in animal manure
management systems or AMS-III.H respectively.
The EFBs dump site and open lagoons of
wastewater treatment in the baseline
condition is clearly located and
characterized.
10. The project participants shall clearly define the
geographical boundary of the region referred in
paragraph 9 (b), and document it in the CDM-PDD.
In defining the geographical boundary of the
region, project participants should take into account
the source of the waste i.e. if waste is transported
up to 50 km, the region may cover a radius of 50
km around the project activity. In addition, it
should also consider the distance to which the final
product after composting will be transported. In
either case, the region should cover a reasonable
radius around the project activity that can be
justified with reference to the project circumstances
but in no case it shall be more than 200 km. Once
defined, the region should not be changed during
the crediting period(s).
The maximum distance for transporting the
waste utilized by the Project Activity is 50
km; therefore the geographical boundary of
the Project Activity is within radius of 50
km around the Project Activity location.
11. In case produced compost is handled aerobically The compost product will be directly applied
SMALL-SCALE CDM PROGRAMME ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM
(CDM-SSC-CPA-DD) - Version 01

NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 13

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
and submitted to soil application, the proper
conditions and procedures (not resulting in methane
emissions) must be ensured.
to plantation; this ensures no methane
emissions occur.
12. In case produced compost is treated
thermally/mechanically, the provisions in AMS-
III.E related to thermal/mechanical treatment shall
be applied.
The produced compost will not be treated
thermally/mechanically.
13. In case produced compost is stored under anaerobic
conditions and/or delivered to a landfill, emissions
from the residual organic content shall to be taken
into account and calculated as per the latest version
of the Tool to determine methane emissions
avoided from disposal of waste at a solid waste
disposal site.
The produced compost will not be stored
under anaerobic condition and/or delivered
to landfill. The produced compost would be
directly applied to plantation by a spreader
machine.

Following table demonstrates the project activity satisfies all eligibility criteria listed in the PoA:

No Eligibility criteria as per PoA DD Section A.4.2.2 Project Description
1.
Boundary:
(i) Physical Boundary: The entire boundary of the
CPA project activity must be physically located
within the territory of the Republic of Indonesia as
set out in section A.4.1.2 of this PoA-DD.
(ii) Time Induced Boundary: No CPA shall commence
before the Start Date of the PoA, as set out in section
B.1. of this PoA-DD. In addition, no CPA shall
commence later than 28 years after the start date of
the PoA-DD as set out in section B.1. of this PoA-
DD.


The CPA No.001 is located in the
territory of the Republic of Indonesia
and has commencement date of 04 July
2011, which was after start date of the
PoA, therefore the CPA No.001 is
eligible to be included in the PoA.
2.
Double counting: To avoid double counting of emission
reductions each CPA must: Provide specific geographic
GPS coordinates for the Project Activity to enable
unique identification of the Project activity.


The CPA No.001 has geographic GPS
coordinate of 985758.70-
99436.33 E and 31624.46 -
32032.54 N, therefore the CPA
No.001 is eligible to be included in the
PoA.

3.
Cooperation Agreement: Each CPA owner must enter
into a cooperation agreement with the Coordinating
entity which includes at a minimum the matters set out
in section A.4.4.1(iv), ie that:
i. The CPA Owner is aware and voluntarily agrees

The cooperation agreement has been
made between CPA owner and
coordinating entity and the agreement
considers following items:
i. The CPA Owner is aware and
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NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 14

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
that the CPA will be subscribed to the present PoA
under the conditions as required by the approved
PoA and the contractual arrangement between the
CPA Owner and the Coordinating Entity.
ii. Certifies the CPA has not been and will not be
registered as a single CDM project activity nor as a
CPA under another PoA, nor any voluntary scheme
and warrants on an ongoing basis that they will not
seek to have the project activity which forms the
basis of the proposed CPA registered as a CDM
project or registered under any other scheme that
earns carbon credits for the emission reductions
achieved while the project is included in a CPA or
proposed CPA under the present PoA.
iii. The CPA Owner will certify in writing that the
proposed CPA is not a debundled part of a bigger
project.
iv. CPA Owner cedes all rights to independently claim
and own emission reductions under the Clean
Development Mechanism of the UNFCCC or any
voluntary scheme other than through the managing
entity of the present PoA as agreed.

voluntarily agrees that the CPA
will be subscribed to the present
PoA under the conditions as
required by the approved PoA
and the contractual arrangement
between the CPA Owner and the
Coordinating Entity.
ii. Certifies the CPA has not been
and will not be registered as a
single CDM project activity nor
as a CPA under another PoA, nor
any voluntary scheme and
warrants on an ongoing basis that
they will not seek to have the
project activity which forms the
basis of the proposed CPA
registered as a CDM project or
registered under any other
scheme that earns carbon credits
for the emission reductions
achieved while the project is
included in a CPA or proposed
CPA under the present PoA.
iii. The CPA Owner certifies that the
proposed CPA is not a debundled
part of a bigger project.
iv. CPA Owner cedes all rights to
independently claim and own
emission reductions under the
Clean Development Mechanism
of the UNFCCC or any voluntary
scheme other than through the
managing entity of the present
PoA as agreed.

Therefore the CPA No.001 is eligible to
be included in the PoA.

4.
No Pre-existing Co-composting or Composting at
Site: Each CPA shall be implemented at a Palm Oil Mill
site where no composting or co-composting activity was
taking place before the Project Activity.


The CPA No.001 implements a co-
composting activity where there was no
existing co-composting at site the site
prior to the Project Activity, therefore
the CPA No.001 is eligible to be
included in the PoA.

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NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 15

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
5.
Technology and compliance with Methodology: Each
CPA must be a newly developed, co- composting or
composting facility using composting technology that
(i) Uses Palm Oil Mill Organic waste as inputs and
via an aerobic composting process within the
parameters set out in section A.4.2.1 of the PoA-
DD produces organic compost for reapplication
to land as organic fertilizer
(ii) Meets the requirements of approved
methodology AMS-III.F version 10, including
applicability criteria, its relevant assessment tools
and guidelines,
(iii) In addition in order ensure the environmental
integrity of each co-composting facility that is
brought under this PoA and to ensure that the co-
composting facility does not become a source of
environmental pollution itself, each facility must:
i. Locate the main composting facility upon
an impermeable composting pad / floor of
concrete or some other impermeable
material (This ensures leaching from the
compost does not take place directly into
the soil below and improves the
composting process);
ii. Incorporates a system / process to
adequately deal with any run-off or
leachate from the compost itself and / or
ensure any liquid discharge would be
diluted or treated to environmentally
acceptable levels before entering the
surrounding environment.


The CPA is a newly developed co-
composting facility that:
(i) Uses Palm Oil Mill Organic
waste as inputs and via an
aerobic composting process
within the parameters set out in
section A.4.2.1 of the PoA-DD
produces organic compost for
reapplication to land as organic
fertilizer
(ii) Meets the requirements of
approved methodology AMS-
III.F version 10, including
applicability criteria, its relevant
assessment tools and guidelines,
(iii) In addition:
i. The composting facility is
located on a floor of
concrete (This ensures
leaching from the compost
does not take place
directly into the soil below
and improves the
composting process);
ii. Incorporates a system /
process to adequately deal
with any run-off or
leachate from the compost
itself and / or ensure any
liquid discharge would be
diluted or treated to
environmentally
acceptable levels before
entering the surrounding
environment.

Therefore the CPA No.001 is eligible to
be included in the PoA.

6.
Start date: Each CPA Owner must be able to provide
documentary evidence to verify the start date of the
CPA.


The first contract document with
manufacturer has been provided as
evidence to verify the start date of the
CPA No.001.

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NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

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This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
7.
Additionality: Each CPA must be able to demonstrate
that the Project Activity which forms the CPA would
not have occurred anyway due to an investment barrier
by following and applying all steps of the additionally
assessment as set out in sections E.5.1 and E.5.2 of this
PoA-DD.


