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# 2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646 [Turn over

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PIONEER JUNIOR COLLEGE
JC2 Mid-Year Examination

PHYSICS 9646/01
Higher 2

Paper 1 Multiple Choice
4 July 2012

1 hour 15 minutes

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

Write in soft pencil.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Write your name, class and index number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided.

There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there
are four possible answers A, B, C and D.
Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the

Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefully.

Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong
Any rough working should be done in this booklet.

2

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646
Data

speed of light in free space,
8
10 00 . 3 = c ms
1

permeability of free space,
7
0
10 4

= t Hm
1

permittivity of free space,
12
0
10 85 . 8

= c Fm
1

( ) ( )
9
10 36 1

= t Fm
1

elementary charge,
19
10 60 . 1

= e C

the Planck constant,
34
10 63 . 6

= h Js

unified atomic mass constant,
27
10 66 . 1

= u kg

rest mass of electron,
31
10 11 . 9

=
e
m kg

rest mass of proton,
27
10 67 . 1

=
p
m kg

molar gas constant, 31 . 8 = R JK
1
mol
1

23
10 02 . 6 =
A
N mol
1

the Boltzmann constant,
23
10 38 . 1

= k JK
1

gravitational constant,
11
10 67 . 6

= G Nm
2
kg
2

acceleration of free fall, 81 . 9 = g ms
2

3

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646 [Turn over
Formulae

uniformly accelerated motion,
2
2
1
at ut s + =
as u v 2
2 2
+ =

work done on/by a gas, V p W A =

hydrostatic pressure, gh p =

gravitational potential,
r
Gm
= |

displacement of particle in s.h.m., t x x e sin
0
=

velocity of particle in s.h.m., t v v e cos
0
=

2 2
0
x x = e

mean kinetic energy of a molecule kT E
2
3
=
of an ideal gas,

resistors in series, ...
2 1
+ + = R R R

resistors in parallel, ... / 1 / 1 / 1
2 1
+ + = R R R

electric potential,
r
Q
V
0
4tc
=

alternating current/voltage, t x x e sin
0
=

transmission coefficient, ( ) kd T 2 exp = where
( )
2
2
8
h
E U m
k

=
t

radioactive decay, ) exp(
0
t x x =

decay constant,
2
1
693 . 0
t
=

4

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646
1 The manufacturers of a digital voltmeter give, as its specification, accuracy 1% with an
additional uncertainty of 10 mV. The meter reads 4.072 V.

How should this reading be recorded, together with its uncertainty?

A (4.07 0.01) V

B (4.07 0.04) V

C (4.07 0.052) V

D (4.07 0.05) V

2 A radio aerial of length L, when the current is I, emits a signal of wavelength and
power P. These quantities are related by
2
2
L
P k

| |
=
|
\ .
I
where k is a constant.

What unit, if any, should be used for the constant k?

A no unit

B volt

C watt

D ohm

3 Two cars are 24.0 m apart and travelling towards each other. The speeds of car A and
car B are 9.0 ms
1
and 12.0 ms
1
respectively when driver A realises that a collision with
car B is imminent. Driver A applies the brake immediately and the car decelerates with
4.5 ms
2
.

The minimum deceleration of car B if the collision is to be avoided is

A 4.5 ms
2
.

B 4.8 ms
2
.

C 6.0 ms
2
.

D 8.0 ms
2
.

5

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646 [Turn over
4 A body is at rest at time t = 0 and moves with constant acceleration.

Which of the following graphs best represents the variation with time t of displacement s
of the body?

A B

C D

5 An aircraft in level flight is moving with constant velocity relative to the ground.

The resultant force acting on the aircraft is equal to

A the weight of the aircraft.

B the resultant of the air resistance and the thrust of the engines.

C the resultant of the air resistance and the weight of the aircraft.

D zero.

6 A crane has a maximum safe working load of
4
1.2 10 N and is used to lift a concrete
block of mass 1000 kg.

What is the maximum safe upward acceleration of the block while being lifted?

A 0.83 ms
2
B 1.1 ms
2
C 1.2 ms
2
D 2.2 ms
2

t
s
0
0
t
s
0
0
t
s
0
0
t
s
0
0
6

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646
7 A heavy uniform plank of length L is supported by two forces
1
F and
2
F at points of
distances
4
L
and
8
L
from its end as shown in the diagram.

What is the ratio
2
F :
1
F ?

A 1:3

B 2:3

C 3:2

D 3:8

8 A spring that obeys Hookes law is of length x
1
when it is in equilibrium under a tension
T
1
. Its length becomes x
2
when the tension is increased to T
2
.

What is the extra energy stored in the spring as a result of this process?

A
1
4
( T
2
+ T
1
)( x
2
x
1
)

B
1
4
( T
2
+ T
1
)( x
2
+ x
1
)

C
1
2
( T
2
+ T
1
)( x
2
x
1
)

D
1
2
( T
2
+ T
1
)( x
2
+ x
1
)

4
L

8
L

L
1
F
2
F
7

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646 [Turn over
9 A block, made up of 2 different materials, floats horizontally in a liquid as shown in the
diagram below.

What is the weight of the block given that the density of material 1, material 2 and the
liquid is
1
,
2
and
3
respectively?

A
3
LBH g

B
2
2
LBH
g

C ( ) +
1 3
2
LBH
g

D
3
2
LBH
g

10 The driving force F of a car of mass m causes the car to accelerate. In a time t it travels
a distance s and its speed increases from u to v.

What is the useful power output by the car engine?

A
Fs
t

B ( ) m v u

C Ft

D
2 2
( )
2
m v u
t

liquid surface
Front View
material 2
material 1
B

H
2

H
2

L
H
2

8

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646
11 A body of mass 2.0 kg is acted on by a force which varies with distance moved by mass
as shown below.

If the force acts on the mass where its initial velocity is 3.0 ms
1
, what is its final velocity
assuming friction is negligible?

A 4.5 ms
1

B 4.8 ms
1

C 5.4 ms
1

D 10.0 ms
1

12 Which of the following statements is incorrect for a particle moving in a horizontal circle
with constant angular velocity?

A The kinetic energy is constant but the velocity varies.

B The speed and the linear momentum are both constant.

C The centripetal force is not constant.

D The kinetic energy is constant but the linear momentum varies.

13 A 0.150 kg ball on the end of a 1.10 m inextensible cord (negligible mass) is swung in a
vertical circle.

What is the tension in the cord at the lowest point if the ball moves at 6.60 ms
1
at this
point?

A 4.47 N

B 5.94 N

C 7.41 N

D 13.2 N
distance / m 0
1 2 3 4
5
3
force / N
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2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646 [Turn over
14 A and B are two points at distance R from centre O of a planet while C and D are at
distance 2R away from O.

Which one of the following statements is not correct?

A Points A and B are of equal gravitational potential.

B The work done on a mass as it moves from C to D is zero.

C Positive work has to be done on a mass when it moves from D to A.

D
Gravitational potential at D 1
2 Gravitational potential at B
=

15 A rocket is orbiting around the Earth with a tangential velocity of v. The orbit has a
gravitational potential of 20 MJ kg
1
. The boosters are fired and the rocket moves to a
new orbit of gravitational potential 10 MJkg
1
.

What is the velocity of the rocket in the new orbit?

A
2
v

B
4
2
v

C 10
2
v

D
2
v

A
O
D
B
C R
2R
10

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646
16 An object placed on a horizontal platform is vibrating vertically in simple harmonic motion
with a frequency of 2.0 Hz.

The maximum amplitude of oscillation that will allow the object to remain in contact with
the platform throughout the motion is

A 0.78 cm.

B 1.6 cm.

C 2.5 cm.

D 6.2 cm.

17 The diagram shows the graph of displacement against time for a body performing simple
harmonic motion.

At which point, A, B, C or D is the body travelling and accelerating in the opposite
direction?