The CPA No.001 has undertaken an
additionality test in accordance with
section E.5.1 and E.5.2 of the PoA-DD.
The results of the additionality test
demonstrate that the Project Activity
which forms the CPA would not have
occurred anyway due to an investment
barrier therefore the CPA No.001 is
eligible to be included in the PoA.
8.
PoA Specific Requirements:

(i) Environmental Impact Analysis (EIA):
Each CPA which involves the implementation
of a Compost Facility with a compost output
capacity

i. Greater than or equal to 100
tons per day shall provide a
copy of their EIA which has
been submitted to, and
approved by the Indonesian
Ministry of the Environment.
ii. less than 100 tons per day,
shall provide a copy of the
Environmental Management
and Monitoring Plan
(EMMP) that was submitted
and approved by the
responsible Indonesian
authorities.
(ii) Compliance with Relevant National
Standards: Each CPA Project Activity must
comply with the relevant Indonesian National
or Regional Environmental Standard (i.e.
licenses and or permits that might be required
other than EIA and EMMP).
(iii) Stakeholder Consultation: Each CPA must
be able to demonstrate with appropriate
documentary evidence that Stakeholder
Consultation has been undertaken in
accordance with the requirements of CDM
rules and procedures.


(i). The CPA No.001 has capacity
less than 100 tons per day and
therefore EMMP that was
submitted and approved by the
responsible Indonesian
authorities has been provided.
(ii). The CPA No.001 has EMMP
that complies with relevant
national standard.
(iii). The CPA No.001 has conducted
a stakeholder consultation
which was in accordance with
the requirement of CDM rules
and procedures.

Therefore the CPA No.001 is eligible to
be included in the PoA.
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NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 17

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
9.
Debundling: To ensure A CPA is not a debundled
component of a large scale activity, the Project Activity
under each CPA must not:
(i) have the same activity implementer as the
proposed small scale CPA or a coordinating
or managing entity, which also manages a
large scale PoA of the same
technology/measure which is within 1 km
of the boundary of the proposed small-scale
CPA, at the closest point.


The CPA No.001 is not a debundled
component of a large scale activity and
has no the same activity implementer as
the proposed small scale CPA or a
coordinating or managing entity, which
also manages a large scale PoA of the
same technology/measure which is
within 1 km of the boundary of the
proposed small-scale CPA, at the
closest point, therefore the CPA No.001
is eligible to be included in the PoA.
10.
SSC Threshold Criteria: Each CPA shall not reduce
more than 60 kt CO2e annually.


Project activity will reduce
approximately emissions of 10,130 tons
CO
2
per year. This is well below the
maximum of 60,000 tCO2 per annum,
Therefore the CPA No.001 is eligible to
be included in the PoA.

11.
Use of Development or Assistance Funds: Each CPA
must certify in writing whether any Development Aid or
Assistance funds have been used for funding the
construction and operation of the Project Activity which
forms the PoA. If any Development Aid or Assistance
funds have been used, then before inclusion in the PoA,
the CPA owner must provide evidence to confirm that
such funds do not result in a diversion of any official
development assistance funds.


A Formal letter from the Responsible
Entity for the CPA001 has been
provided certifying that no
Development Aid or Assistance funds
have been used for funding the
construction and operation of the
Project Activity which forms the CPA-
00 and therefore the CPA No.001 is
eligible to be included in the PoA.


B.3. Assessment and demonstration of additionality of the small-scale CPA , as per eligibility
criteria listed in the Registered PoA:
>>
With awareness of the importance of CDM incentive to the project activity, Socfin Indonesias
management decided to proceed with the project after having input from CDM consultant concerning the
quantity of the emission reduction from the project.

Below table shows the CDM consideration steps for the project activity.

Date Event Source of document
9 April 2010 CDM Consulting Agreement between Agreement document
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NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

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This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
Date Event Source of document
CDM consultant and PT.Socfin Indonesia
27 April 2010 Feasibility Study Report (FSR) FSR document
28 April 2010 Board Meeting of PT.Socfin Indonesia
(taken as decision date)
Signed Board Minute
27 September 2010 Stakeholder Consultation Meeting (SCM) SCM document
10 August 2010 Filling and sending Prior Consideration
Form for Co-Composting Project at
Bangun Bandar, Aek Loba, Tanah
Gambus and Lae Butar.

Form officially received and loaded onto
CDM Website 20 September 2010.
Filled Prior
Consideration of the
CDM form and formal
receipt from UNFCCC
11 October 2010 Prior consideration of the CDM form and
notification of DNA were sent to the
Indonesian DNA. Formal receipt of letter
from Indonesian DNA issued on 12
October 2010
Letter of intent to
commence CDM from
Socfindo and formal
receipt from
Indonesian DNA.
03 December 2010 Request of quotation to TUV Sud Email document
26 January 2010 Request of quotation to ERM Email document
14 February 2010 Request of quotation to TUV Nord Email document
08 June 2010 Contract for Validation Services signed
with DNV
Agreement document
01 July 2011 Start date of GSP period http://cdm.unfccc.int/P
rogrammeOfActivities
/Validation/DB/2MJW
8CICWDNRL1F72D
M11M3M8A6Q8M/vi
ew.html
04 July 2011 Start date of project activity Contract document

In accordance with key criteria and data for assessing additionality of a SSC-CPA listed in the PoA
section E.5.2, following information are the main economic parameters or indicators to be applied in the
projects financial analysis.

Project Data Data and Unit Source
Technical lifetime 20 years

Technical provider information which is included in the
feasibility study report on page 8.

Investment Decision Date 28 April 2010 Board minutes of meeting

Date project starts operating 8 March 2012 Letter from Technology Provider

Annual compost production
t/year
30,000 tons/year Information from technology provider.

Estimated Fertilizer savings (If 2,256.36 million Feasibility study. As specific information was available
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NAME /TITLE OF THE PoA: Co-composting and Composting Program of Activitie
for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

CDM Executive Board page 19

This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
compost reapplied to plantation
belong to the same company as
the mill and not purchased)

IDR from externally published sources in relation to the
percentage of fertilizer savings that would be able to be
achieved using that compost technology in that region,
Option A: specific fertilizer savings template was
used to calculate the estimated fertiliser savings.
Currency 1 USD = 9,013 IDR
1 Euro = 12,049 IDR

Bank Indonesia currency rate calculator (middle rate dated
27 April 2010)

Capital and Equipment costs
(Note this will be broke down
appropriately into
subcomponents)

14,281 million IDR Feasibility study, quotation from technology supplier
CER revenue 3,510.25 million
IDR
Feasibility study (average per year)

Operation & Maintenance
cost: Comprises the following
major sub-components set out
below
1,864.68 million
IDR
Feasibility study report, board estimation, and technology
provider information

Fuel and Electricity Costs
(includes any fuel and power
costs directly related to the
Project Activity)
410.26 million IDR Government price index.
Labour Costs (includes
additional labour costs
directly as a result of the
Project Activity)
420.80 million IDR Internal company estimation based on current labour rates.
Maintenance costs
(includes any electrical,
mechanic, civil maintenance
and or equipment
maintenance costs directly
related to the Project
Activity)
1,033.62 million IDR Technology provider information.
Land Rental Costs
(includes any rental costs for
land directly used for Project
Activity)
IDR n/a
Feedstock Costs
(Includes any costs for any
raw material feedstock inputs
into the Compost Facility)
IDR n/a
Ongoing licensing / royalty
costs (includes any ongoing
royalty or licensing costs
required to be paid by the
CPA owner directly in
relation to the Project
Activity)
IDR n/a
Insurance. % of CAPEX or IDR n/a
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Project IRR (without CER
revenue)
-5.14 % Feasibility study report, financial analysis
Project IRR (including CER
revenue)
21.96 % Feasibility study report, financial analysis

Benchmark determination

As per PoA section E.5.2, the benchmark adopted for financial indicators is 12.5%.

Sensitivity analysis

As specified in the excel spreadsheet supplied to the DOE, a sensitivity analysis will be also conducted
using assumptions that are conservative from the point of view of analyzing additionality, i.e.
the bestcase conditions for the project IRR were assumed by altering the following parameters: (1)
project revenues; (2) total investment, and (3) O&M by +/- 10%.

The full result of each sensitivity analysis is listed in the following table:

Table 7: Sensitivity analysis of IRR project without revenue from CDM

Factor
Variation
-10% 0% 10%
Project revenue -11.12% -5.14% -1.35%
Project investment -4.31% -5.14% -5.87%
O&M Cost -1.93% -5.14% -9.75%

Below are the likelihood scenarios where the IRR would meet the benchmark by adjusting project
revenue, project investment, and O&M cost;
a. The project revenue is increased by 70%: This condition is unlikely since inorganic fertilizer
cost estimation is based on existing market price and the inflation rate is already taken into
consideration in the calculation of yearly fertilizer incremental cost saving. This makes the current
cost saving calculation based on the most conservative approaches possible.
b. The project investment is reduced by 80%: This condition is unlikely since project cost
estimation is based on quotations from the technology provider and the actual expenses will not be
much different from the quotation.
c. The O&M costs are reduced by 85%: This condition is unlikely since the O&M cost is estimated
based on existing market fuel price, existing operational man power cost, and technology provider
cost estimation. Furthermore, the maintenance cost of wheel loader, truck, compost spreader
machine and its truck, is not included in the financial analysis calculation. This makes the current
estimated operation and maintenance cost calculated already the most conservative approach
possible.
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Within a reasonable variation of the project revenue, the project investment, and operation and
maintenance cost, the calculated pre-tax project IRR result remains consistently below the benchmark.
Thus the project is financially unfeasible and therefore the project is deemed additional.
The revenue from CER makes the pre-tax project IRR become 21.96%, taking it just above the
benchmark of 12.5%. Therefore it is only the addition of the CER revenue that can lift the Project IRR
from -5.14% to 21.96% to take the Project over the Benchmark of 12.5% and make the Project
financially feasible. Therefore the Project requires CDM to be financial feasible and is clearly
additional.

B.4. Description of the sources and gases included in the project boundary and proof that the
small-scale CPA is located within the geographical boundary of the registered PoA.
>>
The project boundary of the project activity is defined in below figure:

Palm Oil Mill
EFB pre-treatment
Fat pit/holding tank
Co-composting
Plant
Plantation
EFB dumpsite
Existing anaerobic lagoon
EFB
POME
EFB
POME
Legend :
Legend :
Project condition
Project condition
Baseline condition
Baseline condition
Project Boundary
Project Boundary


The GHG emission sources included in or excluded from the project boundary are as follows:

Source Gas Included? Justification/Explanation
B
a
s
e
l
i
n
e

Biomass disposed
in an unmanaged
landfill / dumpsite
CO
2
No
CO2 emissions from biomass
decomposition at solid waste disposal
sites are considered as GHG neutral
CH
4
Yes
Methane emission from decomposition
of EFB left in the solid waste disposal
site.
N
2
O No
Excluded for simplification. This is
conservative.
POME Treatment
in open lagoons
CO
2
No
CO2 emissions from anaerobic
digestion of POME are considered as
GHG neutral.
SMALL-SCALE CDM PROGRAMME ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM
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for Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia

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This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
CH
4
Yes
Methane emissions from anaerobic
digestion of POME in open air
lagoons.
N
2
O No
Excluded for simplification. This is
conservative.
P
r
o
j
e
c
t

A
c
t
i
v
i
t
y

Composting
Process
CO
2
No
CO2 emissions from composting
process are considered as GHG
neutral. Expected to be minimum and
excluded for simplification
CH
4
No
The project activity involves the
forced aerated system, online oxygen
monitoring system, online temperature
monitoring system, and online
methane monitoring system. This
means overall co-composting process
will be maintained in aerobic
condition.
N
2
O No
Excluded for simplification. This
emission source is assumed to be very
small.
Emission from
runoff water from
the composting
yard
CO
2
No
Excluded for simplification. This
emission source is assumed to be very
small.
CH
4
No
The project activity involves the
roofed bunker system. The roof will
cover the co-composting from the rain.
N
2
O No
Excluded for simplification. This
emission source is assumed to be very
small.
Electricity
CO
2
No
The mill facility is equipped with two
biomass steam turbines power
generation. The emission occurred due
to biomass will be considered as
neutral carbon.
CH
4
No
Excluded for simplification. This
emission source is assumed to be very
small.
N
2
O No
Excluded for simplification. This
emission source is assumed to be very
small.
Incremental use of
fossil fuels for
transportation,
auxiliary
equipment due to
CO
2
Yes
The project activity will utilize a
spreader machine to re-apply the final
compost product to the plantation. The
spreader machine will use fossil fuel
(diesel oil) in the daily operation.
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project
CH
4
No
Excluded for simplification. This
emission source is assumed to be very
small.
N
2
O No
Excluded for simplification. This
emission source is assumed to be very
small.


B.5. Emission reductions:

B.5.1. Data and parameters that are available at validation:
>>
Data / Parameter:
Data unit: -
Description: Model correction factor to account for model uncertainties
Source of data used: -
Value applied: 0.9
Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures
actually applied :
In accordance with the Tool to determine methane emissions avoided from
disposal of waste at a solid waste disposal site version 05.1
Any comment: Oonk et el. (1994) have validated several landfill gas models based on 17
realized landfill gas projects. The mean relative error of multi-phase models
was assessed to be 18%. Given the uncertainties associated with the model and
in order to estimate emission reductions in a conservative manner, a discount of
10% is applied to the model results.

Data / Parameter: OX
Data unit: -
Description: Oxidation factor (reflecting the amount of methane from SWDS that is
oxidized in the soil or other material covering the waste)
Source of data used: IPCC 2006 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Volume 5,
chapter 3.
Value applied: 0
Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures actually
applied :
The shredded EFB is directly dumped in the plantation and therefore
categorized as unmanaged and uncategorized SWDS
Any comment: -

Data / Parameter: F
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Data unit: -
Description: Fraction of methane in the SWDS gas (volume fraction)
Source of data used: IPCC 2006 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories
Value applied: 0.5
Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures
actually applied :
In accordance with the Tool to determine methane emissions avoided from
disposal of waste at a solid waste disposal site version 05.1
Any comment: This factor reflects the fact that some degradable organic carbon does not
degrade, or degrades very slowly, under anaerobic conditions in the SWDS. A
default value of 0.5 is recommended by IPCC

Data / Parameter: DOC
f

Data unit: -
Description: Fraction of degradable organic carbon (DOC) that can decompose
Source of data used: IPCC 2006 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories
Value applied: 0.5
Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures
actually applied :
In accordance with the Tool to determine methane emissions avoided from
disposal of waste at a solid waste disposal site version 05.1
Any comment: -

Data / Parameter: MCF
Data unit: -
Description: Methane correction factor
Source of data used: IPCC 2006 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories
Value applied: 0
Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures
actually applied :
None of solid waste disposal site meets the requirement of solid waste disposal
site categorised in the Tool to determine methane emissions avoided from
disposal of waste at a solid waste disposal site version 05.1 found by DOE
during site visit, therefore the MCF is considered as 0.
Any comment: The methane correction factor (MCF) accounts for the fact that unmanaged
SWDS produce less methane from a given amount of waste than managed
SWDS, because a larger fraction of waste decomposes aerobically in the top
layers of unmanaged SWDS

Data / Parameter: DOC
j

Data unit: -
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Description: Fraction of degradable organic carbon (by weight) in the waste type j
Source of data used: IPCC 2006 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (adapted from
Volume 5, Tables 2.4 and 2.5)
Value applied: 20%
Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures
actually applied :
As per the Tool to determine methane emissions avoided from disposal of
waste at a solid waste disposal site version 05.1, In the case of empty fruit
bunches (EFB), as their characteristics are similar to garden waste, the
parameter value correspondent of garden shall be used.