18 An ideal gas undergoes an expansion in volume from
4
1.3 10

m
3
to
4
3.6 10

m
3
at a
constant pressure of
5
1.3 10 Pa. During this expansion, 24 J of heat is supplied to gas.

What is the overall change in internal energy of the gas?

A decrease of 54 J

B decrease of 6 J

C increase of 6 J

D increase of 54 J

time
displacement
0
A
B
C
D
11

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646 [Turn over
19 Two objects X and Y are made of the same material. Object X has a greater mass than
object Y. Both objects are at the same temperature.

Which of the following correctly compares the mean kinetic energy and the total energy
of the molecules in the objects?

mean kinetic energy
of the molecules in X and Y
total energy
of the molecules in X and Y
A same greater in X than in Y
B same less in X than in Y
C greater in X than in Y same
D less in X than in Y same

20 The figure below shows different regions of air for a progressive sound wave moving to
the right. At a certain instant. P, Q, R, S and T are particles at the centres of these
regions.

Which of the following statement is true?

A R is moving towards the right at that instant.

B The distance between P and T is one wavelength.

C The amplitude of R is always zero.

D After a period of time, Q moves to the position of S.

21 The wavelengths of a radio wave and that of an ultraviolet ray are in the ratio 10
m
: 1.

Which of the following is a possible value for m?.

A +15 B +9 C 9 D 15

22 A tall vertical cylinder is filled with water and a tuning fork vibrating at 400 Hz is held over
its open top. The water is slowly run out and the first resonance of the air column is
heard when the water level is 0.21 m below the top of the cylinder.

Neglecting end corrections, how far from the top will the water level be when the next
resonance is heard?

A 0.32 m B 0.42 m C 0.63 m D 0.84 m
P Q R S T
12

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646
23 S
1
and S
2
are two identical, small loud-speakers 0.50 m apart and connected to the
same audio frequency generator. They vibrate in phase, producing sound waves of
wavelength 0.40 m.

A microphone located at point P detects a minimum in the pattern of superposition.

If P is 12.00 m from S
2
and PS
1
> PS
2
, then the least possible distance of P from S
1
is

A 12.15 m.

B 12.20 m.

C 12.40 m.

D 12.50 m.

24 Which one of the following graphs correctly shows how the electric field and potential
vary with distance from a negative point charge Q?

A B

C D

r
E
V
r
E
V
r
E
V
r
E
V
S
1

S
2

P
13

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646 [Turn over
25 The figure below shows two parallel metal plates AB and CD in an evacuated enclosure.
CD is maintained at a positive potential V relative to AB. Electrons of velocity v enter the
space between the plates as shown in the figure.

Given that the electron charge is e and the electron mass is
e
m , the electrons will just
reach AB if

A
d
e
v m
o
e
tc 4 2
1
2
=

B eV v m
e
=
2
2
1

C ( ) eV cos v m
e
=
2
2
1
u

D ( ) eV sin v m
e
=
2
2
1
u

26 The current in a metallic conductor increases when the potential difference applied
across it is increased.

Which of the following best explains this?

A There is less chance of a charge carrier striking an atom.

B The mean time between collisions decreases.

C The acceleration of the charge carriers increases.

D The rise in temperature increases the thermal motion of the charge carriers.

v
u
d
A B
C D
14

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646
27 In the diagram below, the variable resistor R can be adjusted over its full range from zero
to 10
7
.

What are the approximate limits for the resistance between P and Q?

A 10 and 10
4

B 10 and 10
7

C 10 and 10
11

D 10
4
and 10
7

28 A dry cell of e.m.f. 1.5 V and internal resistance 0.75 maintains a steady current of
0.5 A in the external circuit.

Which of the following statements is true about the energy in the circuit when an
electrical charge of 3 C flows through the external circuit?

A The total energy expended is 1.0 J.

B The chemical energy supplied by the cell is 2.0 J.

C The thermal energy generated in the external circuit is 2.4 J.

D The electrical energy expended in the external circuit is 3.4 J.