Any comment: -

Data / Parameter: k
j

Data unit: -
Description: Decay rate for the waste type j
Source of data used: IPCC 2006 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (adapted from
Volume 5, Table 3.3)
Value applied: 0.17
Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures
actually applied :
As per Tool to determine methane emissions avoided from disposal of waste at
a solid waste disposal site version 05.1, In the case of empty fruit bunches
(EFB), as their characteristics are similar to garden waste, the parameter values
correspondent of garden waste shall be used.
Tropical (MAT > 20oC)
Wet climate (MAP > 1000 mm)
Any comment:

Data / Parameter: q
COD,BL,i

Data unit: -
Description: COD removal efficiency of the baseline treatment system i
Source of data used: Calculation, based on COD historical data of wastewater entering and leaving
the baseline wastewater treatment system.
Value applied: 99.4%
Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures
actually applied :
Parameter is used to determine the COD removal of the wastewater treatment in
the baseline scenario
Any comment: The wastewater leaving the baseline of wastewater treatment system refers to
the wastewater discharged to the river

Data / Parameter: NCV
diesel oil

Data unit: TJ/Gg
Description: Net Calorific Value of Diesel Oil
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Source of data used: IPCC 2006 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories
Value applied: 43.3
Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures
actually applied :
Value is obtained from default value of the IPCC 2006, volume 2: Energy
(Table 1.2)
Any comment: -

Data / Parameter: EF
CO2, diesel oil

Data unit: kg/TJ
Description: CO
2
emission factor of Diesel Oil
Source of data used: IPCC 2006 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories
Value applied: 74,800
Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures
actually applied :
Value is obtained from default value of the IPCC 2006, volume 2: Energy
(Table 1.3)
Any comment: -

Data / Parameter: Density
diesel oil

Data unit: kg/litre
Description: Density of Diesel Oil
Source of data used: http://www.pertamina.com/index.php/detail/read/minyak-diesel
Value applied: 0.840
Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures
actually applied :
Value is obtained from PERTAMINA (diesel oil main supplier).
Any comment: -

B.5.2. Ex-ante calculation of emission reductions:
>>
A. Baseline Emission

Following equation is to determine baseline emission according to AMS-III.F version 10:

4 , , , 4 , , , 4
_CH GWP MD BE BE BE BE
reg y y manure CH y ww y SWDS CH
- + + =

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Where:
BE
CH4,SWDS,y
Yearly methane generation of potential solid waste composted by the project
activity during the years x from the beginning of the project activity (x=1) up to
the year y estimated as per the latest version of the Tool to determine methane
emissions avoided from disposal of waste at a solid waste disposal site (tCO
2e
).
The tool may be used with the factor f=0.0 assuming that no biogas is captured
and flared. With the definition of year x as the year since the project activity
started diverting wastes from landfill disposal, x runs from the first year of
crediting period (x=1) to the year for which emissions are calculated (x=y)

MD
y,reg
Amount of methane that would have to be captured and combusted in the year y
to comply with the prevailing regulations (ton)

BE
CH4,manure,y
Where applicable, baseline emissions from manure composted by the project
activities, as per the procedures of AMS-III.D

BE
ww,y
Where applicable, baseline emissions from the wastewater co-composted,
calculated as per the procedures in AMS-III.H

GWP_CH
4
GWP for CH4 (value of 21 is used)

Baseline emission due to methane generation potential of the solid waste composted:

( ) ( )
( )
( )


=
- - - - - - - - - - - =
j j
k x y k
j x j
y
x
f CH y SWDS CH
e e DOC W MCF DOC F OX GWP f BE 1
12
16
1 1
,
1
4 , , 4


Where:
BE
CH4,SWDS,y
Methane emissions avoided due to prevention of waste disposal at the solid waste
disposal site (SWDS) during the year y, from the start of project activity to the end
(tCO
2e
)

Model correction factor to account for model uncertainties (0.9)

f Fraction of methane captured at the SWDS and flared, combusted or used in another
manner (0 )

GWP
CH4
Global Warming Potential (GWP) of methane (21)

OX Oxidation factor (reflecting the amount of methane on SWDS that is oxidised in the soil
or other material cover the waste) (0)

F Fraction of methane in the SWDS gas (volume fraction) (0.5)

DOC
f
Fraction of degradable organic carbon (DOC) that can decompose (0.5)

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MCF Methane correction factor (0)

W
j,x
Amount of organic waste type j prevented from disposal to the SWDS in year x
(18,732.61ton)

DOC
j
Fraction of degradable organic carbon (by weight) in the waste type j (0.2)

k
j
Decay rate for the waste type j (0.17)

j Waste type category (index)

x Year during the crediting period: x runs from the first year of the first crediting period
(x=1) to the year y for which avoided emission calculated (x=y) (1)

y Year for which methane emission are calculated (1)

Therefore:
( ) ( )
( )
( )


=
- - - - - - - - - - - =
17 . 0 1 1 17 . 0
1
1 1
, , 4
1 2 . 0 61 . 732 , 18 0 5 . 0 5 . 0
12
16
0 1 21 0 1 9 . 0 e e BE
y SWDS CH

BE
CH4,SDWS,y
= 0.00 tCO
2e


As per AMS-III.H version 16, baseline emission from the wastewater co-composted may comprise of
methane emissions from baseline wastewater treatment systems (BE
ww,treatment,y
) and methane emissions on
account of inefficiencies in the baseline wastewater treatment systems and the presence of degradable
organic carbon in the treated wastewater discharged into river/lake/sea (BE
ww,discharge,y
).

Baseline emission due to methane emission from baseline wastewater treatment system:

( )

- - - - - - =
i
CH BL ww o i BL treatment ww i BL COD y i low y i ww y treatment ww
GWP UF B MCF COD Q BE
4 , , , , , , , , inf , , , ,
q

Where:
Q
ww,i,y
Volume of wastewater treated in baseline wastewater treatment system i in year y.
For ex ante estimation, forecasted wastewater generation volume or the designed
capacity of the wastewater treatment facility can be used. (47,612.39 m
3
)

COD
inflow,i,y
Chemical oxygen demand of the wastewater inflow to the baseline treatment system
i in year y (0.0585 t/m
3
)

COD,BL,i
COD removal efficiency
6
of the baseline treatment system i (99.7 %)

MCF
ww,treatment,BL,i
Methane correction
7
factor for baseline wastewater treatment systems i (0.8)

6
Determined based on paragraph 26,27 or 28 of methodology AMS-III.H version 16
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i Index for baseline wastewater treatment system

B
o,ww
Methane producing capacity of the wastewater (IPCC value of 0.25 kg CH4/kg
COD)

UF
BL
Model correction factor to account for model uncertainties (0.89)

GWP
CH4
Global Warming Potential for methane (value of 21)

Therefore:
( ) 21 89 . 0 25 . 0 8 . 0 997 . 0 0.0585 47,612.39
, ,
- - - - - - =
y treatment ww
BE
BE
ww,treatment,y
= 10,378.58 tCO
2e


Baseline emission due to methane emissions on account of inefficiencies in the baseline wastewater
treatment systems and presence of degradable organic carbon in the treated wastewater
discharged into river/lake/sea:

y e disch ww y BL e disch ww bl w o CH y ww y e disch ww
MCF COD UF B GWP Q BE
, arg , , , arg , , 4 , , arg ,
- - - - - =

Where:
Q
ww,y
Volume of treated wastewater discharged in year y (47,612.39 m
3
)

UF
BL
Model correction factor to account for model uncertainties (0.89)

COD
ww,discharge,BL,y
Chemical oxygen demand of the treated wastewater discharged into sea, river or
lake in the baseline situation in the year y (0.0002 t/m
3
).

MCF
ww,BL,discharge,y
Methane correction factor based on discharge pathway in the baseline situation
8
(river) of the wastewater (0.1)

Therefore:
1 . 0 0002 . 0 89 . 0 25 . 0 21 47,612.39
, arg ,
- - - - - =
y e disch ww
BE
BE
ww,discharge,y
= 4.38 tCO
2e

B. Project Emission

Project emissions that might occur due to the co-composting process is listed as following:

a. CO
2
emissions due to incremental transportation distances;
b. CO
2
emissions from electricity and/or fossil fuel consumption by the project activity facilities;

7
MCF values as per Table III.H.1 in the methodology AMS-III.F version 16
8
MCF values as per Table III.H.1 in the methodology AMS-III.H version 16
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c. Methane emissions during composting process;
d. Methane emissions from runoff water;
e. In case the compost is stored under anaerobic conditions and/or delivered to a landfill: the methane
emissions from the disposal/storage of compost.

Thus, total project emission from co-composting process is summarized using equation below:

reswaste y runoff y comp y power y transp y y
PE PE PE PE PE PE
, , , , ,
+ + + + =

Where:
PE
y
Project activity emissions in the year y (tCO2
e
)

PE
y,transp
Emissions from incremental transportation in the year y (tCO2
e
)

PE
y,power
Emissions from electricity or fossil fuel consumption in the year y (tCO2
e
)

PE
y,comp
Methane emissions during composting process in the year y (tCO2
e
)

PE
y,runoff
Methane emissions from runoff water in the year y (tCO2
e
)

PE
y,reswaste
In case the compost produced is subjected to anaerobic storage or disposed in a landfill:
methane emissions from the anaerobic decay of the residual organic content (tCO2
e
)

Project emission from incremental transportation:

The co-composting facility is located in the boundary of the project activity; this means no incremental
transportation distance for both POME and EFB, therefore project emissions due to transportation of
EFB and POME to the co-composting facility is considered as zero. This means Q
y
, CT
y
, DAF
w
,
DAF
treatment
are not necessarily deemed to be monitored. However, the Q
y
,
treatment
is to be monitored by
PT.Socfin Indonesia for internal data purpose.

In the case of final compost product handling, the Project Activity involves truck and spreader tractor,
which are using diesel oil as the fuel in the operation. For that the project emission for final compost
product handling of the project activity is calculated based on Tool to calculate project or leakage CO2
emissions from fossil fuel combustion (EB 41 annex 11).

Following equation is to determine the project emission from transportation:

( ) ( )
2 , . 2 ,
/ /
CO treatment treatment y treatment y CO w y y transp y
EF DAF CT Q EF DAF CT Q PE - - + - - =

Where:
Q
y
Quantity of raw waste/manure treated and/or wastewater co-treated in the year y
(18,732.61ton)

CT
y
Average truck capacity for transportation (6 ton/truck)
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DAF
w
Average incremental distance for raw solid waste/manure and/or wastewater
transportation (0 km/truck)

EF
CO2
CO
2
emission factor from fuel use due to transportation (kgCO
2
/km, IPCC default values
or local values may be used)

Q
y
,
treatment
Quantity of compost produced in year y (28,098.91 ton)

CT
y,treatment
Average truck capacity for compost transportation (6 ton/truck)

DAF
treatment
Average distance for compost transportation (0 km/truck)

Therefore:
( ) ( )
2 2 ,
0 6 / 91 . 098 , 28 0 6 / 18,732.61
CO CO transp y
EF EF PE - - + - - =
PE
y,transp
= 0

Project emission due to fossil fuel combustion for final compost transportation:

The project emission due to fossil fuel (diesel oil) combustion is calculated based on estimation of fossil
fuel consumption of the spreader machine. The estimation
9
of diesel oil consumption is approximately
76,582.36 kg per year. The actual emission during monitoring period will be calculated based on actual
fossil fuel consumption.

The project emission from fossil fuel combustion is calculated as following
10
:
dieseloil CO dieseloil y dieseloil y FC
EF NVC FC PE
, 2 , ,
- - =

Where:
FC
diesel oil,y
Fossil fuel (diesel oil) consumption in year y (kg) (76,582.36 )
NCV
dieseloil
Net calorific value of diesel oil (TJ/Gg) (43.3)
EF
CO2,dieseloil
CO
2
emission factor of diesel oil (kg/TJ) (74,800)

Therefore:
9
,
10 800 , 74 3 . 43 36 . 582 , 76

- - - =
y FC
PE
PE
FC,y
= 248.04 tCO
2e


Project emissions from electricity or fossil fuel consumption:

The Mill Facility is equipped with two biomass steam turbines power generation which have capacity of
500 kW and 520 kW, and therefore the emission from the electricity generation is considered as carbon

9
The estimation is taken from specific fuel consumption of Mitsubishi Diesel Engine (Feasibility Study Report)
10
Project emission from fossil fuel combustion is based on Tool to calculate project or leakage CO2 emissions from
fossil fuel combustion version 2. Option B is used due to uncertainty of availability data of tC/mass unit of the fuel.
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neutral. In the normal condition, the mill facility requires approximately 500 kW for the overall
operational system. Therefore, the mill facility still has power excess of 520 kW, of which 250 kW will
be utilized by co-composting plant.

Project emissions due to methane emission during composting activity:
As per methodology AMS-III.F version 10, EF
composting
can be set to zero for the portions of Q
y
if the
monitored oxygen content of the composting process in all points within the windrow are above 8%. This
can be done via sampling with maximum margin of error of 10% at a 90% confidence level. For this
purpose, a portable oxygen meter can be used with lancets of at least 1 m length. In the case of forced
aerated in-vessel and forced aerated pile composting systems, continuous measurements may also be
done using online sensor(s). Since the Project Activity involves the forced aerated bunker system, which
comprise of oxygen and temperature continuous online monitoring system (prescribed in section A.4.1),
the project emission from co-composting process is considered as zero.

Project emissions from runoff water from the composting yard:

The Project Activity is using the roofed Aerated Bunker Co-composting System or ABC System. The
roof will cover the bunker from the rain; therefore the runoff water from the rain will not occur
(Q
y,ww,runoff
and COD
y,ww,runoff
are not necessarily monitored). Furthermore, the ABC system will re-apply
or re-circulate the un-utilized POME in the co-composting process through a circulator POME pump, and
therefore the emission due to runoff water is considered as zero.

Project emission due to methane emissions from anaerobic storage and/or disposal in a landfill:

The final compost product will be directly spread in the plantation and will not be stored in anaerobic
storage and/or dispose in a landfill; therefore the project emission from anaerobic storage and/or disposal
in a landfill is considered as zero.

C. Leakage Emission

Project technology implemented is brand new and not transferred from another facility, hence the leakage
emission is considered as zero.

D. Emission Reduction

The emission reduction achieved by the project activity will be measured as the difference between the
baseline emission and the sum of the project emission and leakage, described as following equation:

) (
y y y y
LE PE BE ER + =

Where:
ER
y
Emission reduction in the year y (tCO
2e
)

BE
y
Baseline emission in the year y (tCO
2e
) (10,378)

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PE
y
Project emission in the year y (tCO
2e
) (248)

LE
y
Leakage emissions in year y (tCO
2e
) (0)

Therefore:
) 0 248 ( 378 , 10 + =
y
ER
ER
y
= 10,130 tCO
2e


B.5.3. Summary of the ex-ante estimation of emission reductions:
>>
Year
Estimation for
Project Activity
Emissions
(tCO
2
e)
Estimation of
Baseline
Emissions
(tCO
2
e)
Estimation of
Leakage
(tCO
2
e)
Estimation of
overall emissions
reductions
(tCO
2
e)
2013 248 10,378 0 10,130
2014 248 10,378 0 10,130
2015 248 10,378 0 10,130
2016 248 10,378 0 10,130
2017 248 10,378 0 10,130
2018 248 10,378 0 10,130
2019 248 10,378 0 10,130
Total
(tons of CO
2
e)
1,736 72,646 0 70,910

B.6. Application of the monitoring methodology and description of the monitoring plan:

B.6.1. Description of the monitoring plan:
>>
This section describes in detail the steps taken to monitor the GHG emissions reductions from the project
activity on a regular basis. If necessary, this Monitoring Plan can be updated and adjusted to meet
operational requirements, provided that such modifications are approved by a Designated Operational
Entity during the process of verification.

This monitoring plan is provided to accomplish the adopted monitoring methodology AMS-III.F version
10 and to accommodate monitoring plan prescribed in the PoA DD section E.7.2.

Operational and Performance Obligations

The management of PT.Socfin Indonesia will appoint persons responsible for implementing the
monitoring plan in order to ensure that the monitoring parameters are monitored. The structure of
management who is responsible for the monitoring and maintaining QA/QC for the project activity is
described below.

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Management of PT Socfin
Indonesia
CDM Advisor
Co-composting Operator
Monitoring Officer
Co-composting Coordinator/
Manager
CDM Project Coordinator/
Manager
Document Controller


Co-composting operators will be in charge of daily operation of the co-composting plant and in daily
recording of all meters. They will also be in charge to conduct the maintenance, to ensure the reliability
and to prepare the calibration schedule of the measuring devices. Co-composting plant Manager, the
person in charge of running the co-composting plant, will check and verify the data reported by operators
and prepare the monthly report to the CDM project coordinator and also the copy of the report to
monitoring plant officers.