R

P

Q

10
4

10
0 to 10
7

15

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646 [Turn over
29 Two cells of e.m.f. E
1
and E
2
and of negligible internal resistances are connected with
two variable resistors as shown in the diagram below. When the galvanometer shows no
deflection, the values of the resistances are P and Q.

What is the value of the ratio
2
1
E
E
?

A
P
Q
B
( ) +
P
P Q
C
( ) +
Q
P Q
D
( ) + P Q
P

30 A horizontal power cable of length 2.0 m carries a steady current of 3.0 A into the plane
of the diagram.

What is the force acting on the cable that is caused by the Earths magnetic field of flux
density
5
4.0 10

## T, in a region where this field is at 65 to the horizontal?

A 82 N B 220 N C 240 N D 660 N

31 An electron moves in a circular orbit in a uniform magnetic field.

Which of the following statements is correct?

A The period of the orbit is independent of the speed of the electron.

B The momentum of the electron is independent on its charge.

C The radius of the orbit is directly proportional to its charge.

D The magnetic force on the electron is dependent on the mass of the electron.

65
I
Earths magnetic field
E
1
E
2
P

Q

16

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646
32 A circular coil has resistance R and area A. The coil is placed in a uniform magnetic field
of strength B such that its plane is perpendicular to the magnetic field lines.

The plane of the coil is now rotated through 90

about the axis PQ.

The magnitude of the charge that flows in the coil is

A
R
BA
.

B
BA
R
.

C BAR.

D zero.

33 A horizontal straight wire of length 20 m is raised vertically through a height of 3.0 m in
0.20 s. The horizontal component of the Earths magnetic field strength perpendicular to
the wire is
5
2.0 10

T.

What is the average e.m.f. induced across the ends of the wire?

A zero B 0.24 mV C 1.2 mV D 6.0 mV

34 Half-wave rectification of an alternating sinusoidal voltage of amplitude 100 V gives the
waveform shown in the figure below.

The r.m.s. value of the rectified voltage is

A 25.0 V. B 50.0 V. C 70.7 V. D 100 V.
100
V / V
t / s
0
Q
P
x x x x x
x x x x x
x x x x x
x x x x x
17

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646 [Turn over
35 A generator produces a current of 60 A r.m.s. at a voltage of 120 V r.m.s. The voltage is
stepped up to 4500 V r.m.s. by an ideal transformer and transmitted through a power line
of total resistance 1.0 .
What is the percentage power lost in the transmission line?

A 0.018%

B 0.024%

C 0.036%

D 0.048%

36 In order to produce X-rays of wavelength 0.200 nm, what is the minimum potential
difference through which the electron in an X-ray tube must be accelerated?

A 5.22 kV

B 6.22 kV

C 7.22 kV

D 8.22 kV

37 Electrons of energy 6.0 eV are incident on a potential barrier of height 7.5 eV and
thickness 0.60 nm, at a rate of
22
1.25 10 electrons per second.

What will be the average waiting time for an electron to be transmitted?

A
19
1.48 10

s

B
19
2.48 10

s

C
19
3.48 10

s

D
18
1.48 10

s

38 Why is laser light monochromatic?

A The excited electrons are in a metastable state.

B The system is in a state of population inversion.

C The emitted photon and the incident photon are of the same phase.

D Photons of the same energy as that of the incident photons are emitted when the
electrons transit down from a higher energy level.

18

2012/PJC/PHYSICS/9646
39 Energy levels in low-pressure gases are represented as lines whereas in solids, the
levels are shown as bands.

What is responsible for the formation of bands?

A Atoms in solids are much closer together than those in gases.

B Atoms in solids are much denser than those in gases.

C Solids are better electrical conductors than gases.

D Solids are not fluids but gases are fluids.

40 In a p-n junction, free electrons near the junction in the n-type material diffuse across the
junction into the p-type material.

Diffusion occurs because

A the concentration of electrons in n-type material is small and in p-type material is
large.

B the concentration of electrons in n-type material is large and in p-type material is
small.

C the small potential across the depletion layer cause electrons to diffuse continuously
across the p-n junction.

D of different thermal agitation of atoms in the n-type and p-type material.
End of paper