Monitoring plant officers are in charge in non-operation field. They will provide assistance in preparing
daily, monthly and annual reporting of the co-composting plant. They will also calculate the emission
reduction based on verified data provided by co-composting plant manager, analyse the calculation and
prepare the emission reduction report on a monthly and annual basis to the CDM project coordinator.
The management of PT.Socfin Indonesia is in charge of giving the approval for the monthly and annual
emission reduction report. The Document controller will be in charge of filling the documents.

Monitoring Data and Archiving

All parameters for Project Activity purposes will be recorded at the appropriate frequency. The document
controller will be responsible for managing the collection, storing and archiving all monitored parameters
and records. All relevant data will be archived electronically, and backed up regularly. The archive data
will be kept for at least two years after the end of the crediting period or the last issuance of CERs of this
project, whichever occurs last.

All measuring devices in the co-composting plant will be periodically calibrated based on manufacturers
specifications, international standard or national standard if available. The calibration is to be conducted
by an accredited party.

Quality Assurance and Quality Control

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The monitoring plant officers will report the monthly emission reduction calculation to the CDM project
coordinator. The emission reductions will be based on the data that are collected by co-composting
operators. To keep quality assurance and control, the report will be reviewed by the CDM project
coordinator who will take a lead for the corrective action that should be taken. The implementation of the
corrective action by the monitoring plant officer and/or co-composting plant employees will be included
in the annual final report to the management of PT.Socfin Indonesia. In order to maintain and upgrade
the capability and skill of the operator, training related to co-composting system is to be performed.

On Site Procedures

To ensure proper operation and emission reduction monitoring procedures are to be established by the
CPA Implementer for the operation of the system based on the responsibilities of the personal involved.
As part of this procedures in case of emergency (fire etc.) will be put in place by the CPA Implementer
and the Coordinating Entity will obtain a copy of these, which will also be available on site. Procedures
to take into account any unintended emissions from emergencies on site will be included by the
Coordinating Entity in the CDM Monitoring Manual.

Parameters to be monitored in the project activity are listed as follow:

Data / Parameter: W
j,x

Data unit: tons
Description: Amount of organic waste type j prevented from disposal in the SWDS in year x
Source of data to be
used:
Data from weighing bridge
Value of data applied
for the purpose of
calculating expected
emission reductions in
section B.5
18,732.61
Description of
measurement methods
and procedures to be
applied:
The weighing is done each time a truck transporting the organic waste passes the
weighing bridge. Data will be recorded daily in a log sheet and aggregated
weekly and monthly.
QA/QC procedures to
be applied:
The weighing bridge will undergo maintenance/calibration based on
manufacturer specification or international standard or at least once per year.
Calibration is to be conducted by accredited party.

Any comment: Amount of organic waste type j prevented from disposal in the SWDS in year x
is quantity of EFB treated for composting facility.

Data / Parameter: Q
y, treatment

Data unit: tons
Description: Quantity of produced compost
Source of data to be
used:
Data from weighing bridge
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Value of data applied
for the purpose of
calculating expected
emission reductions in
section B.5
28,098.91
Description of
measurement methods
and procedures to be
applied:
The weighing is done each time a truck transporting the organic waste passes the
weighing bridge. Data will be recorded daily in a log sheet and aggregated
weekly and monthly.
QA/QC procedures to
be applied:
The weighing bridge will undergo maintenance/calibration subject to
manufacturer specification or international standard or at least once per year.
Calibration is to be conducted by accredited party.

Any comment: -

Data / Parameter: FC
diesel oil,y

Data unit: litre
Description: Fossil fuel (diesel oil) consumption in year y
Source of data to be
used:
Fuel meter at the fuel station.
Value of data applied
for the purpose of
calculating expected
emission reductions in
section B.5
76,582.36
Description of
measurement methods
and procedures to be
applied:
Fuel (diesel oil) consumption of each machine or engine for mill operation
purpose is recorded in the fuel station located within the project boundary. The
recording systems will also be applied in machines which are operated for co-
composting operational purpose (i.e. backup power generator, wheel loader,
traymaster bunker filler, and spreader machine). The amount of fuel sent to
machines or engines is measured by a fuel meter installed in the fuel station,
manually recorded daily by operator and data to be aggregated monthly.
Operator will also manually calculate and record in unit of kg, where the density
as parameter used for conversion is obtained from the supplier delivery note of
the diesel oil.
QA/QC procedures to
be applied:
Fuel meter will undergo maintenance/calibration based on manufacturer
specification or international standard or at least once per year. Calibration is to
be conducted by accredited party.

Accordance with Tool to calculate project or leakage CO2 emissions from fossil
fuel combustion, the consistency of metered fuel consumption quantities should
be cross-checked by an annual energy balance that is based on purchased
quantities and stock changes.
Any comment: -

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Data / Parameter: NCV
diesel oil

Data unit: TJ/Gg
Description: Net Calorific Value of Diesel Oil
Source of data to be
used:
The following data sources may be used if the relevant conditions apply:

Data source Conditions for using the data source
a. Values provided by the fuel
supplier in invoices
This is the preferred source if the
carbon fraction of the fuel is not
provided (Option A)
b. Measurements by the project
participants
If a) is not available
c. Regional or national default
values
If a) is not available
These sources can only be used for
liquid fuels and should be based on
well documented, reliable sources
(such as national energy balances).
d. IPCC default values at the
upper limit of the uncertainty
at a 95% confidence interval
as provided in Table 1.2 of
Chapter 1 of Vol. 2 (Energy)
of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines
on National GHG Inventories
If a) is not available

Value of data applied
for the purpose of
calculating expected
emission reductions in
section B.5
43.3
Description of
measurement methods
and procedures to be
applied:
For a) and b): Measurements should be undertaken in line with national or
international fuel standards
QA/QC procedures to
be applied:
Verify if the values under a), b) and c) are within the uncertainty range of
the IPCC default values as provided in Table 1.2, Vol. 2 of the 2006 IPCC
Guidelines. If the values fall below this range collect additional
information from the testing laboratory to justify the outcome or conduct
additional measurements. The laboratories in a), b) or c) should have
ISO17025 accreditation or justify that they can comply with similar quality
standards.
Any comment: Option B of the Tool to calculate project or leakage CO2 emissions from fossil
fuel combustion is used because data for Option A is not available.

Data / Parameter: EF
CO2, diesel oil

Data unit: kg/TJ
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This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
Description: CO
2
emission factor of Diesel Oil
Source of data to be
used:
The following data sources may be used if the relevant conditions apply:

Data source Conditions for using the data source
a. Values provided by the fuel
supplier in invoices
This is the preferred source
b. Measurements by the project
participants
If a) is not available
c. Regional or national default
values
If a) is not available
These sources can only be used for
liquid fuels and should be based on
well documented, reliable sources
(such as national energy balances).
d. IPCC default values at the
upper limit of the uncertainty
at a 95% confidence interval
as provided in table 1.4 of
Chapter1 of Vol. 2 (Energy)
of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines
on National GHG Inventories
If a) is not available

Value of data applied
for the purpose of
calculating expected
emission reductions in
section B.5
74,800
Description of
measurement methods
and procedures to be
applied:
For a) and b): Measurements should be undertaken in line with national or
international fuel standards
QA/QC procedures to
be applied:
For a) and b): The CO2 emission factor should be obtained for each fuel
delivery, from which weighted average annual values should be calculated.
For c): Review appropriateness of the values annually
For d): Any future revision of the IPCC Guidelines should be taken into
account.
Any comment: Applicable where option B of the Tool to calculate project or leakage CO2
emissions from fossil fuel combustion is used.
For a): If the fuel supplier does provide the NCV value and the CO2 emission
factor on the invoice and these two values are based on measurements for this
specific fuel, this CO2 factor should be used. If another source for the CO2
emission factor is used or no CO2 emission factor is provided, Options b), c) or
d) should be used.

Data / Parameter: Density
diesel oil

Data unit: kg/litre
Description: Density of Diesel Oil
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This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
Source of data to be
used:
Value provided by the fuel supplier in delivery note.
Value of data applied
for the purpose of
calculating expected
emission reductions in
section B.5
0.840
Description of
measurement methods
and procedures to be
applied:
Data is available in the fuel delivery note made by supplier and will be manually
recorded by operator. Due to uncertainty number of fuel delivery per month, data
to be aggregated and averaged monthly. Therefore one monthly averaged density
will be used for monthly project emission calculation of fossil fuel consumption
during crediting period.
QA/QC procedures to
be applied:
No fuel delivery in certain months is might occurs in Bangun Bandar, so
therefore previous monthly average density is deemed valid in this
condition.
Any comment: The density is used to convert volumetric (litre) reading from fuel meter in the
fuel station to mass unit (kg) in the ER calculation during crediting period.


Data / Parameter: Oxygen content
Data unit: %
Description: Percentage of dissolvent oxygen content
Source of data to be
used:
Oxygen online sensor
Value of data applied
for the purpose of
calculating expected
emission reductions in
section B.5
10
Description of
measurement methods
and procedures to be
applied:
The ABC system is equipped with an automatic oxygen control system. The
operator can adjust the maximum and minimum oxygen level. The default
minimum oxygen level is set at 10% for the project activity. Once the oxygen
levels near the minimum set points (10%), the fans are activated, thus forcing
fresh air into the compost mass and raising the oxygen levels within the compost
back to near ambient levels/maximum levels. The automatic oxygen control
system will be operated continuously and will keep the co-composting process
under aerobic condition.
QA/QC procedures to
be applied:
The oxygen sensor will undergo maintenance/calibration based on manufacturer
specification.
Any comment: The 10% is set as minimum oxygen content level for conservativeness since the
AMS-III.F version 10 requires the minimum level of 8%.

Data / Parameter: Q
ww,i,y

Data unit: m
3

Description: Volume of wastewater treated in baseline wastewater treatment system i in year
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y
Source of data to be
used:
Flow meter
Value of data applied
for the purpose of
calculating expected
emission reductions in
section B.5
47,612.39
Description of
measurement methods
and procedures to be
applied:
Volume of the wastewater treated in baseline wastewater treatment/wastewater
enters the co-composting project in the project situation is continuously
measured by flow meter and manually recorded daily by operator. Monitored
data will be aggregated monthly and annually.
QA/QC procedures to
be applied:
Flow meters will undergo maintenance/calibration based on manufacturer
specification or international standard once per year. Calibration is to be
conducted by accredited party.
Any comment: It is assumed that the volume of the wastewater treated in baseline wastewater
treatment is the same with the volume of wastewater that enters the co-
composting project in the project situation.

Data / Parameter: COD
inflow,i,y

Data unit: t/m
3

Description: Chemical oxygen demand of the wastewater inflow to the baseline treatment
system i in year y

Source of data to be
used:
Measurement is conducted by accredited third party.
Value of data applied
for the purpose of
calculating expected
emission reductions in
section B.5
0.0585
Description of
measurement methods
and procedures to be
applied:
Measurement is to be conducted once in a month.

QA/QC procedures to
be applied:
-

Any comment: For ex-ante purpose, the value of 0.0585 is taken based on campaign
measurement procedure in the paragraph 27 AMS-III.H version 16.

Data / Parameter: COD
ww,discharge,BL,y

Data unit: t/m
3

Description: Chemical oxygen demand of the treated wastewater discharged into the river in
the baseline situation in the year y

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This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
Source of data to be
used:
Calculated based on q
COD,BL,i
and COD
inflow,i,y
.

Value of data applied
for the purpose of
calculating expected
emission reductions in
section B.5
0.000197
Description of
measurement methods
and procedures to be
applied:
Calculation is to be conducted once in a month by monitoring officer.

QA/QC procedures to
be applied:
Calculation shall be done in a spread sheet and checked by the CDM coordinator

Any comment: The value above is taken from 3 years historical data prior to project
activity implementation as for ex-ante calculation. In the project condition,
the wastewater discharge into the river will not exist since all wastewater
(POME) will be utilized for co-composting process; therefore to get ex-
post value, the calculation is taken as conservative.

Data / Parameter: f
Data unit: -
Description: Fraction of methane captured at the SWDS and flared, combusted or used in
another manner
Source of data to be
used:
Written information from the operator of the solid waste disposal site
Value of data applied
for the purpose of
calculating expected
emission reductions in
section B.5
0
Description of
measurement methods
and procedures to be
applied:
Monitoring will be done annually.
QA/QC procedures to
be applied:
-
Any comment: -

Data / Parameter: GWP
CH4

Data unit: tCO
2e
/tCH
4

Description: Global Warming Potential (GWP) of methane, valid for the relevant commitment
period
Source of data to be
used:
Decision under UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol (a value of 21 is to be applied
for the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol)
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This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
Value of data applied
for the purpose of
calculating expected
emission reductions in
section B.5
21
Description of
measurement methods
and procedures to be
applied:
Monitoring will be done annually.
QA/QC procedures to
be applied:
-
Any comment: -


C.1. Please indicate the level at which environmental analysis as per requirements of the CDM
modalities and procedures is undertaken. Justify the choice of level at which the environmental
analysis is undertaken:

Please tick if this information is provided at the PoA level. In this case sections C.2. and C.3.
need not be completed in this form.

C.2. Documentation on the analysis of the environmental impacts, including transboundary
impacts:
>>
The project activity involves a co-composting plant constructed at the mill facility which has capacity to
process Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB) of 23 tons/hour. As per the Decree of the Minister of the
Environment (MENLH No.11/2006) of the Republic of Indonesia, the project activity will not require an
Environmental Impact Assessment (hereinafter referred to as AMDAL).

However, all proposed businesses or activities which are not expected to have significant impacts and/or
have significant impacts but manageable using suitable technology shall implement Environmental
Management Procedures (UKL/ Upaya Pengelolaan Lingkungan) and Environmental Monitoring
Procedures (UPL/Upaya Pemantauan Lingkungan) in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.

The Environmental Impact and Control Agency (Bapedalda) Medan District had inaugurated the
approval to projects UKL/UPL (ref. number 660/084/Tarukim-SB/2005) on 20 June 2005.
The implementation of the Project will have a significant positive environmental effect on the
environment. The main environmental effects of the Project
- Avoid negative environmental effects from current POME effluent treatment system:
Currently, final effluent POME from the Bangun Bandar Mill is treated via a series of large open
air anaerobic and aerobic ponds before being discharged directly into an adjacent natural
waterway. The main environmental issue associated with this practice is the negative
environmental effect of eutrophication of the natural water ways due to long-term amounts of
high volume low concentration pollutant final effluent discharge. This affects both the in stream
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biota as well as surrounding communities that rely on the water ways for water. In addition, the
existing ponds are a constant source of negative odour due to large amounts of methane being
generated from the anaerobic ponds, and they also are a source of pests such as flies and other
insects.
- The implementation of the ABC system is expected to eliminate discharge of treated effluent into
natural water ways, because POME will be utilized for co-composting facility and therefore no
lagoon based wastewater treatment system will be in operation. Having no ponds will also
eliminate the current odour and pest issues associated with the current ponding system. The
ABC system will be run aerobically, with strict environmental controls therefore will not become
a source of odour. Finally, the sump system which collects all excess POME that is not absorbed
into the compost and pumps it back into a specially designed holding tank for recirculation
ensures that there will be no liquid discharge from the ABC system itself.
- Elimination of dumping of EFB: Currently EFB is dumped back into the plantation in
truckloads and left in the plantation to break down over time. This practice is a source of
methane generation that will be eliminated as the Project will use 100% of the mills EFB
- Reduction in Inorganic Fertilizer Application Although not proven, there is potential for the
Organic compost to be able to reduce a small proportion of the current amount of organic
fertilizer which is currently applied to Bangun Bandars plantation. Any reduction in inorganic
fertilizer will also help protect natural water ways, as run off from inorganic fertilizer causing
eutrophication of waterways is an issue for natural waterways in palm plantations.
- Improve soil health from application of Organic Compost: Improving soil health by
application of high nutrient organic compost onto plantations increasing organic matter in soil,
improving moisture retention, providing a source of microorganisms and nutrients and a potential
optimisation of inorganic fertilizer uptake.
- No additional Resources required: The ABC System will take all its water / moisture
requirements from the POME effluent, therefore will not require any additional water or other
inputs apart from the Organic Mill Waste.
As a result, the project would bring positive impact to the environment because it will improve the water
as well as air quality in the area around the project activity.

C.3. Please state whether an environmental impact assessment is required for a typical CPA,
included in the programme of activities (PoA), in accordance with the host Party laws/regulations:
>>
In accordance with the Decree of the Minister of the Environment (MENLH No.11/2006) of the Republic
of Indonesia, the project activity will not require an Environmental Impact Assessment (AMDAL).

SECTION D. Stakeholders comments
>>

D.1. Please indicate the level at which local stakeholder comments are invited. Justify the
choice:

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This template shall not be altered. It shall be completed without modifying/adding headings or logo, format or font.
Please tick if this information is provided at the PoA level. In this case sections D.2. to D.4.
need not be completed in this form.

D.2. Brief description how comments by local stakeholders have been invited and compiled:
>>
The stakeholder consultation meeting (hereafter referred as SCM) was conducted on 27/09/2010 at the
mills location. People who live in villages and districts adjacent to where the Project Activity will be
located are considered as the community to be directly affected by the presence of the Project, socially
and environmentally. Therefore, this community was invited and represented by heads of villages, heads
of districts, and youth community. Government environmental representative was also invited in order to
have better coordination and input from regional government.
Detailed participants are listed as follows:
- Head of Technology of Environmental Management Section Agency, Medan District.
- Representatives of Local community
- Head of Mantebing village
- Secretary of Mantebing village
- Head of Dolok Sagala village
- Head of Bantan village
- Head of Aras Panjang village
- Secretary of Dolok Masihat district
- Head of IV village
- Head of V village
- Head of Sagala village
- Representatives of employee of PT.Socfin Indonesia

The main objective of the stakeholder meeting was to inform related stakeholders about the Project
Activity and its social and environment impact and to get stakeholder response, include sharing
information related to the CDM.

Opening session of the SCM was given by representatives of PT.Socfin Indonesia and representative of
Environmental government agency. The representatives of Environmental government agency provided
their support to the project, and expressed their gratitude to the project developer who has main concern
to treat their wastewater. After the presentation of the project activity by PT.Socfin Indonesia, the
attendees were invited to give their comments and questions. These comments and questions are listed in
section D.3. Responses from PT.Socfin Indonesia were provided afterwards.

The stakeholder meeting was closed by representatives of PT.Socfin Indonesia, which expressed their
deepest gratitude to all participants for their attendance to the stakeholder meeting and for their support
to the Project.

D.3. Summary of the comments received:
>>
Stakeholders were invited to discuss and provide feedback on the project. The summary of the questions
and comments are as follows.

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1. Whether Project Activity location is in close proximity to the community and whether the Project
is solely conducted by Socfindo or is an involvement by third party. In addition, the head of Aras Panjang
village hopes that the surrounding communities could be included in the Project and suggesting
PT.Socfin Indonesia to make the road access which can be used by the farmers of Aras Panjang.
2. Whether the compost produced from this project will be self-consumed by Socfindo or will be
sold at an affordable price to the community or half of it will be given to the communities.
3. The representative from environmental government agency was suggesting PT.Socfin Indonesia
to establish coordination between government and stakeholder in the Project Activity.

D.4. Report on how due account was taken of any comments received:
>>
Questions and comments delivered by the stakeholders are responded by PT.Socfin Indonesia during the
consultation meeting. The responses provided are as follows.

1. Socfindo stated that this project is carried out in cooperation with a consultant(s). It is located in
pond I which is inside the Bangun Bandar Mill, next to the loading ramp and not in close proximity to the
communities. In cases where the project requires additional manpower, Socfindo will prioritize in
recruiting the workers from the surrounding communities.
2. Socfindo stated that the compost produced will be used for Socfindo to meet its need.
3. Socfindo replied that the SCM is an example of coordination with the stakeholders.



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Annex 1

CONTACT INFORMATION ON ENTITY/INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBLE FOR THE SMALL-
SCALE CPA

Organization: PT.Socfin Indonesia
Street/P.O.Box: Jl.K.L Yos Sudarso No. 106
Building:
City: Medan
State/Region:
Postfix/ZIP: 20115
Country: Indonesia
Telephone: +62 616616066
FAX: +62 616614390
E-Mail: head_office@socfindo.co.id
URL:
Represented by: Harold Williams
Title: President Director
Salutation:
Last Name: Williams
Middle Name:
First Name: Harold
Department:
Mobile:
Direct FAX:
Direct tel:
Personal E-Mail: williams@socfindo.co.id















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Annex 2

INFORMATION REGARDING PUBLIC FUNDING

There is no public funding involved in the project activity































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Annex 3

BASELINE INFORMATION

Table 1. Production Historical Data
Month
2008 2009 2010
FFB (kg) EFB (kg)
POME
(litre) FFB (kg) EFB (kg)
POME
(litre) FFB (kg) EFB (kg)
POME
(litre)
January
6,726,360 1,380,310 3,407,076 6,359,360 1,383,280 3,129,084 6,458,230 1,197,080 3,099,950
February
7,691,280 1,423,370 2,760,840 7,415,870 1,277,170 1,992,024 7,354,310 1,386,710 3,757,351
March
9,218,140 1,787,560 4,474,944 8,803,830 1,652,010 4,021,092 8,978,860 1,574,200 4,628,412
April
9,781,930 1,904,060 5,317,920 8,364,050 1,583,620 3,871,692 9,002,420 1,724,190 4,666,932
May
8,970,460 1,682,590 4,260,600 8,808,270 1,591,050 3,997,548 7,524,210 1,522,330 3,703,968
June
9,355,930 1,550,190 4,759,236 9,561,780 1,783,690 4,320,648 8,933,230 1,691,520 4,370,508
July
8,949,190 1,565,390 4,929,696 9,524,100 1,723,960 4,141,800 9,749,110 2,010,360 4,200,912
August
8,274,360 1,547,420 4,333,536 9,582,200 1,766,090 4,489,164 8,219,230 1,722,800 3,669,588
September
8,450,850 1,635,700 4,063,068 8,337,730 1,583,100 3,927,456 8,008,320 1,609,510 3,541,572
October
6,519,380 1,174,500 3,277,334 10,139,120 1,755,980 4,773,492 7,152,550 1,357,120 3,820,968
November
7,028,850 1,421,180 3,602,160 7,609,760 1,462,970 2,465,546 6,543,780 1,007,310 3,255,696
December
6,685,010 1,122,180 3,380,724 9,342,600 1,832,130 4,797,076 5,104,570 769,620 2,754,360
Total
97,651,740
18,194,450

48,567,134

103,848,670

19,395,050

45,926,622

93,028,820

17,572,750

45,470,218
EFB/FFB ratio 0.19 0.19 0.19
POME/FFB ratio 0.50 0.44 0.49

Table 2. COD Campaign Measurement COD Inlet Wastewater Treatment
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Date test (Sample
sent to HO) COD (mg/l) COD (t/m
3
)
11-Aug-11 65,274 0.0653
12-Aug-11 69,597 0.0696
13-Aug-11 68,582 0.0686
15-Aug-11 66,685 0.0667
16-Aug-11 65,811 0.0658
18-Aug-11 60,570 0.0606
19-Aug-11 66,976 0.0670
20-Aug-11 65,229 0.0652
22-Aug-11 65,811 0.0658
23-Aug-11 62,899 0.0629
Average
58,512 0.0585

Table 3. COD level to water body 3 years historical data
Month 2008 2009 2010
January 234 184 176
February 294 227 184
March 144 167 164
April 105 165 174
May 201 229 165
June 210 238 159
July 284 205 176
August 240 166 282
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September 284 93 292
October 182 105 184
November 202 183 156
December 220 170 242
3 year average 197 mg/l
3 year average 0.000197 t/m
3












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Annex 4

MONITORING INFORMATION

This is according to Section B.6.1
- - - - -